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Cluster Optimization

Prepared by:
Samsung

Course Name : CLOT Procedure
Who should attend

Course Objective

• Field Engineers/DT Engineers
This module will enable participants
(SOLPAR)
to understand and conduct or • Project Manager (SOLPAR)
• Samsung Optimizer(Samsung)
Manage Cluster Optimization.
• Area Manager (Samsung)
• Circle Head (Samsung)
• RF Head(Samsung)
Afternoon Session (2:30pm to 6pm)

• CLOT Introduction
Day 1

• Test procedure

Lunch break

Morning Session (10:30am to 1:30pm)

• WAS
• XCAL Demonstration
• Hands on exercises

Document History

Edition

Date of Issue

V1.0

-----

V1.3

14August2014

Author

Remarks

Samsung
Initial Version
Training Team
Samsung
Updated with 5 tests and screen shots for test
Training Team procedures
Samsung
Training Team Updated with WAS Procedure

V2.0

5fth Nov2014

V4.0

10th Oct 2015

Samsung
Totally revamped and updated with APK 524
Training Team

V5.0

27th

Samsung
Updated with APK 529 and 850 MHz Clot scenarios
Training Team
and KPIs.

Oct 2015

Good to know Keep your mobile phone in the silent mode during the session Need to sign attendance sheet at the start and end of each day At the end of each training post test will be conducted Stick to break timings Your valuable feedback will be taken at the end to enhance training experience For logistics support contact the co-ordinator .

Alarm check) Pre-check for DT Engineer ( Antenna validation. Alarm check before DT starts) CHAPTER 3: Activity during DT       Drive Route guidelines Call Scenarios Drive setup CLOT Test scenario GUI description Test scenario for 850MHz Additional GUI information . Key parameters . Network configuration.Agenda CHAPTER 1: CLOT Introduction           LTE System Introduction Definition and purpose of CLOT CLOT Terminologies Factors that affect CLOT Cluster Optimization Criteria CLOT process Tools and equipment for DT Optimization System Tools for Post processing analysis CLOT objective . UE configuration. an introduction to KPIs CHAPTER 2: Activity before CLOT DRIVE      DT Cluster selection What is Front why it is necessary Installing XCAL apk Features of APK 529 Pre-Checks    Pre-Check for Rigger Pre-Check with LSM-R Engineer ( NW Availability .

Agenda CHAPTER 4: Activity after DT       Log file upload to FMS Optimization process Optimization process by NHQ Apply recommendation by NHQ in field DRIVE-2 CLOT Report CHAPTER 5 : CLOT failure reasons     Missing Route Recommendation not applied Site SWAP not noticed Site down / Alarm CHAPTER 6 : Prohibited actions     Manipulation of Log files Unclear justification Not applying Optimizer recommendations Missing parameter update in SF CHAPTER 7 : CLOT process via SiteForge    CLOT Work flow Optimization results on site forge for field application Project closure .

CHAPTER 1: CLOT Introduction .

Evolution of Cellular Networks Packet core Packet switched data Peak data rates Circuit switched voice support 1G 1980s 1990s Late 90s 2000 2003 2008 2010 onwards .LTE System Introduction .

LTE System Introduction : Network Comparison IP PSTN IP GGSN GMSC Core Network MSC BSC / RNC Access Network BTS / NodeB GSM / WCDMA SGSN • Single-node access network • Completely PS network •Separate USER and CONTROL planes • Controller node in access network • Separate CS and PS cores • Combined user and control planes eNodeB LTE .

GW PDN .LTE System Introduction : LTE Network Architecture External 3GPP Core Network EPC E-UTRAN S3 S6a eNodeB S4 X2 S1-C Uu Gx S11 eNodeB S1-U S5 / S8 SGi Combined into SAE .

Clusters Definition •Cluster can be small (2 sites ) or large up to 30 sites. TA as well as LSM boundary. •Cluster may have EARFCN . in rural area cluster may not have contiguous coverage.Definition of a cluster •Wireless system utilize number of low-power transmitted to create many cells and then form a cluster. •Sites can be located in different morphology area but still cab be art of cluster occasionally. The purpose is to check interworking between each eNB and overall network quality. “ BSP boundary is the main boundary for any clusters not based on cluster boundary” . •The Cluster consist the group os several eNBs. service environment and each signal coverage as well as Up/Download data throughput and Handover function on the move can be checked.

CLOT aims to provide the following  Optimize signal coverage  Ensure normal distribution of RF Signals  Control PCI pollution  Meet all agreed KPIs .  Site parameters are properly configured.Purpose of CLOT SCFT Aims to ensure the following  Site is properly installed.  Services are available.

Town or rural areas and how far LTE coverage footprint would go. • Factors such as Frequency Band. Beawidth. . • It is generated by RF planning software such as Atoll tool to give reasonable approximation as to how many sites required to provide LTE services in City. • It aids to guesstimate drive route and Actix use as reference to draw exclusion boundary line in order to calcuate KPIs.CLOT Terminologies– What is BSP •BSP stands for Best Server Plot – which is nothing but predicated signal strength of each cell. • It takes many factors in to consideration to generate BSP. Antenna (Type. UL/DL Path loss model. Orientation) Morphology. Height.

. • EDT applied to contain over propagating signal. • EUT applied to increase cell foot print.CLOT Terminologies– M-tilt and E-tilt Tilts : Following E&M tilts guidelines are used prior to cluster drive M-tilt=0. • Depending upon scenarios cells can be E-down tilted or Eup tilted. E-TILT • The pattern “droops” all around like an inverted saucer. M-TILT • The pattern in front goes down and behind goes up. E-tilt=4/2 urban/rural or hwy morphologies. • The guideline recommended that mechanical down tilt of an antenna should not exceed more than one-half of its vertical beam width.

