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-AC Circuits
Part 2
Polyphase System J
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"THE ESTABLISHEilLEADER IN EE REV' JEW"


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MUL TIVECTOR
Review and Training Center.
Rm. 867, Ground Floor, Isabel Bldg.
F. Cayco corner Espafia Sts.
Sampaloc, Manila
Tel. No. 7317423

MUL TIVECTOR

~EVIEW

AND TRAINING CENTER

AC Circuits Part 2
Three Phase Circuits/ Systems

Balanced 3$ Circuits/ Systems:

I.

Wye (Star) Connected System

7,\
I
I
I
I
I
I
I

I
I

I
I
I
I
I

:v,

:vi .

I
I
I

I
I

I
I
I

:: . "'!v,

I 1 = I4>

~-X------~~>~~--------------~--~
Relationships :

2.

Delta (Mesh) Connected System:

Relationships:

where:
V~-phase voltage
I~ -phase current
v,.- line.voltagc
I~_- line current

Power in Balanced 3$ Circuits/Systems

..

(Whether Wyc or. Delta connected)


Pr

'>[3 Y1 11 (p.f.) = 3V~I~(p:f.)

3 1/R~ watts

Or= 13 Y1 It(r.f.) ~ 3 V4>14> (r.f.) = 3 I4> 2X4> vars


Sr =

YJ

V~_I 1

3Y4>14> = 3I/Z4> = ~P/ + Or 2 va

MUL TIVECTOR

REV~E.W

AND TRAINING CENTER

i'

Impedance Trian~)c:

Power Triangle:.

tl

r.I

il

i:

Sr

.JPr 2 + o/ va

From the above triangles:


p.f. c

COS ()I ..

r,.

KW . R,

s,~

KV t\

z,

r.f. =sino,=. Or , KVAR =_&


Sr
KVA
Z~
tan 0 1 ""

Or -_ KVAR __
- --

Pr

~
R~

KW

where:

r,- total real power drawn by the balanced 3cp load


Or- total reactive power drawn by the balanced 3cp load
S1 - total apparent power drawn by the balanc.cd 3<jl load
p. f. - power factor oft he balanced 3$ load
r.f. -reactive factor of the balanced 3cj> load
01 - power. factor angle of the ba'anccd 3cj> load

Phase Sequence-- the order in which the generated voltages in the phase windings of an alternator reach or attain
their peak or maximum values.
a.

Positive Phase Sequence


ABC~

BCA

~CAB

AB- BC- (:A~ BC- CA- t\B


AN- BN- CN

BN -

CN- AN

~CA--AB-BC

CN --AN- BN

Examples of Vector Representations

Vc =/Vel L-240"

V11

/Yn/
'

Vn -/Vn/ .L-120"

Vc = IVc/.c-.120"

Sequence ABC

Sequence BCA

L-240"

Sequence CAB

MUL TIVECTOR REVIEW AND TRAINING CENTER


b. Negative Phase Sequence
ACB
,_

CBA

BAC

AB CA ~- BC ~ C!\- BC -1\B ~ i3C- AB-C!\


AN

CN

BN-tCN-BN-AN~BN--1\N-CN

Examples 0f Vecto) Representations


Vn = JVnJ L:-240"

JVnl /0''

Vn
SeqtJCnce ACB

JVnl L-120"

Sequence CBA

Sequence BAC

If the phase sequence is not given. assume a positive phase sequence. Three pha~c'(3$) alternators arc
designed to operate with positive phase sequence voltages.

Power Measurements in three Phase (3$) Systems.


I.

2.

One-wattmeter Method- used to measure the total real power in a balanced three-phase system with a single
wattmeter.
Methods ~mployed:
a. Potential.., lead shift Method
b. Artificial- neutral Method
c. T Method
d. Current-transformer Method
Two-wattmeter Method -usually used.tomeasure the real power being drawn by a tfue~-phase (3$). 3-wire
ry~rn.
.
Current Coil 1
II.

--~

Balanced.
3$
Source

II.:>

Balanced
3$
Load

Potential Coifz
Current Coil 2
,!,

,1,,

MUL TIVECTOR REVIEW AND TRAINING CENTER

~e'l';
. ~~~
loao . -~

,'1

'

Q 1 =f3 (W 1 - \V 1 ),

9r""

V(\Vl-\VI),

o--.

'
I ,tn.

where:

if W 1 > \V 2

if\~/

YJ(W,-Wz)
W I -1\V 2
.

