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bazaar: market consisting of a street lined with shops and stalls, especially one in the Middle East

detect: feel; discover the presence of; identify

industrial: of or relating to or resulting from industry; having highly developed industries

reservoir: tank used for collecting and storing a liquid; holding pond; lake used to store water for community use

conventional: based upon tradition rules; formed by agreement or compact

enterprise: company; frm; organization created for business ventures

herd: flock; crowd; group of cattle or other domestic animals

beneath: lower in place, with something directly over or on; under; underneath; below

uneasy: not easy; difficult; restless; disturbed by pain, anxiety

10
numerical: belonging to number; denoting number; consisting in numbers; expressed by numbers, and not
letters
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tough: hard; difficult; feeling physical discomfort or pain; hard to bear

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ft: be the right size or shape; conform to some shape or size

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boast: show off oneself; speak of with excessive pride

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arrogance: overbearing pride; haughtiness; manifest feeling of personal superiority in rank, power, or
estimation
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overlapping: covering with a design in which one element covers a part of another

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company: team; guard team; group of persons; business enterprise

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deceive: fool; cause to believe what is not true; mislead

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fraction: segment; fragment; a small proportion of

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fall: drop; sink; lose an upright position suddenly; decrease in size, extent, or range

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diversity: point or respect in which things difer; diference

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cooperate: work or act together toward a common end or purpose

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strip: remove the surface from

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dwelling: residence; place to live in; abode

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mission: assignment that is given to a person or group; operation that is assigned by a higher headquarters;
job; task
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sphere: ball; globe; a particular aspect of life or activity

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theoretical: not practical or applied; hypothetical; of or based on theory

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initiate: begin; originate; admit into membership

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internal: inside; interior; located within the limits or surface

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batter: beat with successive blows; beat repeatedly and with violence

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considerate: thoughtful; marked by consideration or reflection; deliberate

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contemplation: act of the mind in considering with attention; continued attention of the mind to a particular
subject; meditation; expectation
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haggle: argue about prices; bargain, as over the price of something

33

performance: act of performing; dramatic or musical entertainment; process or manner

34

spark: flash; sparkle; emit or produce sparks

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planet: celestial bodies that revolve around the sun

36

meek: quiet and obedient; showing patience and humility

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industrialization: development of industry on an extensive scale

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peculiarity: eccentricity; oddness; an odd or unusual characteristic; private ownership; proprietorship

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monstrous: marvelous; strange; extraordinary on account of ugliness, viciousness, or wickedness

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deputy: one appointed as the substitute of another, and empowered to act for him; substitute in ofice

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comedy: light and humorous drama with a happy ending

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partner: person who is a member of a partnership; associate who works with others toward a common goal

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crawl: move slowly, as people or animals with the body near the ground

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lift: direct or carry from a lower to a higher position; raise; transport by air

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probe: explore with tools; investigate; search

46

moan: a low prolonged sound of grief or pain, whether articulate or not; groan softly and continuously

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scissors: edge tool having two crossed pivoting blades

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merchant: one who traffics on a large scale, especially with foreign countries; trafficker; trader

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incorporate: combine something into a larger whole; unite

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attraction: appeal; a characteristic that provides pleasure and attracts

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specifc: stated explicitly or in detail; definite

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privacy: quality of being secluded from view of others; condition of being hidden

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leopard: large feline of African and Asian forests usually having a tawny coat with black spots

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by-product: product made during the manufacture of something else

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diagnosis: art of identifying disease; critical analysis of nature of something

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confdent: assured; having or marked by assurance

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nausea: feeling of sickness in stomach by an urge to vomit; strong aversion; disgust

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guilt: state of one who has broken a moral or political law; crime; criminality; ofense against right

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initially: in the beginning; at first

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applicable: capable of being applied; ft or suitable to be applied; having relevance

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corrupt: changed from sound to putrid state; spoiled; tainted

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classic: work of acknowledged excellence and authority, or its author; creation of the highest excellence

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scorn: extreme and lofty contempt; haughty disregard

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meditate: dwell on anything in thought; think seriously; keep the mind fxed upon; purpose; intend

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dash: throw with violence or haste; break, as by throwing or by collision; form or sketch rapidly

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terrace: row of houses built in a similar style; level shelf of land with steep slopes

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sticky: glutinous; adhesive; covered with an adhesive agent; humid; stiff

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increment: process of increasing in number, size, quantity, or extent

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bay: inlet of the sea, usually smaller than a gulf; small body of water set off from the main body
rapture: seizing by violence; hurrying along; rapidity with violence; state or condition of being rapt,

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or carried away from one's self by agreeable excitement


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subordinate: occupying lower rank; inferior;
submissive
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literate: educated; schooled; one who can read and write

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sideways: with the side forward; to or from a side

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transmission: act of transmitting; automotive assembly of gears; sending of a signal

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cubic: having three dimensions

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mince: cut into very small pieces; chop fne; suppress or weaken the force of

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rat: any of various long tailed rodents, similar to but larger than mouse

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interference: obstruction; prevention; act or an instance of hindering, obstructing, or impeding

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kidnap: take by force or fear, and against one's will; seize and detain unlawfully and usually for ransom

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oversight: unintentional omission or mistake; watchful care or management; supervision

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constituent: component or part; citizen, voter

82

conscience: motivation deriving logically from ethical or moral principles; source of moral or ethical judgment

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enhance: make better or more attractive; increase; improve

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appropriate: acquire; take possession of for one's own use; set apart for specifc use

85
exhaustion: act of draining out or draining of; act of emptying completely of the contents; state of being
exhausted or emptied
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fervent: extremely hot; sincerely or intensely felt

87

defnite: fxed; exact; having distinct limits

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capture: act of seizing by force, or getting possession of by superior power; thing taken by force, surprise, or
stratagem
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annoy: disturb, especially by minor irritations; irritate

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disturb: upset; bother; trouble emotionally or mentally; put out of order; disarrange

91

faction: a party of persons having a common end in view

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hazard: danger; risk

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belly: part of human body which extends downward from breast to thighs, and contains bowels; womb

94

undo: release; cause the ruin or downfall of; cancel or reverse an action

95

spoon: a piece of cutlery with a shallow bowl-shaped container and a handle

96

prohibit: ban; taboo; forbid

97

appreciation: recognition; taste; judgment or opinion, especially a favorable one

98
module: standard or unit of measurement; self-contained component of a system; unit of education covering a
single topic
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fashion: style, shape, appearance, or mode of structure; pattern, model

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ignorant: lacking education or knowledge; unaware

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furnace: enclosed place in which heat is produced; place or time of punishment or great trial

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elaborate: marked by complexity and richness of detail; done with care and in minute detail

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multiply: proliferate; increase; combine by multiplication

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substantiate: establish by evidence; make frm or solid; support

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splash: cause fluid to scatter in flying masses; strike and dash about, as water, mud

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tend: make a tender of; be disposed or inclined; move or extend in a certain direction

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emphasize: stress; underscore; utter or pronounce with a particular stress of voice

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retail: selling of goods to consumers

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crash: smash; collision; falling down or in pieces with a loud noise of breaking parts

110

liberty: state of free person; exemption from subjection to the will of another; freedom

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bookcase: case with shelves for holding books, especially one with glazed doors

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pregnancy: condition of being pregnant; fruitfulness; fertility

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thoughtful: considerate; having intellectual depth; giving close attention

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aggressor: one that engages in aggression; person who frst attacks

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rigor: strictness or severity, as in temperament, action, or judgment; something hard to endure

116

knot: fastening together of one or more threads, cords, ropes; lump or loop formed in thread; ornamental tie

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conscious: awake; alert

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catch: capture or seize, especially after a chase; take by or as if by trapping; reach just in time

119

bunch: clump; cluster; gathering

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via: by the way of

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custom: tradition; practice followed by people of a particular group or region

122

disapproval: a feeling of disliking something or what someone is doing

123

bill: invoice; act; proposal; statement or list of particulars, such as a theater program or menu

124

troublesome: annoying; bothersome

125
conversation: general course of conduct; intimate fellowship or association; close acquaintance; informal
dialogue
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suspense: uncertain cognitive state; uncertainty

127

proposal: something proposed; act of making a proposal; an ofer of marriage

128

spectator: observer; audience; one who looks on

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voltage: diference in electrical charge between two points

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playwright: someone who writes plays

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sham: pretend; put on false appearance of; feign

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magnify: intensify; increase; make greater in size; enlarge

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compute: reckon; make mathematical calculation

134

lamb: the young of the sheep; simple, unsophisticated person

135

decree: order from one having authority; decision, order, or sentence by court

136

objective: not influenced by emotions; having actual existence or reality

137

moor: dark-colored person generally; broad area of open land, often high but poorly drained

138

plough: plow

139

weed: undesirable or troublesome plant, especially growing where it is not wanted as in a garden.

140

adorn: enhance or decorate with or as if with ornaments

141

fog: droplets of water vapor suspended in air near ground; haze

142

abnormal: unusual; not typical; not normal

143

eager: avid; enthusiastic

144
wilderness: a tract of land, or a region, uncultivated and uninhabited by human beings, whether a forest or a
wide, barren plain; wild or desert
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restriction: act of keeping something within specifed bounds; a principle that limits the extent of something

146

former: preceding in order of time; antecedent; previous; prior; earlier

147

analogy: similarity in some respects; comparison based on similarity

148

legendary: mythical; fabled; extremely well known; famous or renowned

149

relay: act of passing something along from one person, group, or station to another

150

simplicity: easiness; plainness; absence of luxury or showiness; lack of good sense or intelligence; foolishness

151

discomfort: distress; uneasiness; mental or bodily distress

152

qualifcation: an attribute that must be met

153

region: province; district; tract; neighborhood; the upper air; sky or heavens; inhabitants of a district

154

jar: pitcher; vase; small, cylindrical container for food, normally made of glass or clay

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impressive: making a strong or vivid impression; producing a strong efect

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simulate: make a pretence of; reproduce someone's behavior or looks

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compound: combine; mix; constitute; pay interest; increase

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quest: act of searching for something


pretense: act of giving a false appearance; imaginative intellectual play

160

persecution: act or practice of persecuting on the basis of race, religion, gender,


sexual orientation, or beliefs that difer from those of the persecutor

161

fortunate: lucky; bringing something good and unforeseen

162

difer: be or stand apart; disagree; be unlike; be distinguished

163

prick: penetrate or puncture by a sharp and slender thing

164
film

varnish: deceptively attractive external appearance; paint to coat a surface with a hard, glossy, transparent

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forbid: not allow; prohibit; prevent

166

flexible: pliant; elastic; capable of being bent or flexed; pliable

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dizzy: having or causing a whirling sensation

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enquiry: search for knowledge

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vain: having no real substance, value, or importance; empty; void; worthless; unsatisfying

170

unwarranted: having no justifcation; groundless; not guaranteed to be good, sound, or of a certain quality

171

ravage: bring heavy destruction on; devastate

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object: be averse to or express disapproval of

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minute: extremely small; short note

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prescribe: dictate; guide; advise the use of; assert a right; claim

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restrain: keep under control; hold back ; place limits on

176

practicable: feasible; capable of being efected, done, or put into practice

177

interact: interplay; act together or towards others or with

178

aboard: on a ship, train, plane or other vehicle; in or into a group, organization, or business

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robust: vigorous; full of health and strength; vigorous

180

distress: discomfort; cause strain, anxiety, or sufering to

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emotion: feeling; mood; state of mental agitation or disturbance

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correspond: be compatible, similar or consistent; exchange messages

183

amazement: wonder; state of extreme surprise or wonder; astonishment

184

locomotive: of or relating to locomotion; a wheeled vehicle consisting of a self-propelled engine

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proof: evidence; demonstration; statement or argument used in such a validation

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drastic: radical; taking efect violently or rapidly

187

render: deliver; give or make available; provide; represent in a drawing or painting

188

pill: a dose of medicine in the form of a small pellet; something that is unpleasant or ofensive

189

humorous: employing or showing humor; funny; amusing

190

scold: fnd fault or rail with rude clamor; utter harsh, rude, boisterous rebuke

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beforehand: in state of anticipation; in advance; by way of preparation

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foundation: basis on which something is grounded

193

leadership: guidance; direction; authority; position or office of a leader

194

dot: the shorter of two telegraphic signals used in Morse code; very small circular shape

195

soy: soybean; most highly protein vegetable

196

spill: pour; sudden drop from an upright position; flow or run out

197

extensive: widespread; far-reaching; wide

198

excessive: extreme; inordinate; too much

199

nomination: act of naming or nominating; designation of a person as a candidate for ofice

200

contradict: confront; oppose

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tip: piece or attachment; end of a pointed or projecting object; a V shape; indication of potential opportunity

202

quay: dock; landing place; reinforced bank where ships are loaded or unloaded

203

scrutiny: close examination; minute inspection; critical observation.

204

promise: declaration assuring that one will or will not do something; indication of something favorable to come

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pioneering: initial; groundbreaking; originating; serving to pioneer

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original: not second hand; not copied or translated from something else

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accumulation: increase by natural growth or addition; concentration

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norm: convention; standard; rule

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harmless: unlikely to harm or disturb anyone

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controversial: controvertible; disputable

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oral: spoken; unwritten; relating to the mouth

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chaos: disorder; condition or place of great disorder or confusion; disorderly mass

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detection: act of detecting; being open what was concealed or hidden; discovery

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submerge: sink; immerse; put under water

215

sort: kind or species; a class of;

216

essay: efort made for performance of anything; short literary composition on a single subject

217

arrange: put in proper order; dispose in the manner intended, or best suited for the purpose

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meadow: tract of low or level land producing grass; any feld on which grass is grown for hay

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invoice: bill; commercial document issued by seller to buyer indicating the products, quantities and prices

220

novel: previously unknown; strikingly new, unusual, or diferent; young

221

memorial: monument; short note or abstract, intended for registry, exhibiting the particulars of a deed

222

dainty: delicately beautiful or charming; exquisite; gratifcation or pleasure taken in anything

223

immediate: not deferred by an interval of time; present; occurring at once; instant

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documentary: flm or TV program presenting the facts about a person or event; of or derived from documents

225

velocity: rapidity or speed of motion; swiftness

226

fairly: in fair manner; clearly; openly; plainly; fully; distinctly; frankly

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shrewd: clever; characterized by keen awareness, sharp intelligence

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hustle: bustle; cause to move furtively and hurriedly

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sacrifce: ofering of something to god; victim ofered to god; surrender or loss of proft for higher object

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conquest: success in mastering something dificult

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derive: obtain or receive from a source; trace the origin or development of

232

purchase: act or an instance of buying; something bought

233

character: part; nature; description of a person's attributes, traits, or abilities

234

revision: modifcation; correction; act of altering

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magistrate: civil officer with power to administer and enforce law

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primary: of frst rank or importance or value; essential or basic

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formal: official; executed, carried out, or done in proper or regular form

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modulate: tone down in intensity; regulate; change from one key to another

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twinkle: open and shut the eye rapidly; blink; wink

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reliable: worthy of being depended on; trustworthy

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install: set up; connect or set in position and prepare for use

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restore: give or bring back; return to its original condition

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graceful: elegant; showing grace of movement, form, or proportion

244

system: organized structure for arranging or classifying

245

mislead: deceive; misguide

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stall: small area set off by walls for special use; booth

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rot: become decomposed by a natural process; perish slowly; become corrupt

248

innumerable: countless; numerous

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rebellion: organized opposition to authority

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vigorous: robust; strong; energetic, and active in mind or body

251

hostile: unfriendly; showing the disposition of an enemy

252

accurate: capable of providing a correct reading or measurement; performing with care and precision

253

boil: be agitated; pass from a liquid to vapor when heated; be excited with passion; heat in water

254

virtue: goodness, moral excellence; good quality

255

enroll: insert in a roil; register or enter in list or catalogue; insert in records; enlist

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foe: enemy; one who entertains hatred, grudge; adversary

257

conceal: keep from being seen, found, observed, or discovered; secrete

258

accommodation: living quarters provided for public convenience

259
sneer: show contempt by turning up the nose, or by a particular facial expression; speak derisively; show mirth
awkwardly
260

eloquence: powerful and efective language; persuasive speech

261
proprietorship: an unincorporated business owned by a single person who is responsible for its liabilities and
entitled to its profits
262

presumably: assumedly; supposedly

263

radiant: brilliant; delighted

264

miscarriage: failure of administration or management; failure to attain a desired result or reach a destination

265

basin: bowl-shaped vessel, usually used for holding food or liquids

266

rooster: adult male chicken

267

attachment: a bond, as of afection or loyalty; fond regard; supplementary part; accessory

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clumsy: awkward; showing lack of skill or aptitude

269

brittle: easily broken; having little elasticity

270

cupboard: a small room or cabinet used for storage space

271
electrician: one whose occupation is the installation, maintenance, repair, or operation of electric equipment
and circuitry
272

grace: elegance and beauty of movement or expression; short prayer of thanks before a meal

273

forsake: leave someone who needs or counts on you

274
crouch: bend down; stoop low; lie close to the ground with the legs bent, as an animal when waiting for prey,
or in fear
275

pupil: a learner who is enrolled in an educational institution

276

crumble: break into small pieces; cause to fall in pieces

277

rotate: plant or grow in a fxed cyclic order of succession; swirl; revolve; turn on or around an axis or a center

278

supervision: management by overseeing the performance

279

withdrawal: secession; retreat or retirement

280

pillar: column; post

281

vocation: career; profession

282

exclusively: without any others being included or involved; purely; strictly

283

owl: any species of raptorial birds of the family Strigidae

284

irrigate: supply land with water artifcially; clean a wound with a fluid

285

essential: necessary; critical; vital; constituting or being part of the essence of something

286

attitude: posture, action, or disposition of a fgure or a statue

287

recruit: enlist; register formally as a participant; engage for military service

288

flag: become less intense; sink, or settle from pressure

289

accumulate: pile up; collect; mount up; increase

290

confess: acknowledge; admit

291

deny: disagree with; refuse; declare untrue

292

solvent: able to pay all debts; capable of meeting fnancial obligations

293

endorse: acknowledge by signing a bill, draft, or other instrument

294

bearing: carrying another part; patient endurance; sufering without complaint; act of producing or giving birth

295

plunder: take goods of by force, or without right; spoil; sack; strip; rob

296

overflow: flow over; cover with, or as with, water or other fluid; spread over; flow over the brim of

297

bear: support; sustain; carry; have; yield; give birth; hold up or support

298

climax: upward movement; steady increase; the highest point; the greatest degree

299

surcharge: an additional charge; charge an extra fee

300

roughly: approximately; more or less

301

rage: something that is desired intensely; state of extreme anger

302

defciency: scarcity; lack or shortage, especially of something essential to health

303

condemnation: blame

304
rein: strap or rope attached to the bridle or bit, used to control a horse or other animal; instrument or means
of curbing, restraining, or governing
305
virus: disease communicator; something that poisons one's soul or mind; program for unwanted actions in
computer
306

livelihood: subsistence; fnancial means whereby one lives

307

rainbow: arc of colored light in sky caused by refraction of the sun's rays by rain

308

informative: instructive; illustrative; providing or conveying information

309

digital: of or performance to fngers, or to digits; done with the fingers

310

excel: be superior; distinguish oneself

311

lose: fail to keep or to maintain; cease to have; be deprived of; fail to win

312

astronomy: branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and universe as a whole

313

compete: contest; fight

314

linger: be slow in leaving; continue or persist; stay

315

composition: makeup; constitution; writing; essay

316

grave: place for the burial; death or extinction

317

communicate: send information about; make known; impart; reveal clearly

318

elevator: lifting device consisting of a platform or cage

319

ripe: ready; fully developed; mature

320

chop: hew; cut by striking with a heavy sharp tool, such as an ax

321

justify: adjust the spaces between words; show to be reasonable; explain, clear away

322

malaise: general sense of depression or unease; vague feeling of bodily discomfort, as at beginning of illness

323

assume: suppose; presume; take on; bear

324
remains: all that is left after other parts have been taken away, used up, or destroyed; corpse; ancient ruins or
fossils
325

motivate: stimulate; impel; provide with an incentive; move to action

326

sympathy: compassion; pity; concern

327

ignorance: lack of knowledge or education

328

cone: a shape whose base is a circle and whose sides taper up to a point

329

readily: easily; quickly; in a prompt, timely manner; promptly

330

puppy: young dog; pup; doll; puppet

331

utility: something useful; public service

332

spiritual: not tangible or material; belonging to religion; sacred; supernatural

333

superior: greater rank or station or quality; excellent

334

curse: call upon divine or supernatural power to send injury upon; bring great evil upon

335
shove: drive along by the direct and continuous application of strength; push along, aside, or away, in a
careless manner
336

fle: line; proceed in line

337

transaction: deal; communication involving two or more people that afects all those involved

338

afectionate: having afection or warm regard; loving; fond; kindly inclined; zealous

339

ration: allotment; allowance; portion; allot; distribute in rations

340

apparent: capable of being seen, or easily seen; open to view; visible to eye

341

primitive: belonging to an early stage; simple or naive in style; primeval

342

representative: one that represents anything; that which exhibits a likeness or similitude; agent

343

luminous: shining; emitting light, especially emitting self-generated light

344

distribution: act of distributing or spreading or apportioning

345

enthusiasm: great excitement for or interest in a subject or cause; feeling of excitement

346

stock: certifcate for shareholder of corporation; total amount of goods in a shop

347

phrase: brief expression, sometimes a single word, but usually two or more words forming an expression

348

melody: tune; pleasing succession or arrangement of sounds; poem suitable for setting to music or singing

349

pamphlet: brochure; leaflet; a small book usually having a paper cover

350

tourism: practice of traveling for pleasure; business of providing tours and services for tourists

351

retailer: company which sells goods

352

propeller: machine for propelling an aircraft or boat; one who propels

353

amiable: good-natured and likable; lovable; warmly friendly

354

flthy: nasty; dirty; polluted; foul; impure

355

peach: small tree in Prunus persica widely cultivated at temperate regions, having pink flowers and edible fruit

356

viscous: sticky; gluey; having high resistance to flow

357

receptionist: secretary whose main duty is to answer the telephone and receive visitors

358

reputable: having a good reputation; honorable

359

triple: consisting of three united; multiplied by three; threefold; three times repeated

360

tape: long thin piece of cloth or paper; measuring instrument for length by narrow strip

361

banquet: feast; entertainment of eating and drinking

362

voyage: long journey to a foreign or distant place, especially by sea; aviation

363

audience: a group of people within hearing; crowd seeing a stage performance

364

structure: complex construction or entity; complex composition of knowledge

365

hinder: put at a disadvantage; tie up; hamper; prevent the progress

366

journalist: writer for newspapers and magazines

367
calorie: unit of heat; unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram
of water by 1 degree
368

harbor: provide a refuge for; hide; give shelter to

369

bait: harass; tease; lure, entice, or entrap

370

bribe: something serving to influence or persuade; reward or gift with a view to prevent judgment

371

geology: science which treats the structure and mineral constitution of the globe

372

reckless: headstrong; rash; indiferent to or disregardful of consequences

373
sponsor: one who finds himself to answer for another, and is responsible for his default; godfather or
godmother
374

consult: seek advice or information of; take into account; consider

375

dangerous: full of risk; perilous; hazardous; unsafe

376

woe: deep, inconsolable grief; affliction; sufering; deep distress or misery, as from grief

377

prominence: relative importance; property of being prominent; a standing out from the surface of something

378

permit: consent to; give permission

379
convention: social or moral custom; formal meeting of members, representatives, or delegates; agreement
between states
380
automation: act or process of converting the controlling of a machine or device to a more automatic system,
such as computer or electronic controls
381

conquer: gain or acquire by force; take possession of by violent means; gain dominion over

382

roast: cook with dry heat, usually in an oven; subject to laughter or ridicule

383

strive: endeavor; struggle or fght forcefully; exert much efort or energy

384

mutton: sheep; flesh of a sheep; loose woman; prostitute

385

arithmetic: theory of numerical calculations

386

franchise: right granted by authority; right to vote; business licensed to sell a product in particular area

387

slightly: a little; a bit

388

hunger: strong desire for something; feel the need to eat

389

suppose: imagine or admit to exist; assume to be true; believe; receive as true

390

shine: emit rays of light; give light; beam with steady radiance; exhibit brightness or splendor

391

errand: short trip taken to perform a specifed task; mission; embassy

392

trivial: unimportant; of little signifcance or value; ordinary; commonplace

393

deliver: set free from restraint; set at liberty; release; give or transfer

394

namely: by name; by particular mention; expressly; that is to say

395

installment: monthly payment; a part of a published serial

396

grove: group of trees smaller than a forest; orchard

397

likelihood: possibility, strong probability

398

psychology: science that deals with mental processes and behavior

399

indignant: afected with indignation; wrathful; passionate; irate; feeling wrath by unworthy or unjust treatment

400

dense: thick; crowded closely together; compact

401

economic: pertaining to economy; frugal; cheap

402

sneak: creep or steal privately; come or go meanly, as a person afraid or ashamed to be seen

403

morale: confdence; mood or spirit of a group that makes the members wants the group to succeed

404

produce: bring forward; lead forth; ofer to view or notice; exhibit; cause to be or to happen

405

continent: one of the large landmasses of the earth

406

submarine: submersible warship; move forward or under in a sliding motion; underwater

407

gravel: small stones, or fragments of stone; very small pebbles, often intermixed with particles of sand

408
hospitality: act or practice of one who is hospitable; reception and entertainment of strangers or guests
without reward
409

calendar: orderly arrangement as years, months, weeks, and days; a table showing months, weeks, and days

410
enlighten: supply with light; illuminate, as the sun enlightens the earth; make clear to the intellect or
conscience
411
turnover: act or result of turning over; upset; abrupt change; number of workers hired by an establishment to
replace those who have left in a given period of time
412

catholic: broadly sympathetic; universal; related to Roman Catholic Church

413

round: by moving in or forming a circle; from beginning to end; throughout; to a specifc place or person

414
universal: afecting all; general; present everywhere; relating to the entire world or all within the world;
worldwide
415

hypocrisy: act or practice of a hypocrite

416

specifcation: instruction; description; act of specifying, or making a detailed statement

417

mourning: expression of deep sorrow because someone has died

418

operative: having power of acting; exerting force, physical or moral; active in the production of efects

419

equipment: apparatus

420

disparity: diference; condition or fact of being unequal, as in age, rank, or degree

421

overload: place too much a load on

422

expand: become larger in size or volume; grow stronger; add details

423

steamer: vessel propelled by steam; steamship or steamboat; road locomotive for use on common roads

424
domain: feld; territory over which rule or control is exercised; networked computers that share a common
address
425

denial: act of refusing or disowning; negation; refusal to admit the truth; refusal to grant; rejection of a request

426

ornament: decoration; something used to beautify

427

content: volume; something contained; material, including text and images

428

informal: absence of ceremony; casual

429

marginal: of or pertaining to a margin; written or printed in the margin

430

righteous: morally justifed; equitable; free from wrong, guilt, or sin

431

abeyance: suspended action; temporary cessation or suspension

432

strategy: elaborate and systematic plan; plan of action intended to accomplish a specifc goal

433

canvass: determine votes; examine carefully or discuss thoroughly; scrutinize

434

reign: sovereignty; rule; dominance or widespread influence

435

baffle: frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement of

436

interval: pause; break; space between two objects, points, or units

437

fr: any of various evergreen trees of the genus Abies

438

hoe: weed, cultivate, or dig up with a tool, which has flat blade attached at right angles to a long handle

439

compress: close; squeeze or press together; contract

440

wisdom: quality of being wise; knowledge ; results of wise judgments

441
mischief: behavior that causes discomfture or annoyance in another; tendency to play pranks or cause
embarrassment
442

portrait: portraiture; picture; likeness of a person, especially one showing the face

443

demolition: act of overthrowing, pulling down, or destroying

444

concept: something formed in the mind; thought or notion

445

hobby: auxiliary activity; activity or interest pursued outside one's regular occupation

446

vanity: quality or state of being vain; emptiness; feelings of excessive pride; conceit

447

category: group; class; collection of things sharing a common attribute

448

repetition: act of doing or performing again

449

prevalent: widespread; widely or commonly occurring, existing, accepted

450

present: being in existence; something presented as a gift; period of time that is happening now

451
limousine: any of various large passenger vehicles, especially a luxurious automobile; van or small bus on
regular route
452
shrine: case or box, especially one in which are deposited sacred relics, as the bones of a saint; sacred place,
as altar or tomb
453
remit: send back; give up; surrender; resign; restore; transmit or send, especially as money in payment of a
demand
454

incompatible: inharmonious; impossible to coexist; not easy to combine harmoniously

455

precious: of high worth or cost

456

benefcial: helpful; tending to promote physical well-being

457

pump: draw fluid or gas by pressure or suction; supply in great quantities

458

fnal: forming or occurring at the end; terminating; ultimate; conclusive

459

fluency: quality of smoothness of flow; quality of being fluent in language

460

gentle: well-born; of a good family or respectable birth; mild; meek; bland; amiable; tender

461

satellite: small body revolving around a larger one; subordinate

462

breath: air that is inhaled and exhaled in respiration

463

purse: gather or contract into wrinkles or folds; contract one's lips into a rounded shape

464

responsible: accountable; held accountable

465
contradiction: assertion of the contrary to what has been said or affirmed; denial of the truth of a statement or
assertion

466
vulgar: common; low; coarse; belonging or relating to the common people, as distinguished from the
cultivated or educated; lacking cultivation or refinement
467

underground: under the level of the ground; buried

468

pioneer: originator; explorer

469

deed: something that is carried out; act or action; feat or exploit

470

bitter: harsh or corrosive in tone; painful; acrid; acrimonious

471

sunset: daily event of the sun sinking below the horizon

472

resident: one who resides in a place permanently or for an extended period; dweller

473

reconcile: correct inconsistencies; become friendly after a quarrel; become compatible or consistent

474

publication: act or process of publishing printed matter; communication of information to public

475

rim: border, edge, or margin of a thing, usually of something circular or curving

476

title: right or claim to possession; mark of rank; name of a book or film

477

buzz: confusion of activity and gossip; sound of rapid vibration

478

grumble: utter or emit low dull rumbling sounds

479

competitive: of or pertaining to competition; producing competition; showing a fghting disposition

480

mess: soft semi liquid food; a quantity of food set on a table at one time; provision of food for one meal

481

role: normal activity of a person in particular social setting; part played by a performer

482

comic: arousing or provoking laughter; ridiculous; amusing; humorous

483

assign: appoint; allot; make over; point out authoritatively or exactly

484

bet: stake or pledge upon the event of a contingent issue; amount or object risked in a wager

485

enhancement: act of increasing, or state of being increased; augmentation; aggravation

486

dominate: monopolize; command; rule; prevail; be prevalent in

487

rational: consistent with; based on; using reason

488

brook: creek; stream

489

convinced: certain, sure

490

basement: cellar; storage room

491

enrolment: act of enrolling; specifcally, the registering, recording, or entering

492

dart: move suddenly and rapidly

493

instance: example that is cited to prove a contention or illustrate a point; case or occurrence

494

exception: instance that does not conform to a rule

495

jewelry: adornment made of precious metals, as a bracelet or ring or necklace

496

atlas: a bound volume of maps, charts, or tables

497

injure: do harm to; inflict damage; do injustice to

498
installation: act of installing or giving possession of an office, rank, or order, with the usual rites or ceremonies;
the whole of a system of machines, apparatus, and accessories
499

diligent: assiduous; industrious; hard-working

500

fascinate: cause to be interested or curious; captivate

501

voucher: a piece of substantiating evidence; proof; written authorization or certificate

502

kangaroo: animal that having large powerful hind legs and a long thick tail

503

barber: haircutter; one whose business is to cut hair and to shave or trim beards

504

conference: meeting for consultation or discussion; exchange of views

505

consecutive: following one after another without interruption; sequential

506

marshal: put in order; arrange or place something in line

507

presume: take for granted as true in absence of proof; venture without authority

508

elegance: refned quality of gracefulness and good taste

509

malicious: deliberately harmful; spiteful; proceeding from extreme hatred

510
academic: related to school; not practical or directly useful; relating to scholarly organization; based on formal
education
511

departure: act of departing

512

migrate: move from one country or region to another and settle there

513

torch: large candle or lamp giving flaring flame; flashlight

514

escort: one who conducts someone as attendant; guard; protection, care, or safeguard on a journey

515

warfare: military service; military life; contest carried on by enemies

516

slaughter: act of killing; extensive, violent, bloody, or wanton destruction of life; carnage

517

forgery: act of forging, especially the illegal production of something counterfeit

518

hasten: accelerate; quicken

519

bind: tie, or confne with a cord, band, or chain; make fast; contract; cohere or stick together

520
hedgehog: small European insectivore, and other allied species of Asia and Africa, having the hair on the upper
part of its body mixed with prickles or spines
521

constantly: in an unchangeable or invariable manner; in every case; perpetually; continually

522

trickle: flow in drops; run or flow slowly; drip

523

minor: of lesser importance or stature or rank; not of legal age; limited in size or scope

524

bruise: injure, as by a blow or collision; contuse; fght with the fists

525

august: impressive; majestic; inspiring awe or admiration

526

dye: substance used to color materials

527

grieve: cause to be sorrowful; distress

528

sovereign: having supreme rank or power; self governing; excellent; independent

529

margin: border; rim; room

530

agitation: anxiety; extreme emotional disturbance

531

elastic: springing back; having the power of rebounding; able to return quickly to a former state or condition

532

stress: put special emphasis on; utter with an accent; state of extreme difficulty, pressure, or strain

533

hospitable: disposed to treat guests with warmth and generosity; receptive

534

literally: with meaning; word for word; letter by letter

535

sore: skin infection; hurting; inflamed and painful; source of pain, distress, or irritation

536

dignity: quality or state of being worthy of esteem or respect.

