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SPECIFICATIONS
(2) FR-E500
n 3-phase 200V power supply
Type FR-E520-

K (C) (Note 8)

Power supply

Output

Applicable motor capacity(kW)

0.1K

0.2K

0.4K

0.75K

1.5K

2.2K

3.7K

5.5K

7.5K

(Note 1)

0.1

0.2

0.4

0.75

1.5

2.2

3.7

5.5

7.5

Rated capacity (kVA)

(Note 2)

0.3

0.6

1.2

2.0

3.2

4.4

7.0

9.5

13.1

Rated current (A)

(Note 6)

0.8
(0.8)

1.5
(1.4)

3
(2.5)

5
(4.1)

8
(7)

11
(10)

17.5
(16.5)

24
(23)

33
(31)

Overload capacity

(Note 3)

150% 60 seconds 200% 0.5 seconds (inverse-time characteristics)

Voltage

(Note 4)

Three phase, 200V to 240V 50Hz/60Hz (280VDC, Note 7)

Rated input AC (DC) voltage, frequency

Three phase, 200V to 240V 50Hz/60Hz (252 to 310VDC, Note 7)

Permissible AC (DC) voltage fluctuation

170 to 264V 50Hz/60Hz


5

Permissible frequency fluctuation


Power supply system capacity (kVA)
(Note 5)

0.4

0.8

Protective structure (JEM1030)

1.5

2.5

4.5

5.5

12

17

Enclosed type (IP20), IP40 for dirt-protection structure series

Cooling system

Self-cooling

Approximate weight (kg)

0.6

0.6

Forced air cooling


0.8

1.0

1.7

1.7

2.2

4.4

4.9

n Single-phase 200V power supply


Type FR-E520S-

Power
supply

Output

Applicable motor capacity(kW)

0.1K

0.2K

0.4K

0.75K

(Note 1)

0.1

0.2

0.4

0.75

Rated capacity (kVA)

(Note 2)

0.3

0.6

1.2

2.0

Rated output current (A)

(Note 6)

0.8(0.8)

1.5(1.4)

3.0(2.5)

5.0(4.1)

Overload capacity

(Note 3)

150% 60 seconds 200% 0.5 seconds (inverse-time characteristics)

Rated output voltage

(Note 4)

Three phase, 200V to 240V 50Hz/60Hz

Rated input AC voltage, frequency

Single phase, 200V to 240V 50Hz/60Hz

Permissible AC voltage fluctuation

Single phase, 180 to 264V 50Hz/60Hz

Permissible frequency fluctuation

Within 5%

Power supply capacity (kVA)

0.5

0.9

Protective structure (JEM1030)

2.5

Enclosed type (IP20)

Cooling system
Approximate weight (kg)

1.5

Self-cooling
0.6

0.6

Forced air cooling


1.0

1.7

Note:1. The applicable motor capacity indicated is the maximum capacity applicable when a Mitsubishi 4-pole standard motor is used.
Normally, the rated current (at 50Hz) of the motor applied should not exceed the rated current.
2. The rated output capacity indicated assumes that the output voltage is 230V for 200V class and single-phase 200V class.
3. The overload capacity indicated in % is the ratio of the overload current to the inverter's rated current. For repeated duty, allow
time for the inverter and motor to return to or below the temperatures under 100% load.
4. The maximum output voltage does not exceed the power supply voltage. The maximum output voltage may be set as desired
below the power supply voltage. Use the power supply capacity larger than the indicated.
5. The power supply capacity changes with the values of the power supply side inverter impedances (including those of the input
reactor and cables).
6. The rated output current in the parentheses applies when low acoustic noise operation is to be performed at the ambient
temperature higher than 40C (30C for the dirt-protection structure) with the Pr. 72 (PWM frequency selection) value set to
2kHz or higher.
7. When using a DC power supply
(1) The guideline for the power supply voltage fluctuation range is 280VDC 10%, but usually use the power supply at or below
300VDC.
(2) When DC power is switched on, a larger inrush current flows than in AC power. The number of power-on times should be
minimized.
(3) 300VDC must be reserved to make the torque characteristic equal to when an AC power supply is used.
8. The type code of the dirt-protection structure series ends with C.

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SPECIFICATIONS

FR-A024/A044

FR-U100

0.1K to 0.75K (4 models)

0.1K to 0.4K (3 models)

0.1K to 0.75K (4 models)

0.1K to 0.75K (4 models)

0.1K to 7.5K (9 models)

0.1K to 3.7K (7 models)

0.1K to 1.5K (5 models)

0.4K to 7.5K (7 models)

0.4K to 3.7K (5 models)

Soft-PWM control
High carrier frequency sine-wave PWM

High carrier frequency sine-wave PWM

Sine-wave PWM
High carrier frequency sine-wave PWM for
low acoustic noise series

General-purpose magnetic flux vector


control
V/F control selectable

General-purpose magnetic flux vector


control
V/F control selectable

V/F control

IPM (IGBT)
Ultralow noise

IPM (IGBT)
Ultralow noise

IGBT
Non-low noise or ultralow noise
(low acoustic noise series)

0.7kHz to 14.5kHz with Soft-PWM


(Value set is an integer between 0 and 15)
(Factory setting 1kHz, Soft-PWM mode)

0.7kHz to 14.5kHz
(Value is set in 0.1kHz increments)
(Factory setting 1kHz)

Approx. 1kHz
(0.7kHz to 14.5kHz (factory setting 7kHz)
for low acoustic noise series)

20% (capacitor regenerated, 0.1K or


more)

20% (capacitor regenerated, 0.1K or


more)

20% (capacitor regenerated, 0.1K or


more)

20% (capacitor regenerated)

20% (capacitor regenerated)

10ms

10ms

10ms

Provided as standard

Provided as standard

Max. 15 speeds (without compensation)


Speed can be varied during operation

Max. 15 speeds (without compensation)


Speed can be varied during operation

Max. 15 speeds (without compensation)


Speed can be varied during operation

Some models have the FR-PU03


parameter unit as standard.

No (key sheet equipped as standard)


PU operation type may only be
connected.

Operation panel equipped as standard


FR-PU04 parameter unit available as
option (FR-PU04 has a backlit LCD)

(Made available by using the FR-PU04


parameter unit)

(Made available by using the FR-ARW03


parameter copy unit)

Operation panel: No language display


FR-PU04: 8 languages (Japanese, English,
German, French, Spanish, Italian, Swedish,
Finnish)

FR-PU03: Japanese
FR-PU03E: English

Key sheet: Japanese

Cannot be used

Cannot be used

Cannot be used

Cannot be used

May be used (with restrictions)

Cannot be used

Cannot be used

May be used

May be used (PU operation type only)

May be used

Cannot be used

Cannot be used

Cannot be used

Cannot be used

Cannot be used

May be used

Cannot be used

Cannot be used

10

chapter 1

FR-E500

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SPECIFICATIONS

FR-E500

FR-A024(S)/A044

FR-U100

RS-485 provided as standard


CC-Link compatible model available for
three-phase 200V class.
FR-E5NC plug-in option available for use
with three-phase 400V class for
compatibility with CC-Link.

Made available by using the FR-CU03


external option

11 different functions selectable


Assignable to 4 terminals

10 different functions selectable


Assignable to 4 terminals

9 different functions selectable


Assignable to 3 terminals (multi-function
product only)

12 different functions selectable


Assignable to 2 terminals

5 different functions selectable


Assignable to 2 terminals

3 different functions selectable


Assignable to 1 terminal (multi-function
product only)

12 different functions selectable


Assignable to 1 terminal (A, B, C)

(multi-function product only)

(PC terminal is used as power supply)

DC0 to 5V,0 to 10V


DC4 to 20mA
Built-in analog potentiometer

DC0 to 5V,0 to 10V


DC4 to 20mA

DC0 to 5V

Plug-in screw type terminals

Screw type terminals


(Solderless terminals usable)

Plug-in type terminals

Screw type terminals


(Solderless terminals usable)

Screw type terminals


(Solderless terminals usable)

Plug-in type terminals

( Enabled for 400V class)

( One option may be fitted to 400V class)

(However, communication software is


available)

There is mounting compatibility with U100


series
No compatibility with A024 series

12

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SPECIFICATIONS
(2) FR-E500
Single-phase 200V power input
NFB

MC
R (L1)

Power
supply

S (L2)

3-phase 200V power input


Brake resistor (option)
(Note 1)
R
P
PR
N
(+) ()

P1
NFB
Power
supply

MC

R (L1)

Converter

S (L2)

(Note 2)

Inverter

TR (Note 1)

+
C

T (L3)

IM

W
Control
power
supply

(Note 4)
Ground
Voltage
detection

Current
detection

POWER

Gate drive
circuit

+24V
PC

Protection
circuit

STF

Judgment
circuit

(Note 4)
Ground

Forward rotation
Reverse rotation

Motor

STR
RA

Alarm output
(Note 6)

RH
Multi-speed
selection
(Note 5)
Output stop
(Note 5)
Reset

RM

Frequency meter
FM

RL
MRS
PWM
circuit

RES
CPU
SD
+5V
Option
connector

10
Frequency
setting
potentiometer

(Note 3)
Calibration
resistor

+5V

CON

RUN
Gate
array

Analog common
4 to 20mA DC

SD

Hz RUN

(Note 6)
FU

A MON
PU EXIT

MODE
FWD

SET

REV
STOP
RE SET

MAX
MIN

Operation panel

Note: 1. The FR-E520-0.1K and 0.2K can not use a brake resistor and do not contain a transistor.
2. Provided for the FR-E520-2.2K to 7.5K
3. Not needed when the operation panel or parameter unit is used for calibration.
4. Always earth the inverter and motor.
5. Input terminal function selection allows terminal functions to be assigned individually.
6. Output terminal function selection allows terminal functions to be assigned individually.

14

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SPECIFICATIONS

Terminal
Symbol

CS

Control circuit (input signals)

SD

PC

10

10E

Terminal
Name

Rating, etc.

Input resistance 4.7k


Voltage 21 to 27VDC
Automatic when open
restart after 4 to 6mADC when
instantaneous shorted
power failure Photocoupler isolated
selection
Controllable by open
terminal
collector output or
no-voltage contact
signal

Contact
input
common
terminal

External
transistor
common
terminal,
24VDC
power
supply

Frequency
setting
power
supply
terminals

Frequency
setting input
terminal
(Voltage
signal)

Frequency
setting input
common
terminal

Power supply voltage


range
22 to 26VDC
Current consumption
100mA

5V0.2VDC
Permissible load
current 10mA
10V0.4VDC
Permissible load
current 10mA

Input resistance
10k1k
Maximum permissible
voltage 20VDC

Description

Corresponding
Model

Refer to
Section

A500

E500

Short CS-SD to enable automatic restart


control when power is restored from an
instantaneous power failure (no limit to
power failure period).
Keep terminals CS-SD open if automatic
restart operation after power restoration from
an instantaneous power failure causes
trouble for the machine.

(Note 3)

1.4.13

Common terminal for the contact input


signals and frequency meter.
Isolated from the common of the control
circuit in A500 .
Not isolated from terminal 5 in E500
(isolated in three-phase 400V class). Isolated
from terminal SE.

1.4.19

When inputting the transistor output (open


collector) having an external power supply,
e.g. a programmable controller (PC), to the
inverter, connect the positive common of the
external power supply to prevent a
malfunction due to leakage current.
Terminals PC-SD can be used as a 24VDC,
0.1A power output.
When source logic is chosen for A500 ,
this terminal acts as a contact input common.

1.4.15

Used as a power supply when a frequency


setting (speed setting) potentiometer is
connected externally.
(Terminal 5 is a common)
When 5VDC is chosen for the input voltage
of terminal 2 in Pr. 73, entering 0 to 5VDC to
terminal 2 provides the maximum output
frequency at 5V, making I/O proportional.
(Even an input voltage over 5V is regarded as
5V.)

When 10VDC is chosen for the input voltage


of terminal 2 in Pr. 73, entering 0 to 10VDC
to terminal 2 provides the maximum output
frequency at 10V, making I/O proportional.
(Even an input voltage over 10V is regarded as
10V.)

Common terminal for frequency setting


signals and 0V for the control circuit.
Do not earth this terminal to the ground.

18

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SPECIFICATIONS

Terminal
Symbol

Control circuit (output signals)

IPF

Instantaneous
power failure
terminal

Rating, etc.

Description

A500

Open collector output


Permissible load
24VDC 0.1A

FU

Frequency
detection
terminal

Open collector output


Permissible load
24VDC 0.1A

SE

Open
collector
output
common
terminal

Common for the open collector outputs RUN,


SU, OL, IPF and FU. Isolated from the
common of the control circuit.

AM

(PU
connector)

Terminal for
display
(frequency
meter)

Photocoupler isolated
Permissible load
current 1mA

Analog
signal
output
terminal

Non-isolated
0 to 10VDC
Permissible load
current 1mA
(load impedance 10k
or more)
Resolution 8 bits

Connector
for
operation
panel

Corresponding
Model

This open collector output is switched low


when the protective circuit is activated due to
an instantaneous power failure or

undervoltage.
(Note 5)
The 24VDC load power supply used should
have less than 10% ripple (equivalent to
3-phase full-wave rectification).
This open collector output is switched low
when the output frequency reaches or
exceeds the detection frequency set in Pr.
42 or Pr. 43 and is high when it is less than
the detection frequency.
The 24VDC load power supply used should
have less than 10% ripple (equivalent to
3-phase full-wave rectification).