CLOT Terminologies–– What is RSRP and SINR RSRP • Reference Signal Received Power • Coverage footprint • Aids handover • Ranges -44dBm .-140dBm SINR • Signal to Interference & Noise ratio • Measure network strength • SINR gives the idea about channel conditions. • Major contributor for throughput KPI • SINR=(S/I+N) RF Conditions RSRP(dBm) SINR(dB) Excellent >=-80 >=20 Good (-80 to -90) (13 to 20) Mid Cell (-90 to -100) (0 to 13) Cell Edge <=-100 <=0 .

3.LTE Network – Factors that affect CLOT 1. 4. 2. Antenna Type Antenna Azimuth Antenna Height Antenna Tilt .

Cluster Optimization Test Criteria ((( ((( Test entrance criteria  At least 90% of the eNB’s in the test cluster shall have passed SCFT and shall have compliance with EMF norms ((( ((( ((( ((( Cluster Definition  Minimum of 25 to 30 eNB’s  Contiguous coverage  Can cross TA boundaries  SCFT and EMF compliance report for each eNB for the test cluster has to be verified ((( ((( ((( (((  Any changes to the eNB physical configuration required for EMF compliance shall be updated in the cluster database  DT Front should be 98%(discussed later) .

Report Submission . Justification submission to NOPT (Pics of Block road) 7. Hold if Site Down NOK 4. NAV >=98% NOK NOK OK NOK 5a. If JIRA not cleared 3. Hold if Site Down 6a. DTR Preparation SCFT & EMF Cluster Ready >=90% 4a. CLOT PreCheck Request via JRA OK Additional process 9a. CLOT Triggered for CLOT Test Site On-air 2. Are KPI’s met 10. Hold. 100% Route Covered 8. Analysis (NOPT) 9.CLOT Work Flow Before CLOT Additional process Main process SELECT NEW CLUSTER TO BE DRIVEN 1. Online Surveilla nce RequestOK 6. Go for DT1 OK 7a. Recommendation for Improvement like Change Parameter Request Parameter Implement Update in SiteForge Go for DT+ 5.

Complete Tool Kit (Spanners/Knife/Hammer/Cable Tie etc. .3 to be filled up and handed over to SOLPAR PM. First aid box Annexure .Tools and Equipment for DT Check list for RIGGER          Weather proofing kit. Safety belts Safety shoes Helmet Rope with board and extra riggers (with full protective gear) in case of wall mount sites. who sends it over to Samsung RF manager.) Connector making tools.

Tools and equipment for DT Checklist for Rigger Contd… .

LTE Network – Optimization System .

Tools for Post processing XCAP • Post processing tool • Log file analysis AnyPlan Optimizer • Simulation tool • Physical optimization recommendations Actix One • Post processing tool • KPI report generation .

Tools for Post processing cont’d Atoll • RF Planning tool • BSP Plot generation MapInfo XCAL • Geo mapping tool • Drive route creation • Drive test tool • Field Measurement .

Clot Objective : Introduction to KPIs
Field Drive Test:
Field engineer will start performing field drive test after completing site survey successfully. Field engineer
will use 5 handsets to perform five tests using Accuver DM tool installed in mobile handset.
Each handset will perform one of the test given below
1. LDL 1
2. LDL 2
3. LUL
4. VoLTE Long
5. VoLTE Short
All test scenarios are already predefined in Accuver DM tool. Drive test engineer will select different test
scenarios per handset.

Introduction
About Exclusion & Non Exclusion
Zone

to KPIs

Cluster A
PCI capture
during
drive

Cluster B

2

1

3

4

5

6

BSP of Site

222222222222222222233333333333333333444444444444455555

A

B

C

Drive Route

D

Zone

PCI belongs
to target
Cluster Site

Drive within Best
server Plot of
Target Cluster Site

Drive within Best server
plot of Active Site

Exclusion / Non
Exclusion ZONE of
Cluster A

A

P

P

O

Non Exclusion Zone

B

P

P

P

Exclusion Zone

C

O

P

P

Exclusion Zone

D

O

O

P

Non Exclusion Zone

Remark

In this case Site 1 of Cluster A is not active

In this case another cluster site is over shooting
In this case drive has been done out of Cluster coverage

Non Active Site = If PCI of site not found during drive
5 mtr
5 mtr

All Drive Samples

5x5 Area Bin samples
( Bin Sample is avg value of all samples in 5x5 grid )

01. Cluster Acceptance Checklist

CLOT ACCEPTANCE REPORT

KPIs

Call Model

Category

Target
Value

Non-Exclusion

Exclusion

Status

RSRP

LDL, LUL

KPI

>= 95 %

97.70% (28835 /29514)

97.72% (27691 /28336)

PASS

RSRP 2300

Ping 2300

Info

-

Report Only

RSRP 1800

Ping 1800

Info

-

Report Only

SINR >= -2 dB

LDL, LUL

Info

-

96.81% (26252/27116)

96.87% (25481/26304)

Report Only

Overlapping Servers within 5 dB <= 1

LDL, LUL

KPI

>= 60 %

75.08% (20207 /26915)

75.25% (19493 /25904)

PASS

Overlapping Servers within 5 dB <= 2

LDL, LUL

KPI

>= 90 %

94.97% (25560 /26915)

94.90% (24583 /25904)

PASS

PCI for all Sectors Observed

LDL, LUL

Info

-

60 / 63

-

Report Only

MAC Throughput DL >= 1024 Kbps

LDL

KPI

-

93.40% (30422/32573)

93.55% (29588/31628)

PASS

MAC Throughput UL >= 256 kbps

LUL

KPI

>= 95 %

99.88% (16797/16818)

99.87% (16300/16322)

