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30 kg/cm2

50 T/M2
8.619
2.519
4.019

30.48

qc =
qc =
b=
L=
DF =
CWQ =
CWY =
ELASTIC
qmax =
qmax =

P
Mx
ey
L/6

qc B/40 Cwq Df/B +Cwgamma


30 kg/cm2
2 M
3.5
1.5 M
1
0.5

P/BL (1 + 6e/L)
e<=L/6
2P/(3B (L/2 -e))
L/6 < e <= L / 2
958.374
65.9643
0.0688293923
0.583

=
27.870912 tsf
200 CM
150 CM

153.06509388 kN/m2

kN
kN.m
m
m

603.469 KN/M2

QALL

201.156 KN/M2

2.139
3.639

Shallow Foundation Calculation

1. Data
Gr. Surface Elevation

: 8.239

Design. Elevation

: 6.100

1 ft

: Depth from ground surface

Df

: Foundation depth from design elevation

qt

: conus penetration from CPT soil test

q avg

: average of conus penetration on depth B of foundation

D (m)

Df (m)

qt (kg/cm2)

qavg (kg/cm2)

2.14

0.00

45.00

45.00

2.64

0.50

75.00

42.14

3.14

1.00

75.00

35.71

3.64

1.50

30.00

29.17

4.14

2.00

25.00

28.33

4.64

2.50

25.00

29.00

5.14

3.00

30.00

30.00

5.64

3.50

35.00

30.00

6.14

4.00

30.00

27.50

6.64

4.50

25.00

25.00

Ultimate bearing stress of soil

q =

Allowable bearing stress of soil

qc B/40((Cwq Df/B) +Cw ) =

q all=

Average conus value

30.48 cm

q / Sf

q avg =

29.17

Foundation width

b=

2.50

Foundation length

L=

2.50

Column spacing

s=

6.00

Foundation thickness

t=

0.45

Df =

1.50

Cwq =

1.00

Cw =

0.50

Lx/6 =

0.42

Ly/6 =

0.42

L/2 =

1.25

Foundation depth
Water table correction factor

Excentricity limit

Upper structure reaction


Case

P (kN)

Mx (kN.m)

My (kN.m)

574

S3S

889.60

62.52

18.63

532

S3S

633.07

-90.12

-26.06

635

S5S

523.46

24.85

91.99

532

C5S

-6.24

12.63

-0.28

Width (m)

Height (m)

Unit weight
(kN/m3)

Sub structure loading


Length (m)

kN/m2

215.13

kN/m2

250

cm

150

cm

kg/cm2

2. Loading data

Joint

645.38

Weight (kN)

Length (m)

Width (m)

Height (m)

Unit weight
(kN/m3)

Weight (kN)

soil

2.50

2.50

1.05

18.00

118.13

foundation

2.50

2.50

0.45

24.00

67.50

Total

185.63

Resume
Vo (kN)

1075.23

818.69

709.08

179.39

Mx (kN.m)

62.52

-90.12

24.85

-0.28

ey (m)

0.06

-0.11

0.04

0.00

My (kN.m)

18.63

-26.06

91.99

-0.28

ex (m)

0.02

-0.03

0.13

0.00

3. Soil bearing stress


Soil stress distribution
q max =

V / (B . L) (1 + 6e / L) =

196.04 kN/m2

q min =

V / (B . L) (1 - 6e / L) =

148.03 kN/m1

if

< Q all =

Safe

e L/6

q max =
if

2 P /(3B (L / 2 -e)) =

240.57 kN/m2

L/6 < e L / 2

Resume
y-dir

Case 1

Case 2

Case 3

Case 4

q max (kN/m2)

196.04

165.60

123.00

28.81

Safe

q min (kN/m2)

148.03

96.38

103.91

28.59

Safe

x-dir

Case 1

Case 2

Case 3

215.13 kN/m2

Case 4

q max (kN/m2)

179.19

141.00

148.78

28.81

Safe

q min (kN/m2)

