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Rural setting

In a rural setting, where there are plenty of space and

backyards available, composting can be done by digging pits

directly into the ground and using them as composters.

Urban setting
Population density and lack of non-concrete space necessitate
that composting be done in containers. Improvisation will help a
lot, as any container would do.

Innovate. Any
(A Primer)
container, such
as cans and
sacks, can be
used as a
Think of other
ways by which
can be done.



For more information, contact the:

Unit 329 Eagle Court Condominium

26 Matalino St., Brgy. Central, Quezon City
Telefax: 441-1846
What is composting? How is composting done?
Composting is turning organic There are many simple ways by which composting can be
matters, such as plants and done, yet all these follow the same basic steps.
other once-living materials into
an earthy, dark, crumbly 1. Prepare the composter
substance that is rich in soil- (pit, container or pile
enriching substances, through where biodegradable
the action of micro-organisms. wastes for composting
Since some 60% of generated are to be composted).
waste in the country consists of
biodegradables, composting is 2. Segregate
seen as an important strategy biodegradable from
in attaining Zero Waste. non-biodegradable
What can be composted?
Wastes that can be composted are biodegradable materials 3. Chop or cut
(such as kitchen, animal and garden/yard wastes) and should biodegradable
be segregated from non-biodegradable wastes (such as plastic wastes into small
packaging, bottles, etc.) prior to composting. Biodegradables pieces for easy
are either “dry” (e.g. dry grass clippings, leaves, etc.) or “wet” decomposition.
(green grass clippings, leaves, etc.)
4. Mix the chopped
What are the benefits of composting? “dry” and “wet”
Composting benefits the environment and the people in many biodegradables so
ways. that the mixture is not too wet or too dry. Place the
mixture into the composter.
 It diverts some 60% of wastes, comprised of biodegradables,
from getting into a dumpsite or landfill, minimizing space use 5. Place a thin layer of soil or chopped “dry”
and pollution source. biodegradables on top of the mixture and sprinkle it with
 It minimizes the release of methane, a greenhouse gas and a small amount of water.
a major global warming culprit.
 It enriches the soil in many ways, ensuring the production of 6. Aerate the pile by turning it once in a while or by inserting
healthful, chemical-free crops. a vertical tube (made of bamboo or old pipes) in the
 It improves the soil’s water-holding capacity, reducing the middle of the pile.
need for watering or irrigation.
 It provides a conducive environment for the healthy 7. When the interior of the pile is no longer hot and the
proliferation of a wide range of beneficial microorganisms. biodegradables have turned into dark and dry soil,
 It saves money that otherwise would have been used for composting is finished.
fertilizers, pesticides, and water.