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1

AEROMEXICO

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Part 1

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NEXT >

ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
SYSTEM COMPONENTS
COMPONENTS

NEXT
NEXT

CONSTANT
CONSTANT SPEED
SPEED DRIVE
DRIVE

22
22 ENTER
ENTER

GENERATOR
GENERATOR CONTROL
CONTROL RELAY
RELAY

40
40 ENTER
ENTER

GENERATOR
GENERATOR RELAY
RELAY

50
50 ENTER
ENTER

ELEC.
ELEC. DIAGRAM
DIAGRAM &
& A.C.
A.C. XTIE
XTIE RELAY
RELAY

57
57 ENTER
ENTER

APU
APU GENERATOR
GENERATOR

72
72 ENTER
ENTER

EXTERNAL
EXTERNAL POWER
POWER

82
82 ENTER
ENTER

ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL CONTROL
CONTROL PANEL
PANEL

96
96 ENTER
ENTER

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
COMPONENT
LOCATIONS

NEXT >

The
TheMD-80
MD-80has
has22engine
enginedriven
drivengenerators
generatorsand
and11APU
APUdriven
drivengenerator.
generator.
The
TheElectrical
ElectricalPower
PowerCenter
Centeris
islocated
locatedbehind
behindthe
theCaptains
Captainsseat
seatand
andis
isthe
the
location
locationfor
formost
mostof
ofthe
thecircuit
circuitbreakers
breakerson
onthe
theaircraft.
aircraft.
The
TheExternal
ExternalPower
PowerReceptacle
Receptacleis
islocated
locatedon
onthe
theleft
leftside
sideas
asshown
shownabove.
above.
NEXT
NEXT>>

FORWARD
ACCESSORY
COMPARTMENT

COCKPIT

E
P
C

CABIN

2 1
4 3
3 2 1

FORWARD CARGO

E/E COMPARTMENT

The
The44Transformer
TransformerRectifiers
Rectifiersand
andthe
theAC
ACEmergency
EmergencyInverter
Inverterare
arelocated
locatedin
inthe
the
Forward
Accessory
Compartment.
Forward Accessory Compartment.
The
The33Generator
GeneratorControl
ControlPanels
Panelsare
arein
inthe
theElectrical/Electronics
Electrical/Electronics(E/E)
(E/E)
Compartment.
Compartment.
The
The22Aircraft
AircraftBatteries
Batteriesare
arein
inthe
theE/E
E/ECompartment.
Compartment.
The
TheBattery
BatteryCharger
Chargeris
isin
inthe
theE/E
E/ECompartment
Compartment--forward
forwardof
ofthe
thebatteries.
batteries.
The
TheElectrical
ElectricalPower
PowerCenter
Centeris
isbehind
behindthe
theCaptains
Captainsseat
seat--ititholds
holdsmany
manycircuit
circuit
breakers
breakersand
andalso
alsothe
theGenerator
GeneratorRelays.
Relays.
The
TheGenerator
GeneratorFeed
FeedLines
Linesdeliver
deliverA.C.
A.C.power
powerfrom
fromthe
thegenerators
generatorsto
tothe
thefront
frontof
of
the
theaircraft
aircraft--for
fordistribution.
distribution. NEXT
NEXT>>

The
Themain
mainElectrical
ElectricalControl
ControlPanel
Panelis
isshown
shownhere
herein
ingreen.
green.
IfIfthe
themain
mainpanel
panelis
isnot
notused
usedto
topower
powerall
allaircraft
aircraftbusses
busses--the
theGround
Ground
Service
electrical
bus
may
be
powered
by
itself
by
using
the
Service electrical bus may be powered by itself - by using theGround
Ground
Service
Control
Panel
(blue).
Service Control Panel (blue).
The
TheGround
GroundService
ServiceBus
Busis
isnormally
normallypowered
poweredwhenever
wheneverthe
theright
rightelectrical
electrical
system
is
powered.
Therefore,
when
the
Electrical
Control
Panel
system is powered. Therefore, when the Electrical Control Panelis
isused
used
to
topower
powerthe
theright
rightelectrical
electricalsystem
system--the
theGround
Groundservice
servicebus
busis
ispowered
powered
as
asaapart
partof
ofthe
theright
rightsystem,
system,and
andthe
theGround
GroundService
ServiceControl
ControlPanel
Panelis
isnot
not
used.
used. NEXT
NEXT>>

The main Electrical Control


Panel is located on the
left side of the Overhead
Panel.
Most of the emergency bus
circuit breakers are
located above the
Electrical Control Panel.
Notice the square blue
lights, they indicate that
power is available from
the APU or the
EXTERNAL PWR supply.
These square blue lights
are installed here and
also installed above this
area on the Ground
Service panel.
Next to see the Ground
Service panel >

MOST
MOSTEMERGENCY
EMERGENCYBUS
BUSC.B.S
C.B.S
ARE
ARELOCATED
LOCATEDHERE
HERE
CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE


CSD TEMP
L GEN
RESET
OFF
ON
AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L
BATT
PWR
VOLT

R GEN
RESET VOLT/FREQ
OFF
APU
ON

AMPS
-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

AC LOAD

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

APU
APU
EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
IN USE
IN USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

ENGINE
ENGINE
START
STARTPANEL
PANEL

FUEL
FUELBOOST
BOOST
PUMP
PUMPPANEL
PANEL

ICE
ICEPROTECTION
PROTECTIONPANEL
PANEL

MISC.
MISC.LIGHTING,
LIGHTING,
ANTI-SKID,
ANTI-SKID,
YAW
YAWDAMP,
DAMP,
MACH
MACHTRIM
TRIM
SWITCHES
SWITCHES
AIR
AIRCOND
COND
CONTROL
CONTROL
AUTO.
AUTO.
PRESSURIZATION
PRESSURIZATION
CONTROL
CONTROL

RAIN
RAIN
REPELLENT
REPELLENT

This panel is the Ground Service


Bus Control Panel.
It is used to power a small A.C. bus
when the aircraft is being serviced
overnight on the ground.
Normally the Ground Service Bus is
powered as a part of the right
electrical system - but you can
power the Ground Service Bus by
itself when you dont want to
power the entire right A.C. system.

GROUND SERVICE ELEC PWR


APU PWR
OFF

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

ON

MAINTENANCE
INTERPHONE
OFF

GROUND
SERVICE
BUS
EXT PWR
OFF

ON

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

ON

MOST
MOSTEMERGENCY
EMERGENCYBUS
BUSC.B.S
C.B.S
ARE
LOCATED
HERE
ARE LOCATED HERE
CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

CSD TEMP

You must have the switches OFF on


the main electrical power control
panel - in order for the switches
on the Ground Service Bus to
supply power.
NEXT for a close up view of the
Ground Service panel >

L GEN
RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN
RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R GEN
RESET
OFF

VOLT/FREQ

AMPS
BATT
VOLT

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

ON

APU
APU

R AC
BUS

EMER PWR
OFF

AUTO
DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
L
R

AC LOAD

AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

DC

EXT
PWR

FREQUENCY

EMER

EMER
PWR
PWR
IN USE
IN USE

ON

DC

OPEN

BATT
OFF
ON

ENGINE
ENGINE
START
STARTPANEL
PANEL

FUEL
FUELBOOST
BOOST
PUMP
PUMPPANEL
PANEL

ICE
ICEPROTECTION
PROTECTIONPANEL
PANEL

MISC.
MISC.LIGHTING,
LIGHTING,
ANTI-SKID,
ANTI-SKID,
YAW
YAWDAMP,
DAMP,
MACH
MACHTRIM
TRIM
SWITCHES
SWITCHES
AIR
AIRCOND
COND
CONTROL
CONTROL
AUTO.
AUTO.
PRESSURIZATION
PRESSURIZATION
CONTROL
CONTROL

RAIN
RAIN
REPELLENT
REPELLENT

10

GROUND SERVICE ELEC PWR


APU PWR
OFF
ON

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

GROUND
SERVICE
BUS
EXT PWR
OFF
ON

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

MAINTENANCE
INTERPHONE
OFF

ON

Here
Hereisisaaclose-up
close-upview
viewof
ofthe
theGround
GroundService
ServiceBus
BusControl
ControlPanel.
Panel. The
TheEXT
EXTPWR
PWRisis
available
availableand
andisisdelivered
deliveredto
tothe
theGround
GroundService
ServiceBus.
Bus.
The
Thesquare
squareAPU
APUPOWER
POWERAVAILABLE
AVAILABLElight
lightilluminates
illuminateswhen
whenthe
theAPU
APUisisoperating.
operating.
The
Thesquare
squareEXT
EXTPOWER
POWERAVAILABLE
AVAILABLElight
lightilluminates
illuminateswhen
whenExternal
ExternalPower
Powerisisapplied
appliedto
to
the
aircraft.
Quality
of
power
is
not
guaranteed
with
this
light
on.
the aircraft. Quality of power is not guaranteed with this light on.
The
Theround
roundpower
powerin-use
in-uselights
lightsilluminate
illuminatewhen
whenpower
powerisisdelivered
deliveredfrom
fromthe
theAPU
APUor
orthe
the
External
Power
source
to
the
Ground
Service
Bus.
External Power source - to the Ground Service Bus.
This
Thispanel
panelisisused
usedto
toapply
applypower
powerto
toonly
onlythe
theGround
GroundService
ServiceBus
Bus--when
whenall
allelectrical
electrical
buses
are
not
required;
and
will
be
covered
in
detail
later.
NEXT>
buses are not required; and will be covered in detail - later. NEXT>

11

Here is the
main
Electrical
Control
Panel.
This is the
panel that
you will
normally use
for flight
operations.
NEXT to view
the electrical
system
diagram >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR
VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

