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Kunci Jawaban English Today SMA kelas XI, Catur I

KEY ANSWER ENGLISH TODAY YEAR XI

Unit 1
SPOKEN CYCLE
Building Context
1.

Answer will vary, page 3

2.

Grammar Exercise, page 5


1. was eating
2. was eating
3. came, was eating
4. slept
5. was sleeping, rang
6. rang, was sleeping
7. began
8. was walking, saw
9. saw, was standing
10. was waving, saw

3.
a.
b.
4.
a.
c.
d.
e.

Vocabulary
Check the dictionary, page 6
Page6: assembled/ intoned/ burst/ courtiers/ seizing/ gradually/
selfless/ charmed/ cupping/ suntanned/ knelt
Speech Function
Page 8: answer will vary, e.g. I think this painting represents love and
care of mothers to their children.
Page 9: answer will vary
Page 9: answer will vary
Page 9: 1. Do you think its going to be all right if we ?, I personally
believe .. .

Listening
1.

SFT, page 10
1. The Local Health Department

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Kunci Jawaban English Today SMA kelas XI, Catur I

2. To stop the spreading of bird flu


3. Try to keep the poultry separated from wild birds
4. Answer will vary
5. Answer will vary.
2.
3.
4.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Interpersonal dialogue: check the dialogue, page 10


Transactional dialogue: check the dialogue, page 11
Page 12, listening answers:
The story was from Japan
The characters in the story are an old man and his wife, a little
sparrow, a crossed old woman.
Yes, they did.
Because he was too noisy.
It gave her silk and piles of gold.
She quickly headed home and was shocked to find the horrible
creatures from the basket.
Answer will vary
Answer will vary.

Conversation
1.
2.

Answer will vary, page 12-15


Answer will vary, page 15

Monologue
1. Answer will vary, page 17
2. Answer will vary, page 17
WRITTEN CYCLE

A.

Building Context (Building Knowledge of the


Field)

1.

A Folktale from My Grandfather

a. A folktale from India, page 18


1. The answer will vary.
2. The answer will vary.
3. The answer will vary.
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Kunci Jawaban English Today SMA kelas XI, Catur I

4. He struck out with his foot, breaking the pot, and painting
himself white with the rice gruel that had been in it.
5. The answer will vary.
6. The answer will vary.
4. Grammar
Conjunction
Exercise 1, page 20
1.
2.
3.
4.

Although the weather is cold, Rick isnt wearing a coat.


People ask Tony to sing at weddings because he has a good voice.
George sings loudly but he cant carry a time.
Although our friends live on an island, it is easy to get there by car
because there is a bridge from the mainland.
5. It began to rain, so I opened my umbrella.
6. Sometimes he acts as if he is the smartest person in the world.
7. Before you cross the road, always look both ways.
8. Julia is going to live in our flat while we are away.
9. It began to rain when I was waiting for the bus.
10. After he broke his leg, he never played football again.
Exercise 2, page 21

1. They were very surprised when they heard the news.


2. After they got married, they want to live in New
Zealand.
3. The letter arrived while they were away.
4. Where did they live before they came here?
5. While they were asleep, somebody broke into the
house.
6. When I told them the news, they didnt believe me.
Adjective Clause
Exercise 1, page 22

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Kunci Jawaban English Today SMA kelas XI, Catur I

1. A beach is a strip of sand or pebbles at the point where


land meets the sea or a lake
2. A butcher is somebody who cuts up, prepares, and
sells meat at retail
3. A musician is somebody who plays, performs,
conducts, or composes music, either as a hobby or a
profession
4. A birthday is the day in each year that is the
anniversary of the day somebody was born
5. A condominium is an individually owned unit of real
estate, especially an apartment or town house, in a
building or on land that is owned in common by the
owners of the units
6. A history is the past events of a period in time or in the
life or development of a people, an institution, or a
place
7. A fool is somebody who looks or is made to appear
ridiculous, or who behaves in a ridiculous way
8. A hero is somebody who commits an act of remarkable
bravery or who has shown great courage, strength of
character, or another admirable quality
9. A stethoscope is a medical instrument used for
listening to breathing, heartbeats, and other sounds
made by the body
10. A discussion is talk or a talk between two or more
people about a subject
Exercise 2, page 22-23
1.

Samuel Morse is the person who is credited with that


invention.

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Kunci Jawaban English Today SMA kelas XI, Catur I

2.

The cable which linked North America and Europe


followed.

3.
4.

In time there came another invention which we all enjoy.


The wireless which is another mane for radio came into
being.

5.