PASS

Average MAC Throughput DL (kbps)

LDL

KPI

>= 5,120

8,553.35

8,617.83

PASS

Average MAC Throughput UL (kbps)

LUL

KPI

>= 3,200

4,670.68

4,704.32

PASS

Call Drop Rate

LDL, LUL

KPI

<= 1 %

0.07% (2/2908.90)

0.07% (2/2837.61)

PASS

TAU Success Rate

LDL, LUL

Info

-

95.00% (19/20)

94.74% (18/19)

Report Only

Handover Success Rate

LDL, LUL

KPI

>= 98 %

98.27% (2220/2259)

98.22% (2098/2136)

PASS

Handover Success Rate of 2300

Ping 2300

Info

-

Report Only

Handover Success Rate of 1800

Ping 1800

Info

-

Report Only

Handover Interruption Time < 100ms

LDL, LUL

KPI

>= 95 %

99.64% (2212/2220)

99.62% (2090/2098)

PASS

RACH Success Rate

VoS

KPI

>= 99 %

100.00% (819/819)

100.00% (799/799)

PASS

Attach Success Rate

VoS

Info

-

99.87% (774/775)

100.00% (752/752)

Report Only

VoLTE Setup Success Rate

VoS

Info

-

100.00% (771/771)

100.00% (749/749)

Report Only

Attach Setup Time < 1.5 s

VoS

Info

-

100.00% (0.70)

100.00% (0.70)

Report Only

IMS Registration Setup Time < 1.5 s

VoS

Info

-

0.00% (2.62)

0.00% (2.62)

Report Only

VoLTE Setup Time < 1.5 s

VoS

Info

-

99.09% (0.78)

99.20% (0.78)

Report Only

VoLTE Jitter < 40 ms

VoS

KPI

>= 95 %

100.00% (01.47)

100.00% (01.50)

PASS

VoLTE Latency < 100 ms

VoS

KPI

>= 95 %

100.00% (10.47)

100.00% (10.12)

PASS

VoLTE RTP Packet Loss Rate

VoS

KPI

<= 1 %

0.15%

0.18%

PASS

CHAPTER 2 : Activity before CLOT DRIVE .

Selection of cluster > 90% sites SCFT & EMF done No Alarm on any ENB in the cluster CLUSTER SELECTED Past 3 days network availability >= 98% .

What is front >= 90% SCFT & EMF compliant sites Past 3 days NAV of All ready for drive sites >=98% All sites in cluster are alarm free .

Installing new 529 XCAL APK in handset New XCAL APK version 529 is released 850 MHz BAND support New GUI introduced 5 handsets for CLOT remain unchanged .

some tips to remember .Installing new XCAL Remove Install Work • Remove existing XCAL app from mobile • Installing new XCAL APK • Making XCAL work.

1. Remove existing XCAL app 1. From Mobile front screen select “Settings”  go to “Application Manager” .

Select “XCAL” and UNINSTALL .continued 1..Remove existing XCAL app .1.

.Remove existing XCAL app . Select “XCAL Router” and UNINSTALL .1.continued 1.

Select “XCAL Service ” and UNINSTALL .1..Remove existing XCAL app .continued 1.

Go back to Mobile home page and select “My Files”  Select “Device storage” .continued 1..1.Remove existing XCAL app .

1.Remove existing XCAL app ..continued 1. Go back to Mobile home page and select “My Files”  Select “Device storage” .

Go back to Mobile home page and select “My Files”  Select “Device storage” - Download (if APK 529 is copied in download) .2. Install new XCAL 524 app 1.

2. . Install new XCAL 529 app Select new apk 529 from folder and install.

Next until installation complete.. .Installing XCAL Next.

SIM card selected for Data should be RJIL 4. Location mode ON 6.Pre-requirements to make XCAL work Following are required to make X-CAL work 1. Mobile data should be ON 5. “WiFi” should be OFF 2. Data roaming ON . “Mobile network” should be in “LTE only” mode 3.

Making XCAL work Launch X-CAL from Mobile app page  for license select IMEI and download license ( If LTE connection is not successful license update will fail) .

Making XCAL work Select the band for testing. If it is tri band cluster we can select 2300 .

Making XCAL work Select the band for testing. If it is tri band cluster we can select 2300 .

Making XCAL work Select the band for testing. If it is tri band cluster we can select 2300 to start the test Select the 3 dots to go to FMS mode .

Pre-Checks .

First aid box Annexure . . Tool Kit (Spanners/Knife/Hammer/Cable Tie etc. who sends it over to Samsung RF manager. Safety belts Safety shoes Helmet Rope with board and extra riggers (with full protective gear) in case of wall mount sites.3 to be filled up and handed over to SOLPAR PM.Pre-Check Pre-check for RIGGER          Weather proofing kit.) Connector making tools.

Pre-Check … Checklist for Rigger Contd… .

card failure etc. backhaul issue. in that case the neighbor cluster should also be alarm free.) that need site visit by deployment team • Sites in targeted cluster should be operational • If a neighboring cluster is already launched. • The LSMR engineer should confirm the PE details to the SOLPAR engineer • If site has service impacting alarm (like VSWR.Pre-Check for LSMR Engineer Pre-Check with LSM-R • Enable 76% OCNS loading on all eNBs of target cluster & disable Smart scheduler function. and so as to avoid any handover related issues during CLOT .

Pre-Check for LSMR Engineer Pre-Check with LSM-R contd… • Below site parameters needs to be checked with given site database (cell ref). • In case of discrepancy he needs to get it rectified via LSMR engineer. in same PE. .

