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page 23-9

Liquid Volume Fraction Calc

Given: Total pounds mass = 825,3

Component

Carbon Dioxide
Methane
Ethane
Propane
Iso-butane
Normal-butane
Iso-pentane
Normal-pentane
Hexanes +
TOTAL

mole fraction (x)

MW

xMW

0.0011
0.0214
0.3897
0.3648
0.0294
0.0877
0.0171
0.0182
0.0706

44.01
16.043
30.07
44.097
58.123
58.123
72.15
72.15
87.436

0.048411
0.3433202
11.718279
16.0865856
1.7088162
5.0973871
1.233765
1.31313
6.1729816

43.7226757

page 23-9

Liquid Volume Fraction Calculation

ven: Total pounds mass = 825,300 Lbm

mass fraction (M)

lbm

FIG. 23-2 (lbm/gal)

gal

0.0011072287
0.007852223
0.2680137666
0.3679231736
0.0390830655
0.1165845186
0.0282179665
0.0300331574
0.1411849001

913.79582
6480.43965
221191.762
303646.995
32255.254
96217.2032
23288.2878
24786.3648
116519.898

6.8199
2.5
2.9696
4.2268
4.6927
4.8691
5.2058
5.2614
5.591

133.989622
2592.17586
74485.3723
71838.5055
6873.49585
19760.7778
4473.52718
4710.98278
20840.6185

0.00065135
0.01260115
0.36209019
0.34922317
0.03341361
0.0960616
0.02174682
0.02290115
0.10131095

825300

205709.445

specific volume (V)


Fig. 24-27 f(T,P)
density ()

1.5
0.6666666667

MW

44.1

200

100

gas constant (R)

10.73

Z-factor

0.9359706775

page 23-11
Pure Component Properties

ft3/lbm
lbm/ft3

F
psia
(psia ft3)/(R lbmol)

SRK91 equation

Calculation of Pseudo-critical Te

FIG. 23-2

Component

CH4
C2H6
C3H8
iC4H10
nC4H10
iC5H12
nC5H12
nC6H14
TOTAL

Mole
Fraction,
yi

Component
Critical
Temperature,
Tci, F

0.8319
0.0848
0.0437
0.0076
0.0168
0.0057
0.0032
0.0063

-116.66
89.92
205.92
274.41
305.55
369
385.8
453.8

page 23-11
Calculation of Pseudo-critical Temperature and Pressure for a Natural Gas Mixture

FIG. 23-2

Component
Critical
Temperature,
Tci, R

Pseudocritical
Temperature,
Tpc, R

Component
Critical
Pressure,
Pci, psia

Pseudocritical
Pressure,
Ppc, psia

342.01
548.59
664.59
733.08
764.22
827.67
844.47
912.47

284.518119
46.520432
29.042583
5.571408
12.838896
4.717719
2.702304
5.748561

666.4
706.5
616
527.9
550.6
490.4
488.6
436.9

554.37816
59.9112
26.9192
4.01204
9.25008
2.79528
1.56352
2.75247

Tpc =

Ppc=
391.660022

661.58195

specific gravity or relative density (gas densit

FIG. 23-2

Component
Molecular
Weight,
MW

Mixture
Molecular
Weight,
yi MW

16.043
30.07
44.097
58.123
58.123
72.15
72.15
86.177

13.3461717
2.549936
1.9270389
0.4417348
0.9764664
0.411255
0.23088
0.5429151
MWm=
20.4263979

ic gravity or relative density (gas density)


G=
0.7063069813

page 23-17

Determine the Z-factor for the sour natural g

Component
H2S
CO2

Mole
Fraction,
yi
0.2
0.07

T
P

100
1000

F
psia.