Marconi who did much to make radio workable will be


known to history as the inventor of wireless telegraphy.
6.
There were others who experimented before him.
7.
However, it is Macaroni which the credit goes.
8.
The disappointments which he had seemed endless.
9.
Finally, success which was deserved arrived in 1908.
10.
By 1908 wireless news dispatches which were in code
passed regularly between North America and Europe.
b. Romeo and Juliet,
They were Capulet and Montague.
The answer will vary.
They met in Capulets party.
The answer will vary.
Juliet went out onto her balcony to tell the stars about her strong but
forbidden love.
6. He was Romeos friend.
7. He advised Juliet to agree to marry Paris, but on the morning of the
wedding, she would drink a potion that he prepared for her. The potion
would make it look like Juliet was dead and she would be put into the
Capulet burial vault. Then, the Friar would send Romeo to rescue her.
10. The answers will vary.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

c. The Desert Creature,


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Nomads
Shelter
Edge
Extremely
Hump
Extended
Wits
Fascinated
Expanse
Effort

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11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

Aimlessly
Meek
Gentle
Exhausted
Tame
Ferry
Dozing
Bridle
Enormous
Faithfully

Kunci Jawaban English Today SMA kelas XI, Catur I

B.

Reading (Modelling of the Text)


1. The Rehabilitation Resort (The answers will vary), The use of
adjective clause in Romeo and Juliet:,
1. which

party which he invited all his friends

2. whom

a young girl whom he had been pursing

3. who

the young man who caught her eye

4. which

an act which would award him

5. who

6. whom

who was devastated by the loss of her


love
whom he swiftly killed.

7. who

who had just arrived

8. which

which he prepared for her

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Kunci Jawaban English Today SMA kelas XI, Catur I

Unit 2
SPOKEN CYCLE
Building Context
1.
2.
3.

Answer will vary, page 32


Answer will vary, page 33
Grammar
Review Present Tense
Exercise 1, page 34-35: are, have been, is, has been, works, takes,
doesnt have, has been trying, are eating, are standing, waiting, are, are
getting, have, prefers, is, begins, is flying, has already received, is
planning, departs, have registered, has fascinated.
Exercise 2, page 35: 1. b 2. The plane has arrived 3. The first sentence
indicates that Mary has done her work, the second indicates that Mary
has not done with her work and is still doing it now. 4. No, they are not.
Linking Verbs
Exercise 1, page 35-36: felt, is, sounds, looked, tasted, sounded,
became, was, were, appeared.
Exercise 2, page 36: 1. LV: tastes 2. AV: handled 3. LV: are 4. LV: smells
5: AV: signed 6. LV: are 7. AV: exercised 8. AV: rescued 9. LV: seems 10.
LV: look

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Kunci Jawaban English Today SMA kelas XI, Catur I

4.
5.

Vocabulary: check dictionary, page 36-37


Speech Function:
a. Page 38, answer will vary, e.g. I think his report card is not satisfied.
etc.
b. Page 38: hangover/ stayed up/ football match/ cant believe/ piss/
much better/ ignoring/ wished/ best performance/ break your head
c. Answer will vary, page 39

Listening
1.

SFT, page 39-40


1. C, 2. B, 3. C, 4. A, 5. A

2.

Interpersonal dialogue,
1. F
2. F
3. T
4. F
5. T
6. T
7. F
3.
Transactional dialogue,
5/7/2/1/3/6/4
4.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Listening,
Its a super huge fire ball
Its around 15 millions degrees centigrade.
It is from the nuclear reactors released by the sun but only the
smallest part reaches the earth
It means that the sun its not really old, the sun came to existence
about 5 billion years ago.
Its around 150 million kilometers away from us.
It doesnt actually rise at dawn. It is the Earth, which moves, spinning
on its own axis whilst at the same time it is in orbit around the sun.

Conversation
1.
Answer will vary,
2.
Answer will vary,
3.
Answer will vary,
Monologue

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10

1.

Answer will vary,

WRITTEN CYCLE
A.

Building Context (Building Knowledge of the Field)

1.

About the picture (The


answers will vary),

2.

On the Hop,
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

4.

The answer will vary.


The answer will vary.
The first kangaroos in Australia lived in rainforests, ate
only insects and were about the size of large rats.
The dams and bores are put in by farmers. It means that
they can live in drier parts of the country.
They have powerful hind legs that can store a lot of
energy.
Marsupials are animals which rear their young in a
pouch.
They stop breeding in dry season.
10. The answers will vary.

Grammar
1. Be,
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

I am a girl. (a noun)
My father is at work. (an adverb)
Trixi and Felix are my cats. (nouns)
Trixi is in the garden. (an adverb)
Felix is very cute. (an adjective)
My green pencil is on the floor, too. (an adverb)
The other pencils are in my pencil case. (an adverb)
My mother is old. (an adjective)
Susan and Betty are good friends. (nouns)
They are good at sports. (an adverb)

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11

2. Have/Has,
The task is done by the students,
3.

5.

