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Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

CHAPTER 7
INTERCOMPANY INVENTORY TRANSACTIONS
ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS
Q7-1 All inventory transfers between related companies must be eliminated to avoid an
overstatement of revenue and cost of goods sold in the consolidated income statement. In
addition, when unrealized profits exist at the end of the period, the eliminations are needed to
avoid overstating inventory and consolidated net income.
Q7-2 An inventory transfer at cost results in an overstatement of sales and cost of goods
sold. While net income is not affected, gross profit ratios and other financial statement
analysis may be substantially in error if appropriate eliminations are not made.
Q7-3 An upstream sale occurs when the parent purchases items from one or more
subsidiaries. A downstream sale occurs when the sale is made by the parent to one or more
subsidiaries. Knowledge of the direction of sale is important when there are unrealized profits
so that the person preparing the consolidation workpaper will know whether to reduce
consolidated net income assigned to the controlling interest by the full amount of the
unrealized profit (downstream) or reduce consolidated income assigned to the controlling
and noncontrolling interests on a proportionate basis (upstream).
Q7-4 As in all cases, the total amount of the unrealized profit must be eliminated in
preparing the consolidated statements. When the profits are on the parent company's books,
consolidated net income and income assigned to the controlling interest are reduced by the
full amount of the unrealized profit.
Q7-5 Consolidated net income is reduced by the full amount of the unrealized profits. In the
upstream sale, the unrealized profits are apportioned between the parent company
shareholders and the noncontrolling shareholders. Thus, consolidated net income assigned
to the controlling and noncontrolling interests is reduced by a pro rata portion of the
unrealized profits.
Q7-6 Income assigned to the noncontrolling interest is affected when unrealized profits are
recorded on the subsidiary's books as a result of an upstream sale. A downstream sale
should have no effect on the income assigned to noncontrolling interest because the profits
are on the books of the parent.
Q7-7 The basic eliminating entry needed when the item is resold before the end of the
period is:
Sales
Cost of Goods Sold

XXXXXX

XXXXXX

The debit to sales is based on the intercorporate sale price. This means that only the
revenue recorded by the company ultimately selling to the nonaffiliate is to be included in the
consolidated income statement. Cost of goods sold is credited for the amount paid by the
purchaser on the intercorporate transfer, thereby permitting the cost of goods sold recorded
by the initial owner to be reported in the consolidated statement.

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Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

Q7-8 The basic eliminating entry needed when one or more of the items are not resold
before the end of the period is:
Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Inventory

XXXXXX

XXXXXX
XXXXXX

The debit to sales is for the full amount of the transfer price. Inventory is credited for the
unrealized profit at the end of the period and cost of goods sold is credited for the amount
charged to cost of goods sold by the company making the intercompany sale.
Q7-9 Cost of goods sold is reported by the consolidated entity when inventory is sold to an
external party. The amount reported as cost of goods sold is based on the amount paid for
the inventory when it was produced or purchased from an external party. If inventory has
been purchased by one company and sold to a related company, the cost of goods sold
recorded on the intercorporate sale must be eliminated.
Q7-10 No adjustment to retained earnings is needed if the intercorporate sales have been
made at cost or if all intercorporate sales have been resold to an external party in the same
accounting period. If not all of the intercorporate sales have been resold by the end of the
period, consolidated retained earnings must be reduced by the parent's proportionate share
of any unrealized profits.
Q7-11 A proportionate share of the realized retained earnings of the subsidiary are assigned
to the noncontrolling interest. Any unrealized profits on upstream sales are deducted
proportionately from the amount assigned to the noncontrolling interest and consolidated
retained earnings. Unrealized profits on downstream sales are deducted entirely from the
retained earnings assigned to the consolidated entity.
Q7-12 When inventory profits from a prior period intercompany transfer are realized in the
current period, the profit is added to consolidated net income and to the income assigned to
the shareholders of the company that made the intercompany sale. If the unrealized profits
arise from a downstream sale, income assigned to the controlling interest will increase by the
full amount of profit realized. When the profits arise from an upstream sale, income assigned
to the controlling and noncontrolling interests will be increased proportionately in the period
the profit is realized. Thus, knowledge of whether the profits resulted from an upstream or a
downstream sale is imperative in assigning consolidated net income to the appropriate
shareholder group.
Q7-13 Consolidated retained earnings must be reduced by the full amount of any unrealized
profit on the parent company books.
Q7-14 Consolidated retained earnings must be reduced by the parent's proportionate share
of the unrealized profit on the subsidiary's books.
Q7-15* Sales between subsidiaries are treated in the same manner as upstream sales.
Whenever the profits are on the books of one of the subsidiaries, the unrealized profits at the
end of the period are eliminated and consolidated net income and income assigned to the
controlling and noncontrolling interests is reduced.

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Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

Q7-16* When a company is acquired in a business combination the transactions occurring


before the combination generally are regarded as transactions with unrelated parties and no
adjustments or eliminations are needed. All transactions between the companies following
the combination must be fully eliminated.
SOLUTIONS TO CASES
C7-1 Measuring Cost of Goods Sold
a. While the rule covers only a part of the elimination needed, Charlie is correct in that the
cost of goods sold recorded by the selling company must be eliminated to avoid overstating
that caption in the consolidated income statement.
b. The rules will result in the proper consolidated totals if rule #1 is expanded to include a
debit to sales and a credit to ending inventory for the amount of profit recorded by the
company that sold to its affiliate.
c. The way in which the rule is stated makes it appear to be incorrect, but it is correct. The
rule is appropriate in that the cost of goods sold recorded by the purchasing affiliate is equal
to the cost of goods sold to the first owner plus the profit the first owner recorded on the sale.
Eliminating these amounts therefore eliminates the appropriate amount of cost of goods sold.
If an equal amount of sales is eliminated, the rule should result in proper consolidated
financial statement totals.
d. The employee would be forced to look at the books of the selling affiliate and determine
the difference between the intercorporate sale price and the price it paid to acquire or
produce the items. If the items sold to affiliates are routinely produced and costs do not
fluctuate greatly, it may be possible to use some form of gross profit ratio to estimate the
amount of unrealized profit.

C7-2 Inventory Values and Intercompany Transfers


MEMO
To:
From:
Re:

President
Water Products Corporation
, CPA
Inventory Sale and Purchase of New Inventory

If Water Products holds only a small percent of the ownership of Plumbers Products and
Growinkle Manufacturing, it should have no difficulty in reporting the desired results. This
would not be the case if the two companies are subsidiaries of Water Products.
If both Plumbers Products and Growinkel are subsidiaries of Water Products, both the sale of
inventory to Plumbers Supply and the purchase of inventory from Growinkle Manufacturing
must be eliminated. In addition, the unrealized profit on any unsold inventory involved in
these transfers must be eliminated in preparing the financial statements for the current
period.
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Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

C7-2 (continued)
The consolidated income statement should include the same amount of income on the
inventory sold to Plumbers Supply and resold during the year as would have been recorded if
Water Products had sold the inventory directly to the purchaser. Any income recorded by
Water Products on inventory not resold by Plumbers Supply must be eliminated.
Similarly, the consolidated income statement should include the same amount of income on
the inventory purchased by Water Products and resold during the year as would have been
recorded if Growinkle Manufacturing had sold the inventory directly to the purchaser. Any
income recorded by Growinkle Manufacturing on inventory not resold by Water Products
must be eliminated.
Consolidated net income may increase if Plumbers Supply is able to sell the inventory it
purchased from Water Products at a higher price than would have been received by Water
Products or if it is able to sell a larger number of units. The same can be said for the
inventory purchased by Water Products from Growinkle Manufacturing. It is important to
recognize that the transfer of inventory between Water Products and its subsidiaries does not
in itself generate income for the consolidated entity.
An additional level of complexity may arise in this situation if Water Products uses the LIFO
inventory method. It might, for example, be forced to carry over its LIFO cost basis on the old
inventory sold to Plumbers Supply to the new inventory purchased from Growinkle
Manufacturing since it was replaced within the accounting period.
Primary citation:
ARB 51, Par. 6

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Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

C7-3 Intercorporate Inventory Transfers


MEMO
To:

Treasurer
Evert Corporation

From:
Re:

, CPA
Inventory Sale to Parent

This memo is prepared in response to your request for information on the appropriate
treatment of intercompany inventory transfers in consolidated financial statements. The
specific eliminating entries required in this case depend on the valuation assigned to the
inventory at December 31, 20X2.
Frankle Company sold inventory with a carrying value of $240,000 to Evert for $180,000 on
December 20, 20X2. Since the exchange price was well below Frankles cost, consideration
should be given to whether the inventory should be reported at $180,000 or $240,000 in the
consolidated statements at December 31, 20X2, under the lower-of-cost-or-market rule.
While the value of the inventory apparently had fallen below Frankles carrying value, the
accounting standards indicate no loss should be recognized when the evidence indicates
that cost will be recovered with an approximately normal profit margin upon sale in the
ordinary course of business. [ARB 43, Chapter 4, Par. 9]
We are told the management of Frankle considered the drop in prices to be temporary and
Evert was able to sell the inventory for $70,000 more than the original amount paid by
Frankle. It therefore seems appropriate for the consolidated entity to report the inventory at
Frankles cost of $240,000 at December 31, 20X2.
In preparing the consolidated statements at December 31, 20X2 and 20X3, the effects of the
intercompany transfer should be eliminated. [ARB 51, Par. 6]
The following eliminating entry is required at December 31, 20X2:
E(1) Sales
Inventory
Cost of Goods Sold

180,000
60,000

240,000

The above entry will increase the carrying value of the inventory to $240,000. Eliminating
sales of $180,000 and cost of goods sold of $240,000 will increase consolidated net income
by $60,000 and income assigned to the noncontrolling interest by $6,000 ($60,000 x .10).
These changes will result in an increase in consolidated retained earnings and the amount
assigned to the noncontrolling shareholders in the consolidated balance sheet by $54,000
and $6,000, respectively.

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Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

C7-3 (continued)
The following eliminating entry is required at December 31, 20X3:
E(2) Cost of Goods Sold
Retained Earnings
Noncontrolling interest

60,000

54,000
6,000

The above entry will reduce consolidated net income by $60,000 and income assigned to the
noncontrolling interest by $6,000 ($60,000 x .10). The credits to retained earnings and
noncontrolling interest are needed to bring the beginning balances into agreement with those
reported at December 31, 20X2.
No eliminations are required for balances reported at December 31, 20X3, because the
inventory has been sold to a nonaffiliate prior to year-end.
Primary citations:
ARB 43, CH 4, Par. 9
ARB 51, Par. 6

C7-4 Unrealized Inventory Profits


a. When the amount of unrealized inventory profits on the books of the subsidiary at the
beginning of the period is greater than the amount at the end of the period, the income
assigned to the noncontrolling interest for the period will exceed a pro rata portion of the
reported net income of the subsidiary.
b. The subsidiary apparently had less unrealized inventory profit at the end of the period
than it did at the start of the period. In addition, the parent must have had more unrealized
profit on its books at the end of the period than it did at the beginning. The negative effect of
the latter apparently offset the positive effect of the reduction in unrealized profits by the
subsidiary.
c. The most likely reason is that a substantial amount of the parent company sales was
made to its subsidiaries and the cost of goods sold on those items was eliminated in
preparing the consolidated statements.
d. A loss was recorded by the seller on an intercompany sale of inventory to an affiliate and
the purchaser continues to hold the inventory.

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Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

C7-5 Eliminating Inventory Transfers


a. If no intercompany sales are eliminated, the income statement may include overstated
sales revenue and cost of goods sold. The net impact on income will depend upon whether
there were more unrealized profits at the beginning or end of the year. If Ready Building does
not hold total ownership of the subsidiaries, the amount of income assigned to noncontrolling
shareholders is likely to be incorrect as well.
Inventory, current assets and total assets, retained earnings, and stockholders' equity are
likely to be overstated if inventories are sold to affiliates at a profit. If the companies pay
income taxes on their individual earnings, the amount of income tax expense also will be
overstated in the period in which unrealized profits are reported and understated in the
period in which the profits are realized.
b. Because profit margins vary considerably, the amount of unrealized profit may vary
considerably if uneven amounts of product are purchased by affiliates from period to period.
Ready Building needs to establish a formal system to monitor intercompany sales. Perhaps
the best alternative would be to establish a separate series of accounts to be used solely for
intercompany transfers. Alternatively, it may be possible to use unique shipping containers for
intercompany sales or to specifically mark the containers in some way to identify the
intercompany shipments at the time of receipt. The purchaser might then use a different type
of inventory tag or mark these units in some way when the product is received and placed in
inventory. Inventory count teams could then easily identify the product when inventories are
taken.
c. A number of factors might be considered. The most important inventory system is the one
used by the company making the intercompany purchase. When intercompany inventory
purchases are bunched at the end of the year, the amount of unrealized profit included in
ending inventory may be quite different under FIFO versus LIFO. If intercompany purchases
are placed in a LIFO inventory base, inventories may be misstated for a period of years
before the inventory is resold. Eliminating entries must be made each of the years until
resale to avoid a misstatement of assets and equities. In those cases where the
intercompany purchases are in high volume and the inventory turns over very quickly, a small
amount of inventory left at the end of the period may be immaterial and of little concern.
Typically, a parent will align inventory costing methods subsequent to a subsidiary acquisition
to avoid problems caused by differences in accounting for the same items or types of items.

