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Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

A class division : Khu vc kt cu (chng chy) cp A


A.C generator : My pht xoay chiu
Abaft : Pha sau, pha ui tu
ABS (American Bureau of Shipping) : ng kim M
Abjorb : Hp th, ht
Abient temperature : Nhit mi trng xung quanh
Abnormal : Khc thng, bt thng
Abnormality : (S) khc thng/ ngo-i l
Above-mentioned : nu trn, ni trn
Abrasion : (S) mi mn, ch b mn, tnh mn
Abrasion resistance : (S) chu mi mn, tnh chng mn
Abrasion test : Th mi mn
Abrupt change : (S) thay i t ngt
Abscissa : Honh
~ of centre gravity : Honh trng tm tu
~ of centre of waterline : Honh trng tm din tch ng nc
Absence : (S) vng mt, (s) thiu
Absolute equilibrium pressure of saturated vapour : p sut cn bng tuyt i ca hi bo
ha
Absolute pressure : p sut tuyt i
Absolute temperature : Nhit tuyt i
Absolute vapour pressure : p sut hi tuyt i
Absorbab heat energy : Nng lng nhit hp th
Absorbed energy : Nng lng hp th
Absorption : (S) hp th
Acceleration : Gia tc, (s) tng tc
Acceleration of gravity : Gia tc trng trng
Accelerator : my gia tc (cc h-t tch in), cht xc tc
Acceptable : Chp nhn c, c th chp nhn c
Acceptance inspection : (S) kim tra chp nhn
Access : (S) tip cn/truy cp; Li i vo, li i ti
Access door : Np (l) quan st
Access ladder : Cu thang ln xung
3

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Access ladder : Thang leo vo, thang dn ti


Access manhole : L ngi chui vo
Access means : Phng tin tip cn, phng tin dn ti
Access opening : L chui vo, l dn ti
Access trunk : ng hm/ ging chui vo ; Li kn i vo, li dn ti
Accessibility : Kh nng ti c/ vo c/ tip cn c
Accessible : C th n c/ ti c/ tip cn c
Accessible position : V tr c th ti c/ tip cn c
Accessories : ph tng, vt thm vo, ph kin
Accessory : Ph tng, ph kin ; Ph tr
Accessory arrangement plan : Bn v/ s b tr cc ph tng
Accessory layout plan : Bn v b tr/ lp t cc ph tng
Accessory line : ng ng ph
Accident prevention : phng tai n-n
Accident signal means : Phng tin tn hiu bo tai n-n
Accidental : Ngu nhin, bt thng, v
Accidental escape : Thot s c
Accommodation ladder : Cu thang phng , cu thang khu vc sinh ho-t
Accommodation space : Phng , khu vc sinh ho-t
Accumulate, to : Tch ly, tch t, cht ng, tip tc tng
Accumulation : (S) tch ly, tch t, cht ng, tip tc tng
Accumulation- test : (S) th kh nng tch t hi
Accumulator : c qui, thanh ghi trong my tnh
Accumulator battery : c qui, t c qui
Accuracy : chnh xc, (s) chnh xc
Acid batterie : c quy axt
Acid steel : Thp chu a xt
Acidic : Mang tnh a xt
Acidproof : Chu a xt, chng a xt
Acidproof coating : Lp ph chu a xt, lp ph chng a xt
Acidproof paint : Sn chu a xt, sn chng a xt
Acidproof painting : Sn chu a xt ; (S) sn chu/ chng a xt
Acknowlegement : (S) xc nhn
Acoustic Insulation : (S) cch m
Acquisition : (S) thu nhn
Acting point : im tc dng
4

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Action : Hnh ng, tc dng


Actual condition : iu kin thc t, tr-ng thi thc t
Actual status : Nguyn tr-ng, tnh tr-ng thc t
Actual thickness : Chiu dy thc, chiu dy hin t-i
Actuating device : C cu khi ng, thit b khi ng, c cu thc hin
Actuator : C cu dn ng/ tc ng
Adapter : B i in mt chiu, b nn in; u ni, khp ni
Adaption : (S) lm thch ng
Added weight : Trng lng b sung
Additional character : K hiu b sung
Additional heating : Gia nhit b sung
Additional requiriment : Yu cu/ qui nh b sung
Additional stress : ng sut b sung
Additional test : Th nghim b sung, cuc th b sung
Additional water pressure : p lc nc b sung
Additive : Cht ph gia
Addtional safeguard : Thit b bo v ph tr
Adequacy : (S) thch ng/ y
Adequate : Thch ng, y
Adequately : Mt cch thch ng/ y , mt cch tng xng
Adhere to the law of nature, to : Theo qui lut t nhin
Adhere to the rules, to : Theo cc qui tc
Adhere to, to : Dnh cht vo ; Tun th, theo
Adhesion : (S) dnh, keo
Adhesion : Tnh kt dnh, cht kt dnh
Adhesive : Dnh
Adjacent : K, nm c-nh
Adjacent space : Khng gian bn c-nh, khng gian lin k
Adjoining : (S) gn vi
Adjoining space : Khng gian lin k
Adjust, to : iu chnh, chnh
Adjustable range of time : Khong thi gian c th iu chnh c, di thi gian iu chnh
Adjusted pressure : p sut c iu chnh
Adjusting piece : Tm (cn) iu chnh
Adjustment : (S) iu chnh
Administer a medicine, to : Pht thuc
5

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Administer, to : Qun l cng vic, ban pht


Administration : (S) qun l ; Chnh quyn, chnh quyn nh nc
Administrative Committee : y ban hnh chnh
Admiralty : Thuc v hi qun
~ anchor : Neo hi qun
~ constant or ~ coefficent : H s hi qun (khi tnh gn ng lc cn ca tu)
Admission : (S) tha nhn, thu nhn
Admitted : c tha nhn, c thu nhn
Adopt, to : Chp nhn, thng qua
Adoption : (S) chp nhn, thng qua
Advance : (S) tin b, tin ln
Advancement : (S) thc y, tin b
Aerial : ng ten
Aerial converting equipment : Thit b chuyn m-ch ng ten
Aerosol particle : Phn t kh bay hi
Affected zone : Vng b nh hng
Affix, to : Gn vo, ng cht vo
Affloat : Ni, tri ni
Afloat : tr-ng thi ni
Afore-mentioned : Nu trn, a ra trn, cp trn
Aft escape hatch : Ca thot s c ui tu
Aft heavy : Qu ti pha ui
Aft region : Vng ui (tu c gia cng i bng)
Aft wall : Vch sau (ca lu)
Aft(er) draught : Chiu chm/ mn nc ui (tu)
Aft(er) end : Phn ui
Aft(er) end bulkhead : Vch (mt) ui
Aft(er) half-length : Chiu di na pha sau
Aft(er) perpendicular : ng vung gc ui
Aft(er)-peak (water) tank : Kt (nc) khoang ui
Aft(er)-peak bulkhead : Vch khoang ui
After (aft) peak : Khoang ui
After bottom block : Phn o-n y vng ui
After construction : Kt cu vng ui, kt cu pha sau
After peak : Khoang ui
After peak bulkhead : Vch ui
6

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

After perpendicular (AP) : ng vung gc ui


After side : M-n ui tu
After wall : Vch ngn/ tng pha sau (ui)
After-body : Thn sau
Aftermost : Gn ui tu nht
Ag(e)ing : (S) ha gi
Ag(e)ing effect : Hu qu ca ha gi
Ag(e)ing in air bomb : (S) ha gi trong bnh hi
Ag(e)ing in air oven : (S) ha gi trong l hp
Ag(e)ing in oxygen bomb : (S) ha gi trong bnh xi
Age : Tui
Age of ship : Tui tu
Age-hardening : (S) tng cng theo thi gian (theo tui)
Ageing : Tnh lo ha, (s) ha gi
Aggreement : Tha thun, tha c, s ng
Aggregate capacity : Sn lng (cng sut) t my
Aggregated sectional area : Tit din hp nht
Ahead shaft horsepower : Cng sut trn trc khi ch-y tin
Ahead turbine : Tua bin pha trc
Ahead-astern test : Th tin-li
Air : Khng kh
Air : Kh, khng kh ; Compressed ~ : Kh nn
Air and drainage holes: L thot nc v kh
Air bottle : Bnh kh nn, chai gi
Air bubble : Bt kh (x phng)
Air chamber : Bung kh, khoang kh
Air charging valve : Van n-p kh
Air circuit breaker : B ngt m-ch kiu kh, b ngt m-ch h
Air compressor : My nn kh
Air conditioning machinery : iu ha khng kh
Air cooler : Thit b lm l-nh khng kh
Air cushion : m kh
Air cushion vehicle : Tu m kh
Air duct : ng/ knh dn kh (thng gi)
Air foam nozzle : u phun hn hp bt-khng kh
Air heater : Bu hm khng kh
7

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Air hole : L thng hi


Air hole : L thot kh
Air inlet : ng dn kh vo
Air inlet valve : Vanht/ xu pp n-p, van dn kh vo
Air inlet : L ht khng kh vo
Air intake : Ca n-p kh, ca ht kh vo,ng n-p khng kh
Air leakage rate : T l r kh
Air lock : Kha (nt) kh
Air lock compartment : Ngn kn kh
Air passage : (S) chuyn tr-ng thi kh
Air (eascape) pipe : ng thot kh
Air pollution : nhim khng kh
Air pollution hazard : Lm (gy) nhim khng kh
Air port : Sn bay
Air preheater : Thit b hm nng s b khng kh
Air pressure : p sut khng kh
Air receiver : Bnh cha kh
Air reservoir : Bnh cha khng kh nn, chai gi
Air seal : Kha kh
Air search radar : Rada khng lu
Air stagnation : (S) ng kh, (s) tc nghn kh
Air stratification: (S) phn tng kh
Air stream : Lung kh
Air supply source : Ngun cung cp kh
Air tank : Bnh cha kh
Air test : (Cuc) th kn kh
Air tight test : Th kn kh
Air-conditioner : My iu ha khng kh
Air-conditioning : S iu ha khng kh
Air-conditioning machinery : My iu ha khng kh
Air-cooled : Lm mt bng khng kh
Air-cooled rectifier : B chnh lu lm mt bng khng kh
Air-cooled type : Kiu lm mt bng khng kh
Air-cooler : Sinh hn kh
Air-cooler coil : ng ng cun ca sinh hn kh
Air-cooling installation : Thit b lm mt bng kh
8

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Air-driven type : Kiu dn ng bng kh


Air-lock : Kha khng kh (theo kt cu bung cch li hai lp ca), lp chn kiu kh, ngn
m kn kh
Air-pressure test : (Cuc) th p lc kh
Airtight : (S) kn kh
Airtight bulkhead : Vch kn kh
Airtight door : Ca kn kh
Airtight packing : Jong kn kh
Airtight test : (Cuc) th kn kh
Airtightness : Kn kh
Alarm : (S) bo ng; Thit b bo ng,
Alarm bell : Chung bo ng
Alarm circuit : M-ch bo ng
Alarm device : Thit b bo ng, c cu bo ng
Alarm lamp : n bo ng
Alarm system : H thng bo ng
Alcohol : Ru, cn
Alert navogator : S quan cnh gii (hng hi)
Alignment : (S) nh tm, ng tm (h trc)
Alignment of bearing : nh tm
Alignment of joint : thng ca mi ni
Alkali : Cht kim (Baz)
Alkaline (storage) battery : c qui kim
Alkaline : Kim
Alkaline accumulator battery : c qui kim
Alkaline batterie : c qui kim
All conceivable condition : Tt c cc tr-ng thi c th c c
All purpose dredger : Tu n-o vt v-n nng/ tu quc v-n nng
All water screening system : H thng mn nc
Alleyway : Li i, hnh lang
Allowable angle : Gc cho php
Allowable axial compressive stress : ng sut nn dc trc cho php
Allowable buckling stress : ng sut un dc cho php
Allowable compressive stress : ng sut nn cho php
Allowable current : Dng in cho php
Allowable maximum radius : Bn knh ln nht cho php
9

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Allowable pressure : p sut cho php


Allowable stress : ng sut cho php
Allowable tangential load : Ti trng tip tuyn cho php
Allowable tank filling limit : Gii h-n n-p y kt cho php
Allowable temperature : Nhit cho php
Allowable temperature for conductor : Nhit cho php ca dy dn in
Allowable value : Tr s cho php
Allowable working load : Ti trng lm vic cho php
Allowance : Lng d tr, lng cho php ; Corrosion ~ : Lng d tr n mn
Alloy : Hp kim
Alloy coating : Lp ph hp kim
Alloy lead : Ch hp kim
Alloy(ed) steel : Thp hp kim
Alloy(ed) steel pipe : ng thp hp kim
Alteration : (S) hon ci, (s) bin i, (s) thay th ; Xoay chiu
Alterative means : Phng tin thay i nhau, phng tin thay th tng ng
Alterative measures : Bin php thay i nhau, bin php thay th tng ng
Alternately : Lun phin, xen k, so le
Alternating current : Dng in xoay chiu
Alternating current circuit : M-ch in xoay chiu
Alternating current generator : My pht in xoay chiu
Alternating current machine : My in xoay chiu
Alternating current power equipment : Thit b cng sut dng dng in xoay chiu
Alternating current testing : (S) th dng in xoay chiu
Alternative source of power : Ngun nng lng d phng (lun phin)
Alternative steering position : V tr li d phng (lun phin)
Alternator : My pht in xoay chiu
Aluminium ; aluminum : Nhm
Aluminium alloy : Hp kim nhm
Aluminium alloy casting : Vt c hp kim nhm
Aluminium alloy plate : Hp kim nhm tm/ tm hp kim nhm
Aluminium treated fine-grained steel : Thp thm nhm h-t mn
Aluminium treatment : Nhit luyn nhm
Ambient condition : iu kin bin mi trng
Amend, to : B sung, sa i
Amendment : (S) b sung, sa i
10

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Amendment : (S) sa i, (s) b sung


Amenity : (S) trong lnh (ca mi trng), (s) d chu
Amines : Amin
Ammeter : Ampe k
Ammonia solution : Dung dch amnic
Amount of deformation : Lng bin d-ng
Amount of dislocation : Lng x dch (v tr)
Ampere - hour meter : Thit b o ampe gi, am pe k, cng t mt
Amplifier : Ci ampli, my khuych -i (m thanh/ tn hiu)
Amplitude : Bin (dao ng)
Amplitude of roll : Bin lc ngang, bin trng trnh
Analysis : (S) phn tch, tnh ton
Fatigue ~ : Tnh ton mi
Analytical tool : Dng c phn tch, thit b phn tch
Anchor : (Ci) neo
Anchor arm : Cnh neo
Anchor cable : Xch neo, ln
Anchor crown : u neo
Anchor davit : Cu neo
Anchor fluke : M neo
Anchor handling appliances : Thit b ko/ nng neo
Anchor heaving : (S) ko neo
Anchor housing : Hc neo
Anchor ring : Vng neo
Anchor shackle : Ma n neo
Anchor shaft : Trc neo
Anchor shank : Thn neo
Anchor stock : Cn neo, thanh ngng ca neo
Anchor, to : Neo, cm neo, th neo
Anchorage : (S) neo
Anchoring : (Vic) neo
Anemometer : Dng c o sc gi, phong tc k, my o gi
Anemoscope : Kh c ch hng gi, phong nghim
Angle : Gc, gc ; Thp gc
Herical ~ : Gc xon
~ of teeth : Gc rng
11

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Helix ~ : Gc xon
Pressure ~ of teeth : Gc p lc rng
Rake ~ : Gc nghing (ky tu)
Pitch ~ : Gc bc
Rudder ~ : Gc b li
Angle clip : Np sng hng
Angle of bend : Gc un
Angle of bending : Gc un cong
Angle of encounter : Gc gp, gc chp
Angle of entrance : Gc vo nc (pha trc ng nc)
Angle of flooding : Gc vo nc
Angle of heel/ heeling angle : Gc nghing
Angle of immersion : Gc nhng nc
Angle of inclination : Gc nghing
Angle of inclination indicator : My o gc nghing
Angle of lag : Gc tr
Angle of lead : Gc dn hng
Angle of obliquity (of action) : Gc xin
Angle of repose : Gc dng, gc ngh
Angle of roll : Gc chng chnh ngang
Angle of trim : Gc chi
Angle of twist : Gc xon/ vn
Angle of vanish : Gc ln, gc (ca th n nh)
Angle steel : Thp gc
Angular acceleration : Gia tc gc
Angular deflection : lch gc
Angular velocity : Vn tc gc
Anhydrous ammonia : Amnic khan
Aniline : Anilin (ha cht lm thuc nhum)
Anneal, to :
Annealed copper wire : Dy ng c
Annealing : (S)
Anniversary date : Ngy n nh kim tra hng nm
Annual survey : Kim tra hng nm
Annular construction : Kt cu vng/ khung kn
Annular space : Khng gian hnh vng
12

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Annular space around funnel : ng khi c tit din hnh vng


Annunciator : My bo hiu, dng c ch bo
Annunciator lamp : n bo hiu
Anode : A nt, cc dng
Anode treated coating : Lp ph bo v dng cc
Anodic protection : (S) bo v dng cc/ bo v a nt
Antenna : ng ten
Anti - corrosion device : Thit b chng n mn
Anti - flotation arrangement : Thit b chng tri d-t
Anti - vulcanizing : Chng lu ha
Anti rolling system : H thng lm gim chng chnh (lc ngang)
Anticorrosive treatment : (S) x l chng n mn
Anticorrosive treatment : X l chng g
Antidote : Thuc gii c
Antifreeze : Cht h- thp im ng bng ca nc
Antiknock compound : Hp cht chng kch n
Antimony : ng ti moan (kim lo-i)
Anti-slip : Chng trt
Anvil : Ci e
Apart from : Ngoi ra
Aperture : K h
Apparatus : My mc, thit b
Appearance : V ngoi, mt ngoi, s xut hin
Appearance : Hnh d-ng bn ngoi
Appliance : Thit b, phng tin ; Closing ~ : Thit b ng
Applicable provision : iu khon p dng
Application : Ph-m vi p dng, (s) p dng ; n yu cu, n xin, n ngh
Application factor : Yu t p dng
Application for classification and survey : n ngh kim tra v phn cp tu
Application for examination : n ngh kim tra
Application for issue of the convention certificate : n yu cu cp giy chng nhn theo
cng c
Application for re-issue of the convention certificate : n yu cu cp l-i giy chng nhn
theo cng c
Application for rewriting of the convention certificate : n yu cu vit l-i giy chng
nhn theo cng c
Application for survey : n yu cu kim tra
13

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Applied load : Ti trng c s dng, ti trng tc dng


Appropriate : Thch hp, ph hp
Appropriate arrangement : Trang b thch hp, b tr ph hp
Appropriate loaded condition : iu kin ti trng thch hp
Appropriately : Mt cch thch hp/ ph hp
Approval : (S) duyt, xt duyt, chp nhn, cng nhn
Approval number : S duyt
Approval test : (Cuc) th cng nhn
Approval test of welding method : (Cuc) th cng nhn phng php hn
Approval tests for welding procedure : Th cng nhn quy trnh hn
Approved electrode : Que hn in c cng nhn
Approved product : Sn phm c cng nhn
Approved type : Kiu c cng nhn
Approved working pressure : p sut lm vic c cng nhn
Approved works : C s (sn xut)/ nh my c cng nhn
Apron : Tm chn, che, (tm g cong gn bn trong sng mi tu g)
Arc : H quang, cung
Arc chute : ng trt hnh vng cung
Arc energy : Nng lng h quang
Arc welding : Hn h quang
Arcing : (S) pht h quang
Arcing contact piece : Mu tip xc h quang, ming ly la hn h quang
Area : Din tch, min, vng, ph-m vi
Developed ~ : Din tch khai trin
Contact ~ : Din tch tip xc
Area of navigation : Vng ho-t ng
Arithmetic(al) mean : Gi tr trung bnh s hc
Arm : Cnh tay, nhnh cy, tay n
Righting ~ : Tay n phc hi
Arm of bracket : C-nh lin kt ca m
Arm of dinamical stability : Cnh tay n n nh ng
Arm of statical stability : Cnh tay n n nh tnh
Arm of windage area : Tay n mt hng gi
Armature : Li st, ct
Armature winding : Cun dy phn ng, cun dy r to
Armour : o gip, v st
14

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Arms of form stability : Cnh tay n n nh hnh dng


Arrange, to : Sp xp, b tr
Arrangement : (S) sp xp, b tr, trang b, thit b, h thng
~ of foundation bolts : B tr bu lng b my
Ignition ~ : Thit b nh la
Override ~ : Thit b xo b tc ng an ton
Drainage ~ : Thit b x nc
Venting ~ : H thng thng gi
By pass ~ : Van ph, thit b ph
Locking ~ : Thit b kha
Positive ~ : Thit b cng bc
Brake ~ : Thit b hm/ chn
Override ~ : Thit b xa b tc ng an ton
Fuel oil filling ~ : Thit b n-p du t
Mooring ~ : Thit b chng buc
Arrangement of crank : (S) b tr cc khuu
Arrangement of fitting for examination : B tr cc thit b kim tra
Arrangement plan : Bn v b tr
Arrangement plan of cable installation : Bn v b tr lp t cp in
Arrangement to resist panting : B tr chng va ( vng mi tu gy ra do hin tng
slamming)
Arrangements of lashing and fixing : Trang b chng buc
Arrangements to resist panting : Gia cng chng va
Arrest, to : Bt gi, ngng
Arrival condition : Tr-ng thi cp bn, v bn
Articulation : Ni bng khp
As a rule : Thng thng
As close thereto as practicable : Kn n mc c th c, gn n mc c th c
As fabricated condition : Nh iu kin c ch t-o
As far as applicable : n mc c th p dng c
As far as possible : n mc c th uc
As far as practicable : n chng mc c th thc hin c/ c th lm c
As necessary : Nu cn, khi cn
As rolled : Khi cn (thp)
Asbestos - PVC : Nha/ cht do aming
Asbestos : Aming, cht chng chy lm t aming
15

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Ascend or descend, to : Ln (thng) hoc h- xung


Ascending : (S) ln/ thng cao
Ascertain, to : Bit chc chn, xc minh, xc nhn
Ash shoot : Mng nghing dn tro
ASME (The American Society of Mechanical Engineers) : Hip hi k s c kh ca M
Ash-chute : Mng x tro
Aspect ratio : H s hng
Assemble : Lp rp, lp ghp
Assembly : (S) lp rp
Sectional ~ : Mt ct lp rp
Assembly drawing : Bn v lp rp (my)
Assigment to : (S) n nh, xc nh
Assigning the freeboard : n nh m-n kh
Assignment : (S) ch nh, phn cng
Assignment of load lines : (S) nh ng nc
Assistance : (S) tr gip
Associate requirement : Yu cu hp nht
Associated installation : Thit b lin quan/ i km
Assume, to : Gi thit, cho rng
Assumed failure : H hng gi nh
Assumed ice pressure : p lc bng gi nh
Assumed temperature : Nhit gi nh
Assumption : (S) gi s, gi thit
Astern gear : C cu (bnh rng) li
Astern power : Cng sut ch-y li
Astern shaft horsepower : Cng sut ch-y li trn trc
Astern speed : Tc li
Astern test : (Cuc) th ch-y li
Astern turbine : Tua bin ch-y li
Asymmetrical : Khng i xng
At an over-pressure : tr-ng thi qu p
At anchor : ang neo, khi neo
At one's option : Theo la chn (ca ai)
At random : Mt cch ngu nhin
At sea : Trn bin
At the discretion : Theo , t la chn
16

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

At the discretion of the surveyor : Theo ca ng kim vin


At the rear : pha sau
Athwardship section : Mt ct ngang thn tu
Athwart direction : Hng ngang
Athwartship : Ngang qua tu
Athwartship direction : Hng ngang tu
Athwartship section : Mt ct ngang tu
Athwartship section modulus : M un chng un mt ct ngang thn tu
Athwartship shore connection : Ni ti b qua tu
Atmosphere : Kh quyn
Atmospheric pressure : p sut kh quyn
Atmospheric temperature : Nhit kh quyn
Atomic powered ship : Tu nng lng nguyn t
Attachment : (S) gn vo, vt gn vo
Attachment for insulation : C nh lp cch ly
Attendance : (S) c mt, tham gia
Attendant : Ngi phc v, ngi tham gia
Attenuation : (S) suy gim
Attenuator : (S) suy gim, cht pha long
Audible : Nghe thy c
Audible alarm : Bo ng bng m thanh
Audible alarm device : Thit b bo ng bng m thanh
Audible signal : Tn hiu m thanh
Audible trouble signal : Tn hiu s c bng m thanh
Austenite : stennit
Austenitic steel : Thp stennit
Authority : C quan quyn lc, chnh quyn hnh chnh
Authorization : (S) y quyn
Authorize, to : y quyn
Automatic alarm system : H thng bo ng t ng
Automatic and remote control : iu khin t ng v t xa
Automatic arc welded pipe : ng c hn h quang t ng
Automatic charging device : Thit b n-p t ng
Automatic circuit breaker : Cu dao ngt m-ch t ng, b ngt m-ch t ng
Automatic closing control : iu khin ng kn t ng
Automatic combustion system : H thng iu khin chy t ng
17

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Automatic control : iu khin t ng


Automatic control device : Thit b iu khin t ng
Automatic control gear : C cu iu khin t ng
Automatic control system : H thng iu khin t ng
Automatic float type : Kiu ni t ng
Automatic float type reading level gauge : Thit b ch bo mc kiu ni t ng
Automatic non-return valve : Van mt chiu t ng
Automatic operation : Vn hnh t ng, thao tc t ng
Automatic radar plotting aid (ARPA) : Thit b t ng v biu s liu ra a
Automatic remote control system : H thng iu khin t ng t xa
Automatic shut-off of filling : (S) ngt t ng khi n-p y
Automatic sprinkler system : H thng phun nc t ng
Automatic starter : B khi ng t ng
Automatic steering : (S) li t ng
Automatic stopping device : Thit b dng t ng
Automatic stopping device at low pressure : Thit b dng t ng khi p sut thp
Automatic synchronizer : Thit b ha ng b ha t ng
Automatic temperature indicator : Thit b ch bo nhit t ng
Automatic temperature recorder : Thit b ghi nhit t ng
Automatic tripping : (S) vt t ng
Automatic type : Kiu t ng
Automatic valve : Van t ng
Automatic voltage regulator : My n p t ng, thit b iu chnh in p t ng
Automatic welding : Hn t ng
Automatically : Mt cch t ng
Automatically controlled valve : Van iu khin t ng
Automation : S t ng ha
Automobile carrier : Tu ch t
Automobile ferry : Ph ch t
Autopassenger ferry : Ph ch t v khch
Auto-pilot : Thit b li t ng
Auto-steerer : Li t ng
Autotransformer : Bin th t ng
Auxiliaries : My ph, thit b ph
Auxiliary : Ph, ph tr
Auxiliary apparatus : Thit b ph, c cu ph
18

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Auxiliary audible alarm system : H thng bo ng m thanh ph


Auxiliary boiler : Ni hi ph
Auxiliary bus bar : Thanh dn ph
Auxiliary circuit : Dng in ph
Auxiliary contact : Cng tc ph
Auxiliary engine : ng c/ my ph
Auxiliary machinery : My ph
Auxiliary machinery seat : B my ph
Auxiliary machinery seat : B my ph
Auxiliary ship : Tu ph tr
Auxiliary steering gear : Thit b li ph, my li ph
Auxiliary tank : Kt ph
Available : C sn
Average : S trung bnh, lng trung bnh, trung bnh
Average absorbed energy : Nng lng hp th trung bnh
Average maximum demand : Lnh cc -i trung bnh
Average value : Tr s trung bnh
Average water level : Mc nc trung bnh
AWS (The American Welding Society) : Hip hi hn ca M
Axial compressive stress : ng sut nn dc trc
Axial direction : Hng dc trc
Axial force : Lc dc trc
Axis : ng tm trc, ng tm
Axis : Trc
Major ~ : Trc di
Minor ~ : Trc ngn
Vertical ~ : Trc thng ng
Axis of rotation : ng tm quay, trc quay
Axle : Trc, trc quay
Axle weight : Ti trng trc

19

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

B class division : Khu vc kt cu (chng chy) cp B


B class panel : Tm (chng chy) cp B
B/O (Bulk/oil) carrier : Tu hng ri/du (tu B/O)
B/O carrier : Tu ch x qung
Back chipping : o mt sau, ty mt sau
Back connection : Ni ngc
Back connection type : Kiu ni ngc
Back flow : Dng ngc
Back plate : Tm (sau), tm chn
Back pressure : p sut ngc, p sut mt sau, p sut phn hi
Back side : Mt sau, pha sau
Back up navigator : Tr l hng hi
Backfire arrester : B hm nh la ngc, tm chn la lan ngc
Backing ring : m vng
Backing strip : m tm
Backlash : Khe h (bnh rng)
Back-up (circuit) breaker : B ngt m-ch d phng
Back-up : D phng, d tr, (s) h tr
Back-up welding : Hn p
Backward : L-c hu, ngc l-i
Backward motion : Chuyn ng ngc
Bad smell : Mi kh chu
Bafflet : Ca ngn
Balance : (S) cn bng
Balance weight : i trng
Balanced girder : Dm i trng, dm cn bng
Balanced load : Ti trng cn bng
Balanced rudder : Bnh li cn bng
Balancer : Thit b cn bng/ b cn bng
Balancing test : (Cuc) th cn bng
Bale cargo : Hng bao gi
Ball bearing : cu, bi
Ball joint : Mi ni cu, khp cu
Ballast : Dn
Ballast coil : Cun dy n ng
Ballast compartment : Khoang dn
20

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Ballast displacement : Lng chim nc tr-ng thi dn


Ballast lamp : n ng
Ballast piping : ng ng nc dn
Ballast piping system : H thng ng ng dn
Ballast pump : Bm dn
Ballast space : Khoang dn
Ballast system : H thng dn
Ballast tank : Kt dn
Ballast tube : ng dn
Ballast water line (BWL) : ng nc dn
Ballast water tank : Kt/ khoang nc dn
Ballast waterline : ng nc ch-y dn
Ballasted condition : Tr-ng thi/ iu kin dn
Ballasted voyage : Ch-y dn, ch-y balat
Ballasting : (S) dn
Balsa : G nh vng nhit i Nam M (dng lm m hnh)
Band : Di
Scatter ~ : Di phn tn
Band brake : Phanh ai
Band steel : Thp l, thp di
Bar stem : Sng mi d-ng thanh (tit din ch nht hoc trn)
Bar thermometer : Nhit k d-ng thanh
Barber shop : Ca hiu ct tc
Barcol's hardness : cng Barcol
Bare conductor : Dy dn khng bc
Bare live-part : Phn khng bc c dng in ch-y qua, b phn trn mang in
Barge : S lan
Barge loading dredger : Tu quc kiu s lan, tu quc c khoang cha t
Barges : S lan
Steel~ : S lan thp
Unmanned~ : S lan khng c ngi iu khin
Special purpose ~ : S lan chuyn dng
Barge-type drilling unit : Phng tin khoan kiu s lan
Barometer : Kh p k, phong v biu
Barred speed range : Vng tc cm/ vng tc cng hng
Barrier : Lp chn, hng ro chn
21

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Base : C s, nn, , y
Base freeboard : M-n kh c s
Base line : ng chun, ng c s, ng c bn
Base load : Ti trng chun, ti trng c s
Base metal : Kim lo-i gc, kim lo-i c bn, kim lo-i c s
Base plate : Tm b, ta
Base structure : Kt cu c bn
Basic design : Thit k c s
Basic line : ng c bn, ng chun
Basic oxygen converter : B bin i xi c bn
Basic property : Tnh cht c bn
Basic requirement : Yu cu c bn
Basic steel : Thp Baz
Basis : C s, nn tng
Basket weave armour : V thp bc kiu li, v bc li thp
Batch test : (Cuc) th theo l/ m sn phm
Bath room : Bung tm
Batten : Vn lt, vn p
Battery : c qui
Battery capacity : Dung lng c qui
Battery room : Bung c qui
Battery tray : Khay c qui
Battery voltage : in p c qui
Beacon light : nh n hiu, nh n mc
Beam : Dm, x, tia sng
Beam : X boong
Longitudinal~ : X dc boong
Transverse ~ : X ngang boong
Hatch end~ : X ngang u ming khoang
Beam bracket : M x
Beam knee : Ke x, khuu x
Beam sea : Chm tia
Beam shelf : Thanh u x
Bearing : , trc, gc phng v
Connecting rod ~ : thanh truyn/ thanh truyn bottom

22

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

End ~ : u di/ b-c lt di


Top end ~ : u trn/ b-c lt trn
Ball ~ : bi
Roller ~ : a
Main ~ : trc chnh
Main thrust ~ : chn chnh
Roller thrust ~ : chn
Shaft bracket ~ : trc trong gi
Stern tube ~ : trong ng bao trc
Thrust ~ : chn
Water-lubricated ~ : c bi trn bng nc
Oil-lubricated ~ : c bi trn bng du
Bearing lining : ng lt trc
Bearing material : Vt liu trc
Bearing part : Phn
Bearing pressure : p lc trn
Bearing surface : B mt
Bearing wear down : mi mn ca ( sp pali)
Beat frequency : Tn s va ch-m, tn s m-ch p
Bedplate : my
Bedplate : Tm mt (b my),
Bell : Chung
Bellmounting : Loe, d-ng ming chung
Bell-mouth : Ming chung
Bellow : ng xp, ng qu-t (thng gi)
Belt : ai, bng, di, bng chuyn
Belt drive : (S) truyn ng bng ai, (s) dn ng bng ai
Belt pulley : Bnh ai
Bench vice : t bn
Bend : Ch un, khuu ng ni
Bend test : Th un
Bending : un cong, (s) un
Bending deformation : Bin d-ng un
Bending moment : M men un
Bending moment curve : Biu m men un
23

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Bending rigidity : cng chng un


Bending strength : bn/ sc bn un
Bending stress : ng sut un
Bending test : (Cuc) th un
Bending test specimen : Mu th un
Bent pipe : ng b un
Bessemer steel : Thp (luyn bng l) Besme
Between poles : Gia cc cc
Between positive and negative poles : Gia cc dng v cc m
Bevel gear : Bnh rng nn, bnh rng cn
Bevelling : (S) ct vt, (s) xn vt
Biennial survey : Kim tra 2 nm 1 ln
Bilge : Hng/ rnh hng ; Nc y tu
Bilge block : k hng, phn o-n hng
Bilge ceiling : Vn lt hng (trong khoang hng ca tu)
Bilge diagram : S ng ht nc y tu
Bilge discharge system : H thng x nc y tu
Bilge distribution chest : Hp van phn phi nc y tu
Bilge drainage : (S) x nc y tu
Bilge filter : B lc nc y tu
Bilge hat : Np hng
Bilge hopper : Hng tu
Bilge hopper tank : Kt hng
Bilge keel : Vy gim lc
Bilge longitudinal : Dm dc hng
Bilge longitudinal frame : Dm dc hng
Bilge pipe : ng ht kh, ng dn nc y tu
Bilge piping : ng ng ht kh
Bilge piping system : H thng ng ht kh, h thng ng dn nc y tu
Bilge pump : Bm nc y tu
Bilge strake : Di tn hng
Bilge suction pipe : ng ht nc y tu
Bilge suction piping : ng ng ht nc y tu
Bilge suction port : L ht nc y tu
Bilge suction pump : Bm ht nc y tu
Bilge suction well : H t nc y tu
24

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Bilge water : Nc y tu
Bilge water arrangement : Thit b nc y tu
Bilge water holding tank : Kt gi nc y tu
Bilge way : ng dn nc y tu
Bilge well : H t nc y tu/ h t nc la canh
Bilged compartment : Khoang cha nc y tu
Billet : Phi
Bilobe : (D-ng) hai vng lng vo nhau, D-ng hai vng khuyn lng vo nhau (Tu kh ha
lng)
Bimetal : Lng kim
Binder : u ni dy, thanh ging, cht lin kt
Binding agent : Cht gn, cht dnh kt
Binding wire : Dy buc, dy chng
Bioaccumulation : (S) tch t, (s) cht ng sinh hc
Bitt : Ct bch
Bituminous : (Thuc) bitum, nha ng
Blade : Cnh (chn vt), li dao, tm, bn
Highlyskewed propeller ~ : Cnh chn vt c nghing ln
Moving ~ : Cnh di ng
Stationary ~ : Cnh c nh
Blade tip : Mt cnh, nh cnh
Blank flange : Bch rng
Blank flanged : c ni bng bch rng
Blank space : Khong trng, khong cha in ch
Blanking cover : Np kha, np ng
Bleeding : (S) chy mu, (s) tho, (s) x
Blend, to : Trn, phi liu
Blending procedure : Qui trnh trn
Blending proportion : T l pha trn
Blending quantity : Lng pha trn
Blind cover : Np chn
Blind flange : Bch chn (bch tt)
Blind sector : Gc khut
Blister steel : Thp xmentit d hn
Block : Khi, con ln/ puli, phn tng o-n (thn tu)
Michell type thrust ~ : chn kiu Michel
25

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Thrust ~ : chn
Block coefficient : H s bo th tch
Block dimension : Kch thc ch yu ln nht
Blockage : (S) chn, (s) kha
Blocked up : B chn
Bloom : Thp cn th
Blow of seas : Gi bin
Blow off system : H thng x
Blow off valve : Van x
Blower : My qu-t gi, qu-t gi
Blower impeller : Cnh qu-t
Blowhole : Bt kh, r kh, l kh (khuyt tt hn)
Blowing-out characteristics : c tnh si khun (sau khi rt kim lo-i chy)
Blowoff : (S) x (kh), (s) tho (nc)
Blowoff capacity : Sn lng x
Blowoff cock : Vi x
Blowoff condition : Tr-ng thi x
Blowoff pipe : ng x
Blowoff piping : ng ng x
Blowoff pressure : p sut x
Blowoff quantity : Lng x
Blowoff test : Th x
Blowoff valve : Van x
Blowout : (S) thng (xm, lp), (s) phun (kh)
Blowout capacity : Sn lng phun
Blowout cock : Vi phun
Blowout condition : Tr-ng thi phun
Blowout pipe : ng phun
Blowout piping : ng ng phun
Blowout pressure : p sut phun
Blowout preventer : Thit b bo him phun
Blowout test : Th phun
Blowout valve : Van phun
Blunt bow : Mi t
Board : Bn, tm vn, ban
Boat chock : Gi gi () xung
26

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Boat davit : Cu xung


Boat deck : Boong xung (cu sinh)
Boat hook : Mc xung
Boat (handling) gear : Thit b (nng) xung
Boat test : (Cuc) th xung
Boatswain's store : Kho thy th trng
Bob (weight) : Qu di
Body : Vt th, thn th, ct, khung
Body of revolution : Thn quay
Body plan : Bn v ng sn
Body portion : Phn thn (tu)
Boiler : Ni hi
Steam ~ : Ni hi nc
Hot water ~ : Ni nc nng
Essential auxiliary ~ : Ni hi ph thit yu
Exhausted gas ~ : Ni hi kh x
Forced circulation ~ : Ni hi tun hon cng bc
Once-through ~ : Ni hi dng thng
Small size ~ : Ni hi c nh
Water tube ~ : Ni hi ng nc
Boiler (room) opening : L quan st (bung) ni hi
Boiler : Ni hi
Boiler bearer : Ct chng ni hi, gi ni hi
Boiler blower : Qu-t ni hi
Boiler burner : L t ni hi
Boiler casing : V ni hi
Boiler drum : Tang trng ni hi
Boiler fittings : Ph tng ni hi
Boiler foundation : B ni hi
Boiler front : Mt trc ni hi
Boiler mountings : B ni hi, (s) lp t ni hi, cc thit b ca ni hi
Boiler plate : Tn ni hi
Boiler room : Bung ni hi
Boiler seating : Mt ni hi
Boiler shell : V ni hi
Boiler space : Khng gian ni hi
27

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Boiler steel : Thp ni hi


Boiler stool : ni hi, tm y ni hi
Boiler survey : Kim tra ni hi
Boiler test : Th ni hi
Boiler trial : Ch-y th ni hi
Boiler tube : ng ni hi
Boiler water : Nc ni hi
Boiler water circulating pump : Bm tun hon nc ni hi
Boiler water take-off valve : Van tho nc ni hi
Boiler water tester : Thit b th nc ni hi
Boiling point : im si
Boil-off gas : Kh bay hi
Boil-off vapour : Hi thot ra
Bollard : Tr neo tu, bch, ct bch
Bolt : Bu lng
Foundation ~ : Bu lng b my
Blade fixing ~ : Bu lng c nh cnh chn vt
Bolt head : u bu lng
Bolt hole : L bu lng
Bolt point : Mi nhn vt cy
Bolted blank flange : Mt bch bt bu lng
Bolted bonnet : M bu lng
Bolted joint : Mi ni bng bu lng
Bond : (S) lin kt, (s) ni
Bond, to : Lin kt, ni
Bonded connection : Mi lin kt, mi ni
Bonding (cohesive strength) : Gn, lin kt ; Tnh lin kt ( bn kt dnh)
Bonnet : Np, m chp
Boom : Ct cn cu, tm vi (cn cu) ; Hng ro ni ngn du trn ; Thn cn cu dy
ging
Boot topping paint : Sn ph v bc
Bore : (S) khoan, (s) khot, (s) t thng, l khoan ; ng knh l
Bore of suction pipe : ng knh trong ca ng ht
Boss : C, may , vu, g li
Propeller ~ : C chn vt, may chn vt
Boss of propeller post : Thnh tr chn vt ( sng ui)
28

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Boss part : Phn may , phn g li


Boss plate : Tn lm may
Boss portion : Phn c
Bossing : C (chn vt, sng ui)
Botom discharge dredger : Tu quc t qua y tu
Bottle : Bnh/ chai
Air ~ : Bnh kh nn
Bottom shell plating : Tn bao y
Bottom : y (tu)
Combustion chamber ~ : y bung t
Double ~ : y i (trong) ca tu
Flat ~ : y bng
Single ~ : y n
Single ~ vessel : Tu mt y
Bottom aperture : L khot y
Bottom ceiling : Vn lt y, vn sn
Bottom construction : Kt cu y
Bottom corner : Gc di
Bottom corner fitting : (S) lp gc y
Bottom gudgeon : Cht di bnh li
Bottom land : Vng y
Bottom lifting : (S) nng y
Bottom longitudinal : Dm dc y
Bottom longitudinal frame : Sn/ dm dc y
Bottom mat : Tm lt y
Bottom member : C cu y
Bottom of longitudinal framing : y kt cu theo h thng dc
Bottom of thread : y ca ng ren
Bottom of transverse framing : y kt cu theo h thng ngang
Bottom outside planking : Vn y ngoi
Bottom paint : Sn y
Bottom pintle : Cht y (ca bnh li)
Bottom plate : Tm tn y
Bottom plating : Tn y
Bottom plug : Nt y
Bottom shell laminate (FRP ship) : (S) dt/ lp tm bao y (tu FRP)
29

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Bottom shell plating (steel ship) : Tn bao y (tu v thp)


Bottom survey : Kim tra y tu
Bottom transverse (girder) : Khung (sng) ngang y, ngang y
Bottom-end bearing : B cui y
Boundary : ng bin/ vnh
Boundary bulkhead : Vch bin
Boundary condition : iu kin bin
Boundary penatrated : Thm qua bin
Boundary wall : Vch/ tng bao quanh
Bounded, to be : B gii h-n
Bow : Mi tu, cung, vm
Bow door : Ca mi
Bow draught : Mn nc mi, chiu chm mi
Bow form : D-ng mi tu
Bow loading and unloading arrangement : Thit b bc xp hng mi
Bow rudder : Bnh li mi
Bow sona : My nh v thy m mi
Bow thruster : Chn vt mi
Bower anchor : Neo mi
Box : Hp
Valve ~ : Hp van
Bilge distribution ~ : Hp van phn phi nc y tu
Mud ~ : Hp x cn
Rose ~ : Hp li lc
Gastight stuffing ~ : Hp kn kh
Box spanner : Cha vn hp, c l vn hp
Box storing fire hoses : Vi rng cu ha cha trong hp
Bracing : (S) gia c, (s) lin kt, thanh chng, thanh ging
Bracket : M, gi trc (chn vt)
Bracket at lower end : M u di
Bracket with curved free edge : M c mp t do cong
Bracking : (S) hm, (s) phanh
Braid : Dy tt
Brake : Phanh
BHP (Brake horse power) : M lc phanh, m lc hm
Brake mean effective pressure : p sut hu hiu trung bnh ca phanh
30

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Brake test : (Cuc) th phanh


Branch bilge suction pipe : ng nhnh ht nc y tu
Branch circuit : S nhnh
Branch connection box : Hp van ni nhnh
Branch line : ng nhnh
Branch pipe : ng nhnh
Brand : Nhn, mc
Brass : ng thau
Brass bar : Thanh ng thau
Brass pipe : ng ng thau
Brass seamless pipe : ng ng thau lin, ng ng thau trn
Brazing : (S) hn (bng) ng
Breadth : Chiu rng, b rng
Breadth extreme : Mp ngoi cng ca chiu rng
Breadth for freeboard : Chiu rng ( tnh) m-n kh
Breadth of ship : Chiu rng tu
Break down, to : Ph hy
Break of superstructure : Gy thng tng
Break, to : Lm t, lm gy
Breakage : (S) gy, (s) hng
Breakdown : (S) ph hy
Breaking capacity : Kh nng ngt m-ch, kh nng ko t
Breaking current : Dng in ngt m-ch
Breaking current capacity : Dung lng dng in ngt m-ch
Breaking load : Ti trng ko t
Breaking speed : Tc (th) ko t
Breaking test : Th ko t
Breaking test load : Ti trng th ko t
Breaking time : Thi gian (th ko) t, thi gian ngt m-ch
Breast hook : Mc mi tu
Breather valve : Van x kh
Breathing apparatus : Thit b th, thit b thng hi
Breathing gas system : H thng dng sinh
Bridge : Bung li ; Cu dn tu du
Bridge gauge : Thit b bung li
Bridge house : Lu li
31

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Bridge wing : Cnh g lu li


Bright line : V-ch sng
Brightness control : Kim tra bng
Brine : Nc bin, nc mn
Brine circulating pump : Bm tun hon nc bin
Brine cooler : Sinh hn nc bin
Brine pipe : ng dn nc bin
Brine pump : Bm nc bin
Brine side : Pha nc mui
Brine tank : Kt nc bin
Brine-cooling : Lm l-nh bng nc bin
Brinell hardness : cng Brinen
Brittle fracture : (S) gy gin
Brittle material : Vt liu gin
Brittleness : Tnh gin, gin
Broadest part : Phn rng nht
Broadest part of hull : Phn rng nht ca thn tu
Bromide : Brmua
Bronze : ng
Brush : Chi in, bn chi, bt lng
Brush holder : Gi chi in
Brushes : Chi than ; Brush holder : Gi chi than
Bubble : Bt kh, bt (x phng)
Bubble tube type : Kiu ng bt kh
Bucket : X, thng, gu
Bucket cylinder : Xi lanh hnh thng
Buckling : (S) cong vnh, (s) on, (s) mt bn n nh
Buckling strength : bn n nh
Buckling stress : ng sut mt n nh
Buffer : Thit b/ b gim chn, gim rung, b gim m
Spring ~ : B gim chn kiu l xo
Buffer : B gim chn
Buffer force : Lc gim chn
Building contract : Hp ng ng tu
Built up type : Kiu tho lp c
Built-up crank shaft : Trc khuu ghp
32

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Built-up frame : Sn ghp


Built-up pillar : Tr/ ct ghp
Built-up propeller : Chn vt ghp
Built-up type frame : Sn ghp
Bulb angle steel : Thp gc c m (Vit tt l BA)
Bulb plate : Tm (thp) m
Bulbous bow : Mi qu l
Bulk (in bulk) : Hng x/ hng ri (ch x/ ch hng ri), hng ha khng ng gi
Bulk cargo : Hng ch x, hng ri, hng khng ng bao
Bulk cargo : Hng ri
Bulk carrier : Tu ch x, tu ch hng ri
Bulk or ore carrier : Tu ch x hoc ch qung
Bulkhead : Vch ngn, vch
Pump room ~ : Vch bung bm
Bulkhead at end of superstructure : Vch mt thng tng
Bulkhead bounding a machinery space : Vch bao quanh bung my
Bulkhead corrugation : Hnh d-ng gn sng ca vch
Corrugated bulkhead : Vch c ln sng
Fluted bulkhead : Vch c sng dp
Longitudinal bulkhead : Vch dc
Fire resisting bulkhead : Vch chng chy
Main bulkhead : Vch ngn chnh
Oiltight bulkhead : Vch kn du
Partial bulkhead : Vch ngn b phn
Stuffing box bulkhead : Vch pha ui m hm trc khi sa cha
Swash bulkhead : Vch chng sng snh (khi ch cht lng)
Watertight bulkhead : Vch kn nc (vit tt WT)
Bulkhead deck : Boong vch
Bulkhead door : Ca qua vch
Bulkhead girder : Sng vch
Bulkhead lamp : n (gn trn) vch
Bulkhead member : C cu vch
Bulkhead plate : Tm tn vch
Bulkhead plating : Tn vch
Bulkhead recess : Hm/ hc vch
Bulkhead step : Bc vch
33

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Bulkhead stiffener : Np vch


Bulkhead valve : Van (t trn) vch
Bulky cargo : Hng ri, hng khng ng bao
Bulwark : M-n chn sng
Bulwark rail : Lan can m-n chn sng
Bunch : B, tm, nm
Bunch together, to : B vi nhau
Bundle : B, chm
Bunker : Hm cha nhin liu
Bunker scuttle : L khot kt nhin liu
Bunsen burner : n Bunsen
Buoy tender : Tu lin l-c gia cc phao
Buoyancy : Tnh ni, sc ni, lc nng
Abscissa of centre ~ : Honh tm ni
Buoyancy curve : ng cong tnh ni
Center of ~ : Tm ni, ng cong phn b lc ni (khi tnh sc bn)
Buoyancy tank : Kt d tr tnh ni
Buoyant : Thuc tnh ni, thuc sc ni
Buoyant smoke signal : Tn hiu khi ni c
Burner : M hn, m t, n x
Burning property : Tnh cht t c, c tnh t c
Burning system : H thng t nhin liu
Burnt steel : Thp nung qu la
Burst test : Th tng t ngt, th n
Bursting : (S) n
Bursting pressure : p sut n
Burton system : H thng ph hy
Burtoning : (S) ph hy
Bus (bar) : Thanh gp, thanh dn
Bush : B-c, ng lt
Bush bearing : trt
Bushing : ng lt, b-c lt
Butt : (S) ni gip mp/ u u
Butt joint : Mi ni gip mp/ u u
Butt joint welded from both sides : Mi hn gip mp hai pha
Butt welded joint : Mi hn i u/ gip mp
34

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Butt welding : Hn gip mp/ u u


Butterworth hatch : Ming khoang c h thng Butterworth
Butterworth pipe : ng ca h thng (ra khoang) Butterworth
By-pass; by-path : Van trn, ng vng, rnh vng

35

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Cabin : Ca bin, bung li


Cable : Cp in, dy dn in
Cable clip : Kp cp
Cable duct : ng dn cp
Cable entry : u vo cp
Cable holdfast : Mc ni xch neo, ci kp cp, thit b gi cp, kp gi cp
Cable layer : Tu t cp
Cable laying : (S) t dy cp
Cable splicing : Ni cp
Cable stopper : Mc chn cp
Cable tray : Mng cp
Cadmium copper : ng ct i mi
Cage : Hp van
Cage-rotor motor : ng c cm ng r to lng sc
Caisson : Hp kn nc ln (ngi ta nh chm v dng khi thi cng di nc)
Calculating method : Phng php tnh
Calculation : (S) Tnh ton
~ sheet : Bn tnh
Strength ~ : Tnh ton bn
Calculation sheet : Bn tnh
Calibrate, to : Hiu chnh
Calibrate, to : nh c, chia ; Hiu chnh, kim chun
Calibration : (S) nh c, chia ; (S) hiu chnh, kim chun, hiu chun
Span ~ : Khong thang chia
Calibration curve : ng cong hiu chnh
Calibration of thermometer : Hiu chun nhit k
Calibre : C, ca lp
Calico : Vi th
Call point : Nt bo ng
Camber : cong ngang (ca boong)
Camber of weather deck : cong ngang boong ca boong thi tit
Camphor oil : Du long no
Camshaft : Trc cam
Camshaft drive : Dn ng trc cam
Camshaft driving gear : C cu/ bnh rng dn ng trc cam
Cancel, to : Hy, b
36

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Cancellation : (S) hy, (s) b


Candela : Caela (n v o sng)
Cant : (S) nghing, nghing
Cant frame : Sn nghing, sn quay
Cantilever (beam) : Cng son, dm cha
Cantilever beam : X ngang cng son
Cantilever tank : Kt cng son
Cantilever type : Kiu cng son
Cap : Mm, chp, np, chp, m ( cu), ui (n)
Bearing ~ : Np
Propeller ~ : cu u chn vt
Screw ~ : Np chp c ren
Capability : Cng sut
Capable : C kh nng
Capacitor : T in
Capacity : Cng sut, dung tch, lu lng, dung lng (in), th tch, sc cha, sc nng
~ of tank : Dung tch ca kt
Discharge ~ : Kh nng/ lu lng x
Capacity of evaboration : Sn lng bay hi
Capacity test : (Cuc) th sc cha/ nng
Capped : y bng np chp, c np y
Capsize, to : Lt, lt p
Capsizing moment : M men lt
Capstan : Ti, ti dng
Captain : Thuyn trng, i trng
Captive : Gn gi
Car and passenger ferry : Ph ch t v khch
Car deck : Boong ch t
Car ferry : Ph ch t
Carbolic oil : Du cacbonic
Carbon : Cc bon, than
Carbon content : Hm lng cc bon
Carbon dioxide : i xt cc bon
Carbon dioxide extinguisher : Bnh cha chy i xt cc bon
Carbon dioxide system : H thng CO2
Carbon disulphide : i sun phua cc bon
37

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Carbon equivalent : ng lng cc bon


Carbon molybdenum steel pipe : ng thp mlipen cc bon
Carbon steel : Thp cc bon
Carbon steel forging : Vt rn thp cc bon
Carbon steel pipe : ng thp cc bon
Carbon tetrachloride : Tetraclorua cc bon
Carbonic acid gas : Hi a xt cc bon nc
Carbon-manganese steel : Thp mangan cc bon
Carburet(t)er; carburet(t)or : B ch ha kh
Cargo : Hng
~ Handling : Thit b lm hng
~ loading : D hng
~ maintenance : Bo qun hng ha
~ oil : Du hng
~ space : Khoang hng, hm hng
Bale ~ : Hng bao, kin
General ~ : Hng tng hp
General ~ : Hng bch ha
Cargo area : Khu vc hng ha
Cargo batten : Vn lt hng
Cargo block : Khi hng ; Rng rc nng hng, puli nng hng
Cargo carrying receptacle : Bnh cha hng
Cargo compressor : My nn (kh) hng (tu ch kh ha lng)
Cargo compressor room : Bung my nn hng
Cargo control room : Bung iu khin/ kim sot (lm) hng
Cargo control station : Tr-m iu khin/ kim sot (lm) hng
Cargo deck : Boong ch hng
Cargo derrick : Cn cu hng, cn trc dy ging, ti lm hng
Cargo fall : (S) ri hng
Cargo filling-up limit : Gii h-n n-p y hng
Cargo gear : Thit b bc xp hng, thit b lm hmg, thit b nng hng
Cargo grating : Li lt hng
Cargo handling : Nng hng, lm hng
Cargo handling apparatus : Thit b nng hng, thit b lm hng
Cargo handling arrangement : Trang b nng hng, thit b lm hng
Cargo handling facilities : Phng tin nng hng, phng tin lm hng
38

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Cargo handling machinery and gear : My v thit b nng hng, my v thit b lm hng
Cargo handling operation : Ho-t ng/ thao tc nng hng, ho-t ng lm hng
Cargo handling system : H thng chuyn hng (tu kh ha lng, tu ha cht nguy him)
Cargo hatchway : Ming khoang hng
Cargo hold : Hm hng, khoang hng
Cargo hold hatch : Ming khoang hng
Cargo hook : Mc cu hng
Cargo hose : ng mm dn hng
Cargo hose connection : u ni ng mm dn hng
Cargo housing arragements : Trang b xp hng, trang b lm hng
Cargo intended to be loaded : Hng d nh nhn (ln tu)
Cargo lamp : n lm hng
Cargo length area : Khu vc xp hng ha
Cargo lift : My nng hng
Cargo loading station : Tr-m nhn hng
Cargo oil handling system : H thng (bm) chuyn du hng
Cargo oil hose : ng mm dn du hng
Cargo oil pipe : ng (dn) du hng
Cargo oil piping system : H thng ng du hng
Cargo oil pump : Bm du hng
Cargo oil pump room : Bung bm du hng
Cargo oil pumping system : H thng ng bm du hng
Cargo oil suction pipe : ng ht du hng
Cargo oil tank : Kt du hng
Cargo oil tank outlet : u ra ca kt du hng
Cargo oil vapour outlet pipe : ng hi du hng ra
Cargo plan : S xp hng
Cargo port : Ca hng ha, ca xp hng
Cargo ramps : Cu xe
Cargo record book : S nht k lm hng
Cargo refrigerating installations : H thng lm l-nh hng
Cargo service space : Khoang cha hng
Cargo ship : Tu hng
Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate : Giy chng nhn an ton kt cu tu hng
Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate : Giy chng nhn an ton trang thit b tu hng
Cargo Ship Safety Radiotelegraphy Certificate : Giy chng nhn an ton VT bo tu hng
39