Pre-checks for DT Engineer DT Engineer should be fully aware of Cluster he is going to drive Network configuration Key parameters Antenna Validation Alarm check with LSMR before DT starts Hard copy of drive route based on best server plot 5 handset FULLY CHARGED with XCAL loaded and sufficient storage space Magnetic Compass. Authorization letter from RJIL. Tilt Meter & Laser meter. Mobile holders Planned Event co-ordination with LSMR engineer . DT Vehicle with inverter. Obtaining door key & site access via respective authority. extension box. to conduct drive test.

Pre-checks for DT Engineer Check License information of XCAL .

CHAPTER-3 : Activity during DT .

major and minor roads in the cluster Should cover all drivable roads.Drive Route guidelines UE should be served by all sectors of every eNB in the cluster ( all PCIs) Justification/approval needed if any PCIs cannot be covered Include highways. proof required for any blocked roads Route should represent potential subscriber usage locations Should not leave the designed coverage area for the cluster First and second drive routes should remain identical UE position should be identical during drive tests Do not cross 40 kmph .

3GHz and 1.8GHz and “1800 ping” handset for 850MHz) If he is not able to view the map after said procedure. all motor-able roads – not accessible or can’t be driven due to any blockage should be captured with a snapshot for proof. ( Handset with LDL2 test scenario for 2. whether the drive route along with site database is visible in map window of “XCAL Auto mobile”. • The drive route is assumed to be covering. . he should immediately inform the optimization engineer via Samsung RF lead & withhold the drive until the map route is uploaded.Drive route guidelines Drive Route Guidelines • Check.

Engineer will also carry the drive route handmade copy.Drive route guidelines cont… Drive route sample DT Engineer will instruct the car driver for the direction to be followed based on pre-defined drive route based on GPS location in drive test tool. . during the CLOT test.

Cigarette lighter input inverter 3. mobile charger & Handset 2. Spike Guard. Mobile holder (1) (2) (3) .Drive setup … 1.

Drive setup guidelines Setup & guidelines – Arrange all five handsets in following configuration .

Drive setup guidelines cont… Setup & guidelines – Arrange all five handsets in following configuration Samsung LTE Core Prime handset .

it should reflect the main KPI as the legend  Check the file size limit (50MB with DRX format) indication displayed on each handset . LDL2. the map window should be configured in such a way that. have got latched & stable GPS icon appears  Check whether the mobiles are getting charged via car inverter  Start LDL1. as seen on the map window of the XCAL mobile. LUL.  Phone which is used to check the drive route.Drive setup guidelines cont… Setup & guidelines cont…  Check whether the GPS in all the mobiles. VoL & VoS calls simultaneously  Check whether the logs are getting generated  Start moving on the defined drive route.

LDL1 – (Long FTP download call 1). over 5 different Samsung Prime handsets.Call Scenarios Perform the 1st CLOT automation drive using XCAL. 2300Hz and 1800 MHz 850MHz LDL1 – (Long FTP download call 1).Auto Mobile Total 5 call scenarios. VoS – (Short VoLTE call). LDL2 – (Long FTP download call 2). should be running in parallel. Ping 1800 LUL – (Long FTP Upload call). VoL – (Long VoLTE call). . LUL – (Long FTP Upload call). Ping 2300 VoS – (Short VoLTE call).

Test Scenario for Clot 2300/1800MHz LDL1 LUL LDL2 VoL VoS .

FTP Downlink Long Call . FTP download uses a single file with the highest possible compression and file size of 8GB.LDL1 and LDL2 Ensure that OCNS is enabled for all eNBs in the cluster with 76% downlink load Ensure that the UE is successfully attached to the LTE network Select the appropriate UE and download the FTP DL Scenario from FMS Start the Autocall test. continuing the FTP download and reinitiating in case of call drop At the end of the drive route stop the logging and ensure that the log files are uploaded . Ensure that the log files are being captured Start traversing around the pre-defined drive route at 30-40 Kmph.

FTP Uplink Long Call (LUL) Ensure that OCNS is enabled for all eNBs in the cluster with 76% downlink load Ensure that the UE is successfully attached to the LTE network Select the appropriate UE and download the FTP UL Scenario from FMS Start the Autocall test.60 min & 10 Sec Idle time) Ensure that the log files are being captured Start traversing around the pre-defined drive route at 30-40 Kmph. FTP UL uses a single file of highest possible compression and file size of 1GB. continuing the FTP upload and reinitiating in case of call drop At the end of the drive route stop the logging and ensure that the log files are uploaded . ( Attach to detach .

VoLTE Short Call (VoS) Ensure that OCNS is enabled for all eNBs in the cluster with 76% downlink load Ensure that the UE is successfully attached to the LTE network and successfully registered for VoLTE service Select the appropriate UE and download the VoLTE Short call Scenario from FMS Start the Autocall test. continuing the short calls At the end of the drive route stop the logging and ensure that the log files are uploaded . Ensure that the log files are being captured Start traversing around the pre-defined drive route at 30-40 Kmph.

Ensure that the log files are being captured Start traversing around the pre-defined drive route at 30-40 Kmph.VoLTE Long Call (VoL) Ensure that OCNS is enabled for all eNBs in the cluster with 76% downlink load Ensure that the UE is successfully attached to the LTE network and successfully registered for VoLTE service Select the appropriate UE and download the VoLTE Long call Scenario from FMS Start the Autocall test. continuing the long call and reinitiating in case of call drop At the end of the drive route stop the logging and ensure that the log files are uploaded .

Step 1: Band Lock After launching in XCAL in all 5 handset lock the band  For testing 2300 all 5 handset must be locked to 2300  For testing 1800 all 5 handset must be locked to 1800  For testing 850 MHz 3 handset should be locked to 850MHz and one to 2300 ( for Ping 2300 test scenario) and another to 1800 ( for Ping 1800 test scenario) .

