You are on page 1of 31

EC160B/180B/210B/240B/290B/360B/460B

MAIN
MENU

Machine information system change


System layout change
Electronic control system overview
VECU input & output
Control circuit
EECU Electric circuit(EC160B/180B/210B/240B/290B)
EECU Electric circuit(EC360B/460B)
Machine status indication(IECU)
IECU Electric circuit
Old instrument panel circuit
Power ON/OFF procedure
Indicator operation
MCD(Machine Display Center) operation
X1 option flow setting
Pop-up indicator
Code lock(Anti-theft)
Error Message(ECU)
Error Message(Comunication & Elec. system)
Error Message(Hydraulic system)
Error Message(Engine)
Error Message(Engine)
Old start circuit(EC160B/180B/210B/240B/290B)
Start circuit ( Old alternator & New IECU- EC160B/180B/210B)
Start circuit ( New alternator & Old Inst. panel-EC240B/290B)
Start circuit ( New alternator & New IECU- EC160B/180B/210B/240B/290B)
Old start circuit(EC360B/460B)
Start circuit ( New alternator & Old Inst. panel-EC360B/460B)
Start circuit ( New alternator & New IECU- EC360B/460B)
Alternator change
Safety relay change(Add time delay function)

UPDATE-EC160B~460B-01
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-02
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-03
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-04
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-05
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-05-1
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-05-2
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-06
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-07
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-07-1
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-08
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-09
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-10
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-11
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-12
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-13
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-14
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-15
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-16
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-17
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-18
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-19
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-20
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-21
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-22
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-23
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-24
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-25
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-26
UPDATE-EC160B~460B-27

CLICK THE VOLVO-LOGO IN


THE LOWER RIGHT CORNER
TO RETURN TO THIS MENU

Machine Information System Change

2. Simplifying electirc circuit


by using communication line
instead of the various direct electric connection

1. Integration of hardware

Old
Instrument panel

3. Removing
duplicated sensor
Engine oil
pressure
switch for
indicator

Sensor &
Switch

Coolant
temperature
sensor for
needle gage
Instrument panel

EMS

1450RPM G1

V-ECU

E- ECU

MDU

13:24

- Fuel level sender

New

MDU
(Machine Display Unit)

- Overload warning
select switch &
pressure switch

IECU
V-ECU

4. Changing
Connection to VECU

- Alternator charging
signal

EECU
EMS

123456

Flow control SW

Hour meter

E-ECU
Sensor &
Switch

I-ECU

Electric signal ( On, Off, Resistance)


Information link (J1587)
Control link (J1939)

Buzzer

Volvo Construction Equipment


Customer Support

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 01

- Auto-grease ind.
signal
- Buzzer stop &
Confirm switch
for Quick fit

System Layout Change


Machine Display Unit

Ins trument panel

Old
OFF

Flow control SW

AUTO

Emergency
control
switch

A/C controller

**Flow setting will be done by IECU


123456

Hour meter
2002 RPM
MODE

0%

New IECU

New

OFF

Emergency control SW
Volvo Construction Equipment
Customer Support

Remove
Flow control SW
UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 02

AUTO

A/C controller

Electronic Control System Overview

IECU
MID140
EMS(E-ECU)
MID128

VECU
MID187

2002 RPM
MODE

0%

J1939(CAN)
J1587(J1708)

MPC(9993892)
PC(9998555)

MATRIS

Interface

VCADS Pro
Service
Display
Unit (SDU)

Volvo Construction Equipment


Customer Support

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 03

VECU Input & Output

Hyd. oil
temp.
sensor
(EC360B/
460B)

Travel
Att
Hammer B/Float Fuel
Auto.
Pilot
Position level
Pilot
Pilot
Alternator grease
Pressure Pressure Pressure Pressure sensor
controller
Switch Switch Switch
Switch

Rotator
Switch

Hammer/
Boost/Shear
Select
B/Float Switch
Switch

B1+

B2+

RH Switch

P/Max
Engine
Select
Speed
Control SW Switch

Auto Idle Start


Select
Switch
Switch

NEW

NEW

NEW

Safety
Lever
Switch

Overload
warning
select
switch

Buzzer
Stop
Confirm
Switch

Emergency SW

Flow
Control
Valve Power
Shift
Valve

SDU
Volvo Construction Equipment
Customer Support

VECU Status

A/M
SW
position

Battery
Relay

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 04

2002 RPM

P MODE

Resistor
Box

0%

IECU

EECU

Data Memory Relay

Quick
Fit
Switch

Auto/
Manual
Switch

B/Float Sol.