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Cargo Ship Safety Radiotelephony Certificate : Giy chng nhn an ton VT tho-i tu
hng
Cargo space : Khoang hng
Cargo storage plan : S cha hng
Cargo tank : Kt hng/ khoang hng
Cargo tank area : Khu vc kt hng
Cargo tank space : Khng gian kt hng
Cargo tank support : Gi kt hng
Cargo unloading system : H thng d hng
Cargo vapour detection : Pht hin hi hng
Cargo vapour : Hi hng
Cargo weight : Trng lng hng
Cargo winch : Ti lm hng, ti nng hng
Cargo wing tank : Kt hng hng tu/ kt hng c-nh
Carling : Thanh gia cng (t c cu ny sang c cu kia)
Carriage : (S) chuyn ch
Carriage in bulk : (S) ch x, ch hng ri
Carrier : Tu vn ti
Carrier frequency : Tn s (sng) mang
Carry, to : Ch
~ liquified gas : Ch kh ha lng
~ dangerous chemical in bulk : Ch x ha cht nguy him
Carry current, to : Mang in, dn in
Carry in bulk, to : Ch x
Carry out, to : Tin hnh, thc hin
Carrying condition : iu kin chuyn ch
Cartridge : ui (n), mm cp
Cartridge fuse : Cu ch kn, cu ch ng
Cartridge terminal : im cui mm cp
Case hardening steel : Thp thm cc bon
Case of machinery space : Thnh quy bung my
Casing : V, lp p ; Vch quy/ vch lng/ vch h
Cast : Khun c, vt c
Cast iron : Gang, gang c
Nodular graphite ~ : Gang grapht cu
Cast number : S hiu c
40

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Cast steel : Thp c


Cast steel chain : Xch lm bng thp c
Cast steel element : Thnh phn thp c
Cast steel stern frame : Sng ui (tu) bng thp c
Casting : (S) c, vt c
Casting steel : Thp c
Casting surface : B mt vt c
Casualty : S c, tai n-n
Cat head : L lun dy
Catalysis : S xc tc
Catalyst : Cht xc tc
Catamaran : Tu 2 thn
Catalytic combustion process : Qu trnh chy c xc tc
Catalyzer : Cht xc tc
Catastrophic failure : (S) ph v, h hng
Category : Lo-i
Cathode : Ca tt, cc m
Cathode-ray tube : ng tia m cc
Cathodic protection : Bo v ca tt
Cathodic protection device : Thit b bo v ca tt
Cats test speciment : Mu th c
Caulk : Xm (bt kn k h tu g)
Caulking : Xm (tu, thuyn)
Caulking material : Vt liu lm kn
Caulking material : Vt liu xm
Cause : Nguyn nhn, (s) gy nn
~ fire : Gy ra chy/ gy ra ha ho-n
Cause of ignition : Nguyn nhn chy
Cause, to : Gy ra
Caustic potash : Pt-t n da
Caustic soda : Xt n da
Cavitation : S t-o thnh l hng/ khe nt
Cavity : Hc, khe nt
Cedar : G tuyt tng
Ceil, to : Lm trn, ch-m trn
Ceiling : Vn lt trn/ sn
41

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Ceiling lamp : n trn


Cell - divide, to : Phn chia t bo, phn chia theo
Cell content : Dung lng c qui
Cell structure : Cu trc t bo
Cement : Xi mng
Cement chock : k bng xi mng, hp xi mng
Cement steel : Thp chu xi mng
Cement work : (Cng vic) gn xi mng
Cementing : Lng xi mng
Center of gravity : Trng tm tu
Center tank : Kt gia/ trung tm
Centering : (S) nh tm
Centr(e)ing : nh tm
Central fire alarm system : H thng bo (ng) chy trung tm
Central fire detecting system : H thng pht hin chy trung tm
Central gap : Khe h gia
Central ladder dredger : Tu cuc c khung gu chnh gia tu
Centralize, to : Tp trung ha
Centralized control : Kim sot tp trung
Centralized workstation : Tr-m lm vic tp trung
Centre (line) keelson : Sng chnh y
Centre distance : Khong cch tm
Centre girder : Sng chnh y (y i)
Centre girder (web) plate : Tm (thnh) sng chnh/ sng gia
Centre girder : Sng chnh, sng gia
Centre keelson : Sng chnh y (y n)
Centre line : ng tm
Centre line bottom girder : Sng chnh y
Centre line bulkhead : Vch (dc) gia
Centre line of hull : ng tm thn tu
Centre of buoyancy : Tm ni
Centre of gravity : Trng tm
Centre tank : Kt gia
Centre : Tm, trung tm
Centrifugal : Li tm
Centrifugal pump : Bm li tm
42

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Certificate : Giy chng nhn


Certificate for Approval for Special Voyage : Giy chng nhn ph chun chuyn i c bit
Certificate for Refrigerating Installation : Giy chng nhn thit b lm l-nh
Certificate of Classification : Giy chng nhn phn cp
Certificate of Test and Examination of Cargo Handling Machinery and Gear : Giy chng
nhn th v kim tra thit b nng hng
Certified copy : Bn sao c chng nhn
Certify, to : Chng nhn
Chafing : C xt
Chain : Xch
Chain bar (steel) : Thp thanh trn lm xch
Chain cable : Dy xch, xch (neo)
Chain cable compressor : C cu p (mt) dy xch
Chain cable controller : B kim sot (xp) dy xch
Chain case : Hp xch
Chain dredger : Tu quc c nhiu gu vn chuyn kiu xch
Chain drive : C cu dn xch
Chain for camshaft drive : Xch dn ng trc cam
Chain link : Mt xch
Chain locker : Hm xch
Chain pipe : ng dn xch
Chain plate : Tm xch
Chain plate eye : L lun ca tm xch
Chain stopper : Hm xch
Chamfer, to : Vt c-nh, vt gc, xoi rnh
Change : (S) thay i
Change of displacement per each cm immersion : S thay i lng chim nc trn 1 cm
chiu chm
Change-over : Chuyn qua, chuyn i
Change-over arrangement : C cu chuyn qua
Changeover facility : Thit b chuyn i
Change-over switch : Chuyn m-ch
Change-over test : Th chuyn m-ch
Change-over valve : Van chuyn
Changing-over of field polarity : Chuyn qua trng phn cc, thay i cc t trng
Channel (bar) : Thanh (tit din) ch u/ lng mng
43

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Chapter : Chng
Characteristic : Thuc c tnh
Characteristic curve : ng cong c tnh
Characteristic test : (Cuc) th c tnh
Character of classification : K hiu phn cp
Charge : Ph ti, s n-p, ph
Charge, to : N-p in, n-p liu
Charge and discharge board : Bng ghi lng n-p v phng
Charge board : Bng ghi lng n-p
Charge number : S lng n-p
Charge ratio : T s n-p
Charge ratio by weight : T s n-p theo trng lng, b phn c n-p in
Charged part with electricity : Phn n-p bng in
Charged : c n-p, b thu (ph)
Charging : (S) n-p in c quy, (s) cht ti
Charging air : Khng kh n-p
Charging current : Dng in n-p
Charging device : Thit b n-p
Charging facilities : Phng tin n-p
Charging voltage : in p n-p
Charpy : My th dai va p (Charpy)
Charpy impact test : Th dai va p (Chapy)
Chart display system : H thng biu th hi
Chart room : Bung hi
Chassis : Khung (xe)
Check, to : Kim tra
Check analysis : (S) phn tch kim tra
Check calculation sheet : Bng tnh kim tra
Checklist : Danh mc kim tra
Check digit : Ch s kim tra
Check valve : Van kim tra
Checked plate : Tm kim tra
Checked steel plate : Tm thp kim tra
Chemical (fire) extinguisher : Bnh cha chy bng ha cht
Chemical : (Thuc) ha hc
Chemical composition : Thnh phn ha hc
44

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Chemical property : Ha tnh


Chemical reaction : Phn ng ha hc
Chemical resistant : C kh nng chu c ha cht
Chemical resistivity : Sut in tr ha hc
Chequered plate : Tm k vung (kiu bn c)
Chequered steel plate : Tm thp k vung
Chest : Hp, hm, t, kt
Safety valve ~ : Hp van an ton
Chief engineer : My trng
Chief of testing laboratory : Trng phng th nghim
Chine : Tm vn hng trn tu g
Chip off, to : o bt, bo bt
Chock (liner) : Cn, m (ng lt)
Choked : c chn ; c tit lu
Chopped mat : Tm si bm, tm lt, lp lt
Chopper : B t-o xung
Chord length : Chiu di si dy, chiu di dy cung
Chromium : Crm (Cr)
Chronometer : ng h bm giy
Circle : ng trn,vng trn, hnh trn, (s) tun hon, chu k, ph-m vi
Pitch ~ : Vng trn chia/ vng chia
Circle diagram : Biu vng, s vng
Circlet : Khoanh trn
Circuit : M-ch, s
Circuit breaker : B ngt dng/ m-ch
Circuit breaking capacity test : (Cuc) th kh nng ngt m-ch
Circuit condition : Tr-ng thi m-ch
Circuit diagram : Gin m-ch, s nguyn l m-ch
Circuit for shore connection : M-ch ni in b
Circuit is switched on and off : M-ch in c ng v ngt
Circuit potenial : in th m-ch
Circuit voltage : in p m-ch
Circular : Tun hon
Circular hatchway : Ming khoang hnh trn
Circular heater : Thit b t nng hnh trn/ hnh tr
Circular plate : Tm hnh trn
45

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Circular section : Tit din/ mt ct hnh trn


Circulating air inducing trunk : ng ng cm ng khng kh tun hon
Circulating current : Dng tun hon
Circulating fan : Qu-t tun hon
Circulating pump : Bm tun hon
Circulating water : Nc tun hon
Circulation : (S) tun hon
Circumference : ng trn, vng trn, chu vi
Circumferential : (Thuc) ng trn, chu vi
Circumferential clearance : Khe h vng
Circumferential direction : Hng vng trn
Circumferential edge : Mp vng trn
Circumferential joint : Mi ni vng trn
Circumferential seam : ng hn vng trn
Circumferential stress : ng sut tip tuyn trn vng trn
Circumscribed circle : Vng trn chu vi
Clad : Lp ph
Clading metal : Kim lo-i ph
Clamp screw : Vt xit cht
Clamping : (S) xit, kp cht, c nh
Clamping bolt : Bu lng xit cht
Clamping device : Thit b kp cht
Clasp : Mc ci, kha ci
Class : Phn lo-i, cp (tu)
~ of pipe : Phn lo-i ng
Class A ice strengthening construction : Kt cu gia cng chng bng cp A
Class A insulation : Cch in cp A
Class AA ice strengthening construction : Kt cu gia cng chng bng cp AA
Class B ice strengthening construction : Kt cu gia cng chng bng cp B
Class B insulation : Cch in cp B
Class C ice strengthening construction : Kt cu gia cng chng bng cp C
Class C insulation : Cch in cp C
Class character : K hiu cp (tu)
Class E insulation : Cch in cp E
Class F insulation : Cch in cp F
Class H insulation : Cch in cp H
46

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Class IA ice strengthening : Gia cng chng bng cp IA


Class IA super ice strengthening : Gia cng chng bng cao cp IA
Class IB ice strengthening : Gia cng chng bng cp IB
Class IC ice strengthening : Gia cng chng bng cp IC
Class maintenance : Duy tr cp tu
Class notation : Du hiu cp tu
Class survey : Kim tra cp tu
Class termination : Rt cp
Classification (of ship) : (S) phn cp (tu)
Classification : (S) phn lo-i, (s) phn cp (tu)
~ of pressure vessel : Phn lo-i bnh cha p lc
Classification character : K hiu phn cp
Classification dimension : Kch thc ch yu phn cp
Classification number : S phn cp
Classification of ice strengthening : Phn cp gia cng chng bng
Classification Socialty authorized by VR : T chc phn cp c V R y quyn
Classification Socialty recognized by VR : T chc phn cp c VR cng nhn
Classification society : C quan phn cp
Classification survey : Kim tra ln u ( phn cp), kim tra phn cp
Classification survey after construction : Kim tra phn cp sau ng mi
Classification survey during construction : Kim tra phn cp trong ng mi
Classification survey of those not built under survey : Kim tra phn cp tu c ng
khng qua kim tra ca ng kim
Classify, to : Phn lo-i
Claw coupling : Khp ni vu
Clean ballast tank (CBT) : Kt dn s-ch
Clean, to : Lm s-ch, lm v sinh
Cleaning : (S) lm s-ch, (s) lm v sinh
Clear area : Vng sng/ trong
Clear area through the mesh : Vng sng/ trong qua li mt co
Clear glass : Thy tinh trong
Clear off : Xa
Clear, to : Xa
Clearance : Khe h
Clearance gauge : Dng c o khe h
Clear : R, r rng
47

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Cleat : Thanh , thanh np


Clinometer : Thc o nghing ( dc)
Clip : (S) kp, ci kp, vng kp
Clip washer : Vng m kp
Clockwise closing type : Kiu ng theo chiu kim ng h quay
Clog : (S) tc
Clog, to : Kt, tt
Clogged : B kt
Clogging : (S) tc
Close and secure, to : ng v c nh
Close ceiling : Trn kn
Close solid, to : ng kn c
Close up, to : Tim cn n, tip cn n
Close visual inspection range : Kim tra trong tm nhn gn
Closed cell content : Dung lng ca c qui kn
Closed circuit systems : H thng tun hon kn
Closed cup test : Th trong cc kn
Closed cup test : Th cc kn
Closed on loss of power type : Kiu t ng khi mt nng lng
Closed space : Khng gian kn
Closed superstructure : Thng tng kn
Closed type : Kiu kn
Closed-circuit current : Dng in m-ch kn
Closed-circuit current capacity : Dung lng dng m-ch kn
Closed-circuit current capacity test : (Cuc) th dung lng ca dng m-ch kn
Closed-up type : Kiu tip cn
Closely spaced bolt : Bu lng t st nhau
Close-up survey : Kim tra tip cn, kim tra ( c ly) gn
Closing : (S) ng kn, khp kn, kha cht
Closing appliance : Phng tin ng kn, thit b ng
Closing coil : Cun dy kn
Closing device : C cu ng kn
Closing means : Phng tin ng kn
Closing piece : Mu/ ming bt kn
Closing plate : Tm che kn
Closure : (S) ng, tm chn
48

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Cloth : Vi, khn


Clutch : Khp li hp, b ly hp
Clutch coupling : Khp ni li hp
Coal : Than, than
Coal bunker : Hm cha than
Coal carrier : Tu ch than
Coal hatchway : Np hm than
Coal port : Ca than
Coal tar naphtha : Phn chng nha than
Coal-burning boiler : Ni hi t bng than
Coaming : Thnh quy (ming khoang, ming l)
Coaming for spill : Thanh quy chng trn
Coaming of ventilator : Thnh ng thng gi
Coarse-grained killed steel : Thp lng h-t th
Coasting service : Ho-t ng ven bin
Coat with, to : Ph, sn lt, bc (bng)
Coating : (S) sn/ ph, lp sn ph (bo v), lp ph, lp bc, lp lt
Coating including zinc : Bc km
Coating or lining procedure : Quy trnh sn ph
Cock : Vi nc, van
Code : B lut, mt m, qui tc
Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships carrying Dangerous Chemical in bulk :
B lut v ch t-o v trang b ca tu ch x ha cht nguy him
Coefficient : H s
Material ~ : H s vt liu
Load magnification ~ : H s khuych -i ti trng
Block ~ : H s bo
Cofferdam : Khoang cch li, ngn cch ly ca tu
Cohesion : (S) dnh kt
Cohesion : Tnh kt dnh
Coil : Cun dy nh la, cun ng xon, ng rut g, cun, vng, cun dy
Heating ~ : ng xon hm (du)
Coil-in-casing type : Kiu ng xon trong hp
Coil-in-casting-type condenser : Bu ngng kiu ng rut g trong hp
Coil-type consender : Bu ngng kiu ng rut g
Coincide, to : Trng (khp)
49

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Cold flow : (S) chy l-nh


Cold rolling : (S) cn ngui
Cold shortness : Tnh gin ngui
Cold spot inspection : (S) kim tra m l-nh, kim tra (khuyt tt) tr-ng thi ngui
Cold starting device : Thit b khi ng tr-ng thi l-nh
Cold straining : Sc cng l-nh
Cold test : Th chu l-nh
Cold winding test : Th cun dy tr-ng thi ngui
Cold working : (S) gia cng ngui
Cold-drawn : c ko ngui
Cold-finished : nh bng ngui
Cold-resisting : Sc chu l-nh
Collapse : (S) sp , s qu
Collar : Vng ai, vnh ai
Collar :Vnh
Thrust ~ : Vnh chn, vnh y
Collar plate : Tm vin, tm m vnh, a vnh, mm vnh
Collecting tank : Kt gom
Collector ring : Vng gp
Collision : (S) va ch-m, va p
Collision bulkhead : Vch chng va, vch mi
Collision mat : Tm chng va
Colorimetric standard solution : Dng c o mu chun
Colour code : Qui tc v mu sc
Colour distortion : tn sc
Coloured light filter : Phin lc mu
Column : Ct, tr, ng
Water ~ : ng thy tinh
Column stabilized drilling unit : Phng tin/ dn khoan c tr n nh
Combination : (S) kt hp
Combination carrier : Tu ch hn hp
Combination of slop tank : H thng khoang lng
Combination of stress : Cng ng sut
Combined stress : ng sut tng hp
Combined system : H thng tng hp
Combuster : Bung t
50

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Combustible : Chy c, d chy


Combustible cargo : Hng d chy
Combustible gas : Kh d chy
Combustible liquid : Cht lng d chy
Combustible material : Vt liu d chy
Combustible pressure : p sut chy
Combustible range : Ph-m vi/ vng/ tm d chy
Combustible : Cht t, nhin liu
Combustion chamber : Bung t
Combustion chamber bottom : y bung t
Combustion gas : Kh t, kh chy
Come off, to : Thnh cng, xut hin
Come under, to : i xung di
Comfort : Thun li, thoi mi
Commence, to : Bt u, khi u
Commencement : (S) bt u, khi u
Commencement of construction work : Bt u vic xy dng/ ng mi
Commercial frequency : Tn sut thng m-i, tn s thng dng
Commissioning result : Kt qu y thc
Committee : y ban
Common feeder : ng cp in chung, phi- chung
Common link : Mt xch thng
Common use : S dng thng thng
Communicating : Truyn
Communication : Thng tin lin l-c
Communication : (S) thng tin, s giao thng
Communication apparatus : Thit b thng tin
Communication cable : Cp thng tin
Communication circuit : M-ch thng tin, ng dy thng tin
Communication pipe : ng thng tin
Communication system : H thng thng tin
Commutation : (S) chuyn m-ch
Commutator : B chuyn m-ch, c gp
Commutator bar : Thanh chuyn m-ch
Commutator riser : Trc chuyn m-ch
Commutator : C gp
51

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Companion : B-n ng hnh, b-n ng nghip


Companion ladder : Thang i l-i, thang i km
Companionway : Li i l-i
Companionway : Ming khot chi boong
Companionway opening : L khot li i
Companion-ways : Chi boong
Compartment : Bung, ngn, gian, khng gian, khoang
Refrigerating machinery ~ : Khoang my l-nh, my lm l-nh
Compartment : Khoang
Compartment flooding probability : Xc sut ngp khoang
Compass : La bn
Compass repeater : B lp la bn
Compatibility : Tnh tng ng, tnh tng hp
Compensate, to : n b, bi hon
Compensating ballast water : Nc dn b
Compensating winding : Cun b
Compensation : (S) n b, bi hon
Local~ : Gia cng (bi thng) cc b
Compensation winding : Cun b
Compensator : B (t in) b, thit b b, c cu b chnh
Complement : Thuyn b, nh bin
Complete rating : Cng sut ton b
Complete set : B hon chnh
Complete survey : Kim tra hon chnh
Completely plated : c ph hon ton (bng tm kim lo-i)
Completion : (S) hon thnh
Completion test : Th ng b
Compliance : Ph hp
Comply with, to : Ph hp vi, tha mn vi
Component : Chi tit, b phn, thnh phn, chi tit hp thnh, thnh phn, cm chi tit
Components of windage area : Cc thnh phn/ phn ca din tch hng gi
Composition : Thnh phn, hp phn, cht tng hp
Composition mark : Du hp phn, du thnh phn
Composition of cargo : Thnh phn ca hng ha
Compound (-wound) brake : Phanh qun hn hp
Compound (-wound) generator : My pht mt chiu kch t hn hp
52

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Compound (-wound) motor : ng c mt chiu kch t hn hp


Compound : Hp cht, hn hp
Compound stress : ng sut hn hp
Compound-wound generator : My pht kch t hn hp
Compressed air : Khng kh nn
Compressed air pipe : ng kh nn
Compressed air system : H thng khng kh nn
Compressibility factor : Yu t kh nn, tc nhn kh nn ; H s nn
Compression : (S) nn, (s) p
Compression joint : Mi ni p
Compressive buckling strength : bn n nh nn
Compressive force : Lc nn
Compressive load : Ti trng p/ nn
Compressive strength : bn nn
Compressive stress : ng sut nn
Compressor : My nn, my p
Air ~ : My nn kh
Emergency air ~ : My nn kh s c
Compressor room : Bung my nn/ p
Computation : (S) tnh ton
Computer network : M-ng my tnh
Computerized : c my tnh ha
Computerized equipment : Thit b c my tnh ha
Concave side : Pha lm
Concave surface : B mt lm
Concentrate, to : Tp trung
Concentrated load : Ti trng tp trung
Concentration : (S) Tp trung
Stress ~ : (S) tp trung ng sut
Concentrically : ng tm
Concern, to : Quan tm, lin quan
Concurrently : Xy ra ng thi, trng nhau
Condensatation : (S) ngng t
Condensatation of moisture : Ngng t hi m
Condensate : Phn ngng
Condensate pump : Bm ngng t
53

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Condensate system : H thng ngng t


Condense, to : Ngng t
Condenser : Bu ngng
Main ~ : Bu ngng chnh
Condenser : B ngng t
Condenser cooling water pump : Bm nc lm mt bu ngng
Condenser tube : ng (ca b) ngng t
Condenser vacuum : chn khng ca b ngng t
Condensing plant : Thit b ngng
Condensing system : H thng ngng t
Condensor : Bu ngng
Condition monitoring system : H thng theo di tr-ng thi
Condition monitored auxiliary : My ph c theo di tr-ng thi
Condition : iu kin, tr-ng thi, quy nh
Working ~ : iu kin lm vic
Deadship ~ : Tr-ng thi tu cht
Transient ~ : Ch chuyn tip, thi gian chuyn tip
Pressurised ~ : Tr-ng thi c tng p
Severe restraint ~ : iu kin qu h-n ch
Condition for loading : iu kin xp hng
Condition monitoring and diagnosis system : H thng theo di v chn on tr-ng thi
Condition of carriage : iu kin chuyn ch
Condition of connection : Tr-ng thi/ iu kin lin kt
Condition of damage : Tr-ng thi/ iu kin tai n-n
Condition of loading : Tr-ng thi/ iu kin xp hng
Condition of service : Tr-ng thi/ iu kin phc v
Conducting part : Phn dn in
Conductive screw : Vt dn in
Conductivity : dn, tnh dn (nhit, in)
Conductor : Vt dn, cht dn, dy dn
Conductor resistance : in tr dy dn
Conduit (tube) : ng dn
Conduit : ng dn, ng dn, mng, cp in
Cone : Cn, chp nn, phu
Cone coupling : Mi ni d-ng cn
Confidence : (S) tin cy, tin cy
54

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Confidence level : Mc tin cy


Configuration : Hnh d-ng, cu hnh, hnh th, hnh thc
Alternate ~ : Ch lun phin/ xen k
Confined space : Khong khng h-n ch/ xc nh
Confirm, to : Chng nhn, xc nhn
Confirmation test : (Cuc) th xc nhn
Conform, to : Ph hp, tun theo, xc nhn
Confusion : Ln xn, cu th
Conical shape : Hnh cn
Connect, to : Ni, lin kt
Connected load : Ti trng lin kt
Connecting conductor : Dy dn lin kt
Connecting lead : u ra/ ng dn lin kt
Connecting line : Dy ni
Connecting method : Phng php lin kt
Connecting pipe : ng ni
Connecting point : Mi ni
Connecting rod : Tay bin
Connecting rod : Cn ni, thanh truyn, thanh ni, tay bin
Connecting terminal : u ni, mt ni
Connecting wire : Dy ni
Connection : Ni, lin kt, mi ni, lin h
Boiler water sampling ~ : ng ni ly mu nc ni hi
Detachable pipe ~ : Mi ni ng tho c
Connection rod : Thanh truyn
Connexion box : Hp ni
Connexion by means of angle : Ni gc
Connexion of cable : Ni cp
Connexion opening : L ni
Connexion; connection : (S) mc, ni, ng (m-ch)
Conning position : V tr iu khin
Consecutive : Ni tip, lin tip
Consecutive start : Khi ng lin tc
Consider : Xem xt
Consideration : (S) xem xt
Conspicuous : D thy
55

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Constant : Hng s
Constant-current system : H thng dng in khng i
Constitution : T-o nn
Constitution of system : Cu trc ca cc h thng
Constraint : (S) bt p
Construction : Ch t-o, kt cu, cu t-o
Exploitation-proof ~ : Kt cu chng n
Substantial ~ : Kt cu vng chc
Rigid ~ : Kt cu cng vng
Non-sparking ~ : Kt cu khng pht sinh tia la
Construction for fire protection : Kt cu chng chy
Construction inspection : (Cuc) kim tra kt cu
Construction plan : S kt cu
Construction profile : Bin d-ng/ mt ct/ tit din kt cu ; Kt cu c bn
Construction standard : Tiu chun kt cu
Construction survey : (S) kim tra kt cu
Construction test : (Cuc) th kt cu
Consumable : C th chy c
Consumable liquid : Cht lng d chy
Consume, to : Tiu th, dng
Consuming of liquid cargo : Nhn hng lng
Consumption : (S) tiu th
Contact : (S) tip xc, cng tc
Fair ~ : Tip xc tt
~ face : B mt tip xc
Contact area : Vng tip xc
Contact part : Phn tip xc
Contact piece : Mu tip xc, o-n tip xc
Contact point : im trip xc
Contact power : Cng sut tip xc
Contact pressure : p lc tip xc
Contact resistance : in tr tip xc
Contact spring : L xo tip xc
Contact surface : B mt tip xc
Contact with quay : Tip xc/ ch-m vo cu tu
Contacting pressure : p lc va ch-m
56

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Contactor : Cng tc, b ng ngt


Contaiment of fire : (S) chn la
Container : Cng te n, thng cha
Container carrier : Tu ch cng te n
Container supporting arrangement : Kt cu cng te n
Containment system : H thng ngn (hng)
Contaminant : Cht gy nhim
Contamination : (S) nhim, (s) nhim bn, trn ln
Accidental ~ : Trn ln tnh c
Content : Hm lng, ni dung
Oxygen ~ : Hm lng xy
Contingent : Ngu nhin, c th xy ra
Continuation : (S) tip tc
Continuation of classification : (S) tip tc phn cp
Continuity : (S) lin tc, (s) tip tc
Continuity of strength : (S) lin tc v bn
Continuity of structural member : Tnh lin tc ca cc c cu
Continuous : Lin tc
Continuous deck : Boong lin tc
Continuous load : Ti trng lin tip
Continuous making and breaking test : Th ng ngt lin tc
Continuous member : C cu lin tc
Continuous rating : Cng sut lin tc
Continuous reading : (S) c lin tc
Continuous service : Phc v lin tc
Continuous surface : B mt lin tc
Continuous survey : (S) kim tra lin tc
Continuous switching test : (Cuc) th ng m lin tc
Continuous welding : Hn lin tc
Continuously rated : Xp lo-i lin tc
Contour : ng vin, ng quanh
Contract : Hp ng
Contracting government : Chnh ph tham gia (Cng c)
Contraction : (S) co l-i, thu nh l-i, rt gn l-i
Control : iu khin, kim tra, kim sot
Automatic ~ : iu khin t ng
57

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Remote ~ : iu khin t xa
Program ~ : iu khin theo chng trnh
Local ~ : iu khin t-i ch
Direct manual ~ : iu khin trc tip bng tay
Sequential ~ : iu khin theo trnh t
~ purpose : Mc ch iu khin
~ pitch propeller : Chn vt bin bc
~ room : Bung iu khin
~ station : Tr-m iu khin
Engine room ~ station : Tr-m iu khin bung my
Control appliance : Thit b iu khin
Control assembly : Cm iu khin
Control board : Bng iu khin
Control characteristic : c tnh iu khin
Control circuit : M-ch iu khin
Control console : Bn iu khin
Control device : C cu iu khin
Control equipment : Thit b iu khin
Control gear : C cu iu khin
Control gear diagram : S c cu iu khin
Control gear for motor : C cu iu khin ng c
Control handle : Cn iu khin
Control lever : Cn iu khin
Control panel : Bn iu khin
Control room : Bung iu khin
Control space : Khoang iu khin
Control stand : Ch iu khin
Control station : Tr-m iu khin
Control switch : Cng tc iu khin
Control system : H thng iu khin
Control valve : Van iu khin
Control, to : Kim sot, iu khin
Control gear : C cu iu khin
Controllable pitch propeller (CPP) : Chn vt bin bc
Controllable pitch propeller : Chn vt bin bc
Controlled : c iu khin
58

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Controlled atmosphere system : H thng iu chnh thnh phn khng kh


Controlled atmosphere zone : Vng c thnh phn khng kh c iu chnh
Controlled rolling : (S) chng chnh c iu khin/ c kim sot
Controlled subject : i tng c iu khin
Controlled variable : Tham s c iu khin
Controlled venting system : H thng thng gi c iu khin
Controller : B iu khin, b iu chnh
Controlling : (S) iu khin/ kim sot
Controlling board : Bng iu khin
Controlling circuit : M-ch iu khin
Controlling device : C cu iu khin
Controlling equipment : Thit b iu khin
Controlling gear : C cu iu khin
Controlling gear diagram : S c cu iu khin
Controlling handle : Tay iu khin
Controlling magnetic coil : Cun dy t iu khin
Controlling motor : ng c iu khin
Controlling panel : Bn iu khin
Controlling position : V tr iu khin
Controlling stand : Ch iu khin
Controlling system : H thng iu khin
Controlling valve : Van iu khin
Convection : (S) i lu
Convention : Cng c
Convention certificate : Giy chng nhn theo cng c
Convention on loadline : Cng c m-n kh
Conversion : (S) hon ci, (s) chuyn i
Converter : B bin i
Converter steel : Thp l chuyn
Convex side : Pha/ mt li
Convex surface : Mt li
Convey, to : Vn chuyn
Conveyance : (S) vn chuyn, (s) truyn -t
Cooking appliances : Phng tin nu
Cooking circuit : M-ch nu
Cooking equipment : Thit b nu
59

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Cooking utensil : Dng c nu n


Cool down, to : Lm ngui, lm mt
Cooled air : Khng kh c lm mt
Cooler : Bu lm mt, bu sinh hn, thit b lm mt
Cooling : (S) lm l-nh, lm ngui, lm mt
~ oil : Du lm mt
~ water : Nc lm mt
~ air : Kh lm mt
~ arrangement : Thit b lm mt
~ uniform : Lm mt ng b
~ space : Khoang lm mt
Cooling air : Khng kh lm mt
Cooling air circulating fan : Qu-t tun hon khng kh lm mt
Cooling arrangement : Trang b lm mt
Cooling coil : ng ng xon lm mt (trong bu sinh hn), ng xon lm mt
Cooling device : Thit b lm mt
Cooling down : (S) lm ngui, lm mt
Cooling facilities : Phng tin lm mt
Cooling fresh water pump : Bm nc ngt lm mt
Cooling grid : Gin lm mt
Cooling pipe : ng lm mt
Cooling pipe grid : M-ng ng lm mt
Cooling proceduce : Qui trnh lm mt
Cooling sea water pump : Bm nc bin lm mt
Cooling system : H thng lm mt
Cooling test : (Cuc) th lm mt
Cooling water : Nc lm mt
Cooling water jacket : o/ mn nc lm mt
Cooling water pump : Bm nc lm mt
Cooling water system : H thng nc lm mt
Cooper alloy tube: ng hp kim ng
Cooper nickel: ng ni ken
Cooper pipe : ng ng
Cooper plate : Tm ng, l ng
Cooper rope : Dy cp ng
Cooper sulphate : ng sun pht
60

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Cooper tube : ng ng
Cooper wire : Si dy ng
Coordinate : Ta
Coordinated maximum demand power : Cng sut yu cu phi hp ln nht
Coordinated : c ly lm ta / h quy chiu
Coordination : (S) phi hp
Coordination test : Th phi hp
Copper : ng
Copper alloy : Hp kim ng
Copper alloy casting : Vt c hp kim ng
Cord: Si dy, o-n ni ; n v o th tch bng 3.63 m3
Core hat-type construction : Kt cu kiu m c li
Core length : Chiu di li, chiu di ct
Core material : Vt liu c li
Core wire : Dy li, dy ct
Corner : Gc, ni
Corner fitting : gc (ca cng te n), chi tit ni gc, ph tng ni
Corner of opening : Gc l khot
Corner post : Ct lin kt, thanh ni, np lin kt
Correct, to : Hiu chnh, sa cha
Correction : (S) hiu chnh
Correction curve : ng cong hiu chnh
Correction factor : H s hiu chnh, yu t hiu chnh
Correction for free surface : Hiu chnh mt thong
Correlation : (S) tng quan, mi lin h
Correspond to, to : Tng ng vi
Corridor : Hnh lang
Corridor bulkhead : Vch hnh lang
Corrosion : n mn
Corrosion allowance : Lng d tr hao mn ; Lng hao mn cho php
Corrosion control means : Phng tin kim sot n mn
Corrosion cracking : Nt do n mn
Corrosion fatigue : Mi do n mn
Corrosion inhibited : n mn c hm l-i
Corrosion margin : Gii h-n n mn cho php
Corrosion pattern : Biu n mn
61

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Corrosion proof layer : Lp chng n mn


Corrosion protected : (S) n mn c bo v
Corrosion resistance : Tnh chng n mn, Tnh chu n mn
Corrosion resisting : Chng n mn
Corrosion Resisting coating : Ph cht chng n mn ; Bc cht chu n mn
Corrosion resisting material : Vt liu chng n mn ; Vt liu chu n mn
Corrosion resisting means : Phng tin chng n mn
Corrosion resisting paint : Sn chng n mn
Corrosion resisting painting : (S) sn chng n mn, sn chu n mn
Corrosion resisting wire gauge : Li dy chng n mn
Corrosion test : (Cuc) th n mn
Corrosive : Cht n mn, n mn
Corrosive aggression : Tnh tr i vi n mn
Corrosive property : c tnh n mn
Corrosiveness : (S) n mn
Corrugate : D-ng gn sng
Corrugated bulkhead : Vch gn sng, vch (hnh) sng
Corrugated expansion joint : Khp ni gin n (xi phng) hnh sng
Corrugated form : D-ng sng, hnh sng
Corrugated furnace : Bung t hnh sng
Corrugated header : Bu gp hnh gn sng, ng gp
Corrugated part : Phn gn sng, phn c hnh gn sng
Corrugation : (S) gp np, (s) lm gn sng
Cotton yarn : Si bng
Count : (S) tnh, m
Counter : Thnh ui tu, my m
Counterflow : Dng chy ngc ; (S) chy ngc, i lu
Countermeasure : Bin php i ph
Couple : Ni
Suction ~ : u ni ng ht, ch ni ng ht
Lubricating oil sampling ~ : ng ni ly mu du
Coupled by flange, to be : c ni bng mt bch
Coupling : (S) ni, n khp, khp ni
~ bolt : Bu lng khp ni
~ flange : Bch ni, bch khp ni
Electro-magnetic slip ~ : Khp ni trt kiu in t/ khp trt in t
62

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

High elastic ~ : Khp n hi cao


Flexible ~ : Khp ni mm
Rigid ~ : Khp ni cng
Integral flange ~ : Khp ni bch lin
Separate ~ : Khp ni ri
Slip ~ : Khp trt
Coupling bolt : Bu lng khp ni
Coupling excitation circuit : M-ch kch thch ca khp ni in t
Coupling flange : Bch ni
Cover : Np, np phng, chp, v
Cylinder ~ : Np xi lanh
Cover plate : Tm np, tm y, tm ph
Cover, to : Che ph
Coverage : Vng ho-t ng, tm ho-t ng (ca h v tuyn hng hi)
Coveralls : B qun o bo h
Covering : Ph, y, che
Covering board : Vn mp boong
Covering material : Vt liu ph, vt liu bc
Cowl : u loe (ming ng thng gi, u ng ni), u thng gi ; V che (ca ng c)
Cowl head ventilator : u ng thng gi mt kh
Crack : Vt nt, s nt ; Khe h
Crack detection : D vt nt
Crack initiation characteristics : c tnh ban u ca vt nt
Crack propagation characteristics : c tnh lan truyn ca vt nt
Crane : Cu, cn trc, my trc
Crank : Tay quay, khy
~ arm : Bn knh khuu trc
~ web : M khuu
~ throw : Khuu trc
Crank chamber : Thng trc, thng trc khuu ; Cc te
Crank journal : C trc khuu, c trc chnh (trc khuu)
Crank throw : Khuu trc
Crank web : M khuu, m trc khuu
Crankcase : Thng trc, thng trc khuu, cc te
~ door : Ca thng trc/ ca cc te
Crankcase door : Ca thng trc, np thng trc
63

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Crankcase relief valve : Van an ton thng trc


Crankpin : Cht khuu, c bin (trc khuu)
~ bearing : c bin
~ bolt : Bu lng c bin
Crankshaft : Trc khuu
Solid ~ : Trc khuu lin
Built-up ~ : Trc khuu lp rp/ ghp
Crate : M-ng li, li lc
Credit : (S) tin cy ; (S) gi tin vo ngn hng
Creep : (S) ro ; (S) t bin (kim lo-i)
Creep property : c tnh ro ; c tnh t bin
Creepage : Khong cch in
Creepage distance : Khong cch cch in, khong t bin
Crest value : Gi tr ti a
Crevice : ng nt, k h
Crew : Thy th on, thuyn b ; Vt
Crew accommodation space : Bung ca thy th, bung ca thuyn vin
Crew space : Bung thy th
Crew's quarter : Khu vc dnh cho thy th, khu vc ca thuyn vin
Criteria : Thng s, tiu chun
Cross : Ngang ; Du cho, du thp, honh giao
~ section : Mt ct ngang
~ head : u ch thp
Cross bolt : Bu lng chn cn cu dy ging
Cross current : Dng chy ngang
Cross curve : ng honh giao, ng cong Pantokaren
Cross curves of stability : ng cong Pantokaren (ng honh giao)
Cross flooding equipment : Thit b iu chnh cn bng ngang
Cross levelling pipe : ng dn iu chnh cn bng ngang
Cross section : Tit din ngang, mt ct ngang
Cross tie : Thanh ging ngang, thanh buc ngang
Cross tube : ng khuu ch thp, ng ch ba
Cross weld test : Th mi hn ngang, th mi hn ct nhau (giao nhau)
Cross-head : u ch thp
Crosshead pin : Cht trc u ch thp, cht ngang
Crosshead type : Kiu u ch thp, lo-i u ch thp, kiu con trt (ng c)
64

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Crosshead: u ch thp, ch-c ch thp


Crossing point : im giao nhau
Crossover header : ng gp nc kiu giao nhau
Crowding of passenger on one side : Hnh khch dn v mt bn m-n
Crown : nh, Vnh (trn) ; C neo, u neo ; nh pt tng ; cong ngang (x ngang
boong) ; Hnh vnh khn
Piston ~ : nh pittng
Steel piston ~ : nh pittng bng thp
Crown of machinery space : Trn bung my
Crucible steel : Thp lm ni nu kim lo-i
Crude oil : Du th
Crude oil washing : (S) ra bng du th
Crude oil washing system : H thng ra bng du th
Cruiser : Tun dng h-m
Cruiser stern : ui tun dng h-m
Crushing test : Th nn/ p
Cryogenic liquefied nitrogen : Ni t c ha lng nhit thp
Crystallization : (S) kt tinh
C-type test specimen : Mu th kiu C
Cumulative effect : Hiu ng tch ly
Cure : (S) lu ha ; (S) bo dng, x l
Cure time : Thi gian x l
Curing : (S) lu ha ; (S) bo dng
Current (carrying) capacity : Tr s dng in
Current : Dng in ; Dng chy
Current carrying : C in, dn in
Current carrying part : Phn c in, phn ang dn in
Current carrying screw : Vt mang in
Current carrying test : Th c in
Current carrying time : Thi gian c in, thi gian mang in
Current coil : Cun dng
Current limiting characteristics : c tnh gii h-n dng
Current limiting fuse : Cu ch h-n ch dng
Current rating : Cng dng in, tr s dng
Current transformer : Bin dng
Current velocity : Tc dng chy
65

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Curvaline : ng cong
Curvature : (S) un cong, cong
Curve : ng cong, th
Curve of displacement : ng cong lng chim nc
Curve of stability : ng cong n nh
Curved : B un cong, c un cong
Curved floor : ngang cong
Curved top : Nc cong (ca ng hm)
Custody : (S) bo v, chm sc, (s) giam gi hng (t-i cng)
Cut end : u ct, mp ct
Cut off, to : Ct, ngt
Cutoff head : u ct
Cut-out slot : L khot c cu chui qua
Cutting : (S) ct, phay
Cycle : Chu k, chu trnh, th, k
Cycle of continuous making and breaking : Chu trnh ng ngt lin tc
Cyclic fatigue test : (Cuc) th chu trnh mi
Cyclic test : (Cuc) th chu trnh
Cylinder : Xi lanh ; Bnh cha
~ cover : Np xi lanh
~ jacket : Thn xi lanh
~ liner : o lt xi lanh, ng lt xi lanh
~ bore : ng knh xi lanh
Cylinder cover : Np xi lanh
Cylinder liner : S mi xi lanh
Cylinder lubricating pump : Bm bi trn xi lanh
Cylinder lubricator : Thit b bi trn xi lanh
Cylinder valve : Van hnh tr
Cylindrical boiler : Ni hi hnh tr
Cylindrical boiler with dry combustion chamber : Ni hi hnh tr c bung t kh
Cylindrical boiler with wet combustion chamber : Ni hi hnh tr c bung t t
Cylindrical bottom : y hnh tr
Cylindrical furnace : Bung t hnh tr, l t hnh tr
Cylindrical header : ng gp hnh tr
Cylindrical rotor : R to hnh tr, r to hnh tang trng
Cylindrical section : Mt ct hnh trn, tit din hnh trn
66

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Cylindrical shell plate : Tm v hnh tr


Cylindrical steel plate : Tm thp hnh tr
Cylindrical tank : Kt hnh tr
Cylindrical tunnel : ng khi hnh tr
Cylindrical type rotor : Kiu r to lng sc
Cylindrical water gauge : ng h ch bo mc nc hnh trn

67

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Damage : Tai n-n, h hng, tn tht, thit h-i


D.C generator : My pht mt chiu
Damage case : Trng hp h hng
Damage control plan : S kim sot tai n-n
Damage from the outside : H hng t bn ngoi
Damage stability : n nh tai n-n
Damage survey : Kim tra tai n-n, kim tra h hng, kim tra tn tht
Damage survival capability : Kh nng chng chm khi tu b thng
Damaged compartment permeability : H s ngp nc khoang b thng
Damp heat test : Th nhit cao mi trng m
Damper : Thit b gim chn, b gim chn ; Bu gim m ; Bm chn la, b phn lm
m ; Van iu tit
Damper winding : Cun dy gim chn
Danger : (S) nguy him
Dangerous : Nguy him
Dangerous cargo : Hng nguy him
Dangerous cargo carrier : Tu ch hng nguy him
Dangerous chemical : Ha cht nguy him
Dangerous enviroment : Mi trng nguy him
Dangerous gas : Kh nguy him
Dangerous goods : Hng nguy him
Dangerous space : Bung nguy him, khng gian nguy him
Dangerous substance : Cht nguy him
Dangerous vapour : Hi nguy him
Data : S liu, ti liu, h s ; D liu, d kin ; c tnh ; Thng tin ; Ta
Date : Ngy (thng, nm)
Date of build : Ngy (thng, nm) ng
Date of commencement of the work : Ngy (thng, nm) bt u ng, ngy (thng, nm)
bt u cng vic, ngy (thng, nm) bt u trin khai
Date of completion : Ngy (thng, nm) kt thc, ngy (thng, nm) hon thnh ng tu,
ngy (thng, nm) kt thc cng vic
Date of issue : Ngy pht hnh, ngy cp giy chng nhn
Date of keel laid : Ngy t ky, ngy t sng chnh
Date of launch : Ngy h- thy, ngy xung nc, ngy xung , ngy ra
Date of manufacture : Ngy sn xut, ngy ch t-o
Date of test(ing) : Ngy th
68

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Datum : Chun, mc ; S hiu cho ; Chun s ; D kin, d liu ; Chun s 0 ( su,


cao)
Datum line : ng c s, ng chun, ng mc
Daylight signalling lamp : n tn hiu ban ngy
Dead end corridor : Hnh lang ct
Dead front type switchboard : Bng in kiu khng c in pha trc, bng in kiu
khng m c pha trc
Dead load : Ti trng c ch, ti trng thun ; Hng c c nh ; Trng lng bn thn,
trng lng khng k b ; Khng ti
Dead ship condition : Tr-ng thi tu cht
Dead short circuit : Ngn m-ch khng ti
Deadlight : Ca hp l bt cht ; L thng sng bt c nh ; Np chng bo ca ca hp l
Deadweight (Capacity) : Trng ti ton phn, trng ti
Deadwood : Tm m
Deal with, to : Gii quyt, i ph
Decay : (S) phn r, suy bin, suy gim, tt dn ; (S) mc mn ; (S) phn ha, phn hy
Deck : Boong ; Vn sn, vn mt cu ; Tng trn
Deck beam : X ngang boong
Deck cargo : Hng trn boong
Deck composition : Lp ph (trn) boong, hp cht ph boong
Deck construction : Kt cu boong
Deck covering : Lp ph boong, lp lt boong, lp bc boong
Deck edge point : Ta mp boong
Deck girder : Sng dc boong
Deck house : Lu li, cabin
Deck line : ng boong
Deck load : Ti trng boong
Deck loaded : Ch hng trn boong, chu ti boong
Deck machinery : My mc trn boong, my mc trn boong
Deck machinery and equipment : My mc v thit b trn boong
Deck opening : L khot trn boong
Deck plan : Bn v boong
Deck planking : Vn lt boong
Deck plating : Tn boong, tm boong
Deck portion : Ming khot trn boong
Deck step : Bc boong
Deck stringer : Tn mp boong
69

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Deck transverse : Sng ngang boong, x ngang boong (trong thnh phn khung ngang)
Deck with longitudinal beam : Boong c x dc
Deck with transverse beam : Boong c x ngang
Deckhouse : Lu, lu trn boong
Deckhouse top : Boong (nc) lu
Decline : (S) gim, s h-, s st ; S nghing i, s lch i
Decomposition : (S) phn tch, phn ly ; (S) phn hy
Decontamination : (S) kh nhim, (s) lm s-ch
Decontamination shower : Vi hoa sen kh nhim, vi hoa sen ra (mt)
Decrease : (S) gim, (s) st
Decrement : (S) gim, (s) suy gim ; suy gim ; Lng gim
Deduct, to : Ly i, khu i, tr i
De-energized : B ngt ngun, b ngt dng, b mt ngun
Deep (water) tank : Kt (nc) su
Deep floor : ngang dng cao ( u v ui tu)
Deep frame : Sn khe
Deep hatch : Ming khoang thnh cao
Deep oil tank : Kt su cha du, kt du lin v
Deep slot squirrel cage motor : ng c in ngn m-ch rnh su
Deep tank : Kt su
Deep tank bulkhead : Vch kt su
Deep well pump : Bm ging chm
De-excite, to : Kh kch thch, kh kch ng
Defect : Khuyt tt, sai st, thiu st, (s) ht, () ht
Defect detecting ability : Kh nng pht hin khuyt tt
Definition : nh ngha, s xc nh ; r nt (hnh nh), r(m thanh)
Deflection : (S) bin d-ng, sai lch
Crankshaft ~ : co bp m trc khuu
Deflection criteria : Tiu chun vng, lch
Deflexion (deflection) : (S) lch, lch ; S un cong, s vng, un, vng
Deforesting arrangement : Thit b kh tuyt
Deformation : (S) bin d-ng
Defrosting device : Thit b lm tan bng
Defrosting means : Phng tin lm tan bng
Defrosting test : Th kh tuyt
Degasser : B kh kh, b tch kh
70

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Degassing : Kh kh
Degassing roller : Con ln kh kh
Degassing roller : Trc ln kh kh
Degassing tank : Kt kh kh
Degassing: Kh kh, tch kh ; S t-o chn khng
Degree : , mc , bc, cp
Degree of fire harzard : Mc nguy him v chy
Degree of harzard : Mc nguy him
Degree of opening : m
Degree of superheat : qu nhit
Degree of twist : xon
Deicer : Thit b kh bng, thit b chng ng bng
Delay characteristics : c tnh tr
Deleterious : C h-i, c, c h-i
Deletion : (S) g-ch i/ xa i ; o-n khuyt ; (S) mt o-n
Delivering capacity : Sn lng phn phi, kh nng phn phi
Delivery : Phn phi, x ; Bn giao (tu)
Delivery pipe : ng x, ng y, ng phn phi
Delivery pressure : p sut y, p sut x, p sut phn phi
Delivery side : Pha y, pha x
Delivery valve : Van y, van x, van phn phi
Delta connection : u dy hnh tam gic
Demand : Nhu cu, yu cu, i hi
Demand electric power : Cng sut in yu cu
Demand factor : H s ph ti yu cu
Demarcation for applycation of material : (S) phn chia ranh gii p dng vt liu
Demister : Thit b chng ng sng
Density : Mt , t trng ; Cng
Dent : Vt lm, vt dp ; Rng
Deoiler : B tch du, thit b tch du, kh du
Deoxidation : (S) kh xi
Deoxidation practice : Qui trnh k thut kh xy
Departure : (S) khi hnh, ri bn
Departure condition : Tr-ng thi ri bn
Depletion : (S) tho, rt, x ht ; (S) rt ht ra, (s) x ra, (s) lm c-n
Deposit : Cht lng, vt lng, cht kt ta, cn
71

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Salt ~ : Cn mui
Deposit metal : Mu kim lo-i tha
Deposited (weld) metal : Kim lo-i (hn) p
Depth : su, chiu su ; Chiu cao (tu)
Depth for strength computation : Chiu cao m-n tu tnh sc bn
Depth gauge : Thit b o su
Depth of fusion : Chiu su nng chy
Depth of hardened zone : su, dy ca vng c lm cng
Depth of penetration : Chiu su thm thu
Depth of ship : Chiu cao m-n tu
Depth sounder : My o chiu su bng siu m
Depth thickness ratio : T s su theo chiu dy
Depthwise direction : Hng theo chiu su/ chiu dy
Derrick : Cu derick, cu dy ging ; Cu n
Derrick boom : Cn ca cu derick/ dy ging
Derrick boom stopper for dropping out : Thit b chng ri cn
Derrick heel lug : Gi chn cn cu dy ging
Derrick post : Tr/ ct cu dy ging
Derrick post : Ct cu dy ging
Descending : (S) ln xung theo chiu thng ng, h- xung
Description : (S) m t
Desiccation : (S) lm kh, kh m, sy kh.
Design : (Vic) thit k ; n thit k
Design criterion : Tiu chun thit k, chun thit k
Design features : c tnh thit k
Design ice pressure : p lc bng tnh ton
Design load : Ti trng thit k
Design principle : Nguyn tc, nguyn l thit k
Designation : (S) gi tn, nh danh, ch nh
Designed atmospheric temperature : Nhit kh tri thit k
Designed deadweight : Trng ti thit k
Designed load : Trng ti thit k
Designed load line : ng trng ti thit k, ng nc ch hng thit k
Designed maximum draught : Chiu chm/ mn nc thit k ln nht
Designed maximum load : Ti trng thit k ln nht
Designed maximum load line : ng nc ch hng thit k ln nht
72

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Designed point : im thit k


Designed pressure : p sut thit k
Designed speed : Tc thit k
Designed summer load line : ng nc ch hng thit k ma h
Designed temperature : Nhit thit k
Designed wind velocity : Tc gi thit k
Destructible material : Vt liu khng b ph hy
Destruction by fire : Ph hy/ tiu hy do chy
Desuperheater : Thit b gim qu nhit, b x qu nhit
Detachable : C th tho ra c
Detachable coupling : Khp ni tho c
Detachable propeller blade : Cnh chn vt tho c
Detached superstructure : Thng tng bit lp
Detail drawing : Bn v chi tit, bn v c th
Detail plan : Bn v chi tit
Detailed calculation : Tnh ton chi tit
Details : Chi tit
Details of installation : Chi tit lp t
Details of welding procedure : Chi tit ca qui trnh hn
Detect, to : Pht hin, d ra, tm ra
Detecting capacity : Kh nng pht hin
Detection : (S) pht hin, (s) d ra, tm ra
Detection : Pht hin
Gas ~ : Pht hin kh (c, chy)
Detector : Thit b ch bo, pht hin, , u d, my pht hin, ci cm bin
Level ~ : Thit b ch bo
Detergent : Cht ty ra
Deteriorate, to : Lm h hng, lm xu i ; Ph hy, ph ho-i
Deterioration : (S) h hng, (s) ph hy
Detrimental defect : Khuyt tt c h-i
Detrimental fume : Khi c h-i, khi c, kh c h-i
Detuner : B chng rung/ b gim chn, b gim chn, van iu tit
Developing : (S) pht trin, trin khai, m mang
Deviation : (S) sai s, (s) chch hng, (s) lch, lch
Deviation in wall thickness : (S) sai lch v chiu dy vch/ tng
Deviation of centre : Lch tm
73

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Device : Thit b, dng c, phng tin


Automatic control ~ : Thit b iu khin t ng
Remote control ~ : Thit b iu khin t xa
Feed water control ~ : Thit b iu khin s cp
Combustion control ~ : Thit b iu khin chy
Load sharing ~ : Thit b phn chia ti
Starting ~ : Thit b khi ng
Pressure and temperature ~ : Thit b o nhit v p sut
Pressure measuring and indicating ~ : Thit b o v ch bo p sut
Over-pressure prevention ~ : Thit b phng tng p
Combustion control ~ : Thit b kim sot t
Self-closing blanking ~ : Thit b kha t ng
Pneumatic remote shut-down ~ : Thit b ng t xa bng kh nn
Lubricating oil purifying ~ : Thit b lc du bi trn
High velocity ~ : Thit b x kh tc cao
Measuring ~ : Thit b o
Change-over ~ : Thit b chuyn i
Oxygen alarm ~ : Thit b bo ng
~ to stop the operation : Thit b dng ho-t ng
Device measuring angle : My o gc (gc nghing)
Device to prevent excessive pressure : Thit b phng qu p
Device to prevent floating : Thit b phng ni, thit b ngn nga ni
Dew point : im sng
Diagnosis system : H thng chun on
Diagonal : ng cho, ng ct cho ; Thanh ging
Diagonal direction : Hng ng cho
Diagonal stay : Thanh ging cho
Diagonal : Thanh ging cho
Diagram : S , th, biu , gin , ton
Engine control system ~ : S h thng iu khin ng c
Piping ~ : S ng ng
Diagram for internal communication system : S h thng thng tin lin l-c bn trong
tu
Diagram for notice : S thng bo
Diagram of earth connection : S ni t
Diagram of earthing method : S phng php ni t
74

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Diagram of saturated vapour pressure : Ton p sut hi bo ha


Diagram of wiring system : S m-ng in, s i dy
Diameter : ng knh
Pitch circle ~ : ng knh vng chia/ vng ln
Seat ~ : ng knh mt ta
Diaphragm : Mng ngn, tm ngn, tm chn
Dictinctive : C tnh phn bit, tnh d thy, c trng
Die : (S) kt thc, (s) mt ; Lng
Dielectric strength : bn in mi
Diesel : ng c i--den
Diesel engine : ng c i--den
Diffenrence in voltage : (S) sai khc v in th, chnh lch in th
Difference : chi ; (S) sai khc ; Hiu(s) ; chnh lch ; gim (p sut, nhit )
Differential service head : Chnh lch ct p
Diffusibility : Kh nng khuch tn, khu phn tn
Diffusion : (S) khuch tn, hin tng khuch tn
Dilute water filling system : H thng nc lm long
Dilution : (S) pha long
Dimensioless : (S) khng chiu, khng kch thc, khng th nguyn
Dimension : Kch thc, s o, chiu, kh, c
Dimensional inspection : Kim tra kch thc
Dimmer : B chnh sng
Dining room : Phng n
Diode : it, n in t hai cc
Direct : Thng, trc tip
Direct, to : Hng dn, ch -o
Direct bilge suction pipe : ng ht kh trc tip
Direct coupling : Ni trc tip
Direct current : Dng in mt chiu
Direct current circuit : M-ch in mt chiu
Direct current system : H thng in mt chiu, m-ng in mt chiu
Direct deflexion method : Phng php lch trc tip
Direct expansion system : H thng gin n trc tip
Direct rays of the sun : nh sng trc tip ca mt tri
Direct reading temperature indicator : Thit b ch bo nhit c trc tip
Direct reversing engine : ng c o chiu trc tip
75

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Direct strengrth calculation : Tnh ton trc tip bn


Direct system : H thng trc tip
Direction : Phng hng, hng ; iu khin, hng dn, ch huy
Direction finder : My v tuyn tm phng
Direction for selection : Hng la chn, hng dn la chn
Direction of extrusion : Hng n, hng y ra
Direction of Fibre : Hng ca (ct) si, hng ca th
Direction of Forging : Hng rn
Direction of rolling : Hng cn, hng ln
Direction of the Ship's head : Hng mi tu
Directional relay : R le nh hng
Disappearance : (S) bin mt
Disassembling tool : Dng c tho lp
Disc : a, bnh cnh, chi tit hnh a ; Vng m
Rupture ~ : a bo him
Disc face : Mt a
Discard : Ro tha/ u mu
Discard, to : Vt b, lo-i b, thi hi
Discharge : Vic d hng ; L x ; (S) ra/ chy ra
Discharge : X
Inadvertent ~ : X v tnh, s sut nc bin chy vo
High velocity ~ : X tc cao
Discharge cock : Van x
Discharge connection flange : Mt bch ni x
Discharge current : Dng thot, dng in phng, dng phng
Discharge lamp : n bo hiu phng, n bo hiu x
Discharge line : ng x
Discharge opening : L x, l thot
Discharge outlet : u x, ca x
Discharge pipe : ng x, ng thot, ng thi
Discharge pressure : p sut x, p sut thi
Discharge quantity : S lng x, s lng thi
Discharge rate : Lu lng x, lu lng thi, tc x ; Thi gian phng in ; Mc d
hng
Discharge resistance : in tr phng ; Sc cn x
Discharge side : Pha x, pha y
76

