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456 Aufrufe18 SeitenArihant number system

Jul 14, 2016

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Arihant number system

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Arihant number system

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RMATSuccess Master

Number System

Introduction

In the decimal number system, numbers are expressed by means of symbols 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, called

digits. Here, 0 is called an insignificant digit whereas 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 are called significant digits. We can

express a number in two ways :

Notation Representing a number in figures is known as notation as 350.

Numeration Representing a number in words is known as numeration as Five hundred and forty five.

Indian System of Numeration

Ten Arb Arb Ten Crore Crore Ten Lac

1010

109

108

107

106

Lac

Place

Place

105

104

103

Hundred

Place

102

101

100

Face Value It is the value of the digit itself eg, in 3452, face value of 4 is four, face value of 2 is two.

Place Value It is the face value of the digit multiplied by the place value at which it is situated eg, in

2586, place value of 5 is 5 10 2 = 500.

Categories of Numbers

Natural Numbers (N ) Numbers that are used

in counting are called natural numbers.

If N is the set of natural numbers, then we write

N = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, ......... }

The smallest natural number is 1.

Whole Numbers (W ) When zero is included in

the set of natural numbers, the numbers are known

as whole numbers.

If W is the set of whole numbers, then we write

W = { 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, .......... }

The smallest whole number is 0.

Integers (I ) Integers are whole numbers,

negative of whole numbers including zero.

If I is the set of integers, then we write I =

{ ........... 3, 2, 1, 0, 1, 2, 3, .......... }

Rational Numbers Numbers which can be

p

expressed in the form of , where p and q are both

q

integers and q 0 are called rational numbers.

1. One digit numbers are from 1 to 9. There are 9 one digit

numbers. ie, 9 10 0 .

2. Two digit numbers are from 10 to 99. There are 90 two digit

numbers. ie, 9 10 1.

3. Three digit numbers are from100 to 999. There are 900 three

digit numbers ie, 9 10 2.

In general the number of n digit numbers are 9 10 ( n 1).

4. Sum

of

the

first

n

natural

numbers

ie,

n (n + 1)

.

1+ 2 + 3 + 4 + K + n =

2

5. Sum of the squares of the first n natural numbers ie,

n (n + 1) (2n + 1)

.

12 + 2 2 + 3 2 + 4 2 + K + n 2 =

6

6. Sum of the cubes of the first n natural numbers ie,

2

n (n + 1)

13 + 23 + 33 + K + n3 =

2

3 7

,

, 5, 2, ........... .

2 9

There exists infinite number of rational numbers between any two rational numbers.

Irrational Numbers Non-recurring and non-terminating decimals are irrational numbers. These numbers

p

cannot be expressed in the form of .

q

eg,

eg,

Real Numbers

3, 5, 29, ............ .

Real number includes both rational and irrational numbers.

Even Numbers Numbers which are exactly divisible by 2

Extra Punch !

are called even numbers. eg, 2, 4, 6, ..... . Sum of first n even

l 2 is the only even prime number.

numbers = n ( n + 1)

l 1 is not a prime number because it has two equal

factors.

Odd Numbers Numbers which are not exactly divisible

l Every prime number greater than 3 can be written in

by 2 are called odd numbers. eg, 1, 3, 5, ..... . Sum of first n odd

the form of (6K + 1) or (6K 1) where K is an integer.

numbers = n 2

l There are 15 prime numbers between 1 and 50 and

Prime Numbers Prime numbers are divisible by one

10 prime numbers between 50 and 100.

and itself only. eg, 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, ...... .

Relative Prime Numbers Two numbers are said to be

relatively prime if they do not have any common factor other

than 1. eg, (3, 5), (4, 7), (11, 15), (15, 4), ......

Twin Primes Two prime numbers which differ by 2 are

called twin primes.

eg,

(3, 5), (5, 7), (11, 13), .... .

Note 1 is neither prime nor composite.

Composite Numbers Numbers which are not prime are called

composite numbers. eg, 4, 6, 9, 15, ...... .

Perfect Numbers A number is said to be a perfect number, if

the sum of all its factors excluding itself is equal to the number itself.

eg,

Factors of 6 are 1, 2, 3 and 6.

Sum of factors excluding 6 = 1 + 2 + 3 = 6.

6 is a perfect number.

Divisibility By 2 A number is divisible by 2 when the digit at ones place is 0, 2, 4, 6 or 8. eg, 3582, 460,

28, 352, .... .

Divisibility By 3 A number is divisible by 3 when sum of all digits of a number is a multiple of 3. eg,

453 = 4 + 5 + 3 = 12. 12 is divisible by 3 so, 453 is also divisible by 3.

Divisibility By 4 A number is divisible by 4, if the number formed with its last two digits is divisible by 4.

eg, If we take the number 45024, the last two digits form the number 24. Since, the number 24 is divisible

by 4, the number 45024 is also divisible by 4.

Divisibility By 5 A number is divisible by 5, if its last digit is 0 or 5. eg, 10, 25, 60, ..... .

Divisibility By 6 A number is divisible by 6, if it is divisible by both 2 and 3. eg, 48, 24, 108, ..... .

