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1.

It is the transmission, reception, and


processing of information between two or more
locations using electronic circuits.
2.
A. Electronic communications
B. Electronic transfer
C. Electronic mode
D. Electronic codes
3. The noise produced by a resistor is to be
amplified by a noiseless amplifier having a
voltage gain of 75 and a bandwidth of 100
kHz. A sensitive meter at the output reads
240 microvolts rms. Assuming operation at 37
degrees, calculate the resistors resistance.
4.
A. 4 kilo ohms
B. 5 kilo ohms
C. 6 kilo ohms
D. 7 kilo ohms
5. The first electronic communications system
was develop in what century?
6.
A. 17th
B. 19th
C. 18th
D. 20th
E.
7. Who was the first to successfully transmit
wireless radio signals through Earths
atmosphere?
A. Samuel Morse
B. Howard Armstrong
C. Lee DeForest
D. Gugliemo Marconi
E.
8. Who invented frequency modulation?
A. Gugliemo Marconi
B. Thomas Watson
C. Alexander Graham Bell
D. Howard Armstrong
9. A component of the electronic communications
system that provides a means of transporting
signals from a transmitter to a receiver.
10.
A. Information
B. Modulator
C. Medium
D. Transmitter
E.
11. Calculate the noise power outputs of a 1 kilo
ohm resistor at 27 degrees C over a 100-kHz
bandwidth.
A. 4.14fW
B. 0.414 fW
C. 14.1 fW
D. 141 fW
E.
12. _______ is a collection of electronic devices
and circuits that accepts the transmitted
signals from the transmission medium and

359.
The simplest and most straightforward form
of telephone service is called
public switch telephone network
mobile telephone switching office
plain and old telephone service
central office service
360.
______ are local telephone switches
equipped with SS7-compatible software and
terminating signal links
switching points
service points
point codes
service switching points
361.
A PABX is normally connected to the
central office via an interface device called
branch exchange unit
subscriber loop unit
foreign exchange unit
local exchange unit
362.
group
group
group
group
363.

The most widely used fax standard is


1
2
3
4
The modern Touch-tone telephone is called

600-type telephone set


2500-type telephone set
2800-type telephone set
1500-type telephone set
364.
Signals that provides call status
information, such as busy or ringback signals
ringing
supervising
hybriding
controlling
365.
A signal sent back to the calling party at
the same time the ringing signal is sent to
the called party.
busy signal
ringing signal
ringback signal
dial tone
366.
It is comprised of two or more facilities,
interconnected in tandem to provide a
transmission path between a source and a
destination

converts them back to their original form.


13.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Channel
Receiver
Transmitter
Antenna

14. A signal that carries the information through


the system.
15.
A. Information
B. modulating signal
C. intelligence
D. carrier
16. A signal that modulates a high-frequency
signal or carrier in order to transfer
information from one location to another.
17.
A. Intelligence
B. modulated signal
C. carrier
D. intelligence or modulated signal
E.
18. Fourier series shows that a sawtooth wave
consists of the following except
A. fundamental and subharmonic sine waves
B. a fundamental sine wave and an infinite
number of harmonics
C. fundamental and harmonic sine waves whose
amplitude
D. decreases with the harmonic number
E. sinusoidal voltages, some of which are
small enough to ignore
F. in practice
19. Determine the noise current for a diode with
a forward bias of 1 mA over a 1 MHz
bandwidth.
A.
B.
C.
D.

19.8 nA
17.9 nA
12.3 nA
16 nA

20. The process of changing one or more


properties of the carrier in proportion with
the information signal?
A.
B.
C.
D.

demodulation
transmission
modulation
reception

21. A system where digital pulses are transferred


between two points in a communication system.
A.
B.
C.
D.

digital transmission
analog transmission
digital radio
analog communications system

22. It is the transmittal of digitally modulated


analog carriers between two or more points in
a communications system.

telephone
telephone
telephone
telephone

line
set
circuit
trunk

367.
The drum diameter of a facsimile machine
is 90.2 mm and the scanning pitch is 0.2 mm
per scan. Find the index of cooperation
according to CCITT
451
2.22 X 10^ -3
1417
144
368.
It is the ratio in dB of the power of a
signal at that point to the power the same
signal would be 0-dBm at any point in the
transmission
data level
baseband level
voice level
transmission level
369.
It is an indirect method of evaluating the
phase delay characteristics of the circuit.
phase delay distortion
envelope delay distortion
non-linear distortion
linear distortion
370.
It is characterized by high-amplitude
peaks of short duration having an
approximately flat frequency response
crosstalk
interference
impulse noise
dropout
371.
It is the presence of one or more
continuous, unwanted tones within the message
channels, the tones are often caused by
crosstalk or cross modulation between
adjacent channels in a transmission system
due to system nonlinearities.
multiple-frequency interference
single-frequency interference
co-channel interference
desensitizing
372.
That portion of the local loop that is
strung between the poles
Aerial
distribution cable
feeder cable

twisted-pair
A.
B.
C.
D.

analog transmission
digital radio
digital communications
digital reception

23. Type of modulation where the carrier


amplitude is varied proportional to the
information signal
A.
B.
C.
D.

AM
PM
FM
Pulse modulation

24. ln FM, the ______ is varied proportional to


the information signal
A.
B.
C.
D.

phase
time
amplitude
frequency

25. A circuit that performs modulation


A.
B.
C.
D.

demodulator
synthesizer
modulator
limiter

26. Calculate the signal to noise ratio for a


receiver output of 4 V signal and 0.48 V
noise in dB.
A.
B.
C.
D.

18.5 dB
69 dB
25.4 dB
9.25 dB

27. Modulation used is to the following except


A. reduce the bandwidth used
B. separate differing transmission
C. ensure that intelligence may be
transmitted over long distance
D. allow the use of practicable antennas
28. It performs the reverse process of modulation
and convens the modulated carrier back to the
original information.
A.
B.
C.
D.

oscillator
demodulator
synthesizer
mixer

29. Indicate the false statement: The reasons why


modulation is necessary in electronic
communications is because:
A. lt is extremely difficult to radiate lowfrequency signals from antenna in the form
of electromagnetic energy.
B. Information signals often occupy the same

373.
It is the primary cause of attenuation and
phase distortion on a telephone circuit
local line
local loop
subscriber loop
any of these
374.
It is simply the frequency response of a
transmission medium referenced to a 1004-Hz
test tone
attenuation distortion
differential gain
1004-Hz deviation
any of these
375.
The time delay measured in angular units
such as degrees or radians is called ______.
propagation time
phase delay
holding time
system delay time
376.
lt is a communications term that indicates
the presence of a signal power comparable to
the power of an actual message transmission
dynamic range
loaded
node
reference
377.
It is any device used to originate and
terminate calls and to transmit and receive
signals into and out of the telephone network
instrument
station equipment
station
any of these
378.
Exchanges connected directly to the local
loops are called ______.
central office
local exchange
exchange offices
any of these
379.
It provides functionality of communicating
with the voice switch by creating the packets
or signal units necessary for transmission
over the SS7 network.
switching points
service points
point codes

frequency band and if signals from two or


more sources at the same time, they would
interfere with each other.
C. To reduce the size of the capacitors and
inductors of the tuned circuit.
D. To increase the size of the transmitting
and receiving antenna.

30. The process of converting a frequency or band


of frequencies to another location in the
total frequency spectrum is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.

oscillation
modulation
demodulation
translation

frequency
time
period
phase

noise
bandwidth
interference
frequency

information
information
information
information

capacity
bandwidth
theory
entropy

35. It is the measure of how much information can


be transferred through a communications
system in a given period of time
A.
B.
C.
D.

information
information
information
information

loop signaling
step-by-step switching
interoffice calling
duplex signaling

coupling crosstalk
transmission crosstalk
linear crosstalk
non-linear crosstalk

99 lines
1250 lines
4950 lines
3450 lines
384.
Class of switching office which is the
local exchange where the subscriber loops
terminated and received dial tone.

34. lt is a highly theoretical study of the


efficient use of bandwidth to propagate
information through electronic communications
systems
A.
B.
C.
D.

ground wire
transmit the signal
receive the signal from the far end
a spare or for special purpose applications

383.
The number or dedicated lines used to
interconnect 100 parties is

33. The difference between the highest and the


lowest frequencies contained in the
information
A.
B.
C.
D.

as
to
to
as

382.
Electromagnetic coupling between two or
more transmission media is what type of
crosstalk?

32. _______ is simply the number of times a


periodic motion occurs in a given unit of
time
A.
B.
C.
D.

380.
In a 4-wire telephone set connection,
(used to connect telephone set to central
office switching) the green coded wire is
used ______.

381.
A technique where the called subscriber is
served by any other central office, the
switching equipment will have to transfer the
digit dialed to the called switching
equipment.

Translation
demodulation
modulation
oscillation

31. An intricate part of electronic


communications system because of its up-and
down-conversion functions as they are
transported through a channel.
A.
B.
C.
D.

service switching points

bandwidth
capacity
density
theory

Class
Class
Class
Class

5
4C
3
1

385.
The maximum intelligibility of voice
frequency is between
2000
1000
2500
1000

and
and
and
and

3000
3000
4000
2500

Hz
Hz
Hz
Hz

386.
lt is the state of the telephone when it
is idle.
on-hook

36. The law that states that the wider the


bandwidth and the longer the r time of
transmission, the more information that can
be conveyed through the system. "
A.
B.
C.
D.

Information theory
Information density law
Hartley's law
Information entropy law

37. A circuit configuration that involves one


wire for the signal and one for the reference
or ground.
A.
B.
C.
D.

2-wire
4-wire
3-wire
1-wire

38. A circuit configuration that involves two for


signal and two for reference or ground.
A.
B.
C.
D.

2-wire
4-wire
3-wire
1-wire

39. It is used to match impedances and provide


isolation between the two directions of
signal flow.
A.
B.
C.
D.

2-wire
hybrid set
4-wire transmission
Suppressors

40. An interface circuit that is used when a twowire circuit is connected to a four-wire
circuit, as in long-distance telephone call.
A.
B.
C.
D.

suppressors
echo limiter
codec
terminating set

41. An amplifier with a noise figure of 6 dB has


an input signal-to-noise ratio of 25 dB.
Calculate the output signal-to-noise ratio in
dB.
A.
B.
C.
D.

31
19
20
25

dB
dB
dB
dB

42. It is the process of combining two or more


signals and is an essential process in
electronic communications.
A.
B.
C.
D.

oscillation
mixing
damping
modulation

off-hook
semi-hook
hook-in
387.
Type of loop signaling which is widely
used in new switchlri systems to supervise
trunks between two central offices.
battery and ground pulsing
reverse battery signaling
loop pulsing
duplex signaling
388.
Printed documents to be transmitted by fax
are converted into a baseband electrical
signal by the process of
reflection
scanning
modulation
light variations
389.

The transmission speed of group 4 fax is

4800 baud
9600 baud
56 kbps
192 kbps
390.
It is a distortion formed if SSB is used
where the information bandwidth is greater
than half of the carrier frequency.
near-far effect
hauffman effect
kendall effect
herringbone effect
391.
lt is simply an unshielded twisted pair
transmission line consisting of two insulated
conductors twisted together.
local loop
local line
subscriber loop
any of these
392.
It is an audible signal comprised of two
frequencies 350 Hz and 440 Hz
dial tone
ringback signal
busy tone
call waiting tone
393.
It enables the destination station of a
telephone call to display the name of the
telephone number of the calling party before
the telephone is answered.
conference call

43. _______ occurs when two or more signals


combine in a linear device such as a passive
network or a small-signal amplifier
A.
B.
C.
D.

non-linear mixing
linear-phase filtering
linear summing
bandlimiting

44. One of the following is not a useful quantity


for comparing the noise performance of
receivers:
A.
B.
C.
D.

input noise voltage


equivalent noise resistance
noise temperature
noise figure

45. A single-stage amplifier has a 200-i<Hz


bandwidth and a voltage gain of 100 at room
temperature. Assume that the external noise
is negligible and that a 1-mv signal is
applied to the amplifiers input. Calculate
the output noise voltage if the amplifier has
a 5-dB NF and the input noise is generated by
a 2-kilo ohm resistor.
A.
B.
C.
D.

56.58 nV
458 uV
595.6 nV
356 uV

46. ln a communication system, which of the


following reduces the information capacity of
the system
A.
B.
C.
D.

linear-phase filtering
mixing
bandlimiting
modulation

47. _______occurs when two or more signals are


combined in a non-linear device such as a
diode or large-signal amplifier.
A.
B.
C.
D.

modulation
non-linear summing
oscillation
non-linear filtering

48. Measuring physical condition of some remote


location and transmitting this data for
analysis is the process of
A.
B.
C.
D.

Telemetry
Instrumentation
Modulation
Multiplexing

49. It is defined as any undesirable electrical


energy that falls within the passband of the
signal.

call wait
call forwarding
caller lD
394.
The largest cable used in a local loop,
usually 3600 pair of copper wires placed
underground or in conduit.
feeder cable
distribution cable
drop wire
drop-wire cross-connect cables
395.
A weighting technique that assumes a
perfect receiver only therefore its weighting
curve corresponds to the frequency of the ear
only
relative noise weighting
above relative noise weighting
C-message noise weighting
psophometric noise weighting
396.
The difference between the absolute delays
of all frequencies.
relative phase delay
phase delay distortion
absolute phase delay
phase distortion
397.
A special type of line conditioning that
sets the minimum requirements for signal-tonoise ratio an nonlinear distortion
A-type
B-type
C-type
D-type

line
line
line
line

conditioning
conditioning
conditioning
conditioning

398.
It is a form of incidental phase
modulation a continuous uncontrolled
variations in the zero crossings of a signal.
crosstalk
co-channel interference
phase jitter
spikes
399.
A type of crosstalk which is a direct
result of nonlinear amplification in analog
communications system
linear crosstalk
transmittance crosstalk
nonlinear crosstalk
coupling crosstalk
400.

