48 views

Uploaded by Abu Wildan

- thermalconductivity C1
- Lect - 4 Steady conduction One Dimensional.pptx
- Lect - 2 Laws of Heat transfer.pptx
- COMSOL Introduction Conduction
- HT Notes
- g 02124347
- 2
- Heat conduction in polar coordinates
- sm2_6.pdf
- cement
- hmt ct1
- Lecture2-1.pdf
- 119_ThermalAnalysisinCOSMOSWorks
- Composite Wall
- analytical modeling.pdf
- Lectut MIN 305 PDF MIN 305 01 Introdution
- Winsem2013-14 Cp1736 Modqst Mee233 Heat-transfer Model-qp
- Cane
- Chapter2(1)
- ch02

You are on page 1of 2

Heat Transmission1

This standard is issued under the fixed designation C 108; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of

original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A

superscript epsilon (e) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.

TERMS

transferred. For steady-state heat flow, q is total quantity of heat

divided by time.

characteristics of materials, normally independent of size or

shape, sometimes called specific properties.

Examples: Conductivity and resistivity.

Terms Ending in anceTerms ending in ance designate

properties of a particular object, depending not only on the

material, but also upon size and shape, sometimes called

total quantities.

Examples: Conductance and transmittance.

Terms Ending in ionTerms ending in ion designate

time rate of the process of transfer; flux, flow rate.

Examples: Conduction and transmission.

TransmissionTransmission, transmissivity, transmittance usually refer to transfer by one or more of the

processes of conduction, convection, and radiation.

ConductionConduction, conductivity, conductance

usually refer to transfer within a medium, and without bodily

displacement as occurs with convection, and without transfer

at a distance as occurs with radiation.

k = thermal conductivity; heat flow rate, per unit of area, per degree

per unit of length

dq/d[mathit]A = k (dt/dL) general expression giving value at each

point

k = (q/A)/(Dt/L) for substantially uniform and steady-state heat flow

through a homogeneous medium of thickness L, with plane parallel

faces of area A, and a constant temperature difference Dt applied

to the faces

1/k = thermal resistivity; reciprocal of conductivity

R = thermal resistance; degrees, per unit of heat flow rate, for a

particular body or setup (where the area may not be known)

R = Dt/q for substantially uniform and steady-state heat flow,

generally

R = L/kA for substantially uniform and steady-state heat flow

through a homogeneous medium of thickness L with plane parallel

faces of area A

1/R = thermal conductance; reciprocal of thermal resistance (C is also

used)

1/RA = thermal conductance per unit of area; heat flow, rate, per unit of

area, per degree

RA = thermal resistance of unit area; degrees, per unit of heat flow rate

per unit of area. R is used for resistance for a setup with a

particular area (which may not be known) and RA for resistance of

unit area. In some British texts R is used for thermal resistance of

unit area, here called RA

h = surface coefficient of heat transfer; heat flow rate, per unit of area,

per degree, across a boundary surface

A

p

L

Q

=

=

=

=

Q =

c

T

t

t, t

W

w

q

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

area

density; pounds, kilograms, etc., per unit of volume

length of path of heat flow

total quantity of heat transferred (with subscripts for particular cases

and to distinguish for Q for volume rate)

volume rate; discharge by volume; fluid rate of flow by volume.

(There also is used q with a subscript to distinguish from heat flow

rate.)

specific heat

temperature on absolute scale

temperature, degrees Celsius or Fahrenheit

time

weight; quantity of matter measured in pounds, kilograms, etc.

flow rate; pounds, kiliograms, etc., per unit of time

heat flow rate; time rate of heat transferred for a particular setup

with any value of area A

hm= (q/A)/Dtm for substantially uniform and steady-state

heat flow, where hm and Dtm are constant over the area A or where

one (but not both) of them varies but may substantially be

represented by a mean value. h is an average property of a

particular boundary condition or film and is not necessarily inversely

proportional to film thickness. Dtm is the mean absolute difference

between the temperature ts of the surface and t, the bulk

temperature of the ambient fluid, or the temperature of the surface

of an adjacent solid.

U = overall coefficient of heat transfer; sometimes called thermal

transmittance per unit of area; heat flow rate, per unit of area, per

degree, for a particular setup of one or more bodies and films.Then

for substantially uniform and steady-state heat flow

1

These symbols are under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C08 on

Refractories and are the direct responsibility of Subcommittee C08.02 on Thermal

Properties.