Divisibility By 7 A number is divisible by 7 when the difference between twice the digit at ones place and

the number formed by other digits is either zero or a multiple of 7.

eg,

658

65 2 8 = 65 16 = 49

As 49 is divisible by 7 the number 658 is also divisible by 7.

RMATSuccess Master

Divisibility By 8 A number is divisible by 8, if the number formed by the last 3 digits of the number is

divisible by 8. eg, If we take the number 57832, the last three digits form 832. Since, the number 832 is

divisible by 8, the number 57832 is also divisible by 8.

Divisibility By 9 A number is divisible by 9, if the sum of all the digits of a number is a multiple of 9. eg,

684 = 6 + 8 + 4 = 18. 18 is divisible by 9 so, 684 is also divisible by 9.

Divisibility By 10 A number is divisible by 10, if its last digit is 0. eg, 20, 180, 350, ............. .

Divisibility By 11 When the difference between the sum of its digits in odd places and in even places is

either 0 or a multiple of 11.

Extra Punch !

eg,

30426

l If p and q are coprimes and both are factors of a

3 + 4 + 6 = 13

number r, then their product p q will also be a

0+ 2 = 2

factor of r. eg, Factors of 24 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12

13 2 = 11

and 24 prime factors of 24 are 2 and 3, which are

As the difference is a multiple of 11 the number 30426 is

also coprime. Product of 2 3 = 6, 6 is also a factor

also divisible by 11.

of 24.

l If p divides q and r, then p also divides their

In a sum of division, we have four quantities.

sum or difference. eg, 4 divides 12 and 20.

They are (i) Dividend (ii) Divisor (iii) Quotient and (iv)

Sum of 12 and 20 is 32 which is divisible by 4.

Remainder.

Difference of 20 and 12 is 8 which is divisible by 4.

These quantities are connected by a relation.

l If a number is divisible by another number, then it

(a) Dividend = Divisor Quotient + Remainder.

must be divisible by each of the factors of that

(b) Divisor = (Dividend Remainder) Quotient.

number. 48 is divisible by 12. Factors of 12 are 1, 2,

(c) Quotient = (Dividend Remainder) Divisor.

3, 4, 6, 12. So, 48 is divisible by 2, 3, 4 and 6 also.

Illustration 1 In a sum of division the dividend is 258, the quotient is 17 and the

remainder is 3. Find the divisor.

Solution. Divisor = (Dividend Remainder) Quotient = (258 3) 17 = 15

Hence, the divisor is 15.

Illustration 2 In a sum of division, the quotient is 110, the remainder is 250, the

divisor is equal to the sum of the quotient and remainder. What is the dividend ?

Dividend = (360 110) + 250 = 39865

Hence, the dividend is 39865.

Illustration 3 Find the total number of numbers upto 600 which are divisible by 14.

Solution. Divide 600 by 13, the quotient obtained is 46. Thus, there are 46 numbers less than

600 which are divisible by 14.

Factor

A number which exactly divides a given number is called a

factor of the given number.

eg,

24 = 1 24, 2 12, 3 8, 4 6

Thus, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 24 are factors of 24.

Number of factors of a number If N is a composite

number such that N = a m b n c o K where a, b, c, ... are prime

factors of N and m, n, o, ... are positive integers, then the

number of factors of N is given by the expression

( m + 1) ( n + 1) ( o + 1) ........ .

Extra Punch !

l

l

l

A number is a factor of itself.

The smallest factor of a given number is 1 and the

greatest factor is the number itself.

If a number is divided by any of its factors, the

remainder is always zero.

Every factor of a number is either less than or at the

most equal to the given number.

Number of factors of a number are finite.

Solution. 224 = 25 71

Hence, 224 has (5 + 1) (1 + 1) = 6 2 = 12 factors.

Multiple

Extra Punch !

multiplying it by a natural number eg, Multiples of 5 are 5, 10,

15, 20, .......

Multiples of 12 are 12, 24, 36, 48, .....

l

l

l

l

The smallest multiple of a number is the number

itself.

We cannot find the greatest multiple of a number.

Number of multiples of a number are infinite.

Lowest Common Multiple (LCM)

The lowest common multiple of two or more given numbers is the least of their common multiples.

Multiples of 25 are 25, 50, 75, 100, 125, 150, ....

Multiples of 30 are 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, 180, ....

Lowest common multiple is 150.

The highest common factor of two or more given numbers is the largest of their common factors.

Factors of 20 are 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 20.

Factors of 36 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 36.

Common factors are 1, 2 and 4.

Highest common factor is 4.

Illustration 5 Find the LCM and HCF of 12 and 52.

Solution. To find LCM

2

2

3

13

12 52

6

26

3

13

1

13

1

1

Thus, LCM of 12 and 52 is 2 2 3 13 = 156

Thus, LCM of 12 and 52 is 2 2 3 13 = 156

To find HCF

12)52(4

48

4) 12 (3

12

Solution. LCM

5

2

3

2

LCM = 2 2 3 5 = 60.