164.88

120.99

78.13

28.59

Safe

Settlement Control
1. Elastic settlement
Settlement formula :
Si

= qo B (1-2)/ Es / 2

Footing width

b=

2.50

Foundation length

L=

2.50

Foundation dimension ratio ( b/L ) =

m=

1.00

Soil layer thickness

H=

Factors

0.45

= 1 / (ln (((1+ m2) + m) / ( ( 1+ m2) - m ))+ m . ln (( ( 1 + m2 ) +1) / (1 + m) -1))


Middle soil layer

Z=

1.50

Initial void ratio

eo =

0.49

Compression index

Cc =

0.18

Recompression index (1/5 to 1/10 Cc)

Cs =

0.024

s =

17.4

kN/m3

preconsolidation soil pressure

Pp' =

3.09

kg/cm2

Soil elasticity modulus

kN/m2

unit weight soil

Es =

15000

Poissons ratio

0.5

Upper structure reaction

P=

1075.23

kN

Uniform load ( P / (B . L)

qo =

172.04

kN/m2

Si =

0.0048

Si

= qo B (1- )/ Es / 2
2

309

2. Consolidation settlement
Consolidation settlement formula :
Sc =

Cc H

log

1 + eo

Sc =

Cs H

Po' + P

, for normally consolidated soil

Po'

log

1 + eo

Po' + P

, for overconsolidated soil

Po'

Length of area due to add. load

L+Z=

4.00

Width of area due to add. load

b+Z=

4.00

Overburden stress

Po' =

52.20 kN/m2

Stress due to upperstructure reaction

P =

67.20 kN/m2

Po' + P =

119.40 kN/m2

Pp' =

309.00 kN/m2

preconsolidation soil pressure

> Po' + P, Over consolidated


Consolidation settlement :
Sc =

Cs H
1 + eo

3. Total Settlement
Total settlement :
St =
St =

Scp + Si
2.22 cm
< 2.5 cm, Safe

log

Po' + P
Po'

0.0174 m

kN/m2

Shear check
Footing width,

b =

2500

mm

Thickness

t =

450

mm

Critical section width

bo =

2500

mm

concrete cover

c =

70

mm

effective depth

d =

370.5

mm

column width

h =

450

mm

column length

L =

450

mm

steel rebar diameter

D =

19

mm

concrete strength

f'c =

25

Mpa

Steel yield strength

fy =

390

Mpa

Strength reduxtion factor

0.75

Maximum Axial force

Pu =

889.60

40

width to length ratio of column

Flexural steel diameter

D =

13

kN

mm

1. One way Shear

a.

Vc = 0,33 f'c bo d

1146.23 kN

>

889.60 kN

b.

Vc = 0,17 (1 + 2/ ) f'c bo d

1771.45 kN

>

889.60 kN

c.

Vc = 0,083 ( d / b +2 ) f'c bo d

2285.61 kN

>

889.60 kN
Safe

2. Two way Shear


Effefctive width of shear resisting area

Bo = ((b + d) + ( h + d)) x 2

3282 mm

a.

Vc = 0,33 f'c bo d

1504.78 kN

>

889.60 kN

b.

Vc = 0,17 (1 + 2/ ) f'c bo d

2325.56 kN

>

889.60 kN

c.

Vc = 0,083 ( d / b +2 ) f'c bo d

3000.54 kN

>

889.60 kN
Safe

Reinforcement

1. Flexural reinforcement
Uniform load ( P / (B . L)

qu =

172.04

kN/m2

Ultimate moment

Mu =

101.16

kN.m

Min. steel ratio

min =

0.0018

m=

fy / (0.85 f'c)

m=

18.35

Rn =

(Mn / (b d )

Rn =

0.37

Required steel ratio,

0.00095

Required steel area,

Ast =

1667.25

Use

D13 -

200

Steel area,

Ast =

1659.15

mm2

D=

19

mm

ld =

fy

t e s

mm2

2. Development Length
Pedestal bar diameter
Development Length

for simplicity (cb + Ktr)/db taken as 2.5

1.1 f'c
ld =
t, e, s =
=

Development Length

Use Ld =

539

(cb + Ktr)/db
mm

1
1
550

mm