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Class

Test 01

Date

Solutions to Main

PART I - PHYSICS

Basic expressions for some Physical Quantities

Physical Quantity

Symbol

Definition / expression

Volume

Density

mass / volume

Velocity

v, u

Acceleration

Force

mass acceleration

Work

force displacement

Energy

E,U,K

capacity to do work

Power

Momentum

mass velocity

Gravitational constant

FG

Angle

m1m 2

r2

Angular velocity

Latent heat

Heat

Mass

Angular momentum

Moment of inertia

Torque

Stress

force / area

Strain

Youngs modulus

stress / strain

Surface tension

force / length

Pressure

Coefficient of viscosity

II1617PCMT1MS

P, p

force / area

Force = (Area)

velocity

distance

25-06-2016

Physical Quantity

Symbol

Definition / expression

Heat

a form of energy

Charge

Q, q

current time

PV = RT

change in pressure

length

Pressure gradient

Electrical Potential (voltage)

Rate of heat flow

Thermal conductivity

k

= (Thermal conductivity) (Area)

2

Temperature

Distance

2

Absolute permittivity

Permeability in vacuum

0 0 = 1 / (speed of light)2

Plancks constant

Power factor

cos

Impulse

Change in momentum

(A) 1.728 106 m3

(B) 1.72 106 m3

(C) 1.7 106 m3

Ans (C)

v l 3 1.728 106

Length has two significant figure v = 1.7 106 m3

2. Which of the following is a possible dimensionless quantity? (Gradient means change per unit length)

(A) Velocity gradient

(B) Pressure gradient

(C) Displacement gradient

(D) Force gradient

Ans (C)

LT 1

Velocity gradient =

T 1

L

Pressure gradient = [ML2T2]

L 0

Displacement gradient =

L

L

Force gradient =

MLT 2

L

MT 2

3. In the experiment of verification of Ohms law the error in the current (I) measurement is 1%, while that

in the voltage (V) measurement is 2%. The error in the resistance (R) has a maximum value of (V = IR)

(A) 1%

(B) 2%

(C) 3%

(D) none of these

II1617PCMT1MS

Ans (C)

V

R=

I

R

I

V

100

100

100

V

R

I

= 2% + 1% = 3%

ab 2

. If the maximum percentage

c3

error in a, b and c are 1%, 3% and 2% respectively, the maximum percentage error in x will be

(A) 13%

(B) 17%

(C) 14%

(D) 11%

Ans (A)

ab 2

x= 3

c

a

x

2b

3c

100%

100

100

100

x

b

c

a

5. Three measurements 7.1 J, 7.2 J and 6.7 J are made as experiment the result with correct number of

significant figures is

(A) 7.1 J

(B) 7.06 J

(C) 7.0 J

(D) 7J

Ans (C)

7.1 J 7.2 J 6.7 J

True value =

7.0 J

3

[In addition, decimal places of the result is same as that number with least number of decimal places]

6. If P represents radiation pressure, c represents speed of light and Q represents radiation energy striking a

unit area per second, then non-zero integers x, y and z, such that Px Qy cz is dimensionless, may be

(A) x = 1, y = 1, z = 1

(B) x = 1, y = 1, z = 1

(C) x = 1, y = 1, z = 1

(D) x = 1, y = 1, z = 1

Ans (B)

x

MLT 2 ML2 T 2

1 z

[M L T ] =

2

LT

2

L LT

= M x y L x z T 2x 3y z

x y 0, x z 0, 2x 3y z 0

x y,

x z,

0 0 0

x 1,

y 1

z 1

7. A spherical ball of mass m and radius r is allowed to fall in a medium of viscosity . The time in which

the velocity of the body increases from zero to 0.63 times the terminal velocity is called time constant

(). Dimensionally can be represented by (g is acceleration due to gravity)

mr 2

6mr

m

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D) none of these

2

6

g

6r

Ans (C)

ma rb c

II1617PCMT1MS

[T] = M

a c

L b c T c

c = 1, a + c = 0,

a=1

m

T=

is possible

6r

bc=0

b = c = 1

8. The value of resistance is 10.845 and current is 3.23 A. On multiplying them, we get potential

difference 35.02935 V. The value of potential difference reported would be

(A) 35 V

(B) 35.0 V

(C) 35.029 V

(D) 35.03 V

Ans (B)

Final result should contain 3 significant figures.

9. The distance covered by a body in time (5.0 0.6)s is (40.0 0.4)m. Calculate the percentage error in

speed.