FM

Communication

Terminal
Name

Factory-set to provide approximately


3.5VDC at 60Hz (when FM-SD are open)
(Note 8), which is proportional to the output
frequency. The output voltage is a 8VDC
pulse-shaped waveform.
Connect a 1mA moving-coil type DC
ammeter.

E500

Refer to
Section

1.4.16

(Note 5) (Note 6)

1.4.19

1.4.17

1.4.18

1.4.21

When the frequency is as set in Pr. 55 or


the current is as set in Pr. 56 (0 to 500A),
the output pulse frequency is 1440
pulses/sec.
Factory-set to provide 10VDC at the full-scale
value of each monitor, which is proportional to
each monitor value.
When the frequency is as set in Pr. 55 or the
current is as set in Pr. 56 (0 to 500A), the
output voltage is 10VDC.

Compliant standard:
EIA Standard RS-485
Transmission form:
The operation panel connector enables
Multidrop link system
communication using RS-485.
Communication speed:
Maximum 19200 baud
Overall length: 500m

Note: 8.Approximately 4.7V for E500 .


* The SD, 5 and SE common terminals of the control circuit are all 0V terminals of I/O signals.
Do not earth these common terminals to the ground.

20

1.4 Information on the Use of the External Terminals


SPECIFICATIONS
Information on the Use of the External Terminals

1.4.1

Switching the Inverter Power On/Off


(Terminals R, S, T (L1, L2, L3))

COMMON

Power
supply

(1) No-fuse breaker and magnetic contactor on the inverter power supply side COMMON
1) Use the specified no-fuse breaker with the
power supply to protect wiring to the inverter.
A no-fuse breaker of greater capacity may
NFB
MC
Motor
be required as compared to commercial
U
R (L1)
power operation because of the low power
V
IM
S (L2)
factor of the power supply resulting from the
W
T (L3)
distorted input current. (See Section 2.6.)
2) While a magnetic contactor need not be
F
B
provided for operation on the inverter power
"Preparation for operation"
C
supply side, it is recommended to install a
ON
Inverter
T
OFF
magnetic contactor to ensure safety at alarm
MC
occurrence. The circuit shown in right.
MC
Should be made up to protect the inverter
MC
T
from any accident etc. that may be caused
Coasting
interlock
timer
by automatic restart when the power is
STF(STR)
restored after power failure. When the
SD
magnetic contactor is used, make up the
circuit as shown in Fig. 4.8 and start and
Magnetic Contactor Used with Power Supply
stop the motor by switching on/off the signal
NFB
Power
supply

across terminals STF or STR and SD.


3) Start and stop the motor by switching on/off
the signal across the inverter terminals STF
or STR and SD. If the MC is used to stop the
motor, the motor coasts to a stop because
regenerative braking inherent in the inverter
is not applied. If the MC is used to start the
motor during coasting when, for example,
load inertia is extremely large, the protective
circuit (overvoltage E.OV1 to E.OV3) may be
activated to shut off the inverter output.
When performing jog operation, the MC
must not be used to start and stop the motor.
Otherwise, slow response will result because
of a start delay due to the initial reset time
(approximately 0.2 seconds) after power on.
4) The cooling fan starts rotating as soon as
the power is switched on. However, cooling
fan operation selection Pr. 244 may also be
used to exercise cooling fan ON-OFF
control.

R (L1)

S (L2)

T (L3)

Motor
IM

Stop

Start

Inverter
RA

RA
CR
CR
STF(STR)
SD

No Magnetic Contactor in the Primary Power Supply


(Automatic restart prevented when power is restored)

Note: To protect the converter from repeated


inrush current generated at power on, the
magnetic contactor in the inverter power
supply must not be used frequently to start
and stop the motor.

21

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SPECIFICATIONS

1.4.4

Input signals Common

(1) Input terminal function assignment COMMON


The inverter has the input terminals whose functions can be changed by parameter setting.
1) A500
Terminals RL, RM, RH, RT, AU, JOG and CS are assigned functions by Pr. 180 to
respectively.
Parameter
Number

Function name

Factory Setting

Pr.

Setting Range

180

RL terminal function selection

181

RM terminal function selection

Middle-speed operation command (RM)

0 to 99, 9999

182

RH terminal function selection

High-speed operation command (RH)

0 to 99, 9999

Low-speed operation command (RL)

0 to 99, 9999

183

RT terminal function selection

Second function selection (RT)

0 to 99, 9999

184

AU terminal function selection

Current input selection (AU)

0 to 99, 9999

185

JOG terminal function selection

Jog operation selection (JOG)

0 to 99, 9999

186

CS terminal function selection

Automatic restart after instantaneous power


failure selection (CS)

0 to 99, 9999

Setting

Signal
Name

Functions
Pr.

59 = 0 *

Pr.

59 = 1, 2 *

Pr.

79 = 5 *

RL

Low-speed operation
command

Remote setting
(setting clear)

Programmed operation
group selection

RM

Middle-speed operation
group selection

Remote setting
(deceleration)

Programmed operation
group selection

RH

High-speed operation
command

Remote setting
(acceleration)

Programmed operation
group selection

RT

Second function selection.

AU

Current input selection

JOG

Jog operation selection

CS

Automatic restart after instantaneous power failure selection

OH

External thermal relay input

REX

X9

Third function

10

X10

FR-HC connection (inverter operation enable)

11

X11

FR-HC connection (instantaneous power failure detection)

12

X12

PU operation external interlock

13

X13

External DC dynamic braking start

14

X14

PID control valid terminal

15

BRI

Brake opening completion signal

16

X16

PU-external operation switch-over

17

X17

Load pattern selection forward/reverse rotation boost

18

X18

Advanced magnetic flux vector-V/F switch-over

19

X19

Load torque high-speed frequency

9999

Pr.

Pr.

270 = 1, 3 *

Stop-on contact selection


0

Stop-on contact selection


1

*When

186,

15-speed selection (combination with RL, RM, RH)

No function

59 = "1" or "2",

Pr.

79 = "5", and

Pr.

270 = "1" or "3", the functions of the RL, RM, RH and RT signals change as

listed above.

Note: 1. One function can be assigned to two or more terminals. In this case, the function is activated when
one of the terminals assigned is turned on.
2. The speed command priorities are higher in order of jog, multi-speed setting (RH, RM, RL, REX),
AU and analog command input.

25

SPECIFICATIONS
3: Use common terminals to assign programmed operation group selection, multi-speeds (7 speeds)
and remote setting. They cannot be set individually. (Common terminals are used since these
functions are designed for speed setting and need not be set at the same time.)
4: Stop-on-contact control selection, Pr. 270 = "1" or "3", uses both the low-speed operation
command (RL) and second function selection (RT), and its allocation cannot be changed.
5: When the FR-HC connection (inverter operation enable) signal (X10) is not set, the MRS terminal
shares this function.
6: When "7" is set in Pr. 79 and the PU operation external interlock signal (X12) is not assigned, the
MRS signal acts as this function.
7: When the load pattern selection forward/reverse rotation boost signal (X17) is not assigned, the
second function selection (RT) shares this function.
8: When advanced magnetic flux vector-V/F switch-over signal (X18) is not assigned, the second
function selection (RT) shares this function.
2)

E500

Terminals RL, RM, RH and MRS are assigned functions by Pr. 180 to Pr. 183, respectively.
Function
Number

Function name

Setting Range

Factory Setting

180

RL terminal function selection

0, 8, 16, 18

0, Low-speed operation command (RL)

181

RM terminal function selection

0, 8, 16, 18

1, Middle-speed operation command (RM)

182

RH terminal function selection

0, 8, 16, 18

2, High-speed operation command (RH)

183

MRS terminal function selection

0, 8, 16, 18

6, Output shut-off (MRS)

Signal
Name

Setting

Functions
Pr.

59 = 0

Pr.

59 = 1, 2 *

RL

Low-speed operation command

Remote setting (setting clear)

RM

Middle-speed operation command

Remote setting (deceleration)

RH

High-speed operation command

Remote setting (acceleration)

RT

Second function selection

AU

Current input selection

STOP

MRS

OH

Start self-holding
Output shut-off
External thermal relay input.

REX

15-speed selection (combination with three speeds of RL, RM, RH)

16

X16

PU operation-external operation switch-over

18

X18

General-purpose magnetic flux vector-V/F switch-over (OFF: general-purpose magnetic flux vector control,
ON: V/F control) (Note 3)

* When

Pr.

59 = "1" or "2", the functions of the RL, RM, RH and RT signals change as listed above.

Note: 1. One function can be assigned to two or more terminals. In this case, the function is activated when one of the terminals
assigned is turned on.
2. The speed command priorities are higher in order of multi-speed setting (RH, RM, RL, REX), AU and analog command input.
3. When V/F control is selected by V/F-general-purpose magnetic flux switch-over, the second function is also selected.
4. Use common terminals to assign multi-speeds (7 speeds) and remote setting. They cannot be set individually.
(Common terminals are used since these functions are designed for speed setting and need not be set at the same time.)

26

SPECIFICATIONS

(2) Control logic changing A500 E500 (400V class)


In the A500 and E500 (400V class), the input
signal control logic can be changed between the
sink logic type and source logic type.
In the sink logic type, a signal switches on when a
current flows out of the corresponding signal input
terminal. Terminal SD is a common terminal.
In the source logic type, a signal switches on
when a current flows into the corresponding
signal input terminal. Terminal PC is a common
terminal.
To change the control logic, the position of the
connector on the rear surface of the control circuit
terminal block must be changed.
The input signal logic is factory-set to sink.
(Output signals may be used in either the sink or
source logic, independently of the connector
position.)

Current
STF

STR

SD

Sink logic type


PC
Current
STF

STR

Source logic type

1) For A500
Loosen the two mounting screws in both ends of the control circuit terminal block. (The screws cannot be
removed.)With both hands, pull down the terminal block from the back of the control circuit terminals.

Remove the connector from the rear surface of the control circuit terminal block and place in required
Logic position (either Sink or Source).
CON
2

CON
3

CON2

CON3

SINK

SOU
RCE

SOU
RCE

SINK

CON1

Using care not to bend the pins of the control circuit connector, reinstall the control circuit terminal block
and fix it with the mounting screws.
Note: 1. Make sure that the control circuit connector is fitted correctly.
2. While power is on, never disconnect the control circuit terminal block.
3. The sink-source logic change-over connector must be fitted in only one of those positions. If it is
fitted in both positions at the same time, the inverter may be damaged.
2) For E500 (400V class)
Using tweezers etc., move the connector from the sink logic position to the source logic position (or from
source to sink position).
Change the connector position before switching power on.

Note: 1. In the 200V and 100V classes, the logic cannot be changed.
2. Fit the sink-source logic changeover connector in only one position. If connectors are fitted to both
positions simultaneously, the inverter may be damaged.

27

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SPECIFICATIONS

1.4.13 Automatic restart after instantaneous power failure selection


(CS*) COMMON
(*CS is not provided for
This function allows the motor to be restarted
automatically when power is restored after an
instantaneous power failure. (For more information,
refer to Section 1.6.19.)
(1) With frequency search A500
Detecting the speed of the coasting motor during
power restoration, this function allows the motor
to smoothly return to its original speed.
1) To disable automatic restart after
instantaneous power failure
Set 9999 (factory setting) in Pr. 57 (reset time
for automatic restart after instantaneous power
failure) to disable automatic restart after
instantaneous power failure.
2) To enable automatic restart after instantaneous
power failure
Change 9999 (factory setting) in Pr. 57 to 0
and change the Pr. 162 value to 0 (factory
setting). By shorting terminals CS-SD, the
motor, if it is coasting, restarts automatically at
the time of power restoration after
instantaneous power failure. Note that if the
time to restore the power is longer than the

E500

coasting-to-stop time, the motor is restarted


after it has stopped once.
When the function of automatic restart after
instantaneous power failure has been selected,
power-related alarm outputs (instantaneous
power failure (E.IPF) and undervoltage
(E.UVT)) are not provided if an instantaneous
power failure occurs. Note that the inverter
cannot be operated when terminals CS-SD are
open.
3) When you do not use the function of automatic
restart after instantaneous power failure
In this case, the motor speed is not detected
for smooth restart but the current limit function
is utilized for restart. Depending on the
magnitude (load inertia, etc.) of the load,
acceleration may be made after the motor
speed has significantly reduced. If the load
inertia is extremely large, the protective circuit
may be activated (E.OV1 to E.OV3 or E.THT).
Action taken for E.OVT
Increase the value set in Pr. 22.

Instantaneous power failure time

Power supply (R, S, T)

Motor speed
N (r/min)
Inverter output
frequency
f (Hz)

Inverter output
voltage
E (V)
Cushion voltage time (value set in Pr. 58)

15ms

Ordinary acceleration time (ramp set in Pr. 7)


[Coasting time] + [speed detection time]

Pr. 57 setting

Timing Chart for Restart with Frequency Search

41

SPECIFICATIONS

(2) Without frequency search COMMON


This function allows the motor to restart at the
time of power restoration at the frequency before
the occurrence of an instantaneous power failure
and return to its original speed.
1) To disable automatic restart after instantaneous
power failure
Set 9999 (factory setting) in
Pr. 57 (reset time for automatic restart after
instantan-eous power failure) to disable
automatic restart after instantaneous power
failure.
2) To enable automatic restart after instantaneous
power failure
Change 9999 (factory setting) in Pr. 57 to 0. For
A500 , further change the Pr. 162 value to 1.
If power is restored while control power
remains, the motor restarts at the frequency
before the occurrence of an instantaneous
power failure.

