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CHINA'S GRAND STRATEGY EVOLVING WITH CONCEPT

OF SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENTT

CHINA’S GRAND STRATEGY EVOLVING WITH CONCEPT OF SCEINTIFIC


DEVELOPMENT
By Francis C. W. Fung, PH.D.
www.worldharmonyorg.net

Under the impact of Western science and civilization, China for more
than two hundred years was searching for a development direction of
her own, which would not entail giving up her tradition and identity.
The period of search began at the end of Qing dynasty, when China
suffered humiliations one after the other under the reigning colonial
powers of the time. This continuing process of development struggle
lasted through foreign domination, invasions and domestic upheavals
until the end of the twentieth century. China’s history of trial and
tribulations during this time period is well documented in literature.
From it, the Chinese nation collectively paid dearly and learned the
hard lessons necessary to move forward like all great national revivals
of the past. Human civilization as a whole cannot afford to neglect the
over 5000 years of valuable Chinese culture and tradition. That will be
most regrettable.

China is moving into the 21st Century with impressive economic


development unprecedented in human history for such a large nation
which began with the reform and open up policy initiated by the late
Deng Xiaoping. It occurred during the last 30 years of relative peace
and stability after the end of the cold war era. It is understandable
that the nation of China as a whole looked back at the involuntary
isolation of the cold war era with a great deal of misgiving. For all
nations to progress with the world it must be given the level field to
interact with the outside. For great powers to exercise its naval power
to contain other nation’s development is inhumane.

Having achieved relative economic successes, China is now looking to


sustainable development. Great debates are occurring in China
especially during the last five years on its continuing path of
development and modernization. From the debates, the Chinese
Central government has launched two ground breaking concepts that
can open the flood gate of innovative sustainable thinking. The 2004
Concept of Scientific development led eventually to the 2006
“Decisions for the building of a harmony society”. Can China develop
according to this approach? What other factors must occur in China?
What are the other necessary conditions for China to stay the course?
Is this the direction for socialism building with Chinese characteristics
of which we so often hear? Has China finally found its unique direction
of development? It is important for both the developed and the
developing countries to find out. It will affect the destiny of almost one
quarter of world’s population and perhaps other developing countries’
development. Will this lead to the so called Beijing Consensus? More
important, will it finally take hold in China and last?

The essence of ancient Chinese culture is reverence of the “Great Way”


(Dao) as taught by Laotze, and pursuit of Harmony with humility as a
belief system handed down by Confucius and her other sages. Simply
put, Chinese culture reveres the Great Way and has strong affinity for
harmony. This affinity is reflected with prominence in the Chinese
ceremonial way of life, landscaping, building design, Fengshui practices
and moral codes and values. Dao is the highest order of belief and is
the origin of the universe. It is nature’s order and is the unification of
the scientific spirit and human spirit. It is the soul and roots of Chinese
culture. A culture can never deny its own heritage. A culture which
looses its own roots is devoid of its own soul.

The ultimate goal of practicing Dao is to reach inner peace and live in
harmony with the universe (Tien Ren He Yi). This includes harmony
with nature, harmony within the family, the society, the country and
harmony among nations. To reach broad harmony, Dao must lead us
to harmony through trust, justice, equity, forgiveness, tolerance and
humility. Human development so far has been dominated by “Survival
Aggression” with the strong overwhelming the weak, the worst
examples were military conquests, colonialism and forcing one’s
development model on others by force. China as a traditional
agriculture, as opposed to a predominantly nomadic society, has been
an exceptionally peaceful major nation that did not have a history of
foreign conquest. Because of the last two hundred years of domination
and humiliation by foreign imperialistic nations China today has a
strong distaste to the practice of “Survival Aggression”. That is why
China today is advocating harmony society and world harmony
through harmony renaissance (see “China’s Harmony Renaissance-
What the World Must Know” by the author).

Today the inevitable tide of harmony with nature is also beginning to


catch on. The world consensus of harmony with nature will lead to the
recognition of the need for harmony among nations also. Mutual
development, win-win development will gradually replace the past
blind zero sum mentality of world development. World harmony
renaissance will release humans from the bondage of destructive-
survival confrontations. It will release our collective creative energy for
constructive mutual development. Human history has gone through
two major phases of development. Approximately two thousand years
ago, the world saw a burst of philosophical ideas spreading through
the world for universal love and order. Five hundred years or so ago,
the age of enlightenment and European Renaissance gave us
democracy and today’s modern science. Harmony Renaissance is the
third phase of development that will yield a level playing field for all
nations to enjoy the fruits of common human innovation. Our collective
accomplishments will far surpass the achievements of European
Renaissance (see “World harmony Renaissance- Promise for a Better
World” by the author).