(A) 12%

(B) 13%

(C) 14%

(D) 15%

Ans (B)

Speed v = 8 ms1

v 0.4 0.6

0.13

v 40.0 5.0

v

Percentage error =

100 13%

v

10. A force F is given by F = at + bt2, where t is time. What are dimensions of a and b?

(A) MLT3 and MLT4

(B) MLT3 and ML2T4 (C) MLT1 and MLT0 (D) MLT4 and MLT

Ans (A)

a[T] = [MLT2] a = [MLT3]

b[T2] = [MLT2] b = [MLT4]

11. Force F is given in terms of time t and distance x by F = A sin Ct + B cos Dx. Dimensions of

are

(A) [M0L0T0], [M0L0T1]

(C) [M0L0T0], [M0LT1]

Ans (C)

A force

[M 0 L0 T 0 ]

B force

angle

Ct = angle C

T 1

time

A

C

and

B

D

(D) [M0L1T1], [M0L0T0]

C

[M 0 LT 1 ]

D

2

12. The time dependence of a physical quantity P is given by P P0 e t , where is a constant and t is

Dx = angle D = L1

(A) dimensionless

(C) has dimensions of P

Ans (B)

[t2] = M0L0T0 [] = T2

II1617PCMT1MS

(D) has dimensions of T2

13. The relative density of a material of a body is found by weighing it first in air and then in water. the

weight of the body in air is W1 = 8.00 0.05 N and weight in water is W2 = 6.00 0.05 N, relative

W1

density, r

, with maximum permissible error is

W1 W2

(A) 4.00 0.62%

Ans (D)

W1

8.00

, i.e.,

4.00

(W1 W2 )

8.00 6.00

r

W1

W1 W2

100

100

100 = 5.62%

r

W1

W1 W2

Relative density is r

r = 4.00 5.62%

14. The ratio of MKS and CGS units of the coefficient of viscosity is

(A) 10

(B) 102

(C) 101

Ans (A)

kg

The MKS unit of

is kg m1 s1

ms

g

The CGS of

is g cm1 s1

cms

MKS kg cms

CGS ms

g

(D) 102

MKS 103 g cm s

10

CGS 100 cm s g

15. Which of the following pairs have the same dimensions?

(A) Pressure, stress and force

(B) Work, power and power factor

(C) Impulse and momentum

(D) Force, impulse and momentum

Ans (C)

Impulse = change in momentum

So, the dimensions of impulse and momentum are the same.

2ct

2x

16. The equation of the stationary wave is y 2a sin

cos

. Which of the following statements

is wrong?

(A) The unit of ct is same as that of

(B) The unit of x is same as that of

2c

2x

c

x

(C) The unit of

is same as that of

(D) The unit of

is same as that of

Ans (D)

2ct

2x

Here,

as well as

are dimensionless (angle)

2ct 2x

i.e.,

M 0 L0 T 0

So, (i) unit of ct is same as that of

(ii) unit of x is same as that of

x

c

2c 2x

(iii)

and

(iv)

is unit less but this is not the case with

II1617PCMT1MS

17. In C.G.S. system the magnitude of a force is 100 dyne. In another system where the fundamental

physical quantities are kilogram, metre and minute, the magnitude of the force is

(A) 0.036

(B) 0.36

(C) 3.6

(D) 36

Ans (C)

n1 = 100, M1 = 1 g, L1 = 1 cm, T1 = 1 sec and M2 = 1 kg, L2 = 1 meter, T2 = 1 minute

By substituting these values in the following conversion formula

a

M L T

n 2 n1 1 1 1 where a = 1, b = 1, c = 2

M 2 L 2 T2

1

1g 1 cm 1 s

n 2 =100

1 kg 1 meter 1 minute

1

1 g 1 cm 1 s

n 2 100 3 2

3.6

10 g 10 cm 60 s

18. If force (F), velocity (v), angular momentum (Q) are taken as fundamental units, what is the dimensional

formula for time? (Angular momentum = distance times linear momentum).

1

(B) Fv 2 Q

(A) FvQ

(C) FvQ 2

(D) F 2 v 2 Q 2

Ans (D)

Let Time = k [F]x [v]y [Q]z

T = [MLT2]x [LT1]y [ML2 T1]z

Equating powers of M, L and T, we get

0=x+z

0 = x + y + 2z

1 = 2x y z

1

1 1

x ; y ;

2

2 2

So, [Time] = F 2 v 2 Q 2

19. Dimensional analysis gives

(A) no information about dimensionless constants

(B) information about dimensionless constants

(C) information about dimensionless constants if quantity does not depend upon more than three

variables

(D) information about dimensionless constants if quantity depends upon single variable

Ans (A)

See drawbacks of dimensional analysis.

20. The velocity, acceleration and force in two systems of units are related to each other as under

1

2

(i) v

v

(ii) a = ()a

(iii) F

F

where all the primed symbols belong to one system of units and the unprimed symbols belong to the

other system of units. Here and are dimensionless constants. The standard of length in each of these

two systems are related to each other as

4

2

3

(A) l 4 l

(B) l l

(C) l 2 l

(D) l 3 l

II1617PCMT1MS

Ans (D)

2

l 2 l

Further v v

t t

2 t

2

l l l 2 l

t

3

l 3 l .