1.
2.
3.
4.

Punctuation,
One of the biggest selling cars in the world is the Toyota corolla.
Easter occurs in April, and Christmas comes in December.
Disneyland is situated in Los Angeles.
William Shakespeare wrote Romeo and Juliet, Twelfth Night,

5.
6.
7.
8.

Macbeth, and Hamlet.


Mercedes, Volvo and Rolls Royce are luxury cars.
A good way to travel in London and New York is by taxi.
Most children like Smarties, Kit Kats and Mars Bars.
Roald Dah is the author of the autobiography, Boy.
Whales,

1. Whales breathe air but cannot survive on land. They look[ rather like a
fish, but there are important differences in its external structure: its tail
consists of a pair of broad, flat, horizontal paddles (the tail of a fish is
vertical) and it has a single nostril on top of its large, broad head. The
skin is smooth and shiny and beneath it lays a layer of fat (bubbler).
This is up to 30 cm in thickness and serves to conserve heat and body
fluids.
2. The text uses Simple Present Tense.
3. Its done by the students.

Unit 3
SPOKEN CYCLE
Building Context
1.
2.
3.

Answer will vary,


Answer will vary,
Grammar
Noun Phrases,
Pre-modifier

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Noun

Post-modifier

Kunci Jawaban English Today SMA kelas XI, Catur I

12

school
school
declining
symptoms of
unhealthy
aggressive
lost of
short
family
uncaring
unusually
drug

tardiness
truancy
disappearance
grades
drug
appearance
anger
interest
attention
arguments
attitude
large
room
related

of money
abuse
span
appetite
deodorizes
graphic

Connectives
Exercise 1,: firstly, secondly, furthermore, last but not least, finally,
therefore.
Exercise 2, answer will vary
Prestigious words and daily words, page 64
prestigious words
assess

daily words
calculate

impact

effect

ignite

burn

trigger

activate

starvation

hunger

dogmatically

strictly

catastrophic

tragic

implication

consequence

Emotive Language,
Emotive

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Ordinary

Kunci Jawaban English Today SMA kelas XI, Catur I

13

4.
5.

yob
hunting in packs
degrading and shaming
whines and bleats of self
pity
trusted with upholding the
laws

young man
traveling in groups
letting the country down
expressions of self pity
police

Vocabulary: check dictionary,


Speech Function
1.
Page 68:
1. Ive got to get my school project done.
2. I dont know what came over me.
3. Youve been losing your temper over nothing.
4. Sometimes I feel like crying.
2.
Page 68: 1. b, 2. d, 3, f, 4. a, 5. c, 6. e, 7. g
3.
Page 69: Check the dialogue, answer will vary

Listening
1.

SFT,
1. T
2. F
3. T
4. T
5. T
2. Interpersonal dialogue,
c.
1. a 2. a. 3. b. 4. a. 5. a
3.

Transactional dialogue 1, b. 1. Because Andy was caught smoking in


the school ground.
2. I understand you were caught smoking in the school ground.
3. He warned Andy.
4. Answer will vary.

4.

Transactional dialogue 2,
1. a 2. b 3. b 4. b. 5. b
5. Listening, 1. The robbers job was a security guard.
2. He needed money. He was in debt owing the bank over $ 100000..
3. Yes, he did.

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14

4. As a security guard he could come and go from the exhibition of the


diamond without causing suspicion.
5. He has knowledge of the alarm system and has keys to unlock the
display case.
Conversation
1.
2.
3.

Answer will vary,


Answer will vary,
Answer will vary,

Monologue
1.

a. They give children an opportunity to mix with other children and to


develop social skills at an early age.
b. firstly, indeed, moreover, in fact, in addition, in conclusion
c. answer will vary
2.
answer will vary
WRITTEN CYCLE
A. Building Context (Building Knowledge of the Field)
1. Grammar: Compound and Complex Sentence
Exercise 1: The answer will vary,
Exercise 2,
1. I washed my shirt, but it didnt get clean.
2. I bought some paper, a greeting card, and some envelopes.
3. The flight attendants served dinner but I didnt eat.
4. Scotts direction werent clear, so George got lost.
5. I was hungry but I didnt eat on the plane. The food didnt look appetizing.
6. I washed my face, brushed my teeth and combed my hair.
7. I didnt have my umbrella, so I got wet.
8. Golf and tennis are popular sports.
9. Sarah is a good tennis but shes never played golf.
10. The water was cold, but I went swimming anyway.
Exercise 3,

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15

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Although the weather is cold, Rick isnt wearing a coat.