Travel Speed
Select Switch

Power Boost

Overload warning
pressure SW

NEW NEW

Boom & Arm conflux cutoff

Relay

NEW

Hyd. oil cooling fan(EC360B/460B)

V-ECU

Control Circuit(EC160B~EC460B)

JA21
Auto
grease
"IND"

Volvo Construction Equipment


Customer Support

EMS DATA
RECORD

EB9
EB10

30

R/H J/S Center button

EB2(L)
EB1(H)

EB26(B)
EB25(A)

87a

Neutral

SS
to
Safety Relay

JA20

30

1
1

3 7

5
OFF

OFF

Engin
RPM
Ctrl.SW

30

Safety lever
A / M to
IECU

P/Shift Ground

VECU
operating
power

AUTO
MANU

Power
Shift
P/V

P/V

Resistor
Box

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 05

87a

Rotator

P/V

Flow
Control
P/V

86

Quick fit

Safety sol.

JA56
JA30
JB11 (+24V)
JA39 (0.5~4.5)
JA14 (GND)
Power shift Signal JA32

87

85

Boom float

JB15
JB16

R5

86

R6

85

87

87a

L/H J/S RH button

L/H J/S LH button

UP

DOWN

Quick fit sol.

JA70

Float press.(7k) JA17

1
OFF

Power Max. select JA44

JA46

JA12
Hyd. oil cooling fan

JA37

JA59

JA36
Power Boost

Overload
warning
select

OFF

##

87

Quick Fit
SW L/H

JB7
JB8
JA33

JA5

***

85

Quick Fit
SW R/H

Safety lever

Key
on
"ACC"
JB9
JB9

Hyd. oil temp. sensor

Key
start
"R2"
JB2
JB2

JA15
(GND)JA63

JA47

JA22

JA40

##

Fuel level

J1587

J1939

VECU status

8(A)
9(B)

87a

87

EECU

Flow control Ground

JA61
to
Battery
relay

JB1

Conflux cutoff

Travel Speed

JA7
to
alternator

30

R12

86

JA68

Floating

T/speed
select
SW
Hammer

Hammer
select sol.

Shear
select sol.

OFF

87a

85

VECU

Shear position JA45


Auto grease JA21
Battery Relay
JA61
AltenatorL
JA7

86

JA23

Boom

F28
10A

Power P/V

Arm

Boost position

85

JA69

Travel speed control JA38


T/Speed SW position JA18
Hammer position

R4

87

Flow control Signal

F12
15A

ON 20K
OFF 14K

EB11 EB12

(L)JB6
(H)JB14
JB13
JB5

87a

(B)JB4
(A)JB12

Overload Press.(adj.)
JA41
Travel Press.(20k)
JA43
Att. Press.(20k)
JA19
Hammer Press.(7k) JA66

87

JA42

30

87a

JA24
JA48
JA1
JA25
JA49
JA26
JA2
JA60
JA35

Q/fit Confirm

key "#"
key "*"
key "V"
key ">"
"enalber"
"data"
"clock"
Power for solenoid
Power for solenoid

85

Buzzer stop JA16

87

86

F13
10A

Neutral

A/M
ILL.
SW
from
Auto / Work lamp
SW
Manual

JA13

85

30

EB4

Auto. Idle JA67

30

R1

R3

2
86

EMS
POWER

JA34

R/H J/S RH button

9
13
Service Socket
14
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 10 11

F25
10A

1 2 3 4 5 6

POWER
FROM
BATTERY

IECU(NEW)

10

## EC360B/460B Only
(Hyd. oil temp. sensor &
Hyd. oil cooling fan speed control sol.)

86

F16
15A

1(H)
2(L)
3(A)
4(B)

*** EC290B Only ( 1 Conflux cutoff sol.)

Hammer
Boost
Shear
select
SW
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

SDU / MATRIS
/ VCADS PRO

F15
20A

Key
ES "ACC"

Clock

POWER
FROM
BATTERY
RELAY

R2

F24
5A

F01
10A

IECU operating power

F27
10A

EECU Electric Circuit( EC160B/180B/210B/240B/290B)

3
4

(+)

(-)

18

(+)

31

Cyl 5

2
1

Cyl 1

New Boost
Press. & temp.