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Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

C7-5 (continued)
d. It may be necessary to start by looking at intercorporate cash receipts and disbursements
to determine the extent of intercorporate sales. One or more months might be selected and
all vouchers examined to establish the level of intercorporate sales and the profit margins
recorded on the sales. For those products sold throughout the year, it may be possible to
estimate for the year as a whole based on an examination of several months. Once total
intercompany sales and profit margins have been estimated, the amount of unrealized profit
at year end should be estimated. One approach would be to take a physical inventory of the
specific product types which have been identified and attempt to trace back using the product
identification numbers or shipping numbers to determine what portion of the inventory on
hand was purchased from affiliates.

C7-6 Intercompany Profits and Transfers of Inventory


a. The intercompany transfers of Xerox (www.xerox.com) between segments are apparently
relatively insignificant because they are not reported in the notes to the consolidated financial
statements relating to segment reporting. For consolidation purposes, all significant
intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated.
b. Exxon Mobil (www.exxonmobil.com) prices intercompany transfers at estimated market
prices. The amount of intercompany transfers is large. In the fiscal year ending December
31, 2006, Exxon Mobil reported eliminations of $368 billion of intersegment transfers, which
does not include intercompany transfers within segments. This amount represents nearly 50
percent of total reported segment sales. For consolidation purposes, Exxon Mobil eliminates
the effects of intercompany transactions.
c. Ford Motor Company (www.ford.com) intercompany transfers consist primarily of vehicles,
parts, and components manufactured by the company and its subsidiaries, with a smaller
amount of financial and other services included. The amount of intercompany transfers is
significant, totaling almost $4 billion, but is relatively small in relation to sales to unaffiliated
customers. The amount has been decreasing in recent years. The effects of intercompany
transfers are eliminated in consolidation.

7-8

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

SOLUTIONS TO EXERCISES
E7-1 Multiple-Choice Questions on Intercompany Inventory Transfers
[AICPA Adapted]
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Net assets reported


Profit on intercompany sale
Proportion of inventory unsold at year end
($60,000 / $240,000)
Unrealized profit at year end
Amount reported in consolidated statements
Inventory reported by Banks ($175,000 + $60,000)
Inventory reported by Lamm
Total inventory reported
Unrealized profit at year end
[$50,000 x ($60,000 / $200,000)]
Amount reported in consolidated statements

7-9

$48,000
x

.25

$320,000

(12,000)
$308,000
$235,000
250,000
$485,000
(15,000)
$470,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

E7-2 Multiple-Choice Questions on the Effects of Inventory Transfers


[AICPA Adapted]
1.

Cost of goods sold reported by Park


Cost of goods sold reported by Small
Total cost of goods sold reported
Cost of goods sold reported by Park on
sale to Small ($500,000 x .40)
Reduction of cost of goods sold reported by
Small for profit on intercompany sale
[($500,000 x 4 / 5) x .60]
Cost of goods sold for consolidated entity

$ 800,000
700,000
$1,500,000
(200,000)
(240,000)
$1,060,000

Note:

Answer b in the actual CPA examination question was


$1,100,000, requiring candidates to select the closest
answer.

2.

$32,000

($200,000 + $140,000) $308,000

3.

$6,000

($26,000 + $19,000) $39,000

4.

$9,000

Inventory held by Spin


($32,000 x .375)
Unrealized profit on sale
[($30,000 + $25,000)
$52,000]
Carrying cost of inventory for
Power

5.

.20 = $14,000 / [(Stockholders Equity $50,000) +


(Patent $20,000)]

6.

14 years = ($28,000 / [(28,000 - $20,000) / 4


years]

$12,000
(3,000)
$ 9,000

E7-3 Multiple Choice Consolidated Income Statement


c
1.
2.

3.

Total income ($86,000 - $47,000)


Income assigned to noncontrolling
interest [.40($86,000 - $60,000)]
Consolidated net income assigned
to controlling interest

7-10

$39,000
(10,400)
$28,600

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

E7-4 Multiple-Choice Questions Consolidated Balances


1.

2.

Amount paid by Lorn Corporation


Unrealized profit
Actual cost
Portion sold
Cost of goods sold

$120,000
(45,000)
$ 75,000
x
.80
$ 60,000

3.

Consolidated sales
Cost of goods sold
Consolidated net income
Income to Dressers noncontrolling
interest:
Sales
Reported cost of sales
Report income
Portion realized
Realized net income
Portion to Noncontrolling
Interest
Income to noncontrolling
Interest
Income to controlling interest

$140,000
(60,000)
$ 80,000

4.

$120,000
(75,000)
$ 45,000
x
.80
$ 36,000
x

.30
(10,800)
$ 69,200

Inventory reported by Lorn


Unrealized profit ($45,000 x .20)
Ending inventory reported

$ 24,000
(9,000)
$ 15,000

E7-5 Multiple-Choice Questions Consolidated Income Statement


1.

$20,000 = $30,000 x [($48,000 - $16,000) / $48,000]

2.

Sales reported by Movie Productions Inc.


Cost of goods sold ($30,000 x 2/3)
Consolidated net income

3.

$7,000 = [($67,000 - $32,000) x .20]

7-11

$67,000
(20,000)
$47,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

E7-6 Realized Profit on Intercompany Sale


a.

b.

c.

Journal entries recorded by Nordway Corporation:


(1)

Inventory
Cash (Accounts Payable)

960,000

(2)

Cash (Accounts Receivable)


Sales

750,000

(3)

Cost of Goods Sold


Inventory

600,000

960,000
750,000
600,000

Journal entries recorded by Olman Company:


(1)

Inventory
Cash (Accounts Payable)

750,000

(2)

Cash (Accounts Receivable)


Sales

1,125,000

(3)

Cost of Goods Sold


Inventory

750,000

750,000
1,125,000
750,000

Eliminating entry:
E(1)

Sales
Cost of Goods Sold

750,000

7-12

750,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

E7-7 Sale of Inventory to Subsidiary


a.

b.

c.

Journal entries recorded by Nordway Corporation:


(1)

Inventory
Cash (Accounts Payable)

960,000

(2)

Cash (Accounts Receivable)


Sales

750,000

(3)

Cost of Goods Sold


Inventory

600,000

960,000
750,000
600,000

Journal entries recorded by Olman Company:


(1)

Inventory
Cash (Accounts Payable)

750,000

(2)

Cash (Accounts Receivable)


Sales

810,000

(3)

Cost of Goods Sold


Inventory

540,000

750,000
810,000
540,000

Eliminating entry:
E(1)

Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Inventory

750,000

7-13

708,000
42,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

E7-8 Inventory Transfer between Parent and Subsidiary


a.

Karlow Corporation reported cost of goods sold of $820,000 ($82 x 10,000 desks)
and Draw Company reported cost of goods sold of $658,000 ($94 x 7,000 desks).

b.

Cost of goods sold for the consolidated entity is $574,000 ($82 x 7,000 desks).

c.

Eliminating entry:
E(1)

d.

940,000

904,000
36,000

Eliminating entry:
E(1)

e.

Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Inventory

Retained Earnings, January 1


Cost of Goods Sold

36,000

36,000

Eliminating entry:
E(1)

Retained Earnings, January 1


Noncontrolling Interest
Cost of Goods Sold

21,600
14,400

7-14

36,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

E7-9 Income Statement Effects of Unrealized Profit


a.

b.

Sale price to Holiday Bakery per bag ($900,000 / 100,000)


Profit per bag [$9.00 - ($9.00 / 1.5)]
Cost per bag
Bags sold by Holiday Bakery (100,000 - 20,000)
Consolidated cost of goods sold
E(1)

Sales
Inventory ($3.00 x 20,000 bags)
Cost of Goods Sold

9.00
(3.00)
$
6.00
x 80,000
$480,000
900,000

60,000
840,000

Required Adjustment to Cost of Goods Sold:


Cost of goods sold Farmco ($900,000 / 1.5)
Cost of goods sold Holiday ($9.00 x 80,000 units)

$ 600,000
720,000
$1,320,000
(480,000)
$ 840,000

Consolidated cost of goods sold ($6.00 x 80,000 units)


Required adjustment
c.

Operating income of Holiday Bakery


Net income of Farmco Products

$400,000
150,000
$550,000
(60,000)
$490,000

Less: Unrealized inventory profits


Consolidated net income
Less: Income assigned to noncontrolling interest
($150,000 - $60,000 unrealized profit) x .40
Income assigned to controlling interest

(36,000)
$454,000

Alternate computation:
Operating income of Holiday Bakery
Net income of Farmco Products
Unrealized profits ($3.00 x 20,000 units)
Realized net income
Ownership held by Holiday Bakery
Income assigned to controlling interest

7-15

$150,000
(60,000)
$ 90,000
x
.60

$400,000

54,000
$454,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

E7-10 Prior-Period Unrealized Inventory Profit


a.

Cost per bag of flour ($9.00 / 1.5)


Bags sold
Cost of goods sold from inventory held, January 1, 20X9

b.

Assuming the basic equity method is used by Holiday Bakery in


accounting for its investment in Farmco Products, the following
eliminating entry is needed:
E(1)

c.

Retained Earnings, January 1


Noncontrolling Interest
Cost of Goods Sold
$60,000 = 20,000 bags x $3.00

$
6.00
x 20,000
$120,000

36,000
24,000

Operating income of Holiday Bakery


Net income of Farmco Products

60,000

$300,000
250,000
$550,000
60,000
$610,000

Add: Inventory profits realized in 20X9


Consolidated net income
Less: Income assigned to noncontrolling shareholders
($250,000 + $60,000) x .40
Income assigned to controlling interest

(124,000)
$486,000

Alternate computation:
Operating income of Holiday Bakery
Net income of Farmco Products
Inventory profits realized in 20X9
Realized net income
Ownership held by Holiday Bakery

$250,000
60,000
$310,000
x
.60

Income assigned to controlling interest

7-16

$300,000

186,000
$486,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

E7-11 Computation of Consolidated Income Statement Data


a.

Reported sales of Prem Company


Reported sales of Cooper Company
Intercompany sales by Prem Company in 20X5
Intercompany sales by Cooper Company in 20X5
Sales reported on consolidated income statement

b.

$ 30,000
80,000

Cost of goods sold reported by Prem Company


Cost of goods sold reported by Cooper Company

$400,000
200,000
$600,000
(110,000)
$490,000
$250,000
120,000
$370,000
(100,500)
$269,500

Adjustment due to intercompany sales


Consolidated cost of goods sold
Adjustment to cost of goods sold:

c.

d.

CGS charged by Prem on sale to Cooper


CGS charged by Cooper ($30,000 - $6,000)
Total charged to CGS
CGS for consolidated entity
$20,000 x ($24,000 / $30,000)
Required adjustment to CGS

$ 20,000
24,000
$ 44,000

CGS charged by Cooper on sale to Prem


CGS charged by Prem ($80,000 - $20,000)
Total charged to CGS
CGS for consolidated entity
$50,000 x ($60,000 / $80,000)
Required adjustment to CGS
Total adjustment required

$ 50,000
60,000
$110,000

(16,000)

(37,500)

Reported net income of Cooper Company


Unrealized profit on sale to Prem Company
$30,000 x ($20,000 / $80,000)
Realized net income
Noncontrolling interest's share
Income assigned to noncontrolling interest
Reported net income of Pem Company
Less: Income from subsidiary
Net income of Cooper Company
Operating income
Less: Unrealized inventory profits of Prem
Company [$10,000 x ($6,000 / $30,000)]
Unrealized inventory profits of Copper
Company [$30,000 x ($20,000 / $80,000)]
Income assigned to noncontrolling
interest
Income assigned to controlling interest

7-17

$ 28,000

72,500
$100,500
$ 45,000
(7,500)
$ 37,500
x
.40
$ 15,000

$107,000
(27,000)

$ 80,000
45,000
$125,000

$ 2,000
7,500
15,000

(24,500)
$ 98,500

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

E7-12 Sale of Inventory at a Loss


a.

Entries recorded by Trent Company


Inventory
Cash
Purchase inventory.

400,000

Cash
Sales
Sale of inventory to Gord Corporation.

300,000

Cost of Goods Sold


Inventory
Record cost of goods sold.

400,000

400,000

300,000

400,000

Entries recorded by Gord Corporation


Inventory
Cash
Purchase of inventory from Trent.

300,000

Cash
Sales
Sale of inventory to nonaffiliates.

360,000

Cost of Goods Sold


Inventory
Record cost of goods sold:
$180,000 = $300,000 x .60

180,000

b.

Consolidated cost of goods sold for 20X8 should be reported


as $240,000 ($400,000 x .60).

c.

