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NTSE STAGE-II

TM

(SAT) 2014
Path to success KOTA (RAJASTHAN )

SOLUTIONS

15.

Which of the following are the correct examples of matter?


(1) Glass bottle, water and noise
(2) Air, wood and vacuum
(3) Silver foil, hot air and chalk
(4) Sand, oxygen and light flash
Ans. (3)
Sol. Noise, vaccume and light flash are not the examples of matter.
Two identical beakers labeled as (X) and (Y) contain 100 cm3 of water each at 20C. To the water in the beaker
(X) 100 g of water at 0C was added and stirred to mix thorougly. To the beaker (Y) 100 g of ice at 0C was
added and stirred till it melted into water. The water in the beaker (Y) will be
(1) hotter than water in beaker X
(2) colder than water in beaker X
(3) heavier than water in beaker X
(4) lighter than water in beaker X
Ans. (2)
Sol.
16.

100 ml water
(100 gm)
T = 20C

100 ml water
(100 gm)
T = 20C
X

In beaker X
If 100 gm of water at 0C was added then final tempeature
100 1 (Tf0) = 100 1 (20 Tf)
Tf = 10C
In beaker Y
If 100 gm of Ice at 0C was added then final tempeature
is 0C because it melted into water
Tf = 0C
Y is colder than X
17.

At 283 K a saturated solution of solid X can be prepared by dissolving 21.0 g if it in 100g of water. The
maximum amount of X which can be dissolved in 100 g of water at 313 K is 62.0 g. An attempt is made to
dissolve 50.0 g of X in 100 g of water at 313 K.
(A) All the 50.0 g of X will dissolve at 313 K
(B) At 313 K 29.0 g of X will reamain undissolved
(C) Solubility of X decreases with increases of temperature
(D) On cooling the solution of X from 313 K to 283 K more than 21.0 g of X will crystallize out
Which of the above statements are correct ?
(1) A and B
(2) A and D
(3) B and C
(4) A, C and D
Ans. (2)
Sol. At 283 K
21 gm of X can be dissolved in 100 gm water (saturated solution)
At 313 K
62 gm of X can be dissolved in 100 gm water (super saturated solution)
on dissolving 50 gm X at 313 K, it will dissolve completely and on cooling this solution till 283 K. 29 gm X will
cyrstallize out.

18.

Two elements A and B contain 13 and 8 protons respectively. If the number of neutrons in them happen to be
14 and 8 respectively; the formula unit mass for the compound between A and B unit would be:
(1) 43
(2) 75
(3) 102
(4) 112
Ans. (3)
Sol. A 13Al27 , B 8O16
Compound of A and B is Al2O3 and formula unit mass is 102
19.

The reaction of burning of carbon in oxygen is represented by the equation:


C(s) O 2(g) CO 2(g) Heat Light

When 9.0 g of solid carbon is burnt in 16.0 g of oxygen gas, 22.0 g of carbon dioxide is produced. The mass of
carbon dioxide gas formed on burning of 3.0 g of carbon in 32.0 of oxygen would be
(Note: atomic mass of C = 12.0 u, O = 16.0 u)
(1) 6.60 g
(2) 7.33 g
(3) 8.25 g
(4) 11.00 g
Ans. (4)
Sol.

C(s) O 2(g) CO 2(g) Heat Light

Given weight of carbon = 3 gm


1
4
Given weigth of O2 = 32 gm
moles of O2 = 1

Moles of carbon

Out of 1 mole of O2,

1
1
mole of O2 will react with
mole of carbon
4
4

i.e., mass of CO2 = 3 +

1
32 = 11 gm
4

20.

An atom of an element (X) has its K, L and M shells filled with some electrons. It reacts with sodium metal to
form a compound NaX. The number of electrons in the M shell of the atom (X) will be
(1) Eight
(2) Seven
(3) Two
(4) One
Ans. (2)
Sol. Element is Cl. It forms NaCl with Na. No. of electron in outermost shell of Cl is 7.
21.

Oxygen gas reacts with hydrogen to produce water. The reaction is represented by the equation:

O 2 (g) H 2 (g) H 2O(g)


The above reaction is an example of
(1) Oxidation of hydrogen
(3) Reduction of hydrogen
Ans. (4)

(2) Reduction of oxygen


(4) Redox reaction

Sol.