12

GCP

L GEN

AC
AC CROSSTIE
CROSSTIE
LOCKOUT
LOCKOUT

R GEN

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
LL GEN
GEN OFF
OFF

R GEN
GEN OFF
OFF

GCP

GCP

LL AC
AC BUS
BUS OFF
OFF

R
R AC
AC BUS
BUS OFF
OFF

LEFT GENERATOR BUS

This
Thisisisthe
the
complete
complete
diagram
diagramof
of
the
MD-80
the MD-80
Electrical
Electrical
System.
System.
NEXT
NEXTto
toshow
show
aasimple
simple
view
viewof
ofthis
this
diagram
diagram >>

RIGHT GENERATOR BUS

Ground Service
AC BUS

LEFT AC BUS

TR

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

TR
1

TR
CHARGER

LEFT DC BUS

TR
2

AC
AC EMER
EMER
BUS
BUS OFF
OFF

DC
DC BUS
BUS OFF
OFF

DC TRANSFER BUS

ON

EMR
EMR
PWR
PWR
IN
INUSE
USE

DC
DC TRANSFER
TRANSFER
BUS
BUS OFF
OFF

BATT
OFF

B
AC EMER BUS

RIGHT DC BUS

EMER.
INVERTER

OFF

RIGHT AC BUS

ON

DC EMER BUS
DC
DC EMER
EMER
BUS
BUS OFF
OFF

BATT. DIRECT

BATTERY BUS

NEXT >

13
AC
POWER
SOURCE

AC SYSTEM

DC SYSTEM

EMERGENCY
POWER SYSTEM

BATTERIES

On this frame a simple diagram of the power source, AC system, DC system,


and Emergency Power system is shown.
Notice that the Emergency Power system is normally powered by normal AC or
DC power respectively.
The Emergency Power system can also be powered by the aircraft batteries.
The aircraft batteries can power the Emergency DC system directly and can
power the Emergency AC system through the AC Emergency Inverter located in the Forward Accessory Compartment. NEXT >

14
LEFT
GEN

RIGHT
GEN
APU
GEN

EXT
PWR

L GEN BUS
L AC BUS

To Left DC System

AC CROSSTIE
RELAY

R GEN BUS
R AC BUS

To Right DC System

The AC system operates at 115 Volt, 3 phase, 400 cycles per second.
The left and right systems are independent and are normally not
interconnected.
The APU or the EXT Power can power both left and right systems.
The AC Crosstie Relay can automatically close to allow one electrical system to
power the opposite electrical system in the event of an inflight engine driven
generator failure.
The Generator Buses are the main distribution buses to each system. NEXT >

15
LEFT
GEN

RIGHT
GEN
APU
GEN

EXT
PWR

L GEN BUS
L AC BUS

To Left DC System

AC CROSSTIE
RELAY

R GEN BUS
R AC BUS

To Right DC System

Each system has an AC Bus that distributes electrical power to smaller load
items than the Generator Bus.
The AC buses each deliver power to the Transformer Rectifiers - that convert
the AC power to DC power. NEXT >

16

The
TheElectrical
Electrical
Power
PowerCenter
Centeris
is
behind
behindthe
the
Captains
Captainsseat.
seat.
Power
Poweris
isdelivered
delivered
through
throughC.B.s
C.B.s
located
on
located onthis
this
EPC.
EPC.
Rows
Rowsof
ofc.b.s
c.b.sare
are
designated
designated
alphabetically.
alphabetically.
Columns
Columnsare
are
designated
designated
numerically.
numerically.
Circuit
CircuitBreaker
Breaker
H7
H7is
is
highlighted
highlightedin
in
red.
red.
Circuit
CircuitBreaker
Breaker
C3
is
C3 is
highlighted
highlightedin
in
blue.
NEXT
blue.
NEXT>>

123456789
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X

EPC

17

The
Thelower
lowerportion
portion
of
ofthe
theEPC
EPCholds
holds
the
thec.b.
c.b.panels
panels
for
forthe
thelarge
largeL&R
L&R
Generator
Generatorbuses
buses
&&also
the
c.b.
also the c.b.
panel
panelfor
forthe
theDC
DC
TRANSFER
TRANSFERBus.
Bus.
The
TheGCPs
GCPsfor
foreach
each
generator
generatorare
are
below
belowthe
thecockpit
cockpit
in
inthe
theE/E
E/ECompt.
Compt.
The
TheGCPs
GCPscontrol
control
the
thedelivery
deliveryof
of
power
powerfrom
fromthe
the
generators
to
generators tothe
the
electrical
electrical
systems.
systems. NEXT
NEXT>>

EPC

VARIOUS AC
& DC BUSES

L&R
GEN
BUSES

GENERATOR
GENERATOR
CONTROL
GENERATOR
CONTROL
GENERATOR
PANELS
CONTROL
PANELS
CONTROL
GENERATOR
PANELS
GENERATOR
PANELS
CONTROL
CONTROL
PANELS
PANELS

DC
TRANSFER
BUS

18

The
TheGround
GroundService
Service
Bus
Buscircuit
circuit
breaker
breakerpanel
panelis
is
located
locatedoutboard
outboard
of
ofthe
theCaptains
Captains
seat
as
seat asshown
shown
here.
NEXT
here. NEXT>>

EPC

VARIOUS AC
& DC BUSES

L&R
GEN
BUSES

GENERATOR
GENERATOR
CONTROL
GENERATOR
CONTROL
GENERATOR
PANELS
CONTROL
PANELS
CONTROL
GENERATOR
PANELS
GENERATOR
PANELS
CONTROL
CONTROL
PANELS
PANELS

DC
TRANSFER
BUS

19

There
Thereisis11GCP
GCPfor
for
each
eachof
ofthe
the33
generators
generatorson
onthe
the
aircraft.
aircraft.
The
TheGCPs
GCPsallow
allowfull
full
automatic
automatic
operation
operationof
ofthe
the
electrical
electricalsystem.
system.
When
Whenthe
thevoltage
voltage
and
frequency
and frequencyare
are
proper
these
proper - these
GCPs
GCPs allow
allowthe
the
generator
generatorpower
power
to
tocome
comeon
online
line-automatically.
automatically.
When
Whenthe
thevoltage
voltage&&
frequency
frequencyare
areout
out
of
oflimits
limits--the
theGCP
GCP
will
willremove
removethe
the
generator
generatorfrom
from
the
line
the line automatically.
automatically.
NEXT
NEXT>>

EPC

VARIOUS AC
& DC BUSES

L&R
GEN
BUSES

GENERATOR
GENERATOR
CONTROL
GENERATOR
CONTROL
GENERATOR
PANELS
CONTROL
PANELS
CONTROL
GENERATOR
PANELS
GENERATOR
PANELS
CONTROL
CONTROL
PANELS
PANELS

Electrical / Electronics Compartment

DC
TRANSFER
BUS

20

You
Youhave
havelearned
learnedthat
thatthe
the
Ground
Service
Bus
Ground Service Buscontrol
control
panel
is
located
on
the
panel is located on theAft
Aft
Overhead.
Overhead.
The
TheMain
MainElectrical
Electricalcontrol
controlpanel
panel
is
islocated
locatedon
onthe
theOverhead.
Overhead.
The
TheGround
GroundService
ServiceBus
Buscircuit
circuit
breaker
breakerpanel
panelis
islocated
located
outboard
outboardof
ofthe
theCaptain.
Captain.
NEXT
NEXT>>

21

Most
Mostof
ofthe
theemergency
emergencybus
buscircuit
circuitbreakers
breakersare
areon
onthe
theOverhead
OverheadPanel.
Panel.
Circuit
Breakers
are
located
on
the
Left
and
Right
Forward
Consoles
Circuit Breakers are located on the Left and Right Forward Consoles--that
thatpower
powerthe
the
Instrument
panel
flood
and
integral
lighting.
Instrument panel flood and integral lighting.
AAcable
cableoperated
operatedHandle
Handleisisprovided
providedon
onthe
thecockpit
cockpitstep
stepto
toreset
resetthe
theBattery
BatteryDirect
DirectBus
BusFeed
Feed
circuit
breaker
in
the
E/E
compartment.
NEXT
>
circuit breaker in the E/E compartment. NEXT >

22

ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
SYSTEM COMPONENTS
COMPONENTS

33 ENTER
ENTER

CONSTANT
CONSTANT SPEED
SPEED DRIVE
DRIVE

NEXT
NEXT

GENERATOR
GENERATOR CONTROL
CONTROL RELAY
RELAY

40
40 ENTER
ENTER

GENERATOR
GENERATOR RELAY
RELAY

50
50 ENTER
ENTER

ELEC.
ELEC. DIAGRAM
DIAGRAM &
& A.C.
A.C. XTIE
XTIE RELAY
RELAY

57
57 ENTER
ENTER

APU
APU GENERATOR
GENERATOR

72
72 ENTER
ENTER

EXTERNAL
EXTERNAL POWER
POWER

82
82 ENTER
ENTER

ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL CONTROL
CONTROL PANEL
PANEL

96
96 ENTER
ENTER

23

CONSTANT SPEED
DRIVE

NEXT >

24

C
S
D

A
P
U

C
S
D

GEN
GEN

GEN

ACTR
LEFT ELECTRICAL
SYSTEM

RIGHT ELECTRICAL
SYSTEM

There are 3 identical generators installed on the MD-80. The engine driven generators are
driven by a Constant Speed Drive. The APU generator is directly driven by the APU without a special drive transmission.
Any 1 generator is capable of supplying adequate power to all aircraft systems.
Minimum dispatch is with 2 operating generators. If the APU generator is used as 1 of the
normal generators - extra fuel must be planned for the flight.
Generator output frequency is determined by the generator drive speed. The APU fuel
control determines the APU generator speed. The engine generator drive speed is
governed by a CSD.
Lets begin by covering the operation of the CSD units - - NEXT >