If it is tri band cluster we can select 2300 .Restart handset Select the band for testing.

If it is tri band cluster we can select 2300 to start the test Select the 3 dots to go to FMS mode .Step 2: Select FMS Mode Select the band for testing.

Step 3: Check the current band .

Step 4: GPS Value Select GPS Value and keep the icon pressed .

Step 5: Select cluster Select the cluster. The cluster DTR get downloaded .

Step 6 : Select Setting  Select Type Select “Setting” and then click on “Select Type” .

Step 7: Select Cycle Select Cluster and Cycle “C1” .

Step 8: Downloading DTR .

VoS. LUL.Step 9: Select Scenario Test Scenario for 2300 and 1800 band are LDL1. VoL .LDL2.

Step 10 : Select FTP Server .

“Start” Autocall Press “Start Button” .

SINR PCI X/Y/Z(x=No of PCI found.of PCI found During the drive for selected cluster Call Scenario Traffic/Idle FTP Connection window Success/Fail Server IP Address Throughput window MAC UL Throughput PCI details % of PCI found during Drive File Name . Y=No of scft done . Z= total no of PCI in clot MAP with DT route covered % bin Note: Clot scenario is same for Band 2300/1800. So GUI is also same for both bands Selected band GPS Status window Lock/Unlock Latitude.longitude RSRP Window RSRP measured No. of PCI for Cluster No. 2.Clot test Scenario-LDL1 Additional Requirements: 1. 3.

Z= total no of PCI in clot GPS Status window Lock/Unlock Latitude. RSRP Window SINR window Serving PCI window. 2.Clot test Scenario-LDL2 Additional Requirements: 1. 3. 4.longitude Note: Clot scenario is same for Band 2300/1800. PCI X/Y/Z(x=No of PCI found. Y=No of scft done . So GUI is also same for both bands Selected band UL Thoughput Drive test route completed FTP Connection window success/Fail server IP address Call Scenario Traffic/Idle File Name .

So GUI is also same for both bands . 2.of PCI found During the drive for selected cluster Serving PCI PCI Details File Name Call Scenario Traffic/Idle Note: Clot scenario is same for Band 2300/1800. Z= total no of PCI in clot MAP with DT route covered % bin Selected band GPS Status window Lock/Unlock Lat/long FTP Connection window Success/Fail Server IP Address RSRP Window RSRP measured Throughput window MAC UL Throughput No.Clot test Scenario-LUL Additional Requirements: 1. Y=No of scft done . of PCI for Cluster No. SINR window PCI X/Y/Z(x=No of PCI found. 3.

SINR window Serving PCI RSRP window PCI X/Y/Z(x=No of PCI found. 3. Y=No of scft done . 2.Clot test Scenario-VoL Additional Requirements: 1. 6. Z= total no of PCI in clot MAP with DT route covered % bin SIP message window Selected band GPS Status window Lock/Unlock Latitude. 4. 5. So GUI is also same for both bands .longitude RTP Loss Window Measured RTP Loss RTP Loss % for KPI Volte Call Result Window Success/fail Call Scenario Traffic/Idle Note: Clot scenario is same for Band 2300/1800.

Z= total no of PCI in clot MAP with DT route covered % bin SIP message window Note: Clot scenario is same for Band 2300/1800. 3. Y=No of scft done . So GUI is also same for both bands Selected band GPS Status window Lock/Unlock Lat/long SINR Window Measured SINR Min. SINR for Cluster Attach Window Success/Fail Call Scenario Traffic/Idle RACH Window RACH Attempt RACH Success RACH Fail Volte Window Success/Fail Success/fail/total no of call . RSRP window PCI X/Y/Z(x=No of PCI found.Clot test Scenario-VoS Additional Requirements: 1. 2. 4.

Test Scenario for Clot 850MHz LDL1 LUL P1800 P2300 VoS .

Test Scenario for Band 850 MHz Clot .

PCI X/Y/Z(x=No of PCI found. Y=No of scft done .Clot test Scenario-Ping 1800 Additional Requirements: 1. Z= total no of PCI in clot MAP with DT route covered % bin GPS Status window GPS lock/unlock status Current lat/long of UE Selected Band RSRP Window Serving cell RSRP SINR Window Serving Cell SINR Data Activity window Traffic/Idle status Test scenario Name Traffic/idle time SINR Threshold Success/fail/total no of ping . 2.

2.Clot test Scenario-Ping 2300 Additional Requirements: 1. Y=No of scft done . Z= total no of PCI in clot Serving PCI GPS Status window Lock/Unlock Lat/long Selected Band Data Activity window Traffic/Idle status Drive route completed Bin % count RSRP Window Serving cell RSRP Traffic/Idle time Map window with PCI info of cells Success/fail/total no of ping . 3. RSRP window PCI X/Y/Z(x=No of PCI found.

Important checks during DT
Check Alarms if any During DT with LSMR Engineer
Check for missing route. 100% route should be driven for CLOT to be successful
Check Sector SWAP : Most CLOT failure happens since DT engineer fail to
notice sector swap.

CHAPTER 4: Activity after DT

Log file upload to FMS
• After stopping Autocall mode, one additional option added as cancel. So if you
select option cancel then logfile will save as “cancel” in place of “in progress” or
“complete”
• Cancelled logfile will not be consider for report generation through Actix-One

2014 © Samsung Electronics

90

 SOLPAR engineer should inform Samsung RF lead via SOLPAR manager regarding completion of drive test  CLOSE THE TASK THROUGH SITEFORGE . SOLPAR engineer will call LSM-R engineer to remove 76% OCNS loading on the site & to start the smart scheduler function.  SOLPAR engineer needs to wait.  Solpar DT engineer should complete approval process for cluster driven less than pre-defined route  Once uploading is done. till he gets confirmation from LSM-R engineer regarding normal functioning of services.Activity after DT Inform SOLPAR Manager. Samsung RF lead & LSM-R engineer after task completion drive1  Log files should be uploaded to FMS server. SOLPAR engineer should wait till all the drive log files get uploaded.