0 power factor of the balanced 3~ load


P 1 total real ot' true power drawn by the balanced 3$ load
<) 1 total reactive power drawn by the balanced 3~ load

Notes;
I.
'")

1\t
1\t
/\t
/\t

unity p. r.. the t\Vo wattmeters have equal reading. That is W 1 "' W2
0.866 p. f .. one wattmeter reading is f,wice the other.
0.5 p.f.. one wattmeter reads zero while the other registers tlie total circuit ppwer.
less than 0.5 p.f, one wattmeter give~ a negative reading and the other positive.
1

Symmctl'ical Compcmcnts
Fortescue's Theorem:!\ set ofnunbalanced related phasors may be resolved into n systcnjs of balanced phasors
called the symmetrical components.

For thrcc-plidSC systen\s.


a.
b.
c.

\v~

have:

positive sequel1ce component


negative sequence component
zero sequence component

For Voltages:

v, = v, 0 + v" 1 + v" 2 .

YAo

=J(v,,

. .
VAl

=3 v,

Y,u

==-~{v,

J(

. .

+ Vu + Yc)
+aVn +ll

') I

v(:

,I

where:

+:a V11 +aVe),

a I L 120 = -0.5 + j0.866.


2
a .' I L2400 "' .-O.S --j0.866
VA. Y11 , Yc =unbalanced voltages
Yo. V 1 Vi"" zero. positive and negative symmetrical components of voltage respectively

1,''

MULTIVECTOR REVIEW AND TRAINING CENTER

For Currents:
I
I .\II = J

;,.._

lc ~' 1_, 11 .+ ai" +a f,u.

'

where:

(I \

1
(1
3

I B + I{ ) .

I ,1

:::

a I 11 + a 2 1c )

1. \2

= -~ (1 ,

a I 11

al < )

'-

I 1 , Ill. I< unbalanced currents

i., .. IJ. '-~

zero. posit_1ve and negative sym1netrical components of current respectively


I:-; neutral current

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MUL TIVECTOR REVI'EW AND TRAINING CENTER


AC CIRCUITS
.

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PART 2- POLYPHASE SYSTEM


. EXERCISES:

'1. In a balanced three-phase Y-connected system, the line voltage and the cJrresponding phase voltage
are displaced from each other by
i
A oo
. B. 30
C. 90
D. 120

con~ected

2. In balanced star (wye)


system) the line voltage is
. .
:
A 0. 707 times the phase voltage
1
B. 1.414 times the phase v~ltage
C. phasor sum of two phase voltages
D. phasor difference of two :phase vol-tages

REE - May 2008


3. A three- phase system has line to line voltage Vab = 1,500 V rms with 30 ;deg angle with a wye load.
Determine the phase voltage.

A -433 + j750 V rms


B. 750 + j433 V rms
C. j866 V rms
0 866 V rms
REE - Sept. 2007

4. The wye connected three-phase voltage source has V sub c = 115 v rms with -240 degrees angle.
Find tt1e line to line voltage V sup be.
A -99- j173 v rms .
C. 0- j199 v rrns

B. 199 + jO v rms
D. 99- j173 v rms

REE -April 2002


, 5. Three 1 0-ohm resistors connected in wye are supplied from a balanced three phase source where
phase ~line voltage is given by 230 sin377t. What is the phase~ line current?
A 13.28sin377t
B. 13.28 sin(377t- 30)
C. 23 sin (377t- 30)
D. 40 sin(377t + 30)
REE- May 2010
.
6. An ABC sequence set of voltages feeds a balanced three-phase, wye-wye system. The line and the load
impedances are 1 + j1 0 and 10 + j 10 0, respectively. If the load voltage on phase A is Van = 110. v rms
with 30 degrees. angle, determine the line voltage of the input for phases A and C.
A.-j210vrms
B. 105+j60.5vrms
C. -105 + j60.5 v rms
D. -210 v rms
;
REE - April 2002
7. In a balanced three phase system, the phase A voltage is 132.8 cis 0, what is the line to line
voltage VcA?

A 230 cis 30

B. 230 cis(- 30)

C. 23o'cis(-60~)

D. 132.8 cis120

8. Line B of a 230 V ungrounded-wye system touches the ground: What is the voltage between line A and
the ground?
A 230V
B. 115V
C. OV
D. 132.79V
9. A system consist of three equal resistors connected in delta and is fed from a balanced three-phase
supply. How much power is reduced if one of the resistors is disconnected?
A 33%
B. 50%
C. 25%
D. 0%

AC Circuits 2
Page 1 of 5

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MULTIVECTOR REVIEW AND TRAINING


CENTER
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AC
CIRCUITS
.
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I

...

