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PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY & MATHEMATICS

Class

I IIT-JEE Achiever 2016-17


Test 01

Date

Solutions to Main
PART I - PHYSICS
Basic expressions for some Physical Quantities
Physical Quantity

Symbol

Definition / expression

Volume

length breadth height

Density

mass / volume

Velocity

v, u

displacement per unit time

Acceleration

change in velocity per unit time

Force

mass acceleration

Work

force displacement

Energy

E,U,K

capacity to do work

Power

work done per unit time

Momentum

mass velocity

Gravitational constant

FG

Angle

m1m 2
r2

arc length / radius

Angular velocity

angle described per unit time

Latent heat

Heat
Mass

Angular momentum

linear momentum perpendicular distance

Moment of inertia

mass (radius of gyration)2

Torque

force perpendicular distance

Stress

force / area

Strain

change in length / original length

Youngs modulus

stress / strain

Surface tension

force / length

Pressure
Coefficient of viscosity

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P, p

force / area
Force = (Area)

velocity
distance

25-06-2016

Physical Quantity

Symbol

Definition / expression

Specific heat capacity

heat / (mass change in temperature)

Heat

a form of energy

Charge

Q, q

Universal gas constant

current time
PV = RT
change in pressure
length

Pressure gradient
Electrical Potential (voltage)

electric energy / charge


Rate of heat flow

Thermal conductivity

k
= (Thermal conductivity) (Area)
2

Temperature
Distance
2

Absolute permittivity

Force = [1/(4 0 )] (charge) /(distance)

Permeability in vacuum

0 0 = 1 / (speed of light)2

Plancks constant

h = Energy/frequency, frequency = 1 / time

Power factor

cos

Impulse

Change in momentum

Multiple choice questions with one correct alternative

1. A cube has side 1.2 102 m. Its volume will be recorded as


(A) 1.728 106 m3
(B) 1.72 106 m3
(C) 1.7 106 m3
Ans (C)
v l 3 1.728 106
Length has two significant figure v = 1.7 106 m3

(D) 0.72 106 m3

2. Which of the following is a possible dimensionless quantity? (Gradient means change per unit length)
(A) Velocity gradient
(B) Pressure gradient
(C) Displacement gradient
(D) Force gradient
Ans (C)
LT 1
Velocity gradient =
T 1
L
Pressure gradient = [ML2T2]
L 0
Displacement gradient =
L
L
Force gradient =

MLT 2
L

MT 2

Thus, (C) is a possible dimensionless quantity.


3. In the experiment of verification of Ohms law the error in the current (I) measurement is 1%, while that
in the voltage (V) measurement is 2%. The error in the resistance (R) has a maximum value of (V = IR)
(A) 1%
(B) 2%
(C) 3%
(D) none of these

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Ans (C)
V
R=
I
R
I
V

100
100
100
V

R
I
= 2% + 1% = 3%
ab 2
. If the maximum percentage
c3
error in a, b and c are 1%, 3% and 2% respectively, the maximum percentage error in x will be
(A) 13%
(B) 17%
(C) 14%
(D) 11%
Ans (A)
ab 2
x= 3
c
a
x
2b
3c

100%
100
100
100

x
b
c
a

4. An experiment measures quantities a, b, c and x is calculated from x

= [1% + (2 3%) + (3 2%)] = 13%


5. Three measurements 7.1 J, 7.2 J and 6.7 J are made as experiment the result with correct number of
significant figures is
(A) 7.1 J
(B) 7.06 J
(C) 7.0 J
(D) 7J
Ans (C)
7.1 J 7.2 J 6.7 J
True value =
7.0 J
3
[In addition, decimal places of the result is same as that number with least number of decimal places]
6. If P represents radiation pressure, c represents speed of light and Q represents radiation energy striking a
unit area per second, then non-zero integers x, y and z, such that Px Qy cz is dimensionless, may be
(A) x = 1, y = 1, z = 1
(B) x = 1, y = 1, z = 1
(C) x = 1, y = 1, z = 1
(D) x = 1, y = 1, z = 1
Ans (B)
x

MLT 2 ML2 T 2
1 z
[M L T ] =
2
LT
2
L LT
= M x y L x z T 2x 3y z
x y 0, x z 0, 2x 3y z 0
x y,
x z,
0 0 0

x 1,

y 1

z 1

Satisfies the above equation


7. A spherical ball of mass m and radius r is allowed to fall in a medium of viscosity . The time in which
the velocity of the body increases from zero to 0.63 times the terminal velocity is called time constant
(). Dimensionally can be represented by (g is acceleration due to gravity)
mr 2
6mr
m
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D) none of these
2
6
g
6r
Ans (C)
ma rb c

