Sie sind auf Seite 1von 7
Synopsis, rte. d'Olmet, F- 34700 Lodève. Phone: +33(0)467440410 Fax: +33 ( 0 ) 467440601, Mail:

Synopsis, rte. d'Olmet, F- 34700 Lodève. Phone: +33(0)467440410 Fax: +33(0)467440601, Mail: synopsis@wanadoo.fr. Web: www.synopsis.org

Monitoring of the ground storage at "l'Aubier de Cybèle"

Michael Grupp, Hannelore Bergler

27/03/2004

1. Framework and method

Monitoring of the ground storage began in June 2003 and is still going on. It concerns recording of:

the ground temperatures at 12 different points in the storage, depth 1 m and 2 m

the ground temperatures at 2 different points outside the storage, depth 1 m and 2 m.

In parallel, the system behaviour under cooling and heating load was studied:

the air flow rate was measured

the global heat transfer coefficients were determined

the inlet-outlet air temperatures and relative humidities were recorded for different system states

thermal power was determined for different system states.

First results for the cooling mode were presented in memos dated 25/06/03 and 21/07/03.

2

For the heating mode, temperatures were recorded at the following locations:

admission selector T1 valve ground T2 storage direct admission
admission
selector
T1
valve
ground
T2
storage
direct
admission
selector T1 valve ground T2 storage direct admission back-up T3 heating / cooling mess hall Figure

back-up

T3
T3

heating /

cooling

mess hall
mess
hall

Figure 1

Total thermal power Ptot was calculated using:

Ptot = m * cp * (T3-T1)

with m being the air mass flow, cp the air specific heat at constant pressure. The back-up thermal power Pbu and the ground storage thermal power Pes are calculated in the same way:

Pbu = m * cp * (T3-T2)

and:

Pes = m * cp * (T2-T1).

The relative contribution of the ground storage is:

Pes / Ptot = (T2-T1) / (T3-T1).

2.

Results

3

2.1 Ground storage temperatures

Storage temperatures over time

30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
T(°C)
18/07/03
01/08/03
15/08/03
29/08/03
12/09/03
26/09/03
10/10/03
24/10/03
07/11/03
21/11/03
05/12/03
19/12/03
02/01/04
16/01/04
30/01/04
13/02/04
27/02/04
12/03/04
Control 1m Control 2m total averages 2 m averages 1 m averages
Control 1m
Control 2m
total averages
2 m averages
1 m averages

Figure 2

4

2.2 Air temperatures and power

Typical cooling results are shown below.

Air temperatures and power

Air temperatures and power

40 40 35 35 35 35 30 30 30 30 25 25 25 25 20
40
40
35 35
35
35
30 30
30
30
25 25
25
25
20 20
20
20
15 15
15
15
10 10
10
10
5 5
5
5
0 0
0 0
-5
-5
860 860
870
870
880
880
890
890
900
900
910
910
920
920
hours
hours
T(°C)
T(°C)
Tin Tin Tout Tout P P (kW) (kW) P(kW) P(kW)
Tin
Tin
Tout
Tout
P
P
(kW)
(kW)
P(kW)
P(kW)

Fig.3: Three-day temperature and thermal power at low fan setting

5

Temperatures in the heating mode are shown in Fig 4: 40 35 30 25 T1
Temperatures in the heating mode are shown in Fig 4:
40
35
30
25
T1
T2
20
T3
15
10
5
0
10/3 11/3
12/3
13/3 14/3 15/3
16/3
17/3 18/3 19/3

Fig 4

On 13/3 and 14/3, admission is direct, the rest of the time through the ground storage. The corresponding data for heating power are shown in Fig 5.

6

40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 10/3 11/3 12/3
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
10/3
11/3
12/3
Ppc Pch
Ppc
Pch
35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 10/3 11/3 12/3 Ppc Pch 20 15 10
20 15 10 5 0 15/3 16/3 17/3 18/3 -5 Fig 5: Heating power in
20
15
10
5
0
15/3
16/3
17/3
18/3
-5
Fig 5: Heating power in kW from ground storage (red) and back-up (blue)

Average heating contribution of the ground storage is 17%.

7

2.3 Determination of heat transfer coefficients

Tab. 1

high fan setting

low fan setting

air flow rate

2.0 m 3 /s

1.0 m 3 /s

air temperature difference intake – outlet

7°C

9.5°C

instantaneous cooling power

14.8 kW

9.9 kW

wall – air temperature difference

6°C

4°C

wall – air heat transfer coefficient

14 W/m²K

14 W/m²K