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Date:

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Day:

Geology Review
1. When sediment is pressed together and cemented, the sediment becomes
2. When lava cools and solidifies,

rock.

rock forms.

3. Metamorphic rock can be altered by temperature and pressure to form a different type of
rock.
4. The processes that form, change, and re-form rock is called the
5.

occurs when water, wind, ice, or heat break down rock into fragments.

6. The outermost compositional layer of the Earth is the

7. The

is denser than the crust and contains more magnesium.

8. The

is divided into pieces called tectonic plates.

9. The

core is the liquid layer of Earths core.

10. When all the continents were joined into a giant landmass, scientists call the landmass
11. The lithosphere is divided into pieces called

12. The theory that describes large-scale movements of Earths lithosphere is called
.
13. The movement of material due to differences in density that are caused by differences in temperature is
called
currents.
14. What type of boundary is formed when two plates collide together?
15. What type of boundary is formed when two plates move away from each other?
16. What type of boundary is formed when two plates slide past each other?
17. The epicenter of an earthquake is directly above the
18. True or False: Hot spots are restricted to tectonic plate boundaries.

ENERGY REVIEW WORKSHEET


Part 1. The two basic types of energy
Directions: Determine the best match between basic types of energy and the description provided. Put the
correct letter in the blank.
______1. A skier at the top of the mountain

(a) Kinetic Energy

______2. Gasoline in a storage tank

(b) Potential Energy

______3. A race-car traveling at its maximum speed


______4. Water flowing from a waterfall before it hits the pond below
______5. A spring in a pinball machine before it is released
______6. A match burning
Part 2. Potential Energy.
Directions: Underline the situation in each pair that has the greater amount of potential energy.
1.

A stretched or unstretched spring?

2. A ticking or newly wound-up clock?


3. A new battery in an unlit flashlight or in one which is lit?
4. A roller coaster car at the top of a hill or at the bottom?
5. A match before it is lit or a match while it is burning?
Part 3. Kinetic energy.
Directions: Underline the situation in each pair that has the greater amount of kinetic energy.
1.

A pole vaulter before jumping or in mid-air at the top of his jump?

2. A bowling ball when your arm is all the way back or as it hits the pins?
3. A baseball bat just before it is swung or right after it is swung?
4. You, before you get out of bed in the morning or you when you go to bed at night?
5. A match before it is lit or a match while it is burning?
Part 4. Forms of Energy Continued
Directions: Match the energy form(s) to the description provided. A few questions may have more than
one answer.
_____________1. Falling rocks from the top of a mountain
______________2. Release of energy from the Sun

(a) Mechanical
(b) Electrical

_____________3. Energy used to throw a baseball

(c) Heat

_____________4. Batteries

(d) Radiant

_____________5. The energy that runs a refrigerator


_____________6. Nuclear fission reactors
_____________7. The rumble of thunder from a storm
_____________8. Food before it is eaten
Part 5. Transformation of Energy

(e) Chemical
(f) Nuclear
(g) Sound

Directions: Use the following forms of energy to fill in the table below: mechanical, electrical, heat,
radiant, chemical, nuclear, and sound. The first one has been done for you.

1.

Electric motor

2.

A battery that runs a moving toy

3.

A solar panel on the roof of a house

4.

A nuclear power plant

5.

Gasoline powering a car

6.

A light bulb

7.

Photosynthesis

ORIGINAL ENERGY
FORM

FINAL ENERGY
FORM

electrical

mechanical

In the space below, tell me which energy (choose 1) would be best for mankinds future needs. The 3
choices you have are nuclear, solar and geothermal. Give me at least 3 reasons. Minimum of 5 sentences.
Write clearly.

Name:
Date:
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Period:

Mitosis
1. Duringalabexperiment,Rahullooksatsixunlabeled

slidesshowingdifferentstagesofthecellcycle.The
teacherasksRahultoplacetheslidesinorder,starting
withinterphase.InwhatordershouldRahulplacethe
slides?
A.interphasecytokinesisprophaseanaphase
metaphasetelophase

B.interphaseanaphasemetaphaseprophase
telophasecytokinesis
C.interphasetelophaseanaphasemetaphase
prophasecytokinesis

mitosisandmeiosiszoomingoutfromthedifferentparts
ofthebodywheretheytakeplace.Whichofthese
choicescorrectlyshowsalocationforatypeofcell
division?