O 2 (g) H 2 (g) H 2O(g)


oxidation no. of H2 = 0
oxidation no. of O2 = 0
oxidation no. of H in H2O = +1
oxidation no. of O in H2O = 2
i.e., oxidation of H2, Reduction of O2 and reaction is redox.

22.

Match the items of Column I with the items of the ColumnII.


Column I

Column II

(a)

NH4OH + CH3COOH CH3COONH4 + H2O

(i)

Thermal decomposition

(b)

2AgBr 2Ag + Br2

(ii)

Thermit reaction

(c)

ZnCO3 ZnO + CO2

(iii)

Photochemical reaction

(d)
2Al + Fe2O3 2Fe + Al2O3
(1) (d) (ii), (c) (iv), (b) (i), (a) (iii)
(3) (b) (ii), (c) (i), (a) (iii), (c) (iv)

(iv)
Neutralization reaction
(2) (c) (i), (a) (ii), (d) (iii), (b) (iv)
(4) (a) (iv), (b) (iii), (c) (i), (d) (ii)

Ans. (4)
Sol. NH4OH + CH3COOH CH3COONH4 + H2O

Neutralization reaction

2AgBr 2Ag + Br2

Photochemical reaction

ZnCO3 ZnO + CO2

Thermal decomposition

2Al + Fe2O3 2Fe + Al2O3

Thermit reaction

23.

Which of the following represents the correct order of the acidic strength for equimolar aqueous solutions of HCl,
H2SO4, NH4OH and NaOH
(1) HCl < NH4OH < NaOH < H2SO4
(2) NH4OH < NaOH < H2SO4 < HCl
(3) HCl < H2SO4 < NH4OH < NaOH
(4) NaOH < NH4OH < HCl < H2SO4
Ans. (4)
Sol. Acidic strength = NaOH < NH4OH < HCl < H2SO4
24.

Metals like sodium, potassium, calcium and magensium are extracted by electrolysis of their chlorides in molten
state. These metals are not extracted by reduction of their oxides with carbon because
(a) reduction with carbon is very expensive
(b) carbon readily makes alloys with these metals
(c) carbon has less affinity for oxygen than these metals
(d) carbon is a weaker reducing agent than these metals
(1) a and b
(2) b and c
(3) c and d
(4) d and a
Ans. (3)
Sol. Carbon has less affinity for oxygen and carbon is a weaker reducing agent than these meatals.
25.

A hydrocarbon has molecular formula as C6H12. It does not react with hydrogen to give C6H14 nor does it react
with chlorine to give C6H12Cl2. The hydrocarbon C6H12 is
(a) A saturated hydrocarbon
(b) An unsaturated hydrocarbon
(c) An open chain hydrocarbon
(d) A cycloalkane
(1) a and b
(2) c and d
(3) d and b
(4) a and d
Ans. (4)
Sol. C6H12

H
H
H
H

H
C

C
H

H
H

Cyclo hexane
Saturated hydrocarbon containing carbon carbon single bond and it is cyclic compound
26.

An organic compound is a clear liquid having a molecular formula C4H8O. It has an open chain structure.
Without any carboncarbon double bond. The compound can be
(a) an alcohol
(b) an ester
(c) an aldehyde
(d) a kentone
(1) a and b
(2) c and d
(3) b and d
(4) d and a
Ans. (2)
Sol. Aldehyde and ketone has general formula = CnH2nO

C4H8O
(a) CH 3 CH 2 C CH 3 [Butanone]
||

(b) CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CHO [Butanal] and CH 3 CH CHO [2-methyl propanal]


|
CH3
27.

An elements with atomic number 17 is placed in the group 17 of the long form periodic table. Element with
atomic number 9 is placed above and with atomic number 35 is placed below it. Element with atomic number
16 is placed left and with atomic number 18 is placed right to it. Which of the following statements are correct?
(a) Valency of the element with atomic number 18 is zero
(b) Elements with same valency will have atomic number 16, 17 and 18.
(c) Valency of elements with atomic number 9, 17 and 35 is one.
(d) Elements with atomic number 17 is more electronegative than element with atomic numbers 16 and 35.
(1) a, b and c
(2) a, c and d
(3) b, c and d
(4) a, b and d
Ans. (2)
Group 16 Group 17 Group 18
9

Sol.

16

Cl
Br
35

17

18

Ar

Group 18 zero valency


Group 16 2 valency
Group 17 With Atomic No. 9, 17, 35 has one valency
Electro negativity of S 2.5, Br 2.8, Cl 3.0

Cl Br S