If control power is lost during a long instantaneous power failure, the operation of automatic
restart after instantaneous power failure is not
performed at the time of power restoration and
the motor starts at the starting frequency. In
this case, the operation performed is as
described in paragraph
3) When you do not use the function of automatic
restart after instantaneous power failure
In this case, the motor speed is not detected
for smooth restart but the current limit function
is utilized for restart. Depending on the
magnitude (load inertia etc.) of the load,
acceleration may be made after the motor
speed has significantly reduced. If the load
inertia is extremely large, the protective circuit
may be activated (E.OV1 to E.OV3 or E.THT).
Action taken for E.OVT
Increase the value set in Pr. 22.

Instantaneous power failure time

Power supply (R, S, T)

Motor speed
N (r/min)
Inverter output
frequency
f (Hz)
Inverter output
voltage
E (V)
10ms
Coasting time

Cushion voltage time


Pr. 58 setting

Pr. 57 setting

Timing Chart for Restart without Frequency Search

42

SPECIFICATIONS

1.4.14 High power factor converter connection (X10*, X11*)

COMMON

(*X10 and X11 are not provided for


Used with the inverter in accordance with the
Japanese harmonic suppression guidelines issued
by the Ministry of International Trade and Industries,
the high power factor converter (FR-HC) is an
optional high power factor inverter unit designed to
suppress harmonics to the input power supply.
For E500 , set "0" in Pr. 30 and make connections
as shown below.
For A500 , set "2" in Pr. 30 and make connections
as shown below.
Terminal MRS may be used when the FR-HC

NFB
Power
supply

MC
R

R2

S2

T2

connection (inverter operation enable) signal (X10)


(Note) is not used. Also, when the computer link
inboard option (FR-A5NR) is used and the setting is
made to hold the mode at the time of an
instantaneous power failure, holding operation is
performed by the FR-HC connection (instantaneous
power failure detection) signal (X11).
Note: Allocate the FR-HC connection signals (X10,
X11) to any of the input terminals.

High power factor converter


(FR-HC)

External box
(FR-HCB)
MC1

Reactor 1
(FR-HCL01)

E500

R2

MC2
Resistor
MC
R3

S2

S3

T2

T3

R (L1)
S (L2)
T (L3)

MC1
Reactor 2
(FR-HCL02)

MC2

Inverter
(Note 1)

R3

R4

R4

S3

S4

S4

T3

T4

T4

(Note 1)
N
RDY

Resistor

RSO
SE
R
S
T
R1
(Note 3)
S1

Filter capacitor

P (+)

N ()

U
V

Motor

A500 X10
E500 MRS
RES
SD
R1 (L11)
(Note 2)
S1 (L21)

Note: 1. Always keep the inverter's power input terminals R, S, T open.


If connections are made to them accidentally, the inverter will be damaged. Also, reverse
polarity of terminals P and N will damage the high power factor converter and inverter.
2. For A500 , separate power may be supplied to terminals R1 and S1.
3. Make no connections to the terminals R1 and S1 of the high power factor converter.

High Power Factor Converter Connection and Wiring Example


Having a power return function, the high power factor
converter returns power in the regenerative mode.
For A500 7.5K or less, the brake circuit built in the
inverter is not activated.
Undervoltage and instantaneous power failure are
detected by the high power factor converter. When
the protective function of the high power factor
converter is activated, the inverter operation enable
signal shuts off the inverter output. The undervoltage
and instantaneous power failure protective functions
of the inverter itself are made invalid.

When you need automatic restart after instantaneous


power failure, choose automatic restart after
instantaneous power failure in the inverter and also
set the parameter to activate automatic restart after
instantaneous power failure in the high power factor
converter. The inverter restarts in accordance with
the automatic restart after instantaneous power
failure of the high power factor converter.

43

SPECIFICATIONS

1.4.15 24VDC and external transistor common (PC)


When the transistor output (open collector) of a
programmable controller (PC) having an external
power supply is input to the inverter, supply external
interface power to prevent a malfunction from
occurring due to leakage current as shown on the
right.
Making connections as shown on the right supplies
external power to the photocoupler in the inverter as
indicted by the dotted lines. Since terminal SD is not
connected, no power is supplied to the photocoupler
from the control power supply of the inverter.
Also, terminals PC-SD may be used as a 24VDC
0.1A power output. When using terminals PC-SD as
a 24VDC power supply, a malfunction due to
leakage current cannot be prevented.

COMMON

Inverter

PC

PC

DC12/24V

Photocoupler
Y00
Photocoupler

External
power
supply for
MELSEC

STF

Inverter control
power supply

SD

0V

Terminal PC Connection Example

When terminal PC is not used


When the control power supply voltage in the inverter connected with the output module (open collector
output) of the programmable controller has become higher than the external power supply voltage of the
PC as shown below, a current indicated by the dotted lines flows if the transistor of the PC is not on,
accidentally giving the inverter a command signal.
Measures
(1) Insert a diode to prevent leakage current.
(2) Use an all-point independent type output module (such as AY40A).
DC12/24V

Diode provided
as measures

Photocoupler
Photocoupler

Y00

0V

External
STF
power
supply for
MELSEC SD

Inverter control
power supply
(+24V)

Inverter

PC MELSEC-A

Connection Example without Terminal PC Being Used

44

SPECIFICATIONS

1.4.16 Output signals (RUN, SU, IPF, OL, FU, A, B, C)

COMMON

(1) Output terminal function assignment COMMON


The inverter has output terminals whose functions can be changed by parameter setting.
1) A500
When Pr. 76 = 0 (factory setting), terminals RUN, SU, IPF, OL, FU, A, B and C are assigned functions by
Pr. 190 to Pr. 195 respectively.
Parameter
Number

Function Name

Setting Range

Factory Setting

190

RUN terminal function selection

0 to 199, 9999

0 (inverter running (RUN))

191

SU terminal function selection

0 to 199, 9999

1 (up to frequency (SU))

192

IPF terminal function selection

0 to 199, 9999

2 (instantaneous power failure/undervoltage (IPF))

193

OL terminal function selection

0 to 199, 9999

3 (overload alarm (OL))

194

FU terminal function selection

0 to 199, 9999

4 (output frequency detection (FU))

195

ABC terminal function selection

0 to 199, 9999

99 (alarm output (ABC))

Setting
Positive Negative
logic
logic

Signal
Name

Function

Operation

100

RUN

Inverter running

Output during operation when the inverter output


frequency rises to or above the starting frequency.

101

SU

Up to frequency

Refer to

Pr.

41 "up-to-frequency sensitivity".

102

IPF

Instantaneous power Output at occurrence of an instantaneous power failure or


failure or undervoltage undervoltage.

103

OL

Overload alarm

Output while stall prevention function is activated.

104

FU

Output frequency
detection

Refer to

Pr.

42

105

FU2

Second output
frequency detection

Refer to

Pr.

106

FU3

Third output
frequency detection

Refer to

Pr.

107

RBP

Regenerative brake
pre-alarm

Output when 85% of the regenerative brake duty set in


Pr. 70 is reached.

108

THP

Pr.

41

Pr. 22, 23, 66,


148, 149, 154
Pr.

42, 43

50 "second output frequency detection".

Pr.

50

116 "third output frequency detection".

Pr.

116

Pr.

70

Electronic overcurrent Output when the electronic overcurrent protection


protection prealarm
cumulative value reaches 85% of the preset level.

Pr.

Pr.

43 (output frequency detection).

Related
Parameters

109

PRG

Program mode

Output in the program mode.

Pr.

79, 200 to 231

10

110

PU

PU operation mode

Output when the PU operation mode is selected.

Pr.

17 = 0 to 3

11

111

RY

Inverter operation
ready

Output when the inverter can be started by switching the


start signal on and while it is running.

12

112

Y12

Output current
detection

Refer to

Pr.

150 and

Pr.

151 (output current detection).

Pr.

150, 151

13

113

Y13

Zero current detection Refer to

Pr.

152 and

Pr.

153 (zero current detection).

Pr.

152, 153

14

114

FDN

PID lower limit

15

115

FUP

PID upper limit

Pr.

128 to

Pr.

128 to 134

16

116

RL

17

MC1

Commercial power
supply-inverter
switch-over MC1

18

MC2

Commercial power
supply-inverter
switch-over MC2

Pr.

135 to 139

19

MC3

Commercial power
supply-inverter
switch-over MC3

PID forward-reverse
rotation output

Refer to

Pr.

134 (PID control).

Refer to Pr. 135 to Pr. 139 (commercial power supplyinverter switch-over).

45

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SPECIFICATIONS

11) Output current detection (Y12) COMMON


The output is provided (switched low) when the
output current remains higher than the value
set in Pr. 150 for longer than the time set in
Pr. 151 during inverter operation.
This signal can be utilized for over-torque
detection, etc.

rotation (FWD). This output is not provided


when the indication is reverse rotation (REV)
or stop (STOP).
Measurement
signal
Pr. 131
Pr. 132

Output current
Pr. 150
Pr. 151

Output current detection


signal (Y12)

Time (t)
Upper limit (FUP)

Min. 100ms Time (t)


OFF

ON

OFF

Lower limit (FDN)

12) Zero current detection (Y13) COMMON


The output is provided (switched low) when
the output current remains lower than the
value set in Pr. 152 for longer than the time
set in
Pr. 153 during inverter operation. If the
condition does not hold, the signal remains on
for approximately 100ms.
This signal can be utilized to detect whether
or not output torque exists, for example.
Start signal
STF, STR

ON

Output current

Pr. 152
100ms
Zero current detection
signal output (Y13) OFF

ON

Pr. 153 detection time

OFF

ON

Pr. 153 detection time

13) PID upper, lower limits (FUP, FDN)


PID forward-reverse rotation output (RL) COMMON
Made valid when the X14 signal is turned on
to start PID control.
The upper limit (FUP) is output (switched low)
when the measurement signal exceeds the
upper limit value set in Pr. 131, and the lower
limit (FDN) is output (switched low) when the
measurement signal exceeds the lower limit
value set in Pr. 132.
The PID forward-reverse rotation output (RL)
is provided (switched low) when the output
indication of the parameter unit is forward

50

ON

OFF
OFF

ON

14) Commercial power supply-inverter switchover (MC1, MC2, MC3) A500


When "1" is set in Pr. 135 to choose the
commercial power supply-inverter switch-over
sequence, the MC1 signal for MC across
power supply-inverter, MC2 signal for MC
across power supply-motor and MC3 signal
for MC across inverter output-motor are
output in accordance with the setting of the
commercial power supply-inverter switch-over
sequence.
These signals allow automatic changeover to
commercial power supply operation in a
system which cannot be stopped at
occurrence of an inverter alarm, for example.
Note that this function is not activated at the
time of the CPU error among the inverter
alarms.
For more information, refer to Section 1.6.32.
15) Brake open request (BOF) A500
This function is activated when "7" or "8" is
set in Pr. 60 to choose the brake sequence
mode. Operate the electromagnetic brake
according to the ON-OFF of the brake open
request signal (BOF).
For details, refer to Section 1.6.44.
16) Fan failure output (FAN) A500
The output is provided (switched low) at the
time of a fan failure.
However, the inverter does not come to an
alarm stop and continues running.

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SPECIFICATIONS

1.4.17 Meter connection and adjustment (FM)


The output frequency etc. of the inverter can be
indicated by a DC ammeter of 1mA full-scale and max.
300 internal resistance or a commercially available
digital meter which is connected across terminals
FM-SD.
The meter can be calibrated from the operation
panel or parameter unit. Note that the reading varies
according to the wiring distance if the meter is placed
away from the inverter. In this case, connect a
calibration resistor in series with the meter as shown
below and adjust until the reading matches the
operation panel or parameter unit indication (meter
monitoring mode).
Install the meter within 200m (50m for the digital
meter) of the inverter and connect them by at least
2
0.3mm twisted or shielded cables.
Types of Meters Connected

Output waveform of terminal FM


The output signal of terminal FM has a pulse
waveform as shown in the table below and the
number of its pulses is proportional to the inverter
output frequency.
The output voltage (average voltage) is also
proportional to the output frequency.
Terminal FM Output Voltage
Specifications
Pr. 900

1/1440Hz

(Note) Calibration resistor

Max. 2400 pulses/s


Set a full-scale value which achieves 1400
Number of output
pulses/s.
pulses (pulses/sec)
Pr. 55: frequency monitoring reference
Pr. 56: current monitoring reference

(+)
1mA
Analog meter

SD

()
(1mA full-scale)

Note: 1. 0.5V or less when a DC ammeter of 300


internal resistance is connected to measure
the output voltage.
2. Value in parentheses indicates factory
setting.
3. Approximately 4.7V for E500

1440 pulses/s
FM

SD

0 to 8VDC maximum (Note 1)


(Approximately 3.5V (Note 3) at 1400
pulses/s)

Output voltage

Note: Not required when calibrated from


the operation panel or parameter unit.

Inverter

8V

Output waveform

Inverter
FM

COMMON

Digital meter

Types of Meters Connected


Up to two meters may be used in parallel but a
digital meter cannot be used with an analog meter.

2.2K
8V

Inverter

Inverter

24V

24V

3.3K FM
22K

SD

1)

2.2K

4.7K FM

8V

20K SD

FM

2)
Examples of Inverters and Frequency Meters

A500

52

E500

FM

SPECIFICATIONS
Adjustment
Analog meter
To adjust the reading of an analog meter
(ammeter), turn the calibration resistor to change
the current.
When using the operation panel or parameter unit
for adjustment, change the pulse width of the
output waveform (adjust the current through the
adjustment of the output voltage) to adjust the
reading.
Note: It is not recommended to use a voltage type
meter because it is easily affected by a
voltage drop, induction noise etc. and
cannot provide a correct reading if the wiring
distance is long.