537

appreciative: having or showing a just or ready appreciation or perception

538

shear: cut or clip hair; strip of something; remove by cutting or clipping

539

desperate: having lost all hope; dangerous; extremely intense

540

senator: a member of a senate; a member of the king's council; a king's councilor

541

baby-sitter: person engaged to care for children when the parents are not home

542

reassure: give or restore confdence in; cause to feel sure or certain

543

split: break apart; cut; devide

544

plumb: checking perpendicularity; exactly vertical

545

bullion: gold and silver in the form of bars

546

pretentious: intended to attract notice and impress others; making unjustifed claims; overly ambitious

547

knit: contract into wrinkles; grow together; form into fabric by intertwining

548

insurance: protection against future loss; act, business, or system of insuring

549
over

fumble: feel or grope about; make awkward attempts to do or fnd something; play childishly; \turn over and

550

graze: scrape gently; feed on growing grasses and herbage

551

surrender: hand over, give up, give something into another's control

552

vault: arched brick or stone ceiling or roof; burial chamber usually underground

553

disable: deprive of capability or efectiveness; unable; impair; diminish

554

fnance: management of money and credit and banking and investments; subsidizing; fund

555

fctional: imaginary; invented, as opposed to real

556

cabin: small room on a ship or boat where people sleep

557

defance: refusal to yield; readiness to contend or resist

558

ambition: aspiration

559

adjust: adapt; regulate

560

bleed: emit blood; lose blood; withdraw blood from the body

561

ability: capacity; skill

562

lag: delay; drag; the act of slowing down or falling behind

563

current: stream; flow; up-to-date; present

564

detective: investigator; one, usually of police force, who investigates crimes and obtains evidence

565

elbow: hinge joint between the forearm and upper arm

566

baggage: trunks, bags, parcels, and suitcases in which one carries one's belongings while traveling; luggage

567

bulletin: brief statement of facts; any public notice or announcement; a periodical publication

568

naval: relating to, or adjacent to the sea; relating to marine shipping or navigation

569

diploma: document certifying the successful completion of a course of study

570

participate: take part in something; share in something

571

hover: hang about; wait nearby; remain floating

572

donate: grant; present as a gift to a fund or cause; contribute

573

pedal: foot-operated lever used for actuating or controlling a mechanism

574

circulation: spread or transmission of something to a wider group or area

575
lace: delicate decorative fabric woven in an open web of symmetrical patterns; rope; cord that is drawn
through eyelets
576

disgust: strong feelings of dislike; ofend the taste or moral sense of

577
commandment: order or injunction given by authority; command; charge; act of commanding; exercise of
authority
578

routine: unvarying or habitual method of procedure; occurring at fxed times or predictable intervals

579

bleach: make white or colorless; blanch

580

shaft: axes; vertical passage into a mine; long narrow stem or body of a spear or arrow

581

coherence: logical and orderly and consistent relation of parts; state of cohering or sticking together

582

pistol: the smallest frearm used, intended to be fred from one hand

583

chat: talk without exchanging too much information; informal conversation

584

immigration: migration into a place; moving into a place

585

cushion: soft pillow or pad usually used for sitting, reclining, or kneeling

586

gulf: an arm of a sea or ocean partly enclosed by land; larger than a bay

587

tremble: shake involuntarily, as with fear, cold, or weakness; quake; quiver; shiver; shudder

588

reputation: state of being held in high esteem; general estimation in which a person is held by the public

589

refugee: one who flees to shelter, or place of safety

590

wool: dense, soft, often curly hair forming the coat of sheep and certain other mammals

591

loan: give temporarily; temporary provision of money

592

hence: from this place; from this time; from this reason; as an inference or deduction

593

seaport: sheltered port where ships can take on or discharge cargo

594

merit: virtue; admirable quality or attribute; credit

595

ramble: wander aimlessly; move about aimlessly; walk about casually or for pleasure

596

surmise: guess; infer something without sufficiently conclusive evidence

597

reverse: overturn; turn inside out or upside down; turning in the opposite direction

598

superfcial: trivial; of little substance; involving a surface only

599

fetch: take away or remove; reduce; go or come after and bring or take back

600

abuse: improper use or handling; misuse

601

conversion: change; transformation

602

fg: small fruit tree with large leaves, known from the remotest antiquity

603

eternal: forever; being without beginning or end; existing outside of time; infinite

604

synthesis: combining parts into a coherent whole; putting of two or more things togethe

605

shutter: a hinged blind for a window

606

shortcut: a direct route; a route shorter than the usual one

607

fluent: easy and graceful in shape; graceful; smooth and unconstrained in movement

tropic: one of the two small circles of the celestial sphere, situated on each side of the equator, and
parallel to it, which the sun just
reaches at its greatest declination north or south; region lying between these parallels of latitude
608

609

extraordinary: exceptional; remarkable; beyond what is ordinary or usual

610

antonym: word of opposite meaning; counter term

611

breadth: measure or dimension from side to side; width; extent

612

plateau: highland; upland; relatively flat highland

613

degrade: reduce level; lower grade of something

614

previous: existing or occurring before something else

615

negligence: neglect; failure to take reasonable care; state or quality of being negligent

616

arc: continuous portion of a circle; something curved in shape

617

random: without defnite purpose, plan, or aim; having no specifc pattern

618

illustration: picture; drawing; showing by example

619

expiration: act of coming to a close; termination; act of breathing out; exhalation

620

transport: carry from one place to another; carry away; deport

621

renew: renovate; make new or as if new again; restore

622

task: labor or study imposed by another; undertake; labor

623

rebuke: scold harshly; criticize severely

624

bonus: an extra dividend to the shareholders; money paid in addition to a stated compensation

625

lofty: high, tall, having great height; idealistic, implying over-optimism

626

custody: keeping or guarding; care, watch, inspection, for keeping, preservation, or security

627

qualify: make such as is required; give added or requisite qualities to; make legally capable

628

precede: come before; antecede

629

microwave: a short electromagnetic wave; cook or heat in a microwave oven

630

endure: tolerate; carry on through, despite hardships

631

imitate: copy the actions, appearance, mannerisms, or speech of; mimic; use or follow as a model

632

pertinent: having precise or logical relevance; pertaining or relating

633

dweller: a person who inhabits a particular place

634

wardrobe: tall cabinet, closet, or small room built to hold clothes

635

neutral: impartial; not supporting one side over another

636
reverence: profound respect and esteem mingled with fear and afection, as for a holy being or place;
disposition to revere; act of revering
637

apply: exert; put into service; avail oneself to;

638

indigestion: a disorder of digestive function; difficulty in digesting

639

splendid: shining; very bright; magnifcent; brilliant

640

astray: away from the correct path or direction, either in a literal or in a fgurative sense; wandering

641

text: written words; book prepared for use in schools or colleges

642

patriotic: inspired by love for one's country

643

doubt: being in uncertainty as to belief respecting anything

644

parameter: characteristic or feature that distinguishes something from others

645

bargain: agreement between parties concerning the sale of property

646

chamber: cell; compartment; room

647

vacancy: absence; emptiness

648

infantry: body of children; a body of soldiers serving on foot; foot soldiers

649

transformation: change in form , appearance, nature, disposition, condition, or the like

650

sentimental: emotional; Resulting from emotion rather than reason or realism

651

account: narrative or record of events; reason given for a particular action or event

652

assistant: helper; person who assists or helps someone else

653
proper: belonging to one; one's own; individual; belonging to natural or essential constitution; peculiar; not
common; particular
654

imitation: emulation; copying the actions of someone else

655

stretch: extend; pull in opposite directions; lie down comfortably

656

exterior: outside; external or outward appearance

657

hay: grass or other plants, cut and dried for fodder

658

maize: tall annual cereal grass bearing kernels on large ears

659

eminent: standing out above other things; high in rank, office, or worth

660

carrier: one that carries or conveys; messenger

661

foremost: leading; main; primary; frst in time or place

662

exclaim: cry out suddenly, as from surprise or emotion

663

oar: long, thin, usually wooden pole with a blade at one end, used to row or steer a boat

664

campaign: battle ;a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end

665

moreover: beyond what has been said; further; besides; in addition; furthermore; also; likewise

666

sheet: bed linen consisting of a large rectangular piece; any broad thin surface

667

emancipation: freeing someone from the control of another

668

warehouse: depot; storehouse for goods and merchandise

669

controversy: contentious speech act; argument

670

repel: force or drive back; disgust; ofer resistance to; fght against

671

air: be broadcast on television or radio

672

stick: fasten into place by fxing an end; be a follower or supporter

673
remittance: transmitting money, bills, especially to a distant place, as in satisfaction of a demand, or in
discharge of an obligation
674

ridge: long, narrow upper section or crest; chain of hills or mountains

675

announcer: one who proclaims a message publicly

676

scarce: hard to fnd; absent or rare; limited

677

navigation: guidance of ships or airplanes from place to place

678

telegraph: apparatus used to communicate at a distance over a wire

679

souvenir: token of remembrance; memento; something of sentimental value

680

foggy: obscured by fog; indistinct or hazy in outline

681

striking: dramatic; outstanding; arresting attention and producing a vivid impression

682

scramble: unceremonious and disorganized struggle; rushing about hastily in an undignifed way

683

levy: impose fne or tax; collect payment

684

brilliance: cleverness; magnificence

685

prosperity: good fortune; fnancial success; physical well-being

686

leak: escape fluid from container through a hole or crack; tell anonymously; reveal

687

daring: bold; brave

688

absolutely: utterly; definitely

689
plunge: dive; submerge; become suddenly lower; decrease dramatically; throw oneself into a substance or
place
690

ingenuity: quality or power of ready invention; quickness or acuteness in forming new combinations

691

picturesque: scenic; striking or interesting in an unusual way

692

penetration: act or process of penetrating, piercing, or entering

693

prey: target of a hunt; animal hunted or caught for food

694

disappointment: feeling of dissatisfaction

695
representation: act of representing; standing in for someone or some group and speaking with authority in
their behalf
696

nominal: in name only; insignifcantly small

697

handicap: disadvantage; physical disability; cripple; hinder; impede

698

undermine: weaken by wearing away base or foundation; injure or impair; dig a mine or tunnel beneath

699

handful: a small number

700

obvious: exposed; easily discovered; plain

701

reap: gain; harvest a crop from; get or derive; obtain as a result of efort

702

petroleum: dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons

703

glimpse: glance; a quick look ; see briefly; a brief or incomplete view

704

scar: mark of damage; mark left on the skin after injury

705

residence: official house; large house; act of dwelling in a place

706

uniform: consistent; standardized; clothing of a particular group

707

sturdy: robust; strong; substantially made or constructed

708

dose: quantity of medicine given; sufficient quantity; portion

709

harmful: damaging; noxious; detrimental; dangerous

710

latitude: freedom from normal restraints; angular distance north or south of the earth's equator

711

assault: attack; onslaught

712

further: get greater distance; make more in advance

713
kingdom: rank, quality, state, or attributes of a king; royal authority; sovereign power; rule; dominion;
monarchy
714

voter: a citizen who has a legal right to vote

715

qualifed: restricted; having the appropriate qualifcations for an office, position, or task

716

weary: tired; exhausted; physically or mentally fatigued

717

afect: have an emotional or cognitive impact upon

718
arbitrator: someone chosen to judge and decide disputed issue; one having ability or power to make
authoritative decisions
719

husband: use economically; conserve; save

720

tongue: organ situated in floor of mouth; speech; language; clapper of bell

721

infringe: act contrary to, as a law, right, or obligation; annul or hinder

722

inverse: opposite; reversed in order, nature, or efect; turned upside down

723

bang: a vigorous blow; a conspicuous success

724

innovate: change or alter by bringing in something new

725

obstacle: one that opposes, stands in the way of, or holds up progress

726

tender: ofer formally; extend; propose a payment

727

defcit: inadequacy or insufficiency; sum of money falls short of required amount; shortage

728

endless: without end; having no end or conclusion; perpetual; interminable

729
twilight: light perceived before the rising, and after the setting, of the sun; faint light; dubious or uncertain
medium through which anything is viewed
730

notably: especially; in a notable manner; remarkably; particularly

731

solely: alone; only; without another

732

permanent: remaining without essential change

733

consume: devour; eat

734

promote: help to flourish; advance in rank; publicize

735

projector: optical device for projecting a beam of light

736

challenge: assert a right; raise a formal objection; take exception to

737

smooth: free from obstructions; make surface shine

738

band: orchestra; team; strip; ribbon; belt; unite; ally

739

invade: move into; intrude; enter by force in order to conquer or pillage

740

disposed: prepared; inclined; be ready; being particular condition of body or of health

741

architect: one who designs and supervises the construction of buildings or other large structures

742

transparent: easily detected; permitting light to pass through freely

743

progressive: forward-looking; advancing; incremental

744

tension: action of stretching something tight; anxiety; feelings of hostility

745

signify: denote; mean; indicate

746
crate: large basket, used for moving china or similar wares; box or case whose sides are of wooden slats with
interspaces
747

logic: reasoned and reasonable judgment; a system of reasoning

748

consultant: an expert who gives advice

749

passport: legal document identifying the bearer as citizen of a country and allowing to travel abroad

750

fluctuation: a wave motion

751

tear: separate or be separated by force; divide or disrupt; fll with tears or shed tears

752

pace: single movement from one foot to the other in walking; slow gait; step

753

dwarf: cause to seem small; check natural growth or development of

754

fracture: break into pieces; crack; destroy; violate or abuse

755

feed: give food to; supply with nourishment

756

snatch: grasp or seize hastily, eagerly, or suddenly

757

mariner: one whose occupation is to assist in navigating ships; seaman or sailor

758

mechanics: branch of physics concerned with the motion of bodies

759

wholesaler: someone who buys large quantities of goods and resells to merchants

760

heaven: expanse of space surrounding the earth; sky; place where the sun, moon, and stars appear

761

decorate: adorn; embellish

762

boycott: refrain from buying or using

763

disinclined: not inclined; having a disinclination; being unwilling

764

cement: any substances used for making bodies adhere to each other; bond of union

765

dependent: relying on or requiring the aid of another for support

766

undoubtedly: unquestionably; without doubt; certainly

767

adhesive: glue; paste ; substance that unites or bonds surfaces together

768

productive: having quality or power of producing; yielding or furnishing results; causing to exist

769

ally: confederate; partner; collaborator

770

institute: advance or set forth in court; association organized to promote art or science or education

771

timid: shy; craven; lacking self-confdence; shy

772

civilization: culture

773

shroud: hide from view; wrap for burial; shut off from sight; shelter

774

crumb: small fragment or piece, especially, a small piece of bread or other food; broken or cut off

775

fasten: attach; afix

776

compare: examine and note the similarities or diferences of

777

creep: move slowly; move stealthily or cautiously

778
779

excitement: state of being emotionally aroused


revert: return to a former condition, practice, subject, or belief; backslide; turn back to

780

diplomat: one who uses skill and tact in dealing with others, such as an ambassador, who has been
appointed to represent a government in its relations with other governments

781

avail: turn to advantage of; be of service to; proft; promote

782

nevertheless: not the less; notwithstanding; in spite of that; yet

783

chase: pursue for the purpose of killing or taking; hunt; follow as if to catch

784

applaud: acclaim; express approval, especially by clapping the hands

785

computation: calculation

786

solution: method for solving a problem; successful action of solving a problem

787

desire: anything which is longing for

788

detour: a turning; circuitous route; deviation from a direct course

789

bodyguard: guard to protect or defend person; lifeguard

790

pension: something paid or given; payment to a person in consideration of past services

791

allot: parcel out in parts or portions; distribute to each individual concerned; assign as a share or lot

792

ecstasy: intense joy or delight; any overpowering emotion

793

marvel: wonder; strong surprise; astonishment

794

hindrance: something that holds back or causes problems with something else; obstacle

795

upset: concerned by anxious uneasiness or trouble or grief

796

tray: an open receptacle for holding or displaying or serving articles or food

797

classifcation: assigning to a class or category

798
regulate: bring into conformity with rules or principles or usage; impose regulations; fx or adjust the time,
amount, degree, or rate of
799

meticulous: excessively careful; marked by extreme care in treatment of details

800

activate: make active or more active; stimulate; make radioactive

801

license: official or legal permission to do or own a specifed thing

802

correlation: mutual relationship; interdependence or interconnection relationship

803

halt: stop; stand in doubt; hesitate

804

clarifcation: process of making things clearer or easier to understand

805

arch: any part of a curved line

806

approximate: approach; come near

807
inertia: property of matter by which it tends when at rest to remain so, and when in motion to continue in
motion, and in the same straight line or direction
808

undertaking: task or assignment undertaken; career

809

acknowledge: declare to be true or admit; express obligation, thanks

810

react: act against or in opposition to; show a response or a reaction

811
812

petty: trivial; of small importance; very small


traverse: go through or across, often under difficult conditions

813

racket: thin strip of wood, having the ends brought together, forming elliptical hoop, across which a
network of catgut or cord is stretched; broad wooden shoe or
pattern for a man or horse, to enable him to step on marshy or soft ground

814

appointment: act of putting a person into a non-elective position; arrangement

815

supersede: be placed in or take the room of; replace; make obsolete; make void or useless by superior power

816

item: a whole individual unit; a distinct part that can be specifed separately in a group

817

insolvent: bankrupt; unable to repay one's debts

818

corn: single seed of certain plants, as wheat; grain; small, hard particle

819

alloy: combine; mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate

820

congress: meeting of elected or appointed representatives

821

bar: a counter where you can obtain food or drink; cafe; strip; stick

822

constraint: something that restricts or confnes within prescribed bounds

823

protest: expression of disagreement and disapproval; complain against

824

negotiation: discussion intended to produce an agreement

825
granite: common, coarse-grained, light-colored, hard igneous rock consisting chiefly of quartz; unyielding
endurance
826

section: one of several parts; pieces that ft with others to constitute a whole object

827

functional: useful; in good working order

828

auction: public sale of property to the highest bidder

829

shiny: reflecting light; radiant; bright from reflected light

830

optimistic: hopeful; positive; expecting the best in all possible ways

831

astronomer: a physicist who studies astronomy

832

surface: exterior part of anything that has length and breadth; outside; outward or external appearance

833

judgement: decision; appraisal

834

period: duration, continuance, term; end of something

835

requisite: necessary requirement; indispensable item

836

review: summary of a longer discussion; formal examination; practice to refresh memory

837

hardware: mechanical, magnetic, electronic, and electrical components making up a computer system

838

axis: the center around which something rotates; pivot

839

refreshment: activity that refreshes and recreates; snacks and drinks served as a light meal

840

frustrate: make null; bring to nothing; prevent from taking efect or attaining fulfillment

841

formality: quality or condition of being formal; something done just for form's sake

842

profession: occupation requiring special education

843

expose: set forth; set out to public view

844

chip: cut small pieces from; diminish or reduce to shape; break or crack

845

overtime: beyond the regular time

846

abbreviation: shortening something by omitting parts of it

847

draw: cause to move continuously by force applied in advance of the thing moved; pull along; haul; drag

848

commonsense: exhibiting native good judgment

849

premature: too soon; too early; occurring before a state of readiness

850

alert: warning serves; alarm; condition of heightened watchfulness or preparation for action

851

deaf: unable to perceive sounds; hard of hearing; unwilling to hear or listen; regardless; not to be persuaded

852

hallmark: sign; feature; mark indicating quality or excellence

853

sour: taste experience when vinegar or lemon juice; showing ill humor

854

pluck: pull or draw, especially, to pull with sudden force or efort, or to pull off or out from something

855

panic: sudden mass fear and anxiety

856

pair: two people or things considered as a unit; two items of the same kind; couple

857

haunt: be a regular or frequent visitor to a certain place; bother; disturb

858

drill: bore; pierce; make a hole; practice; train

859

certify: give certain information to; assure; make certain

860

absolute: perfect in quality or nature; complete; totally unlimited; certain

861

external: exterior; outer; suitable for application to the outside

862

correspondence: similarity or analogy; communication by the exchange of letters

863

thesis: paper; dissertation; an unproved statement put forward as a premise in an argument

864

empirical: derived from experiment and observation rather than theory

865

trail: path or track roughly through wild or hilly country; overland route

866

provoke: stir to anger; give rise to; stir to action or feeling

867

eye: small hole or loop; good discernment; organ of vision or of light sensitivity

868

traitor: one who violates his allegiance and betrays his country

869

urgent: pressing; compelling immediate action or attention

870

found: establish or set up, especially with provision for continuing existence; melt metal and pour into a mold

871

lane: passageway between fences which is not traveled as a highroad; narrow country road

872

compatible: harmonious; having similar disposition and tastes

873

boom: bonanza; prosperity; prosper; expand; flourish

874

rule: governing direction for a specifc purpose; regulation; systematic method

875

horizon: line at which the sky and Earth appear to meet; range of one's knowledge, experience, or interest

876

manifestation: revelation; indication of the existence, reality, or presence of something

877

passive: lacking in energy or will; peacefully resistant in response to injustice

878

accident: event that takes place without one's foresight or expectation; sudden, and unexpected event

879

refute: disprove; prove to be false or incorrect

880

disperse: move away from each other; cause to separate; cause to become widely known

881

contrary: relation of direct opposition; very opposed in nature or character or purpose

882

charter: license; authorize; hold under a lease or rental agreement of goods and services

883

remarkable: worthy of notice; extraordinary

884

inquiry: investigation; search for knowledge

885

intrude: trespass; enter as an uninvited person

886

reserve: lack of enthusiasm; skeptical caution; something saved for future use; self-restraint in expression

887

alarm: any sound or information intended to give notice of approaching danger

888

candid: straightforward; frank; free from prejudice; impartial

889
ideal: existing in idea or thought; conception; intellectual; mental; imaginary standard of excellence; ft for a
model; faultless
890

refund: repayment of fund; an amount repaid

891

drawer: boxlike container in a piece of furniture, made so as to slide in and out

892

yearn: pain; grieve; vex; be pained or distressed; feel deep pity, sympathy, or tenderness

893

range: limits within which something can be efective; variety of diferent things or activities

894

linear: having form of a line; straight; consisting of lines; lineal.

895

sanitary: relating to health or the protection of health

896

survivor: one who outlives another; one who lives through afliction

897

block: hinder; obstruct; indicate broadly without great detail; sketch

898

ofset: counterbalance, counteract, or compensate for; balance

899

practical: based on experience; useful

900

foliage: masses of leaves; a cluster of leaves, flowers, and branches

901

negation: act of denying; assertion of the nonrealistic or untruthfulness of anything

902

vehicle: automobile; means of conveying; medium

903

municipal: metropolitan; civic; having local self-government

904

descendant: ofspring; person considered as descended from some ancestor or race

905

implication: something hinted at or suggested; act of implying; condition of being implied

906

retire: move back and away from; stop performing one's work or withdraw from one's position

907

board: a committee having supervisory powers; a flat piece of material designed for a special purpose

908

radar: measuring instrument to detect distant objects by microwave

909

peril: danger; risk; hazard; jeopardy; exposure of person or property to injury, loss, or destruction

910

perish: be destroyed; pass away; become nothing

911

retirement: period of your life after you have stopped work at a certain age

912

veteran: someone who has given long service

913

eclipse: darken; exceed in importance; outweigh

914

dissimilar: diferent; unlike

915

juicy: full of juice; lucrative; richly interesting

916

scratch: cut the surface of; cause friction

917

average: typical; mean; achieve or reach on average

918

ascertain: fnd out for certain; discover with certainty; make sure of

919

entry: admission; entrance; item inserted in a written record

920
constitution: law determining the fundamental political principles of a government; the act of forming
something
921

fleece: rob; strip of money or other property unjustly, especially by trickery or fraud; ask unreasonable price

922

seasonal: occurring at or dependent on a particular season

923

erect: construct; stand; set up

924

recession: withdrawal; retreat; time of low economic activity

925

oblong: having greater length than breadth, especially when rectangular

926

possess: occupy in person; hold or actually have in one's own keeping; have and hold; have the legal title to

927
glisten: sparkle or shine, especially shine with a mild, subdued, and ftful luster; emit a soft, scintillating light;
gleam
928

stationary: fxed; immobile; static; not capable of being moved

929

elusive: difficult to describe; difficult to detect or grasp by mind

930

invisible: incapable of being seen; impossible or nearly impossible to see

931

graph: chart; a drawing illustrating the relations

932

pet: animal kept for amusement or companionship

933

convince: overpower; force to yield assent to truth; satisfy by proof; prove guilty

934

passion: strong feeling or emotion ; fervor

935

roar: bellow; rumble; make a loud noise

936

gnaw: bite or chew on with the teeth

937

decade: a group or division of ten, especially a period of ten years

938

monster: beast; ugly creature; someone or something that is abnormally large and powerful

939

incredible: unbelievable; beyond belief or understanding

940

diet: nutritional plan; nourishment; a prescribed selection of foods

941

cellar: room or rooms under a building, and usually below the surface of the ground

942

pot: metallic or earthen vessel for boiling meat or vegetables, for holding liquids, or for plant

943

mansion: dwelling-house of the better class; a large or stately residence

944

tack: small, short, sharp-pointed nail, usually having a broad, flat head

945

terrifc: causing extreme terror; very great; extraordinarily good

946

deformation: alteration in the shape or dimensions; a change for the worse

947

amends: compensation for a loss or injury; recompense; reparation

948

auxiliary: helper, additional or subsidiary

949

note: observe carefully; notice; show; indicate

950

postal: of or relating to the system for delivering mail

951

melt: changed from a solid to a liquid state especially by the application of heat

952

poll: voting; survey; number of votes cast or recorded

953

enclose: include; surround on all sides; close in

954

fxed: frmly in position; stationary

955

supersonic: having, caused by, or relating to speed greater than the speed of sound

956

predict: state, tell about, or make known in advance, especially on the basis of special knowledge

957

fgurative: not literal, but metaphorical; using fgure of speech

958

roll: a list of names

959

quarter: one of four equal parts; a fourth part or portion

960

dismal: causing gloom or depression; dreary; somber; melancholy

961

indefnite: unclear; vague; lacking precise limits

962

hysteria: behavior exhibiting excessive or uncontrollable emotion, such as fear or panic; mental disorder

963
mattress: quilted bed; bed stufed with hair, moss, or other suitable material, and quilted or otherwise
fastened
964

chart: graph; diagram; map showing coastlines, water depths, or other information of use to navigators

965

deal: part or portion; share; indefnite quantity, degree, or extent, degree, or extent; distribution; arrangement

966

stalk: go through an area in search of prey; pursue; walk with a stiff or angry gait; move threateningly

967

gymnasium: place or building where athletic exercises are performed; a school for gymnastics

968

abide: endure; put up with; bear; tolerate

969

additive: addition; supplement

970

astonish: surprise; shock

971

resume: give a summary; return to a previous location or condition

972

toss: throw carelessly; throw to see which side comes up; move or stir about violently

973

fortitude: bravery; force; power to attack or to resist attack

974

duplicate: one that corresponds exactly to another, especially an original; identical copy; facsimile

975

warrior: fghter; combatant; one who is engaged in or experienced in battle

976

rank: hold a particular position in a social hierarchy; form or stand in a row or rows

977

interpret: explain or tell the meaning of; translate orally; decipher

978

material: of, relating to, or composed of matter; concerned with physical, not from intellectual or spiritual

979

conception: beginning; forming of an idea; act of conceiving

980

paralyse: make unable to move or act; impair the progress or functioning of

981

unfortunately: unluckily; by bad luck

982
canteen: vessel used by soldiers for carrying water, liquor, or other drink; snack bar or small cafeteria, as on
a military installation
983

ferry: shuttle; transport by boat or aircraft

984

visible: being often in public eye; obvious to the eye

985

dock: deprive someone of benefts; remove or shorten the tail of an animal

986

shipwreck: destruction of a ship, as by storm or collision; complete failure or ruin

987

contemptuous: scornful; expressing contempt; showing a lack of respect

988

transform: change in outward structure or looks; convert

989

drip: process of falling in drops; liquid or moisture that falls in drops; sound made by liquid falling in drops

990

fction: story; imaginative creation; literary work whose content is produced by imagination

991

aggressive: making assaults; unjustly attacking; combative; hostile; tending to spread quickly

992

tow: draw or pull behind by a chain or line

993

magic: any art that invokes supernatural powers

994

pigment: substance used as coloring; dry coloring matter

995

inconvenient: not suited to your comfort, purpose or needs

996

shuttle: public transport that consists of a bus or train or airplane that run between two points; spacecraft

997

snack: eat light informal meal; eat lightly

998

gem: precious stone; jewel; pearl or mineral that has been cut and polished for use as an ornament

999

evolution: development; progression

1000

crystal: quartz; glassware made of quartz; high-quality, clear, colorless glass

1001

incur: bring upon oneself; become liable to; acquire or come into

1002

carton: pasteboard for paper boxes; pasteboard box

1003

motto: short, suggestive expression of a guiding principle; maxim

1004

employment: act of employing or using

1005

treason: disloyalty; betrayal of trust or confidence

1006

friction: clash in opinion; rubbing against; conflict

1007

vulnerable: susceptible to wounds; capable of being wounded or hurt

1008

animate: endowed with life; alive; living; animated

1009

surgeon: one who performs manual operations on a patient

1010

demolish: raze; destroy; do away with completely; put an end to

1011

respond: show a reaction to something favorably or as hoped

1012

eloquent: vividly or movingly expressive; persuasive

1013

own: belonging to oneself or itself; not foreign; domestic

1014

collective: common; assembled into or viewed as a whole

1015

accessory: additional object; useful but not essential thing; subordinate or supplementary item

1016
administration: management; supervision; people who are in charge for management; activity of government
for powers and duties
1017

appealing: attractive; charming

1018

property: any tangible or intangible possession that is owned by someone

1019

float: drift along; make the surface of level or smooth; move lightly

1020

brand: burning piece of wood; mark made by burning with a hot iron; distinctive mark upon in any way

1021

glassware: an article of tableware made of glass

1022

scotch: put an abrupt end to; block to prevent rolling or slipping

1023

light: brightness; something that admits illumination; source of fre; particular aspect of a situation

1024

divergence: diference; deviation; separation; the act of moving away in diferent direction

1025

survive: continue to live; endure or last

1026

formidable: arousing fear; threatening; difficult to undertake or defeat

1027

cheer: lightness of spirits or mood; source of joy or happiness; festive food and drink; refreshment

1028

exchange: substitute; trade in; give in return for something received

1029

depression: recession; economic slump; concavity in a surface produced by pressing ; sadness; low spirits

1030

abandon: lacking restraint or control; feeling of extreme emotional intensity; unbounded enthusiasm

1031

polish: remove flaws from; perfect or complete

1032

magnitude: extent; greatness of rank, size, or position

1033

connection: relation between things or events; shifting from one form of transportation to another

1034

detrimental: causing damage or harm; injurious

1035

recall: remember; call back; cause to be returned

1036

exclusion: rejection; act of excluding or shutting out

1037

sparkle: be brilliant in performance; give off or reflect flashes of light; glitter

1038
symposium: collection of writings on a particular topic, as in a magazine; meeting or conference for
discussion of a topic; drinking together; merry feast

1039

election: voting; balloting; right or ability to make a choice

1040

intervene: get involved; come, appear, or lie between two things

1041

contribution: act of contributing; contribution; payment exacted for special purpose; impost or levy

1042
gallop: move or run rapidly or carelessly, as by a quadruped, particularly by a horse lifting alternately the fore
feet and the hind feet, in successive leaps or bounds
1043

destructive: devastating; ruinous

1044

tribute: payment in money made by one ruler or nation; tax; mark of respect; praiseworthy quality

1045

corruption: bribery; fraud

1046
procession: act of proceeding, moving on, advancing, or issuing; regular, orderly, or ceremonious progress;
continuous course
1047

punch: blow; drive forcibly; pierce; hit with a sharp blow of the fist

1048

literacy: reading and writing; ability to read and write

1049

milestone: landmark; signifcant development

1050

alone: solitary; by oneself

1051

massacre: killing of a considerable number of human beings under circumstances of atrocity or cruelty

1052

portray: depict; describe; draw

1053

tense: stretch or force to the limit; tight

1054

insure: make sure or secure, specifcally against loss by a contingent event; give or take insurance on

1055

spectacle: demonstration; show

1056

stumble: miss a step and fall or nearly fall; walk unsteadily

1057

wring: twist; squeeze; compress, especially so as to extract liquid

1058

bead: small piece of material, such as glass, plastic, or wood, that is pierced for stringing

1059

corporate: united or combined into one body; collective; belonging to corporation or incorporated body

1060

originate: initiate; invent; bring into being; create

1061

protocol: code of correct conduct ; rules governing socially acceptable behavior; record of transaction

1062

exalt: raise in rank or dignity; praise

1063

guess: form an opinion concerning, without knowledge or means of knowledge; judge of at random

1064

idiot: foolish or stupid person; unlearned, ignorant, or simple person

1065

curiosity: desire to know or learn

1066

assure: solidify; guarantee; convince

1067

refnement: result of improving something; process of removing impurities

1068

lump: a small mass of matter of irregular shape; irregular or shapeless mass; small cube of sugar

1069

dine: eat principal regular meal of the day; take dinner; give a dinner to

1070

miller: one who keeps or attends a flour mill or gristmill; milling machine

1071

herald: proclaim; announces important news; messenger

1072

consequently: therefore; as a result or consequence of something; subsequently

1073
whisper: speaking in a quiet voice; soft speech produced without full voice; secretly expressed belief, rumor,
or hint
1074

scenery: landscape; view; view or views of natural features, especially in open country

1075

besides: over and above; separate or distinct from; in addition to; other than

1076

peel: come off in flakes or thin small pieces; strip the skin of; get undressed

1077

wrath: forceful, often vindictive anger; fury; just punishment of an ofense or crime

1078

puzzle: difficult question or problem

1079

complaint: expression of pain, dissatisfaction, or resentment; criticism

1080

inhabit: live in; occupy; reside in

1081

dump: sell at artifcially low prices; throw away as refuse

1082

sufficient: adequate; enough; being as much as is needed

1083

explicit: precisely and clearly expressed; defnite; outspoken

1084

corner: position at which two lines, surfaces, or edges meet and form an angle

1085

estimate: judge to be probable; form an opinion about; evaluate

1086

abortion: termination of pregnancy; failure of a plan

1087

conclude: enclose; reach as an end of reasoning; make fnal determination ; judge or decide; bring to an end

1088

supervisor: director; overseer; one who is in charge of a particular unit, as in government or school system

1089

hum: low, prolonged sound; humming noise; singing with shut mouth

1090

plea: request for help; excuse or pretext

1091

delicate: pleasing to the senses, especially in a subtle way; easily hurt; very subtle in diference

1092

string: lightweight cord; a collection of objects threaded on a single strand; plant fiber

1093

yacht: light ship used for private pleasure trips

1094

distract: cause to turn away from original focus; pull in conflicting emotional directions; unsettle

1095

sober: not extreme; marked by seriousness or gravity; not afected by use of drugs; self-restraint

1096

entrust: give over something to another for care, protection, or performance; give as a trust to someone;

1097

symmetry: arrangement of parts so that balance is obtained; congruity

1098

spectrum: colored band produced when beam of light passes through a prism; a range of values

1099

single: one only; consisting of one alone; alone; having no companion

1100

display: exhibit; present or hold up to view; show; demonstrate; give evidence of; manifest

1101

solar: of or relating to the sun

1102

technology: application of science, especially to industrial or commercial objectives

1103

gale: very strong wind; gust of wind; emotional outburst as laughter or tears

1104

careless: negligent; taking insufficient care

1105
tangle: uniting or knitting together confusedly; knot of threads, or other thing, united confusedly, or so
interwoven as not to be easily disengaged
1106

patronage: sponsorship; support; state of being a sponsor

1107

lame: moving with pain or difficulty because of injury; disabled so that movement is difficult or impossible

1108

sample: small part of something intended as representative of the whole

1109

secondary: not of major importance; of second rank or importance or value; not direct or immediate

1110

procedure: act or manner of moving forward; act performed; steps taken in an action

1111

glare: light; brightness; ferce or angry stare

1112

principal: highest in rank, authority, character, importance, or degree

1113
straw

thrash: beat severely; discuss or examine repeatedly; use a machine or flail to separate grain or seeds from

1114

donation: grant; act of giving to a fund or cause

1115

contrast: act of distinguishing by comparing diferences

1116
frontier: part of a country which fronts or faces another country or an unsettled region; border, confne, or
extreme part of a country
1117

retreat: receding; pull back or move away or backward; withdrawal of troops to a more favorable position