25

CONSTANT SPEED DRIVE (CSD)


Varying
engine
speed

Constant
output
speed

CSD

GENERATOR

115 VOLTS/400 CPS


OUTPUT

AACSD
CSDis
issimilar
similarto
toan
anautomatic
automatictransmission
transmissionin
inaacar.
car. ItItis
isaahydraulic
hydraulicdriven
driven
device
that
has
an
output
drive
speed
to
the
generator
that
is
maintained
device that has an output drive speed to the generator that is maintainedat
at
about
6,000
rpm
regardless
of
the
speed
of
the
engine.
The
constant
rpm
about 6,000 rpm regardless of the speed of the engine. The constant rpm
drive
driveto
tothe
thegenerator
generatorwill
willmaintain
maintainthe
thegenerator
generatoroutput
outputfrequency
frequencyat
at400
400
cycles
per
second.
cycles per second.
When
Whenthe
theengine
engineis
isidling,
idling,the
theCSD
CSDmust
mustincrease
increasethe
theoutput
outputspeed
speedto
tothe
the
generator.
When
the
engine
is
high
power
settings,
the
CSD
must
reduce
generator. When the engine is high power settings, the CSD must reducethe
the
output
speed
to
the
engine
driven
generator.
output speed to the engine driven generator.
AACSD
CSDis
isneeded
neededbecause
becausethe
theengine
engineoperates
operatesat
atvarying
varyingrpms
rpms--while
whilethe
the
generator
needs
constant
speed.
NEXT
>
generator needs constant speed. NEXT >

26

CONSTANT SPEED DRIVE (CSD)


DISCONNECTED

CSD

NO
output
speed

GENERATOR

NO
VOLTAGE
OUTPUT

The
Theinput
inputdrive
driveshaft
shaftto
tothe
theCSD
CSDfrom
fromthe
theengine
enginecan
canbe
bedisconnected
disconnectedwhen
whenthe
the
CSD
is
malfunctioning.
Once
it
has
been
disconnected
the
CSD
will
not
be
CSD is malfunctioning. Once it has been disconnected - the CSD will not be
available
availableuntil
untilititis
isreset
resetby
bymaintenance
maintenanceon
onthe
theground.
ground. Therefore
Therefore--you
youdo
do
not
disconnect
a
CSD
unless
it
is
necessary
to
do
so...
not disconnect a CSD unless it is necessary to do so...
You
Youwill
willdisconnect
disconnectaaCSD
CSDusually
usuallywhen
whenthe
theCSD
CSDoil
oiltemperature
temperatureis
ishot
hotor
orififthe
the
CSD
cannot
maintain
normal
generator
drive
speeds.
CSD cannot maintain normal generator drive speeds.
The
TheCSD
CSDdisconnect
disconnectis
issolenoid
solenoidoperated
operated--using
usingelectrical
electricalpower
powerfrom
fromthe
the
opposite
electrical
system.
opposite electrical system.
NEXT
NEXTto
tolook
lookat
atthe
theCSD
CSDswitches
switchesand
andgauges
gauges >>

27

CSD
CSDOil
Oil
Temperature
Temperature
Gauges
Gauges&&
Disconnect
Disconnect
Switches
Switches

CSD

CSD

PUSH FOR RISE

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

These
TheseCSD
CSDswitches
switchesand
andgauges
gaugesare
areat
atthe
thetop
topof
ofthe
theElectrical
ElectricalControl
ControlPanel.
Panel.
The
TheCSD
CSDOil
OilTemperature
TemperatureGauges
Gaugesare
arelocated
locatedbetween
betweenthe
thered
redguarded
guardedCSD
CSD
Disconnect
Disconnectswitches.
switches.
AApushbutton
pushbuttonswitch
switchPUSH
PUSHFOR
FORRISE
RISEallows
allowsthe
thepilot
pilotto
totemporarily
temporarilydisplay
display
the
theoil
oilrise
risetemperature
temperatureinstead
insteadof
ofthe
theCSD
CSDoil
oiltank
tanktemperature.
temperature.
CSD
CSDoil
oilis
iscooled
cooledby
byan
anair
aircooled
cooledradiator
radiatorlocated
locatedin
inthe
theengine
enginearea.
area. NEXT
NEXTfor
for
aacloser
closerview
view>>

28

CSD PANEL
10
R

IS

10

E
R

100
60

OUTLET

20

140

160

20

IS

100
60

OUTLET

20

TEMP C

140

20

160

TEMP C

PUSH FOR RISE

CSD TEMP

There is one CSD oil temperature gauge and one guarded disconnect switch for
each CSD.
The CSD disconnect switches are momentary type - and can energize a solenoid
to disconnect the CSD. The engine should be running at over 25% N2 to
properly disconnect a CSD.
NEXT >

29

CSD PANEL
10
R

IS

10

E
R

100
60

OUTLET

20

140

160

20

IS

100
60

OUTLET

20

TEMP C

140

20

160

TEMP C

PUSH FOR RISE

CSD TEMP

The normal display mode of these gauges displays the temperature of the oil as
it comes out of the CSD. This is called the outlet temperature and is read
on the inner scale of the gauge.
Normally both CSD temperatures should be similar.
To display the rise temperature - push the button and read the outer scale on
these gauges. The rise temperature is the difference in oil temperature from
the time it leaves the oil cooler to the time it leaves the CSD. NEXT >

30

CSD OIL COOLER


OIL TEMPERATURE SENSOR ON THE CSD INLET
OIL TEMPERATURE SENSOR ON THE CSD OUTLET

CSD

CSD OIL
COOLER

The CSD generates heat as it operates. The highest temperature oil leaves the
CSD enroute to the oil cooler. The temperature of this oil is displayed as
outlet on the CSD gauge. NOTE: This oil is completely separate from the engine
oil.

The CSD oil cooler is an air cooled radiator, located behind the fan (1st set of
blades) on the engine. The oil cooler is located on the bottom of the engine.
The difference in measured oil temperature is called the RISE temperature.
The CSD gauge will display RISE temperature as long as you press the PUSH
FOR RISE button. NEXT >

10
R

IS

10

IS
R

100
60

OUTLET

20

140

160

20

100
OUTLET

60

20

TEMP C

140

20

160

TEMP C

PUSH FOR RISE

CSD TEMP
Using the inner scale - oil temperatures are acceptable up to the yellow arc.
If the outlet oil temperature reaches the yellow arc the pilot can relieve the CSD
by turning the generator switch to OFF. This allows the CSD to operate
without a load.
If the CSD outlet oil temperature reaches the red arc - and does not come down
by unloading the generator - the pilot is will disconnect the CSD.
A CSD disconnect can only be reset by maintenance. NEXT >

10
R

IS

10

IS
R

100
60

OUTLET

20

140

160

20

100
OUTLET

60

20

TEMP C

140

20

160

TEMP C

PUSH FOR RISE

CSD TEMP
When the rise button is pressed and held down - the gauges will both display
the rise temperature. If the rise temperature exceeds the yellow line (set at
11.2 degrees centigrade), the pilot is to make a note in the maintenance
logbook - to require servicing of the CSD oil at the next stop.
Usually a high RISE temperature indicates that the CSD oil tank is either low
on oil quantity or the oil tank has been overfilled. NEXT >

33

CSD DISCONNECT
10
R

10

E
R

100
60

OUTLET

20

140

160

20

100
OUTLET

60

20

TEMP C

140

20

160

TEMP C

PUSH FOR RISE

CSD TEMP

Here the left CSD oil is hot - you have unloaded the generator to help the CSD
oil cool down by reducing the work-load on the CSD. Your efforts have not
resulted in a reduction of CSD oil temperature - so - you will disconnect the
CSD.
You should start the APU as soon as possible in these situations to provide a
second generator.
First - open the red guard to expose the switch. Then hold the momentary
disconnect switch up until the voltage & frequency drop off on the volt/freq.
gages.
NEXT to animate >

34

10
R

100
60

OUTLET

20

140

160

TEMP C

20

35

10
R

100
60

OUTLET

20

140

160

TEMP C

20

36

10
R

100
60

OUTLET

20

140

160

TEMP C

20

37

10
R

100
60

OUTLET

20

140

160

TEMP C

20

38

10
R

100
60

OUTLET

20

140

160

TEMP C

20

39

10
R

100
60

OUTLET

20

140

20

160

TEMP C

Hold the switch up until the voltage and frequency from this generator drop to
zero.
If the CSD should refuse to disconnect - it will probably continue to get more
hot.
The CSD is driven by a drive shaft that can shear if it receives enough stress.
NEXT >
To Replay - 34 ENTER

40

ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
SYSTEM COMPONENTS
COMPONENTS

33 ENTER
ENTER

CONSTANT
CONSTANT SPEED
SPEED DRIVE
DRIVE

22
22 ENTER
ENTER

GENERATOR
GENERATOR CONTROL
CONTROL RELAY
RELAY

NEXT
NEXT

GENERATOR
GENERATOR RELAY
RELAY

50
50 ENTER
ENTER

ELEC.
ELEC. DIAGRAM
DIAGRAM &
& A.C.
A.C. XTIE
XTIE RELAY
RELAY

57
57 ENTER
ENTER

APU
APU GENERATOR
GENERATOR

72
72 ENTER
ENTER

EXTERNAL
EXTERNAL POWER
POWER

82
82 ENTER
ENTER

ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL CONTROL
CONTROL PANEL
PANEL

96
96 ENTER
ENTER

41

GENERATOR
CONTROL RELAY

NEXT >

42

GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY

GENERATOR
CONTROL
RELAY

VR

generator

The Voltage Regulator maintains the


output voltage constant.
The GCR is the field relay.
If this relay is open (as shown) - the
generator cannot generate voltage.
With the GCR closed - voltage is
generated when the generator is
spinning.
This GCR can only be opened (as you
see it here) - two different ways.
1)It will be tripped to this open
condition when a Fire procedure is
performed ie: pulling the engine fire handle
out.
2)It will be tripped to this open
condition when an electrical fault is
sensed in the system.
ie: a short.