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Discharge to atmosphere pipe : ng x ra kh tri


Discharge valve : Van x
Discharge voltage : in p phng
Discharge, to : X, d hng ; Tho/ d ti
Discharged air : Kh thot
Discharged drain : X kh, tho c-n
Discharged water : Nc x
Discharging capacity : Kh nng x, kh nng d hng
Discharging device : Thit b x, thit b phng
Discharging quantity : Lng x, lng phng
Disconnect, to : Tho ri, ct, tch ra
Disconnecting : (S) tho, ct, tch
Disconnecting means : Phng tin ct/ tch
Disconnecting switch : Cng tc ngt m-ch
Disconnecting switche of circuit : Cng tc ngt m-ch
Discontinuity : (Tnh) khng lin tc, (tnh) gin o-n, im gin o-n
Discontinuity effect : nh hng gin o-n, tc dng gin o-n
Discontinuous freeboard deck : Boong m-n kh khng lin tc
Discretion : (S) ri r-c, c lp, bit lp, ring bit ; (S) la chn
Dished end plate : Tm y hnh a
Disk: a, bnh cnh, chi tit hnh a
Dislocation : (S) bin v, chuyn v, lch m-ng, trch khp
Dismanthing : (S) tho d, ph hy ; (S) bc v (cp)
Dismantle, to : Tho ra
Dismantle, to : Tho d, ph hy, bc v (cp)
Dismantled, to be : B ph hy, b tho b
Dispensation : (S) phn phi, phn pht ; (S) pha ch, nh liu lng
Dispensation measure : Tiu chun pha ch, tiu chun nh lng
Dispensation with : Khng cn n ; Tng kh i ; Min
Dispense with, to : Min ; B qua
Dispensed with : c min, c b qua
Dispersal : Phn tn
Dispersion : (S) phn tn, tn x-, khuych tn, tn sc
Displacement : Lng chim nc ; (S) dch chuyn, dch chuyn ; Dung tch xi lanh ;
Cng sut, nng sut
Display : (S) ti t-o, hin th, mn hnh
77

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Display, to : Ti t-o, hin th


Dispose, to : Sp t, chnh n ; B tr ; Thi
Disposition : (S) sp t, b tr
Distance : Khong cch, c ly, tm ho-t ng, tm xa, qung ng
Distance between row : Khong cch gia cc hng, bc
Distance piece : Chi tit ni ng, o-n ng ni van vi v tu ; Ming ngn ; Chi tit m
Distilled water : Nc ct
Distiller : Thit b chng ct nc, b phn bc hi, bnh chng ct, ni chng ct
Distinct colour : Mu phn bit, mu nhn bit
Distinction : Phn bit, du hiu phn bit
Distinguishing mark : Du hiu phn bit, du hiu nhn bit
Distortion : (S) vnh, mo, bin d-ng
Distortion factor : H s bin d-ng
Distress : H hng, bin d-ng
Distributed capacity : Kh nng phn phi, kh nng phn b
Distributed load : Ti trng phn b
Distribution : (S) phn phi, phn b
Distribution board : Bng (in) phn phi
Distribution board for lighting : Bng phn phi chiu sng
Distribution box : Hp phn phi
Distribution circuit : M-ch phn phi
Distribution switchboard : Bng in phn phi
Distribution system : H thng phn phi
Distributor : B chia, Thit b phn phi
Ignition ~ : B chia la
Disturbance : (S) ri lo-n, nhiu lo-n ; T-p m (VTD)
Ditrimental : C h-i
Diurnal : (Thuc v) mt ngy m, sut ngy m
Diver : Ngi ln, th ln
Diversion : (S) lm chch i, rt ; (S) dn dng ; (S) i hng i ; (S) phn tp (tn s)
Diversity factor : H s ng thi, h s phn tp
Divide, to : Phn chia, khc , phn (thang o)
Diving bell : Chung ln
Diving dress : Qun o ln
Diving rudder : Bnh li ln
Division : (S) chia, phn chia ; Vch ngn
78

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Division wall : Vch ngn


Dock : , u, c
Docking : (S) a tu ln , ln , vo , ln trin, ln
Docking keel : Sng vo , sng k cn
Docking survey : Kim tra trn
Docking survey : Kim tra trn , kim tra trn trin, kim tra trn
Document : Ti liu, h s, vn bn ; Chng t vn kin
Dolphin mooring system : H nh v bng cc
Dome : Vm, vm che, mi vm, ci chp, nh cu np che
Donkey boiler : Ni hi ph
Door : Ca, ca ra vo ; Bm chn ; Van iu tit
Door closed by dropping : Ca c ng bng cch th ri
Door closed by the action of dropping weight : Ca c ng nh tc ng ca trng vt
ri
Door frame : Khung ca, khun ca
Door sill : Ngng ca
Doorway : Li ra vo
Double acting engine : ng c tc dng kp
Double bottom : y i
Double bottom tank : Kt y i
Double continuous welding : Hn hai pha lin tc
Double core cable : Cp hai li
Double full fillet welded lap joint : Mi ni chng mp hn gc hai mt lin tc
Double full fillet welding : Hn gc hai mt lin tc
Double helical gear : Bnh rng xon kp
Double hull : V hai lp
Double hull construction : Kt cu v kp, kt cu hai lp v
Double hull tanker : Tu du hai lp v
Double lager braid : Lp tt bn hai lp, lp tt bn kp
Double lager winding : Cun hai lp dy, cun dy kp
Double plate rudder : Bnh li lu tuyn, bnh li hp
Double pole switch : Cu dao, cng tc hai cc
Double protection system : H thng bo v kp
Double scale : Hai thang o, thang o kp
Double seal : m kp
Double shear : My ct kp
79

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Double side : M-n kp


Double side construction : Kt cu m-n kp
Double side hull tank : Kt m-n kp
Double squirrel-case motor : ng c lng xc rnh kp
Double throw switch : (Ci) chuyn m-ch hai tip im
Double vee type : Kiu ch V
Double wall piping system : H thng ng hai lp
Double wall structure : Kt cu hai lp vch
Double-welded butt joint : Mi hn gip mp hai pha
Doubling : Kp, nhn i, gp i, xon chp i
Doubling(plate) : Tm kp
Dovetail : Mng ui chim n, chi tit d-ng ui n
Downcomer : ng tun hon
Downflooding : Vo nc
Downflooding angle : Gc vo nc
Draff difference : chi
Draft : Mn nc, chiu chm ; Dng kh, lung kh
Draft stop : Tm chn
Drag force : Lc ko
Drag/ dipper dredger : Tu quc
Drain (off) to : Tiu x nc ; Rt, tho ; Rt ht, lm kit
Drain : (S) tiu nc, x kh, rt nc ; ng x, l x nc
Drain cock : Van x, van tiu thot nc
Drain device : Thit b x, thit b tiu nc
Drain discharging device : Thit b x kh, thit b tiu nc
Drain hole : L tiu nc, l x nc, l thng nc, l thot nc
Drain pipe : ng thi
Drain plug : Nt x, nt thot nc
Drain tank : Kt du bn, kt nc bn
Drain valve : Van x, van tiu nc, van x kh, van tho nc
Drainage : (Vic) lm kh, (vic) tiu nc
Drainage arrangements : Thit b x, thit b tiu nc, h thng tiu/ thot nc ; B tr tiu
thot nc
Drainage device : Thit b x, thit b tiu nc
Drainage system : H thng tiu nc, h thng x nc
Draining : (S) tiu nc, thot nc, x, tho kh
80

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Draining device : Thit b tiu nc, thit b x nc


Draught : Chiu chm, mn nc ; Sc ht gi ( ng khi)
Draught admidship : Chiu chm gia tu
Draught damper : Bm chn, tm chn
Draught mark : Du mn nc, du chiu chm, du ng nc
Draught stop : Tm c chn gi
Draw, to : C mn ; Ngp ti mc ; Tho ra ; Chut, ram (thp), Git (thp)
Drawer type : Kiu ngn ko
Drawing : Bn v ; (S) ko ; (S) chut ; (S) ram
Detail ~ : Bn v chi tit
Illustrative ~ : Bn v minh ha
Drawing and data : Bn v v ti liu/ s liu k thut
Drawing out : (S) ko ra, nh ra, rt ra, li ra
Drawing out examination : (S) kim tra tho ra
Drawing to be submitted : Bn v trnh duyt
Drawn tube : ng ko, ng rt
Dredger : Tu n-o vt/ tu quc/ tu ht
Drier : L sy, my sy, thit b lm kh, b sy ; Cht lm kh, cht ht m
Drift : (S) tri d-t, d-t ; Tc dng ; Hnh trnh ca palng ; Chiu di cho tnh t
ch buc ; S tri d-t tn s
Drill : Mi khoan ; My khoan ; Vic tp luyn, hun luyn
Drilling equipment : Thit b khoan
Drilling operation : Thao tc khoan, cng vic khoan
Drilling tower : Thp khoan
Drilling unit : Thit b khoan ; Dn khoan
Drinking fresh water : Nc ung, nc ngt
Drinking water : Nc ung
Drip-proof construction : Kt cu chng chy nh git, kt cu khng thm r
Driptray : Khay hng du r r
Drip-tray : Khay hng (nc, du) d r
Drive : (S) dn ng, truyn ng, iu khin, tri d-t, vn chuyn
Drive shaft : Trc dn ng
Drive side : Pha ch ng
Drive, to : Dn ng, truyn ng ; Lai, ko ; iu khin, Kch thch ; Vn chuyn ; Li ;
Tri d-t
Driving : Dn ng, lai, ko
81

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Driving belt : Dy ai truyn ng, dy ai dn ng


Driving chain : Xch truyn ng, xch ko
Driving gear : C cu truyn ng, c cu dn ng, bnh rng truyn ng
Driving machinery : My truyn ng
Driving mechanism : C cu truyn ng
Driving motor : M t dn ng, ng c in truyn ng
Driving power : Cng sut truyn ng ; Ngun dn ng
Driving shaft : Trc truyn ng, trc dn ng
Driving system : H thng truyn ng
Driving torque : Momen truyn ng
Drop : Git, (s) ri, (s) h-, (s) st/ gim, (s) tn tht
Steam pressure ~ : St/ gim p sut hi
Drop of voltage : (S) tn tht in p, s st p (in)
Drop out, to : Bin mt, t (m-ch)
Drop test : Th ri
Drop weight test : Th trng vt ri
Droping : (S) ng xung, r xung, chc xung
Drum : Trng, thng (d-ng trng), thn, ng, bu (ni hi) ; Tang
Boiler ~ : Thn ni hi
Dry (up), to : Sy kh, lm kh
Dry cargo : Hng kh
Dry cargo vessel : Tu hng kh
Dry chemical : Ha cht kh
Dry chemical mixture : Hn hp ha cht kh
Dry chemical powder : Bt ha cht kh
Dry combustion (chamber) cylindrical boiler : Ni hi hnh tr c bung t kh
Dry combustion chamber : Bung t kh
Dry dock/ graving dock : kh
Dry heat test : Th nhit cao mi trng kh
Dry self-cooling type : Kiu t lm mt kh
Dry type transformer : Bin p kiu kh
Drydock : kh
Dryer : My sy, thit b sy, thit b hong kh
Drying : (S) sy, lm kh
Drying agent : Cng cht sy kh
Drying medium : Cht lm kh
82

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Dryness : kh, (s) kh, tr-ng thi kh


DSC encoder : Thit b gi chn s hon chnh
Dual arrangement : B tr kp
Dual purpose : Hai mc ch, mc ch kp
Duct : ng, ng dn, knh ( thng gi), mng dn
Duct for ventilation : Knh thng gi
Duct for ventilation : Knh thng gi, ng thng gi
Duct keel : Sng chnh y d-ng hp, ki hp
Ductile material : Vt liu do, vt liu rn c, vt liu d ko si
Ductility : Tnh do, tnh mm, tnh rn c, tnh d un, tnh d ko si (kim lo-i)
Dump test : (Cuc) th lt, th lc
Dunnage : Vt lt hng, vt chn hng, vt liu lt, vt liu chn
Duplex feeding : Ngun nui kp, ngun kp, cp kp
Duplicate supply : Cp in kp
Duplicate-non return valve : Van mt chiu kp
Duplication : (S) sao l-i, s nhn i, gp i ; Bn th hai, vt th hai
Durability test : (Cuc) th tnh chu mn, th tui th
Durable : Bn, tui th, lu di
Duration : Thi gian duy tr, thi h-n
Duration of certificate : Thi h-n hiu lc ca giy chng nhn
During construction : Trong qu trnh ng mi, trong qu trnh ch t-o, trong qu trnh xy
dng
During manoenvring : Trong qu trnh iu ng, trong qu trnh ra vo lung, trong qu
trnh cp cng
Dust : Bi
Dust collector : Thit b ht bi
Dust collector : Thit b thu gom bi
Dust proof : Kn bi, chng bi
Dust tight : Kn bi
Duty : Cng c ch, ch lm vic ca my ; Nng sut, cng sut ; Ph ti, dung lng ;
Trc nht, trc ca
Dye penetrant method : Phng php thm thu cht lng mu
Dye penetrant testing : Th bng cht thm mu
Dynamic balancing test : (Cuc) th cn bng ng
Dynamic bending monent : M men un ng
Dynamic braking : (S) hm ng lc
Dynamic inclination : Nghing ng
83

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Dynamic instability : Tnh khng n nh ng


Dynamic load : Ti trng ng
Dynamic loading spectrum : Ph ti trng ng
Dynamic membrane stress : ng sut mng ng
Dynamic positioner : C cu nh v ng lc, thit b nh v ng lc
Dynamic positioning system : H nh v thy lc
Dynamic stress : ng sut ng
Dynamic(al) characterictics : c tnh ng lc
Dynamic(cal) pressure : p sut ng lc
Dynamo : i na m, my pht in mt chiu, my pht t kch
Dynamo seating : B my pht in mt chiu, b my pht t kch
Dynamometer : Lc k, ng lc k ; Thit b o cng sut ng c, thit b o cng

84

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Earth (indicating) lamp : n bo ch-m mt


Earth : Mt (in), t
Earth connection : Dy ni t
Earth detection : Pht hin ch-m mt, pht hin tip t
Earth fault : (S) tip t, ch-m mt
Earth indication : Ch bo ch-m mt
Earth line : ng mt, dy mt
Earth wire : ng mt, dy mt
Earth, to : Tip t, ni t, ni mt, tip mt
Earthed metal : Kim lo-i c ni t/ ni mt
Earth-fault : Ch-m mt
Earthing : (S) tip t, ni t
Earthing conductor : Dy dn ni mt, dy dn tip t
Earthing means : Phng tin ni t, phng tip mt
Earthing method : Phng php ni mt, phng php ni t
Earthing terminal : Cc ni mt, cc tip t
Earthquake : (S) ng t
Easily accesible : C th tip cn d dng, n d dng
Easing gear : C cu gim tc, c cu lm chm/ lm gim/ lm yu ; Ni lng (ai c)
Ebb-tide : Triu dng, triu rt
Eccentric sheave : Puli/ rng rc lch tm
Eccetric : Lch tm, khng ng tm
Echo sounder : My o su (siu m)
Echo sounder machine : My o su siu m
Economizer : B tit kim ; Ni hi kinh t
Exhaust gas ~ : B tit kim dng kh x
Economizer tube : ng ca bnh hm tit kim
Eddy current : Dng xoy
Edge : B, ra, c-nh, mp ; Li dao, li ct
Edge preparation : (S) chun b/ vt mp (hn)
Edgewise winding : (S) qun dy t pha bn c-nh
Edison socket : Phch cm kiu Edisn
Eductor : My phun, u phun, ming phun, bm pht
Effect : Tc dng, nh hng, hiu ng, kt qu ; Tc ng ; Nng sut
Effective area : Vng nh hng
Effective breadth : Mp km (ca c cu thn tu)
85

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Effective cross sectional area : Din tch tit din hiu dng
Effective deck : Boong hiu dng, Boong chu lc
Effective distance : Khong cch c hiu qu, khong cch c ch
Effective electric power : Cng sut in c ch
Effective face width : B rng mt hiu dng
Effective lifetime : Tui th hu ch
Effective limit : Gii h-n c ch, gii h-n c hiu qu
Effective pressure : p sut c ch
Effective second deck : Boong hiu dng th hai
Effective sectional area : Din tch chu lc hiu dng
Effective third deck : Boong hiu dng th ba
Effective value : Gi tr hiu dng, gi tr c ch
Effectively : (Mt cch) hiu qu, (mt cch) hiu dng
Effectiveness : Tnh hiu qu, tnh hiu dng
Efficiency : hiu qu, hiu lc ; Hiu sut ; Nng sut ; Nng lc, Kh nng ; H s,
h s c ch
~ of joint and ligament : H s bn ca thanh ging
~ of longitudinal ligament : H s bn ca thanh ging dc
~ of circumferential liagement : H s bn ca thanh ging vng trn
Efficiency test : Th cng sut, th nng sut, th hiu sut
Effluent : Nhnh
Scrubber ~ : Nhnh thit b lc kh
Ejector : B phun, bm phun, bm pht ; ng phun, ng pht ; My phun ; ng ht (rc)
Elastic : n hi, co gin
Elastic deformation : Bin dang n hi
Elastic limit : Gii h-n n hi
Elastic modulus : Mun n hi
Elasticity : n hi, do
Electric (furnace) steel : Thp luyn bng l in
Electric arc : H quang in
Electric bulb : Bng in
Electric cable : Cp in
Electric circuit : M-ch in
Electric cooking range : Bp in
Electric current : Dng in
Electric fan : Qu-t in
86

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Electric furnace : L in
Electric generating plant : Tr-m pht in, t my pht in
Electric generating set : T my pht in
Electric heater : B hm, thit b hm bng in, b si in
Electric heating appliance : Thit b hm bng in
Electric ignition : nh la bng in
Electric ignition arrangement : Thit b nh la bng in
Electric installation : Trang b in, thit b in
Electric lamp : n in
Electric light : nh sng in, chiu sng bng in ; n in
Electric lighting cable : Cp in chiu sng
Electric lighting fittings : Ph tng in chiu sng
Electric motor : ng c in
Electric power : Cng sut in
Electric power consuming apparatus : Thit b tiu th in, h tiu th in
Electric power consumption : (S) tiu th in
Electric power investigation : (S) kho st/ nghin cu ngun in
Electric power source : Ngun in
Electric propulsion : (S) y bng in
Electric propulsion machinery : My in chn vt, my chnh ca tu ch-y in
Electric propulsion plant : Thit b in chn vt
Electric propulsion ship : Tu ch-y in
Electric resistance welded steel tube : ng thp hn bng in tr
Electric resistance welding : Hn in tr
Electric shock : (S) chp in, va ch-m in ; C git in
Electric sounding device : Thit b o in
Electric steering gear : Thit b li in
Electric thermometer : Nhit k in
Electric welding : Hn in
Electric winch : Ti in
Electric wiring diagram : S ng dy in, s m-ng in
Electric wiring plan : Bn v m-ng in
Electrical angle : Gc in
Electrical appliances : Thit b in
Electrical characteristic : c tnh in
Electrical circuit : M-ch din
87

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Electrical continuity : Tnh lin tc v in


Electrical earthing : (S) tip mt in, ni mt in
Electrical equipment : Thit b in
Electrical fast transient test : Th qu
Electrical fault : (S) trc trc v in, h hng in, d in
Electrical fire alarm system : H thng bo chy dng in
Electrical installation : Trang b in
Electrical machinery : My in
Electrical operation type : Kiu ho-t ng bng in
Electrical oscillation : Dao ng in
Electrical part : Phn mang in, phn c in
Electrical performance : c tnh k thut in
Electrical power supply failure test : Th s c cung cp ngun in
Electrical power supply fluctuation test : Th dao ng ngun cp nng lng
Electrically : Bng in
Electrically non-conductive : Khng dn in
Electrically welded chain : Xch hn in
Electrochemical reaction : Phn ng in ha
Electrode : in cc, que hn in
Electro-gas welding : Hn di kh bo v
Electrohydraulic steering gear : My li in thy lc
Electrolyte : Cht in phn, cht in ly, dung dch in phn
Electrolytic corosion resisting coating : Lp ph chng n mn in phn, lp bc chng n
mn in phn
Electrolytic corrosion : (S) n mn in phn
Electromagnatic shielding : (S) bo v in t, che chn in t
Electromagnet : Nam chm in
Electromagnetic brake : Phanh in t
Electromagnetic contactor : Cng tc in t, b ng ngt in t
Electromagnetic coupling : Khp ni in t ; (S) ni/ n khp bng in t
Electromagnetic force : Lc in t
Electromagnetic force caused by short circuit current : Lc in t sinh ra bi dng in
ngn m-ch
Electromagnetic induction : (S) cm ng in t
Electromagnetic interference : Nhiu in t
Electromagnetic slip coupling : Khp ni trt in t ; (S) ni/ n khp bng in t
88

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Electronic probe type : Kiu u d in t


Electro-slag welding : Hn in x
Electrostatic capacity : Cng sut tnh in
Electrostatic discharge test : Th kh tnh in
Electrostatic induction : (S) cm ng tnh in
Electrostatic shielding : (S) bo v tnh in, che chn tnh in
Element : Phn t, nguyn t, b phn, yu t, thnh phn
Element wire : Dy nhnh
Elevating lowering test : (Cuc) th nng thp
Elevating system : H thng nng
Eliminate, to : Kh, lo-i tr, tch ra, ct ra
Ellipse : Hnh bu dc, hnh elp
Ellipsoid : E lp x t
Elliptical opening : L khot hnh elp
Elongation : (S) ko di, gin di (tng i)
Emanate, to : Pht ra, phng x-, ta ra, bt ngun
Embarkation deck : Boong ln xung
Embarkation place : V tr tp kt ln xung, ni tp trung ln xung
Embedded temperature detector : u cm bin nhit
Emboss, to : Ch-m ni, khc ni, khm ni
Emerge, to : Ni ln
Emergency (storage) battery : c qui s c
Emergency accumulater battery : c qui s c
Emergency air compressor : My nn kh s c
Emergency bilge suction pipe : ng ht kh s c
Emergency call : Gi cp cu, gi khn cp ; Gh vo cng trong trng hp s c, gh vo
cng trong trng hp khn cp
Emergency case : Trng hp s c, trng hp khn cp
Emergency condition : Tr-ng thi s c, tr-ng thi khn cp
Emergency discharge : X khn cp, x s c ; D hng s c ; Thi khn cp
Emergency distribution circuit : M-ch phn phi s c
Emergency dynamo : My pht in mt chiu s c
Emergency electric equipment : Thit b in s c
Emergency electric(al) installation : Trang b in s c
Emergency escape : Li thot s c
Emergency facilities : Phng tin s c, thit b s c
89

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Emergency fire pump : Bm cu ha s c


Emergency generator : My pht in s c
Emergency generator room : Bung my pht in s c
Emergency governor : B iu tc s c ; Thit b iu chnh s c ; Van iu chnh s c
Emergency illumination : Chiu sng s c
Emergency jettison limit : Gii h-n vt hng xung bin trong trng hp s c, gii h-n
vt hng xung bin trong trng hp khn cp
Emergency light : n s c
Emergency lighting : Chiu sng s c
Emergency lighting circuit : M-ch chiu sng s c
Emergency lighting source: Ngun chiu sng s c
Emergency load : Ti s c
Emergency manoeuvring station : Tr-m iu ng s c, tr-m iu ng khn cp
Emergency means of closing : Phng tin ng s c
Emergency means of escape : Phng tin thot n-n s c
Emergency measure : Bin php s c
Emergency power source : Ngun nng lng s c
Emergency pressure relief device : Thit b gim p s c
Emergency pump : Bm s c
Emergency shutdown valve : Van ngt s c
Emergency shut-off : Ngt khn cp, ngt s c
Emergency shut-off valve : Van ngt khn cp, van ngt s c
Emergency signal : Tn hiu s c, tn hiu khn cp
Emergency signal : Tn hiu s c
Emergency source : Ngun (in) s c
Emergency source of electric power : Ngun in s c
Emergency source of power : Ngun (nng lng) s c
Emergency stop : Dng khn cp, dng s c
Emergency stopping means : Phng tin dng s c, phng tin dng khn cp
Emergency switch board : Bng in s c
Emergency towing arrangement : Trang b ko s c
Emergency use : Dng trong trng hp khn cp, dng trong trng hp s c
Emersion : (S) ni ln/ hin ln
Emission : (S) pht ra/ ta ra ; Vic truyn (thng tin)
Emphasize, to : Nhn m-nh, lm ni bt
Emptied tank : Kt trng/ rng
90

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Empty : Trng, rng


Empty hold : Khoang trng, khoang rng
Emulsion : Nh tng
Encase, to : Nhn m-nh, lm ni bt
Enclose, to : Vy quanh, bao quanh, bao bc
Enclosed covering : (S) bao bc, bao quanh ; Lp bao bc, lp bao quanh
Enclosed fuse : Cu ch ng
Enclosed hold : Khoang kn
Enclosed space : Bung kn, khng gian kn, khoang kn
Enclosed superstructure : Thng tng kn
Enclosed type : Kiu kn, kiu c bc kn
Enclosing case : Hp kn, ngn kn
Enclosure : (S) ngn l-i, quy l-i, bao bc, v bo v
End : u, cui, mt
Open ~ : u h
Upper ~ : u trn
Big ~ : u to
End attachment : Lin kt mt
End bracket : M cui, m mt
End bulkhead : Vch mt
End cell : c qui cui (thm hoc bt iu chnh in p)
End coaming : Thnh ngang u ming khoang
End coil : Cun dy cui, vng y cui
End connecting : Ni mt
End connecting bracket : M ni mt
End connection : Lin kt mt
End grip : M mt ; Tay hm cui
End link : Ni mt, lin kt mt
End part : Phn mt (mi hoc ui tu)
End part of ship : Phn/ o-n mi hoc ui tu
End plate : Tm mt, tm ra
End ring : Vng cui, vng ra
End scantling : Kch thc phn mt
End view : Xem xt ln cui, kim tra l-i ln cui, sot xt ln cui
End wall : Tng chn ngoi, tng chn bin, tng chn cui
Endorse, to : Xc nhn, chng thc
91

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Endorsement : (S) xc nhn, chng thc ; Giy bo him b sung


Endurance test : (Cuc) th kh nng chu ng, th sc bn mi, th tui th
Energize, to : Truyn nng lng ti, truyn in ti
Energized part : Phn c truyn nng lng, b phn c truyn nng lng
Energy : Nng lng
Absorbable ~ : Nng lng hp th
Energy value : Tr s nng lng
Engine (room) opening : L khot bung my
Engine : ng c, my
4-stroke cycle in-line i--den ~ : ng c i--den 4 th thng hng
4-stroke cycle vee-type i--den ~ : ng c i--den 4 th kiu ch V
2-stroke cycle i--den ~ : ng c i--den 2 th
Engine bearer : Gi ng c, b ng c
Engine bed : B my, my, gi my
Engine casing : Lp bc ng c, v bc ng c, hp bc ng c
Engine component part : Chi tit hp thnh ng c
Engine control station : Tr-m iu khin ng c, tr-m iu khin my
Engine hatchway : Ming bung my
Engine hatchway casing : Vch quy ming bung my, ging ming bung my
Engine having equal firing interval : ng c c khong n (lm vic) u nhau
Engine output : Cng sut ra ca my
Engine room : Bung my
Engine seat(ing) : B my
Engine starter (accummulator) battery : c qui khi ng my
Engine sump : Khay hng du ca ng c, b phn thu gom du d ca ng c
Engine telegraph : Tay chung bung my
Engineer's alarm system : H thng bo ng cho s quan my
Engine's tools : Dng c tho lp ng c
Enlaged link : Mt ln ln, mt xch neo ln
Enrichment : (S) lm giu, lm phong ph
Ensign staff : Ct c ui
Entablature : M ct, b khung, ct, gi (ng c)
Entail,to : Bt theo, lm cho ci g tr nn cn thit ; Cho k tha
Entrance : Li vo, li i ; u vo ; Ca vo ; Phn thon mi (ca tu)
Entry : Li vo, ca vo
Entry and clearance : S vo v ri (cng)
92

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Enviroment : Mi trng
Extreme corrosive ~ : Mi trng n mn m-nh
Environment test : Th iu kin mi trng
Environmental condition : iu kin mi trng
Environmental control : (S) kim sot mi trng
EP rubber : Cao su EP
Equal firing interval : Khong n (lm vic) u nhau (ca ng c)
Equal interval : Khong bng nhau
Equal-angle steel : Thp gc u c-nh
Equalization arrangement : Thit b hiu chnh, thit b b tr, thit b cn bng
Equalization of ship : iu chnh t th tu
Equalizer bus bar : Thanh dn ca thit b b tr, thanh dn ca thit b cn bng
Equalizer circuit : M-ch b tr, m-ch cn bng
Equalizer connection : M-ch ca thit b b tr/cn bng ; Ni ghp thit b b tr/cn bng
Equalizer switch : Cu dao ca thit b b tr/cn bng, r le chuyn m-ch ca thit b b
tr/cn bng
Equalizing : (S) lm cn bng, (s) b tr
Equalizing bus bar : Thanh dn hiu chnh, thanh dn cn bng
Equilibrium : (S) cn bng, tr-ng thi cn bng
Equip with,to : Trang b
Equipment : Thit b, trang b
Main control ~ : Thit b iu khin chnh
Ancilliary ~ : Refrigarating ~ : Thit b lm l-nh
Medical first-aid ~ : Thit b s cu
Oxygen resuscitation ~ : Thit b xy phc hi h hp
Equipment letter : M hiu thit b
Equipment number : S c trng cung cp (thit b)
Equipment to prompt starting : Thit b khi ng nhanh chng, thit b khi ng tc
thi
Equivalency : (S) tng ng, tnh tng ng
Equivalent : Tng ng, ng lng
Equivalent elongation : dn di tng ng
Equivalent mean effective pressure : p sut trung bnh c ch tng ng
Equivalent stress : ng sut tng ng
Erection : (S) dng, lp rp
Erosion : (S) n mn
93

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Erroneous functioning : (S) ho-t ng sai, ho-t ng khng ng


Error : Sai s, sai st, sai lch, (s) thiu st
Escape hole : L thot him
Escape route : Li thot
Escape scuttle : L khot thot him, ca thot him, l thot n-n
Escape trunk : Hm thot n-n, li thot
Escape valve : Van x (d phng)
Escaping gas : Kh thot ra
Essential : Quan trng, chnh, thit yu
Essential auxiliary : My ph quan trng
Essential part : B phn thit yu, b phn chnh, chi tit chnh
Essential service : Cng dng quan trng, cng vic thit yu
Establishment : (S) thit lp, thnh lp ; (Vic) xy dng
Estimate, to : nh gi, c tnh, c nh
Estimating correction : c tnh lng hiu chnh
Evaporating part : Phn bay hi, b phn bay hi
Evaporating tube : ng bay hi, ng bc hi
Evaporation : (S) bay hi/ bc hi ; (Vic) sy hng
Evaporative capacity : Sn lng bay hi, sn lng bc hi ; Kh nng bay hi, kh nng
bc hi
Evaporator : Thit b bc hi, thit b bay hi, bu bc hi
Evaporator and distiller unit : Thit b bc hi v thit b chng ct
Even keel : Ki bng
Even number : S chn
Evenly : (Mt cch) u n, (mt cch) bng phng
Evidence : Chng c, bng chng
Examination : (S) kim tra, (s) kho nghim, (s) khm xt
Macroscopic and microscopic ~ : Kim tra bng mt thng v kim tra t vi
Radiographic ~ : Kim tra bng tia phng xExcept where... : Tr khi nu ...
Exception : (S) ngo-i l
Exception in application : Ngo-i l khi p dng
Excess : (S) vt qu, d, s lng vt/ tha
Excess capicity : Kh nng vt qu, dung tch vt qu
Excess flow valve : Van cho dng chy qu mc, van cho dng x qu
Excess flow valve : Van qu dng
94

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Exess speed test : Th tn tht tc


Excess torque : M men vt qu
Excess torque test : Th xon qu mc
Excessive : Qu mc, vt qu
Excessive pressure : p sut vt qu
Excessive stress : ng sut qu ln
Excessive turbulence : Hin tng xoy dng
Excessive vibration : Dao ng/ chn ng qu mc
Excessively : (Mt cch) qu mc
Exchanger : Thit b trao i
Heat ~ : Thit b trao i nhit
Excitation : (S) kch thch, kch ng
Excitation ciruit : M-ch kch thch
Excitation system : H thng kch thch
Exciter : B kch thch, tc nhn kch thch
Exciting current : Dng kch thch
Exciting force : Lc kch thch, lc kch ng
Exclude, to : Lo-i tr, khng cho php
Exclusion : (S) lo-i tr, khng cho php
Exclusive : Lo-i tr, ring bit, c quyn, dnh ring
Exclusive circuit : M-ch in ring bit
Exclusive Surveyor : ng kim vin chuyn nghip
Exclusive use : Dng ring, s dng ring
Exemption : (S) min tr, min gim
Exemption certificate : Giy chng nhn min tr/ min gim
Exfoliation : (S) trc v, trc lp bc ngoi
Exhaust : (S) x, thi
Exhaust air : Kh x
Exhaust device : Thit b x, thit b thi
Exhaust duct : ng kh x, ng thi, knh x, knh thi
Exhaust fan : Qu-t thi, qu-t ht
Exhaust gas : Kh thi, kh x
Exhaust gas arrangement : Thit b kh thi
Exhaust gas boiler : Ni hi kh x, ni hi kh thi
Exhaust gas economizer : B hm tit kim kh thi
Exhaust gas heater : B hm dng kh thi, thit b hm dng kh x
95

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Exhaust gas pipe : ng kh x, ng kh thi


Exhaust gas piping : ng ng kh x
Exhaust gas turbine : Tua bin kh thi, tua bin kh x
Exhaust gas turbine supercharger : Tua bin tng p lm vic bng kh thi
Exhaust gas turbocharger : Tua bin kh x
Exhaust gas turbosupercharger : Tua bin tng p kh thi
Exhaust hole : L x, l thot
Exhaust manifold : ng gp kh x, cm ng kh thi
Exhaust opening : L thot, l x, ca ra, ca thot, ming x, ming thi
Exhaust pipe : ng x, ng thi
Exhaust port : Ca x, ca thi, ca y
Exhaust slot : Rnh x, rnh thot, rnh thi
Exhaust steam : Hi x, hi thi, hi dng ri
Exhaust trunk : Hm x, kt x ; ng ng thi, ng ng x
Exhaust type : Kiu x, kiu thi
Exhaust valve : Van thi, van x
Exhaust ventilation duct : Knh thng gi x
Exhaust-type mechanical ventilation system : H thng thng gi c gii kiu thi
Exhaust-type ventilation : H thng thng gi kiu thi
Existing ship : Tu ang khai thc, tu hin c
Exit : Li ra, li thot
Exotherm : (S) pht nhit, ngo-i nhit
Expanding of tube : (S) dn n ca ng, nong ng
Expansion : (S) m rng/ n ; n ; (S) dn, dn ; (S) khai trin
Thermal ~ : Gin n nhit
Expansion accuracy : chnh xc cn thit, chnh xc d kin
Expansion and contraction : (S) co dn, co ngt
Expansion bend : Khuu ni ng gin n
Expansion coefficient : H s dn n
Expansion foam system : H thng bt n
Expansion joint : Mi ni dn n, khp ni dn n, xi phng (mi ni chu dn n nhit)
Expansion ratio : H s n
Expansion tank : Kt gin n
Expansion trunk : Kt dn n, thng dn n, hm gin n
Expansion valve : Van dn n
Expeditionary ship : Tu thm him
96

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Expelled gas : Kh b thi ra, kh b tng ra, kh b y ra


Expension bend : Un gin n
Experimental tank : B th, kt th
Expire, to : Mn h-n, ht h-n, ht hiu lc
Explanation : Thuyt minh, gii thch
Explode, to : N, bung ra, tch ra
Explosion : (S) n, ting n
Explosion class : Cp n, h-ng n, lo-i n
Explosion limit range : Ph-m vi gii h-n n, di gii h-n n
Explosion pressure : p sut n
Explosion relief device : C cu phng n (cc te)
Explosion relief valve : Van phng n
Explosion strength test : Th bn chu n
Explosion-proof : Chng n
Explosion-proof construction : Kt cu phng n
Explosion-proof electric equipment : Thit b in kiu phng n
Explosion-proof electric machine : My in kiu phng n
Explosion-proof fixing type : Kiu c nh phng n
Explosion-proof lamp : n phng n
Explosion-proof lighting fitting : Dng c chiu sng phng n
Explosion-proof packing type : Kiu bt kn phng n
Explosion-proof receptacle : cm in phng n, ui in phng n
Explosion-proof stud type : Kiu inh tn phng n
Explosion-proof type : Kiu phng n
Explosion-proofness : (S) phng n
Explosion-protected construction : Kt cu kiu phng n
Explosion-protected electrical equipment : Thit b in phng n
Explosive : Cht n, tnh n
Explosive cargo : Hng d n
Explosive gas : Kh n
Explosive ignition test : (Cuc) th pht n
Explosive material : Vt liu n, vt liu d n
Explosive pressing : p n
Explosive range : Di n, ph-m vi n
Explosive rolling : (S) cn n
Expose, to : Phi ra, by ra, l ra
97

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Exposed area : Vng h, vng l


Exposed deck : Boong h, boong l
Exposed engine casing : Vch quy l/ np ming bung my
Exposed front bulkhead : Vch trc l
Exposed front wall : Vch trc l
Exposed hatchway : Ming khoang l
Exposed metal part : Phn kim lo-i trn
Exposed part : Phn h, phn l
Exposed surface : B mt tip xc, b mt l
Exposed surface area : Din tch mt tip xc, din tch b mt l
Exposure to air : Thng vi kh tri, tip xc trc tip vi kh tri
Extend, to : Ko di, dui di ; Gia h-n
Extended part : Phn ko di ra, phn c m rng
Extension : (S) gin n, (s) gin di, gin n, phn gin di ; Vic m rng ; (S) gia
h-n
Extent : Khong rng, qui m, ln, mc
Extent of bottom damage : Ph-m vi h hng y
Extent of damage : Ph-m vi thng, ph-m vi h hng, mc hng
Extent of penetration of assumed damage : Ph-m vi ca h hng gi nh, ph-m vi ca l
thng gi nh
Extent of side damage : Ph-m vi h hng m-n
Exterior boundary : Gii h-n ngoi, ng bin ngoi
External appearance : (S) xut hin bn ngoi, (s) th hin v ngoi
External diameter : ng knh ngoi
External inspection : (S) kim tra bn ngoi
External load magnification coefficient : H s khuych -i ti trng ngoi, h s khuych
-i ngo-i lc
External pressure : p sut ngoi
External tooth cylindrical gear : Bnh rng hnh tr n khp ngoi
External wound : Vt xc ngoi
Extinguisher : Bnh cha chy, bnh dp chy, bnh cu ho
Extinguishing medium : Cht cha chy
Extinguishing system : H thng cha chy
Extraction : (S) ht ra, (s) trch
Extraction type : Kiu trch ra, kiu chit ra
Extrapolation : Php ngo-i suy

98

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Extreme breadth : Chiu rng ti a, chiu rng ln nht


Extreme displacement condition : Tr-ng thi chim nc ln nht
Extreme ice condition : iu kin bng gi khc nghit nht
Extreme length : Chiu di ln nht
Extreme load : Ti trng ln nht
Extruded alloy plate : Hp kim nhm nh hnh
Extruded angle : Thp hnh
Extruded shape : D-ng c ko ra, d-ng c n ra
Exudation : (S) d thm, r
Exuding : (S) d thm, r
Exuding property : c tnh thm, c tnh d r
Eye : Mt, l, vng treo
Eye at heel : L gt (bnh li)
Eye plate : Tn hnh khuyt, tai mc (cu)
Eye plate for lashing : Vng gn trn boong chng buc
Eye washer : Thit b ra mt
Eyebolt : inh khuy, khuy treo

99

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

F.R.P ship : Tu cht do ct si thy tinh


Fabrication : (S) ch t-o, (s) sn xut
Face bar : Thanh mt
Face bend test : Th un b mt
Face plate : Bn mp, tm mp ; tm mt (trong vch sng)
Face shield : (S) che chn b mt ; Mn che b mt, lp che b mt
Face side base line : ng c bn ca mt -p (cnh chn vt)
Face side of blade : Mt -p (cnh chn vt)
Face width : B rng mt
Face, to : Ph, trng, bc ; X l b mt, t-o mt
Face-bend test : (Cuc) th un mt
Facewidth : Chiu rng mt
Facility : Thit b, trang b, cng c
Factor : H s, yu t ; Tha s, s nhn
Correction ~ : H s hiu chnh
External load magnification ~ : H s khuych -i (ti trng bn ngoi/ ngo-i lc)
~ of ignorance : H s d tr
~ of subdivision : H s phn khoang
Factor of safety : H s an ton
Factory : Nh my, x nghip
Factory ship : Tu cng nghip hi sn
Fail safe type : Lo-i an ton
Fail-closed type : Kiu ng l-i khi c h hng
Failure : (S) hng, h hng ; Tai n-n ; (S) c, (s) gy, (s) ph hy
Failure condition : Tr-ng thi h hng, tr-ng thi tai n-n
Fair curve : ng cong trn, ng cong nhn, ng cong u
Fair in place, to : Tip xc tt t-i ch, tht v tr
Fairing : Chp r dng, mi r dng ; Chp thng gi ; Vt bao t-o nn hnh xuyn dng,
vic t-o nn hnh xuyn dng, s t-o dng thot nc
Fair-leader : Sma, con ln dn hng
Fall off, to : Gim i, yu i
Fallen snow : Tuyt ri
Falling off : (S) gim i, suy yu ; (S) tri theo gi, khng n li
Fan : Qu-t
Ventialtion ~ : Qu-t thng gi
Portable ~ : Qu-t di ng/ xch tay
100

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Fan : Qu-t gi ; Cnh, bn (gung), bn (mi cho)


Fan duct : ng dn gi ca qu-t
Fan impeller : Bnh cnh ca qu-t
Fasle keel : m ky
Fasten, to : C nh, buc cht
Fastening : (S) b cht, buc cht, kp cht, gn cht, xit cht ; Chi tit kp, chi tit ghp
Fastening bolt : Bulng xit, bulng kp, bulng ni
Fastening force : Lc xit, lc kp
Fasterner : Cht gn, lin kt
Fatigue analysic : Tnh ton mi, phn tch bn mi
Fatigue failure : H hng do mi ; Tn tht do mi
Fatigue fracture : Gy do mi, hng do mi, nt do mi
Fatigue life : Tui th bn mi
Fatigue load : Ti trng mi
Fatigue strength : bn mi
Fault circuit : M-ch ri
Fault current : Dng ri
Fault point : im ri
Faying flange : Gi ca mp thp hnh (ghp st vi tn bao)
Faying surface : Mt ghp kn
Fee : Ph, l ph, ph th tc
Feed, to : Cung cp
Feed (water) : Nc cp, nc ung
Feed (water) check valve : Van kim tra nc cp
Feed (water) filter : Lc nc cp, lc nc ung
Feed (water) heater : Hm nc cp, thit b gia nhit cho nc cp
Feed (water) opening : L khot cp nc
Feed (water) pipe : ng nc cp
Feed (water) piping system : H thng ng ng cp nc
Feed (water) pump : Bm nc cp
Feed (water) rate : Sn lng nc cp, lu lng nc cp
Feed (water) regulator : B iu chnh nc cp
Feed (water) strainer : B lc nc cp
Feed (water) system : H thng nc cp, nc ung
Feed (water) tank : Kt nc cp, kt nc ung
Feed pump : Bm cp
101

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Feed water system : H thng nc cp


Feeder : C cu cung cp, b phn tip liu, fid, dy tip sng (VTD), ng cp ngun
Feeder circuit : M-ch cung cp, m-ch cp in ngun
Feeder line : ng dy cung cp
Feeding : (S) cung cp, tip liu, nui dng
Fence : Hng ro, lan can
Ferritic steel : Thp phe rt
Ferrous material : Vt liu cha st
Ferrule : Mng sng ; Vng m kht, vng bt, vng an ton ; Vnh ai ; Khp ni trc
Ferry : Ph, ngang
Ferry dock : Bn ph
Fiberglass reinforced plastic (FRP) : Cht do ct si thy tinh
Fibraglass reinforcement : Ct si thy tinh
Fibre : Si, th ; Php
Fibre glass : Si thy tinh
Fibre glass reinforcement : Ct si thy tinh
Fibre rope : Cp si
Fibre rope : Dy thc vt, dy mm, cp mm
Fibreglass braided wire : Dy tt si thy tinh, dy bn si thy tinh
Fiddley : V ni hi, v ng khi, vch bao che cu thang
Fiddley opening : L m (v ni hi, ng khi)
Field ammeter : Ampe k o dng kch t
Field circuit : M-ch kch t
Field coil : Cun dy kch t, cun dy t cm
Field core : Li cun kch t
Field of vision : Ph-m vi quan st, tm nhn c, tm quan st c
Field regulator : B iu khin kch t
Field rheostat : Bin tr kch t
Field switch : Chuyn m-ch kch t
Field winding : Cun dy kch t
Field winding of multilayer : Cun dy kch t nhiu lp
Field winding of single layer : Cun dy kch t mt lp
Field windings of multilayer : Cc cun dy t trng nhiu lp
Filament : Dy, si ; Si t, dy tc (bng n)
Filler : Ming rt, dng c rt ; Cht n ; Cht trm
Filler metal : Kim lo-i n
102

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Fillers : Ming rt, dng c rt ; Cht n ; Cht trm


Fillet : Gc ln ; Np gi ; Vai(c trc) ; Ch ln gc ca thp hnh ; Mi hn gc
Fillet weld jiont : Mi hn gc
Fillet welded joint : Mi hn gc
Fillet weld(ing) : (S) hn gc
Filling : (S) lm y, n-p y, rt y ; (S) trm, (s) n, (s) chn
Filling and discharging : (S) n-p v x
Filling compound : Hp cht n, hn hp n, hn hp chn
Filling factor : H s hng gi
Filling of water : (S) n-p nc, rt nc ; Trn nc
Filling pipe : ng n-p, ng rt
Filling rate : Sn lng n-p, lu lng n-p
Filling with inert gas : N-p bng kh tr
Filter : Ci lc, b lc, thit b lc, bu lc
Fuel oil ~ : Phin lc/ thit b lc du t
Lubricating oil ~ : Phin lc du bi trn
Final design documentation : H s thit k k thut hon cng
Final drawing : Bn v hon cng
Final ply : Tao dy cui cng, tao dy kt thc, tao dy tn cng
Final process : Qu trnh cui cng
Final stage : Giai o-n cui cng, bc cui cng, cng o-n cui cng
Final stage of work : Giai o-n cng vic cui cng, bc cng vic cui cng
Final state : Tr-ng thi cui cng
Final sub-circuit : M-ch nhnh cui
Fine-grained killed steel : Thp lng h-t mn
Finish flush : (S) pht nc kt thc, ra ln cui bng xt nc
Finish hobbing : Phay phc hnh kt thc, phay phc hnh hon chnh
Finish inspection : Kim tra ln cui
Finish machining : Gia cng kt thc, gia cng tinh
Finish with grinding : Hon thin bng mi
Finish with polishing : Kt thc bng nh bng, hon thnh bng nh bng
Finish, to : Kt thc, hon thnh
Finished diameter : ng knh hon thin, ng knh chnh thc
Finished plan : Bn v hon cng
Finished shape : Hnh d-ng cui cng
Finished thickness : Chiu dy sau khi gia cng tinh
103

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Finishing : (S) gia cng tinh, kt thc, hon thin ; (S) trang sa ; (S) nh bng
Finishing machining : (S) gia cng tinh, hon thin
Finishing method : Phng php gia cng tinh, phng php hon thin
Finish-turn inspection : Kim tra quay vng kt thc (kim tra lin tc)
Finite element analysis : Tnh ton theo phn t hu h-n
Finstabilizer : Vy gim lc (iu chnh c)
Fir : G linh sam (vt liu dng cho tu g)
Fire : Chy, ha ho-n
Soot ~ : Chy mui
Fire alarm : Bo ng chy
Fire alarm system : H thng bo ng chy
Fire alarming equipment : Thit b bo ng chy
Fire control equipment : Thit b iu khin dp chy, thit b kim sot chy
Fire control plan : S chng chy
Fire control system : H thng kim sot chy
Fire damper : Thit b chn la, van chn la, tm chn la
Fire detecting device : Thit b pht hin chy
Fire detecting system : H thng pht hin chy
Fire detection : Pht hin chy
Fire detector : Cm bin chy
Fire door : Ca chu la, ca l
Fire exposure factor : H s tip xc vi la
Fire extinction : Cha chy
Fire extinguisher : Thit b dp la, thit b dp chy, thit b cha chy
Fire extinguishing : Dp la, dp chy, cha chy
Fire extinguishing apparatus : Thit b cha chy
Fire extinguishing appliance : Thit b dp la, thit b dp chy, thit b cha chy
Fire extinguishing equipment : Thit b dp la, thit b dp chy, thit b cha chy
Fire extinguishing medium : Cht dp la, cht dp chy
Fire extinguishing system : H thng dp la, h thng dp chy
Fire fighting : Cha chy, dp chy
Fire fighting appliance : Dng c cha chy
Fire fighting arrangement : Thit b dp la, thit b dp chy
Fire fighting medium : Cht dp chy
Fire fighting procedure : Qui trnh dp la, qui trnh dp chy
Fire hazard : Nguy c chy, nguy him v ha ho-n
104

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Fire hose : ng cha chy


Fire hydrant : Hng cha chy
Fire indicating equipment : Thit b pht hin chy
Fire integrity : Tnh nguyn vn i vi la, tnh chu la nguyn vn (ca vch hoc
boong, v.v...)
Fire main : ng ng nc cha chy chnh
Fire-proof construction : Kt cu phng chng chy
Fire proof lifeline : Dy an ton chu la
Fire propagation : (S) lan truyn la
Fire protection apparatus : Thit b chng ha ho-n, thit b chng chy
Fire pump : Bm cha chy, bm cu ha
Fire resistance : Tnh chu la
Fire resistant construction : Kt cu chng chy
Fire resisting : (S) chu la
Fire resisting boundary : Vch bin chu la
Fire resisting bulkhead : Vnh chu la
Fire resisting division : Kt cu chng chy
Fire resisting insulation : Lp bc chu la
Fire risk space : Vng c nguy c chy
Fire shelter : Vch bao chng chy
Fire smothering gas : Kh tr dp la, kh c ch chy
Fire smothering gas installation : Thit b kh tr dp la
Fire station : Tr-m dp la, tr-m cu ha
Fire, to : Chy, t, pht ha, bn
Fire-fighting media : Cht cha chy, cht dp chy
Fire-flakes : m la, tn la
Fireman's outfit : B dng c cha chy c nhn, trang b ca ngi cha chy
Fireproof : Chng la, chu la, kn la, khng chy
Fireproof bulkhead : Vch kn la, vch chu la
Fireproof construction : Kt cu kn la, kt cu chu la
Fireproof material : Vt liu chng chy
Firing : (S) t chy ; (S) si ; (S) chm la
Back ~ : Chy ngc
Firing interval : Khong t chy ; (S) gin o-n chy, t-m ngng chy
Firing order : Th t lm vic ; Khong n
Firing timing : (S) nh gi khai ha ; (S) nh gi chy
105

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

First aid : S cu, cp cu


First special survey : Kim tra nh k ln th nht, kim tra c bit ln th tht
Fish carrier : Tu ch c
Fisher : Ngi nh c, ng dn
Fishing boat : Tu nh c, thuyn nh c
Fishing ship / Fishing vessel: Tu c, tu nh c
Fit : (S) r, lp ghp ; (S) iu chnh cho va, lm cho va
Fit up with, to : Trang b
Fit up, to : Lp (my) ; Trang b (cho tu)
Fitting : (S) lp, (s) r, (s) iu chnh cho va ; (S) lp t, lp rp ; Ph kin, ph tng
Boiler ~ : Ph tng ni hi
Pipe ~ : Ph tng ng
Fitting bolt : Bulng lp rp, bulng iu chnh
Fitting for examination : Dng c kim tra
Fixed ballast : Dn c nh
Fixed detectors : Thit b d bo c nh
Fixed electric light : n c c nh
Fixed end : u c nh
Fixed part : Phn c nh, b phn c nh
Fixed point : im c nh, im bt ng
Fixed pressure water spraying fire extinguishing system : H thng c nh dp la bng
phun nc nh p sut
Fixed tube type : Kiu ng c nh
Fixed type : Kiu c nh
Fixed water sprinkler system : H thng phun nc c nh
Fixed wiring : i dy nh
Fixing : (S) c nh l-i, nh v ; (Vic) xc nh v tr ca tu ; (S) kp cht
Fixing arrangements : Thit b c nh ; Thit b xc nh v tr ca tu
Fixing bolt : Bulng c nh
Fixing device : Thit b c nh
Fixing method : Phng php c nh
Fixing-bolt : Bu lng c nh, bu lng ghp cht, bu lng lin kt
Fixtures : Tr-ng thi c nh ; g ; Chi tit c nh ; Ph tng ; Thit b ; Cc ph tng
nh
Flake : Vy x
Flamable vapour : Kh chy
106

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Flame : Ngn la
Flame arrester : B chn la, b dp la ; Thit b chn la, thit b dp la
Flame arresting wire gauze : Li dy chn la
Flame cut edge : Li ct bng ngn la
Flame cutting : (S) ct ngn la, dp ngn la
Flame detector : Thit b pht hin la
Flame extending : (S) ko di ngn la, lm bng ln ngn la
Flame gouging : (S) ct bng ngn la
Flame propagation : (S) lan truyn ngn la
Flame resisting : Chu la, chng la
Flame retardancy : Phng chy
Flame retardant : (S) lm chm ngn la
Flame retardation : (S) lm chm ngn la
Flame screen : Mng chn la, li chn la, tm chn la
Flame vanish : (S) tan/ mt la
Flame-out : La tt
Flame-proof : Chu la, chng la, kn la
Flame-proof construction : Kt cu chng la, kt cu chu la, kt cu kn la
Flame-proof electric equipment : Thit b in phng tia la, thit b in phng ha
Flame-proof electric machine : My in phng tia la, my in kn la
Flame-proof fixing type : Kiu phng tia la c nh, kiu chu la c nh
Flame-proof lamp : n phng tia la, n kn la
Flame-proof lighting fittings : Ph tng chiu sng kn la, ph tng chiu sng phng ha
Flame-proof packing type : Kiu bt kn phng ha, kiu bt kn chu la, kiu bt kn kn la
Flame-proof receptacle : cm phng tia la, cm chu la, ui n kn la, ui n
phng ha
Flame-proof stud type : Kiu inh tn phng tia la, kiu inh tn phng ha
Flame-proof type : Kiu chu la, kiu phng tia la, kiu phng ha
Flameproof type : Kiu phng tia la
Flame-proofness : Tnh chng la, tnh chu la, tnh chng n
Flame-propagation characteristics : c tnh lan truyn ngn la
Flame-retarding : Kh chy
Flammability : Tnh bc chy c, tnh d bc chy
Flammability test : Th tnh d bc chy, th tnh d chy
Flammable : D chy, chy c
Flammable cargo : Hng d chy, hng chy c
107

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Flammable concentration : Nng c th bc chy, nng c th chy c


Flammable gas : Kh d chy, kh chy
Flammable gas-air mixture : Hn hp kh chy
Flammable high pressure gas : Kh chy p sut cao
Flammable liquid : Cht lng d chy, cht lng chy c
Flammable material : Vt liu chy c, vt liu d chy
Flammable mixture : Hn hp chy
Flammable oil : Du chy c, du d chy
Flammable range : Ph-m vi chy
Flammable substance : Cht d chy
Flange : Mt bch ; Mp b ; Vai, g, vnh g
Integral ~ : Bch lin trc
Curved ~ : G cong
Blank ~ : Bch tt, bch c np
Spectacle ~ : Bch c tm chn
Flange connection : Ni bng bch
Flange coupling : (S) ni bng bch, bch ni
Flange fillet : Vnh bch
Flange joint : Mi ni bng bch
Flanged plate : Tm b mp
Flange-in : Bt bch vo
Flanging test : Th gp mp (ng)
Flank : Sn/ c-nh
Tooth ~ : C-nh rng
Flank hardness : cng mt sau (ca dao)
Flare shape : D-ng ng loe
Flaring test : Th chp chy, th chp la, th bng chy ; Th nong ng ; Xc nh loe
Flash butt weld : Hn gip mp nng chy
Flash point : im chp chy, im bt chy, nhit chp chy, nhit t bc chy
Flashing lantern : n tn hiu nhp nhy
Flashing sign : Tn hiu pht sng
Flashover : (S) bn tia la ; (S) nh thng lp cch in
Flat (position of) welding : Hn ( t th) bng, hn bng
Flat bar : Thanh dt, thanh thp dt
Flat bottom : y phng, y bng
Flat end plate : Tm y phng
108

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Flat margin plate : Sng hng phng ; Tm mp phng, tm ra phng, tm bin phng
Flat plate keel : Tn gia y phng, tn ki phng
Flat shape : Hnh phng, hnh dt
Flat side : Vch bn phng (ca ng hm)
Flat side profile : Pr phin phng
Flat steel : Thp phng, thp dt
Flat top : Nc phng (ca ng hm)
Flat top plating : Tn nc phng (ca ng hm)
Flat type copper wire : Dy ng dt
Flat type glass level gauge : ng thy kiu dt bng thy tinh ; Knh phng ; ng o mc
kiu knh phng
Flat type water gauge : ng thy kiu knh dt, ng thy kiu knh phng
Flat-compound generator : My pht hn hp ng trc
Flattening : (S) cn phng, dt phng, nn thng ; bt ; nn
Flattening test : Th phng, th bt
Flatting test : Th lm dt/ dt mng
Flaw : Vt nt, , khe nt, vt r-n, khuyt tt, h hng
Bolumetic ~ : Khuyt tt bn trong
Surface ~ : Khuyt tt b mt
Flaw detection : (S) d khuyt tt
Flaw detection test : Kim tra khuyt tt
Flaw detector : My d khuyt tt
Flawless : Khng c khuyt tt
Flax yarn : Si lanh
Flexible cord : Dy in mm, dy thng mm
Flexible coupling : Ni mm, khp ni mm
Flexible hose : ng mm, ng linh ng
Flexible hose : ng mm
Flexible joint : Mi ni mm
Flexible pipe : ng mm, ng linh ng
Flexible pipe joint : Mi ni ng mm, mi ni ng linh ng
Flexible shaft : Trc d un, trc linh ng, trc n hi, trc mm
Flexible stranded conductor : Dy in mm
Flexure test specimen : Mu th un
Flip-flop circuit : M-ch tri gi, m-ch ca b a hi
Float : Phao ni
109