REE - April 2005


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.
.. ".
,1 0. Three heater !Jnits each taking 1,500 watts a11e connected delta to a 120 volt three phase line. What is
"
the resistance of each unit in ohms?
A 9.6
.
B. 5.4 \
C. 8.6
D. 7.5

~ 1. The resistance

between i:my. two 'teamnals of a balanced delta-connected load is 12 ohms. The

resistance of each phase is


, A 12 ohms
B. 18 ohms
D. 36iohms
C. 6 ohms
i

REE- Sept. 2006


12. A three-phase balanced load has 10 ohms resistance in each of its. phases. The load is supplied by a
220 v, three-phase source. The load is connected in wye. What is the poweri absorbed by the load?
A. 19.36 KW.:.
B. 14.52 KW
C. 9.68 KW
D. 4.~4 KW
. \
REE - March 1998
13. Three impedances,- j10, j10 and 100 are 'wye connected. Determine the' impedance of an equivalent
delta.

A 12.5, j12.5, - 12.5 0


B. 10, j10,- j10 0
C. j8.5, j12.5, 8 0
D. 5, 5j, - j5 0
REE -Sept. 2005
.,
. 14: A balanced wye-connected load has a ph.ase impedance of 15 + j10 ohms..What is the impedance per
phase of the equivalent delta connected load?
A 5 + j3.33 0
B. 26 + j17.32 0 '
C. 45 + j30 0
D. f.3.~6 + j5.77 0
J:

. REE .,- Sept. 2009


. :~
15. A balanced delta connected load of 15 + j 18 ohms per phase is connected ~t the end of a three-phase
line. The line impedance is 1 + j2 ohms per phase. The line is supplied fro~ a three-p~ase source with
a line to line voltage of 207.~85 v mis. Using Van as reference, what is the current in pha~e A?
.A -7.2- j9.6 A
B. 7.2 + j9.6 A
C. -7.2 + j9.6 A
D. 7.2- j9.6 A
I

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16. Three identical capacitances, each of 150 IJF are connected in star. The v~lue of capacitance in each
! ;
phase of the equivalent delta connected load would be
A 150 IJF
B. 450 IJF
C, 50 IJF
D. 300 IJF
17. Three identical wye-connected resistances consume 1 ,000 watts. If the resistances are connected in
delta across the same supply, the power consumed will be _ __
A 3,000 W
B. 6,000 W
C. 1,000 W
D. 33~ W
REE - Sept. 2004
18. A 480-volt three-phase system supplies 85
A 60
.
B. 45.
REE - Sept. 2007
19. A balanced wye connected load of 8
Find the real power in KW?
A 23
B. 13.8
~

. ,
power factor of 0.8. What is the power factor angle?
C. 3r
D. 15

A at a

+j6 ohms per phase is connected to a three-phase 480-v system.


C. 18.4

D. 10.6

(.

'.

REE - Sept. 2007


20. A balanced three-phase, .wye-connected l.oad of 150 kw takes a le'ading current of 100 A, when the line
1
is 2,400 v, 60 HZ. What is the capacitance per phase?
.
A 21 mF
:. B. 21 IJF
. .
C. 205 mF
.,
D. 205 IJF
AC Circuits.2
Page 2 of 5

MUL TIVECTOR' REVIEW AND TRAINING CENTER

<

AC CIRCUITS

<

21. A 50-HP, three phase induction motor with full load efficiency of 85% and power factor of 0.80 is
< connected to a three phase; 480 V system: The equivalent star connected impedance that can replace
this motor is - - - - - '

B. 7.3L36.87 0
D. 4.2L36.87 0

A. 7.3L- 36.87 0

C. 4.2L:... 36.87 0

//

'

REE - April 2004 .


(

22.'1t is required tq increase th~ power factor of a 750 KW: three-phase balanced load from 70% lagging to
90% lagging. The line voltage is 6,900 volts, 60 Hz. Specify the capacitor required to increase the
.power factor of this wye-connected load in microfarad per phase.
A. 20.45
. .
B. 22.39
C. 18.58
D. 17.22
REE - Sept. 2007
i
23. A balanced wye-connected load of 30 + j10 ohms per phase is connected to a 3-phase 60 HZ ?-08
volts supply. Determine th~ value of each capacitor in ~1F whicH will yield unity power factor.