15

3

3

1

1

20

4

2

2

1

30

6

3

1

1

RMATSuccess Master

HCF Let us first find HCF of any two numbers (15 and 20).

15)20(1

15

5)15(3

15

Now, we find HCF of 5 and 30.

5)30(6

30

Solution.

321)428(1

321

107)321(3

321

LCM of Numerators

HCF of Denominators

HCF of Numerators

To find HCF of fractions =

LCM of Denominators

To find LCM of fractions =

3 4 9

,

, .

5 15 8

LCM of 3, 4, 9 36 36

=

HCF of 5, 15, 8

1

HCF of 3, 4, 9

1

HCF of fractions =

=

LCM of 5, 15, 8 120

3 4 7

, , .

5 7 10

3 3 14 42 4 4 10 40 7

7 7 49

; =

;

=

=

=

=

=

5 5 14 70 7 7 10 70 10 10 7 70

4 3 7

Ascending order is , ,

.

7 5 10

Extra Punch !

l

l

l

l

l

The greatest number that will divide a, b, c is the HCF of a, b, c.

If x is a factor of a and b, then x is also a factor of a + b, a b and ab.

HCF of given numbers must be a factor of their LCM.

The product of the LCM and HCF of two numbers is equal to the product of the two numbers.

Illustration 10 LCM of two numbers is 56 times of their HCF. Sum of LCM and HCF is

456. If one of them is 56. Find the other.

Solution. Let the HCF be x; then LCM = 56x

x + 56x = 456

Now,

x=8

8 448

So, other number =

= 64

8 448 = 56 other number

56

Practice Exercises

A. Model Questions

1. Find the sum of the smallest four-digit number and the

largest five-digit number.

(a) 199900

(b) 100999

(c) 211000

(d) 211999

2. A positive integer which when added to 999 gives a sum

which is greater than when it is multiplied by 999. Which

of the following could be the value of the positive integer ?

(a) 3

(b) 4

(c) 1

(d) 2

3. What is the total number of prime numbers less than

100 ?

(a) 25

(b) 21

(c) 29

(d) 27

4. If 43p is divisible by 3, then what is the largest value p

can take ?

(a) 8

(b) 2

(c) 5

(d) 0

5. If the number 6pq 5 is divisible by both 3 and 5, which of

the following digits can replace p and q?

(a) 5,9

(b) 9,5

(c) 5,7

(d) 9,7

6. There are four prime numbers written in ascending

order. The product of the first three is 1001 and that of

the last three is 2431. Find the first prime number.

(a) 7

(b) 11

(c) 3

(d) 5

7. What is the remainder when 152 698 is divided by 5.

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 4

(d) 3

8. What is the remainder when 75 3 is divided by 4 ?

(a) 1

(b) 1

(c) 3

(d) 2

9. What is the remainder when 412 363 312 is divided by

15 ?

(a) 2

(b) 6

(c) 4

(d) 3

10. Find the largest four digit number exactly divisible by

55.

(a) 9900

(b) 9955

(c) 9945

(d) 9960

11. What must be added to 581173 to make it exactly

divisible by 11 ?

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 0

(d) 3

12. An even number, total of whose digits is 27, is always

divisible by

(a) 18

(b) 9

(c) 2

(d) 6

13. By what least number 250 must be multiplied to get a

multiple of 15.

(a) 3

(b) 5

(c) 2

(d) 15

14. What is the sum of all numbers between 250 and 550,

which are divisible by 19.

(a) 6635

(b) 6640

(c) 6000

(d) 6695

many times does he press the key of his computer ?

(a) 988

(b) 1988

(c) 1888

(d) 1990

16. Find the smallest number to be added to the least three

digit number so that it is exactly divisible by 45.

(a) 35

(b) 25

(c) 45

(d) 15

17. What least number must be added to 15763 so that it is

exactly divisible by 18 ?

(a) 5

(b) 18

(c) 12

(d) 13

18. What least number must be subtracted from 178669 so

that it is exactly divisible by 36 ?

(a) 18

(b) 1

(c) 36

(d) 5

19. How many numbers between 1000 and 3050 are

divisible by 24 ?

(a) 86

(b) 82

(c) 78

(d) 92

20. Find the numbers of prime factors contained in the

product of 2311 74 35 .

(a) 25

(b) 17

(c) 30

(d) 20

21. A number when divided by 225 gives a remainder of 32 .

What will be the remainder when the same number is

divided by 15 ?

(a) 4

(b) 2

(c) 3

(d) 1

22. Two numbers when divided by a certain divisor give

remainders 35 and 20 respectively and when their sum

is divided by the same divisor, the remainders is 15.

Find the divisor.

(a) 30

(b) 40

(c) 35

(d) 45

23. What is the smallest number by which 1250 be divided

in order to make it a perfect square ?

(a) 5

(b) 25

(c) 2

(d) 4

24. What is the smallest number by which 3000 be divided

in order to make it a perfect cube ?

(a) 27

(b) 9

(c) 3

(d) 6

25. A certain number when successively divided by 5 and 7

leaves the remainders 3 and 4 respectively. What is the

remainder, if the same number is divided by 35.