Digital meter
Since the digital meter counts and displays the
number of pulses, adjust it from the operation
panel or parameter unit.
The inverter output, at which the reference pulses
of 1440 pulses/s are output, can be set in
Pr. 55 when frequency monitoring is used as
reference, or in Pr. 56 when current monitoring is
used as reference.
[Example] 1. To set the output across FM-SD to 1440
pulses/s at the inverter output frequency
of 120Hz, set 120 (Hz) in Pr. 55.
(Factory setting: 60Hz)
2. To set the output across FM-SD to 1440
pulses/s at the inverter output current of
15A, set 15 (A) Pr. 56. (Factory setting:
rated inverter current)

1.4.18 Analog output adjustment (AM)


A full-scale 10VDC analog signal can be output from
across terminals AM-5.
The analog output level can be calibrated by the
operation panel or parameter unit. Terminal AM
function selection can be set in Pr. 158.
Since terminal AM is not isolated from the control
circuit of the inverter, use a shielded cable of shorter
than 30m.
The output signal from terminal AM delays about
several 100ms in output and therefore cannot be
used as a signal for control which requires fast
response.
Inverter

CPU

FM signal

Adjustment
Set the reference output value of the inverter which
outputs the full-scale voltage 10VDC.
Set it in Pr. 55 for frequency monitoring reference, or
in Pr. 56 for current monitoring reference.
Use Pr. 901, terminal AM output calibration, to
adjust the output voltage.
[Example] 1. To set the output across AM-5 to
10VDC at the inverter output frequency
of 90Hz, set 90Hz in Pr. 55. (Factory
setting: 60Hz)
2. To set the output across AM-5 to
10VDC at the inverter output current of
20A, set 20A in Pr. 56. (Factory setting:
rated inverter current)

AM
5

A500

10VDC

Terminal AM Output Circuit

53

SPECIFICATIONS

1.4.19 Control circuit common terminals (SD, 5, SE)


Terminals SD, 5 and SE are all common terminals
(0V) for I/O terminals. In A500 , they are isolated
from each other. In E500 , terminals SD and 5 are
not isolated (isolated in the 400V class). Terminals
SD and SE and terminals 5 and SE are isolated.
Do not earth these terminals.
Terminal SD is a common terminal for the contact
input terminals (STF, STR, STOP (Note), RH, RM,
RL, JOG (Note), RT (Note), MRS, RES, AU (Note),
CS (Note) and frequency output signal (FM). It is
photocoupler isolated from the internal control circuit.

Terminal 5 is a common terminal for the frequency


setting analog input signals. It is a 0V terminal of the
internal control circuit and should be protected from
external noise using a shielded or twisted cable.
Terminal SE is a common terminal for the open
collector output terminals (RUN, SU (Note), OL
(Note), IPF (Note), FU). It is photocoupler isolated
from the internal control circuit.
Note: Not provided for E500

1.4.20 Signal inputs by contactless switches


If a transistor is used instead of a contacted switch
as shown on the right, the input signals of the
inverter can control terminals STF, STR, STOP
(Note), RH, RM, RL, JOG (Note), RT (Note), MRS,
RES, AU (Note), CS (Note).
Note: Not provided for E500 .
Electrical characteristics required for the external
transistor
IC
: Collector current [10mA or more]
If the rating is small, the external
transistor may be damaged or the
inverter input may not be active.
VCEX : Open-time permissible collector-toemitter voltage [30V or more]
If the rating is small, the external
transistor may be damaged.
VCE(sat) : Conduction-time collector-to-emitter
saturation voltage [3V or less]
If the saturation voltage is large, the
inverter input may not be active.
ICEX
: Collector shut-off current (leakage
current) [100A or less]
If the shut-off current is large, it may be
accidentally input to the inverter.

COMMON

COMMON

+24V

Ic 6mA

STF, etc.

Inverter

SD

External Signal Input by Transistor


Note: 1. When using an external transistor
connected with the external power supply,
use terminal PC to prevent a fault from
occurring due to leakage current. (Refer to
Section 1.4.15.)
2. Note that an SSR (solid-state relay) has a
relatively large leakage current at OFF time
and it may be accidentally input to the
inverter.

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SPECIFICATIONS

Commercial power
supply-inverter switchover

PID control

Communication functions

Function

Parameter
Number
119

Stop bit length/data length

120

Parity check presence/absence

121

Number of communication retries

122

Communication check time interval

123

Waiting time setting

124

CR, LF presence/absence selection

128
129
130
131
132
133
134

PID action selection


PID proportional band
PID integral time
Upper limit
Lower limit
PID action set point for PU operation
PID differential time
Commercial power supply-inverter
switch-over sequence output terminal
selection
MC switch-over interlock time
Start waiting time
Commercial power supply-inverter
switch-over selection at alarm occurrence
Automatic inverter-commercial power
supply switch-over frequency
Backlash acceleration stopping frequency
(Note 7)
Backlash acceleration stopping time
(Note 7)
Backlash deceleration stopping frequency
(Note 7)
Backlash deceleration stopping time
(Note 7)

135
136
137
138
139

Backlash

140
141
142

Current
detection

Display
Additional functions

143

144

Speed setting switch-over

148

Stall prevention level at 0V input

149

Stall prevention level at 10V input

150
151
152

Output current detection level


Output current detection period
Zero current detection level

153

Zero current detection period

154
Sub functions

Name

Setting Range

Factory
Setting

Purpose,
Application, Etc.

Refer to
Section

0, 1 (data length 8)
10, 11 (data length 7)

Communication
operation with
personal
computer

1.6.30

For operation
under PID control

1.6.31

For commercial
power supplyinverter switchover operation

1.6.32

Backlash
compensation

1.6.8

Speed indication
change-over

1.6.5

Analog setting of
current limit level

1.6.15

Current detection
signal output

1.6.33

Selection of
voltage reduction
during stall
prevention
operation

1.6.15

0, 10

Second function
activated
condition
selection

1.4.10

0 to 31, 100, 101


0 to 25 s, 9999

0
0

Current limit

1.6.15

0, 1, 2

0 to 10, 9999

0, 0.1 to 999.8 s, 9999

0 to 150ms, 9999

9999

0,1,2

10, 11, 20, 21


0.1 to 1000%, 9999
0.1 to 3600 s, 9999
0 to 100%, 9999
0 to 100%, 9999
0 to 100%
0.01 to 10.00 s, 9999

10
100%
1s
9999
9999
0%
9999

0, 1

0 to 100.0 s
0 to 100.0 s

1.0 s
0.5 s

0, 1

0 to 60.00Hz, 9999

9999

0 to 400Hz

1.00Hz

0 to 360 s

0.5 s

0 to 400Hz

1.00Hz

0 to 360 s

0.5 s

0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 102,
104, 106, 108, 110

0 to 200%

150%

Voltage reduction selection during stall


prevention operation

155

RT activated condition

156
157

Stall prevention operation selection


OL signal waiting time

0 to 200%

200%

0 to 200%
0 to 10 s
0 to 200.0%

150%
0
5.0%

0 to 1 s

0.5 s

0, 1

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SPECIFICATIONS

1.5.2 FR-E500

Basic functions

Function

Parameter
Number
0

Torque boost (Note 1)

1
2

Maximum frequency
Minimum frequency

0 to 120Hz
0 to 120Hz

Factory
Setting
6%/4%
(Note 8)
120Hz
0Hz

Base frequency(Note 1)

0 to 400Hz

60Hz

Multi-speed setting (high speed)


Multi-speed setting (middle speed)
Multi-speed setting (low speed)

0 to 400Hz
0 to 400Hz
0 to 400Hz

Setting Range
0 to 30%

Acceleration time

0 to 3600 s/ 0 to 360 s

Deceleration time

0 to 3600 s/ 0 to 360 s

Electronic thermal O/L relay

0 to 500A

10
11
12

DC injection brake operation frequency


DC injection brake operation time
DC injection brake voltage

0 to 120Hz
0 to 10 s
0 to 30%

60Hz
30Hz
10Hz
5 s/10s
(Note 2)
5 s/10s
(Note 2)
Rated output
current
(Note 4)
3Hz
0.5 s
6%

13

Starting frequency

0 to 60Hz

0.5Hz

14

Load pattern selection (Note 1)

0 to 3

15
16

Jog frequency
Jog acceleration/deceleration time

0 to 400Hz
0 to 3600 s/0 to 360 s

5Hz
0.5 s

18

High-speed maximum frequency

120 to 400Hz

120Hz

19

Base frequency voltage (Note 1)

0 to 1000V, 8888,9999

9999

1 to 400Hz

60Hz

0,1

0 to 200%

150%

Stall prevention operation level at double


speed (Note 5)

0 to 200%, 9999

9999

Multi-speed setting (speed 4)


Multi-speed setting (speed 5)
Multi-speed setting (speed 6)
Multi-speed setting (speed 7)

0 to 400Hz, 9999
0 to 400Hz, 9999
0 to 400Hz, 9999
0 to 400Hz, 9999

9999
9999
9999
9999

0,1,2

0,1

0 to 400Hz, 9999
0 to 400Hz, 9999
0 to 400Hz, 9999
0 to 400Hz, 9999
0 to 400Hz, 9999
0 to 400Hz, 9999

9999
9999
9999
9999
9999
9999

0, 0.01 to 9998

5
6

20
21
Standard operation functions

Name

22

23
24
25
26
27

Acceleration/deceleration reference
frequency
Acceleration/deceleration time
increments
Stall prevention operation level

29

Acceleration/deceleration pattern

30

Regenerative function selection

31
32
33
34
35
36

Frequency jump 1A
Frequency jump 1B
Frequency jump 2A
Frequency jump 2B
Frequency jump 3A
Frequency jump 3B

37

Speed display

38

Frequency at 5V (10V) input

1 to 400Hz

60Hz (Note 6)

39

Frequency at 20mA input

1 to 400Hz

60Hz (Note 6)

63

Purpose,
Application, Etc.
Motor torque
adjustment
Output frequency
limit
Frequency at
rated motor
torque

Refer to
Section
1.6.9
1.6.7

1.6.9

Multi-speed
operation speeds

1.6.6

Acceleration/
deceleration time
setting

1.6.8

Motor overheat
protection

1.6.12

Stopping
accuracy
adjustment

1.6.10

Motor torque
adjustment
V/F characteristic
pattern selection
Jog operation
Operation over
120Hz
Max. output
voltage limit

1.6.7
1.6.9
1.6.6
1.6.8
1.6.7
1.6.9

Acceleration/
deceleration time
setting

1.6.8

Current limit

1.6.15

Multi-speed
operation speeds

1.6.6

Acceleration/
deceleration time
changing pattern
Use of external
brake resistor
Frequency jump
operation
(Avoidance of
resonance
phenomenon)
Speed indication
change-over
Calibration of
output frequency
to frequency
setting signal

1.6.8

1.6.11

1.6.16

1.6.5

1.6.6

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For auto tuning

1.6.26

Communication
operation with
personal
computer

1.6.30

For operation
under PID control

1.6.31

Additional
function

146

Built-in
potentiometer
selection

1.4.6

Current
detection

150
151
152
153

0 to 200%
0 to 10 s
0 to 200.0%
0.05 to 1 s

150%
0
5.0%
0.5 s

Current detection
signal output

1.6.33

Sub
function

Parameter
Number

Motor constants

Refer to
Section

156

Stall prevention operation selection

0 to 31,100

Current limit

1.6.15

Additional
function

Function

80

Motor capacity

82
83
84
90
96
117
118

Motor exciting current


Rated motor voltage
Rated motor frequency
Motor constant (R1) (Note 5)
Auto-tuning setting/status (Note 5)
Station number
Communication speed

119

Stop bit length/data length

120
121
122
123
124
128
129
130
131
132
133
134

160

User group read selection

0, 1, 10, 11

User group
parameter read
selection

1.6.34

171

Actual operation hour meter clear

Monitor value
clearing

1.6.35

173

User group 1 registration

174

User group 1 deletion

175

User group 2 registration

1.6.34

176

Registration and
deletion of
parameters to and
from user group

180
181
182
183
190
191
192

Input terminal
function selection

1.4.4

Output terminal
function selection

1.4.16

Terminal
assignment
functions

User
functions

PID control

Communication
functions

Purpose,
Application, Etc.
For generalpurpose magnetic
flux vector control

Initial
monitor

SPECIFICATIONS

Setting Range

Factory
Setting

0.1 to 7.5kW, 9999

9999
9999
200V/400V
60Hz
9999
0
0
48

Parity check presence/absence


Number of communication retries
Communication check time interval
Waiting time setting
CR, LF presence/absence selection
PID action selection
PID proportional band
PID integral time
Upper limit
Lower limit
PID action set point for PU operation
PID differential time

0 to 500A, 9999
0 to 1000V
50 to 120Hz
0 to 50, 9999
0, 1
0 to 31
48,96,192
0,1 (data length 8)
10,11 (data length 7)
0,1,2
0 to 10,9999
0 to 999.8 s, 9999
0 to 150, 9999
0,1,2
0,20,21
0.1 to 1000%, 9999
0.1 to 3600 s, 9999
0 to 100%, 9999
0 to 100%, 9999
0 to 100%
0.01 to 10.00 s, 9999

frequency setting command selection

0, 1, 9999

Output current detection level


Output current detection period
Zero current detection level
Zero current detection period

Name

1
2
1
0
9999
1
0
100%
1s
9999
9999
0%
9999

0 to 999

0 to 999,9999

0 to 999

User group 2 deletion

0 to 999,9999

RL terminal function selection


RM terminal function selection
RH terminal function selection
MRS terminal function selection
RUN terminal function selection
FU terminal function selection
A, B, C terminal function selection

0 to 8, 16, 18
0 to 8, 16, 18
0 to 8, 16, 18
0 to 8, 16, 18
0 to 99
0 to 99
0 to 99

0
1
2
6
0
4
99

65

1.6.25

SPECIFICATIONS

Sub functions

Multi-speed operation

Function

Parameter
Number
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239

Stop
selection
function

Multi-speed setting (speed 8)


Multi-speed setting (speed 9)
Multi-speed setting (speed 10)
Multi-speed setting (speed 11)
Multi-speed setting (speed 12)
Multi-speed setting (speed 13)
Multi-speed setting (speed 14)
Multi-speed setting (speed 15)

Setting Range

Factory
Setting

Purpose,
Application, Etc.