A. 9.63
. B. 8.39
C. 9.28
.
b. 8.84
24. Find the average power absorbed by a balanced three-phase load in arJ ~CB circuit in which one line

voltage is Vac
480L30,0 and one line current to the load is lb
A.1337.W..
B. 1122W
C. 1719W

=2.1L80 A.
D. 1122W

REE - Sept. 2001 .


<:
25. The phase B line voltage .and the phase A line current of a balanced three< phase systems are V =: 220
sin( rot + 21 0) volts and I
10 sin ((I) t + 180) amperes, respectively. What is the power of the
system?

A. 1,905W
B. 3,300W
C. 5,716W
D. 3,810W

REE - May 2010


26. A balanced three-phase source serves three loads:
Load 1: '24 KW, 0.6 lagging p.f.
Load 2: 10 KW, unity p.f.
Load 3: 14 KVA, 0.81eading p.f.
If .the line voltage of the load is 208 rms at 60 Hz, find the line current.
A. 143 A
B. 139 A
C. 141 A
D. 137. A

27. Two balanced loads are connected ln parallel to a three phase 460-volt sou~ce. Load A is 90 kVA at a
power factor of 0.6 lagging and loadS is 25 ,kVAat unity power factor. What 1is the new power factor of
the system?
<
. ;
A. 0.741agging
. 8. 0.74 leading
: C. 0.80 lagging
D. 0.80 leading
i

Hz

28. A three-phase, 440 V, 60


supply is con'nected to a three-phase, wye-cbnnected induction motor
and synchronous motor. The impedance per phase of the induction motor is (1 .5 + j2.5)0. The
synchronous motor is over-excited and draws 100 A at 0.8 power factor. What is the combined power
factor ofthe load?

;
A. 0.99 lagging .
8: 0.991eading
,. C. 0.51 lagging
D. 0.51 leading
. REE - Sept. 2009 . .

.
,1'l
.
29. In two-wattmeter methbdofpower measurement, the readings of the two wattmeters were 6, 717 watts
and 2,658 watts, respeG,tively. Find the powerfactor.
.'
A o.9o
B. o.?o
: c. 0.60
D. o.aq
1
,\

AC Circuits 2
PCJil" :1 r,f"'

MULTIVECTOR REVIEW AND TRAINING. CENTER

AC CIRCUITS
REE .:... April 2005
30. The total power consumed by a balanced 3<t> load is 3,000 watts at 80% pd,Wer factor. Two wattmeters
WA a~W8 are connected to the line. What is the reading of W A?
:
A 2,150 watts
B. 2,000 watts.
C. 1,500 watts
D. 2,500 watts

'

REE- Sept:2004
.
.
.
, :
31. The power drawn by a balanced 30 load is 3,000 watts at 80% power factot. If two wattmeters WA and
We are used, what is the reading of We?

' t
A 800
B. 950
C. 900
D. 850
REE - Sept. 2008
I
1
32. In a balanced three ..... phase 230 V circuit, the line current is 90 A The power is measured by
two -wattmeter method. If the power factor is 100% and the line current is the same, what is the
reading on each wattmeter?
A 25.6 kW
.
B. 30.4 kW
C. 17.9 kW
D. 20.7 kW

33. The two-wattmeter.method is applied to a three phase, three-wire, 100 V, ABC system with the meters
in lines B and C, W 8 ::::: 836 watts and We ::::: 224 watts. What is the impedance of the balanced delta connected load?
A 10L45 0
B. 10L -45 0
C. 20L -45 0
D. 20 ...::::45 0
{34. Two wattmeters are connected for the two,.:wattmeter method with current coils in lines A and B of a
208 V, ABC circuit that has a balanced delta load. If the meter readings are 6 kW and - 3 kW,
respectively, find the load impedance per phase.
A 18.8L -.35.20/phase
B. 18.8L79.10/p.hase
!

D. 32.2L36.2 0/phase
REE - Sept. 2009.
35. A three-phase, W,e-connected system with 240-v per 'phase is connected to three loads: 10 ohms,
18.79 + j6.84 ohms, 9.83- j6.88 ohms to phases A,B, and C, respectively. Find the current in phase C.
A 1.74 + j19.92A
B. -1.74 + j19.92 A C. --1.74- j19.92 A D. 1.74- j19.92 A

4:_

36. Three impedances Zab :::::


j3 ohms, Zbc::::: 3 + j4 ohms and Zca ::::: 10 + jO ohms are connected in delta
across a 220 volts, three phase balanced source. The total power qf the circuit is