(a) 21

(b) 23

(c) 24

(d) 29

26. What is the difference between the greatest and the

smallest five digit numbers formed using the digits 7, 0,

3, 4 and 2 without repeating the digits ?

(a) 65672

(b) 53978

(c) 54672

(d) 65978

27. A boy had to do a multiplication. Instead of taking 35 as

one of the multipliers, he took 53. As a result the product

went up by 540. What is the new product?

(a) 1590

(b) 1450

(c) 1550

(d) 1420

RMATSuccess Master

28. If both 52 and 73 are factors of the number p 43 72

135 , then what is the least possible value of p ?

(a) 175

(b) 145

(c) 190

(d) 156

29. A worker earns ` 40 the first day and spends ` 25 on the

second day. He earns ` 40 on the third day and spends

` 25 on the fourth day and so on. On which day would he

have ` 100.

(a) 10

(b) 9

(c) 8

(d) 11

30. The sum of two numbers is 85 and their difference is 9.

What is the difference of their squares ?

(a) 765

(b) 845

(c) 565

(d) 645

31. Find the least number, which is exactly divisible by 20,

36 and 128.

(a) 5766

(b) 5760

(c) 5780

(d) 5790

32. Find the greatest four digit number which when divided

by 8, 9 and 11 gives a remainder 7 in each case.

(a) 9504

(b) 9541

(c) 9511

(d) 9527

33. Find the least four digit number which when divided by

5, 6 and 7 gives a remainder 3 in each case.

(a) 1053

(b) 1063

(c) 1073

(d) 1083

34. A shepherd has 324 sheeps, 396 goats and 428 cows. He

wants to arrange them into groups of equal size without

mixing. Find the least number of groups required to

arrange them.

(a) 285

(b) 287

(c) 284

(d) 289

35. The LCM of 69, 115 and a third number is 2760. Their

HCF is 23. Find the third number.

(a) 170

(b) 186

(c) 172

(d) 184

36. A number 475 is divided into two parts in such a way

that the LCM and HCF of the two parts is 2250 and 25

respectively. Find the two numbers.

(a) 250, 225 (b) 200, 275 (c) 175, 300 (d) 240, 235

37. The LCM of two numbers 45 times their HCF one

number is 250 and the sum of their HCF and LCM is

2300. Find the other number.

(a) 400

(b) 450

(c) 460

(d) 420

38. The sum of the first 100 numbers, 1 to 100 is always

divisible by

(a) 2

(b) 2 and 4

(c) 2, 4 and 8

(d) None of these

39. Find the HCF of 36a 2b3 c2,18a3 b2c4 and 12ab4c3 .

(a) 6ab2c2

(b) 12a 2bc

(c) 6a 2bc2

(d) 12ab2c2

40. The length, breadth and height of a room are 6 m 30 cm,

5 m 85 cm and 3 m 60 cm respectively. What will be the

greatest length of a tape which can measure the

dimensions of room exact number of times ?

(a) 45 cm

(b) 50 cm

(c) 60 cm

(d) 40 cm

41. The traffic lights at three different road crossings

change after every 50 s, 75 s and 100 s respectively.If

they start changing simultaneously at 10 am, after how

much time will they change again simultaneously ?

(a) 6 min

(b) 5 min

(c) 3 min

(d) 8 min

college are 40, 45 and 60. Find the minimum number of

books required for the class library for equal

distribution in the three sections.

(a) 340

(b) 360

(c) 320

(d) 380

43. Three boys steps off together from the same spot. Their

steps measures 30 cm, 35 cm and 40 cm respectively.

What is the minimum distance each should cover so that

all can cover the distance in complete steps ?

(a) 860 cm

(b) 840 cm

(c) 820 cm

(d) 875 cm

44. Find the unit digit in the expansion of 4223 .

(a) 4

(b) 8

(c) 6

(d) 2

45. Find the unit digit in the expansion of 32545 is

(a) 0

(b) 5

(c) 1

(d) 2

46. Find the unit digit in the expansion of 31448.

(a) 6

(b)4

(c) 8

(d) 2

47. A worker was engaged for a certain number of days and

was promised to be paid ` 1755. He remained absent for

some days and was paid ` 1365 only. What were his daily

wages ?

(a) ` 182

(b) ` 195

(c) ` 185

(d) ` 192

48. A heap of stones can be made up into groups of 7. When

made up into groups of 16, 18, 20 and 25 there are

4 stones left in each case.How many stones at least can

there be in the heap ?

(a) 18000

(b) 18004

(c) 18002

(d) 18006

49. If 2/7 of a number increased by 25 gives 45. Find the

number

(a) 81

(b) 63

(c) 72

(d) 70

50. Out of four consecutive prime numbers, the product of

first three is 385 and the product of the last three is

1001. Find the last number.

(a) 7

(b) 11

(c) 13

(d) 17

51. Three numbers are in the ratio 3 : 5 : 6. Sum of the

greatest and the smallest is equal to the sum of the

middle and 16. Find the smallest number.

