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Maximizing the opportunities for women in Mozambiques Extractive


Industry sector
Mozambican women face great opportunities for economic empowerment through the countrys
vast, and largely untapped, natural resources. But wealth for all as a result of the exploitation of
these resources is far from a foregone conclusion, as experience has shown in the past. As part of
UN Women Mozambiques strategy for womens economic empowerment in extractive industries
(EI), the Country Office collaborated with the Mozambican Ministry of Mineral Resources and
Energy, UNDP Mozambique and the World Banks Mozambique Mining and Gas Technical
Assistance (MAGTAP) project to host a National Sharefair on Gender and Extractive Industries
from June 2-3, 2016 in Maputo that focused on issues of productive inclusion in EI.
EIs have been key to the growth of Mozambiques
economy for the past 20 years, with an average GDP
growth of 7% between 1997 and 2014. Coal and precious
stones have all attracted foreign direct investments, and
together with liquefied natural gas represent one of the
most important development opportunities for the
country today and in the near-term. At the same time,
these various forms of resource extraction can also
present risks, grave risks, for environmental degradation,
economic disturbance, population displacement as well
as potentially deepen inequality and poverty amongst the
most vulnerable.
While men can often benefit from the labour as well as
investment opportunities arising from the growth of the
sector, women often also bear a significant burden of
direct and indirect costs - family or social disruption and
environmental degradation of water sources, which can
then lead to other social and economic challenges
including a loss of income from other sectors such as
agriculture.
Furthermore,
women
can
face
disproportionate risks of harassment, gender-based

A woman affected by EI. Joaquina is a


widow, mother of four (aged 15, 13, 9, and
5) as well as an entrepreneur that is providing
about 56 meals a week to a group of
construction workers who are building Jindal
resettlement houses in Chirodzi.

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Av. Lucas Elias Kumato 144, Maputo - Tel: +258 21 491031/2 Fax +258 21491034, Maputo.
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violence and HIV/AIDS due to social, physical and economic vulnerabilities at play in their
engagement with the EI value-chain. Salient evidence suggests that, if not managed in a transparent
and equitable manner, extractive industries could further widen the gender gaps in access to
resources and resource-related opportunities, bringing into focus the impact of SDG 8 Good Jobs
and Economic Growth on other SDGS including SDG 5 - Gender Equality.
The Mozambique Sharefair, modelled after the regional Sharefair on the same topic held in Nairobi
in October 2015, aimed to create a platform to share knowledge and facilitate dialogue between
different stakeholders on these issues. Participants from different stakeholder groups policy
makers, civil society, private sector and women miners shared their ideas and experiences on
womens economic participation in the sector and to highlight successes in achieving a more
inclusive extractive industry in Mozambique. The meeting also drew on experiences, lessons learnt
and good practices from other countries such as Malawi and Tanzania as well as regional actors.
More than 100 participants attended the two-day event including representatives from four
Ministries Mineral Resources and Industry, Gender, Children and Social Action, Economy and
Finance and Land, Environment and Rural Development, UN agencies, development partners,
academia and civil society as well as some involved both in the private sector and CSO activities
from Zimbabwe, Malawi, Zambia and South Africa.
UN Women Mozambique has been keenly engaged at the policy level for many years on Gender
and Extractive Industries, supporting a widening of the knowledge base through studies and joint
efforts with government and civil society. The CO has also supported the strengthening of the
governments capacity to incorporate gender and social equality issues in EI as well as advocated
for enhanced legal, regulatory and policy protections. The June 2-3 event will help to further
consolidate these efforts, as well as move forward the debate and efforts to strengthen womens
voices and representation in EI.
The CO has signalled its
support for immediate followup actions including (i) the
establishment of a Community
of Practice (COP) ao sustain
the sharing of experiences,
models and good practices
between stakeholders of the
mining and extractive value
chain including women miners;
(ii) the development of a SouthSouth Cooperation initiative as
The Women from Capanga are small scale miners who crush stones at
well as (iii) support to greater
the Benga coal mine in Moatize, Tete.
collaboration across various
Ministries and sectors for policy coherence. Work has already started on the COP.
During Environment Week, June 6-10th, we are also mindful of the multiple environmental
governance issues surrounding land management in which extractives, agriculture and other
sectors play a key role.
Access other photos from the Sharefair at this link
________________________________________________________________________________
Av. Lucas Elias Kumato 144, Maputo - Tel: +258 21 491031/2 Fax +258 21491034, Maputo.
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