Operating income reported by Gord


Net income reported by Trent
Unrealized loss on intercorporate sale
($400,000 - $300,000) x .40
Consolidated net income
Income to assigned to noncontrolling interest
($120,000 x .25)
Income assigned to controlling interest

7-18

$ 80,000
40,000

300,000

360,000

180,000

$230,000
120,000
$350,000
(30,000)
$320,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

E7-12 (continued)
d.

Eliminating entry, December 31, 20X8:


E(1)

Sales
Inventory
Cost of Goods Sold

300,000
40,000

340,000

Computation of cost of goods sold to be eliminated


Cost of goods sold recorded by Trent
Cost of goods sold recorded by Gord
Total recorded
Consolidated cost of goods sold
Required elimination

7-19

$400,000
180,000
$580,000
(240,000)
$340,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

E7-13 Intercompany Sales


a.

Consolidated net income for 20X4:


Operating income of Hollow Corporation
Net income of Surg Corporation

$160,000
90,000
$250,000
(15,000)
$235,000

Less: Unrealized profit Surg Corporation


Consolidated net income
b.

c.

Inventory balance, December 31, 20X5:


Inventory reported by Hollow Corporation
Unrealized profit on books of Surg
Corporation
($135,000 - $90,000) x ($30,000/$135,000)

$ 30,000

Inventory reported by Surg Corporation


Unrealized profit on books of Hollow
Corporation
($280,000 - $140,000) x ($110,000/$280,000)
Inventory, December 31, 20X5

$110,000

(10,000)

55,000
$75,000

Consolidated cost of goods sold for 20X5:


CGS on sale of inventory on hand January 1, 20X5
$45,000 x ($120,000 / $180,000)
CGS on items purchased from Surg in 20X5
($135,000 - $30,000) x ($90,000 / $135,000)
CGS on items purchased from Hollow in 20X5
($280,000 - $110,000) x ($140,000 / $280,000)
Total cost of goods sold

d.

(55,000)

$20,000

$ 30,000
70,000
85,000
$185,000

Income assigned to controlling interest:


Operating income of Hollow Corporation
Net income of Surg Corporation
Add: Inventory profit of prior year realized in 20X5
Less: Unrealized inventory profit Surg Corporation
Unrealized inventory profit Hollow Corporation
Income to noncontrolling interest
($85,000 + $15,000 - $10,000) x .30
Income assigned to controlling interest

7-20

$220,000
85,000
$305,000
15,000
(10,000)
(55,000)
(27,000)
$228,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

E7-14 Consolidated Balance Sheet Workpaper


a.

Eliminating entries:
E(1)

E(2)

E(3)

Common Stock Hingle Company


Retained Earnings
Investment in Hingle Company Stock
Noncontrolling Interest
Eliminate investment balance.

150,000
250,000

Retained Earnings
Noncontrolling Interest
Inventory
Eliminate unrealized inventory profit
of Hingle Company.

28,000
12,000

Retained Earnings
Inventory
Eliminate unrealized inventory profit
of Doorst Corporation.

10,000

b.

280,000
120,000

40,000

10,000

Doorst Corporation and Hingle Company


Consolidated Balance Sheet Workpaper
December 31, 20X8
Item

Cash and Receivables


Inventory
Buildings and Equipment
(net)
Investment in Hingle
Company Stock
Debits
Accounts Payable
Common Stock
Retained Earnings
Noncontrolling Interest
Credits

Doorst
Corp.

Hingle
Co.

98,000
150,000

40,000
100,000

310,000

280,000

280,000
838,000

420,000

70,000
200,000
568,000

20,000
150,000
250,000

838,000

420,000

7-21

Eliminations
Debit
Credit
(2) 40,000
(3) 10,000

Consolidated
138,000
200,000
590,000

(1)280,000

(1)150,000
(1)250,000
(2) 28,000
(3) 10,000
(2) 12,000
450,000

928,000
90,000
200,000

(1)120,000
450,000

530,000
108,000
928,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

E7-15* Multiple Transfers between Affiliates


a.

Entries recorded by Klon Corporation


Cash
Sales
Sale of inventory to Brant Company.

150,000

Cost of Goods Sold


Inventory
Record cost of goods sold.

100,000

150,000

100,000

Entries recorded by Brant Company


Inventory
Cash
Purchase of inventory from Klon.

150,000

Cash
Sales
Sale of inventory to Torkel Company.

150,000

Cost of Goods Sold


Inventory
Record cost of goods sold.

150,000

150,000

150,000

150,000

Entries recorded by Torkel Company


Inventory
Cash
Purchase of inventory from Brant.

150,000

Cash
Sales
Sale of inventory to nonaffiliates.

120,000

Cost of Goods Sold


Inventory
Record cost of goods sold.

90,000

b.

Cost of goods sold for 20X8 should be reported as $60,000


[$90,000 x ($100,000 / $150,000)].

c.

Inventory at December 31, 20X8, should be reported at $40,000


[$60,000 x ($100,000 / $150,000)].

7-22

150,000

120,000

90,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

E7-15* (continued)
d.

Eliminating entry for inventory:


E(1)

Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Inventory

300,000

280,000
20,000

Computation of cost of goods sold to be eliminated


Cost of goods sold recorded by Klon
Cost of goods sold recorded by Brant
Cost of goods sold recorded by Torkel
Total recorded
Consolidated cost of goods sold
Required elimination

$100,000
150,000
90,000
$340,000
(60,000)
$280,000

Computation of reduction to carrying value of inventory


Inventory reported by Torkel
Inventory balance to be reported
Required elimination

7-23

$60,000
(40,000)
$20,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

E7-16 Inventory Sales


a.

Journal entries recorded by Spice Company:


(1)

Inventory
Cash (Accounts Payable)
Record purchases from nonaffiliate.

150,000

(2)

Cash (Accounts Receivable)


Sales
Record sale to Herb Corporation.

60,000

(3)

Cost of Goods Sold


Inventory
Record cost of goods sold to Herb Corporation.

40,000

150,000

60,000

40,000

Journal entries recorded by Herb Corporation:

b.

(1)

Inventory
Cash (Accounts Payable)
Record purchases from Spice Company.

60,000

(2)

Cash (Accounts Receivable)


Sales
Record sale of items to nonaffiliates.

90,000

(3)

Cost of Goods Sold


Inventory
Record cost of goods sold.

45,000

60,000

90,000

45,000

Eliminating entry:
E(1)

Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Inventory
Eliminate intercompany sale of inventory.

7-24

60,000

55,000
5,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

E7-17 Prior-Period Inventory Profits


a.

Eliminating entries:
E(1)

E(2)

b.

Retained Earnings, January 1


Noncontrolling Interest
Cost of goods sold
Eliminate beginning inventory profit:
$10,000 = ($180,000 - $120,000)
x ($30,000 / $180,000)
Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Inventory
Eliminate intercompany sale of inventory.

Reported net income of Level Brothers


Unrealized profit, December 31, 20X8
Unrealized profit, December 31, 20X9
Realized net income
Noncontrolling interest's share of ownership
Income assigned to noncontrolling interest

7-25

7,500
2,500

240,000

20X8
$350,000
(10,000)
$340,000
x
.25
$ 85,000

10,000

190,000
50,000

20X9
$420,000
10,000
(50,000)
$380,000
x
.25
$ 95,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

SOLUTIONS TO PROBLEMS
P7-18 Consolidated Income Statement Data
a.

$180,000 = $550,000 + $450,000 - $820,000

b.

January 1, 20X2: $25,000 = $75,000 - $50,000


December 31, 20X2: $15,000 = $180,000 + $210,000 - $375,000

c.

E(1)

E(2)

d.

Retained Earnings, January 1


Noncontrolling Interest
Cost of Goods Sold
Eliminate beginning inventory profit.

15,000
10,000

Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Inventory
Eliminate intercompany sale of inventory.

180,000

Reported net income of Bitner Company


Prior-period profit realized in 20X2
Unrealized profit on 20X2 sales
Realized income
Proportion held by noncontrolling interest
Income assigned to noncontrolling interest

25,000

165,000
15,000

$ 90,000
25,000
(15,000)
$100,000
x
.40
$ 40,000

P7-19 Unrealized Profit on Upstream Sales

Operating income reported by Pacific


Net income reported by Carroll
Inventory profit, December 31, 20X2
$70,000 - ($70,000 / 1.25)
Inventory profit, December 31, 20X3
$105,000 - ($105,000 / 1.25)
Inventory profit, December 31, 20X4
$120,000 - ($120,000 / 1.25)
Consolidated net income
Income to noncontrolling interest:
($100,000 - $14,000) x .40
($90,000 + $14,000 - $21,000) x .40
($160,000 + $21,000 - $24,000) x .40
Income to controlling interest

20X2

20X3

20X4

$150,000
100,000
$250,000

$240,000
90,000
$330,000

$300,000
160,000
$460,000

(14,000)

14,000

$236,000
(34,400)
$201,600

7-26

(21,000)

21,000

$323,000

(24,000)
$457,000

(33,200)
$289,800

(62,800)
$394,200

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-20 Net Income of Consolidated Entity


Operating income of Master for 20X5
Net income of Crown for 20X5

$118,000
65,000
$183,000
25,000
40,000
(14,000)
(55,000)

Add:

Prior year profits realized by Master


Prior year profits realized by Crown
Less:
Unrealized profits for 20X5 by Master
Unrealized profits for 20X5 by Crown
Amortization of differential
($45,000 / 15 years)
Consolidated net income, 20X5
Less:
Income to noncontrolling interest
($65,000 + $40,000 - $55,000 - $3,000) x .30
Income to controlling interest

(3,000)
$176,000
(14,100)
$161,900

P7-21 Correction of Eliminating Entries


a.

Proportion of intercompany inventory purchases resold during 20X5:


Unrealized profit at year end
Intercompany transfer price
Cost of inventory sold ($140,000 / 1.40)
Total Profit
Proportion of intercompany sale held by
Bolger at year end

$140,000
(100,000)

40,000
.30

Proportion of intercompany purchases resold


by Bolger during 20X5 (1.00 - .30)
b.

$ 12,000

.70

Eliminating entries, December 31, 20X5:


E(1)

Accounts Payable
Accounts Receivable
Eliminate intercompany
receivable/payable.

E(2)

Sales
Inventory
Cost of Goods Sold
Eliminate intercompany sale of inventory.

7-27

80,000

140,000

80,000

12,000
128,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-22 Incomplete Data


a.

Increase in fair value of buildings and equipment:


Consolidated total
Balance reported by Lever
Balance reported by Tropic
Increase in value

b.

$ 680,000
(400,000)
(240,000)
$ 40,000

Accumulated depreciation for consolidated entity:


Accumulated depreciation reported by Lever
Accumulated depreciation reported by Tropic
Cumulative write-off of differential
($5,000 x 6 years)
Accumulated depreciation for consolidated entity

c.

$ 60,000
30,000
$ 90,000
40,000
$130,000
x
.75
$ 97,500

Investment in Tropic Company stock reported at December 31, 20X6:


Tropic's common stock outstanding December 31, 20X6
Tropic's retained earnings reported December 31, 20X6
Total book value
Proportion of ownership held by Lever
Lever's share of net book value
Unamortized differential ($5,000 x 2 years) x .75
Investment in Tropic Company stock

e.

30,000
$320,000

Amount paid by Lever to acquire ownership in Tropic:


Common stock outstanding
Retained earnings at acquisition
Total book value at acquisition
Increase in value of buildings and equipment
Fair value of net assets acquired
Proportion of ownership acquired
Amount paid by Lever

d.

$180,000
110,000

$ 60,000
112,000
$172,000
x
.75
$129,000
7,500
$136,500

Intercorporate sales of inventory in 20X6:


Sales reported by Lever
Sales reported by Tropic
Total sales
Sales reported in consolidated income statement
Intercompany sales during 20X6

7-28

$420,000
260,000
$680,000
(650,000)
$ 30,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-22 (continued)
f.

Unrealized inventory profit, December 31, 20X6:


Inventory reported by Lever
Inventory reported by Tropic
Total inventory
Inventory reported in consolidated balance sheet
Unrealized inventory profit, December 31, 20X6

g.

Eliminating entry to remove the effects of intercompany inventory


sales during 20X6:
E(1)

h.

$125,000
90,000
$215,000
(211,000)
$ 4,000

Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Inventory

30,000

Unrealized inventory profit at January 1, 20X6:


Cost of goods sold reported by Lever
Cost of goods sold reported by Tropic
Reduction of cost of goods sold for intercompany
sales during 20X6
Adjusted cost of goods sold
Cost of goods sold reported in consolidated
income statement
Additional adjustment to cost of goods sold
due to unrealized profit in beginning inventory

i.

26,000
4,000

$310,000
170,000
(26,000)
$454,000
(445,000)
$ 9,000

Accounts receivable reported by Lever at December 31, 20X6:


Accounts receivable reported for consolidated entity
Accounts receivable reported by Tropic
Difference
Adjustment for intercompany receivable/payable:
Accounts payable reported by Lever
Accounts payable reported by Tropic
Total reported accounts payable
Accounts payable reported for consolidated
entity
Adjustment for intercompany receivable/payable
Accounts receivable reported by Lever

7-29

$145,000
(55,000)
$ 90,000
$ 86,000
20,000
$106,000
(89,000)

17,000
$107,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-23 Eliminations for Upstream Sales


a.