(a) 12

(b) 20

(c) 24

(d) 16

52. Sum of squares of two numbers is 60 and difference of

the squares is 12. Find the sum of two numbers.

(a) 4

(b) 10

(c) 6

(d) 8

53. The product of two consecutive numbers is 600. Then,

the sum of their squares is

(a) 1203

(b) 1206

(c) 1201

(d) 1204

54. Thrice a number diminished by 2 is 19. Find the

number.

(a) 5

(b) 7

(c) 4

(d) 6

55. A sum of ` 640 is distributed among three persons P, Q

and R. Q gets ` 70 more than P. R gets `. 80 more than

Q. Find the share of Q.

(a) ` 210

(b) ` 215

(c) ` 200

(d) ` 220

10

2

denominator is decreased by 1, then it becomes . If the

3

numerator is increased by 1 and the denominator is

1

increased by 2, then it becomes . Find the fraction.

3

2

2

1

1

(b)

(c)

(d)

(a)

9

7

6

5

57. A and B had some candies each. If A gave 5 candies to B,

then B will have twice as many as A. Instead of that, if B

were to give 5 candies to A, then they will both have the

same number of candies. How many did A have ?

(a) 28

(b) 21

(c) 26

(d) 25

58. There were 240 multiple choice questions in an entrance

examination of a medical college. A candidate was given

1

2 marks for every correct answer and penalised mark

2

for every wrong answer. The candidate scored 160

marks in the paper having answered all the questions.

Find the number of correct answers given by the

candidate.

(a) 108

(b) 112

(c) 116

(d) 104

59. 126 is divided into two parts such that 8 times the first

part added to 5 times the second part is 810. Find the

first part.

(a) 60

(b) 66

(c) 70

(d) 56

60. A worker was engaged for a certain number of days and

was promised to be paid ` 480. He was absent for

six days and was paid ` 432 only. What was his daily

wages ?

(a) 432

(b) 60

(c) 65

(d) 70

61. Find the LCM of 8, 10, 24.

(a) 100

(b) 120

(c) 240

(d) 48

(a) 240

(b) 90

(c) 180

(d) 120

(a) 23 34 52 72

(b) 23 52 72

4

2

2

(c) 3 5 7

(d) 23 72 5

4 8 3

64. Find the LCM of , ,

3 9 5

(a) 20

(b) 24

(c) 1/24

(d) 1/20

65. Find the HCF of 40 and 64.

(a) 4

(b) 8

(c) 2

(d) 10

(a) 30

(b) 60

(c) 50

(d) 10

(a) 86

(b) 84

(c) 80

(d) 82

(a) 22 32 5 7

(b) 23 33 5

3

2

(c) 2 3 7

(d) 32 52 7

2 12 1

69. Find the HCF of ,

,

5 11 3

1

5

2

12

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

165

165

165

165

70. Find the LCM and HCF of 0.25, 0.5, 0.75

(a) 7.5, 0.05 (b) 0.75, 0.5 (c) 0.75, 0.05 (d) 7.5, 0.5

Find their HCF.

(a) 88

(b) 82

(c) 84

(d) 86

72. LCM of two numbers is 12 times of their HCF. Sum of

LCM and HCF is 195. If one of them is 60. Find the

other.

(a) 48

(b) 45

(c) 52

(d) 36

73. The sum of two numbers is 135 and their HCF is 9. How

many such pairs of numbers can be formed ?

(a) 6

(b) 2

(c) 5

(d) 4

74. HCF of two numbers is 12 and their product is 3600.

How many such pairs of numbers can be formed ?

(a) 0

(b) 1

(c) 2

(d) 4

75. The LCM of two numbers is 36 times that of their HCF.

The product of numbers is 3600. Find their HCF.

(a) 10

(b) 15

(c) 8

(d) 20

76. Two numbers are in the ratio 3 : 5. Their, LCM is 600.

Find the sum of the numbers.

(a) 320

(b) 160

(c) 340

(d) 280

77. Find the least number which is exactly divisible by

12, 15, 20 and 27.

(a) 650

(b) 520

(c) 600

(d) 540

78. Find the least number which when increased by 3 is

exactly by 10, 12, 14 and 16.

(a) 1680

(b) 1677

(c) 1697

(d) 1670

79. Find the smallest number which when decreased by 4 is

exactly divisible by 9, 12, 15 and 18.

(a) 188

(b) 182

(c) 186

(d) 184

80. Find the least number which when divided by 12, 15, 20

and 24 leaves the same remainder 2 in each case.

(a) 122

(b) 120

(c) 124

(d) 126

81. Find the least number of girls so that they can be

arranged in the groups of 15 or 20 or 30.

(a) 60

(b) 90

(c) 45

(d) 80

82. Find the least perfect square number which is exactly

divisible by 3, 4, 5, 6 and 8.

(a) 3600

(b) 3900

(c) 3500

(d) 3200

83. Find the greatest number less than 800, which is

divisible by 8, 12, 28.

(a) 624

(b) 672

(c) 636

(d) 684

84. Find the least number which when divided by 12, 15 and

20 leaves remainders 4, 7 and 12 respectively.

