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PCS-9830B

Switching Controller Instruction Manual

NR Electric Co., Ltd.

Preface

Preface

Preface

Introduction

This guide and the relevant operating or service manual documentation for the equipment provide

full information on safe handling, commissioning and testing of this equipment.

Documentation for equipment ordered from NR Electric Co., Ltd. is dispatched separately from manufactured goods and may not be received at the same time. Therefore this guide is provided to ensure that printed information normally present on equipment is fully understood by the

recipient.

Before carrying out any work on the equipment, the user should be familiar with the contents of

this manual and read relevant chapters carefully.

This chapter describes the safety precautions recommended when using the equipment. Before

installing and using the equipment, this chapter must be thoroughly read and understood.

Health and Safety

The information in this chapter of the equipment documentation is intended to ensure that equipment is properly installed and handled in order to maintain it in a safe condition.

When electrical equipment is in operation, dangerous voltages will be present in certain parts of the equipment. Failure to observe warning notices, incorrect use, or improper use m ay endanger

personnel and equipment and cause personal injury or physical damage.

Before working in the terminal strip area, the equipment must be isolated.

Proper and safe operation of the equipment depends on appropriate shipping and handling, proper storage, installation and commissioning, and on careful operation, maintenance and

servicing. For this reason only qualified personnel may work on or operate the equipment.

Qualified personnel are individuals who:

Are familiar with the installation, commissioning, and operation of the equipment and of the system to which it is being connected;

Are able to safely perform switching operations in accordance with accepted safety engineering practices and are authorized to energize and de-energize equipment and to

isolate, ground, and label it;

Are trained in the care and use of safety apparatus in accordance with safety engineering

practices;

Are trained in emergency procedures (first aid).

PCS-9830B Switching Controller

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Preface

Preface

Instructions and Warnings

The following indicators and standard definitions are used:

DANGER

means that death, severe personal injury, or considerable equipment damage will

occur if safety precautions are disregarded.

WARNING

means that death, severe personal injury, or considerable equipment damage could

occur if safety precautions are disregarded.

CAUTION means that light personal injury or equipment damage may occur if safety precautions are disregarded. This particularly applies to damage to the device and to resulting damage of the protected equipment.

device and to resulting damage of the protected equipment. WARNING! The firmware may be upgraded to

WARNING!

The firmware may be upgraded to add new features or enhance/modify existing features, please make sure that the version of this manual is compatible with the product in your hand.

WARNING!of this manual is compatible with the product in your hand. During operation of electrical equipment,

During operation of electrical equipment, certain parts of these devices are under high voltage. Severe personal injury or significant equipment damage could result from improper behavior.

Only qualified personnel should work on this equipment or in the vicinity of this equipment. These personnel must be familiar with all warnings and service procedures described in this manual, as

well as safety regulations.

In particular, the general facility and safety regulations for work with high -voltage equipment must

be observed. Noncompliance may result in death, injury, or significant equipment damage.

result in death, injury, or significant equipment damage. DANGER! Never allow the current transformer (CT) secondary

DANGER!

Never allow the current transformer (CT) secondary circuit connected to this equipment to be opened while the primary system is live. Opening the CT circuit will produce a dangerously high

voltage.

the CT circuit will produce a dangerously high voltage. WARNING!  Exposed terminals Do not touch

WARNING!

Exposed terminals

Do not touch the exposed terminals of this equipment while the power is on, as the high

voltage generated is dangerous.

Residual voltage

Hazardous voltage can be present in the DC circuit just after switching off the power supply. It takes a few seconds for the voltage to discharge.

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PCS-9830B Switching Controller

Preface

Preface

CAUTION!Preface  Earthing The earthing terminal of the equipment must be securely earthed .  Operating

Earthing

The earthing terminal of the equipment must be securely earthed .

Operating environment

The equipment must only be used within the range of ambient environment detailed in the specification and in an environment free of abnormal vibration.

Ratings

Before applying AC voltage and current or the power supply to the equipment, check that they

conform to the equipment ratings.

Printed circuit board

Do not attach and remove printed circuit boards when the power supply to the equipment is

on, as this may cause the equipment to malfunction.

External circuit

When connecting the output contacts of the equipment to an external circuit, carefully check

the supply voltage used in order to prevent the connected circuit from overh eating.

Connection cable

Carefully handle the connection cable without applying excessive force.

Typographic and Graphical Conventions

The following symbols are used in drawings:

Input signal of a function block, such as a logic setting, a blocking signal or a analog comparator signal etc.Conventions The following symbols are used in drawings: & Input inversion signal of a function block,

&
&

Input inversion signal of a function block, such as a logic setting,

a blocking signal or a analog comparator signal etc.

AND gate: all the input signals are 1, then the output is 1

OR gate: anyone the input signals is “ 1 ” , then the output is “ 1 ” 1, then the output is 1

S Q R Q
S
Q
R
Q

PCS-9830B Switching Controller

RS flipflop (static memory): setting input (S), resetting input (R),

output (Q) and inverted output (Q)

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Preface

Preface
t 0 0 t
t 0
0
t
t1 t2
t1 t2

Timer: pickup with delay t, dropout without delay

Timer: pickup without delay, dropout with delay t

Timer: pickup with delay t 1 , dropout with delay t 2

Junction (connection point)delay “ t 1 ” , dropout with delay “ t 2 ” Copyright © 2015

Copyright © 2015 NR. All rights reserved.

We reserve all rights to this document and to the information containe d herein. Improper use in particular reproduction and dissemination to third parties is strictly forbidden except where expressly authorized.

The information in this manual is carefully checked periodically, and necessary corrections will be included in f uture editions. If nevertheless any errors are detected, suggestions for correction or improvement are greatly appreciated.

We reserve the rights to make technical improvements without notice.

NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD.

Tel: +86-25-87178888

Headquarters: 69, Suyuan Avenue, Jiangning, Nanjing 211102, China

Fax: +86-25-87178999

Manufactory: 18, Xinfeng Road, Jiangning, Nanjing 211111, China

P/N: ZL_PCS-9830B_X_Instruction Manual_EN_Domestic General_X

Version: R1.05

Preface

Preface

Documentation Structure

The manual provides a functional and technical description of th is device and a comprehensive set of instructions for the device’s use and application.

The chapter contents are summarized as below:

1 Introduction

Briefly introduce the application, functions and features about this device.

2 Technical Data

Introduce the technical data about this device, such as electrical specifications, mechanical specifications, ambient temperature and humidity range, communication port parameters, type

tests, setting ranges and accuracy limits and the certifications that our products have passed.

3 Operation Theory

Introduce a comprehensive and detailed functional description of this device.

4 Supervision

Introduce the automatic self-supervision function of this device.

5 Hardware

Introduce the main function carried out by each module of this device and providing the definition

of pins of each module.

6 Settings

List of all the settings and their ranges and step sizes, together with a brief explanation of each

setting and some notes about the setting application.

7 Human Machine Interface

Introduce the hardware of the human machine interface (HMI) module and a detailed guide for the user how to use this device through the HMI. It also lists all the information which can be view

through the HMI, such as settings, all kinds of reports etc.

8 Installation

Introduce the recommendations on unpacking, handling, inspection and storage of this device. A guide to the mechanical and electrical installation of this device is also provided, incorporating

earthing recommendations.

9 Commissioning

Introduce how to commission this device, comprising checks on the calibration and functionality of this device.

10 Maintenance

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Preface

Preface

A general maintenance policy for this device is outlined.

11 Decommissioning and Disposal

A general decommissioning and disposal policy for this device is outlined.

12 Manual Version History

List the instruction manual version and the modification history records.