 Once the drive logs are uploaded into the server. the optimization engineer will download the log files to be imported into AnyPlan optimizer software.  SOLPAR engineer is not directly involved in this process.  Optimization engineer will provide his optimization inputs to the SOLPAR manager through circle RF lead. .  The software is used to give physical optimization suggestion. prior to CLOT2 drive by SOLPAR engineer.Optimization Process Samsung Optimization engineer suggestion to SOLPAR Manager via RF lead.  These inputs will be in mutual agreement with RJIL team. He might give parametric optimization suggestion to LSM-R engineer separately.  The optimization engineer will verify these results and also analyze any bad KPI results based on report of CLOT-1 drive.

Optimization Process Maximize Performance Antenna Parameters OPTIMIZATION .

Antenna Parameter 1. etc) .Optimization Process contd. UL/DL RSRP Preamble root sequence number) 2. Hysteresis. Cell planning parameters (PCID. Verify Interference 2. Neighbor lists ( Remove blacklists cells / Add omitted cells 3. 1.. Analyze Problem Areas and Find Solutions Noise & Interference Poor RF Area System Parameters 1. HO Parameters ( A3-Event-Offset. eNB Tx Power 3. SINR 2. Time-to-Trigger.

LUL KPI >=90% >=90% >=90% Exclusion Exclusion RF Design Validation MAC Throughput DL >= DL Edge TP LDL KPI >=95% >=95% >=95% Exclusion DL Edge Throughput for 3MHz = 500kbps DL Edge Throughput for 5MHz = 800kbps DL Edge Throughput for 10MHz = 1.0Mb ps >=5. LUL KPI >=95% >=95% >=95% RF Design Validation SINR >= -2 dB LDL.0M bps Exclusion Exclusion RF Design Validation Average MAC Throughput UL (kbps) LUL KPI >=1.875 Mbps >=3.25M bps Exclusion Exclusion Handover Test Handover Success Rate LDL. LUL KPI >=60% >=60% >=60% Exclusion Exclusion RF Design Validation Overlapping Servers within 5 dB <= 2 LDL. LUL KPI >=98% >=98% >=98% Exclusion Exclusion Handover Test Handover Interruption Time < 100ms LDL. LUL Info Info Info Info Exclusion Exclusion RF Design Validation Overlapping Servers within 5 dB <= 1 LDL.125 Mbps >=6. LUL KPI >=95% >=95% >=95% Exclusion Exclusion .600kbps RF Design Validation MAC Throughput UL >= 256 kbps LUL KPI >=95% >=95% >=95% Exclusion Exclusion RF Design Validation Average MAC Throughput DL (kbps) LDL KPI >=3.Acceptance / Exit Criteria Purpose KPIs Call Model Category 3MHz 5MHz 10MHz Exclusion/N on Exclusion Remark Exclusion RSRP Criteria for 3MHz = RSRP of 2300 + 13dB RSRP Criteria for 5MHz = RSRP of 2300 + 11dB RSRP Criteria for 10MHz = RSRP of 2300 + 8dB RF Design Validation RSRP <= RSRP Criteria LDL.0Mb ps >=10.

Acceptance / Exit Criteria Accessibility RACH Success Rate VoS KPI >=99% >=99% >=99% Exclusion Non Exclusion Retainability Call Drop Rate LDL. LUL KPI <=1% <=1% <=1% Exclusion Non Exclusion VoLTE Quality VoLTE Jitter < 40 ms VoS Info Info Info Info Exclusion Non Exclusion VoLTE Quality VoLTE Latency < 100 ms VoS Info Info Info Info Exclusion Non Exclusion VoLTE Quality VoLTE RTP Packet Loss Rate VoS Info Info Info Info Exclusion Non Exclusion Additional Information PCI for all Sectors Observed LDL. LUL Info Info Info Info Exclusion Non Exclusion RF Design Validation of 1800 Mhz RSRP of 1800 1800 Ping Info Info Info Info Exclusion Non Exclusion Handover Test 1800 Handover Success Rate of 1800 1800 Ping Info Info Info Info Exclusion Non Exclusion RF Design Validation of 2300 Mhz RSRP of 2300 2300 Ping Info Info Info Info Exclusion Non Exclusion Handover Test 1800 Handover Success Rate of 2300 2300 Ping Info Info Info Info Exclusion Non Exclusion . LUL Info Info Info Info Exclusion Non Exclusion Additional Information TAU Success Rate LDL.

Apply recommendation by NHQ ( Example only ) Site ID .

Preparation for CLOT process – drive 2 Pre checks with LSM-R engineer prior to cluster drive – 2 Perform the 2nd CLOT automation drive using XCAL.  Post this. should perform necessary optimization suggestion given by optimization engineer.  Rest process as given in section 4 for CLOT needs to be re-performed by the SOLPAR engineer. . along with help of rigger.Auto Mobile  SOLPAR engineer. SOLPAR engineer will continue with 2nd Cluster Optimization drive preparations.Drive-2 SOLPAR manager informs SOLPAR engineer to perform 2nd drive with necessary optimization /Changes suggestion. as mentioned in previous section.  SOLPAR engineer gets the optimization task to be performed on affected areas within the Cluster through SOLPAR manager.