The operator of the telephone instrument

subscriber

A.
B.
C.
D.

interference
noise
splatter
out-of-band signaling

50. ______noise that is present regardless of


whether there is a signal present or not.
A.
B.
C.
D.

atmospheric noise
correlated
uncorrelated
internal

51. A three stage amplifier has an input stage


with noise ratio of 5 and a power gain of 50.
Stages 2 and 3 have a noise ratio of 10 and
power gain of 1000. Calculate the noise
figure for the overall system.
A.
B.
C.
D.

4.55 dB
7.14 dB
6 dB
5.18 dB

52. ln communications system, noise is most


likely to affect the signal
A.
B.
C.
D.

at
in
in
at

the
the
the
the

transmitter
channel
information source
information

53. Which of the following is not true?


A. HF mixers are generally noisier than HF
amplifiers
B. Impulse noise voltage is independent of
bandwidth
C. Thermal noise is independent of the
frequency at which it is measured
D. Industrial noise is usually of the impulse
type
54. lt is a type of noise that is generated
outside the device of circuit.
A.
B.
C.
D.

shot noise
noise voltage
thermal noise
external noise

55. _____ noise is a naturally occurring


electrical disturbances which is commonly
called static electricity.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Transit-time noise
Extraterrestrial noise
Solar noise
Atmospheric noise

56. What is the noise whose source is in a


category different from that of the other
three.

destination
source
terminal
401.
lt is a system of sensors, switches and
other electronic and electrical devices that
allows subscriber to give instructions
directly to the switch without having to go
through the operator
manual switching system
automated switching system
common switching system
crossbar switching system
402.
Toll offices are connected to other toll
offices with ______.
intertoll trunks
intratoll trunks
interoffce trunks
intraoffice trunks
403.
The highest ranking office in the DDD
network in term of size of the geographical
area served an the trunk options available
End office
Sectional center
Regional center
Toll center
404.
He invented the automatic line selector,
which led to the automatic telephone system
Alexander Bain
Alexander Graham Bell
Thomas Edison
Almon Strowger
405.
It allows customers to change to a
different service and still keep the same
phone number
changing
porting
transporting
portability
406.
By definition, speech power is equal to v
u reading minus ______.
1.8 dB
4dB
1.4 dB
3dB
407.
When the telephone set is in the ______
state, a direct current from the central
office (CO) flows through the transmitter and
receiver of the handset.

A.
B.
C.
D.

solar noise
cosmic noise
atmospheric noise
galactic noise

57. A microwave antenna with an equivalent noise


temperature of 25 K is coupled through a
network with an equivalent noise temperature
of 30 K to a microwave receiver with an
equivalent noise temperature of 60 K referred
to its input. Calculate the noise power at
its input for a 2-MHZ bandwidth.
A.
B.
C.
D.

3.15
4.35
2.12
1.24

fW
fW
fW
fW

demodulation
oscillation
modulation
amplification

679
966
355
143

kHz
kHz
kHz
kHz

to
to
t0
to

2.13
1.15
3.12
4.53

MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz

60. A process where the received signal is


transformed into its original form
A.
B.
C.
D.

demodulation
damping
amplification
oscillation

61. It is the process of changing the amplitude


of a relatively high frequency carrier signal
in proportion with the instantaneous value
the modulating signal.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Frequency modulation
Digital modulation
Phase modulation
Analog modulation

62. Most of the power in an AM signal is in the


A.
B.
C.
D.

ear and mouth


duplex
loop pulsing
interoffice calling

100-W
200-W
150-W
300-W
410.

59. A silicon varactor diode exhibits a


capacitance of 200pF at zero bias. lf it is
in parallel with a 60-pF capacitor and a 200uH inductor, calculate the range of resonant
frequency as the diode varies through a
reverse bias of 3 to 15 V.
A.
B.
C.
D.

408.
Type of loop signaling which involves
opening and closing the loop to dial to or
through the central office

409.
Base stations transmitter output power of
Improved Mobile Telephone System (IMTS)

58. The process of impressing a low-frequency


information signals onto a high-frequency
carrier signal is called _______ .
A.
B.
C.
D.

on-hook
off-hook
semi-hook
hook-in

Carrier
Upper sideband
Lower sideband
Modulating signal

to
to
to
to

200-W
300-W
400-W
400-W

range
range
range
range

The chipping rate of WCDMA (UMTS)

3.84 Mcps
3.6484 Mcps
1.25 Mcps
1.22 Mcps
411.
A technique that divides the group of
channels into smaller groupings or segments
of mutually exclusive frequencies; cell
sites, which are within the reuse distance is
assigned their own segment of the channel
group
sectoring
dualization
partitioning
segmentation
412.
The actual voice channel where mobile
users communicate directly with other mobile
or wireline subscriber through the base
station
control channel
forward channel
reverse channel
voice channel
413.
Supervisory Audio Tones (SAT) have the
following except:
5940
5970
6000
6030
414.

Hz
Hz
HZ
Hz
Each cell site contains a

63. Amplitude modulation is the same as


A.
B.
C.
D.

linear mixing
analog multiplexing
signal summation
multiplexing

64. The shape of the amplitude-modulated wave is


called ________
A.
B.
C.
D.

sidebands
modulating signal
envelope
carrier signal

65. In a diode modulator, the negative half of


the AM wave is supplied by
A.
B.
C.
D.

Tuned circuit
Transformer
Capacitor
Inductor

66. It is a term used to describe the amount of


amplitude change present in an AM waveform.
A.
B.
C.
D.

coefficient of modulation
depth of modulation
modulation index
any of these

67. When the modulation index in an AM wave is


greater than one it will
A.
B.
C.
D.

splatter
overmodulation
buck-shot
any of these

68. The ideal value of modulation index in AM


A.
B.
C.
D.

1
0
100
infinity

69. When the amplitude of the information in an


AM modulator is equal to zero, what is the
value of the modulation index?
A.
B.
C.
D.

1
0
100
infinity

70. Amplitude modulation can be produced by


A. Having the carrier vary a resistance
B. Having the modulating signal vary a
capacitance
C. Varying the carrier frequency
D. Varying the gain of the amplifier

Repeater
Control computer
Direct-link to a branch exchange
Touch-tone processor
415.
A class ll mobile phone using AMPS has an
ERP of
-6 dBW
-4 dBW
2 dBW
6 dBW
416.
The wideband designation in Wideband-CDMA
(WCDMA) denotes a bandwidth of
2.5 MHz
3 MHz
4.5 MHz
5 MHz
417.
An automobile travels at 60km/hr. Find the
time between fades if the car uses a PCS
phone at 1900 MHz.
2.4
3.4
4.7
5.1

ms
ms
ms
ms

418.
A cellular system is capable of coping
with handoffs once every 2 minutes. Suppose
this system is in the city with maximum car
speeds of 65 km/hr. What is the maximum cell
radius for this urban system?
1.08 km
3 km
5 km
2 km
419.
How wide is the spectrum bandwidth of a
single GSM carrier?
16 kHz
200 kHz
100 kHz
50 kHz
420.
Changing the time order of digital
information before transmission to reduce the
effect of burst errors in the channel.
progression
interleaving
epoch
raking
421.
The bandwidth of WCDMA is ______ larger
than GSM.

71. When the modulation index is equal to zero,


the total transmitted power is equal to _____
.
A.
B.
C.
D.

one of the sidebands


carrier
double sidebands
an AM wave

72. When the modulation takes place prior to the


output element of the final stage of the
transmitter, prior to the collector of the
output transistor in a transistorized
transmitter, this is called _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.

high-level modulation
low-level modulation
zero-modulation
constant modulation

73. A circuit that monitors the received signal


level and sends a signal back to the RF and
IF amplifiers to adjust their gain
automatically
A.
B.
C.
D.

automatic
automatic
automatic
automatic

phase control
gain control
frequency control
volume control

74. When the modulation takes place in the final


element of the final stage where the carrier
signal is at its maximum amplitude it is
called ______.
A.
B.
C.
D.

constant modulation
zero-modulation
low-level modulation
high-level modulation

75. If a superheterodyne receiver is tuned to a


desired signal at 1000 kHz and its conversion
(local) oscillator is operating at 1300 kHz,
what would be the frequency of an incoming
signal that would possibly cause image
reception?
A.
B.
C.
D.

1600
2300
1250
3420

kHz
kHz
kHz
kHz

76. When modulation requires a much higher


amplitude modulating signal to achieve a
reasonable percent modulation, this is called
A.
B.
C.
D.

high-level modulation
low-level modulation
zero-modulation
constant modulation

77. Amplitude modulators that vary the carrier


amplitude with the modulating signal by

5
15
20
25
422.
lt is the process in which the same set of
frequencies can be allocated to more than one
cell, provided that the cells are separated
by a sufficient distance
frequency reuse
handoff
clustering
radio survey
423.
A connection is momentarily broken during
the cell-to-cell transfer is called ______.
hard handoff
soft handoff
medium handoff
light handoff
424.
Transmission from mobile stations to the
base stations is called
forward link
reverse link
control link
user link
425.
lt is a database in the PCS network that
stores information about the user, including
home subscription information and what
supplementary services the user is subscribed
to.
visitor location register
home location register
equipment identification register
authentication register
426.
Determine the transmit power for a CDMA
mobile unit that is receiving a signal from
the base station at 100 dBm
12
24
36
14

dBm
dBm
dBm
dBm

427.
When transmitting digital information,
voice transmission is inhibited, this is
called ______
quieting
muting
blank-and-burst
any of these
428.

A metropolitan area of 1000 square km is

passing it through an attenuator work on


principle of
A.
B.
C.
D.

Rectification
Resonance
Variable resistance
Absorption

78. A circuit which function is to raise the


amplitude of the source signal to a usable
level while producing minimum nonlinear
distortion adding as little thermal noise as
possible.
A.
B.
C.
D.

power amplifier
non-linear amplifier
buffer amplifier
preamplifier

79. A circuit that has a low-gain, high-input


impedance linear amplifier which is used to
isolate the oscillator from the high-power
amplifiers
A.
B.
C.
D.

power amplifier
bandpass filter
signal driver
buffer amplifier

80. With high-level transmitters, which of the


following is not a primary function of the
modulator circuit?
A. It provides the circuitry necessary for
modulation to occur
B. It serves as a final amplifier
C. It serves as a frequency up-converter
D. It serves as a mixer
81. It is a form of amplitude distortion
introduced when positive and negative
alternations in the AM modulated signal are
not equal.
A.
B.
C.
D.

phase shift
carrier shift
amplitude variations
frequency shift

82. A carrier is simultaneously modulated by two


sine waves with modulation indices of 0.3 and
0.4, the total modulation index
A. is 1
B. cannot be calculated unless the phase
relations are known
C. is 0.5
D. is 0.7
83. The component used to produce AM at very high
frequencies is a
A. varactor
B. thermistor

to be covered by cells with a radius of 2 km.


How many cell sites would be required,
assuming hexagonal cells?
72
73
74
75
429.
Refers to a land station in a maritime
mobile service
coast station
maritime station
coast earth station
ship earth station
430.
Class of orthogonal spreading coded used
in CDMA communication.
Color code
Walsh code
PCS code
CDMA
431.
ln a spread spectrum system, the tendency
for stronger signals to interfere with the
reception of weaker signals.
near-far field
near-far effect
direct-sequence
spread-spectrum
432.
Macrocells have base stations transmit
power between ______.
3W to 7W
1Wto 6W
2W to 8W
0.1Wto 5W
433.
It is when the area of a cell, or
independent component coverage areas of a
cellular system, is further divided, thus
creating more cell areas.
cell
cell
cell
cell

splitting
clustering
partitioning
sectoring

434.
It is when a mobile unit moves from one
cell to another from one company's service
area to another company s service area
roaming
handoff
handover
paging

C. cavity resonator
D. PIN diode
84. It is also known as upward modulation
A.
B.
C.
D.

carrier shift
amplitude variations
frequency shift
phase shift

85. Also known as downward modulation


A.
B.
C.
D.

carrier shift
amplitude variations
frequency shift
phase shift

86. It is a form of amplitude modulation where


signals from two separate information sources
modulate the same carrier frequency at the
same time without interfering with each
other.
A.
B.
C.
D.

QPSK
QUAM
PSK
FSK

87. A receiver has a dynamic range of 81 dB. It


has 0.55 nW sensitivity. Determine the
maximum allowable input signal.
A.
B.
C.
D.

59
69
79
88

mW
mW
mW
mW

88. The information sources modulate the same


carrier after it has been separated into two
carrier signals are at 90 degrees out of
phase with each other.
A.
B.
C.
D.

QPSK
QUAM
PSK
FSK

89. Unmodulating quadrature AM signal requires a


carrier recovery circuit to reproduce the
original carrier frequency and phase and two
balanced modulators to actually demodulate
the signals. This is called ______ .
A.
B.
C.
D.

asynchronous detection
quadrature demodulation
synchronous detection
quadrature detection

90. Quadrature amplitude modulation is also known


as ______ .
A. phase division multiplexing
B. phase division modulation
C. phase amplitude multiplexing

435.
It is a 34-bit binary code that represents
the 10-digit telephone number
electronic serial number
system identification
digital color code
mobile identification number
436.
The bandwidth of WCDMA is ______ times
larger than CDMAone.
4
5
6
7
437.
Receive channel 22 is 870.66 MHz. Receive
channel 23 is
870.36
870.63
870.96
870.69

MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz

438.
In mobile wireless communication, the
radio equipment and the propagation path.
FSL
air interface
direct link
mobile interface
439.
The signaling tone may be transmitted on
the voice channel during a call in what
frequency?
25
20
15
10

kHz
kHz
kHz
kHz

440.
Station in the mobile service not intended
to be used while in motion.
base station
fixed station
coast station
land station
441.
ln the GSM system, a smart card"
containing all user information, which is
inserted into the phone before use.
IMSI
IMEI
IMTS
SIM
442.
Determine the number of channels per
cluster of a cellular telephone area
comprised of 10 clusters with seven cells in

D. phase angle modulation


91. Amplitude modulation generated at a very low
voltage or power amplitude is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.

high-level modulation
low-level modulation
collector modulation
minimum modulation

92. It is the first stage of the receiver and is


therefore often called the receiver front
end.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Mixer
RF section
Local oscillator
IF stage

93. In an SSB transmitter, one is most likely to


find a
A.
B.
C.
D.

class
tuned
class
class

C audio amplifier
modulator
B RF amplifier
A RF output amplifier

94. The section of the receiver than downconverts the received RF frequencies to
intermediate frequencies.
A.
B.
C.
D.

RF section
Local oscillator
Power amplifier
Mixer

95. The circuit that demodulates the AM wave and


converts it to the original information
signal.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Power amplifier
Local Oscillator
Detector
IF section

96. A collector modulator has a supply voltage of


48V. The peak-to-peak amplitude of the
modulating signal for 100 percent modulation
is
A.
B.
C.
D.