Connector A
BLACK

Coolant Oil
temp.
press.

Cyl 6

12

Fuel
temp.

Cyl 3

24

Engine
speed
sensor
,crank

Cyl 4

36

Engine
speed
sensor
,cam

Cyl 2

E-ECU

Solenoid valve
on unit injection pump

(+)

(-)

30

13

25

14

(-)

(-)

12

(-)

11 23 22

24

35 36 34

Connector A
13

25

26

9 10 11 12

17

3 13

31

Preheat
relay
4

24V(+)

GND

J1708_B

J1708_A

J1939_L

J1939_H

Coolant
level

Inlet
press.

Inlet
temp.

Power
from
fuse
13

Preheat coil

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 05-1

Volvo Construction Equipment


Customer Support

AH
to
Fuse
140A

25

Emergency speed control

(-)

12

(-)

36

(-)

Connector B

RED

Ambient air press.

24

25

Connector B

EECU Electric Circuit( EC360B/460B)

1
3
(+)

(+)

(-)

18

31

Boost Boost
temp. press.

4
2

Cyl 6

Cyl 1

Cyl 5

Connector B

1
(+)

(-)

30

Cyl 3
Fuel
press.

RED

Oil
Oil
temp. press.

25

14

12

Coolant
temp.

24

Engine
speed
,crank

36

Engine
speed
,cam

E-ECU

Solenoids on injection pump


Cyl 2
Cyl 4

(-)

(-)

27 5

(-)

12

11 23 22

24

35 36 34

Connector A
13

25

26

9 10

11 12

17

3 13

31

(-)

Ground

BLACK

J1708 J1708
A
B

12

Emergency J1939 J1939


Speed
H (A) L (B)

AH
to
Fuse
140A

36

Preheat
relay
1

(-)

24

(-)

25

Barometer

Connector B

Power
supply
Power
from
fuse
Coolant
level

13

Inlet (air)
Inlet (air)
press.
temp.
(filter clogging)

Volvo Construction Equipment


Customer Support

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 05-2

25

Preheat coil

Connector A

Machine Status Indication (IECU)


Group

Name

Color

Remark

Central warning lamp


Fuel level gauge
Engine coolant temperature gauge
Indicator Parking brake lamp
Brake oil pressure warning lamp
Steering pressure low
Oscillation lock
Alignem ent
Working l ights lamp (* High beam lamp)
Left/right turn signal lamp
Engine oil pressure warning lamp
Engine coolant temperature warning lamp
Coolant level lamp
Air cleaner clogging warnin g lamp
Air preheating lamp
Hy draulic oil tem perature warning
Hy draulic oil filter clogging
Battery charge warning lamp
Quickfit lamp
Overload warning lamp
Power booster
Float operation indicator
Hammer selecting indicator
Shear selecting indicator
MCD
Electronic Display Unit
(Message Center Display)

Red
Red
Red
Red
Yellow
Green
Blue
Green
Red
Red
Red
Yellow
Yellow
Red
Yellow
Red
Red
Red
Green
Green
Green
Green

Flashes when a fault occurs


8 Step, TN-LCD, Transflective
Back light by white color LED

Key

Lamp
Gauge

1450RPM G1

13:24

Buzzer

Up
Down
Scroll
Confirm
Buzzer

Real time Real time clock


Clock

Volvo Construction Equipment


Customer Support

UPDATE - EC160B~460b - 06

used at wheel excavator


used at wheel excavator
N/A
used at wheel excavator
N/A
High beam at wheel excavator
used at wheel excavator

N/A

128x64 pixels LCD


Back light by amber colored LED
Screen Up
Screen Down
Scroll
Confirm
sounds when fault occurs and
buttons are pressed
Capacitor supply power to clock
for 500 hrs without external power

JA34 H

TO
VECU

Volvo Construction Equipment


Customer Support

L
A
B
Auto/Manual SW position

VECU STATUS

VECU
JB16

21C7
(ILLU.LAMP)

21C10

21C8

21C4
(J1587 B)

21C3
(J1587 A)

21C2
(J1939 L)

21C1
(J1939 H)

21C9

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 07

SHEAR

HAMMER

BOOM
FLOAT

POWER
BOOST

OVER
LOAD

QUICK
FIT

CHARGE

HYD
FILTER

HYD
TEMP

PRE
HEAT

AIR
CLEANER

COOLANT
LEVEL

COOL
TEMP

E/OIL
PRESS

LH/RH
TURN

HIGH
BEAM

ALIGNE

AXLE
LOCK

STEER
PRESS.