1118

lasting: continuing or remaining for a long time; enduring; durable

1119

sightseeing: act or pastime of visiting sights of interest

1120

materialism: philosophical theory that matter is the only reality

1121

exertion: efort; expenditure of much physical work

1122

reflection: image of something as reflected by mirror; remark expressing careful consideration

1123

humanitarian: philanthropic; one devoted to the promotion of human welfare and to social reforms

1124

impose: demand; force; compel to behave in a certain way

1125
hydrogen: a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable
diatomic gas
1126

evaporation: process of extracting moisture

1127

shield: protective covering or structure; protect; guard

1128

deliberately: intentionally; purposely; with careful consideration or deliberation; with full intent;

1129

betray: be unfaithful; reveal unconsciously or unwillingly

1130

hideous: frightful, shocking, or ofensive to the eyes; ofensive to moral sensibilities; despicable

1131

conduct: direct the course of; manage or control; lead or guide

1132

seal: middle size aquatic mammal; stamp used for authentication or security

1133

clarify: make clear and comprehensible; elucidate

1134

seriously: in a serious or literal manner; gravely; solemnly; in earnest; without levity

1135

surgery: medical treatment that involves cutting open a person's body

1136

hijack: stop and rob a vehicle in transit; seize control of by use of force

1137

cooperative: done with or working with others

1138

energy: exertion of force; capacity for work or vigorous activity; usable heat or power

1139

blessing: praying for divine protection; formal act of giving approval

1140

undertake: take on; embark on; assume

1141

efort: exertion of strength or power, whether physical or mental, in performing an act or aiming at an object

1142

justifcation: good or just reason; condition or fact of being justified

1143

breeze: light current of air; gentle wind; progress swiftly and efortlessly

1144

eccentricity: oddity; departure from that which is stated, regular, or usual; deviation from center

1145

tease: tear into pieces; raise the fbers of

1146

vicious: by vice or defects; defective; imperfect; having the nature of vice; evil, immoral, or depraved

1147

loosen: make loose or looser; make less severe or strict

1148

flutter: vibrate or move quickly; drive in disorder; throw into confusion

1149

moderate: temperate; gentle; mild; make less fast or intense ; preside over

1150

champion: protect or fght for as frst place

1151

resource: materials; abilities; available source

1152

hoist: raise; lift; elevate

1153

farewell: acknowledgment at parting; goodbye; act of departing or taking leave

1154

validity: quality of having legal force or efectiveness

1155

equality: state or quality of being equal

1156

lodging: accommodation; lodging

1157

upright: in an erect position or posture; perpendicular; vertical, or nearly vertical; pointing upward

1158

syllable: a unit of spoken language larger than a phoneme

1159

plus: involving advantage or good; on the positive side or higher end of a scale

1160
hook: a piece of metal, or other hard material, bent into curve or at angle, for catching, holding, or sustaining
anything
1161
collaboration: act of working together; act of cooperating with an enemy, especially it occupying one's own
country
1162

emigrate: remove from one country or State to another, for the purpose of residence; migrate from home

1163

coin: make pieces of money from metal; invent or fabricate

1164
generation: all ofspring at same stage from common ancestor; interval of time between the birth of parents
and their ofspring
1165

flash: emit a brief burst of light; appear briefly; sudden intense burst of radiant energy

1166

occasionally: now and then; from time to time; infrequently; irregularly

1167

erupt: explode; burst out; become violently active

1168

diagram: graph; chart; fgure or drawing made to illustrate a statement; plan

1169

immigrant: one who comes to a country where they were not born in order to settle there; non-native

1170

revive: restore from a depressed; renew

1171

purify: refne; make pure or free from sin or guilt; become clean

1172

contact: get in touch with; reach

1173

scope: range of one's perceptions, thoughts, or actions; extent; bound

1174

retroactive: extending in scope or efect to a prior time or to prior conditions

1175

giant: person of extraordinary strength or powers, bodily or intellectual

1176

bold: brave; daring; intrepid; impudent

1177

limb: arm; leg; any of the main branches arising from the trunk or a bough of a tree

1178
wage: hazard on the event of a contest; stake; engage in, as a contest; adventure, or lay out, for hire or
reward; hire; employ
1179

versatile: having many talents; capable of working in many fields

1180

cashier: one who has charge of money; cash keeper

1181

juice: liquid; liquid part that can be extracted from plant or animal tissue

1182

selection: choice; variety; collection

1183

descent: ancestry; origin; the descendants of one individual; drop; fall; a movement downward

1184

hairy: bearing or covered with hair; made of or resembling hair; rough with hair

1185

presence: state of being present; current existence

1186

plastic: capable of being molded; capable of being shaped or formed; easily influenced

1187

flame: stream of burning vapor or gas, emitting light and heat; passion of love

1188

version: written work in a new form; edition; interpretation of a particular viewpoint

1189

anxious: eager; keen; worried; uneasy and apprehensive about an uncertain event or matter

1190

antibiotic: of or relating to chemical substance that kills microorganisms and cures infections

1191

abundance: great or plentiful amount; fullness to overflowing

1192

clinic: healthcare facility for outpatient care

1193

vein: blood vessel that carries blood

1194
shriek: sharp, shrill outcry or scream; shrill wild cry such as is caused by sudden or extreme terror, pain, or
the like
1195

radiate: spread out; efuse; issue or emerge in rays or waves

1196

stationery: paper cut to right size for writing letters; writing materials and office supplies

1197

sequence: serial arrangement in which things follow in logical order or a recurrent pattern

1198

defnitive: fnal; complete; precisely defned or explicit

1199

collide: bump; hit; conflict

1200

rigorous: full of rigors; harsh; rigidly accurate; precise

1201

slumber: sleep; state of inactivity or dormancy

1202

discern: detect; perceive

1203

blunt: having a dull edge or end; not sharp; lacking in feeling; insensitive

1204

grasshopper: terrestrial plant-eating insect; young student in initial stages of training

1205

inhabitant: resident; someone or thing who lives in a place

1206
breakdown: process of failing to function or continue; sudden collapse in physical or mental health; summary
of itemized data
1207

condenser: lens used to concentrate light on an object; an apparatus that converts vapor into liquid

1208

allowance: approval; act of allowing, granting, or admitting

1209

exposition: exhibition; part of a play that provides the background information; opening section of a fugue

1210

charcoal: a stick of black carbon material used for drawing; a very dark gray color

1211

embroidery: elaboration by the use of decorative detail; ornamentation of fabric with needlework

1212

ferce: ferocious; savage; extremely severe or violent; terrible

1213

monopolize: dominate; occupy; have and control fully and exclusively

1214

bitterness: sharp and bitter manner

1215

peak: summit; apex; maximum; prime

1216

renewal: act of renewing; flling again by supplying what has been used up

1217

dull: lacking responsiveness or alertness; intellectually weak or obtuse

1218

cover: overspread the surface; envelop; shelter, as from evil or danger; protect

1219

curtail: cut short or reduce; cut off end or tail, or any part

1220

attentive: alert and watchful; considerate; thoughtful

1221

accommodate: do a favor or service for; provide for; supply with; make suitable; adapt; allow for

1222

assist: give help or support to, especially as a subordinate

1223

disc: flat round plate; circular structure either in plants or animals

1224

overhear: hear more of anything than was intended to be heard; hear again

1225

rotation: revolution; act of rotating as if on an axis

1226

courteous: exhibiting courtesy and politeness; showing regard or thought for others

1227

rival: compete; be equal to in quality or ability; match

1228

comparative: relative; based on, or involving comparison

1229

obstinate: stubbornly adhering to an attitude or opinion; hard to control or treat

1230

refrigerator: machines in which food can be stored at low temperatures

1231

link: be or become joined or united; connect, fasten, or put together two or more pieces

1232

style: particular kind; a way of expressing something

1233

rough: not perfected; having or caused by an irregular surface

1234

kneel: bend the knee; fall or rest on the knees

1235

security: freedom from risk or danger; safety

1236

skeleton: framework; internal supporting structure that gives an artifact its shape

1237

toe: one of digits of the foot; forepart of a foot or hoof

1238

detriment: harm; damage; injury; something that causes damage, harm, or loss

1239

independent: not dependent; free; not subject to control by others; not relying on others

1240

outlandish: unconventional; strikingly unfamiliar; located far from civilized areas

1241
monastery: house of religious retirement, or of seclusion from ordinary temporal concerns, especially for
monks
1242

accusation: indictment; charge of wrongdoing that is made against a person or other party

1243

resent: feel bitter; consider as injury or afront; be in angry

1244

specialized: developed or designed for a special activity or function

1245

embark: commence; go on board a boat or airplane; begin a journey

1246

thigh: part of the leg between the hip and the knee

1247

omen: any indication or action regarded as a foreshowing; phenomenon supposed to portend good or evil

1248

underline: mark a line below, as words; underscore.

1249

comparatively: relatively; in comparison

1250

adventure: something happens without design; chance; hazard; risk; danger

1251

ventilate: freshen; circulate through and freshen

1252

autonomy: independence; self-government or the right of self-government; self-determination

1253

aware: knowing; having knowledge or cognizance

1254

successor: one who or that which succeeds or follows; one who takes the place which another has left

1255

rail: scold; express objections or criticisms in bitter, harsh, or abusive language

1256

jealousy: envy; jealous attitude or disposition

1257

sunburn: redness of the skin caused by exposure to the rays of the sun

1258

publish: make public; make known to mankind, or to people in general

1259

sharpen: make pointed; make sharp or sharper

1260

sandy: loose and large-grained in consistency

1261

fatigue: physical or mental weariness; exhaustion

1262

distinguish: characterize; diferentiate; recognize

1263

tilt: slight but noticeable partiality; line or surface that departs from the vertical

1264

exceed: go beyond; be or do something to a greater degree

1265

amuse: occupy or engage the attention of; lose in deep thought

1266
flesh: soft tissue of body, mainly muscle and fat; substance; reality; surface or skin of human body; meat of
animals
1267
complex: complicated in structure; a whole structure, as a building, made up of interconnected or related
structures
1268

canary: pale yellowish color; wine made in the Canary Islands; canary bird; quick and lively dance

1269

precision: exactness; accuracy; number of signifcant digits to which a value has been reliably measured

1270

satisfaction: fulfllment or gratifcation of a desire, need, or appetite; source or means of gratification

1271

bankrupt: penniless, without any money; fnancially ruined

1272

diction: choice and use of words in speech or writing

1273

tailor: one whose occupation is making garments; create clothes with cloth

1274

walnut: tree with 10 - 40 meters tall; hard, dark brown wood of any of these trees

1275

globe: body with the shape of a sphere, especially a representation of the earth in the form of a hollow ball

1276

mentality: mental action or power; intellectual activity; intellectuality

1277

electron: elementary particle with negative charge

1278

commercial: money-making; involved in work that is intended for the mass market

1279

decay: decompose; break sown; disintegration; rottenness; decline; worsen; decadence

1280

leap: jump; hop; place jumped over or from

1281

miserable: very unhappy; full of misery; wretched

1282

actively: energetically; vigorously; in an active manner; voluntarily, not passively

1283

accord: settlement or compromise of conflicting opinions; written agreement between two states

1284

subsidiary: subordinate; secondary; serving to assist or supplement

1285

swallow: take back what one has said ; enclose or envelop completely

1286

trial: experiment; act of testing; examination of evidence to determine the charges or claims

1287

competitiveness: an aggressive willingness to compete

1288
siren: electronic device producing a similar sound as a signal or warning; something insidious or deceptive;
mermaid
1289

argue: invent and ofer reasons to support or overthrow a proposition, opinion, or measure; debate

1290

advanced: improved; highly developed or complex; ahead of the times; progressive

1291

female: for or composed of women or girls

1292

expressly: particularly; specifcally; in an explicit manner

1293

neat: clean or orderly

1294

analytical: of analysis; resolving into elements or parts

1295

myth: legend; fable; a traditional story accepted as history

1296

isolation: separation; detachment; quality or condition of being isolated

1297

surplus: remainder; more than is needed; quantity much larger than is needed; remaining

1298

excuse: free from blame; clear from guilt; release from a charge; forgive entirely

1299

sector: particular aspect of life or activity; body of people who form part of society or economy

1300

doom: judgment; judicial sentence; penal decree; condemnation

1301

method: orderly procedure or process; regular manner of doing anything

1302

notify: make known; give notice to; inform by notice

1303

resignation: act of resigning or giving up, as a claim, possession, or office; surrender

1304

variety: diversity; quality or condition of being various or varied

1305

currently: presently; at the present time

1306

momentary: done in a moment; continuing only a moment; lasting a very short time

1307

animation: act of animating, or giving life or spirit; state of being animate or alive.

1308

opposite: two words that express opposing concepts; contrariwise; directly facing each other

1309

preferable: favored; better; more desirable or worthy than another; preferred

1310

balcony: platform projecting from the wall of a building

1311

savage: in a state of nature; wild; untamed; uncultivated; inhuman; brutal; not civilized; lacking polish; rude

1312

tan: yellowish-brown color; brown color imparted to the skin by exposure to the sun

1313

narrator: someone who tells a story

1314

default: failure to act; an option that is selected automatically

1315

frightening: inspiring with fear; causing fear; of capable of causing fear; scary

1316

prosperous: successful; thriving; having or characterized by fnancial success or good fortune

1317

conveyance: act of conveying; tools of conveying, especially vehicle for transportation

1318

sunlight: rays of the sun

1319

diagnose: analyze; examine; identify

1320

banner: flag; sign; a newspaper headline that runs across the full page

1321

low: utter sound made by cattle; make a low noise

1322
technical: having special skill or knowledge; according to principle; formal rather than practical; relating to
technique
1323

tolerate: endure; withstand; allow without prohibiting or opposing; permit

1324

decimal: of tens; numbered or proceeding by tens; based on ten

1325

novelty: quality of being novel; newness; something new and unusual

1326
poke: push at, as with a fnger or an arm; search or look curiously; proceed in slow or lazy manner; thrust
forward

1327

miracle: wonderful thing; something that excites admiration or astonishment

1328
shade: a slight amount or degree of diference; shadow; protective covering that protects something from
direct sunlight
1329

giggle: laugh with short catches of the breath or voice; laugh in light, afected, or silly manner

1330

conservative: favoring traditional views and values; tending to oppose change

1331

conjunction: state of being conjoined, united, or associated; union; association; league

1332

mask: try to conceal something; disguise; hide under a false appearance

1333

injury: any physical damage to body caused by violence or accident or fracture

1334

theme: subject of conversation or discussion; topic; essay

1335

condemn: blame; denounce; express strong disapproval of

1336

hawk: bird of prey typically having short rounded wings and a long tail

1337

plantation: farm; an area under cultivation; a group of cultivated trees or plants

1338

origin: the frst existence or beginning of anything; birth; fountain

1339

descend: move downward and lower; come from; be connected by a relationship of blood

1340

masculine: of the male sex; not female; having the qualities of a man

1341

shatter: destroy; break up; break into many pieces

1342

abrogate: abolish, do away with, or annul, especially by authority

1343

economical: thrifty; saving; using the minimum of time or resources necessary for efectiveness

1344

periodical: publication that appears at fxed intervals

1345

arrogant: arising from feeling or assumption of one's superiority toward others

1346

inclusive: tending to include all; taking a great deal or everything within its scope

1347

junior: less advanced in age than another; younger; lower in standing or in rank

1348

statue: sculpture representing a human or animal

1349

mesh: opening or space inclosed by the threads of a net between knot and knot; network or net

1350
redeem: purchase back; regain possession of by payment; ransom or rescue from captivity; pay penalty;
make amends for
1351

defect: abandon or turn against; cease or change one's loyalty

1352

fragile: easy to destroy, delicate, not strong

1353

insufficient: of a quantity not able to fulfll a need or requirement

1354
range

area: plane surface, as of the floor of a room; open space in a building; the enclosed space; extent; scope;

1355

identifcation: act of designating or identifying something; condition of having your identity established

1356

attendant: aide; servant; accompanying; person who participates in a meeting

1357

despise: dislike intensely; regard with contempt or scorn

1358

turbulent: characterized by unrest or disorder

1359

notion: general or universal conception; belief or opinion

1360

connect: join, or fasten together; associate; combine; unite or link together

1361

literary: knowledgeable about literature; of or relating to or characteristic of literature

1362

customs: money collected under a tariff

1363

rectify: set right; correct by calculation or adjustment

1364

penetrate: pierce; go through; permeate

1365

depress: lower in spirits; press down

1366

proceeding: a sequence of steps by which legal judgments are invoked

1367

exhausted: depleted; tired

1368

magnetic: having the properties of attracting iron or steel; captivating; attractive; being to draw or pull

1369

architecture: art and science of designing and erecting buildings; buildings and other large structures

1370

festival: a day or period of time for feasting and celebration

1371

impartial: not biased; fair; showing lack of favoritism

1372

aside: on, or to, one side; out of a straight line, course, or direction; at a little distance from the rest

1373
salmon: several species of fsh of the Salmonidae family; reddish yellow or orange color, like the flesh of the
salmon
1374

sensation: feeling; perception associated with stimulation of a sense organ or with a specifc body condition

1375

desirable: worthwhile; worth doing or achieving; advisable

1376

proletarian: member of working class; blue collar person

1377

wit: intellect; mental ability; natural ability to perceive and understand

1378
channel: passage for water or other fluids to flow through; bed of a stream or river; route of communication
or access
1379

murmur: make low, confused, and indistinct sound, like that of running water

1380

omission: act of omitting; neglect or failure to do something required by propriety or duty

1381

ginger: plant of the genus Zingiber, of the East and West Indies

1382
opinion: notion or conviction founded on probable evidence; belief stronger than impression; favorable
estimation
1383

extravagant: wandering beyond one's bounds; exceeding due bounds; wild; excessive; unrestrained

1384

compliment: praise; commendation; say something to someone that expresses praise

1385
life

tenor: general, usual, or prevailing course or direction; settled or prevailing or habitual course of a person's

1386

throughout: in every part; in or through all parts; everywhere; during the entire time or extent

1387

depreciate: lessen price or value of; think or speak of as being of little worth; belittle

1388

explode: erupt; blow up; burst violently as a result of internal pressure

1389

engage: obtain for services of; arrange for the use of; pledge or promise, especially to marry

1390

verse: a piece of poetry

1391

zeal: intense interest; eagerness to accomplish some object

1392
revolve: turn or roll round on, or as on, an axis, like a wheel; rotate; move in curved path round a center; pass
in cycles
1393

match: something that resembles or harmonizes with

1394

delicious: extremely pleasing to the sense of taste; greatly pleasing or entertaining

1395

gust: blast; outburst

1396

anniversary: annual; yearly; annual return of the day on which any notable event took place

1397

duration: length of time something lasts

1398

wag: move one way and the other with quick turns; shake to and fro; move in vibrating; cause to vibrate

1399

vibration: act of vibrating; a shaky motion

1400

helicopter: aircraft without wings that obtains its lift from the rotation of overhead blades

1401

radius: right line drawn or extending from the center of a circle to the periphery

1402

cease: stop; terminate; put an end to; discontinue

1403

mature: develop and reach maturity; grow old or older

1404

check: stop motion; curb or restrain

1405

brood: think long and anxiously; be in a state of gloomy, serious thought

1406

instinctive: unthinking; prompted by instinct; spontaneous

1407

distinct: defnite; separate; diferent

1408

crossing: traveling across; place at which roads, lines, or tracks intersect; intersection

1409

represent: stand for; describe or present; play a role or part

1410

cathedral: church; temple

1411

rust: become destroyed by water, air, or an etching chemical such as an acid

1412

germ: bacteria; earliest form of an organism; seed

1413

tyre: tire; covering for a wheel, usually made of rubber reinforced with cords of nylon

1414

congressman: man who is a member of the U.S. Congress, especially of the House of Representatives

1415

evolve: develop; grow

1416
colony: region politically controlled by a distant country; a dependency; a community of social insects, as
ants, bees
1417

colonel: a commissioned military oficer

1418

minimum: the smallest possible quantity

1419

partial: incomplete; fragmentary; favoring one person or side over another or others

1420

trick: cunning or deceitful activity; attempt to get others to do something foolish

1421

drain: draw out; flow out; waste

1422
equator: the imaginary great circle on the earth's surface, everywhere equally distant from the two poles, and
dividing the earth's surface into two hemispheres
1423

concede: admit; yield; give up physical control of another

1424

pale: not ruddy; dusky white; pallid; not bright or brilliant

1425

inherit: receive from an ancestor by legal succession or will; receive by bequest or as a legacy

1426

convenient: suited or favorable to one's comfort, purpose, or needs:; near; accessible

1427

analyze: diagnose; examine

1428
sound

growl: utter a deep guttural sound, as angry dog; give forth an angry, grumbling sound; emit low guttural

1429

reciprocal: concerning each of two or more persons or things; exchangeable; interacting

1430

strengthen: reinforce; fortify; make strong or increase the strength of

1431

frost: ice crystal; weather cold enough to cause freezing; provide with a rough surface or appearance

1432

legend: explanatory list of symbols on a map; unverifed story handed down from earlier times

1433

prompt: move to act; incite; give rise to; assist with a reminder

1434

thrill: feel sudden intense sensation or emotion; tremble as from fear or excitement

1435

muscular: having or suggesting great physical power; of or relating to or consisting of muscle

1436

aid: person or thing that promotes or helps in something done; helper; assistant

1437
outlaw: person excluded from the beneft of the law, or deprived of its protection; fugitive from the law;
habitual criminal
1438

proceed: follow a certain course; move ahead; travel onward

1439

remainder: remnant; something left after other parts have been taken away

1440

sheer: very thin or transparent; very steep; absolute or pure

1441

crazy: afected with madness; insane; deranged

1442

aggregation: several things grouped together or considered as a whole

1443

declare: state clearly; make known formally or oficially

1444

amid: in the middle of; among; surrounded by

1445

religion: belief in supernatural power regarded as creator and governor of the universe

1446

quiver: shake with slight, rapid, tremulous movement

1447

soil: material in the surface of the earth

1448

context: circumstance

1449
strand: complex of fbers that twisted together to form a cable, rope, thread; land bordering a body of water;
single filament
1450

embroider: decorate with needlework; add details to

1451

topic: subject of a speech, essay, thesis, discussion, or conversation

1452

adversary: opponent in contest; someone who ofers opposition

1453

combination: blend; union

1454

aim: point or direct towards an object or spot with the intent of hitting it

1455

accuse: blame; condemn

1456

across: from side to side; crosswise, or in a direction opposed to the length

1457
dip: insert into a fluid and withdraw again; immerse for baptism; wet, as if by immersing; moisten; appear to
move downward
1458

vogue: popular fashion; current state or style of general acceptance and use

1459

orchestra: band

1460

despair: loss of hope; utter hopelessness; complete despondency

1461

ruin: fall or tumble down; destroy; devastate; exterminate

1462

automate: control or operate by automation; replace or enhance human labor with machines

1463

cater: supply what is needed or desired; provide food professionally for special occasion

1464

ofend: strike against; attack; assail; make angry; afront

1465

gracious: benefcent; merciful; disposed to show kindness or favor

1466

devise: form, plan, or arrange in the mind; transmit or give by will

1467

approximately: about; roughly

1468

spray: a quantity of small objects flying through air

1469

stripe: a kind or category; band; ribbon

1470

evaluate: judge; examine and judge carefully; appraise

1471

thirst: sensation of dryness in the throat

1472

enthusiastic: having or showing great excitement and interest

1473

regulation: act of controlling or directing according to rule; prescribed by or according to rule

1474

perch: a place high up; an elevated place serving as a seat

1475

proceeds: proft, money made from selling something; income arising from land or other property

1476

counterpart: duplicate copy; analogue; one that closely resembles another

1477

latent: present or potential but not evident or active; dormant; hidden

1478

triumph: victory; win; expressing great joy

1479

pit: confront; set into opposition or rivalry

1480

vowel: speech sound made with the vocal tract open

1481

potent: powerful; having power to influence or convince; having great control or authority

1482
medal: a piece of metal in form of coin, and intended to preserve remembrance of notable event or person,
or to serve as a reward
1483

satisfactory: acceptable; passable

1484

biography: an account of the series of events making up a person's life; accounts of people's life

1485

investigate: explore; observe or inquire into in detail; examine systematically

1486

nickel: coin worth one twentieth of a dollar

1487

claim: demand for something as rightful or due

1488

mutual: common to or shared by two or more parties; shared

1489

clutch: grasp and hold tightly; attempt to grasp or seize

1490

cash: money paid at the time of purchase; money in the form of bills or coins; currency

1491

spatial: relating to space; existing in or connected with space

1492

domestic: house-hold; of or relating to the home ; within the country or home

1493

characterize: distinguish; be characteristic of; be a distinctive trait or mark of

1494

cargo: freight carried by a ship, an aircraft, or another vehicle

1495

annual: occurring or payable every year

1496

paragraph: distinct division of written or printed matter that begins on a new, usually indented line

1497

goal: end; objective; fnal purpose or aim

1498

unsatisfactory: not giving satisfaction; inadequate

1499

house: provide living quarters for; lodge; contain; harbor

1500

enumerate: list each one; mention one by one

1501

varied: difered; diversifed; various

1502

beloved: greatly loved; dear to the heart

1503

reef: chain or range of rocks lying at or near the surface of the water

1504

scrap: small piece or bit; fragment; fragment; leftover bits of food; remnant

1505

pin: a piece of wood, metal, generally cylindrical, used for fastening separate articles together

1506

porch: covered and enclosed entrance to building; covered passage

1507

masterpiece: chief excellence or great talent; outstanding work of art or craft

1508

vision: ability to see; sight; vivid mental image

1509

coordination: regulation of diverse elements into an integrated and harmonious operation

1510

stipulate: specify or arrange in agreement; express demand in agreement; promise in agreement

1511

conclusive: defnitive; decisive; final

1512

imminent: near at hand; close in time; about to occur

1513

assess: estimate value; judge worth of something

1514

supplementary: added to complete or make up a deficiency

1515

attic: story or room directly below the roof of a building, especially a house;

1516

integral: essential or necessary for completeness; entire

1517

residual: remaining as a residue; surplus

1518

interaction: communication; a mutual or reciprocal action; interacting

1519

coward: person who lacks courage to face danger; timid

1520

severe: serious in feeling or manner; not light, lively, or cheerful

1521

motionless: at rest, stationary, immobile, not moving

1522

drag: move or bring by force or with great efort

1523

screwdriver: a hand tool for driving screws

1524

inevitable: unavoidable; incapable of being avoided or prevented

1525

contract: constrict; make smaller; compress or concentrate

1526

profcient: skilled; expert; having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude

1527

glossary: brief explanation of words, often placed at back of book

1528

date: mark the time of; assign a date to

1529

tube: hollow cylindrical shape; underground railway

1530

pasture: feld covered with grass; meadow

1531
pitcher: container for liquids, having a handle and a lip or spout for pouring; player who throws the ball from
the mound to the batter
1532

cart: common name for various kinds of vehicles; two-wheeled vehicle; light business wagon

1533

typhoon: tropical cyclone occurring in the western Pacifc; violent whirlwind

1534

sultry: burning hot; extremely and unpleasantly hot

1535

committee: special group delegated to consider some matter

1536

prevailing: most frequent; widespread; predominant

1537

rare: scarce; infrequently occurring; uncommon

1538

violate: treat in a violent manner; abuse; do violence to; disturb; interrupt

1539

dam: barrier to prevent the flow of liquid, especially built across a water course

1540

stitch: sew; knit; fasten or join with or as if with thread

1541

remind: recall knowledge from memory; have a recollection

1542

hiss: prolonged sound like that letter s, made by forcing out the breath between the tongue and teeth

1543

dormitory: a college or university building for student living; a large bedroom where several people sleep

1544
gradual: proceeding by steps or degrees; advancing, step by step, as in ascent or descent or from one state
to another; regularly progressive
1545

sullen: lonely; solitary; desolate; gloomy; dismal; afected with ill humor

1546

trap: catch; hold or catch as if in a hole

1547
morality: set of social rules, customs, traditions, beliefs, or practices which specify proper, acceptable forms
of conduct
1548

sweater: knitted garment covering the upper part of the body

1549

slide: slip; move usually in an uncontrolled manner; move smoothly along a surface

1550

moist: slightly wet; damp or humid

1551

administrative: of or relating to or responsible for administration

1552
invest: put clothe on, as with office or authority; place in possession of rank, dignity, or estate; endow; lay out
money or capital in business
1553

divide: sever into two or more parts or pieces; separate into parts; cause to be separate

1554

conscientious: diligent; responsible; reliable

1555

null: invalid; void; nullifed; having no legal force; invalid

1556

route: way for travel or transportation

1557

snobbish: of or pertaining to a snob; vulgarly pretentious

1558

proprietor: one who has legal title to something; owner

1559

achievement: feat; accomplishment; award for completing a particular task or meeting an objective

1560

discard: throw out something from one's hand; get rid of

1561

tendency: trend; a general direction in which something tends to move

1562
vary: change aspect of; alter in form, appearance, substance, position; make diferent by a partial change;
modify
1563

tighten: draw tighter; straiten; make closer in any manner.

1564

refne: purify; make more precise; improve

1565

ultimate: fnal; being the last or concluding; fundamental; elemental; extreme

1566

stem: stop flow of a liquid; make headway against

1567

aisle: passageway between rows of seats, as in an auditorium or an airplane; wing of a building

1568

tissue: groups of cells that make particular parts of the body; soft thin paper

1569
certifcate: document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts; document issued to a person completing a
course
1570

faithful: believer; follower

1571

slit: long, straight, narrow cut or opening; slot; pocket

1572

fame: favorable public reputation; great renown

1573

jumble: assemble without order or sense; confused multitude of things; chaos; mess; mixture

1574

handbook: concise reference book providing specifc information

1575

cheque: written order directing a bank to pay money

1576

esteem: regard with respect; favorable regard

1577

exit: passage or way out; act of going away or out

1578

kidney: glandular organ which excretes urea and other waste products from the animal body

1579

ultrasonic: supersonic; higher in frequency than the range of sound perceptible to the human ear

1580

henceforth: from this time forward; henceforward

1581

sport: activity that is governed by a set of rules or customs and often engaged in competitively

1582
superintendent: director; person who has the authority to supervise or direct; janitor or custodian in a
building
1583

maintenance: preservation; support; continuance; court-ordered support paid by one spouse to another

1584

catalyst: agent which brings about chemical change while it remains unafected and unchanged

1585

accomplishment: achievement; fulfillment

1586

dubious: questionable; flled with doubt

1587

classify: declare unavailable, as for security reasons; arrange or order by classes or categories

1588

grim: unrelenting; rigid; dismal and gloomy; cold and forbidding

1589

accidental: unexpected; unforeseen

1590

anchor: secure or fasten frmly; be fxed in place; narrate or coordinate

1591

rip: tear or be torn violently; criticize or abuse strongly and violently

1592

illuminate: provide or brighten with light; clear up or make understandable; enlighten

1593

dimensional: of or relating to dimensions

1594

dedicate: set apart; devoted; consecrated

1595

hold: keep from departing; take and maintain control over; stop dealing with

1596

scatter: sprinkle; disseminate; cause to separate and go in diferent directions

1597

skip: jump lightly; hop; bypass

1598

agent: one that acts on behalf of other persons or organizations

1599

statute: law enacted by legislature; decree or edict, as of a ruler

1600

possession: act of having and controlling property; belongings

1601

clasp: fastening device; frm grip

1602

bygone: past; gone by

1603

epoch: particular period of history, especially one considered remarkable

1604

bias: preference or inclination, especially one that inhibits impartial judgment; influence in unfair way

1605

agitate: cause to move with violence or sudden force; upset; disturb

1606

renaissance: revival; renewal; revival of learning and culture

1607

spontaneous: arising without external cause; growing without cultivation or human labor

1608

abolish: cancel; put an end to; destroy completely

1609

gutter: channel at the eaves of a roof for conveying away the rain; eaves channel; eaves trough

1610

amendment: correction; revision

1611

pantry: apartment or closet in which bread and other provisions are kept

1612

full: flled to satisfaction with food or drink; containing as much or as many as is possible or normal

1613

compose: write; create; make or create by putting together parts or elements

1614

acquainted: known by or familiar with another; informed or familiar

1615
absurdity: quality of being absurd or inconsistent with obvious truth, reason, or sound judgment; logical
contradiction
1616

pound: unit of weight equal to 16 ounces

1617

exhaustive: treating all parts or aspects without omission; comprehensive

1618

gravity: seriousness; solemn and dignifed feeling; natural force between two massive bodies

1619

screen: surface where pictures can be projected for viewing ; examine; test

1620

calculate: compute; determine; estimate

1621

exasperate: make worse; irritate; make very angry or impatient; annoy greatly

1622

automatic: mechanized; operating with minimal human intervention; independent of external control

1623

blank: of a white or pale color; without color; empty; void

1624

pulse: beat; rhythm; rate at which heart beats;

1625

capacity: mental or physical ability; ability to accommodate

1626

benevolent: generous in providing aid to others; charitable

1627

endorsement: act of endorsing; support; formal and explicit approval; signature that validates something

1628

ventilation: act of supplying fresh air and getting rid of foul air

1629

profciency: skillfulness in command of fundamentals deriving from practice and familiarity; expertise

1630

illustrate: represent; demonstrate; depict; clarify, as by use of examples or comparisons

1631

vine: weak-stemmed plant that derives support from climbing

1632

recognize: perceive the identity of; consent or admit with a formal acknowledgment; show appreciation of

1633

kindle: build or fuel a fre; cause to glow; light up; inspire

1634

tragedy: disaster; event resulting in great loss and misfortune

1635

occurrence: an event that happens

1636

pull: steer or move into a certain direction; take away; remove from a fxed position; extract

1637

seam: line of junction formed by sewing together two pieces; line across a surface, as a crack; scar

1638

defeat: disfgure; destroy; frustrate; overcome or vanquish; resist with

1639

juvenile: youth; adolescent; not fully grown or developed

1640

devour: consume; eat greedily; destroy completely

1641

condensation: compression

1642

microscope: magnifer of the image of small objects

1643

enquire: seek information by asking a question

1644

convenience: state of being suitable

1645

temperature: degree of any quality; condition with respect to heat or cold; degree of heat or cold

1646

scare: frighten; alarm; strike with sudden fear

1647

malice: enmity of heart; malevolence; ill will; spirit delighting in harm or misfortune to another

1648

imply: express or indicate indirectly; signify

1649

recede: move back; retreat; withdraw a claim or pretension

1650

bounce: jolt; rebound after having struck an object or a surface

1651

disadvantage: drawback; defect; hinder; unfavorable condition or circumstance

1652

generous: more than adequate; willing to give and share unstintingly

1653

endow: grant; award; give qualities or abilities to

1654

handy: convenient; close

1655

towel: rectangular cloth or paper for drying or wiping

1656

reckon: compute; take account of; have faith or confdence in

1657

chief: highest in office or rank; principal; head

1658

revise: amend; change

1659

colleague: fellow worker; associate; co-worker

1660

fuse: combine; blend; become plastic or fluid or liquefed from heat

1661
minister: one who performs service for another; officer of justice; executive head of a government
department
1662

tranquil: free from disturbance; pacific

1663

deduct: lead forth or out; take away, separate, or remove, in numbering, estimating, or calculating; subtract