A 1,839
8, 18,392
C. 1,936
D. 1,849

37. A 480 V, three~phase, three-wire source supplies to a combination of industrial loads. The line currents
drawn from the source are: Ia =55.78L-59.4A,Ib =43.85L176.7A,Ic ~48.0L71.3A. Determine
the total power drawn from the source.
A 17:31 kW
B. 36.24 kW
C. 3.1 kW
D. 38.29 kW
38. A three-phase, four--wire system has the following, unbalanced loads: Za =i 10 + j1 00

Zb

=13--: j20;

Zc = 7.5 + j1 00. Determine the total power delivered to the load if the line voltage is 208 V.
A 4.48 kW

8.1.48 kW

C. 2.49 kW

D. 2.90 kW

AC Circuits 2
Page 4 of 5

'9

MULTIVECTOR REVIEW AND TRAINING CENTER


AC CIRCUITS
'

REE - April 2005


39. A 3-phase 4-wire system has the following unbalanced loads: Z 1 = 10.+ j5 0, Z 2
Z3

= 8 + j4 0, and

= 20 + jO 0. The line" to neutral voltage of the system is 120 volts. What is the reading of the

wattmeter in watts in Z3 ?;
..~

C. 1,000

8.720

D. 1,050

>

REE - March 1998


40. The three unbalanced currents are: Ia
10 cis(- 30), lb
sequence of phase A current.
A 8.66 cis 3oo'A
B. 5.77 cis (-60") A C.- 5.77 A

=0,

lc = 10 cis 150. Find the negative


'

D. 5.77 A

REE- Oct. 1998


41. The load of a wye connected transformer are: fa
10 cis( -30), tb = 12 cis 215. lc = 15 cis 82. What
is the neutral current?
A. 1.04 cis 72.8
B. 0.92 cis 62.5
C. 2.21 cis (-30)
D. 3.11 cis 72.8

REE - Sept. 2007


42. For the following phase currents Ia = 34.64, lb = -10- j17.32, lc = -10 + j17.32. What is the positive
sequence for phase c?
A. 12.44- j21.55
B. 12.44 + j21.55
C . .,-12.44 + j21.55
D. -12.44- j21.55
43. A wye-connected, three phase system has the following sequence components of current:
i
Zero sequence current= 12.5 cis 30
Positive sequence current= 28 cis(- 45)
Negative sequence current = 20 cis (-32)
Determine the current flowing in the neutral wire.
D. 22.5 cis 1oo
A. 4.17 cis 30
B. 37.5 cis 30
C. 35.7 cis (-60)
I

REE -April 2007


:
44. Given the following sets of symmetrical components, determine the phase 'current for phase B.
lao 1 at 75 deg
1a1 = 1 at 15 deg
1a 2 = 1 at -45 deg
i
A. 0.259 + j0.966
B. 0.516 -i- j1.931'
C. 1.932 + j0.518
. D. 1.4'14 + j1.414

REE- Sept. 2002


45. 'The phase currents of a three-phase system are:
lA= 100 Cis OoA.
Is= 80 cis 240 A
lc= 91.8 cis 130.9 A
What is the zero sequence current?
.
A.OA
B. 270.7 cis 3.68 A
C. 34.68 cis(-30.2~ )A
D. 90.23 cis 3.68 A
l;i .
0

'\\

. REE - Sept. 2010

:i
46. One conductor of a three-phase line is open. The current flowing to the de)lta connected load through
line A is 20 A. With the current flowing in line A as reference and assuming :that line C is open, what is
the zero-sequence current of phase B?
.
A.j11.5A
B.10+j5.78A
C.O
D.10l-j5.78A
'

AC Circuits 2
Page 5 of 5

MUL TIVECTOR REVIEW AND TRAINING CENTER


AC CIRCUITS- PAHT II
;
SUPPLEMENTARY PROBLEMS
THREE PHASE SYSTEMS
.

1. When phase sequence of a three -phase sytem is reversed.----"--.,


A. phase currents change in anglenot in magnitude
B. phase currents are changed
C.~al power consumed is changed
D. ph\e power are changed
.

'

2. Determine the line voltage Vca if Vbn = 277.::80 and the phase sequence is 8AC:

A. 480L-10V'

8. 480L:10V

C. 480/'170V

D: 480;~-170V

3. A balanced three-phase load Is connected to 240 V. , three-phase source. Determine the

of

, impedance
the wye-connected load if one phase current~~= 3.2L75 A.
A 30.6- j30.6 n
. 8. 30.6 + j 30.6 n c. 11.2 + j 41.8 n D. 111.2- j41.8

4. Three equal impedances of (25 + j30)0 are connected in wye to 240i V, 60 Hz, three-pha?,e
source. Determine the value of the capacitor to be connected in parallel with the load so that the
. total current drawn by the load is 3 amperes.