BRAKE
FAIL

PARK
BRAKE

CENTRAL
WARNING

F1
10A

21C5
(CLOCK)

21C6
KEY ON

From battery

From battery relay

IECU Electric Cirucit

F16
15A

W/TEMP FUEL

LCD
DISPLAY
(MCD)

IECU

From work lamp switch


5
1

10
6

Volvo Construction Equipment


Customer Support

Buzzer
C11

C16

10
1

20
11

Connector C
UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 07-1

VECU

VECU

Connector D

1
10

11
20

Alternator "D+"

VECU

Grease Cont.

B+

VECU

VECU

C4

C5

C7

C10

C8

C12

D2

C14

C17

C13

C15

C20

D6

D14

D3

D11
D1

Buzzer stop C9
Confirm
C19

B+

Alternator "W"

C18

D20

D4
C1

Coolant temp.

Hour meter

Centeral warning

Centeral warning

Charge

Engine oil

Coolant temp.

Air cleaner

Brake failure

Auto grease

Overload

Preheating

Fuel warmer

Quick fit

Water seperator

Hyd. oil temp.

Coolant level

Boom float

Spare

D12
Em'cy ready
D5
Parking

D13

D10

D17

D19

D18

D7

C2

C3
D9

Fuel level

High beam
Em'cy
operation

LH turn

RH turn

Hammer

Shear

Powr boost

Axle lock

ILL

ILL

ACC
ACC

B+

B+

B+

B+

B+

B+

B+

B+

B+

B+
B+

Old Instrument Panel Circuit

Power On/Off procedure


Power

Key on -> 3 sec.

Key Off -> 3 sec.


(After receiving off signal from VECU

Centeral warning
lamp

On for 3 sec.

off

Gauge
all segment On immediatly
Indicator
all lamp On for 3 sec.
MCD
(Message Center Display)

all segment Off immediatly


Off

0 RPM I2

EC210B

Gauge back light


MCD back light
Button back light
Buzzer
Button

Volvo Construction Equipment


Customer Support

800RPM I2

13:24

13:24

On

Off

Warning sound 2 times


Locked(no response)

Silent
Locked(no response)

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 08

EC210B

Indicator operation

Overload warn
Brake oil pressure low
Quickfit open
Steering pressure low
Battery no-charge
Air cleaner clogging

On
On
On
On
On
On

Blink
Blink
Blink
Blink
Blink
Blink

A larm
A larm
A larm
A larm
Caution
Caution

Coolant level low


Hy draulic oil temperature high

On
On

Blink
Blink

Caution
Caution

Hy draulic oil filter cloggi ng

On

Blink

Caution

Air preheating
Alignment
Parking brake
High Beam (Working lamp)
Left/right turn signal
Hammer selecting
Shear selecting
Power boost operating
Oscillation lock
Float operation

On
On
On
On
On
On
On
On
On
On

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
Alarm
X
X
X
X
X

500ms

500ms

(2) Quick fit buzzer stop & Confirm


a) Open
Q/fit
open

b) Buzzer stop
Q/fit
open

Buzzer
stop

c) Q/fit engage & Confirm


Q/fit
engage

Confirm

Buzzer Alarm sound will last until operator pushes confirm button of IECU
Volvo Construction Equipment
Customer Support

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 09

IECU

A larm

IECU

Blink

Alarm : Two sounds pulses every seconds

IECU

Telltale

On

1000ms

VECU

Caution

Engine oil pressure low

Caution : One sound pulse

VECU

Alarm

Operation
Indicator Central Buzzer
warning Sound
Engine coolant temperature high On
Blink
A larm
Sym ptom

VECU

Category

(1) Buzzer Sound spec.

MCD operation
***
800RPM I2

0123
EC210B

Input
password
0123

13:24

13:24
24.04.2004

1
24

x1:
120L

1111 hour

X1

X1 100 L

100 L
120 L
140 L

30 min

110 L

X1 100 L

0123

**

0123

***

***Time setting

111.1 H

13:24
24.04.2004

1
24

28.2 V

0123

****

EC210B
S.No:12345

Press for more than 2 sec.