24 V
48 V
96 V
120 V

97. A receiver parameter that is used to measure


the ability of the receiver to accept a given
band of frequencies and reject all others.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Selectivity
Q-factor
sensitivity
bandwidth

each cluster and 10 channels in each cell.


70 channels per cluster
700 channels per cluster
7000 channels per cluster
7 channels per cluster
443.
Determine the channel capacity if 7
macrocells with 10 channels per cell is split
into 4 minicells
120
360
280
460

channels
channels
channels
channels

per
per
per
per

area
area
area
area

444.
Technique of spread spectrum that breaks
message into fixed-size blocks of data with
each block transmitted in sequence except on
the different carrier frequency.
spread spectrum
time-division multiplexing
frequency-hopping
direct sequence
445.
A base and mobile is separated by 5 km.
What is the propagation time for a signal
traveling between them?
14.5
18.9
20.8
16.7

usec
usec
usec
usec

446.
A digital identification associated with a
cellular system
MIN
ESN
SAT
SIM
447.
A new regulation issued by the National
Telecommunications Commission providing for
the guideline for mobile personal
communication having a global coverage using
satellite.
NMT
GMPCS
GSM
TACS
448.
The following are the typical cluster size
except
3
7
12
15

98. The noise reduction ratio achieved by


reducing the bandwidth is called
A.
B.
C.
D.

dynamic range
noise figure
bandwidth efficiency
bandwidth improvement

99. It is the minimum RF signal level that can be


detected at the input to the receiver and
still produce a usable demodulated
information signal.
A.
B.
C.
D.

selectivity
sensitivity
Q-factor
bandwidth

100.
For ideal AM which of the following is
true
A.
B.
C.
D.

m
m
m
m

=
=
<
>

0
1
1
1

101.
A collector-modulated transmitter has a
supply voltage of 24V and a collector
amplitude of the modulating signal for 100
percent modulation with a load impedance as
seen by the collector of 48 ohms is
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.
A.
B.
C.
D.

6W
12W
18W
24W
Receiver sensitivity is also known as
pinch-off
threshold
compression point
shoot-off point

103.
It is defined as the difference in
decibels between the minimum input level
necessary to discern the signal and the input
level that will overdrive the receiver and
produce distortion.
A.
B.
C.
D.

dynamic range
noise figure
bandwidth efficiency
bandwidth improvement

104.
It is the input power range over which the
receiver is useful
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.

dynamic range
noise figure
bandwidth efficiency
bandwidth improvement
It is defined as the output power when the

449.
Provides a centralized administration and
maintenance point for the entire network and
interfaces with the public telephone network
through the telephone wireline voice trunks
and data links
PSTN
MTSO
central offices
MSC
450.
lt is a digital telephone exchange located
in the MTSO that is the heart of a telephone
system
mobile switching center
electronic switching center
gateway switching center
electronic mobile switching center
451.
A database in the PCS network that stores
information pertaining to the identification
and type of equipment that exist in the
mobile unit.
visitor location register
home location register
equipment identification register
authentication register
452.
When the signal from a mobile cellular
unit drops below a certain level, what action
occurs?
The
The
The
The

unit
call
MTSO
cell

is handed oft to a closer cell.


is terminated.
increases power level.
site switches antenna.

453.
A method of transmitting data on AMPS
cellular telephone voice channels that are
temporary unused.
cellular digital packet data
digital color code
control mobile attenuation code
electronic serial code
454.
A vehicle travels through a cellular
system at 100 km per hour. Approximately how
often will handoffs occur if the cell radius
is 10 km.
12min
14 min
16 min
18min
455.
In the GSM system, a telephone number that
is unique to a given user, worldwide.

RF amplifier response is 1-dB less than the


ideal linear gain response
A.
B.
C.
D.

1-dB
1-dB
1-dB
1-dB

compression point
threshold point
shoot-off point
pinch-off point

106.
It is the measure of the ability of a
communications system to produce, at the
output of the receiver an exact replica of
the original source information.
A.
B.
C.
D.

sensitivity
threshold
selectivity
fidelity

107.
A SSB signal is generated around a 200-kHz
carrier. Before filtering the upper and lower
sidebands are separated by 200 Hz. Calculate
the filter Q required to obtain 40-dB
suppression.
A.
B.
C.
D.

1500
1900
2500
2000

108.
He developed the first successful FM radio
system
B.E. Alpine
N.S. Kapany
E.H. Armstrong
A.C.S. Van Heel
109.
Results whenever the phase angle of
sinusoidal wave is varied with respect to
time.
angle modulation
digital modulation
amplitude modulation
pulse modulation
110.
ln the spectrum of a frequency-modulated
wave

IMTS
IMEI
IMSI
SIM
456.
An area divided into hexagonal shapes that
fit together to form a honeycomb pattern is
called ______.
cluster
transport area
cell
area of responsibility
457.
Determine the channel capacity of a
cellular telephone area comprised of twelve
macrocell with ten channels per cell
12 channels per area
120 channels per area
1200 channels per area
12000 channels per area
458.
Transmission from base stations to mobile
stations is called ______.
forward link
reverse link
control link
user link
459.
A device that was constructed from mirrors
and selenium detectors that transmitted sound
waves over a beam of light.
lightphone
photophone
cameraphone
walletphone
460.

Which fiber-optic system is better?

3 repeaters
8 repeaters
11 repeaters
20 repeaters

the carrier frequency disappears with a large


modulation
the amplitude of any sideband depends on the
modulation index
the total number of sidebands depends on the
modulation index
the carrier frequency cannot disappear

461.
What is the frequency limit of a copper
wire?

111.
What is the frequency swing of an FM
broadcast transmitter when modulated 60%

462.
They were granted patents for scanning and
transmitting television images through
uncoated fiber cables.

60 kHz
45 kHz

approximately 0.5 MHz


approximately 1.0 MHz
approximately 40 GHz
none of the above

Baird and Hansel

30 kHz
25 kHz
112.
Varying the frequency of a constantamplitude carrier directly proportional to
the amplitude of the modulating signal at a
rate equal to the frequency of the modulating
signal.
Amplitude modulation
Angle modulation
Phase modulation
Frequency modulation
113.
The amount of frequency deviation from the
carrier center frequency in an FM transmitter
is proportional to what characteristic of the
frequency signal?
amplitude
frequency
phase
shape
114.
It is a modulation where the angle of a
wave carrier is varied from its reference
value.
Amplitude modulation
Angle modulation
Analog modulation
Digital modulation
115.
Both FM and PM are types of what kind of
modulation?
amplitude
phase
angle
duty cycle
116.
Varying the phase of a constant-amplitude
carrier displacement proportional to the
amplitude of the modulating signal at a rate
equal to the frequency of the modulating
signal.
Amplitude modulation
Angle modulation
Phase modulation
Frequency modulation
117.
The difference between phase and frequency
modulation
is purely theoretical because they are the same
in practive
is too great to make the two systems compatible
lies in the poorer audio response of phase
modulation
lies in the different definitions of the

Bockham and Kao


Kapron and Keck
Maiman and Schawlow
463.
The product of the bit rate and distance
of a fiber-optic Gbits-km/s. What is the
maximum rate at 5 km?
100 Mbits/s
200 Mbits/s
400 Mbits/s
1000 Gbits/s
464.
Approximately what is the frequency limit
of the optical fiber?
20 MHz
1 MHz
100 MHz
40 GHz
465.
They experimented with light transmission
cables through bundle of fibers and lead to
the development of flexible fiberscope.
Townes, Schawlow and Kao
Maiman, Kao and Bockham
Maurer, Kapron and Keck
Van Heel, Hopkins, Kapany
466.

Photodiodes operate properly with

forward bias
reverse bias
neither forward nor reverse bias
either forward or reverse bias
467.

He coined the term fiber optics in 1956

Kapany
Kao
Bockham
Keck
468.
They wrote a paper describing how it was
possible to use stimulated emission for
amplifying light waves (laser) as well as
microwaves (maser)
Theodore Maiman
KC Kao and GA Bockham
Charles Townes and Arthur Schawlow
Kapron, Keck and Maurer
469.
The scientist who built the first optical
maser
Charles Townes
GA Bockham
Theodore Maiman
ACS Van Heel

modulation index
118.
The relative angular displacement of the
carrier phase in radians with respect to the
reference phase is called ______.
phase deviation
carrier deviation
frequency deviation
information deviation
119.
If the amplitude of the modulating signal
decreases, the carrier deviation
increases
decreases
remains constant
goes to zero
120.
On an FM signal, maximum deviation occurs
at what point on the modulating signal?
zero-crossing points
peak positive amplitudes
peak negative amplitude
both peak positive and negative amplitudes
121.
The amount of oscillator frequency
increase and decrease around the carrier
frequency is called _____ .
frequency deviation
phase shift
intelligence frequency
baseband
122.
The relative displacement of the carrier
frequency in hertz in respect to its
unmodulated value is called _____ .
frequency deviation
phase deviation
information deviation
carrier deviation
123.
A pre-emphasis circuit provides extra
noise immunity by
boosting the bass frequencies
amplifying the higher audio frequencies
preamplifying the whole audio band
converting the phase modulation to FM
124.
It is the instantaneous change in phase of
the carrier at a given instant of time and
indicates how much phase of the carrier is
changing with respect to its reference phase.
instantaneous frequency
instantaneous frequency deviation
instantaneous phase

470.
A single fiber can handle as many voice
channels as cables.
a
a
a
a

pair of copper conductors


1500-pair cable
500-pair cable
1000-pair cable

471.
They proposed a new communication medium
using cladded fiber cables.
Kao and Bockham
Maiman, Kao and Bockham
Kapron, Keck and Maurer
Maiman and Schawlow
472.
a
a
a
a

An incident ray can be defined as

light ray reflected from a flat surface


light directed toward a surface
diffused light ray
light ray that happens periodically

473.
Developed an optical fiber with losses
less than 2 dB/km
Kao and Bockham
Maiman, Kao and Bockham
Maiman and Schawlow
Kapron, Keck and Maurer
474.
The band of light frequencies that are too
high to be seen human eye
Ultraviolet
Visible light
Infrared
Yellow
475.
Which of the following is the fastest
light sensor?
PIN photodiode
Photovoltaic diode l V
Photodiode
Avalanche photodiode
476.

Range of infrared

360 nm to 440 nm
670 nm to 10^3 nm
110nm to 240 nm
770 nm to 10^6 nm
477.
The term dispersion describes the process
of
separating light into its component frequencies
reflecting light from a smooth surface
the process by which light is absorbed by an

instantaneous phase deviation


125.
Calculate the amount of frequency
deviation caused by a limited noise spike
that still causes an undesired phase shift of
35 degrees when the input frequency is 5 kHz.
2.40
3.05
1.29
4.45

uneven rough surface


light scattering
478.
The band of light frequencies to which the
human eye will respond
Infrared
Visible light
Ultraviolet
Cosmic rays

kHz
kHz
kHz
kHz

479.
126.
Which of the following determines the rate
of carrier deviation?
intelligence frequency
frequency deviation
carrier frequency
broadband frequency
127.
It is the precise phase of the carrier at
a given instant of time.
instantaneous
instantaneous
instantaneous
instantaneous

phase deviation
phase
frequency deviation
frequency

128.
In PM, a frequency-shift occurs while what
characteristic of the modulating signal is
changing?
shape
phase
frequency
amplitude

pure
white
coherent
monochromatic
480.
Which of the following is the fastest
light sensor?
PIN photodiode
Photovoltaic diode
Photodiode
Avalanche photodiode
481.

Range of wavelength of visible light

670 nm to 10^3 nm
440 nm to 540 nm
110 nm to 240 nm
390nm to 770nm
482.
The band of light frequencies that are too
low to be seen by the human eye

129.
In FM, it is a device that in which
amplitude variations are derived in response
to frequency or phase variations.
detector
discriminator
demodulator
receiver

Infrared
X-rays
Visible
Ultraviolet
483.
Which of the following terms best
describes the reason that light is refracted
at different angles?

130.
Maximum frequency deviation of a PM signal
occurs at
zero-crossing
peak positive
peak negative
peak positive

Laser light is very bright because it is

points
amplitudes
amplitude
and negative amplitude

131.
Since noise phase-modulates the FM wave,
as the noise sideband frequency approaches
the carrier frequency, the noise amplitude
remains constant
is decreased
is increased

Photon energy changes with wavelength


Light is refracted as a function of surface
smoothness
The angle is determined partly by a and b
The angle is determined by the index of the
materials
484.

Range of wavelengths of ultraviolet

670 nm to 10^3 nm
440 nm to 540 nm
110 nm to 240 nm
10 nm to 390nm
485.

Single frequency light is called

is equalized
132.
It is the instantaneous change in
frequency of the carrier and is defined as
the first time derivative of the phase
deviation.
instantaneous
instantaneous
instantaneous
instantaneous

frequency
frequency deviation
phase
phase deviation

133.
Since noise phase-modulates the FM wave,
as the noise frequency approaches the carrier
frequency, the noise

pure
intense
coherent
monochromatic
486.
The coating in a fiber helps protect fiber
from moisture, which reduces the possibility
of the occurrence of a detrimental phenomenon
called
Static fatigue
Mechanical fatigue
Stress fatigue
Coating fatigue
487.

remains constant
is decreased
is increased
is equalized
134.
It is the precise frequency of the carrier
at a given instant of defined as the first
time derivative of the instantaneous phase.
instantaneous
instantaneous
instantaneous
instantaneous

frequency
frequency deviation
phase
phase deviation

135.
It is the output-versus-input transfer
functions for modulators which give the
relationship between the output parameter
changes in respect to specified changes in
the input signal.