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1 Introduction

1 Introduction

1 Introduction

Table of Contents

1.1 Application

1-1

1.2 Functions

1-2

1.2.1 Controlled Switching Function

1-2

1.2.2 Auxiliary and Management Functions

1-2

1.3 Features

1-2

List of Figures

Figure 1.1-1 Typical application of PCS-9830B

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1 Introduction

1 Introduction

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1 Introduction

1 Introduction

1.1 Application

In power system, the traditional random switching mode of circ uit breakers will generate inevitably over-voltage, inrush current, electromagnetic transient effect and so on, affect insulation and life of equipment, and even induce protection malfunction. The CS (Controlled Switching, abbreviated CS), as the ideal solution to solve the above problems, is a method of making circuit breaker close or open at the optimum time instant. When switching no-load line, no-load transformers, capacitors, reactors and other equipments, the CS can greatly reduce overvoltage as well as inrush current during energizing and de-energizing operations, thus eliminating harmful electrical transients to the electrical equipment and the power system, extending the life of electrical

equipment and improving the stability of the power system.

The typical application of this device is show in following figures.

A B C Busbar at source side VT
A
B
C
Busbar at
source side
VT

The reference voltage

A B C Busbar at source side VT The reference voltage The controlled device CT CT
A B C Busbar at source side VT The reference voltage The controlled device CT CT
A B C Busbar at source side VT The reference voltage The controlled device CT CT

The

controlled

device

side VT The reference voltage The controlled device CT CT CT VT Controlled close Controlled open

CT

CT

CT
CT
CT CT
CT

CT

CT
CT
CT
CT
VT
VT
reference voltage The controlled device CT CT CT VT Controlled close Controlled open Analog quantity detection

Controlled close

Controlled open

device CT CT CT VT Controlled close Controlled open Analog quantity detection (current or voltage) Close

Analog quantity detection device CT CT CT VT Controlled close Controlled open (current or voltage) Close command Control system

(current or voltage)

open Analog quantity detection (current or voltage) Close command Control system Open command Sensor signal
Close command Control system
Close command
Control system

Open command

Sensor signalclose Controlled open Analog quantity detection (current or voltage) Close command Control system Open command PCS-9830

PCS-9830

Figure 1.1-1 Typical application of PCS-9830B

The PCS-9830B switching controller needs the input of the reference voltage used to determi ne the controlled phase, and it usually selects the VT of circuit breaker busbar at source side as the reference voltage. The input analog quantity detection of the controlled side is used as the criteria whether the switching is finished. The binary inputs that the device needs are mainly close commands and open commands of control system. The output contacts of controlled close and controlled open are connected to the closing and opening circuits of breaker respectively, and it can configure two sets of output module when matching circuit breaker with double jump rings. Moreover, the device supports the sensor signal inputs, which are used to achieve real -time monitoring of ambient temperature, control voltage, phase oil pressure, phase SF 6 gas pressure and other external parameters, compensating for the influence of the parameters on the circuit

breaker operating time.

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1 Introduction

1 Introduction

1.2 Functions

1.2.1 Controlled Switching Function

Controlled closing function

Controlled opening function

Compensation based on system frequency

Real-time compensation based on ambient temperature

Real-time compensation based on control voltage

Real-time compensation based on oil pressure of each phase hydraulic mechanism of circuit

breaker

Real-time compensation based on gas pressure of each phase SF 6 circuit breaker

Real-time compensation based on circuit breaker idle time

Real-time compensation based on cumulative operation number of circuit breaker

Self-adaptive function based on analog quantity detection

One set of device is able to realize controlled switching of circuit breaker of loads with

different characteristics and realize two sets of target phase angle control functions in one unit

Automatically determine the reference side, controlled side and the current target phase

1.2.2 Auxiliary and Management Functions

Reference voltage abnormality monitoring

Sensors abnormality monitoring

Operating characteristics monitor of circuit breaker

Hardware failure alarm

Event SOE records, etc.

PC debugging and disturbance recording

1.3 Features

Real-time compensation and self-adaptive function

This device is equipped with complete real-time compensation function, such as ambient temperature, control voltage, each phase oil pressure, each phase SF 6 gas pressure and other external parameters, and in the self -adaptive mode the compensation function also can be put into. In addition, the device can automatically record the parameter values of the latest operation and compare it with the real -time values of the current operation, so gets the

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1 Introduction

1 Introduction

compensation values of this time and compensates it. Moreover, the device has the compensation based on circuit breaker idle time and cumulative operation number of circuit breaker, reducing the affect of the above factors on the mechanical properties of the circuit breaker.

Automatically select the reference voltage and the charge direction

In double-busbar connection, it can automatically select the reference voltage according to the auxiliary binary inputs, and in 3/2 busbar connection, it can automatically select the reference voltage and the charge direction according to the auxiliary binary inputs and voltage

criteria to make it more intelligent.

Controlled switching of circuit breaker of loads with different characteristics using a single

device

The device is equipped two sets of setting for different closing and opening targets and the settings can be set independently. As an example, for the two -direction control of the middle circuit breaker in the 3/2 busbar connection, one PCS-9830B can finish the two-direction

control of controlled closing and controlled opening, more flexibly and adaptively.

Cooperates with synchronism closing operation

If the control system sends a synchronism closing command, this device can automatically detect whether the VT voltage of the controlled side is alive; if any phase voltage of the

controlled side is alive, this device will output closing pulse after it receives closing command.

Supports

control

circuit

combination mechanism

breaker

with

phase-segregated

mechanism

or

three-phase

This device can su pport different types of circuit breaker mechanism through a relevant setting. To the circuit breaker with phase - segregated mechanism, the control logic for each phase is independent; and to the circuit breaker with three -phase combination mechanism, the control logic for phase A is used to control the circuit breaker, and the relevant settings

about phase B and phase C will be inactive and hidden.

Output circuit design of combination of IGBT and relay

IGBT can achieve rapid control and discreteness of oper ation time is almost negligible.

High-performance general-purpose hardware and real-time calculations

Hardware structure of 32-bit DSP+ARM microprocessors is adopted. DSP is responsible of logic calculation and logic output, and ARM is in charge of event a nd disturbance recording, HMI, communication, and printing etc. High performance hardware ensures real-time calculation for all functions in each sampling interval of this device. This device adopts 32-bit high performance CPUs and DSPs, internal high-speed bus, and intelligent I/O. Both hardware and software adopt modular design, which can be flexibly configured. Features

include versatility, easy expansion, and easy maintenance.

Modular programs

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1 Introduction

Modular programs allow flexible protection configuration and easy functional adjustment.

Strong EM compatibility

Integral panel and fully enclosed chassis are adopted. Strong electricity and weak electricity are strictly separated. Traditional rear board wiring mode is not used. At the same time, measures against interference are taken in software design, greatly improving the immunity to

disturbances. Outwards EM radiation satisfies relevant standards.

Easy commissioning and maintenance

Friendly HMI and convenience testing capabilities is provided.

Powerful communication function

Flexible communication mode is provided. Up to 4 independent Ethernet interfaces, up to 2 independent RS-485 communication interfaces and 1 RS-232 print interface are provided.

Multiple time synchronization methods are optional

Complete event recording function

At least 128 faults and operation sequence, 128 fault waveforms, results of 1024

self-supervision reports, and 1024 binary signal change reports can be recorded.

Auxiliary PC software

PC auxiliary software is supported in Windows 9X/Me/2000/NT/XP, Vista, and Win7 operating system, being user-friendly and easy to device setup and commissioning on site. Waveform analysis software can provide detailed analog quantity and binary signal change information during controlled switching, facilitating the analysis of the controlled opening and closing process.