Tc
Pc

433.9
826.9

R
psia

age 23-17

ctor for the sour natural gas

Tc'

29.8
404.1

F
R

Pc'

761.738467 psia

Tr'
Pr'

1.38497897
1.31278653

0.831

Fig. 23-4

Fig. 23-8

page 23-36
Calculation of Viscosity of a Gas Mixture

FIG. 23-2

FIG. 23-2

Mole
Fraction,
yi

Component
Molecular
Weight,
MW

Component
Molecular
Weight,
MW

Component
Critical
Pressure,
Pci, psia

CH4

0.8

16.043

12.8344

667

N2

0.15

28.013

4.20195

492.8

CO2

0.05

44.01

2.2005

1069.5

Component

19.23685

e 23-36

ity of a Gas Mixture

FIG. 23-2

FIG. 23-2

Component
Critical
Temperature,
Tci, F

Component
Critical
Temperature,
Tci, R

Component
Critical
Temperature,
Tci, R

Vci
ft3/lb

Vci
ft /lb mole

Vci
ft /lb mole

-116.66

342.01

273.608

0.0988

1.5850484

1.26803872

-232.53

226.14

33.921

0.051

1.428663

0.21429945

87.76

546.43

27.3215

0.0342

1.505142

0.0752571

334.8505

1.55759527

Zci
ft3/lb

Zci
ft3/lb

0.2880911 0.2304728766
0.29015054 0.0435225814
0.27455162 0.0137275809
0.2877230389

page 23-24

Calculation of Liquid Density of a Mixture at 120F and 1760 p

FIG. 23-2

Component

Mole
Fraction,
yi

Methane
Carbon Dioxide
Ethane
Propane
n-Butane
n-Pentane
n-Hexane
n-Heptane
n-Octane
n-Decane
n-Tetradecane

0.20896
0.3973
0.01886
0.02387
0.03586
0.02447
0.01844
0.02983
0.02995
0.18208
0.03038

TOTAL

FIG. 23-2

Component
Molecular
Weight, lb
Weight,
MW
16.043
44.01
30.07
44.097
58.123
72.15
86.177
100.204
114.231
142.285
198.394

3.35234528
17.485173
0.5671202
1.05259539
2.08429078
1.7655105
1.58910388
2.98908532
3.42121845
25.9072528
6.02720972

Relative density
of liquid 60F

0.82203
0.50738
0.58408
0.63113
0.66404
0.68819
0.70698
0.73406

age 23-24

y of a Mixture at 120F and 1760 psia

References
Density (60F)
lb/cu ft

51.2289096
31.6199216
36.3998656
39.3320216
41.3829728
42.8880008
44.0589936
45.7466192
47.815

Volume
cu ft
0
895.746347
0
33.2829837
75.8679043
69.4410971
65.7618426
128.195894
150.735442
1185.16923
288.191033

Ludwigs Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petroch


A
B
T
TC
n
density
density

0.22827
0.2724
288.7055
425.18
0.2863
0.58396492
36.4394107

K
K
g/mL
lb/cu ft

for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants


Appendix C
Appendix C
Appendix C
Appendix C

page 24-10
Example Enthalpy Calculation

Component

Methane
Carbon Dioxide
Ethane
Propane
i-Butane
n-Butane
i-Pentane
n-Pentane
Hexane
TOTAL

FIG. 23-2

FIG. 23-2

Mole
Fraction,
yi

Component
Molecular
Weight,
MW

Component
Critical
Temperature,
Tci, F

Component
Critical
Temperature,
Tci, R

0.901
0.0106
0.0499
0.0187
0.0065
0.0045
0.0017
0.0019
0.0052

16.043
44.01
30.07
44.097
58.123
58.123
72.15
72.15
86.177

-116.66
87.9
89.92
205.92
274.41
305.55
369
385.8
453.8

342.01
546.57
548.59
664.59
733.08
764.22
827.67
844.47
912.47

MWm=
2055.64

ge 24-10

e Enthalpy Calculation

FIG. 23-2

FIG. 23-2

Pseudocritical
Temperature,
Tpc, R

Component
Critical
Pressure,
Pci, psia

Pseudocritical
Pressure,
Ppc, psia

Acentric
Factor

Ideal Gas
Enthalpy
Btu/lb

308.15101
5.793642
27.374641
12.427833
4.76502
3.43899
1.407039
1.604493
4.744844

667
1069.5
706.5
616
527.9
550.6
490.4
488.6
436.9

600.967
11.3367
35.25435
11.5192
3.43135
2.4777
0.83368
0.92834
2.27188

0.0108
0.2667
0.0972
0.1515
0.1852
0.1981
0.2286
0.251
0.299

292
100
189
162
151
162
151
158
139

Tpc =
369.707512

Ppc=
669.0202