1664

moustache: hair growing on the human upper lip, especially when cultivated and groomed

1665

bore: drill; make a hole in or through, with or as if with a drill

1666

revival: bringing again into activity and prominence

1667

bake: prepare, as food, by cooking in a dry heat, either in an oven or under coals, or on heated stone or metal

1668

jog: run or ride at a steady slow trot; give a push or shake to

1669

elasticity: tendency of a body to return to its original shape after it has been stretched or compressed

1670

injustice: unjust act; practice of being unjust or unfair

1671
precedence: fact, state, or right of preceding; priority; previous occurrence, or existence before; preceding
act or speech
1672
chap: crack, as in earth surface; splitting of skin, caused by cold or exposure; one of the jaws or cheeks; man
or boy
1673

wedding: marriage ceremony; act of marrying; anniversary of a marriage

1674

idol: image used for worship; image of divinity; representation or symbol; false notion or conception

1675

gear: toothed machine part, such as a wheel or cylinder, to transmit motion or to change speed or direction

1676

memory: faculty of mind by which it retains the knowledge of previous thoughts, impressions, or events

1677

potential: existing in possibility; expected to become or be

1678

stadium: large, usually open structure for sports events with tiered seating for spectators

1679

queer: odd or unconventional, as in behavior; eccentric; mysterious; suspicious; questionable

1680

whip: overlay with other cords going round and round it; take or move by a sudden motion; clean completely

1681

heir: person who inherits some title or ofice

1682

volunteer: person who performs or ofers to perform a service voluntarily

1683

pending: not yet decided or settled; awaiting conclusion or confirmation

1684

despite: lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike; disdain, contemptuous feelings, hatred

1685

restrict: keep or confne within limits

1686

available: convenient for use or disposal; not busy, free; obtainable; accessible

1687

employee: worker; person who works for another in return for fnancial or other compensation

1688

complexity: complication

1689

implement: put into efect; supply with tools

1690

fatal: causing death

1691

structural: of structure; afecting structure; constructional

1692

recollection: memory; remembrance; power of recalling ideas to the mind

1693

relevant: pertinent; having connection with matter at hand

1694

tedious: tiresome by reason of length, slowness, or dullness; progressing very slowly

1695

prose: essay; ordinary speech or writing; commonplace expression or quality

1696

jettison: throw overboard; eject from boat, submarine, aircraft, or spaceship

1697

beak: nib ;horny projecting mouth of a bird

1698

ward: guard; defender; protector; state under guard; division of a county; division of a hospital

1699

duly: as it ought to be; properly; regularly

1700

diplomacy: tact; politics; negotiation between nations

1701

rear: side of an object that is opposite its front; hind part; point or area farthest from the front

1702

casual: informal; purposeless; occurring by chance

1703

helpful: giving aid; assistant; useful; salutary

1704

research: inquire into; attempt to fnd out in scientifc manner

1705
perfect: completed; not defective nor redundant; having all the properties or qualities; without flaw, fault, or
blemish; without error
1706

generalization: an idea having general application; reasoning from detailed facts to general principles

1707

fashionable: conforming to the current style; being or in accordance with current fashion

1708

rinse: cleanse with water; flush; wash lightly without soap

1709

furniture: movable articles in a room or an establishment that make it ft for living or working

1710

propagate: cause something to multiply or breed; cause to extend to broader area or larger number

1711

fruitful: productive; fertile; producing results; profitable

1712

commonplace: ordinary; having no remarkable features

1713

emigrant: someone who leaves one country to settle in another

1714

haughty: high; lofty; bold; arrogant; overbearing

1715

flake: flat thin piece or layer; chip; small piece; small crystalline bit of snow

1716

execute: put into efect; carry out the legalities of

1717

fuel: substance that can be consumed to produce energy

1718

project: any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted; program; plan; scheme

1719

identical: duplicate; alike; being the exact same one

1720

postulate: essential premise; underlying assumption

1721

heighten: enhance; hoist; raise or increase the quantity or degree of; intensify

1722

frm: hard; solid; resolute; determined

1723

accidentally: inadvertently; by chance; casually; fortuitously; not essentially or intrinsically

1724

disturbance: disorder; turmoil; mental or emotional unbalance or disorder

1725

mysterious: beyond ordinary understanding

1726

negate: cancel out; make inefective or invalid; deny

1727

resign: sign back; return by a formal act; yield to another; abandon

1728

cohesive: cohering or tending to cohere; well integrated

1729

dean: dignitary or presiding officer; head in the faculty of some colleges or universities

1730

budget: estimate; a sum of money allocated for a particular purpose

1731
shovel: tool consisting of a broad scoop, or hollow blade, with a handle, used for lifting and throwing loose
substances
1732

fnancing: subsidy; transaction that provides funds for a business

1733

admire: regard with wonder or astonishment; view with surprise; marvel at

1734

worst: be better than; defeat; gain the advantage over

1735

bucket: vessel for drawing up water from a well; vessel for hoisting and conveying coal, ore, grain

1736

empty: containing nothing; not holding or having anything within; void of contents or appropriate contents

1737

acid: sour; water-soluble compounds having a sour taste; quality of being sarcastic, bitter, or scornful

1738

catastrophe: calamity; disaster; state of extreme ruin and misfortune

1739

bent: determined to do or have

1740

infectious: contagious; contaminating

1741

nursery: room for baby; area in a household set apart for the use of children

1742

crooked: having or marked by bends or angles; not straight or aligned; curved

1743

simultaneous: existing, happening, or done at the same time

1744

spite: ill-will or hatred toward another, accompanied with the disposition to irritate, annoy, or thwart

1745

censor: overseer of morals; official responsible for removal of objectionable or sensitive content

1746

obscure: darken; make dim or indistinct; conceal in obscurity

1747

literal: according to the letter or verbal expression; exactly as stated

1748

stuf: unspecifed objects; tangible substance

1749

retain: keep; maintain possession of; hire by payment of a fee; keep in mind; remember

1750

tyrant: absolute ruler; sovereign unrestrained by law or constitution

1751

bowl: throw or roll a ball; move quickly and smoothly, especially by rolling

1752

resolute: frm, unyielding, or determined; having decided purpose

1753

decrease: lessen; reduce; make a quantity smaller

1754

propel: drive forward; cause to move forward or onward; push

1755

orderly: conformed to order; in order; regular; well-regulated

1756

boarding: wooden boards collectively; act of entering a ship; supplying with meals and lodgings for pay

1757

pedestrian: lacking wit or imagination; ordinary

1758

recover: get or fnd back; regain a former condition

1759

conversely: in a converse manner; with change of order or relation; reciprocally.

1760

wagon: any of various kinds of wheeled vehicles drawn by a horse or tractor

1761

lap: take in food or drink with one's tongue; splash gently

1762

blot: spot or stain, as of ink on paper; blur; weak point or failing

1763

crack: break into simpler molecules by means of heat; split; hit forcefully; pass through

1764

evidence: something which makes evident or manifest; any mode of proof

1765

scout: fnd paths through unexplored territory

1766
sprain: violent wrenching of the soft parts surrounding a joint; injury caused by pushing or pressing; painful
injury to a joint caused by a sudden wrenching of its ligaments
1767

coverage: extent to which something is covered; news as presented by reporters

1768

backbone: support; mainstay; vertebrate spine or spinal column

1769

assembly: gathering; meeting; a group of persons gathered together for common reason

1770

intense: extreme; acute; in an extreme degree

1771

occupation: act of occupying or taking possession; control of a country by military forces of a foreign power

1772

option: act of choosing; power or freedom to choose

1773

religious: of religion; concerned with religion; having or showing belief in and reverence for God or a deity

1774

perception: understanding; feeling; efect or product of perceiving

1775

celebrate: praise; assign great social importance to

1776

demonstration: proof; act of showing or making evident

1777
sum: mount or whole of any number of individuals or particulars added together; principal points or thoughts
when viewed together; amount
1778

gossip: rumor; malicious report about other people; light informal conversation for social occasions

1779

continental: being or concerning or limited to a continent

1780

rivalry: competition; the act of competing as for proft or a prize

1781

edit: revise and prepare for publication; select, correct, arrange matter of, for publication

1782

imperative: having power command or control; critically importance; some duty that is essential and urgent

1783

opera: a drama set to music and consists of singing

1784

flth: foul matter; anything that soils or defles; dirt; corruption; pollution

1785

due: owed and payable immediately or on demand; proper and appropriate; fitting

1786

remark: expression, in speech or writing, of something remarked or noticed

1787

radical: drastic; extreme; arising from or going to a root or source; basic

1788

potentiality: inherent capacity for coming into being; an aptitude that may be developed

1789

relish: take keen or zestful pleasure in; enjoy the flavor of; give spice or flavor to

1790

ridicule: words or actions intended to evoke contemptuous laughter; make fun of

1791

nourish: provide with nourishment; provide with food or other substances necessary for life and growth

1792

cafe: cofee house; restaurant where cofee and liquors are served

1793

solitude: state of being alone; seclusion; lonely or secluded place

1794

endeavor: attempt by employing efort

1795

glue: be fxed as if by sticky substance; join or attach with or as if sticky substance

1796

reluctant: not wanting to take some action; averse

1797

integrity: quality or condition of being whole or undivided; completeness

1798

ridiculous: completely lacking of wisdom or good sense

1799

clear: out of the way; completely away

1800

autonomous: self-governing; not controlled by others or by outside forces; independent

1801

1802

volley: flight of missiles; round of gunshots; tennis return made by hitting the ball before it bounces

1803

concerted: planned or accomplished together; combined

1804
economics: branch of social science that deals with the production and distribution and consumption of
goods and services and their management
1805

rejoice: feel joy; experience gladness in a high degree; have pleasurable satisfaction; be delighted; enjoy

1806

fber: slender, elongated, threadlike object or structure; material to make paper or cloth

1807
funeral: ceremony held in connection with burial; burial procession accompanying body to grave; end of
existence
1808

prairie: treeless grassy plain; extensive area of flat or rolling

1809

migration: movement of persons from one country or locality to another

1810

downtown: commercial center of a town or city

1811

hymn: song of praise or adoration, especially, a religious ode, a sacred lyric

1812

volcano: fssure in the earth's crust through which molten lava and gases erupt

1813

corresponding: accompanying

1814

stable: not easily moved or disturbed

1815

mackintosh: waterproof long coat made of rubberized cloth

1816
column: pillar; cylindrical or polygonal support for roof; anything resembling, in form or position; upright
body or mass
1817

brighten: lighten; cheer; encourage; make or become bright or brighter

1818

dreary: gloomy; dismal; dark, colorless, or cheerless

1819

concentrate: bring to or direct toward a common center; unite more closely; gather into one body

1820

uncover: remove the cover from; expose; disclose

1821

apologize: beg pardon

1822

blaze: brilliant burst of fre; destructive fre; flame

1823

delete: erase; strike out; remove or make invisible

1824
keyboard: device consisting of a set of keys on a piano or organ or typewriter or typesetting machine or
computer
1825

expel: oust; discharge; force or drive out

1826

peck: pick; hit lightly with a picking motion; eat like a bird

1827

fabric: cloth; stuf; artifact made by weaving or synthetic fbers; structure; framework

1828

assumption: something taken for accepted as true without proof; taking over or taking possession of

1829

dawn: time each morning at which daylight frst begins; beginning; start

1830

compile: put together or compose from materials gathered from several sources

1831

roundabout: circuitous; going round; indirect; encircling; enveloping; comprehensive

1832

crude: being in an unrefned or natural state; raw; lacking tact or taste; blunt or ofensive

1833

elapse: slip or glide away; pass away silently

1834

doze: slumber; sleep lightly; be in dull or stupefed condition, as if half asleep; be drowsy

1835

lobster: any large macrurous crustacean used as food

1836

promising: likely to develop in a desirable manner; afording hope

1837

evaporate: vaporize; disappear; change into a vapor

1838
tower: building or part of a building that is exceptionally high in proportion to its width and length; tall,
slender structure used for observation, signaling, or pumping
1839

dwell: live as a resident; exist in a given place or state

1840

crisis: dangerous situation; crucial or decisive point or situation; a turning point

1841

torrent: rushing stream; flood; heavy downpour

1842

concert: performance of music by players or singers not involving theatrical staging; harmony; accord

1843

priority: preceding in time, importance, or urgency

1844

motion: movement; act of changing location; ability or power to move

1845

booth: house or shed built for temporary occupation; covered stall or temporary structure

1846

prototype: original work used as a model; original type

1847

elaboration: production by gradual process; act of working out with great care in detail

1848

prediction: something foretold or predicted; prophecy

1849

riot: state of disorder involving group violence; rebellion

1850

petition: plea; formal message requesting something

1851

acquaintance: personal knowledge or information about someone or something

1852

sparrow: any of several small dull-colored singing birds feeding on seeds or insects

1853

concurrent: simultaneous; coincident; occurring or operating at the same time

1854

output: act or process of producing; production; amount produced during a certain time

1855

jewel: gemstone; costly ornament of precious metal or gem

1856

hardy: in robust and good health; able to survive under unfavorable conditions

1857

undergo: experience; sufer; pass through

1858

harmony: compatibility in opinion and action; an agreeable sound property

1859
load: burden; something which is laid on or put in anything for conveyance; quantity which can be carried or
drawn in some specifed way
1860

compulsory: mandatory; obligatory; required by rule

1861
coherent: adhesive; cohesive; sticking together ; logical; sound; capable of thinking and expressing yourself
in a clear and consistent manner
1862

soothe: cause to feel better; give moral or emotional strength to

1863

attract: draw to, or cause to tend to; engage or fx, as the mind, attention; invite or allure

1864

inclined: tending or leaning toward; bent; having preference or tendency

1865

assemble: put together; bring or call together into a group or whole

1866
plain

popular: of common people; suitable to common people; easy to be comprehended; not abstruse; familiar;

1867

series: a number of things or events standing or succeeding in order; sequence

1868

rattle: a rapid series of short loud sounds; loosely connected horny sections

1869

humid: containing a high amount of water or water vapor

1870

indicate: point out; direct to a knowledge of

1871

clip: small section of flmed or fled material

1872

economize: save money or resource; cut back; be thrifty

1873

irrigation: supplying water to the land to help crops grow

1874

pirate: robber on seas; one who by open violence takes the property of another on seas

1875

inferiority: state of being lower than or not as good as

1876

dodge: avoid a blow by moving or shifting quickly aside; shifty or ingenious trick

1877

treaty: act of treating for the adjustment of diferences; negotiation

1878

navigable: wide and deep enough to allow ships to pass through; able to be steered

1879

digest: break down; make more concise; convert food into absorbable substances

1880

appendix: something appended or added

1881

contest: contend for; call in question; oppose; dispute

1882

jerk: pull, or move with a sudden movement; move with abrupt, seemingly uncontrolled motions

1883

distinctly: clear to the mind; in a distinct way

1884

principle: basic truth or law or assumption; rule or law of nature; rule of personal conduct

1885

suitcase: portable rectangular traveling bag for carrying clothes

1886

balloon: large non-rigid bag flled with gas or heated air

1887

persistence: endurance; tenacity; state or quality of being persistent; persistency

1888

vengeance: punishment inflicted in return for an injury or an ofense; retribution

1889

chew: bite and grind with the teeth

1890

exact: precisely agreeing with standard, fact, or truth; perfectly conforming

1891

amaze: astonish; afect with wonder

1892

par: amount or level considered to be average; standard; equality of status, level, or value

1893

contemporary: modern; belonging to the same period of time

1894

disposition: natural or acquired habit with tendency; act or means of getting rid of something

1895
geometry: mathematics of the properties, measurement, and relationships of points, lines, angles, surfaces,
and solids
1896

ofer: act of presenting; something, such as a suggestion, proposal, bid, or recommendation

1897

nowadays: during current time; presently

1898

slum: a district of a city marked by poverty and inferior living conditions

1899

inquire: ask a question; seek for truth or information by putting queries

1900
skim: pass near surface of; brush surface of; glide swiftly along surface of; read or examine superfcially and
rapidly, in order to cull the principal facts or thoughts
1901

defnition: clarity of outline; concise explanation

1902

diplomatic: relating to diplomacy; marked by tact and sensitivity in dealing with others

1903

acquire: gain through experience or efort; gain possession of; locate with tracking system

1904

classical: of recognized authority or excellence

1905
stomach: principal organ of digestion; abdomen or belly; appetite for food; desire, especially for something
dificult
1906

confrm: support or establish the certainty or validity of; verify

1907

withhold: refuse to give; refrain from giving, granting, or permitting; deduct from employee's salary

1908

hop: move by successive leaps, as toads do; spring or jump on one foot

1909

charity: activity or gift that benefts the public at large

1910
prescription: written instructions from doctor; written order; act of establishing official rules, laws, or
directions
1911

vanish: disappear; pass out of sight, especially quickly; die out

1912

sentence: fnal judgment of guilty in criminal case and punishment that is imposed

1913

grind: crush; scrape; reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading

1914

consist: stand frm; be in a fxed or permanent state; be supported and maintained

1915

exposure: risk, particularly of being exposed to disease; unmasking; act of laying something open

1916

brown: of dark color, of various shades between black and red or yellow

1917

metropolitan: city center; one who lives in a city center

1918

mourn: express or to feel grief or sorrow; grieve; be sorrowful

1919

ivory: teeth of elephant

1920

resolve: determination; formal expression by a meeting; agreed to by a vote

1921

photograph: picture or likeness obtained by photography

1922

whilst: while

1923

commence: have a beginning or origin; originate; start; begin

1924

alongside: along or by the side; side by side with

1925

extreme: outermost; utmost; farthest; most remote; at the widest limit

1926

assorted: varied; miscellaneous

1927
press: machines or devices that apply pressure or print; collecting and publishing of news; journalism in
general
1928

exempt: not subject to duty or obligation; not subject to taxation

1929

schedule: plan for an activity or event; arrange

1930

cradle: small low bed for an infant, often furnished with rockers; infancy, or very early life

1931

admiration: favorable judgment; feeling of pleasure, wonder, and approval

1932

deposit: money given as a guarantee or security

1933

liquor: any liquid, as water, milk, blood, sap, juice; alcoholic or spirituous fluid

1934

mingle: be all mixed up or jumbled together;

1935
heading: course or direction in which a ship or aircraft is moving; title, subtitle, or topic that stands at the top
or beginning
1936

reproduce: have ofspring or young; duplicate; make a copy

1937
wrestle: contend by grappling with, and striving to trip or throw down an opponent; struggle or strive
earnestly

1938

immortal: not mortal; exempt from liability to die; undying; imperishable; lasting forever

1939

inclination: preference; tendency; inclined surface; slope

1940
nitrogen: colorless nonmetallic element, tasteless and odorless, comprising four ffths of the atmosphere by
volume
1941

appliance: durable goods for home or office use; device or instrument for household use

1942

ellipsis: omission of words from text; mark or series of marks used in writing to indicate omission

1943

harden: become hard or harder

1944

barrel: vessel; large cylindrical container

1945

corporation: business frm; a group of people combined into or acting as one body

1946
flap: flat, usually thin piece attached at only one side; act of waving or fluttering; blow given with something
flat; slap
1947

verbal: expressed in spoken rather than written words; consisting of words alone without action

1948

dictator: one who dictates; one who prescribes rules and maxims authoritatively for the direction of others.

1949

maintain: keep in any particular state or condition; keep up or carry on; continue

1950

plead: appeal or request earnestly; enter a plea; ofer as an excuse

1951
democracy: a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to
represent them
1952

hinge: a joint that holds two parts together so that one can swing relative to the other

1953

crown: ornamental circlet or head covering, made of gold with jewels and worn as a symbol of sovereignty

1954

confdential: treated with confdence; trusted in; trustworthy; secret

1955

vapor: gas; steam; barely visible or cloudy difused matter, such as mist or smoke

1956

rhythm: pattern; beat; recurring at regular intervals

1957
profit

speculate: assume to be true without conclusive evidence; engage in buying or selling of a commodity for

1958

threaten: pose a threat to; present a danger to

1959

detach: part; separate or disunite; disengage

1960

threshold: entrance; starting point for a new state or experience

1961

crust: outer layer ; covering; coat; shell

1962

peculiar: special; characteristic; unusual; odd; bizarre

1963
insider: an accepted member of a group; one who has special knowledge or access to confdential
information
1964

humidity: dampness; moisture

1965

furnish: provide; supply; equip with what is needed, especially to provide furniture for

1966

ownership: having and controlling property

1967

convey: carry from one place to another; bear or transport

1968

commodity: goods; article of trade; advantage; benefit.

1969

sherif: chief officer of a shire or county, to whom is entrusted the execution of the laws

1970

gratify: give pleasure to; satisfy; indulge; make happy

1971

cautious: conservative; careful

1972

discreet: free from ostentation or pretension; distinct; distinguishable

1973

confer: bestow; present; have a conference in order to talk something over

1974
inference: inferring by deduction or induction; truth or proposition drawn from another which is admitted or
supposed to be true; conclusion; deduction
1975

mechanism: device; machine; the technical aspects of doing something

1976

badge: distinctive mark, token, or sign worn on the person

1977

hostage: prisoner who is held by one party to insure that another party will meet specifed terms

1978

grease: oil; fat; state of being covered with unclean things

1979

yolk: nutritive material; greasy substance found in unprocessed sheep's wool; yellow part of an egg

1980

federation: uniting in a league; confederation; league

1981
sociology: branch of philosophy which treats of the constitution, phenomena, and development of human
society; social science
1982

cubism: an artistic movement in France beginning in 1907 that featured surfaces of geometrical planes

1983

humble: low or inferior in station or quality; modest

1984

screw: cause to penetrate with a circular motion; fastener with shank and slotted head

1985

perimeter: outer boundary length; closed curve bounding a plane area

1986

abundant: plentiful; possessing riches or resources

1987

minimize: diminish; belittle; make small or insignificant

1988

greedy: wanting to get more than one can reasonably get

1989

astronomical: enormously large or extensive; relating to astronomy

1990

acceleration: faster rate of improvement; rate of change of velocity with respect to time

1991

outdoors: out of house; out of doors

1992

concession: act of yielding; point yielded; acknowledgment or admission

1993

partition: divide into parts, pieces, or sections

1994

accede: agree; give consent, often at insistence of another; concede

1995

fascination: capacity to attract intense interest

1996

vice: moral fault or failing; evil, degrading, or immoral practice or habit; physical defect or weakness

1997
equip: supply with necessities such as tools or provisions; furnish with the qualities necessary for
performance
1998

molecule: the smallest particle of substance, having all the properties of that substance

1999

hasty: easily angered; irritable; made too quickly to be accurate or wise

2000

arbitrary: randomly chosen; determined by chance or impulse, and not by reason or principle

2001

cosmopolitan: sophisticated; of worldwide scope

2002

construct: form by assembling or combining parts; build; create

2003

specify: detail; designate

2004

slump: sudden falling off or decline, as in activity, prices, or business; gross amount; mass

2005

delinquent: failing in duty; ofending by neglect of duty.

2006

remnant: remainder; small part or portion that remains after the main part no longer exists

2007

expedite: process fast and efficiently; execute quickly and eficiently

2008

appoint: designate; nominate

2009

garment: any article of clothing, as coat or gown

2010

provision: stipulated condition; act of supplying or ftting out; something provided

2011

repeal: revoke or annul, especially by official or formal act

2012

foul: act that violates of the rules of a sport

2013

afection: fondness; tender feeling toward another; fondness

2014

crimson: bloody

2015

instinct: inborn pattern of behavior ; nature

2016

engraving: practice of incising a design onto a hard, flat surface, by cutting grooves into it

2017

entreat: plead; make earnest request of; ask for earnestly

2018

reject: turn down; refuse to accept; dismiss from consideration

2019
generator: one that generates, especially converts mechanical energy into electrical energy; apparatus that
generates vapor
2020
body

digestion: process by which food is converted into substances that can be absorbed and assimilated by the

2021

urban: metropolitan; of, relating to, or located in a city

2022

whistle: make a kind of musical sound by lips; emit a similar sound from mouth as birds

2023

unbearable: unendurable; so unpleasant, distasteful, or painful as to be intolerable

2024

soak: cause or sufer to lie in a fluid; absorb; drain; drink intemperately or gluttonously

2025

enclosure: place where animals are kept

2026

waive: give up temporarily; yield; give up voluntarily; defer

2027

rigidity: stifness; physical property of being stiff and resisting bending

2028

behave: perform; conduct oneself in a proper way

2029

lengthen: extend; make or become longer

2030

carry: convey or transport in any manner from one place to another; hold or support while moving; bear

2031

piston: sliding piece which either is moved by, or moves against

2032

stroke: blow; light touch; sudden loss of consciousness for brain blood vessel lacking oxygen

2033

pants: trousers; underwear; garment extending from waist to knee or ankle

2034

inspect: look over; examine carefully and critically, especially for flaws

2035

negative: adverse; involving disadvantage or harm; pessimistic

2036

smog: air pollution by a mixture of smoke and fog

2037

affirmative: confrmative; ratifying; giving assent or approval; confirming

2038

bestow: give as gift; present

2039

explosive: tending or serving to sudden outburst; sudden and loud

2040

justifable: capable of being justifed, or shown to be just

2041

widespread: spread or scattered over a considerable extent; occurring or accepted widely

2042

span: duration; distance; cover; extent or measure of space between two points

2043

verge: extreme edge or margin; border; enclosing boundary; space enclosed by such a boundary

2044

brilliant: full of light; shining; bright; sharp and clear in tone

2045

stereo: stereophonic sound-reproduction system

2046

interpretation: explanation; performer's distinctive personal version of a song, dance, piece of music

2047

confrmation: additional proof that something that was believed

2048

essence: most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience

2049

crab: a stroke of the oar that either misses the water or digs too deeply

2050

familiar: well known or easily recognized

2051

humane: marked by kindness, mercy, or compassion

2052
graduate: one who has received an academicals or professional degree; one who has completed the
prescribed course of study
2053

pumpkin: usually large pulpy deep-yellow round fruit of the squash family

2054

sunflower: plant having large flower heads with dark disk florets and showy yellow rays

2055

luxurious: rich and superior in quality; lavish

2056

suite: apartment consisting of a series of connected rooms; a matching set of furniture

2057

short: not long; unwilling to endure; inadequate or insufficient; most direct; lasting a brief time

2058

preservation: conservation; protection

2059

edition: whole number of copies of a work printed and published; single copy; act of editing

2060

deserve: be worthy of; have a right to

2061

variable: factor; something that is likely to vary; changeable; inconstant

2062

authority: jurisdiction; power to enforce laws, exact obedience, command, determine, or judge; government

2063

patriot: one who loves and defends his or her country

2064

major: greater in number, quantity, or extent; more important

2065

locality: place; district; surrounding or nearby region; particular neighborhood

2066

confession: public declaration of faith

2067

exemplify: serve as an example of; embody

2068

spokesman: one who speaks for another

2069

ranch: farm consisting of a large tract of land

2070

rod: stick; a long thin implement made of metal or wood

2071

replenish: fll or make complete again; add a new stock or supply to

2072

companion: associate; partner

2073

summon: call, bid, or cite; notify to come to appear; call upon to surrender

2074

clockwise: in the direction that the hands of a clock move

2075

ministry: act of serving; government department, at the administrative level normally headed by a minister

2076
plume: feather, especially a soft, downy feather, or a long, conspicuous, or handsome feather; an ornamental
tuft of feathers; token of honor or achievement
2077

practically: virtually; actually; for all practical purpose

2078

substantial: fairly large; in essentials; material; true or real; not imaginary; solidly built

2079

stack: an orderly pile; heap; a large number ; arrange in pile

2080

consequence: result; relation of a result to its cause; logical conclusion or inference

2081

forward: at or to or toward the front; toward the future

2082

quota: limitation on imports; ration; prescribed number

2083

sarcastic: ironic; expressing or expressive of ridicule that wounds

2084

dairy: place where milk is produced, kept, or converted into butter or cheese

2085

gaol: place of confnement, especially for minor ofenses or provisional imprisonment

2086

rural: country; relating to rural areas

2087

magician: one who performs magic tricks to amuse an audience; sorcerer; wizard

2088

postpone: hold back to a later time; delay; defer

2089

bond: link; connection; uniting force or tie; binding agreement; duty

2090

grudge: be unwilling or reluctant to give or admit; be envious; show discontent

2091

tug: pull or draw with great efort; draw along with continued exertion; haul along; tow

2092

tactics: strategy; policy; plan for attaining a particular goal

2093

hang: suspend; fasten to some elevated point without support from below; hold for support

2094

format: pattern; design; set into a specifc pattern

2095

disclose: unclose; open; remove a cover or envelope from; lay open or expose to view

2096

reclaim: bring into or return to a suitable condition for use; claim back; make useful again

2097

confusion: mistake that results from taking one thing to be another; lack of clarity or order

2098

absorb: assimilate or incorporate; suck or drink up; occupy full attention

2099

clause: sentence; phrase; distinct article, stipulation, or provision in a document

2100
determine: fx the boundaries of; mark off and separate; set bounds to; decide conclusively and
authoritatively
2101

liquid: fluid; juice; substance in fluid state

2102

discrepancy: lack of consistency; diference

2103

reel: frame with radial arms, or a kind of spool, turning on axis, on which threads or lines are wound

2104

historian: one who is an authority on history

2105

fling: throw with force or recklessness; throw or cast away; move in an abrupt

2106

circumference: boundary line of a circle, fgure, area, or object

2107

mention: speak or notice of anything, usually in a brief or cursory manner

2108

warrant: guarantee; assurance by seller; authorization or certification

2109

jungle: land densely overgrown with tropical vegetation; dense, confused mass

2110

manual: guide book; hand-operated

2111

publicity: state of being public; information to attract public notice

2112

junction: connection; joint; intersection; crossing

2113

scent: distinctive odor that is pleasant; fragrance; perfume

2114

modifcation: act of modifying, or state of being modifed; modifed form or condition; a change

2115
drawback: disadvantage or inconvenience; shortcoming; refund or remittance, such as a discount on duties
or taxes
2116

analysis: study; investigation; process of breaking down a substance into its constituent parts

2117

foolish: marked with, or exhibiting, folly; void of understanding; weak in intellect; without judgment

2118

shiver: shake with or as if with cold; tremble; break into fragments or splinters

2119

electronics: branch of physics that deals with the behavior of electrons; electronic devices

2120

debate: discussion; dispute; discussion involving opposing points

2121
canon: law or rule; decision, regulation, code, or constitution made by ecclesiastical authority; books of the
Bible officially accepted; a group of literary works
2122

flask: a small bottle-shaped vessel for holding fluids; narrow-necked vessel of metal or glass

2123

mate: a fellow member of a team

2124

occasion: signifcant event that occurs at a critical time; opportunity to do something; event or happening

2125

unanimous: uniform; in complete agreement

2126

magnifcent: grand or noble in thought or deed; outstanding of its kind

2127

antagonist: one who contends with another, especially in combat; an adversary; opponent

2128

damp: humid; moist; slightly wet

2129

consciousness: having knowledge of ; special awareness or sensitivity:

2130

combat: struggle as with an opposing force; fght with

2131

influential: important; powerful; having or exercising influence or power

2132

overestimate: make too high an estimate of

2133

smoothly: in a smooth manner; successfully; easily

2134

positive: involving advantage or good ; greater than zero; very sure; confident

2135

embarrass: humiliate; shame; cause to feel self-conscious or ill at ease; disconcert

2136

rent: payment, usually of an amount fxed by contract

2137

overcast: covered or obscured, as with clouds or mist; gloomy; melancholy

2138

beverage: liquids for drinking, usually excluding water; refreshment

2139

identity: exact sameness; distinct personality of an individual regarded as a persisting entity

2140
measure: determine the size of something; mark, lay out, or establish dimensions; estimate by evaluation or
comparison
2141

legitimate: accordant with law; lawful; based on logical reasoning; reasonable

2142

initial: early; preliminary; occurring at the beginning

2143

faith: loyalty or allegiance to a cause or a person; complete confidence

2144

ignite: kindle; cause to start burning; set fre to

2145

academy: school for special instruction; society of scholars, scientists, or artists

2146

void: emptiness; containing nothing; clear or empty a place

2147

provisional: temporary; provided for present need only

2148

saucer: dish; small shallow dish having a slight circular depression in the center for holding a cup

2149
palm: inner surface of the hand between bases of fngers and wrist; tropical evergreen trees of the family
Palmae
2150

attendance: act of being present

2151

desolate: unpopulated; providing no shelter or sustenance; devoid of inhabitants

2152

careful: full of care; anxious; solicitous; taking care; giving good heed; watchful; cautious

2153

dingy: darkened with smoke and grime; dirty or discolored

2154

vital: full of life; animated; necessary to continued existence; living or breathing

2155

swell: bulge; expand abnormally; increase in size; become flled with pride or anger

2156

sack: bag made of paper or plastic for holding customer's purchases; enclosed space

2157

facilitate: help bring about; make less dificult

2158

visual: seen or able to be seen by the eye; visible; optical

2159
valley: space between ranges of mountains; area drained or irrigated by a river system; internal angle formed
by intersection
2160

ground: solid surface of the earth; bottom; lowest part

2161

stufy: stout; lacking sufficient ventilation; close; dull and boring

2162

inject: put in; infuse ; force or drive fluid into something

2163

recipient: receiver; one that receives or is receptive

2164

freight: transport commercially as cargo; load with goods; goods carried by a large vehicle

2165

emit: give of; send out; give out as sound

2166

coach: tutor; teacher; a vehicle carrying many passengers

2167

waterproof: tight; unafected by water; made of or covered with material that doesn't allow water in

2168

ounce: unit of weight equal to one sixteenth of a pound

2169

inland: within the land; more or less remote from the ocean or from open water; interior

2170

deflate: reduce from an inflated condition; release contained air or gas from

2171

trench: canal; deep furrow or ditch; long, steep-sided valley on the ocean floor

2172

awe: mixed emotion of reverence, respect, dread, and wonder; fear, as of something evil

2173

enrich: make rich; richen; improve

2174

repudiate: disown; refuse to acknowledge; reject validity or authority of

2175

amplify: broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make larger or more powerful; increase

2176
establishment: act of establishing; ratifying or ordaining; settlement; arranged order or system, especially a
legal code
2177

caution: care; being attentive to possible danger

2178

valid: logically convincing; sound; legally acceptable; well grounded

2179

depressed: sad; gloomy; low in spirits; dejected

2180

counsel: advise; suggest

2181

transmit: forward; send from one person or place to another

2182

feeble: lacking vigor, force, or efectiveness; faint; frail

2183

anticipation: something expected; pleasurable expectation; wishing with confidence

2184

sound: sensation perceived by the ear; distinctive noise; long narrow inlet

2185

alignment: arrangement; association; alliance

2186

hedge: thicket of bushes, usually thorn bushes

2187

snap: make a sharp sound; break suddenly as under tension; utter in angry or sharp tone

2188

ply: bend; lay on closely, or in folds; work upon steadily, or with repeated acts; press upon

2189

remedy: a medicine or therapy; ; cure; fx; repair; provide relief for

2190

fortress: fort; castle; fortifed place, especially a large military stronghold, often includes a town

