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U NEP

ROA News
ROA News is a Newsletter of the Regional Office for Africa (ROA) at UNEP, Nairobi, Kenya

N° 8 June 2005

UNEP GC/GMEF 23
Protecting the Environment: The Thread that Runs
Through the Millennium Development Goals
The importance of a healthy environment for realizing the Millennium Development Goals took center stage when more than
100 environment ministers met at the world headquarters ofrdthe United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in Nairobi,
Kenya for the 23 Governing Council.
A five-year review of the Goals, which cover poverty eradication and safe water supplies to promoting women and conserving
wildlife, will take place in New York in September at a Summit-level meeting of the UN General Assembly. The conclusions of
UNEP GC-23 and Global Ministerial Environment Forum will feed into the 2005 World Summit.
The meeting in Nairobi, involving environment ministers from six Continents, looked at how to bolster global, regional and
national environments so as to improve the prospects for achieving the Goals by the target date of 2015.

C o n t e n t s
UNEP GC/GMEF 23
1
Tsunami
10
Africa Environment Day
11
AMCEN
12
th
11 World Lakes Conference
15
Nairobi River Basin Project
16
World Environment Day 2005
17
AMCEN/AEO
President Mwai Kibaki of Kenya and Mr. Klaus Töpfer, Executive Director, UNEP addressing delegates
21 at the opening of GC/GMEF 23
Congo Basin Partnership
23
Ozone
T rd
he 23 Session of UNEP Governing
Council/Global Ministerial Environment
The GC concluded on major achievements
including, a set of decisions on Small lslands
26 Forum adopted decisions some of which Development States (SIDS), chemicals,
Industry have far reaching implications, an indication keeping the world environment situation
29 of the firm and unequivocal reaffirmation under review, strengthening environmental
Kyoto Protocol by Governments and Civil Society of the role emergency response and developing disaster
31 and mandate of UNEP and its leadership, prevention, prepared-ness, mitigation and
Children and Youth in regard to the Global Environmental early warning systems in the aftermath of
Agenda, in the wider context of the three the Indian Ocean tsunami disaster, on
33
pillars of sustainable development. programme of work and budget, water
U N E P G C / G M E F 2 3 U N E P G C / G M E F 2 3

The Council also welcomed the offer to hold a meeting with Africa’s efforts by the Government of China and ities for doing this. We calculate that hydro
extended by H.E. Mr. Zeng Peiyan, Vice development partners. The first Partners UNEP to achive a strategic framework of electricity from the Congo could generate
Premier of the People’s Republic of China, Conference on the implementation of the cooperation for implementation of the more than 40,000 megawatts, enough to
to host the second intergovernmental action plan of the environment initiative Action Plan of the Environment Intitiative power Africa’s industrialization with the
review (IGR) meeting of the Global of the New Partnership for Africa’s of the NEPAD (See page 8). possibility of selling the surplus to
Programme of Action for the Protection Development (NEPAD) was therefore southern Europe”.
of the Marine Environment from Land- held in Algiers, Algeria on 15 and 16 Energy: Congo River to
based Activities (GPA) in 2006. December 2003. The idea had been suggested in the past,
generate electricity for Africa
but that it was now gaining real political
This important event is expected to focus, The objectives of the first Partners momentum under the New Partnership
Plans to harness the power of the mighty
amongst other things, on assessing how the Conference were to present the priorities for Africa’s Development (NEPAD). The
Congo River to generate electricity are
GPA can be further used to support of the Region and seek the support of plans envisaged engineering works that
being drawn up by one of Africa’s biggest
achievement of the goals and targets
Africa’s development partners for effective energy companies. This was announced would siphon off the river, divert it
associated with the Johannesburg Plan of
implementation of the priority environ- at the United Nations Environment through electricity-generating turbines,
Implementation and the Millennium
ment programmes and projects which had Programme (UNEP) during the Govern- before funneling the water back into the
Declaration. The IGR will also provide an
been agreed upon by Africa in the ing Council. The scheme, which will Congo. At least half if not more of the
important opportunity for different
UNEP Executive Director, and former President of GC/GMEF welcome President Kibaki and Minister of framework of NEPAD. The decision to initially focus on the Inga Rapids, aims to electricity can be generated in this way
Environment, Kenya, Mr. Kalonzo Musyoka at UNEP Hq stakeholders at the international, regional
organise the second Partners Conference eventually generate more than enough which, according to Eskom, makes the
and national levels to plan the road to 2014-
was reached at the first Partners electricity to power Africa’s industrial- project environmentally-friendly.
2015, when the cluster of issues being
policy and strategy, IEG, Bali Strategic Plan in the overall efforts to promote the considered by the Commission on Conference. This decision was reaffirmed isation. An estimated 526 million people
for technology Support and Capacity realization of the MDGs. MDG 4-6 - Sustainable Development will include both at the tenth regular session of AMCEN in Africa do not have access to electricity. Co-organised by UNEP with the Interna-
Building,. The GC also concluded with the Established the direct linkages between marine resources and oceans and seas. held in Sirte, Libya in June, 2004. tional Chamber of Commerce (ICC),
President’s Summary. The debate and these MDGs and the Environment and The situation in rural areas is expected to World Business Council for Sustainable
decisions on the Millennium Develop- health nexus. MDG 8 – Established The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is to host Consistent with the practice of AMCEN, become even worse over the next two Development (WBCSD) and the World
ment Goals spotlighted the environmental UNEP’s role in strengthening partnerships the next Special Session of the United a preparatory technical session was organ- decades if current patterns continue. Energy Council (WEC), the meeting ex-
dimension of the MDGs, and it has given with various stakeholders including Nations Environment Programme’s ized with the objectives to review the im- According to the ministers and business amined how the provision of water and
UNEP a leading role in integrating and private sector/civil society etc. Governing Council. It is the first time that plementation of the Action Plan since the leaders attending the meeting, this water energy underpins the sustainable devel-
advancing the environmental dimension this event will be held in the Arab world. First Partners Conference, discuss the fi- and energy crisis threatening most of opment needs of Africa and can contrib-
nancial resource mobilisation mecha- Africa will only be solved if there is greater ute to the achievement of the Millennium
nisms for the implementation of the investment in relevant infrastructure and Development Goals and the Johannesburg
Action Plan and make further recommen- services by the private sector. Plan of Implementation. http://www.

Highlights dations to the ministerial session of the


second Partners Conference on the imple- From building boreholes for water to the
unep.org/Documents. Multilingual/
Default.asp?DocumentID =424&Article
mentation of the Action Plan. Fourty par- development of solar power in remote ID=4738&l=en
The Regional Office for Africa and UNEP HQ organised a series of meetings and events in the run up to and during ticipants including representatives from villages, business must play a key role in
the 23rd Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environment Forum. A number of important reports were also launched member States of AMCEN attended the working with local entrepreneurs, public Action on Heavy Metals
during this gathering, touching on Energy in Africa, heavy metals, tsunami, Geo Year book, and plastic bags and waste. technical segment of the Partners Confer- authorities and financing institutions in among Key GC Decisions
ence. Africa, concluded participants.
nd Governments took an important step
2 African Expert Meeting on ion in Casablanca (Morocco) in May 2004. and subsequently presented to the Second The African Business and forward in reducing the health and
The plan was announced by Reuel Khoza,
10 Year Framework The first expert meeting identified key International Experts Meeting on the 10 Sistainable Development environmental risks from mercury. They
chairman of the South African-based
Programme on Sustainable priority areas for the promotion of Year Framework Programme that is sched-
Roundtable power company Eskom Holdings. He was agreed to strengthen UNEP’s Finances and
Consumption and Production sustainable consumption and production uled to be held in September 2005 in Costa
among a delegation of business leaders Work in Areas from Water and Gender
ROA took advantage of the GC/GMEF-
T he Johannesburg Plan of Implementa-
tion calls for the development of a 10-year
within the region and adopted the
Casablanca Declaration on Sustainable
Rica.
23 to organise a side-event on sustainable attending “Africa Business and Sustainable
Development” meeting which took place
Equality to Disaster Preparedness and
Scientific Assessment. Under an expanded
Consumption and Production in Africa Preparation of the Second development for the African Business.
Framework of Programmes on Sustain-
th at UNEP headquarters where environ- mercury programme, they have asked the
which was later endorsed by the 10 Partners Conference on the This roundtable was meant to facilitate
able Consumption and Production (SCP) ment minister from across the globe have United Nations Environment Programme
Regular Session of AMCEN. Implementation of the Action dialogue between African Ministers and
in support of regional and national gathered for UNEP’s 23rd Governing (UNEP) to conduct a study on the amounts
Plan of the Environment business executive with a particular focus
initiatives. The Marrakech Process to As a follow-up to the meeting in Casa- Council/Global Ministerial Environment of mercury being traded and supplied
Initiative of the NEPAD on water and energy (See page 29).
develop this framework was launched at blanca, UN DESA and UNEP in collabora- Forum. around the world. Mercury, a heavy metal
the First International Experts Meeting in tion with the AMCEN Secretariat and the In view of the significance attached to the linked with medical effects such as damage
The China-africa Conference on
June 2003. Subsequently, UNEP, in African Roundtable on Sustainable Con- environment as the third pillar of Mr. Khoza said: “Africa urgently needs to the nervous systems of babies, is used in
Environment and Cooperation
consultation with UN DESA, organized sumption and Production (ARSCP) organ- sustainable development, the Second energy to lift its people out of poverty and products such as fluorescent light bulbs,
the First African Expert Meeting on the ised this Second African Expert Meeting on Ordinary Assembly of the African Union The China-Africa Conference on the deliver sustainable development. The dental fillings and thermometers.
10 Year Framework Programme on SCP in Nairobi, Kenya. The outcome from held in Maputo, in July 2003, endorsed the environment was organised as part of the Congo River offers enormous opportun-
Sustainable Consumption and Product- this meeting will be submitted to AMCEN Action Plan and the decision of AMCEN

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U N E P G C / G M E F 2 3 U N E P G C / G M E F 2 3

Action is also to be taken on improving the of the local communities who were The Executive Director also emphasized 2004/5 GEO Yearbook ‘Emerging Challenges—New Findings’. Central China and Egypt and continues
communication of the risks of mercury to hardest hit by the disaster, a new report that the report also supported the need Launched The report on the emergence and re- to rank high in other developing countries
vulnerable groups. These include pregnant entitled After the Tsunami - Rapid for a regional early warning system, not emergence of infectious diseases is based including many in Africa. Freshwater
mothers whose babies may be at risk if they Environmental Assessment by UNEP says. just for tsunamis but for a wide range of Scientists are linking a rise in new and on new research by some of the leading snails, known as Biomphalaria glabrata,
eat too much mercury-contaminated fish Vulnerability mapping is urgently needed weather-related natural disasters. previously suppressed infectious diseases experts in the field. serve as reservoirs for the disease. Water
or marine mammals such as seals. to pin point coastal sites where homes, with the dramatic environmental changes flow changes and changes in water
Governments also agreed to promote ‘best hotels, factories and other infrastructure A string of recommendations are made Klaus Toepfer, UNEP’s Executive Director, chemistry associated with dams like the
available tech-niques’ for reducing mercury should be banned or restricted. including building the skills, knowledge said: “ It promises to be a momentous year Aswan Dam in Egypt and irrigation
emissions from chemical factories and other and equipment base of the affected for the United Nations as a whole and schemes on the Senegal River, are being
industrial sites. Klaus Toepfer, UNEP’s Executive Director, governments and local authorities. More UNEP in particular. In September, nations linked with an increase in the snail pop-
said: “The report underlines the importance detailed studies, including long term will gather in New York for a meeting of the ulation and thus cases of Schistosomiasis.
They agreed to develop partnerships of managing the reconstruction in an monitoring, of the countries concerned General Assembly to evaluate how far we
between governments, international environmentally sensitive way. Buildings and the main impacts sites, are needed. For have gone in achieving the Millennium Increasing level of rubbish and solid
organizations, non-governmental organ- and other infrastructure need to be built in most if not all the countries, the immediate Development Goals”. “A Task Force, wastes in developing countries— a result
izations and the private sector to reduce less vulnerable areas and to standards that priorities appear to be the condition and appointed by Secretary General Kofi Annan, of increasing consumerism, poor collect-
mercury pollution with the first pilot will protect them and their inhabitants in rehabilitation of groundwater supplies, has concluded that the environment is the ion and refuse handling services, fly
projects to be in place by September this the event of future tsunamis. This makes waste management including safe disposal cornerstone upon which the Goals are likely tipping, lack of re-cycling schemes and
year. Likely partnerships include ones to sense not only in respect to tsunamis but of rubble, construction materials and to stand or fall. The report on the rise of inadequate disposal site— are aggravating
reduce emissions of mercury from coal also with respect to storms surges, floods, hazardous wastes and restoring livelihoods infections underlines this fact. MDG 6 calls the problem.
fired power stations, from chlor-alkali hurricanes and other extreme weather in the agricultural and fisheries sector. on the global community to reverse the
plants and from pollution linked with gold events.” Apart from the consideration of ‘no build’ spread if HIV/AIDS, malaria and other Discarded plastic bags, old tins and car
mining. An estimated 2,000 tonnes of new or restricted build zones in the coastal now sweeping the planet. Loss of forests, diseases,” he said. tyres offer, when filled with rainwater,
mercury is released to the environment He further said that “The report indicates zones, governments and local commu- road and dam building, the spread of perfect new breeding opportunities for
annually, mainly from coal-fired power that the environment was both a victim nities should also consider restoring cities, the clearing of natural habitats for The issue of environmental degradation and disease carrying insects. Increased and
stations, waste incinerators and as a result of the tsunami but also that it often played mangrove forests and traditional forms of agriculture, mining and the pollution of a rise of many new and old infectious unplanned urbanisation, lack of proper
of artisinal mining of gold and silver. fish and shrimp farming. Simply re- coastal waters are promoting conditions diseases is a complex, sometimes subtle, one waste water management schemes in
Under the partnerships, governments will instating intensive fish and shrimp under which new and old pathogens can that is causing increasing concern among many developing country cites and
make experts and information on aquaculture systems of the kind that have thrive. Climate change may aggravate the scientists and disease specialists. Overall it population growth, are also important
environmentally-friendly techniques become economically popular in recent threats of infectious diseases in three ways seems that intact habitats and landscapes factors in the spread of these diseases.
available to those countries and industries years may be a mistake, says the report. experts suggest. tend to keep infectious agents in check, Tuberculosis, Bubonic Plague and
requesting assistance. Meanwhile, the recovery and rebuilding whereas damaged, altered and degraded Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome are
process offers a ‘clear opportunity’ for Firstly by increasing the temperatures ones shift the natural balance thereby linked with unplanned urbanization. The
The partnership mechanism will also sustainable energy generation based on under which many diseases and their car- triggering the spread to people of new and GEO Year Book also links yellow fever,
focus on mercury wastes and surplus wind, solar and tidal, it adds. Community- riers flourish, and secondly by further existing diseases. Many leading experts are Kyasanur Forest disease and Ebola with
stockpiles as well as promote research to based, emergency shelters possibly like stressing and altering habitats. For exam- now convinced that ecological disruption, deforestation and its knock-on effects.
improve understanding on how mercury those in Bangladesh should be considered. ple, the geographic range and seasonality dramatic environmental change, and poor http://www.unep.org/Do cuments.
moves around the planet. Governments, of two of the world’s most serious mos- handling of human and animal wastes are Multilingual/Default.asp? Document
who have been attending UNEP’s 23rd Replanting coastal forests is another quito-borne infections, malaria and den- playing an important part. ID=424& ArticleID =4728 &l=en
Governing Council/Global Ministerial proposal. Forests not only take the sting out gue fever, are very sensitive to changes in
Environment Forum, also agreed to of aggressive waves and offer other benefits climate. Also, Neissseria meningitidis, a In Africa, the expansion of mining and
review the success of the new programme including incomes for local people. Trees Plastic Bag Ban in Kenya
common cause of meningitis, can be other extractive industries can increase the
in two years time. http://www.unep.org/ are also ideal places where people can climb Proposed as Part of New
spread many miles in the dusty conditions incidence of diseases like malaria.
Documents.Multilingual/Default.asp? to avoid being washed away. Waste Strategy
that occur following prolonged drought Deforestation and road building often
DocumentID=424&ArticleID=4740&l=en in the Sahel. Thirdly, climate change may disrupt forest and river systems increasing Flimsy plastic shopping bags should be
The report, based on surveys by UNEP increase the number of environmental the habitats for malaria-carrying banned and a hefty levy slapped on thicker
A post-Tsunami Report by its part in reducing the impact. Where teams in the field working with other UN refugees who are forced to migrate to mosquitoes. Migration of workers into ones to rid Kenya of an increasing
UNEP Makes healthy and relatively intact features like agencies, governments and non govern- other communities, even countries. This previously inaccessible areas is increasing environmental and health menace, a
recommendations on How to coral reefs, mangroves and coastal mental organizations, was released at in turn will also favor the spread of dis- the population at risk. The World Health report urges.
Reduce Vulnerability to Future vegetation were in place there is evidence UNEP’s 23rd Governing Council/Global eases from one location to another where Organization has recently estimated that
Coastal Hazards that the damage was reduced. There are Ministerial Environment Forum. http:// the population may be more susceptible. some six per cent of malaria cases in some At least two million plastic bags are now
innumerable reasons to maintain healthy www.unep.org/Documents. Multilingual part of the world during the last 25 years being handed out each year to people
The destruction caused by the Asian
habitats like coral reefs. They are nurseries Default.asp? Document ID=424& These are among the findings from the are as a result of climate change. shopping at supermarkets and kiosks in
tsunami to the environment offers an
fish and magnets for tourists. Now we ArticleID=4733&l=en United Nations Environment Programme Nairobi alone, the study by experts at the
opportunity to rebuild in a manner that
preserves natural resources for the benefit have another reason to conserve them”. in its latest Global Environment Outlook Schistosomiasis, also known as bilharzia Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research
Year Book 2004/2005 under the section is a major health risk in the rural areas of and Analysis (KIPPRA) says. The bags,