A. 90 ~tF ,
B. 80 ~tF
C. 70 pF
D. 60 ~tF
'

5. A delta-connected load draws 17.28 kW from 240 V, balanced three-phc;tse supply. What is th.e
resistance of the load if the reactance Js equal to 5 ohms?
.
1
A. 5 n
8. 7.5 n
C. 10 n
D .. 4.5 n
6. Three identical impedances of 15L60 ohms are connected in star to a Vhree-phase, three-wire,
240 V system. The lines between the supply and the load have an impedance 2 + j1 ohms. Find
the magnitude of the line voltage at the load.
A. 123V
8. 240V
C. 416V
D. 213Y
'

. 7. A delta connected loadNwing an impedance of (300 + j210).n per phase is supplied from 480 V,
three-phase supply through a line having an impedance of (4 + j8) 0 per~ wire. What is the total
power supplied to th~ load?
' '\
A. 1418 W
B. 473 W
C. 454 W
D. J:\363 W
'J

REE- Oct. 1996


.
j\
8. A 132 kV line, three-phase system delivers 70.7 MVA of a balanced delta load of power factor
70.7%. Determine the reactance necessary in order to attain unity power factor.
A. 1,092
B. 965
1,142
D. 1,045

c.

o .

'

n.

9. A. certain lo~d takes 300 kW at 400 V. A three-phase capad'J.:tor bankrate8 15 kVA per phase is
connected in parallel with the load to raise the power factor of the load to 90% lagging. What is the
power factor of the load before correction?
A. 99%
B. 92%
..
C. 85%
D. 88%

1\C Circuits 2

Page I of 5

MULTIVECTOR REVIEW AND TRAINING CENTER


AC CIRCUITS- J>ART H
.I
10. A factory load draws 100 kW at 75% lagging power factor from a 480 V source. To increase the
power factor to 90% lagging, a synchronous motor operating at 80% leading power factor is
connected to the load. What is the rating of the motor if it has an efficiency of 80%?
.
B. 43 HP
C. 33 HP
{
D. 35 HP
A 54 HP

~otor

11 ..A three-phase, wye-connected induction


is cohnected.:to a 480 V, ithree-phase supply. It
draws ~urrent of 15 amperes at 80% power factor. A delta connected reactance is connected in
, parallel ith the motor and the combination draws 15 amperes. ~hat is the ~alue of the element?

. . A.)

A ~tF . .

B. 122.5 ~\F

C. 28.7 ~tF

0. 245.0 ~tF.

12. A three-phase balanced load is connected across 220 V, three-phase, ACB source. A wattmeter
with its current coil in line A and voltt)ge coif across lines A and B reads 8QO W. The potential coil
is then connected across lines A and C )Nith the current coil in the same line. What is the power
.
.
,
factor of the load if the meter reads -800 W?
A. 0.5 lagging
B. 0.5 leading
C. 0.87 lagging
D.0:~'7 leading
'

'

'

.{:;\

13. In two-wattmeter method, the readings of the wattmeter will be identical whn _ _ __
A. load in one of the two phases is zero:
B. power factor is unity
1
C. power factor is 0.5
D. neutral is e~rthed
~
' ~ '

II

14. A wye-connected balanced three-phase load draws 75 A from:'~30 V, 60Hz, source. To measure
the total power, two wattmeters are connected in lines A and e:and reads S,625 Wand 17,250 W,
respectively. Determine the impedance of the balanced .load.
: t
A. 3.07 .<-::300 .

B. 3.77 L-30

n .

c.

1,77 L:30

D.

!1 ;77 L:-30

. 15. Two wattmeters are used to measure the power drawn by a balanced three:phase load from a440
V, three-phase source. The wattmeters are connected in lines A and Band reads 10 kW and -2.5
kW. When a capacitor is connected in parallel with thE;! load ahd the wattmeters reconnected in
lines B and C, the wattmeter in line B reads 7.5 kW. What is the power factor of the combined
':
load?
A 33%
B. 50%
C . .28%
D. 72%
16. The ra~io of the readings of wattmeters connected to measure the power delivered to an inductive
load is 0.75. If the load draws 75 kVA from 440 V supply, determinethe impedance per phase of
the delta-connected load.