Support both AC and DC power supply

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2 Technical Data

2 Technical Data

2 Technical Data

Table of Contents

2.1 General Specification

2-1

2.1.1 Electrical Specifications

2-1

2.1.2 Mechanical Specifications

2-2

2.1.3 Ambient Temperature and Humidity

2-3

2.1.4 Communication Interfaces

2-3

2.1.5 Type Test

2-4

2.2 Management Functions

2-6

2.2.1 Clock Performance

2-6

2.2.2 Wave Recording

2-6

2.2.3 Binary Input Signal

2-6

2.3 Certification

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2 Technical Data

2 Technical Data

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2 Technical Data

2 Technical Data

2.1 General Specification

2.1.1 Electrical Specifications

2.1.1.1 Power Supply

Standard

IEC60255-11: 2008

Rated voltage

24Vdc, 48Vdc, 110Vdc, 220Vdc, 24Vac, 48Vac, 110Vac, 220Vac

Variation

80% ~ 120%

Permissible ripple voltage

Max 15% of the rated voltage (DC power supply)

 

< 15W @ Quiescent condition

Burden

< 20W @ Operating condition

2.1.1.2 Analog Current Input Ratings

Phase rotation

 

ABC

Rated frequency (fn)

 

50Hz

Rated current (In)

1A

5A

Linear to

30×In

30×In

 

continuously

 

3×In

3×In

Thermal

for 10s

30×In

30×In

withstand

for 1s

100×In

100×In

capability

for half a cycle

250×In

250×In

Burden (@ In)

<

0.15VA/phase

< 0.25VA/phase

2.1.1.3 Analog Voltage Input Ratings

Phase rotation

 

ABC

Rated frequency (fn)

 

50Hz

Rated voltage (Un)

100V ~ 130V (phase-to-phase voltage)

Linear to

 

130V

Thermal

continuously

 

130V

withstand

10s

 

200V

capability

1s

 

250V

Burden

<

0.10VA / phase

2.1.1.4 Binary Input

Rated voltage

 

24V

48V

110V

220V

Rated current

 

1.20mA

2.40mA

1.10mA

2.20mA

Pickup voltage

55% ~ 70% rated voltage

 

ONvalue voltage

70% ~ 120% rated voltage

 

OFFvalue voltage

<

50% rated voltage

Maximum permitted voltage

120% rated voltage

 

High voltage withstand

2000Vac, 2800Vdc

 

Resolving time for logic input

<

1ms

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2 Technical Data

2.1.1.5 Binary Output

Relay contact output

Output model

Potential-free contact

Max system voltage

380Vac, 250Vdc

Voltage across open contact

1000V RMS for 1min

Continuous carry

5.0A @ 380Vac, 5.0A @ 250Vdc

Short duration current

6A for 3000ms, 15A for 500ms, 30A for 200ms

Breaking capacity

0.65A @ 48Vdc, L/R=40ms 0.30A @ 110Vdc, L/R=40ms 0.15A @ 220Vdc, L/R=40ms

Pickup time

< 8ms

Dropout time

< 5ms

Bounce time

1ms

 

loaded contact

10,000 operations minimum

Durability

unloaded contact

20,000 operations minimum

IGBT output

Output purpose

For tripping or closing

Output model

Potential-free contact

Max system voltage

600Vdc

Continuous carry

10A

The reverse polarity of the IGBT is not permitted.

 

2.1.1.6 Transducer Input

Standard

IEC 60255-1:2009

Input range

4~20mA

0~5V

Input resistance

235Ω

4.4kΩ

Accuracy

class 0.5

class 0.5

2.1.2 Mechanical Specifications

Enclosure dimensions

See Figure 8.6-1

Trepanning dimensions

See Figure 8 .6 -1 , M6 screw

Mounting way

Flush mounted

Weight per device

Approx. 9.0kg (fully equipped)

Local control panel

Small control module: a 240×128-dot LCD, a 9-key keypad and 20 LEDs

Display language

Optional: Chinese, English

Housing material

Aluminum

Housing color

Silver grey

Location of terminals

Rear panel of the device

Protection class

IEC60225-1: 2009

Front side: IP40 Rear side, connection terminals: IP30 Other Sides: IP50

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2 Technical Data

2.1.3 Ambient Temperature and Humidity

Standard

IEC60225-1: 2009

Operating temperature range

-40°C ~ +70°C (for the LCD -20°C ~ +70°C)

Transport and storage temperature range

-40°C ~ +70°C

Permissible humidity

5% ~ 95%, condensation not permissible

Altitude

< 3000m

2.1.4 Communication Interfaces

2.1.4.1 Ethernet Port for RTU/SCADA

Medium

 

Parameters

   

Port number

2

or 4

Connector type

RJ-45

Transmission rate

100Mbits/s

Electrical

Transmission standard

100Base-TX

Transmission distance

<

100m

Protocol

IEC60870-5-103:1997 or IEC61850

Safety level

Isolation to ELV level

 

Port number

0

or 2

Ethernet

Optical fiber and connector

Glass fiber, Multi-mode, ST

Transmission rate

100Mbits/s

Transmission standard

100Base-FX

Optical

Wave length

1300nm

Transmission distance

<

2000m

Minimum transmission power

-20dBm

Reception sensitivity

-30dBm

Protocol

IEC60870-5-103:1997 or IEC61850

2.1.4.2 Serial Port for RTU/SCADA

Medium

 

Parameters

 

Port number

0

or 2

Baud rate

4800

~ 115200bps

Transmission distance

<

1000m @ 4800bps

RS-485 (EIA)

Maximal capacity

32

 

Protocol

IEC60870-5-103:1997

Safety level

Isolation to ELV level

2.1.4.3 Serial Port for Printer

Medium

 

Parameters

 

Port number

1

Baud rate

4800

~ 115200bps

RS-232 (EIA)

Printer type

EPSON ® LQ-300K

Safety level

Isolation to ELV level

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2.1.4.4 Serial Port for Time Synchronization

Medium

 

Parameters

 

Port number

1

Transmission distance

<

500m

RS-485 (EIA)

Maximal capacity

32

Timing standard

PPS, IRIG-B

Safety level

Isolation to ELV level

2.1.4.5 Ethernet Port for Debugging

Medium

 

Parameters

 

Port number

1

Connector type

 

RJ-45

Electrical Ethernet (in front panel)

Transmission rate

100Mbits/s

Transmission standard

100Base-TX

 

Transmission distance

<

100m

Safety level

Isolation to ELV level

2.1.5 Type Test

2.1.5.1 Environmental Tests

Dry cold test

IEC60068-2-1: 2007, 16h at -25°C

Dry heat test

IEC60068-2-2: 2007, 16h at +55°C

Damp heat test

IEC60068-2-78: 2001, 10 days, 93%RH, +55°C

Cyclic temperature with humidity test

IEC60068-2-30: 2005, six (12+12hours) cycles, 95%RH, low temperature +25°C, high temperature +55°C

2.1.5.2 Electrical Tests

Dielectric test

IEC60255-27: 2005, test voltage: 2kV, 50Hz, 1min

Impulse voltage test

IEC60255-5: 2000, test voltage: 5kV, unipolar impulses, waveform 1.2/50μs, source energy 0.5J

Overvoltage category

IEC60255-5: 2000, Class III

Insulation measurement

IEC60255-5: 2000, insulation resistance >100MΩ @ 500Vdc

Pollution degree

IEC60225-1: 2009, Class II

2.1.5.3 Electromagnetic Compatibility

1MHz burst disturbance tests

IEC60255-22-1: 2007, Class III

- Common mode

2.5kV

- Differential mode

1.0kV

Electrostatic discharge tests

IEC60255-22-2: 2008, Class IV

- For contact discharge

8.0kV

- For air discharge

15.0kV

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Radio frequency interference tests

IEC60255-22-3: 2007, Class III

- Frequency sweep

 