Resetting the GCR to the closed


position is easy. NEXT >

43

GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY

GENERATOR
CONTROL
RELAY

VR

generator

To reset the GCR to the closed


condition - you select the Generator
Switch to the momentary RESET
position, and then release the switch
to OFF.
Next we will show how to reset the Left
Generator GCR - The APU and Right
Generator can be reset in identical
fashion. NEXT to animate >

44

GENERATOR
CONTROL
RELAY

CSD

CSD

VR

generator
PUSH FOR RISE

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

45

GENERATOR
CONTROL
RELAY

CSD

CSD

VR

generator
PUSH FOR RISE

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

46

GENERATOR
CONTROL
RELAY

CSD

CSD

VR

generator
PUSH FOR RISE

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

47

GENERATOR
CONTROL
RELAY

CSD

CSD

VR

generator
PUSH FOR RISE

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

48

GENERATOR
CONTROL
RELAY

CSD

CSD

VR

generator
PUSH FOR RISE

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

To Replay - 44 ENTER

Now the LEFT GCR is reset; and will stay reset unless the Left Engine Fire Handle is pulled
out - or until a left system electrical fault causes the GCR to trip open. Remember that
the RESET switch position is momentary (spring loaded).
Now that the GCR is closed - it should stay closed - and during engine start this generator
will generate volts & freqs.
The generator is not spinning is this example - so it is still gray colored. We will color a
generator red when it develops A.C. electrical power.
NEXT >

49

GENERATOR
CONTROL
RELAY

CSD

CSD

VR

generator
PUSH FOR RISE

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

Now the engine is running and the generator is generating power.


Since the power is not yet flowing to the buses - you do not have a load on the left
generator. Therefore the left generator load meter displays no load.
Now that the engine is running - power will flow to the system when the generator
switch is moved to ON.
The power flows through a Generator Relay....
NEXT >

50

ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
SYSTEM COMPONENTS
COMPONENTS

33 ENTER
ENTER

CONSTANT
CONSTANT SPEED
SPEED DRIVE
DRIVE

22
22 ENTER
ENTER

GENERATOR
GENERATOR CONTROL
CONTROL RELAY
RELAY

40
40 ENTER
ENTER

GENERATOR
GENERATOR RELAY
RELAY

NEXT
NEXT

ELEC.
ELEC. DIAGRAM
DIAGRAM &
& A.C.
A.C. XTIE
XTIE RELAY
RELAY

57
57 ENTER
ENTER

APU
APU GENERATOR
GENERATOR

72
72 ENTER
ENTER

EXTERNAL
EXTERNAL POWER
POWER

82
82 ENTER
ENTER

ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL CONTROL
CONTROL PANEL
PANEL

96
96 ENTER
ENTER

51

GENERATOR RELAY

NEXT >

52

GENERATOR RELAY

GENERATOR
CONTROL
RELAY

CSD

CSD

VR

left
generator
PUSH FOR RISE

CSD TEMP
GENERATOR
RELAY

L GEN OFF

L AC BUS OFF

LEFT
GENERATOR
BUS

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

Here you can see the engine is not running - the generator is not developing power - even
though the Generator Control Relay is closed.
The Generator Relay (GR) will be open whenever the Generator switch is not in the ON
position; or with the switch ON - whenever the volts & freqs. are not of good quality.
The GR delivers the generators power to the LEFT GENERATOR BUS..
When the GR is open - the GEN OFF annunciator light is on.
NEXT >

53

GENERATOR RELAY

GENERATOR
CONTROL
RELAY

CSD

CSD

VR

left
generator
PUSH FOR RISE

CSD TEMP
GENERATOR
RELAY

L GEN OFF

L AC BUS OFF

LEFT
GENERATOR
BUS

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

Here you can see generator is developing power - although the power is going no-where
because the GR is open due to the position of the left generator switch.
Notice that the left engine generator A.C. load meter is still at zero since no power is
flowing to the left generator bus.
NEXT >

54

GENERATOR RELAY

GENERATOR
CONTROL
RELAY

CSD

CSD

VR

left
generator
PUSH FOR RISE

CSD TEMP
GENERATOR
RELAY

L GEN OFF

L AC BUS OFF

LEFT
GENERATOR
BUS

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

Now that the left generator switch is in the ON position - the GR is allowed to close and
power is flowing to the left generator bus. Notice the left load meter.
This is the operation of a generator during engine start with the generator switch OFF.
However, normally we leave the generator switch ON through-out the day. The Generator
Relay automatically closes when the engine is started and automatically opens when the
engine is shut down. This automatic GR control is performed by the Generator Control
Panel. NEXT >

55

L GEN

RESET
OFF

L GEN

RESET
OFF

ON

LEFT
GENERATOR
BUS

RESET
OFF

ON

left
generator

GENERATOR
RELAY

L GEN

left
generator

GENERATOR
RELAY

LEFT
GENERATOR
BUS

Generator is underspeed - so
GR stays open until
generator is at normal speed
to develop normal voltage &
frequency. Annunciator light
is ON.

Generator is at normal speed


- but Generator switch is
selected to OFF. This is for
Abnormal Conditions.

L GEN OFF

L GEN OFF

ON

left
generator

GENERATOR
RELAY

LEFT
GENERATOR
BUS

Generator is at normal speed


and Generator switch is ON.
Annunciator light is OFF.

Annunciator light is ON.


L GEN OFF
NEXT >

56

GENERATOR CONTROL PANEL (GCP)


VOLTAGE &
FREQUENCY
NOT WITHIN
ALLOWABLE
LIMITATIONS

VOLTAGE &
FREQUENCY
WITHIN
ALLOWABLE
LIMITATIONS

generator

GCP

generator

GCP

generator relay

electrical system

electrical system

The
TheGenerator
GeneratorControl
ControlPanel
Panelprotects
protectsthe
theelectrical
electricalsystem.
system. ItItcan
canautomatically
automatically
close
closeaagenerator
generatorrelay
relayto
toapply
applygenerator
generatorpower
powerto
toan
anelectrical
electricalsystem
systemifif
(and
(andonly
onlyif)
if)the
thevoltage
voltageand
andfrequency
frequencyare
areof
ofgood
goodquality.
quality.
The
TheGCP
GCPwill
willautomatically
automaticallyopen
openaagenerator
generatorrelay
relayto
tostop
stopthe
thesupply
supplyof
of
generator
power
to
an
electrical
system
if
the
power
is
not
of
good
quality.
generator power to an electrical system if the power is not of good quality.
During
Duringengine
enginestart
start--the
theGCP
GCPautomatically
automaticallycloses
closesaaGR
GRand
andapplies
appliespower
powerto
toaa
system
systemduring
duringengine
enginestart
start(when
(whenthe
thepower
poweris
isgood).
good).
When
Whenan
anengine
engineis
isshut
shutdown
down--the
theGCP
GCPis
isresponsible
responsiblefor
forremoving
removingpower
powerfrom
from
an
electrical
system
when
the
voltage
and
frequency
fall
below
the
allowable
an electrical system when the voltage and frequency fall below the allowable
levels.
levels.
There
Thereis
is11GCP
GCPfor
foreach
eachof
ofthe
thethree
threegenerators
generatorson
onevery
everyMD-80.
MD-80. NEXT
NEXT>>

57

ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
SYSTEM COMPONENTS
COMPONENTS

33 ENTER
ENTER

CONSTANT
CONSTANT SPEED
SPEED DRIVE
DRIVE

22
22 ENTER
ENTER

GENERATOR
GENERATOR CONTROL
CONTROL RELAY
RELAY

40
40 ENTER
ENTER

GENERATOR
GENERATOR RELAY
RELAY

50
50 ENTER
ENTER

ELEC.
ELEC. DIAGRAM
DIAGRAM &
& A.C.
A.C. XTIE
XTIE RELAY
RELAY

NEXT
NEXT

APU
APU GENERATOR
GENERATOR

72
72 ENTER
ENTER

EXTERNAL
EXTERNAL POWER
POWER

82
82 ENTER
ENTER

ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL CONTROL
CONTROL PANEL
PANEL

96
96 ENTER
ENTER

58

ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM
&
A.C. CROSSTIE
RELAY

NEXT >

59

GCP

L GEN

AC
AC CROSSTIE
CROSSTIE
LOCKOUT
LOCKOUT

R GEN

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
LL GEN
GEN OFF
OFF

R
R GEN
GEN OFF
OFF

GCP

GCP

LL AC
AC BUS
BUS OFF
OFF

This
Thisisisthe
the
complete
complete
diagram
diagramof
ofthe
the
Electrical
Electrical
System.
System.
NEXT
NEXTto
toshow
showaa
simple
simpleview
viewof
of
this
diagram
this diagram >>

R
R AC
AC BUS
BUS OFF
OFF

LEFT GENERATOR BUS

RIGHT GENERATOR BUS

Ground Service
AC BUS

LEFT AC BUS

TR

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

TR
1

TR
CHARGER

LEFT DC BUS

EMER.
INVERTER

OFF

ON

RIGHT AC BUS

TR
2

RIGHT DC BUS

DC
DC BUS
BUS OFF
OFF

DC TRANSFER BUS

DC
DC TRANSFER
TRANSFER
BUS
BUS OFF
OFF

EMR
EMR
PWR
PWR
IN
INUSE
USE

BATT
OFF

B
AC EMER BUS
AC
AC EMER
EMER
BUS
BUS OFF
OFF

ON

DC EMER BUS
DC
DC EMER
EMER
BUS
BUS OFF
OFF

BATT. DIRECT

BATTERY BUS

60

LEFT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


GEN

LEFT GENERATOR BUS

LEFT AC BUS

TR

TR

LEFT DC BUS

The generator feeds the largest AC bus on the


respective system.
The largest A.C. bus is called the Generator
Bus.
The Generator Bus feeds many items - one of
which is a smaller A.C. bus that is labelled
Left AC Bus in our diagram.
The Left AC Bus feeds two Transformer
Rectifiers which convert the A.C. power to
D.C. power.
The two T.R.s output to the Left DC Bus.
Either T.R. is capable of supplying adequate
power to the Left D.C. Bus.