Eliminating entries, December 31, 20X8:


E(1)

Income from Subsidiary


Investment in Superior Filter Stock
Eliminate income from subsidiary.

E(2)

Income to Noncontrolling Interest


Noncontrolling Interest
Assign income to noncontrolling interest.

E(3)

Common Stock Superior Filter Company


Retained Earnings, January 1
Investment in Superior Filter Stock
Noncontrolling Interest
Eliminate beginning investment balance.

E(4)

E(5)

Retained Earnings, January 1


Noncontrolling Interest
Cost of Goods Sold
Eliminate beginning inventory profit.

32,000

9,000

90,000
220,000

16,000
4,000

32,000

9,000

248,000
62,000

20,000

Sales
150,000
Cost of Goods Sold
135,000
Inventory
15,000
Eliminate unrealized inventory profit:
$15,000
= $ 45,000 - [$45,000 x ($100,000 / $150,000)]
$135,000 = $100,000 CGS recorded by Superior
105,000 CGS recorded by Clean Air
$205,000
(70,000) Consolidated amount:
$100,000 x ($105,000 / $150,000)
$135,000 Required elimination

7-30

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-23 (continued)
b.

Computation of consolidated net income and income assigned


to controlling interest:
Operating income reported by Clean Air Products
($250,000 - $175,000 - $30,000)
Net income of Superior Filter
($200,000 - $140,000 - $20,000)
Inventory profit realized from 20X7
Unrealized inventory profit for 20X8
Consolidated net income
Income assigned to noncontrolling interest
($40,000 + $20,000 - $15,000) x .20
Income assigned to controlling interest

c.

$ 45,000
40,000
$ 85,000
20,000
(15,000)
$ 90,000
(9,000)
$ 81,000

Noncontrolling interest, December 31, 20X8:


Common stock
Retained earnings ($220,000 + $40,000)
Less: Unrealized inventory profit
Proportion of stock held by noncontrolling
interest
Noncontrolling interest

7-31

$ 90,000
260,000
(15,000)
$335,000
x
.20
$ 67,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-24 Multiple Inventory Transfers


a.

b.

c.

Consolidated net income for 20X8:


Operating income of Ajax Corporation
Unrealized profit, December 31, 20X8
($35,000 - $15,000) x ($7,000 / $35,000)

$80,000

Net income of Beta Corporation


Profit realized from 20X7
($30,000 - $24,000) x ($10,000 / $30,000)
Unrealized profit, December 31, 20X8
($72,000 - $63,000) x ($12,000 / $72,000)

$37,500

Net income of Cole Corporation


Profit realized from 20X7
($72,000 - $60,000) x ($18,000 / $72,000)
Unrealized profit, December 31, 20X8
($45,000 - $27,000) x ($15,000 / $45,000)
Consolidated net income

$20,000

(4,000)

$ 76,000

2,000
(1,500)

38,000

3,000
(6,000)

17,000
$131,000

Inventory balance, December 31, 20X8:


Balance per Beta Corporation
Less: Unrealized profit

$ 7,000
(4,000)

$ 3,000

Balance per Cole Corporation


Less: Unrealized profit

$12,000
(1,500)

10,500

Balance per Ajax Corporation


Less: Unrealized profit
Inventory balance per consolidated statement

$15,000
(6,000)

9,000
$22,500

Income assigned to noncontrolling interest in 20X8:


Realized income of Beta Corporation
Proportion of stock held by
noncontrolling interest

$38,000

Realized income of Cole Corporation


Proportion of stock held by
noncontrolling interest
Income to noncontrolling interest

$17,000

7-32

.30

.10

$11,400

1,700
$13,100

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-25
a.

Consolidation with Inventory Transfers and Other Comprehensive Income

Balance in investment account at December 31, 20X5:


Proportionate share of Tall's net assets,
January 1 ($1,400,000 x .90)
Proportionate share of 20X5 net income
($90,000 x .90)
Proportionate share of other comprehensive
income for 20X5 ($20,000 x .90)
Proportionate share of dividends received
($60,000 x .90)
Balance in investment account December 31, 20X5

b.

18,000
(54,000)
$1,305,000

$90,000
x
.90
$81,000

Income to noncontrolling interests for 20X5:


Net income reported by Tall
20X4 inventory profits realized in 20X5
($15,000 x .40)
20X5 unrealized inventory profits
$30,000 - [$30,000 x ($48,000 / $90,000)]
Realized net income
Proportion of ownership held by noncontrolling
interest
Income to noncontrolling interest

d.

81,000

Investment income for 20X5:


Net income reported by Tall
Proportion of ownership held by Priority
Investment income for 20X5

c.

$1,260,000

$90,000
6,000
(14,000)
$82,000
x
.10
$ 8,200

Balance assigned to noncontrolling interest in consolidated balance


sheet:
Net assets reported by Tall, January 1
Net income for 20X5
Dividends paid in 20X5
Net assets reported, December 31, 20X5
Unrealized inventory profits at
December 31, 20X5
Other comprehensive income in 20X5
Adjusted net assets, December 31, 20X5
Proportion of ownership held by noncontrolling
interest
Net assets assigned to noncontrolling interest

7-33

$1,400,000
90,000
(60,000)
$1,430,000
(14,000)
20,000
$1,436,000
x
.10
$ 143,600

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-25 (continued)
e.

f.

Inventory reported in consolidated balance sheet:


Inventory held by Priority
Less: Unrealized profit

$120,000
(14,000)

Inventory held by Tall


Less: Unrealized profit
$6,000 - [$6,000 x ($24,000 / $36,000)]
Inventory

$100,000
(2,000)

98,000
$204,000

Consolidated net income for 20X5:


Operating income of Priority
Net income of Tall
Total unadjusted income
20X4 inventory profits realized in 20X5
($6,000 + $8,000)
Unrealized inventory profits on 20X5 sales
($14,000 + $2,000)
Consolidated net income

g.

$106,000

$240,000
90,000
$330,000
14,000
(16,000)
$328,000

Eliminating entries, December 31, 20X5


E(1)

Income from Investment in Subsidiary


Dividends Declared
Investment in Tall Common Stock
Eliminate income from subsidiary.

E(2)

Income to Noncontrolling Interest


Dividends Declared
Noncontrolling Interest
Assign income to noncontrolling interest.

7-34

81,000

8,200

54,000
27,000

6,000
2,200

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-25 (continued)
E(3)

E(4)

E(5)

E(6)

Other Comprehensive Income from


Subsidiary (OCI)
Investment in Tall Corporation Stock
Eliminate other comprehensive income
from subsidiary.
Other Comprehensive Income to
Noncontrolling Interest
Noncontrolling Interest
Assign other comprehensive income
to noncontrolling interest.
Common Stock Tall Corporation
Additional Paid-In Capital Tall Corporation
Retained Earnings, January 1
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
Investment in Tall Common Stock
Noncontrolling Interest
Eliminate beginning investment balance.

18,000

2,000

400,000
200,000
790,000
10,000

Retained Earnings, January 1


Noncontrolling Interest
Cost of Goods Sold
Eliminate beginning inventory profit
of Tall Company.

5,400
600

E(7)

Retained Earnings, January 1


Cost of Goods Sold
Eliminate beginning inventory profit
of Priority Corporation.

8,000

E(8)

Sales
Inventory
Cost of Goods Sold
Eliminate intercompany sale of inventory
by Priority Corporation.

36,000

E(9)

Sales
Inventory
Cost of Goods Sold
Eliminate intercompany sale of inventory
by Tall Company.

90,000

7-35

18,000

2,000

1,260,000
140,000

6,000

8,000

2,000
34,000

14,000
76,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-26 Multiple Inventory Transfers between Parent and Subsidiary


a.

b.

Eliminating entries:
E(1)

Retained earnings, January 1


Cost of goods sold
Eliminate beginning inventory profit
of Proud Company.

20,000

E(2)

Retained earnings, January 1


Noncontrolling Interest
Cost of goods sold
Inventory
Eliminate beginning inventory profit
of Slinky Company.

12,600
8,400

E(3)

Sales
Inventory
Cost of goods sold
Eliminate intercompany sale of inventory
by Proud Company.

60,000

E(4)

Sales
Inventory
Cost of goods sold
Eliminate intercompany sale of inventory
by Slinky Company.

240,000

20,000

15,000
6,000

2,000
58,000

30,000
210,000

Computation of cost of goods sold for consolidated entity:


Inventory produced by Proud in 20X5
($100,000 x .40)
Inventory produced by Slinky in 20X5
($70,000 x .50)
Inventory produced by Proud in 20X6
($40,000 x .90)
Inventory produced by Slinky in 20X6
($200,000 x .25)
Cost of goods sold reported in
consolidated income statement

$ 40,000
35,000
36,000
50,000
$161,000

7-36

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-27 Consolidation following Inventory Transactions


a.

Entries recorded by Bell on its investment in Troll:


Cash
Investment in Troll Corporation Stock
Record dividends from Troll: $10,000 x .60
Investment in Troll Corporation Stock
Income from Subsidiary
Record equity-method income: $30,000 x .60

b.

6,000

18,000

6,000

18,000

Eliminating entries, December 31, 20X2:


E(1)

Income from Subsidiary


Dividends Declared
Investment in Troll Corporation Stock
Eliminate income from subsidiary.

18,000

E(2)

Income to Noncontrolling Interest


Dividends Declared
Noncontrolling Interest
Assign income to noncontrolling interest:
$11,680 = ($30,000 + $3,400 - $4,200) x .40

11,680

E(3)

Common Stock Troll Corporation


100,000
Retained Earnings, January 1
50,000
Land
18,000
Investment in Troll Corporation Stock
Noncontrolling Interest
Eliminate beginning investment balance:
$18,000 = ($82,800 + $55,200) - ($100,000 + $20,000)
$100,800 = $82,800 + [($50,000 - $20,000) x .60]
$67,200 = ($100,000 + $50,000 + $18,000) x .40

E(4)

Retained Earnings, January 1


Noncontrolling Interest
Cost of Goods Sold
Eliminate beginning inventory profit of
Troll Corporation:
$3,400 = ($42,500 - $25,500) x .20

2,040
1,360

E(5)

Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Inventory
Eliminate intercompany upstream sale of
inventory by Troll Corporation:
$4,200 = ($35,000 - $21,000) x .30

35,000

E(6)

Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Inventory
Eliminate intercompany downstream sale of
inventory by Bell Company:
$6,500 = $13,000 x ($14,000 / $28,000)

28,000

7-37

6,000
12,000

4,000
7,680

100,800
67,200

3,400

30,800
4,200

21,500
6,500

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-27 (continued)
c.

Bell Company and Troll Corporation


Consolidation Workpaper
December 31, 20X2
Item

Bell
Co.
200,000

Troll
Corp.
120,000

Income from Subsidiary


Credits
Cost of Goods Sold

18,000
218,000
99,800

120,000
61,000

25,000
6,000
(130,800)

15,000
14,000
(90,000)

87,200
230,000

30,000
50,000

87,200
317,200
(40,000)

30,000
80,000
(10,000)

Sales

Depreciation Expense
Interest Expense
Debits
Consolidated Net Income
Income to Noncontrolling Interest
Income, carry forward
Ret. Earnings, Jan. 1
Income, from above
Dividends Declared
Ret. Earnings, Dec. 31,
carry forward
Cash and Accounts
Receivable
Inventory

277,200

70,000

69,400
60,000

51,200
55,000

Land
Buildings and Equipment
Investment in Troll
Corporation Stock

40,000
520,000

30,000
350,000

Debits
Accum. Depreciation
Accounts Payable
Bonds Payable
Bond Premium
Common Stock
Bell Company
Troll Corporation
Retained Earnings,
from above
Noncontrolling
Interest

802,200
175,000
68,800
80,000
1,200

Credits

802,200

Eliminations
Debit
Credit
(5) 35,000
(6) 28,000
(1) 18,000
(4) 3,400
(5) 30,800
(6) 21,500

(2) 11,680
92,680
(3) 50,000
(4) 2,040
92,680

277,200

55,700
(1)
(2)

144,720

(3) 18,000

112,800

200,000

55,700

6,000
4,000
65,700

(5)
(6)

4,200
6,500

(1) 12,000
(3)100,800

486,200
75,000
41,200
200,000

Consolidated
257,000
257,000
105,100
40,000
20,000
(165,100
)
91,900
(11,680)
80,220
227,960
80,220
308,180
(40,000)
268,180
120,600
104,300
88,000
870,000

1,182,900
250,000
110,000
280,000
1,200
200,000

100,000

(3)100,000

70,000

144,720

65,700

268,180

1,360

(2) 7,680
(3) 67 200
264,080

73,520
1,182,900

(4)
486,200
7-38

264,080

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

7-39

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-28 Consolidation Workpaper


a.