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Float type : Kiu ni, kiu phao


Floatability : ni, sc ni, kh nng ni
Floatage : Tnh ni, d tr tnh ni
Floatation : Tnh ni, sc ni
Floating charging : (S) n-p tr-ng thi ni, nhn hng tr-ng thi ni
Floating crane : Cn cu ni
Floating dock : ni, c ni
Floating factory : Cn c ni, tu m
Floating head : u t la
Floating ice : Bng ni, bng tri
Floating object : Vt ni, vt tri
Floating structure : C cu ni
Flood : Ngp, lt, trn
Floodability : Tnh chm, kh nng b chm
Floodable compartment : Khoang c th b ngp
Floodable length : Chiu di ngp nc ti h-n
Flooding : (S) lt, trn ngp ; (s) ngp nc, (s) nh chm
Flooding assumptions : Ngp nc gi nh
Flooding compartment : Khoang ngp nc
Flooding dock : trn
Flooding percentage : T l ngp khoang
Floor : Sn, ngang y
Engine room ~ : Sn trong bung my
Floor plate : ngang tm, tm ngang ; Tm sn
Floor surface : Mt sn ; Mt ngang y
Floor test : Th bn sn
Flooring plate : Tm lt y, tm lt sn, tm lt hm hng
Flotation buoyancy : Th tch chim nc, lng chim nc th tch
Flow capacity : Lu lng dng chy
Flow meter : Lu lng k
Flow out, to : Chy ra
Flow rate : Tc dng chy, lu lng (cht lng, kh)
Fluctuating load : Ti trng thay i bt thng, ti trng dao ng
Fluctuating stress : ng sut thay i bt thng
Fluctuation : (S) dao ng, (s) thay i bt thng ; (S) tng gim
Peak value of wake ~ : Chiu cao sng sau tu
110

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Temperature ~ : Thay i nhit


Flue : ng dn khi, ng khi, ng la (ni hi) ; Knh dn kh ; Cnh neo
Flue gas : Kh thi qua ng khi
Flue gas isolating valve : Van cch li khi
Flue tube : ng la, ng khi
Fluid : Cht lng
Hydraulic ~ : Cht lng thy lc
Fluidized state : Tr-ng thi ha lng
Fluid-tight cap : Np chn kh
Fluid-tight compartment : Khoang kn
Fluke : Li neo
Fluorescent : Hunh quang
Fluorescent lighting : n hunh quang
Fluorescent lamp : n hunh quang
Fluorescent lighting tube : n ng hunh quang
Flush bunker scuttle : Ca ly nh sng hm than/ nhin liu
Flush deck : Boong thong
Flush deck opening : L khot ly nh sng trn boong
Flush deck ship : Tu c boong trn (tu khng c thng tng trn boong m-n kh)
Flush deck vessel : Tu boong trn (tu khng c thng tng trn boong m-n kh)
Flush scuttle : L x
Flush type : Kiu phng, kiu bng
Flutter : (S) chn ng, (s) rung
Flying passage : Hnh lang rng
Flywheel : Bnh
Foam : Bt
Foam applicator : Vi rng bt
Foam applicator unit : Thit b t-o bt
Foam extinguisher : Bnh bt cha chy, bnh bt dp chy
Foam forming liquid : Cht lng t-o bt
Foam generator : Thit b sinh bt, thit b t-o bt, my t-o bt
Foam producing unit : T hp t-o bt
Foam smothering system : H thng bt cha chy
Foam solution : Dung dch bt
Foam system : H thng bt
Foaming : (S) t-o bt, (Vic) t-o bt
111

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Foaming material : Cht t-o bt


Fog signal : Tn hiu sng m
Foil : Cnh ngm ; Cnh thng bng ; Tm li (ca bnh li) ; Kiu cn bng ; Phn treo
(ca bnh li bn cn bng) ; L, t (ca vt liu)
Following sea : Sng theo (vi gc hng 1650 n 1950 v tc nh hn tc tu)
Following wave : Sng theo
Follow-up control : iu khin kim tra, iu chnh vic theo di ; iu khin s hi tip
Foothold : Ch chn, ch ng
Footing : Ch chn, ch ng ; Bc ngh ; B ; (S) cng tng s
Force : Lc
Centrifugal ~ : Lc ly tm
Tangential ~ : Lc tip tuyn
External ~ : Ngo-i lc
Driving ~ : Lc dao ng
Force fitting : Lp p
Force fitting of propeller : Lp p chn vt
Forced air cooling : Lm mt khng kh cng bc
Forced circuilation boiler : Ni hi tun hon cng bc
Forced circulation : Tun hon cng bc
Forced contact : Tip xc cng bc
Forced cooling : (S) lm mt cng bc
Forced draught : (S) thi gi cng bc, ht gi cng bc
Forced draught system : H thng ht cng bc
Forced lubricating system : H thng bi trn cng bc
Forced lubrication : (S) bi trn cng bc
Forced lubrication system : H thng bi trn cng bc
Forced pressure : Sc p cng bc, sc nn cng bc
Forced ventilation : Thng gi cng bc
Forced ventilation system : H thng thng gi cng bc
Forcing-on : Cng bc
Fore and aft end construction : Kt cu phn mi v ui tu
Fore and aft peaks : Khoang nhn mi v ui tu
Fore body : Phn thn tu pha mi, phn thn trc
Fore end : Mi tu, pha mi tu
Fore escape hatch : Ca thot s c mi
Fore foot : trc ( tu c gia cng i bng)
112

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Fore hold : Hm hng mi


Fore peak (water) tank : Kt nc nhn mi, kt nc mi tu
Fore peak : Kt nhn mi, khoang nhn mi
Fore peak bulkhead : Vch mi
Fore perpendicular (FP) : ng vung gc mi
Forecastle : Thng tng mi
Forecastle deck : Boong thng tng mi
Forefoot : Phn y tu pha trc
Foreign material : Vt liu mi, vt liu lForeign object : Vt lForeign particle : H-t lForeign substance : Cht lForemost : Pha trc, pha mi
Forepeak bulkhead : Vch khoang mi
Foreside : M-n pha mi
Forge welding : (S) hn rn
Forged steel : Thp rn
Forging : Vt rn
Forging steel : Thp rn
Forging surface : B mt rn, mt rn
Fork lift pocket Thng nng hng c u kp hnh a, ch-c nng
Form : Hnh, dng ; (S) bc g mt boong
Form coefficient : H s hnh dng
Form draught : Phc ha tuyn hnh
Form factor : H s hnh dng
Formed coil : ng dy c t-o d-ng, ng dy c t-o hnh
Formed end plate : Tm y c t-o hnh
Forming :
Forming : (S) t-o hnh, gia cng nh hnh ; (S) t-o khun
Hot ~ : T-o hnh nng
Cold ~ : T-o hnh ngui
Forming of pipes : Un ng
Formula : Cng thc
Forward draught : Mn nc mi, chiu chm mi
Forward half-length : Na chiu di pha trc
Forward heavy : Qu ti pha mi
113

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Forward perpendicular : ng vung gc mi


Forward region : Vng mi ( tu c gia cng i bng)
Forward superstructure : Thng tng mi
Foundation : B , nn
~ bolt : Bu lng nn, bu lng b my
Four cores : Bn li
Four-wire, three-phase alternating current system : H thng in xoay chiu ba pha bn
dy
Fraction : H s ; Phn s, phn nh, ming nh
Fractional distillation : Chng ct phn o-n
Fracture : (S) gy, ch gy, mt gy ; Khe nt, vt nt
Fracture mechanism : C cu hng, c cu gy, c cu nt
Fracture test : Th gy
Frame : Sn, dm ngang y di
Frame : Khung, sn, dn, cong giang, khung xng ca thn tu, khung my ; Thn, thn
ng c, khung ng c
Frame bracket : M sn
Frame ring : Khung sn
Frame space : Khong cch sn
Frame spacing : Khong sn, khong cch chun
Frame work : Khung
Framed shell construction : Kt cu v c khung sn
Framing : Khung sn, khung xng thn tu ; Gi ; Ct
Framing plan : Hnh ng sn
Framing system : H thng kt cu
Fraying : (S) tc, x ; (S) bc v, lt v
Free edge : Mp t do
Free edge of bracket : C-nh t do ca m
Free flange : Bn mp b ; Bch t do
Free flange of bracket : C-nh b mp t do ca m
Free flooding : Chiu chm ton b, ngp nc t do
Free flow : Lung thot t do
Free surface : B mt t do
Free surface effect : nh hng ca b mt t do (n n nh tu)
Free-bend test : Th un t do
Freeboard : M-n kh, chiu cao m-n kh
114

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Freeboard assignment : n nh m-n kh, nh m-n kh


Freeboard at equilibrium : M-n kh t-i v tr cn bng
Freeboard deck : Boong m-n kh
Freeboard mark : Du m-n kh
Freeing arrangement : Thit b x, thit b kh ; B tr thot nc, h thng thot nc
Freeing port : Ca thot nc mt boong, l thot nc
Freeze, to : ng bng, lm ng l-nh ; B kt (trong l khoan)
Freezing : (S) ng bng, ng l-nh, bng ha; (S) kt
Freezing point : im ng bng
Freight ferry : Ph ch hng
Freight vessel : Tu ch hng, tu thu chuyn ch hng
Freighter : Tu hng, toa hng, xe hng
Frequency : Tn s, tn xut
Frequency characteristic : c tnh tn s
Frequency control : Kim sot tn s, iu khin tn s
Frequency in switching : Tn sut ng m m-ch
Frequency meter : Hc k, ng h o tn s
Frequency modulation : iu bin tn s, iu tn (VT)
Frequency range : Di tn s
Fresh water : Nc ngt, nc ung
Fresh water freeboard : M-n kh vng nc ngt
Fresh water load line : ng nc ch hng (ma h) nc ngt
Fresh water pipe : ng nc ngt
Fresh water pump : Bm nc ngt
Fresh water tank : Kt nc ngt
Fresh water timber load line : ng nc ch g nc ngt
Friction : Vt liu ma st ; (S) ma st, ch xt
Friction brake : Phanh ma st, hm ma st
Friction clutch : Li hp ma st
Friction loss : Tn tht ma st
Frictional resistance : Lc cn ma st
From side to side : T m-n ny ti m-n kia
Front bulkhead : Vch trc
Front connection type : Kiu lin kt pha trc
Front surface : Mt trc
Front wall : Tng trc, vch trc
115

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Frost : ng bng
Fuel : Nhin liu
~ oil : Du t
Fuel anti knock compound : Hn hp chng kch n nhin liu
Fuel consumption : Lng tiu hao nhin liu
Fuel injection pipe : ng phun nhin liu
Fuel injection piping : H ng phun nhin liu
Fuel injection pump : Bm cao p, bm phun nhin liu
Fuel injection valve : Vi phun, van nhin liu
Fuel injection valve : Van phun nhin liu
Fuel oil : Nhin liu, du t
Fuel oil arrangement : Thit b nhin liu
Fuel oil heater : B hm nhin liu, b hm du t
Fuel oil injection pipe : ng phun nhin liu
Fuel oil injection system : H thng phun nhin liu
Fuel oil injection valve : Van phun nhin liu
Fuel oil installation : Thit b nhin liu
Fuel oil piping : ng du t, ng nhin liu
Fuel oil piping system : H thng ng du t
Fuel oil pump : Bm nhin liu
Fuel oil purifier : Thit b lc nhin liu, b lc nhin liu, b lc du t
Fuel oil supply : Cp nhin liu, cp du t
Fuel oil supply pump : Bm cp nhin liu, bm cp du t
Fuel oil system : H thng nhin liu, h thng du t
Fuel oil tank : Kt nhin liu, kt du t
Fuel oil transfer pipe : ng chuyn du t, ng chuyn nhin liu
Fuel oil transfer pump : Bm chuyn nhin liu, bm chuyn du t
Fuel pump : Bm du t, bm cao p
Fuel valve : Van nhin liu
Fuel valve cooling oil pump : Bm du lm mt van nhin liu, bm du lm mt vi phun
Full (load) draught : Chiu chm/ mn nc ton ti
Full bore valve : Van ng knh rng
Full buoyancy : T th ni hon ton
Full certificate of classification : Giy chng nhn phn cp chnh thc
Full depth : Chiu su ton b
Full fillet welded lap joint : Mi ni chng mp kp hn gc lin tc
116

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Full fillet welding : Hn gc lin tc


Full lift valve : Van nng ht mc
Full lift valve : Van nng (m) hon ton
Full load : Ton ti, y ti
Full load capacity : Kh nng nhn y ti
Full load condition : iu kin ton ti, tr-ng thi ton ti
Full load displacement : Lng chim nc ton ti
Full penetration : (S) xuyn sut, xm nhp hon ton
Full penetration type : Kiu xuyn ht, kiu ngp hon ton
Full penetration welding : Hn ngu hon ton
Full scale model : M hnh bng tht, m hnh nguyn c
Full secondary barrier : Vch chn th cp hon ton
Full speed : Ton tc
Full tide : Triu ln, triu cng
Full width : rng ton b, chiu rng bao
Full-load continuous operation : Ho-t ng lin tc ch ton ti
Full-load current : Dng y ti, dng ton ti
Full-load speed : Tc ton ti
Full-size(d) : Kch thc ton b
Fully loaded condition : Tr-ng thi ton ti
Fully radiographic examination : Kim tra bng chp tia bc x- ton b
Fully radiographic test : Th bng chp tia bc x- ton b
Fully-built-up : Lp ghp hon ton
Fume : Hi
Function : Hm s ; Mi lin quan ; (S) ho-t ng ; (S) tc ng ; Chc nng
Function test : Th chc nng, th ho-t ng
Functional part : B phn ho-t ng
Functional test : Th chc nng, th ho-t ng
Functioning : (S) vn hnh, ho-t ng
Functioning test : Th chc nng, th ho-t ng
Fundamental frequency : Tn s c bn, tn s chnh
Funnel : ng khi ; Phu n-p ; u ng loe ( qu-t gi) ; Cc cht ct tu gi dy chng
buc
Furnace : L t
Hemispherical ~ : L t hnh bn cu
Corrugated ~ : L t kiu gn sng
117

A
Morrision ~ : L Mrisn
Deighton ~ : L ytn
Leed forge bulb ~ : L hnh c hnh c rn
Plain cylindrical ~ : L hnh tr trn
Furnace bottom : y l
Furnace front : Mt trc bung t
Furnace mouth : Ca bung t
Furnace plate : Tm thnh bung t
Furnish, to : Trang b
Furnishing : Trang b
Fuse : Cu ch
Fuse element : Dy chy
Fuse holder : Hp cu ch
Fuse pore : L cu ch
Fused and blow off, to be :
Fusible element : Yu t chy
Fusible plug : Phch cm c cu ch
Fusing : (S) chy
Fusing characteristic test : Th c tnh chy
Fusing characteristics : c tnh chy
Fusing current : Dng chy
Fusion line : ng dy chy
Futtock : Sn cong ( tu g)

118

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Galley : Nh bp
Gallon : n v o th tch ca Anh 1 gallon = 4,55l
Galvanization : (S) m- km
Galvanize, to : M- km
Galvanized annealed copper wire : Dy ng m- km
Galvanized steel wire : Dy thp m- km
Galvanizing : (Vic) m- km
Gang control : iu khin nhm
Gang way door : Ca ra vo m-n tu
Gangway : Li i, cu i
Gangway ladder : Cu thang ca cu i
Gangway port : Cu thang m-n, ca ca cu i
Gangways : Cu dn
Gap : Khe h, l hng ; Khong trng, khe h (hn)
Gap length : rng khe h
Gas : Kh, hi
~ turbine :Tua bin kh
Combustion ~ : Kh chy
Hot ~ : Hi nng
Exhaust ~ : Kh x
Furnance ~ : Kh l
Smothering ~ : Kh ng-t
Toxic ~ : Kh c
Flue ~ : Kh ng khi
Gas absorption system : H thng hp th kh
Gas absortion water tank : Kt nc hp hp th kh
Gas burner : Thit b/ u t kh
Gas carrier : Tu ch kh
Gas cock : Van kh
Gas compressor : My nn kh (ga)
Gas concentration : Tp trung kh (ga)
Gas cutting : Ct bng kh t
Gas cylinder : Bnh kh
Gas cylinder : Chai/ bnh kh (ga)
Gas dangerous space : Khu vc nguy him kh (ga)
119

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Gas de-absorbing : Tnh hp th kh


Gas detecter : Thit b d/ pht hin kh (ga)
Gas detecter probe : u d/ pht hin kh (ga)
Gas detecter read-out location : V tr theo di/ quan st thit b d kh (ga)
Gas detection : Pht hin kh (ga)
Gas detection equipment : Thit b d/ pht hin kh (ga)
Gas detection system : H thng d/ pht hin kh (ga)
Gas detector record : Ghi lu kt qu ca thit b d kh (ga)
Gas discharge : X kh (ga)
Gas duct : ng dn kh (ga)
Gas expulsion system : H thng hp th kh
Gas factor : H s kh (ga)
Gas freeing : Thot kh, x kh (ga)
Gas freeing system : H thng thng kh/ ty kh
Gas leak protection : Chng r r kh (ga)
Gas leakage : R r kh (ga)
Gas mask : Mt n- phng kh (ga)
Gas outlet : u x kh (ga)
Gas pipe : ng kh (ga)
Gas purging : Thi kh
Gas sampling connection : u ni ly mu kh (ga)
Gas sampling line : ng ng ly mu kh (ga)
Gas sampling point : im ly mu kh (ga)
Gas scrubber : Thit b lc kh (ga)
Gas seal : m kn kh
Gas smothering system : H thng cha chy bng kh
Gas turbine (CH4) : Tua bin kh
Gas-cut edge : Mp ct bng kh t
Gaseous fuel : Nhin liu kh
Gaseous inslulator : Bc kn kh
Gaseous phase : Pha kh
Gas-free : Khng cha kh
Gasket : Lp m, tm m, vng bt/ jong
Gasket : m kn
Gasketed pipe joint : Ni ng c m kn
Gasoline : Xng nhin liu
120

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Gas-safe space : Khu vc an ton v kh (ga), bung an ton v kh (ga)


Gastight : Kn kh
Gate control circuit : M-ch iu khin cng
Gauge : Thit b o, ng h
Nitrogen ~ : Thit b o (nng ) kh ni t
Glass water ~ : Thc ch mc nc bng thy tinh
Glass ~ : Thit b ch bo mc cht lng bng knh
Round type water ~ glass : Knh ca dng c ch bo mc nc kiu trn
Flat type water ~ glass : Kinh ca dng c ch bo mc nc kiu phng
Flat type water ~ frame : Khung ca dng c ch bo mc nc kiu phng
Standard pressure ~ : p k chun
Gauge board : Bng thit b o
Gauge length : di o ( di thc t)
Gauge mark : nh du thit b o
Gauge pressure : p lc o c
Gauger : Ngi o, my o
Gauging device : Thit b o
Gauging requirement : Yu cu o
Gauze diaphragm : Mng thit b o
Gauze wire : Dy thit b o
Gear : Bnh rng, c cu, thit b, h truyn ng
Double-helical ~ : Bnh rng xon kp
Handtrip ~ : Thit b ng ngt bng tay
Single-stage reduction ~ : H gim tc 1 cp
Multiple-stage reduction ~ : H gim tc nhiu cp
Idle ~ : Bnh rng ch-y tin
Astern ~ : Bnh rng ch-y li
Pitch control ~ : C cu iu khin bc
Rocker valve ~ : C cu su pp/ van kiu n
Camshaft driving ~ : C cu dn ng trc cam
Steering ~ : Thit b li
Power driven steering ~ : Thit b li c truyn ng c gii
Manual steering ~ : Thit b li tay
Main steering ~ : Thit b li chnh
Auxiliary steering ~ : Thit b li ph
Electric ~ : My li in
121

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Electro-hydraulic ~ : My li in - thy lc
Hydraulic steering ~ : My li thy lc
Gear box : Hp s
Gear case : V hp s, hp bnh rng
Gear ratio : T s truyn
Gear Shaft : Trc bnh rng
Gear sound : L kim tra rng
Gear system : H thng bnh rng
Gear train : B bnh rng
Gear train box : Hp bnh rng
Gear train case : V hp bnh rng
Gear wheel : Bnh rng
Gearing : Truyn ng bnh rng
Gelcoat : Lp nha ph, lp ph bo v, lp gien ct (ca tu cht do)
Gelling time : Thi gian lm ng, thi gian t-o keo
General : Qui nh chung
General alarm : Bo ng chung
General alarm audible indicator : Thit b bo ng chung bng m thanh
General arrangement : B tr chung
General arrangement of machinery space : B tr chung bung my
General cargo : Hng tng hp
General cargo container : Cng te n hng tng hp
General circuit : M-ch chung
General criteria : Tiu chun chung
General inspection : Kim tra tr-ng thi chung, v.v...
General provision : Qui nh chung
General rules : Qui nh chung
General service pump : Bm dng chung
Generating set : T my pht in
Generating set room : Bung my pht in
Generator : My pht, my pht in, my pht sng, l thit b (sn) sinh
Gas : Thit b sinh kh/ hi
Emergency ~ : Cm my pht s c
Generator seating : B my pht in
Generator shafting : H trc my pht in
Generator switchboard : Bng in my pht
122

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Geometric centre : Tm hnh hc


Gilding : M- vng
Girder : Sng
Girder plate : Bn thnh ca sng, tm sng
Girth : ai, chu vi
Girth length : Chiu di khai trin
Give rise to danger of flooding : Tng nguy c ngp
Gland : Tm p m
Glanded penetrating piece : Tm p m xuyn vch
Glare : nh sng chi
Glass : Knh, thy tinh, cc
Glass chopped strand mat : Tm si bm thy tinh
Glass choppedstrand mat : Tm m (lt) bn si thy tinh
Glass content : Hm lng thy tinh
Glass fibre : Si thy tinh
Glass globe : Qu cu thy tinh
Glass holder : B phn gi knh, gi lp knh
Glass oil (level) gauge : Thit b o mc du bng knh
Glass roving cloth : Vi si thy tinh th
Glass tape : Di knh/ thy tinh
Glass water (level) gauge : Thit b o mc nc bng knh
Glass window : Ca s knh
Glass woven fabric : Vi si thy tinh
Glazed port : L trng men
Globe : Qu cu, qu t
Globe holder : Gi gi qu cu
Glove : Gng tay
Glycerine : Gli x rin
Goggle : Knh bo v/ knh bo h
Goose neck brackets : Gi c ngng, m bt ui cn
Gooseneck : (ng thng hi) c ngng, trc quay (khp quay)
Gooseneck bracket : M gia cng ng thng hi c ngng, m chn cn
Gooseneck pin : Cht u cn cu dy ging
Gooseneck tunnel : Rnh c ngng
Gooseneck ventilator : Thit b thng hi c ngng
Got clogged, to be : B tc, nghn
123

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Gottingen profile : Pr phin li


Governing system : H thng iu tc
Government : (S) khng ch, iu khin
Governor : B iu tc
Governor test : (S) th b iu tc
Grab : Gu ngo-m, my xc
Grab, to : Ngo-m, cp
Grade : Cp, lo-i
Grade 1 : Cp 1
Grade 1 chain cable : Dy xch cp 1
Grade 2 chain cable : Dy xch cp 2
Grade 3 chain cable : Dy xch cp 3
Grade A (side) scuttle : Ca m-n/ ca hp l cp A
Grade A tarpaulin : B-t (ph ming khoang hng) cp A
Grade B (side) scuttle : Ca m-n/ ca hp l cp B
Grade B tarpaulin : B-t (ph ming khoang hng) cp B
Grade C (side) scuttle : Ca m-n/ ca hp l cp C
Grade number : S hiu cp/ lo-i
Grade of steel : Cp thp
Gradient : dc, nghing
Grain : Th g, h-t
Grain cargo : Hng h-t
Grain size : Kch thc h-t
Grain-refining element : Yu t/ chi tit lm mn h-t
Grand packing type : Kiu hp m
Grannulated : T-o h-t, kt h-t
Graphite brush : B-c grapht
Grappler arm : Ch-c kp nng
Grappler arm : n mc, cu mc
Grating : Li, ghi l, li lt sn, mt sng
Grating hole : L mt li
Grating of sea suction : Mt sng ca ht nc bin
Gravity : Trng lc, trng lng
Gravity tank : Kt trng lc
Grease : M, bi trn bng m
Green water : Nc xanh
124

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Grey cast iron : Gang xm


Grey iron casting : Vt/ sn phm gang xm c
Grill(e) : Li
Grilled : C li, an li
Grinder : My mi, mi
Grinding : (S) mi, (s) nghin
Grip : Dng c kp, tay hm
Griping pad : Tm m o hng
Groove : Khe, rnh
Groove angle : Gc ca rnh
Gross tonnage : Tng dung tch
Gross volume : Tng th tch
Gross weight : Tng khi lng
Ground : Nn, mng, tip t
Ground fault : Tip t sai
Ground finish : Bi
Grounding : Ni t, mc c-n
Grounding conductor : Dy ni t
Grounding terminal : Ga, bi
Grouped starter : Thit b khi ng t-o nhm
Guarantee, to : Bo m, bo hnh
Guard : Bo v, che chn
Guard ring : Vng bo v, vng chn rc
Guardrail : Lan can bo v, lan can
Gudgeon : Gu dng, cht trc, ngng trc, cht cy
Gudgeon pin : Cht pitng, cht trc
Guide plate : Bng ch dn
Guide-bend jig : Dng cong
Guide-bend test : Th un cong
Guided bend test : Th un nh hng
Gun metal : Hp kim c
Gun metal casting : c hp kim c sng
Gunwale : Np gia cng mp boong, mp boong (tu, thuyn)
Gunwale tank : Kt nh m-n
Gusset angle (bar) : Thanh thp hnh (dt) p gc
Gusset plate : Tm p gc
125

A
Gutter waterway : Knh tiu nc
Gyro compass : La bn con quay

126

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Hair crack : Vt nt nh/ mnh


Half beam : Na x ngang
Half breadth : Na chiu rng
Half-height girder : Na sng ph
Half-load : Ti trng mt na
Half-loaded hold : Khoang vi, khoang xp hng mt na
Half-round bar (steel) : Thanh (thp) tit din bn nguyt
Halide : Ha lo gen nua
Halogen : Ha lo gen
Halogenated hydrocarbon system : H thng cc bon halogen ha
Hammer : Ba, (s) nh ba/ quai ba/ ng m-nh
Hammering test : Kim tra bng g ba
Hand air compressor : My nn kh bng tay
Hand bilge pump : Bm tay ht kh
Hand flare : Pho hiu cm tay
Hand grip : Cn, tay g-t
Hand lay-up method : Phng php t-o hnh bng tay
Hand pump : Bm tay
Hand reset relay : R le t l-i bng tay
Hand steering gear : My li tay
Hand wheel : Tay quay iu khin, tay vn
Handle : Cn iu khin, tay g-t
Handle cargo, to : Lm hng
Handling : (S) lm hng
Hand-operated air compressor : My nn kh bng tay
Handrail : Tay vn lan can
Hanger : Mc, gi treo, x treo
Hanging strap : ai treo, vng treo, dy treo
Harbour service ; harbor service : Dch v cng
Hard plastic foam : Bt nha cng
Hard steel : Thp cng
Hard-drawn copper wire : Dy ng c ko cng
Hardened depth : su c lm cng
Hardening : Lm cng, (s) ng cng
Hardness : cng
Hardness test : Th cng
127

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Hardness test specimen : Mu th cng


Hardness testing machine : My th cng
Hardwood : G cng
Harmful : C h-i
Harmful defect : Khuyt tt c h-i
Harness : B dy treo, trang b
Hat type : Kiu chp/ m
Hatch (batten) cleat : Thanh np vn ming khoang
Hatch (batten) wedge : Nm (vn) ming khoang
Hatch : Ming khoang
Hatch batten : Vn p ming khoang
Hatch beam : X ngang ming khoang
Hatch board : Tm chn ming khoang
Hatch coaming : Thnh ming khoang
Hatch cover : Np ming khoang
Hatch cover of sliding type : Np ming khoang kiu trt
Hatch cover operating appliances : Thit b ng m np ming khoang
Hatch end : u ming khoang
Hatch end beam : X ngang u ming khoang
Hatch end coaming : Thnh ngang u ming khoang
Hatch opening : L khot ming khoang
Hatch rest : ming khoang
Hatch side coaming : Thnh dc ming khoang
Hatch side girder : Sng dc ming khoang
Hatch tarpaulin : B-t ph ming khoang
Hatchway : Ming khoang
Hatchway coaming : Thnh ming khoang
Hatchway cover (hatch cover) : Np ming khoang
Hatchway opening : L khot ming khoang
Hateful smell : Mi kh chu
Hat-type construction : Kt cu kiu m
Have a concave camber, to : C lm
Hawse : ng lun neo, v tr dy cp lc b neo, khong cch gia mi tu v dy neo
Hawse pipe : ng lun xch neo
Hazard : Nguy him, nguy c
Ignition ~ : Nguy c nh la
128

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Hazard of fire : Nguy c chy


Hazardous : Nguy him, c h-i
Hazardous area : Khu vc nguy him
Head detector : u o nhit
Head of water (water head): Ct nc
Head radiating : (S) bc x- nhit
Head rail : Tay vn, lan can
Head transmission : (S) truyn nhit
Header : Bu gp ; u chp ng, ng (gp), vch ngn lng, vch chn
Cylindrical ~ : Bu gp hnh tr
Square ~ : Bu gp hnh vung
Health hazard : (S) nguy him cho sc khe
Heat : Nhit, gia nhit
Heat affected zone : Vng nh hng nhit
Heat balance test : Th cn bng nhit
Heat capacity : Nhit nng
Heat conductivity : dn nhit
Heat content : Hm lng nhit
Heat diffusion : (S) khuych tn nhit
Heat effective zone : Vng b nh hng nhit
Heat exchanger : Bu trao i nhit, thit b trao i nhit
Heat generation : (S) sinh nhit
Heat input : Nhit u vo
Heat insulating arrangement : B tr cch nhit, s cch nhit
Heat insulating construction : Kt cu cch nhit
Heat insulating material : Vt liu cch nhit
Heat insulation : (S) cch nhit
Heat insulation effectiveness : Hiu qu/ mc cch nhit
Heat output : Nhit u ra
Heat producing appliance : Thit b sinh nhit
Heat quantity : Nhit lng
Heat rise test : Th tng nhit
Heat shock test : Th thay i nhit t ngt
Heat source : Ngun nhit
Heat transfer : (S) truyn nhit
Heat transmission : (S) truyn nhit
129

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Heat treatment : X l nhit, nhit luyn


Heat treatment : X l nhit
Heat treatment process : Qu trnh x l nhit
Heated : Hp nhit
~ by contact : Hp nhit tip xc
~ by radiation : Hp nhit bc xHeater : Thit b hm, thit b gia nhit
Thermal oil ~ : Thit b hm du bng nhit
Fuel oil ~ : Thit b hm du t
Electrical ~ : Thit b hm du bng in
Heat-generating source : Ngun sinh nhit
Heating : Gia nhit, (s) hm nng
Heating appliance : Thit b hm nng
Heating coil : ng xon gia nhit/ hm nng, rut g nung nng
Heating element : Yu t gia nhit
Heating equipment : Thit b si/ sy
Heating furnace : Bung gia nhit
Heating pipe : ng gia nhit
Heating source : Ngun nhit
Heating steam pipe : ng hi nc gia nhit
Heating surface : B mt hp nhit
Heating surface area : Din tch b mt hp nhit
Heating system : H thng gia nhit
Heatproof material : Vt liu chu nhit
Heat-resisting : (S) chu nhit
Heat-resisting compound : Hn hp chu nhit
Heat-resisting quality : Kh nng chu nhit
Heave, to : Nng ln, a ln, lc thng ng
Heaving : (S) chng chnh (dao ng) thng ng, dp dnh
Heavy (gauge) steel pipe : ng thp nng
Heavy : Nng, ln, (bin) ng
Heavy cargo : Hng nng
Heavy fuel oil : Du nng
Heel : (S) nghing ; Gc nghing, nghing tnh ; Gt (gt ky, gt sng ui), chn
Heel bracket : M chn
Heel of davit : Gt cu xung
130

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Heel piece : Gt ky sng ui


Heel piece : Gt ky li
Heeling : (S) nghing
Heeling angle : Gc nghing
Heeling condition : Tr-ng thi nghing
Heeling lever : Tay n m men nghing
Heeling moment : M men nghing
Heeling tank : B th nghing
Height : Chiu cao, cao
Height coefficient : H s chiu cao
Height of geometrical centre : Cao tm hnh hc
Height of gravity centre : Cao trng tm
Height of overflow : Chiu cao ng trn
Helical angle : Gc xon
Helicoper deck : Boong trc thng
Helicopter : My bay trc thng
Helicopter deck : Boong my bay trc thng
Helix angle : Gc xon c
Helm angle : Gc li
Helm indicator : Thit b ch bo gc li
Helm indicator : B ch bo gc li
Hemispherical end plate : Tm hnh chm cu
Hemp : S gai, si gai
Hemp rope : Dy/ cp si gai
Hexagonal : Hnh su c-nh
High carbon steel : Thp cc bon cao
High elastic coupling : Khp ni mm cao
High holding power anchor : Neo c bm cao
High lift valve : Van c nng cao, van hnh trnh cao
High liquid level alarm (device) : (Thit b) bo ng mc cht lng cao
High pressure alarm : Bo ng p sut cao
High pressure fuel pipe : ng nhin liu p lc cao
High pressure lubricating oil : Du bi trn p lc cao
High pressure side : Pha p sut cao
High pressure turbine : Tua bin cao p
High temperature part : Phn/ b phn nhit cao
131

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

High tensile steel : Thp c bn cao


High tension : Sc cng/ lc cng ln
High tension steel : Thp c bn cao
High tide : Thy triu cao, triu cng
High voltage (electrical) cable : Cp (in) cao p
High voltage : Cao p
High voltage electrical equipment : Thit b in cao p
High voltage electrical installation : Thit b/ h thng in cao p
High voltage test : Th cao p
High voltage winding : Cun dy cao p
Highly inflammable : Tnh bt la cao
Hight tensile steel : Thp cng cao, thp bn cao
Hinge : Bn l
Hinge pin : Cht bn l
Hinged deadlight : Cnh ca bt c nh bng bn l (ca ca hp l)
Hinged door : Ca bn l
Hinged type : Kiu bn l
Hitch : Cc mc, ci ngom
Hitch : Ngt t-m thi
Hob : Phay
Hobbed finish : B mt c phay
Hog, to : Cong ln, lm cong ln
Hog piece : Tm gia cng dc, thanh m
Hogging condition : Tr-ng thi un vng ln (ca thn tu)
Hogging moment : M men un vng ln
Hoist : Nng, ko ln
Hoist, to : Nng, ko ln
Hoisting : (S) nng, (s) ko
Hoisting and lowering test : Th nng v hHoisting gear : C cu nng
Hoisting machinery : My nng
Hold : Hm hng, khoang hng
Solid cargo/oil ~ : Hm hng rn/ du
Ballast/ solid cargo ~ : Hm dn/ hng rn
Exclusive solid cargo ~ : Hm cha hng rn ring
Hold bulkhead : Vch khoang
132

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Hold bulkhead : Vch khoang


Hold frame : Sn khoang
Hold ladder : Thang trong khoang
Hold pillar : Ct khoang
Hold side stringer : Sng dc m-n trong khoang
Hold space : Khng gian trong khoang
Hold stringer : Sng dc m-n trong khoang
Hold tank : Kt (trong) khoang
Hold web frame : Sn khe trong khoang
Holdback hook : Mc gi, neo
Holder : Gi , chi tit gi, u ngm
Holdfast : C cu hm xch neo
Holding back arrangement : C cu gi pha sau, c cu
Holding down bolt : Bu lng kp, bu lng gi
Holding down bolt : Bulng c nh
Holding power : Cng sut gi/ bm
Holding time : Thi gian gi/ bm, thi gian duy tr
Hole : L, hc, l thng, ca
Manhole : Ca chui
Cleaning ~ : Ca lm v sinh
Inspection ~ : Ca kim tra
Air ~ : L thng hi
Hollow hat-type construction : Kt cu kiu m rng
Hollow profile : Pr phin lm
Hollow shaft : Trc rng
Homogeneous : ng nht
Homogeneous cargo : Hng ng nht
Honeycomb : R t ong
Hook : Mc ; Bn l ca
Hoop : Vnh, ai, vng
Hopper : Hm cha, khoang ch bn, t
Hopper barge : S lan ch t
Hopper dredge : Tu quc/ n-o vt t ch, tu ht bn
Hopper plate : Vch mi/ vch nghing (ca kt hng), Tm nghing
Hopper side tank : Kt hng (ca s lan t)
Hopper tank : Kt hng, kt nghing ca s lan t
133

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Horizontal axis : Trc nm ngang


Horizontal distance : Khong cch theo phng ngang
Horizontal flange coupling : Khp ni bch nm ngang
Horizontal girder : Sng nm
Horizontal girder of transverse bulkhead : Sng nm vch ngang
Horizontal pitch : Bc (theo phng ngang)
Horizontal rudder : Bnh li ngang
Horizontal rudder frame : Xng ngang bnh li
Horizontal stiffener : Np nm
Horizontal stiffener system : H thng np nm
Horizontal web stiffener : Np nm khe
Horizontal welding : Hn bng, hn ngang
Horizontal zone : Vng nm ngang
Horizontally corrugated bulkhead : Vch sng/ gn nm
Horizontally sliding door : Ca trt ngang
Horozontal rib : M ngang (gia cng sng mi tm)
Horse Power (HP) : Sc nga
Hose : Vi rng, ng mm
Hose box : Hp ng mm
Hose connection : Ni ng mm
Hose test : Th bng vi phun (Vi rng), kim tra bng vi rng
Hot forming : T-o hnh nng, un nng
Hot gas : Kh nng
Hot part : Phn/ chi tit nng
Hot pressure test : Th p sut nng
Hot rolled steel bar : Thanh thp cn nng
Hot rolling : (S) cn nng
Hot water : Nc nng
Hot water boiler : Ni un nc nng
Hot well : Ging nng
Hot working : Lm vic nng
Hot-line work : Cng vic cn gp
House, to : Lm nh, lm xng
Housing : Thn, v bc
Housing arrangements : H thng bao bc
Housing facilities : Cc phng tin bao bc
134

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Hover ferry : Ph m kh
HSP (High skewed propeller) : Chn vt nghing ln
Hull : Thn tu, v tu
Hull centre line : ng tm thn tu
Hull construction : Kt cu thn tu
Hull current : Dng nc thn tu, dng theo
Hull equipment : Trang thit b thn tu
Hull strength assessment : nh gi bn thn tu
Hull structural rolled steel : Thp cn kt cu thn tu
Hull structure : Kt cu thn tu
Hull weight : Khi lng thn tu
Humidity : Hi m, s m t, m
Humidity control : Kim sot m
Hunting : (S) lc l, rung, nhy
Hydrant : Hng cha chy (vi ly nc cha chy), hng ni
Hydraulic arrangement : H thng thy lc
Hydraulic balance : Cn bng thy lc
Hydraulic curve : ng cong thy lc
Hydraulic dock : thy lc nng tu
Hydraulic door : Ca thy lc
Hydraulic oil : Du thy lc
Hydraulic oil system : H thng du thy lc
Hydraulic pressure : p sut thy lc
Hydraulic steering gear : Thit b li thy lc
Hydraulic telemotor : ng c iu khin t xa bng thy lc
Hydraulic test : Th thy lc
Hydraulic test pressure : p sut th thy lc
Hydraulic winch : Ti thy lc
Hydraulic : Thy lc hc
Hydro pneumatic dredge : Tu ht (bn) kh thy lc
Hydrochloric acid : A xt clohidric
Hydrodynamic coupling : Khp ni thy lc
Hydrodynamic instability : Tnh khng n nh thy ng
Hydrodynamic : Thy ng hc
Hydrofoil : Tu cnh ngm
Hydrofoil ferry : Ph cnh ngm
135

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Hydrogen : Hidr
Hydroglider : Tu lt
Hydrographic ship : Tu thy vn
Hydrometer : T trng k
Hydroplane : Tu lt
Hydropneumatic test : Nn thy lc
Hydropneumatic test : Th thy kh
Hydroskimmer : Tu m kh
Hydrostatic curves : Cc ng cong thy lc
Hydrostatic pressure : p sut thy tnh
Hydrostatic test : Th thy lc/ th thy tnh
Hydrostatic test pressure : p sut th thy tnh
Hydrostatic(al) curves : ng cong thy lc
Hygrometer : Ci o m
Hygroscopic : Ht m
Hygroscopic insulation : Cch m
Hypothetical out flow of oil : Lng du trn gi nh
Hysteresis : Tnh tr, hin tng tr

136

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

IBC Code (International code for a construction and equipment of


ships carrying dangerous chemicals in bulk) : Lut quc t v kt
cu v trang thit b ca tu ch x ha cht nguy him
I-beam : Dm ch I
Ice : Bng, nc
Ice belt : ai chng bng (ca tu c gia cng i bng)
Ice berg : Tng bng
Ice boat/breaker : Tu ph bng
Ice coating : Sn/ ph chng bng
Ice condition : Tnh tr-ng/ tr-ng thi bng
Ice fender : Qu m chng bng va
Ice framing : Kt cu i bng
Ice free : Khng b bng ph
Ice glazed : B bng ph
Ice knife : Dao chm bng, mi ph bng ( tu c gia cng i bng)
Ice pressure : p sut do bng
Ice ship : Tu i trong vng bng
Ice strengthening : Gia cng i bng
Ice strengthening construction : Kt cu gia cng i bng
Ice stringer : Sng dc m-n chng bng
Ice torque : M men xon do tc dng ca bng
Icebreaker : Tu ph bng
Icing : (S) ng bng
Identification mark : Du hiu phn bit/ nhn bit
Identification marking : T-o du hiu nhn bit
Idle gear : Bnh rng trung gian
Idling : Ch khng ti
IGC Code (International Code for a construction and equipment of ships carrying liquefied
gases in bulk) : Lut quc t v kt cu trang thit b cc tu ch kh ha lng
Ignite, to : t chy, nh la
Ignition : nh la, pht la
Ignition : (S) chy
Ignition distributor : B chia la
Ignition explosion : (S) n do chy
Ignition source : Ngun pht la
Ignition temperature : Nhit chy
Ignition trouble : Trc trc nh la
137

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Ill-balanced supported condition : Tr-ng thi cn bng km


Illuminate, to : Chiu sng, ri sng
Illumination : (S) chiu sng/ ri sng ; sng
Imaginary thickness : Chiu dy gi nh
IMCO Chemical Code : Lut ha cht IMCO
IMCO Code : Lut IMCO
IMCO Gas Code : Lut kh IMCO
Immediately above : Ngay trn
Immerse, to : Nhng chm, ngm, lm/ nh chm
Immersed structural member : Phn t kt cu thuc phn chm (di nc)
Immersion : (S) chm/ ngp
IMO-code : B lut ca IMO
Impact : (S) va ch-m, va p, tc ng
Impact force : Lc va p
Impact load : Ti trng va p
Impact pressure : p sut va p
Impact property : c tnh va p
Impact test : Th dai va p
Impact test specimen : Mu th dai va p
Impact testing machine : My th dai va p
Impact, to : Va p
Impair, to : H h-i, st km, lm h hng
Impaired : B h hng
Impedance : Tr khng
Impedance voltage : in p cm khng
Impede, to : Cn tr, ngn cn
Impeded : B cn tr/ ngn cn
Impeller : Cnh qu-t, bnh cnh, chong chng, qu-t (gi)
Impeller casting : V hp bnh cnh
Impeller shaft : Trc chong chng
Imperceptible : Khng nhn bit c
Impermeable : Khng thm, khng ngm nc, kn
Impervious : Khng thm nc
Impervious sheath : V che khng thm nc
Impervious sheath armour : V bc khng thm nc
Importance : (S) quan trng
138

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Importance use : Cng dng quan trng


Impracticable : Khng thc hin c
Impregnate, to : Thm, tm
Impregnation : (S) thm/ tm
Impress, to : ng, ng du
Impressed current cathodic protection system : H thng bo v ca tt dng tch cc
Impressed voltage : in p t
Impulse : Xung, xung lc, xung in ; (s) y ti
Impulse voltage : in p xung
Impulsive force : Xung lc
Impurity : (S) khng s-ch/ khng tinh khit
In advance : Trc, thc hin trc
In all respects : Vi mi kha c-nh
In any case : Trong mi trng hp
In bulk : Ch x (ch hng trong kt khng c bao gi), ch hng ri
In close spacing : Trong khng gian (khp) kn
In coincidence with, to be : Trng/ ng thi vi
In compliance with, to be : Tun theo, ph hp vi
In contact with : Lin quan, tip xc
In each case : Trong tng trng hp
In gauge : Bng ng h o
In its entirety : Xt ton b
In lieu of : Thay cho
In line with : Song song vi, ph hp vi, ng b vi
In parallel : Song song vi
In place of : Thay th cho
In port : Trong cng
In principle : V nguyn tc
In rotation : Quay
In series : Hng lo-t
In so far as practicable : n mc thc t c th thc hin c
In the presence of the surveyor : Vi s c mt ca ng kim vin
In the rear : ng sau
Inaccessible : Khng n c, khng tip cn c
Inadvertent : Cu th, v
Inadvertent : V tnh
139

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Inboard : Trn tu
Inboard end : Mt pha trong tu, u pha trong tu
Incandescent lamp : n nung sng
Incinerator : L t, l t cht thi/thit b t rc
Incinerator of waste oil : L t du thi
Incinerator of waste substance : L t cht thi
Incipient fire : Xut hin chy
Inclination : (S) nghing
Inclination test : Th nghing
Incline, to : Nghing
Inclined : Nghing dc, c khuynh hng, chiu hng
Inclining test : Th nghing lch
Inclining test : Th nghing
Inclinometer : My o nghing
Inclusion : T-p cht
Incombustible : Khng chy, kh chy
Incombustible covering : V bc khng chy
Incompelete penetration : Cha ngu
Incorporate, to : Hp nht, lp vo
Incorporated : c hp vo/ lp vo
Incorrodible material : Vt liu chu n mn
Increased safety electrical equipment : Thit b in an ton cao/ tng cng
Increased safety type : Kiu tng an ton, lo-i an ton cao/ tng cng
Increasement : tng (lng xng)
Temperature ~ : Lng tng nhit
Increment : Lng gia tng/ lng gia
Indent : Vt lm, ch lm, vt rng ca, rnh
Indentation : (S) ct rnh, (s) kha rng ca
Independent reheater : Bu hm l-i c lp
Independent superheater : B qu nhit c lp
Independent tank : Kt c lp, kt ri
Index : Ch s, ch tiu, k hiu
Indicate, to : Ch bo, ch th
Indicated mean effective pressure : p sut ch th c ch trung bnh
Indicating wattmeter : ng h o cng sut (Wt mt)
Indication : (S) ch bo/ ch th
140

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Indication mark : Du hiu ch th


Indicator : Thit b ch bo, ng h ch bo
Water level ~ : Thit b ch bo mc nc
Remote water level ~ : Thit b ch bo mc nc t xa
Pressure ~ : ng h ch bo p sut
Rudder angle ~ : Thit b ch bo gc li
Indicator with alarm : Thit b ch bo c bo ng
Indirect system : H thng gin tip
Indirectly-heated thermister : Nhit in tr gia nhit gin tip
Individual circuit : M-ch ring bit
Individual wire : Dy n
Individual wire test : Th dy n
Induced current : Dng in cm ng
Induced interference : (S) nhiu do cm ng
Induced overvoltage test : Th qu in p cm ng
Induced voltage : in p cm ng
Induced voltage test : Th in p cm ng
Induction : (S) cm ng
Induction hardening : Lm cng bng cm ng
Induction motor : ng c cm ng
Induction regulator : B iu chnh bng cm ng
Induction type relay : R le kiu cm ng
Inert atmosphere : Khng kh tr
Inert gas : Kh tr
Inert gas for fire-fighting : Kh tr cha chy
Inert gas generating plan : Thit b sinh/ t-o kh tr
Inert gas generating system : H thng sinh/ t-o kh tr
Inert gas generator : My sinh kh tr
Inert gas line : ng ng dn kh tr
Inert gas regulating valve : Van iu chnh kh tr
Inert gas system (IGS) : H thng kh tr
Inert gas system : H thng kh tr
Inert, to : Lm tr
Inertia : (S) qun tnh
Inertia force : Lc qun tnh
Inertial moment : M men qun tnh
141

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Inerting : (S) lm tr (kh), t-o mi trng tr


Inerting diagram : Biu kh tr
Inerting medium : Cht tr
Infectious substance : Cht truyn nhim
Inflammability : Tnh d chy
Inflammable : (Thuc) d chy
Inflammable cargo : Hng d chy
Inflammable concentration : Nng d chy
Inflammable gas : Kh d chy
Inflammable gas-air mixuture : Hn hp khng kh v ga d chy
Inflammable hight pressure gas : Kh d chy p sut cao
Inflammable liquid : Cht lng d chy
Inflammable material : Vt liu d chy
Inflammable mixture : Hn hp d chy
Inflammable oil : Du d chy
Inflammable range : Ph-m vi chy
Inflammable solid : Cht rn d chy
Inflatable liferaft : B cu sinh bm hi
Information : Thng bo, thng tin
Information of stability : Thng bo n nh
Infrared ray lamp : n tia hng ngo-i
Ingot : Thi (c)
Ingot casting : Thi c
Ingress : (S) xm nhp, ng vo
Inhalation : (S) h hp, (s) ht hi
Inherent regulation : (S) iu chnh t nhin
Inhibit, to : Ngn cm
Inhibition : (S) c ch/ ngn chn/ ngn cn/ kim ch/ km hm
Inhibitor : Cht hm, cht c ch
Initial deviation : Sai lch ban u
Initial metacentric height : Cao tm nghing ban u
Initial survey : Kim tra ln u
Initial trim : chi ban u, chi ban u
Injection : (S) phun
Injection of gas : (S) phun kh
Injector : Thit b phun
142

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Injurious : Gy thng tch, gy h-i


Injury : (S) lm hng, tn h-i, thng tch
Inland waterway : ng thy ni a
Inlet : Ca vo, u vo, ng dn nc vo
Inlet air : Kh u vo
Inlet area : Din tch u vo
Inlet chest : Van thng bin
Inlet pipe : ng n-p
Inlet port : Ca n-p
Inlet temperature : Nhit u vo
Inner blue cone : Mt nn xanh bn trong
Inner bottom : y trong, y trn
Inner bottom longitudinal : Dm dc y trn
Inner bottom plating : Tn y trn
Inner door : Ca trong
Inner edge : Mp trong
Inner end : u bn trong
Inner fittings : Cc chi tit lp rp bn trong
Inner hull : V bn trong
Inner hull construction : Kt cu v trong
Inner hull plating : Tn v bn trong
Inner layer : Lp trong
Inner lining panel : Tm lt bn trong
Inner post : Ky ui pha trong, trc trong bnh li
Inner shell plank : Vn bao trong
Inner side : Mt bn trong
Inner skin : Lp v bn trong
Inner surface : B mt bn trong
Inner tank : Kt bn trong
Inodorous : Khng mi
Inoperative : Khng lm vic, khng ho-t ng
Inorganic : V c
Inorganic acid : A xt v c
Inorganic acids : Cc a xt v c
In-phase : ng pha
Input : u vo, a vo, tn hiu vo
143

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Insensitivity : nh-y km
Insert for filter : ng lt ca bu lc
Insert into, to : Lng/ chn vo
Insert, to : Lng/ chn vo
Inserted stud : Vt cy
Inside diamater : ng knh trong
Inside dimension : Kch thc bn trong
Inside knuckle radius : Bn knh trong ca ch ni
Inside radius : Bn knh trong
Inside radius of bend : Bn knh un bn trong
Inside radius of crown : Bn knh bn trong ca vnh
Inside radius of knuckle : Bn knh bn trong ca khuu
Inside the line of (deck) opening : Bn trong ca ng ming khot (boong)
Inspection : (S) kim tra, thanh tra, gim st
Inspection and testing procedure : Qui trnh th v kim tra
Inspection certificate : Giy chng nhn kim tra
Inspection content : Ni dung kim tra
Inspection hole : L kim tra
Inspection item : H-ng mc kim tra
Inspection manual : S tay kim tra
Inspection plug : Nt kim tra
Inspection procudure : Qui trnh kim tra
Inspection standard : Tiu chun kim tra
Inspection standards in the company : Cc tiu chun kim tra trong cng ty
Inspection tank : Kt kim tra
Inspection window : Ca s kim tra
Inspector : Thanh tra vin
Instability : Tnh khng n nh
Install, to : Lp rp, lp t
Installaion plan : S lp rp, bn v lp rp
Installation : (S) lp rp, h thng
Installation : Thit b ; (S) lp t/ b tr
Installation character : K hiu ng k thit b
Installation notation : Du hiu ng k thit b
Installed tank : Kt c lp t
Installing : Vic lp rp/ lp t
144

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Instant triping current value : Tr s dng ngt tc thi


Instant triping device : Thit b ngt tc thi
Instantaneous maximum tangential load : Ti trng tip tuyn ln nht tc thi
Instantaneous trip : Nh/ ngt tc thi
Instantaneous value : Tr s tc thi
In-stroke : Hnh trnh nn
Instruction : Hng dn
Instruction : Hng dn
Operating ~ : Hng dn vn hnh
Instruction book : Sch hng dn
Instructions : Cc hng dn
Instrument : Dng c, cng c, kh c, thit b, ngh
Portable ~ : Dng c/ thit b xch tay
Portable oxygen measuring ~ : Dng c o hm lng oxy xch tay
Instrument circuit : M-ch kh c o lng
Instrument transformer : Bin p o lng
Insubmersibility : Tnh chng chm
Insubmersible : C tnh chng chm
Insufflator : Vi phun khng kh
Insulate, to : Ngn cch, cch li
Insulated : c cch li (nhit, in)
Insulated circuit : M-ch cch ly
Insulated construction : Kt cu c cch li
Insulated container : Cng te n cch nhit
Insulated container with self-contained refrigerating unit : Cng te n c cch nhit c
thit b lm l-nh
Insulated distribution system : H thng phn phi cch ly
Insulated pole : Cc in cch ly
Insulated winding : Cun dy cch in
Insulated wire : Dy c bc cch in
Insulating arrangement : S / h thng cch in
Insulating barrier : Ro cch in
Insulating clearance : Khe h cch in
Insulating compound : Hn hp cch in
Insulating construction : Kt cu cch in
Insulating distance : Khong cch cch in
145

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Insulating function : Chc nng cch in


Insulating lining : Lp lt cch nhit
Insulating material : Vt liu cch li (nhit, in)
Insulating transformer : Bin p cch in
Insulating varnish : Vec ni cch in
Insulating waterproof compound : Hn hp cch in chu nc
Insulation : (S) cch li
Insulation : (S) cch ly ; lp cch ly
Electrical ~ : Cch in
Sound ~ : Cch m
Thermal ~ : Cch nhit
Insulation efficiency test : Th hiu qu cch li
Insulation material : Vt liu cch ly
Insulation resistance : in tr cch in
Insulation resistance measuring instrument : Dng c o in tr cch in
Insulation resistance meter : ng h o in tr cch in
Insulation resistance test : Th cch in
Insulation resistance test : Th in tr cch in
Insulation resistance : in tr cch in
Insulation space : Khoang cch nhit
Insulation standard : Tiu chun cch nhit
Insulation test : Th cch in
Insulation voltage : in p cch in
Insulator : Cht cch li, cht cch nhit/ in
Intact : Nguyn vn, khng b h h-i
Intact bulkhead : Vch nguyn vn
Intact buoyancy : Tnh ni ban u
Intact stability : n nh nguyn vn
Intake : Ca n-p, (s) n-p vo
Integral tank : Kt lin v
Integrating circuit : M-ch lp ghp
Integrity : (S) y / nguyn khi ; Tnh nguyn vn
Intensity of illumination : Cng chiu sng
Interbarrier space : Khoang m trong
Intercepting plate : Tm chn/ chn
Interception : (S) chn/ chn
146

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Interchange : Trao i
Interchangeable : C th trao i, d i ln
Interconnect, to : Ni lin vi nhau, lin kt
Intercooler : Bu lm mt trung gian
Intercostal side girder : Sng ph gin o-n
Interface unit : Thit b giao din
Interfere : (S) gy tr ng-i, cn tr
Interfere with, to : Can thip
Interference : Nhiu, can thip, giao thoa, (s) xen vo
Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) : T chc t vn hng hi
lin chnh ph
Interim certificate : Giy chng nhn t-m thi
Interim certificate for refrigerating installation : Giy chng nhn t-m thi cho h thng lm
l-nh
Interim classification certificate : Giy chng nhn phn cp t-m thi
Interior : Bn trong
Interior boundary : Ranh gii bn trong
Interior of hull : Bn trong thn tu
Interior stairway : Cu thang bn trong
Interior surface : Mt trong
Interleave, to : Xen vo gia
Interlink, to : Khu ni, ni vi nhau
Interlock : Kha lin ng
Interlocking : (S) kha lin ng
Interlocking device : Thit b kha lin ng
Interlocking-type shut-off valve : Van ngt lo-i kha lin ng
Intermediate frame : Sn trung gian
Intermediate shaft : Trc trung gian
Intermediate survey : Kim tra trung gian
Intermediate tank : Kt trung gian
Intermediate transverse member : C cu ngang trung gian
Intermediate value : Tr s trung gian
Intermittent duty : Nhim v gin o-n
Intermittent load : Ti trng gin o-n
Intermittent service : Dch v khng lin tc
Intermittent welding : Hn gin o-n
147

