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8.

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a) What do you mean by weathercock stability? Why it is so called?

b) If an arrow encounters crosswind from left, which way would it deviate in the horizontal plane? Explain with a diagram.

c) What is thrust vectoring? What are the different ways in which thrust vectoring may be carried out?

d) State the relative advantages of thrust vectoring control and

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aerodynamic control.

Ex/PG/CNSE/T/115A/96/2010

MASTER OF CONTROL SYSTEMS ENGINEERING EXAMINATION, 2010

( 1st Semester )

Time : Three hours

ROCKETS & MISSILES

Attempt any Five questions

Full Marks : 100

 1. What are the salient features of Tube launchers? Describe different types of tube launchers that are being used for missiles? a) b) What is boundary layer region? How does air viscosity contribute to drag? c) How does a wake form? What steps are taken up to reduce pressure drag? 6+8+6 2. What are the different types of Jet Propulsion Units? a) b) State Tsiolkovsky’s rocket equation. When can the rocket speed may exceed the exhaust speed? c) Define Specific Impulse. Show that the specific propellant consumption is the reciprocal of the specific impulse.

4+8+8

3. A rocket projectile has the following characteristics :

Total mass of rocket = 100 tonnes.

Mass of Payload = 1 tonne.

Mass of nonpropulsive structure excluding payload = 10 tonnes.

Duration of Propulsion burning = 100 sec.

Average Specific Impulse = 275 sec.

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 a) Determine Mass Ratio, Propellant Mass fraction, Propellant flow rate, thrust, effective exhaust velocity at the end of burn out (assuming gravitationless space). b) If the rocket is divided into two stages, each with half the propellant, the structural mass shared equally and the total mass of rocket remaining the same, what would be the velocity of the vehicle after the second stage. The effective exhaust velocity may be assumed to be the same as computed in part (a). 10+10 4. How would a spacecraft orbiting in one orbit could catch up a sapcecraft orbiting in the higher orbit? a) b) Derive the equations of motion of a space vehicle moving in rectilinear equilibrium flight assuming all the control forces, lateral forces and moments that tend to turn the vehicle is zero. The trajectory is two dimensional and is contained in a fixed plane. The vehicle is inclined to the flight path at an angle of attack a and g and y are the angles of flight path and the direction of thrust F with horizontal. Assume L and D as the aerodynamic Lift and Drag force respectively. Show the effect of Specific Impulse Isp. c) What is the function of Strap-on boosters? 6+12+2 5. What are the different types of orbits? Explain the advantages of each of them. a)

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b) An artificial Earth satellite is in an elliptical orbit which brings to an altitude 250 Km. at perigee and an altitude of 500 Km. at apogee. Calculate the velocity of the satellite at both perigee and apogee. Given radius of Earth= 6378·14 Km, Mass of Earth = 5·9737×10 24 Kg and Gravitational Constant

= 6·67×10 11 Nm 2 /Kg 2 .

c) What are the significance of “Thrust Co-efficient” and

“Characteristic Velocity”?

8+8+4

6. a) Explain the reasons for using Turbopump-feed system in place of the pressure-feed system for Liquid Propellant Rocket engines.

 b) Explain with the help of schematic diagrams the prominent engine cycles (open and closed) of Turbopump-fed Liquid fueled rocket engine. c) List the advantages of Liquid Propulsion system. 4+12+4 7. Explain the reasons for having different solid propellant grain configuration. What are the different modes of burning of solid propellant rocket motor? a) b) How solid propellants may be classified? Explain the characteristics and chemical compositions of each class of solid propellant. c) State the desirable physical properties of Liquid Propellants.

8+8+4

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