Refer to
Section

0 to 400Hz, 9999
0 to 400Hz, 9999
0 to 400Hz, 9999
0 to 400Hz, 9999
0 to 400Hz, 9999
0 to 400Hz, 9999
0 to 400Hz, 9999
0 to 400Hz, 9999

9999
9999
9999
9999
9999
9999
9999
9999

Multi-speed(15speed) operation
speed

1.6.6

Noise, leakage
current, noise
reduction
Elongation of
cooling fan life

240

Soft-PWM setting

0,1

244

Cooling fan operation selection

0,1

245
246

Rated motor slip


Slip compensation response time
Constant-output region slip compensation
selection

0 to 50%, 9999
0.01 to 10 s

9999
0.5 s

0, 9999

9999

0, 1

247

Calibration functions

Name

1.6.28

Ground fault
detection

1.6.46

0 to 100 s,
1000 to 1100 s,
8888, 9999

9999

Deceleration to
stop, coasting to
stop selection

1.6.39

For external
meter calibration

1.6.5

Calibration of
output frequency
to frequency
setting signal

1.6.6

Calibration of
output frequency
to built-in
potentiometer

1.6.6

Ground fault detection at start

250

Stop selection

900

FM terminal calibration

902

Frequency setting voltage bias

0 to 10V

0 to 60Hz

0V

903

Frequency setting voltage gain

0 to 10V

1 to 400Hz

5V

904
905

Frequency setting current bias


Frequency setting current gain
Built-in frequency setting potentiometer
bias
Built-in frequency setting potentiometer
gain

0 to 20mA
0 to 20mA

0 to 60Hz
1 to 400Hz

4mA
20mA

0Hz
60
Hz
0Hz
60Hz

0 to 5V

0 to 60Hz

0V

0Hz

0 to 5V

1 to 400Hz

5V

60Hz

923

1.6.38

For slip
compensation

249

922

1.6.22

Note: 1. Indicates the parameter of which setting is ignored when the general-purpose magnetic flux
vector control mode is selected.
2. The setting depends on the inverter capacity: (0.1K to 3.7K)/(5.5K to 7.5K).
3. Since calibration is made before shipment from the factory, the settings differ slightly between
inverters. The inverter is preset to provide a frequency slightly higher than 60Hz.
4. Set to 85% of the rated inverter current for the 0.1 to 0.75K.
5. If "2" is set in Pr. 77 (parameter write inhibit selection), the setting cannot be changed during
operation.
6. If the Pr. 77 (parameter write inhibit selection) value is 0 (factory setting), the values of the
parameters marked can be changed during operation. (However, the Pr. 72 value may only be
changed during PU operation.)
7. Can be accessed when Pr. 80 9999 and Pr. 77 = 801.
4% for the FR-E540-5.5K and 7.5K.

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SPECIFICATIONS
(6) Switch-over mode COMMON
By setting "6" in Pr. 79 "operation mode
selection", you can select between PU
operation, external operation and computer link
operation (when FR-A5NR option is used with
A500 ) while continuing the operating status.
Corresponding
Model

Operation Mode
Switching

Switching Operation/Operating Status

A500

E500

External operation to PU
operation

Select the PU operation mode.


Rotation direction is the same as that of external operation.
Set frequency is as set by the potentiometer (frequency setting potentiometer).
(Note that the setting will disappear when power is switched off or the inverter is
reset.)

External operation to
computer link operation

Mode change command to computer link mode is transmitted from the computer.
Rotation direction is the same as that of external operation.
Set frequency is as set by the potentiometer (frequency setting potentiometer).
(Note that the setting will disappear when power is switched off or the inverter is
reset.)

(Note 1)

PU operation to external
operation

Press the external operation key of the parameter unit.


Rotation direction is determined by the external operation input signal.
Set frequency is determined by the external frequency setting signal.

PU operation to
computer link operation

Mode change command to computer link mode is transmitted from the computer.
Rotation direction and set frequency are the same as those of PU operation.

(Note 1)

Computer link operation


to external operation

The switch-over command to the external mode is sent from the computer.
Rotation direction is determined by the external operation input signal.
Set frequency is determined by the external frequency setting signal.

(Note 1)

Computer link operation


to PU operation

Select the PU operation mode with the operation panel or parameter unit.
Rotation direction and set frequency are the same as those of computer link
operation.

(Note 1)

Note: 1. Computer link operation is enabled when the FR-A5NR option is used with A500 .
2. When switch-over is selected for E500 , the potentiometer setting of the operation panel is made invalid if Pr. 146 = 1 or
9999.

(7) PU operation interlock (edit enable signal)

Note: 1. The X12 signal may be assigned to any


terminal for A500 only.
2. For E500 and A500 , if the X12 signal is
not assigned to any terminal, the MRS
signal acts as the PU operation interlock
signal and the ordinary output stop function
in the PU operation mode is not activated.

COMMON

Make connections as shown below and set "7" in


Pr. 79, operation mode selection. Switching ONOFF the signal across X12 (MRS)-SD allows PU
operation to be interlocked.
Inverter
NFB

Operation panel
R (L1)

Power
supply

FR-DU04

Hz
A
V

S (L2)
T (L3)

MON

MODE

SET

Forward rotation start

STF

Reverse rotation start

STR

PU operation interlock

X12(MRS)

EXT

PU

REV

FWD

REV

Motor

CONTROL PANEL

IM

FWD

STOP
RESET

Ground

Ground
SD

Connection Example for PU Operation Interlock

72

Note: The motor and inverter


must be grounded.
For the grounding method,
refer to Section 1.9.7.

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SPECIFICATIONS

Pulse speed (pulses/s)

The average output voltage and pulse speed across


terminals FM-SD can be changed.
The function of changing the average output voltage
across terminals FM-SD is used to calibrate a 1mA
meter (frequency meter). The function of changing
the pulse speed can be used at the maximum
operating output frequency of 100Hz or higher or to
maintain the compatibility with the FR-K/K3/K400
series inverters. (See the table below.)

2400
1440

Rated output current 500A


(Factory setting)

Compatibility with Pulse Trains of FR-K/K3/K400


Series Inverters

Pr. 56 setting range

Terminal FM Pulse Speed (Current reference)


Max. Inverter
Output
Frequency

55
Setting

60Hz

60

24 inverter output
frequency

120Hz

120

12 inverter output
frequency

240Hz

240

6 inverter output
frequency

Pr.

Pulse Speed

Pulse speed (pulses/s)

1) Frequency monitoring reference setting [ Pr. 55]


Set the inverter output frequency (Note) so that
the pulse speed at terminal FM is 1440 [pulses/s].
As shown on the top right, the pulse speed is
proportional to the inverter output frequency. Note
that the maximum speed of the pulse train is 2400
[pulses/s].
Note: For A500 , Pr. 54 allows the output frequency
to be replaced by the other frequency
depending on its setting. (Refer to Section
1.6.18.)
2400
1440

1Hz

60Hz

Output frequency (Note) 400Hz

(Factory setting)
Pr. 55 setting range

Terminal FM Pulse Speed (Frequency reference)


2) Current monitoring reference setting [ Pr. 56]
Set the current reference value (refer to Section
1.6.18) so that the pulse speed at terminal FM is
1440 [pulses/s]. As shown below, the pulse speed
is proportional to the inverter output current. Note
that the maximum speed of the pulse train is 2400
[pulses/s].

3) Meter (frequency meter) calibration [ Pr. 900]


The output voltage of terminal FM has a pulse
waveform as shown below.
Connect an analog frequency meter (1mA movingcoil type DC ammeter) across inverter terminals
/
key
FM-SD, call Pr. 900, and press the
as appropriate. This changes the pulse width and
the average value of the output voltage, thus
allowing the frequency meter to be calibrated.
Approximately
8VDC
Variable by Pr. 900
1/pulse speed (set in Pr. 55)

Output Waveform of Terminal FM


(3) Output signal of analog output terminal AM
[ Pr. 55, Pr. 56, Pr. 901] A500
Set any of "1, 2, 5, 6, 11, 17 and 18" in Pr. 158
(AM terminal function selection) to output an
analog voltage proportional to the frequency
(current) from terminal AM. Terminal AM is
factory-set to output an approximately 10VDC
voltage at the output frequency of 60Hz when
terminals AM-5 are opened. The maximum output
voltage is 10VDC.
The output of terminal AM can be selected
between the frequency monitoring reference and
the current monitoring reference depending on
the Pr. 54 setting. (Refer to Section 1.6.18.)
1) Frequency monitoring reference setting [ Pr. 55]
Set the frequency reference value (refer to Section
1.6.18) so that the output voltage of terminal AM is
10VDC.
As shown below, the output voltage is proportional
to the frequency.

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SPECIFICATIONS

1.6.9

Output frequencies and output voltages [ Pr. 0, 3, 14, 19, 46, 47,
112*, 113*] COMMON
(* Pr. 112 and 113 are not provided for

The inverter controls not only the output frequency


but also the output voltage. The relationship between
the output frequency and voltage is as follows:
l Pr. 14 allows the load pattern to be selected
between a linear ramp (for constant torque load)
and a square curve (for variable torque load) for
the ratio of the output voltage to the output
frequency at not more than the base frequency.
l When the base frequency is reached, the output
voltage is maximum and is almost equal to the
input power supply voltage. At no less than the
base frequency, the output voltage is kept
constant. Pr. 19 allows setting of the output
voltage at not less than the base frequency. Note
that the voltage output is less than the power

E500

.)

supply voltage.
l The output voltage varies according to the power
supply voltage. The voltage is limited to within the
base frequency voltage set in Pr. 19.
l Set the base frequency in Pr. 3 (V/F).
l Set the output voltage at the output frequency of 0
in Pr. 0 (manual torque boost) to control the
motor starting torque.
l % indicated for the torque boost (manual), Pr. 0,
assumes that the output voltage at not less than
the base frequency (nearly equal to the power
supply voltage) is 100%. When a value has been
set in Pr. 19, base frequency voltage, that value
is regarded as 100%.

Functions Related to Output Voltage


Parameter
Number

Name

Setting Range

Minimum
Setting
Increments

Factory Setting

V/F (base frequency)

0 to 400Hz

0.01Hz

60Hz

47

Second V/F
(base frequency)

0 to 400Hz, 9999

0.01Hz

9999

113
(Note 1)

Third V/F
(base frequency)

0 to 400Hz, 9999

0.01Hz

9999

Base frequency voltage

0 to 1000V, 9999

0.1V

9999

19

E500

A500

Torque boost (manual)

0 to 30%

0.1%

0.75K or less 6%
1.5K to 3.7K 4%
5.5K, 7.5K
3%
11K or more

46
112
(Note 1)

14

6% for other
than below
400V 5.5K, 7.5K
2%
4%

Second torque boost


(manual)

0 to 30%, 9999

0.1%

9999

Third torque boost


(manual)

0 to 30%, 9999

0.1%

9999

Constant torque

Variable torque

For elevation
(boost 0% for reverse rotation)

For elevation
(boost 0% for forward rotation)

4
(Note 1)

Constant torque-elevation
(boost 0% for reverse rotation)
change-over

5
(Note 1)

Constant torque-elevation
(boost 0%for forward rotation)
change-over

Load pattern selection

Note: 1. Not available for

E500 .