The term critical angle describes

the point at which light is refracted


the point at which light becomes invisible
the point at which light has gone from the
refractive mode to the reflective mode
the point at which light has crossed the
boundary layers from one index to another
488.
The ratio of the speed of light in air to
the speed of light in another substance is
called the
speed
index
index
speed

factor
of reflection
of refraction
gain

489.
The three essential types of fiber
commonly used today except

frequency deviation
deviation sensitivity
transconductance curve
phase deviation

Plastic core and cladding


Plastic core and glass cladding
Glass core and Glass cladding (SCS)
Glass core and Plastic cladding (PCS)

136.
When the modulating frequency is doubled,
the modulation index is halved, and the
modulating voltage remains constant. The
modulation system is

490.
What phenomenon will result if the glass
fiber is exposed to long periods of high
humidity?

amplitude modulation
phase modulation
frequency modulation
any of the above
137.
In PM, carrier frequency deviation is not
proportional to:
modulating signal amplitude
carrier amplitude and frequency
modulating signal frequency
modulator phase shift
138.
To compensate for increases in carrier
frequency deviation with an increase in

stress fatigue
core corrosion
stress corrosion
cladding corrosion
491.
The law that states When visible light
of high-frequency electromagnetic radiation
illuminates a metallic surface, electrons are
emitted is known as ______
Einstein law of photon
Marconis law
Maxwells law
Planks law
492.

Both LEDs and lLDs operate correctly with

modulating signal frequency, what circuit is


used between the modulating signal and phase
modulator?
low-pass filter
high-pass filter
phase shifter
bandpass filter
139.
Indicate which one of the following is not
an advantage of FM over AM:
better noise immunity is provided
lower bandwidth is required
the transmitted power is more useful
less modulating power is required
140.
With phase modulation, the maximum
frequency deviation occurs during what value
of the modulating signal?
positive peak value
rms value
negative peak value
zero crossings
141.
With frequency modulation, maximum
frequency deviation occurs ______ of the
modulation signal.

forward bias
reverse bias
neither forward nor reverse bias
either forward or reverse
493.
Any energy level above the ground state is
called ______.
Normal state
Above-ground state
Excited state
Spontaneous state
494.
The process of decaying from one energy
level to another energy level is called
______.
Spontaneous emission
Excited emission
Absorption
Any of these
495.
The process of moving from one energy
level to another is called
Spontaneous emission
Excited emission
Absorption
Spontaneous decay

positive peak value


both positive and negative peak value
negative peak value
zero crossings

496.
Most fiber optic light sources emit light
in which spectrum?

142.
In an FM stereo multiplex transmission,
the

visible
infrared
ultraviolet
x-ray

a sum signal modulates the 19-kHz subcarrier


difference signal modulates the 19-kHz subcarrier
difference signal modulates the 38-kHz subcarrier
difference signal modulates the 67-kHz subcarrier

497.
A packet of energy which is equal to the
difference between the two energy levels.

143.
With phase modulation, peak phase
deviation is called ______ .

Photons
Electronvolt
Quantum
Quanta

modulation index
frequency deviation
phase deviation
instantaneous phase

498.
It is the science of measuring only light
waves that are visible to the human eye.

144.

The FM produced by PM is called

FM
PM
indirect FM
indirect PM
145.
In a broadcast superheterodyne receiver,
the

Radiometry
Photometry
Ophthalmology
Optometry
499.

The refractive index number is

a number
material
a number
fiber in

which compares the transparency of a


with that of air
of assigned by the manufacturer to the
question

local oscillator operates below the signal


frequency
mixer input must be tuned to the signal frequency
local oscillator frequency is normally double the
IF
RF amplifier normally works at 455 kHz above the
carrier frequency
146.
If the amplitude of the modulating signal
applied to a phase modulator is constant, the
output signal will be
zero
the carrier frequency
above the carrier frequency
below the carrier frequency
147.
To prevent overloading of the last IF
amplifier in the receiver, it should use the
squelch
variable sensitivity
variable selectivity
double conversion
148.
The peak-to-peak frequency deviation is
sometimes called ______ .
phase deviation
peak phase deviation
carrier swing
instantaneous frequency
149.
A 100-MHz carrier is deviated 50 kHz by 4kHz signal. The modulation index is

a number which determines the core diameter


a term for describing core elasticity
500.
It is a science of measuring light
throughout the entire electromagnetic
spectrum
Radiometry
Photometry
Ophthalmology
Optometry
501.
Which light emitter is preferred for highspeed data in a fiber-optic system?
incandescent
LED
neon
laser
502.
Light intensity is generally described in
terms of ______ and measured in ________.
Luminous
Luminous
Luminous
Luminous

flux
flux
flux
flux

density, Lumens per unit area


intensity, Lumens per unit area
density, Lumens per unit volume
intensity, Lumens per unit volume

503.
In radiometric terms, it measures the rate
at which electromagnetic waves transfer light
energy
Optical
Optical
Optical
Optical

radiation
impedance
illusion
power

5
8
12.5
20

504.
It is described as the flow of light
energy past a given point in a specified
time.

150.
With angle modulation, it is defined as
the ratio of the frequency deviation actually
produced to the maximum frequency deviation
allowed by law stated in percent form.

Optical
Optical
Optical
Optical

modulation index
percent modulation
frequency deviation
phase deviation

505.
The term single mode and multimode are
best described as

151.
In a broadcast FM system, the input S/N =
4. Calculate the worst-case S/N at the output
if the receivers internal noise effect is
negligible.

a number of fibers placed into fiber-optic cable


the number of voice channels each fiber can
support
the number of wavelengths each fiber can support
the index number
506.

19.8:1
21.6:1
23:1
15:1

radiation
impedance
illusion
power

Optical power is sometimes called ______.

Radiant
Radiant
Radiant
Radiant

emission
power
flux
optics

152.
Is a circuit in which the carrier is
varied in such a way that its instantaneous
phase is proportional to the modulating
signal.

507.
In refraction that occurs in air/glass
interfaces, among the visible light, which is
bent the most?

frequency modulators
amplitude modulators
phase modulators
mixers

red
violet
yellow
green

153.

508.
Fiber-optic cables with attenuations of
1.8, 3.4, 5.9, and 18 dB are linked together.
The total loss is

In a ratio detector

the linearity is worse than in a phase


discriminator
stabilization against signal strength variations
is provided
the output is twice that obtainable from the
similar phase discriminator
the circuit is the same as in a discriminator,
except that the diodes are reversed
154.
The maximum deviation of an FM carrier is
2 kHz by a maximum modulating signal of 400
Hz. The deviation ratio is

7.5 dB
19.8 dB
29.1 dB
650 dB
509.
In stereophonic broadcast, the center
frequency of each SCA subcarrier shall be
kept at all times within ______ Hz of the
authorized frequency.
200
300
400
500

0.2
5
8
40
155.
The unmodulated carrier is a singlefrequency sinusoid commonly called ______ .

510.
Sawtooth generator circuits produce the
scanning raster, but the sync pulses are
needed for

unrest frequency
rest frequency
frequency-modulated frequency
carrier frequency

linearity
timing
keystoning
line pairing

156.
It is a circuit in which the carrier is
varied in such a way that its instantaneous
phase is proportional to the integral of the
modulating signal.

511.
Which of the following camera tubes has
minimum lag?

phase modulator
phase deviator
amplitude deviator
frequency modulator
157.

The typical squelch circuit

cuts off an audio amplifier when the carrier is


absent
eliminates the RF interference when the signal is
weak
cuts off an IF amplifier when the AGC is maximum
cuts off an lF amplifier when the AGC is minimum

Vidicon
Plumbicon
Saticon
Iconoscope
512.
The service area in standard AM broadcast
is described as ______ there is no fading of
signal.
Class A
Secondary
Class B
Primary
513.
The vertical field-scanning frequency is
______ Hz.
30
60
525

15,750
158.
Category of media with some form of
conductor that conduit in which
electromagnetic signals are contained.

514.
A 4.5-MHz signal which is equal to the
difference between the picture and sound RF
carrier frequencies in a 6-MHz TV channel.

A.
B.
C.
D.

Audio frequency
Video frequency
lntercarrier frequency
Subcarrier frequency

Guided
Balanced
Unguided
Unbalanced

159.
The conductive connections between
elements which carry signals.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Transmission lines
Antenna
Frequency allocations
Load

515.
A system where the modulated RF picture
and sound carrier signals are distributed in
a cable network, instead of wireless system.
CCTV
MATV
CATV
SATV

160.
Calculate the characteristic impedance for
a line that exhibits an inductance of 4 nH/m
and 1.5 pF/m

516.
A class A FM station is limited in antenna
height of ______feet above average terrain.

A.
B.
C.
D.

1000
2000
4000
5000

36.5 ohms
51.6 ohms
22 ohms
24.5 ohms

161.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Category of media which are wireless

Guided
Balanced
Unguided
Unbalanced

162.
It is a medium or any physical facility
used to propagate electromagnetic signals
between two locations in a communications
system.
A.
B.
C.
D.

transmission medium
channel allocation
frequency allocation
any of these

163.
It is a metallic conductor system used to
transfer electrical energy from one point to
another using electrical current flow.
A.
B.
C.
D.

transmitter
multiplexers
receiver
transmission line

517.
What circuit in the TV receiver is used to
develop the high voltage needed to operate
the picture tube?
low-voltage power supply
horizontal output
vertical sweep
sync separator
518.
The modulated picture carrier wave
includes the composite video signal as the
average carrier level
symmetric envelope of amplitude variations
lower sideband without the upper sideband
upper envelope without the lower envelope
519.
With which emission type is the captureeffect more pronounced?
CW
FM
SSB
AM
520.

164.
A kind of wave where the displacement is
in the direction of propagation.
A.
B.
C.
D.

transverse
longitudinal
reverse
perpendicular

The hue of color sync phase is

red
cyan
blue
yellow-green
521.

How much is the equivalent internal

165.
Calculate the capacitance per meter of a
50-ohm load cable that has an inductance of
55 nH/m.
A.
B.
C.
D.

13
18
20
22

pF
pF
pF
pF

166.
The desirable SWR on a transmission line
is
A.
B.
C.
D.

0
1
2
infinity

167.
A kind of wave where the direction of
displacement is perpendicular to the
direction of propagation
A.
B.
C.
D.

transverse
longitudinal
reverse
perpendicular

168.
A short-circuited half-wavelength line
acts like a
A.
B.
C.
D.

parallel resonant circuit


series resonant circuit
oscillator
LC circuit

169.
Electromagnetic waves that travel along a
transmission line from the source lo the
load.
A.
B.
C.
D.

reverse waves
transverse waves
incident waves
longitudinal waves

170.
Electromagnetic waves that travel from the
load back toward the source.
A.
B.
C.
D.

incident waves
transverse waves
forward waves
reflected waves

171.
A.
B.
C.
D.

resistance of the electron beam with a 1.2-mA


beam current at 25 kV?
48 nano ohms
30 ohms
20.8 mega ohms
15.6 kilo ohms
522.
The difference between the picture and
sound carrier frequencies for channel 3
is______ MHz.
3.58
64.5
4.5
6.75
523.
Refers to the deviation of the operating
frequency of a crystal oscillator from its
nominal value due to temperature variations.
drift
flashover
frequency deviation
deviation ratio
524.
It is the measure of how many picture
elements can be reproduced
definition
resolution
detail
any of these
525.
A 3.58-MHz subcarrier signal for color in
television
Hue signal
Video signal
Audio signal
Chroma signal
526.
A class D FM station shall have an
authorized power not exceeding ______ watts.
20
15
10
5
527.
Which of the following is not a benefit of
cable TV?

Sound travels approximately

2200 feet per second


1100 feet per second
550 feet per second
600 feet per second

172.
Determine the surge impedance for a
parallel wire, air dielectric with a ratio of

Lower-cost reception
Greater stability
Less noise, stronger signal
Premium cable channels
528.
The width of the vertical sync pulse in
the Philippine TV system is

the spacing between conductors and the


diameter of 3
A.
B.
C.
D.

250
210
180
215

ohms
ohms
ohms
ohms

173.
The rate at which the periodic wave
repeats
A.
B.
C.
D.

wavelength
amplitude
period
frequency

174.
The distance of one cycle occurring in
space
A.
B.
C.
D.

wavelength
amplitude
period
frequency

21H
3H
H
0.5H
529.
Term in communication which is referred, "
to send out in all direction
announce
broadcast
transmit
media
530.
The number of frames per second in the
Philippine TV system is
60
262
4.5
30
531.
It means multiple outlines of edges to the
right in the picture.

175.
Classification of transmission line where
both conductors current; one conductor
carries the signal the other conductor is the
return path

ghosting
ringing
fading
snowing

Differential transmission lines


Unbalanced lines
Coaxial cables
Balun

532.
In the sawtooth waveform for linear
scanning,

176.
A shorted half-wave line at the operating
frequency acts like
capacitor
Inductor
series resonant circuit
parallel resonant circuit
177.
What is the characteristic impedance of a
coaxial line, air dielectric with a ratio of
the diameter of the outer and inner conductor
equal to 1.5?
24.3 ohms
26.6 ohms
13.2 ohms
18 ohms
178.
Currents that flow in opposite direction
in a balanced wire pair is called
Longitudinal circuit currents
Reverse circuit currents
Transverse circuit currents
Metallic circuit currents
179.

