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MODULE V

TOPICS: Wishes
FUNCTIONS:
the students will be able to handle the relative
clauses, first, second and third conditionals in order
to do descriptions of situations and express regrets
and wishes.
AUTOR: ANGLICA TORRES MERCADO

Todos Los Derechos Reservados

Centro de Ambientes Virtuales


Universidad Autnoma del Caribe CopyRight

Curso 2011

NDICE

INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................................. 3
1.

RELATIVE CLAUSES .......................................................................................................... 4

2.

CONDITIONAL SENTENCES ............................................................................................ 6

BIBLIOGRAPHY ............................................................................................................................... 9

INTRODUCTION

Wishes sometimes are very difficult to come true. In this module we can see
important celebrities such as Madonna, Sofia Vergara, Brad Pitt among others,
showing the way they can spend their money, but no only this, also how they can
help others with money.

At the same time in this unit students will be able to handle advanced structures
such as conditionals, relative clauses, linking words. They will know how to use
them when they want to write paragraphs, formal and informal letters and report.
They will achieve B2 level and they will notice how they will improve practicing
them in their daily routine.

At the end of this module, they are going to use these structures which are going to
be familiarized with them and this knowledge let them to take an international test.

UNIDAD 3
1. RELATIVE CLAUSES
Relatives clauses are introduced by relative pronouns (who, whom, which, that,
whose) and relative adverbs (where, when).
PRONOUS
People: who/whom/ that
Things/animals/ideas: which/that
Possession: whose
Relative
pronouns/adverbs

ADVERBS
Place: Where
Time: When

Use

Examples

When they refer to the She is the girl who/that


subject of the verb, they lives next door.
cannot be omitted.
Who/that
He has written a book
which/that is about the
history of education.

Who/whom/that

When they refer to the He


liked
the
girl
object of the verb, they (who/whom/that) he met
can be omitted.
at the concert yesterday.

Whom is used in formal


speech
or
after
prepositions.

The book (which/that) you


bought is on the desk.

Which/that

Whose

It cannot be omitted.

I have an uncle whose


name is Archibold.
The village where I grew
up is very small.

Where

It cannot be omitted.

ACTIVITY
Join the sentences using who, which, that, whose, whom or where.

1.

Rugby is a sport. Many people in Britain play it.

Rugby is a sport which many people in britain play it.


2.

John Walters is visiting our town. He won a gold medal for cycling.

John walters, who is visiting our town, won a gold medal for cycling.
3.
I want to introduce you to Andrew Jones. I am going to work with him on the
science project.
I want to introduce you to andrew jones, to whom; i am going to work on the
science project.
4.

Heres my laptop and flat-screen TV. Both of them need to be fixed.

Heres my lapton and flat screen which need to be fixed.

2. CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

Conditional sentences type 1 = something which is possible to happen in the


present or future.

If + present simple _______will, can, must, may, might or should + base form.
Imperative. Example: If I am a famous person, I will help my hometown.

Conditional Sentences Type 2 = something imaginary/unreal or unlikely to happen


in the present or future.

If+past simple + would, could+ base form. Example: If I were Sofia Vergara, I
would go to all the Hollywood parties

ACTIVITY
Complete the following sentences:

1.

If I were the president of Colombia I woul be very famous.

2.

If I had all the money I need I would be happy.

3.

If I were a British Citizen I would travel around the world.

4.

If she were a ballet dancer, She would be thin.

5.

If God didnt exist, The world would be a disaster.

Conditional sentences type 3 and used to:

To talk about unreal or imaginary situations in the past.

Example: If I had won the lottery, I would have left my job.


-

To express regret.

Example: If I hadnt gone to bed so late last night, I would have woken up on time
this morning.
-

To critise somebody/or something.

Example: If you had completed your degree, you might have found a better job.

UNREAL PAST II
We use wish/If only + past participle simple

Example:
I wish I had taken a torch with me, I cant see a thing.
If I only had taken a torch with me, I cant see a thing.

ACTIVITY
Read the following situations and write sentences with the words given.

1.

I lied to my parents this morning and now I feel bad about it.

If I only Hadnt lied to my parents this morning.


2.

Jessie went out in the rain last night and caught a cold.

Jessie wishes Hadnt gone out in the rain last night.


3.
The house we saw last year was beautiful, but unfortunately we didnt have
money to buy it.
If we only Had money to buy the house we saw last year.
4.

John didnt attend his daughters wedding and now regrets it.

John wishes Had attend his daugthers wedding.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

MITCHELL, H.Q. Traveller, mm publications, 2009.


FINNIE Rachel, FRAIN Carol, Hill David A, Thomas, Karen. Top Grammar, Helbing
Languages, 2010.
FUCHS, M. BONNER, M. Focus on Grammar. Longman, 2000.