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many of which are so thin they are simply The report’s findings, launched at a eradication agenda. By strengthening our called on Africans to change their attitude
thrown away after one trip from the shops, meeting of UNEP’s Governing Council collaboration we believe that we can help and commit individually and work
have become a familiar eyesore in both are based on the outcome of several our respective communities and consti- collectively to achieve these (MDG)
urban and countryside areas. Plastic bags meetings between UNEP, NEMA, tuencies to make a difference” said Achim targets and see women as partners with
also block gutters and drains, choke farm manufacturers, suppliers, supermarkets Steiner, Director General of IUCN. men for sustainable development through
animals and marine wildlife and pollute and other interested groups held in Kenya adoption of a rights based approach to
the soil as they gradually break down. and abroad. “IUCN- The World Conservation Union is issues of basic amenities such as access to
an organization with members at grass roots education, water and sanitation and
Wangari Mathaai, the Assistant Environ- Theo and the Giant Plastic Ball as well as in governments across the world. environmental resources.
ment Minister in Kenya and 2004 Nobel By joining forces we can together take the
The Executive Director of UNEP also
Peace Prize winner, has also linked plastic important step – mainstreaming Journalists also recognized that
launched this book, the second in a series
bag litter with malaria. The bags, when biodiversity and other environmental environmental reporting is a specialized
under the UNEP Tunza Environmental
discarded, can fill with rainwater offering concerns into the development agenda”, says area of journalism and recommended that
Series which aims to inspire caring for the
ideal and new breeding grounds for the Klaus Toepfer, Executive Director of UNEP. journalists attempt to understand the
Earth through creative literature that
malaria-carrying mosquitoes. culture of a people before writing on
sparks the interest and awareness of
IUCN, the World Conservation Union specialized and sensitive issues such as
children, their parents and teachers. Theo
A ban on bags less than 30 microns thick and UNEP have enjoyed a long history of gender balance implication. It was agreed
and the Giant Plastic Ball was written by African journalists on field visit at Nairobi Dam
and the levy on thicker ones are among a collaboration which goes back to the that journalists need to change their
Carole Douglis and illustrated by
raft of proposals aimed at reducing the use creation of the United Nations thought process and attitudes. Con-
Adrienne Kennaway.
of polythene bags and providing funds for Environment Programme in 1972 and has sequently, as a starting point they commit
alternative, more environmentally- resulted in landmark results - such as the themselves to further develop personal
The story, in which a boy called Theo, In addition, the workshop was designed indicators for measuring poverty, more
friendly, carriers such as cotton or sisel World Conservation Strategy (1982), vision and mission statements.
alerts communities to the menace of to provide an opportunity for African community based actions for poverty
bags. Cash raised from the levy would also which provided a new paradigm for the
discarded plastic bags by collecting and media practitioners, both in the print and reduction more efforts to give “voice” to
go towards the setting up of efficient and environmental community at that time, Recognizing that the media has not
rolling them into a giant ball, is aimed at electronic media, to help build each others the people, setting a higher target in global
effective re-cycling schemes, says the and the development of the main adequately covered actions at local levels,
educating children in a lively and engaging skills based on local experience and effort for the eradicating of poverty as
report funded by the United Nations environmental agreements (MEAs) now they resolved to play their part by giving
away about how they can take action for a knowledge on the field. With the help of against the reduction of poverty, a
Environment Programme (UNEP) and in place at global and regional levels. greater media attention and mention
cleaner, healthier world. The book is in local African resource persons, delegates paradigm shift in Africa towards gender
the National Environment Management UNEP and IUCN have also collaborated in efforts of local people on the field,
line with the recommendations by developed and strengthened their balance for sustainable development the
Authority (NEMA) of Kenya. Operating bringing together and making available key particularly women, and youth and
KIPPRA which, as part of the Kenyan environmental reporting skills through recognition of the dimensions of poverty,
the plastic bag levy could become a blue- information on protected areas and awakening political leaders and the society
strategy on waste and plastics call for interactive discussions and exercises. the link between poverty and gender and
print for similar schemes aimed at the environmental law and in developing to the role youths are playing and can still
public awareness campaigns. the cross-cutting impact of water and
rising tide of other wastes confronting capacities in most regions of the world. The play in development as change agents.
Kenya and countries across Africa and the signing of this Memorandum of With regard to the implementation of the sanitation on education for girls, women’s
The full study, Country Report on millennium Development goals, African productivity and livelihoods and
developing world. Understanding marks a new commitment The workshop provided an opportunity
Selection, Design and Implementation of journalists called for more focused environmental sustainability. They also
to a more strategic collabor-ation and will for African media practitioners to help
Economic Instruments in the Kenyan
The proposal is contained in a report, provide a clear signal to advance the build each others skills based on local
Solid Waste Management Sector, is
Selection, Design and Implementation of environmental agenda. http://www. unep. experience and knowledge on the field.
available at www.unep.org and at
Economic Instruments in the Kenyan org/Documents.Multilingual/Default. asp? With the help of local African resource
www.unep.ch/etu
Solid Waste Management Sector, authored DocumentID=424&Article ID=4737&l=en persons delegates developed and
by KIPPRA’s Moses Ikiara and Clive strengthened their environmental
Mutunga. UNEP & IUCN: A New Strategic African Journalists call for reporting skills through interactive
Partnership for the individual commitment and discussions and exercises.
Environment collective work to achieve
Millennium Development Goals The series of training workshops is
At a time when the environment agenda
designed as an event for bringing together
has greater demands made upon it and About 45 journalists from twenty one
African journalists reporting environ-
faces increasing challenges, IUCN and African countries gathered in Nairobi in
mental issues to exchange knowledge and
UNEP review their strategic partnership parallel with the UNEP Governing
mutually improve each others skills
agreement. Council and Global Ministerial
through interactive sessions and exercises.
Environment Forum (GC/GMEF). The
A group of more senior African journalists
“It is urgent that we work closely together overall objective of the workshop was to
is also being developed to serve as resource
in helping to re-position the conservation further UNEP’s continued support to
persons and transfer skills in the field of
and environment agendas as a key building the capacity for environmental
environmental and investigative reporting
response to addressing the Millenium reporting within the African Network of
to the younger journalists at the sub-
Development Goals and the poverty Environmental Journalist (ANEJ). Call for individual commitment and collective work to achieve MDGs
regional and national levels. ❐

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Environmental NGOs, Trade Unions, Youth, Women and Indigenous


The China-Africa Conference on Environmental Peoples Representatives’ Participation

Cooperation The environmental NGOs, Trade Unions, (phasing out of destructive and unsus- first step in eradicating mercury
Youth, Women and Indigenous Peoples tainable industrial aquaculture activities, poisoning of people and the
Mohamed Abdel-Monem representatives present in Nairobi this protection and restoration of mangrove environment.
week would like to share the following: ecosystems, integrated coastal zone
management, land-used planning with 14. We believe however that the adoption

T he China-Africa Co-operation
Forum (Forum) was established in 2000
International Environmental
Governance & UNEP
the ecosystem approach),
8. Throughout the Tsunami-devastated
of a legally-binding instrument to
tackle mercury poisoning, reflected
in the Mercury Programme as an
areas, the development and use of clean, option, is inevitable. We call upon
with the framework of collective 1. We look forward to the strengthening renewable and sustainable energy Govern-ments to work to this end, in
dialogue between China and African of UNEP and the provision in future should be given utmost priority; particular to secure capacity building
countries to promote peace and of significant additional, stable and for all and just a transition in
predictable resources to allow UNEP 9. One key lesson from the Tsunami disaster phasing-in clean alternatives.
development on the basis of equality.
to perform its mandate adequately; is that economic development must not
Since then China and Africa have increase the vulnerability of ecosystems,
worked toward implementing the 2. We also welcome the support peoples and communities, especially with Water, Sanitation and Human
expressed by Governing Council to regard to climate change and extreme Settlements:
forum’s follow-up action. A second
the immediate implementation of the weather patterns in developing countries
ministerial conference of the Forum, Bali Strategic Plan on Capacity 15. We look forward to pursuing effective
which are analogous to “man-made,
met in Addis Ababa in December 2003, Building and Technology support; measures on Water, Sanitation and
preventable Tsunamis”. th
adopted an Action Plan to facilitate the Human Settlements at this year’s 13
3. We reaffirm that Multilateral Environ- Session of the Commission on
implementation of the principles and mental Agreements should have pri-
objectives set out in the Beijing Climate: Sustainable Development, and at the
mary competence to determine, apply MDG+5 Summit in September,
Declaration of the Forum and the environmental objectives and related 10. We welcome the adoption of Paragraph
Program for China –Africa Cooperation Mr. Töpfer, UNEP Executive Director, H E Zeng Peiyan, Vice Premier of China, H E President trade measures, and to monitor com- 6(a) (b) and (c) of UNEP GC Decision 16. Access to safe and affordable water
in Economic and Social Development. Kibaki of Kenya and Former GC President Hon. Arcado Ntagazwa pliance. on Keeping the World Environmental and adequate sanitation is a key test
Situation under Review (GC23/CW/L2/ case for the international community,
Add 1). As requested in Paragraph 6(c) because a failure to achieve the MDG
The Government of China and UNEP Gender: we shall continue to address the serious water related objectives would be an
seek to achieve a strategic framework of Commissioner for Rural Economy and 2005. Second to be held in No- 4. We thank the Swedish delegation for challenges of global climate change and obstacle to the realization of all other
cooperation between both parties for Agriculture, Representative of the AU. vember 2005 but the venue is advancing the issue of Gender look forward to cooperating with UNEP MDGs, including the targets for
implementation of the action plan of open to negotiation. Libya will Equality and Environment this week; to this end, human health,
the environment initiative of the New It was agreed that: discuss with China through 5. We welcome the Decision on Gender 11. Whilst we joined the celebrations that 17. Access to water is a basic human right
Partnership for Africa’s Development. AMCEN and UNEP possibility of Equality and Environment, particularly marked the entry into force of the Kyoto that Governments, individually and
1- High level political dialogue to be ini- hosting the second training the commitment to promote equal par- Protocol last week, we continue to be collectively, have the duty to secure
The China-Africa Conference on tiated between AMCEN and China on course on waste water manage- ticipation of women in environmental concerned that the US Administration is and protect.
decision-making at al levels, the not acting in accordance with their legal
Environmental Cooperation was held relevant issues related to environment. ment.
mainstreaming of gender in environ- obligations under Article 2 of the UN
on Monday 21 February 2004 Chaired AMCEN to invite their Chinese coun- Framework Convention on Climate MDG+5 Summit:
mental policies and programmes, and
by Mr. WEI Jianguo, Co-chair of terparts and likewise, AMCEN should 3- Other proposals related to urban the assessment of effects on women of Change, despite the recognition this week
18. We reiterate that Environment for
Chinese Follow-up Committee of the be invited to meetings staged by the environment, water and land environmental policies; in Brussels by President Bush that human-
Development should be the corner-
Forum on China-Africa Cooperation, Chinese. AMCEN will be the mecha- degradation would be developed enhanced climate change does take place,
6. We support the call for adequate stone of this year’s Millennium+ 5
Vice Minister of Ministry of nism for high level dialogue. Possibly in consultation with African provision of resources fro the prompt 12. We call upon Governments to consider review and summit, as was pointed
Commerce of China and was opened meetings will be held every three if not countries, ROA/UNEP and SEPA implementation of this decision. the legal implications of the US’s viola- out in the UN SG’s High level Panel
by Mr. ZENG Peiyan, Vice Premier of every two years. In between these Min- to be forward to the relevant tion of their UNFCCC obligations we Report on Threats, Opportunities
look forward to discussing this issue at and Change, our collective security
the State Council of China and isterial level meetings, senior official Chinese authorities.
Tsunami next year’s Special Session of UNEP will never be reached unless we
addressed by Dr. Topfer, Executive level meetings should be held. Governing Council in Dubai. achieve an equitable and fair devel-
Director of UNEP, Mr. XIE Zhenhua 4- Cooperation between China and 7. We agree that the Tsunami disaster opment that takes full account of en-
Minister, State Environmental 2- Two training courses will be organized the African countries can be in the Indian Ocean should be viewed vironmental sustainability.
Protection Administration, and Mr. as an opportunity to mobilize re- Mercury:
during 2005 and supported by China strengthened in the area of 19. We urge Governments to include
sources for sustainable re-building
Nancoman Keita Vice President of the for African countries in the area of capacity building and technology and management, including drawing 13. We would like to thank those representatives from Civil Society on
AMCEN, Minister for Environment of environmental management. The First transfer, as well as information lessons on the vulnerability that cer- governments who have secured the their delegation at the MDG+5
Mali and Mrs. Rosebud Kurwijila, will be held in Beijing, September sharing. ❐ tain developments in that region in adoption of the Mercury Programme on Summit in New York, and related
the last few decades have entailed mercury which constitutes an important meetings.