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[T] = k[M]a [L]b [ML1T1]c


[T] = M

a c

L b c T c

c = 1, a + c = 0,
a=1
m
T=
is possible
6r

bc=0
b = c = 1

8. The value of resistance is 10.845 and current is 3.23 A. On multiplying them, we get potential
difference 35.02935 V. The value of potential difference reported would be
(A) 35 V
(B) 35.0 V
(C) 35.029 V
(D) 35.03 V
Ans (B)
Final result should contain 3 significant figures.
9. The distance covered by a body in time (5.0 0.6)s is (40.0 0.4)m. Calculate the percentage error in
speed.
(A) 12%
(B) 13%
(C) 14%
(D) 15%
Ans (B)
Speed v = 8 ms1
v 0.4 0.6

0.13
v 40.0 5.0
v
Percentage error =
100 13%
v
10. A force F is given by F = at + bt2, where t is time. What are dimensions of a and b?
(A) MLT3 and MLT4
(B) MLT3 and ML2T4 (C) MLT1 and MLT0 (D) MLT4 and MLT
Ans (A)
a[T] = [MLT2] a = [MLT3]
b[T2] = [MLT2] b = [MLT4]
11. Force F is given in terms of time t and distance x by F = A sin Ct + B cos Dx. Dimensions of
are
(A) [M0L0T0], [M0L0T1]
(C) [M0L0T0], [M0LT1]
Ans (C)
A force

[M 0 L0 T 0 ]
B force
angle
Ct = angle C
T 1
time

A
C
and
B
D

(B) [MLT2], [M0L1T0]


(D) [M0L1T1], [M0L0T0]

C
[M 0 LT 1 ]
D
2
12. The time dependence of a physical quantity P is given by P P0 e t , where is a constant and t is

Dx = angle D = L1

time. The constant is


(A) dimensionless
(C) has dimensions of P
Ans (B)
[t2] = M0L0T0 [] = T2
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(B) has dimensions of T2


(D) has dimensions of T2

13. The relative density of a material of a body is found by weighing it first in air and then in water. the
weight of the body in air is W1 = 8.00 0.05 N and weight in water is W2 = 6.00 0.05 N, relative
W1
density, r
, with maximum permissible error is
W1 W2
(A) 4.00 0.62%
Ans (D)

(B) 4.00 0.82%

(C) 4.00 3.2%

(D) 4.00 5.62%

W1
8.00
, i.e.,
4.00
(W1 W2 )
8.00 6.00
r
W1
W1 W2
100
100
100 = 5.62%
r
W1
W1 W2

Relative density is r

r = 4.00 5.62%
14. The ratio of MKS and CGS units of the coefficient of viscosity is
(A) 10
(B) 102
(C) 101
Ans (A)
kg
The MKS unit of
is kg m1 s1
ms
g
The CGS of
is g cm1 s1
cms
MKS kg cms

CGS ms
g

(D) 102

MKS 103 g cm s

10
CGS 100 cm s g
15. Which of the following pairs have the same dimensions?
(A) Pressure, stress and force
(B) Work, power and power factor
(C) Impulse and momentum
(D) Force, impulse and momentum
Ans (C)
Impulse = change in momentum
So, the dimensions of impulse and momentum are the same.
2ct
2x
16. The equation of the stationary wave is y 2a sin
cos
. Which of the following statements


is wrong?
(A) The unit of ct is same as that of
(B) The unit of x is same as that of
2c
2x
c
x
(C) The unit of
is same as that of
(D) The unit of
is same as that of

Ans (D)
2ct
2x
Here,
as well as
are dimensionless (angle)

2ct 2x
i.e.,

M 0 L0 T 0


So, (i) unit of ct is same as that of
(ii) unit of x is same as that of
x
c
2c 2x
(iii)

and
(iv)
is unit less but this is not the case with

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17. In C.G.S. system the magnitude of a force is 100 dyne. In another system where the fundamental
physical quantities are kilogram, metre and minute, the magnitude of the force is
(A) 0.036
(B) 0.36
(C) 3.6
(D) 36
Ans (C)
n1 = 100, M1 = 1 g, L1 = 1 cm, T1 = 1 sec and M2 = 1 kg, L2 = 1 meter, T2 = 1 minute
By substituting these values in the following conversion formula
a

M L T
n 2 n1 1 1 1 where a = 1, b = 1, c = 2
M 2 L 2 T2
1

1g 1 cm 1 s
n 2 =100

1 kg 1 meter 1 minute
1

1 g 1 cm 1 s
n 2 100 3 2

3.6
10 g 10 cm 60 s

18. If force (F), velocity (v), angular momentum (Q) are taken as fundamental units, what is the dimensional
formula for time? (Angular momentum = distance times linear momentum).
1

(B) Fv 2 Q

(A) FvQ

(C) FvQ 2

(D) F 2 v 2 Q 2

Ans (D)
Let Time = k [F]x [v]y [Q]z
T = [MLT2]x [LT1]y [ML2 T1]z
Equating powers of M, L and T, we get
0=x+z
0 = x + y + 2z
1 = 2x y z
1
1 1
x ; y ;
2
2 2

So, [Time] = F 2 v 2 Q 2
19. Dimensional analysis gives
(A) no information about dimensionless constants
(B) information about dimensionless constants
(C) information about dimensionless constants if quantity does not depend upon more than three
variables
(D) information about dimensionless constants if quantity depends upon single variable
Ans (A)
See drawbacks of dimensional analysis.
20. The velocity, acceleration and force in two systems of units are related to each other as under
1
2
(i) v
v
(ii) a = ()a
(iii) F
F


where all the primed symbols belong to one system of units and the unprimed symbols belong to the
other system of units. Here and are dimensionless constants. The standard of length in each of these
two systems are related to each other as
4
2
3

(A) l 4 l
(B) l l
(C) l 2 l
(D) l 3 l




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Ans (D)
2
l 2 l
Further v v
t t

2 t
2
l l l 2 l
t

3
l 3 l .

