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MODAL VERBS

1) Capacidade e Habilidade
Present: Can you swim well? Yes, I can- No, I cant- No, I cannot // Are you
able to swim well? Yes, I am- No, I am not.
Past: Could you swim well? Yes, I could -No, I couldnt // Were you able to
swim well? Yes, I was-No, I wasnt.
Future: Will you be able to swim well? Yes, I will- No, I wont.
Future/Conditional (Poderia): Would you be able to swim well? Yes, I would or
No, I wouldnt // Could you swim well? Yes, I could or No, I couldnt.

PERGUNTAS PARA PRATICAR:


Present: Can you drive? Are you able to drive?
Past: Were you able to drive when you were a child? Could you drive when
you were a child?
Future: Will you be able to drive your car in So Paulo if you go there?
Future/Conditional: Would you be able to speak English if you went to the
U.S.A.? Could you speak English if you went to the U.S.A.?
2) Obrigao
Present: Must I work? Yes, you must -No, you dont have to. // Do I have to
work? Yes, you do -No you dont // Am I supposed to work? Yes, you are -No,
you arent.
Past: Did I have to work? Yes, you did- No, you didnt // Were you supposed
to work? Yes, I was-No, I wasnt.
Future: Will you have to work? Yes, I will-No, I wont // Will you be supposed
to work? Yes, I will-No, I wont.
Future/Conditional: Would you have to work? Yes, I would-No, I wouldnt//
Would you be supposed to work? Yes, I would-No, I wouldnt.
PERGUNTAS PARA PRATICAR:
Present: Must you work on Mondays? Do you have to work on Mondays? Are
you supposed to work on Mondays?
Past: Did you have to work until late last night? Were you supposed to work
until late last night?
Future: Will you have to work tomorrow morning? Will you be supposed to
work tomorrow morning?

Future/Conditional: Would you have to work on Sundays if you needed more


money?

3) Permisso
Present: Can I enter the security room? Yes, you can-No, you cant -No, you
cannot // Am I allowed to enter the security room? Yes, you are -No, you
arent.
Past: Could I enter the security room? Yes, you could-No, you couldnt // Was
I allowed to enter the security room? Yes, you were -No, you werent.
Future: Will I be allowed to enter the security room? Yes, you will or No, I you
wont.
Future/Conditional: Would you be allowed to enter the security room? Yes, I
would-No, I wouldnt. OR Could you enter the security room? Yes, I could-No,
I couldnt.
PERGUNTAS PARA PRATICAR:
Present: Can you enter China without visa? Are you allowed to enter China
whitout visa?
Past: Could you go to the U.S.A. without visa last year? Were you allowed to
go to the U.S.A without visa last year?
Future: Will Brazilians be allowed to go to the U.S.A. without visa in the
future?
Future/Conditional: Would you be allowed to (Could you) go to a disco in Las
Vegas alone and without your boyfriend/girlfriend/wife/husband?
4) Deduo
Must she be sick? Yes, she must-No, she mustnt.
(Ele deve estar doente?)
Must she have been sick? Yes, she must-No, she mustnt.
(Ele deve ter ficado doente?)
PERGUNTAS PARA PRATICAR
Must Maria Clara be pregnant? Must Maria Rita be learning Spanish?
Must Jason (Marlias ex-boss) have started learning Portuguese when
he was in Australia (before coming to Uberlndia??