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Analytical Exposition

DRILL 15
Text 1 for questions 1 to 5
Is Smoking Good for Us?
Before we smoke, it is better to look at the fact of smoking effects, not only for smokers but also
for non-smokers. About 50 thousands people die every year in Britain as a direct result of smoking. This
is seven times as many as deaths in road accidents. Nearly a quarter of smokers die because of diseases
caused by smoking.
Ninety percent of lung cancers are caused by smoking. If we smoke five cigarettes a day, we are
six times more likely to die of lung cancer than a non-smoker. If we smoke twenty cigarettes a day, the
risk is nineteen times greater. Ninety five percent of people who suffer from bronchitis are people who
smoke. Smokers are two and half times more likely to die of heart disease than non-smokers.
Additionally, children of smokers are more likely to develop bronchitis and pneumonia. In one hour
in a smoky room, a non-smoker breathes as much as substance causing cancer as if he had smoked
fifteen cigarettes.
Smoking is really good for tobacco companies because they do make much money from smoking
habit. Smoking, however, is not good for everybody else.
1. What is the text about?
a. A report of deaths caused by smoking.
b. The effects of smoking for people.
c. A calculation of how many cigarettes that may cause cancer.
d. Information of the effect of smoking to non-smokers.
e. The result of smoking habit for tobacco companies.
2.
Which of the statements below is TRUE?
a. Smoking only does a good impact for the tobacco company.
b. Non-smokers don't have any threat of getting pneumonia.
c. Fifteen cigarettes a day is all right for smokers.
d. Smoking can risk ninety five percent of the people in a country.
e. The risk caused by smoking for non-smokers is low.
3.
What is the effect of smoking to non-smokers?
a. It makes non-smokers healthy.
d. It causes so much fun
b. It makes non-smokers have a good life.
e. It risks non-smokers' health.
c. It results in a better lung function.
4.
What is the communicative purpose of writing the text?
a. To make people realize the risk of smoking.
b. To make non-smokers stay away from smokers.
c. To make the government stop tobacco production.
d. To make the doctors find the cure of lung cancer.
e. To make people in Britain stop smoking.
5. "This is seven times as many as deaths in road accidents." (Paragraph 1)
The underlined word refers to ....
a. the smoker
c. the accident
e. the data
b. the non-smoker
d. the company
Text 2 for questions 6 to 9

Deciding Where To Live


Many young people have difficulties deciding where they will live when the time comes to
leave home and make their own way in the world. Among the more common alternatives are sharing a
house or a flat with other young people and finding full board and lodgings in someone elses home.
Renting a house with other young people offers the advantage of a high degree of freedom and
independence. For example, you would be free to come and go at times that suit you, without needing
to inform anyone that you would not be home for dinner.
On the down side, renting involves a variety of responsibilities that may be more than you wish
to take on. For example, if you rent a house, you will need to spend time and money maintaining the
lawn and gardens. You may also share the legal responsibility for the rent and for damage to the
property if your name is on the rental agreement.
Finding board and lodgings, on the other hand, has significant advantages. Generally, you have
no responsibility for the cleaning and maintenance of the dwelling and its gardens, other than to take
reasonable care of your room. Your meal are usually provided for you, the home is usually more
comfortably furnished than you would be able to afford in a rented property, and your financial liability
is limited to the payment of your fixed weekly amount for board and lodging.
However, living in a board and lodging circumstances has its drawbacks too. You have less
freedom and flexibility in your lifestyle, not only in the timing of meals, but also for example, in how
loudly you can play your music.

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Analytical Exposition
In the end, the decision each person make will depend on their own personal valuing of
independence and convenience, as well as their feeling of readiness for taking on considerably
financial and other responsibilities of house or flat rental.
6. What is the text about?
a. The advantage of renting a house together
b. The best place for young people to live
c. The benefits of finding boarding and lodgings
d. Many alternatives for young people to live
e. To make a good decision to rent a house or find lodgings.
7. Which of the following statements is the advantage of finding board and lodgings?
a. We have no responsibility for the cleaning of the dwelling
b. We arent in charge for the maintenance of the place
c. We are lack of freedom in our daily lives
d. The place is usually more comfortably furnished
e. We have no problem concerning our meals
8. Your meal are usually provided for you, the home is usually more comfortably .. (paragraph 3)
The underlined word has more or less the same meaning as .
a. conveniently
c. perfectly
e. clearly
b. carefully
d. beautifully
9. If you dont want to bother yourself with your daily meals and only have little time to maintain
your living place. What kind of place will you choose?
a. I prefer living in a lodging
d. I prefer renting a house with my friend
b. I prefer staying in a flat
e. I prefer living in an apartment
c. I prefer sharing a flat with my friend
10. However, living in a board and lodging circumstances has its drawbacks too (paragraph 4)
The antonym of the underlined word is ..
a. poverty
c. surrounding
e. tendency
b. advantage
d. risk
Text 3 for questions 11 to 15

