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1) UIC 4: This card proves that determinism is true because necessity must exist. When this
card refers to necessity, it refers to saying everything that has happened and ever will happen is
necessary. Basically saying that everything happens because it must happen, because there is
no alternative. If this card goes unanswered Determinism is true.
2) Coyne 12: This card basically makes the argument that free will means doing anything you
want, and we dont have free will because we are within the constraints of the human brain and
the human body. Because science hasnt found a way to do that, we are stuck inside a realm of
no free will. This proves true free will doesnt exist.
3)Lucero-Montanyo 12: What Montanyo is basically saying is because we follow a code of
ethics, we have no true freedom or free will. The card also says because determinism follows a
chain of events and because the same causes will have the same effects no matter what, then
you cant break the chain, also destroying the notion of free will.
4) Lenz 14: This starts off using Spinozas Monism to prove the existence of god through
pantheism, and because only God has a version of freedom, and even God cant will freely
because of Natural laws. This means because determinism is true, god cant act out of his own
nature. Because even god cant act freely, and humans are just a combination of god, humans
most definitely cant act freely. Spinoza explains why humans believe we act freely through his
holism theory.
5) Pardi 12: I think this is kind of explaining actions like inputs and outputs in functions. One
input (the action) can only have one output (the reaction). Our thoughts are never created
randomly or out of the blue, they are cause by certain things that have happened in our lives
and what situation we are in.
6)Joughin and Deleuze 88: This card says that the doctrine of free will, which would be
accepted if the judge votes neg, allows evil to not be a bad thing, but voting aff accepts
determinism, and that makes evil always a bad thing. This turns the negs impacts.
7) Cockfield 11: Im pretty sure this card proves that surveillance by the government prevents
determinism from coming into politics. It also proves that surveillance violates civil rights,
because surveillance laws are misused
8) Miglani 12: This card is in reality life advice about living in the moment, but in the context of
the Aff it shows that not thinking about the future reduces stress and anxiety, and therefore
increases joy.

9) Deschene 14: Since preventative measures have us worry about the future because they try
to change whats going to happen, they increase stress and anxiety and reduce joy.
Mueller 10: Joy requires us to live in the moment, and Determinism helps us do that. This card
basically says joy outweighs because if we are not reliant on wealth and accomplishment,
people will be happier. I think we could use this to solve econ collapse impacts because if we
refute that econ collapse cause war and they say econ collapse still makes people unhappy, we
can just extend this card and say that with determinism they wont care.
10) Deleuze and Parnet 87: ******Joy is the reason why the human race succeeds, and
melancholy makes us fail and creates a submissive, weak society.*****
11 )Dorling 13: The solution to inequality is not weighing lives against each other, and
determinism solves because we will accept the fact that nothing we can do will necessarily
change our future, because we would have made this decision anyway. By eliminating the idea
of freedom, we defeat inequality, because we have defeated the concept of equality
12) Tutor2u 9: Our actions are predetermined, and therefore we hold not be held responsible for
them. Punishment is a failed attempt at tackling the problem of inequality in the world.
Determinism proves that punishment for crimes fails
13) Eagleman 11: It is unfair to judge and punish all criminals the same, we have to create a
more customized legal system. Humans are not born the same, some are more likely to commit
crimes from their creation. We need a legal system that takes this into account, and is more
flexible and focused on rehabilitation.
14) Gregoire 13: Happiness is the most important thing in life. Therefore, whoever creates the
most happiness should win the round.