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Prefabricated House

(System Buildings/ Industrialized Buildings)


By
Daiwa House Group, Japan

Major Earthquakes in Japan

1995 Great Hanshin Earthquake (7.3 Mag.)


2003 Hokkaido Earthquake (8.3 Mag.)
2006 Kuril Islands Earthquake (8.3 Mag.)
2011 Tohoku Earthquake (9 Mag.)
2012 Kamaishi Earthquake (7.3 Mag.)
Source: wikipedia.org

Background

Necessity to provide quick housing to the devastation caused by war and earthquake
Steel frame prefabricated houses
Steel frame structures comprises largest share of building construction in Japan
against RCC and wooden structures
About 20% of houses are prefabricated
Ensures high quality, high speed, and reduce cost
Low Rise Prefabricated Steel Frame Buildings a typical character of Daiwa
House

History

1955 - Pipe House (First building from Daiwa House made of steel and iron)

History

1959 - Midget House (Study Room Installed in Garden)


Piloted the concept of Prefabricated Houses

XEVO TECHNOLOGY
FOR
PREFABRICATED SINGLE HOUSE

Superstructure Prefabricated Structure


Assembled in site using bolts only 1 Day

Foundation (RCC Structure - Cast in Site) 14 days

Foundation Casting in Site (14 Days)

Assembling of Superstructure in Site

Finished Products

Building Structure - Foundation

Reinforcement connected to Wall Frame by


Anchor Bolts
Foundation Depending on soil condition (Shallow/ Pile)

Building Structure - Superstructure

Main Structure Wall Frame (steel frame and brace with two panels)
No columns needed
H section beams/ Floor boards
Roof Truss

steel frame and brace


(to avoid buckling)

Wall Frame Triple


combined system
(Integration of pillar
between two frame panels
for earthquake resistance)

Building Structure - Superstructure

Brace structure for receiving the horizontal force at the time of earthquake

External Wall 3 members


Wall thickness 8cm 15cm
External panel (Weather resisting
Concrete panels/ Ceramic Panels)

Frame and brace


with insulating
material

Internal Panel (Plaster Board)

Building Structure - Superstructure

Flooring Floor boards with voids to reduce sound (Supported by H-Beam and
steel frame)

Earthquake Counter Measures DAEQT


System
(Daiwa House Anti-Earth Quake Technology)

DAEQT-S
DAEQT-D
DAEQT-B

DAEQT-S (DAEQT System)

Use of Bracing to the building structure to provide added strength to


resist earthquake
Prevents the collapse of the building
Building framework changes shape to absorb the energy of the quake

DAEQT-D (DAEQT Damper)

Adding two vibration control panel reduces the


damage to structure by 20-50% Yamashita, Daiwa House

Use of damper to minimize the shaking through an earthquake


Damper in the middle absorbs energy of the quake
Building framework changes shape to absorb the energy of the quake

DAEQT-B (DAEQT Balance)

Bearing Rolling supports the building


against earthquake/ 1 ball supports 9 Tones

Expensive for small houses


cant be used in very small lots or in weak soil
like reclaimed land

Use of balance system (base isolation system) between foundation and


base of the building
Minimizes the damage by reducing the transfer of quakes to the building

Advantages of System Buildings/ Prefabricated Buildings

High Quality
Short term of construction
Inexpensive (ordering in bulk, reducing
kinds of jobs in construction site)
Reduces environmental load (reduce
industrial waste on construction site)
Easy re-construction

Problems of System Buildings/ Prefabricated Buildings

Restriction of Planning
Uniform Elevation

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