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Internal : Bn trong
Internal capacity : Th tch bn trong
Internal combustion engine : ng c t trong
Internal communication : Lin l-c bn trong/ ni b
Internal communication apparatus : Thit b lin l-c ni b
Internal communication circuit : M-ch thng tin ni b (trn tu)
Internal coomunication system : H thng lin l-c ni b
Internal defect : Khuyt tt bn trong
Internal diameter : ng knh trong
Internal examination : Kim tra bn trong
Internal heat insulation : Cch nhit bn trong
Internal heat insulation tank : Kt cch nhit bn trong
Internal inspection : Kim tra bn trong
Internal load magnification value : Tr s khuych -i ti bn trong
Internal pressure : p sut bn trong
Internal pressure load : Ti trng p sut bn trong
Internal radius : Bn knh trong
Internal radius of bend : Bn knh un bn trong
Internal resistance : Tr khng trong
Internal signal : Tn hiu bn trong
Internal stress : Ni ng sut
Internal stress relief : Kh ni ng sut
Internal stress relieving : Kh ni ng sut
Internal volume : Th tch bn trong
International convention : Cng c quc t
International Convention for Safe Container (CSC) : Cng c Quc t v An ton Vn
chuyn Cng ten n
International Convention for the Marine Prevention of Pollution from Ship : Cng c Quc
t v ngn nga nhim bin do tu gy ra
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) : Cng c Quc t v an
ton Sinh m-ng con ngi trn bin
International Convention on Load Lines (1966) : Cng c Quc t v M-n kh 1966
International Load Line Certificate : Giy chng nhn m-n kh Quc t
International Load Line Convention (1930) : Cng c Quc t v m-n kh 1930
International rating class yacht : Thuyn bum cp ua Quc t
International Regulations for Preventing Collision at Sea 1972 (Colreg 72) : Qui tc
trnh va trn bin
148

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

International voyage : Chuyn i quc t


Interpolation : Php ni suy, (s) ni suy
Interpole : Cc trung gian
Interpole coil : Cun dy cc trung gian
Interpole winding : Cun dy cc trung gian
Interrupted current : Dng gin o-n
Interrupted earth : Khng ni t
Interrupting capacity : Kh nng ngt
Interrupting current : Dng in ngt
Interrupting current capacity : Gi tr ca dng ngt
Interrupting current capacity test : Th gi tr dng ngt
Interrupting device : Thit b ngt
Interruption : (S) ngt/ ngt qung, xen vo
Intersect with, to : Giao ct vi, giao ct vo
Intersection : im giao ct, ch giao nhau
Interval : Khong thi gian, khong cch gia hai vt (s vic)
Interval of surveys : Khong thi gian gia 2 t kim tra
Intrinsic(al) safety characteristics : Tnh cht an ton v bn cht
Intrinsically safe circuit : M-ch an ton v bn cht
Intrinsically safe electrical equipment : Thit b an ton v bn cht
Intrinsically safe type : Kiu an ton v bn cht
Intrusion : (S) xm nhp
Invalid : Khng c hiu lc, ht hiu lc
Investigation : iu tra, kho st
Involute tooth (profile) : Bnh rng thn khai
In-water survey : Kim tra di nc
IOPP Certificate (International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate) : Giy Chng nhn
Quc t v Ngn nga nhim du
Iron : St, gang
Cast ~ : Gang c
Grey cast ~ : Gang xm c
Modular graphite cast ~ : Gang grapht cu
Iron casting : Gang c
Iron core : Li st
Iron core : Li thp
Irregular : Khng thng xuyn, khng ph cp
149

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Irregular wave : Sng khng iu ha


Irregularity : Hin tng t xy ra/ bt thng
Irritant effect : Hu qu xu mc nh
Irritation : Hi xu, hi bun phin, hi kh chu
I-section : Tit din hnh ch I
ISM code (International Safety Management) : B lut Qun l An ton Quc t
Isolate, to : Cch li, phn bit
Isolated (neutral) system : H thng c lp
Isolated from : c tch khi, c cch li khi
Isolating shut off valve : Van ngt
Isolation : Cht cch li
Issuance : (S) ban hnh
Issue : Ban hnh
Issue, to : Ban hnh
I-steel : Thp ch I
Italicize, to : In ch nghing
Item : H-ng mc
Item of loading : Thnh phn trng lng

150

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Jack staff : Ct c mi
Jacket : o khoc, o phao ; Gin
Jacket type : Kiu o khoc
Jacking system : H thng nng
Jacob's ladder : Thang ng, thang jacp
Jamming : Hin tng kt
Jeopardy : Nguy him, nguy c ; B hng, b tai n-n
Jet : Phn lc , my bay phn lc
Jet of water : Lung nc pht ra
Jettisoning arrangements : B tr vic thi
Jetty : Bn u tu thuyn, cu tu, chn sng
Jib crane : Cn trc a (khng quay cn c)
Jig : g
Joining face : Mt ni
Joining method : Phng php ni
Joining part : Phn ni
Joining shackle : Mt (xch) ni
Joint : Mi ni
Double-welded butt ~ : Mi ni hn gip mp 2 pha
Fillet welded ~ : Mi hn gc
Single welded butt ~ : Mi hn gip mp n
Circumferental ~ : Mi ni theo chu vi
Longitudinal ~ : Mi ni dc
Flanged ~ : Mi ni bng bch
Double-welded full fillet : Mi ni hn gc lin tc hai pha
Lap ~ : Mi ni chng mp
Slip ~ : Mi ni trt
Union ~ : Mi ni ren/ rc co
Joint between blocks : Mi ni gia cc cm, mi ni tng o-n
Joint box : Hp cha cc mi ni
Joint efficiency : Hiu qu ni
Joint ring : Vng ni
Joint tension test : Th ko mi ni
Joist : Dm, x
Jolting : Xc, lc
Journal : C trc
151

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Journal bearing : c trc


Jumping : Hin tng xc
Jumping stopper : Thit b gim xc
Junction : (S) ni lin, (s) gp nhau, ch ni, mi ni, im gp nhau
Junction box : Hp cha cc mi ni
Jury rudder : Bnh li chnh
Jute : Si lm t v cy bn thnh dy cho

152

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Keel (keel plate) : (Di) tn gia y, ky tu


Keel block : Phn o-n y ngoi t-i ky tu, phn o-n gia y
Keel laid : t ky
Keelson : Sng ph y
Keep entirely filled, to : Gi cho lun y
Keep, to : Gi
Kenter shackle : Mt xch ni kiu ken t
Kevel head : Ct bch
Key : Cha kha, then, m kha
Key diagram : S nguyn l
Key way : Rnh tra then
Keying system : H thng m kha
Keyless propeller : Chn vt khng then
Killed ingot : Thi c (thp) lng
Killed steel : Thp lng
Kind : Lo-i, kiu
Kind 1 propeller shaft : Trc chn vt lo-i 1
Kind 2 propeller shaft : Trc chn vt lo-i 2
Kinds of material : Cc lo-i vt liu
King post : Ct cn trc dy ging
Knee heel : Chn m
Knife : Dao
Knife form : Hnh dao
Knife switch : Cu dao
Knife-shaped terminal : Tip im hnh li dao
Knife-shaped terminal with spring : Tip im hnh li dao c l xo
Knot : Hi l ; Mt g, u mi, c mu
Knuckle : Gy khc

153

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Lace piece : Thanh m sng mi (ngoi cng trn ng nc)


Lack of fusion : Hn khng ngu
Lack of penetration : Khng thm thu, khng ngu
Ladder : Thang ng, thang dy
Ladle : Gu (kim lo-i nng chy), gu xc
Ladle analysis : Nghin cu v gu xc
Lag : Bc gi nhit, chm, tr
Lag with heat insulating material, to : Bc bng vt liu cch nhit
Lagging : Bc gi nhit
Lagging current : Dng theo
Lagging material : Vt liu bc gi nhit
Lagging power-factor : H s gi cng sut
Laid-up ship : Tu gii bn, tu nm lu ngy khng ho-t ng
Laminate : Cht do dn ph ; Tm
Laminate test specimen : Mu th cht nha dn/ cht do
Laminate, to : Ph, dn nha
Laminated core : Li bng cht do dn l-i
Laminating : Ph, dn bng cht do (plastic)
Laminating construction : Kt cu lm bng cht do, kt dnh
Laminating procedure : Qui trnh dn, ph bng cht do
Laminating process : Qu trnh dn, ph bng cht do
Laminating shop : Xng dt tm
Lamp : n
Anchor ~ : n neo
Side ~ : n m-n
Master head ~ : n ct
Lamp base : Gi n
Lamp cap : Chp n, chao n
Lamp holder : Gi treo n, ui n
Lamp load : Cng sut n
Lamp room : Phng n
Lampholder : ui n
Land (cargo), to : a (hng) ln b
Landing : Tip t, cp bn
Lap joint : Mi hn chng mp
Lap joint, to : Ni chng mp
154

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Lap welding : Hn chng mp


Lap winding : Cun dy lp
Large angles heeling : Nghing gc ln
Large tank boundary : Vch bin ca khoang ln
Lashing : V (sng), buc, chng buc
Latch : Cht ci, cc hm my
Latent heat : Ni nhit
Latent heat for evaporation : Ni nhit lm bc hi
Lateral : bn, phn bn
Lateral buckling : (S) vnh ngang ; un ngang ; Mt bn n nh ngang
Lateral inclining : My o nghing
Lateral inertia : Qun tnh ngang
Lateral offset : Khong dch chuyn ngang
Lateral stability : n nh ngang
Latex : Nha cy
Latitude : V , v tuyn
Lattice : M-ng, dn
Launching : H- thy, phng
End ~ : H- thy dc
Side ~ : H- thy ngang
Launching device : Thit b h- thy, thit b phng
Laundry : Git l, lm s-ch
Lavatory : Bn v sinh
Lay, to : Nm, t nm
Lay up, to : D tr
Layer : Lp, tng
Layer insulation : Lp cch ly
Laying : t xung, ri lp
Laying down : t xung
Laying down the keel : t ky
Laying-up : Cc d tr ; (S) nm trn
Layout : B tr mt bng, s b tr
Lay-up : (S) ngng ho-t ng ; Gii bn
Lead (-acid) accumulator battery : c qui ch
Lead (-acid) storage battery : c qui ch
Lead : (S) dn
155

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Lead : Ch
Lead alloy : Hp kim nhm ch
Lead pipe : ng ch
Lead sheath : Lp ph bng ch
Lead sheath armour : Lp bc bng ch
Lead sheathed and armoured cable : Cp in bc thp v ch
Lead sheathed cable : Cp bc ch
Lead sheet : Tm ch
Lead sheet lining : Lp lt bng tm ch
Lead tube : ng ch
Lead wire : Dy ch
Lead, to : Dn
Leaded and armoured cable : Cp bc thp v ch
Leaden pipe : ng ch
Lead-in cable : Dy cp in bc ch
Leading : Dn, lp lt ch
Leading block : Puli dn hng, cm dn
Leading current : Dng dn
Leading edge : Mp -p (ca cnh chn vt)
Leading-in part : Phn dn vo
Leading-in part of cable : u bt dy cp
Leading-in system of explosion-proof packing type : H thng ni dy dn vo ca thit b
kiu phng n
Leading-in system of flame-proof packing type : H thng ni dy dn vo ca thit b kiu
phng tia la
Leak : R r, thm thu
Leak test : Th kn, th r r, th kn
Leakage : R r, r lt
Pull-up ~ : Chiu di p chn vt ln trc
Leakage resistance : Chng r r
Leakage test : Th kn, th r r
Leaked oil : Du b r r
Leaked-out air volume : Th tch kh b r
Leaking : R r
Leakproof : Chng r r
Lee side : Pha khut gi
156

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Left-hand lay : V tr bn tri


Leg : Chn
Leg elevation control equipment : Thit b iu khin vic nng chn dn khoan
Leg tank : Kt chn
Length : Chiu di
Bearing ~ : Chiu di
Length for freeboard : Chiu di tnh m-n kh
Length of arm : Chiu di cnh neo, chiu di c-nh lin kt (ca m,v.v...)
Length over all : Chiu di ln nht
Lens : Thu knh, knh lp
Let-down cooler : Bu sinh hn
Lethal : Gy cht
Lethal dose : Liu lng gy cht ngi
Level gauge : Thit b o mc nc
Level indicator : ng h ch bo mc (du, nc, v.v...)
Safe water ~ : Mc nc an ton
Level of liquid : Mc cht lng
Level probe : u do mc
Level(l)ing of keel line : Lm thng bng ng ky
Level(l)ing pipe : ng thy bnh, ng thng bng
Lever : Tay n, n by ; Lc
Floating ~ : Cn lc
Leverage effect : nh hng ca chn vt n tnh quay tr
Liable for : Chu trch nhim v
Lid : Np y
Life : Sinh m-ng, i sng
Life line : Dy an ton, dy vn
Life raft : B cu sinh
Life support system : H thng tr sinh
Lifeboat : Xung cu sinh
Lifeboat embarkation deck : Boong xung
Lifebuoy : Phao trn cu sinh
Life-saving apparatus : Phng tin cu sinh
Lift : Sc nng, thang my
Lift trunk : Ging thang my, hm thang my
Lift valve : Hnh trnh ca van
157

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Lift, to : Nng
Lifting : (S) nng
Lifting force : Lc nng
Lifting force floating dock : c/ c sc nng ln
Lifting gear : My nng
Lifting lug : Tai nng
Ligament : Thanh ging, dy chng
Ligament efficiency : Hiu sut chng buc
Light : Nh, nh sng, n
Light cargo : Hng nh
Light continuous welding : Hn nh lin tc
Light draught : Chiu chm khng ti
Light fillet welding : Hn gc nh
Light ice condition : Tr-ng thi ng bng nh
Light oil kerosene : Du ha
Light ship weight : Trng lng tu khng
Light weight : Trng lng khng ti
Lightening hole : L khot gim trng lng
Lighter : S lan c ch bng tu m
Lighting : Chiu sng
Lighting arrangement : B tr chiu sng
Lighting circuit : M-ch chiu sng
Lighting conductor : Thit b chng st
Lighting equipment : Thit b chiu sng
Lighting fitting : Trang b chiu sng
Lighting fixture : Tr-ng thi chiu sng c nh
Lighting source : Ngun chiu sng
Lighting system : H thng chiu sng
Lightning arrester : Thit b thu st
Lightning conductor : Ct thu li, dy thu li, dy chng st
Lightning rod : Ct thu li
Lightship : n ni
Lignumvitae : G gai c, g cng, cy g tt
Limber : Hnh cnh cung, vnh chia
Limber board : Bng chia
Limber fore and aft (of a hold) : Khu vc u v cui (ca khoang hng)
158

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Limber hole : L hnh cung trn, l khot gc, l bn nguyt ( tiu nc)
Limit : Ph-m vi, gii h-n
Effective ~ : Ph-m vi c hiu qu
Limit of temperature rise : Gii h-n tng nhit
Limit switch : Cng tc gii h-n
Limitation : (S) h-n ch
Limited failure : H hng c gim thiu
Limited space : Khng gian b gii h-n
Line : ng, hng, tuyn
Side ~ : ng mp (ca cnh chn vt)
Maximum blade thickness ~ : ng chiu dy cnh ln nht
Blade width center ~ : ng tm chiu rng cnh
Flammable liquid cargo ~ : ng ng hng lng d chy
Main bilge ~ : Ht kh chnh
Inert gas distribution ~ : Phn phi kh tr
Line of (deck) opening : ng bao l khot (boong)
Line of pillar : ng tm cc ct chng thng hng
Line of signt : Hng nhn
Line of support : ng
Line start : ng khi ng
Line switch : ng chuyn m-ch
Line voltage : in p dy
Linear interpolation : Ni suy bc nht, ni suy tuyn tnh
Liner : ng lt, o trc
Cylinder ~ : ng lt xi lanh/ s mi xi lanh
Lines (drawing) : Tuyn hnh (bn v)
Line-throwing appliances : Thit b phng dy
Lining : Lp lt bo v/ lp ph b mt/p tng, lp lt trong
Link : Mt xch ; Cu ni
Mechanical ~ : Thanh/ cn ni c kh
Link, to : Ni
Liquefied gas : Kh ha lng
Liquefied gas carrier : Tu ch kh ha lng
Liquefied gas carrier with internal insulation tank : Tu ch kh ha lng c cc kt c
bc cch nhit trong
Liquefied gas tanker : Tu ch kh ha lng
159

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Liquefied nitrogen : Ni t lng


Liquefied petroleum gas : Kh t ha lng
Liquefy under pressure, to : Ha lng nh p sut
Liquefy, to : Ha lng
Liquid : Cht lng
Combustible ~ : Cht lng chy c
Flammable ~ : Cht lng d chy
Liquid cargo : Hng lng
Liquid cargo effect : nh hng ca hng lng (n n nh tu)
Liquid dangerous cargo : Hng nguy him d-ng lng
Liquid filled pressure/vacuum breaking device : Thit b ngt kiu p sut/chn khng c
n-p bng cht lng
Liquid head : Ct p cht lng
Liquid level alarm : Thit b bo ng mc cht lng
Liquid level gauge : Dng c o mc cht lng, thit b o mc cht lng
Liquid level gauging device : Thit b o mc cht lng
Liquid level indicator : Thit b ch bo mc cht lng
Liquid outlet : ng ra ca cht lng
Liquid penetrant (flaw) test : Th thm thu cht lng
Liquid phase : Giai o-n lng, tr-ng thi lng
Liquid pressure : p sut cht lng
Liquid pump : Bm cht lng
Liquid refrigerant : Cng cht l-nh d-ng lng
Liquid-tight : Kn cht lng
List : Nghing ngang ; Danh mc, bng k
List of particulars : Danh sch cc h-ng mc
List of spare gear : Danh mc ph tng d tr
List of spare parts : Danh mc cc ph tng d tr
Lithium : Li ti
Little fire risk : Nguy c chy thp
Live load : Ti trng thay i
Live part : Phn thay i, phn di ng
Live part of opposite polarity : Phn c in ca in cc i din
Living quarter : Khu vc sinh ho-t (trn tu), khu tp th
Load : Ti, ti trng
Tangential ~ : Ti trng tip tuyn
160

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Fluctuating ~ : Ti trng thay i bt thng


Instantaneous maximum ~ : Ti trng tip tuyn ln nht
Internal ~ : Ti trng bn trong
Repeat ~ : Ti trng lp l-i
Vertical ~ : Ti (trng) ng
Load buil-up facility : Thit b t-o ti trng
Load caused by earthquake : Ti trng do ng t gy ra
Load characteristic curve : ng cong c tnh ti trng
Load characteristic test : Th cc c tnh ti trng
Load combinations : Ti trng tng hp
Load current : Dng ti
Load curve : ng cong ti trng
Load deflection temperatura : Nhit chu ti
Load draught : Chiu chm ch hng, chiu chm c ti
Load factor : H s ti trng
Load fluctuation : Thay i ti trng khng theo qui lut
Load for continuous use : Ti trng khi ho-t ng lin tc
Load line : ng nc ch hng, ng trng ti
Load Line Certificate : Giy chng nhn m-n kh
Load line disc : Vng trn du m-n kh
Load magnification coefficient : H s ti trng t tnh
Load sharing : Chia ti trng
Load shedding : Ngt ti
Load spectrum : Ph ti trng
Load test : Th c ti, th ti
Load transferring area : Khu vc truyn ti trng
Load transmitting part : Phn (chi tit) truyn lc/ ti
Load water line (LWL) : ng nc ch hng
Load, to : Xp hng, t ti
Loaded condition : iu kin c ti
Loaded hold : Hm hng c cha hng, khoang c hng
Loaded voyage : Chuyn i c ch hng
Loading (port) survey : Kim tra xp hng
Loading : Xp hng xung tu
Loading and unloading : Xp v d (hng)
Loading and unloading of cargo : Xp v d hng
161

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Loading capacity: Kh nng xp hng


Loading case : Tr-ng thi ti trng
Loading certificate : Giy chng nhn xp hng
Loading condition : iu kin c ti/ hng
Loading conditions : Cc tr-ng thi ti trng
Loading facilities : Thit b xp d
Loading line : ng nc ch hng
Loading manual : Hng dn xp hng
Loading plan : K ho-ch xp hng
Loading plan of deck cargo : K ho-ch xp hng trn boong
Loading port survey : Kim tra xp hng
Loading temperature : Nhit xp hng
Loading terminal : Ni xp hng (xung tu), cng xp hng, bn xp hng
Loading-back method : Phng php ti trng ngc
Load due to vortex shedding : Ti trng do hin tng b ht xung bi cc xoy nc
Local buckling : Mt n nh cc b
Local compensatiom : Gia cng bi thng cc b
Local damage : H hng cc b
Local heating : Gia nhit cc b
Local heating method : Phng php nung nng cc b
Local load : Ti trng cc b
Local reinforcement : Gia cng cc b
Local stress : ng sut cc b
Localized annealing : Ti cc b
Localized overheating : Qu nhit cc b
Locally controlled stop valve : Van chn iu khin t-i ch
Locally operated positive closing valve : Van ng cng bc iu khin t-i ch
Location : V tr
Lock nut : ai c kha
Lock test : Th kha cht
Locker : Kho cha
Locker room : Bung kho
Locking : Kha
Locking bolt : Bu lng kha
Locking device : Thit b kha
Locking tool : Dng c kha
162

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Loft ground : Sn phng d-ng


Log : Nht k ; g sc
Log device : Thit b dn ng
Logbook : S nht k
Long bridge : Thng tng di gia tu
Long deckhouse : Lu di
Long forecastle : Thng tng di mi tu
Long poop : Thng tng di ui tu
Long sleeve : ng bc di
Longer arm : Cnh (tay n) di hn
Longer side : C-nh di hn
Longitude : Kinh tuyn
Longitudinal (framing) system : H thng kt cu dc
Longitudinal (seam) joint : Mi ni (hn) dc
Longitudinal : Dc ; C cu dc, dm dc, x dc
Longitudinal axis : Trc dc
Longitudinal beam : X dc, x dc boong
Longitudinal bending moment : M men un dc
Longitudinal bending test : Th un dc
Longitudinal bulkhead : Vch dc
Longitudinal deck girder : Sng dc boong
Longitudinal deflection : vng dc
Longitudinal direction : Hng dc, hng kinh tuyn
Longitudinal frame : Sn dc, x dc m-n
Longitudinal frame spacing : Khong cch sn dc
Longitudinal framing system : H thng kt cu dc
Longitudinal girder : Sng dc
Longitudinal inertia : Qun tnh dc
Longitudinal member : C cu dc
Longitudinal offset : Khong dch chuyn dc
Longitudinal racking force : Lc ph dc
Longitudinal rigidity : cng dc
Longitudinal seam : Mi ni (hn) dc
Longitudinal seam welded pipe : ng c mi ni hn dc
Longitudinal section : Mt ct dc
Longitudinal shell stiffener : Np dc v bao
163

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Longitudinal stay : Gi dc
Longitudinal strength : Sc bn dc, bn dc
Longitudinal strength member : C cu gia cng dc
Longitudinal system of framing : H thng kt cu dc
Longitudinal watertight partition wall : Phn vch dc kn nc
Long-term distribution : Phn b di h-n
Loop : Vng khp kn, m-ch vng
Loose gear : Chi tit tho c
Loose quadrant : Sc t tho c
Loose rust : G khng bm cht
Loosen, to : Ni lng
Looseness : Lng, ti xp
Lose, to : Mt
Loss : Tn tht
~ of steering capability : Mt kh nng li
~ of hydraulic fluid : Mt du thy lc
Lot : L (m)
Lot number : Ch s ca l, s l
Louver boards : Mi che trnh ma, nng ht
Louver door : Ca trnh ma, nng ht
Low alloy steel : Thp hp kim thp
Low alloy steel casting : Thp c hp kim thp
Low carbon killed steel : Thp lng cc bon thp
Low carbon steel : Thp cc bon thp
Low flame spread : Truyn la chm
Low grade fuel oil : Du t nng (cp thp)
Low level alarm (device) : (Thit b) bo ng mc cht lng thp
Low lift valve : Van c hnh trnh ngn
Low oil pressure alarm : Bo ng p lc du thp
Low pressure alarm : Bo ng p lc thp
Low pressure fuel oil pipe : ng dn du nhin liu thp p
Low pressure side : Pha p sut thp
Low temperature brittleness : Tnh dn (d gy) nhit thp
Low temperature liquefied petroleum gas tanker : Tu ch kh t ha lng nhit thp
Low tide : Thy triu xung thp, cui con nc
Low water : Mc nc t/ thp
164

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Lower cross tie : Thanh chng ngang cao thp


Lower, to : H- thp
Lower deck : Boong di
Lower explosion limit value : Gi tr di ca gii h-n n
Lower half : Na di
Lower hull : Thn di ca tu
Lower limit : Gii h-n di
Lower part of bulkhead : Phn di ca vch
Lower pintle : Cht di (ca bnh li)
Lower side : C-nh di
Lower stock : o-n trc di (ca bnh li)
Lower stool : Thanh p di, di ca vch (tu ch hng ri)
Lower turn of bilge : Phn di ca cung hng
Lowest deck : Boong di cng, boong thp nht
Lowest strake : Di tn di cng
Lowest stringer : Sng dc m-n di cng
Low-resistance field winding : Cun dy t trng in tr thp
Low-tension cable : Cp chu ko thp
Low-tension circuit : M-ch th hiu thp
Low-voltage relay : R le thp p
Low-water level : Mc nc t/ thp
Low-water level safety device : Thit b bo mc nc an ton ti thiu
LPG (Liquified Petroleum Gas) : Tu ch kh ha lng
Lubricate, to : Bi trn
Lubricating : (S) bi trn
Lubricating oil : Du bi trn, du nhn
Lubricating arrangement : B tr bi trn
Lubricating oil filter : Bu lc du bi trn
Lubricating oil furifier : Thit b lc du bi trn
Lubricating oil piping : H ng du bi trn
Lubricating oil pump : Bm du bi trn
Lubricating oil sump : Kt thu hi du bi trn
Lubricating oil system : H thng du bi trn
Lubricating oil tank : Kt du bi trn, kt du nhn
Lubrication : (S) bi trn
Lubricator : Thit b bi trn
165

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Cylinder ~ : Thit b bi trn xi lanh


Lug : Tm m/ tai (cu)
Lug attachment : Vt c ni vo vt khc bng cch treo
Lug connection : Mi ni treo, lin kt (hn) ta
Lumber : G sc
Lumber carrier : Tu ch g sc
Lumber free board : M-n kh tu ch g trn boong
Luminous intensity : Cng nh sng
Lung : Phi

166

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Machine finish : Kt thc bng gia cng c kh


Machine shop : Xng c kh
Machine tool : Dng c gia cng c kh
Machinery : My mc, ng c
Main propulsion ~ : My chnh
Auxiliary ~ : My ph
Refrigerating ~ : My l-nh/ my lm l-nh
Machinery casting : Vch quy bung my, vch quy ming bung my, hp quy my
Machinery installation : My tu/ h thng ng lc/ h thng my tu
Machinery opening : Ming hm my
Machinery room : Bung my
Machinery space : Khng gian t my, bung my
Machinery space bulkhead : Vch bung my
Machinery space of category A : Bung my lo-i A
Machinery space opening : Ming bung my
Machining : Gia cng bng my
Macro-etching test : Th n mn bng a xt
Macrosection examination : Kim tra v m, ly kim tng
Magnesium : Magi
Magnesium oxide : xit magi
Magnet type : Lo-i t tnh
Magnetic action : Ho-t ng ca t trng
Magnetic brake : Phanh t
Magnetic circuit : M-ch t
Magnetic clutch : Ly hp t tnh
Magnetic coil : Cun dy t trng
Magnetic compass : La bn t
Magnetic field : T trng
Magnetic flux : T thng
Magnetic material : Vt liu nhim t
Magnetic particle test : Th bng h-t (bt) t tnh
Magnetic probe type : u d kiu t tnh
Magnetizing current : Dng t tnh
Magnification coefficient : H s phng -i
Mail room : Phng lin l-c in tn
Main (piping) : ng ng chnh
167

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Inertgas supply ~ : ng ng cp kh tr chnh


Main bearing : chnh
Main bearing housing : Gi chnh
Main bilge suction line : ng ht kh chnh
Main boiler : Ni hi chnh
Main condenser : Bu ngng chnh ; T in chnh
Main contact piece : u ni chnh
Main control station : Tr-m iu khin chnh
Main cooling water pump : Bm nc lm mt chnh
Main deck : Boong chnh
Main engine : My chnh
Main engine bearer : B my chnh
Main engine bed : B my chnh
Main engine foundation : B my chnh
Main engine girder : Sng dc thnh b my
Main engine manoeuvring station : Tr-m iu khin my chnh
Main engine room : Bung my chnh
Main engine seat : B my chnh
Main feed (water) pipe : ng cp nc chnh
Main fuel oil supply pump : Bm cp du t chnh
Main pantry : Phng thc n chnh
Main part : Phn chnh
Main piece : Ct bnh li (lin vi trc li)
Main pipe : ng chnh
Main propulsion : Thit b y chnh
Main propulsion plant : My chnh
Main section valve : Van ming ht chnh
Main source : Ngun (in/ cp) chnh
Main steam pipe : ng hi nc chnh
Main steam supply : Vic cp hi nc chnh
Main steering gear : My li chnh
Main swichboard : Bng in chnh
Main switch : Chuyn m-ch chnh
Main valve : Van chnh
Main watertight compartment : Phn khoang kn nc chnh
Mainenance and inspection : Bo dng v kim tra
168

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Maintenability : Kh nng bo dng


Maintenance : (S) duy tr, bo dng
Maintenance management system : H thng qun l duy tr tr-ng thi k thut
Maintenance manual : Hng dn bo qun
Major axis : Trc chnh
Major critticals : Bc cng hng chnh
Major fire risk : Nguy c chy cao
Major radius : Bn trc ln (ca hnh e lp)
Make public, to : Cng khai
Make the circuit, to : T-o m-ch
Make up for complement, to : Chun b cho phn b sung
Make-up gas : Kh c t-o ra
Making capacity : Kh nng t-o ra
Making current : Dng t-o ra
Making operation test : Th ho-t ng
Malfunction : S c, trc trc, hng
Malleable cast iron : Gang d dt mng/ un, gang c do
Maloperation : Vn hnh sai
Management : Qun l, iu ng
Mandrel : Bn tin, g ; Trc cn
Mandril : Bn tin, g ; Trc cn
Manganese steel : Thp man gan
Manhole : L kim tra/ l ngi chui
Flanged-in ~ : L kim tra/ l ngi chui c g trong
Manhole cover : Np l ngi chui
Manifold : C gp (in) ; Cm van
Manila hemp : Cy gai du manila, si gai manila
Manipulated operation : Ho-t ng b ng
Manipulated variable : Thay i th ng
Manoeuvre, to ; maneuver, to : iu ng, thao tc di chuyn
Manoeuvring ; maneuvering : iu ng, ch-y ma n ( th tnh n li, tin cy ca thit
b v tnh nng ca tu)
Manoeuvring arrangement : B tr/ thit b iu ng
Manoeuvring control gear : Thit b kim sot iu ng
Manoeuvring station : Tr-m iu ng
Manoeuvring system : H thng iu ng tu
169

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Manoeuvring valve : Van iu khin


Manoeuvring workstation : V tr iu ng tu
Manometer : p k
Manual : Bn hng dn, ti liu
Service ~ of engine : Ti liu hng dn s dng ng c
Manual : Bng tay
Manual : Ti liu hng dn
Manual arc welding : Hn h quang bng tay
Manual control : iu khin bng tay
Manual fire alarm system : H thng bo ng chy bng tay
Manual operation : Vn hnh bng tay
Manual pump : Bm tay
Manual stop valve : Van chn ng bng tay
Manually operated : c vn hnh bng tay
Manufacture : Ch t-o
Manufacturer : Nh ch t-o
Manufacturer's works : Xng ch t-o
Manufacturing method : Phng php ch t-o
Manufacturing number : S ch t-o
Manufacturing procedure : Quy trnh ch t-o
Manufacturing process : Qu trnh ch t-o
Manufacturing process approval test : Th cng nhn qui trnh cng ngh
Manufacturing specification : Danh mc cc h-ng mc sn xut
Manufacturing tolerance : Dung sai ch t-o
Manufacturing works : Xng ch t-o
Margin : ng gii h-n
Margin line : ng (chm) gii h-n (ng k t nht 76mm di mt trn ca boong
vch)
Margin plate : Tm sng hng
Marine casualty : Mt mt/ h hng trong ho-t ng hng hi
Marine pollution hazard : Nguy c gy nhim bin
Marine pollution prevention system : H thng ngn nga nhim bin
Marine valve : Van dng cho tu bin
Mariner type rudder : Bnh li kiu dng cho tu bin
Marinetime safety information : Thng tin an ton hng hi
Maritime Authority : C quan hnh chnh v hng hi
170

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Maritime Safety Committee : y ban an ton hng hi


Mark : Du
Mark, to : nh du
Marking : nh du, ng mc
Marking plate : Tm ghi du
Marks strengthening for navigation in ice : Du hiu gia cng i bng
MARPOL (International convention for the prevention of pollution from ships) : Cng c
quc t v ngn nga nhim bin do tu gy ra
Martensitic steel : Thp mc ten xt
MARVS (maximum allowable relief valve setting) : iu chnh van an ton v tr gi tr x
cho php ln nht
Mask : Tm che, mt nMask audible alarm : Bo ng m thanh
Mass form : Kiu trng lng
Mass moment of inertia : M men qun tnh khi lng
Mass production system : H thng sn xut hng lo-t
Mast : Ct (c, bum, tn hiu)
Mast head light : n nh ct
Mast house : Sn/ gi ct, lu chn ct
Mast rigging : Mc dy trn ct
Master (mariner) : Thuyn trng
Master controller : Thit b iu khin chnh
Master of ship : Thuyn trng
Master switch : Chuyn m-ch chnh
Master valve : Van chnh
Mat : Tm lt
Material : Vt liu
Material grade mark : Du ch cp vt liu
Material property : Tnh cht ca vt liu
Material readily rendered ineffective by heat : Vt liu th hin l khng nh hng bi
nhit
Material specifications : Cc thng s ca vt liu
Material test : Th vt liu, vt cht
Material testing machine : My th vt liu
Materials subjected to cold-forming : Vt liu nh hnh ngui
Matters stated : Vn c nu
Maximum allowable pressure : p sut cho php ln nht
171

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Maximum allowable temperature for conductor : Nhit cho php ln nht cho vt dn
Maximum ambient temperature : Nhit mi trng ln nht
Maximum capacity : Kh nng ln nht
Maximum continuous designed shaft horsepower : Cng sut thit k ho-t ng ln nht
trn trc
Maximum continuous output : Cng sut ra lin tc ln nht
Maximum continuous revolution : Vng quay lin tc ln nht
Maximum designed rate of condensate : Sn lng ngng thit k ln nht
Maximum distortion : Bin d-ng/ sai s ln nht
Maximum diving depth : ln su ti a
Maximum gross weight : Trng lng ton b ln nht, trng lng s dng ln nht
Maximum offset : dch ngang ln nht
Maximum payload : Ti trng ln nht
Maximum permissible conductor temperature : Nhit cho php ln nht ca vt dn
Maximum speed : Tc ln nht
Maximum working pressure : p sut lm vic ln nht
Maximum working temperature : Nhit lm vic ln nht
Mean : Trung bnh, gia
Mean depth : Chiu su trung bnh
Mean effective pressure : p sut c ch trung bnh
Mean pressure : p sut trung bnh
Mean value : Gi tr trung bnh
Means : Phng tin, cng c, cch thc
Corrosion control ~ : Phng tin kim sot n mn
Back-up ~ : Phng tin d phng
Means for discharging gas : Thit b x kh
Means for drainage : Thit b x nc thi
Means for emergency releasing : Thit b nh khn cp
Means for operating valve : Thit b iu khin van
Means for ventilation : Thit b thng gi
Means of access : Thit b/ phng tin tip cn
Means of closing : Thit b ng kn
Means of detecting leakage : Thit b pht hin r r
Means of disposing of excess energy : Thit b x b nng lng tha
Means of escape : Phng tin thot n-n
Means of gauging : Thit b/ dng c o
172

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Means of measuring : Cch thc o, dng c o


Means of preventing movement : Thit b chng dch chuyn
Means of preventing reverse currrent : Thit b chng dng in ngc
Measure, to : o -c
Measured mile trial : Th o qung ng
Measurer : Thit b o
Measuring instrument : Dng c o
Measuring point : im o
Measuring range : Ph-m vi o
Measuring system : H thng o
Mechanical aid : (S) tr gip/ h tr bng c kh
Mechanical appliances : Thit b c kh
Mechanical damage : H hng phn c kh
Mechanical efficiency : Hiu sut c kh
Mechanical exhaust : Mi c hc
Mechanical hazard : Nguy him v c kh
Mechanical holding device : Thit b gi bng c kh
Mechanical performance : Ho-t ng c kh
Mechanical property : C tnh
Mechanical protection : Bo v bng c kh
Mechanical strength : Sc bn c hc
Mechanical structural part : Phn kt cu c kh
Mechanical test : Th c tnh
Mechanical ventilation : Thng gi bng c gii/ c kh
Mechanical ventilation system : H thng thng gi bng c gii/ c kh
Mechanically : C hc, c gii
Mechanism : C cu
Mechanism of controlling pitch : C cu iu khin bc chn vt
Median : Trung bnh
Medical first aid : Cp cu
Medicate, to : Cho thuc
Medium : Trung bnh ; Dung mi ; Dng c
Medium carbon killed steel : Thp lng cc bon trung bnh
Medium carbon steel : Thp cc bon trung bnh
Medium ice condition : iu kin ng bng mc trung bnh
Meet the requirements, to : Tha mn yu cu
173

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Melt, to : Chy
Melting : Chy
Melting point : im chy, nhit nng chy
Member : Phn t, thnh vin, chi tit, c cu
Membrane : Mng
Membrane stress : ng sut mng
Membrane tank : Kt mng
MEPC (Maritime Environment Protection Committee) : y ban bo v mi trng bin
Mercury : Thy ngn
Mercury switch : u ni thy ngn
Mercury vapour : Hi thy ngn
Mercury vapour lamp : n cao p thy ngn
Meridional direction : Hng nam
Mesh : M-ng li ; Khp nhau
Mesh with, to : Khp vi
Mess room : Phng n
Metacentric height : Chiu cao tm nghing, cao tm nghing, cao n nh
Metal : Kim lo-i
Base ~ : Kim lo-i c s/ c bn
Metal flow : Dng kim lo-i
Metal foil : Cnh bng kim lo-i
Metal sheath : Lp ph bng kim lo-i, lp bc bng kim lo-i
Metal socket : cm kim lo-i
Metal to metal contact : Ni kim lo-i
Metalized graphite brush : C gp bng than ch pha kim lo-i
Metallic : Kim lo-i
Metallic armour : V bc li kim lo-i
Metallic box : Hp kim lo-i
Metallic casting : Vch quy/ v bc bng kim lo-i
Metallic covering : Np y bng kim lo-i
Metallic element : Phn t nguyn t kim lo-i
Metallic fittings : Trang b ph tng bng kim lo-i
Metallic part : Phn bng kim lo-i
Metallic pipe : ng bng kim lo-i
Metallic resistor : in tr kim lo-i
Metallic sheath : V bc kim lo-i
174

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Meter : Dng c o
Metering device : B lu tc
Method : Phng php
Method of attachment : Phng php ni/ nh
Method of braiding : Phng php bn (dy)
Method of connection : Phng php/ cch thc ni
Method of repair : Phng php sa cha
Method of sewing : Phng php khu/ may
Metric wire gauge : Thit b o bng dy chia theo h mt
Michell type : Kiu mi sen ( chn)
Microsection examination : Kim tra cu trc vi m
Microswitch : Cng tc nh
Mid-deck : Boong gia
Mid-point : im gia
Midship (section) coefficient : H s bo sn gia
Midship : Gia tu
Midship deckhouse : Lu gia tu
Midship part : Phn gia tu
Midship part of ship : Phn gia ca tu
Midship perpendicular : ng vung gc gia tu
Midship region : Vng gia ( tu gia cng i bng)
Midship scantling : Qui cch c cu gia tu
Midship section : Mt ct ngang gia tu
Mild steels : Thp thng, thp cc bon
Mill scale : T l 1/1000
Mill sheet : T k m thp sn xut
Mineral : (Ly c t) m, (thuc) khong cht
Mineral material : Vt liu v c
Mineral-insulated cable : Cp bc v c
Mineral-insulated copper sheathed cable : Cp c v bc ng c cch in v c
Mineral-insulated metallic sheath : V bc kim lo-i c cch in v c
Mineral-insulated metallic sheathed cable : Cp c v bc kim lo-i c cch in v c
Mine-sweeping ship : Tu dn mn, tu r qut mn
Mingle, to : Trn ln, ha vo
Miniature lamp : n c nh
Minimize, to : Gim n mc nh nht
175

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Minimum : Nh nht
Minimum compatible : So snh nh nht
Minimum draught : Chiu chm ti thiu
Minimum thickness : Chiu dy nh nht
Minimum weight : Khi lng nh nht
Minimum working current : Dng in lm vic nh nht
Minor axis : Trc ph, trc ngn
Minor fire risk : Nguy c chy thp
Minor radius : Bn knh ngn (ca hnh elp), bn trc nh
Minus tolerance : Dung sai m
Mis-alignment : Khng thng hng, khng khp, lch tm
Misfire : Khng pht la
Mishandling : (S) s dng sai/ nhm, (S) khng iu khin c
Misoperation : Khng ho-t ng
Mix, to : Trn ln
Mixed gas : Kh hn hp
Mixing : Trn
Mixture : Hn hp
Vapout ~ : Hn hp hi
Mobile offshore drilling unit : Gin khoan di ng
Mode : Ch
Model : M hnh
Model container : Cng ten n mu
Model test : Th m hnh
Moderate fire risk : Nguy c chy trung bnh
Modification : (S) thay i
Modify, to : Thay i
Modulariron casting : Vt/ sn phm gang cc c
Module : M un
Module of tensile elasticity: M un n hi ko
Module of tooth : M dun rng
Modulus : M un
Sectional ~ : M un chng un (tit din)
Modulus of bending elasticity : M un n hi un
Modulus of elasticity : M un n hi
Modulus of tensile elasticity : M un n hi ko
176

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Moisture : m
Moisture control : iu chnh m
Moisture-proof : Ngn m
Moisture-resistance : Chng m
Moisture-resisting : Chng m
Molasses : R ng, nc mt (ng)
Molten state : Tr-ng thi nng chy
Molten sulphur, molten sulfur : Lu hunh nng chy
Moment : M men
Moment of inertia : M men qun tnh (tit din)
Moment to change trim one cm : M men chi 1 cm
Momentary overload : Qu ti m men
Momentary speed : Tc quay
Monitor : Mn hnh my tnh, mn hnh kim tra ; Thit b theo di ; Sng phun
Monitor, to : Theo di
Monitoring : (s) theo di
Monitoring arrangement : B tr vic theo di/ kim tra
Monitoring device : Thit b theo di/ kim tra
Monitoring station : Tr-m iu khin/ kim sot
Monitoring system : H thng kim tra, h thng kim sot
Moonpool : L khot y tu/ s lan ( lp thit b chuyn dng trong tu cng trnh)
Mooring : Chng buc, neo
Mooring arrangement : B tr h thng chng buc
Mooring force : Lc chng buc
Mooring hole : L buc tu
Mooring line : Dy buc tu
Mooring pipe : ng buc tu
Mooring system : H thng chng buc, neo
Mooring winch : Ti chng buc, neo
Morse signal lamp : n tn hiu nh moc
Morse telegraph signal : Tn hiu in bo moc x
Mortise : L mng, c l mng
Most probable value : Gi tr xut hin nhiu nht
Mother metal : Kim lo-i c bn, kim lo-i gc
Mother ship : Tu m, tu ch cc tu nh
Motion : Chuyn ng
177

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Motor : M t, ng c
Propulsion ~ : ng c in lai chn vt
Motor circuit : M-ch ng c
Motor ship : Tu t ch-y
Motorcar carrier : Tu ch t
Motor-generator : My pht ng c (dng trong h thng in chn vt)
Mouded depth : Chiu cao m-n l thuyt
Mouded dimension : Kch thc l thuyt ch yu
Mouded draught : Chiu chm l thuyt
Mould draw taper : B-c
Mould, to; mold, to : Lm mu ; Lm chun/ dng
Mould; mold : Mu ; Chun
Moulded breadth : Chiu rng l thuyt
Moulded depth : Chiu cao m-n l thuyt
Moulded dimension : Kch thc l thuyt
Moulded displacement : Lng chim nc l thuyt
Moulded draught : Chiu chm l thuyt
Moulded length : Chiu di l thuyt
Moulded line : ng l thuyt
Moulded plate test specimen : Mu th tm chun
Moulded-case : Hp kn
Moulding method : Phng php lm mu
Moulding procedure : Qui trnh lm mu
Moulding ; molding : Lm mu
Mounting : Gi ; Thit b/ vt trn cng, trn nh vt khc
Movable : Di chuyn c
Movable part : Phn di chuyn c
Move : Chuyn ng
Mover : Vt chuyn ng
Prime ~ : ng c dn ng
Moving coil : Cun dy chuyn ng
Moving contact : Tip xc di ng
Moving part : Phn ng
Mud : Bn
Mud box : Hp bn
Mud boxes and rose boxes : Cc hp x cn v cc hp li lc
178

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Mud ditch : Mng, rnh bn


Mud hole : L bn
Mud pipe : ng dn bn
Mud tank : Kt cha bn
Multicelluar glass : Knh
Multicore cable : Cp nhiu li
Multicylinder turbine : Tua bin nhiu xi lanh
Multilayer form : Kiu nhiu lp
Multiple : Nhn, nhiu, bi s
Multiple circuit breaker : B ngt m-ch nhiu cc
Multiple screw ship : Tu nhiu chn vt
Multiple stage reduction gear : Hp gim tc nhiu cp
Multiple-linked switch : Cu dao ngt nhiu cc
Multiply, to : Nhn
Multiplying factor : H s nhn
Multi-row hatchways : Nhiu dy ming khoang (theo chiu ngang tu)
Multistage reduction gear : Hp gim tc nhiu cp
Mushroom ventilator : Thng gi hnh nm
Muster station : Tr-m tp trung
Mutual induction : (S) h cm

179

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Nail : inh
Name of ship : Tn tu
Name plate : Tm ghi tn, bin s
Narrowband direct-printing device (NBPD) : Thit b in trc tip bng
hp hon chnh
National regulations : Lut/ qui nh quc gia
Nationality of ship : Quc tch ca tu
Natural draught : Chiu chm thc
Natural frequency : Tn s ring
Natural frequency calculation table : Bng tnh tn s dao ng t do
Natural gas : Kh t nhin
Natural period : Chu k (dao ng) ring
Natural rubber : Cao su t nhin
Natural seasoning : Kh t nhin
Natural ventilation : Thng gi t nhin
Natural vibration : Dao ng ring
Nautical almanac : Lch thin vn hng hi
Nautical chart : Hi
Nautical instrument : Dng c o qung ng hnh hi
Naval : Thuc v bin, thuc v hi qun
Naval architecture : Kin trc tu
Naval brass : ng thau ng tu
Navigating bridge : Bung li
Navigating workstation : V tr thao tc hng hi
Navigation : Hng hi
Navigation bridge : Lu li
Navigation bridge system : H thng lu li
Navigation equipment : Thit b hng hi
Navigation lantern : n tn hiu hnh trnh
Navigation light : n (tn hiu) hng hi
Navigation light indicator : Thit b ch bo n hng hi
Navigation light indicator panel : Bng ch bo n hng hi
Navigation scanner : B qut iu khin
Navigation system : H thng hng hi
Navigational Binoculars : ng nhm hng hi
180

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Navigational sextant : Sc tng hng hi


NAVTEX receiver : My thu t lc hng hi
Necessary condition : iu kin cn
Neck bearing : t-i c trc
Negative connection : Lin kt b ng
Negative pole : Cc m
Negative pressure : p sut
Negative pressure protection system : H thng bo v p sut m
Negative terminal : u m, cc m
Negative tolerance : Dung sai m
Neighbourhood; neighborhood : Bn c-nh
Neighbouring space : Khng gian bn c-nh
Nest : B, cm
Tube ~ : Cm ng
Net sectional area : Din tch mt ct tinh
Network : M-ng
Neutral : Trung tnh
Neutral axis : Trc trung ha
Neutral conductor : Dy dn trung tnh
Neutral earthed : Trung tnh ni t
Neutral earthed system : H thng ni t trung tnh
Neutral earthing : Ni t trung tnh
Neutral pole : Cc trung tnh
New substance : Sn phm mi
Nickel steel : Thp ni ken
Nickel-chrome steel : Thp hp kim ni ken crm
Night vision : Quan st ban m
Nitrocellulose : Cht nitro xen lu l
Node : Giao im/ nt
One ~ Vibration : D-ng dao ng 1 nt
Two ~ vibration : D-ng dao ng 2 nt
Noise : Ting n
Noise level : Mc n
Noise suppressor : Thit b tiu m
No-load : Khng ti
No-load current : Dng in khng ti
181

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

No-load running : Ch-y khng ti


No-load speed : Tc khng ti
No-load test : Th khng ti
Nominal diameter : ng knh danh ngha
Nominal dimension : Kch thc danh ngha
Nominal horsepower : Cng sut danh ngha
Nominal inside diameter : ng knh trong danh ngha
Nominal mean wake : Nc km trung bnh nh mc
Nominal pressure : p sut danh ngha
Nominal sectional area : Din tch mt ct danh ngha
Nominal thickness : Chiu dy danh ngha
Non conducting material : Vt liu khng dn
Non- renewable : Khng phc hi c
Non-adjustable type : Kiu khng iu chnh c
Non-alkali glass : Knh khng kim
Non-combustible environment : Mi trng khng chy
Non-combustible material : Vt liu khng chy
Non-comforming Approval : Chng nhn khng cn ph hp
Non-corrodible material : Vt liu khng b n mn
Non-corrosive material : Vt liu khng g, vt liu khng mn
Non-corrosiveness : (S) chng n mn
Non-current-carrying : Khng mang in
Non-current-carrying metallic part : Phn kim lo-i khng c/ mang in
Non-current-carrying part : Phn khng c/ mang in
Non-destructive inspection : Kim tra khng ph hy
Non-destructive test : (S) th khng ph hy
Non-destructive testing (NDT) : (S) th khng ph hy
Non-explosion type : Kiu bo v phng n
Nonferrour material : Vt liu khng c st
Nonferrour metal : Kim lo-i khng phi l st
Nonferrour pipe : ng khng lm bng st
Non-fixed type : Kiu di ng/ khng c nh
Non-flame-proof type : Kiu phng chy
Nonflammable : Khng chy
Nonflammable paint : Sn khng chy
Non-gastight : Khng kn kh
182

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Non-hygroscopic : Khng ht m
Noninductive : Khng cm ng
Noninductive load : Ti khng cm ng
Noninflammable material : Vt liu khng chy
Noninflammable substance : Sn phm khng chy
Non-linked : Ri, khng lin kt
Non-locked condition : iu kin khng kha
Non-magnetic material : Vt liu khng nhim t
Nonmetallic impervious sheathed and armoured cable : Cp bc thp v c v bc bng vt
liu phi kim lo-i khng thm nc
Nonmetallic inclusion : T-p cht phi kim lo-i
Non-metallic memberane : Mng phi kim lo-i
Nonmetallic pipe : ng phi kim lo-i
Non-opening type : Kiu khng m c
Non-operating current : Dng khi khng ho-t ng
Non-propelled ship : Tu khng t hnh
Non-radiation heater : B hm khng t-o bc xNon-return device : Thit b mt chiu
Non-return valve : Van mt chiu
Non-self-propelled : Khng t y/ ch-y
Non-self-supporting : Khng t
Non-sparking construction : Kt cu khng nh la
Non-toxic : Khng c
Non-watertight bulkhead : Vch khng kn nc
Non-weathertight point : im khng kn thi tit
Normal : Bnh thng
Normal amount : Gi tr thng thng
Normal condition : iu kin bnh thng
Normal electric source : Ngun in thng thng
Normal induced voltage : in p cm ng thng thng
Normal load : Ti thng thng
Normal navigation : Hng hi thng thng
Normal operation : Ho-t ng bnh thng
Normal pressure : p sut bnh thng
Normal service unit : B phn phc v bnh thng
Normal stress : ng sut thng thng
183

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Normal temperature : Nhit thng thng


Normal voyage : Chuyn i thng thng
Normalized : (c) thng ha
Normalized steel : Thp thng ha
Normalizing : Thng ha, lm cho bnh thng
Normally open secondary circuit : M-ch th cp h thng thng
Nose : Mi
Notation : K hiu
Notation for unmanned operation : Du hiu ho-t ng khng c ngi trc ca
Notch : Rnh, rnh kha, vt ct
Notch ductility : Tnh d nt
Notch sentivity : nh-y vi vt ct
Notch toughness : dai vi vt ct
Note : Ch thch, ch
Notice board : Bng thng bo
Notice plate : Tm ghi ch thch
Notwithstanding the requirements : Khng ph thuc vo cc yu cu
Novel design : Thit k mi, kiu mi
Novel design feature : c im thit k kiu mi
Noxious liquid substance : Cht lng c h-i
Nozzle : Hng/ vi phun ; ng pht, ng -o lu
Oil burener ~ : Vi phun u
Nozzle ring : Vng t-o nn -o lu
Nozzle wall : Thnh ng pht
Number : S lng, s th t
Number of cores : S li
Number of cycles : S chu k
Number of maximum continuous revolutions : S vng quay lin tc ln nht
Number of plies : S np gp
Number of revolutions : S vng quay
Number of times : S ln
Number of times of twisting : S ln xon
Nut : ai c, cu

184

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Oblique : Xin, cho, nghing


Oblong : Hnh khi hp ch nht
Obscuration : che ph
Obscure, to : B che khut
Observation scanner : B qut quan trc
Observation tank : Kt quan st
Observer : Ngi quan st
Obstacle : Chng ng-i, vt cn
Obstruction : Chng ng-i, vt cn
Obstructive : Tc, Cn tr
Occasional survey : Kim tra bt thng
Ocean current : Dng hi lu
Ocean transit : Vn chuyn bng ng bin
Ocean-going ship : Tu i bin
Oceanographic : Thy vn, cng tc thy vn
Odd number : S l
Oertz rudder : Bnh li Oertz
Of non-water-absorption : Khng hp th nc
Of uniform quantity : C khi lng ng nht
Office : Vn phng
Officer of ship : S quan trn tu
Official number : S ng k
Official trial : Th chnh thc/ bt buc
Offset : Khong dch chuyn
Offset table : Bng tr s tuyn hnh
Offshore (mobile) drilling unit : Dn khoan (di ng)
Off-specification : Khng tnh nng k thut
Ogee ring : Vng c ng g hnh ch S
Oil-fired boiler : Ni hi t bng du
Oil sprayer : Thit b phun du thnh d-ng sng
Oil (level) gauge : Thit b o mc du
Oil : Du
Crude ~ : Du th
Fuel ~ : Nhin liu
Low grade ~ : Du cht lng thp
Oil burner : Thit b t du
185

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Oil burning equipment : Thit b t bng du


Oil burning system : H thng t bng du
Oil collecting boat : Xung/ tu thu gom du
Oil control valve : Van iu tit du
Oil discharge monitoring and control system : H thng ghi v kim sot vic x du
Oil drainage : Cn du ln nc
Oil filling station : Tr-m rt/ cp/ bn du
Oil filter : Bu lc du
Oil filter wire gauze : Li ca phin lc du
Oil filtering system : H thng lc du
Oil fuel unit : Cm my t du
Oil gauge : Thit b o mc du
Oil gland : Vng m kn du
Oil gutter way : Rnh dn du
Oil heater : Thit b hm nng du
Oil leakage : R r du
Oil lubrication : Bi trn bng du
Oil mist : Hi du ch sng
Oil pipe : ng du
Oil pollution : nhim do du
Oil pressure pump : Bm p lc du
Oil purifying system : H thng phn li du bi trn
Oil resistance : Chu du
Oil resisting : Ngn du
Oil return pipe : ng du hi
Oil ring : Vng chn du
Oil seal : m kn du
Oil separator : Thit b phn li du, my phn li du
Oil strainer : Thit b lc du
Oil supply system : H thng cp du
Oil syringe : Vi phun du
Oil tank : Kt du
Oil tanker : Tu du
Oil tightness : (S) kn du
Oil tray : Khay hng du
Oil vapour : Hi du
186

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Oil/water interface detector : Thit b xc nh ranh gii du nc


Oil-burning boiler : Ni hi t bng du
Oil-fired-boiler : Ni hi t du
Oil-firing boiler : Ni hi t bng du
Oil-immersed appliance : Thit b ngm trong du
Oil-immersed transformer : Bin p ngm trong du
Oil-immersed type : Kiu ngm trong du
Oiling : Bi du, bi trn
Oiling pressure : p sut du bi trn
Oiltight bulkhead : Vch kn du
Oiltight floor : ngang kn du
Oily bilge : Nc y tu nhim du
Oily slop tank : Kt lng du
Oily water : Nc ln du
Oily water separating equipment : Thit b phn li du nc
Omission : Min, b qua
Omission of test : Min th nghim
Omit, to : Min, b
On-bottom condition : Tr-ng thi nm trn y
On-deck girder : Sng nm trn mt boong
One-side full fillet welded lap joint : Mi hn chng mp mt mt
One-side full fillet welding : Hn gc mt pha lin tc
One-side welded butt joint : Mi hn gip mp mt mt
Open air : Ngoi tri
Open circuit : M-ch h
Open circuit systems : H thng tun hon h
Open cycle type : Kiu chu trnh h
Open deck : Boong h
Open end : u h
Open floor : ngang h
Open outward, to : M ra pha ngoi
Open rail : Lan can m c
Open slot : L h
Open space : Khng gian h
Open up, to : M ra
Open vent : Thng gi h
187

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Open venting system : H thng thng gi h