A 7.74L:13~90

B. 7.74L:-13.9

C. 2.58L:41.40

D. 2.58L-41.4.0

'17. A balanc.ed three-phase, three-wire, 480 V supply has two loads. The first load is delta connected
:' and takes 30 kW at 80% lagging power factor. The second load is delta connected and uses 24
kVA at 90% leading power factor. Find the readings of the two wattmeters connected in lines A

and C.
. A. 28,940 & 22,660 W
B. 20,400 & 31,:200 W
C. 30,000 & 21;600 W
D. 32,680 & 113,920W
18. A 25 HP induction motor is operating at rated load from. a thre~~phase 450 V, 60 Hz system. The
efficiency and power factor of the motor are 87% and. 90% respectively. The apparent power in
KVA drawn by the motor is _ __
A. 23.82
B. 27.78
C. 21.44
D. 19.30
)

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19. A three-phase, three-wire, 240 V CBA system supplies power to a w{e-connected load with
impedances of: Za
A. 1,553W

=Zb =25.c::90 n, Zc = 20,:~0 n. Find the total power.


B. 2,589W

C. 1,883W

:'
D. ~.104W

20. A 100 \J, balanced three-phase source has two single phas'e loads; !The first load has an
ip:1pedance of (5.+ jX) ohms and connected across lines A and B. The se:::qnd load is connected
, Iacross 8 and C and ~as an impedance of (R - j2) ohms. Determine the v~lues of R and X, if the
current in line 8 is 25.93L'-102.37 A and the ratio of X toR is 1.5.
A. 2 n, 3 n
B. 3 n. 4.5 n
c. 4 n. 6 n

'
D. 5 n, 7.5

21. A 480 V, three-phase, three-wire, ACB :sequence source supplies power to a combination of single
phase industrial loads. The line currents drawn from the source are: Ia = 35L' -42.5 A,
lb = 60L' 165 A, lc = 48L'38 A. However.' it was found out that the instrument used in measuring
the current in line 8 is defective: Whpt is the total power drawn from the source?
A. 15,593 W
B. 9,180 W
C. 16,728 W
D. 24,000 W
22. Three- single phase loads are connected between lines of a 280 V, balanced three-phase source.
The currents measured in lines 8 and Care: lb = 85.22 /-72 5 A, lc = 60.71./170 A. What is the
negative sequence component of the currents?

A. 39.21L'105.2 A

8 .. 33:93L'161.6 A

C. 37.64,(-1045 A D. 41.82L'72.8 A

23. A balanced three-pha~e source with positive phase sequence has two single phase loads. Load 1
is a capacitive reactance of 10 ohms connected between lines A and C. Load 2 is an inductive
resistor connected between lines 8 and C. Determine the impedance of the resistor so that the
current in line js zero.
A. 17.32 + j10 n
a. 8.66 + j5 n
C.10+j300
D.5+j150

'

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i,

24. Three identical resistances connected in star carry a li,ne current of 12 A. If the same resistances
are connected in delta across the same supply, what is the new value of the line current?
A.12A .
As. 4A
C. 8A
D. 36A
25. A three-phase induction motor delivers150 HP while, operating at 80% efficiency and a power
factor of 0.8 lagging from 480 V lines. A wye connected power. factor correction capacitor is to be
installed to improve the overall power factor to 0.9 lagging. deter11_1ine the:capacitance required
per phase.
'
I
A. 428 1-JF
B. 142.6 1-JF
C. 1283 1-JF
D. 3850 1-1F
26. A balanced star connected load is supplied from .a symmetrical three phase, 400 volts ABC
system. The curre.nt in each phase is 30 amperes and lags 30. behind the line voltage. What is
the total power?
A.18,000W.
8.10,393W
C.20,785W
D.31,177W
1

27. A balanced delta load with impedances of 15 - j9 ohms is connected to a three-phase source by
' three wires each of which has 2 + j5 ohms impedance. The load phase voltage is 120 V. Find the
line voltage of the source.
A. 69 V
B. 208 V
C. 150 V
D. 87V

1\C Circuits 2
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MULTIVECTOR REVIEW AND TRAINING CENTER


AC CIRCUITS- PART II
~-

28. Three equal impedances, each represented by a series RL circuit are connected to a three-phase
source.- A total power of 7630 watts is measured by the two-wattmeter method. If one wattmeter
gives zero deflection, determine the values of Rand XL for a line: voltage of 230 V.
A. 3.2, 10 0
B. 5.2, 10 0
C. 3.2, 9 0
D. 5.2, 9 0
29. Floating neutral in a three-phase sum)ly; is undesirable because it will cause _ _ __
A. high voltage across the load
B. unequal line voltage across the load
C. lowvoltage across the load
D. it h,as no effeCt on the load
. REE- Oct. 1997
30. The sequence currents of a three phase current are:
Zero sequence curr~nt 14.13 cis 17.34
Positive seq. uence current= 708.26 ci.~ (- 31)
Negative sequence current= 2.98 cis.10.06
etermine the phase A current.
A. 720 cis (-30)
B. 730 cis (-15.2 6 )
C. 710 cis 88:

