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21 CPD

(BEM Approved Hours)


Ref: IEM15/SWAK/237/C

The Institution of Engineers, Malaysia (Sarawak Branch)

Ultimate Professional Centre, No 16, 2nd Floor, Jalan Bukit Mata Kuching, 93100 Kuching, Sarawak
Tel: 082-428 506 Fax: 082-243 718 E-mail: iemsarawak@gmail.com

Power System Protection Course


Co-organized with Sarawak Energy Berhad
Date
Time
Venue

: 5 7 October 2015 (Monday Wednesday)


: 8.00 am 5.00 pm
: M Hotels, Hock Lee Centre, Kuching

ABOUT THE COURSE


This course attempts to answer the many questions in an electrical engineers mind by describing the
various concepts of power system protection. The scope includes all the main components and types of
protection schemes. The course also describes practical protection schemes. This course is intended for
consulting, design, operation and maintenance engineers responsible for medium and high voltage
transmission, distribution, industrial and commercial power systems. Participants are expected to have a
basic knowledge of power system practices.
PROFILE OF SPEAKER
Ir. Lee Chong Kiow, M.Sc. Power System Eng, B.Sc. (Hons) Elect. Eng, P Eng, C Eng, FIEM, MIEE
Ir. Lee Chong Kiow is currently the Director of VI Power, which specializes in providing performing system
studies and technical training of electrical applications. A 1974 Electrical Engineering Student graduate from
Strathclyde University, Glasgow, he has more than forty years of experience in the power engineering
industry. He was previously the engineering manager of Tamco Corporate Holdings Sdn Bhd, which
manufactures indoor-medium and low-voltage switchgear. Prior to that, he spent another five years in a
large consultancy practice and more than 16 years working as a protection engineer in the former National
Electricity Board. He is also a Professional Engineer, Fellow of the Institution of Engineers Malaysia and
Suruhanjaya Tenaga Certified Competent/Services Engineer up to 275kV.
Over the last 15 years, he has trained more than four thousand participants throughout Malaysia, South East
Asia, China, India, Oman and several African countries on Power System Protection, Applications, Operation
& Maintenance of Electrical Equipment, Basic Electricity, Commissioning of Power Transformers, Protection
and Starting of Induction Motors, Medium and Low Voltage Switchgear, Electrical Safety and Electrical
System studies.

PROGRAMME Day 1
8:00 am

Registration

9:00 am

Theory
An Introduction to Protection
Purpose, principles, requirements and components of protection systems. Zone of protection, unit
and non-unit protection, main and backup protection and characteristics of overcurrent-earth fault
relays.

10:30 am

Morning Tea Break

11:00 am

Theory
Continuation of An Introduction to Protection
Introduction to CTs and VTs. Features of numerical relays. Typical protection schemes for
electrical equipment. Differences between ELCB and RCCB. Testing.

1:00 pm

Lunch

2:00 pm

Theory
The Grandfather of all Protection
Differences between overload and overcurrent. Overcurrent-earth relay protection schemes
residual, neutral and ZCT. Typical relays and their settings. Differences between OCEF for 3-wire
and 4-wire systems. Types of IDMT characteristics.

3:30 pm

Afternoon Tea Break

3:45 pm

Theory
Concept of Differential Protection
Principle of differential protection. Percentage bias and high impedance schemes. Example
of relay settings. Applications for transformers, feeders and busbar protection.

5:00 pm

End of Day 1

PROGRAMME Day 2
8:00 am

Theory
Making Sure the Right Relay Operates
Principles and forms of discrimination. Worked example of overcurrent discrimination.

10:30 am

Morning Tea Break

11:00 am

Theory
What Happens After a Relay Operates
Analysis of various cases of right and wrong relay operations
Why are There Different Types of System Earthing?
Need for earthing. Types solid and resistor. Neutral earthing transformer.

1:00 pm

Lunch
2

2:00 pm

Theory
Current & Voltage Transformers
Principle of operation. Metering and protection CTs and VTs. connections

3:30 pm

Afternoon Tea Break

3:45 pm

Theory
Protecting Feeders
Overcurrent and pilot wire protection. Use of summation transformers and effect on relay
sensitivity. Effect of pilot wire faults. Pilot wire supervision.

5:00 pm

End of Day 2

PROGRAMME Day 3
8:00 am

Theory
Need for Motor Protection
Motor control and protection. Differences between overload and overcurrent Thermal
overload relay - need for cold and hot characteristics. Short-circuit and unbalance protection.
Co-ordination between overload and short-circuit protections.

10:30 am

Morning Tea Break

11:00 am

Theory
Protecting Generators
Difference between synchronous and induction generators. Earthing of generators. Problem
of current decrement in the generator fault current. Use of voltage dependent overcurrent
protection. Need for negative phase sequence and field failure protection. .

1:00 pm

Lunch

2:00 pm

Theory
Transmission System Protection
Improving reliability and security of protection schemes using AND or OR logic. Protection of
transmission lines. Use of current differential relays and optical fibres. Use of distance relays
- characteristics, zones and permissive tripping. Concept of directional earth fault protection.
Comparison between current differential and distance protection.

3:30 pm

Afternoon Tea Break

3:45 pm

Theory
Making Sure Everything Works
Need for testing. Primary and secondary injection tests. Stability tests. Functional and
tripping tests.

5:00 pm

End of Course