NEXT >

61

RIGHT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


The generator feeds the largest AC bus on the
respective system.
The largest A.C. bus is called the Generator
Bus.
The Generator Bus feeds many items - one of
which is a smaller A.C. bus that is labelled
Right AC Bus in our diagram and the
Ground Service AC Bus.
The Right AC Bus feeds one Transformer
Rectifier while the Ground Service Bus
feeds the other T.R.
The two T.R.s output to the Right DC Bus.
Either T.R. is capable of supplying
adequate power to the Right D.C. Bus.

GEN

RIGHT GENERATOR BUS

Ground Service
AC BUS

TR

RIGHT AC BUS

TR

RIGHT DC BUS

NEXT >

62

LEFT
GEN

APU
GEN

GR

L
APR

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

RIGHT
GEN

R
APR

GR

EXT
PWR

L
EPR
L GEN BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R
EPR

ACTR

L AC BUS

R GEN BUS
R AC BUS

Notice the GR for each engine driven generator.


A Left and Right APU Relay (APR) is installed to allow the pilot to select the APU power
to the Left, Right, or both systems.
A Left and Right External Power Relay (EPR) is installed to allow the pilot to select the
EXT PWR power to the Left, Right, or both systems.
The round in use lights illuminate when power is delivered. The square AVAIL lights
illuminate when the APU generator is available or when the EXT PWR is plugged in.
The AC Crosstie Relay can interconnect the electrical systems.

NEXT >

63

LEFT
GEN

APU
GEN

GR

L
APR

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

RIGHT
GEN

R
APR

GR

EXT
PWR

L
EPR
L GEN BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

ACTR

L AC BUS

R
EPR
R GEN BUS
R AC BUS

The electrical systems are powered by the respective engine driven generator.
The APU and EXT PWR are not available.
If an engine driven generator becomes inoperative - or a CSD disconnect is
performed by the pilots - the AC Crosstie Relay will automatically close.
NEXT to animate a failure of the left generator >

64

LEFT
GEN

APU
GEN

GR

L
APR

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

RIGHT
GEN

R
APR

GR

EXT
PWR

L
EPR
L GEN BUS
L AC BUS

ACTR

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R
EPR
R GEN BUS
R AC BUS

65

LEFT
GEN

APU
GEN

GR

L
APR

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

RIGHT
GEN

R
APR

GR

EXT
PWR

L
EPR
L GEN BUS
L AC BUS

ACTR

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R
EPR
R GEN BUS
R AC BUS

66

LEFT
GEN

APU
GEN

GR

L
APR

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

RIGHT
GEN

R
APR

GR

EXT
PWR

L
EPR
L GEN BUS
L AC BUS

ACTR

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R
EPR
R GEN BUS
R AC BUS

Notice that the A.C. CROSSTIE RELAY closed when power was needed on the
left system.
Both systems are powered by the right engine driven generator.
Automatic load shedding will cause the Galley Power to be disconnected
whenever the ACTR is closed.
NEXT to return to normal operation >
To Replay - 64 ENTER

67

LEFT
GEN

APU
GEN

GR

L
APR

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

RIGHT
GEN

R
APR

GR

EXT
PWR

L
EPR
L GEN BUS
L AC BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

ACTR
AC CROSSTIE
LOCKOUT

R
EPR
R GEN BUS
R AC BUS

Again, the electrical systems are now powered by the respective engine driven
generator. The APU and EXT PWR are not available.
The A.C. Crosstie Relay will lockout if it detects a fault on one electrical
system - to keep the good system from connecting to a faulted system.
When the ACTR is LOCKED OUT - the AC CROSSTIE LOCKOUT light will
illuminate.
NEXT will show a fault on the left electrical system >
NEXT - left system fault
>

68

LEFT
GEN

APU
GEN

GR

Screwdriver
Screwdriver
shorted
shortedto
to
aircraft
aircraft
electrical
electrical
ground!
ground!

L
APR

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

RIGHT
GEN

R
APR

GR

EXT
PWR

L
EPR
L GEN BUS
L AC BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

ACTR
AC CROSSTIE
LOCKOUT

R
EPR
R GEN BUS
R AC BUS

We have touched a screwdriver to the Left Generator Bus and to an electrical


ground to demonstrate a fault on the left Generator Bus.
NEXT to animate >

69

LEFT
GEN

Screwdriver
Screwdriver
shorted
shortedto
to
aircraft
aircraft
electrical
electrical
ground!
ground!

APU
GEN

GR

L
APR

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

RIGHT
GEN

R
APR

GR

EXT
PWR

L
EPR
L GEN BUS
L AC BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

ACTR
AC CROSSTIE
LOCKOUT

R
EPR
R GEN BUS
R AC BUS

70

LEFT
GEN

Screwdriver
Screwdriver
shorted
shortedto
to
aircraft
aircraft
electrical
electrical
ground!
ground!

APU
GEN

GR

L
APR

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

RIGHT
GEN

R
APR

GR

EXT
PWR

L
EPR
L GEN BUS
L AC BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

ACTR
AC CROSSTIE
LOCKOUT

R
EPR
R GEN BUS
R AC BUS

The Generator Control Panel detected the high current draw (through the
screwdriver to ground) and tripped the left GR open to turn the left generator
OFF.
The A.C. CROSSTIE RELAY is locked out from closing - the right AC system is
unaffected by the Left Generator Bus problem.
NEXT >

71

LOOKING AFT

AC
CROSS TIE
LOCKOUT
RESET

The A.C. CROSSTIE RELAY LOCKOUT may only be reset when on the ground.
A red guarded RESET switch is located behind the Captains seat.
NEXT >

72

ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
SYSTEM COMPONENTS
COMPONENTS

33 ENTER
ENTER

CONSTANT
CONSTANT SPEED
SPEED DRIVE
DRIVE

22
22 ENTER
ENTER

GENERATOR
GENERATOR CONTROL
CONTROL RELAY
RELAY

40
40 ENTER
ENTER

GENERATOR
GENERATOR RELAY
RELAY

50
50 ENTER
ENTER

ELEC.
ELEC. DIAGRAM
DIAGRAM &
& A.C.
A.C. XTIE
XTIE RELAY
RELAY

57
57 ENTER
ENTER

APU
APU GENERATOR
GENERATOR

NEXT
NEXT

EXTERNAL
EXTERNAL POWER
POWER

82
82 ENTER
ENTER

ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL CONTROL
CONTROL PANEL
PANEL

96
96 ENTER
ENTER

73

A.P.U. GENERATOR

NEXT >

74

On this frame
the APU is
providing
power to
both
electrical
systems.
If the APU PWR
AVAIL light
does not
come on after
APU start the pilot will
reset the APU
generator
GCR by
moving the
RESET
switch to the
momentary
RESET
position.
NEXT >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

75

LEFT
GEN

APU
GEN

GR

L
APR

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

RIGHT
GEN

R
APR

GR

EXT
PWR

L
EPR
L GEN BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

ACTR

R
EPR
R GEN BUS

AC CROSSTIE
LOCKOUT

L AC BUS

R AC BUS

Notice the APU generator is capable of powering both systems simultaneously at any time.
You can legally dispatch with only 1 operating engine generator - as long as the APU is
operating for the entire flight and used to power the electrical system with the failed
engine generator.
NEXT to show the APU operating and the APU PWR AVAIL light illuminated >

76

LEFT
GEN

APU
GEN

GR

L
APR

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

RIGHT
GEN

R
APR

GR

EXT
PWR

L
EPR
L GEN BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

ACTR

R
EPR
R GEN BUS

AC CROSSTIE
LOCKOUT

L AC BUS

R AC BUS

The APU is now running and the power is available.


On the ground - the ACTR will not close when the APU is used to power only
one electrical system. NEXT to close the Left APU Relay >

77

LEFT
GEN

APU
GEN

GR

L
APR

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

RIGHT
GEN

R
APR

GR

EXT
PWR

L
EPR
L GEN BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

ACTR

R
EPR
R GEN BUS

AC CROSSTIE
LOCKOUT

L AC BUS

NEXT to close the Right APU Relay >

R AC BUS

78

LEFT
GEN

APU
GEN

GR

L
APR

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

RIGHT
GEN

R
APR

GR

EXT
PWR

L
EPR
L GEN BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

ACTR

R
EPR
R GEN BUS

AC CROSSTIE
LOCKOUT

L AC BUS

R AC BUS

The APU is now providing power to both electrical systems.


