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PROJECT NAME

DOCUMENT TITLE
REVISIONS
DOCUMENT NO.
Description
Design Parameters
Unit Weight of Concrete
Grade of Concrete
Grade of Steel
Clear Cover

Design of Retaining Wall


R0
DATE
JA/RW/01

11-Jul-16

Symbol

c =
fck =
fy =
c =

Page 1 of 9

CLIENT
DESIGN
ARASTU

Values

CHECKED
N. JAITLY

Unit

25 KN/m3
30 N/mm2
500 N/mm2
25 mm

APPROVED BY

Reference/Remark

h1 = 1.5m

B1

R1

1
h = 4m
D = 2R = 6m

B3

ho= 1.096
m

h2 = 0.75m

B2
Do = 3m
R2

1.5 m

Fig 1.
Diameter of cylinderical portion
Diameter of ring beam
Height of conical dome
Rise
Rise
height of cylinderical portion
Angle
Angle

D
B2=Do
ho
h1
h2
h

1
2

Page 2 of 9

6m
3m
1.096 m
1.5m
0.75m
4m
53.13
53.13

R
Ro

3m
1.5m

Calculations:
1. Dimension of Tank :
The Radius R2 of bottom dome is given by

h2 x ( 2x R2 - h2 ) = Ro 2
R2= 1.875m
Sin = Ro/R2
2

2= 53.13

0.8

Cos2= 0.6
Tan2= 1.33
Cot2= 0.75
The Radius R1 of top dome is given by

h1 x ( 2x R 1 - h1 ) = R12
R1= 3.75m
Sin1= R/R1
1= 53.13
Cos1= 0.6
Tan1= 1.33
Cot1= 0.75

0.8

2. Design of Top dome :


t1

Let thickness (t1) of top dome be


Taking live load

LL

Total load per sqm. of dome

Meridional Thrust at edges

T1

Meridional stress
Maximum hoop stress

150mm
1.5kN/m2
0.15x25000
+1500

5250 N/m2

( 1)/
(1+
"Cos1
")

12304.69
N/m

T1 / t1

0.082
N/mm2

Safe

(p x
R1)/(t1
x 2)

0.065
N/mm2

Safe

Hence stresses within the safe limits , provide niminal reinforcement @ 0.3%
As =

0.3% x 150 x 1000 =

450 mm2

(1000 x 50 ) / 450 =

111.11 mm

Using 8mm diameter bars


Spacing =

Page 3 of 9

Provide
10 dia @ 150mm c/c in both direction

3. Design of Cylindrical wall :


In the membrane analysis , the tank wall is assumed to be free at top and bottom.
Maximum hoop tension occurs at the base of the
wall and its magnitude

p1

weight of water

Permissble tensile stress in HYSD (Acc. To IS 3370


Part 2 Table 4)

Area of steel

Ash

Providing rings on both the faces


Area of steel on each face

123480 N/m
height

wxhxR=

130 N/mm2
p1 / =

949.85 mm2 per meter


height

Ash/2 =

474.92 mm2

Provide ring of 10 dia @ 150 mm c/c at each face

Actual Steel provided


Permitting 1.5 N/mm2 concrete stress on composite section in
tension (Acc. To IS 3370 Part 2 Table 1 )
The thickness of the cylindrical wall

Modular ratio

500 mm2 on
each face

1.5 N/mm2

9.33

p1/(1000 x t + (m-1) x Asp x 2) = 1.5


t = 74mm
Minimum thickness = 3 H + 5

17 cm

170 mm

provide 230 mm thick wall


Percentage of distribution steel
Ash

0.24%
0.24% x 230
552 mm2
x 1000 =

Area of steel on each face Ash / 2 =


Provide vertical 8 dia bar @ 150 c/c on both face
Page 4 of 9

276 mm2

4. Design of Conical dome :

1.86m

1.096 m

1.5 m
Volume of water stored is given by

Ww=

(/4 ^2 + 0/12 ( ^2 + ^2 + DDo) ( ^2)/2) x 9800

Ww= 956463.22 N
Let the thickness of conical slab

230 mm

Total self weight Ws


Ws =

25000 x x (6+3/2) x 1.86 x 0.23 =

W=

Weight of beam B3 =

Hence the total vertical load =

Load per unit length =


Meridonal thrust To in the conical
dome is =

151197 N
37343.75 N

p3=

( x D x W + Ww + Ws )

w2=

p3 / x Do
=

192213.9
N/m

To =

w2 / cos o

192213.9
N/m

Meridonal stress =

To / 1000 x
0.83 N/mm2
230

Diameter of conical dome at any height h' above base is


D' = Do + ( ( D+Do)/2 ) x h'
D' = 3 + 1.5 h'
Intensity of water pressure =

p=

Page 5 of 9

( h + ho (5 - h') x
h' ) x 9800 = 9800 N/m2

safe

Self weight =

q=

Hoop
tension =

.23 x 1 x 1 x
5750 N/m2
2500 =

Po' = ( p / cos o + q x tan o ) x D'/2

Po' = -7350 x h'2 + 22153.5 x h' + 73707


The value of Po' at h'=0 , h'= 0.5 and h' = 1.096 m
h' (m)
0
0.5
1.096

Po' (N)
73707
82946.25
89158.3

Max. hoop tension =

Area of steel

Area of steel on each face

Po'=

89158.3 N

Ash=

Po' / 130
N/mm2=

685.83 mm2

Ash/2 =

342.92 mm2

Provide ring 10 dia @ 150 c/c on each face


Max.tensile in composite section = Po'/( (230 x 1000) + ((m-1) x 524 x2))

0.37 N/mm2

safe

In the meridonal direction provide 0.24 % reinforcement


Asd =

0.24% x 230 529 mm2


x 1000 =

Provide vertical 10 dia @ 150 c/c on each face

5. Design of bottom dome :


weight of water on the
dome =

Wo =

(/4 ^2 - ( ^2)/3 x( 3 x h2 h1 )) x9800


Page 6 of 9

(/4 ^2 - ( ^2)/3 x( 3 x h2 h1 )) x9800


Wo= 318218.80 N
let thickness (t2) of the bottom dome be 150mm

Self weight =

We =

2 x x R2 x h2 x t2 x 25000 =

33134 N

Total weight
Wo + We = 351352.8 N
(W)=
Meridional thrust =

Meridional Stress =

T2 =

W/( x Do x sin2 )

T2=

46600 N/m

T2 / 150 x
1000 =

Intensity of load per unit


area =

P2=

Hoop stress at center of


dome =

Area of minimum Steel =

0.3 N/mm2

safe

W / (2 x x
39765 N/m2
R2 x h2) =
(P2 x R2) /
(2 x t2) =

0.24% x 150 x 1000 =

0.248
N/mm2

SAFE

390 mm2 in each direction

Provide 10 dia @ 200 c/c in both direction

Note :

Refer STAAD file for the design of columns, beams and foundation

Page 7 of 9

DATA
Z
I
R
Sa/g

H
Ah
Av

0.24
1.5
3
2.5
30 degree
0.5 radian
0 degree
0 radian
0.5
0.008726646
0
0.15
0.1

Static active thrust on the wall


KA=

0.58049899

Static Active thrust on wall


Kae

PA

Zone IV
Importance factor
Response reduction factor
Angle of internal friction of soil

Angle which earth face of the wall makes with the vertical
angle of friction between the wall and earthfill
Height of wall

l makes with the vertical

and earthfill