97

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SPECIFICATIONS

1.6.10 DC injection brake [ Pr. 10 to 12]


The motor driven by the inverter is decelerated to a
stop by the DC dynamic brake at 3Hz or less. The
DC dynamic brake operation time and torque (DC
dynamic brake voltage) are adjustable.
In addition, the DC dynamic brake operation
frequency, Pr. 10 (factory-set to 3Hz) can also be
changed.
Functions Related to DC Dynamic Brake
Parameter
Number

Name

Setting
Range

Minimum
Setting
Increments

Factory
Setting

10

DC
dynamic
brake
operation
frequency

0 to
120Hz,
9999
(Note 1)

0.01Hz

3Hz

11

DC
dynamic
brake
operation
time

0 to 10 s,
8888
(Note 2)

0.1 s

0.5 s

12

DC
dynamic
brake
voltage

E500 6%

0 to 30%

0.1%

A500 7.5K
or less: 4%
11K or more:
2%

Note: 1. 9999 may be set for A500 . When 9999 is


set in Pr. 10, the motor is decelerated to
the frequency set in Pr. 13 (starting
frequency), at which the DC dynamic brake
is applied.
2. 8888 may be set for A500 . When 8888 is
set in Pr. 11, DC dynamic brake is started
by shorting X13-SD and kept applied while
these terminals are shorted.
3. When using the inverter-dedicated motor
(constant-torque motor), change the
setting of Pr. 12 (DC dynamic voltage) as
follows:
3.7K or less ... 4%, 5.5K or more ... 2%

101

COMMON

4. Setting 0 (seconds) in the DC dynamic


brake operation time disables the DC
dynamic
brake
and
causes
the
regenerative brake to be applied down to
0.5Hz (frequency set in Pr. 13 if the Pr.
13 value is less than 0.5Hz) or the DC
dynamic brake operation frequency,
coasting the motor to a stop.
5. A longer time should be set if load inertia is
too large to stop the motor in the brake
operation time of 0.5 seconds.
6. Setting 0 (%) in the DC dynamic brake
voltage coasts the motor to a stop at 0.5Hz
(frequency set in Pr. 13 if the Pr. 13
value is less than 0.5Hz) or the DC
dynamic brake operation frequency. (Refer
to Section 1.4.5.)
7. A too high DC dynamic brake voltage may
cause an overcurrent trip. Reduce the
voltage setting if an overcurrent trip occurs
during the DC dynamic brake operation.
8. If the Pr. 12 setting of FR-A500-5.5K,
7.5K is as indicated below, this parameter
value is automatically changed by
changing the Pr. 71 setting:
1) When Pr. 12 value is 4% (factory setting)
When the Pr. 71 setting is changed from the
value for choosing the standard motor (0, 2 to
8, 20, 23, 24) to the value for choosing the
constant-torque motor (1, 13 to 18), the Pr. 12
setting is automatically changed to 2%.
2) When Pr. 12 value is 2%
When the Pr. 71 setting is changed from the
value for choosing the constant-torque motor
(1, 13 to 18) to the value for choosing the
standard motor (0, 2 to 8, 20, 23, 24), the
Pr. 12 setting is automatically changed to 4%
(factory setting).

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SPECIFICATIONS

Pr.

156 Setting

Fast-Response Current Limit


Function Selection (Note 2)
... Activated
... Not activated

Stall Prevention Operation


Selection
... Activated
... Not activated

OL Output Signal
... Operation
continued
... Operation
stopped (Note 1)

During
acceleration

During
constant
speed

During
deceleration

17

18

19

20

21

22

16

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

Driven load
100 Regenerative
load
Driven load
101 Regenerative
load

Note: 1. When "Operation not continued for OL signal output" is


selected, the "E.OLT" alarm code (stopped by stall
prevention)

is

displayed

and

operation

stopped.

(Alarm stop display "E.OLT")


2. If the load is heavy, the lift is predetermined, or the
acceleration/deceleration

time

is

short,

the

stall

For A500 , the output voltage can be reduced.


When the voltage reduces, an overcurrent trip is
more unlikely to occur but the torque reduces. When
the reduction in torque will not give rise to any
problem, set "0" in Pr. 154. Pr. 154 is not provided
for E500 .

prevention may be activated and the motor not stopped

Pr.

in the preset acceleration/deceleration time. Therefore,

154 Setting
0

set optimum values for the Pr. 156 stall prevention


1

operation level.

Operation
Output voltage
reduced
Output voltage not
reduced

Factory Setting

Note: 3. The setting "101" of Pr. 156 is not available for E500 .

(6) OL signal output timer [ Pr. 157] A500


The overload alarm (OL) signal can be output if it has persisted for longer than the time set in Pr. 157.
Pr. 157
Setting

0
0.1 to 25
9999

Signal Output
Output according to overload (OL)
operation.
Output after preset time (seconds).
Overload (OL) alarm signal is not
output.

Overload status
(OL operation)
OL output signal

Preset time (t) (s)

108

Factory
Setting

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SPECIFICATIONS

1.6.18 Multi-function monitoring displays [ Pr . 52 to 56*, 158*]

COMMON

(* Pr 53 and 158 are not provided for


(1)

E500

.)

A500

1) The operating status of the inverter can be


indicated simultaneously in four places, e.g.
operation panel (parameter unit) and external
instruments.

The data displayed can be chosen as desired


from among about 20 different types depending
on the Pr. 52 to Pr. 54 settings.

Monitoring-Related Functions
Parameter
Number

Name

Description

Factory Setting

52

DU/PU main display data


selection

Shown on 4-digit LED of operation panel


Shown on large-sized numeral 5-digit liquid
crystal display of PU

53

PU level display data selection

Indicated by liquid crystal bar (analog) of PU 1 (output frequency Hz)

54

FM terminal function selection

Indicated by external analog meter

1 (output frequency
indicated in Hz)

158

AM terminal function selection

Indicated by analog meter from terminal AM

1 (output frequency
indicated in Hz)

2) Analog monitoring reference setting [ Pr. 55, 56]


Among the analog displays (PU level display, FM
terminal and AM terminal), the full-scale value can

0 (Hz, A or V selected)

be set in Pr. 55 (frequency) and Pr. 56 (current)


for the following frequency and current display
data:

Analog Monitoring Functions


Parameter
Number

Setting
Range

Name

Frequency
0 to
monitoring
400Hz
reference

55

Current
monitoring
reference

56

0 to
500A

Minimum
Factory
Setting
Setting
Increments

0.01Hz

0.01A

60Hz

Rated
inverter
output
current

53 Setting
PU Level
Display

Pr.

Monitor Display Data

158 Setting
AM Terminal

Pr.

Output frequency (Hz)

Frequency setting (Hz)

Running speed
( Pr. 37, Pr. 144)

Output current (A)

Output current peak (A)

11

11

11

Load meter (%)

17

17

17

Motor exciting current (A)

18

18

18

FM terminal

PU level display

Pr. 54
Setting
FM Terminal

AM terminal

Pr. 55
Pr. 56
setting

0
(0)

(50)

(100%)

1440
Pulse speed (pulses/s)

Analog Monitoring Setting

111

2400 0
(Maximum)

10V DC
(Maximum)
Analog output

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SPECIFICATIONS

1.6.19 Automatic restart after instantaneous power failure (commercial


power supply-inverter switch-over) [ Pr. 57, 58, 162 to 165*]

COMMON

(* Pr. 162 to 165 are not provided for .)


You can restart the inverter without stopping the
motor (with the motor coasting) when the commercial
power supply is switched to the inverter operation or
when the power is restored after an instantaneous
power failure. (When automatic restart operation is
set to be enabled, E.UVT and E.IPF among the
alarm output signals will not be output at occurrence
of an instantaneous power failure.)
(1) Restart selection [ Pr. 162] COMMON (For E500 ,
operation is performed only using a system
which has no frequency search.)
1) With frequency search A500 .
Set "0" in Pr. 162 to choose the system in which a
direct current is applied to the motor to detect the
speed for a smooth start at the time of power
restoration or inverter operation selection. Since
the DC dynamic brake is applied
instantaneously on detection of the speed, the
speed may decrease if the inertia is small.
(Note 1) When the inverter is two or more ranks
higher in capacity than the motor, an
overcurrent (OCT) alarm may occur,
disabling a start.
(Note 2) If two or more motors are connected to a
single inverter, this function will not work
normally. (A proper start cannot be made.)
2) Without frequency search COMMON .
When 1 is set in Pr. 162 for A500 or when
E500 is used, the operation of automatic
restart after instantaneous power failure is
performed in a reduced-voltage starting system
where the output voltage is gradually raised
with the set frequency unchanged,
independently of the coasting speed of the
motor.
This system is not a motor coasting speed
detection system (frequency search system) as
in 1) With frequency search, but is a system
where the output frequency at the occurrence
of an instantaneous power failure is output.
Hence, if the instantaneous power failure time
is longer than 0.2 seconds, the inverter cannot
store and hold the output frequency at the
occurrence of an instantaneous power failure
and starts from 0Hz.

(2) Setting COMMON


1) Coasting time for automatic restart after
instantaneous power failure [ Pr. 57] COMMON .
Coasting time is a period of time from the
detection of the motor speed to the start of
restart control (at the set frequency for E500 ).
Set "0" in Pr. 57 to make an automatic restart
after instantaneous power failure. The coasting
time is automatically set to the following value:
[Coasting time when Pr. 57 = 0]
0.1K to 1.5K ..... 0.5 seconds
2.2K to 7.5K ..... 1.0 seconds
11K to 55K ....... 3.0 seconds
Proper operation may not be performed
depending on the load inertia and running
frequency. If so, adjust the coasting time
between 0.1 and 5 seconds according to the
load specifications.
2) Cushion time for automatic restart after
instantaneous power failure [ Pr. 58] COMMON
Cushion time is a length of time required to
raise the voltage to a value equivalent to the
motor speed (set frequency for E500 ) after
detection of the motor speed.
Usually, operation can be performed with the
factory setting. The cushion time can be
adjusted according to the load inertia and
torque.
3) Restart adjustment [ Pr. 163 to 165] A500
The voltage rise at a restart can be adjusted as
shown below:

115

Voltage

Pr. 164

( Pr. 163)

Pr. 58

Time

Voltage rise time


The stall prevention operation level
at a restart can be set using Pr. 165.

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SPECIFICATIONS
Parameters Designed Exclusively for Intelligent Mode
Parameter
Number

Name

61

Reference current (A)

62

Setting Range and Description


9999: rated inverter current
0 to 500: reference = setting (rated
motor current)

9999: limit value = 150% (180%)


Current reference value 0 to 200: limit value = setting
for acceleration (%)
9999: optimum value = 100%
0 to 200: optimum value = setting

63

64 (Note 1)

9999: limit value = 150% (180%)


Current reference value 0 to 200: limit value = setting
for deceleration (%)
9999: optimum value = 100%
0 to 200: optimum value = setting
Elevator mode starting
frequency

9999: starting frequency = 2Hz


0 to 10: starting frequency = setting

Valid Mode
Shortest acceleration/deceleration
Optimum acceleration/deceleration
Elevator
Shortest acceleration/deceleration
Optimum acceleration/deceleration
Shortest acceleration/deceleration
Optimum acceleration/deceleration
Elevator

Note 1 : Not provided for E500 .

(1) Shortest acceleration/deceleration modes I, II


COMMON

Makes acceleration/deceleration while


simultaneously activating the current limit function
of the inverter.
Merely setting 1 (current limit value 150%) or 2
(current limit value 180%) in Pr. 60, intelligent
selection, allows operation to be performed in the
shortest acceleration/deceleration mode I or II.
When using the brake resistor or brake unit for
E500 , set 11 (current limit value 150%) or 12
(current limit value 180%) in Pr. 60.
Note that when proper values are set in Pr. 7
(acceleration time) and Pr. 8 (deceleration time),
acceleration/deceleration time may be shorter
than in the selection of these modes.
1) Control method.
The settings of Pr. 7 (acceleration time), Pr. 8
(deceleration time) and Pr. 22 (current limit
level) are ignored.
Since the inverter itself attempts to change the
shortest time (0 seconds) has been set,
acceleration/
deceleration is made with the current limit
function being activated. The shortest acceleration/deceleration modes I and II are different
only in the current limit value.
Return Pr. 60 to 0 (ordinary mode) to make
the settings of Pr. 7 (acceleration time), Pr.
8 (deceleration time) and Pr. 22 (stall level)
valid. Pr. 61 to 64 also return to the factory
setting (9999) automatically.
Since acceleration/deceleration is made with
the current limit function being activated, the

118

acceleration/deceleration
speed
always
varies according to the load conditions.
2) Application examples.
l Appropriate applications
It is desired to make acceleration/
decele-ration in a shorter time for a
machine tool etc. but the design values of
machine constants are unknown.
It is desired to perform operation using the
capabilities of the inverter and motor to the
maximum.
It is desired to make acceleration/
deceleration with constant torque.
l Inappropriate applications
Machine has large inertia (more than 10
times), e.g. a fan.
Since the current limit function will be
activated for a long time, this type of
machine may be brought to an alarm stop
due to motor overloading, etc.
It is desired to always perform operation
with a constant acceleration/deceleration
time.
It is desired to always perform operation
making sure the inverter and motor have
enough capability.
3) Setting of dedicated parameters
By setting the dedicated parameters, the
application range can be made wider.
In the factory setting, the current limit function
is activated at the 150% (180%) value of the
rated inverter current.
If Pr. 60 to Pr. 63 have been set once,
changing the setting of Pr. 60 (intelligent

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SPECIFICATIONS

1.6.24 Selection of advanced magnetic flux vector control


[ Pr. 80,81,89]

A500

Advanced magnetic flux vector control can be


chosen by setting the capacity, poles and type of the
motor used.

(1) Conditions of advanced magnetic flux vector


control selection
Advanced magnetic flux vector control may only
be utilized effectively when all of the following
conditions are satisfied.
If any of the conditions cannot be satisfied, torque
shortage, speed fluctuation or another fault may
have occurred. Choose V/F control to perform
operation.
The motor capacity is equal to or one rank lower
than the inverter capacity.
Note that the motor capacity should be 0.4kW or
more.
The motor type is the Mitsubishi standard motor
or Mitsubishi constant-torque motor. When any
other motor (other standard motor, other
constant-torque motor) is used, use this function
after performing offline auto tuning with the auto
tuning function (refer to Section 1.6.26).
The number of motor poles is any of 2, 4 or 6.
(4 poles only for the constant-torque motor)
Single-motor operation (one motor for one
inverter) is performed.
The wiring length between the inverter and
motor is within 30m. (If the length is over 30m,
perform offline auto tuning with the cables
wired.)