So (D) is correct

21. The internal and external diameters of a hollow cylinder are measured with a vernier calipers and values

are (4.23 0.01) cm and (3.27 0.01) cm respectively. The thickness of the wall of the cylinder?

(A) (0.36 0.02) cm

(B) (0.18 0.02) cm

(C) (0.36 0.01) cm

(D) (0.18 0.01) cm

Ans (D)

2 thickness(t )= external diameter internal diameter

t = (0.36 0.02) cm

t t

t

t

22. When a copper sphere is heated, maximum relative change is observed in which of these. Assume mass

to be exact

(A) radius

(B) surface area

(C) volume

(D) none of these

Ans (C)

4

Volume V r 3

3

V

r

3

(maximum)

V

r

A 2r V

Area A = 4r2

A

r

V

23. Maximum errors in measurement of length, diameter and mass of a cylinder are 1 %, 2 % and 3 %

respectively. Maximum percentage error in value of density of the cylinder

(A) 3.9 %

(B) 4.9 %

(C) 3 %

(D) 5.1 %

Ans (D)

m

Density () = 2

r l

r d

r

d

m 2r l

100

r

l

m

24. Which of the following is a correct representation of a measurement of 7.60 m?

(A) 7600 mm

(B) 0.0076 km

(C) 760 cm

(D) 0.76 dm

Ans (C)

Significant figures in a measurement does not change with change in units.

II1617PCMT1MS

25. If electronic charge (e), mass of an electron (m), speed of light in vacuum (c) and Plancks constant (h)

are taken as fundamental physical quantities, permeability of vacuum (0) can be expressed in units of

hc

h

h

me 2

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

me 2

me 2

ce2

hc 2

Ans (C)

1 1

[h] [ML2 T 1 ], [0 ] 2

c 0

2

2

1 [MLT 2 ][L2 ]

1 [MLT ][L ]

;

[

0

c2

[e 2 ]

[e 2 ]

0

[ML2 T 1 ]

[c][e2 ]

2 1

h [ML T ]

2

[c][e 2 ]

ce

26. A student uses a simple pendulum of exactly 1 m length, to determine g, the acceleration due to gravity.

He uses a stop watch with a least count of 1 second for this and records 40 seconds for 20 oscillations.

For this observation, which of the following statement is true?

(A) error t in measuring total time is 0.5 seconds

(B) error T in measuring T, time period is 1 s

(C) percentage accuracy in determination of g is 5 %

(D) percentage accuracy in determination of g is 2.5 %

Ans (C)

40

T

2s

20

T t 1

T

2

0.05s

T

t 40

40 40

42 Ln 2

g

, where t = nT

t2

g 2t

2t

% error

100 5%

g

t

t

27. A student measures the time period of 100 oscillations of a simple pendulum four times. The data set is

90 s, 91 s, 95 s and 92 s. If the minimum division in the measuring clock is 1 s, then the reported mean

time should be:

(A) 92 3s

(B) 92 2 s

(C) 92 5.0 s

(D) 92 1.8 s

Ans (B)

Four measurements T1 = 90 s, T2 = 91 s, T3 = 95 s, T4 = 92 s

T T2 T3 T4

Time value = 1

4

Tm = 92 s

2 1 3 0

Mean absolute error, Tm

1.5 2 s

4

(As least count = 1 s, rounded off to 1 significant figure)

Reported time = Tm Tm = (92 2) s

II1617PCMT1MS

both of them and select one of the options using the following codes

(A) Statement-I and Statement-II are true and Statement-II is the correct explanation of Statement-I.

(B) Statement-I and Statement-II are true, but Statement-II is not the correct explanation of

Statement-I

(C) Statement-I is true, but Statement-II is false

(D) Statement-I is false, but Statement-II is true

28. Statement-I: Dimensional constants are the quantities whose values are constant.

Statement-II: Dimensional constants are dimensionless

Ans (C)

Mass

x , the dimensional formula of x is LT2.

Area

Statement-II: Quantities with different dimensions can be multiplied.

Ans (A)

Statement-II: A dimensionless physical quantity cannot have a unit.

Ans (C)

PART II - CHEMISTRY

[Atomic mass: C = 12, N = 14, O = 16, F = 19, Cl = 35.5, Ca = 20, P = 31, S = 32, Na = 23 and I = 127]

Multiple choice questions with one correct alternative

(A) isotone

(B) isoelectronic species

(C) isotope

(D) isobar

Ans (C)

2. The following 18 Ar 40, 19K 40, 20Ca40 are examples of

(A) isotopes

(B) isobars

(C) isotones

(D) none of the above

Ans (B)

3. Law of multiple proportions can be illustrated by taking the example of

(A) CO and CO2

(B) Na2O and Na2O2

(C) SO2 and SO3

(D) all of these

Ans (D)

The two compounds used to illustrate the law must contain the same two elements but in different mass

ratios.