Eliminating entries:
E(1)

Income from Subsidiary


Dividends Declared
Investment in West Company Stock
Eliminate income from subsidiary.

E(2)

Income to Noncontrolling Interest


Dividends Declared
Noncontrolling Interest
Assign income to noncontrolling interest:
$7,950 = ($20,000 + $30,000 - $25,000
+ $1,500) x .30

E(3)

Common Stock West Company


Retained Earnings, January 1
Differential
Investment in West Company Stock
Noncontrolling Interest
Eliminate beginning investment balance:
$36,000 = $291,200 + $124,800 - $380,000
$305,200 = $315,700 - $10,500
$130,800 = ($250,000 + $150,000
+ $36,000) x .30

E(4)

E(5)

14,000

7,950

150,000
250,000
36,000

Land, Buildings and Equipment (net)


Goodwill
Differential
Assign beginning differential.

14,000
22,000

Retained Earnings, January 1


Noncontrolling Interest
Cost of Goods and Services
Eliminate beginning inventory profit
of West Company.

21,000
9,000

7-40

3,500
10,500

1,500
6,450

305,200
130,800

36,000

30,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-28 (continued)
E(6)

Retained Earnings, January 1


Cost of Goods and Services
Eliminate beginning inventory profit
of Crow Corporation.

15,000

E(7)

Sales
Cost of Goods and Services
Inventory
Eliminate intercompany upstream sale of
inventory by West Company:
$25,000 = $62,000 - $37,000

62,000

E(8)

Sales
90,000
Cost of Goods and Services
82,000
Inventory
8,000
Eliminate intercompany downstream sale of
inventory by Crow Corporation:
$8,000
= ($90,000 - $54,000) x ($20,000 / $90,000)
$82,000
=
$ 54,000 CGS recorded by Crow Corporation
70,000 CGS recorded by West Company
$ 124,000
(42,000) Consolidated amount
[$54,000 x ($70,000 / $90,000)]
$ 82,000 Required elimination

E(9)

Retained Earnings, January 1


Noncontrolling Interest
Depreciation Expense
Land, Buildings and Equipment (net)
Eliminate unrealized gain on equipment:
$7,350 = [$15,000 - ($1,500 x 3)] x .70
$3,150 = [$15,000 - ($1,500 x 3)] x .30
$1,500 = $9,500 -$8,000
$9,000 = [$95,000 - ($9,500 x 4)] [$120,000 - ($8,000 x 9)]

7-41

7,350
3,150

15,000

37,000
25,000

1,500
9,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-28 (continued)
b.

Crow Corporation and West Company


Consolidation Workpaper
December 31, 20X9
Crow

West

Item
Sales and Service Revenue

Corp.
300,000

Co.
200,000

Income from Subsidiary


Credits
Cost of Goods and Services

14,000
314,000
200,000

200,000
150,000

Depreciation Expense
Debits
Consolidated Net Income
Income to Noncontrolling Interest
Income, carry forward

20,000

Retained Earnings, Jan. 1

568,000

250,000

Income, from above


Dividends Declared

74,000
642,000
(35,000)

20,000
270,000
(5,000)

Retained Earnings, Dec. 31,


carry forward

607,000

265,000

Cash and Receivables


Inventory

81,300
200,000

85,000
110,000

270,000

250,000

Differential
Goodwill
Debits
Accounts Payable
Common Stock
Ret. Earnings, from above
Noncontrolling Interest
Credits

Debit
(7) 62,000
(8) 90,000
(1) 14,000

(2)

445,000
30,000
150,000
265,000

867,000

445,000

7-42

30,000
15,000
37,000
82,000
1,500

165,500

(3)250,000
(5) 21,000
(6) 15,000
(9) 7,350
173,950

165,500
(1)
(2)

467,300

3,500
1,500
170,500

(7) 25,000
(8) 8,000
(4) 14,000

(3) 36,000
(4) 22,000
(3)150,000
467,300
(5) 9,000
(9) 3,150
701,450

idated
348,000

7,950
173,950

315,700

867,000
60,000
200,000
607,000

Consol-

Credit

(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)

40,000
30,000
(240,000) (180,000)

74,000

Land, Buildings
& Equipment (net)
Investment in West
Company Stock

Eliminations

(9)

9,000

(1) 10,500
(3) 305,200
(4) 36,000

170,500
(2) 6,450
(3)130,800
701,450

348,000

186,000
68,500
(254,500)
93,500
(7,950)
85,550

524,650
85,550
610,200
(35,000)
575,200
166,300
277,000
525,000

22,000
990,300
90,000
200,000
575,200
125,100
990,300

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-28 (continued)
c.

Retained earnings reconciliation, December 31, 20X9:


Retained earnings, Crow Corporation
Unrealized profits on Crow Corporation's books
($90,000 - $54,000) x ($20,000 / $90,000)
Unrealized profits on West Company's books
($62,000 - $37,000) x .70
Unrealized profit on equipment transfer
[($15,000 - ($1,500 x 4)] x .70
Consolidated retained earnings

$607,000
(8,000)
(17,500)
(6,300)
$575,200

P7-29 Computation of Consolidated Totals


a.

Consolidated sales for 20X8:


Sales reported
Intercorporate sales
Sales to nonaffiliates

b.

Bunker
Corp.
$660,000
(140,000)
$520,000

Harrison
Co.
$510,000
(240,000)
$270,000

$660,000

1.4
$471,429

$510,000

1.2
$425,000

(128,000)
$343,429

(232,000)
$193,000

Consolidated
$790,000

Consolidated cost of goods sold:


Total sales reported
Ratio of cost to sales price
Cost of goods sold
Amount to be eliminated
(see entry)
Cost of goods sold adjusted

$536,429

Eliminating entries:
E(1)

Sales
Inventory
Cost of Goods Sold
Elimination of sales by Bunker to Harrison:
$12,000 = $42,000 - ($42,000 / 1.40)
$128,000 = $140,000 - $12,000

140,000

E(2)

Sales
Inventory
Cost of Goods Sold
Elimination of sales by Harrison to Bunker:
$8,000 = $48,000 - ($48,000 / 1.20)
$232,000 = $240,000 - $8,000

240,000

7-43

12,000
128,000

8,000
232,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-29 (continued)
c.

Operating income of Bunker Corporation (excluding


income from Harrison Company)
Net income of Harrison Company

$70,000
20,000
$90,000
(12,000)
(8,000)
$70,000

Less: Unrealized inventory profits of Bunker


Unrealized inventory profits of Harrison
Consolidated net income
Less: Income assigned to noncontrolling interest
($20,000 - $8,000) x .20
Income to controlling interest 20X8
d.

(2,400)
$67,600

Inventory balance in consolidated balance sheet:


Inventory reported by Bunker Corporation
Unrealized profits

$48,000
(8,000)

Inventory reported by Harrison Company


Unrealized profits
Inventory balance, December 31, 20X8

$42,000
(12,000)

7-44

$40,000
30,000
$70,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-30 Intercompany Transfer of Inventory and Land


a.

Eliminating entries:
E(1)

Income from Subsidiary


Dividends Declared
Investment in Bock Company Stock
Eliminate income from subsidiary:
$11,200 = ($25,000 - $2,000 - $7,000) x .70
$10,500 = $15,000 x .70

11,200

E(2)

Income to Noncontrolling Interest


Dividends Declared
Noncontrolling Interest
Assign income to noncontrolling interest:
$5,100 = ($25,000 - $2,000 - $7,000 + $9,000
- $8,000) x .30
$4,500 = $15,000 x .30

5,100

E(3)

Common stock Bock Company


Retained Earnings, January 1
Differential
Investment in Bock Company Stock
Noncontrolling Interest
Eliminate beginning investment balance:
$123,200 = ($70,000 +$60,000 + $46,000) x .7
$52,800 = ($70,000 + $60,000 + $46,000) x .3

70,000
60,000
46,000

10,500
700

4,500
600

123,200
52,800

Computation of unamortized differential


Fair value of compensation given by Pine
Fair value of noncontrolling interest
Less: Book value of Spencer's net assets
($70,000 + $30,000)
Differential at acquisition
Amortization of amount assigned to:
Buildings and equipment
[($20,000 / 10 years] x 1 year
Patent ($35,000 / 5 years) x 1 year
Unamortized differential, January 1, 20X7
E(4)

Buildings and Equipment


Patent
Accumulated Depreciation
Differential
Assign beginning differential:
$28,000 = $35,000 - $7,000
$2,000 = $20,000 / 10 years

$108,500
46,500
(100,000)
$ 55,000
(2,000)
(7,000)
$46,000
20,000
28,000

7-45

2,000
46,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-30 (continued)
E(5)

E(6)

Depreciation Expense
Amortization Expense
Accumulated Depreciation
Patent
Amortize differential:
$2,000 = $20,000 / 10 years
$7,000 = $35,000 / 5 years

2,000
7,000

Retained Earnings, January 1


Noncontrolling Interest
Cost of Goods Sold
Inventory
Eliminate beginning inventory profit
of Bock Company:
$11,200 = ($48,000 - $32,000) x .70
$4,800 = ($48,000 - $32,000) x .30
$9,000 = $27,000 - ($27,000 x 2/3)
$7,000 = $21,000 - ($21,000 x 2/3)

11,200
4,800

E(7)

Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Inventory
Eliminate intercompany sale of inventory
by Bock Company:
$8,000 = $24,000 - ($24,000 x 2/3)

90,000

E(8)

Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Inventory
Eliminate intercompany sale of inventory
by Pine Corporation:
$3,800 = $7,600 - ($7,600 x 1/2)

30,000

E(9)

Retained Earnings, January 1


Noncontrolling Interest
Land
Eliminate unrealized profit on land:
$15,000 = $37,000 - $22,000

10,500
4,500

7-46

2,000
7,000

9,000
7,000

82,000
8,000

26,200
3,800

15,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-30 (continued)
b.

Pine Corporation and Bock Company


Consolidation Workpaper
December 31, 20X3
Pine
Corp.

Bock
Co.

Sales

260,000

125,000

Other Income
Income from Subsidiary
Credits
Cost of Goods Sold

13,600
11,200
284,800
186,000

125,000
79,800

20,000
16,000

15,000
5,200

Item

Depreciation Expense
Interest Expense
Amortization Expense
Debits
Consolidated Net Income
Income to Noncontrolling Interest
Income, carry forward

(222,000) (100,000)

62,800

25,000

Retained Earnings, Jan. 1

139,100

60,000

Income, from above


Dividends Declared

62,800
201,900
(30,000)

25,000
85,000
(15,000)

Retained Earnings, Dec. 31,


carry forward

171,900

70,000

Cash and Accounts


Receivable
Inventory

15,400
165,000

21,600
35,000

80,000
340,000

40,000
260,000

Land
Buildings and Equipment
Investment in Bock
Company Stock
Differential
Patent
Debits

Eliminations
Debit
Credit
(7) 90,000
(8) 30,000

356,600

7-47

(6) 9,000
(7) 82,000
(8) 26,200

(5) 7,000

(2) 5,100
145,300

117,200

(3) 60,000
(6) 11,200
(9) 10,500
145,300

117,200
(1) 10,500
(2) 4,500

227,000

(4) 20,000

123,900

724,300

265,000
13,600

(1) 11,200

(5) 2,000

(3) 46,000
(4) 28,000

Consolidated

132,200

(6) 7,000
(7) 8,000
(8) 3,800
(9) 15,000
(1)
700
(3)123,200
(4) 46,000
(5) 7,000

278,600
148,600
37,000
21,200
7,000
(213,800)
64,800
(5,100)
59,700

117,400
59,700
177,100
(30,000)
147,100
37,000
181,200
105,000
620,000

21,000
964,200

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-30 (continued)
Item

Pine
Corp.

Bock
Co.

Accum. Depreciation

140,000

80,000

Accounts Payable
Bonds Payable
Bond Premium
Common Stock
Pine Corporation
Bock Company
Retained Earnings,
from above
Noncontrolling
Interest

92,400
200,000

35,000
100,000
1,600

Credits

724,300

120,000
171,900

Eliminations
Debit
Credit
(4) 2,000
(5) 2,000

Consolidated
224,000
127,400
300,000
1,600
120,000

70,000

(3) 70,000

70,000

227,000

132,200

147,100

356,600

(6) 4,800
(9) 4,500
400,300

(2)
600
(3) 52,800
400,300

44,100
964,200

7-48

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-30 (continued)
Note: Financial statements are not required.
Pine Corporation and Subsidiary
Consolidated Balance Sheet
December 31, 20X3
Cash and Accounts Receivable
Inventory
Land
Buildings and Equipment
Less: Accumulated Depreciation
Patent
Total Assets

$620,000
(224,000)

Accounts Payable
Bonds Payable
Bond Premium
Stockholders Equity:
Controlling Interest:
Common Stock
Retained Earnings
Total Controlling Interest
Noncontrolling Interest
Total Stockholders Equity
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

$300,000
1,600
$120,000
147,100
$267,100
44,100

$ 37,000
181,200
105,000
396,000
21,000
$740,200
$127,400
301,600

311,200
$740,200

Pine Corporation and Subsidiary


Consolidated Income Statement
Year Ended December 31, 20X3
Sales
Other Income
Total Income
Cost of Goods Sold
Depreciation Expense
Interest Expense
Amortization Expense
Total Expenses
Consolidated Net Income
Income to Noncontrolling Interest
Income to Controlling Interest

$148,600
37,000
21,200
7,000

7-49

$265,000
13,600
$278,600

(213,800)
$ 64,800
(5,100)
$ 59,700

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-30 (continued)

Pine Corporation and Subsidiary


Consolidated Retained Earnings Statement
Year Ended December 31, 20X3
Retained Earnings, January 1, 20X3
Income to Controlling Interest, 20X3

$117,400
59,700
$177,100
(30,000)
$147,100

Dividends Declared, 20X3


Retained Earnings, December 31, 20X3

P7-31 Consolidation Using Financial Statement Data


a.