2191

distraction: extreme mental or emotional disturbance; obsession; confusion of afairs; being drawn apart

2192

insignifcant: not large enough to consider or notice; lacking in importance; trivial

2193

hearing: opportunity to be heard; capacity to hear; judicial investigation of a suit at law

2194

faint: lacking strength or vigor ; weak

2195

degradation: humiliation; debasement; decline to a lower condition, quality, or level

2196

mushroom: multiply, grow, or expand rapidly

2197

parade: march in a procession; ceremonial procession; visible display

2198

fnancial: monetary; pertaining or relating to money matters

2199

jelly: substance having the consistency of semi-solid foods

2200

closet: small room or apartment; room for privacy

2201

sweep: movement in an arc; clean with a broom; wide scope; winning all

2202

disorder: neglect of order or system; irregularity; disturbance; sickness

2203

thorn: something that causes irritation; a sharp-pointed tip on a stem or leaf

2204

thumb: short, thick frst digit of human hand

2205

replace: substitute; put in the place of another; switch seemingly equivalent items

2206

description: act of describing; sketch or account of anything in words

2207

horror: terror; fear; intense dislike

2208

launch: begin; originate; initiate; send of; take off

2209

zealous: enthusiastic; flled with or motivated by zeal

2210

expressive: demonstrative; indicative

2211

garbage: trash; worthless or nonsensical matter; food wastes

2212

nullify: make invalid; make null; invalidate; counteract force or efectiveness of

2213

multiple: having, or consisting of more than one part; many

2214

spare: give up what is not strictly needed; hold back from; withhold or avoid; save or relieve from action

2215

haul: draw slowly or heavily; pull or drag forcibly; shift direction

2216

facility: service, space, and equipment provided for a particular purpose

2217
literature: imaginative or creative writing, especially of recognized artistic value; art or occupation of a
literary writer
2218

infer: deduce; conclude from evidence or premises; lead to as a consequence or conclusion

2219
overwhelm: defeat; cover completely or make imperceptible; overcome by superior force ; charge someone
with too many tasks
2220

lawn: landscape; grassland, usually tended or mowed; meadow

2221

bachelor: unmarried men; the frst or lowest academic degree conferred by universities and colleges

2222

standardize: normalize; cause to conform to a standard

2223

session: meeting devoted to a particular activity; time for school to hold classes

2224

fare: food and drink; diet; transportation charge; a paying passenger

2225

immerse: plunge into anything, especially a fluid; sink; dip

2226

genuine: authentic; real; true

2227

standpoint: a mental position from which things are viewed

2228

utter: speak; express; send forth with the voice

2229

steer: drive; direct; guide by means of a device such as a rudder, paddle, or wheel

2230

preceding: ahead; prior to

2231

hanger: one who hangs, or causes to be hanged; loop or strap by which something is hung

2232

kerosene: flammable hydrocarbon oil used as fuel in lamps and heaters

2233
bypass: channel used to conduct gas or liquid around another pipe or a fxture; conductor having low
resistance in parallel
2234
monotony: uniformity or lack of variation; continual increase, or continual decrease; tedium as a result of
repetition
2235

participant: people who take part in

2236

afordable: able to pay for

2237

discipline: trait of being well behaved ; act of punishing ; system of rules of conduct or method of practice

2238

responsibility: duties; obligation; state of being responsible, accountable, or answerable

2239

brief: short in time, duration, length, or extent; concise

2240

ensure: make sure or certain; insure; assure

2241

tumult: noise, as made by a crowd; riot or uprising

2242

volume: capacity; amount of space occupied by an object

2243

procure: bring into possession; cause to accrue to, or to come into possession of; cause to come; bring

2244

congestion: act of gathering or heaping together or forming a mass

2245

pineapple: large sweet fleshy tropical fruit with a terminal tuft of stiff leaves

2246

synonym: two words that can be interchanged in a context

2247

discriminate: make a clear distinction; distinguish; make sensible decisions; judge wisely

2248

haphazard: not thorough, constant or consistent; by chance

2249

data: collection of facts, observations, or other information related to a particular question or problem

2250

posterity: descendants; future generations

2251

restless: never resting; unquiet; uneasy; continually moving; eager for change; discontented

2252

insert: input; enter; put or set into, between, or among

2253

razor: sharp-edged cutting instrument used especially for shaving the face or other body parts

2254

needle: long, thin, sharp implement usually for piercing such as sewing, or knitting

2255

deplete: decrease fullness of; use up or empty out

2256

adversity: state of misfortune, hardship, or affliction; misfortune

2257

burdensome: not easily borne; wearing; causing uneasiness or fatigue

2258

locust: any one of numerous species of long-winged, migratory insects, of the family Acrididae

2259

sincere: open and genuine; not deceitful; pure; unmixed

2260

gauge: measuring instrument; measure; judge

2261

oak: any tree or shrub of the genus Quercus; durable wood of any of these trees or shrubs

2262

behavior: conduct; manner

2263

prudence: quality or state of being prudent; wisdom in the way of caution and provision; good judgment

2264

hygiene: cleanliness; sanitation

2265

massive: enormous; colossal; consisting of great mass; containing a great quantity of matter

2266

frown: look angry; wrinkle one's forehead; regard something with disapproval or distaste

2267

salute: give a sign of good will; compliment by an act or ceremony, as a kiss, a bow; honor

2268

reluctance: state of being reluctant; unwillingness; hesitancy in taking some action

2269

depreciation: devaluation; decrease in price or value

2270

utensil: instrument, implement, or container for practical use, especially in kitchen or laboratory

2271

grip: hold fast or frmly; seize as in a wrestling match

2272

stake: money risked on gamble; pole set up to mark something; right or legal share of something

2273

curb: bend or curve; guide and manage, or restrain

2274

predominant: most frequent or common; having superior power and influence

2275

antarctic: opposite to the northern or arctic pole; relating to the southern pole or to the region near it

2276
capital: wealth in form of money or property; assets available for use; city that is the official seat of
government
2277

reproach: express disapproval or disappointment; bring shame upon; disgrace

2278

deteriorate: become worse; decline

2279

weld: unite closely or intimately; join together by heating

2280

slogan: phrase used repeatedly, as in advertising or promotion

2281
tackle: apparatus for raising or lowering heavy weights, consisting of a rope and pulley blocks; act of
stopping an opposing player carrying the ball
2282

glitter: bright, sparkling light; brilliant and showy luster; brilliancy

2283

maturity: state or quality of being mature; ripeness; full development; arrival of the time fxed for payment

2284

terrify: frighten; fll with terror

2285

foretell: tell of or indicate beforehand; predict

2286

quantitative: expressed or expressible as a quantity; relating to measurement of quantity

2287

dissipate: spend or expend wastefully; vanish by dispersion; drive away; disperse

2288

hail: call for; salute; greet; praise vociferously

2289

premium: having or reflecting superior quality or value

2290

outbreak: beginning; eruption; explosion

2291

mathematics: science dealing with the logic of quantity and shape

2292

monetary: of or relating to money; nation's currency; financial

2293

institution: institute; organization; introducing something new

2294

spear: a long, pointed weapon, used in war and hunting, by thrusting or throwing

2295

atomic: of or relating to or comprising atoms; immeasurably small

2296

establish: set up or found; build

2297

ambitious: aspiring; having a strong desire for success or achievement

2298

migrant: habitually moving from place to place especially in search of seasonal work; wandering

2299

standing: high reputation; esteem; maintaining an erect position

2300

cycle: periodically repeated sequence of events; long period of time; entire round in a circle or a spire

2301
gloom: partial or total darkness; thick shade; obscurity; shady, gloomy, or dark place or grove; cloudiness or
heaviness of mind
2302

remove: move away from the position occupied; cause to change place; take away

2303

physical: relating to the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit

2304

adventurous: valiant; venturesome; inclined or willing to incur hazard or engage in adventures

2305

feasible: capable of being accomplished or brought about

2306

adapt: make ft for; change to suit a new purpose

2307

worthwhile: sufficiently valuable

2308

reinforce: give more force or efectiveness to; strengthen; enhance

2309
token: something intended or supposed to represent or indicate another thing or an event; sign or symbol;
memorial of friendship
2310

largely: in a large manner; for the most part; mainly

2311

prone: inclined; lying face downward; having a tendency

2312
wholesale: selling or related to selling goods in large quantities; large-scale; on a large scale without careful
discrimination
2313

employ: engage the services of; put to work; apply

2314

commit: do something that cannot be changed; cause to be admitted

2315

fossil: remnant; remains of a plant or animal that existed in a past geological age

2316

foam: white substance, consisting of an aggregation of bubbles, which is formed on the surface of liquids

2317

loaf: any thick lump, mass, or cake, especially, a large regularly shaped or molded mass, as of bread

2318

indispensable: essential; requisite; impossible to be omitted or remitted

2319

immense: enormous; boundless; so great as to be beyond measurement

2320

inspector: high ranking police officer; investigator who observes carefully

2321

doctrine: principles presented for belief, as by religious; principle of law; act of teaching; instruction

2322

restraint: moderation or limitation; controlling force; loss of freedom; control of feelings

2323

rescind: cancel; make void; repeal or annul

2324

attend: be present at; go to; take care of; tend

2325

preference: a strong liking; favorite

2326

spot: location; place; site; pinpoint; mark to allow easy recognition

2327

flicker: flutter; flap the wings without flying; waver unsteadily, like a flame in a current of air

2328

aircraft: vehicle that can fly, such as an airplane, helicopter, balloon

2329

supervise: administer; direct

2330

secure: free from fear, care, or anxiety; not have reason to doubt

2331

flter: strain; pass liquid or gas through device that blocks some matter by particular criterion

2332

smuggle: import or export without paying customs duties

2333

gesture: motion of hands or body to emphasize or help to express a thought or feeling

2334

shun: avoid deliberately; keep away from

2335

contempt: state of being despised or dishonored; disgrace; disobedience to, or open disrespect of

2336

adequate: sufficient; enough to meet a purpose

2337

glorify: cause to seem more splendid; beautify

2338

monument: structure erected to commemorate persons or events; memorial

2339

edge: brink; perimeter; margin

2340

minority: a group of people who difer racially or politically from a larger group

2341

sieve: a utensil for separating the fner and coarser parts; a kind of coarse basket

2342

nervous: agitated; anxious

2343
muffler: heavy scarf worn around the neck for warmth; anything used in muffling; part of the exhaust pipe of
a car that dampens the noise
2344
familiarity: state of being familiar; intimate and frequent converse, or association; unconstrained intercourse;
freedom from ceremony and constraint; intimacy
2345
area

lobby: a group of people who try to influence legislation; hall; room; a large entrance or reception room or

2346

longevity: long life; great duration of life; long duration or continuance, as in an occupation

2347

mock: treat with ridicule or contempt; mimic; frustrate hopes of

2348

interrupt: terminate; make a break in

2349

avenge: take vengeance for something, or on behalf of someone

2350
limbs

trunk: stem, or body, of a tree; main stem, without the branches; body of animal apart from the head and

2351

wholesome: conducive to sound health or well-being; beneficial

2352

gamble: play or game for money or other stake; lose or squander by gaming

2353

humiliate: cause to feel shame; hurt the pride of

2354
phonetics: branch of acoustics concerned with speech processes including its production and perception and
acoustic analysis
2355

suburb: outskirts; usually residential area or community outlying a city

2356

nonsense: silliness; words or signs having no intelligible meaning

2357

attorney: lawyer; one who is appointed by another to act in his place or stead; proxy

2358

hug: crowd together; keep close to; tight or amorous embrace

2359

rely: rest with confdence; have confdence; depend

2360

savings: resources; money saved

2361

occupy: inhabit; live in a certain place; be present in; be inside of

2362

economy: efficient use of resources; reduction in cost; specifc type of economic system

2363

flaw: crack or breach; gap or fssure; defect; fault; sudden burst of noise and disorder

2364

rehearsal: act of rehearsing; exercise or practice to prepare for a public performance

2365

flock: group; herd; crowd; gather; crowd; throng

2366

overcome: defeat another in competition or conflict; conquer; prevail over

2367

pledge: promise solemnly and formally; binding commitment to do something

2368

meditation: lengthy intent consideration; long and thoughtful observation; contemplation of spiritual matters

2369

strain: group of organisms within a species; tension; pressure

2370

serene: completely clear and fine

2371

neglect: disregard; ignore; pay little or no attention to

2372

satire: form of literature in which irony and ridicule are used to attack human vice and folly

2373

convert: change something into another form; transform

2374

nought: nonexistence; nothingness; zero

2375

stubborn: unreasonably, often perversely unyielding; persistent; difficult to treat

2376

mere: being nothing more than what is specifed; considered apart from anything else; small; slight

2377

pinch: clutch; squeeze between the thumb and a fnger, the jaws of a tool, or other edges

2378

hitchhike: travel by getting free rides from passing vehicles; be carried along with something else

2379

drama: play; literary work intended for theater

2380

profound: deep; not superfcial; far-reaching

2381

stimulate: encourage; motivate; arouse; spur; excite or invigorate with a stimulant

2382

fodder: coarse food for cattle or horses

2383

benefciary: person entitled to benefts or proceeds of an insurance policy or will

2384

map: depict as if on a map; plan or delineate, especially in detail; arrange

2385

biographer: one who writes a book about somebody's life

2386

eruption: outbreak; sudden, often violent outburst

2387

fret: cause to be uneasy; wear away

2388
cruise: sail back and forth on the ocean; sail as for protection of commerce, in search of an enemy, or for
pleasure
2389

alternative: one of two or more things, ideas or courses of action that may be used; option; choice

2390

stab: pierce with a pointed weapon; wound or kill by pointed instrument

2391

code: body of law; system of rules or regulations relating to one subject; system of symbols, letters, or words

2392
axle: pin or spindle on which a wheel revolves, or which revolves with a wheel; transverse bar or shaft
connecting the opposite wheels of a car or carriage
2393

steep: soak; make thoroughly wet

2394

tutor: guide; give individual instruction

2395
stammer: make involuntary stops in uttering syllables or words; hesitate or falter in speaking; speak with
stops and dificulty
2396

bacon: back and sides of a pig salted and smoked

2397

outermost: far most; utmost; outmost; most distant from the center or inside

2398

allergic: excessively sensitive; susceptible; having an allergy

2399

inundate: overwhelm; cover with water, especially floodwaters

2400

solemn: serious; somber; deeply earnest, serious, and sober

2401

permissive: approving; tolerant; granting; not strict in discipline

2402

mortal: man, human being; liable or subject to death; accompanying death

2403

raw: in the natural unprocessed condition; cruel and unfair; uncooked; untrained and inexperienced

2404
sense

excellent: surpassing others in some good quality or the sum of qualities; of great worth; eminent, in a good

2405

ore: mineral that contains metal that is valuable enough to be mined

2406

lick: draw or pass the tongue over; pass or lap quickly and rapidly; beat thoroughly in a competition or fight

2407

incidentally: by chance; accidentally

2408

individual: single person or thing; human regarded as a unique personality

2409

integrate: make whole; combine; make into one unit

2410

utilize: put into service; take advantage of

2411

strait: difficult; stressful; narrow; not broad; tight; close; closely fitting

2412

inconsistency: state of being self-contradictory; lack of uniformity or steadiness

2413

bourgeois: middle class; selfshly materialistic; dully conventional

2414

emission: radiation; discharge; act of emitting

2415

abandonment: giving up completely; freedom from constraint

2416

counter: flat surface on which money is counted, business is transacted; one that is an opposite

2417

illegible: incapable of being read; unclear; not legible

2418

image: visual representation; representation of a person

2419

sprout: have new growth of a plant such as a new branch or a bud; shoot up

2420
wedge: a piece of metal, or other hard material, thick at one end, and tapering to a thin edge at the other,
used in splitting wood, rocks
2421

lubricate: make smooth or slippery

2422

instruction: direction; teaching; activities of educating or instructing

2423

dreadful: very unpleasant; distasteful or shocking

2424

formulate: decide upon and express in words

2425
movement: act of moving; change of place or posture; transference, by any means, from one situation to
another
2426

picnic: eat in the open air; have informal meal eaten outside or on an excursion

2427

occasional: random; occurring from time to time; infrequent

2428

typical: conforming to a type; representative

2429

symbolize: represent; signify; stand for

2430

persevere: endure; be persistent, refuse to stop

2431

rebel: one who takes part in an armed group against the constituted authority; revolt;

2432

below: under, or lower in place; beneath not so high; inferior to in rank; unworthy of

2433

keen: acute; incisive; sharp ; express grief verbally

2434

cane: any plant with long, hard, elastic stems; walking stick

2435

defray: paycosts of; undertake payment of; make compensation to or for

2436

eventful: busy; momentous; full of events or incidents

2437

quilt: bedding made of two layers of cloth flled with stufing

2438

astound: afect with wonder; surprise; shock

2439

marble: hard crystalline metamorphic rock that takes a high polish

2440

energetic: active; brisk; vigorous

2441

logical: reasonable; based on known statements or events or conditions

2442

obstruction: act of obstructing; any structure that makes progress dificult

2443

steward: man employed in a large family, a large estate, a hotel, a club, or on board a ship to manage service

2444

tractor: a truck that has a cab but no body

2445

scorch: burn superfcially; parch, or shrivel, the surface of, by heat; afect painfully with heat; burn

2446

packaging: putting something into boxes

2447

accountant: one who maintains and audits business accounts

2448

coarse: rough; harsh; of low, common, or inferior quality

2449

insane: exhibiting disordered of mind; deranged in mind; very foolish

2450

recur: reappear; happen or occur again

2451

plain: without elevations or depressions; flat; smooth; not rich; simple; without beauty; not handsome

2452

emergency: sudden unforeseen crisis; condition of urgent need for action or assistance

2453

dagger: knife; short pointed weapon with sharp edges

2454

cavalry: part of military force which serves on horseback

2455

solitary: isolated; existing, living, or going without others; alone; unaccompanied

2456

infection: moral corruption or contamination; invasion of body which can lead to tissue damage and disease

2457

import: bring in from another country

2458

relieve: free from a burden; alleviate; save from ruin

2459

stern: hard, harsh, or severe in manner or character; frm or unyielding

2460
settle

square: be compatible with; cause to match; cut to rectangular shape; bring into agreement or balance;

2461

delegate: person authorized to act as representative for another; deputy

2462
key

lock: strand or cluster of hair; fastening together; a closing of one thing upon another; device operated by a

2463

shed: get rid of ; cast of; cause to pour forth

2464
band

fringe: margin; periphery; decorative border of hanging threads, cords, or strips, often attached to a separate

2465

isolate: seclude; set apart or cut off from others

2466

automobile: self-propelled vehicle suitable for use on street or roadway

2467

grant: allow to have; give on the basis of merit; be willing to concede

2468

staf: personnel who assist superior to carry out assigned task

2469

irresistible: overwhelming; tempting; charming

2470

comprehend: take in the meaning, nature, or importance of; grasp

2471

orbit: path; circle; move in an orbit; encircle

2472

constitute: make up; form something

2473

paradise: garden of Eden; any place of complete delight and peace

2474

ashamed: afected by shame; abashed or confused by guilt

2475

reliance: dependence; certainty based on past experience

2476

compel: force; coerce; necessitate or pressure by force

2477

owe: be in debt; be obliged to pay or repay

2478

seemingly: apparently; supposedly

2479

illiterate: uncultured; uneducated; not able to read or write

2480

rack: framework for holding objects

2481

elimination: act of removing or getting rid of something

2482
solicitor: petitioner who seeks contributions or trade or votes; chief law officer of a city, town, or government
department
2483

postage: token that postal fee has been paid; charge for mailing something

2484

starvation: act of depriving of food or subjecting to famine

2485

cultivation: production of food by preparing the land to grow crops

2486

invader: one who invades; assailant; encroacher; intruder

2487

preface: something spoken as introductory to a discourse, or written as introductory to a book or essay

2488

advertise: give notice to; inform or apprise; make known; give public notice of

2489

gratis: free, without charge; costing nothing

2490

technique: practical method or art applied to some particular task; skillfulness

2491

illusive: deceptive; misleading; based on or having the nature of an illusion

2492

quarterly: every three months; in three month intervals

2493

tradition: thought or behavior followed from generation to generation; heritage

2494
snob: vulgar person who afects to be better, richer, or more fashionable, than he really is; one who apes his
superiors.
2495

exploit: make use of, sometimes unjustly

2496

intellectual: of intellect; showing intellect; requiring the use of the mind, rather than emotions or instinct

2497

adore: worship with profound reverence; pay divine honors to; regard with the utmost esteem and afection

2498

bamboo: plant of family of grasses, growing in tropical countries

2499

gasoline: petrol; flammable liquid consisting of a mixture of refned petroleum hydrocarbons

2500
sigh: inhale a larger quantity of air than usual, and immediately expel it; make a deep single audible
respiration, especially to express fatigue, exhaustion, grief, or sorrow
2501

guilty: deserving of blame; adjudged to have committed crime

2502

technician: one skilled particularly in the technical details of work

2503

hike: long walk usually for exercise or pleasure

2504

stoop: bend forward and down from the waist or the middle of the back

2505

justice: quality of being just; practical conformity to human or divine law; equity; uprightness

2506

fragrance: scent; aroma; distinctive odor that is pleasant

2507

fake: imitation; counterfeit; having a false or misleading appearance

2508

rejection: act of rejecting something

2509

chorus: any utterance produced simultaneously by a group

2510

slim: small in quantity; being of delicate or slender build

2511

sculptor: artist who creates sculptures

2512

appetite: instinctive physical desire, especially one for food or drink

2513

nominate: designate; appoint

2514

become: suit or be suitable to; be worthy of, or proper for; cause to appear well; grow or come to be

2515

spaceship: spacecraft designed to carry a crew into interstellar space

2516
fellowship: state or relation of being or associate; companionship of persons on equal and friendly terms;
state of being together
2517

magnetism: attraction for iron; associated with electric currents as well as magnets

2518

intermediate: middle; lying between two extremes

2519

hesitant: reluctant, irresolute; tending to wait, or proceed with caution or reservation

2520

temper: moderate; tone down or restrain; bring to a desired consistency; adjust finely

2521

subtraction: reduction; deduction; removing a part from the whole

2522

document: provide written evidence; record in detail

2523

elevate: raise; give a promotion to or assign to a higher position

2524

manufacture: make products by hand or machinery; make from raw materials

2525
complimentary: expressing of praise, admiration, or congratulation; given free to repay a favor or as an act of
courtesy
2526

drawing: creation of artistic drawings

2527

extension: supplement; act of extending or the condition of being extended

2528

sympathize: be understanding of; feel or express sympathy or compassion

2529

ambassador: authorized messenger or representative

2530

couple: a male and female associated together; a pair who associate with one another

2531

reactionary: opposition to progress or liberalism; extremely conservative

2532
hell: place of the dead, or of souls after death where sinners sufer eternal punishment; any place of pain and
turmoil
2533
exaggerate: represent as greater than is actually the case; overstate; magnify; do something to an excessive
degree
2534

bureaucracy: over-regulated administrative system

2535

cemetery: place or ground set apart for the burial of the dead; graveyard

2536

steady: securely in position; not shaky; not easily excited

2537

odour: any smell, whether fragrant or ofensive; scent; perfume

2538

reproduction: act of making copies

2539

shuffle: disorder; move back and forth; mix so as to make a random order or arrangement

2540

altitude: elevation especially above sea level; height

2541
commend: commit, intrust, or give in charge for care or preservation; recommend as worthy of confdence or
regard
2542

sickness: state that precedes vomiting; disease

2543

temptation: act of tempting, or enticing to evil; seduction

2544
revolution: act of revolving; motion of body round a fxed point or line; rotation; total or radical change;
fundamental change in political organization
2545
orientation: act of fnding oneself position; position or alignment relative to points of directions; course
introducing new situation
2546

furious: extreme anger; raging; full of activity; energetic or rapid

2547

cable: very strong thick rope made of twisted steel or metal wire

2548

spur: urge a horse; incite or stimulate; ride quickly by spurring a horse; proceed in haste

2549

slam: shut with force and a loud noise; strike with force

2550

milk: white fluid secreted by the mammary glands of female mammals for the nourishment of their young

2551

transit: act of passing; passage through or over; line or route of passage

2552

underneath: under or below an object or a surface; lower down on the page

2553

reveal: make known; disclose or show

2554

modest: humble; less ambitious; moderate

2555

agony: extreme pain of mind or body; anguish; last struggle of life; death struggle

2556

defer: delay till later; put off; hold back to a later time

2557

battery: beating or pounding; set of guns or heavy artillery; dry cell that produces electric current

2558

renewable: capable of being renewed or extended

2559

district: region; territory within which the lord has the power of coercing and punishing; division of territory

2560

slander: defamation; false and malicious statement or report about someone

2561
philosophy: body of highest truth; investigation of nature, causes, or principles of reality, knowledge, or
values, based on logical reasoning
2562

community: society; a group of people living in the same locality and under the same government

2563

issue: subject; topic; problem; edition; publication; release; publish

2564

steak: slice of meat, typically beef, usually cut thick

2565

amateur: nonprofessional; lacking the skill of a professional, as in an art

2566

parasite: animal or plant living on another

2567

commission: fee for services; group of people appointed to fnd out about something; authorize

2568

ambiguous: unclear or doubtful in meaning

2569
speculation: speculating; examination by eye; intellectual check; business venture in unusual risks, with a
chance for large profits
2570

pore: gaze intently; stare; scrutinize; read or study carefully and attentively

2571

unconscious: lacking awareness; senseless; unaware

2572

aviation: art or science of flying; flight; aeronautics

2573
diameter: length of straight line passing through the center of a circle and connecting two points on the
circumference
2574

brim: brink; edge

2575

variation: act of changing or altering

2576

achieve: gain with efort; accomplish; fulfill

2577

refrain: abstain from; resist; hold oneself back

2578

explorer: someone who travels into little known regions

2579

repute: ascribe a particular fact or characteristic to; consider; suppose

2580

consonant: compatible; harmonious

2581

baseball: game played with a bat and ball by two opposing teams of nine players; ball used in this game

2582

tempt: give rise to a desire by being attractive

2583

incident: usually minor event or condition that is subordinate to another; event; happening

2584

hide: prevent from being seen or discovered

2585

respect: honor or esteem; admire; aspect; detail or point

2586

angular: sharp-cornered; consisting of an angle or angles; stiff in manner

2587

adaptation: modifcation; alteration or adjustment in structure or habits

2588

contemplate: look at attentively and thoughtfully; observe deep in thought

2589

nasty: very dirty, foul; disgusting; nauseous

2590

deadly: fatal; lethal; causing or tending to cause death

2591

nuisance: something that annoys or gives trouble and vexation; something that is ofensive or noxious

2592

cosmos: universe or universality of created things; ordered, harmonious whole

2593

absorption: process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion; state of mental concentration

2594

stipulation: provision; an agreement made by parties in a judicial proceeding

2595

autobiography: biography or story written by yourself

2596

insist: stand or rest; fnd support; take a stand and refuse to give way; be persistent

2597

crew: group of people working together, as in spacecraft, ship, plane or train

2598

shock: unpleasant or disappointing surprise; surprise greatly; efect of such a collision or blow

2599

ecology: science of the relationships between organisms and their environments

2600
mute: refraining from producing speech or vocal sound; unable to speak; expressed without speech;
unspoken
2601

proft: advantageous gain or return; income received from investments or property

2602

resist: stand up or ofer resistance; refuse to comply; withstand the force of something

2603

suit: meet the requirements of; ft; please; satisfy

2604

bug: general name applied to various insects

2605

trifle: a thing of very little value or importance

2606
inducement: act of inducing, or the state of being induced; a motive or consideration that leads one to action
or induces one to act
2607

lever: bar, applied to a rotator piece to turn it

2608

career: profession or occupation; individuals work and life roles over their lifespan

2609

arouse: excite; stimulate; awaken from or as if from sleep

2610

pad: soft or small cushion; a kind of cushion for writing upon, or for blotting

2611

obtain: get hold of; gain possession of; acquire, in any way

2612
mercy: compassionate treatment of unfortunate and helpless; willingness to spare or to help; disposition to
be kind
2613

clamp: any of various devices used to join, grip, support, or compress mechanical or structural parts

2614

accomplish: succeed in doing; bring to pass; achieve; reach the end of; complete

2615

drown: kill by submerging and sufocating in water; overwhelm in water; deaden one's awareness of

2616

aluminum: silvery ductile metallic element

2617

sterling: any English coin of standard value; coined money

2618

welfare: beneft; something that aids health or happiness

2619

heal: cure; make or get healthy again

2620

barely: just; only; hardly; scarcely

2621

repent: cause to feel remorse or regret; feel regret or self-reproach for

2622

eccentric: departing from a recognized, conventional, or established norm or pattern

2623

metric: relating to measurement; involving, or proceeding by measurement.

2624

organism: living being; system considered analogous in structure or function to a living body

2625

prime: frst in excellence, quality, or value; at the best stage; peak; frst in degree or rank; chief

2626

create: make or cause to be or to become; invest with a new thing

2627

contribute: provide; bestow a quality on

2628

carve: cut; sculpt

2629

grade: step or degree in any series, rank, quality, order; relative position or standing

2630

destine: decree or designate beforehand; fate

2631

capability: quality of being capable; capacity; skill

2632

booming: deep and resonant; flourishing; thriving

2633

grab: take or grasp suddenly; snatch; capture

2634

trace: follow, discover; make a mark or lines on a surface

2635

thermometer: instrument for measuring temperature

2636

beat: whip; strike; defeat; hit repeatedly

2637

flourish: grow well; decorate with ornaments; be in a period of productivity

2638

excursion: trip; usually short journey made for pleasure

2639

chilly: cold

2640

alternation: successive change from one thing or state to another and back again

2641
virtual: existing or resulting in essence or efect though not in actual fact; existing in mind, especially as a
product of imagination
2642
strife: act of striving; earnest endeavor; exertion or contention for superiority; contest of emulation, either by
intellectual or physical eforts
2643

device: technique or means; instrument; machine used to perform one or more relatively simple tasks

2644

pole: a long rod; one of two divergent or mutually exclusive opinions

2645

ornamental: decorative; any plant grown for its beauty or ornamental value

2646

deform: change shape by stress; become misshapen; make formless

2647

brutal: like a brute; savage; cruel; inhuman; merciless

2648

approach: access; method

2649

ripple: form or display little undulations or waves on the surface, as disturbed water does

2650

preliminary: prior to or preparing for the main matter; introductory

2651

witness: someone who sees an event and reports what happened; observe; watch

2652

slap: sharp blow from a flat object as an open hand; smack; sharp insult

2653

livestock: any animals kept for use or profit

2654

jam: crush or bruise; get stuck; press tightly together

2655

indefnitely: endlessly; incessantly; for a long time, no end defned; forever

2656

blush: become rosy or reddish; turn red, as if in embarrassment or shame

2657

bundle: packet; a package of things tied together; a large sum of money

2658

insult: ofend; afront; treat, mention, or speak to rudely

2659

abstract: theoretical; not concrete; not applied or practical; difficult to understand

2660
back

recompense: render an equivalent to, for service, loss; requite; remunerate; compensate; give in return; pay

2661

nuclear: of, relating to, or forming a nucleus of an atom; pertaining to, or using nuclear weapons

2662

dome: building or house, especially as great hall, church, or temple; anything shaped like cupola

2663

cassette: container that holds a magnetic tape used for recording or playing sound or video

2664

chalk: soft, earthy substance, of a white, grayish, or yellowish white color, used as a drawing implement

2665

layer: tier; a relatively thin sheet like expanse or region lying over or under another

2666

tread: step on; mate with; place the foot

2667

panorama: complete view in every direction.