This is normal electrical operation when the aircraft is on the ground and there
is no EXT PWR available.
NEXT >

79

LEFT
GEN

APU
GEN

GR

L
APR

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

RIGHT
GEN

R
APR

GR

EXT
PWR

L
EPR
L GEN BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

ACTR

R
EPR
R GEN BUS

AC CROSSTIE
LOCKOUT

L AC BUS

R AC BUS

Inflight - the ACTR can close to allow the APU generator power to crosstie.
On this frame - the APU is providing power to the Left System and then through
the AC Crosstie Relay to the Right Electrical System. This can only occur
when the aircraft is in the flight mode. NEXT to activate the right engine
driven generator >

80

LEFT
GEN

APU
GEN

GR

L
APR

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

RIGHT
GEN

R
APR GR

EXT
PWR

L
EPR
L GEN BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

ACTR

R
EPR
R GEN BUS

AC CROSSTIE
LOCKOUT

L AC BUS

R AC BUS

When the Right Engine Driven Generator is applied - the ACTR automatically
opens.
An engine driven generator has priority to automatically power the respective
electrical system - therefore causing the ACTR to open. NEXT to activate the
Left engine driven generator >

81

LEFT
GEN

APU
GEN

GR

L
APR

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

RIGHT
GEN

R
APR GR

EXT
PWR

L
EPR
L GEN BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

ACTR

R
EPR
R GEN BUS

AC CROSSTIE
LOCKOUT

L AC BUS

R AC BUS

When the Left Engine Driven Generator is applied - the Left APU Relay opens.
An engine driven generator has priority to automatically power the respective electrical system
- over the APU, EXT PWR, or ACTR.. The APU remains available - but not used.
If all electrical sources are available and all electrical control panel switches are in the ON
position - the automatic priority system will apply power: 1)from the respective engine
generator; 2) from the APU; 3) from the EXT PWR; 4) from the ACTR. NEXT >

82

ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
SYSTEM COMPONENTS
COMPONENTS

33 ENTER
ENTER

CONSTANT
CONSTANT SPEED
SPEED DRIVE
DRIVE

22
22 ENTER
ENTER

GENERATOR
GENERATOR CONTROL
CONTROL RELAY
RELAY

40
40 ENTER
ENTER

GENERATOR
GENERATOR RELAY
RELAY

50
50 ENTER
ENTER

ELEC.
ELEC. DIAGRAM
DIAGRAM &
& A.C.
A.C. XTIE
XTIE RELAY
RELAY

57
57 ENTER
ENTER

APU
APU GENERATOR
GENERATOR

72
72 ENTER
ENTER

EXTERNAL
EXTERNAL POWER
POWER

NEXT
NEXT

ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL CONTROL
CONTROL PANEL
PANEL

96
96 ENTER
ENTER

83

EXTERNAL POWER

NEXT >

84

External Power

The
TheExternal
Externalpower
powerplugs
plugsinto
intothe
theaircraft
aircraftleft
leftside.
side.
NEXT
NEXT>>for
forclose
closeup
upview
viewof
ofthis
thispanel.
panel.

85

External Power Receptacle


EXTERNAL POWER

EXTERNAL POWER

EXT
EXTPWR
PWR EXT PWR
EXT PWR
NOT
NOT
AVAIL
AVAIL
ININUSE
USE

FLT INPH

WHEEL WELL
LIGHTS
PILOTS

SVC INPH

CALL

Here is a close-up of the External Power


Receptacle.
The large rectangle shaped socket allows
for the plug in of 115 VAC / 400 CPS
from an external source.
The round shaped socket allows for the
plug in of 115V / 60 CPS power from an
external source. This power is used to
heat the potable water line heaters
when normal 115 VAC / 400 CPS power
is not in use on the aircraft. NEXT >

OFF

115 VAC / 60 CPS


115 VAC / 400 CPS

86

External Power Receptacle


EXTERNAL POWER

EXTERNAL POWER

EXT
EXTPWR
PWR EXT PWR
EXT PWR
NOT
NOT
AVAIL
AVAIL
ININUSE
USE

FLT INPH

WHEEL WELL
LIGHTS
PILOTS

SVC INPH

CALL
OFF

When External Power is plugged into the


large rectangle socket - the blue
EXTERNAL POWER AVAILABLE light
will come on. This light is not an
indication that the power is at proper
volts and frequency.
When the External Power is not in use;
the white light EXTERNAL POWER
NOT IN USE will come on.
When the ground crew is ready to pull
the power plug - they will look for the
illumination of the EXTERNAL POWER
NOT IN USE light before they pull the
power plug. NEXT >

87

External Power Receptacle


EXTERNAL POWER

EXTERNAL POWER

EXT
EXTPWR
PWR EXT PWR
EXT PWR
NOT
NOT
AVAIL
AVAIL
ININUSE
USE

FLT INPH

WHEEL WELL
LIGHTS
PILOTS

SVC INPH

CALL
OFF

When External Power is used - the


EXTERNAL POWER NOT IN USE light
extinguishes.
The EXTERNAL POWER is accepted by
the aircraft if the voltage exceeds 95
VAC and the three phase power is
properly spaced.
There is no onboard protection if the
external power voltage or frequency
are not proper. The pilot must always
confirm good quality power - before
applying the EXT PWR to any bus.
NEXT >

88

External Power Receptacle


EXTERNAL POWER

EXTERNAL POWER

EXT
EXTPWR
PWR EXT PWR
EXT PWR
NOT
NOT
AVAIL
AVAIL
ININUSE
USE

FLT INPH

WHEEL WELL
LIGHTS
PILOTS

SVC INPH

CALL
OFF

These circuit breakers are for the


external power circuit.
These jacks receive a headset plug from
ground personnel.
When plugged into the Flight Interphone
jack - a person will talk to the pilot over
the Flight Interphone system on the
pilots audio selector panel.
When plugged into the Service
Interphone jack - a person will talk to
the pilot over the handset located on
the aft end of the pedestal. NEXT >

89

External Power Receptacle


EXTERNAL POWER

EXTERNAL POWER

EXT
EXTPWR
PWR EXT PWR
EXT PWR
NOT
NOT
AVAIL
AVAIL
ININUSE
USE

FLT INPH

WHEEL WELL
LIGHTS
PILOTS

SVC INPH

CALL
OFF

This switch that turns on the lights in all


3 gear wells. You should turn on these
lights before you do a walk-around.
This pushbutton activates a chime in the
cockpit. NEXT >

90

Check the quality of External Power!


Remember
Rememberthat
thatthe
thepilot
pilotmust
mustcheck
checkthe
thequality
qualityof
ofthe
thepower
powerbefore
beforeusing
using
the
theexternal
externalpower.
power.. .. . NEXT
NEXT>>

91

LEFT
GEN

APU
GEN

GR

L
APR

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

RIGHT
GEN

R
APR

GR

EXT
PWR

L
EPR
L GEN BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

ACTR

R
EPR
R GEN BUS

AC CROSSTIE
LOCKOUT

L AC BUS

R AC BUS

NEXT
NEXTto
toshow
showthe
theEXT
EXTPWR
PWRplugged
pluggedinto
intothe
theaircraft
aircraftand
andthe
theEXT
EXTPWR
PWRAVAIL
AVAIL
light
lightilluminated
illuminated>>

92

LEFT
GEN

APU
GEN

GR

L
APR

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

RIGHT
GEN

R
APR

GR

EXT
PWR

L
EPR
L GEN BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

ACTR

R
EPR
R GEN BUS

AC CROSSTIE
LOCKOUT

L AC BUS

NEXT
NEXTto
toclose
closethe
theLeft
LeftEPR
EPR>>

R AC BUS

93

LEFT
GEN

APU
GEN

GR

L
APR

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

RIGHT
GEN

R
APR

GR

EXT
PWR

L
EPR
L GEN BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

ACTR

R
EPR
R GEN BUS

AC CROSSTIE
LOCKOUT

L AC BUS

R AC BUS

The
TheEXT
EXTPWR
PWRis
isnow
nowapplied
appliedto
tothe
theleft
leftsystem.
system.
EXT
EXTPWR
PWRcannot
cannotcrosstie.
crosstie. NEXT
NEXTto
toclose
closethe
theRight
RightEPR
EPR>>

94

LEFT
GEN

APU
GEN

GR

L
APR

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

RIGHT
GEN

R
APR

GR

EXT
PWR

L
EPR
L GEN BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

ACTR

R
EPR
R GEN BUS

AC CROSSTIE
LOCKOUT

L AC BUS

R AC BUS

The
TheEXT
EXTPWR
PWRis
isnow
nowapplied
appliedto
toboth
bothelectrical
electricalsystems.
systems. NEXT
NEXT>>

95

System Priority:
1) The associated
engine driven
generator (if
running) has
priority over all
other sources of
power.
2) The APU
generator (if
available) has
priority over the
External Power or
the AC Crosstie
Relay.
3) The External
Power has
priority over the
AC Crosstie
Relay.
4)The AC Crosstie
Relay will only
power a system
from the opposite
side - when the
first 3 sources are
not available.
NEXT >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

DC

OPEN

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

11

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

22
33

APU
APU

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO
DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE

AMPS

AC LOAD

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

FREQUENCY

DC

44

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

BATT
OFF
ON

96

ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
SYSTEM COMPONENTS
COMPONENTS

33 ENTER
ENTER

CONSTANT
CONSTANT SPEED
SPEED DRIVE
DRIVE

22
22 ENTER
ENTER

GENERATOR
GENERATOR CONTROL
CONTROL RELAY
RELAY

40
40 ENTER
ENTER

GENERATOR
GENERATOR RELAY
RELAY

50
50 ENTER
ENTER

ELEC.
ELEC. DIAGRAM
DIAGRAM &
& A.C.
A.C. XTIE
XTIE RELAY
RELAY

57
57 ENTER
ENTER

APU
APU GENERATOR
GENERATOR

72
72 ENTER
ENTER

EXTERNAL
EXTERNAL POWER
POWER

82
82 ENTER
ENTER

ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL CONTROL
CONTROL PANEL
PANEL

NEXT
NEXT

97

ELECTRICAL
CONTROL PANEL

NEXT >

98

The Volt Meter


panel
incorporates
two AC gauges
and one DC
gauge.
The Volt Meter
L GEN
Selector may be RESET
OFF
positioned to 6
ON
positions.
The normal
AC LOAD
position for
flight operations
is BATT AMP.
NEXT >
L AC
BUS

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

99
50

400

100

420

380
150

AC VOLTS

FREQUENCY

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

PWR

VOLT/FREQ
APU

AMPS
50

BATT
VOLT

0
25

100

50
25

50

-VOLTS+

100
50

BATT
AMP

The APU position is selected on this frame.