Eliminating entries, December 31, 20X6:


E(1)

Income from Subsidiary


Dividends Declared
Investment in Concerto Company Stock
Eliminate income from subsidiary.

21,000

E(2)

Income to Noncontrolling Interest


Dividends Declared
Noncontrolling Interest
Assign income to noncontrolling interest:
$9,600 = ($35,000 + $8,000 - $9,000
- $10,000) x .40

9,600

E(3)

Common Stock Concerto Company


Retained Earnings, January 1
Differential
Investment in Concerto Company Stock
Noncontrolling Interest
Eliminate beginning investment balance:
$40,000 = $24,000 + $16,000

7-50

50,000
150,000
40,000

12,000
9,000

8,000
1,600

144,000
96,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-31 (continued)
E(4)

Goodwill
Differential
Assign differential to goodwill.

40,000

E(5)

Goodwill Impairment Loss


Goodwill
Recognize impairment of goodwill.

10,000

E(6)

Retained Earnings, January 1


Noncontrolling Interest
Land
Eliminate unrealized gain on land.

6,000
4,000

E(7)

Retained Earnings, January 1


Cost of Goods Sold
Eliminate beginning inventory profit of
Bower: $14,000 - ($14,000 / 1.40)

4,000

E(8)

Retained Earnings, January 1


Noncontrolling Interest
Cost of Goods Sold
Eliminate beginning inventory profit of
Concerto Company:
$8,000 = $48,000 - ($48,000 / 1.20)

4,800
3,200

E(9)

Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Inventory
Eliminate intercompany sale of inventory
by Bower:
$2,000 = $7,000 - ($7,000 / 1.40)

22,000

E(10)

Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Inventory
Eliminate intercompany sale of inventory
by Concerto Company:
$9,000 = $54,000 - ($54,000 / 1.20)

90,000

7-51

40,000

10,000

10,000

4,000

8,000

20,000
2,000

81,000
9,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-31 (continued)
b.

Bower Corporation and Concerto Company


Consolidation Workpaper
December 31, 20X6
Bower
Corp.

Concerto
Co.

Sales

400,000

200,000

Income from Subsidiary


Credits
Cost of Goods Sold

21,000
421,000
280,000

200,000
120,000

Item

Depreciation and
Amortization
Goodwill Impairment Loss
Other Expenses
Debits
Consolidated Net Income
Income to Noncontrolling Interest
Income, carry forward

25,000

15,000

35,000
30,000
(340,000) (165,000)

81,000

35,000

Retained Earnings, Jan. 1

293,800

150,000

Income, from above


Dividends Declared

81,000
374,800
(50,000)

35,000
185,000
(20,000)

Ret. Earnings, Dec. 31,


carry forward

324,800

165,000

7-52

Eliminations
Debit
Credit
(9) 22,000
(10) 90,000
(1) 21,000

488,000
(7) 4,000
(8) 8,000
(9) 20,000
(10)81,000

9,600
152,600

113,000

(3)150,000
(6) 6,000
(7) 4,000
(8) 4,800
152,600

113,000
(1) 12,000
(2) 8,000

317,400

488,000

287,000
40,000
10,000
65,000
(402,000)
86,000

(5) 10,000

(2)

Consolidated

133,000

(9,600)
76,400

279,000
76,400
355,400
(50,000)
305,400

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-31 (continued)
Item

Bower
Corp.

Concerto
Co.

Cash
Accounts Receivable
Inventory

26,800
80,000
120,000

35,000
40,000
90,000

Land
Buildings and Equipment
Investment in Concerto
Company Stock

70,000
340,000

20,000
200,000

Differential
Goodwill
Debits

Eliminations
Debit
Credit

(9) 2,000
(10) 9,000
(6) 10,000

153,000

789,800

385,000

Accumulated Depreciation
Accounts Payable
Bonds Payable
Common Stock
Retained Earnings,
from above
Noncontrolling Interest

165,000
80,000
120,000
100,000

85,000
15,000
70,000
50,000

324,800

165,000

Credits

789,800

385,000

7-53

(3) 40,000
(4) 40,000

(1) 9,000
(3)144,000
(4) 40,000
(5) 10,000

61,800
120,000
199,000
80,000
540,000

30,000
1,030,800
250,000
95,000
190,000
100,000

(3) 50,000
317,400
(6) 4,000
(8) 3,200
454,600

Consolidated

133,000
(2) 1,600
(3) 96,000
454,600

305,400
90,400
1,030,800

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-32 Intercorporate Transfers of Inventory and Equipment


a.

Consolidated cost of goods sold for 20X9:


Amount reported by Foster Company
Amount reported by Block Corporation
Adjustment for unrealized profit in
beginning inventory sold in 20X9
Adjustment for inventory purchased from
subsidiary and resold during 20X9:
CGS recorded by Foster ($30,000 x .60)
CGS recorded by Block
Total recorded
CGS based on Block's cost ($20,000 x .60)
Required adjustment
Cost of goods sold

b.

(15,000)
$18,000
20,000
$38,000
(12,000)

(26,000)
$822,000

Consolidated inventory balance:


Amount reported by Foster
Amount reported by Block
Total inventory reported
Unrealized profit in ending inventory held by
Foster [($30,000 - $20,000) x .40]
Consolidated balance

c.

$593,000
270,000

$137,000
130,000
$267,000
(4,000)
$263,000

Income assigned to noncontrolling interest:


Net income reported by Block Corporation
Adjustment for realization of loss on equipment
sold to Foster in 20X7
Adjustment for realization of profit on inventory
sold to Foster in 20X8
Adjustment for unrealized profit on inventory sold
to Foster in 20X9
Realized net income of Block for 20X9
Proportion of ownership held by noncontrolling
interest
Income assigned to noncontrolling interest

7-54

$70,000
(3,000)
15,000
(4,000)
$78,000
x
.10
$ 7,800

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-32 (continued)
d.

Amount assigned to noncontrolling interest in consolidated balance


sheet:
Block Corporation common stock outstanding
Block Corporation retained earnings, January 1, 20X9
Net income for 20X9
Dividends paid in 20X9
Book value, December 31, 20X9
Adjustment for unrealized loss on equipment
$24,000 - [($24,000 / 8 years) x 3 years]
Adjustment for unrealized profit on inventory
sold to Foster
Realized book value of Block Corporation
Proportion of ownership held by noncontrolling
interest
Balance assigned to noncontrolling interest

e.

$ 50,000
165,000
70,000
(20,000)
$265,000
15,000
(4,000)
$276,000
x
.10
$ 27,600

Consolidated retained earnings at December 31, 20X9:


Balance reported by Foster Company, January 1, 20X9
Net income for 20X9
Dividends paid in 20X9
Balance reported by Foster Company, December 31, 20X9
Adjustment for proportionate share of unrealized
loss on sale of equipment ($15,000 x .90)
Adjustment for proportionate share of unrealized
gain on inventory ($4,000 x .90)
Consolidated retained earnings, December 31, 20X9

f.

$248,500
171,000
(40,000)
$379,500
13,500
(3,600)
$389,400

Eliminating entries:
E(1)

Income from Subsidiary


Dividends Declared
Investment in Block Corporation Stock
Eliminate income from subsidiary.

63,000

E(2)

Income to Noncontrolling Interest


Dividends Declared
Noncontrolling Interest
Assign income to noncontrolling interest.

7,800

E(3)

Common Stock Block Corporation


Retained Earnings, January 1
Investment in Block Corporation Stock
Noncontrolling Interest
Eliminate beginning investment balance.

50,000
165,000

7-55

18,000
45,000

2,000
5,800

193,500
21,500

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-32 (continued)
E(4)

Buildings and Equipment


Depreciation Expense
Retained Earnings, January 1
Noncontrolling Interest
Accumulated Depreciation
Eliminate intercorporate sale of equipment:
$42,000 = $90,000 - $48,000
$3,000 = ($90,000 / 10 years) - ($48,000 / 8 years)
$16,200 = [$24,000 - ($3,000 x 2 years)] x .90
$1,800 = [$24,000 - ($3,000 x 2 years)] x .10
$27,000 = [($90,000 / 10 years) x 5 years]
- [($48,000 / 8 years) x 3 years]

42,000
3,000

E(5)

Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Inventory
Eliminate intercompany sale of inventory
by Block Corporation.

30,000

E(6)

Retained Earnings, January 1


Noncontrolling Interest
Cost of Goods Sold
Eliminate beginning inventory profit
of Block Corporation.

13,500
1,500

7-56

16,200
1,800
27,000

26,000
4,000

15,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-32 (continued)
g.

Foster Company and Block Corporation


Consolidation Workpaper
December 31, 20X9

Item
Sales
Other Income
Income from Subsidiary
Credits
Cost of Goods Sold
Depreciation Expense
Other Expenses
Debits
Consolidated Net Income
Income to Noncontrolling Interest
Income, carry forward

Foster
Co.
815,000
26,000
63,000
904,00
0
593,000

Block
Corp.
415,000
15,000
430,000

45,000
15,000
95,000
75,000
(733,000) (360,000)

70,000

Ret. Earnings, Jan. 1

248,500

165,000

Income, from above


Dividends Declared

171,000
419,500
(40,000)

70,000
235,000
(20,000)

Ret. Earnings, Dec. 31,


carry forward

379,500

215,000

187,000
80,000
40,000
137,000
80,000
500,000

57,400
90,000
10,000
130,000
60,000
250,000

Debits

238,500
1,262,500

(5) 30,000

597,400

7-57

(4)

3,000

(2)

7,800
103,800

(3)165,000
(6) 13,500
103,800

Consolidated
1,200,000
41,000

(1) 63,000

270,000

171,000

Cash
Accounts Receivable
Other Receivables
Inventory
Land
Buildings and Equipment
Investment in Block
Corporation Stock

Eliminations
Debit
Credit

1,241,000
(5) 26,000
(6) 15,000

41,000
(4) 16,200
41,000
(1) 18,000
(2) 2,000

282,300

77,200

(5)

4,000

(4) 42,000
(1) 45,000
(3)193,500

822,000
63,000
170,000
(1,055,000)
186,000
(7,800)
178,200
251,200
178,200
429,400
(40,000)
389,400
244,400
170,000
50,000
263,000
140,000
792,000

1,659,400

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-32 (continued)
Item
Accum. Depreciation
Accounts Payable
Other Payables
Bonds Payable
Bond Premium
Common Stock
Foster Company
Block Corporation
Additional Paid-In
Capital
Retained Earnings,
from above
Noncontrolling
Interest
Credits

Foster
Co.
155,000
63,000
95,000
250,000
210,000

Block
Corp.

Eliminations
Debit
Credit

75,000
35,000
20,000
200,000
2,400
50,000

(4) 27,000

1,262,500

257,000
98,000
115,000
450,000
2,400
210,000

(3) 50,000

110,000
379,500

Consolidated

110,000
215,000

597,400

7-58

282,300

77,200

389,400

(6) 1,500

(2) 5,800
(3) 21,500
(4) 1,800
375,800

27,600
1,659,400

375,800

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-33 Consolidated Balance Sheet Workpaper [AICPA Adapted]


Pine Corp. and Subsidiary
Consolidated Balance Sheet Workpaper
December 31, 20X6

Cash

Assets

Accounts and Other


Current Receivables

Merchandise Inventory

Pine
Corp.

Slim
Corp.