8 • ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 • 9


T S U N A M I A E D

Tsunami impact on Eastern Africa • Soils around Victoria still have a high Africa Celebrates Environment Day
salt content which is double the

Mohamed Abdel-Monem
amount most plants in the islands
can tolerate.
O n 3rd March of every year African countries celebrate Africa Environment Day (AED).
For the first time ever, a concerted effort was made to implement the decision on celebration
of the day. The AU urged all African governments to observe the day in their countries.
O n 26 December 2004, the Tsunami
that hit many parts of South East Asia
Praslin Islands, and to a lesser extent on
certain coastal parts on La Digue and Cerf
• The Government and other national
agencies have taken the necessary This day was designated by the African Union (AU), at the initiative of Libya, at its summit
steps to assist those that have been in Durban, South Africa, in 2002. For the African Environment Day this year, the AU has
also struck the Somali coastline, Islands. Rescue efforts limited the loss of affected. Some minor repair works been flexible by not choosing a continental theme, leaving the choice to countries. Subsequent
North-eastern Somalia was the worst human life to one individual. are already being carried out on observations of the day will have a theme circulated in advance by the Commission.
affected, particularly between Hafun essential public infrastructure to
(Bari region) and Garacad (Mudug Tsunami hit the coasts of the inner islands The AU Executive Council decided that Member States celebrate the day by urging
render them temporarily operational enterprises, institutions and centers concerned by environmental problems to undertake a
region), a stretch of around 650 km. of Seychelles causing considerable so as to support livelihoods. variety of activities. These include: Conferences/debates, symposia and information
The effects of the Tsunami included the damages. With waves ranging from 2.5 to
campaigns to sensitize African populations on environmental problems; Visits and
loss of life, destruction of shelters, 4.0 meters. • Establish an Early Warning System excursions to beaches, forests, zoological parks and natural reserves with a view to involving
houses and water sources and loss of for the Seychelles is highly recom-
...in the North-Eastern Coast of Somalia the African population in the preservation of the environment; Focusing efforts on
productive assets. Many parts of • Causing severe flooding and consid- mended desertification and drought control programmes, as well as on maximum and judicious
Somalia have already been suffering erable damage to infrastructure, such exploitation of natural resources; Mobilization of all available means of information to
from four years of consecutive drought more than 650 kilometres of coastline. as bridges and roads, as well as the fish- A round table on the environmental cover the celebration of the Africa Environment Day.
and periodic floods in addition to ing port, jetties, hotels, public utilities, situation in Somalia was organized on 9
chronic insecurity. The impact of the • It was estimated that more than 150 houses, (Over 500 houses were de- June 2005 at UNEP Headquarters Ethiopia Rolls Back Deforestation and Desertification for Poverty
Tsunami therefore poses a further deaths. stroyed resulting in and 5 schools sus- involving experts from various United Reduction to mark African Environment Day
• More than 18,000 households have Nations bodies, non-governmental
been affected. The theme chosen for the celebrations in Ethiopia is: “Roll Back Deforestation and
organizations, research institutes and the Desertification for Poverty Reduction”. The AU Commission has teamed up with the
• Wells throughout the affected region Transitional Federal Government of
were contaminated causing acute Environment Protection Authority of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, the
Somalia. The purpose of this meeting was UNEP Addis Ababa Office and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)
shortages of drinking water. to exchange information on a wide range to observe the day.
• Food stocks were washed away. of environmental problems and potential
• Boats and other means of fishing were hazards. This meeting came in the wake Activities took place in the Debrezeit area, over thirty kilometers from Addis Ababa. The
destroyed. of a short and limited fact finding mission organizers chose the private estate of Ms. Hakim Abebech’s place, a renowned expert on
to the area where a UN team visited places local medicinal plants who has planted and preserved many of them. The high point of the
Tsunami also hit the coasts of the inner in Puntland and Somaliland. celebration was a message by Ethiopia’s President Girma Woldegiorgis and Ms. Rosebud
granitic islands of Seychelles causing Kurwijila, AU Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture who represented the AU
Impacts of Tsunami Destruction of shelters
considerable damages. At 13.00 hrs, tidal The finding mission was led by the Commission Chairperson Prof. Alpha Oumar Konar . The UN Country Team was represented
waves ranging from 2.5 to 4.0 metres hit United Nations Resident Representative by the UN Resident Coordinator, Mr. Modibo Tour . Members of the diplomatic corps, UN
assault to an already vulnerable the east coast of Praslin and Mahe Islands. tained sever damages) water and sani- and AU staff members, non-governmental organizations, school children and the general
for Somalia and included staff from
population. The affected parts of tation on coastal areas on Mahe and public took part in the celebrations. Hundreds of trees were planted during the celebration.
UNEP, the World Health Organization
Somalia along the coast from Haafun The extreme tidal movement caused Praslin Islands, and to a lesser extent and the Food and Agricultural
south to Garacad and even down to the severe flooding and considerable damage on certain coastal parts on La Digue Organization. During this mission, a Trends in the Environment in Africa Explored as Angola Celebrated
islands off the south Jubba coast. to infrastructure, such as bridges and and Cerf Islands. Rescue efforts limited Africa Environment Day for the first time
small number of preliminary soil,
the loss of human life to one individual. freshwater, fish and coastal water The Angolan environmental community celebrated for the first time the March 3rd, Africa
More than 18,000 households of samples were collected. A limited Environment Day, by convening a national reflection workshop on at the National Museum
varying sizes have been affected by the • Some areas of the Seychelles includ- number of urine and blood samples of Natural Heritage, in Luanda. The national workshop, convened under auspices of the
total or partial loss of housing, ing the Anse Kerlan beach in the were also taken from local people. These Angolan Ministry of Urban Planning and Environment, MinUA, focused on the slogan
household goods and means of north-west of Praslin, did however are currently being analyzed and the “The Environment in Africa: Past, Present and Future”.
livelihoods. Wells throughout the suffer high beach erosion with the re- results are likely to be made public in a
affected region were inundated and habilitation costs ranging from $1.4 It discussed critical environmental issues related to the “Algiers’ African Convention on
few weeks time. It is hoped to conduct the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources”, “Impact of Mining on the Environment”
contaminated causing acute shortages million to $ 500,000 depending on the more thorough and wide-ranging
of drinking water. Food stocks were type of measures to be employed and “Sustainable Use of Coastal and Marine Resources of Angola”.
scientific assessments as and when
washed away, thousands were left security in Somalia improves.
stranded on beaches and on whatever • The Seychelles’s small but important Participants recommended to the Government and relevant stakeholders to continue
high ground could be found and, at the stands of mangroves amounting to promoting Africa Environment Day throughout the country, as well as mainstreaming the
Tsunami poses further assault to already UNEP is putting together a desk study environmental considerations into the National Strategy for Poverty Reduction, NSPR,
time of writing, there are still dozens of vulnerable population around 30 square kilometres were also aimed at informing the new government including other Government’s development programmes.
fishermen missing and unaccounted for. impacted mainly as a result of and the outside world on possible
roads, as well as the fishing port, jetties, smothering of their ‘breathing roots’ priority issues that need to be addressed. Among participants were representatives of several Government ministries, National
Eastern Somalia was the worst hit in hotels, public utilities, houses, water and by sand and silt ❐ Parliament, local and Experts communities, youth and religious groups and civil society
Eastern Africa with the tsunami along sanitation on coastal areas on Mahe and organizations working in the field of environment. ❐

10 • ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 • 11


A M C E N A M C E N

NEPAD’s Environment Projects gain new momentum: and allocation mechanisms for the funding
of priority projects and programmes of the Implementation of the Action Plan
Specific Financial Mechanisms Action Plan;
of the Environment Initiative of the
under validation for the Implementation The Declaration also called upon further
implementation of and renewed commit- NEPAD: Progress recorded
of the Action Plan ment to a number of key programmes and
activities, including the following which Peter Acquah
are being supported by UNEP:
I n view of the significance attached to the environment as the third pillar of sustainable
development, the Second Ordinary Assembly of the African Union held in Maputo, in July
Partners for the Africa’s development met in Dakar, Senegal, for the Second Partners Conference, on the implementation • Effort to integrate environmental
of the action plan of the environment initiative of NEPAD and the financial mechanisms. This meeting was preceded by a 2003, endorsed the Action Plan and the decision of AMCEN to hold a meeting with Africa’s
concerns into national pursuits of
development partners. The first Partners Conference on the implementation of the action
preparatory meeting in Nairobi in February 2005 at expert level, with the view to review the implementation of the economic development in Africa, plan of the environment initiative of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD)
Action Plan of the Environment Initiative of NEPAD since the first Partners’ Conference, held in Algiers, from 15-16 including the integration of the was therefore held in Algiers on 15 and 16 December 2003. The objectives of the first Partners
December 2003. African environment ministers attending the forum dwelt on validation of a mechanism to finance the objectives of the action plan for the Conference were to present the priorities of the Region and seek the support of Africa’s
environment component of NEPAD through the setting up of an environment Fund at the African Development Bank. environment initiative of NEPAD into development partners for effective implementation of the priority environment programmes
national and sub-regional develop- and projects which had been agreed upon by Africa in the framework of NEPAD.
ment plans and strategies including The NEPAD secretariat had been collaborating with the African Union Commission, regional
those of the Regional Economic economic communities and individual Governments to coordinate and facilitate the
V ice-chairman of the African ministe-
rial Conference on the Environment
adapted financial mechanisms of imple-
mentation in order to improve strategies
concluded its work by adopting a
Declaration that highlights the provisions
Communities; implementation of programmes under the NEPAD Environment Initiative. Progress had
been made towards reinforcing the capacity of regional economic communities, coordinating
the development of several continental initiatives and facilitating resource mobilization for
(AMCEN), Nancoman Keïta has renewed to carry out its proposed projects. of support from partners, including • Support to the Africa Environment priority projects. The NEPAD secretariat had focused on facilitating activities where it had a
appeals to development partners to con- specific requests to UNEP, and the key Outlook (AEO) process and strength- comparative advantage and where there was an added value to the work being undertaken by
tinue supporting the implementation of The first Partners Conference, which was actions and programmes to futher ening linkages between policy and other stakeholders.
NEPAD’s (the New Partnership for Afri- held in Algiers in December 2003, strengthen further the implementation of science in environmental assessment The report draws attention in particular to the efforts made in partnership with the United
ca’s Development) plan of action. In an witnessed acknowledgement and pledges the Action Plan, some of which are being and accessing reliable environmental Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Global Environment Facility (GEF) to
opening statement at the second confer- by Africa development partners. This supported by UNEP. data and information; develop a capacity-building programme for the development of sub-regional NEPAD
ence for the implementation of the meeting, which was a follow-up, was environment action plans. It also draws attention to progress made in the field of disaster
NEPAD environ-mental action plan held meant to go further, by putting in place a • Support to the Abidjan and Nairobi risk reduction and indicates that continued efforts are being made to support the
UNEP’s continuous support implementation of the Africa Stockpiles Programme. The NEPAD Sustainable Cities
in Dakar-Senegal, from 15 to16 March consensus financial tool. It also marked Conventions and other Regional Seas
Programme, which aims to produce cities that are functional, economically productive and
2005, he urged the international commu- the end of a series of partners’ conferences The Declaration adopted the principle of Conventions and to Small Island environmentally sound, is entering its second phase.
nity to assist Africa face the current chal- exclusively devoted to the implementation the creation of an African Environment Developing States ;
lenges of environmental degradation. Mr. of the Environment Initiative of the The NEPAD Secretariat had also been working closely with the United Nations Industrial
Facility in support of environmental is-
Development Organization (UNIDO) to promote priority projects relating to the
Keïta, who is also Minister of Environ- NEPAD. sues at the African Development Bank as • Integration of gender mainstreaming conservation and sustainable use of marine, coastal and freshwater resources. Progress had
ment in Mali, affirmed his belief that the well as the utilization of the existing in the environment, especially empow- also been made in the development of a programme aimed at integrating environmental
efforts made by African States will bear Senegalese President Abdoulaye Wade, mechanisms within Sub-regional Eco- ering the women and the girl child and assessment into all NEPAD programmes. As the action plan identified wetlands conservation
fruits through the initiatives launched for who presided over the opening ceremony, nomic Communities and other sub-re- establishing women and environment as a core area for intervention, the NEPAD Secretariat had been working with the World
sustainable development, including ac- expressed concern over slow turn out with gional organizations and where networks at national, sub-regional and Conservation Union (IUCN) Regional Office for Southern Africa, with funding from the
World Bank, to promote action in that field.
tions required by the Millennium Decla- regard to financial resources. In his appropriate, the utilization of inter-state regional levels;
ration. Considering the level of damage opening speech, he said delays in reviewing mechanisms for the implementation of A sub-regional meeting of Ministers responsible for environment and fisheries was held in
to the environment in Africa, including funding mechanisms often pose a lot of joint programmes limited to a few coun- • Capacity building for which request is Dakar, Senegal from 12-14 October 2004, under the auspices of the President of Senegal,
desertification, soil loss in productivity, problems to Africa, but it is now time for made to African Governments to Coordinator of the Environment component of NEPAD. The main objective of the meeting
tries. It called upon the President of
was to deliberate on appropriate financing framework for the implementation of the Action
loss of biodiversity, pollution and defor- action and Africans should take the lead. AMCEN to commission urgently, in col- provide their capacity building needs Plan for the Environment initiative of NEPAD. A number of proposals were made on the
estation, he reminded his colleagues of the He also lamented that Africa failed to give laboration with the African Development and offers and exchange of experience financial mechanisms for the implementation of the Action Plan.
need for vigilance to project the environ- early consideration to the relationship Bank and UNEP, a study on modalities for to the Secretariat of AMCEN;
A preparatory meeting to the Second Partners Conference, on the implementation of the
ment. between sustainable development and the creation of such an African Environ- Action Plan for the Environment Initiative of NEPAD was held in Nairobi in February 2005 at
environmental protection. Therefore, he ment Facility. • The 10-Year Framework Programme expert level. The objective was to review the implementation of the Action Plan of the
The two-day conference by African reminded African environment ministers on Sustainable Consumption and Environment Initiative of NEPAD since the first Partners’ Conference, held in Algiers, in
ministers of Environment aimed at of their enormous task in implementing It also request AMCEN, the NEPAD Production under the framework of December 2003, in order to discuss financial mechanisms for its implementation and to make
committing Africa’s partners to an “open the environmental action plan of NEPAD. Secretariat and UNEP, in collaboration with the AMCEN work plan on sustainable recommendations thereon to the ministerial segment of the second Partners’ Conference.
debate” for the implementation of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and consumption and production. ❐ The Expert Group recommended the following financial mechanisms for further
NEPAD’s environmental Action Plan. The The Conference saw the participation of the Regional Economic Communities and consideration by the second Partners Conference: (i) use of sub-regional Economic
ministers intended to analyze the Plan’s a significant number of countries and the Interim Secretariat of the Environment Community mechanisms; (ii) use of other sub-regional organizations; (iii) inter-state
level of implementation since it was partners, helped amend the status of Component of NEPAD, to develop mechanisms when limited to a few countries; and (iv) exploitation of channels of African
conventions. It is envisaged that an informed decision on the African Environment Facility
initiated, while assessing its practical and implementation of the Action Plan and proposals for other resource mobilization th
could be taken at the 11 regular session of AMCEN. ❐

