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6408

London

Examinations

GeE

Tuesday 10 June 1997 - 2nd Afternoon Session Advanced LeveVAdvanced Supplementary

Pure Mathematics P4

Time: 1 hour 30 minutes

Instructions to Candidates

Full marks may be obtained for answers to ALL questions.

In the boxes on the Answer Book, write your centre number, candidate number, the syllabus title (Pure Mathematics), syllabus number (6408), the paper number (P4), your surname and initials, signature and date.

Information for Candidates

A booklet 'Mathematical Formulae including Statistical Formulae and Tables' is

provided.

In calculations you are advised to show all the steps in your working, giving your

answer at each stage.

This paper has 9 questions. Pages 6 to 8 are blank.

EDUCATIONAL

.L

EXCELLENCE

P7943 57570Nl850

© 1997 Edexcef Foundation This publication may only be reproduced in accordance with Edexcel Foundation copyright policy. London Examinations is a divisfOO of Edexcel Foundation and is a trade mark of the University of London. Edexcel Foundation is a Registered Charity.

31313110/14730

1. Show that

2

cos2x + i sin 2x

cos 9x -

i sin 9x

can be expressed in the form cos nx + i sin nx where n is an integer to be found.

(6 marks)

2. Prove, by induction, that

n

Lr(r+3)=~n(n+l)(n+5), nEN.

r=}

(6 marks)

3. The transformation, T, from the z-plane to the w-plane is given by

where z = x

+ iy and

1

W == --

z-2

w = u + iv.

,

z

=t:.

2,

Show that under T the straight line with equation

2x + y

=

5

is transformed to a circle in the w-plane \\rith centre (1 , -!) and radius !~5.

(9 marks)

4.

4. 3 -a o a x   Fig. 1 Figure 1 shows the curve C with

3

4. 3 -a o a x   Fig. 1 Figure 1 shows the curve C with
4. 3 -a o a x   Fig. 1 Figure 1 shows the curve C with

-a

o

a

x

 

Fig.

1

Figure 1 shows the curve C with parametric equations

:X:

= a cos 3 t,

Y

= a sin 3 t,

where a is a positive constant.

a ::::; t

~

1r,

The curve C is rotated through 2n radians about the x-axis. Show that the area of the

2

surface of revolution formed is 12na

5

(10 marks)

5. Given that y satisfies the differential equation

and y

=

1 at x

=

0,

(a)

d 2

y

find expressions for --2

dx

and

y = 1 at x = 0, (a) d 2 y find expressions for --2 dx

d 3 y

dx 3

(b)

Hence,

or otherwise, find y

as

a

including the term in x 3

serIes

In

(c) Use your series to estimate the value of y

1 decimal place.

ascending powers of x

up

to

and

at

x

= -0.1, giving your answer to

 

(12 marks)

6.

(a)

Sketch the curve with polar equation

 
 

r

= acos 30,

o::::; 0 < 2n.

 

(b)

Find the area enclosed by one loop of this curve.

 
 

(12 marks)

7.

4

A=J--t_ 1 --

2

\1(4x 2 -9)

dx

(a) Using 5 equally-spaced ordinates obtain estimates for A, to 4 decimal places, by

means of

(i)

the trapezium rule,

(ii)

Simpson's rule.

(b)

Find

J

j

1

(4x2 _ 9)

d

x

and hence evaluate A giving your ans\\'er to 4 decimal places.

(c) Which of your estimates in (a) is the more accurate? Give a reason for your

answer.

(14 marks)

8. The points A, B, C and D have coordinates (3, respectively.

1, 2),

(5,

2, -1),

(6, 4,

5) and (-7,

6, -3)

~ ~ (a) Find AC x AD. ~ (b) Find a vector equation of the
~
~
(a)
Find AC x AD.
~
(b)
Find
a
vector equation
of the
line
through
A
which
IS
perpendicular to
AC
~
and AD.
(c)
Verify that B lies on this line.
(d)
Find the volume of the tetrahedron ABeD.

(14 marks)

9. The eigenvalues of the matrix

9. The eigenvalues of the matrix A = 2 2 -3 2-3 2 3 3 3

A =

2

2

-3

2-3

2

3

3

3

(a)

Show that A} = 6 is an eigenvalue and find the other two eigenvalues ~ and ~.

(b)

Verify that det A = Al ~ ~.

(c)

Find an eigenvector corresponding to the eigenvalue A} = 6.

 

1

1

Given that

-1

and

1

are eigenvectors of A corresponding to ~ and ~,

1

0

(d)

write down a matrix P such that pTAP is a diagonal matrix.

(17 marks)

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