Current edition approved March 1, 2004. Published February 2005. Originally

approved in 1934. Last previous edition approved in 1998 as C 10846 (1998).

These symbols for heat transmission are identical with those appearing in the

American National Standard Letter Symbols for Heat and Thermodynamics

Including Heat Flow (ANSI Y10.4) of the American National Standards Institutes.

as a reference. Then for a setup of homogeneous bodies, area Ax,

and adjacent films, area Afx, where the corresponding values of h

and k are substantially constant over the areas considered,

1/U 5 (~L/kAxA! 1 ([1/~hAfx/A!#

Copyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, United States.

C 108 46 (2004)

For parallel walls,

1/U 5 (~L/k! 1 (~1/h! or,

1/U 5 (RA 1 (~1/h!

S = shape factor of a structure; heat flow rate, divided by equivalent

thermal conductivity and by the temperature difference between

inner and outer surfaces,

S 5 q/kDts

F = radiant flux; radiant energy per unit of time, for any area A

a = thermal diffusivity; thermal conductivity divided by heat capacity per

unit volume,

a 5k/cr

G = flow rate in pounds per unit of time, per unit of area of cross

section; called weight velocity, or mass velocity,

G 5 Vr

blackbody of the same size and shape,

at the same temperature, according to the Stefan-Boltzmann law

which is,

F 5 seAT4

difference causing flow.

ASTM International takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any item mentioned

in this standard. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights, and the risk

of infringement of such rights, are entirely their own responsibility.

This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every five years and

if not revised, either reapproved or withdrawn. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standards

and should be addressed to ASTM International Headquarters. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of the

responsible technical committee, which you may attend. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you should

make your views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards, at the address shown below.

This standard is copyrighted by ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959,

United States. Individual reprints (single or multiple copies) of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the above

address or at 610-832-9585 (phone), 610-832-9555 (fax), or service@astm.org (e-mail); or through the ASTM website

(www.astm.org).

- thermalconductivity C1Uploaded bysevimozbek
- Lect - 4 Steady conduction One Dimensional.pptxUploaded byVivaan Sharma
- Lect - 2 Laws of Heat transfer.pptxUploaded byVivaan Sharma
- COMSOL Introduction ConductionUploaded byPatcharapit Promoppatum
- HT NotesUploaded byAjay Satpute
- g 02124347Uploaded byIJERD
- 2Uploaded bypescanova3
- Heat conduction in polar coordinatesUploaded byGonzalo Salfate Maldonado
- sm2_6.pdfUploaded byBrain Choirul Ichsan
- cementUploaded byAnonymous oUoJ4A8x
- hmt ct1Uploaded byPRABHJOT SINGH
- Lecture2-1.pdfUploaded byvahr
- 119_ThermalAnalysisinCOSMOSWorksUploaded bydsathiya
- Composite WallUploaded byDhananjay Kadam
- analytical modeling.pdfUploaded byShrivardhan Patil
- Lectut MIN 305 PDF MIN 305 01 IntrodutionUploaded byHemanthVangala
- Winsem2013-14 Cp1736 Modqst Mee233 Heat-transfer Model-qpUploaded byShashwatAgarwal
- CaneUploaded byP Allen Samuel Ignatius
- Chapter2(1)Uploaded byjohnsandybas
- ch02Uploaded byJao Wei Kuang
- DESIGN STUDY OF COOLING FIN DEVICEUploaded byrobert0rojer
- Heat Transfer LabUploaded byParthipan Jayaram
- 02_HeatConductionEquation.pdfUploaded bysiamak1438
- General MachiningUploaded bytommy
- 2015thermal.pdfUploaded byBenAmmareImed
- conduction.pdfUploaded bygaccio
- R 3581 NovDec 07Uploaded byJuan Arnold
- Me r17 III II SyllabusUploaded byVenkatesh Vakucherla
- HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER question paper 2001Uploaded bymanikandan.v
- Latent TES Gumaste 2011Uploaded bycrn2732