(a) 48

(b) 60

(c) 52

(d) 64

85. Find the least number which when divided by 5, 6, 7 and

8 leaves a remainder 3 but when divided by 9 leaves no

remainder.

(a) 1683

(b) 1725

(c) 1685

(d) 1723

86. Find the least number which when divided by 15, 20 and

24 leaves 4 as remainder but when divided by 13 leaves

no remainder.

(a) 364

(b) 370

(c) 484

(d) 244

87. Five bells begin to toll together and toll at intervals of

24, 40, 64, 72 and 120 s. After what interval of time will

they toll again together ?

(a) 42 min

(b) 36 min

(c) 48 min

(d) 54 min

11

RMATSuccess Master

minute starting at a certain point on the circumference

downwards. After what interval of time will they come

together again in the same position ?

(a) 30 s

(b) 20 s

(c) 15 s

(d) 45 s

93. Find the greatest number which will divide 321,428 and

535 exactly.

(a) 105

(b) 107

(c) 109

(d) 102

around on a circular path of 12 km with speeds of

3 km/ph, 4 km/ph and 6 km/ph respectively. They meet

at the same point again after what time ?

(a) 12 h

(b) 8 h

(c) 16 h

(d) 10 h

95. Find the least number of square tiles required to pave the

floor of a room of 4 m 50 cm long and 5 m 25 cm broad.

(a) 40

(b) 42

(c) 36

(d) 38

measure 4 m 3 cm, 4 m 34 cm and 4 m 65 cm exactly.

(a) 31 cm

(b) 29 cm

(c) 28 cm

(d) 32 cm

96. Find the greatest number which will divide 676, 481 and

767 exactly.

(a) 11

(b) 13

(c) 17

(d) 19

change after every 48,72 and 108 s respectively .If they

change simultaneously at 9 am,at what time will they

change again simultaneously ?

(a) 10 min 10 s

(b) 7 min 12 s

(c) 7 min 10 s

(d) 12 min 10 s

leaving 3 as the remainder in each case.

(a) 11

(b) 18

(c) 12

(d) 15

by 8,10 and 12.

(a) 1080

(b) 1100

(c) 1050

(d) 1120

99. Find the greatest number that will divide 1196, 209 and

1449 to leave remainders 6,5 and 4 respectively.

(a) 15

(b) 17

(c) 21

(d) 14

6, 8, and 12.

(a) 99924

(b) 99988

(c) 99984

(d) 99972

100. Find the greatest number that will divide 228, 275 and

321 to leave remainder 3, 5, and 6 respectively.

(a) 45

(b) 36

(c) 42

(d) 39

98. Find the greatest number which divides 121, 134 and

147 leaving 4 as the remainder in each case.

(a) 11

(b) 19

(c) 15

(d) 13

1. The number of boys in a class is three times the number

of girls. Which one of the following numbers cannot

represent the total number of children in the class ?

(a) 48

(b) 44

[MAT Feb 2010]

(c) 42

(d) 40

2. If 8 + 12 = 2, 7 + 14 = 3, then 10 + 18 = ?

(a) 10

(b) 4

(c) 6

[IP 2009]

(d) 18

when divided by 10 leaves a remainder of 9, when

divided by 9 leaves a remainder of 8, when divided by 8

leaves a remainder of 7, when divided by 7 leaves a

remainder of 6, when divided by 6 leaves a remainder of

5, when divided by 5 leaves a remainder of 4, when

divided by 4 leaves a remainder of 3, when divided by 3

leaves a remainder of 2, when divided by 2 leaves a

remainder of 1 ?

[IP 2009]

(a) 7559

(b) 839

(c) 5039

(d) None of these

4. What is the smallest number which when increased by 5

is completely divisible by 8, 11 and 24 ?

[IP 2009]

(a) 264

(b) 259

(c) 269

(d) None of these

5. What will be the value of the remainder when,

[IP 2009]

1693 797 3395 is divided by 17 ?

(a) 16

(b) 5

(c) 15

(d) 1

6. 25 times a number is 775. The number is

[IP 2008]

(a) 31

(b) 30

(c) 32

(d) None of these

place of a perfect square ?

[IP 2008]

(a) 7

(b) 1

(c) 5

(d) 0

8. The smallest number, which when added to the sum of

square of 9 to 10 gives a perfect square is

[IP 2008]

(a) 0

(b) 3

(c) 8

(d) 15

9. (9992 9982) is equal to

(a) 1

(c) 1997

[IP 2008]

(b) 999

(d) 998

If the same number is divided by 17, the remainder will

be

[IP 2008]

(a) 19

(b) 10

(c) 7

(d) 2

11. The LCM of two numbers is 63 and their HCF is 9. If one

of the numbers is 27, the other number will be [IP 2008]

(a) 9

(b) 21

(c) 17

(d) 189

12. If n is any positive integer, then 34n 43 n is always

divisible by

[IP 2008]

(a) 7

(b) 17

(c) 112

(d) 145

13. The number zero (0) is surrounded by the same 2 digit

number on both (left and right) sides: for example

25025, 67067 etc. The largest number that always

divides such a number is

[IP 2008]

(a) 7

(b) 11

(c) 13

(d) 1001

14. A number when divided by 45 leaves the remainder 30.

If the number is divided by 5, the remainder must be

(a) 3

(b) 2

[IP 2008]

(c) 1

(d) 0

12

15. A boy was asked to write 25 92, but he wrote 2592. The

numerical difference between the values of 25 92 and

2592 is

[IP 2008]

(a) 0

(b) 1

(c) 2

(d) 3

16. The HCF of 168, 189 and 231 reduced by 8, gives

(a) 13

(b) 14

[IP 2008]

(c) 17

(d) 21

17. Which of the following fractions is less than 7 8 and

[RMAT 2008]

greater than 1 3 ?