4. Compounds X and Y have same empirical formula but different molecular formulae. Which of the

following statements is true?

(A) They differ in % composition.

(B) They have same vapour densities.

(C) They differ in their molecular masses.

(D) Both A and C are correct.

Ans (C)

5. Ammonia is formed by the reaction, N 2(g ) 3H 2(g)

2NH3(g ) . The volume of ammonia formed from

6 litres of nitrogen is

(A) 12 litres

Ans (A)

II1617PCMT1MS

(B) 18 litres

(C) 6 litres

(D) 2 litres

6. The mass of CO2 that could be formed by the combustion of 16 g of CH4 with 48 g of O2 is

(A) 44 g

(B) 33 g

(C) 16 g

(D) 24 g

Ans (B)

CH 4 2O 2 CO 2 2H 2 O

16 g

64 g

44 g

16 48

12 g of methane combines with 48 g of O2

64

64 g of O2 gives 44 g of CO2

48 44

48 g of O2 gives

33 g of CO 2 .

64

7. Specific heat of a metal is 0.16 cal C1 g1. The approximate atomic mass of the metal is

(A) 32

(B) 16

(C) 40

(D) 64

Ans (C)

Apply Dulong and Petit law.

8. The mass of one molecule of the substance is 2.34 1023g. The number of moles of the substance in

14 kg of this substance is

14 10 3

14

(A)

(B)

(C) 2.34

(D) 103

23

23

2.34 10

6 10

9.

10.

11.

12.

Ans (D)

Molecular mass of the substance = 2.34 1023g 6 1023 = 14

1 mol weighs 14 g

1000 mol weighs 14 kg

An element X forms only oxide with formula X2O3 while element Y forms hydride with formula YH2.

The most probable formula of a stable compound between X and Y is

(A) X2Y3

(B) X3Y2

(C) XY

(D) XY2

Ans (A)

Valency of X is 3 and that of Y is 2. Hence, formula is X2Y3.

The hydrogen phosphate of a certain metal has the formula MHPO4. The formula of the metal chloride is

(A) MCl

(B) MCl2

(C) MCl3

(D) M2Cl2

Ans (B)

The metal is divalent.

The mole percentage of oxygen in a mixture containing 14 g of nitrogen, 64 g of oxygen and 66 g of

carbon dioxide is

(A) 50

(B) 40

(C) 60

(D) 36

Ans (A)

Moles of nitrogen is 0.5 (mol mass is 28)

Moles of carbon dioxide is 1.5 (mol mass is 44)

Moles of oxygen is 2 (mol mass is 32)

Total number of moles = 4

Mole % of oxygen is 50

How many carbon atoms are present in 0.35 mol of C6H12O6

(A) 6.023 1023 carbon atoms

(B) 1.26 1023 carbon atoms

(C) 1.26 1024 carbon atoms

(D) 6.023 1024 carbon atoms

Ans (C)

II1617PCMT1MS

10

13. A gaseous hydrocarbon gives upon combustion 0.72 g of water and 3.08 g of CO2. The empirical

formula of the hydrocarbon is

(A) C3H4

(B) C6H5

(C) C7H8

(D) C2H4

Ans (C)

14. Which has the maximum number of atoms?

(A) 24 g C (12)

(B) 56 g Fe (56)

(C) 27 g Al (27)

(D) 108 g Ag (108)

Ans (A)

15. An iodized salt contains 0.5% of NaI. A person consumes 3 gm of salt everyday. The number of iodide

ions going into his body everyday is

(A) 104

(B) 6.02 104

(C) 6.02 1019

(D) 6.02 1023

Ans (C)

16. A student does a calculation using her calculator and the number 280.27163 is shown on the display. If

there are actually three significant figures, how should she show the final answer?