2668

consent: agree in opinion or sentiment; be of the same mind; accord; concur; allow

2669

phase: any distinct time period in a sequence of events; stage

2670

clue: a ball of thread or cord; thread; something guides or directs anything of a doubtful or intricate nature

2671

rouse: pull or haul strongly and all together, as upon a rope, without the assistance of mechanical appliances

2672

suspicious: openly distrustful and unwilling to confde; questionable

2673

vibrate: shake, quiver; move or swing from side to side regularly

2674

recipe: medical prescription; a set of directions for making or preparing something, especially food

2675

charm: power or quality of pleasing or delighting; attractiveness; item worn for its supposed magical benefit

2676

ratio: relation which one quantity or magnitude has to another of the same kind; rate; proportion

2677

fold: make something double; bend or lay so that one part covers the other

2678

ajar: half-open; slightly turned or opened

2679

sustain: admit as valid; keep in existence; lengthen or extend in duration or space

2680

considerable: worthy of consideration; large in amount, extent, or degree

2681

endurance: perseverance; state or fact of persevering; continuing existence

2682

sauce: stewed fruit served with other foods; appetizing ingredients for meat, fsh or puddings

2683

dependable: reliable; worthy of being depended on; trustworthy

2684

orient: focus toward; determine position with reference to another point; locate to face the east

2685
cartoon: design or study drawn of full size to serve as a model for transferring or copying; drawing depicting
a humorous situation
2686
element: fundamental or essential constituent of a composite entity; basic assumptions or principles of a
subject
2687

bloom: flower; blossom; best time of youth; period of greatest prosperity or productivity

2688
prophet: one who speaks by divine inspiration or as the interpreter through whom the will of a god is
expressed
2689

clench: close tightly; grasp or grip tightly; fasten with a clinch

2690

majority: greater number or part; a number more than half of the total

2691

exclusive: not divided or shared with others; excluding much or all; not allowing something else

2692

electrical: pertaining to electricity; electric

2693

expertise: specialized knowledge; expert skill

2694

assistance: activity of contributing to fulfllment of a need or furtherance of an efort or purpose

2695

abrupt: broken of; very steep; having sudden transitions from one subject to another

2696

loom: appear or take shape, usually in enlarged or distorted form

2697

monopoly: exclusive control or possession of something; domination

2698

frugal: sparing; economical; costing little; inexpensive

2699

assassination: act of assassinating; killing by treacherous violence; murder of public fgure by surprise attack

2700

pine: have desire for something or someone; yearn; grieve or mourn for

2701

destination: ultimate goal; place to which one is going or directed

2702

jail: building for confnement of persons held in lawful custody

2703

card: flat, rectangular piece of stiff paper, cardboard, or plastic; business card; credit card

2704

headlong: uncontrollably forceful or fast; done with head leading; headfirst

2705

malady: disease, disorder, or ailment; unwholesome condition

2706

distortion: mistake of misrepresenting the facts

2707

exhibit: show, make visible or apparent

2708
flight

pilot: one who guides a course of action for others; one who operates or is licensed to operate an aircraft in

2709

courtesy: polite behavior; act of civility or respect; consent or agreement in spite of fact

2710

gap: opening through mountains; pass; conspicuous diference or imbalance

2711

tremendous: huge; capable of making one tremble; terrible

2712

conviction: judgment that someone is guilty of crime; strongly held belief

2713

assert: declare or state with confdence; put oneself forward boldly

2714

destiny: event that will inevitably happen in the future

2715

alike: similar; in the same manner or to the same degree

2716

soldier: one who is engaged in military service as an officer or a private; one who serves in an army

2717

blink: shut eyes briefly; wink

2718

periodic: repeated; recurring at intervals of time

2719

dispose: get rid of; settle or decide a matter; place or set in a particular order; arrange

2720
crop: the top, end, or highest part of anything, especially of plant or tree; grain or other product of feld while
standing; anything cut off or gathered
2721

coordinate: bring order and organization to; harmonize

2722

idiomatic: having the nature of an idiom; characteristic of a given language

2723

trample: destroy; step on

2724

carrot: root of cultivated varieties of the plant, usually spindle-shaped, and of a reddish yellow color

2725

tribe: family, race, or series of generations, descending from the same direct ancestor, and kept distinct

2726

propaganda: organization or plan for spreading a particular doctrine or a system of principles

2727

porcelain: ceramic ware made of a more or less translucent ceramic

2728

infant: child in the frst period of life; young babe

2729

adjacent: adjoining; neighboring; close to; lying near

2730

extend: open or straighten something out; unbend; prolong

2731

boundary: dividing line; border; frontier

2732

longitude: an imaginary great circle on the surface of the earth passing through the north and south poles

2733

rescue: free from harm or evil; take from legal custody by force

2734

flour: fne powdery foodstuf; soft, fne powder

2735

cannon: great gun; frearm for discharging heavy shot with great force

2736

momentous: very important; of outstanding signifcance or consequence

2737

dive: plunge, especially headfrst, into water; plummet

2738

clash: make noise by striking against something; dash noisily together; meet in opposition

2739

bare: lacking the usual or appropriate covering or clothing

2740

drench: cause to drink, especially by force; put potion down throat of; steep in moisture; wet thoroughly

2741

pregnant: expecting a baby; carrying within the body or being about to produce new life

2742

plane: flat or level surface; level of development, existence, or achievement

2743

behalf: represent; advantage, beneft, interest of someone

2744

spiral: rotary; curled; moving in a zigzag course; moving in shape of a coil

2745

dismiss: stop considering; end employment or service of; discharge; refuse to accept or recognize

2746

lapse: gliding, slipping, or gradual falling; unobserved or imperceptible progress; slip or error; failing in duty

2747

correlate: relate; associate; bring into a mutual relation

2748

global: worldwide; international; having the shape of a globe

2749

gross: of huge size; excessively large; coarse; rough; not fne or delicate

2750

port: place on waterway with facilities for loading and unloading ships

2751
business: rightful concern or responsibility; occupation, work, or trade in which a person is engaged;
commercial enterprise
2752

timber: wood; lumber; trees or wooded land considered as a source of wood

2753

transistor: small electronic device containing a semiconductor and having at least three electrical contacts

2754

metallic: of or pertaining to metal; of metal nature; resembling metal

2755

risky: involving risk or danger; hazardous

2756

wording: act or style of expressing in words; expression, or power of expression

2757

indebted: morally, socially, or legally obligated to another; under a legal obligation to someone

2758

persist: continue; insist; persevere

2759

impact: forceful consequence; strong efect; influencing strongly

2760

pollution: contamination; undesirable state of the natural environment being contaminated

2761

compliance: readiness to yield; happy friendly agreement

2762

stink: strong, ofensive smell; disgusting odor; stench

2763

melancholy: gloomy; feeling of thoughtful sadness; afected by depression

2764

sponge: soaking up; small absorbent contraceptive pad, used for bathing or cleaning

2765

ample: more than enough in size or scope or capacity; fairly large

2766

confne: restrict in movement; circumscribe

2767

vigor: active strength of body or mind; imaginative lively style, especially style of writing; exertion of force

2768

serious: grave in manner or disposition; earnest; thoughtful; solemn; really intending what is said

2769

scrub: rub hard; wash with rubbing

2770

irregular: contrary to rule or accepted order or general practice; inconstant

2771

seek: make an efort to; try to get; try to discover

2772

medium: state that is intermediate between extremes

2773

inevitably: unavoidably; in a manner that is impossible to avoid or prevent

2774

personnel: group of people willing to obey orders

2775

bolt: dash or dart off; move or jump suddenly

2776

settle: take up residence; form a community; come to rest; bring to an end; fx firmly

2777

amplifcation: addition of extra material or illustration or clarifying detail

2778

ascend: climb; mount

2779

respective: individual; relating to particular persons or things, each to each; particular; respectful; regardful

2780

dictate: prescribe; rule as a dictator

2781

score: act of getting point in a game or sport; facts about an actual situation

2782

perform: carry through; bring to completion; achieve; accomplish; execute

2783

ripen: grow ripe; cause to ripen or develop fully

2784

nowhere: not anywhere; not in any place or state

2785

complicated: difficult to analyze or understand

2786

sink: fall by, force of gravity; descend lower; decline gradually; enter deeply

2787

aspirin: white crystalline compound drug to relieve pain and reduce fever and inflammation

2788

luxury: something that is an indulgence rather than necessity; excessively expensive

2789

beneft: advantage; something that aids or promotes well-being ; welfare; gain

2790

breathe: respire; inhale and exhale air

2791

fortnight: a period of fourteen consecutive days

2792

hull: outer covering of anything, particularly of a nut or of grain; outer skin of a kernel; husk

2793

excite: arouse

2794

noisy: full of loud and nonmusical sounds; clamorous

2795

dispatch: act of sending off something; property of being prompt and efficient; message usually sent in haste

2796

collision: crash; conflict of opposed ideas or attitudes or goals

2797

peer: gaze; stare; look searchingly; company with

2798

aspect: distinct feature or element in a problem; a way in which something can be viewed by the mind

2799

release: give of; liberate; grant freedom to; make something available

2800

regardless: without consideration; in spite of everything; anyway

2801

sacred: concerned with religion; worthy of respect or dedication

2802

talent: skill; gift; marked innate ability, as for artistic accomplishment

2803

barometer: instrument for determining the weight or pressure of the atmosphere

2804

historic: having importance or signifcance in history; belonging to the past; historical

2805

crook: bend, turn, or curve; curvature; flexure

2806

league: association; union

2807

clay: very fne-grained soil that is plastic when moist but hard when fired

2808
telex: communications system consisting of teletypewriters connected to a telephonic network to send and
receive signals
2809

disdain: view with scorn or contempt; feel with aversion

2810

hinterland: region; remote and undeveloped area

2811

frank: honest; sincere; open and sincere in expression; straightforward

2812

invalidate: make invalid; nullify; destroy

2813

dimension: measure of spatial extent, especially width, height, or length; size; aspect; element

2814

accounting: system that provides quantitative information about finances

2815

additional: further; extra; supplemental or added to

2816

percent: out of each hundred; per hundred; one part in a hundred

2817

plug: something, such as a cork or a wad of cloth, used to fll a hole tightly; stopper

2818

engrave: carve or cut into a block or surface, as used for printing; impress deeply as if by carving

2819

simplify: make simple; make less complex; make clear by giving the explanation for

2820

tumble: fall down, as if collapsing

2821

territory: large extent of land; organized portion of country

2822

stain: soiled or discolored; symbol of disgrace or infamy; natural spot of a color diferent from the gound

2823
thread: a very small twist of flax, wool, cotton, silk, or other fbrous substance; flament, as of a flower, or of
any fbrous substance
2824
reward: satisfying return or result; proft, return for performance of a desired behavior; positive
reinforcement.
2825

resistance: action of opposing something that you disapprove or disagree with

2826

dime: a United States coin worth one tenth of a dollar

2827
embrace: hug; adopt or espouse; accept readily; hold close with the arms, usually as an expression of
afection
2828

journal: magazine; periodical; log; diary; a ledger in which transactions have been recorded as they occurred

2829

skyrocket: increase rapidly; rise quickly; soar

2830
alienate: cause to become unfriendly or hostile; transfer property or ownership; isolate or dissociate
emotionally
2831

spring: develop suddenly; jump; move forward by leaps and bounds

2832

mobile: movable; not fxed; fluid; unstable

2833

humanity: kindness; virtue; all of the inhabitants of the earth

2834

serenity: calmness of mind; quietness; stillness; peace

2835

scheme: elaborate and systematic plan of action; chart or outline of a system or object

2836

willow: trees having usually narrow leaves

2837

blame: condemn; rebuke; fnd fault with; censure

2838

flare: sudden outburst of emotion; glare; shine; shine with sudden light

2839

ease: satisfaction; pleasure; entertainment; freedom from care

2840

somewhat: to some extent or degree; rather; a bit; slightly

2841

creek: small stream, often a shallow tributary to a river; brook

2842
relief: easing of burden or distress, such as pain or anxiety; release from post or duty; pleasant or amusing
change
2843

professional: engaged in, or suitable for a profession

2844
concrete: solid mass; covering with cement; hard, strong construction material consisting of sand,
conglomerate , and gravel
2845
physician: person skilled in physic, or the art of healing; one duty authorized to treat diseases; doctor of
medicine
2846

observe: be on the watch respecting; pay attention to; notice with care; see; perceive

2847

apprentice: works for an expert to learn a trade; beginner; learner

2848

symbol: sign; something visible to represent something else invisible

2849

pest: persistently annoying person; organism that injures livestock or crops

2850

objection: act of expressing earnest opposition or protest

2851

awful: causing fear, dread, or terror; extremely bad or unpleasant; terrible

2852

ardent: displaying or by strong enthusiasm or devotion; passionate

2853

preach: advocate; speak, plead; argue in favor of

2854

vex: annoy; disturb, especially by minor irritations; be a mystery or bewildering to

2855

harsh: rough; coarse; severe; unpleasantly stern

2856

appeal: attraction; charm; attract; fascinate; challenge

2857

dim: emitting only a small amount of light; lacking in brightness

2858

sociable: gregarious; friendly; inclined to or conducive to companionship with others

2859

accompaniment: act of accompanying someone or something

2860

marsh: swamp; bog; low lying wet land with grassy vegetation

2861

pour: flow in a spurt; rain heavily; supply in large amounts

2862

monitor: observe; watch; keep an eye on

2863

pile: large timber or post; heap; hair; fber of wool, cotton; head of an arrow or spear

2864

suspend: hang freely; postpone; delay

2865

mode: prevailing style; manner; way of doing something; fashion or style

2866
staple: necessary foods or commodities; basic elements; secure or fasten; a short U-shaped wire nail for
securing cables
2867

foster: rear; promote the growth of; help develop

2868

unfold: extend or stretch out to a greater or the full length; happen

2869

commander: chief; leader

2870

hatch: breed; emerge from the egg

2871

gloomy: imperfectly illuminated; dusky; dim; clouded

2872

exploration: travel for the purpose of discovery

2873

liberate: set free, as from oppression, confnement, or foreign control; discharge; release

2874

jury: committee appointed to judge a case

2875

export: sell or transfer abroad

2876

fountain: spring of water issuing from the earth; artifcially produced jet or stream of water

2877

survey: poll; detailed critical inspection

2878

extra: something additional of the same kind

2879

diverge: vary; go in diferent directions from the same point

2880

permission: consent; approval to do something

2881

terminology: vocabulary of technical terms used in a particular feld, subject, science, or art

2882

draft: rough outline; draw up an outline; sketch

2883

lunar: pertaining to the moon; afecting the moon

2884

opportune: timely; just in time; suited or right for a particular purpose

2885

unprecedented: having no previous example; novel; unparalleled

2886

sophistication: being expert or having knowledge of some technical subject

2887

minus: less; requiring to be subtracted; negative

2888

provocation: unfriendly behavior that causes anger or resentment; aggravation

2889

embargo: ban on commerce or other activity

2890

skirmish: minor battle in war; minor or preliminary conflict or dispute

2891

lay: put into a certain place; cause to lie down; spread over a surface

2892

ribbon: fllet or narrow woven fabric, commonly of silk; narrow strip of fne material used for trimming

2893

announcement: formal public statement; act of making known publicly

2894

initiative: serving to initiate; introductory step or movement; act which originates or begins

2895

neutron: elementary particle with 0 charge and mass about equal to a proton

2896

strike: a group's refusal to work in protest against low pay or bad work conditions

2897

herb: plant lacking a permanent woody stem, some having medicinal properties

2898

govern: make and administer the public policy and afairs of

2899

wrist: joint between the hand and the forearm

2900
instrument: tool; one used by another to accomplish a purpose; device used to produce music; legal
document
2901

cell: any small compartment

2902

yield: give in; surrender; give forth a natural product; be productive

2903

setting: context and environment in which something is set

2904

wade: paddle; walk through relatively shallow water

2905

complain: make a formal accusation; bring a formal charge

2906

extinction: death of all its remaining members

2907

colonial: of or relating to or characteristic of or inhabiting a colony

2908

laborer: worker; someone who works with their hands

2909
insult

irony: expression by deliberate contrast between apparent and intended meaning; witty language used to

2910

considerably: substantially; signifcantly; to a degree worth considering

2911

nourishment: a source of materials to nourish the body

2912
attention: act or state of attending or heeding; application of the mind to any object of sense, representation,
or thought
2913

provincial: relating to a province; limited in outlook; unsophisticated

2914

painting: drawing; picture or design in paint; action of applying paint to a surface

2915

reside: dwell; live in a place permanently or for an extended period

2916

thereby: thus; accordingly; by that means; because of that

2917

brake: a piece of mechanism for retarding or stopping motion by friction

2918

scholarship: knowledge resulting from study and research; grant of fnancial aid awarded to student

2919
martyr: one who makes great sacrifces or sufers to further belief or principle; one who endures great
sufering
2920

apology: acknowledgment expressing regret or asking pardon for a fault or ofense; explanation or excuse

2921

shrub: bush

2922

woods: small forest; woodland; dense collection of trees covering a relatively small area

2923

spacious: wide; generous or large in area or extent; sizable

2924

formerly: previously;at an earlier time; once

2925

victory: successful ending of struggle or contest; defeat of an enemy or opponent

2926
nobility: quality or state of being noble; superiority of mind or of character; commanding excellence;
eminence
2927

insight: understanding; grasping the inner nature of things intuitively

2928

methodology: system of methods followed in a particular discipline

2929

vegetable: any of numerous herbaceous plants to eat in meal

2930
cape: piece or point of land, extending beyond the adjacent coast into the sea or a lake; sleeveless outer
garment
2931

slight: almost no; very little; deliberate discourtesy

2932

elevation: altitude; height

2933

transition: going from one state of action to another

2934

butcher: one whose job is to kill animals for food; one who kills in large numbers, or with unusual cruelty

2935

ballet: a sort of theatrical representation by dancers

2936

source: point of origin, such as spring, of stream or river; one that causes, creates, or initiates

2937

interior: inside; inner part; internal; inner

2938

endanger: threaten; jeopardize; do something that may damage it or destroy it

2939

hitherto: to this place; to a prescribed limit; up to this time; as yet; until now

2940

invaluable: valuable under estimation; inestimable; priceless

2941

commemorate: serve as a memorial to; honor the memory of with a ceremony

2942

broaden: widen; grow broad or broader

2943

smash: break in pieces by violence; dash to pieces; crush

2944

recreation: amusement; entertainment

2945

diversion: act of turning aside; pastime; activity that relaxes or entertains

2946

rental: amount paid or collected as rent; act of renting

2947

incentive: something, such as the fear of punishment or the expectation of reward

2948

casualty: serious or fatal accident; someone injured or killed in an accident

2949

couch: sofa; arrange or dispose as in a bed

2950

toast: dry and brown by heat of fre; warm thoroughly; drink to the health or in honor

2951

storey: story

2952

cosmic: pertaining to the universe; vast

2953
hoarse: having a harsh, rough, grating voice or sound, as when afected with a cold; making a rough, harsh
cry or sound
2954

roam: wander; ramble; stroll

2955

doubtful: distrustful; skeptical; full of doubt; having doubt; not settled in opinion

2956

locate: fnd; monitor; settle; determine or specify the position or limits o

2957

formula: plan; directions for making something; a group of symbols that make a mathematical statement

2958

exaggeration: overstatement; act of making something more noticeable than usual

2959

crisp: frm but easily broken or crumbled; brittle

2960

interfere: disrupt; hinder; be or create a hindrance or obstacle

2961

personality: complex of all the attributes of a person; totality of qualities and traits of a person

2962

abortive: unsuccessful; failing to accomplish an intended objective; fruitless

2963

quench: put out a fre; extinguish; put an end to; destroy

2964

quote: cite or repeat a passage from; repeat or copy the words of another

2965

skull: bony skeleton of the head of vertebrates

2966

expansion: growth; extent or amount by which something has expanded

2967

piano: stringed instrument that is played by depressing keys

2968

durable: lasting; long-lasting; enduring

2969

brisk: marked by speed, liveliness, and vigor; energetic; swift; keen or sharp in speech or manner

2970

collapse: breakdown; failure

2971

path: way; footway; course or track; route; passage

2972

innocent: naive; lacking sense or awareness; free from evil or guilt

2973

brace: something which holds anything tightly or supports it frmly, as bandage, cord, or rod;

2974

gang: group of criminals who band together for mutual protection and proft; herd of bufalo or elk

2975

cite: quote; adduce as an instance

2976

wrinkle: a minor difficulty; a slight depression in the smoothness of a surface

2977

staircase: a way of access consisting of a set of steps

2978

hypothetical: based on assumptions; supposed

2979

barter: trade goods or services without the exchange of money

2980

infect: bring into contact with a substance that can cause illness

2981

cardinal: chief; serving as an essential component

2982

emphasis: special attention or efort directed toward something; stress

2983

avoid: shield away from; prevent

2984

terror: extreme fear; violent dread; fright

2985

arise: come up from a lower to a higher position; come above the horizon; spring up; come into action

2986

documentation: confrmation that some fact or statement is true

2987
optimism: tendency to expect the best possible outcome; belief that the universe is improving and good will
win over evil
2988

lodge: small house on the grounds of an estate or a park, used by a caretaker or gatekeeper

2989

dynamic: energetic; vigorously active

2990

exclude: leave out of; keep out of; reject

2991

tally: record by making a mark; reckon or count; keep score

2992

weave: pattern or structure by weaving ; knit; interlace

2993

discretion: knowing how to avoid embarrassment or distress; trait of judging wisely and objectively

2994

mythology: study of myths; collection of myths

2995

impulse: act of applying force suddenly; an impelling force or strength

2996

glow: shine with an intense or white heat; give forth vivid light and heat; exhibit a strong, bright color

2997

whereas: considering that; it being the case that; since

2998

marine: sea-dwelling; maritime; naval

2999

induce: persuade; bring about; reason or establish by induction

3000

rarely: not often; in an unusual degree; exceptionally

3001

pick: remove something with the fngers, or with the teeth; separate as choice or desirable

3002

inflation: general increase in the prices of goods and services in a country

3003

equivalent: interchangeable; comparable; equal, as in value, force, or meaning

3004

density: thickness; quantity of something per unit measure, especially per unit length, area, or volume

3005
embassy: diplomatic building where ambassadors live or work; diplomatic representatives headed by an
ambassador
3006

utilization: state of having been made use of; the act of using

3007

ascribe: inscribe or dedicate; attribute to a specifed cause, source, or origin; assign as a quality

3008

sharply: steeply; changing suddenly in direction and degree; acutely

3009

purple: chromatic color between red and blue; belonging to or beftting a supreme ruler

3010

dentist: a person qualifed to practice dentistry

3011
fgure: model of a bodily form; impression produced by a person; written or printed symbol representing a
number
3012

equal: having the same quantity, measure, or value as another; identical

3013

attach: fasten; annex; be in contact with

3014

ham: meat cut from the thigh of a hog, usually smoked

3015

throat: part of neck in front of; passage to stomach and lung

3016

emotional: sentimental; passionate; excitable; easily moved

3017

sag: sink, in the middle, by its weight or under applied pressure, below a horizontal line or plane

3018

gigantic: exceedingly large; huge; very large or extensive

3019

journalism: profession of reporting or photographing or editing news stories for one of the media

3020
shower: one who shows or exhibits; brief fall of precipitation, such as rain, hail; bath in which the water is
sprayed
3021

escalator: stairway whose steps move continuously on a circulating belt

3022

dread: fearful or distasteful anticipation; terror; horror

3023

everlasting: continuing forever or indefinitely

3024

mermaid: legendary sea creature having the head and upper body of a woman and the tail of a fish

3025

exhibition: exposition; presentation; large-scale public showing

3026

systematic: ordered; methodical; carried on using step-by-step procedures

3027

inferior: poor; lower than a given reference point; low or lower in order, degree, or rank

3028

soar: fly aloft, as a bird; mount upward on wings; rise in thought, spirits, or imagination

3029

interest: attention; curiosity; dividend; yield

3030

manipulate: operate with one's hands; control or play upon people, forces artfully

3031

desert: area with little or no vegetation; forsake; abandon

3032

favorable: approving or pleasing; granting what has been desired or requested

3033
recite: repeat, as something already prepared, written down, committed to memory; rehearse, as a lesson to
an instructor
3034

refned: cultured; purifed; made pure

3035

disgrace: state of dishonor; bring shame or dishonor upon

3036

cooperation: practice of cooperating; joint operation or action

3037

bound: tied; held; committed; limit; constraint; leap; jump

3038

culture: all the knowledge and values shared by a society ; foster; raising of plants or animals

3039
squash: a game played in an enclosed court by two or four players who strike the ball with long-handled
rackets; crush; press; depress
3040

craft: something made by people; vessel

3041

shrink: become smaller or draw together; compress

3042

brain: organ or seat of intellect; understanding or imagination

3043
lark: any of various small, singing passerine birds of the family Alaudidae; one who wakes early; one who is
up with the larks
3044
toll: take away; vacate; annul; entice; allure; cause to sound, as a bell, with strokes slowly and uniformly
repeated; call, summon, or notify
3045

transplant: act of uprooting and moving a plant to a new location

3046

multitude: a great number; many

3047

obedient: subject in will or act to authority; willing to obey; submissive to restraint, control, or command

3048

entail: imply or require; cause to ensue or accrue; cut or carve in ornamental way

3049

circular: round; shaped like or nearly like a circle

3050
prosecutor: one who carries out legal action, especially criminal proceedings; one who prosecutes any
purpose, plan, or business
3051

arduous: demanding great efort or labor; dificult

3052

studio: workplace for the teaching or practice of an art

3053

gymnastics: sport that involves exercises intended to display strength and balance and agility

3054

forgive: give wholly; cease to feel resentment against; excuse for a fault or an ofense; give up; resign

3055

suppress: put down by force or authority; overwhelm; keep from being revealed

3056
correspondent: one who communicates information, especially, by letter or telegram to newspaper or
periodical
3057
vote: formal expression of preference for a candidate; number of cast in election; result of election or
referendum
3058

motive: emotion, desire, physiological need; that which gives purpose and direction to behavior

3059

questionnaire: form containing a set of questions; submitted to people to gain statistical information

3060

lean: bend or slant away from the vertical; rely for assistance or support

3061

omit: leave undone or leave out ; bypass; neglect; fail to include or mention

3062

involve: wind round; connect with something; include necessarily; engage thoroughly

3063

extinguish: quench; put out, as a light or fre; cause to die out; put an end to; destroy

3064

various: diferent; diverse; several; manifold; changeable; uncertain

3065

conductor: a device designed to transmit electricity, heat; person who collects fares on a public conveyance

3066

theft: act of taking something from someone unlawfully; stealing

3067

register: give outward signs of; express; record in writing; enroll as a student

3068

pawn: something given as security for loan; pledge or guaranty; article deposited as security

3069

dazzle: overpower with light; confuse the sight of by brilliance of light; bewilder or surprise with brilliancy

3070

oath: solemn promise; commitment to tell the truth

3071

problematic: open to doubt; unsettled; questionable; difficult to solve

3072

cure: medical or hygienic care; remedial treatment of disease; removal of disease or evil

3073

expenditure: payment or expense; output

3074

misgiving: feeling of doubt, distrust, or apprehension

3075
Egypt

pyramid: a massive memorial with a square base and four triangular sides; built as royal tombs in ancient

3076

perpendicular: vertical; upright; intersecting at or forming right angles; extremely steep

3077

protein: any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells

3078

feud: bitter quarrel between two parties

3079

groan: give forth a low, moaning sound in breathing

3080

liability: something that holds one back; state of being legally obliged and responsible

3081

shift: moving from one setting or context to another; moving very slightly

3082

foresee: anticipate; predict

3083

blade: flat part of the leaf, of any plant, especially of gramineous plants; cutting part of an instrument

3084
reasonable: showing reason or sound judgment; capable of reasoning; rational; being within bounds of
common sense
3085

auditorium: area of theater or concert hall where audience sits

3086

outstanding: distinguished from others in excellence

3087

cluster: group; bunch; group of the same or similar elements gathered or occurring closely

3088

inaugurate: start; initiate; induct into office by formal ceremony

3089

lounge: public room with seating where people can wait; living room; lobby

3090

legal: created by, permitted by law; according to the law of works

3091

startle: move suddenly, or be excited; excite by sudden alarm, surprise

3092

bulb: rounded part of a cylindrical structure; electric lamp consisting of a glass ball

3093

gallery: long usually narrow room ; covered corridor

3094

appreciate: be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of

3095

reference: act of referring or consulting; remark that calls attention to something or someone

3096

laser: optical device that produces an intense monochromatic beam of coherent light

3097

goat: any of various ruminant mammals, of the genus Capra, related to the sheep; scapegoat

3098

opposition: condition of being in conflict; act of opposing something

3099

adjoin: be next to; be contiguous to; border on

3100

thrive: make steady progress; prosper; flourish

3101

tuck: make one or more folds in; store in a safe spot; put in a snug spot

3102

generosity: noble birth; quality of being noble; noble-mindedness; liberality in giving

3103

term: limited period of time; point in time at which something ends; termination; deadline

3104

patron: benefactor; regular customer

3105

muffle: bare end of nose between nostrils

3106

investigation: detailed inquiry or systematic examination; inquiry

3107

executive: role of government which makes sure that laws are carried out; administrator

3108

reception: act of receiving; manner in which something is greeted

3109

crush: press between opposing bodies so as to break or injure; extract or obtain by pressing or squeezing

3110

species: a specifc kind of something

3111
flush: turn red, as from fever, embarrassment, or strong emotion; glow, especially with a reddish color; flow
suddenly
3112

intellect: ability to learn and reason; ability to think abstractly or profoundly

3113

fuss: angry disturbance; excited state of agitation; needlessly nervous or useless activity; protest; quarrel

3114

bewilder: lead into perplexity or confusion; perplex with mazes

3115

negligible: so small, trifling, or unimportant that it may be easily disregarded

3116

unity: cohesion; harmony; quality of being united into one

3117

mighty: having or showing great strength or force or intensity

3118

statesman: one occupied with the afairs of government, and influential in shaping policy

3119

fee: give a tip beyond the agreed-on compensation

3120
select: taken from a number by preference; picked out as more valuable or excellent than others; of special
value or excellence
3121

famine: shortage of food; starvation

3122

indignation: anger aroused by something unjust

3123
sentiment: thought prompted by passion or feeling; feeling toward or respecting some person or thing;
disposition prompting to action or expression
3124
alliance: state of being allied; act of allying or uniting; a union or connection of interests between families,
states, parties
3125

adhere: stick fast; stick to frmly; be compatible or in accordance with

3126

moisture: wetness caused by water

3127

intent: something that is intended; aim or purpose

3128

pillow: a cushion to support the head of a sleeping person

3129

dessert: a dish served as the last course of meal

3130

cucumber: cylindrical green fruit with thin green rind and white flesh eaten as a vegetable; related to melons

3131

ceremony: formal act or set of acts performed as prescribed by ritual or custom

3132

dispute: argument; angry altercation; quarrel; verbal controversy; debate

3133
tastes

sympathetic: expressing compassion or friendly fellow feelings; approving; having similar disposition and

3134

grope: search blindly or uncertainly; reach about uncertainly; feel one's way

3135

variant: varying in from, character, or the like; variable; diferent; diverse.

3136

furthermore: in addition; moreover

3137
belief

bubble: foam; dome-shaped covering made of transparent glass or plastic; fantastic or impracticable idea or

3138

maximum: the largest possible quantity

3139

sensible: able to feel or perceive; perceivable; wise; showing reason or sound judgment

3140

bark: sound made by a dog; harsh sound uttered by a dog

3141

anxiety: concern something in state of painful uneasiness; state of restlessness and agitation

3142

separate: set or keep apart; disunite; divide; disconnect

3143

scrape: gather something together over time; scratch repeatedly

3144

ponder: weigh; weigh in the mind; view with deliberation; examine carefully; consider attentively

3145

clientele: clients of professional person; body of customers or patrons

3146

opponent: contestant; someone who ofers opposition ; adverse; hostile; opposing

3147

execution: accomplishment; putting into practice; putting a person to death

3148

cancellation: act of cancelling; calling off some arrangement

3149

superb: of unusually high quality; excellent; wonderful

3150

fairy: enchantment; illusion; imaginary supernatural being or spirit

3151

telescope: a magnifer of images of distant objects

3152

eliminate: eradicate; abolish; rule out

3153

intention: motive; with respect to marriage; aim that guides action

3154

negotiable: capable of being negotiated; transferable by assignment or endorsement to another person

3155

leaflet: small leaf; leaf like organ or part

3156

border: outer part or edge of anything, as of a garment, a garden; margin; verge; brink; boundary

3157

discount: give reduction in price on

3158

pan: criticize harshly; wash in pan; cook in pan

3159
tolerance: capacity for or the practice of recognizing and respecting the beliefs or practices of others;
capacity to endure hardship or pain
3160

divine: perceive intuitively; foresee future; have nature of or being a deity

3161

veil: a length of cloth worn by women over the head, shoulders, and often the face; cover; hide

3162

intensive: thorough; concentrated; tending to give force or emphasis

3163
proportion: percentage; quotient obtained when a part is divided by the whole; part considered in relation to
the whole
3164

unlikely: improbable; has little chance of being the case or coming about

3165

ultraviolet: wave lengths shorter than light but longer than X rays

3166

stale: having lost freshness; lacking originality or spontaneity

3167

avenue: way or opening for entrance or exit place; passage by which a place may be reached; broad street

3168

circulate: move through a space, circuit or system, returning to the starting point

3169

overseas: beyond or across the sea; abroad

3170

timely: being or occurring in good time; sufficiently early; seasonable

3171

manifesto: public declaration of principles; statement of policy

3172

characteristic: feature that helps to identify, tell apart, or describe recognizably; a distinguishing mark or trait

3173

submit: refer for judgment or consideration; hand in; present

3174

generate: bring into being; give rise to; produce

3175

determination: act of making or arriving at a decision; putting an end to; termination

3176

deprive: deny; take away

3177

signifcance: message that is intended or expressed or signifed; meaning

3178

crave: ask with earnestness or importunity; ask with submission or humility; beg

3179

actual: true; real; being, existing, or acting at the present moment; current

3180

jeopardize: endanger; imperil; put at risk

3181

circle: round; something shaped like such a ring; group of people sharing an interest, activity, or achievement

3182

vast: large; broad; extensive; very great in size, number, amount, or quantity

3183

cling: hold fast or adhere to something; stick together and resist separation; remain emotionally

3184

nap: a period of time spent sleeping

3185

spacecraft: a vehicle for travelling in space

3186

rise: move from a lower position to a higher; mount up; move upward; reach a higher level

3187

perplex: baffle; confuse

3188

tub: a large open vessel for holding or storing liquids

3189

attempt: action of trying at something

3190

blend: combination; mixture; forming uniform mixture

3191

blunder: serious mistake typically caused by ignorance or confusion

3192

mishap: unfortunate accident; bad luck

3193

acquisition: act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something

3194

delinquency: failure or omission of duty; fault; misdeed; ofense or crime

3195

swamp: low land that is seasonally flooded; low land region saturated with water

3196

tablet: a small flat compressed cake of some substance; a dose of medicine

3197

anticipate: act in advance of; deal with ahead of time; predict

3198

tramp: travel or wander through; cleanse clothes in water

3199

overlook: ignore; disregard; fail to notice ; watch over

3200

peruse: read or examine, typically with great care

3201

hollow: sound as if echoing in a empty space; void; vain; not solid; having a space or gap or cavity

3202

overthrow: throw over; overturn; upset; turn upside down; cause to fall or to fail

3203

exceedingly: in a very great degree; beyond what is usual; surpassingly

3204

deem: decide; judge; sentence; condemn

3205

peripheral: located in outer boundary; unimportant; auxiliary

3206

adopt: accept; take on; raise; take into one's family

3207
sift: separate with a sieve, as the fne part of a substance from the course; examine critically or minutely;
scrutinize
3208

bald: hairless; lacking a natural or usual covering

3209

distribute: hand out; disseminate; allocate

3210

confront: be face to face with; oppose in hostility or competition; deal with

3211

oyster: marine mollusks having a rough irregular shell

3212

ruinous: causing, or tending to cause, ruin; destructive; baneful; pernicious

3213

zone: region; portion of the surface of a sphere;

3214

synthetic: artifcial; involving or of the nature of synthesis as opposed to analysis

3215

cereal: grass such as wheat, oats, or corn, the starchy grains of which are used as food.

