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WIND '97 UBC


V_basic
Exposure
I
Cq
h_slab

36
B
1
0.80
2.00

mph

basic wind speed per customer specifications


2 Exposure and gust factor coefficient B or C 16-G
unitless importance factor 16-K
unitless pressure coefficient from Table 16-H
ft
from grade to foundation interface to top of foundation

P = Ce * C q * q s * I
16-F qs WIND STAGNATION PRESSURE at STANDARD HEIGHT of 33'
Speed mph
70.0
80.0
90.0
100.0
110.0
120.0
qs psf
12.6
16.4
20.8
25.6
31.0
36.9
qs

3.3 psf

wind stagnation pressure, std ht 33', 16-G

16-K OCCUPANCY CATEGORY


I_E
I_Ep
1.25
1.5
1.25
1.5
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
Hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide all
qualify as hazardous materials. This requires a
higher importance factor.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

ESSENTIAL FACILITIES
HAZARDOUS FACILITIES
SPECIAL OCCUPANCY
STANDARD OCCUPANCY
GROUP U

I_Wind
1.15
1.15
1.0
1.0
1.0

16-H Cq PRESSURE COEFFICIENTS


Chimneys, tanks, solid towers
Square or Rectangular
1.4
Hexagonal or octagonal
1.1
Round or elliptical
0.8

16-G Ce COMBINED HEIGHT, EXPOSURE, and


GUST FACTOR COEFFICIENT
HEIGHT
Exp_D
Exp_C
Exp_B w/o Cq with Cq
400
2.34
2.19
1.80
6.0
4.8
300
2.23
2.05
1.63
5.4
4.3
200
2.10
1.87
1.42
4.7
3.8
160
2.02
1.79
1.31
4.4
3.5
120
1.93
1.67
1.20
4.0
3.2
100
1.88
1.61
1.13
3.8
3.0
80
1.81
1.53
1.04
3.5
2.8
60
1.73
1.43
0.95
3.2
2.5
40
1.62
1.31
0.84
2.8
2.2
30
1.54
1.23
0.76
2.5
2.0
25
1.50
1.19
0.72
2.4
1.9
20
1.45
1.13
0.67
2.2
1.8
15
1.39
1.06
0.62
2.1
1.7
top of foundation
anchor bolt interface
bottom of foundation
soil/foundation interface

130.0
43.3

150.0
57.6

175.0 basic wind speed


78.4 0.00256 * basic_wind_speed2 mph

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Wind
EXHAUST STACK

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Figure 21-1 Graduated wind force acting on a structure.

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Wind
EXHAUST STACK

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WIND OVERTURNING -- INCREMENTAL MOMENTS


Heights are taken from the top of the footing
ABOUT X-Axis
ht 1
ht 2
width
HEIGHT
q psf from bot
to top along X
400
4.8
300
400
0
300
4.3
200
300
0
200
3.8
160
200
0
160
3.5
120
160
0
120
3.2
100
120
0
100
3.0
80
100
0
80
2.8
60
80
3.5
60
2.5
40
60
3.5
40
2.2
30
40
3.5
30
2.0
25
30
3.5
25
1.9
20
25
3.5
20
1.8
15
20
3.5
15
1.7
0
15
3.5

To the TOP of the footing


force
arm
Mot
about x about x about x
0.00 350.00
0.0
0.00 250.00
0.0
0.00 180.00
0.0
0.00 140.00
0.0
0.00 110.00
0.0
0.00
90.00
0.0
0.19
70.00
13.6
0.18
50.00
8.9
0.08
35.00
2.7
0.04
27.50
1.0
0.03
22.50
0.8
0.03
17.50
0.5
0.09
7.50
0.7
0.64 k