So (D) is correct
21. The internal and external diameters of a hollow cylinder are measured with a vernier calipers and values
are (4.23 0.01) cm and (3.27 0.01) cm respectively. The thickness of the wall of the cylinder?
(A) (0.36 0.02) cm
(B) (0.18 0.02) cm
(C) (0.36 0.01) cm
(D) (0.18 0.01) cm
Ans (D)
2 thickness(t )= external diameter internal diameter
t = (0.36 0.02) cm
t t

Thickness (t) = (0.18 0.01)cm from



t
t

22. When a copper sphere is heated, maximum relative change is observed in which of these. Assume mass
to be exact
(A) radius
(B) surface area
(C) volume
(D) none of these
Ans (C)
4
Volume V r 3
3
V
r
3
(maximum)
V
r
A 2r V
Area A = 4r2

A
r
V
23. Maximum errors in measurement of length, diameter and mass of a cylinder are 1 %, 2 % and 3 %
respectively. Maximum percentage error in value of density of the cylinder
(A) 3.9 %
(B) 4.9 %
(C) 3 %
(D) 5.1 %
Ans (D)
m
Density () = 2
r l
r d

r
d
m 2r l
100

100 1 2 0.1 5.1%

r
l
m
24. Which of the following is a correct representation of a measurement of 7.60 m?
(A) 7600 mm
(B) 0.0076 km
(C) 760 cm
(D) 0.76 dm
Ans (C)
Significant figures in a measurement does not change with change in units.

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25. If electronic charge (e), mass of an electron (m), speed of light in vacuum (c) and Plancks constant (h)
are taken as fundamental physical quantities, permeability of vacuum (0) can be expressed in units of
hc
h
h
me 2
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
me 2
me 2
ce2
hc 2
Ans (C)
1 1
[h] [ML2 T 1 ], [0 ] 2
c 0
2
2
1 [MLT 2 ][L2 ]
1 [MLT ][L ]

;
[


0
c2
[e 2 ]
[e 2 ]

0

[ML2 T 1 ]
[c][e2 ]

2 1
h [ML T ]
2
[c][e 2 ]
ce

26. A student uses a simple pendulum of exactly 1 m length, to determine g, the acceleration due to gravity.
He uses a stop watch with a least count of 1 second for this and records 40 seconds for 20 oscillations.
For this observation, which of the following statement is true?
(A) error t in measuring total time is 0.5 seconds
(B) error T in measuring T, time period is 1 s
(C) percentage accuracy in determination of g is 5 %
(D) percentage accuracy in determination of g is 2.5 %
Ans (C)
40
T
2s
20
T t 1
T
2

0.05s
T
t 40
40 40
42 Ln 2
g
, where t = nT
t2
g 2t
2t

% error
100 5%
g
t
t
27. A student measures the time period of 100 oscillations of a simple pendulum four times. The data set is
90 s, 91 s, 95 s and 92 s. If the minimum division in the measuring clock is 1 s, then the reported mean
time should be:
(A) 92 3s
(B) 92 2 s
(C) 92 5.0 s
(D) 92 1.8 s
Ans (B)
Four measurements T1 = 90 s, T2 = 91 s, T3 = 95 s, T4 = 92 s
T T2 T3 T4
Time value = 1
4
Tm = 92 s
2 1 3 0
Mean absolute error, Tm
1.5 2 s
4
(As least count = 1 s, rounded off to 1 significant figure)
Reported time = Tm Tm = (92 2) s

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Each of the following questions consists of a statement-I and a Statement-II. Examine


both of them and select one of the options using the following codes

(A) Statement-I and Statement-II are true and Statement-II is the correct explanation of Statement-I.
(B) Statement-I and Statement-II are true, but Statement-II is not the correct explanation of
Statement-I
(C) Statement-I is true, but Statement-II is false
(D) Statement-I is false, but Statement-II is true
28. Statement-I: Dimensional constants are the quantities whose values are constant.
Statement-II: Dimensional constants are dimensionless
Ans (C)
Mass
x , the dimensional formula of x is LT2.
Area
Statement-II: Quantities with different dimensions can be multiplied.
Ans (A)

29. Statement-I: In the equation, pressure P

30. Statement-I: Angle is a dimensionless physical quantity.


Statement-II: A dimensionless physical quantity cannot have a unit.
Ans (C)