(a) 1 4

(b) 23 24

(d) 17 24

(c) 11 12

18. Ashok had to do a multiplication. Instead of taking 35 as

one of the multipliers, he took 53. As a result, the

product went up by 540. What is the new product ?

(a) 1050

(b) 1590

[RMAT 2008]

(c) 1440

(d) None of these

19. If a, b, c are real numbers such that a b + c < 1,

a + b + c > 1 and 9a + 3b + c < 4. What is the sign of a ?

(a) + only

(b) only [MPMET 2008]

(c) + or

(d) cannot say

20. Which of the following is a multiple of 88 ?

(a) 1392578

(b) 138204 [MPMET 2008]

(c) 1436280

(d) 143616

21. How many of the natural numbers from 1 to 1000 have

none of their digits repeated ?

[MPMET 2008]

(a) 589

(b) 585

(c) 738

(d) 739

22. PQ RS D AB

[MPMET 2008]

these letters represents a single digit number from 1 to

9, both inclusive and . denotes decimal point, then the

product of the two numbers must be

(a) between 10 and 1000

(b) between 1 to 1000

(c) at most 100

(d) greater than 100

23. Find the values of x and y, if the number 5372 xy is

divisible by 45.

[MPMET 2008]

(a) {(1, 5);(5, 5)}

(b) {(1, 0);(5, 5)}

(c) {(5, 5):(0, 5)}

(d) {(3, 0);(5, 0)}

a3 + b3 + c3

.

abc

[MPMET 2008]

(b) 0

(d) 2

(a) 3

(c) 1

x and y are positive integers is

[MPMET 2007]

(a) (ab) LCM of x and y

(b) (ab)xy

(c) a x / by HCF of (x, y)

(d) a x by

26. How many numbers lying between 3000 and 4000 can be

formed with the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 ? The digits are

[MPMET 2007]

not repeated in any one number.

(a) 40

(b) 104

(c) 60

(d) 82

27. The LCM of two numbers is 280 and the ratio of the

numbers of 7 : 8. Find the numbers.

[MPMET 2006]

(a) 70 and 80

(b) 42 and 48

(c) 35 and 40

(d) 28 and 32

28. When a number is divided by 7, the remainder is 4.

When the same number is divided by 6, the remainder

[OJEE 2009]

is 3. What is the number ?

(a) 39

(c) 49

(b) 37

(d) 52

29. What is the least number to which when 5 is added, the

sum is divisible by 12, 15 and 18 respectively ?

(a) 165

(b) 175

[OJEE 2008]

(c) 185

(d) 195

30. The largest four digit number which is a multiple of

[OJEE 2008]

8, 10, 12 and 15 is

(a) 0120

(b) 9600

(c) 9840

(d) 9960

31. Which of the following pairs is equal in value, given that

a is a real number ?

[OJEE 2008]

(a) 812 a and 243a 10

(b) 125a 12 and 15625a 16

(c) 4a 4 and 8a 6

(d) 494a 3 and 3433 a 4

32. What is the number which when successively divided by

4, 5 and 6 leaves respective remainders of 3, 4 and 5 with

last quotient as 2 ?

[OJEE 2008]

(a) 247

(b) 231

(c) 351

(d) 359

A. Model Questions

1. (b) The smallest four-digit number = 1000

The largest five-digit number = 99999

Required sum = 100999

Then, 999 + x > 999x

By Trial and error when x = 1

1000 > 999

So, the required positive integer is 1.

3. (a) The prime numbers less than 100 are 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13,

17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43, 53, 59, 61, 67, 71, 73, 79, 83,

89, 97. These add upto 25.

4. (a) A number is divisible by 3 when sum of the digits is

divisible by 3.

4+3+ P = 7+ P

So, P can be 2, 5, 8. So the largest value is 8.

5. (d) If p is 9 and q is 7. The number is 6975. 6975 is

divisible by both 3 and 5.

6. (a) Let the four prime numbers be a, b, c, d.

abc = 1001 and bcd = 2431

abc 1001

7

=

=

bcd 2431 17

a

7

=

a = 7

d 17

7. (a) The remainder when 152 is divided by 5 = 2

The remainder when 698 is divided by 5 = 3

Their product = 2 3 = 6

The remainder when 6 is divided by 5 = 1.

8. (c) The remainder when 75 is divided by 4 is 3.

The remainder when 3 3 3 is divided by 4 is 3.