Currents that flow in same direction in a

the
the
the
the

linear rise is for flyback


complete cycle includes trace and retrace
sharp reversal in amplitude produces trace
beam moves faster during trace and retrace

533.
The purpose of pre-emphasis and deemphasis in FM broadcasting is to:
increase the high frequency amplitude
improve the audio harmonic
decrease the low frequency amplitude
improve the S/N ratio
534.
The part of the visible spectrum where
camera pickup tubes have the greatest output
is
red
blue
yellow-green
infrared
535.
The type of modulation of the sound
carrier signal is ______.
pulse modulation
phase modulation
amplitude modulation
frequency modulation

balanced wire pair is called


Longitudinal currents
Reverse circuit currents
Transverse circuit currents
In-phase currents
180.
A secret device used to connect a balanced
transmission line to an unbalanced load
Slotted lines
Stub
Balun
Quarterwave lines
181.
The most common type of balun used in
relatively high frequency
Narrowband
Choke
Sleeve
All of these
182.
A pattern of voltage and current
variations along the transmission line not
terminated in its characteristic impedance is
called

536.
A video or audio signal that can be used
directly to reproduce the picture and sound.
baseband signal
broadband signal
electromagnetic wave signal
modulated signal
537.
Class B FM station should have an ERP not
exceeding ______ kW.
50
40
30
20
538.
What technique is used to permit hundreds
of TV signals to share a common cable?
frequency modulation
mixing
frequency division multiplexing
time division multiplexing
539.
Another name for the horizontal retrace in
a TV receiver is the

an electric field
radio waves
standing waves
a magnetic field

ringing
burst
damper
flyback

183.
A type of parallel-conductor transmission
lines consists of simply of two parallel
wires, closely-spaced and separated by air.

540.
In the Philippine color television system,
the intercarrier frequency in MHz, is

Twisted pair
Open-wire lines
Coaxial cables
Twin pair
184.
A type of parallel-conductor transmission
lines which is essentially the same as openwire transmission line except that the
spacers between the conductors are replaced
with a continuous solid dielectric that
ensures uniform spacing along the entire
cable
Twisted pair
Open-wire lines
Coaxial cables
Twin lead
185.
What is the range of size of wires of a
twisted pair?
AWG 16 to AWG 26
AWG 14 to AWG 25
AWG 10 to AWG 20

3.58
3.579545
4.5
45.75
541.
In channel 14 (470 to 476 MHz), the 3.58MHz color signal is transmitted at
471.25
473.25
474.83
475.25

MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz

542.

Interlaced scanning eliminates

snowing
flicker
distortion
fading
543.
Beam alignment magnets for the camera tube
are adjusted while rocking which control?
optical focus
electrical focus

AWG 12 to AWG 28
186.
What is the characteristic impedance of a
coaxial line, polyethelyene dielectric with
the ratio of the diameter of the outer and
and the inner conductor of 2.5?
43.5
23.4
36.2
29.8
187.

ohms
ohms
ohms
ohms
In AWG, the higher the wire gauge ______

the higher the diameter and the lower the


resistance
the smaller the diameter and the higher the
resistance
the smaller the diameter and the higher the
conductance
the larger the diameter and the higher the
resistance
188.
Type of twisted pair wire cable that
consists of two copper wires where each wire
is separately encapsulated in PVC insulation.
Shielded Twisted Pair
Twin lead
Unshielded Twisted Pair
Open wire line
189.
A shorted quarter-wave line at the
operating frequency acts like
series resonant circuit
parallel resonant circuit
capacitor
inductor
190.

The minimum number of twist for a UTP is

Two twist per foot


Two twist per meter
Three twist per foot
Three twist per meter
191.
A delay using RG-8A/U cable is to exhibit
a 5-ns delay. Calculate the required length
of the cable.

beam current
shading
544.

What is a frequency discriminator?

An FM generator
A circuit for detecting FM
A circuit for filtering two closely adjacent
signals
An automatic bandwidth circuit
545.
A system used in television field
operation to make on-the-spot video tape
recordings using portable TV cameras and
VTRs.
SNG
ENG
HAFC
MATV
546.
Class B FM station shall have an
authorized transmitter power not exceeding
kW.
10
100
1000
10000
547.
The total bandwidth of an NTSC TV signal
is
3.58 MHz
4.5 MHz
6 MHz
10.7 MHz
548.
Referred to the oscillator signal leak
through from a property neutralized
amplifier such as a master oscillator power
amplifier.
carrier
stray signal
back wave
loss wave
549.

Interlacing is used in television to

4.57 ft
1.23 ft
6.2 ft
3.4 ft

produce the illusion of motion


ensure that all lines on the screen are scanned
not merely the alternate ones
simplify the vertical sync pulse train
avoid flicker

192.
An open-circuited quarter-wavelength line
acts like a

550.
Coaxial cable for distribution system has
an impedance of

parallel resonant circuit


series resonant circuit

50 ohms
75 ohms

oscilllator
LC circuit

150 ohms
300 ohms

193.
Level or Category of UTP cable which is
suitable only for voice
Grade telephone signals and very low-speed data
applications

551.
The average voltage value of the 3 58 MHz
modulated chrominance signal is

Level 1 or Cat 1
Level 3 or Cat 3
Level 2 or Cat 2
Cat 4
194.
An antenna is being fed by a properly
terminated two-wire transmission line. The
current in the line at the input end is 3A.
The surge impedance of the line is 500 ohms.
How much power is being supplied to the line?
3.1
2.5
1.6
4.5

kW
kW
kW
kW

Level 1 or Cat 1
Level 3 or Cat 3
Level 2 or Cat 2
Cat 4
196.
If the period of one complete cycle of a
radio wave is 0.000001 s, what is the
wavelength?

ft
ft
ft
ft

day time
night time
experimental period
time

linear scanning
interlaced scanning
non-linear scanning
retrace
554.
If the camera cannot be placed far away
enough to include everything in the scene,
change the lens to one with a
lower f rating
higher f rating
longer focal length
shorter focal length

television video
broadcasting in 535-1606 kHz
single sideband HF transmission
television audio
556.
The amount of color in the picture or
color intensity is the ______.
color level
chroma level
saturation
any of these

198.
Category of UTP used for virtually any
voice or data transmission rate up to 16
Mbps, has a minimum of 3 turns per inch.
Category
Category
Category
Category

during
during
during
at any

555.
Type of radio communication transmission
utilizing frequency modulation technique

m
m
m
m

197.
If the two towers of a 950-kHz antenna are
separated by 120 electrical degrees, what is
the tower separation in feet?
231
235
176
345

552.
When does broadcast station conduct an
equipment test?

553.
It causes the picture information to
spread out or crowded at one end of the
raster compared to the opposite end.

195.
Level or Category of UTP cable which was
developed for IEEE 802.5 token ring local
area networks operating at a transmission
rates of 4 Mbps

300
200
100
400

zero for most colors


close to black for yellow
the brightness of the color
the saturation of the color

5e
4
5
3

557.
One of the early radio transmitters which
produced keyed carrier generating purer
waveform than spark transmitter, used for
high powered RF transmission and are limited
to radio frequency of about 500 kHz.
Arc transmitter
Hartley transmitter

199.
The mismatch between the antenna and
transmission line impedances cannot be
corrected for by
using an LC matching network
adjusting antenna length
using a balun
adjusting the length of transmission line
200.
Category of UTP that was designed for data
transmission rates up to 20 Mbps
Category
Category
Category
Category

5e
4
5
3

201.
Variation of CAT5 cables that are intended
for data transmission rates up to 250 Mbps
Category
Category
Category
Category

5e
2
6
3

Spark transmitter
Frequency transmitter
558.
A technique where segments of videotape
are joined by erasing and recording to create
a single program.
masking
segmenting
editing
programming

559.
It is the provision of voice communication
using Internet Protocol (IP) technology,
instead of traditional circuit switched
technology.
VOIP
Bluetooth
WIFI
WIMAX

202.
A type of twisted-pair wherein its wires
and dielectric are enclosed in a conductive
metal sleeve called a foil.

560.
Bluetooth enabled electronic devices
connect and communicate wirelessly through
short-range, ad hoc networks known as
________.

STP
Twin lead
UTP
Unshielded Twin lead

nanonet
scatternet
piconet
netnet

203.
It is the name given to the area between
the ceiling and the roof in a single-storey
building or between the ceiling and the floor
of the next higher level in a multistory
building.

561.
Each device can simultaneously communicate
with up to _______ other devices within a
single piconet.

attic
rooftop
plenum
ceiling
204.
It consists of center conductor surrounded
by dielectric material, then a concentric
shielding, and an environmental protection
outer jacket.
Twisted pair
Coaxial cable
Twin lead
Open wire
205.
In transmission lines, it refers to the
woven stranded mesh or braid that surround
some types of coaxial cables
Grounding
Shielding

8
5
10
7
562.
The core specification version of
Bluetooth that uses Enhanced Data Rate (EDR)
Version
Version
Version
Version

1.0
2.0
1.2
2.1

563.
Bluetooth technology operates in the
______ band.
ISM
C band
MSI
Ku band
564.

Bluetooth technology operates in the band

Degaussing
Any of these
206.
A coaxial cable with one layer of foil
insulation and one layer of braided
shielding.

2.4 to 2.485 GHz


2.42 to 2.44 GHz
2.48 to 2.52 GHz
2.3 to 2.45 GHz
565.

The hopping rate of bluetooth is

Backup shielding
Temporary shielding
Dual shielding
Interference shielding

1000
1600
1500
2500

207.
At very high frequencies, transmission
lines are used as

566.
Technology used by Bluetooth designed to
reduce interference between wireless
technologies sharing the 2.4 GHz spectrum.

tuned circuits
antennas
insulators
resistors

hops/sec
hops/sec
hops/sec
hops/sec

AFH
DSSS
OFDM
FHSS
567.
The signal hops among _______ frequencies
at 1 MHz intervals to give a high degree of
interference immunity.

208.
The cumulative sum of the direct, groundreflected, and surface waves is referred to
as ______.

80
78
81
79

Space wave
Ground wave
Sky wave
Direct waves

568.
Class 3 radios used for Bluetooth
technology have a range of up to

209.
The D layer of the ionosphere reflects
______waves.

1
2
3
4

MF and HF
VLF and MF
MF and VHF
VLF and LF
210.
A diversity scheme wherein the same radio
signal is repeated or transmitted more than
once.

ft
ft
ft
ft

569.
Class 2 radios used for Bluetooth most
commonly found in mobile devices have a range
of ______.
10
20
15
30

ft
ft
ft
ft

polarization diversity
field component diversity
time diversity
frequency diversity

570.
Class 1 radios used primarily in
industrial use cases have a range of

211.
The disadvantage of ground wave
propagation is

100 meters
25 meters
10 meters
50 meters

Ground waves require a relatively high


transmission
Ground waves are limited to very low, low and
medium frequencies requiring large antennas
Ground losses very considerably with surface
material
Any of these

571.
2.6
2.5
2.8
2.7

Bluetooth technology uses ______ of power.


mW
mW
mW
mW

212.
A range of microwave frequencies more
easily passed by the atmosphere than the
others is called a
window
critical frequency
gyro frequency range
resonance in the atmosphere
213.
lt is simply the orientation of the
electric field vector in respect to the
surface of the Earth
Polarization
Wavefront
Rays
Power density
214.
For an isotropic antenna radiating 100W of
power, what is power, what is power density
1000 m from the source?
1.99
7.96
3.22
9.17

uW/m^2
uW/m^2
uW/m^2
uW/m^2

215.
The ground wave eventually disappears, as
moves away from the transmitter, because of
interference from the sky wave
loss of line-of-sight conditions
maximum single hop distance limitations
tilting
216.
If the electric field is propagating
parallel to the surface of the Earth, the
polarization is ______ .
Circular
Vertical
Horizontal
Elliptical
217.
A taxi company uses a central dispatcher,
with an antenna at the top of a tower, to
communicate with taxi cabs. The taxi antennas
are the roofs of the cars, approximately 1.5
m above the ground. In the maximum
communication distance between the dispatcher
and a taxi?
21
30
25
33

km
km
km
km

218.
The E layer of the ionosphere aid ______
propagation and reflects ______waves

572.
What is the data rate used by bluetooth
technology using version 1.2 specification?
1
3
2
4

Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps

573.
What is the data rate used by bluetooth
technology using version 2.0 + EDR
specification?
1
3
2
4

Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps

574.
Bluetooth technology has built-in security
such as ______ bit encryption.
64
16
32
128
575.

The symbol rate for Bluetooth is ______ .

1
3
2
4

symbol
symbol
symbol
symbol

Mega
Mega
Mega
Mega

per
per
per
per

sec
sec
sec
sec

576.
In satellite communications, for an angle
of inclination of 63.4 degrees, the rotation
of the line of apsides is ______ degrees.
0
5
15
3
577.
An international agreement initially
mandated that all satellites placed in the
Clarke or Geosynchronous orbit must be
separated by at least
22,300 mi
3400 mi
1833 mi
5544 mi
578.
The radiation pattern of earth coverage
antennas of satellites have a beamwidth of
approximately ______ .
15
17
10
11

degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees

MF,
HF,
LF,
MF,

HF
MF
MF
LF

579.
______ is a new nonvoice value added
service that allows information to be sent
and received across a mobile telephone
network.

219.
When microwave signals follow the
curvature of the earth, it is known as
the Faraday effect
ducting
tropospheric scatter
ionospheric scatter
220.
lf the polarization vector rotates 360
degrees as the wave moves one wavelength
through space and field strength is equal at
all angles of polarization, the polarization
is ______.
Vertically polarized
Horizontally polarized
Circularly polarized
Elliptically polarized
221.
______ travels essentially in a straight
line between the transmit and the receive
antennas
Direct waves
Sky waves
Space waves
Surface waves
222.
Variations brought about the revolution of
the earth around the sun
weather variation
cyclical variation
diurnal variation
seasonal variation
223.
The dielectric strength of air is about
3MV/m. Arching is likely to take place at
field strengths greater than that. What is
the maximum power density of an
electromagnetic wave in air?
40 GW/m^2
15.5 GW/m^2
23.9 GW/m^2
18.9 GW/m^2
224.
It is a single location from which rays
propagate equally in all directions
point source
ominidirectional source
ideal polarization
isotropic polarized
225.

