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# PROJECT NAME

DOCUMENT TITLE
REVISIONS
DOCUMENT NO.
Description
Design Parameters
Unit Weight of Concrete
Clear Cover

## Design of Retaining Wall

R0
DATE
JA/RW/01

11-Jul-16

Symbol

c =
fck =
fy =
c =

Page 1 of 9

CLIENT
DESIGN
ARASTU

Values

CHECKED
N. JAITLY

Unit

25 KN/m3
30 N/mm2
500 N/mm2
25 mm

APPROVED BY

Reference/Remark

h1 = 1.5m

B1

R1

1
h = 4m
D = 2R = 6m

B3

ho= 1.096
m

h2 = 0.75m

B2
Do = 3m
R2

1.5 m

Fig 1.
Diameter of cylinderical portion
Diameter of ring beam
Height of conical dome
Rise
Rise
height of cylinderical portion
Angle
Angle

D
B2=Do
ho
h1
h2
h

1
2

Page 2 of 9

6m
3m
1.096 m
1.5m
0.75m
4m
53.13
53.13

R
Ro

3m
1.5m

Calculations:
1. Dimension of Tank :
The Radius R2 of bottom dome is given by

h2 x ( 2x R2 - h2 ) = Ro 2
R2= 1.875m
Sin = Ro/R2
2

2= 53.13

0.8

Cos2= 0.6
Tan2= 1.33
Cot2= 0.75
The Radius R1 of top dome is given by

h1 x ( 2x R 1 - h1 ) = R12
R1= 3.75m
Sin1= R/R1
1= 53.13
Cos1= 0.6
Tan1= 1.33
Cot1= 0.75

0.8

t1

LL

## Meridional Thrust at edges

T1

Meridional stress
Maximum hoop stress

150mm
1.5kN/m2
0.15x25000
+1500

5250 N/m2

( 1)/
(1+
"Cos1
")

12304.69
N/m

T1 / t1

0.082
N/mm2

Safe

(p x
R1)/(t1
x 2)

0.065
N/mm2

Safe

Hence stresses within the safe limits , provide niminal reinforcement @ 0.3%
As =

## 0.3% x 150 x 1000 =

450 mm2

(1000 x 50 ) / 450 =

111.11 mm

## Using 8mm diameter bars

Spacing =

Page 3 of 9

Provide
10 dia @ 150mm c/c in both direction

## 3. Design of Cylindrical wall :

In the membrane analysis , the tank wall is assumed to be free at top and bottom.
Maximum hoop tension occurs at the base of the
wall and its magnitude

p1

weight of water

Part 2 Table 4)

Area of steel

Ash

## Providing rings on both the faces

Area of steel on each face

123480 N/m
height

wxhxR=

130 N/mm2
p1 / =

height

Ash/2 =

474.92 mm2

## Actual Steel provided

Permitting 1.5 N/mm2 concrete stress on composite section in
tension (Acc. To IS 3370 Part 2 Table 1 )
The thickness of the cylindrical wall

Modular ratio

500 mm2 on
each face

1.5 N/mm2

9.33

## p1/(1000 x t + (m-1) x Asp x 2) = 1.5

t = 74mm
Minimum thickness = 3 H + 5

17 cm

170 mm

## provide 230 mm thick wall

Percentage of distribution steel
Ash

0.24%
0.24% x 230
552 mm2
x 1000 =

## Area of steel on each face Ash / 2 =

Provide vertical 8 dia bar @ 150 c/c on both face
Page 4 of 9

276 mm2

## 4. Design of Conical dome :

1.86m

1.096 m

1.5 m
Volume of water stored is given by

Ww=

## (/4 ^2 + 0/12 ( ^2 + ^2 + DDo) ( ^2)/2) x 9800

Ww= 956463.22 N
Let the thickness of conical slab

230 mm

Ws =

## 25000 x x (6+3/2) x 1.86 x 0.23 =

W=

Weight of beam B3 =

## Load per unit length =

Meridonal thrust To in the conical
dome is =

151197 N
37343.75 N

p3=

( x D x W + Ww + Ws )

w2=

p3 / x Do
=

192213.9
N/m

To =

w2 / cos o

192213.9
N/m

Meridonal stress =

To / 1000 x
0.83 N/mm2
230

## Diameter of conical dome at any height h' above base is

D' = Do + ( ( D+Do)/2 ) x h'
D' = 3 + 1.5 h'
Intensity of water pressure =

p=

Page 5 of 9

( h + ho (5 - h') x
h' ) x 9800 = 9800 N/m2

safe

Self weight =

q=

Hoop
tension =

.23 x 1 x 1 x
5750 N/m2
2500 =

## Po' = -7350 x h'2 + 22153.5 x h' + 73707

The value of Po' at h'=0 , h'= 0.5 and h' = 1.096 m
h' (m)
0
0.5
1.096

Po' (N)
73707
82946.25
89158.3

Area of steel

Po'=

89158.3 N

Ash=

Po' / 130
N/mm2=

685.83 mm2

Ash/2 =

342.92 mm2

## Provide ring 10 dia @ 150 c/c on each face

Max.tensile in composite section = Po'/( (230 x 1000) + ((m-1) x 524 x2))

0.37 N/mm2

safe

Asd =

x 1000 =

## 5. Design of bottom dome :

weight of water on the
dome =

Wo =

Page 6 of 9

## (/4 ^2 - ( ^2)/3 x( 3 x h2 h1 )) x9800

Wo= 318218.80 N
let thickness (t2) of the bottom dome be 150mm

Self weight =

We =

2 x x R2 x h2 x t2 x 25000 =

33134 N

Total weight
Wo + We = 351352.8 N
(W)=
Meridional thrust =

Meridional Stress =

T2 =

W/( x Do x sin2 )

T2=

46600 N/m

T2 / 150 x
1000 =

area =

P2=

dome =

0.3 N/mm2

safe

W / (2 x x
39765 N/m2
R2 x h2) =
(P2 x R2) /
(2 x t2) =

0.248
N/mm2

SAFE

## Provide 10 dia @ 200 c/c in both direction

Note :

Refer STAAD file for the design of columns, beams and foundation

Page 7 of 9

DATA
Z
I
R
Sa/g

H
Ah
Av

0.24
1.5
3
2.5
30 degree
0 degree
0.5
0.008726646
0
0.15
0.1

KA=

0.58049899

## Static Active thrust on wall

Kae

PA

Zone IV
Importance factor
Response reduction factor
Angle of internal friction of soil

Angle which earth face of the wall makes with the vertical
angle of friction between the wall and earthfill
Height of wall

and earthfill