(A) 280

(B) 280.3

(C) 2.80 102

(D) 2.80 102

Ans (D)

17. A gaseous mixture contains oxygen and nitrogen in the ratio of 1 : 4 by weight. Therefore, the ratio of

their number of molecules is

(A) 1 : 4

(B) 1 : 8

(C) 7 : 32

(D) 3 : 16

Ans (C)

18. Chlorine exists in two isotopic forms Cl35 and Cl37. The ratio of the % of the Cl35 and Cl37 is

(Given molecular mass of Chlorine is 35.5)

(A) 1 : 1

(B) 2 : 1

(C) 3 : 1

(D) 4 : 5

Ans (C)

19. In hydrogen chloride H = 2.77% Cl = 97.23% in phosphine P = 91.18% and H = 8.82%. In phosphorous

pentachloride P = 22.57% Cl = 77.43% these figures illustrate the law of

(A) reciprocal proportion

(B) multiple proportion

(C) constant proportion

(D) conservation of mass

Ans (A)

20. Rearrange the following (I to IV) in the order of increasing masses

(I) 0.5 mole of O3

(II) 0.5 gm molecule of Nitrogen

(III) 3.011 1023 molecules of O2

(IV) 11.35 L of CO2 at STP

(A) IV < III < II < I

(B) II < III < IV < I

(C) III < II < I < IV

(D) I < II < III < IV

Ans (B)

21. Consider the following reaction

CH4 + 2O2 CO2 + 2H2O

The mass of CO2 formed when 8.0 g of methane is subjected to combustion in excess of air is

(A) 4.4 g

(B) 8.8 g

(C) 22 g

(D) 44 g

Ans (C)

22. The compound in which maximum number of atoms present in 0.1 mole is

(A) Na2CO310H2O

(B) FeSO46H2O

(C) Na4[Fe(CN)6]

(D) C6H12O6

Ans (A)

23. A certain gas of mass 2.5 mg occupies 1.12 mL at STP. The molecular mass of the gas is

(A) 2.5

(B) 5

(C) 50

(D) 25

II1617PCMT1MS

11

24.

25.

26.

27.

28.

29.

30.

Ans (C)

2.5 g of the gas occupies 1.12 L at STP. 50 g of the gas occupies 22.4 L at STP.

Vapour density = MM/2

Calculate the number of mol of Ca(HCO3)2 required to get 1.5 mol of CO2 according to the equation

Ca(HCO3)2 + 2HCl CaCl2 + 2CO2 + 2H2O is

(A) 1.0 mol

(B) 1.5 mol

(C) 0.75 mol

(D) 0.5 mol

Ans (C)

Ca(HCO3)2 + 2HCl CaCl2 + 2CO2 + 2H2O

1 mol

2 mol

?

1.5 mol

1. 5

x

0.75 mol

2

A signature made from graphite pencil weighs 12 mg. Number of carbon atoms present in the signature

is [Avogadro number = 6.0 1023]

(A) 6.0 1020

(B) 12 1020

(C) 18.0 1020

(D) 6 1022

Ans (A)

12 103 6.0 1023

Number of carbon atoms =

6.0 1020

12

A gas is found to have the molecular the formula (CO)x. Its vapour density is 70. The value of x

must be

(A) 7

(B) 4

(C) 5

(D) 6

Ans (C)

2 70

x

5

28

If 20% nitrogen is present in a compound, its minimum molecular mass will be

(A) 144

(B) 28

(C) 100

(D) 70

Ans (D)

100 14

Minimum molecular mass =

70

20

Number of moles of atoms present in 1.0 mol of glucose (C6H12O6) is

(A) 6.0 mol

(B) 12.0 mol

(C) 18.0 mol

(D) 24.0 mol

Ans (D)

Among the following compounds the pair having the same percentage composition of all the elements is

(A) HCHO and C6H12O6

(B) C2H5OH and CH3COOH

(C) C2H6 and C2H4

(D) C2H2 and C2H4

Ans (A)

Both have same empirical formula CH2O

If the ratio of masses of oxygen, hydrogen and methane present in a container is 16 : 1 : 8 the ratio of

their moles is

(A) 16 : 2 : 8

(B) 1 : 1 : 1

(C) 8 : 1 : 16

(D) none

Ans (B)

All will contain 0.5 moles

II1617PCMT1MS

12

Multiple choice questions with one correct alternative

1. If A, B, C are three sets and S in the universal set such that n(S) = 900, n(A) = 400, n(B) = 250 and

n(A B) = 150 then n(A B) =

(A) 200

(B) 600

(C) 250

(D) 400

Ans (D)

n(A B) = n(A B) = n(S) n(A B)

= n(S) [n(A) + n(B) n(A B)]

= 900 [400 + 250 150]= 400

2. The minimum number of elements that must be added to R = {(1, 2), (2, 3)} on the subset {1, 2, 3} of

natural numbers so that it becomes an equivalence relation is

(A) 4

(B) 5

(C) 6

(D) 7

Ans (D)

If R is to be extended to become an equivalence relation, clearly the minimum extension will give as

R = {(1, 1), (2, 2), (3, 3), (1, 2), (2, 1), (2, 3), (3, 2), (1, 3), (3, 1)}

Number of elements to be added.

3. Every singleton relation on a set A is always

(A) reflexive

(B) symmetric

(C) transitive

(D) antisymmetric

Ans (C)

To disprove transitivity, we nead atleast two ordered pairs of the form (a, b) and (b, c) without (a, c)

belonging to the given set.