No Error

ECU

or

187 SID 254 12


Volvo Construction Equipment
Customer Support

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 10

DD-MM-YYYY

24.04.2004

X1 Option flow setting


(3) Max. & Min. flow at rated engine rpm
(1) Parameter programming : X1 option(ON)

VCADS Pro

1) X1 option "ON"

Model

800RPM I2

VECU
MID187

13:24

x1:
100L

Present setting flow


at rated engine rpm

(2) Flow setting

Changing unit(LPM/GPM)
by pressing this button

EC180B
EC210B
EC240B

1111 hour
X1 100 L

EC160B

X1

100 L
120 L
140 L

Display : Min.(20L),
Max(480L)

110 L

X1

100 L

EC290B

Fine setting : Resolution(5L)

EC360B
EC460B

Volvo Construction Equipment


Customer Support

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 11

Pump flow PV current


(Lpm / Gpm)
(mA)

Max.

143/38

270

Min.

30/8

610

Max.

143/38

270

Min.

30/8

610

Max.

200/53

260

Min.

40/11

600

Max.

230/61

280

Min.

40/11

610

Max.

250/66

280

Min.

40/11

610

Max.

280/74

300

Min.

40/11

600

Max.

345/91

300

Min.

40/11

630

Pop-up indicator

Overload selection
(not warning)

Auto grease

800RPM I2

13:24
800RPM I2

13:24

** If two pop-up indicators are activated at the same time, The indicator of highest priority is shown on MCD.
Priority ( 1 : Overload selection, 2 : Auto grease)

Volvo Construction Equipment


Customer Support

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 12

Code Lock(Anti-theft)
(2) After Code Lock enabled, Key "ON"
0123

1) Code Lock option "ON"


VCADS Pro
0123

3) Input Note) Wrong code 4 times, 10 min. system locking.


password
No
5) Send confirmed result

2) Save Password code


0

RPM

Saved code Yes


=
Entered
code

0123

I2

**

13:24

0123
0123

****

(4) IECU abnormal

IECU

1) Request
"SHUTDOWN"

4) Send confirmed result

**

Saved code Yes


=
Entered
code

0123

Save the latest


confirmed time
at IECU

***

0123

****

EC210B

3) Press for more than 2 sec.

Volvo Construction Equipment


Customer Support

RPM

T 13:24

VECU

0123

VECU

No

5) Request EECU
to release
"SHUTDOWN"

Saved option status


for code lock
from previous operation

EECU

0123

0123

4) Press for more than 2 sec.

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 13

I2

1) Request
"SHUTDOWN"

EECU

(3) VECU abnormal

EC210B

6) Request EECU
to release
"SHUTDOWN"

Save the latest


confirmed time
at IECU

***

2) Input
password

2) Request
"SHUTDOWN"

1) Save option status


for code lock at VECU

EECU

IECU

VECU

(1) Parameter programming

Error Message (ECU)


(1) VECU

ECU
187 SID 254 12
***

Error
From
Signal
FMI
Code
MID
Code
11
187
SID 240
2
187
SID 253
2
187
SID 254
12
***Auto/manual switch is Auto
position and there is no
VECU status signal.

Central
Warning lamp
Blink
Blink
Blink
Blink

Error
From
Code
MID
12
128
128
128
128
128

Central
Warning lamp
Blink
Blink
Blink
Blink
Blink

Buzzer
A larm
A larm
A larm
A larm

Source
Program memory failure(Flash)
Data set memory failure(EEPROM)
Controller failure
Controller failure

ECU
187 no signal

(2) EECU

ECU
128 SID 254 12

Volvo Construction Equipment


Customer Support

Signal
SID 240
SID 253
SID 253
SID 253
SID 254

FMI
Code
2
2
12
13
12

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 14

Buzzer
A larm
A larm
A larm
A larm
A larm

Source
Program memory failure(Flash)
Data set memory failure(EEPROM)
Bad component
out of calibration
Controller failure

Error Message (Communication & Electric system)