12 • ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 • 13


A M C E N A M C E N
th
11 World Lakes Conference
Dakar Declaration for Enhanced Partnership in the • Call upon the President of AMCEN
to commission urgently, in World Lake Conference goes to
Implementation of the Action Plan for the collaboration with the ADB and
UNEP a study on modalities for the Africa for the first time
Environment Initiative of NEPAD- Highlights creation of such an African
Environment Facility in support for th
By the 11 World Lakes Conference Secretariat
environment proposed as potential
A frican Ministers of Environment and • Reaffirm that the Abidjan and Nairobi • Further call upon their development mechanism for the mobilization of
resources for the implementation of
T th
he 11 World Lakes Conference {WLC}st
will be held in Nairobi, Kenya from the 31
embarked on intense conference
preparations. To this end, the involvement
their development partners, meeting at Conventions and other Regional Seas partners to provide concrete support th
the second Partners Confer-ence for the Conventions are the appropriate re- to the activities and programmes the action plan for the environment October to 4 November 2005. This will be of various countries, development partners,
implementation of the action plan for gional mechanisms to develop and im- based on the outcome of the Second initiative of NEPAD; the first time that the biennial conference national and international bodies have been
will take place in the African continent. found crucial in addressing fundamental
the New Partnership for Africa’s plement projects and programmes in African Expert Meeting on the 10-Year
• Request AMCEN, the NEPAD Sec- Previous conferences have been held in conference preparation matters. So far,
Development (NEPAD) in Dakar, the marine and coastal areas in col- Framework Programme on Sustain- Japan, USA, Hungary, China, Italy, several international, regional and local
Senegal from 15 to16 March 2005, in laboration with relevant UN and other able Consumption and Production retariat and UNEP, in collaboration
with the Global Environment Facil- Argentina and Denmark. organizations and corporate entities with
response to the proposal to convene a Agencies, private sector, NGOs and under the framework of the AMCEN stakes in the water and environment sectors
second Partners Conference, initially civil society; work plan on sustainable consump- ity (GEF) and the Regional Eco-
The WLC is an international conference for have shown keen interest in the conference
made by the Republic of Senegal during tion and production; nomic Communities and the
the exchange of information on all aspects and have pledged generous support. These
the first Partners Conference held in • Recommend that in the context of the Interim Secretariat of the Environ- of world lakes. It is held every two years include ILEC, the United Nations
Algiers resolved inter alia to: implementation of the action plan • Acknowledging the important contribu- ment Component of NEPAD, to de- bringing together Governments, Scientists, Environment Programme (UNEP), the
special attention must be given to in- tion the Global Invasive Species Pro- velop proposals for other resource Research Institutions, Lake Management German Technical Cooperation Agency
• Request African Governments to in- tegrating gender mainstreaming in the gramme (GISP) can make to the mobilization and allocation mecha- Organizations stakeholders and young water (GTZ) the Kenya Wildlife Service, Swedish
tegrate environmental concerns into environment, especially empowering implementation of the action plan, en- nisms for the funding of priority professionals to exchange knowledge and International Development Agency-Sweden,
projects and programmes of the Ac- experiences on the management of lakes. Coca Cola and UNESCO among others.
national pursuits of economic devel- the women and the girl child and es- dorse the incorporation of those rel-
tion Plan; Between 500 and 1,000 participants from
opment in Africa, while at the same tablishing women and environment evant GISP activities into the action plan th
The theme of the 11 WLC is “Management drawn from all over the globe are expected.
time not neglecting the priorities of networks at national, sub-regional and for the environment initiative of NEPAD of Lake basins for their sustainable use: Global
the continent for sustainable social, regional levels; and also request all African countries • Call upon the African Development
Bank to increase its financial re- experiences and African issues”. This The latest Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Prof.
economic and human development, and partners to support the implemen- conference will review progress on ongoing Wangari Maathai (Kenyan) who won
particularly in Small Island Develop- • Encourage and welcome the imple- tation conference on the invasive alien sources allocated to the environ-
lake basin initiatives as well as set future recognition owing to his work in environ-
ing States (SIDS); mentation of the capacity building species programme of the action that ment sector; goals for Lake Basin management in general mental matters, will be among a galaxy of
programme of the action plan for the South Africa intends hosting; and Africa in particular. eminent personalities who will give keynote
• Recommit themselves to supporting environment initiative of NEPAD and • Noting the limited capacity in Af- addresses.
the Africa Environment Outlook take advantage of opportunities and • Urge African countries to honor their rica to meet the conditionalties and Activities to prepare for hosting the
(AEO) process and the AEO report planned initiatives in the context of the offer to provide in kind and in cash procedures in accessing available fi- conference in Kenya kicked off in August The Conference will have nine main
as a tool for monitoring sustainable international decade of education for contribution for the implementation nancial mechanisms, urge their de- 2004 during a meeting held in Stockholm, Sessions, 11 special Sessions and about 48
velopment partners to adopt a more Sweden where the Kenyan Minister for Sub-sessions. Each Session will address a
development in Africa, strengthening development; of the action plan for the environment
flexible arrangement to facilitate Water and Irrigation Hon. Martha Karua led major theme, e.g. Governance and Water
linkages between policy and science initiative of NEPAD, particularly its the country delegation. Thereafter, a multi- Resources Management, while a sub-session
in environmental assessment and ac- • Commit their Governments to make programme on capacity building and speedy access and implementation
of the NEPAD Environment Action sectoral National Organizing Committee will address a sub-theme, e.g. Economic
cessing reliable environmental data every effort to implement the priority the priority projects selected by the was constituted in September/ October Returns from Lakes and their basins.
and information; projects selected by the AMCEN pre- AMCEN (Mali); Plan;
2004. This coincided with the First
sented to the first Partners Conference (Conference) Announcement and the Alongside the conference will be an
• Urge the integration of the objectives held in Algiers, Algeria in December • Take note of the recommendations of • Request H.E. Maître Abdoulaye launching the conference website exhibition that will showcase water related
of the action plan for the environment 2003; the Ministerial Conference on re- Wade, President of Senegal to sub- www.ileckenya.go.ke. products and technologies from across the
initiative of NEPAD into national and sources mobilization held in Dakar in mit the proposal for the establish- nd
globe. This will allow international as well
ment of the Africa Environment The 2 (conference) Announcement, which as local organizations to make contact with
sub-regional development plans and • Call upon the Commission for Africa, October 2004. Adopt the proposal for
Facility to the African Development called for abstract papers, was made in potential clients and open new market
strategies including those of the Re- which is being spearheaded by the the creation of an African Environ- March 2005 and the third will be in June. frontiers through the display of the latest in
gional Economic Communities; United Kingdom, and similar bodies, ment Facility in support for environ- Bank. ❐ rd
Besides calling for papers, the 3 technological advancements.
to support the implementation of the ment at the African Development Announcement includes the release of a
• Strengthen cooperation with devel- action plan for the environment ini- Bank, the utilization of the existing detailed programme and registration of With the future of many lakes in Africa
opment partners and all regional and tiative of NEPAD; mechanisms within Sub-regional Eco- participants. Apart from exchange of under threat of extinction, the Conference
sub-regional bodies in the pursuit of nomic Communities and other sub- knowledge and experience on Management will be a most ideal forum to raise alarm to
a successful implementation of the • Call upon their development partners regional organizations and where of Lakes, the 11th World Lake Conference the local and the international community.
action plan for the environment ini- to support the further implementation appropriate, the utilization of inter- will review progress on ongoing Lake
tiative of NEPAD and keep its imple- of the priority projects contained in state mechanisms for the implemen- Initiatives and also agree on future goals. For more information, contact:
th
mentation under review; the Action Plan as well as appropriate tation of joint programmes limited to The Government of Kenya in collaboration The 11 World Lakes Conference Secretariat
with the International Lakes and Email: info@ileckenya.go.ke
partnerships; a few countries;
Environment Committee {ILEC} has Website: www.ileckenya.go.ke ❐

14 • ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 • 15


N R B P W E D 2 0 0 5

Rehabilitation and Restoration of Nairobi Dam “One Planet Many People” Atlas Launched to Mark
Henry Ndede World Environment Day 2005
E fforts to rehabilitate and restore
Nairobi Dam received a boost of Kenya
were already working out plans to landscape
the surroundings of the Nairobi Dam itself.
waste generated is deposited in the dam.
The Dam is now covered by the invasive
T he dramatic and, in some cases,
damaging environ-mental changes
The population growth around Lake
Victoria, East Africa, is the highest in
Water Hyacinth, and the level of siltation sweeping planet Earth are brought into Africa as a result of the natural resources
sharp focus in a new atlas launched to found there such as fish. The
from solid waste is so high, that islands
mark World Environment Day (WED). phenomenon is shown in a series of
are already emerging in sections of the images from the 1960s to the present with
Dam. the population rise charted as a rapid
Produced by the United Nations
Environment Programme (UNEP), One spreading area of red zones. Of the
In moving a vote of thanks to Total Kenya Planet Many People: Atlas of our Changing surrounding countries, Kenya seems to
and all well-wishers who found time to Environment compares and contrasts have experienced the largest increase in
spectacular satellite images of the past few people within 100km of the lake’s
come to the occassion, Hon. Raila Odinga,
decades with contemporary ones, some of shoreline.
emphasised the Government of Kenya’s
which have never been seen before.
commitment to providing social The infestation of Lake Victoria by the
amenities. He recalled that Nairobi Dam The huge growth of greenhouses in wastewater and the gases linked with global invasive, alien weed known as water
was designed and build as an emergency southern Spain, the rapid rise of shrimp warming. Thus their impacts stretch beyond hyacinth is also spotlighted in a satellite
water supply for the city. He pointed out farming in Asia and Latin America and the their physical borders affecting countries, image of 1995. Large swathes of the weed,
emergence of a giant, shadow puppet- regions and the planet as a whole,” he added. which can clog water intake pipes, affect
that up to US $ 1,000,000 (current budget
shaped peninsula at the mouth of the shipping and fishing and act as a habitat
is KSh. 70 Million) was required for the for malaria-carrying mosquitoes, are
Yellow River are among a string of curious “So the battle for sustainable development,
rehabilitation process. Contribution and surprising changes seen from space. clearly visible as green swirls in places like
for delivering a more environmentally stable,
could be in cash and kind for the imple- just and healthier world, is going to be largely Uganda’s Gobero Bay, Wazimenya Bay
Total-Kenya gives a big boost for the rehabilitation of Nairobi Dam mentation of the Intervention Plan that and near the port of Kibanga. However,
They sit beside the more conventional, but won and lost in our cities,” said Mr. Toepfer.
has been drawn to fit the budget quoted. no less dramatic images of rain forest “I urge city dwellers everywhere, especially the recent introduction of natural insect
deforestation in Paraguay and Brazil, rapid in developed countries, to help to do their predators appears to be paying off. The
oil and gas development in Wyoming, bit to make their city more resource efficient latest satellite image of the Ugandan
Shillings One Million (US $ 13,300) While receiving the donation, Mr. Kiboro Fund-raising efforts continue, and as soon section of the lake shows that it is almost
United States, forest fires across sub- and less resource wasteful for the sake of the
donated by Total-Kenya. Mr. Lamine thanked Total Kenya for their generous as a threshold is attained, a Project Saharan Africa and the retreat of glaciers totally hyacinth-free.
local and for the sake of the global
Kane, Managing Director of Total donations, and urged other well wishers to Manager will be recruited to move the and ice in polar and mountain areas. environment,” he added.
Kenya, presented the donation to Mr. come forward and support the Nairobi dam process forward. Hon. Odinga promised Nairobi, Kenya, has undergone dramatic
Wilfred Kiboro (CEO Nation Media initiative. He recalled how Nairobi Dam that within the year, rehabilitation works The atlas, produced in collaboration with Researchers hope that One Planet Many growth since 1979. Its population at
Group and the Chairman of the Nairobi used to be a destination for family picnics, will start, and by the end of the second organizations including the United States People Atlas of Our Changing Environment independence in 1963 was 350,000.
Geological Survey and the National will have a similar impact on governments, Nairobi is now home to well over three
Dam Trust ) at a ceremony held at the water sports, and other recreations. This year significant changes will be noticed.
Aeronautics and Space Administration private business, non governmental million making it the largest African city
Nairobi Sailing and Sub-Aqua Club. facility has been degraded by pollution A rehabilitated Nairobi Dam will have between Johannesburg and Cairo. The
(NASA), highlights this theme showing the organizations and the private individual by
Also present at the ceremony were the emanating from the Kibera informal recreational facilities including walking growth is clearly depicted in satellite
explosive growth and changes around some highlighting how globalisation is driving
Patron of Friends of Nairobi Dam, Hon. settlements which do not have sanitation and jogging tracks, sport-fishing, malls, of the major cities of the world such as local and regional change. images from 1979 and the present with
Raila Odinga (Kenya’s Minister for facilities, and all the human wastes and other etc. ❐ Beijing, Dhaka, Delhi and Santiago. the city sprawling to the new suburbs and
Roads and Public Works) who is also slums north, east and west. The growth
Highlights from One Planet of development along the edge of Nairobi
the Member of Parliament for Langata Specially commissioned images of Many People Atlas of Our
Bucharest, London, Nairobi and San National Park and out to Jomo Kenyatta
Constituency where the dam is located. Changing Environment in Africa
Francisco supplements One Planet Many International Airport is also underlined.
People. The impact of the civil wars in Liberia and http://www.unep.org/Documents.
In handing over the donation, Mr. Kane Sierra Leone on the environment of Multilingual/Default.asp?DocumentID
highlighted Total-Kenya’s programme Klaus Toepfer, UNEP’s Executive Director, neighboring Guinea is highlighted in the =434&ArticleID=4807&l=en
called Eco-Challenge, which has made said: “People living in San Francisco or story of Parrot’s Beak.
commendable progress in promoting London may look at these images of Information on the “One Planet Many
afforestation programme in Kenya. deforestation or melting Arctic ice, and In 1974 the area was well forested with the People: Atlas of our Changing Environ-
wonder what it has to do with them. That local villages and agricultural areas showing ment” can be found at www.na.unep.net
Hundreds of thousands of indigenous
these changes are the result of other up as patches of light gray in a near or www.unep.org
tree seedlings have been planted through
people’s lifestyles and consumption habits continuous sea of green. The influx of
Eco-Challenge, and the programme was hundreds of thousands of refugees has now The publication “One Planet Many
hundreds and thousands of kilometres
already working with UNEP under the away. But they would be wrong.” led to widespread deforestation as trees are People: Atlas of our Changing
Nairobi River Basin Programme to felled for fuel, construction materials and Environment” can be purchased at Earth
rehabilitate and restore the catchment of “Cities pull in huge amounts of resources more crops. This is clearly seen in the latest Print http://www.earthprint.com/go.
the entire river basin. He said, UNEP, Eco- including water, food, timber, metals and satellite image from 2002 with the green htm?to=DEW0657NA
Corporate cleanup at the Globe Cinema roundabout, Nairobi color in retreat and a grey landscape
Challenge and other interested parties people. They export large amounts of wastes
including household and industrial wastes, advancing in all directions.