105,000

15,000

410,000

120,000

920,000

670,000

Plant and
Equipment, net

1,000,000

400,000

Investment in Slim

1,170,000

Liabilities and
Stockholders' Equity
Accounts Payable and
Other Current
Liabilities

Common Stock ($10 par)


Retained Earnings

Debit

Credit

[b]

900

1,205,00
0

140,000

305,000

500,000

200,000

2,965,000

700,000

Noncontrolling

900
5,000
100,000
90,000

335,000

[6]

3,000

1,587,000
1,400,000

90,900

[b]
[1]
[2]

900
450,000
810,000
500,000
3,942,000

[3]
900
[4]
5,000
[5] 100,000
[7] 90,000

249,100

[2] 200,000

500,000

[2] 700,000
[6]
3,000

[a]

90,900
[1]
50,000

7-59

Idated

[3]
[4]
[5]
[7]

[1] 500,000
3,605,000

Consol-

120,000

[a]

Goodwill
Totals

Adjustments
and Eliminations

3,052,900

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

Interest, 10 percent
Totals

[2]
3,605,000

1,205,00
0

7-60

1,690,700

90,000

140,000

1,690,700

3,942,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-33 (continued)
Explanations of Workpaper Adjustments and Eliminations
[a]

To record net income of Slim Corporation accruing to Pine Corporation:


Slim Corporation's retained earnings at December 31, 20X6
Slim Corporation's retained earnings at January 1, 20X6
Increase in retained earnings after dividend declaration
Add: Dividend declaration
Slim Corporation's net income for year ended December 31, 20X6
Pine Corporation's share, 90 percent

[b]

To record Pine Corporation's share of dividend declared


by Slim Corporation:
90 percent of $1,000

[1]

[2]

To record goodwill:
Fair value of compensation given by Pine
Fair value of nonconctolling interest at acquisition
Slim Corporation's book value at January 1, 20X6:
Common stock
Retained earnings
Total book value
Goodwill

$700,000
(600,000)
$100,000
1,000
$101,000
$ 90,900

$900
$1,170,000
130,000
$200,000
600,000

(800,000)
$ 500,000

To eliminate 90 percent of Slim Corporation's book value


and record noncontrolling interest:
Common stock
Retained earnings at December 31, 20X6
Total

$200,000
700,000
$900,000

Pine Corporation's 90 percent share


Minority interests 10 percent share
Total

$810,000
90,000
$900,000

[3]

To eliminate intercompany dividend receivable and payable:


90 percent of $1,000

[4]

To eliminate intercompany accrued interest:


$100,000 @ 10 percent x year

[5]

To eliminate intercompany loan:

$100,000

[6]

To eliminate intercompany profit in Slim Corporation's


December 31 inventory:
Sales from Pine Corporation to Slim Corporation
5 percent remaining in Slim Corporation's December 31 inventory
Multiply by .20($60,000 / $300,000)
Inventory profit

$ 300,000
$ 15,000
x
.20
$ 3,000

[7]

$900
$5,000

To eliminate intercompany trade account receivable and payable

7-61

$90,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-34 Comprehensive Worksheet Problem


a.

b.

Basic equity-method entries for 20X7:


(1)

Cash
Investment in Sharp Company Stock
Record dividend from Sharp Company:
$25,000 x .80

20,000

(2)

Investment in Sharp Company Stock


Income from Subsidiary
Record equity-method income:
$40,000 x .80

32,000

(3)

Income from Subsidiary


Investment in Sharp Company Stock
Amortize differential:
$4,000 = ($50,000 / 10 years) x .80

4,000

20,000

32,000

4,000

Eliminating entries, December 31, 20X7:


E(1)

Income from Subsidiary


Dividends Declared
Investment in Sharp Company Stock
Eliminate income from subsidiary:
$28,000 = $32,000 - $4,000

E(2)

Income to Noncontrolling Interest


Dividends Declared
Noncontrolling Interest
Assign income to noncontrolling interest:
$6,600 = ($40,000 + $8,000 - $10,000
- $5,000) x .20

6,600

E(3)

Common Stock Sharp Company


Additional Paid-In Capital
Retained Earnings, January 1
Differential
Investment in Sharp Company Stock
Noncontrolling Interest
Eliminate beginning investment balance.
$35,000 = $50,000 [($50,000 / 10) x
3 years]

100,000
20,000
215,000
35,000

Buildings and Equipment


Depreciation Expense
Accumulated Depreciation
Differential
Assign differential:
$20,000 = ($50,000 / 10 years) x 4 years

50,000
5,000

E(4)

7-62

28,000

20,000
8,000

5,000
1,600

296,000
74,000

20,000
35,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P 7-34 (continued)
E(5)

Retained Earnings, January 1


Noncontrolling Interest
Cost of Goods Sold
Eliminate beginning inventory profit
of Sharp Company.

6,400
1,600

E(6)

Retained Earnings, January 1


Cost of Goods Sold
Eliminate beginning inventory profit
of Randall Corporation.

2,000

E(7)

Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Inventory
Eliminate intercompany sale of inventory
by Sharp Company.

45,000

E(8)

Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Inventory
Eliminate intercompany sale of inventory
by Randall Corporation.

12,000

E(9)

Buildings and Equipment


Retained Earnings, January 1
Depreciation Expense
Accumulated Depreciation
Eliminate intercorporate sale of
equipment.

25,000
17,500

E(10)

Depreciation expense adjustment:


Depreciation recorded ($50,000 / 8 years)
Depreciation required ($75,000 / 20 years)
Required decrease

$ 6,250
(3,750)
$ 2,500

Accumulated depreciation adjustment:


Required balance ($3,750 x 14 years)
Balance recorded ($6,250 x 2 years)
Required increase

$52,500
(12,500)
$40,000

Accounts Payable
Accounts Receivable
Eliminate intercorporate
receivable/payable.

10,000

7-63

8,000

2,000

35,000
10,000

9,000
3,000

2,500
40,000

10,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-34 (continued)
c.

Randall Corporation and Sharp Company


Consolidation Workpaper
December 31, 20X7
Randall
Corp.

Sharp
Co.

Sales

500,000

250,000

Other Income
Income from Subsidiary
Credits
Cost of Goods Sold

20,400
28,000
548,400
416,000

30,000

Item

Deprec. and Amortization


Other Expenses
Debits
Consolidated Net Income
Income to Noncontrolling Interest
Income, carry forward

280,000
202,000

30,000
20,000
24,000
18,000
(470,000) (240,000)

78,400

40,000

Ret. Earnings, Jan. 1

345,900

215,000

Income, from above


Dividends Declared

78,400
424,300
(50,000)

40,000
255,000
(25,000)

Ret. Earnings, Dec. 31,


carry forward

374,300

230,000

7-64

Eliminations
Debit
Credit
(7) 45,000
(8) 12,000

693,000
50,400

(1) 28,000

(4)

5,000

(5) 8,000
(6) 2,000
(7) 35,000
(8) 9,000
(9) 2,500

(2)

6,600
96,600

56,500

(3)215,000
(5) 6,400
(6) 2,000
(9) 17,500
96,600

56,500
(1) 20,000
(2) 5,000

337,500

Consolidated

81,500

743,400

564,000
52,500
42,000
(658,500)
84,900
(6,600)
78,300

320,000
78,300
398,300
(50,000)
348,300

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-34 (continued)
Item

Randall
Corp.

Sharp
Co.

Cash
Accounts Receivable
Inventory

130,300
80,000
170,000

10,000
70,000
110,000

Buildings and Equipment

600,000

400,000

Investment in Sharp
Company Stock

304,000

Differential
Debits

Eliminations
Debit
Credit

(4) 50,000
(9) 25,000

(3) 35,000

1,284,300

590,000

Accum. Depreciation

310,000

120,000

Accounts Payable
Bonds Payable
Bond Premium
Common Stock
Additional Paid-In
Capital
Retained Earnings,
from above
Noncontrolling Interest

100,000
300,000

15,200
100,000
4,800
100,000

(10) 10,000

20,000

(3) 20,000

Credits

200,000

374,300

230,000

1,284,300

590,000

7-65

(10) 10,000
(7) 10,000
(8) 3,000

337,500
1,600
579,100

140,300
140,000
267,000
1,075,000

(1) 8,000
(3)296,000
(4) 35,000
(4) 20,000
(9) 40,000

(3)100,000

(5)

Consolidated

81,500
(2) 1,600
(3) 74,000
579,100

1,622,300
490,000
105,200
400,000
4,800
200,000

348,300
74,000
1,622,300

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-34 (continued)
d.

Randall Corporation and Subsidiary


Consolidated Balance Sheet
December 31, 20X7

Cash
Accounts Receivable
Inventory
Total Current Assets
Buildings and Equipment
Less: Accumulated Depreciation
Total Assets

$ 140,300
140,000
267,000
$ 547,300
$1,065,000
(486,000)

Accounts Payable
Bonds Payable
Bond Premium
Stockholders Equity:
Controlling Interest:
Common Stock
Retained Earnings
Total Controlling Interest
Noncontrolling Interest
Total Stockholders Equity
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

579,000
$1,126,300
$ 105,200

$ 400,000
4,800

404,800

$ 200,000
348,300
$ 548,300
68,000
616,300
$1,126,300

Randall Corporation and Subsidiary


Consolidated Income Statement
Year Ended December 31, 20X7
Sales
Other Income

$ 693,000
50,400
$ 743,400

Cost of Goods Sold


Depreciation and Amortization Expense
Other Expenses
Consolidated Net Income
Income to Noncontrolling Interest
Income to Controlling Interest

$ 564,000
52,500
42,000

(658,500)
$ 84,900
(6,600)
$ 78,300

Randall Corporation and Subsidiary


Consolidated Statement of Retained Earnings
Year Ended December 31, 20X7
Retained Earnings, January 1, 20X7
Income to Controlling Interest, 20X7

$ 320,000
78,300
$ 398,300

7-66

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

Dividends Declared, 20X7


Retained Earnings, December 31, 20X7

(50,000)
$ 348,300

7-67

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-35 Comprehensive Consolidation Workpaper; Equity Method [AICPA Adapted]


Fran Corp. and Subsidiary
Consolidation Workpaper
December 31, 20X9
Fran Corp
Dr. (Cr.)
Income Statement:
Net Sales
Equity in Brey's Income
Gain on Sale of
Warehouse
Cost of Goods Sold
Goodwill Impairment
Loss
Operating Expenses
(including
depreciation)

Brey Inc.
Dr. (Cr.)

(3,800,000 (1,500,000
)
)
(181,000)
(30,000)
2,360,000

870,000

(190,000
)

Retained Earnings
Statement:
Balance, 1/1/X9

(440,000)

(156,000)

Net Income

(551,000)

(190,000)

(991,000
)

40,000
(306,000
)

570,000

150,000

860,000
1,060,000

350,000
410,000

1,320,000

680,000

(370,000)

(210,000)

Dividends Paid
Balance, 12/31/X9
Balance Sheet:
Assets:
Cash
Accounts
Receivable (net)
Inventories
Land, Plant
and Equipment
Accumulated
Depreciation
Investment in Brey

440,000

891,000

Goodwill
Total Assets

[7]
180,000
[1]
181,000
[5]
30,000

4,331,000

1,380,000

7-68

[3]
9,000
[a]
435,000

[2]
156,000
[a]
435,000
[b]
591,000

Adjusted
Balance
(5,120,000)

[7]

162,000

[4]
35,000
1,100,00
0
(551,000
)

Net Income

Adjustments
and Eliminations
Dr.
Cr.

3,068,000
35,000

[6]

2,000

1,547,000

[a]

164,000

(470,000)

(440,000)
[a]

164,000

(470,000)

[1]
[b]

40,000
204,000

(910,000)

720,000
[8]
[7]

86,000
18,000

1,124,000
1,452,000

[2]
54,000

[5]

30,000

2,024,000

[6]
2,000

[3]

9,000

(587,000)

[1]
[2]
[4]

141,000
750,000
35,000

25,000

[2]
60,000

4,758,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

Liabilities and
Stockholders' Equity:
Accounts Payable
and Accrued Expenses
Common Stock
Additional Paid-In
Capital
Retained Earnings
Total Liabilities
and Equity

(1,340,000
)
(1,700,000
)

(594,000)

(300,000)

(80,000)

(991,00
0)

(306,000
)

(400,000)

(4,331,000 (1,380,000
)
)

7-69

[8]
86,000
[2]
400,000

(1,848,000)

[2]
80,000
[b]
591,000

(300,000)

1,273,000

(1,700,000)

[b]

204,000

(910,000)

1,273,000

(4,758,000)

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-35 (continued)
Explanations of Adjustments and Eliminations:
[1] To eliminate Fran's investment income recognized from Brey, Brey's dividends, and
the change in the investment account during 20X9. Fran's investment is carried at
equity at December 31, 20X9, adjusted for the amortization of the differential assigned to
the machinery.
[2] To eliminate reciprocal elements as of the beginning of the year from the
investment and equity accounts and to assign the differential to machinery and goodwill.
[3] To record amortization of the fair value in excess of book value of Brey's machinery
at date of acquisition ($54,000 / 6).
[4]

To record goodwill impairment loss of $35,000.

[5]

To eliminate intercompany profit on the sale of the warehouse by Fran to Brey.

[6] To eliminate the excess depreciation on the warehouse building sold by Fran to
Brey [($86,000 - $66,000) x 1/5 x ].
[7] To eliminate intercompany sales from Brey to Fran and the inter-company profit in
Fran's ending inventory as follows:
Sales
Gross profit
Cost

Total
$180,000
(90,000)
$ 90,000*

On hand
$36,000
(18,000)
$18,000

Sold
$144,000
(72,000)*
$ 72,000

* Cost of Goods Sold elimination: $162,000 = $90,000 + $72,000


[8] To eliminate Fran's intercompany balance to Brey for the merchandise it
purchased.

