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RELAY SETTING FOR UNIT-8

1. GENERATOR BACK UP IMPEDANCE PROTECTION (21G1[GR1] & 21G2[GR2])

SELECTED Z1 = 1.5 OHM


TIME DELAY OF ZONE Z1 = 1.00 SECOND

SELECTED Z2 = 2.1 OHM


TIME DELAY OF ZONE Z2 = 2.00 SECOND

2. UNDER VOLTAGE RELAY FOR 40G1 & 40G2 (27G1[GR1] & 27G2[GR2])

VOLTAGE SETTING = 77V


TIME SETTING = 0.00 SECOND

3. GENERATOR REVERSE POWER PROTECTION (32G1[GR1] & 32G2[GR2])

RECOMMENDED POWER SETTING = -0.5%


TIME SETTING (WITH TURBINE TRIP) = 3 SECONDS
TIME SETTING (W/O TURBINE TRIP) = 10 SECONDS

4. GENERATOR LOW FORWARD POWER PROTECTION (37G1[GR1] & 37G2[GR2])

RECOMMENDED POWER SETTING = 0.5%


TIME SETTING = 0 SECOND

5. GENERATOR FIELD FAILURE PROTECTION (40G1[GR1] & 40G2[GR2])

CONDUCTANCE INTERSECT CHAR. 1 = 0.25 – 3.00


INCLINATION ANGLE OF CHAR. 1 = 50o – 120o
CHAR. 1 TIME SETTING RANGE = 0 – 60 SECOND

CONDUCTANCE INTERSECT CHAR. 2 = 0.25 – 3.00


INCLINATION ANGLE OF CHAR. 2 = 50o – 120o
CHAR. 2 TIME SETTING RANGE = 0 – 60 SECOND

CONDUCTANCE INTERSECT CHAR. 3 = 0.25 – 3.00


INCLINATION ANGLE OF CHAR. 3 = 50o – 120o
CHAR. 3 TIME SETTING RANGE= 0 – 60 SECOND

6. GENERATOR NEGATIVE SEQUENCE PROTECTION (46G1[GR1] & 46G2[GR2])

NEGATIVE PHASE SEQ. CURRENT TRIP= 54%


NEGATIVE PHASE SEQ. CURRENT ALARM = 6.59%
TRIP DELAY = 2.5 second
ALARM DELAY = 20 second
NEGATIVE SEQUENCE FACTOR, Ksec = 6.1 second
TIME FOR COOL DOWN, tcooldown = 1406 SECOND

7. GENERATOR DEAD MACHINE PROTECTION (50GDM1 [GR1] & 50GDM2 [GR2])

RECOMMENDED CURRENT SETTING = 4.2 A


PICKUP TIME DELAY = 1.00 SECOND
DROP OUT TIME DELAY = 1.00 SECOND
VOLTAGE SETTING = 77 V

8. GENERATOR DEFINITE TIME OVERLOAD PROTECTION (51G1[GR1] & 51G2[GR2])


GENERATOR OVERLOAD CAPABILITY = 10% FOR 3 MINUTES
CURRENT SETTING (ALARM) = 4.7 A
TIME SETTING (ALARM) = 2.0 SECOND

9. GENERATOR OVERVOLTAGE PROTECTION (59G1[GR1])

VOLTAGE SETTING (ALARM) = 115.5 V


TIME SETTING (ALARM) = 2.0 SECOND
VOLTAGE SETTING (HIGH SET) = 154 V
TIME SETTING (HIGH SET) = 0.0

10. 100% GENERATOR STATOR EARTH FAULT PROTECTION (64G [GR2])

TRANSFORMATION FACTOR, S/E/F -FACTOR = 98.47


PICK UP VALUE OF THE WARNING STAGE OF
STATOR EARTH FAULT PROTECTION = 101 OHM
TIME DELAY OF THE WARNING STAGE = 10 SECOND

PICK UP VALUE OF THE TRIPPING STAGE OF


STATOR EARTH FAULT PROTECTION = 51 OHM
TIME DELAY OF THE TRIPPING STAGE = 1 SECOND

SELECTED S/E/F I>> = 0.75 A


PICK-UP THRESHOLD OF 20 Hz UNDER
VOLTAGE BLOCKING =1V
PICK-UP THRESHOLD OF 20 Hz UNDER
CURRENT BLOCKING = 10 mA
ANGLE ERROR COMPENSATION OF
EARTHING CT AND INERMEDIATE CT = 0 DEG

11. 95% GENERATOR STATOR EARTH FAULT PROTECTION (64G1[GR1])

VOLTAGE SETTING = 5.5 V


TIME SETTING = 0.2 SECOND

12. GENERATOR ROTOR EARTH FAULT PROTECTION (64F [GR2])

ALARM SETTING = 80 KOHM


TRIP SETTING = 5 KOHM
TIME DELAY SETTING FOR WARNING STAGE = 10 SECOND
TIME DELAY SETTING FOR TRIPPING STAGE = 1 SECOND
CHARGE Qc DURING POLARITY REVERSAL
BELOW WHICH THE MEASURING CIRCUIT IS
ASSUMED TO BE OPEN = 0.02 Ma