Integrated Pest Management

There is no best way to deal with the pests in agriculture. Pesticides are commonly used, but
this may cause many problems. Combining many different management operations is the most effective
way to control pest.
Firstly, the chemical in pesticides may build up as residues in the environment. This reduces
the quality of the farm products. As well, pest can become resistant to pesticides gradually. This means
that newer and stronger ones have to be developed.
Some pesticides affect non target animal such as fish and bees. This affects the natural
balance. To wipe out agricultural pests completely may be very expensive. Sometimes pest damage
costs less than the method of control.
Finally, understanding the ecology of the area helps a lot in pest control. Natural enemies can
be used to control a pest. Pesticides that do not affect the natural enemies should be chosen.
Therefore, integrated pest management is a safe and more effective option in agriculture.
11. The communicative purpose of the text is the readers that something is in the case
a. to persuade
c. to retell
e. to describe
b. to entertain
d. to discuss
12. What affects the natural balance according to the writer?
a. The resistance of pests
b. The use of pesticide that affects non target animals
c. The chemicals in pesticides
d. The cost of wiping out agricultural pest
e. The use of integrated pest management which is not effective
13. Why does the writer think that integrated pest management is good?
a. It reduces the quality of the farm products.
b. It makes pest become resistant
b. Wiping out agricultural pests may be costly
c. There is no best way to deal with pests
d. It affects the natural balance
14. Some pesticides affect non target animal such as fish and bees. (Paragraph 3)
The underlined word has the same meaning as the word ..
a. apply
c. influence
.e. react
b. resist
d. cure
15. Pesticides are commonly used, but this may cause many problems. (paragraph 1)
The antonym of the underlined word is ..
a. rarely
c. strangely
e. densely

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Analytical Exposition
b. widely

d. reluctantly

DRILL 16
This text is for questions 1 to 4.
To improve comfort and cleanliness at our school, a number of dustbins should be increased. When
we look at classrooms, school corridors and school yard, there are papers, mineral water cups, straws
and napkins here and there. The condition of uncleanliness and discomfort really hinders learning and
teaching environment. Litters thrown carelessly cause disease, especially empty plastic cups or glasses.
They can be filled out with water coming from the rain. This can be places for dengue mosquitoes to
spread out. Besides, this rubbish can deteriorate the scene. Well-painted wall and green school yard do
not mean anything if litters are scattered everywhere.
I notice that most of the students in our school have responsibilities for their school environment.
They put their litters on the proper places. But some are not diligent enough to find the dustbins. The
number of dustbins in our school is not enough. Most dustbins should be put beside each of steps,
outside the classrooms and some more along the corridors. Probably one dustbin should be in every ten
meters. When students want to throw away their litters, they can find the dustbins easily.
When school is equipped with sufficient dustbins, we do not have problems of filth and discomfort
anymore. Our school will be very clean and become a nice place to study.
1.
2.
3.

4.

The writer's intention of writing the text above is to ... readers to do something good.
a. inform
c. describe
e. persuade
b. entertain
d. explain
According to the writer, more dustbins ... in every ten meters.
a. should be decorated
c. are unnecessary
e. should be placed
b. should be painted
d. are not required
What is the writer's argument on a sufficient number of dustbins?
a. They can prevent litters.
d. They make school environment neat.
b. They can save janitor's energy.
e. Students can throw garbage away easily.
c. Students are asked to clean them.
What is the writer's suggestion?
a. To buy more dustbins
d. To ask parents to give more dustbins
b. To hire more gardeners
e. To ask students to clean the school yard
c. To use dustbins efficiently

This text is for questions 5 to 10.