Diffraction of electromagnetic waves

WiFi
Wimax
GPRS
HSCSD
580.
Theoretical maximum speeds of up to ______
kbps are achievable with GPRS using all
______ timeslots at the same time.
64, 8
171.2, 8
128, 7
183.5, 7
581.
It is the latest standard of MPEG under
development that will support download and
execution of multimedia applications.
MPEG-21
MPEG-A
MPEG-7
MPEG-E
582.
A new standard line of MPEG standard
called multimedia application format is
______ .
MPEG-A
MPEG-C
MPEG-B
MPEG-D
583.
MPEG standard on which such products as
Digital Television set top boxes and DVD are
based
MPEG-1
MPEG-4
MPEG-2
MPEG-7
584.
MPEG standard on which such products as
Video CD and MP3 are based
MPEG-1
MPEG-7
MPEG-21
MPEG-3
585.
MPEG standard for multimedia for the fixed
and mobile web
MPEG-1
MPEG-4
MPEG-2
MPEG-7

is caused by reflections from the ground


arises only with spherical waveforms
will occur when the waves pass through a large
slot
may occur around the edge of a sharp obstacle
226.
The critical frequency at a particular
time is 11.6 MHz. What is the MUF for a
transmitting station if the required angle of
incidence for propagation to a desired
destination is 70 degrees?

586.
MPEG standard for description and search
of audio and visual content.
MPEG-1
MPEG-7
MPEG-21
MPEG-3
587.
The MPEG standard for the Multimedia
Framework.

34 MHz
45 MHZ
40 MHZ
15.5 MHZ

M3W
MPEG-4
MPEG-7
MPEG-21

227.
The rate at which energy passes through a
given surface area in free space is called

588.
Coding of moving pictures and associated
audio for digital storage media at up to
about 1.5 Mbps

capture power
capture area
captured power density
power density
228.
A radio wave moves from air ( relative
permittivity of 1 ) to glass (relative
permittivity of 7.8 ). Its angle of incidence
is 30 degrees. What is the angle of
refraction?
10.3 degrees
11.2 degrees
20.4 degrees
0.179 degrees
229.
It is the intensity of the electric and
the magnetic fields of the electromagnetic
wave propagating in free space
field
field
power
power

intensity
density
intensity
intensity

230.
Radio propagation was predicted
mathematically by
Heinrich R. Hertz
Guglielmo Marconi
James Clerk Maxwell
Alexander Graham Bell
231.
Tropospheric scatter is used with
frequencies in the following ra it
HF
VHF
UHF
VLF

MPEG-3
MPEG-2
MPEG-4
MPEG-1
589.
Used in MPEG to remove spatial
correlation.
Discreet
Discreet
Discreet
Discreet

Sine Transform
Cosine Transform
Secant Transform
Cosecant Transform

590.
MPEG-4 builds on the proven success on one
of the following fields
Digital television
Interactive multimedia
Interactive graphics applications
Any of these
591.
The maximum effective power allowed for
RFID is _______.
0.5 watt
3 watts
1 watt
0.25 watt
592.
The use and operation of RFIDs shall be
allowed in the following frequency bands
except:
13.553 - 13.567 MHZ
2446 - 2454 MHZ
918 - 920 MHZ
254 - 365 MHZ
593.
_____ are radio systems based on local
area networking solutions that require higher

232.
A point source that radiates power at a
constant rate uniformly in all directions.
isotropic source
isotropic radiator
point source
any of these
233.
The transmitting distance with direct
waves is limited to short distances and
strictly a function of the ______of the
transmitting and receiving antenna.
frequency
phase
power
height
234.
One nautical mile is equal to
______statute miles.
2.12
1.15
2.54
1.90

235.
It is the deflection or bending of
electromagnetic waves such as radio waves,
light or even sound when the waves cross the
boundary line between two mediums with
different characteristics.
reflection
diffraction
refraction
dispersion
236.
The reduction of power density with
distance is equivalent to a power loss.
absorption
attenuation
distance loss
power dissipation
237.
The signal refracted back from the
ionosphere strikes the earth and is reflected
back up to the ionosphere again to be bent
and sent back to earth.
skip transmission
multi-hop transmission
multi transmission
hop transmission
238.
Electromagnetic waves are refracted when
they
pass into-a medium of different dielectric
constant
are polarized at right angles to the direction of

data rates and consequently greater bandwidth


for new multimedia applications spectrum
requirements.
WIFI
HiperLAN
WIMAX
VOIP
594.
_____ refers to the determination of the
position, velocity and/or other
characteristics of an object, or the
obtaining of information relating to these
parameters, by means of the propagation
properties of radio waves.
position determination
radio determination
velocity determination
range determination
595.
Radio microphones has power of ______mW or
less.
20
40
30
50
596.
_____ referred to as wireless microphones
or cordless microphones are small, low power,
unidirectional transmitters designed to be
worn on the body, or hand held, for the
transmission of sound over short distances
for personal use.
directional microphone
parabolic microphone
radio microphone
spy microphone
597.
______ are intended to carry data in
suitable transponders, generally known as
tags, and to retrieve data, by hand- or
machine-readable means, at a suitable time
and place to satisfy particular application
needs.
RFID
HiperLan
transponder tags
bluetooth
598.
______ also referred to as dedicated
short-range communications for transport
information and control systems, are systems
providing data communication between two or
more road vehicles and between road vehicles
and the road infrastructure for various
information-based travel and transport
applications, including automatic toll-

propagation
encounter a perfectly conducting surface
pass through a small slot in a conducting plane
239.
The reduction in power density due to
nonfree-space propagation.
absorption
attenuation
power dissipation
distance loss
240.
______ is the signal that is radiated by
the antenna into the atmosphere where it is
bent or reflected back to earth.
ground wave signal
sky-wave signal
space wave signal
direct waves signal
241.
It is a type of fading having different
effects of different frequencies
selective fading
polarization fading
interference fading
absorption fading

collection, route and parking guidance,


collision avoidance and similar applications.
RTTY
TICS
RTTT
RSSD
599.
______for use with implanted medical
devices, like pacemakers, implantable
defibrillators, nerve stimulators, and other
types of implanted devices.
MICS
TICS
AIDS
PACER
600.
What is the frequency band for biomedical
devices?
40.66
13.90
50.44
32.10

40.70
14.40
51.09
33.89

MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz

601.
The electric field intensity of biomedical
devices?

242.
It is defined as the modulation or
redistribution of energy within a wavefront
as it passes near the edge of an opaque
object.

1000 uV/m at 3m
10 uV/m at 3m
100 uV/m at 3m
1 uV/m at 3m

refraction
scattering
reflection
diffraction

602.
______ refers to the use of radio
communication devices for the transmission of
signals to initiate modify or terminate
functions of equipment at a distance

243.
What type of modulation is primarily used
in ground wave propagation?

telemetry
wireless application
telecommand
radio beacon

Frequency modulation
Amplitude modulation
Phase modulation
Pulse modulation
244.
It states that every point on a given
spherical wavefront can be considered as a
secondary point source of electromagnetic
waves from which other secondary waves or
wavelets are radiated outward.

603.
11
55
54
12

The data rate used by IEEE 802.11b

Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps

604.

The operating frequency of IEEE 802.11b

Hertzian principle
Maxwell's principle
Huygens principle
Marconis principle

2.4 GHz
5.5 GHz
5 GHz
2.5 GHz

245.
Calculate the electric field intensity, in
volts per meter 20 km from a 1-kW source.

605.

The operating frequency of IEEE 802.11a

2.5 GHz

3.44
7.65
8.66
1.45

mV/m
mV/m
mW/m
mV/m

5 GHz
5.5 GHz
2.1 GHz
606.

246.
The absorption of radio waves by the
atmosphere depends on
their frequency
their distance from the transmitter
the polarization of waves
is always vertical in an isotropic medium
247.
Calculate the radio horizon for a 500-ft
transmitting antenna and receiving antenna of
20 ft.
23.1
31.2
14.8
37.9

mi
mi
mi
mi

X
X
x
x

Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps

607.
_______ is a standards-based wireless
technology that provides high-throughput
broadband connections over long distances.
Wimax
Wibro
Wifi
Winar
608.
________ is a wireless broadband Internet
technology being developed by the Korean
telecoms industry

248.
Calculate the power received from a 20-W
transmitter, 22 O00 ml from earth, if the
receiving antenna has an effective area of
1600 m^2
4.06
2.03
1.02
0.91

55
53
54
50

The data rate of IEEE 802.11a

10^ -12
10^ -12
10^ -12
10^- 12

W
W
W
W

249.
As electromagnetic waves travel in free
space, only one of the
following can happen to them
absorption
attenuation
refraction
reflection
250.
Electromagnetic waves traveling within
Earth's atmosphere is called
Space wave
Surface waves
Terrestrial wave
Sky-wave
251.
Calculate the power density in watts per
square meter (on earth) from a 10-W satellite
source that is 22,000 miles from earth.
3.17x1O^-16W/m^2
6.35 X 10^ -16 W/m^2
2.31 X 10^-16 W/m^2
1.21 X10^ -16 W/m^2
252.
It is a termed used to describe variations
in signal strength that occur at the receiver

Wimax
Wibro
Wifi
Winat
609.
Two digital signals whose transitions
occur at almost the same rate are _____ .
asynchronous
synchronous
plesiochronous
none of these
610.
Which of following are not basic SONET
network elements?
switch interface
digital loop carrier
service control point
add/drop multiplexer
611.
Higher-order SDH cross-connects route what
entity?
1.5 Mbps
ATM cells
management data channels
payload within 155 Mbps
612.
Scrambling is used in SDH for which
reason?
to randomize the bit sequence for better
transmission performance
to reduce the power consumption of equipment
to allow for upgrades to higher bit rates
to prevent unauthorized access

during this time a signal is being received.


613.
skipping
attenuation
absorption
fading
253.
The constant temperature stratosphere is
called ______
E-layer
S-layer
isothermal region
ionosthermal region
254.
It is the tendency of the sun to have
grayish-black blemishes, seemingly at random
times and at random places, on its fiery
surface.

FDMA allocated users per channel.

1
3
6
10
614.
The G.723.1 specification for audio
codecs, recommended by the VoIP Forum,
requires:
6.3 kbps
7.9 kbps
8.4 kbps
10.4 kbps
615.
lTU's H.320 standard defines the protocols
for transporting voice, data and video over:

solar intensity
sunspot
solar flare
solar flux

PSTN
ISDN networks
the public Internet
GSM network

255.

616.
Which of the following is not a layer in
the WAP gateway stack?

In electromagnetic waves, polarization

is caused by reflection
is due to the transverse nature of the waves
results from the longitudinal nature of waves
is always vertical in an isotropic medium
256.
It is an earth-guided electromagnetic wave
that travels over the surface-of the Earth
Surface waves
Sky waves
Direct waves
Space waves
257.
Frequencies in the UHF range normally
propagate by means of
ground waves
sky waves
surface waves
space waves

258.
Given the frequency and dimensions of 5
GHz and 7 cm by 9 cm respectively, the beam
of the pyramidal horn is about ______.
27
53
60
80

degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees

259.
The diameter of a parabolic reflector
should be at least how many wavelengths at
the operating frequency?

WDP
context manager
TCP
WSP
617.
Queries to the HLR are performed to find
the location of the serving MSC in ______.
TDMA
CDMA
GSM
all of the above
618.
The SMSC delivers messages directly to the
______ .
HLR
VLR
MSC
BSC
619.
Which of the following pairs of
technologies use lS-41?
GSM and TDMA
CDMA and GSM
TDMA and CDMA
all of the above
620.
Which of the following technologies has
significant advantages in medium-density and
high-density population areas because it is
capable of carrying higher levels of traffic,

1
2
5
10
260.
A type of microwave repeater where the
received RF carrier is down-converted to an
IF frequency, amplified, filtered and further
demodulated to baseband
RF repeater
IF repeater
baseband repeater
radio repeater
261.
In order to reduce cross-sectional
dimensions, the waveguide to use is
circular
ridged
rectangular
flexible
262.
Indicate which one of the following
applications or advantages of radar beacons
is false:
target identification
navigation
very significant extension of the maximum range
more accurate tracking enemy targets
263.
Refers to more than one transmission path
or method of transmission available between a
transmitter and a receiver.

provides better voice quality, and can


transmit data at higher rates?
GSM
PCS
CT2
DECT

621.
It is a metallic conductor system capable
of radiating and capturing electromagnetic
energy.
transmission lines
antenna
waveguides
load
622.
A directional antenna with two or more
elements is known as
folded dipole
ground plane
loop
array
623.
The ratio of the focal length to the
diameter of the mouth of the parabola is
called ______.
aperture
focal point
foci
major axis
624.

The impedance of a dipole is about

diversity
polarization
efficiency
accuracy

50-ohm
73-ohm
93-ohm
300-ohm

264.
A solution to the blind speed problem is
to

625.
A special type of transmission line that
consists of a conducting metallic tube
through which high-frequency electromagnetic
energy is propagated

change the Doppler frequency


vary the RF
use monopulse
use MTI
265.
A direct path that exist between the
transmit and receive antennas
LOS
direct waves
space waves
terrestrial waves
266.
The function of the quartz delay line in
an MTI radar is to

medium
microstrip
stripline
waveguide
626.
Calculate the angle of declination for an
antenna using a polar mount at a latitude of
45 degrees.
3.2 degrees
1.3 degrees
4.2 degrees
6.81 degrees

help in subtracting a complete scan from the


previous scan
match the phase of the coho and the stalo
match the phase of the coho and the output
oscillator
delay a sweep so that the next sweep can be
subtracted from it

627.
The cone angle of the flare angle of a
conical horn antenna is approximately

267.
Type of diversity where it modulates two
different RF carrier frequencies with the
same IF intelligence, then transmitting both
RF signals to a given destination.

628.
Electrical energy that has escaped into
free space in the form of transverse
electromagnetic waves

polarization diversity
quad diversity
space diversity
frequency diversity
268.