The APU generator displayed output is 115 VAC/400 CPS.
The D.C. gauge displays zero in the APU mode.

NEXT to select EXT PWR >

100
50

400

100

420

380
150

AC VOLTS

FREQUENCY

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

PWR

VOLT/FREQ
APU

AMPS
50

BATT
VOLT

0
25

100

50
25

50

-VOLTS+

100
50

BATT
AMP

With the selector in the EXT PWR position - the AC Volt & Freq. gages will
display the power from the external source. Since the External Power does
not deliver D.C. power - the D.C. gauge remains at zero.
Here - the power is of good quality - 115 volts & 400 cps.
NEXT - select Left >

101
50

400

100

420

380
150

AC VOLTS

FREQUENCY

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

PWR

VOLT/FREQ
APU

AMPS
50

BATT
VOLT

0
25

100

50
25

50

-VOLTS+

100
50

BATT
AMP

In the L position - the A.C. gages will display the available voltage & frequency
from the left engine generator - when the engine is running.
Before engine start - the AC gauges will display zero. These gauges will also
display zero when the engine is running - if the GCR is tripped.
The D.C gauge displays the voltage available on the Left D.C. Bus.
NEXT - select Right >

102
50

400

100

420

380
150

AC VOLTS

FREQUENCY

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

PWR

VOLT/FREQ
APU

AMPS
50

BATT
VOLT

0
25

100

50
25

50

-VOLTS+

100
50

BATT
AMP

In the R position - the A.C. gages will display the available voltage & frequency
from the right engine generator.
Before engine start - the AC gauges will display zero. These gauges will also
display zero when the engine is running - if the GCR is tripped.
The D.C gauge displays the voltage available on the Right D.C. Bus.
NEXT - select BATT VOLT >

103
50

400

100

420

380
150

AC VOLTS

FREQUENCY

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

PWR

VOLT/FREQ
APU

AMPS
50

BATT
VOLT

0
25

100

50
25

50

-VOLTS+

100
50

BATT
AMP

In the BATT VOLT position - the battery voltage displays on the inner scale of the
DC gauge. The pointer should not deflect to the left - in the BATT VOLT position.
If the charger is charging the batteries - you may observe a voltage much higher
than the 28 Volt normal battery voltage.
When the charger is not charging the batteries - this gauge will display the
available battery voltage (normally 28 Volts D.C.) NEXT - select BATT AMP>

104
50

400

100

420

380
150

AC VOLTS

FREQUENCY

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

PWR

VOLT/FREQ
APU

AMPS
50

BATT
VOLT

0
25

100

50
25

50

-VOLTS+

100
50

BATT
AMP

In the BATT AMP position - the current flow in-to or out-of the batteries is
displayed on the upper scale of this gauge.
Here - you can see the effect of the charger as it delivers amperage (current) into
the batteries. With BATT AMP selected - The pointer deflects to the left when
the charger is operating.
Deep charge is indicated by a steady left deflection of 40 to 65 amps. Charge
maintenance is indicated by occasional pulses to the left. NEXT >

105
50

400

100

420

380
150

AC VOLTS

FREQUENCY

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

PWR

VOLT/FREQ
APU

AMPS
50

BATT
VOLT

0
25

100

50
25

50

-VOLTS+

100
50

BATT
AMP

In this example - you can see the batteries being drained. The situation that
would cause this - would be turning ON the EMER PWR switch.
The BATT AMP pointer deflects to the right when the batteries are draining.
NEXT >

106

In this example
the engines and
the APU are
shut down.
The EXT PWR is
applied to the
Left and Right
systems.
The volt/freq.
selector switch
is at the BATT
AMP position.
Every few minutes
the battery
charger pulses
a charge to the
batteries - as
shown here by
the AMP needle
deflecting to the
left.
Next >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

107

On this frame, we
highlight Two
engine
generator
switches, One
APU generator
reset switch,
and three
loadmeters.
Next for a closeup view >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

108

L GEN

APU GEN

RESET

RESET

OFF

RESET

OFF

NORM

ON
.5

R GEN

.5

1.0

.25
AC LOAD

1.5

ON
.5

1.0

.25
AC LOAD

1.5

1.0

.25
AC LOAD

1.5

The RESET positions of these 3 switches are spring loaded (momentary).


The RESET is used to reset the GCR. The GCR will need to be reset if a fire
procedure has been performed - or if an electrical fault has occurred. The APU
reset switch is spring loaded to NORM.
The OFF position keeps the Generator Relay (GR) open. (right Generator above)
The Left Generator switch is ON. The GR will automatically close when the voltage
& frequency are proper. The GR will open if the voltage & frequency are out of
limits as determined by the Generator Control Panel. The normal position for
the engine generator switches is ON.
With the engine generator switches ON - the generators come on line during engine
start.
NEXT >

109

L GEN

APU GEN

RESET

RESET

OFF

AC LOAD

GCP

LEFT GENERATOR BUS

.5

1.0

.25

GEN

RESET

OFF

NORM

ON
.5

R GEN

1.5

ON
.5

1.0

.25
AC LOAD

1.5

1.0

.25

The
Theload
loadmeters
metersdisplay
displaythe
theamount
amountof
of
load
from
a
generator
to
the
load from a generator to the
electrical
electricalsystem.
system. The
Thenormal
normalloads
loads
are
areunder
under1.0
1.0although
althoughmore
moreisis
allowable
allowablefor
forvery
veryshort
shortperiods
periodsof
of
time.
time.
.25
.25equals
equals25%
25%of
ofgenerator
generatorcapacity.
capacity.
.5.5equals
equals50%
50%of
ofgenerator
generatorcapacity.
capacity.
1.0
1.0equals
equals100%
100%of
ofgenerator
generatorcapacity.
capacity.
1.5
1.5equals
equals150%
150%of
ofgenerator
generatorcapacity.
capacity.
NEXT
>
NEXT >

AC LOAD

1.5

GEN

GCP

RIGHT GENERATOR BUS

110

We will now
discuss the
APU &
EXTERNAL
control panel in
detail.
Two toggle
switches for
each electrical
source are
installed.
Next >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

111

L AC
BUS

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

The APU and the EXT PWR have a left and a right system toggle switch.
Turning on the APU switches allows the APU generator power to flow to the
respective system if the A.C. Generator Bus is not already powered by the
engine driven generator.
Turning on the EXT PWR switches allows the external power to flow to the
respective system if the A.C. Generator Bus is not already powered by the
engine driven generator or the APU generator. The APU has a higher priority
than the EXT PWR. The engine generator has a higher priority than the APU
or the EXT PWR. NEXT >

112

L AC
BUS

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

In this frame the EXT PWR is applied to both the left and right systems. Notice
that the APU power is also available.
We will turn on the APU left switch. Watch what happens to the round blue inuse lights. You will see the External Power in-use light go out - as the left
APU in-use light comes on. NEXT >

NEXT >

113

L AC
BUS

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

Now the External power is applied to the right system only. The APU generator
is powering the left A.C. Generator Bus.
The right system switches operate the same. With the APU switches ON - the
APU will power the system over the External Power due to priorities that are
built in to the system.
NEXT >

114

L AC
BUS

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

The APU & EXT PWR are both AVAIL in this frame and all 4 switches are ON.
Since the APU has a higher priority - it will power the systems. The EXT PWR
can now be unplugged by ground personnel. You should turn off the EXT
PWR switches when the EXT PWR is not in use.. NEXT to animate turning
off the switches >

115

L AC
BUS

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

116

L AC
BUS

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

117

L AC
BUS

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

118

L AC
BUS

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

The APU round blue power in use lights will stay on until you start an engine.
When you start the left engine - the left APU in use light will go out as the left
engine driven generator powers the left system. The engine driven
generators have a higher priority than the APU.
NEXT >
To Replay - 115 ENTER

119

We will now
discuss the
A.C. & D.C.
CROSSTIE
SWITCHES and
the T.R.
loadmeters.
Next >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

120

The A.C. Crosstie Relay


switch is normally in the
AUTO position.
In AUTO, the relay will close
automatically whenever an
A.C. Crosstie is needed.
When a crosstie is not
needed, the relay will
automatically open.
The AC Crosstie Relay can
only close for engine
generator crosstie
operations - or for APU
crosstie operations - when
inflight.
If a fault (short) occurs on
either system - the A.C.
Crosstie Relay will
lockout to protect the
good system from
connecting to a possible
faulted system. NEXT >

L AC
BUS

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN
AUTO

DC

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

DC

121

The D.C. Crosstie switch is


normally set at OPEN.
The D.C. Crosstie relay may
be manually closed to
recover a D.C. bus in the
event of a failure of either
DC bus.
When closed - the T.R.s on
one side will power both
Left & Right DC buses.
DC Bus fault protection is
provided by a fuse.
There are 4 needles that each
represent the workload
performed by a
Transformer Rectifier.
NEXT >