16 • ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 • 17


W E D 2 0 0 5 W E D 2 0 0 5

World Environment Day 2005


Green Cities: Plan for the Planet!
All African countries joined the international community to celebrate World Environment day. In a consistent effort to raise environmental awareness and mobilize the larger community in preserving the environment for a better future,
the Regional Office for Africa has decided to team up with some selected countries in Africa by contributing to the organization of World Environment Day at national level. Countries selected this year included Mali, Tunisia, Lesotho, Swaziland, Burundi, Burkina Faso,
Sudan, Democratic republic of Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana and Kenya. The aim is to help bridge the information gap while promoting responsible environmental behavior through one of the major outreach event, World Environment Day.

A Green Caravan to raise awareness in danger to animals, he urged Kenyan households to help curb the
Western Kenya major Cities polythene bag menace. The minister urged local authorities and
other stakeholders to develop “Green-up action plans” to improve
A n ambitious tree planting scheme in Nairobi and other major
cities, a launch of 2004 State of the Environment Report and clean
infrastructure and sanitation, especially in slum settlements, saying
such efforts would help protect water sources including the ocean,
lakes and rivers.
ups of litter-strewn areas are among some of the highlights of this
year’s World Environment Day (WED) celebrations in Kenya.
Highlights in Nairobi included a major tree planting at the Karura
Activities took place throughout the country, involving youth
Forest by the Private Sector, and a festival dubbed Ecofest at the
groups, school children, environmental groups, and the general
Carnivore grounds, sponsored by the Environment Liaison
public.
Centre International and Eco Forum with the theme

Assorted paintings done by children for the school competition


Honourables Kalonzo Musyoka and Raila Odinga graced the national
celebrations in Kisumu, Kenya

health and marine life. Speaking in the city of Kisumu during


celebrations to mark this year’s World Environment Day, he told environment-friendly alternatives, stressing the need for recycling
local authorities in the region to develop proper sewerage and of the limited resources.
waste disposal systems. They should also try to eradicate the water
hyacinth menace in the Lake, said the Minister, who urged Thousands of trees were also planted at the Aberdares Range
residents to keep the region green, noting that it was an honor Forest, as part of the Sustainable Consumption Project. The
for them to host the Lake Victoria Basin Commission. initiative, backed by bodies including the Kenya Government’s
Forest Department, the Kijabe Environment Volunteers and the
He also called on Kenya Association of Manufacturers and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is part of the
National Environmental Authority to help rid the country of Responsible Consumer Initiative through which UNEP plant
Great participation of school children in Kisumu unsuitable plastic materials. Noting that plastic bags constituted a Let us create “green cities” where people can raise their children and sufficient indigenous trees to offset its use of reams of paper at its
pursue their dreams in a well-planned, clean and healthy environment headquarters here in Nairobi. For the past four years, over 7,000

The official venue for this year’s celebrations is Kisumu City. “Environmental Solutions”. The celebrations saw the showcasing
Activities were geared towards making Kisumu a green city. These of environmental art by RaMoMa and exhibitions of local organic
included: tree planting at Shauri Moyo Primary School, clean- foods among other activities. The climax of the celebrations in
up exercises and road marking in the city, boat race, the city was the perform-ance by Zimbabwean musician Oliver
environmental awards, exhibitions and, most importantly, the Mtukudzi and local.
launch of the State of Environment 2004 report. WED was also
marked by a green convoy on the Nairobi-Kisumu highway with The 2004 Nobel Peace Laureate and Assistant Minister for the
stops at major towns like Naivasha and Nakuru for tree planting Environment, Wangari Maathai appealed to G-8 countries to
and awareness creation exercises on the need for environmental support initiatives that would sustain the world’s environment-
awareness. friendly programmes. In a statement to mark the 2005 World
Environment Day, she singled out the Amazon and the Congo
Kenya’s Environment Minister Kalonzo Musyoka requested urban Basin as some of the forest ecosystems that required special
administrations within Lake Victoria region to control untreated attention due to their valuable biodiversity and role in stabilizing
UNEP representative, Mr. Nehemiah Rotich, plants a tree in Kisumu Exhibition of seedlings at Jomo Kenyatta ground in Kisumu
effluents being discharged into the water basin to protect human the world climate. She challenged researchers to seek

18 • ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 • 19


W E D 2 0 0 5 A M C E N / A E O

give more visibility to the cultural scene in Kenya, while


simultaneously communicating powerful environmental African Experts discuss the AEO-2
messages to a wider public through the universal language of
art. The Kikwetu Association, a Nairobi based non- profit making Scenarios and Policy Recommendations
artists entity aimed at developing cultural exchange programmes
within Kenya also planted trees in the capital city, with the Charles Sebukeera
support of the UNEP.

Other highlights of this year’s World Environment Day (WED)


in Kenya included:
S ince April 2004, UNEP Regional Office AMCEN identified the AEO as an The meeting developed the structure and
for Africa, in collaboration with UNEP opportunity which could be used to look content of chapter 4 on the scenarios as
Division of Early Warning and Assessment into the future, and assess the various well as the structure and story line for
An Essay, Art and Photographic competition among schools intensified the consultation process for the environment and sustainable development chapter 5 on policy recommendations.
Visit to the Impala Sanctuary, Kisumu nation wide, in relation with the theme for this year. The main second Africa Environment Outlook policy options and guide policy decision The purpose of the story line is to orient
objective of the competition organized by UNEP in collaboration (AEO-2) report scheduled for launching towards the appropriate actions. Such a task the flow of issues and argumentation,
with the Kenyan Organization for Environmental Education th
trees have been planted in rehabilitation of degraded catchment during the 12 session of African would require a clear conceptualization of providing specific punch lines that
(KOEE) is to raise environmental awareness among the children
areas in the southern part of the Aberdares Range Forest. Ministerial Conference on Environment what the future environmental scenarios are highlight the issues and major milestones
and youth and create a better understanding of the impacts of
(AMCEN) in 2006. The consultation has likely to be. This also requires a good vision in pursuit of sustainable development in
human activities on their environments. It builds on partnerships
Each year on World Environment Day, UNEP staff members so far involved more than 200 experts to create the possible scenarios to show the Africa. The key message is that Africa need
make an effort to thank their host city and ‘give back’ through a from different parts of Africa. The exercise preferred path to sustainable development not overindulge in bemoaning its
variety of activities. This year’s celebrations included a number is aimed at gaining consensus on pertinent in the region reflecting on what is playing environmental crisis. Rather it should
of events which involved local communities and the city of environmental issues on the continent and out in different parts of the continent. engage in the dual effort of curbing
Nairobi as a whole. enhancing the scientific base of the report. degradation and seizing the available
One of the key areas has been focusing on Development of scenarios draws on the opportunities to reap greater benefits
Local events have a particular focus on reducing plastic waste. In improving the policy relevance of the understanding of historical patterns, from its environment and natural
keeping with this theme UNEP staff members have worked with report and making it strategically forward current conditions, and physical and resources while ensuring the integrity of
local communities in Mathare to clean up plastic waste and put it looking within the framework of AMCEN social processes combined with a careful the ecosystems. It was proposed that the
to good use, part of a work of art. Inspired by the popular UNEP agenda. evaluation of alternative pathways of WSSD be the benchmark for the storyline.
children’s book Theo and the Giant Plastic Ball, community groups development and the environment. The
from Mathare, together with local artist Omega Ludenyi, have The AEO-2 process is therefore addressing overall goal is lead to a more informed and The Chapter on scenario will highlight the
constructed a large metal globe, filled with plastic waste. The shortcomings experienced during the AEO- rational action, which is the general underlying focus of the whole report -
Monument was erected at the Muthaiga-Mathare roundabout in 1 preparation by putting in place process context of AEO. A scenario Working Environment for Development - and will
Nairobi. WED 2005 was also a major media event
support organs and tools such as Working Group, consisting of nine African experts, be based on 4 scenarios, namely Market
Groups and guidelines to enhance the was therefore constituted to provide the Forces, Policy Reform, Fortress World and
Through UNEP’s “Art for the Environment” initiative a number
capacities of the collaborating centres and relevant technical support. The Working Great Transitions, analyzed within the
of local artists received support and were able to display their with schools and community organizations to spread environmental some key national institutions to contribute Group will guide the articulation of a context of the Opportunities Framework
talents: in an exhibition at the UN compound in Gigiri, and also awareness and good practices in caring for our planet. to the AEO-2 process. The success of range of scenarios, with a view to rather than the Driver-Pressure- State-
by painting some of Nairobi’s busses with colourful and topical
capacity strengthening will be evidenced in examining their plausibility, desirability impact-Response (DPSIR) methodology.
environmental messages. The “Art for the Environment”, which The activities in Kenya were part of worldwide celebrations the extent to which policy analysis in the and sustainability. The issues of focus will be Land, Air,
was launched last year, aims to promote environmental awareness centred on the annual WED of 5 June. More than 100 countries
AEO-2 is well anchored on the priority Freshwater and Marine.
through the arts, specifically painting and sculpture, support and marked this important day with this year’s international host
national, sub-regional and regional Because of the intricate link between
city being San Francisco, California, USA.
sustainable development concerns; good policy analysis and scenario development, Based on the structure and storyline
quality data and information; sound the two working groups held a joint developed for chapter 5, a set of
All sectors including banks communication, airlines, hotels,
theoretical frameworks and credible meeting to establish a common platform recommendations focusing on the various
industries came together to support this edition of the WED.
The main sponsors include CitibankNA, Hotel Inter-Continental analytical techniques; and sound under- for backstopping the AEO-2 process and thematic areas in chapter 2 were drafted
Nairobi, Egypt Air, Swiss Air, SN Brussels, HACO industries (K) standing of the information needs of policy- ensure synergies in the methodologies to and presented to the AMCEN technical
Ltd, Bidco Oil Refineries, Giraffe Center (AFEW) K Ltd, Splash makers and development practitioners at be developed for policy analysis and segment of the NEPAD Second Partners
Water World, Kenyatta University, RaMoMA, Kuona Trust, Kenya the national, sub-regional and regional scenario development. The meeting was Conference which met in Nairobi, 19 – 20
Bus Services, Crown Berger, Pirelli, MYTO, Extreme Impact, levels. In this context a Policy Analysis held in Cairo, Egypt from 29 November – February 2005. The meeting endorsed the
Future Kids, Nature Sports camp and the Nairobi City Council. Working Group consisting of 12 policy 3 December 2004 and was attended by 20 recommendations for approval by the
experts from different parts of Africa has members of the two working groups and Ministerial Segment of the Second
been constituted to provide technical six collaborating centre coordinators. Partners Conference which met in Dakar,
support to the AEO-2 process and to ensure Senegal from 15 – 18 March 2005. ❐
Trophies for the most creative children quality control.

20 • ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 • 21


A M C E N / A E O C O N G O B A S I N P A R T N E R S H I P

Historic Milestone for the Future of the Congo Basin


Forest Ecosystem as Heads of State Sign the Central
Capturing the voice of African youth African Forest Treaty
By David Bwakali Leaders from all the Congo Basin countries gathered in Brazzaville on 4-5 February 2005 with other international
AEO-for-Youth Regional Officer dignitaries for a second summit on sustainable management of the Congo Basin forest ecosystem, to build upon major
successes in protecting the world’s second-largest rain forest, its incredible array of wildlife and millions of people.