Having achieved relative economic success during the last 30 years of


reform and opening up the new China of today is faced with the
dilemmas of uneven development, reconciliation of the old and new
caused by breakneck speed of change. The new China of 58 years is
going through unprecedented upheavals relative to its entire recorded
history of over 5000 years. As a matter of fact the tumult caused by
unprecedented rapid change experienced by China today, also has no
parallel in human history of any major nation. At times, China
overwhelmed by the impact of Western culture, appeared to be lost.

As meritorious as the philosophies of DAO and harmony as universal


common values, they will not become the grand strategy of
development for China. There also needs to be no fear for the so called
“Beijing Consensus” that will be exported to the developing world. The
future world is fast becoming a multilateral world. Just as we witness
how the world conflicts brought on by attempts to claim religious
superiority led to cultural clashes, the disastrous aftermath of
America’s enforcing of its own democratic system on Iraq is for all to
see. Religion, democracy, Dao and harmony philosophies are essential
to teach us common values for our hearts to reach peace within
ourselves. They are beliefs for each person to strive for according to
his cultural heritage. On the other hand the grand strategy of
development for any nation must develop from within and not to be
forced from the outside. In a multilateral world no nation wishes to be
preached at either.

So for China, its grand strategy for development must be “socialism


with Chinese characteristics” as wisely announced by the consensus
conclusion reached by the 17 CPC National Congress that just ended
October 21st, 2007. According to the headlines, China’s grand strategy
will evolve from the concept of scientific development with the
objective of building a relatively prosperous, just, and harmonious
society for all. And the grand strategy incorporating the objective of
harmony will be the result of a comprehensive master plan of
executable engineering system analysis, comprising the following
critical pieces. The order of importance of each element in the
following outline is not fixed, but will sure be subject to the dynamic
evolvement of a complex and fluid society in its development. But the
harmony spirit of the great Dao of discovering the new and old must
remain intact as put forth by the author in the following summary:

ALL NATIONAL DEVELOPMENTS MUST BE CONTINULY EVOLVING AND


IN TOUCH WITH WORLD DEVELOPMENT. ONCE DISTURBED FORCIBLY
BY OUTSIDE FORCE INSTABILITY WILL SET IN.

CHINESE GRAND STRATEGY IS EVOLVING FROM THE 2004 CONCEPT


OF SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENT. IT IS, ACCORDING TO THE CPC, A
SYSTEM OF CHINESE SOCIALISM WITH CHINESE CHARACTERISTICS

CHINESE CURRENT DEVELOPMENT SHALL CONSISTS OF ECONOMIC,


POLITICAL, SCIENTIFIC AND SOCIETAL ELEMENTS

CONTINUE THE CURRENT MOMENTUM OF REFORM AND OPENING UP,


FINE TUNE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE
DEVELOPMENT

EXPAND CONCEPT OF SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENT INTO SYSTEM


ENGINEERING GUIDE LINES

GRADUALLY INTRODUCE POLITICAL REFORM TO INTRODUCE MORE


PARTICIPATION TO SUIT MODERN DEVELOPMENT

PROMULGATE LAWS TO SUPPORT ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL


REFORMS. DEVELOPMENT MUST BE IN HARMONY WITH NATURE

SOCIALISM IN THE INITIAL STAGE MUST BUILD A STRONG ECONOMIC


FOUNDATION. CHINA IS STILL AT THE EARLY STAGE OF SOCIALIST
DEVELOPMENT

MARXISM MUST BE EVOLUTIONARY AND IN TOUCH WITH WORLD


DEVELOPMENT

CHINA WILL BE FOREVER AGAINST HEGEMONY AND WILL PROMOTE


MUTUAL AND WIN-WIN DEVELOPMENT
ADVOCATE DAO AND HARMONY RENAISSANCE AS NATIONAL REVIVAL

ADVOCATE HARMONY DIPLOMACY AS THE GOLDEN RULE OF WORLD


GOVERNANCE

SOCIALISM WITH CHINESE CHARACTERISTICS IS SOCIALISM WITH


HARMONY

BUILD HARMONY SOCIETY WITH HARMONY BETWEEN TRADITIONAL


VALUE, MODERN HUMAN RIGHTS AND SOCIALISTIC DEVELOPMENT

MAINTAIN HARMONY BETWEEN STATE AND DIFFERENT FORMS OF


PRIVATE AND MARKET ECONOMY

PROMOTE WORLD HARMONY THROUGH ECOLOGY CONSENSUS AND


UNITY OF MAN WITH NATURE. IN CHINA THE SAYING IS TIEN REN HE
YI.
IN ENGLISH, LACKING A TRADITIONAL TERM PERHAPS THE APT
DESCRIPITION IS COLLECTIVELY BUILDING A GREEN WORLD.

Francis C. W. Fung, PH.D.


Director General
World Harmony Organization