Reading for Pleasure
Reading English for pleasure is not the same as studying English. You do not have to remember
everything, as there is no test on books you read for pleasure; therefore, it is more interesting because
you can choose your own book. Besides the enjoyment you get, reading for pleasure contributes a lot in
learning English. It will help you to read faster, find examples of good writing, learn new words, learn
how speakers of English use the language and learn about the cultures of different people in the world.
The first step to read English for pleasure is to find a good book-one that is interesting and that is
not too difficult to read. You can go to the library and ask the librarian for books that may interest you.
Also, you can browse around in a bookstore and ask the clerk to help you find a good book. Surely, you
can borrow books from friends, but make sure you return them.
If you plan to check out books from a library, following are some tips to help you select books and
find them more easily. Firstly, read the front and back covers of the book and find out whether you
think it is interesting or not. Secondly, check the number of pages of the book. If you happen to be a
beginner, it is better to begin with a short book. Then if you like a book, read one or two pages. Find
out if you can understand it. Finally, which is the most important thing, the books should be interesting
to you.
The next step is to read your book every day. Also, try to read your book very quickly, which is
another way to learn more English. Moreover, if you like your book, tell a friend about it.
In the beginning, you may find it difficult to read in English, but do not give up. Keep on reading,
and after some time you will realize that it is not so difficult after all. Then you will enjoy reading
English. You will be reading English for pleasure.
5.
7.

What is the type of this text?


a. Explanation
c. Procedure
e. Description
b. Exposition
d. Report
What should you do if you happen to be a beginner?
a. Read the book that is affordable to you.
d. Read an interesting book.

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Analytical Exposition
b. Read one or two pages.
e. Read a short book.
c. Find difficult words.
8.
These are the advantages of reading English for pleasure, except ....
a. It helps to read faster.
d. It helps to write a lot of books.
b. It helps to learn about other people or culture.
e. It helps to learn new words.
c. It helps to learn how English speakers use the language.
9.
"It will help you to read faster, ....
(Paragraph 1) The word 'it' refers to ....
a. studying English
c. learning English
.
e. everything
b. reading for pleasure
d. enjoyment
10.
"Also, you can browse around in a bookstore and ask the clerk to help you find a good book."
The word 'clerk' means ....
a. librarian
c. director
e. manager
b. storekeeper
d. owner
This text is for questions 11 to 12.
"Men sana in corpore sano", a healthy body makes a sound mind. More and more people nowadays
are aware of the truth behind this maxim. As a result, they make sports an integral part of their lives.
Some people participate in sports to release energy and tension, while others do it to make friends.
Sports, such as soccer, basketball or boxing, have become an acceptable way to release energy and
aggression. Other sports like golf, mountain climbing, dancing or bowling can be a means of starting or
consolidating friendships. Most sports offer a constructive escape from the pressures of the everyday
life. In fact, you can change your life if you take up and keep up an activity suited to your character,
abilities and lifestyle.
It is important to realize that no matter what kind of exercise you do, you can be sure that it's
always good for your health and that it's fun.
11.

Based on the text above, people do sports ....


a. to change their lives
d. as part of their lives
b. as their hobby
e. to stay well-shaped
c. to strengthen the pressure of life

12.

"Most sports offer a constructive escape from the pressure of the everyday life." (Paragraph 1)
The phrase 'escape from' can be replaced by ....
a. hiding from
c. avoidance of
e. turning off
b. joining to
d. changing from

This text is for questions 12 to 15.


Solar energy is one great alternative for future energy source. It is environmentally friendly, thus
make it an excellent energy sources.
According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the sunlight which reaches
the earth surface every year produces approximately 1,000 times the amount of energy produced by
burning all fossil fuels mined and extracted during the same time period.
As with most renewable energy system, the initial cost of setting up these solar energy projects is
quite expensive. However, the savings on electricity bills in the longterm should make up for this and
year after year, the costs of this solar energy are falling which will make it more affordable and
widespread.
Solar energy will also be powering some 70,000 homes and several hundred businesses in Britain
soon after the government announced a 10 million investment into photovoltaic (PV) technologies
over the next three years.
Photovoltaic cells provide an unlimited supply of free power by converting the sunlight into
electricity using modern semiiconductors. Vast arrays of these cells will be placed on roofs and walls
around the country to provide buildings with a renewable source of energy for lighting, heating and
storage.
Street lighting and traffic signals can also benefit from this power supply. Further, it reduces our
dependence on fossil fuels and nuclear energy.
13.

The first paragraph discusses ....


solar energy for future source of energy
how to convert sunlight into electricity
the amount of energy produced by sunlight
the cost of setting up solar energy projects
the use of modem semiconductors to produce electricity
14.
From the text we know that solar energy ....
a. does not harm environment
c. is not efficient
b. is not a good energy source
d. is expensive
15.
Using solar energy will reduce our expenditure on ....
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

e. cannot be renewed

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Analytical Exposition

a. heating
b.

lightning
traffic signals

c. electricity bills
d. converting the sunlight

e. street