Because the weather is cold, Ben is wearing a coat.
Although Jane was sad, she smiled.
Because Jane was sad, she cried.
Although it was cold outside, I joined my friends in the lake.
Because I like to swim. I joined my friends in the lake.
Although our friends live on an island, it is easy to get there by car
because there is a bridge from the mainland.
8. People ask Tony to sing at weddings because he has a good voice.
9. George sings loudly but he cant carry the tune.
10. Although ostriches have wings, they cant fly.
Exercise 4: Punctuation,
A few days ago a friend and I were driving from Benton harbour to
Chicago. We didnt experience any delays for the first hour, but near Chicago
we ran into some highway construction. The traffic wasnt moving at all. My
friend and I sat in the car and waited. We talked about our job, our families,
and the terrible traffic. Slowly the traffic started to move.
We noticed a black sports car at the side of the road. The right blinker
was blinking. The driver obviously wanted to get back into the line of traffic
car. After car passed, without letting the black sports car get in line, ahead of
me the driver of the black car waved thanks to me and I waved back at him.
All cars had stopped at a tool booth. A short way down the road I held
out my money to pay my toll, but the toll taker just smiled and waved me on.
She told that the man in the black sports car had already paid my toll. Wasnt
that a nice way of saying thank you?

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Kunci Jawaban English Today SMA kelas XI, Catur I

16

Unit 4
SPOKEN CYCLE
Building Context
1.

Answer will vary,


1. False
2. True
3. False
4. False
5. False
6. False

2.

Grammar
Tense Review, page
John has always traveled a lot (S. Present). In fact, when he was
only two years old when he first flew to the US (S. past). His mother is
Italian and his father is American (S. Present). John was born in France
(S. Past)but his parents had met in Cologne, Germany (Past Perfect)
after they had been living there for five years (past perfect continuous).
They met one day while Johns father was reading a book in the library
and his mother sat down beside him (S. Past). Anyway, John travels a lot
because his parents also travel a lot (S. Present).
As a matter of fact, John is visiting his parent in France at the
moment (Present Continuous). He lives in New York now (S. present), but
has been visiting his parents for the past few weeks (Present Perfect
Cont.). He really enjoys living in New York, but he also loves coming to
visit his parents at least once a year (S. Present).

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17

This year he has flown over 50,000 miles for his job (Present
Perfect). He has been working for Jackson & Co. for almost two years
now (present perfect Cont.). Hes pretty sure that hell be working for
them next year as well (S. Present). His job requires a lot of travel (S.
Present). In fact, by the end of this year, hell have traveled over 120,000
miles! (Future Perfect) His next journey will be to Australia (S. future). He
really doesnt like going to Australia because it is so far (S. Present). This
time hes going to fly from Paris after a meeting with the companys
French partner (S. Future). Hell have been sitting for over 18 hours by
the time he arrives (future perfect Cont.).
Josh was talking with his parents earlier this evening (past
Cont.) when his girlfriend from New York telephoned (S. past) to let him
know that Jackson & Co. had decided to merge with a company in
Australia (past perfect). The two companies had been negotiating for the
past month (past perfect continuous), so it really wasnt much of a
surprise (S. past). Of course, this mean that John will have to catch the
next plane back to New York (s. future). Hell be meeting with his boss at
this time tomorrow (future cont).
Phrasal Verbs-thinking verbs,
1. b 2. a. 3. b 4. b 5. c. 6. a 7. a
Action Verbs,
Check the Illegal Coffee Threatens Wildlife text and find some action
verbs there. For example:
Says, trying, mix, issued, purchases, determine, told, had been taken
over, etc.
3.

4.

Vocabulary,
1. D
2. H
3. A
6. C 7. G
8. J

4. I
9. B

5. F
10. E

Speech Function
(1) : Choose a or b
1. a 2. a. 3. b. 4. b
: Put the events in order
6/3/2/5/1/4/7
: Discuss the questions

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Kunci Jawaban English Today SMA kelas XI, Catur I

18

Answer will vary


(2)

Page 113: 1. b 2. b. 3. b. 4. b.

Listening
1.

SFT,
1. Answer will vary
2. a. He is Mr. Johnny More.
b. Its a soccer contest report.
c. The report was reported one day after the contest.
d. They were the Rockets of the North Side versus the Bobcats of
South Side.
e. The Bobcats of South Side scored the game earlier.
f. The game ended in a 1-1 tie.
g. Answer will vary.

2.

3.

