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The main purpose of this calculation is to find the amount of foam required, the size of the foam tank, the

number and location of monitors, the capacity of the foam liquid pump and the fire pump.

Contents

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1 Example

2 References

Example

An example of a 47,000 tonnes deadweight Chemical tanker is taken. For an oil tanker the rule requirement is

the SOLAS Chapter II-2, Regulation 60,61. In case of a chemical tanker, the rule reference is theIBC Code

Chapter 11.

Here we have to find the area from the three options mentioned in the rules.

.1) Cargo tank deck area (A1) defined as the product of the maximum breadth of the ship and the total

longitudinal extent of the cargo tank spaces. Here breadth (B1) = 32.20 m, length (L1) = 131 m

2) Area of the largest single tank A2 is defined as the product of breadth (B2) and length (L2). Here B2

= 16.10 m, length (L2) = 21.20 m

3) The third area concerns the coverage of the monitors, which will be done after the monitor location

and number is decided.

From the rules(IBC 11.3.5), the rate of supply of foam solution shall not be less than the greatest of the

following:

.3) Q3 = 10 lit/min/sq.m x A3 = 10 x 779.24 = 7792.4 lit/min. Here the A3 is from the monitor

calculation.

The largest figure among the three is taken. ie. supply rate Q = 8436.4 lit/min

Note: For oil tanker design foam calculation (SOLAS Chapter II-2, Regulation 61(3)), the foam quantity is much

less for the same tank dimensions. Instead of 2, 20 and 10 lit/min/sq.m for a chemical carrier, it is 0.6, 6 and 3

lit/min/sq.m; a factor of 3.3 times.

According to the rules, IBC 11.3.6 , sufficient foam concentrate shall be supplied to ensure atleast 30 min of

foam generation. For Oil / Product / Chemical tankers an alcohol resistant foam is used. In this case a Fluro

protien foam compound (FP-AR) is selected. It's mixing ration "m" is 3 %.

For a time T of 30 min operation and mixing ratio, m, 3 %, the foam liquid required would be F = ( Q x m x T) /

100 = 7592.8 lit

This is the minimum quantity of foam concentrate required in the foam tank. Accordingly the size of the tank is

chosen. In this case an 8500 lit tank is chosen.

From the rules, IBC 11.3.7, atleast 50% (Q min) of the foam supply rate as per largest required rate (Q) shall be

delivered from each monitor.

Here the type of monitor used is FN-ML-150. The inlet design pressure at the monitor (after the loss of head

from the Fire & G.S pump discharge) is 6 bar. Its capacity (Qm) is 7800 lit/min and the throwing length Ro in

still air is 70 m.

The rules, IBC 11.3.8, states that the distance from the monitor to the farthest extremity of the protected area

forward of that monitor shall not be more than 75% of the monitor throw in still air conditions.

ie. R = Ro x 0.75 = 70 x 0.75 = 52.5 m

According to the rules, IBC 11.3.5, the capacity of any monitor shall be atleast 10 lit/min/sq.m of the deck area

protected by that monitor, such area being entirely forward of the monitor. Also one monitor to be provided on

each side of the front of the poop or cago tank decks (refer IBC 11.3.9). These front monitors should cover an

area whose lenght is P1 (which is also the distance to next forward monitor) and breadth the half- breadth B1/2.

ie. B1/2 = 32.2 / 2 = 16.1 m.

P1a = Qm / (10 x B1/2) = 7800 / (10 x 16.1) = 48.4 m

For the other monitors, the coverage length is P2 (which is the distance to the next forward monitor) and

breadth B1.

P2a = Qm / (10 x B1) = 7800 / (10 x 32.2) = 24.2 m

Also the distance between monitors can be calculated according to the throw lenght R. For the front monitors

the throw lenght is the hypotenuse, the quarter-breadth (B1/4) one side and we can find the distance to the

next monitor. R = 52.5 m

R^2 = (P1b)^2 + (B1/4)^2. ie. P1b = sqr.root { R^2 - (B1/4)^2 }. ie. P1b = 51.88 m

For the other monitors, the distance to the next forward monitor is P2a which is one side of the right angle

triangle with t he hypotenuse as the throw lenght (R) and other side as half-breadth (B1/2)

P2b = sqr.root { R^2 - ( B1/2)^2 } = sqr.root { 52.5^2 - 16.1^2). ie. P2b = 49.97 m

For P1 use the smaller value of P1a and P1b. Therefore P1 = 48.4 m

and P2 use the smaller value of P2a and P2b. Therefore P2 = 24.2 m. Area covered A3 = 24.2 x 32.2 = 779.24

sq.m. Confirm if the obtained value satisfies the above conditions.

Number of monitors

Number of monitors = (L1 - P1) / P2 + 2 = (131 - 48.4)/ 24.2 + 2 = 5.41. ie. 6 monitors. t he 2 in the equation is

the accommodation front monitors.

Foam proportioner

Foam supply rate Q, as calculated above = 8436.4 lit/min

Mixing ratio, m = 3 % (in this case. different mixing ratio is possible dependging on the foam concentrate)

Water flow rate, W = Q x (100 - m) / 100 = 8436.4 x (100 - 3) / 100 = 8183.3 lit/min

A proportioner is selected. In this case MV200, 200A x 50A with a flow range of 850 ~ 8500 lit/min. The main

characteristic of the proportioner is that it will accurately proportionate the foam liquid at 3 % upto a flow of

8436.4 lit/min irrespective of flow rate or pressure.

Foam liquid pump capacity, C = (Q x m x 60) / (100 x 1000) cu.m/hr

C = ( 8436.4 x 3 x 60 ) / (100 x 1000) = 15.19 cu.m/hr

Pressure to be minimum 1 bar higher than maximum water pressure at foam proportioner. Minimum required

pressure = 10 bar

Rating = Movitec VF 10/10, 7.5 Kw, 3 phase, 60 Hz

Supply rate, Q = 8436.4 lit/min

As per the rules, IBC 11.3.10, the capacity of one applicator must be atleast 400 lit/min. Also atleast two

applicators in opeartion. So total of 800 lit/min flow required.

Minimum fire pump capacity, Cf = {Q x (100 - m) x 60}/ (1000 x 100 ) + Qh x 60 / 1000 includes the foam

monitors and the applicator.

Cf = { 8436.4 x 97 x 60 }/ (1000 x 100) + 800 x 60 / 1000 = 539 cu.m/hr

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