(2) How to select advanced magnetic flux vector


control
Advanced magnetic flux vector control is selected
by merely setting any value other than 9999 in
Pr. 80 (motor capacity) and Pr. 81 (number of
poles). V/F control is chosen when either of the Pr.
80 and Pr. 81 settings is 9999.
When using Mitsubishi's constant-torque motor
(SF-JRCA), set "1" in Pr. 71. (When using the
SF-JRC, perform the offline auto tuning .)
When using Mitsubishi's standard motor (SF-JR,
4P, 1.5kW or less), set "20" in Pr. 71.
Note: By switching on-off the signal across
X18-SD, you can select between V/F
control and magnetic flux vector control for
operation. (Refer to the table on the next
page.)

Exciting current

Advanced magnetic flux vector control is a control


system which allows low-speed torque to be
improved by dividing the motor current into an
exciting current and a torque current and making
voltage compensation to flow a motor current which
meets the load torque.
The magnitude of a load torque (i.e. motor slip) is
estimated from the magnitude of the torque current
on the basis of more accurate motor constants,
thereby controlling the output frequency (slip
compensation) to make the actual motor speed
nearer
to
the
speed
command
value.

Motor current

Torque current

Vector Division of Motor Current

(3) Information on advanced magnetic flux vector


control
A little inferior in speed fluctuation improvement
to V/F control.
There is an arithmetic operation delay of 0.1 to
0.2s at start-up.
Applications suitable for advanced magnetic flux
vector control.
Machines requiring a large starting torque
Machines requiring a sufficient low-speed
torque
Machines varying greatly in load
Applications unsuitable for advanced magnetic
flux vector control.
Grinders, lapping machines and other
machines for which speed fluctuation at low
speed is important

126

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SPECIFICATIONS
Auto Tuning-Related Functions for
Parameter
Number

71

Name

Applied motor
(Note 1)

Setting
Range

0, 1, 3, 5, 6,
13, 15, 16,
23, 100,
101, 103,
105, 106,
113, 115,
116, 123

Set Value

E500

0, 100

Electronic overcurrent protection thermal characteristics


suitable for standard motor

1, 101

Electronic overcurrent protection thermal characteristics


suitable for Mitsubishi constant-torque motor

3, 103

Standard motor

13, 113

Constant-torque motor

23, 123

Mitsubishi SF-JR
standard motor
(1.5kW or less)

5, 105

Standard motor

15, 115

Constant-torque motor

6, 106

Standard motor

16, 116

Constant-torque motor

9999

"Offline auto tuning setting" is


selected.

Star
connection
Delta
connection

82

Motor exciting
current

0 to 500A,
9999

0 to 500A

83

Rated motor
voltage

0 to 1000V

0 to 1000V

84

Rated motor
frequency

50 to 120Hz 50 to 120Hz Set the rated motor frequency (Hz).

90

Motor constant
(R1)

96

Auto tuning
setting/status

Note: 1.

9999,
0 to 50
0, 1

Factory
Setting

Description

9999
0 to 50

(0)

Direct input of
motor constants
enabled

Motor exciting current (A) can be set as desired.


Set the rated motor voltage (V).

Tuning data (Note 2)

200
60

"Offline auto tuning is not performed" is selected.

Offline auto tuning is performed without motor running.

The electronic overcurrent protection characteristics are also selected simultaneously.

2.

The values measured by auto tuning are set automatically.

3.

The factory setting of the 400V class is 400V.

(1) Checking the wiring and load


Before starting the auto tuning, make the
following checks:
1) Make sure that the motor is connected and
advanced (general-purpose) magnetic flux
vector control is selected. Note that when the
tuning is started, the motor should be at a
stop.
2) Auto tuning may be made if the motor is
connected with a load (e.g. friction, stationary
load). However, tuning can be made more
accurately as the load is smaller. The turning
accuracy does not change if the inertia is large.
3) For A500 , when "101" (auto tuning is
performed with motor running) is set in Pr. 96
(auto tuning setting/status), note the following:
a) During tuning, torque is not sufficient.
b) Problems should not arise if the motor is run
up to nearly the rated motor frequency
( Pr. 84 setting).
c) The brake should be open.
d) The motor should not be run by external
force.

130

4) If "1" (tuning is performed without motor


running) is set in Pr. 96, the motor may run
slightly. Therefore, fix the motor securely with a
mechanical brake, or before tuning, make sure
that there will be no problem in safety if the
motor runs.
*This instruction must be followed especially for
vertical lift applications.
Note that if the motor runs slightly, tuning
performance is unaffected.
5) Auto tuning will not be performed properly if it
is performed when the optional noise reducing
reactor (FR-BOL) or surge voltage suppression
filter (FR-ASF-H) is connected between the
inverter and motor. Remove them before
starting tuning.

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SPECIFICATIONS
Computer programming
(1) Communication protocol
Data communication between the computer and inverter is
performed using the following procedure:

*1.If a data error is detected and a retry


must be made, execute retry operation
from the user program. The inverter
comes to an alarm stop if the number of
consecutive retries exceeds the
parameter setting.
*2.On receipt of a data error occurrence, the
inverter returns retry data 3 to the
computer again. The inverter comes to
an alarm stop if the number of
consecutive data errors reaches or
exceeds the parameter setting.

Data read
Computer
(Data flow)

*2
1)

Inverter

4)
2)

Inverter
(Data flow)

5)
Time

3)

*1
Data write

Computer

(2) Communication operation presence/absence and data format types


Communication operation presence/absence and data format types are as follows:
No.
1)
2)

3)

4)

5)

Run
Running Parameter Inverter
Parameter
Monitoring
Command Frequency
Write
Reset
Read

Operation
Communication request is sent to the inverter in
accordance with the user program.
Inverter data processing time
No error
Request
Reply data from the inverter
accepted
(Data 1 is checked for error)
With error
Request
rejected
Computer processing delay time
No error
Answer from computer in response No processing
to reply data 3
With error
(Data 3 is checked for error)
data
3 is output

A'

Present

Present

Present

Absent

Present

Present

Absent

E
E'

Absent

Absent

Absent

Absent

Absent

Absent

Absent

Absent

Absent

Absent

Absent

Absent

Absent

(3) Data format


Hexadecimal data is used.
Data is automatically transferred in ASCII between the computer and inverter.
Data format types
1) Communication request data from computer to inverter
[Data format]
Format A

*3
ENQ
1

Format A'

[Data read]
Format B

*3
ENQ
1
*3
ENQ
1

Inverter
station
number
2

Inverter
station
number
2

Inverter
station
number
2

*5
Instruction
Waiting
code
time
4

*5
Instruction
Waiting
code
time
4

Data
7

*5
Instruction Waiting
code
time
4

Sum
check

Data

Sum
check

Sum
check

*4

Note: 1. The inverter station numbers may be set


between H00 and H1F (stations 0 and 31)
in hexadecimal.
2. *3 indicates the control code.
3. *4 indicates the CR or LF code.
When data is transmitted from the
computer to the inverter, codes CR
(carriage return) and LF (line feed) are
automatically set at the end of a data group
on some computers. In this case, setting

136

10

10

11

12

*4

13 Number of characters

*4
11 Number of characters

Number of characters

must also be made from the inverter


according to the computer.
Also, the presence and absence of the CR
and LF codes can be selected using
Pr. 124.
4. *5 When Pr. 123 "waiting time setting"
9999, Create the communication request
data with no "waiting time" in the data
format.
(The number of characters decreases by 1.)

SPECIFICATIONS
2) Reply data from inverter to computer during data write
[No data error detected]

[Data error detected]


Inverter
station
number

*3
ACK

Format C

*4

Format D

4 Number of characters

Inverter
station
number

*3
NAK
1

Error
code

*4

Number of characters

3) Reply data from inverter to computer during data read


[No data error detected]

*3
STX

Format E

1
*3
STX

Format E'

[Data error detected]

Inverter
station
number
2

Inverter
station
number
2

*3
ETX

Read data
5

Read
data

*3
ETX

Sum
check
7

Sum
check
9

10

Format F

*4
11

*3
NAK

*4
9

Number of characters

Inverter
station
number
2

Error
code

*4

4) Reply data from computer to inverter during data read


[No data error detected]
Format G

*3
ACK
1

[Data error detected]


Inverter
station
number

*4

Format H
Number of characters

*3
NAK
1

Inverter
station
number

*4

Number of characters

(4) Data definitions


3) Instruction code
Specify the processing request (e.g. operation,
monitoring) given by the computer to the
inverter. Hence, the inverter can be run and
monitored in various ways by specifying the
instruction code as appropriate.

1) Control codes
Signal ASCII Code
STX

H02

Description
Start of Text (Start of data)

ETX

H03

End of Text (End of data)

ENQ

H05

Enquiry (Communication request)

ACK

H06

Acknowledge (No data error detected)

LF

H0A

Line Feed

CR

H0D

Carriage Return

NAK

H15

Negative Acknowledge
(Data error detected)

4) Data
Indicates the data such as frequency and
parameters transferred to and from the inverter.
The definitions and ranges of set data are
determined in accordance with the instruction
codes.
5) Waiting time
Specify the waiting time between the receipt of
data at the inverter form the computer and the
transmission of reply data. Set the waiting time
in accordance with the response time of the
computer between 0 and 150ms in 10ms
increments (e.g. 1 = 10ms, 2 = 20ms).

2) Inverter station number


Specify the station number of the inverter
which communicates with the computer.

Computer

Inverter

Inverter data processing time


= waiting time
+ data check time
(set value 10ms)
(12ms)

Inverter

Computer

137

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SPECIFICATIONS

No.

Instruction
Code

Item

Number of
Data Digits

Description
When setting the programmed operation (data code H3D to H5A, HBD to
HAD) parameters

12

Second
parameter
changing
(Code
FF = 1)

Read

Write

H6C

HEC

H00: Running frequency


H01: Time
H02: Rotation direction

6 3 3 8
Time (Min.) Min. (s)

2 digits

When setting the bias and gain (data code H5E to H6A, HDE to HED)
parameters.
H00: Offset/gain
H01: Analog
H02: Analog value of terminal

(7) Error code List


The corresponding error code in the following list is displayed if an error is detected in any communication
request data form the computer.
Error
Code

Item

H0

Computer NAK error

The number of errors consecutively detected in communication


request data from the computer is greater than allowed number
of retry times.

H1

Parity error

The parity check result does not match the specified parity.

H2

Sum check error

The sum check code in the computer does not match that of the
data received by the inverter.

H3

Protocol error

Data received by the inverter is in the wrong protocol, data


receive is not completed within the given time, or CR and LF are
not as set in the parameter.

H4

Framing error

The stop bit length is not as specified.

H5

Overrun error

New data has been sent by the computer before the inverter
completes receiving the preceding data.

H6

H7

Character error

Definition

The character received is invalid (other than 0 to 9, A to F,


control code).

Inverter Operation

Brought to an alarm stop


(E.PUE) if error occurs
continuously more than the
allowable number of retry
times.

Does not accept receive


data but is not brought to
alarm stop.

H8

H9

HA

Mode error

Parameter write was attempted in other than the computer link


operation mode or during inverter operation.

HB

Instruction code
error

The specified command does not exist.

HC

Data range error

Invalid data has been specified for parameter write, frequency


setting, etc.

Does not accept or receive


data but is not brought to
alarm stop.

HD

HE

HF

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SPECIFICATIONS

1.6.34 User group selection [ Pr. 160,173 to 176]


From among all parameters, a total of 32 parameters
can be registered to two different user groups.
The registered parameters may only be accessed for
reading and writing. Other parameters than those
registered to the user groups cannot be read.
By setting the required value in Pr. 160, the user
groups can be made valid or invalid.

COMMON

Pr. 160
Setting

Description

All parameters can be accessed for reading


and writing (Factory setting)

Parameters registered to user group 1 may


only be accessed for reading and writing.

10

Parameters registered to user group 2 may


only be accessed for reading and writing.

11

Parameters registered to user groups 1 and 2


may only be accessed for reading and writing.

Use the following parameters to register and delete user groups:


Parameter
Number

Function Name

Setting Range

173

User group 1 registration

174

User group 1 deletion

175

User group 2 registration

176

User group 2 deletion

Remarks

Factory Setting

0 to 999

0 to 999, 9999

9999: Batch deletion

0 to 999

0 to 999, 9999

9999: Batch deletion

(1) Parameter registration to user group (when registering Pr. 3 to user group 1)
Flickering
Pr. 173 reading

PU

REV

FWD

3)

CONTROL PANEL

FR-DU04

SET

MON

EXT

PU

REV

FWD

1.5 s
4)

CONTROL PANEL

Hz
A
V

Hz
A
V
MON

.....

EXT

FR-DU04

EXT

PU

REV

FWD

FR-DU04

The number of parameters


registered for user setting
appears.

5)

CONTROL PANEL

FR-DU04

CONTROL PANEL

Hz
A
V

SET

MON

EXT

PU

REV

FWD

Hz
A
V
MON

Pr. 3 is registered to user


group 1.

Using the [UP/DOWN] key,


choose the parameter number
to be registered.

EXT

PU

REV

FWD

.....

Hz
A
V
MON

2)

CONTROL PANEL

.....

FR-DU04

.....

1)

Using the [UP/DOWN] key,


move to the next parameter
to be registered.
Using the [SET] key, make
registration.

(2) Parameter deletion from user group (when deleting Pr. 5 from user group 1)
Flickering

CONTROL PANEL

Hz
A
V
EXT
REV

PU
FWD

FR-DU04

CONTROL PANEL

3)

FR-DU04

CONTROL PANEL

Hz
A
V

SET

MON

EXT
REV

PU
FWD

Hz
A
V
MON

.....

MON

2)

The number of parameters


registered for user setting
appears.