Interpersonal dialogue, b. 1. At the school


2. They are friends.
3. Im so glad the week is over.
4. Yes, he did.
5. That was a rough hazing we had.
6. . my muscles are aching like mad.
My legs are throbbing.
Transactional dialogue
b.
Intan : Youre in a good mood today!
Arnie : Yeah. I just got some good news. We got our math tests back
this morning.
Intan : And?
Arnie : I didnt fail at all. In fact, I only made one mistake.
Intan : Thats great!
Arnie : Yeah. Hey, you look pretty happy today too.
Intan : I am! Exams are over, Im so relieved. and Im having a party
tonight. I hope youre still going to come.
Arnie : Of course. It sounds like fun. Can I bring anything?
Intan : No, nothing. Everyones coming around 8:00.
Arnie : O.K. See you then.
c.

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19

1. It sounds like fun.


2. Im so relieved.
3. I hope youre still going to come.
4. I didnt fail at all.
5. Exams are over.
6. Youre in a good mood today.
d.
Yes, she did.
I just got some good news.
Because exams are over.
Yes, she did.
Answer will vary.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
a.
b.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
c.

Listening,
Discuss the following questions
Eating fish is a good idea.
It protects against heart disease and may even ease
depression.
Researchers found that people with symptomatic asthma were
less likely to report having eaten fish at least twice a week
throughout the year than those without asthma.
Cambridge University
Oily fish such as salmon and mackerel are high in omega-3
polyunsaturated fatty acids.
Answer will vary.

True or false,
1. T
2. F
3. T
4. T
5. T

Conversation
1.
2.
3.

Answer will vary,


Answer will vary,
Answer,
Read these questions. Then scan the article to answer them orally.
1. It comes from Seattle, Washington.

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20

2. The original grunge style in clothes came out from the music influence
in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The style is more down to earth and
affordable.
3. The difference is on the price. If we buy them at the thrift shop, we can
get clothes at lower price. Meanwhile if we buy them in the runway
grunge price is much higher because the designer is mainly from
famous fashion designers.
4. He thinks that its a stupid idea that fashion people try to look like rock
music band people.
5. Controlled messy means a new hair style which doesnt really need to
be perfectly looked. It is a condition when we let our hair naturally
without any style.
Monologue
1.
2.

Answer will vary,


Answer will vary,

WRITTEN CYCLE
A. Building Context (Building Knowledge of the Field)
a. Flying over the Pole
a. True or False,
1.
2.
3.
4.

True
True
True
False

b. The answers,
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

make homes in equator.


live in the North Pole.
impossible.
land in the polar region.
clouds cant climb as high or as quickly in cold air as in
warm.

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21

b. Grammar
Exercise 1,
1. I have a degree in Early Childhood Education; ., I have six
years' experience working with young children.
2. my degree in Early Childhood Education, I have six years
experience working with young children.
3. They will write their exams from 4-6:00 p.m., and , they will
proceed to the banquet.
4. The patriarch in House of Hate creates within his household an
atmosphere of fear; .., in The Time of Their Lives, the
grandfather instils a perpetual fear in the lives of his children and his wife.
5. . that the patriarch in House Of Hate creates an atmosphere of
fear in his household, the grandfather in The Time of Their Lives instils a
perpetual fear in the lives of his children and his wife.
6. The settlers worked very hard; , they did not manage to
harvest sufficient food to ensure their survival.
7. Though the settlers worked very hard, they did not manage to harvest
sufficient food to ensure their survival.
8. The captain ignored his own good judgement, and , the ship
was lost at sea.
9. Because the captain ignored his own good judgement, the ship was lost at
sea.
10. Newfoundland offers many amenities unavailable in most of North
America; ., we have very little air pollution.
Exercise 2,
1. Has it stopped raining?
2. My old Volkswagen is slowly falling apart. Im thinking about buying a new
car.
3. I usually enjoy doing my homework in my free time in the evening.
4. I feel great. I dont cough any more, and I dont run out of breath when I
walk up a hill. I quit smoking.
5. Dont give up. Keep trying if at first you dont succeed, try, try again.
6. Youre like a procrastinator, someone who always postpones doing
things.
7. When I finish helping him, I will help you in the kitchen.
8. Stop tapping your fingers nails on the table, its driving me crazy.

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22

9. Henry and I have a plan for this weekend. Were talking about going to
zoo on Saturday.
10. I didnt understand what you said. Would you mind repeating that?

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23

Unit 5
SPOKEN CYCLE
Building Context
1.
2.

Answer will vary,


1. Ayne Furman, marathon runner and podiatrist gave the tips to the
readers.
2. Answer will vary
3. Yes, it does, because there are elements that consist of some tips or
suggestions for the readers. And it seems that the writer aspires the
readers to do the tips.