African youth are hot on the heels of the great contributions. This Board was also responsible for
This Summit witnessed the signing of the first ever region-wide conservation treaty in Africa. UNEP Executive Director
represented the UN Secretary-General at the Historic Summit
rivers of Africa. Rivers Nile, Zambezi and Niger paraphrasing text from the main AEO Report, for
cut across national borders, leaving nourishment inclusion in the youth publication. The Board’s C entral African Heads of State actually
made history, by signing Africa’s first
Central African Republic, Chad, Re-
public of Congo, Equatorial Guinea,
and life wherever they pass. Like these great rivers, efforts were coordinated and complimented by a
African youth have formed a network that cuts team of six sub-regional officers. Such shared region-wide conservation treaty full of Gabon and Democratic Republic of
promises for the future of the Congo Congo have much to celebrate. They
across national borders, leaving environmental responsibility greatly enhanced youth ownership Basin, something that nobody could have have surpassed their goals for pro-
nourishment in its trail. The Africa Environment and leadership. thought of some years ago. The Central tected areas by a million acres. Tri-na-
Outlook (AEO) for Youth Network has African Forest Treaty, signed by ten tional protected areas are gaining
incorporated more than 3,000 young people from The AEO-for-Youth publication will be able to countries including Burundi, Cameroon, momentum. And sustainable logging
41 countries. Within one year, more than half of plant two trees with one seed by equipping youth Central African Republic, Chad, Congo is more than a catchphrase; logging
Brazzaville, Democratic Republic of French President Jacques Chirac, prepare to companies in the region are now ac-
these youth submitted contributions for the with environmental information and spotlighting Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon,
sign the historic Central African Forest Treaty.
tively working on certification.
photo: WWF / Lee Poston
premier AEO for Youth publication. youth environmental action. This publication will Rwanda and São Tomé, is a legally binding
be the megaphone that will amplify the instrument that allows Congo Basin forest • Promoted the implementation of the
Congo. Among the summit’s other “Plan de convergence”, which is a long
The youth contributions included articles, case environmental voice of young people in Africa. In conservation activities to be overseen by significant accomplishments is the signing
one regional decision-making body for term sub regional strategy for the con-
studies, poems, photos, paintings, illustrations, the same vein, it will also articulate environmental of TRIDOM by the environment servation and sustainable management
the Congo Basin, the Central African ministers of Cameroon, Gabon and
quotes and proverbs. An Editorial Board issues to these young people. The publication will Forests Commission (COMIFAC). of Central Africa forest ecosystems, and
Congo. This remarkable agreement will
comprising of eight youth from across Africa was be a living testimony to the unique ability and is seen as a major initiative on forests
Speaking on behalf of Kofi Annan, the UN
help conserve 37 million acres of forest under the Environment Initiative of the
responsible for compiling and editing these perspectives of young people. ❐ including Dja, Odzala and Minkebe
Secretary-General, Mr. Klaus Töpfer said NEPAD;
“this summit could not have come at more
National Parks — the equivalent of 7.5
percent of the entire Congo Basin! The • Facilitated the consensus on adequate
appropriate time. Conserving forests like financial resources needed for the
this in Central Africa has, alongside other
Treaty and the TRIDOM agreement will
help Central African countries cooperate implementation of this plan, through
habitats and ecosystems, a critical role in our existing and future mechanisms such as
achievement or failure of the millennium
across borders in protected areas
management, to tackle poaching and the GEF and other innovative approaches
development goals.” such as carbon trade etc.
illicit bush meat trade, as well as illegal
The establishment of a powerful forest logging. These problems are particularly
Fresh funds are now needed to finance this
commission was celebrated by environ- detrimental for the livelihood and culture
important conservation plans. To date,
mentalist groups as a “historic milestone” of the local pygmy communities.
with the exception of the Euro 40 million
for Africa. The treaty will be very impor- pledged by the European Union, no new
tant for the future of the Congo Basin, Also signed at the summit was an accord
allowing free movement of park staff commitments on additional funding have
which is the world’s second largest rain- been made for the conservation in the
forest after the Amazon. between Cameroon, the Central African
Republic and Congo Brazzaville in the Congo Basin. Given this landmark treaty,
Mr. Claude Martin, Director General of Sangha Tri-National Conservation Area. the international community is urged to
WWF said: “Central Africa is a model for This means that park staff can work across significantly contribute to the efforts
the entire world on how to reach across international borders to fight poaching made by these Central African nations
borders to tackle the tough issues that are and illegal logging. through the Congo Basin Partnership,
threatening wildlife, forests, and the which is currently chaired by France and
The Brazzaville Summit also: COMIFAC, the regional institution estab-
livelihoods of local communities.”
• Assessed the progress in the imple- lished to implement these programmes.
The signing was the highlight of this mentation of the Yaoundé Declaration
Second Central African Forest Summit, six years down the line; As they gath- The Brazzaville summit was the follow-
AEO-for-youth-process: A greater involvement from young people
hosted by President Denis Sassou ered in Brazzaville for their second up to the 1999 Yaoundé summit, hosted
N’Guesso, President of the Republic of summit, the leaders of Cameroon, by President Paul Biya of Cameroon. At

22 • ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 • 23


C O N G O B A S I N P A R T N E R S H I P C O N G O B A S I N P A R T N E R S H I P

The Congo Basin Forest Partnership – FACTS Support Community Participation


1 Second Summit of Heads of States Objectives
for Biodiversity Conservation and
of the Congo Basin Countries.
4-6 February 2005 -Brazzaville
• Assess the progress in the implementation of the Yaoundé Declaration six years down the line;
• Promote the implementation of the Convergence Plan, which is a long term sub-regional strategy for the Environment Rehabilitation in
conservation and sustainable management of Central Africa forest ecosystems, and is seen as a major
initiative on forests under the Environment Initiative of the NEPAD;
• Facilitate the consensus on adequate financial resources needed for the implementation of this plan,
Western Tanzania
through existing and future mechanisms such as GEF and other innovative approaches such as carbon
trade…;
• Promote the expansion of COMIFAC to other countries in the sub-region as a means of integration. The Environment ministers from Cameroon, Gabon, Mohamed Abdel-Monem
Heads of States are expected to sign a Treaty on sustainable management of Central African forest DRC, sign the TRIDOM Accord, which will help
ecosystems. conserve 37 million acres of forest.

2 Participating Countries Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Congo Brazzaville; Democratic Republic of Congo; Equatorial Guinea;
Gabon; Angola and Sao Tome have expressed their wish to integrate this initiative
photo: WWF / Lee Poston
T anzania hosted about 480,000 refugees from Burundi, Democratic Republic
of Congo, Somalia, and Rwanda. Tanzania also hosted an additional 470,000
Burundians who resided in western Tanzania in refugee-like circumstances
3 Partners Governments: the Yaoundé summit, most of the Central
Belgium, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, without official refugee status.
African countries now signing the
Equatorial Guinea, France, Gabon, Germany, Japan, South Africa, United Kingdom, United States, and European
Brazzaville treaty launched an ample ini-
CommissionInternational Organizations: World Bank, International Tropical Timber Organization, and World Kibondo and Ngara districts are highly affected by the aftermath of the refugees.
Conservation Union. tiative to protect the forests of the Congo
One study showed that within a 6-Km radius of the camps, all vegetation had
Basin. The first summit culminated in the
Civil Society: been cleared and, within Ngara District, Kagera Region, 47,000 ha of forest
signing of the Yaoundé Declaration, a 12-
American Forest & Paper Association, Association Technique Internationale des Bois Tropicaux-ATIBT, Center for reserves had been felled for firewood and construction. Shelters were built in
point action plan. At the Second Summit,
International Forestry Research, Conservation International, Forest Trends, Jane Goodall Institute, Society of the nearby Burigi and Biharamulo game reserves. Also about 15,000 hectare of
American Foresters, Wildlife Conservation Society, World Resources Institute, and the World Wildlife Fund. leaders reviewed progress made on con-
bush land was put under cultivation in Ngara alone. Population increase around
servation in the Congo Basin. They also
4 Main Dates and Meetings • 17 March 1999: Adoption of the Yaoundé Declaration welcomed three more Central African the forest reserves of Burigi and Biharamulo poses a threat to the sustainability
among the parties • 4 September 2002 at the WSSD in Johannesburg: Launch nations - Burundi, Rwanda and São Tomé of the forest reserves due to timber, firewood, charcoal exploitation and
st
• 1 meeting Paris 21 to 23 January 2003, (sensitization of the international community) - The role of sometimes poor farming system turning the forest into farms and residential
and Príncipe - to the process.
COMIFAC as the political and technical segment was strengthened. areas contributing to land degradation, deforestation, losses of wildlife and
• Second Meeting in Brazzaville, June 24-26, 2004 Focus: Funding and implementation of the Convergence
biodiversity. In addition, bushfire continues to ravage the environment. As a
Plan Partnership for Congo Basin
result the areas are faced with extreme poverty due to losses of soil productivity,
Forests
5 UN General Assembly resolution UN was to establish a Trust Fund. To our knowledge this has not been done yet losses of vegetation cover.
54/214 on the Conservation and sustainable Countries in this sub-region have engaged
development of Central African forest in a strong partnership with other countries
ecosystems (December 1999)
UNEP in cooperation with the Ministry of Environment of Tanzania started
in the Congo Basin, with the view to manage new project aiming at prevention of biodiversity losses and contribute to
6 The Convergence Plan Adopted in July 2002 by the First Conference of Ministers in Charge of Forests (COMIFAC)VisionSustainable and their natural resources in a sustainable way. environmental rehabilitation through supporting community participation in
joint management by Central African States of their forest resources for the wellbeing of their people, the The “Congo Basin Forest Partnership” was reforestation and raise the awareness among the refugees of environment
preservation of biodiversity and the protection of the global environment. launched in Johannesburg, South Africa in conservation and forest management in the Kibondo and Ngara districts of
General Objective:
the margins of the World Summit on Western Tanzania.
“Sustainable and joint management by Central African States of the forest resources of the sub-region and of Sustainable Development on 4 September
a network of protected areas representative of the biodiversity and the ecosystems, for the well-being of the 2004. Objectives of this project are to: 1)Enhance community participation in the
population and to ensure global balance.
establishment of tree nurseries, and environmental conservation, 2) Build and
The Congo Basin Forest Partnership is a
”Strategic areas: strengthen awareness of sustainable management of natural resources
• Harmonization of forest and taxation policies powerful concept and vehicle for
environment conservation through empowering local communities.
• Knowledge of the resource mobilizing support for the sustainable
• Management of ecosystems and reforestation management of the Congo Basin forests
• Biodiversity conservation In his recent mission to Tanzania, Mr. Mohamed Abdel-Monem, program Officer
and wildlife, thereby improving the lives
• Sustainable valorization of forest resources of Natural Resources in the Regional Office for Africa, initiated the activities of
of the region’s people over the longer term.
• Development of alternative activities and poverty alleviation the project with a stakeholder meeting held in Dar Es Salaam after meeting with
• Capacity building, Stakeholder participation, Information, Training- Research - development It aims at sensitizing the international
His Excellency Mr. Arcado Ntagazwa the minister of Environment of Tanzania.
• Development of funding mechanisms community on the threats facing the
• Cooperation and partnerships world second biggest tropical forest, which
provides ecological services to humanity. Activities of the project will include; establishment of community tree nurseries
Partners: FAO, UNDP and woodlots for the propagation of threatened flora species in selected villages,
The “Partnership for Congo Basin Forests”
intends to support a network of around and mobilizing community through awareness raising campaigns including
7 The Conference of Ministers for Established on 6 December 2000 in Yaoundé.It is the central political and technical
the Forests of central Africa policy- and decision-making body and acts as focal point for both the Congo 10 million hectares of national parks and women groups, and youth. ❐
(COMIFAC) Basin Partnership on Forests and for the Convergence Plan protected areas in the perspective of
sustainable management of forests. ❐

24 • ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 • 25


O Z O N E O Z O N E

A Significant Move to Harmonize Regulations to Control sub-regional environmental programmes.


To this effect, they recommended all the
countries in the sub-region that are yet to
ODS import at sub-regional level ratify the Kyoto Protocol to do so.

Jeremy Bazye, Rwothumio Thomikoand Patrick Salifu Enhancing the capacities of


journalists in dealing with
UNEP and in the Economic and Monetary Union for Western Africa (UEMOA), and Central Africa (CEMAC) have embarked in Ozone-related issues
productive consultations in view of adopting harmonized sub-regional Regulations to control the import and use of Ozone Journalists from the Central Africa Region
Depleting Substances (ODS) and ODS-based equipment in the UEMOA and CEMAC regions. are fully involved in the dissemination of the
information related to the Montreal
Protocol. They met in Libreville for a Sub-
Western Africa Consultations import and use of chemicals and to set up a Ministers reviewed, amended and regional Awareness workshop on the
sub-regional Ozone Committee that could subsequently adopted the Common
T he consultations were initiated after
countries belonging to various sub-regional
be later expanded to include all chemicals. regulation on the control of the consump-
tion of ozone depleting substances. They
implementation of the Montreal Protocol in
the Central Africa Region, which was run
UNEP will support the development and in parallel with the First ad hoc meeting of Ministers of Environment – Mr. Henri Djombo of Congo, Emile Doumba of Gabon, Fortunato Ofa Mbo
organizations in Africa requested UNEP also confirmed their determination to work environment Ministers in the CEMAC
implementation of such action plan. It’s of Equatorial Guinea and Bruno Dacko of Central African Republic
support to develop such regulations. Based on towards its quick implementation and region on harmonization of regulations on
funding approved for the OzonAction Regional Office for Africa (ROA) and the requested UNEP and other internat-ional
Division of Technology, Industry and the control of ODS in Central Africa. The
Programme by the Executive Committee of institutions’ support to this effect. workshop was meant to sensitize journalists finalization of partnership alliances with UNEP Regional Office for Africa under its
the Multilateral Fund, the Regional CAP Team Economics (DTIE) will follow-up on the
from the audio-visual and printed press on media. Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP)
based in ROA has been working with the type of support that can be provided In addition, Ministers expressed the issues related to the depletion of the Ozone is seeking promote dissemination of
secretariat of this Sub-regional Organization through the regional CAP Team. following recommendations: layer and international responses to this This workshop gave an opportunity to set information on the use and phase out of
to develop harmonized regulations on ODS threat, and the involvement of Article 5 up the Central African Chapter of the Ozone Depleting substances in the Africa
control. First ad hoc Meeting of Ministers • The Executive Secretariat of CEMAC region. Similar workshops were earlier held
countries in the phase-out of ozone African Network for Environmental, which
of Environment in the CEMAC gets more involved in environmental for journalist in the Southern Africa and
depleting substances-ODS. The workshop was established in November 2002, with the
Reports were prepared by UEMOA Secretariat region issues of the sub-region and the planet; Western Africa Regions.
was also organized with the view to provide support of UNEP’s Regional Office for
on the status of implementation of the • The Executive Secretariat of CEMAC
At the invitation of the Government of the a platform for the exchange of experiences Africa and the OzonAction Programme. The
Montreal Protocol in its member countries exercises a more active community
Republic of Gabon together with the Executive and information on the role that media African Network of Environmental Customs Officers Trained To
compiling information on progress in ODS control on the ODS phase-out
Secretariat of CEMAC, the Economic and could play in sensitizing the public and Journalists, was set up with the view to Control and Monitor Trade in
phase-out and existing national regulations on programmes in Member States;
monetary community of Central Africa, the decision-makers on the challenges related to mainstream Environ-mental Journalism in ODS In Sierra Leone
ODS control. • These States and the United Nations
First Ad Hoc meeting of Ministers of the the depletion of the Ozone layer and the Africa; Enhance the capacity of African
Environment of the CEMAC region was held Environment Programme strengthen implementation of the Montreal Protocol Journalists to deal with new and emerging
The report and some draft regulations were Customs Officers and other key stakeholders
at the Ministry of Forest Economy, Water the capacities of National Ozone Units. and specifically to the project on environmental challenges; Disseminate
reviewed during a sub-regional meeting involved in Ozone Depleting Substances
held in Ouagadougou in October 2004. The resources, Fisheries, Environment in charge of harmonization of regulations on the control relevant informa-tion on environmental (ODS) –related issues gathered in Freetown,
the protection of Nature in Libreville, Gabon, Considering the environmental assets of this of ODS in Central Africa. issues in the region; Influence decision-
meeting had one expert segment to review Sierra Leone from 19 to 20 May, 2005 for a
in November 2004. This meeting sponsored region and the challenges faced by the making process with regard to
the report and draft regulations and one workshop. The main objective of the
by UNEP was preceded by a preparatory Central African region, Central African Journalists participating to the workshop environmental policies in Africa; and
segment for Ministers of Environment to workshop was to equip customs officers and
meeting of expert. Ministers appealed for a closer physical shared their experiences in sensitizing the provide extra leverage for the dissemination
review and approve the draft regulations. other key stakeholders with knowledge and
contact and collaboration with UNEP. public and decision-makers in Ozone of environmental information in the region. skills necessary for enforcing the import and
Issues discussed included the presentation of related issues. They discussed ODS phase- licensing system that the government has
According to the reports most UEMOA Of particular interest was the opportunity
the report of the experts meeting, the review out programmes in a context of increased This workshop was part of a wider regional recently put in place as part of its strategy
member-countries, members were in for Central African States regarding carbon
of the project on Common legislation on the poverty in the sub-region and the Montreal awareness raising programme where the to control and monitor trade in ODSs. These
compliance with the phase-out schedule as credits. They committed themselves to work
control of the consumption of ozone deplet- Protocol. They welcomed the initiative to
per the 2003 consumption figures. together for the achievement of Cleaner
ing substances, and the issue of Climate harmonize the regulations on the control of
change and carbon trade as an opportunity Development Mechanisms related to carbon ODS in the Economic and Monetary
The report also indicates that all countries trade (credit), as a sustainable way to fund
for Central Africa. Community of Central Africa (CEMAC)
in the region had already adopted national
regulations to control imports of ODS and and developed an action plan in support of
ODS-based equipments. the implementation of this project. Activities
to be undertaken under this action plan
The sub-regional draft regulations approved include: the organization of briefing
by the ministerial segments were later meetings at national level involving
cleared by the statutory Expert group journalists and National Ozone Units
meeting held in Ouagadougou from 13 to (NOUs); the dissemination of the content
17 June 2005 and forwarded to the Council of the harmonized legislation by the Medias,
of Ministers (Finance Ministers) for final signing of partnership agreement between
endorsement on 04 July 2005. Medias and NOUs regarding the follow-up/
evaluation of the implementation of this
Beyond issues specifically related to ODS project etc. They recommended that UNEP
phase-out, the ministers of Environment in and CEMAC should closely follow-up this
the UEMOA region decided to develop a process, facilitate capacity building for
sub-regional action plan to control the Central African Ministers of Environment adopt a common regulation on ODS control journalists and support NOUs in the Custom officers trained in Sierra Leone