Hence, a singleton relation will be trivially transitive.

4. Let X = {x | x = n3 + 2n + 1, n R} and Y = {x | x = 3n2 + 7, n R}. Then X Y is a subset of

(A) {x | x = 3n + 5, n N}

(B) {x | x = n2 + n + 1, n N}

(C) {x | x = 7n 1, n N}

(D) none of these

Ans (C)

If x X Y, then, n3 + 2n + 1 = 3n2 + 7

n3 3n2 + 2n 6 = 0

n2(n 3) + 2(n 3) = 0

(n2 + 2) (n 3) = 0 n = 3

[ if n2 = 2, then n R]

x = 3n2 + 7 = 3 9 + 7 = 34 = n3 + 2n + 1.

29

3

X Y {x | 7n 1 = x, n N} [ at n = 5, 7n 1 = 34]

5. The solution of |x 1| < |x 2| is

(A) (1, 2)

(B) (, 1)

(C) (2, )

Ans (D)

|x 1| < |x 2| |x 1|2 < |x 2|2

x2 2x + 1 < x2 4x + 4 2x < 3

3

x

2

II1617PCMT1MS

13

(D) ,

2

6. The solution of

2x 3

3, is

3x 5

5 12

5 12

(A) ,

(B) ,

3 7

3 7

Ans (C)

2x 3

30

3x 5

2x 3 9x 15

0

3x 5

7x 12

7x 12

0

0

3x 5

3x 5

5

12

5

(7x 12) (3x 5) 0 x

But x

3

7

3

5 12

(C) ,

3 7

5 12

(D) ,

3 7

5 12

x ,

3 7

7. The set (A B C) (A B C) C is equal to

(A) B C

(B) B C

(C) A C

(D) C C

Ans (B)

(A B C) (A B C) C

= (A B C) (A B C) C

= [(A A) (B C)] C

= [ (B C)] C = (B C) C

= (B C) (C C) = B C = B C

8. The set of values of x for which the inequality |x 1| + |x + 1| < 4 always holds true, is

(A) (2, 2)

(B) (, 2) (2, ) (C) (, 1] [1, ) (D) none of these

Ans (A)

On the LHS of the given inequation there are two terms |x 1| and |x + 1|. On equating x 1 and x + 1 to

zero, we get x = 1, 1 as critical points. These points divide the real line into the three regions viz.

(, 1), [1, 1] and (1, ). So, we consider the following cases

Case I: When < x < 1

In this case, we have |x 1| = (x 1) and |x + 1| = (x + 1)

|x 1| + |x + 1| < 4

(x 1) (x + 1) < 4 2x < 4 x > 2

But, < x < 1

x (2, 1)

Case II: When 1 x < 1

In this case, we have

|x 1| = (x 1) and |x + 1| = x + 1

|x 1| + |x + 1| < 4

(x 1) + x + 1 < 4

2 < 4, which is true for all x [1, 1)

x [1, 1)

Case III: When 1 x <

|x 1| = x 1 and |x + 1| = x + 1

|x 1| + |x + 1| < 4

x1+x+1<4x<2

II1617PCMT1MS

14

x [1, 2)

1 x

9. N is the set of natural numbers. The relation R is defined on N N as follows

(a, b) R (c, d) a + d = b + c is

(A) reflexive

(B) symmetric

(C) transitive

(D) all of the above

Ans (D)

(i) (a, b) R(a, b) a + b = b + a

R is reflexive

(ii) (a, b) R(c, d) a + d = b + c

c+b=d+a

(c, d) R(a, b)

R is symmetric

(iii) (a, b) R(c, d) and (c, d) R(e, f)

a + d = b + c and c + f = d + e

a+d+c+f=b+c+d+ea+f=b+e

(a, b) R(e, f)

R is transitive

(2x 3)(4 3x) 3 (x 4)

10. The solution of

0 is

(x 2)2 x 5

(A) 0, [4, )

3

4

(C) ,

3

Ans (D)

(2x 3)(3x 4) 3 (x 4)

0

(x 2)2 x 5

(B) [4, )

3 4

(D) , 0, [4, )

2 3

+

0

4

3

+

4

3 4

, 0, [4, )

2 3

R = {(x, y) | x, y are real numbers and x = wy for some rational number w}

m p

n q

(B) S is an equivalence relation but R is not an equivalence relation.

(C) R and S both are equivalence relations.

(D) Neither R not S is an equivalence relation.

Ans (B)

We have (x, x) R for w = 1 implying that R is reflexive.

For a 0, (a, 0) R for any w but (0, a) R.

Thus R is not symmetric.