7-70

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-36A Fully Adjusted Equity Method


a. Adjusted trial balance:
Item
Cash
Accounts Receivable
Inventory
Buildings and Equipment
Investment in Sharp
Company Stock
Cost of Goods Sold
Depreciation and Amortization
Other Expenses
Dividends Declared
Accumulated Depreciation
Accounts Payable
Bonds Payable
Bond Premium
Common Stock
Additional Paid-In Capital
Retained Earnings
Sales
Other Income
Income from Subsidiary

Randall Corporation
Debit
Credit

Sharp Company
Debit
Credit

$ 130,300
80,000
170,000
600,000

$ 10,000
70,000
110,000
400,000

278,000
416,000
30,000
24,000
50,000

202,000
20,000
18,000
25,000

$ 310,000
100,000
300,000
200,000

$1,778,300

7-71

320,000
500,000
20,400
27,900
$1,778,300

$855,000

$120,000
15,200
100,000
4,800
100,000
20,000
215,000
250,000
30,000
$855,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-36A (continued)
b.

Fully adjusted equity-method entries for 20X7:


(1)

Cash
Investment in Sharp Company Stock
Record dividends from Sharp Company:
$25,000 x .80

20,000

(2)

Investment in Sharp Company Stock


Income from Subsidiary
Record equity-method income:
$40,000 x .80

32,000

(3)

Income from Subsidiary


Investment in Sharp Company Stock
Amortize differential:
$4,000 = ($50,000 / 10 years) x .80

4,000

(4)

Investment in Sharp Company Stock


Income from Subsidiary
Recognize deferred profit on upstream
sale of inventory: $8,000 x .80

6,400

(5)

Investment in Sharp Company Stock


Income from Subsidiary
Recognize deferred profit on downstream
sale of inventory.

2,000

(6)

Income from Subsidiary


Investment in Sharp Company Stock
Remove unrealized profit on upstream
sale of inventory: $10,000 x .80

8,000

(7)

Income from Subsidiary


Investment in Sharp Company Stock
Remove unrealized profit on downstream
sale of inventory.

3,000

(8)

Investment in Sharp Company Stock


Income from Subsidiary
Recognize portion of gain on sale of
equipment: $20,000 / 8 years

2,500

7-72

20,000

32,000

4,000

6,400

2,000

8,000

3,000

2,500

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-36A (continued)
c.

Eliminating entries, December 31, 20X7:


E(1)

Income from Subsidiary


Dividends Declared
Investment in Sharp Company Stock
Eliminate income from subsidiary.

E(2)

Income to Noncontrolling Interest


Dividends Declared
Noncontrolling Interest
Assign income to noncontrolling interest:
$6,600 = ($40,000 + $8,000 - $10,000
- $5,000) x .20

6,600

E(3)

Common Stock Sharp Company


Additional Paid-In Capital
Retained Earnings, January 1
Differential
Investment in Sharp Company Stock
Noncontrolling Interest
Eliminate beginning investment balance.

100,000
20,000
215,000
35,000

Buildings and Equipment


Depreciation Expense
Accumulated Depreciation
Differential
Assign differential:
$20,000 = ($50,000 / 10 years) x 4 years

50,000
5,000

E(4)

E(5)

Investment in Sharp Company Stock


Noncontrolling Interest
Cost of Goods Sold
Eliminate beginning inventory profit
of Sharp Company.

7-73

27,900

6,400
1,600

20,000
7,900

5,000
1,600

296,000
74,000

20,000
35,000

8,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-36A (continued)
E(6)

Investment in Sharp Company Stock


Cost of Goods Sold
Eliminate beginning inventory profit
of Randall Corporation.

E(7)

Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Inventory
Eliminate intercompany sale of inventory
by Sharp Company.

45,000

E(8)

Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Inventory
Eliminate intercompany sale of inventory
by Randall Corporation.

12,000

E(9)

Buildings and Equipment


Investment in Sharp Company Stock
Depreciation Expense
Accumulated Depreciation
Eliminate intercorporate sale of
equipment.

25,000
17,500

Depreciation expense adjustment:


Depreciation recorded ($50,000 / 8 years)
Depreciation required ($75,000 / 20 years)
Required decrease
Accumulated depreciation adjustment:
Required balance ($3,750 x 14 years)
Balance recorded ($6,250 x 2 years)
Required increase
E(10)

Accounts Payable
Accounts Receivable
Eliminate intercorporate receivable/payable.

7-74

2,000

2,000

35,000
10,000

9,000
3,000

2,500
40,000

$6,250
(3,750)
$2,500
$52,500
(12,500)
$40,000
10,000

10,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-36A (continued)
d.

Randall Corporation and Sharp Company


Consolidation Workpaper
December 31, 20X7

Item

Randall
Corp.

Sharp
Co.

Sales

500,000

250,000

Other Income
Income from Subsidiary
Credits
Cost of Goods Sold

20,400
27,900
548,300
416,000

30,000

Deprec. & Amortization


Other Expenses
Debits
Consolidated Net Income
Income to Noncontrolling Interest
Income, carry forward

280,000
202,000

30,000
20,000
24,000
18,000
(470,000) (240,000)

Eliminations
Debit
Credit
(7) 45,000
(8) 12,000

(4)

5,000

(5) 8,000
(6) 2,000
(7) 35,000
(8) 9,000
(9) 2,500

(2)

6,600
96,500

56,500
56,500

40,000
215,000
40,000
255,000
(25,000)

(3)215,000
96,500

Dividends Declared

320,000
78,300
398,300
(50,000)

Ret. Earnings, Dec. 31,


carry forward

348,300

230,000

311,500

Ret. Earnings, Jan. 1


Income, from above

7-75

693,000
50,400

(1) 27,900

78,300

Consolidated

(1) 20,000
(2) 5,000
81,500

743,400

564,000
52,500
42,000
(658,500)
84,900
(6,600)
78,300
320,000
78,300
398,300
(50,000)
348,300

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-36A (continued)
Item

Randall
Corp.

Sharp
Co.

Cash
Accounts Receivable
Inventory

130,300
80,000
170,000

10,000
70,000
110,000

Buildings and Equipment


Investment in Sharp
Company Stock

600,000

400,000

Differential
Debits

278,000

Eliminations
Debit
Credit

(4)
(9)
(5)
(6)
(9)
(3)

50,000
25,000
6,400
2,000
17,500
35,000

1,258,300

590,000

Accum. Depreciation

310,000

120,000

Accounts Payable
Bonds Payable
Bond Premium
Common Stock
Additional Paid-In
Capital
Retained Earnings,
from above
Noncontrolling Interest

100,000
300,000

15,200
100,000
4,800
100,000

(10) 10,000

20,000

(3) 20,000

Credits

200,000

348,300

230,000

1,258,300

590,000

7-76

(10) 10,000
(7) 10,000
(8) 3,000
(1) 7,900
(3)296,000
(4) 35,000
(4) 20,000
(9) 40,000

(3)100,000

(5)

311,500
1,600
579,000

81,500
(2) 1,600
(3) 74,000
579,000

Consolidated
140,300
140,000
267,000
1,075,000

1,622,300
490,000
105,200
400,000
4,800
200,000

348,300
74,000
1,622,300

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-37A Cost Method


a.

Journal entry recorded by Randall Corporation:


Cash
Dividend Income
Record dividend from Sharp Company:
$25,000 x .80

b.

20,000

20,000

Eliminating entries, December 31, 20X7:


E(1)

Dividend Income
Dividends Declared
Eliminate dividend income from
subsidiary.

E(2)

Income to Noncontrolling Interest


Dividends Declared
Noncontrolling Interest
Assign income to noncontrolling interest:
$6,600 = ($40,000 + $8,000 - $10,000
- $5,000) x .20

E(3)

Common Stock Sharp Company


Additional Paid-In Capital
Retained Earnings, January 1
Differential
Investment in Sharp Company Stock
Noncontrolling Interest
Eliminate investment balance at date
of acquisition:
$180,000 = ($300,000 - $100,000 - $20,000)

E(4)

20,000

100,000
20,000
180,000
50,000

Retained Earnings, January 1


Noncontrolling Interest
Assign undistributed prior earnings of
subsidiary to noncontrolling interest.
Retained earnings, January 1, 20X7
Net assets of Sharp at
acquisition
$300,000
Common stock
(100,000)
Additional paid-in capital
(20,000)
Retained earnings at acquisition
Net increase
Proportion of stock held by
noncontrolling interest
Increase assigned to
noncontrolling interest

E(5)

6,600

Buildings and Equipment


Differential
Assign differential at date of
acquisition.

7,000

5,000
1,600

280,000
70,000

7,000

$215,000

(180,000)
$ 35,000
x

.20

7,000
50,000

7-77

20,000

50,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-37A (continued)
E(6)

Retained Earnings, January 1


Noncontrolling Interest
Accumulated Depreciation
Amortize differential for prior periods:
($50,000 / 10 years) x 3 years

12,000
3,000

E(7)

Depreciation Expense
Accumulated Depreciation
Amortize differential.

5,000

E(8)

Retained Earnings, January 1


Noncontrolling Interest
Cost of Goods Sold
Eliminate beginning inventory profit
of Sharp Company.

6,400
1,600

E(9)

Retained Earnings, January 1


Cost of Goods Sold
Eliminate beginning inventory profit
of Randall Corporation.

2,000

E(10)

Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Inventory
Eliminate intercompany sale of inventory
by Sharp Company.

45,000

E(11)

Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Inventory
Eliminate intercompany sale of inventory
by Randall Corporation.

12,000

E(12)

Buildings and Equipment


Retained Earnings, January 1
Depreciation Expense
Accumulated Depreciation
Eliminate intercorporate sale of
equipment.

25,000
17,500

Depreciation expense adjustment:


Depreciation recorded ($50,000 / 8 years)
Depreciation required ($75,000 / 20 years)
Required decrease

$ 6,250
(3,750)
$ 2,500

Accumulated depreciation adjustment:


Required balance ($3,750 x 14 years)
Balance recorded ($6,250 x 2 years)
Required increase

$52,500
(12,500)
$40,000

7-78

15,000

5,000

8,000

2,000

35,000
10,000

9,000
3,000

2,500
40,000

Chapter 07 - Intercompany Inventory Transactions

P7-37A (continued)
E(13)

Accounts Payable
Accounts Receivable
Eliminate intercorporate receivable/payable.

c.

10,000

10,000

Randall Corporation and Sharp Company


Consolidation Workpaper
December 31, 20X7

Item

Randall
Corp.

Sharp
Co.

Sales

500,000

250,000

Other Income
Dividend Income
Credits
Cost of Goods Sold

20,400
20,000
540,400
416,000

30,000

Deprec. & Amortization


Other Expenses
Debits
Consolidated Net Income
Income to Noncontrolling Interest
Income, carry forward

280,000
202,000

30,000
20,000
24,000
18,000
(470,000) (240,000)

70,400

40,000

Ret. Earnings, Jan. 1

329,900

215,000

Income, from above


Dividends Declared

70,400
400,300
(50,000)

40,000
255,000
(25,000)

Ret. Earnings, Dec. 31,


carry forward

350,300

230,000

7-79

Eliminations
Debit
Credit
(10) 45,000
(11) 12,000

693,000
50,400

(1) 20,000

(7)

5,000

(8) 8,000
(9) 2,000
(10) 35,000
(11) 9,000
(12) 2,500

(2)

6,600
88,600

56,500

(3)180,000
(4) 7,000
(6) 12,000
(8) 6,400
(9) 2,000
(12) 17,500
88,600

56,500
(1) 20,000
(2) 5,000

313,500

Consolidated

81,500

743,400

564,000
52,500
42,000
(658,500)
84,900
(6,600)
78,300

320,000
78,300
398,300
(50,000)
348,300

P7-37A (continued)
Item

Randall
Corp.

Sharp
Co.

Cash
Accounts Receivable
Inventory

130,300
80,000
170,000

10,000
70,000
110,000

Buildings and Equipment

600,000

400,000

Investment in Sharp
Company Stock
Differential
Debits

280,000

Eliminations
Debit
Credit

(5) 50,000
(12) 25,000
(3) 50,000

1,260,300

590,000

Accum. Depreciation

310,000

120,000

Accounts Payable
Bonds Payable
Bond Premium
Common Stock
Additional Paid-In
Capital
Retained Earnings,
from above
Noncontrolling Interest

100,000
300,000

15,200
100,000
4,800
100,000

(13) 10,000

20,000

(3) 20,000

Credits

200,000

350,300

230,000

1,260,300

590,000

(13) 10,000
(10) 10,000
(11) 3,000

313,500
3,000
1,600
573,100

140,300
140,000
267,000
1,075,000

(3)280,000
(5) 50,000
(6) 15,000
(7) 5,000
(12) 40,000

(3)100,000

(6)
(8)

Consolidated

81,500
(2) 1,600
(3) 70,000
(4) 7,000
573,100

1,622,300

490,000
105,200
400,000
4,800
200,000

348,300
74,000
1,622,300