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UpdateStrategyTransformationinInformatica
Updatestrategytransformationisanactiveandconnectedtransformation.Updatestrategy
transformationisusedtoinsert,update,anddeleterecordsinthetargettable.Itcanalso

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rejecttherecordswithoutreachingthetargettable.Whenyoudesignatargettable,youneed
todecidewhatdatashouldbestoredinthetarget.
Whenyouwanttomaintainahistoryorsourceinthetargettable,thenforeverychangein
thesourcerecordyouwanttoinsertanewrecordinthetargettable.
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sourcedatachangesyouhavetoupdatethecorrespondingrecordsinthetarget.

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Thedesignofthetargettabledecideshowtohandlethechangestoexistingrows.Inthe

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informatica,youcansettheupdatestrategyattwodifferentlevels:
SessionLevel:Configuringatsessionlevelinstructstheintegrationserviceto
eithertreatallrowsinthesameway(Insertorupdateordelete)oruseinstructions
codedinthesessionmappingtoflagfordifferentdatabaseoperations.
MappingLevel:Useupdatestrategytransformationtoflagrowsforinert,update,
deleteorreject.
FlaggingRowsinMappingwithUpdateStrategy:
Youhavetoflageachrowforinserting,updating,deletingorrejecting.Theconstantsand
theirnumericequivalentsforeachdatabaseoperationarelistedbelow.

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Addtocircles

DD_INSERT:Numericvalueis0.UsedforflaggingtherowasInsert.
DD_UPDATE:Numericvalueis1.UsedforflaggingtherowasUpdate.
DD_DELETE:Numericvalueis2.UsedforflaggingtherowasDelete.
DD_REJECT:Numericvalueis3.UsedforflaggingtherowasReject.
Theintegrationservicetreatsanyothernumericvalueasaninsert.
UpdateStrategyExpression:
Youhavetoflagrowsbyassigningtheconstantnumericvaluesusingtheupdatestrategy
expression.Theupdatestrategyexpressionpropertyisavailableinthepropertiestabofthe
updatestrategytransformation.
657havemeincircles

Eachrowistestedagainsttheconditionspecifiedintheupdatestrategyexpressionanda
constantvalueisassignedtoit.Asampleexpressionisshowbelow:

IIF(department_id=10,DD_UPDATE,DD_INSERT)

MostlyIIFandDECODEfunctionsareusedtotestforaconditioninupdatestrategy
transformation.
UpdateStrategyandLookupTransformations:
Updatestrategytransformationisusedmostlywithlookuptransformation.Therowfromthe
sourcequalifieriscomparedwithrowfromlookuptransformationtodeterminewhetheritis
alreadyexistsoranewrecord.Basedonthiscomparison,therowisflaggedtoinsertor
updateusingtheupdatestrategytransformation.
UpdateStrategyandAggregatorTransformations:
Ifyouplaceanupdatestrategybeforeanaggregatortransformation,thewaytheaggregator
transformationperformsaggregatecalculationsdependsontheflaggingoftherow.For

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example,ifyouflagarowfordeleteandthenlaterusetherowtocalculatethesum,thenthe
integrationservicesubtractsthevalueappearinginthisrow.Ifitsflaggedforinsert,thenthe
aggregatoraddsitsvaluetothesum.
ImportantNote:
Updatestrategyworksonlywhenwehaveaprimarykeyonthetargettable.Ifthereisno
primarykeyavailableonthetargettable,thenyouhavetospecifyaprimarykeyinthetarget
definitioninthemappingforupdatestrategytransformationtowork.
RecommendedReading:
UpdateStrategySessionLevelSettings
SQLTransformation
InformaticaScenarios
UpdateStrategyTransformationinInformatica
StoredProcedureTransformationinInformatica
LookupTransformationinInformatica
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