Open weather deck : Boong h chu thi tit
Open, to : M, h
Open-delta connection : u ni hnh tam gic h
Open-ended pipe : ng h hai u
Open-hearth furnace : L mc tanh
Open-hearth steel : Thp luyn bng l mc tanh
Opening : L khot
Unreinforced ~ : L khot khng c gia cng
Reinforcement ~ : L khot c gia cng
Reinforcement of ~ : Gia cng l khot
Reinforcement procedure of ~ : Phng php gia cng l khot
Opening and closing type : Kiu h v kiu kn
Opening for nozzle : L lp vi phun (ni hi)
Opening for ventilation : L khot thng gi
Opening of air inlet and outlet : L ly kh vo v thot kh ra
Opening ratio : T s khot
Opening-up : (S) m ra
Open-up-inspection : Kim tra tr-ng thi m
Operate, to : Ho-t ng
Operating characteristics : c tnh ho-t ng
Operating coil : Cun dy ho-t ng, cun dy cng tc
Operating condition : iu kin ho-t ng
Operating current : Dng ho-t ng
Operating draught : Chiu chm khai thc
Operating duty : Nhim v ho-t ng
Operating handle : Cn g-t iu khin ho-t ng, tay iu khin
Operating manual : Ti liu/ hng dn s dng, hng dn thao tc
Operating oil : Du vn hnh, du lm cht lm vic
Operating period : Thi gian, chu k ho-t ng
Operating pressure : p sut lm vic
Operating revolution : Vng quay lm vic
Operating rod : Cn iu khin
Operating system : H thng vn hnh
Operating voltage : in p ho-t ng
Operation : Ho-t ng, vn hnh ,thao tc
188

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Manual ~ : Ho-t ng bng tay


Intermittent ~ : Thao tc gin n
Operation area : Vng ho-t ng
Operation in parallel : Vn hnh song song, lm vic song song
Operation procedure : Qui trnh vn hnh
Operation Requirements : Yu cu vn hnh
Operation rod : Cn iu khin
Operation season : Ma ho-t ng
Operation space : Khng gian vn hnh
Operation test : Th ho-t ng
Operational requirements : Yu cu vn hnh
Operational speed range : Ph-m vi tc ho-t ng
Operator : Ngi iu khin, ngi vn hnh, in bo vin
Opposite side : Mt i din, c-nh i din, m-n bn kia, m-n i din
Oral : Bng ming
Orallly : Bng ming
Order : Lnh ; Th t, bc
First major ~ : Bc (iu ha) chnh/u tin
Firing ~ : Th t lm vic
Order of operation : Th t ho-t ng
Orderer : Ngi ra lnh
Ordinary anchor : Neo thng thng
Ordinary form : Kiu thng thng
Ordinary shape : Hnh dng thng thng
Ordinary smoke tube : ng khi thng thng
Ore : Qung
Ore carrier : Tu ch qung
Ore dust : Bi qung
Ore hold : Hm ch qung, khoang qung
Ore/oil carrier : Tu ch qung/ du
Organic peroxides : Cht peroxit hu c
Oscilator : My t-o dao ng, b t-o dao ng
Oscillation : (S) dao ng, rung
Oscillogram : Biu dao ng
Oscillograph : My ghi dao ng, dao ng k
Out of action : Hng, khng ho-t ng
189

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Out of operation : Khng ho-t ng c ; Hng


Out of phase : Lch pha
Out of use : Hng, khng ho-t ng
Outer circumferential row : Dy vng trn ngoi
Outer face : Mt ngoi
Outer hull : V ngoi
Outer layer : Lp ngoi
Outer shell Plank : Vn bao ngoi
Outer side : M-n ngoi, c-nh ngoi, mt ngoi
Outer wall : Vch ngoi, tng ngoi
Outflow : Dng x, lung ra, chy ra
Outgoing line : Tuyn hnh trnh
Outlet : Ca x, ng thot, ng dn nc ra/ ng x nc
Outlet end : u ca x, u ng thot
Outline : Nt chnh, s b
Outline of specification : Nt chnh ca c im k thut
Out-of roundness : mo
Output : Cng sut, sn lng u ra
Outreach : Ngoi ph-m vi, ngoi tm
Outrigger : Tm cha, dm cha, gi cha, dn ct
Outside diameter : ng knh ngoi
Outside plating : Tn bn ngoi
Outside the line of (deck) opening : Pha ngoi ng ming khot (ca boong)
Outside-screwed yoke type : Kiu kp bt bng ren ngoi
Outward : Hng ra ngoi
Oval : van, bu dc
Over voltage : Qu p
Overall assembly drawing : Bn v lp rp tng th
Overall dimension : Kch thc ton b
Overall external dimension : Kch thc bn ngoi ln nht
Overall length : Chiu di ton b, chiu di ln nht
Overall strength : Sc bn chung
Overall strength test : Kim tra sc bn chung
Overall voltage regulation (property) : iu chnh (c tnh) in p ton b
Overall width : Chiu rng ton b
Overalls : o lin qun bo h
190

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Overboard : Ngoi m-n tu


Overboard discharge : X ngoi m-n
Overboard discharge cock : Vi x ngoi m-n
Overboard discharge pipe : ng x ngoi m-n
Overboard discharge port : L x ngoi m-n
Overboard discharge valve : Van x ngoi m-n, van x qua m-n
Overboard scupper : Ca x m-n
Overboard scupper pipe : ng thot nc (mt boong) qua m-n
Overcooling : (S) qu ngui
Overcurrent : Dng in qu ti
Overcurrent protective device : Thit b bo v qu dng
Overcurrent relay : R le qu dng
Overcurrent test : Th qu dng
Overcurrent tripping characteristics : c tnh ngt qu dng
Overcurrent tripping device : Thit b ngt qu dng
Overflow : (S) trn (hng, du) ; Dng, ng trn
Overflow control system : H thng kim sot trn
Overflow main : (ng ng) trn chnh
Overflow opening : L trn
Overflow pipe : ng trn
Overflow tank : Kt trn
Overflow, to : Trn ra, trn ti
Overflowing oil : Du trn
Overhang, to : Nh ra, cha ra
Overhanging part : Phn nh ra
Overhaul : (S) kim tra/ xem xt k lng
Overhaul and repair : Kim tra v sa cha
Overhaul inspection : M kim tra (kim tra d-ng tho di), kim tra l-i ton b
Overhaul, to : Kim tra/ xem xt k lng
Overheat : (S) qu nhit
Overheat(ing) : (S) (nung) qu nhit
Overlap : (S, phn) Chng ln/ ph ln ; (S) chng mp (hn)
Overlap ratio : T l chng kht, mc chng kht
Overlap, to : Gi ln, chng ln
Overlapped, to be : (c/ b) ph ln, chng ln
Overlapping : (S) gi ln nhau, (s) chng mp
191

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Overlay rolling : Cn ph
Overload : (S) qu ti
Overload alarm : Bo ng qu ti
Overload indicator : Dng c ch bo qu ti
Overload prevention : (S) ngn nga qu ti
Overload prevention arrangement : Thit b ngn nga qu ti
Overload protection : Bo v qu ti
Overload protective device : Thit b bo v qu ti
Overload relay : R le ngt qu ti
Overload scaling : Ph-m vi qu ti
Overloading property : c tnh qu ti
Overpressure : Qu p (sut), p sut d
Overpressure preventive device : Thit b ngn nga qu p (sut)
Overpressure safety valve : Van an ton qu p (sut)
Overriding : Quan trng hn bt c nhn nh no khc
Over-sensitivity : nhy cao
Overshoot : (S) vt qu gii h-n ; Lng iu chnh vt qu ; (S) qua tm
Overspeed governor : B iu (chnh) qu tc
Overspeed preventive device : Thit b ngn nga qu tc
Overspeed protective device : Thit b bo v qu tc
Overspeed test : Th qu tc
Overspeed trip : Nh qu tc, thit b nh qu tc
Overspeeding : (S) qu tc
Overvoltage : (S) qu in p
Overvoltage relay : R le qu in p
Owner : (Ngi) ch
Oxide : xit
Oxidising substance : Cht xy ha
Oxidization : (S) xi ha
Oxygen content : Hm lng xi
Oxygen convertor : L thi xi
Oxygen enriched atmosphere : Khng kh c lm giu xi
Oxygen resuscitation equipment : Thit b phc hi xi
Ozone-resisting property : c tnh lp bao ph tng zn

192

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Pace plate : Tn mt (thp hn)


Packing : (S) ng gi, ng kin ; (S) lm kn, bt kn ; (S)
n, chn ; (Ci) m
Packing gland : m lm kn, vng bt lm kn
Packing groove : Rnh (t m, vng bt) lm kn, rnh xoi
Pad :Tm m (ca chn)
Pad : m, b-c , b-c lt
Padding : T-o lp ngn (cch)
Padding pressure : p lc bt kn
Padding system : H thng t-o lp ngn cch
Paddle wheel effect : Hiu ng lc ngang do chn vt
Paint : (S) sn ph
Paint store : Kho sn
Paint, to : Sn, ph
Painting : Vic sn
Pair : Cp, i
Pair twisting : Xon i, bn i
Pallet : chn, tm nng hng
Panama Canal Tonnage Certificate : Giy chng nhn o dung tch qua knh Panama
Panel : Bng, tm, mng
Monitoring ~ : Bng ch th
Panel lighting : Chiu sng bng (in)
Panelling : G lt sn (khoang tu)
Panting : (S) va p, chn ng ; Sn
Panting arrangement : B tr chng va ( vng mi tu)
Panting beam : X chng va
Panting stringer : Sng (dc m-n) chng va ( vng mi tu)
Pantry : Bung cha thc n
Parachute rocket : Pho d
Paraffin resin : Nha parafin
Paraffin wax : Sp parafin
Parallel operation : Ho-t ng/ vn hnh/ lm vic song song, ng thi
Parallel operation test : Th ho-t ng song song
Parallel running : Ch-y song song, ch-y ng thi
193

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Parallel running test : Th ch-y song song


Parameter : Thng s, h s, gii h-n
Paranthesis : T chua thm (trong du ngoc n)
Parent metal : Kim lo-i nn, kim lo-i c bn
Part : Phn, o-n, b phn
Corrugated ~ : Phn gn sng
Spare ~ : Ph tng d tr
Tapered ~ : Phn cn
Part flow system : H thng phn dng chy
Part heated by contact : Phn c lm nng/ gia nhit bng tip xc, gia nhit do c st
Part heated by radiation : Phn c nung nng bng bc x-, gia nhit do bc xPartern of air flow : c im lung kh
Partial bulkhead : Phn vch, vch lng, o-n vch
Partial flooding : Ngp tng phn
Partial intermediate side girder : o-n sng ph trung gian
Partial intermediate solid floor : o-n ngang c trung gian
Partial load : Ti trng b phn/ cc b
Partial superstructure : Phn thng tng
Partially filled tank : Kt n-p/ nhn hng nhng cha y
Participating government : Chnh ph tham gia vo, chnh ph thnh vin (Cng c,v.v...)
Particle : H-t, vt
Harmful ~ : H-t, vt c h-i
Particle size : Kch c phn t
Particular : c im, c tnh, s liu, thng s, bn thuyt minh, thng s k thut
Engine ~ : Bn thuyt minh v ng c
Principal ~ : c im c bn
Particulars of machinery : Cc c tnh/ thng s ca my
Partition : Vch nh ngn chia ; (S) ngn chia
Partition wall : Phn vch/ tng ngn
Partition, to : Phn chia, chia ct
Pass through, to : i qua
Passage : Li i, hnh lang
Passage below deck : Li i di boong
Passage-way : Li i, hnh lang
Passenger ship : Tu khch
Passenger Ship Safety Certificate : Giy chng nhn an ton tu khch
194

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Passenger space : Bung khch


Passing steam quantity : Lng hi nc i qua
Patrol boat : Tu tun tra
Pattern : Kiu, khun mu, m hnh, qu trnh
Payload : Trng lng c ch
Peak : Khoang mt/ khoang nhn ca tu (khoang mi v khoang ui tu)
Peak bulkhead : Vch mt (mi/ li)
Peak construction : Kt cu vng mt
Peak exothern temperature : Nhit pht nhit cc tr
Peak power : Cng sut ln nht, cng sut cc -i
Peak reverse voltage : in p ngc nh
Peak tank : Khoang mi/ ui , kt mi/ui, kt nhn
Peak value : Gi tr/ tr s ln nht
Peak value of the highest voltage : Tr s nh ca in p ln nht
Peel off, to : Bong ra, tch ra, bc ra
Peeling-off : (S) bong ra, tch ra, bc ra
Peening : (S) ty s-ch (mp tn) ; (S) rn ngui
Peep hole : L nh tng (c th nhn thy c)
Pending stress : ng sut un
Pendulum : Thc o nghing kiu qu lc
Penetrameter : Kh c xc nh cng
Penetrate, to : Thm vo, thm nhp, xuyn qua, xuyn qua
Penetrating piece : Phn/ ming xuyn qua
Penetration : (S) thm, thm thu, thu sut
Penetrometer : Dng c o du n khi p
Per unit area : Trn din tch n v
Percentage : Phn trm
Percentage of coverage : Phn trm che ph
Perceptible : C th cm nhn c
Perfect penetration welding : Hn ngu hon ton
Perforation : (S) c l
Performance : (S) thc hin, hon thnh ; c tnh ho-t ng ; Nng sut
Performance : c tnh ; Pattern of control : M hnh iu khin
Performance test : Th tnh nng, th c tnh k thut, th ho-t ng
Period : Chu k, giai o-n
Period of grace : Giai o-n ht
195

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Period of validity : Thi h-n hiu lc


Periodical review : Xem xt l-i/ duyt l-i theo chu k
Periodical survey : Kim tra chu k
Periodically unattended machinery space : Bung my khng c ngi trc theo chu k
Peripheral device : Thit b ngo-i vi
Peripheri : L, bin, chu vi ng trn
Periscope : Knh tim vng
Perishable cargo : Hng d h/ d thi
Permanence : Khng i, bt ng, vnh cu
Permanent attachment : (S) gn ghp c nh
Permanent ballast tank : Kt dn c nh
Permanent closing means : Thit b ng c nh
Permanent defomation : Bin d-ng vnh cu
Permanent distortion : (S) cong vnh thng xuyn
Permanent gangway : Li i c nh, cu dn c nh
Permanent pressuriation : (S) tng p thng xuyn
Permanent watertight closing means : Thit b ng kn nc c nh
Permanently : Lu bn, vnh cu, c nh
Permanently attached : c gn ghp c nh
Permeability : Tnh thm qua c, h s ngp nc (kh nng ngp nc)
Permeability of space : H s ngp th tch khoang
Permeation : (S) ngm qua, (s) thm thu
Permissible : Cho php, c php
Permissible error : Sai s cho php
Permissible temperature : Nhit cho php
Perpendicular : ng vung gc
Personnel protection : Bo v con ngi
Petrolatum : M (bi trn, bo qun)
Petroleum : Du m
Petroleum gas : T m du
Petroleum naphtha : Du m
Petroleum product : Sn phm du m
Phantom line : ng khut, ng tn hiu gi (trn mn ra a) ; Di sng nht (mt thp
mi gia cng)
Phantom load : Ti trng o/ gi tng
Phase : Pha, thi k, giai o-n
196

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Phase advance : Sm pha


Phase angle : Gc pha
Phase compensation : B pha
Phase control : Kim sot pha
Phase current : Dng in pha
Phase diffirence : (S) lch pha
Phase lag : Tr pha
Phase rotation : (S) quay/ o pha
Phase sequence : Trnh t/ th t pha
Phase voltage : in p pha
Phase-end : u pha
Phenol : Ph non
Phenolic compound : Hp cht/ hn hp ph non
Phenomenon (snh : Phenomena) : Hin tng
Phosphor bronze : ng thanh pht pho
Phosphorus-deoxidized copper : ng kh pht pho
Photocell : T bo quang in, ng quang in
Photo-elasticity : Tnh n hi quang in
Photoelectric tube : ng quang in
Photomicrograph : nh chp hin vi
Phototube : ng chp nh
Physical damage : H hng v vt l
Physical energy : Nng lng vt l
Physical property : Tnh cht vt l, l tnh
Physical protection : Bo v t nhin
Pier : Cu tu, tr cu
Pierce, to : Chc thng bng mi nhn
Piercing : (S) khoan thng/ t thng
Piercing piece : Tm c l thng
Piercing piece for cable : Tm thng dng cho cp
Pig iron : Gang thi
Pillar : Ct chng
Pilot : Hoa tiu, tu hoa tiu ; Van ph, van Secvo
Pilot ladder : Thang hoa tiu
Pilot lamp : n hoa tiu, n bo hiu
Pilot lamp for electric power source : n bo in ngun
197

A
Pilot room : Bung li/ hoa tiu
Pilot-type safety valve : Van an ton lo-i Secvo
Pin : Ngng, trc nh, bu lng, cht
Pin joint : Bn l, mi ni cht
Pin of pulley : Cht ca puli, trc pu li
Pinger :Thit b o khong cch bng siu m
Pinion : Bnh rng
Pin-support : Gi cht
Pintle : Cht li
Pintle bearing : cht li
Pipe : ng, ng ng
Ballast ~ : ng dn
Drain ~ : ng x, ng tho kh
Control oil ~ : ng du iu khin
Air ~ : ng khng kh/ ng thng hi
Plastic ~ : ng nha
Vinilon sounding ~ : ng o
Scupper ~ : ng thot nc
Sanitary ~ : ng x v sinh
Sea suction ~ : ng ht nc bin
Spool ~ : ng cun
Distance ~ : o-n ng lp van
Overboard discharge ~ : ng x qua m-n
Bilge ~ : ng ht kh
Branch bilge suction ~ : ng ht kh nhnh
Direct bilge suction ~ : ng ht kh trc tip
Emergency bilge suction ~ : ng ht kh s c
Straight tail ~ : ng thng pha sau
Filling ~ : ng n-p
Overflow ~ : ng trn
Tank suction ~ : ng ht kt
Air charging ~ : ng n-p kh
Discharging ~ : ng x
Starting air ~ : ng kh khi ng
Cargo oil ~ : ng du hng
198

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Telescopic cooling ~ : ng lm mt kiu lng (cho pittn)


Pipe arrangement : B tr ng
Pipe bent : Khc un ca ng
Pipe clamp : Ci kp ng
Pipe cleaning : (S) lm s-ch/ v sinh ng
Pipe clip : Vng kp ng
Pipe expansion joint : Mi ni c b tr gin n ca ng
Pipe fittings : Ph tng ng
Pipe flange : Bch ni ng
Pipe grid : Gin ng
Pipe head : u ng
Pipe joint : Mi ni ng
Pipe line : ng ng
Pipe line dredger : Tu ht dn t theo ng
Pipe of fixed type : ng lo-i c nh
Pipe passage : Li thng ng (ng knh trong)
Pipe thread : Ren ng
Pipe trunk : Ging t ng, hp k thut
Pipe tunnel : Hm t ng
Pipe wall temperature : Nhit thnh ng
Piping : t ng ng ; ng ng ; (S) vn chuyn bng ng ng
Piping arrangement : B tr ng ng
Piping arrangement : H thng ng, thit b ng ng
Piping diagram : S ng ng
Piping diagram of cargo : S ng dn hng
Piping diagram of instrumentation : S ng ng ca thit b/ dng c o
Piping diagram of refrigerant : S ng ng cng cht l-nh
Piping diagram of refrigerating system : S ng ng h thng lm l-nh
Piping for remote operation of cargo oil handling system : ng ng vn hnh t xa ca
h thng chuyn du hng
Piping system : H thng ng ng
Piping system component : Chi tit h thng ng ng
Piston : Pittng ; ~ rod : Cn pittng
Piston cooling arrangement : H thng lm mt pittng
Piston crown : nh pittng
Piston pin : Cht pittng
199

A
Piston ring : Sc mng
Piston rod : Cn pittng
Piston side thrust : Lc y c-nh pittng
Piston valve : Van kiu pittng/ con trt
Pitch : Bc chn vt ; Chng chnh dc
Pitch circle : Vng (trn) ln, vng (trn) chia
Pitching : (S) lc dc, (s) chng chnh dc
Pitching angle : Gc lc dc ; Gc bc chn vt
Pitting : (S) r mn
Pivot bolt : Bu lng tai hng
Place of measurement : V tr o
Place of refuge : Ni tr n
Plain bearing : trt
Plain fabric : Li thp th
Plain glasses : Knh phng
Plan : Bn v, k ho-ch, s , hnh chiu bng
Plane : Mt phng
Plane of symmetry : Mt phng i xng
Plane plate of bracket : Tm thnh ca m
Planking : Vn sn
Planking sheer : Vn mp boong
Plant : Nh my/ h thng
Distilling ~ : Tr-m/ h thng trng ct nc
Plastic diformation : Bin d-ng do
Plasticity : Tnh do
Plate : Tm, th, t
Shell ~ : Tm bao, tn bao
End ~ : Tm y
Formed end ~ : Tm y c t-o hnh
Hemispherical end ~ : Tm y hnh bn cu
Tube ~ : Mt sng
Furnace ~ : Tm bung t
Cylindrical shell ~ : Tm v hnh tr
Dished end ~ : Tm y hnh lng a
Semi-ellipsoidal end ~ : Tm y hnh na e lp
Cover ~ : Np, tm np
200

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Stayed top ~ : Tm nh c ging


Circular ~ : Tm trn
Non-circular ~ : Tm khng trn
Furnace foundation ring ~ : Tm ai b
Girder supporting top ~ : X tm nh
Name ~ : Th ghi tn/cng dng
Top ~ : Tm nc
Inclined top ~ : Tm nc nghing/ dc
Striking ~ : Tm gia cng
Plate keel : Tn sng nm, tn gia y
Plate stem : Sng ui d-ng tm
Plate stern frame : Sng ui d-ng tm
Platform deck : Boong sn
Plating : (Tm) tn
Plotting aid : Thit b in
Plug : Cht ci, u ng ni, phch cm in, nt kn ; u van nc (cha chy), u ng,
nt
Plug fuse : Cu ch nt
Plug weld(ing) : Hn bt
Plummer block : Gi trc trung gian
Plummer block seat : B gi trc trung gian
Plummer block seating : B gi trc trung gian
Plunger : Cn y (xu pp), th ln
Plunger type : Kiu cn y
Plus tolerance : Dung sai dng
Ply : Tao dy (cp)
Plywood : G dn
Pneumatic air pipe : ng kh nn
Pneumatic piping : ng ng kh nn
Pneumatic piping system : H thng ng kh nn
Pneumatic starting device : Thit b khi ng bng kh nn
Pneumatic system : H thng kh nn
Pneumatic tube : ng kh nn
Pneumatic tube circuit : S ng kh nn
Pocketed, to be : Gim mt thong ca cht lng
Point : im
201

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Supported ~ : im
Flash ~ : im chp chy
Measuring ~ : im, o
Alarm ~ : im bo (ng)
Point of contact : im tip xc
Point of cutoff : im ngt
Point of inflection : im un
Point of intersection : im giao nhau, giao im
Point of support : im ta, im
Pointer type : Kiu mi tn, lo-i kim ch bo
Poisonous : C nc c, c
Poisonous substance : Cht c
Polarity : Tnh phn cc, (s) phn cc
Polarized window : Ca s phn cc
Pole : Cc, ct tiu
Pole change motor : ng c thay i cc
Pollution : nhim
Polycrystaline semi-conductor : Bn dn poli cristalin
Polyester resin : Nha polieste
Polymer build-up : Polime tng hp
Polymerization : Phn ng trng hp
Polymerization : Plome ha
Polyvinyl chloride compound : Hn hp polivinyl clorua
Polyvinyl chloride insulated cable : Cp c bc cch in bng polivinyl clorua
Polyvinyl chloride wire : Dy polivinyl clorua
Polyvinyl formal wire : Dy polivinyl phomal
Pontoon : Png tng
Pontoon barge : S lan d-ng png tng
Pontoon cover : Np d-ng png tng, np d-ng hp
Pontoon cover : Np phao/ np d-ng hp
Poop : Thng tng ui
Poop deck : Boong thng tng ui
Poppet valve : Van a
Popping test : Th li nhanh ( tu t ngt i hng i)
Porcelain : S
Porcelain tube : ng s
202

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Porosity : R
Port : Ca m-n ; M-n tri ; Bn cng, cng
Port flap : Ca thng thy (thot nc trn boong tu)
Port lid : Np ca hp l
Port light : n ra vo cng
Port of call : Cng gh vo
Port of destination : Cng n
Port of discharge : Cng d hng
Port of distress : Cng tr n
Port of loading : Cng nhn hng
Port of loading and unloading : Cng nhn v tr hng
Port of registration : Cng ng k (ca tu)
Port of registry : Cng ng k (ca tu)
Port side : M-n phi
Portable : C th mang c, c th di chuyn c, c th cm tay c
Portable ammeter : Ampe k cm tay
Portable appliance : Thit b cm tay
Portable beam : X tho lp c
Portable cord : Si dy cm tay c
Portable cover : Np tho lp c
Portable deadlight : Np chng bo ca ca hp l tho di c, n s c xch tay
Portable electrical apparatus : Thit b in xch tay
Portable hatch cover : Np ming khoang tho di c
Portable instrument : Dng c cm tay
Portable lamp : n cm tay
Portable pumps : Bm tay
Portable tank : Kt di ng
Portable voltmeter : Vn k cm tay
Portal : Ca, cng, khung cu trc, dm ngang
Portion : Phn
Spherical ~ : Phn hnh cu
Portion of gears : Phn c cu, phn bnh rng
Portion repaired by welding : Phn c sa cha bng hn
Portion where teeth will be cut : Phn rng s c ct
Portland Cement : Xi mng portland
Position : V tr
203

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Fixed launching ~ : V tr h- thy c nh


Accessible ~ : V tr d tip cn
Position fixing system : H thng nh v
Position of open end : V tr pha h
Position of weld : V tr ng hn
Positioning system : H thng nh v
Positive pole : Cc dng, cc bc
Positive pressure : p sut dng
Positive pressure type : Lo-i/ kiu p sut dng
Positive value : Gi tr dng
Possibility : Kh nng
Post : Thanh chng, ct
Post heat treatment : X l nhit sau (hn, gia cng, v.v...)
Post weld heat treatment : X l nhit sau hn
Post-heating : Gia nhit sau (hn, gia cng, v.v...)
Postponement : (S) tr hon, hon l-i
Posture or position controlling equuipment : Thit b kim sot/ iu khin v tr v t th
Post-weld heat treatment : X l nhit sau hn
Potential : Tim nng, th nng
Potential coil : Cun p
Potential difference : (S) chnh lch in th
Potential transformer : My bin th
Pour, to : Rt, c
Pouring : (Vic) rt, c
Powder : Bt, bi, thuc n, nghin
Powdered : D-ng bt, c tn thnh bt
Power : Lc ; Cng sut, cng , nng lng
Power actuating system : H thng truyn ng (li)
Power cable : Cp in ng lc
Power circuit : M-ch in ng lc
Power dissipation : Tiu hao cng sut
Power driven : c dn ng bng c gii
Power operated sea suction valve : Van ht nc bin ho-t ng bng c gii
Power operation : (S) dn ng c gii, c kh ha
Power plant : Thit b pht lc, thit b pht ng
Power pump : My bm dng ng c in, bm c gii
204

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Power source : Ngun nng lng


Power supply : Ngun cp
Power supply circuit : M-ch cp ngun
Power supply fluctuation test : Th dao ng ngun in
Power transmission : Truyn cng sut
Power transmission arrangement : H thng truyn nng lng/ cng sut
Power transmission gear : C cu truyn cng sut
Power transmission gear : C cu truyn nng lng/ cng sut
Power transmission system : H thng truyn nng lng/ cng sut
power ventilation : Thng gi cng bc
Power-factor : H s cng sut
Power-operated : Dn ng c gii, c kh ha
Practicable : C th p dng c, kh thi
Precaution : Phng nga, phng xa, bo v
Preceding layer : Lp bo dng
Precooling : (S) lm ngui trc
Predetermined level : Mc c xc nh/ t trc
Predetermined pressure : p sut/ p lc xc nh trc
Predetermined schedule : Theo chng trnh nh trc, k ho-ch nh trc
Prefabrication : Ch t-o sn, ch t-o trc
Preference tripping : (S) nh u tin
Preheat, to : Lm nng trc, sy nng trc, gia nhit
Preheater : Thit b/ bu hm nng trc/ s b
Preheating : (S) hm/ sy nng trc/ gia nhit
Preheating of weld : Gia nhit trc ng hn
Preliminary test : Th/ kim tra s b
Preliminary trial : Th s b
Preloading test : Th t ti trng trc
Prelude, to : M u
Premature commencement of survey : Kim tra trc thi h-n
Preparation : (S) chun b
Preparation for inspection : (S) chun b cho vic kim tra
Preparation for survey : (S) chun b cho vic kim tra
Preparation of end : (S) chun b kt thc
Prepurging system : H thng lm s-ch
Presence : (S) hin din
205

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Present : a ra ; C mt ; Hin t-i


Present condition : Tnh tr-ng/ tr-ng thi/ iu kin hin t-i
Pre-set : t trc, bm trc
Press to, : Nn, p, n
Pressure : p sut, p lc
Design ~ : p sut thit k
Working ~ : p sut lm vic
Nominal ~ : p sut danh ngha
Permissible working ~ : p sut lm vic cho php
Set ~ : p sut t
Back ~ : Lc cn thot
Blow-off ~ : p sut x
Atmosphere ~ : p sut kh quyn
Negative gauge ~ : p sut trn p k c gi tr m
Setting ~ : p sut t (van an ton,v.v...,)
Pressure adjusting device : Thit b iu chnh p sut
Pressure angle : Gc p lc (trong n khp bnh rng)
Pressure at nozzle : p lc/ p sut t-i vi phun (cha chy)
Pressure control device : Thit b iu khin/ kim sot p sut, cng tc iu khin bng p
lc
Pressure control switch : Ngt iu khin/ kim sot p sut
Pressure control system : H thng iu khin/ kim sot p sut
Pressure controlling device : Thit b iu khin/ kim sot p sut
Pressure curve : ng cong p lc/ p sut
Pressure drop : St p (p sut)
Pressure enclosure : V bc chu p lc
Pressure gauge : ng h o p lc
Pressure gauge tester : Ngi kim chun ng h o p lc
Pressure gauges : p k
Pressure head : Ct p
Pressure hull : Thn chu p lc
Pressure in ordinary service : p sut lm vic bnh thng
Pressure limiting device : Thit b gii h-n p sut/ p lc
Pressure part : Phn/ b phn p lc
Pressure receiving part : Phn/ b phn nhn p lc
206

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Pressure reducing valve : Van gim p


Pressure reducing valve : Van gim p
Pressure relief device : Van/ c cu gim p, thit b an ton p lc, thit b x p sut
Pressure relieve system : H thng x p
Pressure sensors : Cm bin p sut
Pressure setting : (S) t p sut/ p lc (cho van/ thit b an ton)
Pressure side : Pha/ mt c p lc, pha chu lc, mt -p (ca chn vt)
Pressure switch : Ngt m-ch bng p lc, b ly hp bng p lc
Pressure tank : Kt p lc
Pressure test : Th p lc
Pressure test : Th p sut/ p lc
Pressure vacuum test : Th p sut/ p lc chn khng
Pressure vessel : Bnh chu p lc
Pressure vessel group I : Bnh chu p lc nhm I
Pressure vessel group II : Bnh chu p lc nhm II
Pressure vessel group III : Bnh chu p lc nhm III
Pressure valve : Van p sut
Pressure-relieving device : Thit b an ton p lc
Pressurized condition : Tr-ng thi/ iu kin tng p (sut)
Pressurized enclosure : Lp/ v chu p lc
Pressurized liquefied petroleum gas tanker : Tu ch kh nhin liu ha lng bng nn p
sut
Pressurized medium : Mi trng p lc
Pressurized protected electrical equipment : Thit b in c v bo v c nn p sut d
Pressurized protected type : Kiu c v bo v c nn p sut d
Prevent, to : Ngn nga, phng nga, bo v
Prevention : (S) ngn nga, phng nga
~ of freezing of pipe : Ngn nga ng bng trong ng
~ of counter-flow through drain pipe : Phng chy ngc qua ng thot nc
~ of vibration : Ngn nga dao ng
Prevention of discharging fire-flakes : (S) ngn chn vic pht ra tn la
Prevention of freezing of pipe : Ngn nga ng bng trong ng
Prevention of upsetting : Chng lt
Preventive maintenance management planning system : H thng qun l vic lp k ho-ch
duy tr phng nga
Preventive measure : Bin php phng nga
207

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Primary barrier : Lp ngn s cp, vch chn s cp (tu ch kh ha lng)


Primary circuit : M-ch in s cp
Primary cooling water : Nc lm mt s cp
Primary material : Vt liu s ch
Primary member : C cu chnh
Primary membrane stress : ng sut mng chnh
Primary refrigerant : Cht lm l-nh s cp (cht lm l-nh chnh), cng cht l-nh chnh
Primary resistance : in tr ban u
Primary stress : ng sut ban u, ng sut chnh
Primary winding : Cun dy s cp
Prime mover : ng c dn ng
Prime mover : ng c lai
Prime movers for generator : ng c lai my pht
Priming pump : Bm mi
Principal : Nguyn tc, chnh
Fail-to-safe ~ : Nguyn tc hng, an ton
Principal dimensions : Kch thc c bn
Principal gauge : Thc o/ mu/ dng/ cap lp chun
Principal particulars : Cc c tnh c bn
Print wiring : Dy dn in
Priority : (S) u tin
Prismatic : Lng tr, d-ng hnh lng tr
Prismatic coefficient (of fineness) : H s bo dc, h s lng tr (ca thn tu)
Probability : Xc sut
Probability estimation of subdivision : nh gi phn khoang bng xc sut
Probability of revelation : Xc sut pht hin
Probe : u d, que thm
Probe terminal : Mt ca u d/ que thm
Procedure : Qui trnh
Procedure : Quy trnh
Welding ~ : Quy trnh hn
Change-over ~ : Quy trnh chuyn i
Process : Qu trnh
Hardening ~ : (Qu trnh) lm cng
Process of manufacture : Qu trnh sn sut
Process piping : ng ng x l
208

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Process pressure vessel : Bnh p lc x l


Processing : (S) x l, ch bin
Processing equipment : Thit b x l
Processing manual : Ti liu hng dn x l
Produce a jet of water, to : T-o ra lung/ dng nc
Product : Sn phm ; Tch s
Production manual : Ti liu ch t-o
Production system : H thng sn xut
Production weld test : Th mi hn thnh phm
Profile : Hnh bao, mt chiu ng, hnh d-ng
Complicated ~ : Hnh d-ng phc t-p
Profile shift : Khong trt ca prphin rng
Profiling of keel line : bng phng ca di tn gia y tu
Programme control : Kim sot/ iu khin chng trnh
Progression : (S) tin b, tin trin
Progression property : c tnh tin trin
Progressive : Tng dn, tng ln
Progressive Flooding : (S) ngp tng dn
Project, to : D kin, chiu
Projected : c chiu ln
Projected area : Din tch hng (gi)
Promenade deck : Boong d-o
Prominent : Nh ln, ni bt
Proof load : Ti trng th
Proof stress : ng sut th, gii h-n ko dn qui c (ng sut 0,2%/ ng sut qui c)
Proof test : Th kn
Proof test load : Ti trng th
Propagation : (S) truyn
Propagation speed of failure : Tc truyn h hng
Propeller : Chn vt
Keyless ~ : Chn vt khng dng then
Keyed ~ : Chn vt c then
Screw ~ : Chn vt (chong chng)
Controllable pitch ~ : Chn vt bin bc
Solid ~ : Chn vt lin
Propeller blade : Cnh chn vt
209

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Propeller blade tip : Mt cnh chn vt


Propeller boss : C chn vt
Propeller cap : M chn vt
Propeller casting : (S) c chn vt
Propeller post : Tr chn vt (trn sng ui ca tu)
Propeller shaft : Trc chn vt
Propeller shaft sleeves : o trc chn vt
Propeller shafting : H trc chn vt
Propelling machinery : My chnh, my lai chn vt
Propelling machinery space : Bung my chnh/ lai chn vt
Propelling power : Cng sut y
Propelling shaft : Trc chn vt
Propelling shafting : ng trc chn vt
Proper : Thch hp, ph hp
Proper interval : Khong cch thch hp
Proper lookout : Nhn bao qut
Proper period : Chu k ring
Proper stage : Giai o-n ring
Properly : Mt cch thch hp/ ph hp
Properties of insulation materials : Cc tnh cht ca vt liu cch nhit
Property : c tnh, thuc tnh
Mechanical ~ : C tnh
Property of cargo : c tnh ca hng ha
Proportion : Phn, b phn ; T l, t s kch thc
Proportional limit : Gii h-n t l
Proportional test specimen : Mu th cn xng/ t l
Proportionate share : Chia t l
Proposal : D kin, xut, ngh
Propulsion : (S) y
Propulsion arrangements : Thit b y
Propulsion engine : My chnh
Propulsion plant : My chnh
Propulsion system : H thng y
Propulsor : Thit b y tu thuyn
Prospective short-circuit current : Dng ngn m-ch c th xy ra
Protect against corrosion, to : Bo v chng n mn, chng n mn
210

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Protect, to : Bo v, phng chng


Protected front bulkhead : Vch trc c bo v (ca thng tng)
Protected front wall : Vch trc c bo v (ca lu)
Protection against electric shock : Thit b bo v chng in git
Protection against overload : Bo v chng qu ti
Protection against short-circuit current : Bo v chng dng ngn m-ch
Protection screen : Li bo v
Protection-cooperation test : Th bo v phi hp
Protective arrangement : Thit b bo v
Protective clothing : Qun o bo h
Protective coating : Lp sn bo v
Protective covering : (S) bc bo v
Protective device : Thit b bo v
Protective enclosure : (S) bao kn bo v
Protective equipment : Trang thit b bo v
Protective structure : Kt cu bo v
Protective substance : Cht bo v
Prototype : Mu, nguyn mu, mu u tin, sn phm mu
Prototype test : Th nghim mu
Protrude, to : Nh ra, th ra
Protruded part : Phn nh ra
Protruding : (S) Li, nh
Protrusion : (S) th ra, nh ra
Protuberance : (S) li lm
Prove, to : Chng minh, chng t
Provision : Qui nh, iu khon ; D tr
Provision store : Kho d tr
Provision store refrigerating system : H thng lm l-nh kho d tr
Provisional certificate : Giy chng nhn t-m thi
Provisional Certificate for Refrigerating Installation : Giy chng nhn thit b lm l-nh t-m
thi
Provisional Certificate of Alteration : Giy chng nhn hon ci t-m thi
Provisional Classification Certificate : Giy chng nhn cp tu t-m thi
Provisional entry : Li vo t-m thi, nhng s liu a vo t-m thi
Provisional registration : (S) ng k t-m thi
Provisional registry : (Phng) ng k t-m thi
211

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Provisional rules : Cc qui nh t-m thi


Provisional Rules for Floating Docks : Nhng qui nh t-m thi i vi ni
Provisional Rules for Gas Turbines : Nhng qui nh t-m thi i vi tua bin hi
Provisional Rules for In-Water Surveys of Large Ships : Nhng qui nh t-m thi i vi
kim tra di nc nhng tu ln
Provisional Rules for Prestressed Concrete Barges : Nhng qui nh t-m thi i vi cc s
lan bng b tng d ng lc
Proximity : (S) sp x ; Vng ln cn
Public room : Phng cng cng
Public space : Khng gian cng cng
Pull in : a vo
Pulley : Pu li
Pull-in torque : M men xon u vo
Pulling-out : (S) ra khi
Pull-out torque : M men xon u ra
Pull-up length : Chiu di o-n p cng chn vt
Pulsating current : Dng in xung
Pulsation : Rung ng, s va p (ca sng)
Pulse : Xung, dao ng
Pump : Bm
Cooling oil ~ : Bm du lm mt
Cargo oil ~ : Bm du hng
Bilge ~ : Bm ht kh/ la canh
Fuel oil injection ~ : Bm phun du t/ bm nhin liu/ bm cao p
General service ~ : Bm dng chung
Ballast ~ : Bm nc dn
Sanitary ~ : Bm nc v sinh
Sea water ~ ; Bm nc bin
Power ~ : Bm truyn ng c gii
Hand ~ : Bm tay
Circulating ~ : Bm tun hon
Main circulating ~ : Bm tun hon chnh
Main cooling water ~ : Bm nc lm mt chnh
Available ~ : Bm c sn
Fuel oil ~ : Bm du t
Fuel oil supply ~ : Bm cp du t
212

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Stand-by fuel oil supply ~ : Bm cp du t d phng


Main fuel oil supply ~ : Bm cp du t chnh
Exclusive fuel oil supply pump ~ : Bm cp du t ring
Burning ~ : Bm t du
Fuel injection ~ : Bm phun nhin liu
Pump for ballasting : Bm dn tu
Pump out, to : Bm ra
Pump room : Bung bm
Pump room for cargo oil : Bung bm du hng
Pump seal : Tm m bm
Pumping arrangement : B tr bm
Pumping system : H thng bm
Purchaser : Ngi mua
Purge pipe : ng x
Purge, to : Lm s-ch, ty, thi, qut
Purging : (S) Lm s-ch, ty, thi, qut
Purging operation : (Tin hnh) lm s-ch, ty, thi, qut (bng kh tr, nc, v.v...)
Purging system : H thng ty s-ch
Purifier : My phn li, b lc, thit b phn ly du/ thit b lm s-ch
Purifying devices : Thit b phn ly
Purity : Tinh khit, nguyn cht
Purpose : Mc ch, ch nh
Push boat : Tu y
Push, to : y, lai dt bng cch y
Pusher : Tu y
Pusher barge : S lan y
Pushing : (S) y ; (S) gn -t ti
Put in to service, to : a vo ho-t ng/ phc v
Put on display, to : Hin th ln
Put on show, to : a ra trng by
Putting out lights : Tt n
PVC conduit : Mng/ ng dn PVC
Pyrotechnic signal mean : Pho hiu

213

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Quadrant : Xc t, cung phn t


Quadrennial survey : Kim tra chu k 4 nm (thit b nng hng)
Qualification : Kh nng chuyn mn, trnh chuyn mn
Qualification test : Kim tra trnh chuyn mn
Quality : Cht lng ; Cp chnh xc ; Phm cht
Quality control : Kim sot cht lng
Quality control standard : Tiu chun kim sot cht lng
Quality control system : H thng kim sot cht lng
Quardrilateral : T gic
Quarter master's room : Bung cng cng
Quarter pillar : Ct chng phn m-n
Quasi-static tension : ng sut gi tnh
Quay : Bn, cu (tu), ng b
Quenched and tempered high tension steel : Thp bn/ cng cao ti v ram
Quenched and tempered steel : Thp ti v ram
Quenching : (S) ti (thp), (s) dp tt
Quenching and tempering : (S) ti v ram
Quick gravity drainage : Tho nhanh bng trng lc
Quick-acting shut-off valve : Van ngt nhanh
Quick-break switch : Cu dao in ngt nhanh

214

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Rack : (S) ph hy
Racking force : Lc ph hy
Racking test load : Ti trng th ph hy
Radar : Ra a
Radar aid : Thit b ra a
Radiant heat : Nhit ta ra
Radiate, to : Ta chiu, ta ra, l ra
Radiated electromagnectic field test : Th nhim in t
Radiating element : Phn t bc xRadiation : Phng x-, bc xRadiation source : Ngun pht x-/ bc xRadiation type : Lo-i phng x-/ bc xRadio direction-finder : My v tuyn nh hng
Radio equipment : Thit b v tuyn in
Radio installation : Trang b v tuyn in
Radio interference suppression : (S) kh nhiu sng v tuyn
Radio logbook : S nht k v tuyn in
Radio noise suppression : (S) kh t-p m sng v tuyn in
Radio room : Bung v tuyn in
Radiograph : Chp nh bng bc x- (tia X, tia )
Radiograph film : Phim chp nh bc xRadiographic examination : Kim tra bng chp nh bc xRadiographic technique : K thut chp nh bc xRadiographic test : Kim tra bng chp tia phng x-/ bc xRadioisotope : ng v phng xRadiotelegraphy : Mn v tuyn in bo
Radiotelephony : Mn v tuyn in tho-i
Radius : Bn knh
Inside knuckle ~ : Bn knh trong ca mi ni
~ of curvature of pipe ) : Bn knh un ng
Fillet ~ : Bn knh gc ln
Internal ~ : Bn knh tang
Radius : Bn knh ; Tm vi ; Thang chia
Radius of curvature : Bn knh cong
Radius of gyration : Bn knh quay
Radius of opening corner : Bn knh gc ln l khot
215

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Raft : B, i bng b
Railing : H lan can, tay vn
Rain water : Nc ma
Raised deck : Boong nng, boong dng
Raised quarter deck : Boong nng ui
Rake : nghing
~ keel : Ky nghing
Backward ~ : nghing theo chiu ngc
Random : Ngu nhin
Random radio graphic test : Th bng chp phng x- ngu nhin
Random sampling test : Th mu xc sut
Range : Di / vng
Barred speed ~ : Di vng quay cm
Range : Ph-m vi, gii h-n
Range of stability : Ph-m vi/ gii h-n n nh
Rate of discharge : Tc x, nng sut bm, thi gian phng in
Rate of flow : Sn lng
Rated breaking capacity : Cng sut ngt nh mc
Rated breaking capacity : Tr s dng ct nh mc
Rated breaking current : Dng in ngt nh mc
Rated capacity : Cng sut/ sn lng nh mc
Rated closing flow : Lu lng ngt nh mc
Rated current : Dng in nh mc
Rated flow : Lu lng nh mc
Rated frequency : Tn s nh mc
Rated full-load speed : Tc ton ti nh mc
Rated load : Ti trng nh mc
Rated making capacity : Tr s dng ch t-o nh mc
Rated making current : Dng ch t-o nh mc
Rated output : Cng sut ra nh mc
Rated power-factor : H s cng sut nh mc
Rated short-time current : Dng in ngn h-n nh mc
Rated speed : Tc nh mc
Rated value : Gi tr/ tr s nh mc
Rated voltage : in p nh mc
Rating : Cng sut, cng sut danh nh ; c tnh thit k ; (S) nh mc
216

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Maximum continuos ~ : Cng sut lin tc ln nht, trng lng c ch ln nht


Ratio : T s, t s truyn, mc , h s
Overlap ~ : T s trng ip
Propeller boss ~ : Expanded area ~ : T s a
Boss ~ : T s c (ca chn vt)
Raw material : Nguyn liu/ vt liu th
RPM (Revolutions Per Minute) : Vng quay ca my trong mt pht (v/p)
React spontaneously, to : T phn ng
React with each other, to : Phn ng vi nhau
Reactance voltage : in p t cm
Reaction : (S) phn ng
Reaction rudder : Bnh li phn lc
Reactive component : B phn phn hi
Reactive power : Cng sut phn lc/ phn hi
Reactivity : Phn ng, phn ng, tnh phn ng, ho-t tnh
Reactivity hazard : Nguy him do phn ng
Reactor : B in khng, cun cm ; L phn ng
Readily : Tnh sn sng, d dng
Readily accessible : Tip cn d dng
Readily renewable : Thay th d dng
Reamer : Mi doa
Reamer bolt : Bu lng doa, bu lng chnh xc
Rearward : Pha sau
Reasonable : L gc, hp l
Reasonable margin : Lng d thch hp
Reasonable stage : Giai an thch hp
Reccess : Phn lm, hc, rnh, hm
Receiver : B cha, ng nghe
Receptacle : cm, ui n
Reception facilities : Phng tin tip nhn
Recervoir : Bnh
Stating air ~ : Bnh kh khi ng
Control air ~ : Bnh kh iu khin
Recharging : (S) n-p l-i (bnh in)
Reciprocating compressor : My nn kh chuyn ng tnh tin, my nn kiu pit tng
Reciprocating engine : ng c kiu piston
217

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Reciprocating part : Phn chuyn ng tnh tin


Reciprocating pump : Bm chuyn ng tnh tin
Reciprocator : My c piston
Recirculation line : ng tnh tin
Reclassification : Phc hi cp
Reclosing : T ng ng l-i
Recognized standard : Tiu chun c cng nhn
Recommend, to : Gii thiu, tin c, khuyn ngh
Recommendation : (S) gii thiu/ tin c/ khuyn ngh/ kin ngh
Recondense, to : Phn tn, khuych tn (t tr-ng thi lng sang tr-ng thi kh)
Record : H s, bn ghi, bin bn (kim tra)
Recovery time : Thi gian hi phc
Recovery voltage : in p hi phc
Rectangular form : D-ng hnh ch nht
Rectangular hatchway : Ming hm hng ch nht
Rectangular header : Bu ghp ch nht
Rectangular module : Cu kin/ m un ch nht
Rectangular section : Tit din ch nht
Rectangular section box type : Kiu hp tit din hnh ch nht
Rectifier : B nn dng, b chnh lu ; B tinh ct
Rectifier cell : Cm chnh lu
Rectifier element : Phn t chnh lu
Rectifier stack : Cm chnh lu
Rectifier tube unit : B phn ng tinh ct
Rectifier valve : Van tit lu
Re-cycling : (S) tun hon/ lp l-i
Re-delivery : Giao l-i, giao tr tu (sau khi thu tu)
Redistribution : (S) phn b l-i
Reduce, to : Gim, rt gn
Reduced secondary barrier : Vch ngn th cp gim
Reduction (gear) ratio : T s truyn (hp s)
Reduction : (S) gim, co, rt gn
Reduction factor : H s suy gim
Reduction gear : B gim tc
Reduction gear shaft : Trc bnh rng gim tc
Reduction of area : (S) gim din tch tit din, co tht
218

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Reduction of magnetic flux : (S) gim ng sc t


Reduction of pressure : Gim p
Reference ambient temperature : Nhit mi trng tiu chun
Reference line : ng qui chiu, ng gc, ng chun (trong h dung sai lp ghp)
Reference number of approval : S tham chiu duyt
Reference temperature : Nhit tiu chun (theo iu kin k thut)
Reflection : Phn chiu
Reflector : Gng phn x-, vt phn x-, mt phn xReforging : (S) rn l-i
Refregerant : Cht lm l-nh
Refregerant compressor : My nn lm l-nh
Refrigerant : Cht lm l-nh (Cng cht l-nh)
Refrigerant compressor : My nn cng cht l-nh
Refrigerant gas : Kh cng cht l-nh
Refrigerant gas compressor : My nn kh cng cht l-nh
Refrigerant leakage detector : Thit b pht hin r r cht lm l-nh
Refrigerant pipe grid : Li ng dn cng cht l-nh
Refrigerant piping : ng ng dn cng cht l-nh
Refrigerant pumps : Bm cht lm l-nh
Refrigerated Air circulating fan : Qu-t tun hon khng kh lm l-nh
Refrigerated cargo : Hng ng l-nh
Refrigerated cargo hold : Hm hng ng l-nh
Refrigerated cargo space : Khoang hng ng l-nh
Refrigerated chamber : Bung l-nh
Refrigerated condition : Tr-ng thi/ iu kin ng l-nh
Refrigerated meat : Tht ng l-nh/ p l-nh
Refrigerated space : Khoang ng l-nh
Refrigerating appliances : Thit b lm l-nh
Refrigerating capacity : Nng sut/ cng sut lm l-nh
Refrigerating cycle : Chu trnh lm l-nh
Refrigerating driers : Thit b sy
Refrigerating equipment : Thit b l-nh
Refrigerating facilities : Trang thit b lm l-nh
Refrigerating installation : Thit b lm l-nh
Refrigerating machine : My l-nh
Refrigerating machinery : My l-nh, thit b lm l-nh
219

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Refrigerating space : Khoang ng l-nh


Refrigerating system : H thng lm l-nh
Refrigerating unit : T my lm l-nh, thit b lm l-nh
Refrigeration : (S) lm l-nh
Refrigeration system : H thng l-nh
Refuse, to : T chi, khc t
Regard as, to : Xem nh, coi nh
Regenerated energy : Nng lng c phc hi
Regeneration : (S) ti sinh, phc hi
Regenerative braking : S hm bng nng lng hi qui
Register : ng kim ; Nht k ghi chp, ng h m
Register book : S ng k (tu) ; S nht k
Registered, to be : c ng k
Registration : Ghi vo s ng k
Registration surveys : Kim tra ln u
Registry : (Vic) ng k, giy chng nhn ng k
Regular : u n, c qui tc, thng xuyn
~ staggered pattern of holes : Kiu b tr cc l so le u
Regular corridor : Hnh lang u
Regularly : (Mt cch) thng xuyn, u n
Regulation : Qui tc, hng dn
Regulations : iu l, tiu chun k thut, iu kin k thut
Regulations for Ship Transportation and Storage of Dangerous Goods : Qui nh v vn
chuyn v bo qun hng nguy him bng tu bin
Regulations for the Classification and Registry of Ships : Qui nh v phn cp v ng k
tu
Regulations for the Enforcement of the Ship Safety Law : Qui nh i vi vic thi hnh
lut an ton tu
Regulator : B iu chnh
Feed ~ : B iu chnh nc cp
Temperature ~ : B iu chnh nhit
Regulator : B iu chnh, b iu tit, b n nh
Reheat treatment : X l bng nung nng l-i, x l bng nung nng trung gian
Reheater : B hm l-i
Reinforce, to : Gia cng, gia c
Reinforcement : (S) gia cng, gia c

220

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Reinforcing ring : Khung gia cng, vng tng cng


Reinstate : Phc hi, ly l-i
Reissue : (S) cp l-i, (s) pht l-i
Rejected material : Vt liu khng c chp nhn, vt liu b lo-i b
Related requirement : Qui nh c lin quan, yu cu c lin quan
Relative deformation : Bin d-ng tng i
Relative density : T trng/ mt tng i
Relative humidity : m tng i
Relative motion : Chuyn ng tng i
Relaxation : (S) min gim, (s) ni lng
Relay : R le
Release : (S) nh, ngt, tho
Release control station : Tr-m iu khin x/nh
Release steam, to : X hi nc
Release, to : Nh, ngt, tho
Releasing : (S) x, nh
Relevant chapter : Chng c lin quan, chng tng ng
Relevant entry : (S) ghi vo s tng ng
Relevant provision : iu khon c lin quan
Reliability : tin cy
Reliability level : Mc tin cy
Reliably : tin cy
Reliance : (S) tin cy
Relief : (S) gim p, gim nh, d ti
Relief capacity : Dung tch x
Relief device : Thit b x
Relief valve : Van an ton, van x p
Relieve to the atmosphere, to : Gim n p sut kh quyn
Relieving : Gim
Stress ~ : Kh ng sut
Relieving condition : iu kin min gim, tr-ng thi min gim
Relieving device : Thit b gim ti/ h- p
Relieving gear : C cu gim p
Reliquefaction plant : Thit b ha lng l-i
Reliquefying device : Thit b ha lng l-i
Reluctance : (S) min cng
221

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Remain stagnated, to : Vn b tc, vn tr tr


Remark : (S) lu , nhn xt
Remedial measures : Cc bin php khc phc
Remote control : iu khin t xa
Remote control arrangements : Thit b iu khin t xa
Remote control closing means : Phng tin ng kn iu khin t xa
Remote control device : Thit b iu khin t xa
Remote control means : Phng tin iu khin t xa
Remote indication : (S) ch bo t xa
Remote measuring equipment : Thit b o t xa
Remote observation : Quan st t xa
Remote release device : Thit b nh t xa
Remote shut down valve : Van ngt t xa
Remote shut-down device : Thit b ngt t xa
Remote water level indicator : Thit b ch bo mc nc t xa
Remote-controlled valve : Van iu khin t xa
Removal : (S) kh, thi, ly
Removal of insulation : Tho cch nhit
Remove, to : Di chuyn, di
Render, to : Lm cho
Renewal : (S) phc hi/ i mi/ thay mi/ lm mi l-i
Renewal of class : Phc hi cp
Repair : (To) sa cha
Repair by welding : Sa cha bng cch hn
Repair by welding after chipping or grinding : Sa cha bng cch hn sau khi di mp v
mi
Repair welding : (S) hn sa cha/ phc hi
Repeated stress : ng sut lp l-i
Replace, to : Thay th
Replacement : (S) thay th ; Vt thay th
Replacing : (S) thay th
Replenishing air volume : Th tch khng kh n-p
Replenishment : (S) b sung d tr (nhin liu, lng thc,v.v...), n-p l-i
Repletness ratio : T l ng u
Report : Bo co, bin bn
Representative space : Khoang -i din
222

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Representative tank : Kt -i din


Reproduce : Lp l-i
Repulsion type : Kiu lc y
Request : Yu cu
Required eletric power : Cng sut in yu cu/ qui nh
Required thickness : Chiu dy theo qui nh
Required value : Tr s theo yu cu/ qui nh
Requirement : Yu cu, qui nh
Relevant ~ : Yu cu c lin quan
Design ~ : Yu cu v thit k
Research ship : Tu nghin cu
Resemble, to : Ging, tng t
Reserve equipment : Trang thit b d tr, thit b t trc
Reserve source of electrical power : Ngun in d phng
Reserve/surplus buoyancy : D tr sc ni
Reservoir : Bnh, bnh cha
Starting air ~ : Bnh kh khi ng
Control air ~ : Bnh kh iu khin
Reset, to : t l-i
Resetting : (S) t l-i
Residual binder : Cht kt dnh cn d
Residual element : Thnh phn cn l-i, yu t cn l-i
Residual magnetism : T d
Residual righting lever : Cnh tay n m men hi phc cn l-i
Residual stability : n nh cn l-i
Residual stress : ng sut d
Residual voltage : in p d
Residure : Cn cht thi
Oil ~ : Cn du
Resin : Nha (cy) , nha thng
Glass fiber epoxy ~ : Nha epoxy si thy tinh
Resin for gelcoat : Nha dng cho lp nha ph/ gien ct (ca tu FRP)
Resin for laminating : Nha dng cho dt/ bc v (ca tu FRP)
Resin paste : Pht, tm nha
Resistance : Sc cn ; Sc bn ; in tr
Resistance load : Ti trng do sc cn
223

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Resistance method : Phng php tnh sc cn


Resistance to fire : Kh nng chng chy
Resistance to flame spread : Kh nng chng lan truyn ca la
Resistance to vibrations : Tnh chng rung
Resistor : in tr
Resonance : Cng hng
Resonance frequency : Tn s cng hng
Resonant : Cng hng
Respiratory protection apparatus : Thit b th
Response : nhy, (s) p l-i
Response time : Thi gian p l-i, thi gian tr
Responsibility : Trch nhim
Rest water : Nc ng
Restart : (S) khi ng l-i
Restore, to : Tr l-i, t l-i
Restrain, to : Km, gi, kim ch, chn gi
Restraint : (S) ngn tr, kim ch
Restricted area : Vng ho-t ng h-n ch
Restricted device : Thit b h-n ch
Restricted fire risk : Nguy c chy trung bnh
Restricted space : Khng gian h-n ch
Restriction : (S) h-n ch, van tit lu, sc cn thy lc
Restriction to thickness : Gia h-n chiu dy
Restrike of arc : iu chnh h quang
Restriking voltage : in p iu chnh
Result from, to : Hu qu, kt qu
Resultant force : Hp lc
Resultant maximum torque : M men xon tng hp ln nht
Resultant mean torque : M men xon tng hp tnh ton
Retain, to : Gi l-i
Retard, to : Lm chm l-i, lm tr ng-i
Retest, to : Th l-i
Return : Chuyn ng li ; (S) n b
Return pipe : ng dn v
Reusable : Dng l-i c
Reversal of rotation : (S) o chiu quay
224