4. Grammar
Types of Nouns, We went the Graywood Park(proper noun)and got an
idea(abstract noun) when we saw the birds(common/concrete noun) in the
pond(common/concrete noun).
1. Using a piece of wood(common/concrete noun), we saw that Robert(proper
noun) could actually lift the men(common/concrete noun) sitting on the
benches(common/concrete noun) next to us.
2. Because we live at Hawaii(proper noun), all we see is
water(common/concrete noun), sand(common/concrete noun), and
waves(common/concrete noun).
3. Communication(abstract noun) is a very important process(abstract noun) to
all people.
4. Mary(proper noun) is filled with happiness(abstract noun) today because
justice(abstract noun) has been served by the judge(common/concrete
noun).
5. My folder(common/concrete noun) fell out of my briefcase(common/concrete
noun) and landed somewhere on Green Drive(proper noun).

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6. During the storm, the Raymonds(proper noun) lost the power(abstract noun),
but nevertheless, they were still happy.
7. The Statue of Liberty(proper noun) displays love(abstract noun) to everyone.
8. The ability(abstract noun) to talk is a very powerful advantage(abstract
noun).
9. The muffins(common/concrete noun) sat in the oven(common/concrete
noun) as the fire(common/concrete noun) crackled.

Using the Subjunctive in Noun Clause,


1. be
2. go out
3. tell
4. should go
5. write
6. meet
7. make out
8. be
5.

Vocabulary,
outbreaks

wt bryks

flocks

flok

symptoms

smptm

spread

spred

disease

di zz

fluid

fl id

swollen

swln

comb

km

appetite

pp tt

diarrhoea

d aar thrssiss

isolate

ss lyt

agricultural

ggri klchrl

Find their meaning in the dictionary


6.

Speech Function
1. They talked about assignment.

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2. Angry expressions
3. His teacher was.
4. He kept forgetting his assignment.
5. He said he would submit his assignment the following day.
1. Friends
2. Yes, they are. Because Josh was so freely expressed his
annoyance without worrying about Raymonds feeling.
3. The way Raymond ate the noodles annoyed Josh.
4. Answer will vary.
1.
1.
2.
3.
4.

Lisa bumped the glass door.


She talked on her cell phone.
Expressions of embarrassing
Answer will vary.

Listening
1.

SFT,
1. Answer will vary
2. a. She is Mrs. Rachel K.
b. They must look for a water source and build a clean water supply
system.
c. Yes, they are.
d. Answer will vary
e. Burning should be done as a last choice and it should always be
done carefully so there is no risk of a forest or house fire. Children and
pregnant women should always stay away from burning garbage pits
because there are poisons in some plastics.
2. Interpersonal dialogue 1,
d.
7/1/4/2/5/3/6
e.
1. Something should be done about the noise outside.
2. Ill get them turn it down.
3. My head is killing me.
4. Someone could get killed.
5. I hope they get it all done by tomorrow.
3. Interpersonal dialogue 2
b. Dictation,
1. Melinda was embarrassed because her clothes had mud on it.

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2. Melinda was daydreaming instead of paying attention.


3. Melinda fell down because of a crack in the sidewalk.
4. Mr. Gani probably didnt know whether to laugh or yell at
Melinda.
5. Lia didnt mean to laugh at Melindas embarrassing experience.
6. Mr. Gani was probably a little embarrassed too.
4. Transactional dialogue
b. Page
Mr. Pandu : Whats wrong, Eva? You look as if youre going to either cry or
scream.
Eva
: Its Kira. She really infuriates me. Either she starts acting
differently or Im going to quit. Im sick and tired of her snapping
at me.
Mr. Pandu : What happened this time?
Eva
: Well, just now, I couldnt help thinking she was misinterpreting
the music. So, I made a suggestion, politely, of course.
Mr. Pandu : And?
Eva
: Well, not only didnt she take my suggestion, but she interrupted
me in the middle of a sentence. She told me to stop complaining
and mind my own business. I was only trying to be helpful, and I
didnt appreciate being talked to that way.
Mr. Pandu : It sounds to me that she has trouble accepting criticism.
Eva
: Well, nobody likes to be criticized.
Mr. Pandu : Maybe, its none of my business, but Id suggest that you take it
up with Kira directly.
Eva
: Youre absolutely right. Theres no point in my wasting time
complaining behind Kiras back.
Mr. Pandu : I agree. But at the same time, I dont think you should worry about
it too much. You need to focus all your energy on our next
concert. You know how important that concert is to us. And its a
big opportunity for you.
Eva
: Youre right. I guess I just have to learn not to take these things
so seriously.

c.
1. v
2. 3. 4. v
5. v
6. 7. 8. -

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5. Listening,
Letter to a politician
1. A proper ramps, half pipes and rails designed especially for
skateboards.
2. He needs a place to play skateboards, so he will not bump into
pedestrians.
3. Hed much rather be out skating than stuck indoors in front of
the TV. Keeping fit is really important these days. He doesnt
want to become one of those obese teenagers that get no
exercise.
4. He expects that the council will build a skate park for him and
his friend.
5. Answer will vary.
Conversation
1.
2.
3.
4.

