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EE6603 POWER SYSTEM OPERATION AND CONTROL

Model 1 Coaching on 28-04-2016.


Units 1, 3 & 5 are selected
UNIT I
INTRODUCTION
An overview of power system operation and control - system load variation - load characteristics load curves and load-duration curve - load factor - diversity factor
OR
Importance of load forecasting and quadratic and exponential curve fitting techniques of
forecasting plant level and system level controls.
Unit I, Part B questions
1. Explain the overview of power system operation and control with diagram. (16)
2. i) What are Load curves and load-duration curves and what are the informations are
get from both curves? (6)
ii) Define the following terms.
1)
Time in (hrs)
0-6
6-10
10-12
12-16
16-20
20-24
Load(MW)
20
25
30
25
35
20
Connected load, 2) Maximum Demand, 3) Demand Factor, 4) Average Load, 5) Load
factor, 6) Diversity factor, 7) Plant capacity factor, and 8) Plant use factor. (10)
3. The daily demands of three consumers are given below

Plot the load curve and find (i) maximum demand of individual consumer (ii) load
factor of individual consumer (iii) diversity factor and (iv) Load factor of the station.
(16)
4. i) Describe about the different reserve requirements in power systems operation. (4)
ii) A generating station has the following daily load cycle:
Draw the load curve and calculate maximum demand, units generated per day, average
load, load factor. (12)
5. Briefly explain about the plant level and the system level controls. (16)
6. Briefly discuss the classification of loads and list out the important characteristics of
various types of loads. (16)
7. i) Briefly explain the overview of system operation. (8)
ii) Explain about the Static characteristics of various loads (8)
UNIT III
REACTIVE POWERVOLTAGE CONTROL
Generation and absorption of reactive power - basics of reactive power control - excitation
systems modelling - static and dynamic analysis - stability compensation
OR
Methods of voltage control: tap changing transformer, SVC (TCR + TSC) and STATCOM
secondary voltage control.
Unit III Part B questions
1. i) Discuss generation and absorption of Reactive Power (8)

2.

3.
4.
5.
6.

ii) Explain how voltage control can be affected by injection of Reactive Power (8)
i) Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of different types of compensating
equipment for transmission systems. (8)
ii) Derive the relations between voltage, power and reactive power at a node for
applications in power system control. (8)
Draw the circuit diagram for a typical excitation system and derive the transfer function
model and draw the block diagram (16)
Discuss about the various methods of voltage control. (16)
What is static compensator? Explain with diagrams working principle of various types of
static compensators.(16)
Explain different types of static VAR compensators with a phasor diagram (16)

UNIT V
COMPUTER CONTROL OF POWER SYSTEMS
Need for computer control of power systems - concept of energy control centre - functions
system monitoring - data acquisition and control - system hardware configuration
OR
SCADA and EMS functions - network topology - state estimation WLSE - Contingency
Analysis - state transition diagram showing various state transitions and control strategies.
Unit V Part B questions
1. Explain the Need for computer control of power systems (16)
2. Briefly discuss the various functions of energy control Centre. (16)
3. Explain the hardware components and functional aspects of SCADA system using a
fundamental block diagram. (16)
4. i) What is EMS? What are its major functions in power system operation and control? (6)
ii) Explain briefly how the system states are continuously monitored and controlled (10)
5. Draw a state transition diagram of a power system showing different sets of operating
states classified according to security level. Mark on the diagram and explain the state
transitions that may occur due to system disturbances and also the different control
actions that can be taken to improve the security level of the system. (16)
6. Explain the various controls for secure operation. (16)