PART II - CHEMISTRY
[Atomic mass: C = 12, N = 14, O = 16, F = 19, Cl = 35.5, Ca = 20, P = 31, S = 32, Na = 23 and I = 127]
Multiple choice questions with one correct alternative

1. If a neutron is added to an element X, it will get converted to its


(A) isotone
(B) isoelectronic species
(C) isotope
(D) isobar
Ans (C)
2. The following 18 Ar 40, 19K 40, 20Ca40 are examples of
(A) isotopes
(B) isobars
(C) isotones
(D) none of the above
Ans (B)
3. Law of multiple proportions can be illustrated by taking the example of
(A) CO and CO2
(B) Na2O and Na2O2
(C) SO2 and SO3
(D) all of these
Ans (D)
The two compounds used to illustrate the law must contain the same two elements but in different mass
ratios.
4. Compounds X and Y have same empirical formula but different molecular formulae. Which of the
following statements is true?
(A) They differ in % composition.
(B) They have same vapour densities.
(C) They differ in their molecular masses.
(D) Both A and C are correct.
Ans (C)
5. Ammonia is formed by the reaction, N 2(g ) 3H 2(g)
2NH3(g ) . The volume of ammonia formed from
6 litres of nitrogen is
(A) 12 litres
Ans (A)
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(B) 18 litres

(C) 6 litres

(D) 2 litres

6. The mass of CO2 that could be formed by the combustion of 16 g of CH4 with 48 g of O2 is
(A) 44 g
(B) 33 g
(C) 16 g
(D) 24 g
Ans (B)
CH 4 2O 2 CO 2 2H 2 O
16 g

64 g

44 g

16 g of methane combines with 64 g of O2.

16 48
12 g of methane combines with 48 g of O2
64

O2 is the limiting reagent.


64 g of O2 gives 44 g of CO2
48 44
48 g of O2 gives
33 g of CO 2 .
64
7. Specific heat of a metal is 0.16 cal C1 g1. The approximate atomic mass of the metal is
(A) 32
(B) 16
(C) 40
(D) 64
Ans (C)
Apply Dulong and Petit law.
8. The mass of one molecule of the substance is 2.34 1023g. The number of moles of the substance in
14 kg of this substance is
14 10 3
14
(A)
(B)
(C) 2.34
(D) 103
23
23
2.34 10
6 10

9.

10.

11.

12.

Ans (D)
Molecular mass of the substance = 2.34 1023g 6 1023 = 14
1 mol weighs 14 g
1000 mol weighs 14 kg
An element X forms only oxide with formula X2O3 while element Y forms hydride with formula YH2.
The most probable formula of a stable compound between X and Y is
(A) X2Y3
(B) X3Y2
(C) XY
(D) XY2
Ans (A)
Valency of X is 3 and that of Y is 2. Hence, formula is X2Y3.
The hydrogen phosphate of a certain metal has the formula MHPO4. The formula of the metal chloride is
(A) MCl
(B) MCl2
(C) MCl3
(D) M2Cl2
Ans (B)
The metal is divalent.
The mole percentage of oxygen in a mixture containing 14 g of nitrogen, 64 g of oxygen and 66 g of
carbon dioxide is
(A) 50
(B) 40
(C) 60
(D) 36
Ans (A)
Moles of nitrogen is 0.5 (mol mass is 28)
Moles of carbon dioxide is 1.5 (mol mass is 44)
Moles of oxygen is 2 (mol mass is 32)
Total number of moles = 4
Mole % of oxygen is 50
How many carbon atoms are present in 0.35 mol of C6H12O6
(A) 6.023 1023 carbon atoms
(B) 1.26 1023 carbon atoms
(C) 1.26 1024 carbon atoms
(D) 6.023 1024 carbon atoms
Ans (C)

