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How can the field of OB contribute to the effective functioning of organizations and the

well being of the individual?


A.1 OB is related to the individual behaviors in organizations, apart from group
behaviors and behaviors in organizations. An organization is as good as its
working group. An organization needs to grow continuously therefore, there is a
need to keep its persons rising through following procedures they are:
1. Continuous Learning The continuous learning in individuals works
substantially in the growth of the individuals. There are many ways of learning
that helps individuals to grow. Learning can be termed as any permanent change
in behavior or behavior potential that results from experience. There is need to
promote functional behavior among individuals for effective functioning of
organizations, and discourages behavior that is unfavorable to the organisations.
There are different methods of learning and various means through which
learning can be converted into desirable behavior in the individuals.
2. Creating Right Perception: There is need to create right perception among
individuals. Perception can be termed as process through which we select,
organize and interpret inputs that are supplied to us by our sensory receptors.
There are five senses in humans (eyes through sight, ears through audition, nose
through smell, mouth or tongue through taste, and skin through touch) and these
senses continuously gathers information from the surroundings. It is the
perception that gives meaning to the various set of informations that are
gathered through these senses. The study of OB helps in creating right
perception that is prime requirement for the efficiently working with people.
3. Building Positive Attitudes and Values: The building of positive attitude and
values plays significant role in the growth of individuals. Attitude can be defined
as long-lasting evaluation that represents an individual like or dislike for an item,
group, or issues. Positive attitudes form an important element in building effective
relationships. Values are the fundamental ideas that a definite form of way of
survival is individual or social and is preferable to an opposite or adverse form of
performing the work. Values are the base of attitudes and behaviour, therefore it
is important to discover values in OB.
4. Having Personality and Emotions Compatible at Work Place: Personality is
persons unique and relatively constant model of behaviour, thoughts, and
feelings. There is requirement in organisations to generate a right grouping of
person and job, in order to utilize full potential of an individual. According to the
provisions of the work, qualities can be also developed. Emotions are reactions
which are the outcome of subjective cognitive states, physiological reactions, and
expressive behaviors. Cognition is the mental behavior related to the thought,
knowledge, and memory. Proper understanding of emotions helps an individual
for self-development.
5. Maintaining Stress-free Individuals and Environment: Stress is a self-

motivated condition in which an individual is to deal with an opportunity,


constraint, or demand related to what he or she needs and for which the result is
supposed to be both doubtful and significant. With rising competition and
survival, and quality becoming higher and difficult to match, stress is the
administrative anxiety of modern era.
6. Keeping Individuals and Teams Motivated and providing Job Satisfaction:
Motivation can be explained as the most important indescribable source of the
organization. Motivation is an indirect in-house procedure that activates, guides,
and maintains behavior over time. Job satisfaction is a universal approach
towards ones job. It also depends on the segregation between the amount of
rewards workers receive and the amount they believe they should be given.