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What is the correct sunnah when the child is born?

Should the azaan and iqaamah both be given in the


right and left ears respectively or only the azaan should
be given because the hadith of Hasan bin Ali and Ibn
Abbas (RA) is weak and the hadith of Abu Raafi is
authentic? Why is the azaan and iqaamah both
encouraged when the ahaadeeth are weak rather, only
the azaan should be encouraged because of the
authenticity of the hadith. Please clarify.
Hanafi Fiqh > Askimam.org
What is the correct sunnah when the child is born? Should the azaan and iqaamah both be
given in the right and left ears respectively or only the azaan should be given because the
hadith of Hasan bin Ali and Ibn Abbas (RA) is weak and the hadith of Abu Raafi is
authentic? Why is the azaan and iqaamah both encouraged when the ahaadeeth are weak
rather, only the azaan should be encouraged because of the authenticity of the hadith.
Please clarify.
Answer
In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh
It is masnoon to call the adhan in the ear of a newborn baby. This is proven in the Hadith
of Abu Raafi (RadiyAllahu Anhu) in Tirmidhi which Imam Tirmidhi (Rahimahullah) has
declared as a sound Hadith.

:


Abu Raafi (RadiyAllahu Anhu) says that he saw Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi
Wasallam) give adhan in the ear of Hasan the son of Ali (RadiyAllahu Anhuma) when
Fatima (RadiyAllahu Anha) gave birth
(Sunan al-Tirmidhi, #1514)
The Hadith does not state which ear the adhan should particularly be called in. However,
it is a sunnah to do good acts starting from the right side. Furthermore, there are other
weaker Ahadith which state that the adhan should be called in the right ear and iqamah in
the left.
:
:

Husain (RadiyAllahu Anhu) says that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said:
For whoever is born, give adhan in the right ear and iqamah in the left ear so the
sickness of Um Sibyaan will not affect him
(Musnad Abi Yala, #6634)
Therefore, we can say the act of calling the adhan in the ear of the newborn baby is
sunnah and it is mustahab (desirable) to call the adhan in the right ear and iqamah in the
left.
(Fatawa Mahmudiyyah, 5/456, Faruqiyya)
(Ahsanul-Fatawa, 2/276, HM Saeed)



Abu Raafi (RadiyAllahu Anhu) says: I saw Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)
give the adhan in the ear of Hasan bin Ali (RadiyAllahu Anhuma).He gave adhan
in the way it is given for prayer and this is the proof for the act of calling adhan in the
ear of a newborn being sunnah. It is also stated in Sharhus Sunnah that Umar bin Abdul
Aziz (RadiyAllahu Anhu) gave adhan in the right ear and iqamah in the left ear of a child
when it was born
(Mirqatul-Mafatih, 7/75, Rashidiyya)
And Allah knows best
Wassalaamu `alaykum
Ml. Asif Umar,
Student Darul Iftaa
Checked and Approved by:
Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah Inaamiyyah