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LABORATORY WORKSHEET

Course Code

Course Name

Experiment Title

BFC 21201

BENDING MOMENT IN A BEAM

Faculty

Title

Faculty

Title

Faculty

Title

Faculty

Title

Faculty

Title

2.

A graph has been plotted to compare the results between experimental and the theoretical

results.

3.

The shape of the graph that has been drawn is straight and linear. Therefore, this shows that

when the load increases gradually, the bending moment also will increase proportionally as well. In

other words, load applied to the beam is directly proportional to the bending moment at a fixed

point, given that the length of the beam, the point of the load application and the cut must remain

constant.

4. Yes, the equation that used can be predicted accurately the behavior of the beam. Firstly, the

equation was derived theoretically based on the assumption of an ideal beam. Therefore, the

theoretical results were computed by using the equation but cannot be wrong in terms of theory

wise. Moreover, the theoretical line based on the graph shows a completely perfect line where all

the points coincide and intercept on the same line. By comparing this with the experimental results,

which vividly portrays a similar straight line graph, we can conclude the equation used does

accurately predict the behavior of the beam. Although the experimental line on the graph does not

seem perfect, however, a line of best fit can be drawn well without having the points separated too

far away from the line.

Part 2

1.

The experimental results and theoretical results are very similar. The largest error between the

readings is only about 0.01 Nm. As such, this experiment can be concluded to be successful.

Somehow we still able to obtain such accurate results, it is probably depend on the age and

condition of the equipment. For examples, if the equipments given are brand new. An experiment

can be carried out smoothly and a set of precise and accurate results can be achieved.

2.

Yes, it is similar in terms of algebraic sum. For example, we look at part B ( Analysis No.3)

Sum of moment to the left of the cut = 1.962(0.30) 3.924(0.06)

= 0.3532 Nm

Sum of moment to the right of the cut = -3.924(0.14) + 1.962(0.10)

= -0.3532 Nm

Moment at the cut, Mx = 0.3532 Nm

Here, we can see that the magnitude of moments on either side is totally similar, only the direction

or spin of the moments differ. Depending on which side of the beam we refer to when computing,

the bending moment at the cut can be clockwise or counter clockwise.

3.

Regarding to the calculations, Shear Force Diagram and Bending Moment Diagram for load

4.

Based on the bending moment diagrams, we can see that when the points where load applied

or the reactions are the highest, the bending moment will be the highest too. Besides, we can

determine that as the load increases, the bending moment will increase too. This is proven that the

relationship between load and bending moment is directly proportional. However, bending moment

does not increase endlessly. At the first and last point of loads or reactions on the beam, the

moment must be equal to zero as the beam remains in equilibrium. Moreover, if the load applied is

point load as the one in this experiment, the bending moment either decreases or increases

uniformly between two point loads or reactions.

8.0

CONCLUSION

From this experiment, we have concluded that the results obtained to be accurate and acceptable. In

addition, we have determined the variation of bending moment with an increasing point load and at

the cut position of the beam for various loading condition. Through this laboratory experiment, we

are managed to comprehend the behavior of bending moment on a beam when different locations

on the beam. Therefore, the relationship between these two factors were found to be linearly

proportional.

9.0

RECOMMENDATION

1.

When performing the experiment, make sure not to lean against the beam machine or place

any sorts of weight on the beam machines too. This is because the machines are extremely sensitive

due to the age of this machine.

2.

Place the assumed weights carefully on the stated positions. Ensure 10g weights are sufficient

on the hanger, one 10g less or more may affect the result greatly.

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