26 • ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 • 27


O Z O N E I N D U S T R Y

trained officers are expected to train other


customs officers countrywide over the next
Proklima, World Customs Organization
Regional Intelligence Liaison Office, East
in customs and refrigeration should also be
promptly followed by training of the target Africa Takes Concrete Steps to Promote Sustainable
six months. African Community (EAC), Southern Africa groups (customs officers, refrigeration

The training programme was designed to


Customs Union (SACU)etc. technicians). Countries should carry out
physical surveys of installed and in-storage
Consumption and Production
use the “train-the-trainers” approach. The On this occasion, Mr. Sékou Touré, Director capacities of halons and assess their future
National “Train the Trainer” workshop for of UNEP Regional Office for Africa strategic needs. In addition, it was By Desta Mebratu
customs officers and other key stakeholders commended the countries in the Africa recommended that five countries from the
was attended by customs officers, officials Region for being in total compliance in data region, namely Eritrea, Rwanda, Seychelles,
The Second African Expert development. The outcome of the February 2005 in Nairobi as a side event
from Ministry of Health, Trade, Agriculture reporting in 2003 and congratulated Eritrea Sierra Leone and Tanzania, should be
and representatives of the media. UNEP,s for becoming a party to the Montreal considered for assistance for methyl Meeting on the 10 Year discussions was subsequently presented to the UNEP Governing Council. The
CAP Policy and Enforcement Officer Protocol. UNEP’s Division for Technology, bromide reductions or sustained Framework Programme on and endorsed by the AMCEN Technical objective of the meeting was to facilitate
facilitated the workshop. Industry and Economics (DTIE) was lauded compliance. Sustainable Consumption and Meeting for the Partnership Conference on a dialogue between African Ministers and
for its leadership and innovation in assisting Production NEPAD’s Environmental Action Plan. The business executives with a particular focus
This training was viewed as a major step by
the government towards controlling and
140 developing countries in the protection
of the ozone layer. The Division was recently
The meeting also agreed that awareness was
critically important. In this regard, countries T he Second African Expert Meeting on
the 10 Year Framework Programme on
African 10 Year Framework Programme
that was developed by the technical expert
on the provision of improved water and
energy services in Africa. The meeting was
monitoring trade in ODS. All goods entering awarded the United States Environmental were advised to negotiate with their national meeting and discussed by the AMCEN organized by UNEP in collaboration with
the country are inspected, or should be Protection Agency (US EPA) 2005 televisions and airlines to get Ozzy-Ozone Sustainable Consumption and Production Technical Segment was later approved by World Business Council on Sustainable
inspected by Customs Officers and it follows Stratospheric Ozone Award. video featured in in-flights programme was held from 17-18 February 2005 in the Second Partnership Conference of Development (WBCSD), International
therefore that any success in control and where applicable. Emphasis was also put on Nairobi, Kenya. The objective of the meet- AMCEN on the Imple-mentation of Chamber of Commerce (ICC) and the
monitor trade in ODSs will require the full The representative of the Kenyan National the Green Customs Initiative. ing was to further concretize the outcome NEPAD’s Environmental Action Plan World Energy Council (WEC).
cooperation of a well informed and trained Environment Authority (NEMA) noted the from the First expert meeting that was
customs officials. importance of the issues at stake, The Compliance Assistance Programme which was held in Dakar, Senegal.
held in Casablanca in May 2004 and de-
particularly discussions on the harmon- (CAP), in collaboration with other The Executive Director of UNEP, Mr.
velop a regional priorities under the 10 The meeting was co-organized by UNEP
The Government of Sierra Leone acceded ization of ODS regulations in the region as implementing agencies/bilateral partners Klaus Toepfer, underlined that the
Year Framework Programme. In his open- and UN-DESA in consultation with the
and became a Party to the Vienna this will be an effective tool in combating will continue to provide support in the provision of improved access to water and
Convention, the Montreal Protocol and its illegal trade in ODS. He called upon on all preparation and implementation of national ing remark, Mr. Shafqat Kakakhel, Deputy Secretariats of the African Ministerial
th
Executive Director of UNEP, underlined energy has a significant impact on the state
amendments on the 29 August 2001. countries to fight against illegal trade in action plans for ODS phase out; the CAP Conference on Environment (AMCEN)
the need to contextualize the concepts and of the environment as the state of the
ODS. will also facilitate both North – South and and the African Roundtable on Sustainable
principles of sustainable consumption environment would have a significant
The 41st meeting of the Executive South –South co-operation to enhance Consumption and Production (ARSCP). 38
Committee of the Multilateral Fund Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) Officers exchange of experience within the region. and production to the local conditions impact on achieving improved access to
participants consisting of 18 Government-
approved the training programme of from English Speaking African Countries and come-up with innovative ways of water and energy. He further underscored
nominated experts and 20 sustainable
Customs Officers and Technicians on Good agree to effectively cooperate at national A similar meeting was held for French- shifting the consumption and production the importance of building public-private
consumption and production experts and
Practices in Refrigeration for Sierra Leone level to build synergies and promote the speaking African countries from 16 to 20 patterns in the region while at the same partnership in order to overcome the
development partners attended the
and UNEP was designated as the integration of Multilateral Environmental May 2005 in Nouakchott (Mauritania). time contributing to the broader poverty existing challenges and expressed his hope
implementing agency. Agreements, especially those dealing with meeting.
reduction and sustainable development that this meeting would contribute to a
chemicals. Other recommendations of the A joint meeting is planned from 03 to 08 better understanding of the contribution
th objectives.
The 11th Odsonet Meeting for just ended 11 ODSONET AF/E meeting October in Arusha (Tanzania) for the two The African Business and that each group could make to such a
English Speaking African include putting in place national ODS networks (French-speaking and English- Sustainable Development partnership.
regulations since licensing system is now speaking) to harmonize their view for the The meeting concretized the regional
Countries th
Roundtable
th pre-condition for project approvals; Africa region prior to the 17 Meeting of priorities under the 10 Year framework
The 11 Meeting of the Ozone Depleting harmonization of ODS regulations within parties to the Montreal Protocol to be held Programmes in the area of water, energy, The African Business and Sustainable The meeting identified a number of key
Substances (ODS) Officers Network for the sub- region. “Train the trainers” courses in December 2005. ❐ urban environment, and industrial Development Roundtable was held in challenges that need to be addressed by
English Speaking African Countries
(ODSONET/AF – E), held in Mombasa,
Kenya from June 13 – 16, 2005, was
organized by the UNEP OzonAction
Compliance Assistance Programme as part
of its enabling activities to assist ODS
Officers to implement the Montreal
Protocol on Ozone Depleting Substances in
their respective Countries.

The meeting was attended by ODS officers


from 20 English Speaking Countries (Nigeria,
Ghana, Lesotho, South Africa, Botswana,
Kenya, Namibia, Uganda, Swaziland, Rwanda,
Eritrea, Malawi, Zambia, Mauritius,
Zimbabwe, Somalia, Tanzania, Sierra Leone,
Mozambique and Ethiopia) and
representatives of the Multilateral Fund
Secretariat, Ozone Secretariat, UNIDO, Participants at the 11th Odsonet meeting in Mombasa
UNDP, UNEP DTIE, UNEP-ROWA, GTZ – African experts and partners review priorities under the 10YFP

28 • ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 • 29


I N D U S T R Y K Y O T O P R O T O C O L

African Ministers, businesses operating in the region and Programme for sustainable consumption and The Roundtable identified the key components of activities that
international development partners. The participants of the production in Akaki River Basin could be undertaken within the region and called upon UNEP
meeting appreciated the benefit of having such a dialogue and and other regional development partners to develop a regional
UNEP in collaboration with the Ethiopian Cleaner Production
recommended to have similar kinds of forums during programme on mainstreaming sustainable consumption and
Centre and other national partners organized the National
forthcoming meetings related to UNEP and CSD. About 100 production in the Region.
Roundtable on Sustainable Consumption and Production which
participants, including fifteen African Ministers and a number
has led to the development of a ‘Comprehensive programme on
of business executives and representatives of development Ghana Holds its National Roundtable on SCP
sustainable consumption and production in Akaki River Basin.
partners, participated in the Meeting.
The Akaki River is the river that traverses the city of Addis Ababa A national Roundtable on Sustainable Consumption and
and the most polluted river in the country due to the high Production in Ghana was held in February 2005. The main
Enhancing the Industrial Environmental number of industries and dense urban centres located along the objective of the meeting was to expedite the establishment of
Management Capacity of Rwanda bank of the river. The studies presented during the roundtable the Ghanaian National Cleaner Production Centre by sharing
indicated the same river which is having significant level of the regional experience on establishment of NCPCs and
As part of the Inter-agency (UNDP, UNEP and UN-Habitat) pollution is serving as a source of livelihood for thousands of promotion of sustainable consumption and production. More
support to Rwanda on the management of the environmental National roundtable on SCP in Ghana
the rural population down stream thereby resulting in significant than fifty participants drawn from government agencies,
impact of the Kigali Industrial Zone, UNEP has launched a one- health hazard and advises socio-economic impacts. industries, and civil societies’ representatives participated in the
year programme on ‘Enhancing the Industrial Environmental Roundtable. members of the Advisory and Executive Board of the Centre.
Management Capacity of Rwanda’. The Programme includes the In addressing the launching meeting, the Minister of Water The meeting was opened by Honourable Afram Asredu, Deputy
provision of institutional and industrial training with the After considering the inputs provided by the regional resource Minister of Trade and Industry, and Mr. Jonathan Allotey, the
Resource, H.E. Mr. Shiferaw Jarso, and the Mayor of Addis Ababa,
purpose of creating a core capacity on cleaner production and persons and considering the specific situation within the country, Executive Director of the Environmental Protection Agency
H.E. Mr. Arkebe Equbay, recognized the seriousness of the
industrial environmental management and preparing the The Roundtable proposed to establish the Ghanaian NCPC as a (EPA) of Ghana, who expressed their Government’s commitment
problem and underlined the government’s strong commitment
background for the establishment of the Rwanda National registered autonomous institution to be facilitated and supported to promote sustainable consumption and production in Ghana
in addressing it. UNEP assisted in the development the
Cleaner Production Center (RNCPC) as repository of long-term by the Environmental Protection Agency of Ghana. The meeting and expressed their appreciation to UNEP for supporting the
programme document which was later presented and discussed
institutional capacity in the field. at the National Roundtable on Sustainable Consumption and
further identified the institutions that are going to serve as organization of the Roundtable. ❐
Production which was held from 6-7 June 2005 in Addis Ababa.
The first set of activities, which included a ‘National seminar on
sustainable consumption and production’ and the launching of
Mainstreaming Sustainable Consumption and
the first set of industrial training on cleaner production assessment
Production in Lake Victoria Region
methods was held from 14-18 June 2005 in Kigali, Rwanda. During
Sustainable consumption and production in the Lake Victoria
region should be promoted as it would make significant
The Kyoto Protocol entry into force:
contribution to the realization of the vision and strategy of the
Easter African Community which aims at having a prosperous
Major achievement in Greenhouse Fight
population living in a sustainably managed environment. This
is a recommendation from the sub-regional Roundtable on
mainstreaming Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) The 1997 Kyoto Protocol, frequently given up for dead, finally entered into force on 16 February 2005. Its critics say the
in Lake Victoria region which was held in December in Kisumu, global pact for fighting climate change comes too late and offers to little: not only are its targets for curbing greenhouse
Kenya. It was also noted that the SCP initiative would also gas emissions too modest, but many industrialized countries will not be able to meet those goals by the 2012 deadline.
contribute to the broader development objectives under the Nile
Basin Initiative.
Y et this remarkable achievement marks
the beginning of international efforts to
impacts could be worse than previously
thought.
the scientists demanded - reductions in
the area of 60-80%.
The sub-regional Roundtable on mainstreaming Sustainable
Consumption and Production (SCP) in Lake Victoria region was arrest the upward trend in greenhouse gas
Launching meeting on Akaki River with government representatives and attended by 28 participants invited from various governmental, emissions which started in developed Under the Kyoto Protocol the world’s However, the most significant character-
UN partners non-governmental and sub-regional organizations. The countries over a century and a half ago. developed countries pledged collectively istic of the Protocol is that the emission
Roundtable was aimed at identifying concrete implementable In the words of Joke Waller Hunter, to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets are legally binding.
activities through regional cooperation. UNEP expressed it’s Executive Secretary of the United Nations to an average of at least 5% below 1990 There was a clear understanding by almost
the national seminar, the State Minister for Land and Climate Change Convention, “The 16th levels in the commitment period 2008 to all parties, industrialized and developing
commitment for the sustainable development of the region. The
Environment, H.E. Mrs. Patricia Hajabakiga, appreciated the inter- of February 2005 marks the beginning of 2012. Although many recognized the need alike, that a voluntary approach had
Kenyan National Environmental Management Authority
agency supported to Rwanda and informed the participants that a new era in international efforts to reduce to cut global emissions of carbon dioxide proved to be inadequate and that hard,
(NEMA) underlined the importance of holding such a meeting
the Rwanda Council of Ministers has approved the establishment the risk of climate change.” and the other greenhouse gases to prevent verifiable and enforceable obligations
with an objective of promoting sustainable consumption and
of the Rwandan National Cleaner Production Center to be hosted dangerous global warming, many were absolutely necessary for the next
production within the Lake Victoria region and expressed its
under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. 23 experts drawn The international community is gearing developed countries, aided by intensive stage. Although such deep emissions cuts
appreciation to UNEP, ARSCP and the Kenyan National Cleaner
from 10 industries and five industry support institutions are up to launch negotiations this year that public pressure from the fossil fuel are beyond the limited scope of the Kyoto
Production Centre (KNCPC) for taking such an initiative.
benefiting from the industrial training programme which will be go beyond the Kyoto Protocol timeframe, industry, refused during the negotiations Protocol, many spectators believe the po-
given in three modules over the coming three months. a period in which several scientific to agree to the kinds of cuts in their litical agreement will provide a basis for
forecasts indicate that climate change domestic greenhouse gas emissions, which continued progress beyond 2012 by