The report for the site will be only Cluster acceptance report with the drive test till the 2nd tier neighbor and no need to do separate SCFT for the site .Drive-2 Closure Inform SOLPAR Manager. Samsung RF lead & LSM-R engineer after task completion – 2 CLOT task closure through SiteForge (At SOLPAR engineer end) Note : Sites Radiating in Already Accepted Cluster Once Fill in eNodeB’s start radiating in a cluster (Cluster acceptance drive has been completed with sites <100% & >90% in targeted cluster) then the drive test for the fill in site should encompass the eNodeB’s designed coverage area as per RF design and up to 2 tier of neighbor eNodeB cells for that site acceptance.

CHAPTER 5: CLOT failure reasons .

CLOT Failure reasons Main reason for CLOT failures are the following  Missing route : Occurs when all routes as per DTR are not covered  Antenna Recommendation not applied : If SOLPAR does not carry out implementation of recommendations provided by optimization team before second drive CLOT fails  Sector SWAP not noticed : Solpar need to identify the Sector Swap.  Site down / Alarm : If the Site goes down or Alarms are generated during DT and the same is not noticed or rectified CLOT fails  Missing PCI found  UE Configuration issue: IPSEC not disabled  Cell ref Antenna parameter mismatch. discuss with RF lead .

. .3G Passed Cluster or vice versa.Wrong DTR prepared (with not integrated sites).DT Route Changed.DT Plot mismatch between test scenarios .Main Roads/Main Area not covered .Missing Route without justification and supporting photographs.GTP Loss / Backhaul fluctuation during drive .DT done on not triggered CLOT. . .Logfile corrupted / DTR changed (Solpar) .Parameter mismatch in cellref. . .Missing logs in report .UE config issue (IPSec/IPv4 setting) .8G/850M Antenna Parameters are not same as of 2.Recommendation not implemented on field/LSMR and not updated on Site forge.Re-used logfile.UE malfunctioning (Huge difference in RSRP level between different UEs) 102 .Stationary Test. .GPS unlock during drive . . . . .Service affecting Alarm on Site during drive .1.High RSSI during drive resulting in poor UL throughput/RACH Fail .Cluster boundary issue.Details of Failure Categories: Issue Category DT Process Deviation Check List Missing Route Not Apply Antenna Parameter Site Down UE Issue 2014 © Samsung Electronics Detailed Description .PCI not detected.

Apply Antenna recommendation by NHQ ( Example only ) • Make sure that default Antenna parameters are implemented on field • If it is a drive on a frequency for which the same cluster has already passed on other frequency then the same antenna parameter needs to be applied on this cluster as well • Make sure new antenna parameters are updated in site forge and Cell ref .

• At all times keep checking if your UE is still connected and GPS is not lost . Human unforced error. it Could be because of UE issue. Knowingly done.Drive Route mismatch between Different UE’s • As can be seen in the above snap. the drive route is different in all 3 scenarios.

• Analysis team has macros that automatically identify if Stationary test has been done. Doing the same will make you re-drive the cluster .Stationary test done Stationary Test Done • As can be seen in above snap that Stationary drive has been done to improve samples and KPI as a result.

LDL1: PCI Count check .

LDL2: Drive Progress status .

LDL2 v/s FMS: DT Progress % for RF Lead in FMS DT Progress % .

LUL Throughput .

VOS: SINR & (RACH/Attach/VOLTE Setup) Success rate .

VoL: RTP Loss .

VOLTE setup.e. Circle RF Lead need to ensure that solpar engineer monitors the main KPIs i.8G & 850M antenna parameters matches with 2. You can ask photos & non driven area on whatsapp or on mail for necessary verification for approval.Action Items: Circle RF Lead Circle RF Lead to ensure to train new Solpar engineer before deploying on field and ensure that they follow the proper process during the drive and log upload. Circle RF Lead to ensure not to give blind approval for less drive cases until unless it is genuinely justified by solpar engineer.3G passed cluster before giving go ahead for 1. Circle RF Lead to instruct Solpar engineer to prepare the less drive justification PPT during the upload of logfiles in to FMS and send to respective circle & NHQ SPOCs so that it reaches to NHQ analyzers on time. Circle RF Lead to ensure all recommendations (Antenna parameters/Sector Swap removal) to be implemented on field/LSMR and siteforge before starting the next level of drive test. Attach Success. Circle RF Lead need to ensure that solpar engineer monitors that all 5 test scenarios are continuously running during the drive test. DL/UL Throughput. No stationary test to be conducted for any test scenario and old logfiles not to be reused in any circumstances.8G & 850M drive test. Circle RF Lead to check and ensure that 1. Circle RF Lead to ensure to prepare the DTR for CLOT Triggered Sites and within the BSP strictly. Circle RF Lead to ensure the planned CLOT given for alarm surveillance and timely information reaches to respective DT engineer in case of any service affecting alarms. 2014 © Samsung Electronics 112 . RACH Success during DT and should hold the drive if he finds any abnormality and contact to Help Desk for issue resolution. He should resume the drive test once issue resolved.

CHAPTER 6: Prohibited actions .

Drive tester should stick to the guidelines provided by . Old logfiles should not be used.Prohibited actions during CLOT Following actions are taken by SOLPAR which resulted in failure of CLOT        Manipulate of log files : Do not attempt to modify log files at any stage Providing unclear justifications ( NEED CLEAR JUSTIFICATIONS) Not implementing Optimizer recommendations Missing parameter update in SF Renaming should be correct.

How many mobiles will be locked to 850 Mhz band? Ans a) 3 b) 2 c) 5 d)4 Q 3) In a cluster of 20 sites.QUIZ Q 1) How many scenarios are there in 2300 MHz CLOT ? Ans a) 3 b) 2 c) 5 d)4 Q 2) In 850 Mhz Clot. atleast how many sites should have got SCFT done ? Ans a) 16 b) 18 c)19 b) 20 .