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Reverse current : Dng ngc


Reverse current relay : R le bo v dng in ngc
Reverse flattening test : Th t-o phng tr l-i
Reverse frame : Dm ngang y trn (trong kt cu y c ngang h)
Reverse power : Cng sut ngc
Reverse power relay : R le cng sut ngc
Reverse-power protection with time delay : Bo v cng sut ngc c tr thi gian
Reversible : C th o chiu c
Reversing : (S) o chiu
Reversing gear : Bnh rng o chiu
Review : Xem xt l-i
Revised edition : Ln xut bn c sa cha
Revision : (S) xem xt l-i, sot l-i
Revocation : (S) hy b, thu hi
Revoke, to : Thu hi, hy b
Revolution : Vng quay , vng tua
Revolution counter : B m vng quay
Revolution indicator : (S) hin th vng quay
Revolution per minute (RPM) : S vng quay/pht (v/ph)
Revolution sensors : Cm bin vng quay
Revolving-armature type : Lo-i li quay
Revolving-field type : Kiu t trng quay
Re-writing : Vit l-i
Rib : G, gn ; Sn
Rib : M, gn ngang ( sng mi hoc sng ui,v.v...)
Rib on back surface : G/ gn pha sau
Ride plate : Bn mt (ca b my)
Rider plate : Tm mt
Rigging : Dy d, dy chng ; Trang b ; Trang b bum
Rigging screw : Tng
Right angle : Gc vung
Right-hand lay : t bn phi ; Bn theo chiu bn phi
Righting lever : Tay n n nh tnh (lt)
Righting lever curve : ng cong/ th tay n n nh tnh
Righting moment : M men hi phc
Rigid canopy : Mui che cng
225

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Rigid construction : Kt cu cng


Rigid coupling : Khp ni cng
Rigid helmet : M cng
Rigid liferafts : B cu sinh cng
Rigid plastic foam : Bt nha cng
Rigidity : cng, bn vng
Rigidly : Cng, rn
Rim : Vnh, mp
Gear ~ : Vnh rng
Rimed steel : Thp si
Rimed steel : Thp c vin/ mp
Rimer : Mi doa
Ring : Vng, vnh ; Ma n (neo)
Piston ~ : Xc mng
Joint ~ : Vng m (o lt s mi)
Reinforcing ~ :Vng gia cng
Ogee ~ : Vng g hnh ch S
Protecting ~ : Vng bo v
Ring bolt : Bu lng c tai trn
Ring stiffener : Np khung kn, vng gia cng
Ring system : H khung kn, h thng khung kn
Ringhting moment : M men hi phc
Ring-shaped construction : Kt cu khung kn
Ripple : (S) gn sng ; (S) xung ng nh
Ripple current : Dng in xung nh
Ripple frequency : Tn s xung nh
Ripple voltage : in p xung nh
Rise of floor : (S) nng (theo chiu vt y) ca ngang ; dc, nghing ca
ngang
Riser : Ct, ng ng, ng chng ; Bc thang dy ; T-p cht ni
Mast head ~ : ng ct bum
Rising stem type valve : Van kiu cn nh di
Risk : Ri ro, nguy c
Risk of fire : Nguy c chy
Risk of sparking : Nguy c pht tia la
Riskiness : (S) m-o him, liu lnh
226

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

River dredger : Tu n-o vt sng


River service : Vn chuyn/ phc v trn sng
Rivet : inh tn ; (S) tn inh
Riveted joint : Mi ni bng inh tn
Robust : Cng trng, m-nh m
Rockwell hardness : cng Rockwell
Rod : Thc, cn, cn
Sounding ~ : Thc o
Valve operating ~ : Cn iu khin van
Connecting ~ : Thanh truyn, tay bin
Roll : Lc ngang, chng chnh ngang ; Trc ln, trc cn
Roll number : S hiu ca cun/ con ln/ trc ln/ trc cn
Roll over, to : Lt l-i (tu nh sau khi c hn xong tn v)
Roll ratio : H s/ t s cn
Rolled : (c) cn
Rolled stainless steel : Thp cn khng g
Rolled steel : Thp cn
Rolled steel for low temperature service : Thp cn s dng/ lm vic nhit thp
Rolled steel plate : Thp tm cn
Rolled steel plate for boiler : Thp tm cn dng cho ni hi
Rolled steel plate for pressure vessel : Thp cn tm dng cho bnh chu p lc
Rolled steel round bar : Thp thanh trn cn
Rolled steelbar : Thp thanh cn
Rolled surface : B mt cn
Roller : Trc quay, trc ln, tang
Roller bearing : bi, ln
Roller chain case : Hp xch con ln
Rolling (-type) door : Ca (kiu) ln
Rolling : (S) ln, cn ; (S) chng chnh ngang/ lc ngang
Rolling angle : Gc nghing ngang
Rolling under controlled temperature : Cn nhit kim sot
Roof : Mi che, nc, vm
Room : Bung
Boiler ~ : Bung ni hi
Cargo oil pump ~ : Bung bm du hng
Engine ~ : Bung my
227

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Room for insertion : Phng chn vo/ lng vo


Room temperature : Nhit phng
Root : Gc, chn (mi hn)
Root bend test : Th un chn ng hn
Root mean square value (r.m.s value) : Tr s cn bc hai bnh phng trung bnh, gi tr
hiu dng (dng in xoay chiu ba pha)
Root of cantilever beam : Gc ca x ngang cng son
Root of the tooth : Chn rng
Root of weld : Chn mi hn
Root-bend test : Th un chn (mi hn)
Rope : Dy, dy cho, dy thng
Rope guard : Lan can bo v bng dy cho
Rope ladder : Thang dy
Ropes : Cng vic dy nh, buc dy
Rose (box) : Hp li lc ( u ng ht kh) ; Hnh mt a la bn
Rot : (S) ph hy
Rotary compressor : My nn kiu r to
Rotary machine : My (in) quay ; My cun mp
Rotary switch : Cng tc xoay
Rotary table : Bn quay
Rotary tube type : Kiu ng quay
Rotating disc : a quay
Rotating machine : My (in) quay
Rotating part : Phn quay
Rotating speed : Tc quay
Rotating-field type : Kiu t trng quay
Rotational effect : Tc dng quay
Rotational movement : Chuyn ng quay
Rotor : R to
Rotor shaft : Trc r to
Rotor thrust pad : B-c chn r to
Rough : Th, nhm ; D di
Rough machining : (S) gia cng th
Rough seas : Bin ng
Rough turn : (Gia cng) tin th, tin ph
Rough water effect : nh hng ca nc bin
228

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Rough weather : Thi tit khc nghit


Round bar (steel) for chain : Thp thanh trn dng lm xch
Round bar : Thanh trn
Round bar steel : Thp thanh trn
Round off, to : Lm trn, v trn
Round pillar : Ct trn
Round steel bar : Thp thanh trn
Round type glass level gauge : Dng c o mc bng thy tinh d-ng trn
Round up, to : Lm trn s
Rounded gunwale : Mp boong ln trn
Rounded top : Nc cong (ca ng hm)
Roundness : trn
Route : Hnh trnh
Roving cloth : Qun o lu ng
Roving cloth : Vi si th
Row : Hng, dy
Row of bolts : Hng bu lng
Row of tube : Hng ng
Rubber : Cao su, thanh chng va ca xung
Synthetic ~ : Cao su tng hp
Rubber coated tape : Bng ai ph cao su
Rubber insulated cable : Dy cp bc cch in bng cao su
Rubber insulation : Cch in bng cao su
Rubber pallet : Bn xoa cao su
Rubber pallet : Palet/ bng pha mu bng cao su
Rubber sheathed cable : Dy cp bc cao su
Rubbish : Rc, vt tha
Rubbish box : Hp rc
Rubbish-chute : Mng x rc
Rudder : Bnh li
Rudder arm : Xng nm ca bnh li
Rudder carrier : Chi tit chn dc trc li
Rudder frame : Xng bnh li
Rudder head : u bnh li
Rudder heel : gt li
Rudder horn : Gi bnh li
229

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Rudder main piece : Ct bnh li


Rudder pintle : Cht bnh li
Rudder plate : Tn bnh li
Rudder post : Tr bnh li (trn sng ui)
Rudder post : Tr li (trn sng ui)
Rudder stock : Trc li
Rudder stopper : (Ci) h-n ch gc li
Rudder torque : M men bnh li
Rudder trunk : Ging trc li, ng bao trc li
Rules : Qui ph-m
Rules and Regulations for the Construction and Classification of Ships carrying Liquefied
Gases in Bulk and Ships carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk : Qui ph-m phn cp v
ng tu ch x kh ha lng v tu ch x ha cht nguy him
Rules and Regulations for the Construction and Classification of Ships of Fibreglass
Reinforced Plastics : Qui ph-m phn cp v ng tu cht do ct si thy tinh
Rules and Regulations for the Construction and Classification of Steel Barges : Qui ph-m
phn cp v ng s lan v thp
Rules for automatic and remote control system : Qui ph-m h thng iu khin t ng v
t xa
Rules for cargo refrigerating installations : Qui ph-m h thng lm l-nh hng
Rules for classification and construction of high speed craft : Qui ph-m phn cp v ng
tu thy cao tc
Rules for Floating Docks : Qui ph-m ni
Rules for marine pollution prevention systems : Qui ph-m cc h thng ngn nga nhim
bin ca tu
Rules for Mobile Offshore Units : Qui ph-m dn khoan di ng
Rules for preventive machinery maintenance systems : Qui ph-m h thng kim sot v
duy tr tr-ng thi k thut my tu
Rules for the Construction and Certification of Freight Containers : Qui ph-m ch t-o v
chng nhn cng ten n vn chuyn bng ng bin
Rules for the Construction and Survey of Cargo Handling Machinery and Gear : Qui ph-m
kim tra v ch t-o thit b nng hng (tu bin)
Rules for the Construction and Survey of Cargo Refrigerating Installations of Ships : Qui
ph-m kim tra v ch t-o h thng lm l-nh hng ca tu
Rules for the Construction of Steel Ships under 90 metres in Length : Qui ph-m ng tu v
thp chiu di di 90 mt
Rules for the safety equipment : Qui ph-m trang b an ton tu bin
Rules for the survey and construction of cargo handling appliances of ships : Qui ph-m
kim tra v ch t-o thit b nng hng tu bin
230

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Rules for the Survey and Construction of Steel Ships : Qui ph-m kim tra v ng tu v
thp
Rules for the Testing machines for Materials of Ships : Qui ph-m my th vt liu ng tu
Run : Hnh trnh, lm vic, ch-y my
Run-down rate : Tc hm
Runner : Con trt
Running condition : Tr-ng thi lm vic
Running indicator : Thit b ch bo ho-t ng
Running repair : (Vic) sa cha ang tin hnh
Running rigging : H thanh v bum ang ho-t ng
Running test : Th ho-t ng/ch-y th
Running-in : (S) ch-y r ; (S) trng (lt trc)
Run-off weight : Trng lng mt i
Run-through type : Lo-i xuyn/ thm qua
Rupture : (S) gy, hng, ph hy
Rupture disc : a t gy
Rupture test : Th t gy
Rush current : Dng x
Rust - proof : Tnh khng g
Rust : (S) han g

231

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Saddle : Yn, ; Bn trt


Saddle shape floor : Sn d-ng bn trt
Safe escape route : Li thot an ton
Safe water level : Mc nc an ton
Safe working load : Ti lm vic an ton
Safeguard : Thit b bo v
Safeguard, to : Bo v, che chn
Safety : An ton ;
~ system : H thng an ton
Safety Approval Plate : Bin chng nhn an ton
Safety approval plate : Tm tn c chp nhn v tnh an ton
Safety arrangement : Trang b an ton
Safety barrier : Thanh (lp) chn an ton
Safety certificate : Giy chng nhn an ton
Safety device : C cu an ton/ van an ton, thit b an ton
Safety device diagram : S thit b an ton
Safety equipment : Thit b an ton
Safety factor : H s an ton
Safety lamp : n bo an ton
Safety measures : Bin php an ton
Safety of life at sea : An ton sinh m-ng trn bin
Safety pin : Cht an ton
Safety pipe head : u ng an ton
Safety switch : Cu dao an ton
Safety valve : Van an ton
Safety valve setting : t van an ton
Safety valve with spring pilot : Van an ton nh hng bng l xo
Sagging condition : Tr-ng thi (un) vng ln
Sagging moment : M men (un) vng ln
Sail : Bum
Sailing ship : Tu bum
Sailing vessel : Tu bum
Salient-pole machine : My cc hin (p dng cho my pht in xoay chiu 3 pha)
Salinometer : Dng c o t trng ca nc mn, mui k
Salt mist test : Th mn mui
Salty : C mui, mn
232

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Salvage ships : Tu cu h
Sample : Vt mu (thng l cha hon ho, lm/ gia cng, v.v...), vt (mu) th
Sample extraction : Tch mu
Sample material : Vt liu ly mu th
Sample tube : ng th, ng mu th
Sampling : (S) ly mu
Sampling arrangements : Trang b ly mu th
Sampling device : Thit b ly mu th
Sampling end : u ly mu
Sampling pipe : ng tch mu
Sampling point : im ly mu
Sampling system : H thng ly mu
Sampling test : (Vic) th mu
Sanction : (S) tha nhn
Sand : Ct ; (S) mc c-n
Sanding : (S) phun ct lm s-ch
Sandwich construction : Kt cu nhiu lp
Sanitary : V sinh
Sanitary discharge : X nc bn, x nc v sinh
Sanitary discharge pipe : ng x nc v sinh
Sanitary pipe : ng dn nc v sinh
Sanitary pump : Bm nc v sinh
Sanitary tank : Kt nc v sinh
Sanitary ware : Thit b v sinh
Sap : Nha cy
Sapwood : G chng hm
Satisfactorily : (Mt cch) tha mn, hi lng
Saturable reactor : Bnh/ l phn ng bo ha ; B in khng bo ha
Saturated steam : Hi nc bo ha
Saturated vapour : Hi bo ha
Saturated vapour pressure : p sut hi bo ha
Saturated vapour pressure diagram : Biu / th/ gin hi bo ha
Saw tooth pattern of holes : Kiu b tr cc l theo hnh rng ca
Sawdust : Mn ca
Scadling : Bng
Scaffold : Dn do
233

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Scaffolding : (S) dng dn gio


Scale : Thang o, t l ; Vy
Scale effect : Kt qu theo thang o
Scallop : L khot ( c cu hoc ng hn chui qua)
Scalloped strap : Tm m l khot
Scanning speed : Tc qut
Scantling : Kch thc tit din c cu thn tu
Scarcity : Thiu, khan him
Scarf : Ni gi (bng mt vt)
Scarfed coupling : Khp ni gi
Scarph joint : Mi lin kt vt mp
Scatter about, to : Phn tn, tn xScavenge blower : Qu-t qut (kh)
Scavenging : Thi qut, lm s-ch
Scavenging air arrangement : Thit b kh qut
Scavenging air pump : Bm kh qut
Scavenging blower : Bm qut
Scavenging pump : Bm qut
Scavenging space : Bung kh qut
Scavenging system : H thng qut kh
Schedule : Lch trnh, tin
Scheduled operation process : Qu trnh lm vic ln lch
Scheme : S
Schnorkel mast : Ct ng thng hi
Sclerotic : Cht lm cng
Scoop arrangement : Thit b gu xc
Scope : Ph-m vi p dng
Scope of supervision : Khi lng gim st
Scoring : Tnh im
Scotch boiler : Ni hi kiu scotch
Scrap, to : B i, ph i (lm st vn)
Scrapping : B i
Screen : Mn chn, mn che, mn hnh, li phng n
Screen bulkhead : Vch chn, vch che
Screen wall : Tng chn
Screw : inh vt, inh c ; Chn vt tu
234

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Screw aperture : Khe h chn vt


Screw cap : u inh c
Screw clamped terminal : u kp ca inh c
Screw down non return valve : Van chn mt chiu
Screw joint : Mi ni ren
Screw plug : ai c
Screw propeller : Chn vt tu
Screw shaft : Trc chn vt
Screw spindle : Cn vn
Screw-down check valve : Van chn kim tra
Screw-down non-return valve : Van chn mt chiu
Screw-down valve : Van chn
Screwed : Ni bng ren
Screwed bonnet : Np chp bt bng ren
Screwed coupling : B phn ni bng ren
Screwed nipple : Nm c
Screwed stay : Ct bt bng ren
Screwing : Vn c
Screwing-down : Vn xung
Screw-type stop valve : Van chn kiu xoay
Scrubber : My lc kh, thit b lc s-ch kh (tr)
Scrubber room : Bung lc (trong h thng kh tr)
Scrupulous : K lng, t m
Scupper : L ng thot nc (t boong ra qua m-n)
Scupper pipe : ng thot nc (t boong ra qua m-n)
Scupper piping : H thng ng thot nc (t boong ra qua m-n)
Scuttle : Ca m-n, ca hp l
Scuttle frame : Khung ca m-n
Sea (water) inlet pipe : ng dn nc bin vo
Sea (water) inlet port : Ca dn nc bin vo
Sea (water) intake : L ht nc bin vo
Sea (water) suction pipe : ng ht nc bin
Sea (water) suction piping system : H thng ng ht nc bin
Sea (water) suction system : H thng ht nc bin
Sea (water) suction valve : Van ht nc bin
Sea : Bin
235

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Sea bed : y bin


Sea chest : Van thng bin, ca thngbin
Sea condition : iu kin (thi tit) bin
Sea direction : Hng sng
Sea going dredger : Tu n-o vt bin
Sea inlet : L ht nc bin
Sea speed : Tc i bin
Sea state : Tr-ng thi bin
Sea trial : Ch-y th ng di
Sea valve : Van nc bin
Sea water : Nc bin
Sea water discharge pipe : ng x nc bin
Sea water lubrication : Bi trn bng nc bin
Sea water pipe : ng nc bin
Sea water pump : Bm nc bin
Sea water temperature : Nhit nc bin
Seal : Nim lm kn, m kn ; kp ch
Seal up, to : Nim phong, ng kn
Seal welding : Hn nh du, hn lm kn
Seal with lead : Kp ch nim phong
Seal, to : nh du, nim phong
Sealed construction : Kt cu c nh du
Sealed part : Phn c nh du
Sealing box : Hp du
Sealing compound : Hn hp nh du
Sealing device : C cu ng kn
Seam : Mi ni hn nm dc tu (trn m-n), mi hn
Seamless forged shell : V dp lin
Seamless pipe : ng lin
Seamless shell : V khng ghp ni, v lin
Seamless steel tube : ng thp lin
Searchlight : n tm kim, n qut
Seasoned : Thch hp s dng
Seasoning : Lm du bt
Seasuction valve : Van ht (nc bin)
Seat : / ta
236

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Seat for attachment : Ch gn vo


Seating : B, ch ngi
Seating of boilers : B ni hi
Seating ring : Vnh
Seaworthiness : Kh nng i bin
Second deck : Boong th hai
Second special survey : Kim tra nh k ln 2
Secondary barrier : Khoang m ngoi, vch chn th cp
Secondary barrier : Lp ngn th cp
Secondary battery : Ngun in (c qui) ph
Secondary circuit : M-ch in cp
Secondary heat insulation : Cch nhit th cp
Secondary member : C cu lo-i hai
Secondary refrigerant : Cng cht l-nh th cp
Secondary stress : ng sut lo-i hai
Secondary winding : Cun dy th cp
Section (steel) : Thp nh hnh
Section : Mt ct/ mc/ tit din
longitudinal ~: Mt ct dc
Transverse cross ~: Mt ct ngang
Section area : Din tch tit din
Section board : Bng in phn nhm
Section board : Bng in phn nhm
Section box : Hp ni dy
Section modulus : Mun chng un tit din
Section modulus at the shipbottom : M un chng un ly vi y tu
Section modulus at the strength deck : M un chng un ly vi boong tnh ton
Section strut : Thanh chng b phn
Sectional : B phn
Sectional area : Din tch tit din
Sectional assembly : Lp rp khi
Sectional assembly : Lp rp theo tit din
Sector conductor : M-ch nh hng hnh qu-t
Secure, to : Xit cht, bo v
Secured by a key, to be : c lp cht bng then
Securing : Xit cht
237

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Securing appliances : Thit b xit cht/ bo v


Securing arrangement : Trang b xit cht
Securing device : Thit b bo v
Securing means : Phng tin xit cht
Sediment : Cn, trm tch
Seft-ignition : T nh la
Segment mica : Mica ghp
Segregate, to : Cch li
Segregated ballast : Dn cch li
Segregated ballast tank : Khoang dn cch ly
Segregation : (S) cch li
Selection : La chn, chn lc
Selective tripping : Ct chn lc, nh chn lc
Selective tripping device : Thit b nh chn lc
Selenium : X len
Self contact : T tip xc
Self going dredger : Tu n-o vt t hnh, tu quc t hnh
Self priming type : Kiu t ht
Self propelled ship : Tu t hnh
Self-closing : T ng
Self-closing door : Ca t ng
Self-closing type : Kiu t ng
Self-closing valve : Van t ng
Self-constraint : T h-n ch
Self-contained : T cha
Self-contained air breathing apparatus : Thit b th c bnh t n-p kh i km
Self-contained battery lamp : n c c qui t n-p
Self-cooling : T lm mt
Self-cooling rectifier : B chnh lu t lm mt
Self-draining : Tia x nc
Self-draining : T tiu nc
Self-excited : T kch
~ generator : My pht t kch t
~ type : Kiu t kch t
Self-priming type : Kiu t mi
Self-reaction : T phn ng
238

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Self-supporting : T ;
~ type : Lo-i t
Self-sustaining : T gi
Semi-automatic : Bn t ng
Semi-balanced rudder : Bnh li bn cn bng
Semi-built-up : Lp ghp mt phn ;
~ crank : Khuu bn ghp
~ crankshaft : Trc khuu lp ghp mt phn
Semi-conductor : Bn dn
~ product : Sn phm bn dn
~ rectifier : B chnh lu bn dn
Semi-ellipsoidal head : u bn cu elp
Semi-enclosed space : Bung kn mt phn
Semi-killed steel : Thp bn lng
Semi-membrane : Bn mng ; ~ tank : Kt bn mng, kt kiu na mng
Semi-submerged condition : Tr-ng thi bn chm
Sensibility : nh-y
Sensing : (S) cm nhn, cm bin
~ chamber : Bung t cm bin
~ unit : B cm bin
Sensitive : D b h hng, nh hng
Sensitivity : nh-y
Sensor : Ci cm bin
Sentinel relief valve : Van x p/ van an ton
Separate tank : Kt ri
Separate, to : Tch bit
Separately : Mt cch tch bit
Separately excited field winding : Cun dy kch t c lp
Separately excited generator : My pht (in) kch t c lp
Separately excited motor : ng c (in) kch t c lp
Separately excited rotary machine : My (in) quay kch t c lp
Separately ventilated machine : My c thng gi c lp
Separation : (S) tch bit
Separator : My tch, my phn li
Seperately excited field winding : Cun dy kch t c lp
Seperator : B phn li
239

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Sequence : Th t hn
Sequential control : Kim sot/ theo di th t (hn)
Sequentially : Theo trnh t
Serial number : S s ri
Series coil : Cun dy ni tip
Series field winding : Cun dy kch t ni tip
Series motor : ng c (in) ni tip
Series resistance : in tr ni tip
Series winding : Cun dy ni tip
Series-wound brake : Phanh mt chiu kch t ni tip
Serious consequence : Rt quan trng
Service : Phc v, dch v
Service condition : iu kin phc v
Service entrance : Ca dch v
Service head : Ct p lm vic
Service limitation : Gii h-n phc v
Service space : Bung phc v
Service tank : Kt trc nht, kt phc v
Service temperature : Nhit phc v
Servo-oil pump : Bm du ph tr
Set screw : Vt nh v, vt chnh
Set up, to : Ci, t
Set value : Tr s t
Setting : Ci, t
Setting in and out : t vo v sp xp
Setting plane : Mt phng lp rp
Setting pressure : p sut t
Setting tank : Kt lng
Severe : Khc nghit
Severe ice condition : Tr-ng thi khc nghit ca bng
Sewing thread : Ch khu
Shackle : Ma n (xch neo)
Shade : Mn che
Shading coil : Cun chn
Shaft : Trc
Shaft bracket : M trc, gi ch nhn
240

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Shaft coupling : Ni trc


Shaft current : Dng in trc
Shaft generator : My pht ng trc
Shaft horsepower : Cng sut trn trc
Shaft sleeve : o trc
Shaft tube : ng bao trc
Shaft tunnel : Hm trc
Shaft with kea way : Trc c rnh then
Shaft with longitudinal slot : Trc c khe khot dc
Shaft with splines : Trc c then trt (then hoa)
Shaft with transverse hole : Trc c l khot ngang
Shafting : H trc
Shake : (S) rung, (s) rung ng
Shank : Chui, cn, thn (neo)
Shape (steel) : Khun (thp), thp hnh
Shape : Hnh d-ng
Shape of joint : D-ng mi ni
Shape, to : T-o dng
Shaped : c t-o hnh
Share, to : Chia nhau/ phn chia
Sharing : Chia nhau/ phn chia
Sharp bend : Ch un nhn, ch ngot gp
Sharp edge : G c-nh sc nhn
Sharp edged stem : Sng mi c c-nh sc
Sharp edged stem : Sng mi c c-nh sc (ca tu ph bng)
Shave, to : Bo
Shaved finish : Bo xong
Shaving : C-o, bo
Sheafing agents : Cht b
Shear area : Vng chu ct
Shear buckling : Mt n nh bn ct
Shear buckling strength : bn n nh ct
Shear force : Lc ct
Shear strake : Di tn mp m-n
Shear stress : ng sut ct ( ng sut tip)
Sheared edge : Mp chu ct
241

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Shearing : Ct
Shearing force : Lc ct
Shearing resistance : bn chng ct
Shearing strength : bn ct
Shearing stress : ng sut ct
Sheath : Bao, v
Sheave : Rng rc, pu li
Sheave groove : Rnh Puli
Sheer : cong dc boong
Sheer strake : Di tn mp m-n
Sheet : T, bn tnh
Torsional vibration ~ : Bn tnh dao ng xon
Shelf : K, gi
Shell : V bao (y, m-n tu), v, thnh (bnh chu p lc, ni hi)
Shell and tube type condenser : Bu ngng kiu ng
Shell expansion : Khai trin tn bao
Shell expansion plan : Bn v khai trin tn bao
Shell fittings : Ph tng gn trn v bao
Shell flange : Bch trn v bao
Shell frame : Khung gin v
Shell laminate : Tm/ lp v tu (cht do)
Shell plate : Tm tn bao
Shell plating : Tn bao
Shell stiffener : Np gia cng tn bao
Shell valve : Van trn v bao
Shell-and tube type : Kiu ng bc ng
Shell-tube-type condenser : Bu ngng kiu ng
Shelter : Ro chn bo v, che ch, ni tr n ; Vng/ khu vc c bo v
Shelter deck : Boong che ch
Sheltered water : Vng nc kn, vng nc c bo v
Shid : Vt cy
Shield : Np y, v bc
Shield braid : Bn v che
Shielded (-conductor) cable : Cp (dn in) c v bc
Shielding : Bc v
Shielding : Che chn
242

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Shielding device : Thit b bc v


Shifting beam : X nng
Shifting guy system : H thng dy xch nng
Shim : Ci nm, ci chm ; Tm m, vng m
Ship : Tu thy
Ship carrying dangerous chemicals in bulk : Tu ch x ha cht nguy him
Ship carrying liquefied gases in bulk : Tu ch x kh ha lng
Ship classification : Phn cp tu
Ship Equipment Regulations : Cc qui nh i vi thit b tu
Ship flying other flags than Vietnamese : Tu khng mang c Vit Nam
Ship for restricted service : Tu ho-t ng vng h-n ch
Ship for unrestricted service : Tu ho-t ng vng khng h-n ch
Ship hydrodynamics : Thy ng hc tu thuyn
Ship in service : Tu ang khai thc
Ship motion : Chuyn ng ca tu
Ship motion : Di chuyn tu
Ship of fibreglass reinforced platics : Tu cht do ct si thy tinh
Ship of ordinary form : Tu c hnh dng thng thng
Ship Safety Law : Lut an ton cho tu
Ship survival capability: Kh nng chng chm ca tu
Ship type : Kiu tu
Ship under construction : Tu ang ng
Ship with machinery aft : Tu c bung my pha sau
Ship with machinery amidships : Tu c bung my gia
Shipboard : Trn tu ; (Thuc v) tu
Shipboard oil pollution emergency plans (SOPEP) : K ho-ch ng cu nhim du trn tu
Shipmaster : Thuyn trng
Shipment : Cht hng ln tu
Shipowner : Ch tu
Shipping port : Cng cp tu
Ship's age : Tui tu
Ships carrying dangerous chemicals in bulk : Tu ch x ha cht nguy him
Ship's inclination : (S) nghing ca tu
Ships intended for the carriage of radioactive agents : Tu dng ch cht phng xShip's service generator : My pht phc v cho tu
Ship-type drilling unit : Dn khoan d-ng tu
243

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Shock : (S) rung/ chn ng, va ch-m


Shock absorber : Trit tiu chn ng
Shoe : m,
Thrust ~ : m chn
Shoe lining : o bc ky sng ui
Shoe piece : Ky sng ui
Shooting range : Vng bn ph
Shop for laminating : Xng lp v (tu cht do)
Shop test : Th xng
Shop trial : Ch-y th xng
Shop work : Cng vic trong nh xng
Shop(s) : Nh xng
Shore connection box : Hp ni in b
Shore installation : Thit b trn b
Shore pipe arrangement : B tr ng trn b
Shore piping : H thng ng ng trn b
Shore side supply : Ngun cp t b
Shore supply : Ngun cp t b
Shore-side fire fighting personnel : Nhn vin cha chy trn b
Short circuit : Ngn m-ch, on m-ch
Short tow : Ko bng dy ngn
Short-circuit current : Dng (in) ngn m-ch
Short-circuit phase : Pha ngn m-ch
Short-circuit protective device : Thit b bo v ngn m-ch
Short-circuit ratio : T s ngn m-ch
Short-circuit ring : Vng chp m-ch
Short-circuit test : Th ngn m-ch
Short-circuit winding : Cun dy ngn m-ch
Short-circuited : Chp m-ch
Shorten, to : Rt ngn
Short-time current : Dng in tc thi
Short-time rating : Tc tc thi
Short-time rating test : Kim tra tc tc thi
Shouldered, to be : eo ln vai, (b) un/ lm g ln
Shower : Vi tm hoa sen, tm bng vi sen
Shrinkage : co/ hao ht, tnh co ngt
244

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Shrinkage allowance : Hao ht cho php


Shrinkage fit : Lp rp c lng d
Shroud : Mn che, dy chng
Shrunk on, to be : Cun l-i
Shunt : M-ch r
Shunt box : Hp m-ch r, hp ni
Shunt coil : Cun m-ch r
Shunt motor : M t mc sn
Shunt-wound generators : My pht kch t song song
Shut off, to : Ct, tt
Shutdown device : C cu ngt
Shut-off device : C cu ngt
Shut-off head : u ngt
Shut-off valve : Van ngt
Shutter : Np y, np che
Side (shell) plating : Tn (bao) m-n
Side : Bn, c-nh, m-n tu
Side bend test : Th un c-nh
Side block : Phn o-n m-n
Side coaming : Thnh dc ming khoang
Side construction : Kt cu m-n
Side damage : H hng m-n
Side door : Ca m-n
Side flare : M-n loe
Side frame : Sn ( m-n tu)
Side girder : Sng c-nh, sng ph
Side keelson : Sng ph y
Side light : n m-n
Side longitudinal : Dm dc m-n
Side longitudinal frame : Sn dc m-n, x dc m-n
Side longitudinal girder : Sng dc m-n
Side opening : L khot m-n
Side plate : T tn m-n
Side plating : Tn m-n
Side plating of superstructure : Tn m-n thng tng
Side port : Ca m-n
245

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Side post : Tr m-n


Side pressure : p sut ln m-n
Side propeller : Chn vt m-n
Side scuttle : Ca s m-n, ca hp l
Side scuttle blind : Bt che ca s m-n/ ca hp l
Side scuttle plug : Cht ca s m-n/ ca hp l
Side shell laminate (FRP ship) : Lp bao m-n (Tu cht do)
Side shell plating : Tn bao m-n
Side sparring : Vn thnh (lt m-n)
Side stringer : Sng dc m-n
Side transverse : Sn khe (trong thnh phn khung ngang)
Side transverse frame : Sn ngang m-n
Side transverse girder : Sng ngang m-n
Side transverse web : Sn ngang khe
Side view : Nhn t m-n
Side wall : Vch bn (ca lu)
Side wall strenght : bn mt bn
Sideway deflection : vng ngang
Siding : Vn m-n, chiu dy tm
Sight glass : Knh quan st
Sight hole : L quan st
Sight port : Ca quan st
Sighting port : L o du hng
Sign : Du hiu
Signal : Tn hiu
Signal circuit : M-ch (in tn hiu)
Signal lamp : n tn hiu
Signal letters : Cc ch ci tn hiu
Signal means : Phng tin tn hiu
Signal shape : Vt hiu
Signal system : H thng tn hiu
Signature : Ch k
Significant alteration : (S) bin i quan trng, hon ci ln
Silencer : Bu tiu m, ng gim thanh
Silicon : (Nha) silicn
Silicon copper : ng ph nha silicn
246

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Silicon resin : Nha silicn


Silicon rubber : Cao su silicn
Silicon steel : Thp ph nha silicn
Sill : Ngng (ca l, ca ca)
Silver : B-c (kim lo-i)
Silver alloy : Hp kim ca b-c
Similar : Tng t
Similar ship : Tu tng t
Similarity factor : H s tng t
Simplex winding : Cun dy n
Simulate, to : Ti t-o bng m hnh, m phng
Simulation : M phng
Simulation method : Phng php m phng
Simulation test : Th gi nh, th m phng
Simulator function : Chc nng m phng
Simultanneous carriage : Vn chuyn ng thi
Simultanneously : ng thi, cng lc
Sine wave : Sng hnh sin
Single acting single-row engine : ng c mt hng xi lanh tc dng n
Single acting vee-engine : ng c ch V tc dng n
Single acting V-engine : ng c ch V tc dng n
Single amplitude : n bin ()
Single bottom : y n
Single bottom floor : ngang y n
Single core : Mt li, li n
Single core cable : Cp mt li, cp li n
Single deck ship : Tu boong n
Single decker : Tu c boong n
Single gastight bulkhead : Vch ch kn kh
Single layer bare winding : Cun dy trn mt lp
Single layer enamelled winding : Cun dy trng men mt lp
Single layer winding : Cun dy mt lp
Single phase : Mt pha
Single plate rudder : Bnh li tm n
Single skin construction : Kt cu mt lp v
Single span : Nhp n
247

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Single vee type : Lo-i ch V n


Single-layer-wound bare wire : Cun dy trn mt lp qun n
Single-layer-wound enamelled wire : Cun dy trng men mt lp qun n
Single-phase alternating current circuit : M-ch in xoay chiu mt pha
Single-phase circuit : M-ch in mt pha
Single-row engine : ng c mt hng xi lanh
Single-stage reduction gear : Hp gim tc mt cp
Sinking : Chm, m
Sinusoidal wave : Sng hnh sin
Sister ship : Tu cng lo-t
Site of manufacture : Hin trng sn xut
Sizing treatment : X l kch thc
Skeg : Cng , gt ky, gt sng ui ; ng bao trc ui ; Tm gim lc (pha ui tu, s
lan)
Skeg construction (plan) : (Bn v) kt cu gt sng ui
Skeleton diagram : S xng c
Skeleton floor : ngang xng
Skin : Da, lp bc ngoi
Skin absorption : Hp th b mt
Skirt : Dim, vy
Skirt of the end plate : Phn vin tm y
Skylight : nh sng tri
Slab : Tm, phin
Slacking : Chng, lng
Slag : X (hn)
Slag-inclusion : Ngm x
Slamming : Hin tng slamming (hin tng sng ngc chiu va vo thn tu)
Sleeve : o bc
Sleeve joint : Mi ni o bc
Slenderness ratio : T s mnh
Slewing motion : Chuyn ng quay
Slewing radius : Bn knh xoay
Slide valve : Van trt
Slide valve chest : Ca van trt
Sliding (-type) door : Ca (kiu) trt
Sliding door : Ca trt
248

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Sling : Dy treo buc hng, dng c treo


Slip : Trin dc ( nng tu)
Slip counping : Khp trt
Slip joint : Mi ni trt
Slip ring : Vng trt
Slip tube type : Kiu ng trt
Slip type : Kiu trt
Slip-on type : Kiu trt vo
Slip-on welded joints : Mi hn lng
Slip-rings : Vnh trt
Slipway : Trin
Slop : Nc cn, cht cn
Slop tank : Kt lng
Slope : dc, nghing
Slope of ship's of bottom : dc ca y tu
Sloped margin plate : Sng hng nghing
Sloping plate : Tm nghing, tm dc, vch nging (kt nh m-n)
Sloshing : Va p
Sloshing load : Ti trng va p
Slot : Rnh, khe h, l khot ( cc c cu khc xuyn qua)
Slot for deck longitudinal : L khot cho dm dc boong chui qua
Slot insulation : Cch nhit khe h
Slot pitch : Bc khe h
Slot weld : ng hn l (mt d-ng ca hn cy)
Slot weld(ing) : Hn l, hn cy
Slow cooling : Lm ngui chm
Sludge tank : Kt du bn/ cn
Sluice valve : Van thng, van cng
Small section : Tit din nh, b phn nh
Smoke (suction) test : Th (ht) khi
Smoke accumulator : Thit b tch t khi, b t khi
Smoke box : Hp khi
Smoke detector : u o khi
Smoke helmet : M chng khi
Smoke mask : Mt n- chng khi
Smoke pipe fire alarm system : H thng bo ng cu ha bng ng khi
249

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Smoke projecting lamp : n chiu qua khi


Smoke stack : ng khi
Smoke tube : ng khi
Smoke tube nest : Lng ng khi
Smooth water service : Ho-t ng trn nc lng
Smothering gas : Kh ng-t
Smothering system : H thng th/ thng hi
Snaphook : Mc c kha
Snip : Lin kt u c cu khng gn m kiu vt bn thnh
Snow : Tuyt
Soak : (S) ngm/ tm/ nhng t
Soak, to : Ngm, tm, nhng t
Soaking temperature : Nhit nhng
Socket : ni ng, l, hc, cm (in)
Socket welded type : Kiu hn l
Socket-outlet : cm in
Soda : S a (cacbonat natri)
Sodium (vapour) lamp : n (hi) natri
Soft resin putty : Bt nha mm
Softening : lm mm
Softening : Lm mm
Softening temperature : Nhit lm mm
Softner : Thit b lm mm
Softwood : G mm
Solder : Hp kim hn (d chy)
Soldered joint : Mi ni hn (bng hp kim d chy)
Soldering : Hn bng hp kim d chy
Soldering flux : Thuc hn, cht tr dung
Solderless joint : Mi ni khng hn
Solenoid-operated closing mechanism : C cu ng kn ho-t ng bng in t
Solid : c, cng, ng nht, khng lng
Solid ballast : Dn cng
Solid construction : Kt cu c/ ng nht
Solid crankshaft : Trc khuu c
Solid drawn tube : ng ko cng
Solid flooding : Ngp hon ton
250

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Solid floor : ngang c


Solid forged crankshaft : Trc khuu rn c
Solid propeller : Chn vt lin
Solid ring type : Lo-i vng cng
Solid round pillar : Ct trn c
Solid shaft : Trc c
Solid solution treatment : X l bng dung dch m c
Solid wire : Dy cng
Solidification : (S) ha cng/ ha c/ ng cng
Solidify, to : Ha cng, ha c, ng cng
Solidtype : Lo-i cng
Solubility : Tnh ha tan, ha tan
Solution : Dung dch
Solvent naphtha : Du m dung mi
Sonar : My nh v thy m
Soot : Mui, m hng
Soot blower : Qu-t m hng
Soot blowing : Thi m hng
Soot fire : Chy mui
Sound arresting : Ht ting ng, tiu m
Sound level meter : ng h o ting ng
Sound rod : Thanh o
Sound signal : Tn hiu m thanh
Sounding device : Dng c o
Sounding pipe : ng o
Sound-proof : Cch m
Source : Ngun
Source of electric power : Ngun in
Source of electrical power : Ngun in
Source of ignition : Ngun pht la
Source of power : Ngun nng lng
Source of radiant heat : Ngun nhit bc xSource of vapour ignition : Ngun pht la do hi
Source on shore : Ngun cp t b
Space : Khng gian, bung, khoang, kt hng, khong trng
Accomodation ~ : Bung , bung sinh ho-t
251

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Space factor : H s rng (trng)


Space for access : Khng gian i l-i
Space heater : Sy nng khoang
Spacer (piece) : (Ming) m ; Vng m
Spacing : Khong cch (sn/ np/ sng ...)
Spacing of holes on diagonal : Khong cch ca cc l theo ng cho
Span : Khong cch, chiu di, nhp
Spanner : C l
Spare charges : Cht n-p d tr
Spare equipment : Thit b d tr ( thay th)
Spare gear : Bnh rng d tr ( thay th)
Spare parts : Ph tng d tr ( thay th)
Spare parts for machinery : Ph tng d tr ( thay th) ca my
Spare parts inventory management system : H thng qun l kim k ph tng d tr
Spare pump : Bm d tr ( thay th)
Spare rotor : R to d tr ( thay th)
Spare unit : B phn/ cm d tr ( thay th)
Spark : Tia la
Spark arrestor : B dp tia la
Spark gap : Khe nh la
Spark source : Ngun nh la
Sparking coil : Cun dy nh la
Sparring : Vn lt hng, vn thnh
Special cargo : Hng c bit
Special case : Trng hp c bit
Special controlled system : H thng c kim sot c bit
Special installtions : Cc h thng ring
Special loading : Ti trng c bit
Special size : C c bit
Special steel : Thp c bit
Special survey : Kim tra nh k
Specie room : Phng gi tin (Specie : tin kim lo-i)
Specific conductance : dn in ring
Specific gravity : T trng, trng lng ring
Specific heat : Nhit dung ring
Specific volume : Th tch ring
252

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Specifications : Bng ghi cc chi tit k thut, bng k cc h-ng mc (sa cha)
Specifications for automation system : Bng ghi cc chi tit k thut ca h thng t ng
Specifications for cargo spaces : Bng ghi cc chi tit k thut ca hm hng
Specifications for manufacture : Bng ghi cc chi tit k thut sn xut
Specifications for testing : Bng ghi cc thng s k thut th
Specified current : Dng in xc nh
Specified minimum tensile strength : bn ko ti thiu theo qui nh
Specify, to : Xc nh, qui nh
Specimen : Mu th ( hon thin dng th, kim tra khng ph hy)
Spectacle (stern) frame : Sn (ui) vng cung kp (ca tu hai chn vt)
Spectacle bossing : Gi trc i/ kp
Spectacle flange : Bch i/ kp
Spectacle shaft bracket : M trc kp, gi trc kp
Spectrum : Quang ph
Speed : Tc , vn tc
Critical ~ : Tc ti h-n
Navigable ~ : Tc hnh hi
Speed control arrangement : Thit b kim sot tc
Speed controlling : Kim sot tc
Speed governor : B iu tc
Speed indicator : Tc k
Speed log : My o tc
Speed of ship : Tc ca tu
Speed range : Di tc
Speed regulation : (S) iu chnh tc
Speed regulator : B iu chnh tc
Speed relay : R le tc
Speed test : Th tc
Speed trial : Th tc
Spherical shape : D-ng hnh cu
Spherical shell plate : Tm v hnh cu
Spherical structure : Kt cu d-ng hnh cu
Spherical tank : Kt hnh cu
Spheroidal graphite cast iron : Gang c graphit cu
Spheroidal graphite casting : Vt c graphit cu
Spheroidal iron casting : Vt/ sn phm gang ta cu c
253

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Spider : Vt hnh con nhn


Spigot : Du ni, ng ni
Spill valve : Van trn
Spill, to : Trn
Spillage : Trn, d
Spilt oil : Du trn
Spindle : Trc quay, cn
Spinning devices : Thit b quay
Spirally seam-welded pipe : ng hn bng ng hn xon c
Splicing : Bn (dy thng)
Split pin : Cht ch
Split type tiller : Cn bnh li kiu ri
Splitting : R-n
Spoil hopper : Hm vn chuyn t ( tu cuc)
Sponson : M hp che gung, v hp che gung
Sponson deck : Boong gung
Spontaneous combustion : T pht chy
Spontaneous ignition : B t nh la
Spontaneous ignition temperature : Nhit t pht la
Spoon dredger : Tu quc mt gu
Spot radiographic examination : Kim tra bng m phng xSpot radiographic test : Th bng m phng xSpray : Bi nc, bnh xt
Spray lay-up method : Phng php t-o hnh bng tia
Spray shield : Bo v chng bi nc
Spray, to : Phun, ri, rc
Spread of flame : (S) lan truyn la
Spreading : Lan truyn
Spring : L xo
Spring back, to : Ny ngc
Spring balance : Cn bng bng l xo
Spring buffer : Gim xc bng l xo
Spring loaded safety valve : Van an ton kiu l xo
Spring pilot valve :Van dn hng kiu l so
Spring safety valve : Van an ton kiu l xo
Spring steel : Thp lm l xo
254

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Sprinkle, to : Ti, phun


Sprinkler : Thit b/ u ti, phun
Sprinkler system : H thng ti/ phun (nc, bt)
Sprinkling test : Kim tra ti/ phun (nc, bt)
Square : Hnh vung
Square bilge : Hng vung
Square header : B gp/ ng gp hnh vung
Squeezing : (S) p
Squirrel-cage induction motor : ng c (in) cm ng khung vung
Squirrel-cage motor : ng c (in) khung vung
Stability : Tnh n nh
Stability criteria : Tiu chun n inh
Stability curve : ng cong n nh
Stability experiment : Th nghing lch
Stability factor : H s n nh, d tr n nh
Stability information : Thng bo n nh
Stability information booklet : Bng thng bo n nh (cho thuyn trng)
Stability machinery : My iu chnh gim lc ca tu
Stability test : Kim tra n nh
Stabilization : (S) m bo n nh, (s) lm cn bng
Stabilize, to : Lm n nh
Stabilizer : B n nh, thit b gim lc
Stabilizing device : Thit b iu chnh n nh
Stable operation : Vn hnh n nh
Stack : Cm, chng, ng
Stacking : (S) xp thnh ng
Stacking test : Th xp chng
Stacking weight : Trng lng xp chng
Stacking weight : T-i trng xp chng
Staff : Bin ch, tp th nhn cng
Stage : Giai o-n ; B, dn, dn gio, sn
Stage of work : Dn gio lm vic
Staging : Dn gio
Stagnant : ng
Stainless clad steel plate : Thp tm bc bng thp khng g
Stainless steel : Thp khng g
255

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Stainless steel forging : Thp rn khng g


Stairway : Cu thang
Stairway enclosure : C cu bao bc cu thang
Stall, to : Tr hon, ngn tr
Stalling torque : M men cn xon
Stamp, to : ng du
Stanchion : Ct
Standard : Tiu chun
Standard compass : La bn chun
Standard condition : iu kin tiu chun
Standard fire test : Th tiu chun chu la
Standard frequency : Tn s chun
Standard magnetic compass : La bn t chun
Standard of damage : Tiu chun thit h-i
Standard of protection : Tiu chun bo v
Standard pipe : ng tiu chun
Standard pipe of one grade large diameter : ng tiu chun c ng knh ln hn mt cp
Standard pressure gauge : ng h p sut tiu chun
Standard spacing : Khong cch chun
Standard thermometer : Nhit k tiu chun
Standard time - temperatura curve : ng cong nhit - thi gian tiu chun
Stand-by circulating pump : Bm chuyn d phng
Stand-by cooling water pump : Bm nc lm mt d phng
Stand-by facilities : Trang b d phng
Stand-by fuel oil supply pump : Bm cp du t d phng
Stand-by heat exchanger : Thit b trao i nhit d phng
Stand-by lubricating (oil) pump : Bm (du) bi trn d phng
Stand-by pump : Bm d phng
Stand-by unit : B phn d phng
Standstill : (S) dng/ ng yn
Star connected transformer : My bin p ni
Star-delta connection : u sao-tam gic
Starboard side : M-n phi
Start releasing steam, to : Bt u x hi nc
Starter : Thit b khi ng
Starting : Khi ng
256

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Starting air : Kh dng khi ng


Starting air main pipe : ng dn kh khi ng chnh
Starting air manifold : ng ng phn phi kh khi ng
Starting air piping system : H thng ng kh khi ng
Starting air reservoir : Bnh cha kh khi ng
Starting air valve : Van kh khi ng
Starting arrangement : H thng/ thit b khi ng
Starting compensator : Thit b h tr khi ng
Starting current : Dng in khi ng
Starting device : Thit b khi ng
Starting point : im bt u khi ng
Starting torque : M men khi ng
Starting valve : Van khi ng
State : Tr-ng thi, tnh tr-ng
State of earthing : Tnh tr-ng ni t
State of equilibrium : Tr-ng thi cn bng
State of insulation : Tr-ng thi cch li (in, nhit)
Static balancing test : Th cn bng tnh
Static bending moment : M men un tnh
Static electricity : Tnh in
Static head : Ct p tnh
Static heel : (S) nghing tnh
Static inclination : Nghing tnh
Static induction : in cm tnh
Static load : Ti trng tnh
Static pressure : p sut tnh
Static stability : n nh tnh
Static stability curves : ng cong n nh tnh
Statical instability : Tnh khng n nh tnh
Statical stability : n nh tnh
Statical stress : ng sut tnh
Statical type : Kiu tnh t-i
Static-type exciting equipment : Thit b kch thch (t) kiu tnh
Station : Tr-m, ga
Stationary : Bt ng, tnh
Stationary accumulator battery : c qui t c nh
257

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Stationary battery : c qui t c nh


Stator : Stato
Stator winding : Cun dy stato
Status of survey : Tnh tr-ng kim tra
Statutory certification : Giy chng nhn theo cng c quc t
Statutory survey : Kim tra theo cng c quc t/ lut nh
Stay : (S) gi nguyn tnh tr-ng ; Trc chng, ct np (m-n chn sng) ; thanh ging, np
ging
Stay tube : ng , ng ging
Stay, to : l-i, gi nguyn tnh tr-ng
Stayed post : Tr c
Steady speed : Tc n nh
Steady value : Tr s n nh/ khng i
Steady voltage : in p khng i
Steady-state current : Dng (in) n nh/ khng i
Steady-state stability : Tnh n nh tr-ng thi
Steam : Hi nc
~ pressure : p sut hi (nc)
~ strainers : Lc hi (nc)
Steam accumulator : Thit b ngng hi nc
Steam bleeding : (S) x hi nc
Steam boiler : Ni hi hi nc
Steam coil systems : H thng ng xon hi nc
Steam cylinder of pump : Xi lanh hi ca bm
Steam dump system : H thng x hi
Steam engine : My hi nc
Steam escape piping : ng ng thot hi nc
Steam generating set : Bu sinh hi nc
Steam generator : My pht in ch-y bng hi nc
Steam generator : My pht (in) ch-y bng hi nc
Steam inlet : ng hi nc vo
Steam outlet : ng hi nc ra
Steam passage : ng dn hi nc
Steam pipe : ng hi nc
Steam piping : ng ng hi nc
Steam piping system : H thng ng hi nc
258

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Steam pressure : p sut hi nc


Steam reciprocating engine : ng c hi nc kiu pittng
Steam ship : Tu ch-y bng hi nc
Steam smothering pipe : ng thng hi nc
Steam smothering system : H thng thng hi nc
Steam space : Bung cha hi
Steam strainer : B lc hi nc
Steam superheater : B qu nhit hi nc
Steam supply pipe : ng cp hi nc
Steam turbine : Tua bin hi nc
Steam whistle : Ci hi nc
Steam winch : Ti hi nc
Steamer : Xung hi nc
Steel (material) for low temperature service : (Vt liu) thp lm vic nhit thp
Steel : Thp
Steel ball : Bi thp
Steel band : ai thp
Steel bar : Thanh thp
Steel barge : S lan thp
Steel block : Khi thp, tng thnh thp
Steel casting : Sn phm thp c
Steel casting for chains : Thp c lm xch
Steel cover : Lp bc bng thp
Steel deck : Boong thp
Steel deck plating : Tn boong bng thp
Steel deckhouse : Lu bng thp
Steel door : Ca thp
Steel forging : Thp rn
Steel forging for chains : Thp rn lm xch
Steel ingot : Thi thp
Steel pipe (steel tube) : ng thp
Steel pipe of heavy gauge : ng thp lo-i nng
Steel plate : Thp tm
Steel plate for boiler : Thp tm dng cho ni hi
Steel plate for pressure vessel : Thp tm dng cho bnh p lc
Steel plate stem : Sng mi thp tm
259

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Steel round bar : Thp thanh trn


Steel shape : Thp hnh
Steel ship : Tu thp
Steel Ship Construction Regulations : Nhng qui nh i vi kt cu tu thp
Steel slab : Thp tm, sn thp
Steel tube : Thp ng
Steel tube for boiler : Thp ng dng cho ni hi
Steel tube for pressure piping : Thp ng dng cho ng ng p lc
Steel watertight cover : Np thp kn nc
Steel wire : Dy thp
Steel wire ropes : Cp thp
Steel work : Kt cu thp, c cu thp
Steel-cored life line : Dy an ton c li thp
Steel-wire armour : o gip bng dy thp
Steer, to : Li
Steering : (S) li, thit b li
Steering angle indicating device : Dng c/ thit b ch bo gc li
Steering arrangements : H thng li
Steering chain : Xch li
Steering engine : My li
Steering engine room : Bung my li
Steering gear : My/ thit b li
Steering gear circuit : M-ch (in) my li
Steering gear control system : H thng iu khin thit b/ my li
Steering magnetic compass : La bn t li
Steering motor : ng c (in) my li
Steering rod : Thanh truyn my li
Steering room : Bung li
Steering rope : Dy li
Steering station : Tr-m li
Steering system : H thng li
Steering test : Th li
Steering wheel : Tay li
Stem : Sng mi
Stem contour : ng bao/ ng vin sng mi
Stem head : nh sng mi
260

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Step : Bc thang
Step-down transformer : My bin p h- th
Step-up transformer : My bin p tng th
Stern : ui tu
Stern bush : B-c ui
Stern door : Ca ui
Stern frame : Sng ui
Stern loading : Nhn hng pha ui
Stern loading and unloading arrangement : B tr nhn hng v bc hng pha ui
Stern overhang : Phn ui nh
Stern shaft : Trc ui
Stern tube : ng bao trc ui
Stern tube bearing : ng bao trc ui
Stern tube shaft : Trc ng bao (ui, pha ui)
Stern tube shaft : Trc ui c ng bao
Sternpost : Tr (sng) ui
Sternson : Thanh m sng mi trong cng
Sternway : Vic ch-y li, trn khi li
Sticking : Vic dnh vo, Kt
Stiffener : Np gia cng
Stiffness : cng
Still air : Lng gi, khng c gi
Still water : Nc lng (khng c sng)
Still water bending moment : M men un trn nc lng
Still water shearing force : Lc ct trn nc lng
Stock : Cn, trc
Stocked anchor : Neo c ngng
Stockless anchor : Neo khng ngng
Stokehold : Ch ng ca ngi t l
Stool : Thanh p, vch ( tu ch hng ri)
Stop valve : Van chn
Stop, to : Dng
Stoppage : (S) tc nghn
Stopper : Chi tit chn, tm chn
Stopping : (S) dng l-i
Stopping device : Thit b dng
261

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Stopping means : Phng tin dng


Stopwater : m kn nc
Storage : D tr, kho cha
Storage battery : c qui d tr
Storage container : Cng ten n lm kho
Storage facilities : Thit b bo qun
Storage tank : Kt d tr, kt cha
Storage unit : Phng tin cha
Store : Kho cha
Store room : Bung kho
Store, to : Cha, bo qun
Stored, to be : c bo qun
Storm condition : iu kin gi bo
Stove : Bp in
Stowage : Lm hng
Stowage installation : Thit b lm hng
Straight pipe : ng thng
Strain : Sc cng, bin d-ng
Strain gauge : ng h / thit b o sc cng
Strain meter : ng h o sc cng
Strain rate : Tc lc
Strainer : Ci lc, bu lc
Strainer basket : Li lc
Strainer with magnet : Bu lc c nam chm
Strake : Di tn
Strand : Mc c-n, b (bin, sng) ; Tao (dy cp/ si)
Strand, to : Kt, mc c-n
Stranded conductor : Dy dn (in) bn thnh tao
Stranded flexible wire : Dy mm bn theo tao
Stranded wire : Dy bn theo tao
Stranding : Bn dy, xe si ; Mc c-n
Strap : (Ci) ai, quai, bng, di
Stratification : Xp thnh tng
Stream anchor : Neo ui
Stream line : ng dng, ng kh ng
Streamline : (S) lm cho c d-ng kh ng
262

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Streamline section : Tit din kh ng


Strenght test : Th bn
Strength : Sc bn, bn
Strength beam : X chu lc
Strength calculation : Tnh ton sc bn/ bn
Strength continuity : (S) lin tc v bn
Strength deck : Boong tnh ton, boong bn (Boong tnh ton bn chung)
Strength discontinuity : (S) gin o-n v bn
Strength draught : Chiu chm tnh ton sc bn
Strength member : C cu chu lc, c cu tnh ton sc bn
Strength test : Th bn
Strengthen, to : Gia cng
Strengthened bottom : y gia cng
Strengthened bottom forwark : y gia cng pha mi
Strengthened glass : Thy tinh c gia cng
Strengthening : Gia cng
Strengthening construction for navigation in ice : Kt cu gia cng (tu) ho-t ng
vng c bng
Stress : ng sut
Bending ~ : ng sut un
Surface ~ : ng sut b mt
Alternative ~ : ng sut i du
Allowable ~ : ng sut cho php
Torsional vibration ~ : ng sut do dao ng xon
Local ~ : ng sut cc b
Average ~ : ng sut trung bnh
Allowance buckling ~ : ng sut mt n nh cho php
Equivalent primary general membrane ~ : ng sut mng chnh tng ng chung
Equivalent primary local membrane ~ : ng sut mng chnh tng ng cc b
Equivalent primary bending ~ : ng sut un chnh tng ng
Equivalent secondary ~ : ng sut ph tng ng
Stress analysis : Phn tch ng sut
Stress concentration : Tp trung ng sut
Stress concentration factor : H s tp trung ng sut
Stress fatigue : ng sut mi
Stress increasing rate : tng ng sut
263