-

Radiated amplitude-modulated

10V/m(RMS), f=80…1000MHz

- Spot frequency

 

Radiated amplitude-modulated - Radiated pulse-modulated

-

10Vm(RMS), f=80/160/450/900MHz 10Vm(RMS), f=900MHz

Fast transient disturbance tests

IEC60255-22-4: 2008, Class IV 4kV, 2.5kHz, 5/50ns 2kV, 5.0kHz, 5/50ns

 

- Power supply, I/O & Earth terminals

- Communication terminals

Surge immunity tests

IEC60255-22-5: 2008, Class IV

-

Power supply, AC inputs, I/O terminals

1.2/50us,

 

4kV, line-to-ground

2kV, line-to-line

Conducted RF electromagnetic disturbance

IEC60255-22-6: 2001, Class III 10V(RMS), 150kHz~80MHz

-

Power supply, AC, I/O, Comm. terminals

Power frequency field immunity

IEC60255-22-7: 2003, Class A

10s

300V, line-to-ground 150V, line-to-line

Conducted emission limits

IEC60255-25: 2000, Class A

Radiated emission limits

IEC60255-25: 2000, Class A

Auxiliary power supply performance

IEC60255-11: 2008 Up to 200ms for dips to 40% of rated voltage without reset 30ms for interruption without rebooting

 

- Voltage dips

- Voltage short interruptions

Power frequency magnetic field immunity

IEC61000-4-8: 2001, Class V 100A/m for 1min 1000A/m for 3s

Pulse magnetic field immunity

IEC61000-4-9: 2001, Class V 6.4/16us, 1000A/m for 3s

Damped oscillatory magnetic field immunity

IEC61000-4-10: 2001, Class V 100kHz & 1MHz 100A/m

Ring wave immunity

IEC61000-4-12: 2006, Class III

-

Power supply, I/O terminals

1MHz

 

2kV, line-to-ground

1kV, line-to-line

2.1.5.4 Mechanical Tests

Vibration test

IEC60255-21-1:1988, Class I

Shock test

IEC60255-21-2:1988, Class I

Bump test

IEC60255-21-2:1988, Class I

Seismic test

IEC60255-21-3:1988, Class I

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2 Technical Data

2.2 Management Functions

2.2.1 Clock Performance

Real time clock accuracy

3s/day

Accuracy of GPS synchronization

1ms

External time synchronization

IRIG-B (200-98), PPS, SNTP protocol

2.2.2 Wave Recording

Maximum duration

15 cycles, cover all the operation process

Recording position

1 cycles before pickup of trigger element

2.2.3 Binary Input Signal

Resolution of binary input signal

1ms

Binary input mode

Potential-free contact

Resolution of SOE

2ms

2.3 Certification

ISO9001: 2008

ISO14001: 2004

OHSAS18001: 2007

ISO10012: 2003

CMMI L5

EMC: 2004/108/EC, EN50263: 1999

Products safety(PS): 2006/95/EC, EN61010-1: 2001

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3 Operation Theory

3 Operation Theory

3 Operation Theory

Table of Contents

3.1 Overview

3-1

3.2 Controlled Switching Control Strategy

3-1

3.3 Controlled Switching Control Theory

3-2

3.3.1 Controlled Closing Process

3-2

3.3.2 Controlled Op ening Process

3-3

3.4 Reference Voltage Selection Logic

3-4

3.4.1 Logic for Single-busbar Mode

3-4

3.4.2 for

Logic

Double-busbar Mode

3-4

3.4.3 for 3/2 Circuit Breaker Mode

Logic

3-5

3.4.4 Logic for

Quadrilateral Wiring Mode

3-6

3.4.5 Logic for Line with Shunt Reactor Wiring Mode

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3.5 Controlled Switching Function

3-8

3.5.1 Real-time Compensation Function

3-9

3.5.2 Self-adaptive Compensation Function

3-9

3.6 Auxiliary Functions

3-10

3.6.1 Frequency Compensation Function

3-10

3.6.2 Circuit Breaker Mechanical Characteristic Supervision

3-10

3.7 Measurement Functions

List of Figures

3-11

Figure 3.2-1 Example of closing a grounded star wiring capacitor

3-2

Figure 3.3-1 Controlled closing process

3-2

Figure

3.3-2

Controlled opening process

3-3

Figure 3.4-1 Single-busbar mode

3-4

Figure 3.4-2 Double-busbar mode

3-5

Figure

3.4-3 3/2 circuit breaker wiring mode

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3 Operation Theory

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Figure 3.4-4 Quadrilateral wiring mode

3-7

Figure 3.4-5 Line with shunt reactor wiring mode

3-8

Figure 3.5-1 Deviation correction self-adaptive control

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3.1 Overview

The PCS-9830B controls the circuit breaker close or open at the optimum time instant related to the phase angle via time controlled switching operations, at the same time considering pre -strike and arcing characteristics during the closing and opening operation as well as the influence of external operating conditions. Taking the measurements, it can greatly reduce transient overvoltage and overcurrent during energizing and de-energizing operations, thus extending the

life of electrical equipment and improving the stability of the entire power system.

The PCS-9830B provides controlled closing/opening function, real-time compensation and

self-adaptive function etc.

3.2 Controlled Switching Control Strategy

The reasons why the inductive load and capacitive load generate overvoltage or inrush current are different, which cause the closing or ope ning phase position of the circuit breaker are different.

So it is necessary to adopt different control strategies for different types of loads.

The closing or opening phase position of the circuit breaker also has relationshi p with the

grounded mode of the controlled target object.

The following table shows the ideal phase angle. Theoretically, if the system phase sequence is three-phase positive sequence (A, B, C or B, C, A or C, A, B), t he control effect is equivalent. The

phase angle of UAis taken as reference value.

Controlled

Grounded

Control

 

Phase

equipment

mode

type

A

B

C

   

Close

90°

180°

180°

Grounded

Open

90°

30°

150°

Transformer

 

Close

90°

Ungrounded

Open

90°

180°

180°

   

Close

90°

30°

150°

Grounded

Open

90°

30°

150°

Reactor

 

Close

90°

Ungrounded

Open

90°

180°

180°

   

Close

120°

60°

Capacitor

Grounded

Open

90°

30°

150°

(Transmission line)

 

Close

180°

90°

90°

Ungrounded

Open

90°

180°

180°

   

Close

User defined

User defined

User defined

Others

Open

User defined

User defined

User defined

In practical application, the closing angle or opening angle can be selected from 0°~359°

independently.

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Takes closing a grounded star wiring (Y) capacitor as an example, the UAis reference value , so the settings of the closing angles of the three phases are set as following figure.

System voltage UA UB UC T1 360° 0° 60° 120° UB closing phase angle: 120°
System voltage
UA
UB
UC
T1
360°
60°
120°
UB closing phase angle: 120°
UC closing phase angle: 60°

UA zero-cross point

UA closing phase angle: 0°

Figure 3.2-1 Example of closing a grounded star wiring capacitor

3.3 Controlled Switching Control Theory

3.3.1 Controlled Closing Process

It is assumed that the closing phase angle of the controlled target is 0°, and the closing control process is shown in following figure.