CHAPTER 7 : CLOT process through Siteforge .

suggestion to SOLPAR Mgr. Opt. to perform 2nd drive with Changes on site. Samsg. informs SOLPAR engr. Preparation for CLOT process drive2 . RF lead & LSM-R CLOT task closure (in Site Forge) Samsung. via RF lead SOLPAR mgr. Eng.drive1 Pre checks with LSM-R engineer Perform the 1st CLOT automation drive test Inform SOLPAR Manager.CLOT Process Flow Chart Work assignment through SiteForge Preparation for CLOT process .

LSM-R eng. on completion . SOLPAR Mangr. Samsg.2 CLOT task closure through SITE FORGE Perform the 2nd CLOT drive Repeat process. to meet cluster KPI Infm..CLOT Process Flow Chart cont… Pre checks with LSM-R engineer prior to drive . RF lead.

CLOT WORK FLOW START Reject Auto trigger if 90% SCFT done Samsung RF Lead Samsung OPT team Accept RJIL RF Engineer Reject Accept Samsung AM RJIL RF Lead Solpar PM Reject RJIL CLOTAccept QA Auditor Solpar Field Eng for drive test -1 Accept RJIL CLOT QA Manager Close .

.  Task closer .WAS workflow cont.  Cluster Task trigger  Drive route preparation and upload at FMS  AM assignment  SOLPAR Assignment  Field engineer assignment  Cluster task performed by field engineer  Report trigger to optimization engineer  Validation by optimization engineer  Report submission to RJIL central RF team for approval  RJIL central RF team accept the report.

SiteForge log in window .

Samsung RF Head window

Assignment for Cluster Task to AM

RF Head assign Task to AM

Assignment for Cluster Task to AM

RF Head assign Task to AM

Cluster Task assignment to AM Work order assigned to AM .

Cluster Task Assignment to SOLPAR PM AM assign Cluster task to SOLPAR PM .

Cluster Task Assignment to SOLPAR PM AM assign Cluster task to SOLPAR PM .

Cluster Task Assignment to SOLPAR PM AM assign Cluster task to SOLPAR PM .

Cluster Task Assignment to SOLPAR PM Cluster task assigned to SOLPAR PM .

Cluster Task assignment to Field engineer Cluster task assign to field engineer .

Cluster Task assignment to Field engineer Cluster task assign to field engineer .

Cluster Task assignment to Field engineer Cluster task assign to field engineer .

Cluster Task assignment to Field engineer

Cluster task assigned to field engineer

Cluster task activity by Field engineer

First time field engineer will perform the drive , upload log file and complete the task at Site Forge

Cluster task activity by Field engineer

Field engineer complete the Task

Analyze and upload the suggestions at Site forge when reject the TASK .Optimization Engineer Task Optimization engineer will download the Cluster report.

Optimization Engineer Task Uploading Suggestions to SiteForge Site by site .

Optimization Engineer Task Uploading Suggestions to SiteForge Site by site .

Optimization Engineer Task Uploading Suggestions to SiteForge Site by site .

Optimization Engineer Task Uploading Suggestions to SiteForge Site by site .

.Optimization Engineer Task Uploading Suggestions to SiteForge Site by site and Save.

Optimization Engineer Task Suggested parameter updated successfully .

Optimization Engineer Task Suggested parameter updated successfully .

Optimization Engineer Task Suggested parameter need to be update site wise for cluster all sites .

Optimizer will reject the task .Optimization Engineer Task After putting all suggested parameters .

Optimizer will reject the task .Optimization Engineer Task After putting all suggested parameters .

rejected TASK will go to AM .Optimization Engineer Task Task rejected by Optimizer.

Area Manager Task .

Area Manager Task AM re-assign the TASK to SOLPAR PM .

Area Manager Task AM re-assign the TASK to SOLPAR PM .

Area Manager Task AM re-assign the TASK to SOLPAR PM .

Area Manager Task AM re-assign the TASK to SOLPAR PM .

Area Manager Task Task re-assigned to SOLPAR PM .

SOLPAR PM Task SOLPAR PM assign TASK to Field engineer .

SOLPAR PM Task SOLPAR PM assign TASK to Field engineer .

SOLPAR PM Task TASK assigned to Field engineer .

Field engineer Task Field engineer will check suggested parameter and implement the changes .

Field engineer Task Field engineer will check suggested parameter and implement the changes .

Field Engineer Task Field engineer will check suggested parameter and implement the changes .

Field Engineer Task Field engineer will check suggested parameter and implement the changes .

Field Engineer Task Field engineer will check suggested parameter and implement the changes .

Field Engineer Task Field engineer will check suggested parameter and implement the changes and update at Siteforge .

Field Engineer Task Field engineer will check suggested parameter and implement the changes and update at Siteforge .

Field Engineer Task Field engineer will check suggested parameter and implement the changes and update at Siteforge and verify . .

After successful log upload he will complete the TASK. .Field Engineer Task Field engineer will Perform the drive test and upload the log post all suggested changes .

Field Engineer Task Task Completed by field engineer .

if pass then will accept and send for RJIL Central RF Team .Optimization Engineer Task Optimizer will download the report and analyze.

Optimization Engineer Task Optimizer can check that suggested parameter has been implemented or not. .

Optimization Engineer Task Optimizer can check that suggested parameter has been implemented or not. .

Optimization Engineer Task Optimizer can check that suggested parameter has been implemented or not. .

Optimization Engineer Task Optimizer accept the report with remark(if any) and send it to approval for RJIL Central RF Team .

Optimization Engineer Task Optimizer accept the report with remark(if any) and send it to approval for RJIL Central RF Team .

Reliance central RF RJIL Central RF team accept the report .

.Reliance central RF RJIL Central RF team accept the report and Task Closed.

Thanks .