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he Indian Institutes of Technology Joint Entrance Examination (IIT-JEE) was an annual

engineering college entrance examination in India. It was used as the sole admission test by the
16 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and Indian School of Mines Dhanbad (to be converted into
IIT).[1] The examination was organised each year by one of the various IITs, on a round robin rotation
pattern. It had a very low admission rate (about 10,000 in 500,000 in 2011), and was thus
recognised as one of the toughest examinations in the world.
In 2013 it was replaced by the two-phase Joint Entrance Examination.[2]
Contents
[hide]

1History

2Seats

3Toppers

4Criticism

5See also

6References

7External links

History[edit]
The first IIT, IIT Kharagpur, started in 1951. In the initial few years (1951-1954) students were
admitted on the basis of their academic results followed by an Interview in several Centers across
the country. From 1955-1959 admission was via an all India examination held only for IIT Kharagpur
(other IITs had not started by then). Branches were allotted through Interviews/counselling held at
Kharagpur.[citation needed]
The common IIT-JEE was conducted for the first time in 1960,[3][4] when it had four subjects including
an English language paper. The examination since evolved considerably from its initial pattern. The
IIT-JEE was initially called the Common Entrance Exam (CEE); its creation coincided with that of the
1961 IIT Act.[5]
In 1997, the IIT-JEE was conducted twice after the question paper was leaked in some centers.
Between 2000 and 2005, an additional screening test was used alongside the main examination,
intended to reduce pressure on the main examination by allowing only about 20,000 top candidates
to sit the paper, out of more than 450,000 applicants.

In September 2005, an analysis group of directors of all the IITs announced major reforms to the
examination. These were implemented from 2006 onwards. The revised test consisted of a single
objective test, replacing the earlier two-test system. In order to be eligible for the main examination,
candidates in the general category had to secure a minimum of 60% aggregated marks in the
qualifying examination of the XIIth standard organized by various educational boards of India, while
candidates belonging to Scheduled Caste (SC), Scheduled Tribe (ST) and Physically Disabled (PD)
categories must secure a minimum of 55%.
In 2008, the Director and the Dean of IIT Madras called for revisions to the examination, arguing that
the coaching institutes were "enabling many among the less-than-best students to crack the test and
keeping girls from qualifying". They expressed concern that the present system did not allow for
applicants' 12 years of schooling to have a bearing on admissions into IITs. [6]
In 2008, the Indian Institutes of Technology, for the first time, went overseas with their entrance
examination as they set up a centre for the competitive test inDubai.[7] The number of candidates
appearing in Dubai hovered around 200 to 220. [8]

Seats[edit]
The number of students taking the examination increased substantially each year with over 485,000
sitting IIT-JEE 2011. This represented an increase of 30,000 students (6.5%) from 2010. [9]
The availability of seats in recent years is as shown below:

Institute

IIT (BHU)
Varanasi

Intake

Intake

Intake

Intake

Intake

Intake

Intake

(2003)

(2007)

(2008)

(2009)

(2010)

(2011)[10]

(2012)[11]

568

686

IIT
Bhubaneshwar

766

881

1057

1057

1057

120

120

120

120

120

IIT Bombay

600

574

648

746

880

880

880

IIT Delhi

552

553

626

721

851

851

851

IIT
Gandhinagar

IIT Guwahati

350

365

IIT Hyderabad

120

120

120

120

120

435

498

588

615

615

120

120

120

140

140

120

120

120

120

IIT Indore

IIT Kanpur

456

541

608

702

827

827

827

IIT Kharagpur

659

874

988

1138

1341

1341

1370

IIT Madras

554

540

612

713

838

838

838

120

120

120

120

IIT Mandi

IIT Patna

120

120

120

120

120

IIT Rajasthan

120

120

120

160

160

884

1013

1155

1155

1155

120

120

120

120

120

705

923

1012

1034

1034

IIT Roorkee

546

746

IIT Ropar

IIT-ISM
Dhanbad

444

658

Total

4583

5537

6992

8295

Attendance

9509

9618

9647

455,000

485,000[9]

512,000

From 2008, six new IITs were opened with 120 seats each, increasing the total number of seats to
almost 7000. For 2009, admissions were made to two more IITs, namely IIT Indore and IIT Mandi
(Himachal Pradesh) taking the seat count to almost 8300. In 2011, with additional courses in several
old and new IITs, the total seat count crossed 9600.

Toppers[edit]
This is a list of students who received the top score on the JEE exam each year.[12]

Year

201
5

201
4

Name of Student

Obtained

Place

Chitraang Murdia

334/360

Rajasthan

Computer Science/IIT Bombay

332/360

Hyderabad

Computer Science/IIT Bombay

Saisandeep Reddy

Arpit Aggarwal

385/401

2011 Immadi Prudhvi Tej 440/480

201

Madhya

Joining Course/Institute

469/504

Pallerla

Resident

Satwat Jagwani

201

201

Marks

Anumula Jithendar

418/489

Pradesh

Faridabad,
Haryana

Dwaraka
Tirumala

Warangal

Computer Science/IIT Bombay

Computer Science/IIT Delhi

Electrical Engineering/IIT Bombay

Electrical Engineering/IIT Bombay

Reddy

200
9

200
8

200
7

200
6

Nitin Jain

424/480

Shitikant

433/476

Achin Bansal

429/486

Raghu Mahajan

508/540

Faridabad,
Haryana

Computer Science/IIT Delhi

Patna, Bihar

Computer Science/IIT Kanpur

Kotkapura,

Computer Science/IIT Bombay/works

Punjab

at Morgan Stanley

Chandigarh

Computer Science/IIT Delhi/MIT


Physics/Cambridge

Criticism[edit]
In 2012, Super 30 founder and mathematician Anand Kumar criticised the New Admission Norms,
saying that the decision of the IIT Council to give chance to students having top 20% from various
boards in the class 12 examinations, was a decision in haste. "This is one decision that will go
against the poor, who don't have the opportunity to study in elite schools," he added. [13]
IIT-JEE was conducted only in English and Hindi, which was criticised as making it harder for
students where regional languages,
like Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Urdu,Oriya, Bengali, Marathi, Assamese or Gujarati, are more
prominent. In September 2011, the Gujarat High Court acted on a Public Interest Litigation by
the Gujarati Sahitya Parishad, demanding the exams be conducted in Gujarati.[14] A second petition
was made in October by Navsari's Sayaji Vaibhav Sarvajanik Pustakalaya Trust. [15] Another petition
was made at the Madras High Court for conducting the exam in Tamil. In the petition it was claimed
that not conducting the exam in the regional languages is in violation of article 14 of the Constitution
of India. PMK, a political party in Tamil Nadu held a demonstration at Chennai for conducting IIT-JEE
and other national entrance exams in regional languages also, particularly Tamil in Tamil Nadu.
[16]

Pattali Makkal Katchi party has filed Public Interest Litigation in Madras High Court for conducting

IIT JEE entrance exam in Tamil also. They submitted that every year 7.63 lakh students were
completing 12th standard in Tamil Nadu, 75% of them from Tamil Medium. They had to take the
entrance exam in English or Hindi, neither of which was their medium of instruction nor their mother

tongue, and so were denied their fundamental right to take up the entrance exam in their medium of
instruction, based on their mother tongue.[17][18]Shiv Sena urged MHRD to conduct IITJEE and other
national undergraduate entrance exams in regional languages, particularly Marathi language in
Maharashtra.[19]