Answer will vary,


Answer will vary,
Answer will vary,
Answer will vary,

Monologue
1.
2.

Use listening Script 1, answer will vary,


Answer will vary,

WRITTEN CYCLE
A. Building Context (Building Knowledge of the Field)
1. Grammar
a. Past Form of Should
Exercise 1, : What do these sentences mean?
1. Tom closed the door.
2. You bought the car.
3. She didnt see a doctor.

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4. I invited Jim to the party.


5. You didnt come.
Exercise 2,: Use the past form of should in your response.
(The answers will vary)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

I should have looked up my dictionary.


I should have saved my money.
I should not have stayed inside all day.
I should not have given her flowers.
I should have renewed my library book.

b. Conditional Sentences / If-Clauses


Exercise 1, : (type 1)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

If Caroline and Sue prepare the salad, Phil will decorate the house.
If Sue cuts the onions for the salad, Caroline will peel the mushrooms.
Jane will leave the sitting room if Aaron and Tim move the furniture.
If Bob tidies up the kitchen, Anita will clean the toilet.
Elaine will buy the drinks if somebody helps her carry the bottles.
If Alan and Rebecca organize the food, Mary and Connor will make the
sandwiches.
7. If Bob looks after the barbecue, Sue will let the guests in.
8. Frank will play the DJ if the others bring along their CDs.
9. Alan will mix the drinks if Jane gives him some of her cocktail recipes.
10. If they all do their best, the party will be great.
Exercise 2, : (type 2)
1. If we had a yacht, we would the seven seas.
2. If he had more time, he would learn karate.
3. If they told their father, he would be very angry.
4. She would spend a year in the USA if it was easier to get a green card.
5. If I lived on a lonely island, I would run around naked all day.
6. We would help you if we knew how.
7. My brother (buy) a sports car if he (have) the money.
8. If I (feel) better, I (go) to the cinema with you.
9. If you (go) by bike more often, you (be / not) so flabby.
10. She (not / talk) to you if she (be) mad at you.

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2. Why People Continue Smoking,


1. Because it addicts people to continue smoking. People are addicted to
nicotine and worried about the symptoms of withdrawal.
2. Nicotine is a powerful addictive drug that enters the brain within 7 seconds
of taking a puff on a cigarette.
3. The nicotine changes how your brain works, making you feel calm, more
alert and boosting your mood
4. Yes, your energy level or mood can drop, causing you to crave a cigarette
for another boost.
5. The more you smoke the more nicotine you need to feel good which then
leads to more smoking.

Unit 6
SPOKEN CYCLE
Building Context
2. Answer will vary,

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1. He was a tourist.
2. He was in Sahara Desert.
3. He was lost.
4. He begged for water from a Nomad.
5. No, he didnt.
6. Because the hotel is only allowed for those who have ties on.
3.

Grammar Exercise,
1. should be told
2. should have been told
3. should have been told
4. had to be kept
5. must keep
6. couldnt open
7. may be offered
8. may offer
9. ought to be divided
10. have to return

4.

Vocabulary Exercise
b. Check the dictionary,
c. Little Johnny,
Little Johnny was sitting one day on a dock. Along came a preacher and
sat down beside him. Little Johnny had a mason jar full of what looked
like water and he was turning it over and over, watching the bubbles float
through it. The Preacher asked, "What are you doing with that water?"
Little Johnny studied the contents of the jar for a moment, then explained,
"Preacher, this here is turpentine. It's the strongest liquid in the world."
The preacher replied, "Son, Holy water is the strongest liquid in the world.
Did you know if you rub a little Holy water on a pregnant woman's belly,
she will pass a baby boy?" Little Johnny thought about this one for a
minute, and then remarked "Nope, this here turpentine is still the
strongest because if you rub it on a cat's ass, it can pass a speeding car!"

5.

Speech Function
(1)
1. In the canteen

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2. Some are yummy, some are not.


3. No, he doesnt. He doesnt know the food served in the canteen.
4. Its giving reaction expression.
(2)
1. Best friend.
2. They talked about Cathy.
3. Expression of love
4. Fred likes Cathy.
5. Fred has to go and get her soon.
(3)
1. She was late and had to do sit ups.
2. She had to do sit ups.
3. Yes, they are.
4. Expression of sorrow
Listening
1.