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Stress region : Vng ng sut


Stress relief : Cn bng ng sut
Stress relieving : Cn bng ng sut, kh ng sut (d)
Stress-strain diagram : S ng sut php
Stretcher : Ci cng
Striking plate : Tm chng va
Stringent : Cht ch
Stringer : Sng (dc)
Side ~ : Sng dc m-n
Stringer plate : Di tn mp boong
Stripping pump : Bm vt
Stripping system : H thng ht vt cn
Stripping-off : (S) tho di, tho d
Stroke : Hnh trnh
2 ~ cycle engine : ng c 2 k/ 2 th
Stroke : Nhp p
Strong beam : X ngang khe
Strong room : Bung kin c
Strong vertical web : Sng ng khe
Strongly : M-nh m
Structural analysis : Phn tch cu trc/ kt cu
Structural arrangement : B tr kt cu
Structural element : Yu t kt cu
Structural fire protection : Phng chng chy bng (bin php) kt cu
Structural member : C cu, phn t kt cu
Structural model : S tnh
Structural strength : bn kt cu
Structure : Kt cu
Structure system : H thng kt cu
Strut : Thanh chng
Stud (bolt) : u (bu lng)
Stud : Nm, u
Stud hole : L u bu lng
Stud link chain : Xch c ngng
Stud link chain cable : Cp xch c ngng
Studless chain : Xch khng ngng
264

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Stuffing box : Hp kn
Stuffing box gland : Ming m hp kn
Styren resistance : Chu Styren
Sub control station : Tr-m iu khin d phng
Sub-assembly : Lp rp s b
Sub-circuit : M-ch ph
Subdivision : Phn khoang, chia khoang
Subdivision distinguishing mark : Du hiu phn khoang
Subdivision index : Ch tiu phn khoang
Submerge, to : Nhn chm
Submerged cargo oil pump : Bm du hng lp chm
Submerged parts of the hull in the water : Phn chm ca thn tu
Submerged pump : Bm chm
Submerged type : Kiu chm
Submersible : Tu ln
Submersible construction : Kt cu ngm nc
Submission : (S) trnh
Submit, to : trnh
Subsize : Kch thc cha , kch c nh
Subsize test specimen : Mu th cha kch thc, mu th kch thc nh
Substance : Cht liu, vt cht, thc cht, ni dung
Substantial construction : Kt cu chc chn
Substantial fire risk : Nguy c d chy
Substantially : ng k, chc chn
Substantiate, to : Chng minh
Substitute, to : Thay th
Subtract, to : Tr
Successive carriage : Chuyn ch lin tip
Suction : u ht, ng ht
Suction blower : Thit b thi ng ht
Suction dredger : Tu ht
Suction fan : Qu-t ht
Suction filter : B lc ng ht
Suction inlet : ng ht
Suction pipe : ng ht
Suction port : Ca ht
265

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Suction pump : Bm ht
Suction side : Pha ht, c-nh ht, mt ht (ca chn vt)
Suction valve : Van ht
Suction valve : Van ht
Suction well : Ging/ h ht
Sudden short-circuit : Ngt m-ch bt ng
Suez Canal Tonnage Certificate : Giy chng nhn dung tch qua knh Suez
Suitability : (S) thch hp
Suitable : Thch hp
Suitable : Thch hp
~ location : V tr thch hp
Suitable amount : Lng thch hp
Suitable means : Phng tin thch hp
Suitable step : Bc thch hp
Suitably : Thch hp
Sulfur : Sun fua
Sulphate : Sun pht
Sulphation : T-o mui sun pht
Sulphur combustion product : Sn phm chy gc lu hunh
Sulphur dioxide : Sun fua r
Sulphuric acid bottle base : ca chai ng axt sun fua rc
Sum tank : Kt gom du thi
Summary of loading : Tng hp trng lng
Summary of minimum requirements : Tng hp cc yu cu ti thiu
Summer freeboard : M-n kh ma h
Summer load draught : Chiu chm ch hng ma h
Summer tank : Kt ma h
Sump : B phn gom du
Sump connection : Khay hng (du)
Sump tank : Kt gom (du)
Sunken forecastle : Thng tng mi thp
Sunken forecastle deck : Boong thng tng mi thp
Sunken poop : Thng tng ui thp
Sunken superstructure deck : Boong thng tng ui thp
Sunken superstructures : Thng tng thp
Sunscreen : Mn che nng
266

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Supercharger : My nn tng p, tua bin tng p


Superheat(ing) : Nung qu nhit
Superheated steam : Hi qu nhit
Superheated steam systems : H thng hi qu nhit
Superheater : B qu nhit
Superheater tube : ng qu nhit
Superheating tube : ng qu nhit
Superintendence : (S) gim st
Superintendent : Ngi gim st
Supersonic (flaw) test : Kim tra (vt nt) bng siu m
Supersonic : Siu thanh, siu m
Supersonic flaw detector : Thit b pht hin vt nt bng siu m
Supersonic testing apparatus : Thit b kim tra bng siu m
Superstructure : Thng tng
Superstructure deck : Boong thng tng
Superstructure end : Mt thng tng
Superstructure end bulkhead : Vch mt thng tng
Superstructure frame : Sn thng tng
Supervision : Gim st
Supply, to : Cung cp
Supply cable : Cp cp ngun
Supply circuit : M-ch cung cp (ngun)
Supply end : u cp/ ngun
Supply pipe : ng ng cp/ ngun
Supply system : H thng cp/ ngun
Supply type mechanical ventilation system : H thng thng gi cng bc kiu y vo
Supply type ventilation : Thng gi kiu y vo
Supply vessels : Tu cung ng dch v
Supply voltage : in p cp ngun
Support : Gi , ta, gi
Support ship : Tu phc v
Support structure : Kt cu
Supporting beam : X
Supporting force : Phn lc gi
Supporting member : C cu , c cu ta
Supporting point : im , im ta
267

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Supporting strip : Di
Supporting structure : Kt cu
Suppress, to : Kh nhiu
Surface : B mt
Heating ~ : B mt hp nhit
Support ~ : Mt
Surface area : Din tch b mt
Surface correction factor : H s iu chnh nh hng ca mt t do
Surface crack detection : Pht hin vt nt b mt
Surface defect : Khuyt tt b mt
Surface durability : Tnh bn b mt
Surface hardening process : Qu trnh lm cng b mt
Surface hardening treatment : X l lm cng b mt
Surface inspection : Kim tra b mt
Surface leakage : R r b mt
Surface leakage resistance : Chng r r b mt
Surface search radar : Ra a mt nc
Surge : Sng, sng cn
Surge absorber : Thit b gim chn do sng
Surge current : Dng in tng vt
Surge voltage : in p tng vt
Surging : Ni ln, dng ln
Surplus : u tha (kim lo-i)
Surplus metal : Kim lo-i d
Surrounding : Xung quanh, bao quanh
Surrounding condition : iu kin (mi trng) xung quanh
Surroundings : Mi trng xung quanh
Surveillance : Kho st, nghin cu
Surveillance : Lp t
Survey : (S) kim tra, gim nh
Survey certificate : Giy chng nhn kim tra
Survey fee : Ph kim tra
Survey for continuation of classification : Kim tra duy tr cp
Survey for retention of class : Kim tra duy tr cp
Survey report : Bo co kim tra
Survey, to : Gim st, kim tra
268

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Surveyor : Thanh tra vin, ng kim vin


Survival capability : Kh nng chng chm, kh nng cp cu
Survive, to : Sng st
Suspend, to : Treo, hon
Suspension : (S) treo/ hon
Suspension of classification : Treo cp
Suspension of survey : (S) nh ch kim tra, (s) hon kim tra
Sustain, to : Chng , chu ng
Sustained short-circuit : Ngn m-ch cng bc
Swash bulkhead : Vch chn/ vch chng va ( khoang mt), vch lng
Swash plate : Tm chng va ( khoang mt)
Sway, to : Lc lc, ung a
Swaying : Lc lc, ung a
Swell : Sng cn, sng nhi, sng bin ng (sau cn bo)
Swing bridge : Cu dng m
Switch (on/off) : ng/ngt m-ch, cng tc
Switch : Cng tc, cu dao
Switch box : Hp cng tc, hp chuyn m-ch
Switch off, to : Tt
Switch on, to : Bt
Switchboard : Bng in
Switchboard bus bar : Thanh dn ca bng in
Switchgear : C cu chuyn m-ch/ ng ngt
Switching device : Thit b ng ngt
Switching frequency test : Th tn sut ng ngt
Switching operation : Thao tc ng ngt
Switching part : Phn chuyn m-ch
Switching-over : ng m-ch
Swivel : Khp quay, mt xoay (xch neo)
Symbol : Biu tng
Symmetrical flooding : Ngp di xng
Synchronizing : ng b ha
Synchronizing lamp : n ng b
Synchronous generator : My pht ng b
Synchronous machine : My ng b, my in ng b
Synchronous motor : ng c in ng b
269

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Synchronous speed : Tc ng b
Synchroscope : ng b k
Synthetic fibre : Si tng hp
Synthetic fibre rope : Dy/ cp si tng hp
Synthetic resin : Nha tng hp
Synthetic resin mould : Mu bng nha tng hp
Synthetic resins : Nha tng hp
Synthetically : Tng hp, nhn t-o
System : H thng
Hydraulic ~ : H thng thy lc
Pneumatic ~ : H thng kh nn
Cooling water ~ : H thng lm mt bng nc
Cooling oil ~ : H thng lm mt bng du
Lubricating oil ~ : H thng du bi trn
Fuel oil ~ : H thng du t/ h thng nhin liu
System of power distribution : H thng phn phi nng lng
System of refrigeration : H thng lm l-nh
System of supply : H thng cp ngun
System of voltage : H thng in p

270

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Table : Bng
Table of electrical equipment : Bng thit b in
Tachometer : ng h o tc (Vng quay)
Tackle : Pa lng, h pu li
Tacky : Cha kh ; Sn, xc x
Tail pipe : ng ui
Tail shaft : Trc ui
Taint : Vt hng
Take charge of, to : Chu trch nhim v
Take custody of, to : Chm sc, bo v
Take off and landing : Ct cnh v h- cnh
Take out and put in, to : G b v t vo
Take out, to : Nhn c ; G b
Taken into account : Tnh n, xt n
Tall oil : Du nng
Tallow : M
Tangent : Tip tuyn ; Tang (lng gic)
Tangential load : Ti trng tip tuyn
Tangential stress : ng sut tip
Tank : Kt
Tank boundary wall : Vch bin ca kt
Tank capacity plan : Bn v dung tch khoang kt
Tank cleaning : Lm s-ch kt
Tank cleaning opening : Ca v sinh khoang, kt hng
Tank cleaning water : Nc v sinh kt
Tank cover : V kt, np kt
Tank dome : Nc kt, vm kt
Tank experiment : Th nghim kt
Tank foundation : B kt
Tank hold : Khoang t kt
Tank outlet : ng (thot) ra ca kt
Tank securing device : Thit b gi cht kt
Tank side bracket : M hng
Tank test : Th kt
Tank top : Nc kt, y trn
Tank top plate : Tn nc kt, tn y trn
271

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Tank vent system : H thng thng hi kt


Tanker : Tu hng lng, tu du
Tanker with mid deck : Tu du c boong gia
Tap : Vi
Tap voltage : in p m-ch r
Tape : Bng, di
Taper : Thon dn, cn, cn
Taper bolt : Bu lng cn
Taper hole : L hnh cn
Taper on one side : Vt dn mt pha/ mt
Tapered part : Phn thon dn/ cn
Tapered pin : Cht hnh cn
Tar : Hc n, nha ng
Tare weight : Trng lng b
Target : Mc tiu
Tarpauline : B-t (ph ming hm hng)
Taste : Hng v, v gic
Teak : G tch (g nng, bn)
Technical ability : Kh nng k thut
Technical Committee : y ban k thut
Technical data : Cc s liu k thut
Technique : K thut
Tee joint : Mi ni ch T
Telecommunication : Thng tin lin l-c
Telecommunication system : H thng thng tin lin l-c
Telegraph : My in bo
Telegraphy : in bo
Telephone : in tho-i, my in tho-i
Telephony : H thng in tho-i
Telescopic motion : Chuyn ng kiu ng lng
Telescopic pipe : ng knh vin vng
Temperature : Nhit
Temperature alarm : Bo ng nhit
Temperature conditioner : iu ha nhit
Temperature control : Kim sot nhit
Temperature control system : H thng kim sot nhit
272

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Temperature correction curve : ng cong iu chnh nhit


Temperature detector : Cm bin nhit
Temperature difference : chnh nhit
Temperature distribution : Phn phi nhit
Temperature gradient : Graien nhit
Temperature in service : Nhit phc v
Temperature indicating device : Thit b ch bo nhit
Temperature indicator : B ch bo nhit
Temperature limitation : Gii h-n nhit
Temperature probe : u o nhit
Temperature rise : (S) tng nhit
Temperature sensor : Cm bin nhit
Temperature test : Kim tra nhit
Temperature-stable : (S) n nh nhit
Tempered : (c) ram
Tempered glass : Thy tinh x l nhit
Tempering : Ram (thp), (s) ha trn, (s) xo trn
Tempering : Ti, lm cng
Temporarily : Mt cch t-m thi
Temporary : T-m thi
Temporary mooring : Chng buc t-m thi
Tengential tress : ng sut tip tuyn
Tender : Tu cung ng
Tenon : Ci mng, ghp mng
Tensile elongation : dn di
Tensile load : Ti trng ko
Tensile strength : bn, bn ko, gii h-n bn ko
Tensile stress : ng sut ko
Tensile test : Kim tra ko, th ko
Tensile test specimen : Mu th ko
Tension : ng sut, sc cng ; Sc in ng
Tension mooring system : H nh v ng lc
Tension test : Kim tra ng sut, th ng sut
Tension test specimen : Mu th ng sut
Term : Thut ng ; iu khon ; Thi h-n
Terminal : Cng, bn tu, tr-m cui, cng n, u ra
273

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

passenger~ : Bn hnh khch


Terminal board : Bng u dy
Terminal box : Hp u dy
Terminal marking : nh du u dy
Terminal voltage : in p u dy
Terminology : Thut ng
Test (water) head : Ct nc th
Test : (S) th, (s) kim nghim, kim tra, th
Test and inspection scheme : S th v kim tra
Test assemblies : Vt th
Test by suction of smoke : Kim tra bng ht khi
Test circuit : M-ch (in) kim tra
Test condition : iu kin th
Test coupon : Mu th, cung th
Test for approval : Kim tra cng nhn
Test furnace : L th
Test hole : L th, l kim tra
Test hour : S gi th
Test load : Ti trng th
Test number : S lng th, s th
Test plate : Tm th
Test pressure : p sut th
Test pressure gauge : o p sut th, thit b/ my o p lc th
Test procedure : Qui trnh th
Test product : Sm phm th
Test result sheet : Bng kt qu th
Test run : Ch-y th
Test sample : Vt (mu) th
Test solusion : Dung dch th
Test specimen : Mu th
Test subject : i tng th
Test voltage : in p th
Test voltage of dielectric strength : in p th bn in mi
Tester : Thit b kim tra
Testing instrument : Dng c kim tra
Testing machine : My th
274

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Testing procedure : Qui trnh th


The (open) air : Khng kh (ngoi tri)
The point considered : im c xt
The point under consideration : im c xt
The righting lever curve : ng cong tay n n nh
The subdivision length : Chiu di phn khoang
Theoretical : C tnh cht l thuyt
Theory : L thuyt
Thermal capacity : Nhit lng
Thermal conductivity : Tnh dn nhit
Thermal container : Cng ten n ng nhit
Thermal control : Kim sot nhit
Thermal expansion : Gin n nhit
Thermal exspansion and contraction : (S) co gin v nhit
Thermal load : Ti trng nhit
Thermal movement : Chuyn ng nhit
Thermal oil system : H thng du nng, h thng hm du, thit b hm du
Thermal property : Thuc tnh nhit
Thermal stress : ng sut nhit
Thermal tripping : Nh khp/ dng theo nhit
Thermal type circuit breaker : B ngt m-ch kiu nhit
Thermionic voltmeter : ng h o in p kiu nhit in tr
Thermistor : Nhit in tr
Thermocouple : Cp nhit in, cp nhit ngu
Thermoelectric temperature indicator : Hin th nhit in t
Thermoelectric thermometer : Nhit k in t
Thermometer : Nhit k
Thermometer method : Phng php o nhit
Thermometer tube : ng nhit k
Thermometer well : Ging t nhit k
Thermoplastic characteristics : c tnh do nng
Thermoplasticcity : Kh nng do nng
Thermosetting property : Tnh cht phn ng nhit
Thermosetting resin : Nha phn ng nhit
Thermostat : My iu nhit (t ng)
Thermostatic control : Kim sot iu nhit
275

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Thickness : Chiu dy
~ of pipe : Chiu dy ng
~ of sleeve : Chiu dy o trc
Thickness of laminate : Chiu dy mt lp (nha ca tu FRP - tu cht do ct si thy
tinh)
Thin layer : Lp mng
Thixotropy : Tnh ng nht
Thread : Si ch ; ng ren
Threaded joint : Mi ni ren
Threaded joint steel conduit type : Lo-i thp ng ni bng ren
Threaded part : Phn c ren
Three cores : Ba li
Three-core part : Cp ba li
Three-dimensional analysis : Phn tch kch thc ba chiu
Three-phase alternating current cage rotor-type induction motor : ng c in cm r to
lng xc dng in ba pha xoay chiu
Three-phase alternating current circuit : M-ch in xoay chiu ba pha
Three-phase alternating current motor : ng c in xoay chiu ba pha
Three-phase four-wire alternating current circuit : M-ch in xoay chiu ba pha bn dy
Three-phase short-circuit : Ngn m-ch ba pha
Three-phase, alternating current, three-wire, neutral earthed system : H thng in xoay
chiu 3 pha 3 dy c trung tnh ni t
Three-way switch : Cng tc ba pha
Three-wire alternating current system : H thng m-ch in xoay chiu ba dy
Three-wire direct current circuit : M-ch in mt chiu ba dy
Three-wire direct current system : H thng in mt chiu ba dy
Three-wire generator : My pht (in) ba dy
Three-wire high impedance earthed system : H thng ba dy ni t tr khng cao
Three-wire insulated system : H thng cch in ba dy
Three-wire insulated system for three-phase alternating current : H thng cch in ba dy
dng cho dng in xoay chiu ba pha
Three-wire neutral earthed system : H thng ba dy c trung tnh ni t
Three-wire system : H thng ba dy
Three-wire three phase alternating current system : H thng in xoay chiu ba pha ba dy
Throat : C hng ; ng cao ca tam gic ; Chiu cao ca m (hoc mi hn gc) (tnh t
nh n c-nh t do)
Throat depth : Chiu cao mi hn/ tit din m tam gic
276

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Throat thickness : Chiu dy ch tht


Throttle valve : Van tit lu
Throttling : Tit lu
Through beam : X sut (t bn ny sang bn kia)
Through thickness property : Tnh ng nht theo chiu dy
Thrust block : Cm b chn
Thrust bearing : chn, chn
Thrust block : Cm chn, cm gi chn
Thrust block seat : B chn
Thrust foundation : B chn
Thrust shaft : Trc y
Thrust, to : y
Thruster : Chn vt (y) mi
Tidal current : Dng thy triu
Tide : Thy triu
Tie, to : Buc, b cht, tt, tht
Tie plate : Tm h-n ch, tm tn ging
Tie rod : Gudng lin kt
Tier : Tng, bc
Tight-fitting : Lp cht
Tightness : (S) Kn
Tightness test : Kim tra kn/ kht/ di
Tiller : Tay li, cn bnh li
Timber : G cy
Timber carrier : Tu ch g
Timber deck cargo : G trn boong
Timber freeboard : M-n kh ch g trn boong
Timber load line : ng nc ch g
Time : Thi gian
Time constant : (S) khng i v thi gian
Time delay : Thi gian tr
Time lag : Tr chm
Time of operation : Thi gian vn hnh
Time-delay characteristics : c tnh tr (thi gian)
Time-delay feature : Tnh cht tr (thi gian)
Time-delay overcurrent trip device : Thit b nh qu dng tr
277

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Time-delay trip : Nh tr
Timer : t gi
Tin : Thic
Tinning : M- thic
Tinted window : Ca s tn sc
Tip : u, chp, mt
Tip clearance : Khe h u mt
T-joint : Mi ni ch T
Toe : u, gc (m tam gic)
Toe of bracket : u/ gc/ nh ca m
Toggle switch : Ngt bng n khy/ cht no
Tolerance : Dung sai
Tonnage : Dung tch
Tonnage certificate : Giy chng nhn dung tch
Tonnage deck : Boong o dung tch
Tonnage factor : H s dung tch ton phn
Tonnage measurement : o dung tch
Tool : Dng c
Tool tip radius : Bn knh mt dng c
Tooth body : Thn rng
Tooth cutting : Ct rng
Tooth flank : C-nh rng
Tooth meshing : Khe rng
Tooth profile : D-ng rng
Tooth trace : Vt rng
Toothed portion : Phn ct rng
Top : nh, nc
Top corner : Gc trn
Top corner fitting : Rp kht mt gc ; Chi tit phn nh np
Top gudgeon : Cht trn (bnh li)
Top lifting : Nng t nh, dy nng cn (cn cu)
Top of beam at side : nh x ngang t-i m-n
Top of crown : nh ming ging hm my ; nh pt tng
Top of deep tank : Nc kt su
Top of hatchway : nh ming khoang
Top of keel : Mt trn ca ky, mt trn ca tn gia y
278

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Top of pipe : nh ca ng
Top plate : Tm tn nc
Top plating : Tn nc
Top side tank : Kt nh m-n
Top view : Nhn t trn
Top-end bearing : Mt trn nh ca
Topmast : Ct trn nh
Topping bracket : M nh (ct)
Topping lift : Nng t nh, dy nng cn
Topping lift winch : Ti nng t nh, ti nng cn
Topside tank : Kt nh m-n
Torque : M men xon
Torque transmission : Truyn m men xon
Torsion : Xon, vn
Torsional vibration : Dao ng xon
Torsional vibration of shafting : Dao ng xon h trc
Total : Tng s, tng cng
Total content : Ni dung ton b
Total length : Chiu di tng cng
Total lose : Mt mt/ hao ht tng cng
Total number : Tng s
Total shaft horsepower : Cng sut tng cng trn trc
Total stress : ng sut tng cng
Total testing : Th/ kim tra ton b
Totally enclosed construction : Kt cu bao bc/ kn hon ton
Totally enclosed-fan-cooled machine : My c lm mt bng qu-t kn hon ton
Totally-enclosed machine : My c bc kn hon ton
Totally-enclosed type : Kiu kn hon ton
Touch up : Ch-m vo
Touching sea bed : Ch-m xung y bin
Tough : Bn vng
Toughness : (S) bn vng
Toughness test : Kim tra tnh bn vng
Tow line : Trc ko
Tow, to : Ko
Toward : Hng v pha trc
279

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Tower : Thp
Towing : Ko
Towing apparatus : Thit b ko
Towing boat : Tu ko
Toxic : c h-i
Toxic cargo : Hng ha c h-i
Toxic concentration : (S) tp trung tnh c
Toxic gas : Kh c
Toxic liquid : Cht lng c
Toxic product : Sn phm c h-i
Toxicity : Tnh c
Trace : Du vt, du hiu
Tracking system : H thng v-ch hnh trnh
Trade mark : Du hiu thng m-i
Trading area : Khu vc thng m-i
Traffic : Giao thng, i l-i
Trafic situation : Tnh hung giao thng
Trailing edge : Mp sau
Trailling dredger : Tu quc, tu n-o vt khng t hnh
Training : o t-o, hun luyn
Tranceiver : My thu pht v tuyn
Trancient : Ch chuyn m-ch
Transducer : B chuyn i
Transfer, to : Truyn, chuyn giao
Transfer arrangement : Thit b truyn
Transfer of control : Chuyn i iu khin
Transfer operation : Thao tc chuyn
Transfer pump : Bm chuyn
Transferring condition : Tr-ng thi ang chuyn hng (ca tu)
Transformation ratio : T l chuyn i
Transformer : My bin th
Transformer coupling : Ghp bng my bin p
Transformers for power : Bin p ng lc
Transient : Qu trnh truyn dn
Transient condition : Tr-ng thi t-m thi
Transient current : Dng in tc thi
280

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Transient over-voltage : Qu p tc thi


Transient recovery-voltage : in p tc thi
Transit : Chuyn i
Transition radius : Bn knh chuyn tip
Transition temperature : Nhit truyn dn
Transmision : Truyn
Transmission gear : Bnh rng trung gian
Transmit, to : Truyn, dn
Transmitted hosepower : Cng sut truyn dn
Transmitter : Thit b truyn dn, my pht v tuyn
Transmitting and receiving apparatus : Thit b thu pht
Transmitting device : Thit b pht v tuyn
Transom : Vch ui
Transom floor : ngang quay, ngang trung gian (vng ui)
Transparency : Tnh trong sut, trong sut, tnh r rng
Transponder : Thit b phn x- ra a
Transport, to : Vn ti, chuyn ch
Transverse (framing) system : H thng (kt cu) ngang
Transverse : Khung ngang (trong khoang du,v.v..)
Transverse : Ngang
Transverse axis : Trc ngang
Transverse beam : X ngang
Transverse bulkhead : Vch ngang
Transverse corrugation : Vch gn sng ngang (vch sng)
Transverse deck girder : Sng ngang boong
Transverse frame : Sn ngang
Transverse frame spacing : Khong sn ngang
Transverse framing system : H thng kt cu ngang
Transverse girder : Sng ngang
Transverse hold frame : Sn ngang khoang
Transverse intermediate frame : Sn ngang trung gian
Transverse main frame : Sn ngang chnh
Transverse member : C cu ngang
Transverse rigidity : cng ngang
Transverse ring : Khung ngang
Transverse section of hull : Tit din ngang thn tu
281

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Transverse stability : n nh ngang


Transverse stiffness : cng ngang, bn ngang
Transverse strength : bn ngang, sc bn ngang
Transverse strong beam : X ngang khe
Transverse system of framing : H thng kt cu ngang
Transverse wash bulkhead : Vch ngang lng
Transverse watertight bulkhead : Vch ngang kn nc
Transverse web : C cu ngang khe
Transverse web beam : X ngang khe
Transverse web frame : Sn ngang khe
Tranverse racking force : Lc ph ngang
Tranverse rididity : cng ngang
Travel gear : Chi tit chuyn ng tnh tin
Travel(l)ing crane : Cn cu di chuyn c
Travel(l)ing expense : Chi ph i l-i
Travelling crane : Cu di ng c
Traverse, to : i ngang, ngang qua
Traversing or travelling motion : Chuyn ng ngang hoc tnh tin
Trawler : Tu nh c li r, tu nh c li vt
Treatment : X l
Treatment device of leaked cargo : Thit b x l r r hng
Trial : Th, th nghim
Trial run : Ch-y th
Trial speed : Tc th
Trial test : Ch-y th
Trigger circuit : M-ch khi ng
Trim : (S/ ) chi ; Chi dc (tu)
Trim control systems : H thng kim sot chi
Trim difference : chi
Trip coil : Cun dy nh
Trip gear : C cu nh
Trip-free type : Kiu nh t do
Triple screw ship : Tu ba chn vt
Triplicate : Gp ba, ba ln
Tripping : (S) nh
Tripping bracket : M ng, m chng vn
282

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Tripping characteristic : c tnh nh c


Tripping current : Dng in nh
Tripping relay : R le ngt
Tripping test : Th nh, th ct
Tripping time : Thi gian nh
Tropical : Nhit i
Tropical zone : Vng nhit i
Trouble : (S) ri lo-n, (s) hng hc, (s) trc trc
Trouble indicator : Thit b ch bo h hng/ trc trc
Trouble lamp : n bo h hng/ trc trc
True motion : Chuyn ng thc
Trunk : Hm, ging, hm boong, li i l-i (khong khng gian kn dn n cc bung hoc
khoang hng)
Trunk hatchway : Ging ming khoang
Trunk piston type : Kiu hnh thng (ng c)
Trunk-piston type : Kiu piston hnh thng
Truss : B, cm ; V ko, khung gin
Trust : (S) tn nhim, (s) y thc, lng tin
T-steel : Thp ch T
Tube : ng
Tube arrangement : B tr ng
Tube end : Mt/ cui ng
Tube expander : B gin n kiu ng
Tube header : Bu hm kiu ng
Tube hole : L t ng
Tube nest : Mt sng
Tube plate : Mt sng
Tube plug : Nt ng
Tube Shaft : Trc trong ng bao
Tube stopper : Ci chn ng
Tube type : Kiu ng
Tubular furnace : L hnh tr
Tubular glass (level) gauge : Thit b o kiu ng, ng thy
Tubular pillar : Ct ng
Tubular stay : Ct hnh tr
Tubular terminal : o-n cui/ mt hnh tr
283

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Tubular test specimen : Mu th hnh tr


Tug (boat) : Tu ko, tu lai
Tumbler hook : C cu lt mc
Tumbler switch : Cng tc chuyn hon
Tungsten steel : Thp Vn fram
Tunnel : Hm trc
Tunnel recess : Rnh c ngng, hm ng hm, hm hm trc
Turbine : Tua bin
Turbine blade : Cnh tua bin
Turbine blading : Cnh tua bin
Turbine casing : Thn tua bin, v tua bin
Turbine disc : a tua bin
Turbine inlet : Ca vo tua bin
Turbine installation : Thit b tua bin
Turbine output shaft : Trc truyn cng sut ra
Turbine rotor : R to tua bin
Turbo-generator : My pht ch-y bng tua bin
Turn insulation : Cch li i hng
Turn ratio : T s thay i
Turning circle : Chu k quay
Turning off : Tt, ngt (in)
Turning test : Th lng vng, th quay vng
Turpentine : Nha thng, du thng
Tween deck : Ni boong / vch gia hai boong
Tween deck bulkhead : Vch ni boong
Tween deck cargo space : Khoang hng ni boong
Tween deck frame : Sn ni boong
Tween deck height : Chiu cao ni boong
Tween deck ladder : Thang ni boong
Tween deck web frame : Sn khe ni boong
Tweendeck bulkhead : Vch ni boong
Tweendeck frame : Sn ni boong
Tweendeck pillar : Ct ni boong
Twin deck ship : Tu hai boong
Twin rudder : Bnh li i
Twin screw ship : Tu hai chn vt
284

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Twist : (S) xon, (s) vn, (s) bn ; Vng xon


Twist joint : Mi ni bn
Twisting : Xon, vn, bn
Twisting joint : Mi ni bn
Twisting test : Th xon/ vn
Two cores : Hai li
Two deck ship : Tu hai boong
Two over-two under braiding : Bn kp
Twodecker : Tu hai boong
Two-wire compound-wound generator : My pht mt chiu hai dy kch t hn hp
Two-wire direct current circuit : M-ch in mt chiu hai dy
Two-wire direct current system : H thng in mt chiu hai dy
Two-wire insulated system for direct current : H thng cch in hai dy dng cho dng
in mt chiu
Two-wire insulated system for single phase alternating current : H thng cch in hai dy
dng cho dng in xoay chiu mt pha
Two-wire single-phase alternating current system : H thng in xoay chiu mt pha hai
dy
Type : Kiu, lo-i
Type approval : Duyt kiu, duyt mu
Type approval certificate : Giy chng nhn kiu/ mu c duyt
Type of joint : Kiu mi ni
Type test : Th theo kiu/ lo-i
Tyre : Lp xe

285

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Ullage : (S) thiu ht, lng vi, lng hao ; tho bt, chy r
Ullage opening : L o lng vi
Ullage plug : Nt x hi (khi n-p du vo kt, khoang)
Ullage port : Ca tho, l tho
Ullage space : Khong vi
Ultrasonic (flaw) test : Kim tra (khuyt tt) bng siu m
Ultrasonic : Siu m
Ultrasonic flaw detector : My d khuyt tt bng siu m
Ultra-sonic gauging machine : My o bng siu m
Ultrasonic test : Kim tra bng siu m
Ultrasonic testing apparatus : Thit b kim tra bng siu m
Unacceptable : Khng th chp nhn c
Unattended machinery space : Bung my khng ngi trc
Unavoidably : Khng th trnh khi
Unbalance : Khng cn bng
Unbalance of load : Chnh lch dng ti
Unbalance weight : Trng lng khng cn bng
Unbalanced single plate rudder : Bnh li tm n khng cn bng
Unbalanced weight : Trng lng khng cn bng
Unconscious : Khng c nhn thc, bt tnh
Under deck passage : Li i di boong
Under normal running condition : Tr-ng thi ch-y di mc bnh thng
Under surface test : Kim tra bn di b mt
Undercommunication : Thng tin khng -t yu cu
Undercut : Ct chn (mi hn)
Under-deck girder : Sng di boong
Under-deck passage : Li i di boong
Under-hatchway : Ming khoang di
Underlying board : Bng bn di, tm bn di
Undervoltage relay : R le gim p
Underwater body : Thn ngm nc
Underwater hydrodynamics : Thy ng hc di mt nc
Underwater welding : Hn di nc
Unenclosed superstructure : Kt cu khng che/ bc kn ; Thng tng khng kn, h
Unequal angle (steel) : Thp gc lch
Unevenness : lch
286

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Unfired steam generator : My sn sinh hi nc khng t/ khng dng nhin liu


Unfitness : (S) khng thn trng
Uniform : ng d-ng, mt kiu, khng i, u
Uniform load : Ti trng khng i
Uniform quality : Cht lng khng i
Uniform section : Tit din khng i
Uniformly distributed load : Ti trng phn b u, ti trng ri u
Uninhibit, to : Khng cn tr, khng kim ch, khng ngn cm
Uninsulated live part : Phn c in ch-y qua khng cch in
Union joint : Mi ni lin kt
Union purchase system : H thng pa lng/ rng rc lin kt
Unit : n v, b phn
Unit area : Din tch n v
Unit length : Chiu di n v
Unit switch : Ngt m-ch b phn
Unit weight : Trng lng n v
Units : Phng tin
Type ~ : Lo-i phng tin
Universal diagram : th tng hp
Universal motor : ng c v-n nng/ thng dng
Unlagged tank : Kt khng cch nhit
Unless operation is disturbed : Tr khi ho-t ng b nhiu lo-n/ xo trn
Unless otherwise specified elsewhere : Nu khng c qui nh no khc
Unless otherwise stated : Nu khng c tuyn b no khc
Unload (a ship), to : Bc hng, d hng (t tu)
Unloading : D hng, bc hng (t tu)
Unloading rate : Tc khng ti
Unmanned barge : S lan khng c ngi trc
Unrestricted access : (S) i l-i khng h-n ch
Unsaturated polyester resin : Nha polieste khng bo ho
Unscrewing : Khng c ren
Unstudded chain : Xch khng ngng
Unstudded chain cable : Xch khng c ngng
Unsupported length : Chiu di t do
Unsupported span : Nhp t do
Unsymmetrical : Khng i xng, bt i xng
287

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Unsymmetrical flooding : Ngp khng i xng


Unusual construction : Kt cu khc thng
Unusual form : D-ng khc thng
Unusual proportion : T s kch thc khc thng
Unusual shape : D-ng khng thng thng, khc thng
Unwieldy : Kh s dng v knh cng, chm ch-p, vng v
Upper cross tie : Thanh ging trn
Upper deck : Boong trn
Upper deck laminate (FRP ship) : Lp boong trn (tu cht do ct si thy tinh)
Upper edge : Mp trn
Upper end : Mt trn
Upper forward ice belt : Phn trn pha trc ca di chng bng
Upper half : Na trn
Upper pintle : Cht trn
Upper side : Pha trn, c-nh trn
Upper stock : Trc trn
Upper stool : Thanh p trn, trn (ca vch tu ch hng ri)
Upper surface : Mt trn
Upper surface of inner bottom : Mt trn ca y trn
Upper turn of bilge : Pha trn ca cung hng
Uppermost continuous deck : Boong lin tc trn cng
Uppermost deck : Boong cao nht, boong trn cng
Uppermost strake : Di tn trn cng
Uppermost stringer : Sng dc m-n trn cng
Upright : ng, thng ng
Upsetting : Chn
Uptake : (S) hiu bit
Uptake : ng thng hi
Usage : Cch dng
Use concurrently, to : S dng ng thi
Use in common, to : Dng chung
Use jointly with, to : Dng chung vi
Useful range : Ph-m vi s dng

288

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Vacant space : Khng gian/ khoang trng


Vacuum condition : iu kin/ tr-ng thi chn khng
Vacuum regulating valve : Van iu chnh chn khng
Vacuum relief valve : Van an ton chn khng
Vacuum valve : Van chn khng
Validate, to : Lm cho c gi tr
Value : Gi tr, tr s
Valve : Van, ca van ; n in t
Valve body : Thn van
Valve box : Hp van
Valve cage : Hp van
Valve casting : Hp van
Valve chest : Hp van
Valve chest inlet : u vo hp van
Valve chest outlet : u ra hp van
Valve cover : V van
Valve diagram : S van
Valve fitted up to the shell plating : Van lp tn m-n
Valve for main pipe : Van dng cho ng ng chnh
Valve for special purpose : Van chuyn dng
Valve gear : C cu van
Valve handle : Tay vn/ g-t ca van
Valve operating rod : Cn iu khin van, cn g-t van
Valve rod : Cn van, cn van
Valve seat : van
Valve shaft : Cn iu khin xu pp/ van
Valve spindle : Tay iu khin van, cn van
Valve stem : Thn van
Vanadium steel : Thp Vanai
Vane : Cnh
Vanish, to : Mt
Vanishing : Bin mt, trit tiu
Vapour ; vapor : Hi
Vapour barrier : Chn hi, lp cn t hi
Vapour density : Mt hi
289

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Vapour detection : (S) pht hin hi


Vapour detection instrument : Dng c pht hin hi
Vapour detection system : H thng pht hin hi
Vapour detector : Cm bin hi
Vapour detector record : Ghi thng s cm bin hi
Vapour of cargo : Hi hng
Vapour outlet : ng hi vo
Vapour phase : Pha hi
Vapour pipe : ng dn hi
Vapour pressure : p sut hi
Vapour return pipe : ng hi hi
Vapour space : Khng gian hi, bung hi
Vapourizer : Bu ha hi
Variable condenser : Bu ngng nhiu ch lm vic
Variable inductance : in cm bin i
Variable pitch propeller : Chn vt bin bc
Variable resistance : in tr bin i
Variable speed rotary machine : My c vng quay bin i
Variation : (S) thay i, bin d-ng
Variety : (S) phn tn, tnh cht bt ng, tr-ng thi mun mu mun v/ a d-ng
Varistor : in tr bin i, bin tr
Varnish : Vc ni, sn du, sn bng
Vary, to : Thay i, i khc, khc
V-connection : Mi ni ch V
V-curve : ng cong ch V
Vee engine : ng c ch V
Vehicle deck : Boong (cha) xe
Velocity : Tc , vn tc
Veneer board : Tm g dn
V-engine : ng c hnh ch V
Vent : L thng gi
Vent exit : ng thng gi ra
Vent line : ng thng gi
Vent mast : u thng gi, ct thng gi
Vent pipe : ng thng gi
Vent system : H thng thng gi
290

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Vent, to : c l, thng gi
Ventilated washing system : H thng lm s-ch bng thi gi
Ventilating device : Thit b thng gi
Ventilating fan : Qu-t thng gi
Ventilating set : B thng gi
Ventilation : (S) thng gi
Ventilation arrangement : B tr thng gi
Ventilation diagram : S thng gi
Ventilation duct : ng thng gi
Ventilation hood : Np y/ np chp thng gi
Ventilation inlet : ng thng gi vo
Ventilation machinery : My thng gi
Ventilation opening : L thng gi
Ventilation outlet : ng thng gi ra
Ventilation plan : Bn v h thng thng gi
Ventilation system : H thng thng gi
Ventilation system of mechanical extraction type : H thng thng gi kiu ht c gii
Ventilation trunk : Hm/ ging thng gi/ knh thng gi
Ventilator : Thit b thng gi, ca thng gi, ng thng gi
Ventilator coaming : Thnh ng thng gi
Venting system : H thng thng gi
Verbal communication : Thng tin bng li
Verification of dimensions : (S) kim tra cc kch thc
Verify, to : Xc nhn, kim tra
Vertical : Thng ng
Vertical arm : C-nh thng ng (ca m gc)
Vertical axis : Trc thng ng
Vertical boiler : Ni hi ng thng
Vertical corrugation : Sng (gn) ng (ca vch sng)
Vertical coupling : Khp ni ng
Vertical distance : Khong cch thng ng
Vertical downward : Hng thng ng xung di
Vertical load : Ti trng thng ng
Vertical pitch : Bc/ khong cch theo phng thng ng
Vertical rudder : Bnh li ng
Vertical rudder frame : Xng ng ca bnh li
291

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Vertical run : Ch-y theo phng thng ng


Vertical section : Tit din ng
Vertical shape : D-ng thng ng
Vertical stiffener : Np gia cng thng ng (np ng)
Vertical stiffener system : H thng gia cng thng ng
Vertical strut : Thanh chng thng ng
Vertical upward : Hng thng ng ln trn
Vertical walls : Vch ng
Vertical web : C cu ng khe, sng ng khe, np ng khe
Vertical web on longitudinal bulkhead : Sng ng khe ca vch dc
Vertical web stiffener : Np ng khe ; Np ng gia cng cho bn thnh (ca sng)
Vertical zone : Vng thng ng
Vertically corrugated bulkhead : Vch sng ng
Vertically sliding watertight door : Ca trt kn nc thng ng
Vessel sensor : Cm bin ca tu
Vibrating reed frequency meter : ng h o tn s chn ng
Vibration : Chn ng, rung ng, dao ng, rung
Vibration damper : m gim chn
Vibration of one node : Dao ng mt nt
Vibration of two nodes : Dao ng hai nt
Vibration test : Th chn ng
Vibration-proof : Chng chn ng, chu rung, chng rung
Vice : t, m kp, mm cp
Vicinity : (S) gn, (vng) ln cn
Vickers hardness : cng Vich Ke
Vigilance system : H thng cnh bo
Viscosity : nht, tnh nht
Visible : Nhn thy c
Visible and audible alarm : Bo ng bng tn hiu n v m thanh
Visible and audible alarm system : H thng bo ng bng tn hiu n v m thanh
Visible position : V tr c th nhn c
Visor type door : Ca kiu tm chn
Visual alarm : Bo ng bng n
Visual inspection : Kim tra bng mt thng
Visual survey : Kim tra bng mt thng, kim tra bn ngoi
Vitriol : Ngm trong axit sunfuric, chuyn thnh sunfat
292

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Void space : Khoang trng


Volatile : D bay hi
Volatility : Tnh d bay hi
Voltage : in p
Voltage between poles : in p gia cc cc
Voltage coil : Cun in p
Voltage drop : St in p, tt in p
Voltage regulation : iu chnh in p
Voltage regulation test : Th iu chnh in p
Voltage regulator : Thit b iu chnh in p
Voltage rise : Tng in p
Voltage surge : (S) tng vt v in p
Voltage to earth : in p so vi t
Voltage transformer : My bin p
Voltmeter : Vn k
Volume : m lng, dung tch, th tch
Volume of foam : Dung tch bt
Volume of moulded displacement : Th tch chim nc l thuyt
Voyage : Hnh trnh, chuyn i (bng tu thy, my bay)
Vulcanization : (S) lu ha

293

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Waive, to : Thi, t b
Wake : Dng theo
Wall : Tng, vch ngn, thnh
Wall thickness : Chiu dy tng/ vch ngn, chiu dy tm thnh
Wallow : Trt (trn sng)
Warm-up condition : Tr-ng thi hm nng
Warning device : Thit b cnh bo
Warning division : Ranh gii cnh bo
Warp : Dy ko tu ; Ko tu, dch chuyn bng cch th v thu xch neo ; Xon, cong vnh
Warpage : (S) xon, on, vnh
Warping : (S) ko tu bng dy
Warping : Ko tu, dch chuyn ; Xon, cong vnh
Warping capstan : Ti qun dy
Warship : Tu chin
Wash bulkhead : Vch chn
Wash cement : Lp h xi mng
Wash plate : Tm chng va
Washer : Vng m, long en
Washer : My git, my ra
Wash-port : L thot nc (khot m-n gi)
Wastage : Lng hao ph, lng mt mt
Waste gas : Kh thi, kh hao ht
Waste oil : Du thi, du hao ht
Waste steam pipe : ng hi thi
Waste substance : Cht cn, cht thi
Waste team pipe : ng hi nc thi
Watching device : Thit b quan st
Watchkeeping personnel : Ngi trc
Water (level) gauge : o (mc) nc
Water : Nc
Water absorption rate : Tc hp th nc
Water ballast : Nc dn
Water closet : Bung v sinh (W.C)
Water column : Thp chng ct nc
Water depth : Chiu su ca nc
Water drainage arrangement : B tr tiu/ thot nc
294

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Water drop : Git nc


Water end cover : Mn chn bng nc
Water fog applicator : u phun sng
Water hammering : Va -p ca nc
Water head/head of water : Ct nc
Water jacket : o nc
Water jet : Thit b pht nc, thit b y tu bng pht nc
Water level : Mc nc
Water level alarming device : Thit b bo ng mc nc
Water level control : Kim sot mc nc
Water level detector : Cm bin mc nc
Water level indicator : Ch th mc nc
Water level probe : u o mc nc
Water level regulator : B iu chnh mc nc
Water line : ng nc
Water main : ng ng nc chnh
Water plane (area) coefficient : H s b mt nc
Water pollution : nhim nc
Water pollution hazard : Nguy c (gy) nhim nc
Water pressure : p sut nc
Water resistance : Chu nc
Water resistant : Sc cn ca nc
Water screening system : H thng mn nc
Water seal : m/ giong kn nc
Water sealed on the deck : c gi kn nc trn boong
Water sealed trap : ng ch U (xi phng) kn nc
Water sealing device : Thit b lm kn
Water sealing trap : Hp kn nc
Water service pipe : ng cp nc
Water softner : Thit b lm mm nc
Water spray : Phun nc (thnh sng)
Water spray system : H thng phun nc thnh sng
Water supply system : H thng cp nc
Water tank : Kt nc
Water tester : Thit b th nc
Water tight bulkhead : Vch kn nc
295

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Water tight door : Ca kn nc


Water tray : Khay nc
Water tray of air cooler : Khay nc lm mt kh
Water tube : ng nc
Water tube boiler : Ni hi dng ng nc
Water-cooled : Lm mt bng nc
Waterline : ng nc
Waterproof : Chu nc, khng thm nc
Waterproof characteristics : Tnh chu nc, tnh khng thm nc
Waterproof construction : Kt cu chu nc/ khng thm nc
Waterproof medium : Mi trng khng thm nc
Waterproof treatment : X l chng thm nc
Waterproof type : Kiu khng thm nc
Waterproof type motor : ng c kiu chu nc
Waterproofness : (S) khng thm nc
Waterproofness test : Kim tra tnh khng thm nc
Water-resistant casing : V kn nc
Watertight : Kn nc
Watertight box : Hp kn nc
Watertight bulkhead : Vch kn nc
Watertight closing means : Phng tin ng kn nc
Watertight compartment : Khoang kn nc
Watertight deck : Boong kn nc
Watertight door : Ca kn nc
Watertight floor : ngang kn nc
Watertight hatch cover : Np ming khoang kn nc
Watertight means of closing : Thit b ng kn nc
Watertight partition wall : Phn vch/ tng kn nc
Watertight sluice door : Ca cng kn nc
Watertight subdivision : Phn khoang (khoang nh) kn nc
Watertight test : Th kn nc
Watertightness : Tnh kn nc
Wattage : Cng sut (tnh bng ot)
Wattless component : B phn v khng
Wattless power : Cng sut v khng
Wattmeter : ng h o cng sut, ot k
296

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Wave : Sng
Wave breaker : B gim sng
Wave crest : nh sng, ngn sng
Wave height : Chiu cao sng
Wave hollow : y sng, chn sng
Wave impact : Va p ca sng
Wave impact force : Lc va p do sng
Wave induced load : Ti trng gy ra do sng
Wave induced longitudinal bending moment : M men un dc do sng kch thch
Wave induced shearing force : Lc ct do sng kch thch
Wave length : Chiu di sng
Wave load : Ti trng do sng
Wave load analysis : Phn tch ti trng sng
Wave making resistance : Sc cn sng
Wave period : Chu k sng
Wave shock : Say sng
Wave theory : L thuyt sng
Wave winding : Cun dy hnh ln sng
Way point : im nh du trn ng
Wear and tear limit : Gii h-n mn v rch
Wear, to : Mi mn, hao mn
Wearing part : Phn rch, phn mn
Weather covering : Ph kn thi tit
Weather criterion : Tiu chun thi tit
Weather deck : Boong thi tit
Weather ladder : Thang ngoi tri
Weather part : Phn ngoi tri
Weather resistant : Tnh chng nh hng ca thi tit
Weather side : Mt/ pha ngoi tri
Weather tight door : Ca kn thi tit
Weatherhood : Np chp thi tit
Weatherproofness test : Th kn thi tit
Weathertight : Kn thi tit
Weathertight closing means : Phng tin ng kn thi tit
Weathertight cover : Np kn thi tit
Weathertight door : Ca kn thi tit
297

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Weathertight enclosure : (S) bao bc kn thi tit


Weathertight hatch cover : Np ming khoang kn thi tit
Weathertight means of closing : Phng tin ng kn thi tit
Weathertight steel hatch cover : Np ming khoang bng thp kn thi tit
Weathertightness : Tnh thi tit
Weave, to : Dt, an
Web : Bn thnh, tm thnh ; C cu khe
Web beam : X ngang khe
Web beam : X ngang khe (ca boong)
Web depth : Chiu cao bn thnh
Web frame : Sn khe
Web frame ring : Khung sn khe
Web plate : Bn thnh c cu, tm nghing (trong vch sng)
Web plate : Bn thnh, tm thnh
Web thickness : Chiu dy bn thnh
Wedge : Ci nm, hnh nm
Weighing anchor : Neo trng lng
Weighing device : Thit b trng lng
Weight : Trng lng
Weight curve : ng cong trng lng
Weir : L x
Weld, to : Hn
Weld line : ng hn
Weld metal : Kim lo-i hn
Weldability : Tnh hn, tnh d hn
Welded construction : Kt cu hn
Welded joint : Mi ni hn, lin kt bng hn
Welded joint efficiency : Hiu qu ca mi ni hn
Welded neck flange : Bch hn c
Welded part : Phn c hn
Welded pipe : ng c hn
Welded reinforcement : Gia cng bng hn
Welded shell : V hn
Welder : Th hn, ngi hn
Welding : (S, cng vic) hn
Welding consumable : Vt liu hn
298

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Welding details : Cc chi tit hn


Welding for machinery installations : Hn h thng my tu
Welding machine : My hn
Welding material : Vt liu hn
Welding method : Phng php hn
Welding mode : D-ng hn, kiu hn
Welding operator : Th hn
Welding position : V tr hn, t th hn
Welding procedure : Qui trnh hn
Welding procedure test : Kim tra/ th qui trnh hn
Welding process : Qu trnh hn
Welding rod : Que hn
Welding sequence : Th t hn
Welding worhmanship test : Kim tra cht lng th hn
Welding work : Cng vic hn
Welding workmanship : Tay ngh, trnh th hn
Well : Ging
Well : H, ging t nc
Well deck : Boong ging
Wet-proof process : Qu trnh chng m
Wetted surface : B mt t
Wetted surface area : Din tch mt t
Whale catcher boat : Tu sn c voi
Whale factory ship : Tu ch bin c voi
Whaler : Th sn c voi
Wheather deck : Boong thi tit
Wheel : Vnh rng
Wheel : Tay li
Wheel house : Lu li
Wheel loading : Ti trng xe ch-y
Wheel shaft : Trc li
Wheelhouse : Lu li
When deemed necessary : Khi xt thy cn thit
Whichever is the greater : (Ly) gi tr no ln hn
Whichever is the greatest : (Ly) gi tr no ln nht
Whichever is the smaller : (Ly) gi tr no nh hn
299

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Whichever is the smallest : (Ly) gi tr no nh nht


Whip aerial : ng ten dy
Whipped rigging : Cp ging cn
Whirling : Chuyn ng xoy lc
Whistle : Ci
White metal : Kim lo-i mu
White spirit : Ru trng, xng trng
Wide transom stern : ui vt rng
Widely spaced pillar : Ct chng t tha
Width : Chiu rng
Width across flat : Chiu rng theo chiu ngang tm
Winch : Ti
Winch drum : Tang ti
Winch platform : B ti
Wind : Gi ; Vng (dy)
Wind scale (Beauport scale) : cp gi
Wind and water strake : Tn m-n vng mn nc thay i
Wind direction : Hng gi
Wind exposed lateral area : Din tch hng gi
Wind force : Lc do gi
Wind heeling moment : M men nghing do gi
Wind load : Ti trng do gi
Wind overturning moment : M men nghing do gi
Wind pressure : p sut gi
Wind velocity : Gia tc gi
Wind velocity : Vn tc/ tc gi
Windage area : Din tch hng gi
Windbreak : Hng cy chn gi, ro chn gi
Winding : (S) t-o gi ; (S) qun dy
Windlass : Ti neo, ti nm
Window : Ca s
Window wiper : G-t nc ca s
Wine : Ru vang
Wing ballast tank : Kt dn c-nh / m-n
Wing tank : Kt m-n, kt c-nh, kt c-nh m-n
Wing wall : Vch c-nh m-n
300

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

Winter freeboard : M-n kh ma ng


Wiper : Cn g-t nc
Wiping facility : Thit b g-t nc
Wire : Dy kim lo-i
Wire gauge : Dng c o dy
Wire gauze : Li kim lo-i mng
Wire mesh screen : Li ng kim lo-i mnh
Wire netting : Li kim lo-i
Wire rigging : Cp chng
Wire rope : Cp thp
Wire rope : Dy cp nhiu si, dy thp
Wiring material : Vt liu t/ i dy
Wiring : (S) t/ i dy, u dy, dy dn
Wiring accessories : Ph tng t/ i/ u dy, ph tng trn ng dy
Wiring diagram : S u dy, s i dy
With opening to the atmosphere : C l thng ra ngoi tri
Withdraw, to : Rt, thu
Withdrawable type : Kiu tho ra c
Withdrawable type : Lo-i c th thu/ rt l-i c
Withdrawal : (S) ly ra, (s) rt l-i ; (S) hy b, thu hi
Withdrawal of classification : Rt cp, hy cp
Withdrawn : Hy b
Without obstruction : Khng b tc nghn/ cn tr
Withstand, to : Chu ng, chng l-i
Wood : G
Wood sheathing : Bc g
Wood deck : Boong g
Wood hatchway cover : Np ming khoang bng g
Wood sheathing : Lp g ph, vn lt
Wooden crate : Gi/ st g
Wooden fishing vessels : Tu c v g
Wooden plug : Nt g
Wooden sheathing : Vch chn bng g / v bng g
Woof : Si ngang
Work : Cng vic, cng trnh, sn phm
Work, to : Lm vic, cng vic
301

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit

Work unit : Tu cng trnh


Working : Lm vic
Working bench : Thm ; Bc ; Bn k thit b lm vic
Working condition : iu kin lm vic, tr-ng thi lm vic
Working element : Yu t cng vic
Working environment : Mi trng lm vic
Working part : B phn lm vic
Working platform : Sn lm vic, sn cng tc
Working pressure : p sut lm vic
Working range : Ph-m vi ho-t ng/ cng tc
Working record : Ghi chp (theo di) ho-t ng
Working space : Khng gian/ bung lm vic
Working standard : Tiu chun lm vic
Working temperature : Nhit cng tc/ lm vic
Working test : Th ho-t ng
Working voltage : in p lm vic
Workmanship : Tay ngh th
Workmanship standard : Tiu chun tay ngh th
Workmanship test : Kim tra tay ngh
Works : Xng, nh my, cng trnh xy dng
Works approval : Cng nhn c s ch t-o/ sn xut
Works approval certificate : Giy chng nhn c s ch t-o/ sn xut
Work-ship : Tu cng trnh
Worksshop : Nh xng
Worm gear : C cu/ truyn ng trc vt
Worm thickness : Chiu dy rng vt
Worm wheel : Bnh rng trc vt
Wound rotor : R to dy qun
Wound-rotor (-type) induction motor : ng c d b r to dy qun
Wound-rotor (-type) motor : ng c (kiu) r to dy qun
Wrapping test : Th cun
Wrong operation : Vn hnh khng ng/ sai qui tc

302

Thut ng k thuit ng kim v ng tu anh -vit

X-ray test : Kim tra bng tia X


X-shift : (S) trt ngang

Y- fittings : Khp hnh ch Y


Yacht : Du thuyn, thuyn nh
Yarn : Si, ch, mnh
Yaw : (S) chuyn hng, (s) chch ng
Yaw-heel : Gc nghing do o hng
Yawing : (S) i trch, li trch, quay trch
Year of grace : Nm u i (ko di kim tra c bit ca tu)
Yield phenomena : Hin tng chy do
Yield point : im chy do
Yield strength : bn chy
Yield stress : ng sut chy, gii h-n chy
Yield torque : M men xon ng vi gii h-n chy
Yielding : Chy do (vt liu)

Z- steel : Thp tit din ch Z


Z- twisting : Xon/ vn hnh ch Z
Zero adjuster : iu chnh v khng
Zero centre ammeter : Am pe k c im khng gia
Zeroing : (S) hiu chnh v s khng
Zinc : Km
Zinc galvanzing : M- km
Zincification : (S) trng km, (s) m- km
Zincous : C km
Zone : Vng, khu vc
Zone of burbling : Vng gin o-n lung khng kh
Zone of weakness : Vng c bn yu
303

304

Thut ng k thut ng kim v ng tu anh - vit