EXT
REV

PU
FWD

Pr. 77, Pr. 160 and Pr. 991 values can


always be read independently of the user
group setting.
2. When Pr. 173 or Pr. 174 is read, the
number of parameters registered to user
group 1 appears. When Pr. 175 or Pr. 176
is read, the number of parameters
registered to user group 2 appears.

154

FR-DU04

CONTROL PANEL

5)

FR-DU04

CONTROL PANEL

Hz
A
V

SET

MON

Using the [UP/DOWN] key,


choose the parameter number
to be deleted.

Note: 1.

1.5 s
4)

EXT
REV

PU
FWD

.....

FR-DU04

.....

1)

Pr. 5 is deleted from user


group 1.

Hz
A
V
MON

EXT
REV

PU
FWD

.....

Pr. 174 reading

Using the [UP/DOWN] key,


choose the parameter to be
deleted.
Using the [SET] key, make
deletion.

3. "0" set in the second digit of the 2-digit


Pr. 160 setting is not displayed. However,
it is displayed when "0" is set in the first
digit only.
4. When "9999" is set in Pr. 174 or Pr. 176,
the parameters registered to the
corresponding user group is batch-deleted.

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SELECTION

Acceleration/Deceleration Time of the Motor

To suppress the motor starting current within the


overload capacity of the inverter, start the motor at a
low frequency (factory set to 0.5Hz) and increase the
frequency little by little. When the motor is
decelerated from the set frequency, gradually
decrease the frequency to prevent the DC bus
voltage from being increased excessively by the
regenerative energy from the motor. For these
reasons, when the motor is accelerated and
decelerated by the inverter, the acceleration time
and deceleration time between zero and the
maximum frequency must be set in advance.
(1) Setting the acceleration time and deceleration
time COMMON
The acceleration time and deceleration time set
must be longer than those found from the torque
generated by the inverter-driven motor, the load
2
torque, and the motor and load inertia (GD ).
If the acceleration time setting is too short, the
overcurrent protective function (OC1) is activated
to stop the inverter. If the deceleration time
setting is too short, the overcurrent protective
function (OC3) or regenerative overvoltage
protective function (OV3) is activated to stop the
inverter.
The acceleration or deceleration time (function
number Pr. 7 or Pr. 8) value set from the
parameter unit (PU) is the length of time
between zero and the acceleration/deceleration
reference frequency (function number Pr. 20).
The time required to reach the set frequency can
be calculated by proportion as indicated in
Exercise 1. The frequency is found from the
operating speed and the number of motor poles
by using the formula below, with slip ignored:
Frequency [Hz] =

speed [r/min] number of poles


120

195

COMMON

Exercise 1:
When a four-pole motor is accelerated from 500 to
1000rpm in 10 seconds, acceleration time setting
is as follows (assuming that the acceleration/
deceleration reference frequency is the factory
setting of 60Hz):
t=

1800r/min
10s = 36s
(1000 500)r/min

Hence, the acceleration time ( Pr. 7) is set to 36


seconds.
Acceleration/deceleration reference frequency
(function number Pr. 20)
1800r/min
(60Hz)

1000r/min

500r/min

0r/min
10 seconds

t seconds (acceleration time setting)

Acceleration Time Setting


Note : When the acceleration time or deceleration
time is set without enough examination, set
a long time and check during operation that
the OL display on the parameter unit is not
lit.
When this display is not lit, reduce the set
value and make the test again. Repeat this
operation until the optimum acceleration or
deceleration time is obtained.

chapter 2

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SELECTION

40
37

20

50

Input power supply 200-220V/60Hz


(when the motor's rated torque at 60Hz is 100%)

100

85
75

Torque (%)
(60Hz reference)

Torque (%)
(50Hz reference)

Input power supply 200V/50Hz or 400V/50Hz


(when the motor's rated torque at 50Hz is 100%

90

48
45

120

20

Frequency (Hz)

120

60
Frequency (Hz)

Continuous Duty Operation Rnge


Note : The usable operation range is between 6Hz and 120Hz (90Hz or less for the 15kW 4P, 90Hz or less
for the 22kW 4P (indoors), and 60Hz or less for the 22kW 4P (outdoors) and 30kW 4P or more).

2.3.8

Geared Motors

Geared motors differ in the continuous-duty speed


range according to the lubrication system and
manufacturer. Particularly with oil lubrication,
continuous operation only in the low speed range
can cause gear seizure. When performing highspeed operation beyond 60Hz, please consult the
manufacturer.
(1) Mitsubishi standard geared motors
The grease-lubricated GM-LJ and H may be used
between low speed and high speed of 70 to
120Hz. The oil-lubricated GM-LJ and AJ are fourpole motors and may be used between 25Hz and
high speed of 65 to 120Hz.
When the motor is inverter-driven, there is no
restriction on the permissible number of start
times as starting impact is lessened.
6
N 2 10 times
Note :Independent of the magnitude of load
inertia, provided that the inverter capacity is
equal to the motor capacity at the standard
setting of the torque boost.

Operable Frequency Range


Frequency Range (Hz)
Motor Capacity 4P
(kW)
Grease lubricated Oil lubricated
0.1
0.2
0.3
0 to 120

3.7

0 to 85

25 to 120

5.5

0 to 75

25 to 120

7.5

0 to 70

0.4
0.75
1.5
2.2

25 to 115

11

25 to 105

15

25 to 95

22

25 to 90

30
37

25 to 70

45
55

25 to 65

75

Note : The above table applies to the range given in


the Mitsubishi geared motor catalog (catalog
No. K-178-7-C0613-F).

210

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SELECTION
Fundamental Wave Currents and Rated
Capacities of Inverters

(c) Conversion of received power voltage into


rated current.
l Rated current converted from received
power voltage
= fundamental wave current symbol 180 \f
"Symbol" \s 10 (200V or
400V/received power voltage) [A]

Fundamental Wave
Current [A]

Motor
Capacity
[kW]

200V

0.4

1.61

0.81

0.57

0.75

2.74

1.37

0.97

1.5

5.50

2.75

1.95

2.2

7.93

3.96

2.81

3.7

13.0

6.5

4.61

5.5

19.1

9.55

6.77

(d) Calculation of outgoing harmonic current of


each degree.
l Outgoing harmonic current
= rated current converted from received
power voltage operation ratio
harmonic content [A]
Note that the harmonic content is as listed
below.

Rated
Capacity
[kVA]

400V

7.5

25.6

12.8

9.07

11

36.9

18.5

13.1
17.6

15

49.8

24.9

18.5

61.4

30.7

21.8

22

73.1

36.6

25.9

30

98.0

49.0

34.7

37

121

60.4

42.8

45

147

73.5

52.1

55

180

89.9

63.7

Harmonic Current Generating Amount with Individual Devices


(Excerpt of appended document to the guideline)
(Unit: %)
Degree
Circuit components

5th

7th

11th

13th

17th

19th

23rd

25th

Without reactor

65

41

8.5

7.7

4.3

3.1

2.6

1.8

With reactor (AC side)

38

14.5

7.4

3.4

3.2

1.9

1.7

1.3

30

13

8.4

5.0

4.7

3.2

3.0

2.2

28

9.1

7.2

4.1

3.2

2.4

1.6

1.4

Three-phase bridge
(capacitor smoothed) With reactor (DC side)
With reactor (AC, DC sides)

3) Specific calculation example.


When a 30kW 400V motor is driven by the
FR-A540-30K inverter
l Fundamental wave current of the motor is
49.0A.
l Rated capacity
= 3 V fundamental wave current
3
conversion coefficient 10
3
= 3 400 49.0 1.0228 10 = 34.7
[kVA]
l 6-pulse equivalent capacity
= rated capacity conversion coefficient (Ki)
= 34.7 3.4 = 118 [kVA]
Since this value exceeds 50 [kVA], the
inverter is covered by the guideline.
Degree

Hence, find the outgoing harmonic current in


the following procedure:
l Rated current converted from received power
voltage
= fundamental wave current
(400V/received power voltage)
= 49.0 400/6600 = 2.97 [A]
l Outgoing harmonic current
= rated current converted from received
power voltage operation ratio
harmonic content [A]
It is derived from the following table.
Assume that the operation ratio is 50%.

5th

7th

11th

13th

17th

19th

23rd

25th

Outgoing current [mA]

965

609

126

114

63.9

46.0

38.6

26.7

Maximum outgoing current value


[mA/kW]

3.5

2.5

1.6

1.3

1.0

0.9

0.76

0.70

If the contract power is less than 982/3.5 = 276kW, harmonic suppression techniques are required.

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SELECTION

2.7.2

Heat generated by inverter and related devices


Heat Generated by Inverter and Related Devices

High Power Factor Converter


Power
Power Factor Power Factor
(Note 1)
Surge
Return
Improving DC Improving AC
A500
E500
Motor
Suppression
Converter
Reactor
Reactor
Capacity
Filter
100V,
(Note 1) FR-HCL01 FR-HCL02 FR-HC
(Note 2)
(Note 2)
[kW]
FR-ASF-H
200V 400V 200V 400V
FR-RC
FR-BEL
FR-BAL
[W]
[W]
[W]
[W]
class class class class
[W]
[W]
[W]
(Note 1)
Inverter-Generated Heat [W]

0.1

16

0.2

20

0.4

55

50

45

40

0.75

70

70

50

55

1.5

110

100

85

90

16

75

2.2

150

150

100

110

15

3.7

230

220

160

180

14

21

129

5.5

310

285

310

260

19

30

7.5

420

390

420

390

65

154

440

25

30

216

11

570

500

31

45

15

700

685

500

100

218

860

36

55

342

18.5

920

830

40

60

22

1120

955

52

65

450

30

1160

1200

1020

163

316

1750

60

90

37

1380

1590

67

110

670

45

1810

1920

95

140

55

2400

2450

1790

234

473

2700

100

170

1010

Note: 1. The values of heat generated by the single-phase 100V class, single-phase 200V class and three-phase 200V class are the
same.
2. The heat generated by the 200V class is the same as that generated by the 400V class.
3. The inverter-generated heat indicated is that of the model having the same capacity as the motor.
4. The heat generated by the FR-A500 series 7.5K or less does not include the heat generated by the built-in brake resistor.

Heat generated by other equipment


l Radio noise filter FR-BIF(-H) : 4W or less
l Line noise filter FR-BLF
: 4W or less
l Line noise filter FR-BSF01
: 4W or less

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3.2 Standard connection Diagrams

COMMON

PRACTICAL CIRCUITS
3.2

Standard Connection Diagrams Common

The circuit diagrams shown in this chapter are reference circuit diagrams used to activate functions.
When designing actual circuits, examine the operations of the machine and system and the rating, safety
interlocks and others devices such as the contactors, relays and other equipment used.

3.2.1 Standard connection diagram of the inverter equipped with


magnetic contactor on primary side (FR-AX manual controller used) COMMON
(Note 1)

Inverter

MC

NFB

Power
supply

R (L1)

Motor

S (L2)

IM

T (L3)

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F
Ground

T
Ready "ON"
"OFF"
PB1
PB2

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MC

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Hz
"SPEED"
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FM
VRN
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SD

SD1
"FWD"
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STF

"REV"
STR

STR

10
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10

VRS
5

Note: 1. This magnetic contactor is provided to prevent an automatic restart when power is restored after a
power failure. Use the start signal (ON-OFF across terminals STF-SD, STR-SD) to make a start
and stop.
2. The inverter stops when both signals of the STF and STR terminals turn off.
3. Provide a control transformer when the power supply is 400V class.
4. When the motor shaft inertia is small, for example, this circuit may be omitted by utilizing the
current limit function of the inverter.

266

chapter 3

(Coasting interlock timer)

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PRACTICAL CIRCUITS

3.6.3 Commercial power supply inverter switch-over operation [when


commercial power supply inverter switch-over sequence is used] A500
Relay output inboard option is used (Note 2)
MC2 OCR

Note: Before making connection,


ensure that the phase rotation
of the commercial power supply
is in RST sequence.

S
T

Power
supply

(Note 4)

Inverter

MC1

NFB

MC3
R (L1)

Motor

S (L2)

IM

T (L3)

R1

Commercial power supply


Inverter
Reverse rotation

S1

Inboard
option
FR-A5AR

CS

1A

1A

MRS

1C

STF

2A

OH

2C

SD

3A

3A

3C

3C

Inverter start
2A

OCR

Related parameters
Restart functions, Pr. 57, Pr. 58
Reset selection, Pr. 75
Commercial power supply-inverter
switch-over sequence selection, Pr. 135
MC change-over interlock time, Pr. 136
Start waiting time, Pr. 137
Alarm-time commercial power
supply-inverter switch-over, Pr. 138
Automatic inverter-commercial
power supply switch-over, Pr. 139

T (Note 6)
Ground

10

F
Frequency setting
potentiometer
2W1k

3C

MC3

1A
2A

MC2

Commercial power supply

MC1

Inverter input side

MC3

Inverter output side

MC2

3A

Note: 1. When the inverter protective function is activated, reset the inverter by turning off the main breaker
once or shorting the inverter reset terminal (RES) and (SD).
2. Operation may be performed without the inboard option. In this case, however, a 24VDC power
supply is required to drive the magnetic contactors.
3. For switch-over from commercial power supply operation to inverter operation, the motor coasting
speed is automatically detected to continue operation without stopping the motor. In this case, note
that a value other than 9999 should be set to the function of automatic restart after instantaneous
power failure ( Pr. 57, Pr. 58) of the inverter.
4. The MC1 and MC2 must be mechanically interlocked.
5. If an alarm occurs during inverter operation, inverter operation can be automatically changed over
to commercial power supply operation. ( Pr. 138)
6. Provide a control transformer when the power supply is 400V class.

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