Tclswait Reference voltage T0 T1 Closing Voltage Output closin g command zero-cross command Sample analo
Tclswait
Reference
voltage
T0
T1
Closing
Voltage
Output closin
g
command zero-cross
command
Sample analo
g values of controlled side
Contact
Opened
state
Closing
command
of controlled side Contact Opened state Closing command T clslag N×T+T clstarg T cls T pre

Tclslag

N×T+Tclstarg

Tcls

Tpre

T2

Target closing point

t T3 T4 Contact touching moment
t
T3
T4
Contact
touching
moment
T clslag N×T+T clstarg T cls T pre T 2 Target closing point t T3 T4
T clslag N×T+T clstarg T cls T pre T 2 Target closing point t T3 T4
Closing Closed Pre-breakdown time

Closing

Closing Closed Pre-breakdown time
Closed
Closed

Pre-breakdown time

T cls T pre T 2 Target closing point t T3 T4 Contact touching moment Closing

Figure 3.3-1 Controlled closing process

Where:

T clswait = N ×T + T clstarg - T cls - T clslag + T pre

N is an integer;

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T clswait

is

the

waiting

time

pre-breakdown time;

of

the

controlled

closing

operation

which

T is the period time of the reference voltage;

considers

the

T clstarg is the time which is calculated from the target closing phase angle;

T cls is the inherent closing time of the circuit breaker;

T clslag is the lag time of the closing circuit;

T pre is the pre-breakdown time.

3.3.2 Controlled Opening Process

It is assumed that the opening phase angle of the control led target is 90°, and the opening control process is shown in following figure.

Reference voltage Closing command Sample analog values of controlled side Contact Opening state Opening command
Reference
voltage
Closing
command
Sample analog
values of controlled side
Contact
Opening
state
Opening
command
N×T+Topntarg Target opening point Topnlag Tarcing Topnwait Topn t T3 T4 T0 T1 T2 Contact
N×T+Topntarg
Target opening point
Topnlag
Tarcing
Topnwait
Topn
t
T3
T4
T0
T1
T2
Contact
Arc
Output opening
separating
extinction
command
moment
moment

Closed

Closed Arcing Opened
Closed Arcing Opened

Arcing

Closed Arcing Opened
Closed Arcing Opened

Opened

Closed Arcing Opened

Figure 3.3-2 Controlled opening process

Where:

T opnwait = N ×T + T opntarg - T opn - T opnlag + T arcing

N is an integer;

T opnwait is the waiting time of the controlled closing operation which considers the arcing time;

T is the period time of the reference voltage;

T opntarg is the time which is calculated from the target opening phase angle;

T opn is the inherent opening time of the circuit breaker;

T opnlag is the lag time of the opening circuit;

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T arcing is the arcing time.

3.4 Reference Voltage Selection Logic

This device can automatically select the reference voltage according to the related criterion. This device supports two sets o f configurations for predefined target phase angle control operation. If the controlled circuit breaker is closed or opened with different load, this device can realize

automatic selection of two different control strategies.

If only one phase voltage is inputted, this device can calculate the other two phase voltages according to the phase position relationship. This device can input three different reference voltages, and this device can automatically select the reference side, the controlled side and the target phase angle according to the reference voltage real -time value and the auxiliary contact

binary input values in different application field.

This device can support several kinds of reference voltage selection methods.

3.4.1 Logic for Single-busbar Mode

In single-busbar mode, the busbar is the No.1 reference side, and any one of three busbar phase voltages can be used as reference voltage. The controlled circuit breaker is used to open or close

the controlled device. Only the target phase angle of the No. 1 controlled side needs be set.

Busbar Reference side 1 Voltage Phase selection Controlled CB PCS-9830B control Controlled side 1 Controlled
Busbar
Reference side 1
Voltage
Phase selection
Controlled CB
PCS-9830B
control
Controlled
side 1
Controlled
Voltage: Ua/Ub/Uc
device
Or current: Ia/Ib/Ic

Figure 3.4-1 Single-busbar mode

The setting [Opt_RefVoltMode] should be set as 0: SingleBB.

The output mode of this device can be select according to the busbar voltage. If the busbar voltage is alive, the controlled switching logic will be in service after this device receives control command; otherwise, this device will output control command directly. The side circuit breaker in

3/2 circuit breaker wiring mode has the sa me control logic as the single busbar mode.

3.4.2 Logic for Double-busbar Mode

In double-busbar mode, the No.1 busbar is the No.1 reference side, and the No.2 busbar is the No.2 reference side. And any one of three busbar phase voltages of the two busbars can be used as reference voltage respectively. The positions of the two busbar disconnectors are inputted to

this device. Only the target phase angle of the No.1 controlled side needs be set.

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DS of BB2
DS of BB2
DS of BB2
DS of BB2

DS of BB2

DS of BB2
Reference side 1 Phase selection PCS-9830B control Controlled Voltage: Ua/Ub/Uc device Or current: Ia/Ib/Ic
Reference side 1
Phase selection
PCS-9830B
control
Controlled
Voltage: Ua/Ub/Uc
device
Or current: Ia/Ib/Ic

DS of BB1

Controlled CB

Controlled

side 1

Busbar 1

Busbar 2

Reference side 2

Figure 3.4-2 Double-busbar mode

The setting [Opt_RefVoltMode] should be set as 1: DoubleBB.

The auxiliary contacts of the busbar disconnectors are used to detect the positions of the two busbar disconnectors. This device supports single -position (89a or 89b) and double-position (89a

and 89b) contact inputs.

The reference voltage is selected according to the positions of the two busbar disconnector s. If the No.1 disconnector is closed, the voltage of the No.1 busbar is used as the reference voltage preferentially. If the No.1 disconnector is opened but the No.2 disconnector is closed, the voltage of the No.2 busbar is used as the reference voltage. If the positions of the two disconnectors are

abnormal at the same time, the selected reference voltage is kept.

When the reference voltage has been selected already, if the reference voltage is alive, the controlled switching logic will be in service after this device receives control command; otherwise,

this device will output control command directly.

If the reference voltage has not been selected, this device will output control command directly if it

receives control command.

If the positions of the two disconnectors are opened at the same time, the alarm signal [Alm_89b_BB1&BB2] will be issued; and if the positions of the two disconnectors are closed at the same time, the alarm signal [ Alm_89a_BB1&BB2] will be issued. If the double-position of the busbar disconnector is abnormal, the alarm signal [Alm_89_BB1&BB2] will be issued. These

signals will be reverted if the abnormal position situation is disappeared.

Only if the setting [Opt_Mechanism] is set as 0: Single-phase, this mode can be in service.

3.4.3 Logic for 3/2 Circuit Breaker Mode

In 3/2 circuit breaker wiring mode, the control of the center circuit breaker has two typical

operations.

1. The voltage of the No.1 busbar is alive and the No.1 circuit breaker (CB1) is closed, the No.1 controlled device is energized or de-energized by controlling the controlled circuit breaker

(center circuit breaker).

2. The voltage of the No.2 busbar is alive and the No.2 circuit breaker (CB2) is closed, the No.2 controlled device is energized or de-energized by controlling the controlled circuit breaker

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(center circuit breaker).

3 Operation Theory (center circuit breaker). Busbar 1 Voltage: Ua/Ub/Uc Reference side 1 Or current: Ia/Ib/Ic
Busbar 1 Voltage: Ua/Ub/Uc Reference side 1 Or current: Ia/Ib/Ic CB1 Controlled Controlled side 2
Busbar 1
Voltage: Ua/Ub/Uc
Reference side 1
Or current: Ia/Ib/Ic
CB1
Controlled
Controlled
side 2
device 2
Phase selection
Controlled CB
PCS-9830B
control
Controlled
Controlled
side 1
device 1
CB2
Voltage: Ua/Ub/Uc
Reference side 2
Or current: Ia/Ib/Ic
Busbar 2
Figure 3.4-3 3/2 circuit breaker wiring mode

And any one of three busbar phase voltages of the two busbars can be used as reference voltage respectively. In this mode, this device can control the two controlled device to be energized or de-energized respectively. So the target phase angles should be set respectively according to load characteristic.

The setting [Opt_RefVoltMode] should be set as 2: CenterCB.