- Resume Session Spring 2016 .pdfUploaded byTienTran
- gcms5.2Uploaded byRosefazila Rosli
- Traceability_Guide.pdfUploaded byAbu Wildan
- PermenLH 06 2009 Lamp-1Uploaded bytomysetiyadi
- Low Flow and No Flow SamplingUploaded byAbu Wildan
- Modul-01-Dokumen-Lingkungan-Hidup-Energi-Bersih.pdfUploaded byRamsi Ankzi
- GC1502010_PurgeAndTrapUploaded byAbu Wildan
- Laboratory ManagementUploaded byThiyagarajan Sivaprakasam
- Kepmen LH No 51Uploaded byDwitya Andarwati
- Report Generation and IssueUploaded byAbu Wildan
- Kep Mlh 1995Uploaded byannieshaputri
- Swagelok CatalogueUploaded byAbu Wildan
- Lecture 4 Environmental Instrumental AnalysisUploaded byAbu Wildan
- RDGvolflaskpipetUploaded byAbu Wildan
- Cl FieldsamplingmeasUploaded byAbu Wildan
- Astm a182 - Astm a182Uploaded byphresende
- Amine Sample Analysis ResultsUploaded byAbu Wildan
- ETIA-07010.pdfUploaded byrbdubey2020
- Determination of the total acid numberUploaded byAbu Wildan
- Corrosion Product Sampling.pdfUploaded byAbu Wildan
- STEAM GENERATION.pdfUploaded byAbu Wildan
- Microwave DigestionUploaded byAbu Wildan
- MA 3000 NIC Simplified Operation Manual.pdfUploaded byAbu Wildan
- Mineral and RockUploaded byHazel Fransiskus Sitanggang
- Corrosion Product Sampling and Analysis.pdfUploaded byAbu Wildan
- Vitamin C Analysis in Lemon TeaUploaded byAbu Wildan
- ANALYTICAL INSTRUMENTSUploaded byAbu Wildan
- Comparison of Conventional and Microwave TreatmentUploaded byAbu Wildan
- Assessment of the Levels of MercuryUploaded byAbu Wildan
- QI Equip CalibrationUploaded byDefry Farhandinata

- Thermal conductivity of Building Materials.pdfUploaded byسامح الجاسم
- Y. Onose, N. P. Ong and C. Petrovic- Thermal-Hall conductivity and long-lived quasiparticles in CeCoIn5Uploaded byGreamxx
- Modeling Approach for Intumescing Charring Heatshield Materials Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets July 2006Uploaded byAerospaceAngel
- AntonAlgrinov_1507114913Uploaded byAnton Algrinov
- Bricks and Shapes 2Uploaded bynay den
- Bronze c54400 SpecificationsUploaded byRam Parimalam
- material thermal effectUploaded bygembirasekali
- C1055Uploaded bydinhtung2210
- ejercicios transferencia de calor.docUploaded byWilliam Hernan Henao
- Finite Element OneD Lecture notesUploaded bybookdigit
- Heat Transfer RrUploaded byNizam Institute of Engineering and Technology Library
- 2.QP-HMT-IT IUploaded byvsureshkannanmsec
- 1978-A Solar Test Collector 4 Evalutation of Both Selective n NonUploaded byResearcherz
- Effects of Variable Viscosity and Thermal Conductivity on MHD Free Convection Flow of Dusty Fluid along a Vertical Stretching Sheet with Heat GenerationUploaded byIRJET Journal
- Chapter18 ThermoDynamicUploaded byVladimir Morote
- Thermal Residual Stresses in Hot-rolled Steel Members DecemberUploaded bymedelaid
- Design and Fabrication of a Simplifed Test Rig for Thermal Characterization of Polymer CompositesUploaded bySandeepak
- Wood CombustionUploaded bypalindapc
- Bergquist MCPCBs and Thermal Interface Material Considerations for High Power LED Lighting Applications SanDiego Oct.2010Uploaded byAbraham Seco Armesto
- B.sc. Electronics ScienceUploaded bymichaeledem_royal
- TRNSPRT2(8thed.)Uploaded byKorina_Gomez_2744
- CHAPTER 2 - STEADY HEAT CONDUCTION.pdfUploaded byAroon Kumar
- mp3003tut07-08sem1Uploaded byFeeling_so_fly
- Three Dimensional Analysis Of__High Frequency Induction__Welding of Steel Pipes With__ImpederUploaded byprasanna venkatesh
- HEAT TRANSFER - Chapter 2Uploaded byghostleny
- 6004UGSL Advanced Civil Eng Materials - Solutions - May 2015 (1).docxUploaded byRiham Mohamed
- dryer-PCMUploaded bySheikh Ubaid
- eww.pdfUploaded byCore Fahrenheit
- [8] Principles and Models of Solid Fuel CombustionUploaded byshastrysn
- Experimental and Numerical Investigations on Melting Behavior of PCM in Storage TankUploaded byEditor IJTSRD