(1) J1939 - CAN Bus
ECU
ECU

187 SID 231 12

Error
From
Code
MID
13
128
128
128
187
187

Signal

FMI
Code

SID 231
SID 231
SID 231

9
11
12

Central
Warning lamp
Blink
Blink
Blink

SID 231
SID 231

9
12

Blink
Blink

Buzzer
caution
caution
caution
caution
caution

Source
Communication J1939 error
J1939 Other malfunction
J1939 defective unit or
component
Communication J1939 error
J1939 defective unit or
component

(2) J1587 - Information Bus


ECU
ECU

187 SID 250 12

Error
From
Code
MID
14
128
187
187

Signal
SID 250
SID 250
SID 250

FMI
Code
12
9
12

Central
Warning lamp
Blink
Blink
Blink

Buzzer
caution
caution
caution

Source
Communication J1587 error
J1587 Communication error
J1587 defective unit or
component

(3) Battery

187 SID 251 0


Volvo Construction Equipment
Customer Support

Error
From
Code
MID
21
187
187

Signal
SID 251
SID 251

FMI
Code
0
1

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 15

Central
Warning lamp
Blink
Blink

Buzzer
caution
caution

Source
Battery voltage, to o high
Battery voltage, too low

Error Message (Hydraulic system)


(1) Power shift proportional valve

187 PPID 1190 3

Error
From
MID
Code
31
187
187
187

Signal

FMI
Code

PPID 1190 3
PPID 1190 4
PPID 1190 5

Central
Warning lamp
Blink
Blink
Blink

Buzzer
caution
caution
caution

Source
Power shift PV, High voltage
Power shift PV, low voltage
Power shift PV, open circuit

(2) Pedal pressure sensor

187 PID 91 3

Volvo Construction Equipment


Customer Support

Error
From
Code
MID
33
187
187
187

Signal
PID 91
PID 91
PID 91

FMI
Code
3
4
5

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 16

Central
Warning lamp
Blink
Blink
Blink

Buzzer
caution
caution
caution

Source
Pressure sensor, High voltage
Pressure sensor, low voltage
Pressure sensor, open circuit

Error Message (Engine)


(1) Boost temperature sensor

128 PID 105 3

Error
From
Code
MID
42
128
128
128

Signal
PID 105
PID 105
PID 105

FMI
Code
3
4
11

Central
Warning lamp
Blink
Blink
Blink

Buzzer
caution
caution
caution

Source
too high voltage, shorted high
too low voltage, shorted low
Not identified, Other malfunction

(2) Speed sensor ( flywheel )

128 SID 22 2

Error
From
MID
Code
43
128
128
128
128
128

Signal
SID 22
SID 22
SID 22
SID 22
SID 22

FMI
Code
2
3
8
0
14

Central
Warning lamp
Blink
Blink
Blink
Blink
Blink

Buzzer
caution
caution
caution
caution
caution

Source
Intermitternt or incorrect data
too high voltage, shorted high
A bnormal frequency
valid, but too high above normal
Special instruction

(3) Boost pressure sensor

128 PID 102 3


Volvo Construction Equipment
Customer Support

Error
From
Code
MID
44
128
128
128
128

Signal
PID 102
PID 102
PID 102
PID 102

FMI
Code
3
4
11
2

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 17

Central
Warning lamp
Blink
Blink
Blink
Blink

Buzzer
A larm
A larm
A larm
A larm

Source
too high voltage, shorted high
too low voltage, shorted low
Not identified, Other malfunction
Intermitternt or incorrect data

Error Message (Engine)


(4) Preheater
Error
Code

128 PID 45 4

From
MID
128
128

PID 45
PID 45

3
4

Central
Buzzer
Warning lamp
Blink
Caution
Blink
A larm

128
128
128
128

PID 45
SID 70
SID 70
SID 70

5
3
4
5

Blink
Blink
Blink
Blink

Signal

FMI
Code

Caution
A larm
Caution
Caution

Source
High voltage
Low voltage
(problem because preheat relay
always ON)
open circuit, disconnected
High voltage(Coil On)
L ow voltage
too low current

(5) Coolant temperature sensor


Error
Code

128 PID 110 3

From
MID
128
128
128

Signal
PID 110
PID 110
PID 110

FMI
Code
2
3
4

Central
Warning lamp
Blink
Blink
Blink

Buzzer
Alarm
Alarm
Alarm

Source
Intermittent or incorrect data
too high voltage, shorted high
too low voltage, shorted low