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10

13. A gaseous hydrocarbon gives upon combustion 0.72 g of water and 3.08 g of CO2. The empirical
formula of the hydrocarbon is
(A) C3H4
(B) C6H5
(C) C7H8
(D) C2H4
Ans (C)
14. Which has the maximum number of atoms?
(A) 24 g C (12)
(B) 56 g Fe (56)
(C) 27 g Al (27)
(D) 108 g Ag (108)
Ans (A)
15. An iodized salt contains 0.5% of NaI. A person consumes 3 gm of salt everyday. The number of iodide
ions going into his body everyday is
(A) 104
(B) 6.02 104
(C) 6.02 1019
(D) 6.02 1023
Ans (C)
16. A student does a calculation using her calculator and the number 280.27163 is shown on the display. If
there are actually three significant figures, how should she show the final answer?
(A) 280
(B) 280.3
(C) 2.80 102
(D) 2.80 102
Ans (D)
17. A gaseous mixture contains oxygen and nitrogen in the ratio of 1 : 4 by weight. Therefore, the ratio of
their number of molecules is
(A) 1 : 4
(B) 1 : 8
(C) 7 : 32
(D) 3 : 16
Ans (C)
18. Chlorine exists in two isotopic forms Cl35 and Cl37. The ratio of the % of the Cl35 and Cl37 is
(Given molecular mass of Chlorine is 35.5)
(A) 1 : 1
(B) 2 : 1
(C) 3 : 1
(D) 4 : 5
Ans (C)
19. In hydrogen chloride H = 2.77% Cl = 97.23% in phosphine P = 91.18% and H = 8.82%. In phosphorous
pentachloride P = 22.57% Cl = 77.43% these figures illustrate the law of
(A) reciprocal proportion
(B) multiple proportion
(C) constant proportion
(D) conservation of mass
Ans (A)
20. Rearrange the following (I to IV) in the order of increasing masses
(I) 0.5 mole of O3
(II) 0.5 gm molecule of Nitrogen
(III) 3.011 1023 molecules of O2
(IV) 11.35 L of CO2 at STP
(A) IV < III < II < I
(B) II < III < IV < I
(C) III < II < I < IV
(D) I < II < III < IV
Ans (B)
21. Consider the following reaction
CH4 + 2O2 CO2 + 2H2O
The mass of CO2 formed when 8.0 g of methane is subjected to combustion in excess of air is
(A) 4.4 g
(B) 8.8 g
(C) 22 g
(D) 44 g
Ans (C)
22. The compound in which maximum number of atoms present in 0.1 mole is
(A) Na2CO310H2O
(B) FeSO46H2O
(C) Na4[Fe(CN)6]
(D) C6H12O6
Ans (A)
23. A certain gas of mass 2.5 mg occupies 1.12 mL at STP. The molecular mass of the gas is
(A) 2.5
(B) 5
(C) 50
(D) 25

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11

24.

25.

26.

27.

28.

29.

30.

Ans (C)
2.5 g of the gas occupies 1.12 L at STP. 50 g of the gas occupies 22.4 L at STP.
Vapour density = MM/2
Calculate the number of mol of Ca(HCO3)2 required to get 1.5 mol of CO2 according to the equation
Ca(HCO3)2 + 2HCl CaCl2 + 2CO2 + 2H2O is
(A) 1.0 mol
(B) 1.5 mol
(C) 0.75 mol
(D) 0.5 mol
Ans (C)
Ca(HCO3)2 + 2HCl CaCl2 + 2CO2 + 2H2O
1 mol
2 mol
?
1.5 mol
1. 5
x
0.75 mol
2
A signature made from graphite pencil weighs 12 mg. Number of carbon atoms present in the signature
is [Avogadro number = 6.0 1023]
(A) 6.0 1020
(B) 12 1020
(C) 18.0 1020
(D) 6 1022
Ans (A)
12 103 6.0 1023
Number of carbon atoms =
6.0 1020
12
A gas is found to have the molecular the formula (CO)x. Its vapour density is 70. The value of x
must be
(A) 7
(B) 4
(C) 5
(D) 6
Ans (C)
2 70
x
5
28
If 20% nitrogen is present in a compound, its minimum molecular mass will be
(A) 144
(B) 28
(C) 100
(D) 70
Ans (D)
100 14
Minimum molecular mass =
70
20
Number of moles of atoms present in 1.0 mol of glucose (C6H12O6) is
(A) 6.0 mol
(B) 12.0 mol
(C) 18.0 mol
(D) 24.0 mol
Ans (D)
Among the following compounds the pair having the same percentage composition of all the elements is
(A) HCHO and C6H12O6
(B) C2H5OH and CH3COOH
(C) C2H6 and C2H4
(D) C2H2 and C2H4
Ans (A)
Both have same empirical formula CH2O
If the ratio of masses of oxygen, hydrogen and methane present in a container is 16 : 1 : 8 the ratio of
their moles is
(A) 16 : 2 : 8
(B) 1 : 1 : 1
(C) 8 : 1 : 16
(D) none
Ans (B)
All will contain 0.5 moles

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12

PART III - MATHEMATICS


Multiple choice questions with one correct alternative

1. If A, B, C are three sets and S in the universal set such that n(S) = 900, n(A) = 400, n(B) = 250 and
n(A B) = 150 then n(A B) =
(A) 200
(B) 600
(C) 250
(D) 400
Ans (D)
n(A B) = n(A B) = n(S) n(A B)
= n(S) [n(A) + n(B) n(A B)]
= 900 [400 + 250 150]= 400
2. The minimum number of elements that must be added to R = {(1, 2), (2, 3)} on the subset {1, 2, 3} of
natural numbers so that it becomes an equivalence relation is
(A) 4
(B) 5
(C) 6
(D) 7
Ans (D)
If R is to be extended to become an equivalence relation, clearly the minimum extension will give as
R = {(1, 1), (2, 2), (3, 3), (1, 2), (2, 1), (2, 3), (3, 2), (1, 3), (3, 1)}
Number of elements to be added.
3. Every singleton relation on a set A is always
(A) reflexive
(B) symmetric
(C) transitive
(D) antisymmetric
Ans (C)
To disprove transitivity, we nead atleast two ordered pairs of the form (a, b) and (b, c) without (a, c)
belonging to the given set.
Hence, a singleton relation will be trivially transitive.
4. Let X = {x | x = n3 + 2n + 1, n R} and Y = {x | x = 3n2 + 7, n R}. Then X Y is a subset of
(A) {x | x = 3n + 5, n N}
(B) {x | x = n2 + n + 1, n N}
(C) {x | x = 7n 1, n N}
(D) none of these
Ans (C)
If x X Y, then, n3 + 2n + 1 = 3n2 + 7
n3 3n2 + 2n 6 = 0
n2(n 3) + 2(n 3) = 0
(n2 + 2) (n 3) = 0 n = 3
[ if n2 = 2, then n R]
x = 3n2 + 7 = 3 9 + 7 = 34 = n3 + 2n + 1.
29