The auxiliary contacts of the side circuit breakers are used to detect the positions of the two side circuit breakers. This device supports single-position (52a or 52b) and double-position (52a and 52b) contact inputs.

The reference voltage is selected according to the positions of the two side circuit breakers. If the CB1 is closed and the CB2 is opened or the voltage of the No.2 busbar is dead, the voltage of the No.1 busbar is used as the reference voltage. If the CB2 is closed and the CB1 is opened or the voltage of the No.1 busbar is dead, the voltage of the No.2 busbar is used as the reference voltage. If the positions of the two side circuit breakers are abnormal at the same time, the

selected reference voltage is kept.

When the reference voltage has been selected already, if the reference voltage is alive, the controlled switching logic will be in service after this device receives control command; otherwise, this device will output control command directly.

If the reference voltage has not been selected, this device will output control command directly if it receives control command.

The double-position of the busbar disconnector is abnormal, the alarm signal [Alm_52_SideCB] will be issued. This signal will be reverted if the abnormal position situation is disappeared.

If a fixed control operation is adopted, the reference voltage selection logic is same as the single busbar mode. For example, if only the No.1 controlled device needs to be controlled through the

center circuit breaker, the voltage of the No.2 busbar can be used as reference voltage.

3.4.4 Logic for Quadrilateral Wiring Mode

In quadrilateral wiring mode, to th e controlled device of the No.1 controlled side, it needs that the No.1 controlled circuit breaker (CB1) and the No.2 controlled circuit breaker (CB2) should be

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configured with a PCS-9830B respectively.

Take the PCS-9830B which is configured for the CB1 as an example, the voltages (phase voltages) of the No.1 reference side, the No.2 reference side and the No.3 reference side need to be inputted to this device. The controlled device is energized or de-energized by controlling the

CB1. Only the target phase angle of the No.1 controlled side needs to be set.

Voltage: Ua/Ub/Uc Or current: Ia/Ib/Ic PCS-9830B Controlled side 1 Controlled device Phase selection control
Voltage: Ua/Ub/Uc
Or current: Ia/Ib/Ic
PCS-9830B
Controlled
side 1
Controlled
device
Phase
selection
control
Controlled CB 1
Reference side 1
Line 1
Controlled
PCS-9830B
CB 2
Line 3
Reference side 3
Reference side 2
Line 2

Figure 3.4-4 Quadrilateral wiring mode

The setting [Opt_RefVoltMode] should be set as 3: Quad.

The reference voltage is selected from the three reference sides. The selection sequence is from

the No.1 reference side to the No.3 reference side.

When the reference voltage has been selected already, if the reference voltage is alive, the controlled switching logic will be in service after this device receives control command; otherwise,

this device will output control command directly.

Only if the setting [Opt_Mechanism] is set as 0: Single-phase, this mode can be in service.

3.4.5 Logic for Line with Shunt Reactor Wiring Mode

In the line with shunt reactor wiring mode, if an independent circuit breaker is configured for the shunt reactor, the PCS-9830B needs to select the reference voltage according to the position of the shunt reactor circuit breaker, the positions of the line switches and the operation state of the

busbars.

The reference voltages (phase voltages) of the No.1 reference side, the No.2 reference side and the No.3 reference side need to be inputted to this device . The No.1 controlled side is controlled by closing or opening the circuit breaker (Controlled CB). Only the target phase angle of the No.1

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controlled side needs to be set. The voltage or current signal of the No.1 controlled side is used to

decide the closing or opening point.

Busbar 2 Reference side 2 CB2 Controlled side 2 Phase selection CB3 control CB1 Reference
Busbar 2
Reference side 2
CB2
Controlled
side 2
Phase selection
CB3
control
CB1
Reference side 1
Busbar 1
Switch
Controlled
PCS-9830B
CB
Reference side 3
Shunt
Voltage: Ua/Ub/Uc
Reactor
Or current: Ia/Ib/Ic
Line
Controlled side 1

Figure 3.4-5 Line with shunt reactor wiring mode

The setting [Opt_RefVoltMode] should be set as 4: LineReactor.

The states of the circuit breakers (CB1, CB2 and CB3) and the states of the line switches are also inputted to this device. This device can support normal open contact, normal close contact and

double-position contact.

If the switch of the line is closed and the line voltage is alive, the voltage of the No.3 reference side is selected as reference voltage preferentially. When the switch of the line is opened, if the circuit breaker CB1is closed and the voltage of the No.1 busbar is alive, the voltage of the No.1 reference side is selected as reference voltage preferentially. When the switch of the line is opened, if the circuit breakers CB2and CB3are closed and the voltage of the No.2 busbar is alive, the voltage of the No.2 reference side also can be selected as reference voltage.

When the reference voltage has been selected already, if the reference voltage is alive, the controlled switching logic wi ll be in service after this device receives control command; otherwise,

this device will output control command directly.

Only if the setting [Opt_Mechanism] is set as 0: Single-phase, this mode can be in service.

3.5 Controlled Switching Function

This device provides complete controlled switching function: real-time compensation function and self-adaptive compensation function. If the real-time compensation function is enabled, this device can execute the controlled switching logic control according to prede fined closing or opening time settings. If the self-adaptive compensation function is enabled, this device can continually correct

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the deviation of target point according to the recent operation deviation, and the correction amplitude can be configured by setting related parameters. The compensation function related the parameters of temperature, control voltage, SF 6 gas pressure, oil pressure, idle time and operation number etc. can be enabled or disabled flexibly.

To achieve precise control and desired re sults , the dispersion and stability of the inherent operation time of the circuit breaker mechanism is an important factor, and the dispersions of the pre-breakdown time and arcing time have effect to the final control results. Therefore, it is

important to obtain the true and accurate time parameters and configure them reasonably.

3.5.1 Real-time Compensation Function

Real-time compensation function without deviation correction of external parameters

In this mode, the impacts of temperature, control voltage, energy storage level and SF 6 gas pressure etc. to the operation time of the circuit breaker are ignored by disabling the related settings in this device. See Section 3.3 for the details about the control process.

Real-time compensation function with deviation correction of external parameters

The operation time of the circuit breaker mechanism with the tiny changes of the parameters of temperature, control voltage, oil pressure, SF 6 gas pressure, idle time and operation number etc. This device can sample these analog values to calculate the deviation of the

operation time. Then the operation time can be corrected on the basis of the deviation.

This device provides 8 analog sensors for sampling temperature, control vo ltage, three phase oil pressures of circuit breaker and there phase SF 6 gas pressure s. The statistics of idle time

and operation number can be automatically countered in this device.

3.5.2 Self-adaptive Compensation Function

Self-adaptive compensation function without deviation correction of external parameters

This device can automatically detect the operation finished instant of circuit breaker according to the sudden change of the feedback signals, and record the operation time of each phase. If the self-adaptive compensation function is enabled, this device can automatically correct the deviation in next operation according to the finished operation

records to improve the precision of next operation.

The deviation correction mode of the self-adaptive compensation function can be set freely

through the settings [K_Calbr_Cls] and [K_Calbr_Opn].

Take the voltage zero-cross closing operation as an example, on the assumption that the latest closing moment t2is after the target phase angle and the closing time is not changed, if the setting [K_Calbr_Cls] is set as 0.5, the expected closing moment is t1(the current deviation is half of last one); if the setting [K_Calbr_Cls] is set as 0.0, the expected closing moment is t0; and if the setting [K_Calbr_Cls] is set as 1.0, the expected closing moment

is still t2.

Because this device has no history operation record when it is in service at first time, the

controlled switching logic will be executed according to predefined settings.