3216

attribute: essential quality; reputation; honor

3217

smart: clever; intelligent; showing mental alertness and calculation

3218

proclaim: declare; announce

3219

miraculous: astonishing; amazing

3220

relaxation: state of refreshing tranquility; act of making less strict

3221

dependence: reliance; lack of independence or self-suficiency

3222

sculpture: statue; creating fgures or designs in three dimensions

3223

winding: twisting or turning; spiral

3224

episode: a brief section of a literary or dramatic work that forms part of a connected series

3225

extent: extensive space or area; distance or area over which something extends

3226
fanatic: person who is zealously enthusiastic for some cause; showing evidence of possession by a god or
demon
3227

solo: composed or performed by a single voice or instrument; unaccompanied; single

3228

silly: exhibiting a lack of wisdom or good sense; foolish; stupid

3229

athlete: sports man; one who contended for prize in public games

3230

pressure: stress; tension; condition of being pressed

3231

rally: call up or summon; call together for a common purpose

3232

prudent: cautious; careful in regard to one's own interests

3233
deceit: attempt or disposition to deceive or lead into error; any declaration, artifce, or practice, which
misleads another, or causes him to believe what is false

3234

feast: a festival or holiday; festive or joyous meal; something highly agreeable; entertainment

3235

aggregate: gather into a mass, sum, or whole; amount to

3236

clap: applaud; slap; strike together with a sharp sound, as one hard surface on another

3237

demonstrate: show clearly and deliberately; manifest; confrm; prove

3238

plumber: craftsman who installs and repairs pipes and fxtures and appliances

3239

expedient: suitable; appropriate to a purpose; serving to promote your interest

3240

breach: breaking of contract or duty

3241

countless: innumerable; infnite; too many to count

3242

earthquake: quake from underground; disturbance that is extremely disruptive; temblor

3243
cards

pack: pact or bundle made up and prepared to be carried; a number of similar things; a full set of playing

3244

inform: impart information to; make aware of something; be a pervasive presence in; animate

3245

indiferent: having no particular interest or concern; being neither good nor bad

3246

military: pertaining to soldiers, to arms, or to war; of whole body of soldiers

3247

loose: unbound; untied; not attached, fastened, fxed, or confined

3248

agriculture: practice of cultivating the land or raising stock

3249

forecast: prediction about how something will develop, as for weather

3250

complement: complete; consummate; make perfect

3251
subscribe: write underneath, as one's name; sign to a document; give consent to; promise to give, by writing
one's name with the amount
3252

undergraduate: university student who has not yet received a frst degree

3253

bean: various edible seeds; small oval or roundish seed, berry, nut, or lump

3254

along: by the length; in a line with the length; onward; forward; in company; together

3255

consistent: being in agreement with itself; coherent; regular

3256

universe: cosmos; everything that exists anywhere

3257

bulky: of large size for its weight

3258

adult: one who has attained maturity or legal age; fully grown

3259

notorious: disreputable; known widely and usually unfavorably; infamous

3260

horizontal: flat; level; parallel to or in a base line

3261
stapler: one who deals in staple goods or staple fbers; device used to bind material together by means of
staples
3262

imprisonment: confnement; putting someone in prison or in jail as lawful punishment

3263

echo: sound reflected from an opposing surface and repeated to the ear; repetition of a sound

3264

destruction: havoc; event that completely destroys something

3265

doll: small toy with human fgure, normally for little child

3266

approval: official approbation; endorsement; act of approving

3267

depart: take of; leave; set out

3268
strategic: important or essential in relation to a plan of action; essential to the efective conduct of war;
highly important to an intended objective
3269

grand: large and impressive in size, scope, or extent

3270

survival: existence; remaining alive

3271

climate: weather condition; atmosphere; environment

3272

tyranny: oppression; cruel government; office or authority of an absolute ruler; absolute power

3273

grief: pain of mind; mental sufering arising from any cause, as misfortune, loss of friends; sorrow; sadness

3274

industrialized: made industrial; converted to industrialism

3275

realization: fulfllment; awareness; coming to understand something clearly and distinctly

3276

outright: altogether; entirely; without reservation or exception

3277

sense: faculty through which to know external world; feeling produced by stimulus

3278

compression: applying pressure; encoding information while reducing the bandwidth or bits required

3279

subsequent: following in time or order; succeeding; later

3280

muse: be absorbed in one's thoughts; consider or say thoughtfully

3281

patrol: activity of going on an area at regular intervals for security purposes

3282

ammunition: military stores or provisions; articles used in weapons, as powder, balls, shot, shells

3283

oxide: binary compound of oxygen with an atom or radical, or a compound which is regarded as binary

3284

solidarity: union of interests, purposes, or sympathies among members of a group; accord

3285

log: record of a voyage or flight; record of day to day activities

3286

console: cheer from distress or depression; alleviate grief and raise spirits of; relieve; comfort

3287

patent: open for the public to read; obvious; plain

3288
phenomenon: appearance; anything visible, in matter or spirit; extraordinary or very remarkable person,
thing, or occurrence
3289

thrust: push; force used in pushing ; activity or idea is the main or essential thing it expresses

3290

impart: reveal or tell; grant a share of; bestow

3291

curve: bend or turn gradually from a given direction, as road curves to the right

3292

realm: kingdom; domain ruled by a king or queen

3293

glut: fll beyond capacity, especially with food; swallow greedlly

3294

accompany: travel with; be associated with

3295

pavement: floor or covering of solid material, laid so as to make hard and convenient surface for travel

3296

formation: confguration; pattern

3297

tar: sailor or seaman; thick, black, viscous liquid obtained by the distillation of wood, coal

3298

substitute: exchange; put in the place of another

3299

grateful: thankful; appreciative of benefts received

3300

butter: oily, unctuous substance obtained from cream or milk by churning

3301

contain: include; incorporate; be capable of holding

3302

recurrence: act of recurring, or state of being recurrent; return

3303

require: insist upon having; request and expect

3304

track: road or path afording passage; line or route along which something moves

3305
plaster: cover conspicuously, as by pasting something on; adhesive tape used in dressing wounds; a
hardened surface as on a wall or ceiling

3306

yard: rod; stick; branch; long piece of timber; measure of length, equaling three feet

3307
poultry: domestic fowls reared for eating, or for their eggs or feathers, such as cocks and hens, capons,
turkeys, ducks, and geese
3308
efficiency: efectiveness; quality or property of being efficient; ratio of useful output to the total input in any
system
3309

discharge: relieve of a burden or of contents; unload; pour forth or release; complete or carry out; give off

3310

hemisphere: halves; half of a sphere bounded by a great circle

3311

list: lean or cause to lean to the side; lean over; itemize

3312

millionaire: one whose material wealth is valued at more than a million dollars

3313

component: element; ingredient; abstract part of something

3314

perseverance: endurance; steady persistence in adhering to a course of action

3315

clearance: act of clearing; space cleared; permission to proceed or trust

3316
apparatus: a group of parts that work together to perform given function; appliance or device for particular
purpose
3317

article: essay; editorial; individual thing or element of a class

3318

mournful: feeling or expressing sorrow or grief; sad; gloomy

3319

progress: moving or going forward; proceeding onward; advance

3320

assignment: task given to students; job; distribution; appointment

3321

twig: small branch or division of a branch

3322

orchard: garden; area of land devoted to the cultivation of fruit or nut trees

3323

calm: freedom from motion, agitation, or disturbance; tranquility; stillness; quiet; serenity

3324

aerial: of the air or atmosphere; produced by or found in the air; performed in the air

3325

fantastic: excellent; extraordinary; strange in form, conception, or appearance

3326

ruthless: pitiless; cruel; having no compassion or pity; merciless

3327

immoral: not moral; contrary to conscience or the divine law; wicked; unjust; dishonest

3328

devote: dedicate; contribute

3329

regiment: government; mode of ruling; rule; authority

3330

beam: ray of light; long piece of metal or wood; long piece fxed or movable in structure, machine, or tool

3331

sock: plowshare; short stocking reaching a point between ankle and knee; hard blow or punch; comic drama

3332

propose: make a proposal, declare a plan for something

3333

fund: money; capital; a reserve of money set aside for some purpose; fnance; subsidize

3334

invasion: raid; attack; act of invading, especially the entrance of an armed force into a territory to conquer

3335

liner: vessel belonging to a regular line of packets, as ship or plane

3336

reliability: trait of being dependable or reliable

3337

prior: preceding in the order of time; former; previous

3338

defective: having a defect; faulty; imperfect; incomplete; lacking

3339

swing: sway or move from one side to another; turn round by wind or tide; be hanged

3340

panoramic: related to unobstructed and comprehensive view; with a wide view

3341

pneumonia: inflammation of the lungs

3342

intelligent: ingenious; wise; bright; having a high degree of intelligence; mentally acute

3343

vow: solemn promise made to God; promise of fdelity; pledge of love or afection

3344

extinct: no longer existing or living; vanished; dead

3345

credit: arrangement for deferred payment for goods and services; money available for a client to borrow

3346

merchandise: objects for sale; goods

3347

slipper: low footwear that can be on and off easily; one who slips or slides because of loss of traction

3348

optimal: most advantageous; optimum; ideal

3349
curious: difficult to please or satisfy; careful or anxious to learn; eager for knowledge; given to research or
inquiry
3350

tenant: occupant; one that pays rent to use land or building

3351

inflict: impose something unpleasant; cause

3352

coinage: coins collectively

3353

ugly: ofensive to the sight; contrary to beauty; disagreeable aspect; unsightly

3354

handsome: skillful; handy; agreeable to the eye or to correct taste; having a pleasing appearance; attractive

3355

barn: an outlying farm building for storing grain or animal feed and housing farm animals

3356

contingency: condition of being dependent on chance; uncertainty; possibility

3357

bacterium: single celled organism with no nucleus

3358

banker: person in charge of the bank in a gambling game; one who owns or is an executive in a bank

3359

concise: brief and compact; expressing much in few words

3360
succession: act of succeeding, or following after; following of things in order of time or place, or a series of
things so following; sequence
3361

engagement: act of engaging, pledging, enlisting, occupying, or entering into contest; state of being in gear

3362

acquaint: inform about; cause to come to know personally; make familiar

3363

sovereignty: autonomy; independence

3364

process: act of proceeding; continued forward movement; a series of actions

3365

saddle: load or burden; put harness onto animal's back to ride

3366

pious: devout; religious; exhibiting strict, traditional sense of virtue and morality

3367

abridge: condense; shorten; reduce length of written text

3368

exile: force separation from one's native country

3369

radiation: very small particles of a radioactive substance that can cause illness or death

3370

identify: detect; fnd out; discover

3371

pastime: something which amuses, and serves to make time pass agreeably; sport; amusement

3372

prolong: make longer; draw out; lengthen

3373

aristocrat: one of the aristocracy or people of rank in a community; one of a ruling class; a noble

3374

administer: govern; supervise; give or apply medications

3375

terminate: stop; bring to an end or halt

3376

target: reference point to shoot at; goal intended to be attained

3377

anecdote: short account of amusing or interesting event; short narrative; secret story of history or biography

3378

loop: circle; ring; move in loops; make a loop in; join with a loop

3379

apt: likely; exactly suitable; appropriate; quick to learn or understand

3380

confrontation: state of being confronted, especially a meeting face to face; clash of opinions and ideas

3381
irony

sarcasm: cutting, often ironic remark intended to wound; stinging rebuke; form of humor by mocking with

3382

indiference: unconcern; disinterest; lack of enthusiasm

3383

predecessor: former occupant of post; ancestor or forefather

3384

exhaust: gases ejected from an engine as waste products ; use up the whole supply of

3385

excess: amount or quantity beyond what is normal or sufficient; surplus

3386

amicable: exhibiting friendliness or goodwill; not quarrelsome

3387

occur: take place; be found to exist ; come to one's mind

3388

consumption: eating or drinking of something

3389

signature: name written in own handwriting

3390

restrictive: tending or serving to restrict; limiting; confining

3391

outset: beginning; start; origin; time at which something is supposed to begin

3392

mercantile: trading; commercial; of or relating to trade or traders

3393

label: paper affixed to anything by inscription; slip of ribbon, parchment; writing annexed by way of addition

3394

fnite: having a limit; limited in quantity, degree, or capacity; bounded

3395

disregard: ignore; discount; take no notice of

3396

scale: climb up or over; alter according to a standard; estimate or measure; remove in layers

3397

competition: struggle; rivalry; act of competing as for proft or a prize

3398

knob: hard protuberance; hard swelling or rising; bunch; lump

3399

wicked: evil in principle or practice; contrary to moral or divine law; addicted to vice or sin

3400
album: a list of names; a register for visitors; a blank book, in which to insert autographs sketches, memorial
writing of friends, photographs
3401

associate: connect or join together; combine

3402

shrug: draw up or contract the shoulders, especially by way of expressing dislike, dread, doubt, or the like

3403

adjustment: making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances

3404

agency: a business that serves other businesses; an administrative unit of government

3405

merge: combine; unite

3406

breed: raise; produce ofspring; give birth to or hatch; mate

3407

absurd: preposterous; ridiculously incongruous or unreasonable; foolish

3408

perceive: become aware of through the senses; detect

3409

conceited: endowed with fancy or imagination; entertaining a flattering opinion of one's self; vain

3410

circumstance: situation; condition; detail accompanying or surrounding an event

3411

fabricate: build; put together out of components or parts

3412

gorgeous: dazzlingly beautiful; magnificent

3413

biologist: scientist who studies living organisms

3414

shallow: lacking physical depth; not deep or strong

3415

designate: indicate or specify; point out; assign a name or title to

3416

subsequently: in a subsequent manner; at a later time; accordingly; therefore

3417

consolidate: make solid; unite or press together into a compact mass; harden or make dense and firm

3418
observance: act or practice of observing or noticing with attention; an act, ceremony, or rite, as of worship or
respect
3419

pursue: follow in; go in search of or hunt for

3420

elementary: basic; fundamental

3421

championship: status of being a champion; position or title of a winner

3422

cricket: outdoor game played with bats, a ball, and wickets by two teams of 11 players each

3423

ofspring: descendant

3424

arena: playing feld where sports events take place; large structure for open-air sports or entertainments

3425

mental: involving mind or intellectual process; afected by disorder of mind

3426

burial: grave or tomb; ritual placing of a corpse in a grave; concealing something under the ground

3427

immediately: proximately; directly; without interval of time; without delay; promptly; instantly; at once

3428
ambulance: feld hospital organized as to follow an army in its movements; wagon for conveying the
wounded to hospital
3429

doubtless: free from fear or suspicion

3430

diverse: difering in some characteristics; various

3431

outcome: result; end or consequence; result of a random trial

3432

affirm: assert; confirm

3433

ape: imitate; mimic, as an ape imitates human actions

3434

profle: outline; biographical sketch

3435

memorize: commemorate; commit to memory; learn by heart

3436

barren: desolate; fruitless and unproductive; lacking

3437

nucleus: central or essential part around which other parts are gathered or grouped; core

3438

menu: an agenda of things to do

3439

escape: act of fleeing from danger, of evading harm, or of avoiding notice; deliverance from injury or any evil

3440

reflect: throw or bend back light from a surface; give back or show an image of; mirror

3441

prelude: introduction; forerunner; preliminary or preface

3442

carol: round dance; a song of joy; song of praise or joy, especially for Christmas

3443

gratitude: state of being grateful; warm and friendly feeling toward a benefactor; thankfulness

3444

concern: interest in any person or thing; regard; solicitude; anxiety

3445

citizenship: status of a citizen with rights and duties

3446

numerous: many; various; amounting to a large indefnite number

3447
digit

index: anything which shows, indicates, manifests, or discloses; prologue indicating what follows; second

3448
recourse: one that is turned or applied to for aid or security; resort for help or protection; access or
admittance
3449

vaccinate: perform or produce immunity

3450
chapter: division of a book or treatise; assembly of monks; bishop's council; organized branch of some
society
3451

tact: sense of touch; feeling; stroke in beating time; sensitive mental touch; peculiar skill or faculty

3452

outlet: an opening that permits escape or release; activity that releases creative energy or emotion

3453

devotion: faithfulness; ardent, often selfless afection and dedication

3454

incredulous: difficult to believe; incredible; skeptical

3455

baron: title or degree of nobility

3456

helmet: defensive covering for head; hat, made of cork, felt, or metal, worn as uniform of soldiers, firemen

3457

eradicate: completely destroy; eliminate; exterminate

3458

distant: far in space or time; cold in manner

3459

landscape: scenery; expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view

3460
oxygen: a nonmetallic bivalent element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless nonflammable
diatomic gas
3461

conceive: form or develop in the mind; devise; become pregnant with; begin or originate in a specifc way

3462

trumpet: brass musical instrument with brilliant tone

3463

efectiveness: efficiency; quality of being efective

3464

extract: draw or pull out, usually with some force or efort; remove; get despite difficulties or obstacles

3465
flatter: compliment someone, often insincerely and sometimes to win favor; enhance someone's vanity by
praising them
3466

virtually: almost completely; practically; essentially

3467
ware: articles of merchandise; style or class of manufactures; especially, in the plural, goods; commodities;
merchandise
3468

march: walking with regular steps; a procession of people walking together; steady advance

3469

location: scene; site; place where something is or could be located

3470

lecture: teaching by giving a discourse on some subject; speech that is open to the public

3471

governor: head of a state government

3472

admit: permit to enter; receive; provide the right or a means of entrance to

3473

retort: reply, especially to answer in a quick, caustic, or witty manner

3474

brute: not having sensation; senseless; inanimate; unconscious; without intelligence

3475

feature: prominent aspect of something

3476

grin: act of withdrawing lips and showing teeth; broad smile

3477

blast: explode; burst; gale; very strong gust of wind or air

3478

optional: not obligatory; left to choice; not compulsory or automatic

3479

affiliate: associate; incorporate

3480

lateral: coming from side; situated at or extending to the side

3481

homely: of home; domestic; familiar; intimate; plain; unpretending; rude in appearance; unpolished

3482

organic: simple and healthful and close to nature

3483

negligent: careless; inattentive

3484

hurl: throw with great force; cast; toss

3485

assurance: promise or pledge; certainty; self-confdence; freedom from doubt

3486

scarf: long piece of cloth worn about the head, neck, or shoulders

3487

vicinity: state of being near in space or relationship; proximity

3488
prizes

lottery: scheme for distribution of prizes by chance; gaming in which tickets bearing particular numbers draw

3489

pursuit: follow after; follow with a view to obtain; endeavor to attain

3490

inadequate: not sufficient to meet a need; insufficient; poor

3491

swear: affirm or utter a solemn declaration; make promise or resolve on oath

3492

fulfl: fll full; fll to the utmost capacity, as a vessel, a room

3493

outlook: prospect; view; belief about the future ; act of looking out

3494

blanket: heavy, loosely woven fabric, usually of wool, and having a nap, used in bed clothing

3495

declaration: announcement; explicit statement; formal public statement

3496

utmost: farthest point or extremity; most distant; extreme

3497

teapot: pot for brewing tea; usually has a spout and handle

3498

debt: liability; obligation; money or goods or services owed by one person to another

3499

fortune: arrival of something in a sudden or unexpected manner; chance; accident; luck

3500
melon: juicy fruit of certain cucurbitaceous plants, as the muskmelon, watermelon; plant that produces the
fruit juicy
3501
association: connection, whether of persons of things; union of persons in a company or society for some
particular purpose
3502

summit: utmost height; highest point of a mountain

3503
atom: a tiny piece of anything; the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the
element
3504

construction: act of constructing or building something

3505

approve: ratify; consider right or good; think or speak favorably of

3506

resort: vacation spot; act of turning to for assistance

3507

adverse: in opposing direction; harmful or unfavorable; acting or serving to oppose

3508

query: inquiry; doubt in the mind; mental reservation

3509

thrifty: careful about money; economical

3510

layout: overall design of a page; plan or design of something that is laid out

3511

annex: append or attach; take possession of; incorporate into an existing political unit

3512

somehow: in one way or another; in some way not yet known; by some means

3513

implore: beg for urgently; make an earnest appeal

3514

manuscript: written with or by the hand; not printed; literary or musical composition written with the hand

3515

terminal: causing or ending in or approaching death; station

3516

butterfly: insect typically having a slender body with broad colorful wings

3517

whereby: by which; by what; how

3518

idle: useless; vain; trifling; unproftable; thoughtless; given rest and ease; avoiding work or employment; lazy

3519

patch: a piece of cloth; small area of ground covered by specifc vegetation

3520

punctual: consisting in a point; limited to a point; unexpended; precise

3521

defence: act of defending against attack, danger, or injury

3522

comment: express an opinion; remark

3523
network: any system of lines or channels crossing like the fabric of a net; complex, interconnected group or
system
3524

detain: keep back or from; withhold; restrain from proceeding; stay or stop; delay

3525

equilibrium: mental or emotional balance; state of balance of any causes, powers, or motives

3526
hound: a variety of domestic dog, having large, drooping ears; side bar used to strengthen portions of gear of
a vehicle
3527

prosecute: seek to obtain or enforce by legal action; carry out or participate in an activity; be involved in

3528

assured: made sure; exhibiting confdence or authority; indubitable

3529

creation: act of creating or causing to exist

3530

reed: tall woody perennial grasses with hollow slender stems

3531

displace: move or shift from the usual place or position, especially to force to leave a homeland

3532

irrespective: without regard for conditions, circumstances, or consequences; unbiased; independent

3533
wield: handle (a weapon or tool, for example) with skill and ease. exercise efectively; handle; have power
over; rule; manage
3534

whirl: act of rotating or revolving rapidly; state of confusion; tumult

3535

waist: narrowing of the body between the ribs and hips

3536

blossom: reproductive organ of plants, especially one having showy or colorful parts

3537

consistency: harmonious uniformity or agreement among things or parts

3538

access: approach; entry; entrance

3539

naked: bare and pure; completely unclothed

3540

violin: small instrument with four strings, played with a bow; a fiddle

3541

pave: coat; cover

3542

zoology: part of biology which relates to the animal kingdom

3543

comprehensive: thorough; including all or everything; broad in scope

3544

array: set out for display or use; place in orderly arrangement

3545

rotary: turning, as a wheel on its axis; pertaining to, or resembling, the motion of a wheel on its axis

3546

mechanical: automatic; monotonous; relating to or governed by or in accordance with mechanics

3547

cunning: knowing; skillful; artful; designing; deceitful

3548

encounter: face; confront; meet, especially unexpectedly; come upon

3549

wither: shrivel; decay; lose freshness, vigor, or vitality; loss of moisture

3550

brochure: pamphlet; small book usually having paper cover

3551

yeast: foam, or troth (top yeast), or the sediment (bottom yeast), of beer or other in fermentation

3552
royalty: being royal; quality of royal person; kingship; sovereignty; share of product, as a percentage paid to
owner of copyright
3553

gown: loose, flowing upper garment; ordinary outer dress of woman; official robe of certain professional men

3554

aford: pay; provide; have the fnancial means for; bear the cost of

3555

entertainment: amusement; fun

3556

distort: twist out of proper or natural relation of parts; misshape; misrepresent

3557

native: being as origin; as found in nature in the elemental form

3558

decorative: ornamental; embellishing; serving an esthetic rather than a useful purpose

3559

monarch: king; sole and absolute ruler; sovereign, such as a king or empress

3560

stimulation: arousing an organism to action

3561

waver: play or move to and fro; move one way and the other; swing; be unsettled in opinion

3562

landing: touchdown; act of coming down to the earth

3563
tile: flat thin rectangular slab used to cover surfaces; short length of pipe made of clay or concrete, used in
sewers and drains
3564

deflect: turn aside; draw someone's attention away from something

3565

leisure: convenience; vacancy; freedom to choose a pastime or enjoyable activity

3566

denounce: condemn openly; criticize; make known in formal manner

3567

discourse: formal, lengthy discussion of a subject; verbal exchange; conversation

3568

underlying: lying under or beneath something; basic; implicit; taking precedence; prior

3569

performer: entertainer; who performs or takes part in a play or performance of any kind

3570

persuade: advise; counsel; urge the acceptance or practice of; convince

3571

congratulation: act of acknowledging that someone has an occasion for celebration

3572

encourage: activate; stimulate

3573

deviate: turn away from a principle, norm; depart; diverge

3574

status: position relative to others; standing

3575

drainage: emptying accomplished by draining; gradual flowing of, as of a liquid

3576
menace: danger; a threat or the act of threatening; something that is a source of danger; threaten;
intimidate
3577

horn: one of the bony outgrowths on the heads of certain ungulates

3578

consign: give, transfer, or deliver in a formal manner, as if by signing over into the possession of another

3579

precaution: prevention; measure taken beforehand; act of foresight

3580

earnest: seriousness; reality; fxed determination; eagerness; intentness

3581

frame: structure that gives shape or support; closed, often rectangular border of drawn or printed lines

3582

ankle: joint which connects the foot with the leg; tarsus

3583

break: opportunity to do something; pause or interval, as from work; sudden change

3584

arrangement: composition; order

3585

sensitive: able to feel; responsive to external conditions; susceptible to attitudes of others

3586

popularity: quality of being widely admired or accepted or sought after

3587

groove: long narrow furrow or channel; settled routine; very pleasurable experience

3588
scene: structure on which something is shown; part of theater where the acting is done; place, time, or
circumstance in which anything occurs
3589

handle: touch; feel with the hand; use or hold with the hand; manage in using; deal with

3590

authorize: empower; give permission for; sanction

3591

denote: indicate; signify directly; refer to specifically

3592
glorious: having or deserving glory; famous; characterized by great beauty and splendor; magnifcent;
wonderful
3593

fertile: rich; fruitful; inventive; creative; intellectually productive

3594
bull: male of any species of cattle; large, strong, and aggressive person; optimist regarding business
conditions
3595
distance: space between two objects; length of a line, especially the shortest line joining two points or things
that are separate
3596

ultimately: as fnal consequence; at last; in the end

3597

harmonious: concordant; accordant; suitable and fitting

3598

commitment: pledge, undertaking; act of binding yourself to a course of action

3599

compensate: make amends for; reimburse

3600

signifcant: fairly large; important in efect or meaning

3601

opportunity: favorable or advantageous circumstance; chance for progress or advancement

3602

awkwardly: in an uncomfortable, nervous or embarrassed way

3603

barge: flatboat; long, large boat for transporting freight that is unpowered and towed or pushed by other craft

3604

kernel: central or vital part; most material and central part; grain or seed as of corn

3605

pony: small horse; small glass of beer; word for word translation of a foreign language text

3606

torture: extreme pain; anguish of body or mind

3607
nightmare: dream arousing feelings of intense fear, horror, and distress; event or experience that is intensely
distressing
3608

decline: change toward something smaller or lower ; gradual falling off from a better state

3609

defy: renounce or dissolve all bonds of affiance, faith, or obligation with; provoke to combat or strife

3610

plight: condition or state, especially a bad state or condition

3611

quotation: passage or expression that is quoted or cited; practice of quoting from books

3612

deception: act of deceiving

3613

reptile: cold-blooded vertebrate including tortoises turtles snakes lizards alligators crocodiles

3614

focus: most important thing; a fxed reference point; center of interest or activity

3615

liberal: open-minded; tolerant; broad-mindedness; having political views favoring reform and progress

3616

site: physical position in relation to the surroundings; position; location

3617

aristocracy: hereditary nobility; privileged class

3618

ray: one of a number of lines diverging from a point; a line of light or heat proceeding from a point

3619

monotonous: boring; dull; tediously repetitious or lacking in variety

3620

subdue: quiet or bring under control by physical force or persuasion; make less intense; tone down

3621

enormous: very great in size, extent, number, or degrees; huge; massive

3622

quartz: a hard glossy mineral consisting of silicon dioxide in crystal form

3623

mist: visible watery vapor suspended in atmosphere, at or near the surface of the earth; fog

3624

civil: having to do with citizens or the state; courteous and polite

3625

starve: hunger; deprive of food

3626

perpetual: everlasting; continuing without interruption

3627

exalted: superior; elevated in rank, character, or status; of high moral or intellectual value

3628

court: enclosed space; courtyard; uncovered area shut in by the walls of a building

3629

poverty: lack of money; state of being poor; lack of the means of providing material needs or comforts

3630

fade: disappear; die out; lose color; lose freshness

3631

conform: comply with; follow; ft; meet

3632

prominent: conspicuous; immediately noticeable; sticking out; widely known

3633

instructive: serving to instruct of enlighten or inform; enlightening

3634

lumber: move heavily or clumsily; cut down timber of

3635

antagonism: active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor

3636

generalize: reach conclusion; become systemic and spread throughout the body

3637

sketch: draw or describe briefly; give the main points; summary of

3638

unfair: unjust; contrary to laws or conventions, especially in commerce

3639

overall: general; comprehensive; from one end to the other; including everything

3640

successive: consecutive

3641

disastrous: extremely bad; terrible; dreadful

3642

illusion: misleading vision; being deceived by a false perception or belief

3643

heel: back part of the human foot; lower end of a ship's mast

3644

parachute: rescue equipment consisting of a device that flls with air and retards your fall

3645

indulge: be complacent toward; give way to; not to oppose or restrain; yield to the desire of

3646

fancy: capricious notion; something many people believe that is false

3647

fleet: a group of steamships under the same ownership; a group of vessels or vehicles

3648

prospect: possibility of future success; belief about future

3649

precise: exact; clearly expressed; accurate or correct

3650

resemble: be similar to; take after; look like

3651

notable: worthy of note or notice; remarkable; important

3652

enforce: put force upon; force; constrain; compel; put in motion or action by violence

3653

tame: domesticated; very restrained or quiet; make less strong or intense; soften

3654

venture: put at risk; adventure

3655

archaeology: study of artifacts and relics of early mankind

3656

save: rescue; preserve; make unnecessary; set aside for future use

3657

elliptical: rounded like an egg; in a shape reminding of an ellipse; oval

3658

surpass: be or go beyond, as in degree or quality; exceed

3659

surge: outburst; roll or be tossed about on waves, as a boat

3660

entertain: amuse; host

3661

perturb: disturb greatly; make uneasy or anxious; throw into great confusion

3662

ofensive: causing anger, displeasure, resentment, or afront

3663

signal: a sign made for the purpose of giving notice to a person

3664
yawn: open the mouth wide with a deep inhalation, usually involuntarily from drowsiness, fatigue, or
boredom
3665

linen: fabric woven with fbers from the flax plant; thread made from fbers of the flax plant

3666

spell: name or write in order the letters constituting; add up to; signify

3667

replacement: act of replacing; substitution; person or thing that takes the place of another

3668

instrumental: serving or acting as a means or aid; helpful; relating to musical instruments

3669

policy: settled method of government to administer; system of public or official administration

3670

breakthrough: act of overcoming or penetrating an obstacle or restriction

3671

eventually: ultimately; in the fnal result or issue; in the end

3672

script: prepare text for flming or broadcasting

3673

regime: form of government; government in power; administration; prevailing social system or pattern

3674

carpenter: skilled worker who makes, fnishes, and repairs wooden objects and structures

3675

pollute: make impure; make unft for or harmful to living things, especially by the addition of waste matter

3676

sunrise: daily event of the sun rising above the horizon

3677

withstand: stand up against; successfully resist; oppose with force or resolution

3678

editorial: of or pertaining to an editor; written or sanctioned by an editor

3679

prestige: impression produced by achievements or reputation; recognized distinction or importance

3680

referee: someone to investigate and report on a case or to ensure fair play

3681

static: having no motion; being at rest; fxed; stationary

3682

portion: section or quantity within a larger thing; a part of a whole

3683

persecute: pursue in a manner to injure, grieve, or afflict; beset with cruelty or malignity; harass; annoy

3684

heap: crowd or throng; a great number of persons; pile or mass

3685

scenic: constituting or afording pleasing views of natural features; beautiful

3686

envelop: enclose or encase completely with or as if with a covering

3687

dispel: scatter; drive away; cause to vanish

3688

customary: agreeing with or established by common usage; conventional; habitual

3689

sake: purpose; reason for wanting something done

3690

artifcial: made by humans; produced rather than natural.

3691

particle: a tiny piece of anything

3692

tide: periodic rise and fall of the sea level

3693

myriad: of very large or indefnite number; of ten thousand

3694

pier: landing place; platform built out from shore into water and supported by piles; provides access to ships

3695

penalty: punishment established by law or authority for a crime or ofense; fine

3696

application: close attention; work of applying something; verbal or written request for assistance

3697

guardian: one who guards, preserves, or secures; one who has, or is entitled to custody of person or property

3698

forthcoming: ready or about to appear; making appearance

3699

flux: flowing; series of changes; state of being liquid through heat

3700

molecular: of molecules; relating to simple or basic structure or form

3701

coincident: concerning; simultaneous

3702

bid: make an ofer of; propose; ofer in words; declare, as a wish, a greeting, a threat, or defiance

3703

transfer: shifting; conveyance or removal of something from one place, person, or thing to another

3704

segment: sector; portion; any of the parts into which something can be divided

3705

pitch: action or manner of throwing something

3706

necessitate: make necessary or indispensable; render unavoidable

3707

fragrant: pleasant-smelling; odorous

3708

acute: quickly perceptive; keen; having a sharp point or tip; extremely sharp or severe

3709

team: a number of persons associated together in any work; a flock of wild ducks

3710

recommend: suggest; bestow commendation on; represent favorably

3711

allergy: hyper sensitivity reaction; abnormally high sensitivity to certain substances

3712

normally: usually; as a rule; regularly; according to a rule

3713
insulate: make an island of; place in a detached situation, or in a state having no communication with
surrounding objects; isolate; separate
3714

popcorn: small kernels of corn exploded by heat

3715

tuition: teaching pupils individually; fee for instruction, especially at a formal institution of learning

3716

condition: mode or state of being; ftness; existing circumstances

3717

forefather: ancestor; forebear

3718

cavity: hole; cavern; hollow area within the body

3719

urge: force in an indicated direction; stimulate; excite

3720

proposition: plan suggested for acceptance; a matter to be dealt with; subject for discussion or analysis

3721

inspection: formal or official examination

3722

straightforward: proceeding in a straight course or manner; not deviating; honest; frank.