L AC
BUS

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN
AUTO

DC

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

DC

122

DC

1.5
1
.5
0

1.5
1

CLOSE

.5

OPEN
0

LOAD

DC BUS X TIE

DC

1.5
1

1.5
1

.5

.5

LOAD

The DC Loadmeters display the amount of work performed by each of the


Transformer Rectifiers. The normal load is shown on these gages. 100% of
load is indicated by the 1 index; 50% is indicated by the .5 index; etc...
The maximum needle split between any two needles is 30% or .3 on the scales.
One T.R. can power an entire DC Bus.
If 2 T.R.s on one electrical system fail - the amber DC BUS OFF annunciator
light will come on and the respective DC bus will be inoperative. To power
the bus from the opposite T.R.s - you will have to move the DC CROSSTIE
switch to the CLOSE position. This action will put out the annunciator light
and both DC buses will be powered by the T.R.s on one electrical system.
NEXT >

123

The Battery
Switch is a 2
position lever
lock action
switch.
The Battery
Switch must be
ON for flight
operations.
We will now
describe the
operation of the
Emergency
Power Switch.
NEXT to turn ON
the EMR PWR
Switch >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

124

When the EMER


PWR switch is
turned ON - the
BATT AMP
needle deflects
to the right
showing a
discharge of the
batteries.
The EMER PWR IN
USE white light
comes on when
the EMER PWR
switch is turned
ON.
This action
removes the
charger from
the batteries
and powers the
A.C. and D.C.
Emergency
Buses from the
Battery Direct
Bus.
Next >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

125

The aircraft is at
the gate in this
example with
the engines not
running.
NEXT to show the
APU Power
Available >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

126

Recall that it may


be necessary to
RESET the GCR
on the APU
generator after
APU start.
The APU
generator GCR
will be tripped if
the APU was
incorrectly
shut-down by
use of the Fire
Control Switch.
NEXT to select the
Left APU Power
switch to ON >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

127

NEXT to select the


Right APU
Power switch to
the ON
position >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

128

NEXT to show the


EXT PWR
switches turned
OFF >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

129

In preparation for
departure - the
Captain will tell
the ground
crew to pull the
EXT PWR plug
from the
aircraft.
NEXT to show the
EXT PWR
disconnected
from the
aircraft >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

130

Notice that the


Volt Meter
selector is now
positioned to
monitor the left
engine
generator
during the start.
NEXT to show this
panel after the
left engine is
started >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

131

Due to the action


of the
Generator
Control Panel,
the engine
driven
generator came
on line
automatically
when the output
voltage and
frequency came
up during
engine start.
The left APU
switch may now
be turned OFF.
NEXT to move the
Volt Meter
Selector >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

132

NEXT to show this


panel after the
right engine is
started >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

133

After the second


engine start the pilot will
move the Volt
Meter Selector
to the BATT
AMP position to monitor the
Battery Charger
during flight.
NEXT to show the
right APU
power switch
turned OFF and
the Volt Meter
Selector
positioned for
flight >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

134

The APU can now


be shut down.
When the APU is
shut-down, the
APU PWR
AVAIL light will
extinguish.
NEXT >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

135

If an engine
generator fails an AC Crosstie
will occur.
NEXT to show the
right engine
driven
generator
inoperative >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

136

An AC Crosstie
has allowed the
left engine
driven
generator to
power both
electrical
systems.
Only one
annunciator
light comes on
in this example
- the R GEN
OFF light.
The galley power
is shutoff
during an AC
Crosstie.
NEXT to return to
normal
operations >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

137

This frame
displays normal
operation for
takeoff. The
APU is shut
down.
NEXT to show a
situation where
the pilot may
desire to keep
the APU
running for the
takeoff >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

138

If desired - the
APU can be
operated during
the takeoff with both APU
electrical
switches in the
ON position.
This procedure
provides the
APU as a backup electrical
source.
If an engine
generator fails
during the
takeoff - the
APU will pick
up the load.
NEXT >

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AMPS

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

FREQUENCY

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

139

In this situation
- the APU
GEN OFF
light will be
illuminated
for the
takeoff.
The APU GEN
OFF light will
extinguish if
the APU
power is
used on
either the left
or right
system.
NEXT to show
the right
generator
inoperative >
L GEN OFF

R GEN OFF

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

BATT
VOLT

PWR

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

AC LOAD

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO

DC

AMPS

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

APU GEN OFF

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

FREQUENCY

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

140

The right
engine driven
generator is
inoperative.
The APU picks
up the load
before the AC
Crosstie due to
priority of the
electrical
system.
All electrical
systems
remain
powered.
NEXT quesstions>

CSD

CSD

AC VOLTS

PUSH FOR RISE

AC VOLT/FREQ
DC BUS VOLT
R
EXT L

CSD TEMP

L GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

AC LOAD

L AC
BUS

APU GEN

RESET
NORM

AC LOAD

R GEN

RESET
OFF
ON

R GEN OFF

VOLT/FREQ

-VOLTS+

BATT
AMP

APU

R AC
BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

DC BUS X TIE
CLOSE
OPEN

APU GEN OFF

BATT
VOLT

PWR

APU
APU

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

AC BUS X TIE
OPEN

DC

AMPS

AC LOAD

EMER PWR
OFF
ON

AUTO
L GEN OFF

FREQUENCY

EMER
EMER
PWR
PWR
ININUSE
USE

DC

BATT
OFF
ON

141

QUESTION

What 2 busses are powered by the aircraft


batteries when the Emergency Power switch
is turned ON?
a. AC Emergency & DC Emergency
b. DC Transfer & Battery Bus

The
Thecorrect
correct answer
answeris
is a
a

NEXT
NEXT>>

142

QUESTION

What 2 busses are powered by the aircraft


batteries (on a cold airplane) when the
Battery switch is turned ON?
a. AC Emergency & DC Emergency
b. DC Transfer & Battery Bus

The
Thecorrect
correct answer
answeris
is b
b

NEXT
NEXT>>

143

QUESTION

What is the normal position for the A.C.


Crosstie switch?
a. AUTO
b. OPEN

The
Thecorrect
correct answer
answeris
is a
a

NEXT
NEXT>>

144

QUESTION

What is the normal position for the D.C.


Crosstie switch?
a. AUTO
b. OPEN

The
Thecorrect
correct answer
answeris
is b
b

NEXT
NEXT>>

145

QUESTION

A CSD disconnect can be reset inflight.


a. True
b. False

The
Thecorrect
correct answer
answeris
is b
b

NEXT
NEXT>>

146

QUESTION

What is the maximum split between any 2


paired T.R. needles?
a. 20%
b. 30%

The
Thecorrect
correct answer
answeris
is b
b

NEXT
NEXT>>

147
GCP

L GEN

R GEN

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

Left Grd. Cooling Fan

GCP

GCP

Right Grd. Cooling Fan

Gallley Pwr.

LEFT GENERATOR BUS

Primary Trim

LEFT AC BUS

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

RIGHT GENERATOR BUS

Ground Service
AC BUS

Gallley Pwr.

RIGHT AC BUS

Auxiliary Pump
TR

TR
1

TR
2

CHARGER

TR
2

On
Onthis
thisframe
framewe
weshow
showsome
somelarge
largecomponents
componentsthat
thatare
arepowered
poweredby
bythe
theGenerator
Generator
Buses.
Buses.
NEXT >

148

GCP

L GEN

AC
AC CROSSTIE
CROSSTIE
LOCKOUT
LOCKOUT

R GEN

APU
APU
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL
LL GEN
GEN OFF
OFF

R
R GEN
GEN OFF
OFF

GCP

GCP

LL AC
AC BUS
BUS OFF
OFF

R
R AC
AC BUS
BUS OFF
OFF

LEFT GENERATOR BUS

RIGHT GENERATOR BUS

Ground Service
AC BUS

LEFT AC BUS

TR

EXT
EXT
PWR
PWR
AVAIL
AVAIL

TR
1

TR
CHARGER

LEFT DC BUS

EMER.
INVERTER

OFF

ON

RIGHT AC BUS

TR
2

RIGHT DC BUS

DC
DC BUS
BUS OFF
OFF

DC TRANSFER BUS

DC
DC TRANSFER
TRANSFER
BUS
BUS OFF
OFF

EMR
EMR
PWR
PWR
IN
INUSE
USE

BATT
OFF

B
AC EMER BUS
AC
AC EMER
EMER
BUS
BUS OFF
OFF

ON

DC EMER BUS
DC
DC EMER
EMER
BUS
BUS OFF
OFF

BATT. DIRECT

BATTERY BUS

Use this frame


Use
this frame
to review
the
to
review
system. the
system.
NEXT
to END
> NEXT to END
>

NEXT >

149

ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
SYSTEM COMPONENTS
COMPONENTS

33 ENTER
ENTER

CONSTANT
CONSTANT SPEED
SPEED DRIVE
DRIVE

22
22 ENTER
ENTER

GENERATOR
GENERATOR CONTROL
CONTROL RELAY
RELAY

40
40 ENTER
ENTER

GENERATOR
GENERATOR RELAY
RELAY

50
50 ENTER
ENTER

ELEC.
ELEC. DIAGRAM
DIAGRAM &
& A.C.
A.C. XTIE
XTIE RELAY
RELAY

57
57 ENTER
ENTER

APU
APU GENERATOR
GENERATOR

72
72 ENTER
ENTER

EXTERNAL
EXTERNAL POWER
POWER

82
82 ENTER
ENTER

ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL CONTROL
CONTROL PANEL
PANEL

96
96 ENTER
ENTER

THE
THE END
END

NEXT
NEXT

150

AEROMEXICO

THE END
MD-80
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Part 1