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Expected next closing point (K_Calbr_Cls = 1.0) t0 t1 t2 Expected next closing point (K_Calbr_Cls
Expected next closing point
(K_Calbr_Cls = 1.0)
t0
t1
t2
Expected next closing point
(K_Calbr_Cls = 0.5)
Expected next closing point
(K_Calbr_Cls = 0.0)
System voltage
Feedback signals
Predefined target
Last practical
closing point
closing point

Figure 3.5-1 Deviation correction self-adaptive control

Self-adaptive compensation function with deviation correction of external parameters

The deviation correction function is supported in self-adaptive compensation mode. This device can record previous operation deviation and external parameter values . It can correct the deviation according to the related deviation correction setting in current operation . To expectantly correct the operation time of the circuit breaker as expectation, this device calculates the compensation value due to the changes of the external parameters in two adjacent closing or opening operation s by comparing the real-time values and history values

of the external parameters.

3.6 Auxiliary Functions

3.6.1 Frequency Compensation Function

If the frequency compensation function is enabled, this device will correct each phase waiting time value according to the time period of the reference voltage and the target phase angle by monitoring the frequency of the reference voltage. By this way, this device can compensate

control error due to the frequency fluctuation of system voltage.

3.6.2 Circuit Breaker Mechanical Characteristic Supervision

This device gets the operation information of the controlled circuit breaker according to the feedback signals of the controlled side, and automatically records the operation characteristic of the controlled circuit breaker or supervises the necessary circuit breaker characteristic in each

control operation to present the abnormal situation in the operation period of circuit breaker.

In normal situation, the operation time difference of a certain phase of the circuit breaker is within

a definite time period. This device can monitor the operation time difference, and if it detects that the operation time difference (between the current operation time and the predefined reference value) is greater than the predefined setting, a related alarm signal will be issued

([Alm_ClsTimeDiffx] or [Alm_OpnTimeDiff x], x: A, B or C) .

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The three-phase operation time difference of the circuit breaker should be within a definite time period. If this device detects the three-phase operation time difference is greater than the predefined setting, a related alarm signal will be issued ([Alm_ClsTimeDiff3P] or

[Alm_OpnTimeDiff3P]).

If the compensation function of the external parameters is enabled, this device will calculate the compensation value of the operation time of the circuit breaker due to these external parameters. If the calculated compensation value is great er than the predefined setting, a related alarm signal

will be issued ([Alm_ExtVarCompTime_Cls] or [Alm_ExtVarCompTime_Opn]).

3.7 Measurement Functions

This device can sample the single-phase voltages of the No.1, No.2 and reference side s, and the three-phase voltages and currents of the No.1 and No.2 controlled sides. It also can measure the

real-time frequency.

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4 Supervision

4 Supervision

4 Supervision

Table of Contents

4.1 Overview

4-1

4.2 Supervision Functions

4-1

4.2.1 Device Hardware Supervision

4-1

4.2.2 Board Configuration Error Supervision

4-1

4.2.3 Setting Supervision

4-1

4.2.4 Time Synchronization Supervision

4-2

4.2.5 Auxiliary Communication Testing Supervision

4-2

4.2.6 Binary Output Testing Supervision

4-2

4.2.7 Device Maintenance Supervision

4-2

4.2.8 Reference Voltage Supervision

4-2

4.2.9 External Parameter Sensor Supervision

4-2

4.2.10 CB and DS Position Supervision

4-2

4.2.11 CB Mechanical Characteristic Supervision

4-2

4.2.12 Frequency Supervision

4-2

4.3 Alarm Signals

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4.1 Overview

When this device is in energizing process before the LED “ HEALTHY ” is on, this device needs to be checked to ensure there are no errors. Therefore, the automatic supervisio n function, which

checks the health of this device during startup and normal operation procedure, is very important.

This device based on the microprocessor operations has the capability for implementing this

automatic supervision function.

In case a fatal fault is detected during automatic supervision, th is device will be blocked out. It means that this device is out of service. Therefore you must re-energize this device or even

replace a module to make this device back into service.

4.2 Supervision Functions

4.2.1 Device Hardware Supervision

The MCU, RAM, ROM, FPGA chips in this device are monitored continuously to ensure whether

they are damaged or have some errors.

If any one of them is detected damaged or having error, this device will be blocked, the alarm

signal [Fail_Device] will be issued, and the LED indicator “HEALTHY” will be off at the same time.

4.2.2 Board Configuration Error Supervision

If the board configuration of this device does not comply with the program software of this device, the alarm signals [Fail_Device] and [Fail_BoardConfig] will be issued, and the LED indicator

HEALTHY” will be off at the same time.

4.2.3 Setting Supervision

This device has 10 setting groups, but only one is active at any time. The settings of active setting

group are checked continuously.

If anyone of the active settings is confirmed to be modified, this device will be blocked, the alarm signals [Fail_Device] and [Fail_Setting] will be issued; meanwhile, if the modified setting is out of the appointed range, the alarm signal [Fail_Setting_OvRange] will be issued at the same time.

The LED indicator “HEALTHY” will be off at the same time.

If anyone of the items of the setting file is changed (the program of this device is updated), the alarm signal [Fail_SettingItem_Chgd] will be issued, The LED indicator “HEALTHY” will be off at the same time. The items of the setting include the setting number, the setting name, the setting range, the setting step etc.

If anyone of the items of the setting file is changed (the program of this device is updated), the alarm signal [Fail_SettingItem_Chgd] will be issued. The LED indicator “HEALTHY” will be off at the same time. The items of the setting include the setting number, the setting name, the setting

range, the setting step etc.

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If the settings wh ich are from the HMI module to the main CPU module are not in accordance with the current settings of the main CPU module, the alarm signal [Alm_ Setting_MON] will be issued.

The LED indicator “ALARM ” will be on at the same time.

4.2.4 Time Synchronization Supervision

If the time synchronization function is enabled in this device, but this device detects the time synchronization is not correct, the alarm signals [Alm_Device] and [Alm_TimeSync] will be issued

and the LED indicator “ALARM ” will be on at the same time.

4.2.5 Auxiliary Communication Testing Supervision

If this device is in the auxiliary communication testing of binary signal or metering, the alarm signals [Alm_Device] and [Alm_CommTest] will be issued and the LED indicator “ALARM ” will be

on at the same time.

4.2.6 Binary Output Testing Supervision

If this device is in the binary output testing, the alarm signals [Alm_Device] and [ Alm_BOTest] will be issued and the LED indicator “ALARM ” will be on at the same time.

4.2.7 Device Maintenance Supervision

If this device is in the maintenance situation, the alarm signals [Alm_Device] and

[Alm_Maintenance] will be issued and the LED indicator “ALARM ” will be on at the same time.

4.2.8 Reference Voltage Supervision

If this device detects that any one of the reference voltage s is less than 30V for longer than 3s, a related alarm signal [ Alm_U_Refx] (x: 1, 2 or 3) will be issued and the LED indicator “ ALARM ” will

be on at the same time.

4.2.9 External Parameter Sensor Supervision

If this device detects that any one of the sampled values of the external parameter sensors is out of the predefined range for longer than 10s, a related alarm signal will be issued and the LED

indicator “ALARM ” will be on at the same time.

4.2.10 CB and DS Position Supervision

If this device detects that any one of the CB an d DS positions is abnormal for longer than 60s, a related alarm signal will be issued and the LED indicator “ALARM” will be on at the same time. See Section 3.4 for more details.

4.2.11 CB Mechanical Characteristic Supervision

See Section 3.6.2 for more details.

4.2.12 Frequency Supervision

If the frequency of each reference side is out of the range fn-0.5Hzto fn+0.5Hz(fn: system frequency) for longer than 3s, a related alarm signal [Alm_f_Refx] (x: 1, 2 or 3) will be issued and

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the LED indicator “ALARM ” will be on at the same time.

4.3 Alarm Signals

All the alarm signals listed below which may be issued.