Hence R is not an equivalence relation.

m m

As , S since mn = mn, S is reflexive.

n n

II1617PCMT1MS

15

m p

, S qm pn

n q

But this can be written as np = mq

p m

Given , S . Thus S is symmetric

q n

m

Again ,

n

m p

and

n q

p a

p

S and , S means qm = pn and bp = aq

q

q b

p a

m a

(i.e.,)

q b

n b

m a

Thus , S

S is transitive

n b

12. A survey shows that 63% of the Americans like cheese while 76% like apples. If x% of the Americans

like both cheese and apples then,

(A) x 39

(B) x 63

(C) 39 x 63

(D) x 76

Ans (C)

C Set of Americans liking cheese

A Set of Americans liking apples

n (C) = 63, n (A) = 76,

n(X) = 100

n (A C) = x

n (A C) = n (A) + n (C) n (A C)

= 76 + 63 x = 139 x

n (A C) 100

139 x 100

39 x

Also A C A and

ACC

n (A C) n (A)

n (A C) n (C)

x 76

and

x 63

x 63

39 x 63

4

6

13. If

3

(x 0) then

x 1

x 1

1

1

1

(A) x

(B) 1 < x 1

(C) x < 1 or x

(D) x 1

3

3

3

Ans (D)

4

4

3

3 0

x 1

x 1

4 3x 3

1 3x

+

+

0

0

x 1

x 1

1

1/3

3x 1

0

x 1

1

x < 1 or x

3

6

6

3

3

0

x 1

x 1

1

II1617PCMT1MS

1/3

16

3x 3 6

0

x 1

3x 3

x 1

0

0 1 x 1

x 1

x 1

1

x 1

3

14. The solution of | | x | 1| = |x 2| is

1

3

3

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D) none

2

2

2

Ans (C)

3

Clearly

is the solution

2

Reason | | x | 1|2 = |x 2|2

x2 2 |x| + 1 = x2 4x + 4

3

2x | x |

2

3

x 0 | x | x 3x

2

1

x (invalid)

2

3

x > 0 |x| = x x

2

15. On the set A of all people in Bangalore the relation R = {(a, b | a recognises b., a, b A} is

(A) reflexive

(B) symmetric

(C) transitive

(D) none of these

Ans (D)

Since an infant doesnot recognise himself/herself, R is not reflexive.

Since a recognising b doesnot guarantee that b recognises a, R is not symmetric (for e.g., you may

recognise our chief minister, who, in return, may not recognise you)

Also, a recognising b and b recognising c doesnot guarantee that a recognises c.

R is not transitive (for e.g., your mother recognises you and you recognise your maths guide, but your

mother may not recognise your maths guide) (D)

n 3 5n 2 2

16. If A n :

is an integer , then the number of elements in the set A is

n

(A) 1

(B) 2

Ans (D)

n 3 5n 2 2

A n :

is an integer

n

3

2

n 5n 2

2

n 2 5n

n

n

2

To obtain integer

must be an integer

n

i.e., n will take value 1, 1, 2, 2

For these values of n the set A contains integers

n(A) = 4.

II1617PCMT1MS

(C) 3

17

(D) 4

3x 2 7x 8

2 is

x2 1

(B) (1, 6)

(C) (, 1) (6, )

(A) [1, 6]

Ans (A)

By data, x2 + 1 3x2 7x + 8 2x2 + 2

2x2 7x + 7 0 and x2 7x + 6 0

7

7

2 x 2 x 0 and (x 1) (x 6) 0

2

2

7 49 7

x 0 and 1 x 6

4 16 2

7

7

x 0 and x [1,6]

4 16

2 x 1

1 1 x 1

18. Solution set of the inequality

5

5

(A) (, 2) (1, )

Ans (B)

is

(C) (, 1) (2, )

(B) (1, 4)

2 x 1

1 1 x 1

Consider the inequality

5

5

2x 1

3

1 x

2x + 1 < 3 + 3x [if 1 x > 0]

x > 4 and x < 1 no solution

If x > 1, then 1 x < 0 and then data

2x 1

3

1 x

2x +1 > 3 + 3x

x<4

1 < x < 4 x (1, 4)

Required solution set = (1, 4)

19. The solution of x(x + 2)2 (x 1)5 (2x 3)(x 3)4 0 is

3

3

(A) ,

(B) [0, 1]

(C) [0,1] ,

2

2

Ans (C)

3

x [0,1] ,

2

20. If |x 1| + |x 2| + |x 3| 6, x R, then x lies in the interval

(A) ( , 1)

(B) (1, 2)

(C) (3, )

Ans (D)

Consider |x 1| + |x 2| + |x 3| 6, x R

+1

II1617PCMT1MS

18

3

(D) (0,1) ,

2

(i) If x ( , 1), then, given equation reduces to

x + 1 x + 2 x + 3 6 3x 0 x 0 x ( , 0]