'j

31. A three-phase load is balanced if all the three phases have the same
A. impedance

B. powerfactor
C. impedance and power factor
D. power

D. 695 cis 15.2


--,--r--

' '

32. A balanced delta COn~ected loads. draws 10 A of line current and 3 kW af 220 V. The reactance of
each phase of the load is -----:---,-A. 38.1 0
.
. B. 30 0
C. 23.5 0
D. 22 0
. REE- March 1998
33. The sequence com.ponents of phase A current are:
Zero sequence current= 0.47 + j1.49
Positive sequence current = 18.4 cis (-31. 6)
Negative seql'lence current= 3.23 cis 168.2
Determine the phase C current.
A.17.5cis91
B.18cis215
C. 22.5cis82o

D. 15 cis 100
I

REE - April 200.1 .


34. The three unbalanced currents are: 18 = 10 cis (-30) 1 lb = 0, lc = 10 cis ~ 50. Find the phase B
positive sequence current.
A. 8.66
A
B. 5:77 cis 240 'A C. 5.77 A
D. 8.'66 cis 120
.
I

35. Find the line voltage V0 b if vbn = 265.6L37 and the sequence is BCA.
A. 460L:-203V B. 460L:-;173V . C. 460L:-83V
D. 4BOL:-53V
36. The power flowing in a three-phase, three~wire balanced load system is measured by the twowattmeter method. The reading or, wattmeter A is 5 kW and on wattmeter B is -1 kW. If the
voltage of the circuit is 440 V, 60 Hz, what ,is the value of the capacitance :that must be introduced
into each phase to cause the whole power measured to appear on wattmeter A?
A. 74:64 1-JF
.B. 47.46 J..IF
C. 64.47 1-JF
D. 42.44~-JF
.

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AC Circuits 2
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37. The phase sequence of a three-phase system is BCA.. The other possible phase sequence
A. CBA

. 8 CAB

C.ACB

'

c;i~n

be

D. none of these

38. Two-wattmeter r:nethod is applied to a three-phase motor running at full load. The two wattmeters
indicate 85.5 kW and 34.7 kW, respectively. What is the operating power fa'ctor of the motor?
A. 87.45%
B. 80.69%
'
C. 89.49%
D. 94.76%
39. Three iri1pedances Za == 6,/200,Zb 8,.400.andZc 10/00 are con,nected in wye and are
supplied by a 480 V balanced three phase source. The current in line b is _:_ __
. '\A. 46.19.!-50A
B. 33.11,~169.45''A C. 27.71.'90A
D: 43.2/~ 90A
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RE~ - Sept. 2006


.
40. On~ conductor ofa three-phase line is ope'n. The current flowing to the /\~connected load through
line is 20 A. With the current in line as reference and assuming that lin;e g is open, what .is ~t;Je
negative sequence qment of phase?
\
~
A. 10 + j5.78
B. 10- j5,78
C. j11.55
D. '".';i10 + j5.78
:1 ..
.

. 1

REE - Sept. 2008


it
41 .. In a balanced three - phase wye - wye system; the source is an abc sequence set of;.voltages .
The load voltage on the phase A is Van= 110 V rms with 80 degrees ang:le. Znne = 1 + j1 (6hms
and Z1oad = 10 + j13 ohms. Determine the input sequence of the line tq neutral voltage V rms
between phase B and neutral.


!

A.-78.1-j41.9
B.93.4-j77.8
C.120.2-j20.7
D-i114.1-j41.9
REE - April 2005
42. The loads on a 230-volt three-phase generator consist of (a) three groupsi of incandescent lamps,
each group containing twenty 100 watts lamps and (b) a 9 hp motor operating at 82 percent P.Ower
. factor and 87 percent efficiency. Find the total load current in amperes.
'

A. 30
B. 37
C. 40
D. 45
REE - May 2009 .
43. One conductor of a three-phase line is open. The current flowing to the delta conn~cted~ load
through line A is 20 A. With the current in line A as reference and assuming that line C is.:'open,
what is the positive sequence current of phase C?

A.10+j5.78
B.10-j5.78
C.-10-j11.56
D.j11.56

J\C Circuits~
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