No.

Alarm Element

Description

HEALTHY

ALARM

1

Fail_Device

A serious fault is detected to block this device .

Off

×

2

Fail_BoardConfig

The module configuration of this device is wrong.

Off

×

3

Fail_Setting_OvRange

Anyone of the settings is out of range.

Off

×

4

Fail_SettingItem_Chgd

Anyone of the setting items is changed.

Off

×

5

Fail_Setting

The setting verification is not correct.

Off

×

6

Fail_FPGA

The hardware FPGA is abnormal.

Off

×

7

Alm_Device

Anyone of the software supervision alarm occurs.

×

On

8

Alm_Version

The current program version is not correct.

×

On

9

Alm_Setting_MON

The settings from the HMI module are not correct.

×

On

10

Alm_CommTest

The communication test operation is executed.

×

On

11

Alm_BOTest

The binary output test operation is executed.

×

On

12

Alm_Maintenance

The device is in maintenance situation.

×

On

13

Alm_TimeSync

The time synchronization is not correct.

×

On

14

Alm_U_Ref1

The No.1 reference voltage is abnormal.

×

On

15

Alm_U_Ref2

The No.2 reference voltage is abnormal.

×

On

16

Alm_U_Ref3

The No.3 reference voltage is abnormal.

×

On

17

Alm_f_Ref1

The frequency of the No.1 reference side is out of the range.

×

On

18

Alm_f_Ref2

The frequency of the No.2 re ference side is out of the range.

×

On

19

Alm_f_Ref3

The frequency of the No.3 reference side is out of the range.

×

On

20

Alm_Err_AmbientTemp

The temperature sensor is abnormal.

×

On

21

Alm_L_AmbientTemp

The temperature is less than the lower limit.

×

On

22

Alm_H_AmbientTemp

The temperature is greater than the upper limit.

×

On

23

Alm_Err_CtrlVolt

The control voltage sensor is abnormal.

×

On

24

Alm_L_CtrlVolt

The control voltage is less than the lower limit.

×

On

25

Alm_H_CtrlVolt

The control voltage is greater than the upper limit.

×

On

26

Alm_Err_OilPrA

The oil pressure sensor of phase Ais abnormal.

×

On

27

Alm_L_OilPrA

The oil pressure of phase A is less than the lower limit.

×

On

28

Alm_H_OilPrA

The oil pressure of phase A is greater than the upper limit.

×

On

29

Alm_Err_OilPrB

The oil pressure sensor of phase B is abnormal.

×

On

30

Alm_L_OilPrB

The oil pressure of phase B is less than the lower limit.

×

On

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31

Alm_H_OilPrB

The oil pressure of phase B is greater than the upper limit.

× On

32

Alm_Err_OilPrC

The oil pressure sensor of phase C is abnormal.

× On

33

Alm_L_OilPrC

The oil pressure of phase C is less than the lower limit.

× On

34

Alm_H_OilPrC

The oil pressure of phase C is greater than the upper limit.

× On

35

Alm_Err_GasPrA

The SF 6 pressure sensor of phase Ais abnormal.

× On

36

Alm_L_GasPrA

The SF 6 pressure of phase Ais less than the lower limit.

× On

37

Alm_H_GasPrA

The SF 6 pressure of phase A is greater than the upper limit.

× On

38

Alm_Err_GasPrB

The SF 6 pressure sensor of phase B is abnormal.

× On

39

Alm_L_GasPrB

The SF 6 pressure of phase B is less than the lower limit.

× On

40

Alm_H_GasPrB

The SF 6 pressure of phase B is greater than the upper limit.

× On

41

Alm_Err_GasPrC

The SF 6 pressure sensor of phase C is abnormal.

× On

42

Alm_L_GasPrC

The SF 6 pressure of phase C is less than the lower limit.

× On

43

Alm_H_GasPrC

The SF 6 pressure of phase C is greater than the upper limit.

× On

44

Alm_ClsTimeDiffA

The closing time difference of phase A is greater than the setting [t_Diff_1P_Cls ].

× On

45

Alm_ClsTimeDiffB

The closing time difference of phase B is greater than the setting [t_Diff_1P_Cls ].

× On

46

Alm_ClsTimeDiffC

The closing time difference of phase C is greater than the setting [t_Diff_1P_Cls ].

× On

47

Alm_OpnTimeDiffA

The opening time difference of phase A is greater than the setting [t_Diff_1P_Opn].

× On

48

Alm_OpnTimeDiffB

The opening time difference of phase B is greater than the setting [t_Diff_1P_Opn].

× On

49

Alm_OpnTimeDiffC

The opening time difference of phase C is greater than the setting [t_Diff_1P_Opn].

× On

50

Alm_ClsTimeDiff3P

The three-phase closing time difference is greater than the setting [t_Diff_3P_Cls].

× On

51

Alm_OpnTimeDiff3P

The three-phase opening time difference is greater than the setting [t_Diff_3P_Opn].

× On

   

The closing

time

with

the

external

variable

 

52

Alm_ExtVarCompTime_Cls

compensation

is

greater

than

the

setting

× On

[t_ExtVarComp_Cls ].

 

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The opening time

with

the

external

variable

 

53

Alm_ExtVarCompTime_Opn

compensation is

greater

than

the

setting

× On

[t_ExtVarComp_Opn].

 

54

Alm_CompCurveSettings

The setting of the compensation curve is wrong.

× On

55

Alm_52_SideCB

The position of the side circuit breaker is abnormal.

× On

56

Alm_89_BB1&BB2

The position of the busbar disconnector is abnormal.

× On

57

Alm_89a_BB1&BB2

The positions of the two busbar disconnectors are closed at the same time.

× On

58

Alm_89b_BB1&BB2

The positions of the two busbar disconnectors are opened at the same time.

× On

59

Alm_52_MainCB

The position of abnormal.

the

controlled circuit

breaker is

× On

60

Alm_52_CenterCB

The position of the center circuit breaker is abnormal.

× On

61

Alm_89_Line

The position of the line switch is abnormal.

 

× On

62

Alm_BO_Direct

The operation signal outputs directly.

 

× On

Here, Onmeans the LED is on, Offmeans the LED is off, and ×means having no influence.

The handling suggestions of the alarm events are listed as below.

No.

Alarm Element

Handing Suggestion

1

Fail_Device

Please check whether there has a serious error in this device.

2

Fail_BoardConfig

Please check whether the board configuration complies with the software.

3

Fail_Setting_OvRange

Please ensure whether anyone of the settings is out of range, and make the related settings be in the setting range.

4

Fail_SettingItem_Chgd

Please enter the relevant setting menu of this device and use the submenu Confirm Settings(under submenu Settings) to confirm it.

5

Fail_Setting

Please ensure whether anyone of the settings is modified.

6

Fail_FPGA

Please inform the manufacturer to deal with it.

7

Alm_Device

Please ensure whether anyone of the software supervision alarm occurs.

8

Alm_Version

Please inform the manufacturer to deal with it.

9

Alm_Setting_MON

Please inform the manufacturer to deal with it.

10

Alm_CommTest

Please check whether this device is in communication test situation.

11

Alm_BOTest

Please check whether this device is in binary output test situation.

12

Alm_Maintenance

Please check whether the binary input for denoting maintenance is energized.

13

Alm_TimeSync

Please check whether the time synchronization signal is correct.

14

Alm_U_Ref1

Please check the input circuit of the No.1 reference voltage.

15

Alm_U_Ref2

Please check the input circuit of the No.2 reference voltage.

16

Alm_U_Ref3

Please check the input circuit of the No.3 reference voltage.

17

Alm_f_Ref1

Please check the voltage input of the No.1 reference side.

18

Alm_f_Ref2