D.interphaseprophasemetaphaseanaphase
telophasecytokinesis

A.bonemeiosisB.testesmitosis

2.Acellhasundergonecelldivision.However,thetwo
cellsthatformedaredifferent.Onecellhastwocopies
ofachromosome,whiletheothercellhasnocopies.
Whaterrorcouldhavecausedthis?

2.Thefigurebelowshowsacellfromanorganism
whosebodycellseachhavefourchromosomes.

C.ovariesmeiosisD.stomachmeiosis

A.Thechromatidsdidnotseparateproperlyinanaphase.
B.TheDNAwasnotduplicatedproperlyininterphase.
C.Thenuclearmembranedidnotbreakdownproperly
inprophase.
D.Thecellsdidnotseparateproperlyincytokinesis.
3.Whichoftheseorganismsreliesonmitosisfor
reproduction?
A.amoebaB.antC.bluebirdD.jellyfish
4.Whydosinglecelledorganismsdivide?
A.torepairdamagedcells
B.totransmitgeneticmaterialbyreproduction
C.toreducethenumberofchromosomesinthecell
D.toincreasethenumberofchromosomesinthecell

Whatisshowninthisfigure?
A.twochromatidsB.fourchromatids
C.fourchromosomesD.fourchromosomepairs
3.Whatistheresultofonesexcellundergoingmeiosis
inhumans?
A.twosexcells,eachwith23chromosomes
B.twosexcells,eachwith46chromosomes
C.foursexcells,eachwith23chromosomes
D.foursexcells,eachwith46chromosomes
4.Whichoftheseprocessesdoesnotinvolvethe
replicationofchromosomes?
A.mitosisB.meiosis
C.fertilizationD.formationofsexcell.

5.Allausesamicroscopetolookatslidesofonioncells.
Theslidesshowthestagesofthecellcycle.Theslides
arelabeledandinthecorrectorder,startingwith
interphase.InwhichslidewouldAllafirstsee
chromosomes?
A.anaphaseB.cytokinesisC.prophaseD.telophase

Meiosis
1.Amandaismakingapostertodescribethetwotypes
ofcelldivision.Shedrawsanoutlineofahumanbody
ontheposter.Amandawantstoshowdiagramsof

SexualandAsexualReproduction
1.Whichofthesestatementsistrueofsexual
reproduction?
A.Itrequirestwoparentsandresultsinoffspringthat
havecharacteristicsofeachparent.
B.Itrequiresoneparentandresultsinoffspringthatare
geneticallyidenticaltotheparent.
C.Itrequirestwoparentsandresultsinoffspringthatare
geneticallyidenticaltooneparent.
D.Itrequiresoneparentandresultsinoffspringthat

havehalfofthegenesoftheparent.
2.Whichoftheselistsincludesthreetypesofasexual
reproduction?
A.budding,sporeformation,fertilization

parent.
D.Itreceivesallofitschromosomesfromeitheritsmale
oritsfemaleparent.
5.Readthefollowingtwostatementsabout
reproduction:

B.binaryfission,budding,sporeformation
C.fertilization,vegetativereproduction,binaryfission
D.sporeformation,fertilization,vegetativereproduction
3.Jinobservesanorganismhehasneverseenbefore.He
noticesthattheorganismcanundergobothsexualand
asexualreproduction.Underwhatenvironmental
conditionsistheorganismmostlikelytoreproduce
sexually?
A.conditionsthatarefavorableandconstant

I.Thistypeofreproductiongivesorganismstheability
toincreaseinnumberveryquickly.
II.Thistypeofreproductionincreasesgeneticdiversity.
Whichofthechoicesbelowdescribesthetypeof
reproductionbeingreferredtointhesestatements?
A.Bothstatementsrefertosexualreproduction.
B.Bothstatementsrefertoasexualreproduction.

B.conditionsthatpromotethegrowthofmanyoffspring

C.StatementIreferstosexualreproduction,and
statementIIreferstoasexualreproduction.

C.conditionsthatenabletheorganismtoobtain
abundantnutrientsandwater

D.StatementIreferstoasexualreproduction,and
statementIIreferstosexualreproduction.

D.conditionsthatmakeitdifficultfortheorganismto
getenoughnutrientsandwater
4.Ifanorganismisproducedbysexualreproduction,
whichofthesestatementsistrueofitschromosomes?
A.Itreceivesallofitschromosomesfromitsfemale
parent.
B.Itreceiveshalfofitschromosomesfromeachofits
parents.
C.Itreceivesmostofitschromosomesfromitsfemale