The coho in MTI radar operates at the

55
45
40
50

degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees

radio waves
frequency
signal
wavelength
629.
The length of the ground plane vertical at
146 MHz is

intermediate frequency
transmitted frequency
received frequency
pulse repetition frequency

1.6 ft
1.68 ft
2.05 ft
3.37 ft

269.
Which type of diode does not ordinarily
operate with reverse bias?

630.
Using a small reflector to beam waves to
the larger parabolic reflector is known as

Varactor
IMPATT
Snap-off
Tunnel

focal feed
horn feed
cassegrain feed
coax feed

270.
What happens when a horn antenna is made
longer?

631.
The plane parallel to the mutually
perpendicular line in the electric and
magnetic fields is called _______

gain increases
beam width decreases
bandwidth increases
bandwidth decreases
271.
A pyramidal horn used at 5 GHz has an
aperture that is 7 cm by 9 cm. The gain is
about
10.5
11.1
22.6
35.8

dB
dB
dB
dB

272.
Type of diversity where the output of the
transmitter is fed to two or more antennas
that are physically separated by an
appreciable wavelengths.
quad diversity
wavelength diversity
space diversity
hybrid diversity
273.

The Doppler effect is used in (indicate

wavefront
point source
isotropic source
rays
632.
What is the beamwidth of a parabolic
antenna with a diameter of 5 meters and an
operating frequency of 10 GHZ?
0.5 degrees
0.675 degrees
0.348 degrees
3.48 degrees
633.
The horizontal radiation pattern of a
dipole is a
circle
figure of eight
clover leaf
narrow beam
634.
The size of the antenna is inversely
proportional to ______

the false statement)


moving-target plotting on the PPI
the MTI system
FM radar
CW radar

frequency
power
radiation resistance
wavelength
635.

274.
A type of diversity where a single RF
carrier is propagated with two different
electromagnetic polarization.
space diversity
wavelength diversity
polarization diversity
hybrid diversity
275.

A popular half-wavelength antenna is the

ground plane
end-fire
collinear
dipole
636.
Calculate the gain of a parabolic antenna
using a 2.5-m radius dish operating at 10
GHz.

The A scope displays

the target position and range


the target range, but not position
the target position, but not range
neither range nor position, but only velocity
276.
The glass tube of a TWT may be coated with
aquadag to
help focusing
provide attenuation
improve bunching
increase gain
277.
Type of diversity which consists of a
standard frequency diversity path where the
two transmitter/receiver pair at one end of
the path are separated from each other and
connected to different antennas that are
vertically separated as in space diversity

166.673 dB
83.7 dB
52.2 dB
45.6 dB
637.
It is the ratio of the radiated to the
reflected energy
radiation
radiation
radiation
radiation

resistance
efficiency
constant
antenna

638.
The feed mechanism in a parabolic antenna
that radiates the electromagnetic energy.
primary antenna
reflectors
secondary antenna
focal point

quad diversity
wavelength diversity
space diversity
hybrid diversity

639.
It is a polar diagram or graph
representing field strengths or power
densities at various angular positions
relative to an antenna

278.
The biggest disadvantage of CW Doppler
radar is that

sidelobe
front lobe
radiation pattern
radiation constant

it does not give


it does not give
a transponder is
it does not give

the target velocity


the target range
required at the target
the target position

279.
The combination of frequency, space,
polarization and receiver diversity into one
system
hybrid diversity
quad diversity
space diversity
wavelength diversity
280.

If the target cross section is changing,

640.
For a transmit antenna with a radiation
resistance of 72 ohms, an effective antenna
resistance of 8 ohms, a directive gain of 20
and an input power of 100W, determine the
antenna gain.
12.55 dB
10.43 dB
11.21 dB
9.78 dB
641.
The radiation pattern plotted in terms of
electric field strength or power density

the best system for accurate tracking is


lobe switching
sequential lobing
conical switching
monopulse
281.

The multicavity klystron

is not good low-level amplifier because of noise


has a high repeller voltage to ensure a rapid
transit time
is not suitable for pulsed operation
needs a long transit time through the buncher
cavity to ensure current modulation
282.
An arrangement that avoids a service
interruption during periods of deep fades or
equipment failures.
service switching arrangement
protection switching arrangement
interruption switching arrangement
equipment switching arrangement
283.
A type of attenuator where attenuation is
accomplished by insertion of a thin card of
resistive material through a slot in the top
of a waveguide.
flap attenuator
vane attenuator
slot attenuator
directional coupler
284.
After a target has been acquired, the best
scanning system for tracking is
nodding
spiral
conical
helical
285.

A duplexer is used

to couple two different antennas to a transmitter


without interference
to allow the one antenna to be used for reception
or transmission without mutual interference
to prevent interference between two antennas when
they connected to a receiver
to increase the speed of pulses in pulsed radar
channel has a dedicated backup or spare channel

absolute
relative
absolute
absolute

radiation pattern
radiation pattern
front lobe pattern
sidelobe pattern

642.
Calculate the characteristic impedance of
a quarter-wavelength section used to connect
a 300-ohm antenna to a 75-ohm line
150
120
130
110

ohms
ohms
ohms
ohms

643.
Plots of field strength or power density
with respect to the value at a reference
point
absolute
relative
relative
relative

frontlobe
radiation
frontlobe
radiation

pattern
pattern
pattern
pattern

644.
What must be the height of a vertical
radiator one-half wavelength high if the
operating frequency is 1100 kHz?
120m
136m
115m
124m
645.

Lobes adjacent to the front lobe

diagonal lobes
side lobes
front lobes
back lobes
646.
Lobes in a direction exactly opposite of
the front lobe
side lobes
adjacent lobes
front lobes
back lobes
647.
Calculate the efficiency of an antenna
that has a radiation resistance of 73 ohms
and an effective dissipation resistance of 5
ohms.

286.
Type of protection switching arrangement
where each working radio channel has a
dedicated backup or spare channel

98.3%
93.6%
90.7%
95.5%

hot swap
hot backup
hot standby

648.
The line bisecting the major lobe, or
pointing from the center of the antenna in
the direction of maximum radiation is called

hot diversity
287.
If a return echo arrives after the
allocated pulse interval,
it will interfere with the operation of the
transmitter
the receiver might be overloaded
it will not be received
the target will appear closer than it really is
288.
Points in the microwave system where
baseband signals either originate or
terminate
terminator
terminal stations
terminating equipment
terminal equipment

line of shoot
diagonal shoot
bisecting shoot
antenna shoot
649.
The ammeter connected at the base of a
Marconi antenna has at certain reading If
this reading is increased 277 times, what is
the increase in output power?
3.45
1.89
2.35
7.67
650.
Refers to a field pattern that is close to
the antenna

289.
A half-wavelength, closed section of a
waveguide that acts as parallel resonant
circuit is known as ______.

induction field
far field
radiation field
capture field

half-wave section
cavity resonator
LCR circuit
directional coupler

651.
A half-wave dipole is driven with a 5-W
signal at 225 MHz. A receiving dipole 100 km.
Calculate the received power into a 73-ohm
receiver.

290.
Decreasing the volume of a cavity causes
its resonant frequency to

23.5
7.57
5.64
1.26

increase
decrease
remains the same
drop to zero
291.
The IF bandwidth of a radar receiver is
inversely proportional to the
pulse width
pulse repetition frequency
pulse interval
the target will appear closer than it really is
292.
Which of the following devices are not
being used in microwave power amplifier?
klystron tubes
traveling wave tubes
IMPATT
magnetron
293.

pW
pW
pW
pW

652.
It is the resistance that, if it replaced
the antenna, would dissipate exactly the same
amount of power that the antenna radiates.
directive gain
antenna efficiency
radiation resistance
antenna resistance
653.
What is the effective radiated power of a
television broadcast station if the output of
the transmitter is 1000W, antenna
transmission line loss is 50W, and the
antenna power gain is 3.
1250
2370
2130
2850

w
w
w
w

Which is not true? A high PRF will

make the returned echoes easier to distinguish


from noise
make the target tracking easier with conical
scanning
increase the maximum range
have no effect on the range resolution

654.
It is the ratio of the power radiated by
an antenna to the sum of the power radiated
and the power dissipated.
radiation resistance
coupling coefficient
antenna efficiency

antenna beamwidth
294.
It is a unidirectional device often made
up of ferrite material used in conjunction
with a channel- combining network to prevent
the output from interfering with the output
of another transmitter
circulator
magic tee
isolator
rat race
295.
Which is not true about the following:
Flat-topped rectangular pulses must be
transmitted in radar to
allow a good minimum range
make the returned echoes easier to distinguish
from noise
prevent frequency changes in the magnetron
allow accurate range measurements
296.
The power that leaks out of the back and
sides of the transmit antenna interfering
with the signal entering the input of a
nearby receive antenna.
ringaround
ringabout
roundabout
turnaround

297.
It is a celestial body that orbits around
a planet
primary body
satellite
heavenly bodies
quasars

655.
It is the ratio of the power radiated by
the antenna to the total input power.
antenna efficiency
reflection coefficient
standing wave ratio
radiation resistance
656.
If a 500-kHz transmitter of a constant
power produces a field strength of 100uV/m at
a distance of 100 mi from the transmitter,
what would be the theoretical field strength
at a distance of 200 mi from the transmitter?
45 uV/m
100 uV/m
50 uV/m
35 uV/m
657.
An antenna that transmits or receives
equally well in all directions is said to be
_____.
omnidirectional
bi-directional
unidirectional
quasidirectional
658.
It is the ratio of the power density
radiated in a particular direction to the
power density radiated to the same point by a
reference antenna, assuming both antennas are
radiating the same amount of power
power gain
directive gain
total gain
system gain

298.
It is a position and timing service that
is available to all GPS users on a
continuous, worldwide basis with no direct
charge.

659.
If the field intensity of 25 mV/m develops
2.7 v in a certain antenna, what is its
effective height?

PPI
PPS
SPS
SSP

110m
100m
98m
108m

299.
The geometric shape of a non-circular
orbit of a satellite is ______

660.
The magnetic field of an antenna is
perpendicular to the earth. The antenna's
polarization _____.

Ellipse
parabolic
hyperbolic
paraboloid
300.
The circuit that provides channellization
in a transponder is the

is vertical
is horizontal
is circular
cannot be determined from the information given
661.
If the power of a 500-kHz transmitter is
increased from 150W to 300W, what would be

mixer
local oscillator
bandpass filter
HPA

the percentage change in field intensity at a


given distance from the transmitter?

301.
The three axes referred to the three-axis
attitude stabilization are; except

141%
150%
100%
133%

pitch
yaw
roll
speed

662.
It is the same with directive gain except
that the total power fed to the antenna is
used and the antenna efficiency is taken into
account

302.
A ground station is operating to a
geostationary satellite at a 5 degrees angle
of elevation Calculate the round-trip time
between ground station to satellites in a
geostationary orbit

system gain
power gain
directive gain
total gain

456.45
275.58
137.79
126.89

ms
ms
ms
ms

303.
The escape velocity of the earth is
approximately
30,000
25,000
35,000
25,000

km/hr
mi/hr
m/s
km/hr

304.
A satellite radio repeater is called
______.
repeater
transponder
satellite
mixer
305.
Calculate the angle of declination for an
antenna using a polar mount at a latitude of
45 degrees.
3.2 degrees
1.3 degrees
4.2 degrees
6.81 degrees
306.
The time transfer accuracy used with
reference to the Universal Transmitter
Mercator Grid is ______.
UTC
UTMG
GMT
UTM
307.
It is caused by the inertia of the
satellite balanced by the earth's
gravitational pull.

663.
A ship-radio telephone transmitter
operates on 2738 kHz. At a certain point
distant from the transmitter, the 2738-kHz
signal is measured field of 147 mV/m. The
second harmonic field at the same point is
measured as 405 uV/m. To the nearest whole
unit in decibels, how much has the harmonic
emission been attenuated below the 2738-kHz
fundamental?
43.2
51.2
35.1
25.1

dB
dB
dB
dB

664.
It is the equivalent power that an
isotropic antenna would have to radiate to
achieve the same power density in the chosen
direction at a given point as another
antenna.
EIRP
ERP
IRL
RSL
665.
When energy is applied to the antenna at a
point of high-circulating current.
voltage-fed antenna
power-fed antenna
current-fed antenna
impedance-fed antenna
666.
For a transmit antenna with a power gain
of 10 and an input power of 100W, determine
the EIRP in watts.
30
40
50
20

dBW
dBW
dBW
dBW

centrifugal force
centripetal force
speed
earths rotation

667.
If energy is applied at the geometrical
center of antenna, the antenna is said to be
______ .

308.
In satellites, it includes control
mechanism that support the payload operation.

center-fed
end-fed
quarterwave-fed
halfwave-fed

bus
payload
ground segment
space segment

668.
For a transmit antenna with a power gain
of 10 and an input power of 100W, determine
the power density at a point 10 km from the
transmit antenna

309.
A satellite transmitter operates at a 4
GHz with a transmitter power of 7W and an
antenna gain of 40 dBi. The receiver has
antenna gain of 30 dBi, and the path length
is 40,000 km. Calculate the signal strength
at the receiver.

0.574 uW/m^2
0.796 uW/m^2
1.24 uW/m^2
0.981 uW/m^2

-88 dBm
-98 dBm
-77 dBm
-79.8 dBm
310.
The satellite subsystem that monitors and
controls the satellite is the
propulsion system
power subsystem
communications subsystem
telemetry, tracking, and command subsystems
311.
Standard positioning service has time
transfer accuracy to Universal Transfer
Mercator Grid within ______.
140
340
230
530

669.
For a transmit antenna with a radiation
resistance of 72 ohms, an effective antenna
resistance of 8 ohms, a directive gain of 20
and an input power of 100W, determine the
antenna efficiency.
90%
96%
98%
96%
670.
The fields surrounding the antenna do not
collapse their energy back into the antenna
but rather radiate it out into space.
induction field
near field
radiation field
magnetic field

nanoseconds
nanoseconds
nanoseconds
nanoseconds

312.
A satellite remains in orbit because the
centrifugal force caused by its rotation
around the Earth is counterbalanced by
Earths ______
centripetal force
inertia
gravitational pull
speed
313.
A TVRO installation for use with C-band
satellite (download frequency at 4 GHz), has
a diameter of about 3.5 meters and efficiency
of 60%. Calculate the gain.
41 dB
19 dB
29 dB

671.

