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slightly, they may be straightened. If the pipe is bent, the wheel


must be replaced. If the pipe fits too tightly on the cannon pinion, it
can be broached out to fit properly. If the pipe fits too loosely on the
cannon pinion, replace the hour wheel.
e. Broken or Bent Minute Wheel and Pinion Leaves.
(1) Pull the crown out to setting position and rotate the hands.
If the minute wheel teeth are broken, bent, or the wheel has too much
side play on its post, the minute wheel will bind and the hands stop
rotating. To determine the cause, remove movement from case and
remove hands and dial. Turn the setting mechanism and observe the
circular movement of the minute pinion in relation to the hour wheel
for trueness, bent leaves, and for proper mesh with the hour wheel
teeth. Remove the hour wheel and check the teeth of the minute
wheel. Check fit of minute wheel pinion to minute wheel; there
should be no movement. Check mesh of minute wheel and cannon
pinion as well as the mesh with the intermediate wheel (if provided).
Check minute wheel for broken or bent teeth. Check for broken or
bent minute wheel post.
(2) If the minute wheel pinion leaves or teeth are broken or bent,
the wheel must be replaced. If the minute wheel is loose on its post
or the post is broken, a new post must be installed. If the post is
bent, the minute wheel will not mesh with the cannon pinion or inter
mediate wheel (if provided), and the post must be straightened. If
the minute wheel teeth are bent or broken, the wheel must be re
placed.
f. Broken or Bent Cannon Pinion Leaves or Pipe.
(1) This may be determined by pulling the crown out to the
setting position and turning the hands. If the cannon pinion leaves
are broken, bent, or do not mesh correctly with the minute wheel, the
cannon pinion will bind and the hands will stop rotating. To deter
mine the cause, remove movement from case and remove the hands,
dial, and hour wheel. Rotate the cannon pinion and note mesh of
cannon pinion with minute wheel.
978693 O524 45
PUNCH
BALANCE
STAFF
BALANCE ARM
Figure 26 Replacing Balance Staff
RA PD W4SO
TM 9-1575
19
TROUBLE SHOOTING, ADJUSTMENT, AND REPAIR
-CHUCK \+ CHUCK
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BALANCE
STAFF
BALANCE
ARM
GRAVER
RA PD 86922
Figure 27 Removing Damaged Balance Staff
STAFF ASSEMBLY
RA PD 86924
Figure 28 Two-piece Friction Fit Staff
(2) If the leaves of the cannon pinion or the teeth of the minute
wheel are broken, bent, or do not mesh properly, the parts affected
must be replaced.
g. Bent or Broken Balance Staff.
(1) In order to determine whether or not the staff is bent or
broken, remove the movement from the case and, with the tweezers,
47
TM 9-1575
19
ORDNANCE MAINTENANCE-WRIST WATCHES, POCKET WATCHES, STOP WATCHES,
AND CLOCKS
touch the balance assembly. If the balance pivots are broken, there
will be a noticeable wobble of the balance. Remove the balance
cock and the balance, and examine the pivots to see if they are bent.
(2) If the pivots are bent or broken, the balance staff must be
replaced. To replace a damaged balance staff, remove the balance
assembly from the watch. Carefully remove the hairspring (fig. 32).
Select proper roller remover and punch. Drive off the roller assembly,

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