3723

delusion: false belief; mistaken or unfounded opinion

3724

vertical: upright in position or posture; oriented vertically

3725

advance: proceed; move forward; improve; moving forward

3726

bandage: strip of woven material, used in dressing and binding up wounds

3727

fxture: commonplace object; object frmly fxed in place

3728

patriotism: love of country; devotion to welfare of one's country; virtues and actions of patriot

3729

condense: change from a gaseous to a liquid state and fall in drops; compress or concentrate

3730

therefore: consequently; hence

3731

evident: easily seen or understood; obvious; apparent; clear

3732

erosion: corrosion; a gradual decline of something

3733

verify: confrm; prove the truth of by presentation of evidence or testimony

3734

circuit: electrical device that provides a path for electrical current to flow

3735

armour: defensive covering, as of metal, wood, or leather, worn to protect the body against weapons

3736

maple: tree of the genus Acer, including about ffty species

3737

prevail: induce; be greater in strength or influence; triumph; win out

3738

cancel: revoke; call of; omit or delete

3739

authorization: act of giving authority or legal power; establishment by authority; sanction or warrant

3740

fertilizer: any substance used to make soil more fertile

3741

inability: lack of ability, especially mental ability, to do something

3742

accrue: increase, accumulate, or come about as a result of growth; accumulate over time

3743

aggravate: worsen; make worse or more troublesome

3744

prescribed: set down as a rule or guide; certain; stated

3745

terribly: dreadfully; frightfully; to a great extent; very much

3746

strap: belt; band that goes over the shoulder and supports a garment or bag

3747

confdence: feeling secure or certain about something

3748

intimate: give to understand; imply as a possibility; make known subtly and indirectly

3749
politics: profession devoted to governing and political afairs; study of government of states and other
political units
3750

canvas: heavy closely woven fabric; background against which events unfold, as in a historical narrative

3751

hypothesis: assumption; theory

3752

misfortune: bad fortune or ill luck; bad luck

3753

distinguished: prominent; celebrated, well-known or eminent because of past achievements

3754

request: express the need or desire for; ask for

3755

fault: crack; a crack in the earth; defect; flaw; a wrong action

3756

advisable: proper to be advised or to be done; expedient; prudent; ready to receive advice

3757

slope: be at an angle; incline; gradient

3758

oblige: force; bind by an obligation; cause to be indebted; do a service or favor for

3759

absence: state of being absent; state of being away

3760

broadcast: message that is transmitted by radio or television; radio or television show

3761

gleam: cause to emit a flash of light

3762

passionate: zealous; enthusiastic; flled with or motivated by zeal

3763

influence: power afecting person or thing; efect of one thing on another; flowing in or upon; influx

3764

voluntary: done or undertaken of one's own free will; unforced

3765

affirmation: positive assertion; confrmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath

3766

ditch: trench made in the earth by digging; any long, narrow receptacle for water on the surface of the earth

3767

motel: motor hotel; lodging rooms adjacent to a parking lot

3768

fussy: easily upset; given to bouts of ill temper; full of superfluous details

3769
coil: a series of connected spirals or concentric rings formed by gathering or winding; spiral pipe or series of
spiral pipes
3770

subjective: occurring or taking place in person's mind rather than external world; unreal

3771

relax: make less severe or strict; become less tense

3772

core: basic, center, or most important part; essence

3773

rifle: shoulder frearm with a long barrel

3774

symphony: large orchestra; harmony, especially of sound or color

3775

arms: weapons considered collectively; official symbols of a family

3776

relinquish: give up something with reluctance; retire from; give up or abandon

3777

postcard: card for sending messages by post without an envelope

3778

suitable: appropriate to a purpose or an occasion

3779

pathetic: causing sadness, compassion, or pity

3780

recommendation: making attractive or acceptable; pushing for something

3781

conservation: preservation or restoration from loss, damage, or neglect

3782

dazzling: bright; brilliant

3783

harvest: gather; yield from plants in a single growing season

3784

liable: bound or obliged in law or equity

3785

efective: efficient; productive; producing a strong impression or response

3786

alter: modify; cause to change; make diferent; convert

3787

arrest: stop or slow down; catch someone's attention; take into custody

3788

encircle: form a circle about; inclose within a circle or ring; surround

3789

temporary: not permanent; not lasting

3790

twist: turn in the opposite direction; form into a spiral shape

3791

bulk: majority; main part; volume; mass

3792

rehearse: practice; drill; engage in preparation for a public performance

3793

heiress: woman who is an heir, especially to great wealth

3794

mobilize: assemble, prepare, or put into operation for or as if for war; make mobile or capable of movement

3795

shy: timid; bashful; easily startled; distrustful

3796

revenge: do punishment in return for injury or insult; avenge

3797

dialect: vocabulary that is for a specifc group of people

3798

drought: dry period; aridity; long period of abnormally low rainfall

3799

rectangle: a parallelogram with four right angles

3800

secret: something studiously concealed; a thing kept from general knowledge

3801

estate: extensive landed property; everything you own; all of your assets

3802

sow: plant; place seeds in or on

3803

outline: line that appears to bound an object

3804

textile: cloth; fabric

3805

subtle: slight; be difficult to detect or grasp by the mind

3806

oval: elliptic; rounded like an egg

3807

sign: public display of message; visible mark or indication

3808

awkward: difficult to handle or manage

3809

optical: of or relating to or involving light or optics

3810

resemblance: likeness; similarity in appearance or external or superfcial details

3811

oppose: place in front of, or over against; set opposite; exhibit; confront; resist; withstand

3812

mount: go up or advance; fx onto a backing; put up or launch

3813

confuse: cause to be unable to think with clarity or act with intelligence or understanding; mix up

3814

shot: photographic view or exposure

3815

exceptional: extraordinary; unusual; well above average

3816

tag: attach; append; provide with a name or nickname; label

3817

defnitely: unequivocally; clearly; without question and beyond doubt

3818

allocate: assign; distribute according to plan

3819

originality: novelty; creativity; capacity to act or think independently

3820

tolerant: showing respect for the rights of others; open-minded; showing capacity for endurance

3821

bush: place abounding in trees or shrubs; wild forest

3822

suffice: be enough, or sufficient; meet the need; be equal to the end proposed; be adequate; satisfy

3823

tick: emit recurring clicking sounds; do well or as designed

3824

unload: take something off a container

3825

oriental: of or relating to the countries of the orient or their peoples or cultures; eastern

3826

dominant: major; important; outweighing

3827
overtake: come up with in a course, pursuit, progress, or motion; catch up with; come upon from behind;
capture; overcome
3828

vague: imprecise; indistinct; not clearly expressed; inexplicit

3829

limestone: rock consisting chiefly of calcium carbonate or carbonate of lime

3830

ferocious: ferce; savage; wild; indicating cruelty

3831

countermand: cancel; revoke command or order; order or direct in opposition to; prohibit; forbid

3832

fst: hand with the fngers doubled into the palm; closed hand

3833

shepherd: a herder of sheep; someone who keeps the sheep together in a flock

3834

balance: being in equilibrium; equilibrium; symmetry; stability

3835

singular: unique; extraordinary; being only one

3836

presentation: show or display; act of presenting something to sight or view

3837
parliament: discussion; formal conference on public afairs; general council, especially an assembly of
representatives of a nation
3838

odd: not easily explained; beyond from the usual or expected; not divisible by two

3839

dent: cavity; a depression scratched or carved into a surface

3840

deduce: lead forth; reach a conclusion by reasoning; trace the origin or derivation of

3841

defend: make or keep safe from danger, attack, or harm

3842

exonerate: acquit; free from blame; discharge from duty

3843

defcient: inadequate; lacking an essential quality or element

3844

yoke: join together, unite; harness a draft animal to; join securely; force into heavy labor

3845

privilege: special advantage or beneft not enjoyed by all; right reserved exclusively

3846
shell: ammunition consisting of a cylindrical metal casing containing an explosive charge; usually hard outer
covering that encases certain organism
3847
ftting: small accessory to a larger system; small detachable part for a machine or apparatus; act of trying on
clothes
3848

stagger: sway; walk as if unable to control one's movements

3849

regarding: with respect to; by concerning

3850

rub: move over the surface with pressure and friction; spread a substance thinly over

3851

chin: central forward portion of the lower jaw; bottom of face

3852

comprehension: grasp; ability to understand

3853

depict: represent in a picture or sculpture; portray in words; describe

3854
slack: area of still water; lack of tension; cord, rope, or cable that is hanging loosely; unused capacity; casual
trousers
3855

expedition: journey organized for a particular purpose

3856

throng: large group of people gathered or crowded closely together

3857

environment: surroundings; totality of surrounding conditions

3858

leading: chief; principal; having a position in the lead; foremost

3859

notwithstanding: nevertheless; in spite of

3860

hesitate: pause or hold back in uncertainty or unwillingness

3861

resolution: determination; resolving to do something; formal statement of a decision

3862

feat: achievement; accomplishment

3863

perfection: flawlessness; excellence; state of being without flaw or defect

3864

applicant: candidate

3865

slippery: smooth; being such as to cause things to slip or slide

3866

outrage: act of extreme violence or viciousness; ofense

3867

compromise: adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of

3868

diver: one who works underwater

3869

ambiguity: state of being ambiguous; doubtfulness or uncertainty

3870

incline: cause to lean, slant, or slope; deviate from the horizontal or vertical

3871

entitle: give right to; authorize; furnish with a right or claim to something; designate; give title to

3872

limp: walk lamely, especially with irregularity, as if favoring one leg; move or proceed haltingly or unsteadily

3873

adolescent: a juvenile between the onset of puberty and maturity;

3874

host: great number; person entertaining guests

3875
honor

candidate: person who is considered for something; person who seeks or is nominated for an office, prize, or

3876

circus: public entertainment of performances by acrobats, clowns, and trained animals

3877

thorough: accurate or careful; complete

3878

wreck: destruction; destroy; smash or break forcefully

3879
furrow: trench in the earth made by a plow; any trench, channel, or groove, as in wood or metal; wrinkle on
the face
3880

aptitude: inherent ability; quickness in learning and understanding

3881

greenhouse: house in which tender plants are cultivated and sheltered from the weather

3882

flexibility: quality of being adaptable or variable

3883

temple: church; place of worship

3884

ballroom: large room used mainly for dancing

3885

chill: cool; freeze

3886

diminish: dwindle; reduce; make smaller or less or to cause to appear so

3887

inaccessible: unreachable; not available; unattainable

3888

amount: total of two or more quantities; aggregate; sum

3889

idiom: expression whose meaning difers from meanings of its individual words; distinctive style

3890
preside: be set, or to sit, in the place of authority; to occupy the place of president, chairman, moderator,
director; direct, control, and regulate, as chief oficer
3891

disinfectant: substance which kills germs or viruses; agent for removing the causes of infection, as chlorine

3892

defne: determine the nature of; give a defnition; describe the nature or basic qualities of; explain

3893

opaque: impenetrable by light; not transparent; not reflecting light; having no luster

3894

displacement: act of removing from office or employment

3895
howl: utter a loud, mournful sound or cry, as dogs and wolves often do; utter a sound expressive of distress;
cry aloud and mournfully
3896

irrevocable: unalterable; irreversible; impossible to retract or revoke

3897

lease: rent; charter; engage for service under a term of contract

3898

brink: edge, margin, or border of a steep place verge

3899

manifest: clearly apparent to understanding; obvious

3900

countenance: give sanction or support to; tolerate or approve

3901

attack: ofensive move; expression of strong criticism; hostile comment

3902

tunnel: passageway through or under something, usually underground

3903

coincide: occur at the same time as; correspond

3904

speedy: fast; rapid; accomplished or arrived at without delay; prompt

3905

apart: separately, in regard to space or company; in a state of separation as to place; aside

3906

wake: trail of ship or other object through water; path of something that has gone before

3907

atmosphere: air

3908

ancestor: forefather; forebear; forerunner or predecessor

3909

bend: strain or move out of a straight line; curve; turn toward some certain point

3910

scof: mock; ridicule; show or express scorn; eat quickly and greedily

3911

immigrate: move into another country to stay there permanently

3912

refusal: act of refusing; denial of anything demanded

3913

testify: give testimony in a court of law; provide evidence for

3914

stif: not moving or operating freely; lacking ease in bending; resistant

3915

exert: cause; apply; exercise

3916
author: beginner, former, or frst mover of anything; creator; originator; one who composes or writes book or
composer
3917

overcharge: overprice; a price that is too high

3918

pant: breathe quickly or in a labored manner; respire with heaving of the breast; sigh

3919

supreme: most outstanding; highest; superior

3920

wax: increase gradually in size, number, strength, or intensity; show a progressively larger illuminated area

3921

vessel: craft; ship; container for liquids

3922

plot: small extent of ground; secret scheme or strategy

3923

bridle: headgear with which a horse is directed and which carries a bit and reins

3924

indent: nick; set in from margin; impress or stamp

3925

lively: busy; energetic; vigorous

3926

expert: person with a high degree of skill in or knowledge of a certain subject

3927

actually: truly; really; in fact

3928

communication: activity of communicating; activity of conveying information

3929

constant: invariable; repeating; continually occurring; persistent

3930

perfume: pleasing, agreeable scent or odor

3931

spin: turn round rapidly; move round rapidly; move swiftly

3932

scarlet: bright red

3933

overwhelming: overpowering in efect or strength; very great or intense; extreme

3934

bathe: wash by immersion, as in a bath; subject to bath; lave; immerse or cover one's self

3935

corrosion: decay; erosion

3936

framework: fundamental structure, as for a written work; skeleton

3937

sick: afected with disease of any kind; ill; indisposed; not in health

3938

certainty: quality or condition of being certain; fact or truth unquestionable established; clearness

3939

sunshine: moderate weather; suitable for outdoor activities; the rays of the sun

3940

suck: draw liquid into mouth; take in; draw something by vacuum

3941

haste: hurry; rapidity of action or motion

3942

symptom: sign; indication; any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient

3943

wrench: twist or turn suddenly and forcibly; move, extract, or force free by pulling violently

3944

plump: sound of a sudden heavy fall; well-rounded and full in form

3945

fundamental: relating to foundation or base; elementary; primary; essential

3946

taste: have experience or enjoyment; take a sample of; have flavor

3947

agreeable: ready to consent or submit; acceptable

3948
parallel: make or place something to another's side; of or relating to multiple operations at same time; not
intersecting
3949

overlap: representation of common ground between two things; extend over and cover a part of

3950

dismay: destroy courage or resolution by exciting dread; cause to lose enthusiasm

3951

enable: supply with the means, knowledge, or opportunity; make able; make feasible or possible

3952

assortment: variety; collection containing a variety of sorts of things

3953

squirrel: a kind of arboreal rodent having a long bushy tail

3954
gaze: fx the eyes in a steady and earnest look; look with eagerness or curiosity, as in admiration,
astonishment
3955

cab: taxi; one-horse vehicle for public hire

3956

swift: quick; moving or capable of moving with great speed

3957

accessible: easily approached or entered; obtainable; easy to talk to or get along with

3958

revoke: void or annul by recalling, withdrawing, or reversing; cancel; retract

3959

compensation: something given or received as payment as for a service or loss or injury

3960

infnite: unlimited or boundless, in time or space; without limit in power, capacity, knowledge, or excellence

3961

grasp: grip; take hold of or seize frmly with or as if with the hand

3962

sophisticated: wide-ranging knowledge; complex; intellectually appealing

3963

marked: noticeable or pronounced; having one or more distinguishing marks

3964

adoption: act of accepting with approval

3965

litter: make untidy by discarding rubbish carelessly; scatter about

3966

purity: condition of being pure; freedom from foreign admixture or deleterious matter; cleanness

3967

ratify: approve formally; confrm; verify

3968

termination: end of something in time or space; result or outcome; conclusion

3969

bronze: an alloy of copper and tin and sometimes other elements

3970

hose: a flexible pipe for conveying a liquid or gas

3971

stout: dependable; stocky; euphemisms for fat

3972

function: act of executing or performing any duty; assigned duty or activity

3973

shave: act of removing hair with a razor; thin slice or scraping

3974

comprise: include; consist of; be composed of

3975

sensitivity: sense; acuteness; capacity of an organ or organism to respond to stimulation

3976

tarif: tax on goods coming into a country

3977

bite: pierce skin with teeth; seize with the teeth; sting with a stinger; eat into; have a sharp taste

3978

scan: make a wide, sweeping search of; examine

3979

competitor: one who seeks what another seeks, or claims what another claims; one who competes; rival

3980

conformity: similarity in form or character; agreement

3981

composite: made up of distinct parts or elements; compounded

3982
bow: inclination of head, or bending of body for reverence, respect, civility, or submission; bending or
rounded part of ship forward
3983

capable: having the ability required for a specifc task

3984

irritate: rouse to impatience or anger; annoy; provoke

3985

pertain: belong; have connection with, or dependence on

3986

respectively: separately; individually; in the order given

3987

drift: float; moving aimlessly; wander

3988

gulp: swallow; utter or make a noise, as when swallowing too quickly

3989

decompose: decay

3990

veto: rejection; vote that blocks a decision; deny; prohibit; command against

3991

specimen: model; sample; an example regarded as typical of its class

3992
siege: seat, especially a royal seat; throne; rank; grade; sitting before a fortifed place; surrounding or
investing of a place by army
3993

factor: anything that contributes causally to a result; element; variable

3994

antique: any furniture old and valuable; out of fashion

3995
web: textile fabric; complex, interconnected structure or arrangement; the World Wide Web; radio or
television network
3996

utterance: vocal expression; power of speaking; last or utmost extremity

3997

appreciable: considerable; perceptible

3998

campus: feld where the buildings of a university are situated

3999

helpless: unable to help oneself; powerless or incompetent; powerless; weak

4000

divert: distract; withdraw money and move into a diferent location

4001

flavor: distinctive taste; quality produced by the sensation of taste

4002

dispense: distribute; prepare and give out; deal out in parts or portions

4003

attain: achieve or accomplish; gain

4004

treatment: handling; care that are intended to relieve illness or injury

4005

obliterate: destroy completely; do away with completely so as to leave no trace

4006

forge: workplace where metal is worked by heating and hammering

4007

billion: the number that is represented as a one followed by 9 zeros

4008

coincidence: two or more things occurring at the same time by chance

4009

trigger: cause something happen; set off

4010

squat: stocky; short and thick; low and broad

4011

panel: a group of people gathered for a special purpose; small board or pad

4012

conceit: overly high self-esteem; feelings of excessive pride

4013

heave: cause to move upward or onward by a lifting efort; lift; raise; hoist; throw

4014

caption: title; chapter heading; text under illustration

4015

heed: pay attention to; listen to and consider

4016

weaver: craftsman who weaves cloth

4017

industrious: diligent; hard-working; busy and laborious

4018

convict: fnd or declare guilty

4019

victorious: successful; being the winner in a contest or struggle

4020

compact: closely and frmly united or packed together; briefly giving gist of something

4021

withdraw: remove from; pull back; break from gathering; retreat; depart

4022

dilute: weaken; make thinner or less concentrated by adding a liquid such as water

4023

tentative: hesitant; not fully worked out or developed; experimental; not defnite or positive

4024

pebble: small smooth rounded rock

4025

shrill: acute; sharp; piercing; having or emitting a sharp, piercing tone or sound

4026

sole: bottom; underside of foot or shoe or boot; bottom surface of a plow

4027

income: gain from labor, business, property, or capital

4028

founder: person who establishes an organization, business

4029

outrageous: of the nature of an outrage; exceeding the limits of right, reason

4030

stride: step; pace; signifcant progress

4031

rigid: stiff and unyielding; strict; hard and unbending; not flexible

4032

squeeze: force something into or through a restricted space; compress with violence

4033

pose: pretend to be someone you are not; assume a posture as for artistic purposes

4034

frail: physically weak; easily broken

4035

horrible: exciting, or tending to horror or fear; hideous

4036

boring: uninteresting and tiresome; dull

4037

spit: expel or eject from the mouth; rain gently

4038

compass: go about or entirely round; make the circuit of; enclose on all sides; surround

4039

plate: flat piece of metal; thick sheet of metal; small, usually circular, vessel of metal or wood for food table

4040

confde: disclose; reveal; tell in confidence

4041

stability: balance; constancy

4042

reiterate: say, state, or perform again or repeatedly

4043

vacation: leisure time away from work; act of making something legally void

4044

personal: particular to a given individual; concerning or afecting a particular person

4045

jealous: resentful or bitter in rivalry; envious

4046

unstable: inconstant; variable; lacking control of one's emotions; constantly changing

4047

alien: dissimilar, inconsistent, or opposed in nature; very diferent place, society, or person

4048
bufet: table with food set out for people to serve themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food
that's been set out
4049

combine: blend; fuse; merge

4050

toil: exhausting labor or efort; any thread, web, or string spread for taking prey

4051

glide: slide; move in a smooth, efortless manner

4052

resentment: indignation; deep sense of injury; strong displeasure

4053

accelerate: move faster; cause to develop or progress more quickly; occur sooner than expected

4054

scarcely: hardly; barely; only just

4055

sensational: arousing or intended to arouse strong curiosity, interest, or reaction

4056

slender: having little width in proportion to height or length; long and thin

4057

comparable: similar or equivalent; being of equal regard; worthy to be ranked with

4058

emancipate: free from bondage, oppression, or restraint; liberate

4059

delay: act later than planned; put off; adjournment

4060

needy: poor; indigent; being in need; impoverished

4061

charge: set or ask for a certain price; load to capacity; fll; instruct or urge authoritatively; command

4062

infnity: unlimited extent of time, space, or quantity; eternity; boundlessness; immensity

4063

hint: allusion; clue; brief or indirect suggestion

4064

seashore: coast; beach; the shore of a sea or ocean

4065

exquisite: excellent; flawless; acutely perceptive or discriminating

4066

ignore: refuse to pay attention to; disregard; overlook; neglect

4067

modify: alter; change

4068

deposition: testimony under oath; act of depositing, especially laying down of matter by natural process

4069

agreement: state of agreeing; harmony of opinion, statement, action, or character

4070

subject: something to be treated; course or area of study

4071

qualitative: relating to quality; having the character of quality

4072

centigrade: measure of temperature, used widely in Europe

4073
pleasure: agreeable sensations or emotions; excitement, relish, or happiness produced by the expectation or
the enjoyment of something good, delightful, or satisfying
4074

portable: mobile; easily or conveniently transported

4075

polar: pertaining to one of the poles of the earth; of the poles

4076

discourage: depress; take away hope from

4077

rib: one of the curved bones attached to the vertebral column and supporting the lateral walls of the thorax

4078

container: any object that can be used to hold things

4079

fury: violent anger; rage; uncontrolled action; turbulence

4080

weather: endure the efects of weather or other forces; come through safely; survive

4081

slice: a serving that has been cut from a larger portion; piece; a share of something

4082

undue: not due; not yet owing; not just, proper, or legal; ; excessive

4083

mouth: opening through which an animal receives food; aperture between jaws or between lips

4084
expend: lay out, apply, or employ in any way; consume by use; use up or distribute, either in payment or in
donations; spend
4085

amend: change for the better; improve; remove faults or errors

4086

pilgrim: traveler; one who travels far, or in strange lands, to visit some holy place or shrine as a devotee

4087

elegant: refned and tasteful in appearance or behavior or style

4088

valve: device or structure for controlling the flow of a fluid

4089

loyal: steadfast in allegiance or duty; faithful to a person, ideal, custom, cause, or duty

4090

deliberate: consider; think about carefully; weigh

4091

absent: go away or leave ; missing; not present

4092

corrode: destroy metal or alloy gradually, especially by chemical action; be eaten or worn away

4093

post: display announcement in a place of public view; publish on a list

4094

ominous: threatening; foreshadowing evil or tragic developments

4095

invariably: constantly; always

4096

fort: a fortifed defensive structure; permanent army post

4097

motivation: incentive; psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal

4098

cork: lightweight elastic outer bark, used especially for bottle closures, insulation, floats

4099

anyhow: in any way or manner whatever; at any rate; in any event

4100

table: set resolution or proposal for future consideration; hold back to a later time

4101
theatrical: of or pertaining to theater, or to scenic representations; resembling manner of dramatic
performers; histrionic; artificial
4102

ftness: health; vigor; state or condition of being ft; suitability or appropriateness

4103

swarm: dense moving crowd; large group of honeybees

4104

fragment: small part broken off or detached; fraction

4105

riddle: pierce with numerous holes; perforate; permeate or spread throughout

4106

indicative: suggestive; implying; serving to indicate

4107

harness: stable gear consisting of an arrangement to an animal so that it can be attached to and pull a cart

4108

legislation: lawmaking; the act of making or enacting laws ; law enacted by a legislative body

4109

standard: criteria; basis for comparison

4110

customer: patron; one that buys goods or services

4111

pane: framed section of window or door that is flled with a sheet of glass or others; panel in a wall or door

4112

client: someone who pays to get goods or services

4113

trend: popular taste; general direction in which something tends to move

4114

obtainable: available; capable of being obtained

4115

conflict: fght; struggle; incompatibility of dates or events

4116

annually: yearly; each year; returning every year; year by year

4117

incense: enrage; infuriate; cause to be extremely angry

4118

blacksmith: one who forges and shapes iron with a hammer and anvil

4119

habit: established disposition of the mind or character; distinctive dress, especially of a religious order

4120

suspect: have doubts about; distrust

4121

revenue: money which returns from an investment; annual income; reward

4122

testimony: solemn declaration or affirmation; something that serves as evidence

4123
wretched: very miserable; sunk in, or accompanied by deep affliction or distress; calamitous; woeful;
worthless
4124

worldwide: global; universal; throughout the world

4125

onset: beginning or early stages; ofensive against enemy

4126

organ: natural part or structure in animal or plant, capable of performing some special action

4127

plague: epidemic disease with a high death rate; annoyance

4128

distinction: excellence or eminence; note or mark of diference

4129

guarantee: pledge that something will happen or that something is true

4130

choke: breathe with great difficulty, as when experiencing a strong emotion; reduce the air supply

4131

mould: crumbling, soft, friable earth; soil

4132

address: make a formal speech to; deal with or discuss; direct eforts or attention of

4133

memo: short note; memorandum; written proposal or reminder

4134

cause: something produces a result; basis for an action or response; a reason

4135

commerce: trade; business; intellectual exchange or social interaction

4136

disguise: dress or exterior put on for purposes of concealment or of deception

4137

expire: come to an end; terminate; lose validity; breathe one's last breath; die

4138
data

statistics: a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative

4139
scandal: publicized incident that brings about disgrace; damage to reputation by disclosure of improper
behavior
4140

shipment: sending of cargo; act of sending off something

4141

electronic: of or pertaining to an electron or electrons.

4142

vivid: bright; lively; graphic; having striking color

4143

abolition: ending; act of abolishing; act of doing away with

4144

bother: annoy; trouble; make agitated or nervous; fluster

4145

skyscraper: very tall building with many stories

4146

missile: weapon that is thrown or projected; rocket carrying instruments or warhead

4147

codify: arrange laws, rules as a code; classify; arrange or systematize

4148

critical: urgently needed; absolutely necessary; essential; acute; crucial; decisive

4149

ceremonial: ritual; ceremony or rite

4150

consumer: people who buy goods or services

4151

nylon: any of a family of high-strength, resilient synthetic polymers

4152

wander: move about without a defnite destination or purpose; range about; stroll; go away; depart

4153

robe: outer garment; dress of rich, flowing, and elegant style or make; dress of state, rank, ofice

4154

conspiracy: plot; intrigue; agreement to perform together an illegal, wrongful, or subversive act

4155

receipt: act of receiving; acknowledgment of goods delivered or money paid

4156

productivity: quality or state of being productive; productiveness.

4157
cabinet: group of persons appointed by a head of state or a prime minister; hut; cottage; small house; small
room; closet
4158

canal: artifcial channel flled with water; tube or duct

4159

instruct: teach; make aware of

4160

cavern: cave; large underground chamber, as in a cave

4161

converse: chat; talk informally; engage in a spoken exchange of thoughts

4162

division: act or process of diving anything into parts; state of being divided; separation

4163

tap: draw upon; strike lightly; make good use of

4164

gorge: stuff oneself; overeat; make a pig of oneself

4165

cohesion: tendency to keep together

4166

decoration: act of decorating something; something used to beautify

4167

deck: a pack of 52 cards; any of various floor-like platforms built into a vessel

4168

supplement: add as something seems insufficient; complement; extension; addition

4169

hush: make silent or quiet; keep from public knowledge; suppress mention of

4170

prohibitive: tending to discourage; prohibiting; forbidding

4171
projection: plan for anticipated course of action; thing that extends outward beyond a prevailing line or
surface
4172

spoil: go bad; rot; decay; become unft for consumption or use

4173

hamburger: a fried bread of minced beef served on a bun

4174

monumental: massive; taking a great amount of time and efort to complete; in manner of a monument

4175

backward: directed to the back or rear; unwilling; averse; reluctant; hesitating; undeveloped

4176

enchant: charm by sorcery; get control of by magical words and rites

4177

face: confront; encounter; be opposite

4178

disaster: catastrophe; misfortune

4179

laundry: washing; workplace where clothes are washed and ironed

4180

invalid: of no force or weight; not valid; weak; void; null

4181

eject: put out or expel from a place; discharge

4182

thunder: sound which follows flash of lightning; discharge of electricity; loud noise

4183

barrier: obstacle; structure built to bar passage; boundary or limit

4184

miniature: very small; model that represents something in a greatly reduced size

4185

reminiscence: recollection; process of remembering

4186

criminal: one who has committed a crime; one who is found guilty by verdict, confession, or proof

4187

tolerable: capable of being borne or endured; supportable, either physically or mentally.

4188

advocate: speak, plead, or argue in favour of; plead for; push for something

4189

homesick: unhappy at being away and longing for familiar things or persons

4190

collaborate: work together, especially in a joint intellectual efort

4191

inspire: encourage; inspirit; fre the imagination of

4192

impractical: unwise to implement or maintain in practice; theoretical

4193

subtract: remove a part from the whole

4194

vacuum: empty area or space; electrical home appliance that cleans by suction

4195

unique: without an equal; being the only one of its kind

4196

platform: stage; a raised horizontal surface

4197

spectacular: impressive or sensational; lavishly produced performance; grand

4198

explore: investigate systematically; examine; search

4199

resistant: unafected; incapable of being afected

4200

scholar: professor; a learned person

4201

engulf: absorb or swallow up as in a gulf; flow over or cover completely

4202

medieval: very old-fashioned; as if belonging to the Middle Ages

4203

design: act of working out the form of something; creation of something in the mind; formulate a plan for

4204

misery: great unhappiness; extreme pain of body or mind

4205

slip: move smoothly and easily; move out of position; move stealthily

4206

dissolve: melt; liquefy; cause to pass into solution; cause to disappear or vanish

4207

conversant: familiar, as by study or experience; able to converse knowledgeably

4208

forum: place to discuss public concerns; meeting or medium for open discussion

4209

preserve: uphold; retain; maintain in safety from injury, peril, or harm

4210

admittedly: doubtlessly; in an acknowledged manner; confessedly

4211

embody: give a bodily form to; represent in bodily or material form; incorporate

4212

cube: three-dimensional shape with six square or rectangular sides; cubicle, used for work or study

4213

alternate: happening or following in turns; succeeding each other continuously; substitute

4214

sting: pierce painfully with sharp pointed structure or organ; cause to sufer keenly in the mind or feelings

4215

currency: money; general acceptance or use

4216

divorce: end a marriage; legal dissolution of a marriage

4217

intangible: not able to be perceived by senses, as touch; vague

4218

reimburse: pay back for some expense incurred

4219

shabby: torn or worn to rage; poor; mean; ragged

4220

ailment: sickness; illness; afliction

4221

width: extent of something from side to side

4222

perspective: appearance of things; view, outlook, or vista

4223

summary: brief statement that presents the main points

4224

conspicuous: noticeable; prominent; easy to notice; obvious

4225

obligation: act of binding oneself by a social, legal, or moral tie; written promise to repay a debt

4226

recognition: acceptance ; appreciation; approval

4227

trim: clip; cut down to the desired size or shape

4228

admission: act or practice of admitting; power or permission to enter

4229

uphold: support; preserve; hold aloft; raise

4230

erase: rub letters or characters written, engraved, or painted

4231

stroll: wander on foot; ramble idly or leisurely

4232

sway: swing; move back and forth or sideways; win approval or support for; convince

4233
love

slay: put to death with a weapon, or by violence; kill; put an end to; destroy; overwhelm, as with laughter or

4234

violent: turbulent; intensely vivid or loud; by violence or bloodshed

4235

boost: raise; advance; push or shove upward

4236

vacant: void of thought or knowledge; without an occupant or incumbent

4237

badminton: game played on a court with light long-handled rackets

4238

flee: run away, as from danger or evil; avoid in alarmed or cowardly manner

4239

frustration: disappointment; failure; act of frustrating

4240

underestimate: make too low an estimate of the quantity; undervalue

4241

efficient: efective; acting directly to produce an efect; exhibiting a high ratio of output to input

4242

cultivate: improve and prepare, as by plowing or fertilizing, for raising crops; promote the growth of

4243

imaginary: having existence only in the imagination; fanciful; visionary

4244

curl: form into coiled or spiral shape; twist into ringlets or coils; move in curve or spiral

4245
fshery: business or practice of catching fsh; fshing; a place for catching fsh; the right to take fsh at a
certain place
4246
proof

suspicion: mistrust; act of suspecting something, especially something wrong, on little evidence or without

4247

cherish: harbor; treasure; treat with afection and tenderness; hold dear

4248

intelligence: ability to comprehend; understand and proft from experience; intellect; power of cognition

4249

entrance: fll with delight or wonder; put into a trance; attract

4250

tropical: relating to region on either side of the equator; hot and humid

4251

dramatize: represent something in a dramatic manner; add details to

4252

insulation: act of insulating; separation; state of being detached, from other objects

4253

similar: nearly corresponding; somewhat like; having a general likeness

4254

feedback: response to an inquiry or experiment

4255

fluctuate: rise and fall in or as if in waves; shift; vary irregularly

4256

raid: search without warning; surprise attack by a small armed force

4257

optimum: most favorable or advantageous

4258
variance: an event that departs from expectations; the expected value of the square of the deviations of a
random variable from its mean value
4259

revolutionary: marked by new or introducing radical change

4260

theory: doctrine or scheme of things; general or abstract principles of any science

4261

adornment: embellishment; decoration; something that beautifes or adorns; ornament

4262

influenza: an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease

4263

haggard: wasted away; showing wearing efects of overwork or sufering

4264

decent: suitable; modest.; honorable; meeting accepted standards

4265

equation: making equal; equal division; equality; equilibrium

4266

cafeteria: restaurant where you serve yourself and pay a cashier

4267

education: act or process of educating; the result of educating

4268

exciting: creating or producing excitement

4269

genius: exceptional creative ability; unusual mental ability; someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any field

4270

assessment: act of judging or assessing; amount determined as payable

4271

linguistics: humanistic study of language and literature

4272
captive: prisoner taken by force; one kept in power of another; one charmed or subdued by beauty,
excellence, or afection
4273

dumb: mute; lacking the power of speech

4274
superstition: excessive reverence for, or fear of, that which is unknown or mysterious; worship of a false god;
false religion
4275
adolescence: state of growing up from childhood to manhood or womanhood; transitional period between
youth and maturity
4276

emerge: come into prominence; spring up; appear

4277

competent: capable; adept

4278

reconnaissance: gain information about enemy; inspection or exploration of an area

4279
envy: malice; ill will; discontent or uneasiness at another's excellence or good fortune, accompanied with
hatred
4280
sect

denomination: class, society, or collection of individuals called by the same name; specifcally, a religious

4281

dramatic: striking; sensational in appearance or thrilling in efect

4282

accuracy: quality of nearness to the truth or the true value

4283

streak: a line or long mark of a diferent color from the ground; stripe; vein

4284

shelter: structure that provides privacy and protection from danger

4285

taxation: laying a tax, or imposing taxes, as on the subjects of a state, by authority; raising of revenue

4286

cordial: gracious; showing warm and friendliness

4287

epidemic: outbreak of a contagious disease that spreads rapidly and widely; widely prevalent

4288

federal: of or relating to central government; national

4289

likewise: similarly; as well; too

4290

precedent: act or instance that may be used as example in subsequent similar cases

4291

revolt: organize opposition to authority; make revolution

4292

prejudice: opinion formed without due examination; leaning toward one side of a question

4293

bless: make or pronounce holy; consecrate; make happy

4294

inspiration: sudden intuition as part of solving a problem; arousing to a particular emotion or action

4295

carving: cutting away parts to create a desired shape

4296

confnement: state of being confned; restraint within limits; any restraint of liberty by force

4297

ingenious: clever; having inventive or cunning mind

4298

fathom: measure the depth; come to understand

4299

weapon: arms

4300

majesty: nobility; greatness and dignity of a sovereign; royal personage

4301

cast: assign the roles of; choose at random

4302

announce: herald; give out; proclaim; make known publicly

4303

calculation: planning something carefully and intentionally

4304

fell: capable of destroying; lethal

4305

cripple: person or animal that is partially disabled or unable to use a limb or limb

4306

wrap: enclose; arrange or fold as a cover or protection

4307

hamper: put at disadvantage; prevent progress or free movement of

4308

bud: one that is not yet fully developed; sprout

4309

exploitation: unfair use of someones work giving little in return

4310

line: thin continuous mark, as that made by a pen, pencil, or brush applied to a surface; border or boundary

4311

liver: large and complicated reddish-brown glandular organ located in upper right chest

4312
thunderstorm: storm resulting from strong rising air currents; heavy rain or hail along with thunder and
lightning
4313

consideration: considerate and thoughtful act

4314

tidy: being in proper time; timely; arranged in good order; orderly; appropriate; neat; kept in proper

4315

employer: a person or frm that employs workers

4316

comply: yield assent; accord; agree, or acquiesce; adapt one's self; fulfll; accomplish

4317

specialize: mention specially; particularize; apply to some specialty or limited object

4318

bump: impact as from a collision; lump on the body caused by a blow

4319

mend: make repairs or restoration to; fx; improve

4320
code

ofence: act of causing anger, resentment, displeasure, or afront; violation or infraction of moral or social

4321

innovation: introduction of something new

4322

inherent: frmly established by nature or habit

4323

violence: physical force exerted for the purpose of violating, damaging, or abusing