IF repeaters are also called

heterodyne receiver
mixer/receiver
radio receiver
FM receiver
672.
It is the difference between the nominal
output power of a transmitter and the minimum
input power required by a receiver.
RSL
IRL
FSL
system gain
673.
A phenomenon whereby the frequency of a
reflected signal is shifted if there is

9 dB

relative motion between the source and


reflecting object.

314.
Which of the following is not a typical
output from the GPS receiver?
latitude
speed
altitude
Iongitude
315.
The law that states that a satellite will
orbit a primary body following an elliptical
path.
1st
2nd
3rd
4th

law of Kepler
of Kepler
law of Kepler
law of Kepler

316.
Telephone communication takes place
between two earth stations via a satellite
that is 40,000 km from each station. Suppose
Bill, at station 1, asks a question and
Sharon, at station 2, answers immediately, as
soon as she hears the question. How much time
elapses between the end of Bill's question
and the beginning of Sharons reply, as heard
by Bill?

Doppler effect
Hall effect
Marconi effect
Maxwell effect
674.

A ferrite is

a nonconductor with magnetic properties


an intermetallic compound with particularly good
conductivity
an insulator which heavily attenuates magnetic
fields
a microwave semiconductor invented by Faraday
675.
The primary purpose of the helix in a
traveling-wave tube is to
prevent the electron beam from spreading in the
long tube
reduce the axial velocity of the RF field
ensure the broadband operation
reduce the noise figure .
676.
The attenuator is used in the travelingwave tube to

0.26 sec
3.2 sec
0.52 sec
1.6 sec

help bunching
prevent oscillations
prevent saturation
increase the gain

317.
ln GPS, it is accomplished by manipulating
navigation message orbit data (epsilon)
and/or the satellite clock frequency
(dither).

677.

Selective availability
Reverse error notification
Forward error notification
Two dimensional reporting

A magnetron is used only as

amplifier
oscillator
mixer
frequency multiplier
678.

A backward-wave oscillator is based on the

318.
The modulation normally used with digital
data is

rising-sun magnetron
crossed-field amplifier
coaxial magnetron
traveling-wave tube

AM
FM
SSB
QPSK

679.
Stripline and microstrip transmission
lines are usually made with

319.
A LAN device that use to interconnect two
networks that use different protocols and
formats.
Gateways
Routers
Bridges
Hubs

coax
parallel lines
twisted pair
PCBs
680.
Which of the following is not a microwave
tube?
Traveling-wave tube
Cathode-ray tube

320.
A pulse modulation technique as the width
of a constant amplitude pulse is varied
proportional to the amplitude of the analog
signal at the time the signal is sampled
Pulse Width Modulation
Pulse Length Modulation
Pulse Duration Modulation
All of these
321.
The FDM telephone systems accommodate many
channels by
Increasing the multiplexer size
Using many final carriers
Narrowing the bandwidth of each
Using multiple levels of multiplexing
322.
It is the transmittal of digitally
modulated analog signals (carrier) between
two or more points in a communications
system.
Digital modulation
Digital transmission
Data communications
Pulse modulation
323.
Indicate which of the following systems is
digital.
Pulse-position modulation
Pulse-code modulation
Pulse-width modulation
Pulse-frequency modulation
324.
Classification of protocol that interprets
a frame of data as a group of successive bit
combined into predetermined pattern of fixed
length, usually 8 bits each.
Character-oriented protocols
Byte-oriented protocols
Bit-oriented protocol
Character and Byte-oriented protocols
325.
Dividing the data block by a constant
produces a remainder that is used for error
detection. It is called the
Vertical redundancy check
Horizontal redundancy check
Block check character
Cyclic redundancy check
326.
Which of the following is not a benefit of
spread spectrum?
Jam-proof
Security
Immunity to fading

Klystron
Magnetron
681.
Indicate which is not true. Compared with
other types of radar, phased array radar has
the following advantages
very fast scanning
ability to track and scan simultaneously
circuit simplicity
ability to track many targets simultaneously

682.

Kepler's 2nd

law is known as

law of gravity
law of areas
Newtons law of motion
Harmonic law
683.
A receiving antenna with a gain of 40 dB
looks at a sky with a noise temperature of 15
K. The loss between the antenna and the LNA
input, due to the feedhorn, is 0.4 dB, and
the LNA has a noise temperature of 40K.
Calculate the G/T?
13.4 dB
39 dB
20.6 dB
11.2 dB
684.
The operational satellites of Navstar GPS
are revolving around Earth in ______ orbital
planes.
4
3
5
6
685.

Keplers 3rd

law is also known as

law of gravity
law of law of areas
Newtons law of motion
Harmonic law
686.
The basic technique used to stabilize a
satellite is
gravity-forward motion balance
spin
thruster control
solar panel orientation
687.
Calculate the length of the path to a
geostationary satellite from an earth station
where the angle of elevation is 30 degrees.

Noise proof
327.
Converting analog signals to digital is
done by sampling and ______.
Quantizing
companding
pre-emphasis
mixing
328.
It is a process of converting an infinite
number of possibilities to a finite number of
conditions
Sampling
Coding
Quantization
Aliasing
329.
In T1, It is equal to the reciprocal of
the sample rate
Slot time
Transmission time
Frame time
Bit rate
330.

What is the final output of a multiplexer?

Baseband
Composite baseband
Information
Composite carrier
331.

688.

Navstar GPS is a ______.

LEO
MEO
HEO
GEO
689.
The satellite is orbiting in the same
direction as the Earths rotation and at
angular velocity greater than that of the
Earth.
retrograde
synchronous
posigrade
asynchronous
690.
Find the orbital period of the satellite
in a circular orbit 500 km above the Earth's
surface
1.6
3.2
2.4
6.4

hrs
hrs
hrs
hrs

691.
Satellite orbiting in the opposite
direction as the Earths rotation and at
angular velocity less than that of the Earth

The baud rate

is always equal to the bit transfer rate


is equal to twice the bandwidth of an ideal
channel
is not equal to the signaling rate
is equal to one-half the bandwidth of an ideal
channel
332.
Bit errors in data transmission are
usually caused by
equipment failures
typing mistakes
noise
Poor S/N ratio at receiver
333.
A digital modulation technique which is a
form of constant-amplitude angle modulation
similar to standard frequency modulation
except the modulating signal is binary signal
that varies between two discreet voltage
levels.
QAM
ASK
PSK

55x1O^3km
13x10^3km
23x10^3km
39X10^3km

asynchronous
synchronous
posigrade
retrograde
692.
A transponder that demodulates the
baseband signals and then demodulates a
carrier is known as ______ transponder.
single-conversion
double-conversion
regenerative
degenerative
693.
Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellite orbits
around the earth at a height of approximately
______.
3000 miles
1000 miles
575 miles
370 miles
694.
Power amplification in a transponder is
usually provided by

FSK
334.

Start and stop bits, respectively, are

Mark, space
Space, mark
Space, space
Mark, mark
335.
It is the processing of analog signals
using digital methods and includes
bandlimiting and signals with filters,
amplitude equalization, and phase shifting
Digital communications
Digital Signal Processing
Data Communications
Carrier recovery method
336.
It is a network access method used
primarily with LANs configured in a ring
topology using either baseband or broadband
transmission formats.
Ethernet
Token passing
Token ring
Token bus
337.
A small telephone switching system that
can be used as a LAN is called
Ring
WAN
UART
PBX
338.
The most common method used for sampling
voice signals in PCM systems.
unnatural sampling
flat top sampling
natural sampling
free sampling
339.
In PCM, it converts the PAM samples to
parallel PCM codes
Analog-to-digital Converter
Digital-to-analog converter
Pre-emphasis circuit
Compander
340.
The OSI layer that provides the control
functions necessary to establish manage, and
terminate the connections as required to
satisfy the user request.
Application layer
Network layer
Session layer

klystron
TWT
transistor
Magnetron
695.
Which of the following clocks is developed
for Galileo satellite?
Cesium Atomic Frequency Standard
Rubidium Atomic Frequency Standard
Ruby Atomic Frequency Standard
Hydrogen Frequency Standard
696.
Master control station of GPS is located
in ______.
Colorado
California
Alaska
New York
697.
Medium Earth Orbit (MEO) satellite orbits
around the earth at height approximately
______.
3,000
4,000
6,000
8,000

miles
miles
miles
miles

to
to
to
to

6,000 miles
8,000 miles
12,000 miles
10,000 miles

698.
A satellite stays in orbit because the
following two factors are balanced
Satellite weight and speed
Gravitational pull and inertia
Centripetal force and speed
Satellite weight and the pull of the moon and
sun
699.
A ______circuit in the transponder
performs the frequency conversion.
HPA
Mixer
local oscillator
LPA
700.
Geosynchronous satellites are highaltitude earth-orbit satellites with heights
about ______.
22,300 miles
21,000 miles
8,000 miles
10,400 miles
701.
The input circuit to a transponder is the
______.
BPF
HPA

Physical layer

LPA
any of these

341.
In PAM demultiplexing, the receiver clock
is derived from

702.

standard radio station WWV


a highly accurate internal oscillator
the PAM signal itself
the 60-Hz power line

FDMA
OFDMA
TDMA
CDMA

342.

703.
The point in an orbit which is located
farthest from earth

It is also known as digital modulation

digital transmission
digital sampling
digital radio
data transmission
343.

perigee
apogee
line of apsides
point of shoot

Time-division multiplex

can be used with PCM only


combines five groups into a supergroup
stacks 24 channels in adjacent frequency slots
interleaves pulses belonging to different
transmission
344.
It is a numerical indication of how
efficiently a PCM code is utilized
Coding efficiency
Companding
Preemphasis
Dynamic range
345.
Type of PCM which is designed to take
advantage of the sample-to-sample
redundancies in the typical speech waveform
Single-bit PCM code
Pulse code modulation
Differential PCM
Delta modulation
346.
The Basic Rate Interface (BRI) of ISDN has
a total bit rate of ______.
192 kbps
148 kbps
64 kbps
1.544 Mbps
347.
A form of angle-modulated, constantamplitude digital modulation similar to
conventional phase modulation except its
input is binary digital signal and there are
limited number of output phase possible.
ASK
PSK
FSK
QAM

The access scheme used by GPS

704.
Using very narrow beamwidth antennas to
isolate signals on the same frequency is
known as ______.
spatial isolation
footprint
frequency reuse
boresight
705.
The point in an orbit which is located
closest to Earth
point of shoot
apogee
line of apsides
perigee
706.
The most popular satellite frequency range
is 4 to 6 GHz and is called the ______ band.
C
L
Ka
Ku
707.
All satellites rotate around the earth in
an orbit that forms a plane that passes
through the center of gravity of earth called
______.
focus
geocenter
orbit
center
708.
In satellite communications, the type of
modulation used in voice and video signals is
AM
FM
SSB
QPSK

348.
The main circuit in a PSN generator is
______ .
XOR
Multiplexer
Shift register
Mixer
349.
The circuit that performs demultiplexing
in an FDM system is ______.
Op-Amp
Bandpass filter
Discriminator
Subcarrier oscillator
350.
______ defines how a user gets control of
the channel so as to allow transmission.
channel access
collision detection
collision avoidance
carrier sense
351.

The fastest LAN topology is the

ring
bus
star
square

equatorial orbit
polar orbit
geosynchronous orbit
inclined orbit

710.
It is defined as knowledge or intelligence
that is communicated between two or more
points.
Carrier
Sideband
Information
Broadband
711.
What is the category of data transmission
if the binary pulse maintained for the entire
bit time?
Return to zero
Bipolar
Unipolar
Non return to zero
712.
Which medium is the most widely used in
LANs?

352.
It is a theoretical expectation of the bit
error rate in the system
probability of errors
error detection
error control
bit error rate
353.
It is simply the data rate at which serial
PCM bits are clocked out of the PCM encoder
onto the transmission line
line speed
baud rate
output rate
bit rate
354.

709.
In satellite communications, type of orbit
which is virtually all orbits except those
travel directly above the equator or directly
over the North or the South poles.

Twin lead
Fiber-optic cable
Twisted pair
Coax
713.
These are used for transmission of PCM
encoded time division multiplexed digital
signal
I
E
A
T

carriers
carriers
carriers
carriers

714.
Which of the following is not a typical
FDM application?

A quantizing is ______.

Multiplexer
Demultiplexer
A/D converter
D/A converter
355.
Refers to the rate of change of a signal
on a transmission medium after encoding and
modulation have occurred
baud rate
phase shift

telemetry
stereo broadcasting
telephone
secure communications

715.
A modulation process that involves
conversion of a waveform from analog to
digital form by means of coding.
PDM

bit rate
frequency deviation
356.
The magnitude difference between adjacent
steps in quantization is called ______.
Quantum
Step size
Resolution
Any of these
357.
It is a set of rules implementing and
governing an orderly exchange of data between
layers of two devices, such as line control
units and front-end processors.

PCM
PLM
PAM
716.
What is the bandwidth required to transmit
at a rate of 10 Mbps in the presence of a 28dB S/N ratio?
1.075 MHz
10 MHz
5 MHz
10.75 MHz
717.
The slope of the analog signal is greater
than the delta modulator can maintain A

Data Link Protocol


Network Protocol
Point to Point Protocol
File Transfer Protocol

overload distortion
granular noise
slope overload
peak limiting

358.
A signaling system in which each letter of
the alphabet is represented by a different
symbol is not used because

718.
A scheme in which several channels are
interleaved and then transmitted together is
known as

it would be too difficult for an operator to


memorize
it is redundant
noise would introduce too many errors
too many pulses per letter are required

frequency division multiplex


time-division multiplex
a group
a supergroup
719.

The best frequency demodulator is the

PLL discriminator
Pulse-averaging discriminator
Foster-Seeley discriminator
Ratio detector