SFT,
1. Informing the shops visitor that there is a lost child.
2. In a department store.
3. Answer will vary
4. Answer will vary.

2.

Interpersonal dialogue
b.
Lana
: Do you think I should tell Josh that I like him?
Tammy : No way, you cant do that! Just wait till he comes to you.
Anyway you dont have to express it with words.
Lana
: What do you mean?
Tammy : I say, you couldve showed your attention by giving him
something or finding out what his interest is.
Lana
: Id rather do the second option. Youve no idea how cool he is.
I just cant get rid him off my mind.
Tammy : Just try my tips. Who knows hell like you too.
Lana
: Ill do it. Thanks.
Tammy : Best of luck sissy.
c.
1. v
2.

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3. v
4.
5. v
6. v
7. v
3.

Transactional dialogue
c.
1. tactful
2. awful
3. tactful
4. tactful
d.
1. I sat there spellbound
2. I dont want to sound like .
3. Ill be glad to go with you .
4. That sounds interesting.
5. It combines mime, dance and acrobatics.

4.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Listening,
Lia told her mother that shes got a D for her Math exams.
Her mom was rather crossed with her.
She felt bad because she failed on her Math exams.
Her teacher asked her for a remedial test.
She promised her self that she would study harder

5. Listening,
1. She/ he used to have carrots for dinner.
2. Yes, she/he did.
3. She/ he fed the carrots to the dog.
4. Because, she/ he didnt like carrot.
5. No, they didnt know.
6. Answer will vary.
Conversation
1.
Answer will vary,
2.
Answer will vary,
3.
Answer will vary,
4.
Check the pictures and the story,
Monologue,

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1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Answer will vary


Answer will vary
Answer will vary
Answer will vary
Answer will vary

WRITTEN CYCLE
A. Building Knowledge of the Field
1. Grammar
a. Causative Verb
1. Sam really wanted a dog, but his parents wouldn't let him have a pet.
2. I can't believe she let you look at her vacation pictures again last night.
We have to look at those stupid pictures every time we go to her house.
3. I don't know how you convince your children to clean up their rooms. I
couldn't make my children to clean up their rooms if my life depended on
it.
4. Professor Yu has each of her students write an essay describing their
future goals in life.
5. Professor Yu makes her students use a dictionary while they were taking
the test.
6. Debbie's husband hates the opera. But after days of nagging, she finally
gets him to go see the new production of La Boheme.
7. Sally makes me take off my shoes before I went into her house. She said
she wanted to keep the carpet clean.
8. Rebecca Smith requested a copy of that expense report, so I have the
courier take one over to her last week.
9. Diane thinks television is a waste of time, so she won't let her children
watch TV.
10. Susie makes her son take out the trash before he went to the park to play
soccer.
b. Simple Past vs. Present Perfect
1. A: Have you ever been in Europe?
B: Yes, I have been in Europe several times. In fact, I was in Europe last
year.

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2. A: Are you going to finish your work before you go to bed?


B: I have already finished it. I finished my work two hours ago.
3. A: Have you ever eaten at Als Steak House?
B: Yes, I have. I have eaten there many times. In fact, my wife and I ate
there last night.
4. A: Do you and Erica want to go to the movie at the Palace Theatre with
us tonight?
B: No thanks. We have already seen it. We saw it last week.
5. A: When are you going to write your report for Mr. Goldberg?
B: I have already written it. I wrote it two days ago and gave it to him.
6. A: Has Antonio ever had a job?
B: Yes, he has. He has had lots of part-time jobs. Last summer he had a
job at his uncles waterbed store.
7. A: This is a good book. Would you like to read it when Im finished?
B: Thanks, but I have already read it. I read it a couple of months ago.
8. A: What European countries have you visited?
B: I have visited Hungary, Germany, and Switzerland. I visited Hungary in
1998. I was in Germany and Switzerland in 2001.
2. He, who laughs last, laughs loudest
1. The answer will vary.
2. To open the box up and let the bobby see what he had got inside.
3. The answer will vary.
B. Reading (Modelling of the Text )
Exercise 1, : The arrangement of the story will be:

Alf put the cheese into the box.


Alf put the cheese out of the box.
Alf put the cat in the box.
Nobber asked Alf what he had got in the box.
Alf opened the box for Nobber.
The cat leapt out of the box.
Alf scowled angrily at Nobber.
Alf scowled angrily at Nobber.

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Alf reached home.


Alf scowled angrily at Nobber.

Exercise 2, : True or False


a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.

False
True
False
True
False
False
True
True

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