30 • ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 • 31


K Y O T O P R O T O C O L C H I L D R E N A N D Y O U T H

stimulating energy policy reform and encouraging new invest- fundamental shift in the way energy is produced and the way it
ments to bring about low-emission technologies. is used. It will require, in particular, a fundamental review on
the way fossil fuels are used.
The Road to Bangalore - Youth and the MDGs
The Protocol represents only a first step toward achieving the
by Jessica Kamugira Mbabazi, Uganda
goal set by the original climate treaty - to stabilize greenhouse Countries joined the UN framework Convention on Climate Change
gas concentrations in the atmosphere ‘at a level that would (UNFCCC) in an effort to find ways of reducing global warming
prevent dangerous interference with the climate system’. The and to cope with increases in temperature. The governments agreed Our collective commitments include:
Kyoto Protocol should be regarded as a milestone in the history to an addition to the treaty (Kyoto Protocol) in 1997, which has
of climate protection. Most importantly, it sends a clear signal binding and more powerful measures. With the protocol in place, • Peer-to-peer Education – We will
to policy-makers, industry and other relevant domestic actors 30 industrialized countries and the European community are legally inform our peers about the MDGs and
that climate change has been firmly placed on the world’s agenda. bound to reduce their combined emissions of six major greenhouse what we have learnt during the Retreat
Because of its far-reaching implications for the way we produce gases from 2008 to 2012 to below 1990 levels. Some of the gases are and the roundtable discussions. With
and consume, the Kyoto Protocol is likely to affect the life of carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide and nitrous oxide, among others. the peer-to-peer education we are able
every person living on this planet in the next century more than to generate public awareness regarding
any other international agreement. With the entry into force of the protocol, apart from the 30 all the issues involved in the MDGs.
industrialised countries’ legal requirement to reduce their
Mr. Klaus Toepfer, UNEP’s Executive Director said: “The big issue combined emissions, it also means that the international trading • Public awareness campaigns – We will
is adaptation to climate change in developing countries, in other market has received a market signal to buy and sell emission develop campaigns in our communi-
words, how to support them in confronting its impacts. But we credits amongst themselves which will lead to the cost ties on the MDGs. However, we need
need to have a very broad vision for future negotiations, for effectiveness of emission cuts. support from our governments and
imagining new alliances, more ambitious goals. For example, the other stakeholders in order to be
strengthening cooperation amongst cities, amongst regions, and African developing countries do not have any quantities assigned able to reach more people, particularly
promoting commitments by corporations to reduce emissions. to them but they need to take steps to mitigate emissions by Mr. Sékou Touré, Director of UNEP-ROA, interacting with youth young people most of whom are not
We need a great deal of imagination. The challenge we face is among others coming up with energy projects. aware of the MDGs.
enormous and we cannot afford to restrict thinking.”
Some countries in the region are well positioned to take • Partnerships – We will develop
To have any hope of achieving the Kyoto targets, global, national
and local climate change policies will have to reflect a
advantage of the Kyoto Protocol provision allowing countries to
trade carbon credits. The protocol’s Clean Development
F orty-four youth leaders from 35
countries converged in Nairobi, Kenya, for
18 October 2005. The commitments -
known as the “Road to Bangalore” - entail
partnership activities to inform our
peers about the MDGs. A similar
Mechanism, which enters an operational phase, allows developed the biennial United Nations Environment collective and individual undertakings by partnership activity is already being
countries and companies in developed countries that are Programme (UNEP)’s Tunza Global the youth to promote the implementation implemented by young Canadians,
struggling to meet stringent emission reduction targets to buy Youth Retreat from 16 to 18 February of the MDGs through the 10 Tunza com- who travel to developing countries to
credits from countries that pollute less than their allotted limits. 2005. Six of the youth leaders were African mitments adopted at the Tunza Interna- teach other youth about HIV/AIDS
countries including Niger, Senegal, DRC, tional Youth Conference, which was held in and other issues. They are self-funded!
These countries have the potential to create significant amount Kenya (2) and Uganda. Dubna, Russia in August 2003. The partnerships includes training
of credits by supporting emission-reduction projects locally and
at the same time bring in much-needed foreign direct investment. During this three-day event, we reviewed
The emerging carbon market would force industrial companies ways through which we, the young people,
to comply with the protocol. can contribute towards the achievement of
the UN Millennium Development Goals
The concept of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) was (MDGs) in our own countries. We also
designed to achieve a win-win situation: mitigation of GHG organized a roundtable discussion on youth
(greenhouse effect gas) emissions on one hand and sustainable participation in the implementation of the
development of developing countries in the other. In other words, MDGs, on 22 February 2005 involving
although it is understood that the Kyoto Protocol is environment ministers and senior UNEP
supplementary to domestic emission-control measures, officials. The Roundtable provided an
developed countries would seek to utilize mechanisms to achieve opportunity to review ways of enhancing
its goals in a cost-effective manner, whereas the CDM also had the participation of young people in the
great significance as an international contribution which would implementation of the eight Goals.
promote sustainable development in developing countries. ❐
At the Retreat, we the participants came up
with commitments that would be imple-
mented between now and the next Tunza
International Youth Conference, which will
take place in Bangalore, India from 12 to Global Youth Retreat: Director, DCPI, Mr. Eric Falt, addressing participants

32 • ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 • 33


C H I L D R E N A N D Y O U T H C H I L D R E N A N D Y O U T H

and capacity building as well as youth


empowerment. Ten-Year Old Kenyan Girl Wins Top African Prize
Some of the individual commitments For UNEP’s Global Painting Competition
included:
A dream for a greener future and healthier cities in the eyes of a 10 years old child
Name: Jessica Kamugira Mbabazi
Country: Uganda R egional winners of the United Nations
Environment Programme’s Fourteenth
member of the school Environment and
Wildlife Club. She explained that the topic
For the first time this year, the global
painting competition was preceded by
• To follow up on what used to be “The International Children’s Painting ‘Green Cities’ was directly involved with the regional competitions. Each UNEP Regional
Environment Club” of secondary Competition on the Environment were environment and this inspired her to take Office (Bangkok, Geneva, Mexico City,
schools working together in Uganda. announced on Earth Day, 22 April 2005. part. Washington DC, Bahrain and Nairobi)
chose regional winners and also submitted
• To speak to local government officials The best painting, from Ranjani Mr. Sekou Toure, Director of UNEP’s at least 100 paintings to the global selection.
and students in my community about Dharamajan, a 10 years old school girl was Regional Office for Africa said that he was
Global Youth Retreat 2005 in Nairobi
the role they can play in achieving selected out of more than 300 entries, for particularly pleased in view of interest The global winners were announced on 5
MDGs. the vision of two contrasting scenarios generated by the competition adding that June 2005 at the main international
showing an actual city and what a city celebrations to mark World Environment
Name: Lars Rosendahl Appelquist Day in San Francisco. All global and
Country: Denmark regional winners traveled to San
Francisco, thanks to the generous financial
• To organize a youth seminar for 50 support from Bayer AG, which also
young people in Tanzania about pov- sponsored the awards ceremony. The
erty eradication and sustainable devel- regional winners each received a cash prize
opment in cooperation with Tanzania of US$ 1,000 while the global winner
Youth Coalition. received a cash prize of US$ 2,000.

All winners received certificate and


• To organize a workshop in Denmark
plaque, and other special prizes such as
about youth involvement and sustain-
drawing kits and environmental
able development in Tanzania.
stationery. The winning paintings will be
shown in exhibitions in Japan and other
Name: Catherine Candano
Global Youth Retreat 2005 in Nairobi countries. They will also be exhibited on
Country: The Philippines the Internet. In future, selected paintings
will be used on UNEP posters, post cards,
• To run a national Filipino Youth calendars, and in publications.
Conference on the MDGs. • To compile youth feedback on MDGs We intend to discuss the implementation
issues from the Philippines and share of these commitments at the next Tunza The second and third regional winner of
• To get concrete project commitments this with academic/research/policy International Youth Conference in Fourteenth International Children’s
on the MDGs from conference agencies as well as participants of the Bangalore, India in October 2005 and Painting Competition on the Environment,
should be in a perfect world. The “Catching the imagination of our children
delegates. Tunza Youth Conference hopefully we shall have more African respectively Saloni Mukesh Maru and Niral
painting captures some of the main on issues of preserving our environment
representation this time. threats to urban environment including constitutes one of the best strategies one D. Shah were recognized at a special
pollution, deforest-ation, impacts of can put in place because children are often ceremony alongside the winners of the Essay,
To view the commitments of all the waste in water bodies. the driving force behind future Art and Photographic Competition
participants of the Retreat, please visit our environmental changes”. organised in schools in Kenya, for World
web site www.unep.org/tunza Young Ranjani Dharamajan said “Today Environment Day 2005 at the Hotel
the forests are being destroyed to create This year’s theme was Green Cities, the Intercontinental in Nairobi.
We would also like to know what you can space for buildings and factories. The air, motto of World Environment Day 2005.
land and sea are being constantly The competition was jointly organized by Eventually all paintings submitted to the
do to implement the MDGs in your
polluted. I felt that to bring back the the United Nations Environment global competition will be held at the
community. Write to children.youth
original green city we need magic. So, I Programme (UNEP), Bayer AG and the National Museum of Ethnology in Osaka,
@unep.org with your commitments and
drew an ‘Aladdin Lamp’ which could Japan-based Foundation for Global Peace Japan. This year’s competition is
ideas on the implementation of the MDGs.
make our wish come true; that would and Environment (FGPE). It is opened to supported by the National Museum of

bring back the Green Cities.” children between 6 and 14 years old and Ethnology (Japan), the Japanese
has been held since 1990 and in that time Ministries of the Environment, Foreign
Ranjani is a school girl at the Oshwal Jain has received over 160,000 entries from Affairs, Education, Forestry & Fisheries
Global Youth Retreat 2005 in Nairobi and the Japan-Arab Association. ❐
Primary School in Nairobi, Kenya, a children in over 100 countries.

34 • ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8 • 35


C H I L D R E N A N D Y O U T H

Hello everyone,
M y name is Yvonne Maingey, I am 17 years old and I am
one of the young people who were elected to serve on the
Tunza Youth Advisory Council. I am currently the youth
advisor for the Africa region. The advisory council is made
up of 28 advisors and associate advisors who advise UNEP
on the best ways to involve young people in their activities.

Recently, the Global Youth Retreat took place here in Nairobi


th th
from the 16 to the 18 of February. Around 40 youth from
over 38 countries participated and six of the participating
youth were from Africa- 3 Francophone speakers and 3
Anglophone speakers. The participants were active
environmentalists who were leaders of youth environmental Africa youth do have something to say
organizations and recognized nationally for their work. They
have been involved in environmental activities in their website and enhancing the current youth networks especially
communities and have participated in national and regional the AEO for youth process. The Governing Council followed
processes on the environment. During the conference several soon after the retreat and six of the youth advisors were invited
issues were discussed including the Millennium Development to attend the meeting. We made sure we used the opportunity
Goals; especially how young people can be involved in their to participate to the fullest, and I personally had the chance
advocacy and implementation, the Governing Council process to attend my daily Regional Meetings where I made
and UNEP’s Long Term Strategy of engaging young people in contributions and interventions to try and ensure that the
their activities. The participants also had an opportunity to voice of the youth was taken into consideration.
meet regionally and raise whatever issues, concerns and hopes
they had for a better partnership with their regional offices African youth do have something to say, we do care and we
do want to be involved! We are enthusiastically involved in
These meetings were particularly useful, as not only did we environmental activities and we are ardently advocating for
sort out our concerns; but we also managed to make the conservation and protection of the beautiful environment
commitments together with our Regional office to enhance that we are so blessed with! I have appealed to several African
our participation in their activities and programmes. So far, young people within the existing network to send articles and
our regional office have stuck to this commitment by stories that can be included in the next edition and look
providing us with a youth page on ROA news and the ROA forward to sharing them all with you

Upcoming UNEP events for young people


C hildren’s World Summit for the Environment, Toyohashi
and Toyota cities, Japan from 26 to 29 July 2005. One thousand
children and their chaperones will participate in the Summit.

For more information about the above conference and other


UNEP events / activities for children and youth, please
contact: Theodore Oben, Head, UNEP’s Children & Youth /
Sport & the Environment Unit, P.O. Box 30552 Nairobi,
Kenya, Tel: 254 20 623262, Fax: 254 20 623927, E-mail:
theodore.oben @unep.org or visit UNEP’s web site
www.unep.org/tunza to learn more about UNEP’s activities
Africa youth at the Global Youth Forum for young people.

UNEP, Regional Office for Africa http://www.unep.org/roa Tel: (254-20) 624292 Fax: (254-20) 623928
ROA.Information.Officer@unep.org or Angele.Luh@unep.org

36 • ROA NEWS ISSUE NO. 8