(6) Oil pressure sensor


Error
Code

128 PID 100 3


Volvo Construction Equipment
Customer Support

From
MID
128
128
128

Signal
PID 100
PID 100
PID 100

FMI
Code
2
3
4

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 18

Central
Warning lamp
Blink
Blink
Blink

Buzzer
Alarm
Alarm
Alarm

Source
Intermittent or incorrect data
too high voltage, shorted high
too low voltage, shorted low

Old Start Circuit( EC160B/180B/210B/240B/290B )


To Auto Grease
Controller

To Room Lamp,
Diesel Heater,
Fuel Filler Pump,
DC-DC Converter

Slow Blow
Fuse
40A

40A
To Auto Grease
Controller

F30
10A

F16
15A

F1
10A

Main Power Supply


to Fuse Box

To DC-DC
Converter
INSTRUMENT PANEL
B+

Cluster
Control

B+ BR R1 R2 C ACC
OFF
ON
START

80A
80A

140A
AH
To Air Heater
Relay

Slow Blow
Fuse
B+

B-

Volvo Construction Equipment


Customer Support

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 19

EMS Power Relay

SS
From Safety
Limit SW

ACC AS4 ES
Air Con. SW

IC Regulator

C
From VECU
(Safety Stop)

R2

To VECU

To VECU

D+

Start Circuit( Old Alternator & New IECU- EC160B/180B/210B)


POWER
FROM
BATTERY

40A

40A

POWER
FROM
BATTERY
RELAY

F16
15A

F30
15A

80A

to VECU
JA21
PT150
1

RE3101

PT150

POWER
TO
IECU
CLOCK

B+
B+ BR R1 R2

C ACC

OFF
ON
INDI

START

AMP

to Air
Heater

0.75Y

0.75B

B+

JA61

6
0.5W

0.5L

WB

AUTO GREASE
CONTROLLER
2

AH

to VECU

D+
W

JA7

IC Regulator

to VECU

B-

Volvo Construction Equipment


Customer Support

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 20

SL

JB2 JB9 A/C

ES

from
safety
lever

to Relay EMS power

12

to Air Contioner

to VECU

to VECU

T/E

A/S

140A

Start Circuit( New Alternator & Old Inst. panel- EC240B/290B)


POWER
FROM
BATTERY

40A

40A

POWER
FROM
BATTERY
RELAY

F16
15A

F30
15A

80A

to IND.

AG
PT150
1

PT150

B+
B+ BR R1 R2

F1
10A

C ACC

OFF
ON
INDI

START

To DC-DC
Converter

AMP

to Air
Heater
1

T/E

A/S

140A

12

INSTRUMENT PANEL

AH

Cluster
Control

AUTO GREASE
CONTROLLER
6

to VECU

15
L
W

Volvo Construction Equipment


Customer Support

B-

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 21

JB2 JB9 A/C

ES
to Relay EMS power

I.C REG.

BS

from
safety
lever

to VECU

DFM

JA61

to Air Contioner

SL

B+

to VECU

0.5W

0.75B

5
0.5L

3
0.75Y

WB

Start Circuit( New Alternator & New IECU- EC160B/180B/210B/240B/290B)


POWER
FROM
BATTERY

40A

40A

POWER
FROM
BATTERY
RELAY

F16
15A

F30
15A

80A

to VECU
JA21
PT150
1

RE3101

PT150

POWER
TO
IECU
CLOCK

B+
B+ BR R1 R2

C ACC

OFF
ON
INDI

START

AMP

to Air
Heater
1

T/E

A/S

140A

12

AH

AUTO GREASE
CONTROLLER
6

JA61

SL

JB2 JB9 A/C

ES

to VECU

from
safety
lever

to Relay EMS power

I.C REG.