(ii) If x [1, 2), the given equation, x 1 x + 2 x + 3 6 x 2

(iii) If x [2, 3), the given equation x 1 + x 2 x + 3 6

(iv) If x (3, ), then the given equation reduces to

x 1 + x 2 + x 3 6 3x 12 x 4 x [4, )

Required option is (D)

[correct answer will be : x ( , 0] [4, )]

x 3

x 1 x 2

21. The value of x for which

x

, 2 x 2x 8

4

4

3

10

10

(A) 1,

(B) 1,

(C) (, )

3

3

Ans (B)

x 3

x 1 x 2

x

4

2

3

3x 9 12x < 6x 6 4x + 8

11x < 11 x > 1

(1)

and 2 x > 2x 8

10

3x > 10 x

(2)

3

10

3

(D) (, 0)

1

22. Solution set of the inequality 3x(0.333)x 3 is

27

3

3

(A) , 5

(B) ,

(C) (2, )

2

2

Ans (D)

( x 3)

1

1

By data, 3 .

3

3

3

( x x 3)

3 x

3

(3 ) 33 33x

x

3 3x x 1 x (, 1]

23. If A is a set containing n objects and P(A) denotes the power set of A, then, n[P{P(A)}] will be

(A) 2n

Ans (D)

(C) 2 n

(B) 22n

(D) 2 2

24. If R1 and R2 are two symmetric relations on a set A, then the relation R1 R2 on A is

(A) reflexive

(B) symmetric

(C) transitive

(D) none of these

Ans (B)

Let (a, b) R1 R2 (a, b) R1 and (a, b) R2 R1 and R2 are both symmetric,

(b, a) R1 and (b, a) R2 (b, a) R1 R2

(a, b) R1 R2, we have, (b, a) R1 R2

R1 R2 is symmetric

II1617PCMT1MS

19

(A) reflexive

(B) symmetric

(C) transitive

(D) none of these

Ans (C)

Reflexivity: aRa |a| a is not true for negative numbers.

as |a| a is false

R is not reflexive

Symmetry: aRb |a| b

(2, 3) R |2| 3 is true

But (3, 2) R |3| 2 is false

R is not symmetric

transitivity aRb and bRc |a| b and |b| c

b 0 |b| = b

|b| c b c

|a| b and b c |a| c

aRc

R is transitive

26. The solution of (x 1)2 (x 2) (x 5) < 0 is

(A) (2, 5)

(B) (2, 5) {1}

(C) (1, 2) (5, )

(D) none

Ans (A)

Let P = (x 1)2 (x 2) (x 5)

P < 0 x {1, 2, 5}

(x 1)2 > 0

(x 2) (x 5) < 0

x (2, 5)

27. Suppose A1, A2, , A30 are thirty sets with 5 elements each and let B1, B2, , Bn be n sets with

3 elements each, and let

30

i 1

i 1

(A) 15

(B) 3

(C) 45

(D) none of these

Ans (C)

1

n(S) [5 30] 15 , because each element of S belongs to 10 of the As. Also, by the same

10

reasoning

1

n(S) 15 [3n] n 45

10

1

1

28. The inequality

has solution given by

| x | 3 2

(A) (, 5) [5, )

(C) (, 5] (3, 3) [5, )

Ans (C)

1

1

0

| x | 3 2

2 | x | 3

5 | x |

0

0

| x | 3

| x | 3

II1617PCMT1MS

(D) [5, )

20

| x | 5

0

| x | 3

(|x| 5) (|x| 3) 0

|x| 3 or |x| 5

3 x 3 or x 5 or x 5

x 3

x (3, 3) (, 5] [5, )

29. Let A, B and C be three sets such that n(A) = 25, n(B) = 20, n(C) = 27, n(A B) = 5, n(B C) = 7 and

A C = . Then (A B C) is

(A) 60

(B) 65

(C) 67

(D) 72

Ans (A)

By data, A C = A B C =

Also, we know that

n(A B C) = n(A) + n(B) + n(C) n(A B) n(B C) n(C A) + n(A B C)

= 25 + 20 + 27 5 7 0 + 0 = 60

30. Statement-I: If A B = U, then A B.

Statement-II: A B BC AC.

(A) Statement-I and Statement-II are true and Statement-II is the correct explanation of

Statement-I.

(B) Statement-I and Statement-II are true, but Statement-II is not the correct explanation of

Statement-I

(C) Statement-I is true, but Statement-II is false

(D) Statement-I is false, but Statement-II is true

Ans (B)

Clearly A B = U, iff B = A [ A A = U]

A = B and

AB

Statement I is true

Also, A B BC AC

Statement II is also true

But statement II does not explain statement I

***

II1617PCMT1MS

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