Clearly, 34 3n + 5 for any n N then n


3

Similarly, 34 n2 + n + 1, for any N [ at n = 5, it is 31 and at n = 6, it is 43]


X Y {x | 7n 1 = x, n N} [ at n = 5, 7n 1 = 34]
5. The solution of |x 1| < |x 2| is
(A) (1, 2)

(B) (, 1)

(C) (2, )

Ans (D)
|x 1| < |x 2| |x 1|2 < |x 2|2
x2 2x + 1 < x2 4x + 4 2x < 3
3
x
2

II1617PCMT1MS

13

(D) ,
2

6. The solution of

2x 3
3, is
3x 5

5 12
5 12
(A) ,
(B) ,
3 7
3 7
Ans (C)
2x 3
30
3x 5
2x 3 9x 15
0
3x 5
7x 12
7x 12
0
0
3x 5
3x 5
5
12
5
(7x 12) (3x 5) 0 x
But x
3
7
3

5 12
(C) ,
3 7

5 12
(D) ,
3 7

5 12
x ,
3 7
7. The set (A B C) (A B C) C is equal to
(A) B C
(B) B C
(C) A C
(D) C C
Ans (B)
(A B C) (A B C) C
= (A B C) (A B C) C
= [(A A) (B C)] C
= [ (B C)] C = (B C) C
= (B C) (C C) = B C = B C
8. The set of values of x for which the inequality |x 1| + |x + 1| < 4 always holds true, is
(A) (2, 2)
(B) (, 2) (2, ) (C) (, 1] [1, ) (D) none of these
Ans (A)
On the LHS of the given inequation there are two terms |x 1| and |x + 1|. On equating x 1 and x + 1 to
zero, we get x = 1, 1 as critical points. These points divide the real line into the three regions viz.
(, 1), [1, 1] and (1, ). So, we consider the following cases
Case I: When < x < 1
In this case, we have |x 1| = (x 1) and |x + 1| = (x + 1)
|x 1| + |x + 1| < 4
(x 1) (x + 1) < 4 2x < 4 x > 2
But, < x < 1
x (2, 1)
Case II: When 1 x < 1
In this case, we have
|x 1| = (x 1) and |x + 1| = x + 1
|x 1| + |x + 1| < 4
(x 1) + x + 1 < 4
2 < 4, which is true for all x [1, 1)
x [1, 1)
Case III: When 1 x <
|x 1| = x 1 and |x + 1| = x + 1
|x 1| + |x + 1| < 4
x1+x+1<4x<2

II1617PCMT1MS

14

x [1, 2)

1 x

Hence, x (2, 1) [1, 1) [1, 2) or, x (2, 2)


9. N is the set of natural numbers. The relation R is defined on N N as follows
(a, b) R (c, d) a + d = b + c is
(A) reflexive
(B) symmetric
(C) transitive
(D) all of the above
Ans (D)
(i) (a, b) R(a, b) a + b = b + a
R is reflexive
(ii) (a, b) R(c, d) a + d = b + c
c+b=d+a
(c, d) R(a, b)
R is symmetric
(iii) (a, b) R(c, d) and (c, d) R(e, f)
a + d = b + c and c + f = d + e
a+d+c+f=b+c+d+ea+f=b+e
(a, b) R(e, f)
R is transitive
(2x 3)(4 3x) 3 (x 4)
10. The solution of
0 is
(x 2)2 x 5

(A) 0, [4, )
3
4

(C) ,
3

Ans (D)
(2x 3)(3x 4) 3 (x 4)
0
(x 2)2 x 5

(B) [4, )
3 4

(D) , 0, [4, )
2 3

+
0

4
3

+
4

3 4

, 0, [4, )
2 3

11. Consider the following relations;


R = {(x, y) | x, y are real numbers and x = wy for some rational number w}
m p

S , m, n, p and q are integers such that n, q 0 and qm = pn then


n q

(A) R is an equivalence relation but S is not an equivalence relation.