13. UNDER FREQUENCY PROTECTION (81G1[GR1] & 81G2[GR2])

FIRST STAGE – ALARM


FREQUENCY SETTING (f1) = 48.5 Hz
TIME SETTING (t1) = 2.5 SECOND

SECOND STAGE – CLASS C TRIPPING


FREQUENCY SETTING (f2) = 47.5 Hz
TIME SETTING (t2) = 2.0 SECOND

14. GENERATOR OUT OF STEP (POLE SLIPPING) RELAY (78G1[GR1] & 78G2[GR2])

I1> RELEASE = 120% IN GENERATOR


I2< RELEASE = 20% IN GENERATOR
NUMBER OF OUT OF STEP PERIODS CHAR-1 = 2
NUMBER OF OUT OF STEP PERIODS CHAR-2 = 4
HOLDING TIME OF PICKUP = 25 SEC.
HOLDING TIME FOR OUT OF STEP ANNUNCIATION = 0.15 SEC.

15. GENERATOR DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION (87G1[GR1] & 87G2[GR2])

SELECTED IDIFF>> = 5.0 (I/IN Machine)


Time delay T IDIFF>> = 0.00 SECOND

16. GENERATOR TRANSFORMER OVER FLUXING PROTECTION (99GT1 [GR1],


99GT2 [GR2])

U/f > PICKUP = 1.10


U/f > TIME DELAY = 0.5 SECOND
U/f >> PICKUP = 1.40
U/f >> TIME DELAY = 2.0 SECOND

17. GENERATOR VOLTAGE RESTRAINT INV O/C PROTECTION (51V1 [GR1],


51V2 [GR2])

SELECTED IEC CURVE = VERY INVERSE


SELECTING CURRENT SETTING = 5 A
SELECTED TIME SETTING = 0.5

18. GENERATOR DEAD MACHINE PROTECTION (50GDM3)

RECOMMENDED CURRENT SETTING = 4.2 A


RECOMMENDED VOLTAGE SETTING = 89 V
TIMER – 143 SETTING = 0.5 SECOND
TIMER – 343 SETTING = 2.0 SECOND

19. GENERATOR INTERTURN FAULT PROTECTION (64GIT)

VOLTAGE SETTING = 4.0V


TIME MULTIPLIER SETTING = 0.10 SECOND

20. GT OVER CURRENT PROTECTION (51GT2)

CURRENT SETTING, IE > = 1.0 A


TIME SETTING = 2.0 SECOND

21. GENERATOR TRANSFORMER DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION RELAY (87GT)

SELECTED IDIFF>> = 8.0 (I/IN GT)


Time delay T IDIFF>> = 0.00 SECOND
Slope 1 of tripping characteristic= 0.20
Base Point of Slope 1 = 0.20 (I/IN GT)
Slope 2 of tripping characteristic= 0.80
Base Point of Slope 2 = 2.0(I/IN GT)
Pick up for Add-on stabilization = 4.00 (I/IN GT)
Duration of Add-on stabilization = 15 CYCLES

22. OVERALL DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION (87OA)

SELECTED IDIFF>> = 8.0 (I/IN GT)


Time delay T IDIFF>> = 0.00 SECOND
Slope 1 of tripping characteristic = 0.20
Base Point of Slope 1 = 0.20 (I/IN GT)
Slope 2 of tripping characteristic = 0.80
Base Point of Slope 2 = 2.0(I/IN GT)
Pick up for Add-on stabilization = 4.00 (I/IN GT)
Duration of Add-on stabilization = 15 CYCLES

23. GENERATOR TRANSFORMER BACKUP EARTH FAULT PROTECTION (51NGT)

CURRENT SETTING, IE > = 0.25 A


TIME SETTING = 2.5 SECOND

24. GENERATOR TRANSFORMER HV OVERCURRENT PROTECTION (51GT1)

CURRENT SETTING, IE > = 1.0 A


TIME SETTING = 2.0 SECOND

25. GENERATOR TRANSFORMER RESTRICTED EARTH FAULT PROTECTION


(64RGT)

SETTING CURRENT= 0.10 A


VALUE OF STABILISING RESISTOR = 300 OHM

26. UNIT TRANSFORMER DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION (87UTA & 87UTB)

SELECTED IDIFF = 12.00 (I/IN UT)


Time delay T IDIFF>> = 0.00 SECOND
Slope 1 of tripping characteristic = 0.20
Base Point of Slope 1 = 0.20 (I/IN UT)
Slope 2 of tripping characteristic= 0.80
Base Point of Slope 2 = 2.0 (I/IN UT)
Pick up for Add-on stabilization = 4.00 (I/IN GT)
Duration of Add-on stabilization = 15 CYCLES

27. UNIT TRANSFORMER HV OVER CURRENT PROTECTION (51UTA2 & 51UTB2)

CURRENT SETTING = 2.0 A


TIME SETTING = 2.0 SECOND

28. UNIT TRANSFORMER LV EARTH FAULT PROTECTION RELAY (64NUTA & 64NUTB)

VOLTAGE SETTING = 22 V
TIME SETTING = 1.0 SEC.

29. UT HV INSTANTANEOUS OVER CURRENT PROTECTION (50UTA/ 50UTB)

CURRENT SETTING = 10 A