BS
15
L
W

B-

JA7
to VECU

Volvo Construction Equipment


Customer Support

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 22

to VECU

DFM

to Air Contioner

B+

to VECU

0.5W

0.75B

5
0.5L

3
0.75Y

WB

Old Start Circuit( EC360B/460B)


To Auto Grease
Controller

To Room Lamp,
Diesel Heater,
Fuel Filler Pump,
DC-DC Converter

Slow Blow
Fuse
40A

40A
To Auto Grease
Controller

F30
10A

F16
15A

F1
10A

Main Power Supply


to Fuse Box

To DC-DC
Converter
INSTRUMENT PANEL
B+

Cluster
Control

B+ BR R1 R2 C ACC
OFF
ON
START

80A
80A

140A

Slow Blow
Fuse

To Air Heater
Relay

AH

B+

B-

Volvo Construction Equipment


Customer Support

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 23

EMS Power Relay

SS
From Safety
Limit SW

ACC AS4 ES
Air Con. SW

IC Regulator

C
From VECU
(Safety Stop)

R2

To VECU

To VECU

D+

Start Circuit( New Alternator & Old Instrument panel - EC360B/460B)


POWER
FROM
BATTERY

40A

40A

POWER
FROM
BATTERY
RELAY

F16
15A

F30
15A

80A

to IND.

AG
PT150
1

PT150

B+
B+ BR R1 R2

F1
10A

C ACC

OFF
ON
INDI

START

To DC-DC
Converter

AMP

to Air
Heater
1

T/E

A/S

140A

12

INSTRUMENT PANEL

AH

Cluster
Control

AUTO GREASE
CONTROLLER
6

to VECU

15
L
W

Volvo Construction Equipment


Customer Support

B-

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 24

JB2 JB9 A/C

ES
to Relay EMS power

I.C REG.

BS

from
safety
lever

to VECU

DFM

JA61

to Air Contioner

SL

B+

to VECU

0.5W

0.75B

5
0.5L

3
0.75Y

WB

Start Circuit( New Alternator & New IECU- EC360B/460B)


POWER
FROM
BATTERY

40A

40A

POWER
FROM
BATTERY
RELAY

F16
15A

F30
15A

80A

to VECU
JA21
PT150
1

RE3101

PT150

POWER
TO
IECU
CLOCK

B+
B+ BR R1 R2

C ACC

OFF
ON
INDI

START

AMP

to Air
Heater
1

T/E

A/S

140A

12

AH

AUTO GREASE
CONTROLLER
6

JA61

SL

JB2 JB9 A/C

ES

to VECU

from
safety
lever

to Relay EMS power

I.C REG.

BS
15
L
W

B-

JA7
to VECU

Volvo Construction Equipment


Customer Support

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 25

to VECU

DFM

to Air Contioner

B+

to VECU

0.5W

0.75B

5
0.5L

3
0.75Y

WB

Alternator change

NEW

B+

DFM
BS
15
L
W

B-

D+

+
B2

OLD

B-

B1

EC140B~210B
Standard(80A)
EC240B~460B
Standard(55A)
Option(80A)

B+

EC140B~460B
Standard(80A)
D+

B+
DFM

W
I.C REG.

BS

IC Regulator
B-

Volvo Construction Equipment


Customer Support

B-

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 26

15
L
W

Safety relay change( Add time delay function)


Alternator "L"

Key "C"

GND

Safety lever

(1) Old(14526226)
Normal
operation

KEY
SWITCH
SAFETY
RELAY

ST
ON

*** During the air bleeding procedure from fuel line,


We need more cranking time to start engine.
But at this situation, new alternator produce
a little bit higer voltage at the termianl L.
So this voltage deenergize safety relay and interrupt
start motor. To prevent this, we add the time delay
function at safety relay.

(1) New(14531201)
Start the
engine again
after the
failure

Tum the key


Hold key
switch on ST switch to ST and
position after ON while engine
is running
engine started.
v
ST
ST

ST

ON

ON

ON

r/min

STARTER

KEY
SWITCH

ON
OFF

Normal
operation

SAFETY
RELAY

2-4
sec.

OFF

ST
ON

***td = 30 +/- 5sec

ST

ST

ON

ON

ON

***td v

r/min

r/min

ENG

SAFETY
RELAY
Volvo Construction Equipment
Customer Support

OFF

ENG

OFF

r/min

r/min

ALT
t

OFF

ALT

Prevent

overrunning

restart

Prevent

2-4
sec.

OFF

r/min

OFF

ON
OFF

STARTER

OFF

Start the
engine again
after the
failure

Tum the key


Hold key
switch on ST switch to ST and
position after ON while engine
is running
engine started.
v
ST

Prevent
overrunning
while motor
is cranking

SAFETY
RELAY

UPDATE - EC160B~460B - 27

OFF
A

Prevent

Prevent

overrunning

restart

Prevent
overrunning
while motor
is cranking