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Where do icebergs come from?

90% of icebergs seen off Newfoundland and Labrador


come from the glaciers of western Greenland. The rest
come from glaciers on islands in Canada's Arctic area.

Why is smoking bad for health?


Smoking is responsible for several diseases, such
as cancer, long-term (chronic) respiratory diseases,
and heart disease, as well as premature death. Over
480,000 people in the USA and 100,000 in the UK die
because of smoking each year.

How can gliders fly without engines?


Gliders don't have an engine. They need help to get up in
the air but then it's up to the wing design and the air flow
to keep them flying. One way that gliders get up into the
air is called an aero-tow. A rope connected to a glider is
attached to a regular plane.
What is four-wheel drive car?
A four-wheel drive vehicle often called a 4WD or 4X4
(four by four) is a vehicle in which all four wheels
receive power from the engine. Most vehicles are twowheel drive 2WD or 4X2 and that means that the
engines power is only sent to two of the four wheels.
How does a Fax Machine works?

Fax machine is designed to both send and receive


documents so it has a sending part and a receiving part.
The sending part is a bit like a computer scanner, with a
CCD (charged-coupled device) that scans only one line of a
document at a time, and only in black and white.
What stainless steel?
In metallurgy, stainless steel, also known as inoxsteel,is
a steel alloy with a minimum of 10.5% chromium content
by mass. Stainless steel does not readily corrode, rust or
stain with water as ordinary steel does.
What is meant by a balanced diet?
A diet that contains the proper proportions of carbohydrat
es, fats, proteins,vitamins, minerals, and water necessary
to maintain good health.

What is frost? Why is there frost more often on a clear


night than on a cloudy one?
Frost is the coating or deposit of ice that may form in
humid air in cold conditions, usually overnight. Since
clouds are cool moist air, and cold air is heavier than
warm air, the cloud cover holds down the warmth that
accumulates during the day and keeps the ambient
temperature slightly higher over night.

What is a Piston?

A disc or short cylinder fitting closely within a tube in


which it moves up and down against a liquid or gas, used
in an internal-combustion engine to derive motion, or in a
pump to impart motion.
(x) What is G.M.T?
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is the mean solar time at
the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London. GMT was
formerly used as the international civil time standard,
now superseded in that function by Coordinated Universal
Time (UTC).
(xi) What is a Morse Code?
Morse code is a method of sending text messages by
keying in a series of electronic pulses, usually represented
as a short pulse (called a "dot") and a long pulse (a
"dash"). The code was devised by Samuel F. B. Morse in
the 1840s to work with his invention of the telegraph
(xiii) What is Endoscopy?
Endoscopy is a nonsurgical procedure used to examine a
person's digestive tract. Using an endoscope, a flexible
tube with a light and camera attached to it, your doctor
can view pictures of your digestive tract on a color TV
monitor.
(xiv) How do vaccination work?

Vaccines work by stimulating our immune system to


produce antibodies (substances produced by the body to
fight disease) without actually infecting us with the
disease. They trigger the immune system to produce its
own antibodies, as though the body has been infected
with a disease.
(xv) What is Anesthesia?
Anesthesia is a way to control pain during a surgery or
procedure by using medicine called anesthetics. It can
help control your breathing, blood pressure, blood flow,
and heart rate and rhythm.
Anesthesia may be used to: Relax you.
Block pain. Make you sleepy or forgetful. Make you
unconscious for your surgery.

What is Tsunami?
Tsunamis also known as seismic sea waves are a series of
enormous waves created by an underwater disturbance
such as an earthquake, landslide, volcanic eruption, or
meteorite.
iii. Why do we have leap years?
A year is defined as the time it takes for the Earth to orbit
around the sun once. It takes the Earth about 365 1/4 days
to make one entire orbit around the sun (a day is one
rotation around the Earth's axis). By adding one extra day
about every four years, the Earth is in the same point of
its orbit at the same time of the calendar year each year.

iv. How does a camera work?


A camera basically consists of a lightproof box that lets in
a bit of light at just the right moment. Once the light
enters the camera, it creates an image by causing a
chemical reaction on photo film
What are fossil fuels?
Fossil fuels are hydrocarbons, primarily coal, fuel oil or
natural gas, formed from the remains of dead plants and
animals. In common dialogue, the term fossil fuel also
includes hydrocarbon-containing natural resources that
are not derived from animal or plant sources.

What causes the seasons?


As the Earth revolves around the Sun, it also spins around
its axis, which is tilted at an angle of 23.5 degrees. It is
this tilt in the Earth's axis that is responsible for
creating seasons in the hemispheres. Around the June
Solstice, the Northern Hemisphere is tilted towards the
Sun, therefore experiencing summer.

How does photosynthesis work?


Photosynthesis can happen in plants because they have
chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is the pigment that makes plants
green. Chlorophyll captures the Sun's energy and uses it
to make sugars out of carbon dioxide from the air and
water. The sugars fuel a plant's roots, stems, and leaves
so the plant can grow.

What is Tundra?
The tundra is a vast region of cold, mostly treeless lands
extending along the entire margin of the Arctic Ocean.
Because of the low temperatures, the ground is frozen
(called permafrost, for permanently frozen ground).
x. What is D.N.A.?
Deoxyribonucleic acid, more commonly known as DNA, is a
complex molecule that contains all of the information
necessary to build and maintain an organism. All living
things have DNA within their cells. In fact, nearly every
cell in a multicellular organism possesses the full set of
DNA required for that organism.
What is an optical fiber?
Optical fiber refers to the medium and the technology
associated with the transmission of information as light
pulses along a glass or plastic strand or fiber. Optical fiber
carries much more information than conventional copper
wire and is in general not subject to electromagnetic
interference and the need to retransmit signals. Most
telephone company long-distance lines are now made of
optical fiber.
What is glass made of?
Glass is made from a mixture of sand and other materials.
Just plain sand can be made into glass, but it must be
heated to about 3,000 degrees Fahrenheit. It's both
difficult and expensive to bring a substance to such high
heat. It's also possible to make glass by adding sand to
sodium carbonate and limestone.

What is the Big Bang theory?


The Big Bang Theory is the leading explanation about how
the universe began. At its simplest, it talks about the
universe as we know it starting with a small singularity,
then inflating over the next 13.8 billion years to the
cosmos that we know today.

How does a fuse work?


It's a thin piece of wire designed to carry a limited
electrical current. If you try to pass a higher current
through the wire, it'll heat up so much that it burns or
melts. When it melts, it breaks the circuit it's fitted to and
stops the current flowing.

Who was the first man on the moon and when?


On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong became the first human
to step on the moon.
Coordinated Universal Time abbreviated as UTC, is the primary time standard by which the world
regulates clocks and time. It is, within about 1 second, mean solar time at 0 longitude