(B) S is an equivalence relation but R is not an equivalence relation.
(C) R and S both are equivalence relations.
(D) Neither R not S is an equivalence relation.
Ans (B)
We have (x, x) R for w = 1 implying that R is reflexive.
For a 0, (a, 0) R for any w but (0, a) R.
Thus R is not symmetric.
Hence R is not an equivalence relation.
m m
As , S since mn = mn, S is reflexive.
n n
II1617PCMT1MS

15

m p
, S qm pn
n q
But this can be written as np = mq
p m
Given , S . Thus S is symmetric
q n
m
Again ,
n
m p
and
n q

p a
p
S and , S means qm = pn and bp = aq
q
q b
p a
m a

(i.e.,)

q b
n b

m a
Thus , S
S is transitive
n b
12. A survey shows that 63% of the Americans like cheese while 76% like apples. If x% of the Americans
like both cheese and apples then,
(A) x 39
(B) x 63
(C) 39 x 63
(D) x 76
Ans (C)
C Set of Americans liking cheese
A Set of Americans liking apples
n (C) = 63, n (A) = 76,
n(X) = 100
n (A C) = x
n (A C) = n (A) + n (C) n (A C)
= 76 + 63 x = 139 x
n (A C) 100
139 x 100
39 x
Also A C A and
ACC
n (A C) n (A)
n (A C) n (C)
x 76
and
x 63
x 63
39 x 63
4
6
13. If
3
(x 0) then
x 1
x 1
1
1
1
(A) x
(B) 1 < x 1
(C) x < 1 or x
(D) x 1
3
3
3
Ans (D)
4
4
3
3 0
x 1
x 1
4 3x 3
1 3x
+

+
0
0
x 1
x 1
1
1/3
3x 1
0
x 1
1
x < 1 or x
3
6
6
3
3
0
x 1
x 1
1

II1617PCMT1MS

1/3

16

3x 3 6
0
x 1
3x 3
x 1
0
0 1 x 1
x 1
x 1
1
x 1
3
14. The solution of | | x | 1| = |x 2| is
1
3
3
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D) none
2
2
2
Ans (C)
3
Clearly
is the solution
2
Reason | | x | 1|2 = |x 2|2
x2 2 |x| + 1 = x2 4x + 4
3
2x | x |
2
3
x 0 | x | x 3x
2
1
x (invalid)
2
3
x > 0 |x| = x x
2
15. On the set A of all people in Bangalore the relation R = {(a, b | a recognises b., a, b A} is
(A) reflexive
(B) symmetric
(C) transitive
(D) none of these
Ans (D)
Since an infant doesnot recognise himself/herself, R is not reflexive.
Since a recognising b doesnot guarantee that b recognises a, R is not symmetric (for e.g., you may
recognise our chief minister, who, in return, may not recognise you)
Also, a recognising b and b recognising c doesnot guarantee that a recognises c.
R is not transitive (for e.g., your mother recognises you and you recognise your maths guide, but your
mother may not recognise your maths guide) (D)
n 3 5n 2 2

16. If A n :
is an integer , then the number of elements in the set A is
n

(A) 1
(B) 2
Ans (D)
n 3 5n 2 2

A n :
is an integer
n

3
2
n 5n 2
2
n 2 5n
n
n
2
To obtain integer
must be an integer
n
i.e., n will take value 1, 1, 2, 2
For these values of n the set A contains integers
n(A) = 4.

II1617PCMT1MS

(C) 3

17

(D) 4

3x 2 7x 8
2 is
x2 1
(B) (1, 6)
(C) (, 1) (6, )

17. The solution of the inequality 1

(A) [1, 6]
Ans (A)
By data, x2 + 1 3x2 7x + 8 2x2 + 2
2x2 7x + 7 0 and x2 7x + 6 0
7
7

2 x 2 x 0 and (x 1) (x 6) 0
2
2

(D) none of these

7 49 7

x 0 and 1 x 6
4 16 2

7
7

x 0 and x [1,6]
4 16

Which is always true.


2 x 1

1 1 x 1
18. Solution set of the inequality

5
5

(A) (, 2) (1, )
Ans (B)

is
(C) (, 1) (2, )

(B) (1, 4)
2 x 1

1 1 x 1
Consider the inequality

5
5
2x 1

3
1 x
2x + 1 < 3 + 3x [if 1 x > 0]
x > 4 and x < 1 no solution
If x > 1, then 1 x < 0 and then data
2x 1

3
1 x
2x +1 > 3 + 3x
x<4
1 < x < 4 x (1, 4)
Required solution set = (1, 4)
19. The solution of x(x + 2)2 (x 1)5 (2x 3)(x 3)4 0 is
3
3
(A) ,
(B) [0, 1]
(C) [0,1] ,
2
2
Ans (C)
3
x [0,1] ,
2
20. If |x 1| + |x 2| + |x 3| 6, x R, then x lies in the interval
(A) ( , 1)
(B) (1, 2)
(C) (3, )
Ans (D)
Consider |x 1| + |x 2| + |x 3| 6, x R

+1

II1617PCMT1MS

(D) none of these

18

3
(D) (0,1) ,
2

(D) none of these

Consider the intervals ( , 1), [1, 2), [2, 3), (3, )