HEIGHT
400
300
200
160
120
100
80
60
40
30
25
20
15

q psf
4.8
4.3
3.8
3.5
3.2
3.0
2.8
2.5
2.2
2.0
1.9
1.8
1.7

width
along X
0
0
0
0
0
0
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5

28.1 k-ft top

To the TOP of the footing


force
arm
Mot
about x about x about x
0.00 350.00
0.0
0.00 250.00
0.0
0.00 180.00
0.0
0.00 140.00
0.0
0.00 110.00
0.0
0.00
90.00
0.0
0.19
70.00
13.6
0.18
50.00
8.9
0.08
35.00
2.7
0.04
27.50
1.0
0.03
22.50
0.8
0.03
17.50
0.5
0.09
7.50
0.7
0.64 k

To the BOTTOM of the footing


arm
Mot
about x about x
352.00
0.0
252.00
0.0
182.00
0.0
142.00
0.0
112.00
0.0
92.00
0.0
72.00
14.0
52.00
9.2
37.00
2.9
29.50
1.0
24.50
0.8
19.50
0.6
9.50
0.8

1376.00

ABOUT Y-Axis
ht 1
ht 2
from bot
to top
300
400
200
300
160
200
120
160
100
120
80
100
60
80
40
60
30
40
25
30
20
25
15
20
0
15

29.4 k-ft bottom

To the BOTTOM of the footing


arm
Mot
about x about x
352.00
0.0
252.00
0.0
182.00
0.0
142.00
0.0
112.00
0.0
92.00
0.0
72.00
14.0
52.00
9.2
37.00
2.9
29.50
1.0
24.50
0.8
19.50
0.6
9.50
0.8

28.1 k-ft top


1376.00

29.4 k-ft bottom

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Wind
EXHAUST STACK

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323284328.xls

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Figure 21-2 FOUNDATION SIGNS

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Wind
EXHAUST STACK

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ENGINEERING with the SPREADSHEET

323284328.xls

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VERIFICATION OF TABLE VALUES


Determine if published coefficients of C e create a
smooth line and if these values can generate a formula.
Published Table Values
Gust Factor Coefficient Ce
HEIGHT
400
300
200
160
120
100
80
60
40
30
25
20
15

Exp_D
2.34
2.23
2.10
2.02
1.93
1.88
1.81
1.73
1.62
1.54
1.50
1.45
1.39

Exp_C
2.19
2.05
1.87
1.79
1.67
1.61
1.53
1.43
1.31
1.23
1.19
1.13
1.06

Exp_B
1.80
1.63
1.42
1.31
1.20
1.13
1.04
0.95
0.84
0.76
0.72
0.67
0.62

2.50

Column B
Power (Column B)
Power (Column B)
Column C
Power (Column C)
Column D
Power (Column D)

f(x) = 0.8987360715 x^0.1597112381


R
f(x)==0.9998331481
0.5823801619 x^0.2205804969
R = 0.9998473984

2.00

f(x) = 0.2519702687 x^0.326243409


R = 0.9994637954

1.50

1.00

0.50

0.00
0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

HEIGHT

Figure 21-3

TABLE VALUES

Calculation: Wind Pressure versus Velocity

Ce

Gust Factor Coefficient

Cq

pressure coefficient

V wind
P wind

velocity of wind, miles/hour


pressure of wind, Lbs./ft

Qs

wind stagnation pressure at standard height

qs

wind pressure at a designated height, Lbs./ft


importance factor

P wind

35.6 mph
3.3 lb/ft2

0.00257 * (V miles/hour)2

V_basic basic wind speed, miles/hour


Exposure Exposure and gust factor coefficient B, C, or D

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Wind
EXHAUST STACK

21

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323284328.xls

Copyright 2006 American Society of Civil Engineers


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Christy
10:08
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sic_wind_speed2 mph

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10:08
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OM of the footing

row 80

row 90
k-ft bottom

OM of the footing

row 100

row 110
k-ft bottom

row 120

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Christy
10:08
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row 130

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Christy
10:08
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323284328.xls
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#REF!

Column B
Power (Column B)
Power (Column B)
Column C
Power (Column C)
Column D #REF!
Power (Column D)

row 143
450

row 170

ure at standard height

ignated height, Lbs./ft

tor coefficient B, C, or D

row 180

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