(i) If x ( , 1), then, given equation reduces to
x + 1 x + 2 x + 3 6 3x 0 x 0 x ( , 0]
(ii) If x [1, 2), the given equation, x 1 x + 2 x + 3 6 x 2
(iii) If x [2, 3), the given equation x 1 + x 2 x + 3 6
(iv) If x (3, ), then the given equation reduces to
x 1 + x 2 + x 3 6 3x 12 x 4 x [4, )
Required option is (D)
[correct answer will be : x ( , 0] [4, )]
x 3
x 1 x 2
21. The value of x for which
x

, 2 x 2x 8
4
4
3
10
10

(A) 1,
(B) 1,
(C) (, )

3
3

Ans (B)
x 3
x 1 x 2
x

4
2
3
3x 9 12x < 6x 6 4x + 8
11x < 11 x > 1
(1)
and 2 x > 2x 8
10
3x > 10 x
(2)
3
10

From (1) and (2), we get x 1,


3

(D) (, 0)

1
22. Solution set of the inequality 3x(0.333)x 3 is
27
3
3

(A) , 5
(B) ,
(C) (2, )
2
2

Ans (D)
( x 3)

(D) none of these

1
1
By data, 3 .
3
3
3
( x x 3)
3 x
3
(3 ) 33 33x
x

3 3x x 1 x (, 1]
23. If A is a set containing n objects and P(A) denotes the power set of A, then, n[P{P(A)}] will be
(A) 2n
Ans (D)

(C) 2 n

(B) 22n

Clearly, n[ P( A)] 2 n n[P{P( A)}] 2 2

(D) 2 2

24. If R1 and R2 are two symmetric relations on a set A, then the relation R1 R2 on A is
(A) reflexive
(B) symmetric
(C) transitive
(D) none of these
Ans (B)
Let (a, b) R1 R2 (a, b) R1 and (a, b) R2 R1 and R2 are both symmetric,
(b, a) R1 and (b, a) R2 (b, a) R1 R2
(a, b) R1 R2, we have, (b, a) R1 R2
R1 R2 is symmetric

II1617PCMT1MS

19

25. Let R be a relation defined as aRb if |a| b. Then relation R is


(A) reflexive
(B) symmetric
(C) transitive
(D) none of these
Ans (C)
Reflexivity: aRa |a| a is not true for negative numbers.
as |a| a is false
R is not reflexive
Symmetry: aRb |a| b
(2, 3) R |2| 3 is true
But (3, 2) R |3| 2 is false
R is not symmetric
transitivity aRb and bRc |a| b and |b| c
b 0 |b| = b
|b| c b c
|a| b and b c |a| c
aRc
R is transitive
26. The solution of (x 1)2 (x 2) (x 5) < 0 is
(A) (2, 5)
(B) (2, 5) {1}
(C) (1, 2) (5, )
(D) none
Ans (A)
Let P = (x 1)2 (x 2) (x 5)
P < 0 x {1, 2, 5}
(x 1)2 > 0
(x 2) (x 5) < 0
x (2, 5)
27. Suppose A1, A2, , A30 are thirty sets with 5 elements each and let B1, B2, , Bn be n sets with
3 elements each, and let

30

i 1

i 1

A1 Bi S . Also, let each element of S belong to exactly 10 of the

Ais and to exactly 9 of the Bjs. Then n =


(A) 15
(B) 3
(C) 45
(D) none of these
Ans (C)
1
n(S) [5 30] 15 , because each element of S belongs to 10 of the As. Also, by the same
10
reasoning
1
n(S) 15 [3n] n 45
10
1
1
28. The inequality
has solution given by
| x | 3 2
(A) (, 5) [5, )
(C) (, 5] (3, 3) [5, )
Ans (C)
1
1
0
| x | 3 2
2 | x | 3
5 | x |
0
0
| x | 3
| x | 3
II1617PCMT1MS

(B) (3, 3) [5, )


(D) [5, )

20

| x | 5
0
| x | 3

(|x| 5) (|x| 3) 0
|x| 3 or |x| 5
3 x 3 or x 5 or x 5
x 3
x (3, 3) (, 5] [5, )
29. Let A, B and C be three sets such that n(A) = 25, n(B) = 20, n(C) = 27, n(A B) = 5, n(B C) = 7 and
A C = . Then (A B C) is
(A) 60
(B) 65
(C) 67
(D) 72
Ans (A)
By data, A C = A B C =
Also, we know that
n(A B C) = n(A) + n(B) + n(C) n(A B) n(B C) n(C A) + n(A B C)
= 25 + 20 + 27 5 7 0 + 0 = 60
30. Statement-I: If A B = U, then A B.
Statement-II: A B BC AC.
(A) Statement-I and Statement-II are true and Statement-II is the correct explanation of
Statement-I.
(B) Statement-I and Statement-II are true, but Statement-II is not the correct explanation of
Statement-I
(C) Statement-I is true, but Statement-II is false
(D) Statement-I is false, but Statement-II is true
Ans (B)
Clearly A B = U, iff B = A [ A A = U]
A = B and
AB
Statement I is true
Also, A B BC AC
Statement II is also true
But statement II does not explain statement I

***

II1617PCMT1MS

21