So, the required remainder is 3.

9. (b) 41, 36 and 31 when divided by 15, leave remainders

11, 6 and 1 respectively.

412 363 312 when divided by 15, leaves remainder

112 63 12 = 26136.

As remainder cannot exceed the divisor.

Remainder is 6 ie, remainder obtained on dividing

26136 by 15.

10. (b) The largest four digit number = 9999.

55)9999(181

55

449

440

99

55

44

The required number = 9999 44 = 9955.

11. (a) Sum of digits at add places (from left side)

= 5 + 1 + 7 = 13

= 8 + 1 + 3 = 12

Whatever we add to the given number will increase the

sum of digits which includes the units digit ie, to 12. If

we add 1 to given number difference between the sum of

digits becomes 13 13 = 0

1 is to be added to the given number.

12. (a) An even number is always divisible by 2.

Further any number sum of whose digits is 27 ie;

(2 + 7 = 9) is always divisible by 9.

The number is divisible by both 2 and 9.

The number is divisble by 2 9 = 18.

13. (d) 15 = 3 5

Any multiple of 15 must be divisible by 3 and 5.

250 = 2 5 5 5.

250 is divisible by 5, but not by 3.

So, 250 must be multiplied by 3 to make it a multiple of

15.

14. (c) Since, 250 = 13 19 + 3

Terms divisible by 19 upto 250 = 13.

And 550 = 28 19 + 18

Term divisible by 19 upto 550 = 28.

Total terms divisible by 19 between 250 and

550 = 28 13 = 15.

Midterm (Average) between 250 to 550 = 400.

Sum of 15 terms = 400 15 = 6000

15. (b) One digit numbers from 5 to 9 = 5

Two digit numbers from 10 to 99 = 90

Three digit numbers from 100 to 700 = 601

Total number of digits that are to be used

= (5 1) + (90 2) + (601 3)

= 5 + 180 + 1803 = 1988

16. (a) The least three digit numbers = 100

45)100(2

90

10

So, the smallest number to be added

= 45 10 = 35.

17. (a)

18)15763(875

144

136

126

103

90

13

The least number that should be added = (18 13) = 5.

14

18. (b)

36)178669(4963

144

346

324

226

216

109

108

1

The least number that should be subtracted = 1.

19. (a) Quotient when 1000 and 3050 are divided by 24 are

= 41 and 127.

Between 1000 and 3050 there are

127 41 = 86 numbers.

20. (d) Number of prime factors = 11 + 4 + 5 = 20.

21. (b) Let the number be N. N = 225Q + 32 where Q the

quotient can have the values 1, 2, 3, etc.

N = 15 15Q + (15 2) + 2

Divide N by 15, we see that the remainder is 2.

22. (b) In such questions the divisor is r1 + r2 r3 .

Divisor = 35 + 20 15 = 40

So, when 1250 is divided by 2, we get a perfect square.

24. (c) 3000 = 2 2 2 5 5 5 3

So, when 3000 is divided by 3, we get a perfect cube.

25. (b)

X 3

number has 72. Hence, P should include 71 to make it 73 .

P should be atleast 52 7

= 175 to have 52 and 73 as its factors.

29. (b) His savings for every 2 days = ` 40 ` 25 = ` 15

His savings in 8 days = ` 60

On the 9th day he earns ` 40.

On the 9th day he has ` 60 + ` 40 = `100.

30. (a) Let the two numbers be x and y.

x + y = 85

x y =9

Solving x = 47 and y = 38.

The difference of their squares is 472 382 = 765.

31. (b) Required number = LCM of 20, 36, 128 = 5760.

32. (c) The LCM of 8, 9 and 11 = 792.

The greatest four-digit number = 9999.

792)9999(122

792

2079

1584

495

The greatest four-digit number divisible by 792 is

9999 495 = 9504.

Now, the greatest four-digit number divisible by 792 and

leaving a remainder 7 is 9504 + 7 = 9511.

33. (a) The LCM of 5, 6 and 7 = 210.

Y 4

X = 7Y + 4

N = 5 (7Y + 4) + 3

= 35Y + 23

If

Y = 1, N = 58

When 58 is divided by 35 the remainder is 23.

26. (b) The greatest five-digit number that can be formed

using the given digits = 74320

The smallest five-digit number that can be formed using

the given digits = 20342.

The required difference = 74320 20342

= 53978

27. (a) Let the number that the boy wanted to multiply be x.

He was expected to find the value of 35 x. Instead, he

found the value of 53x.

The difference between the value that he got and what

he was expected to get is 540.

ie,

53x 35x = 450

x = 30

The new product = 30 53 = 1590.

28. (a) If 52 is a factor of the given number. The number does

not have a power or multiple of 11 as its factor. Hence, P

210)1000(4

840

160

The least four-digit number divisible by 210 is

1000 + (210 160) = 1050.

Now, the least four-digit number divisible by 210 and

leaving a remainder 3 is 1050 + 3 = 1053.

34. (b) HCF of (324, 396, 428) = 4

So, the number of groups required

324 396 428

=

+

+

4

4

4

= 81 + 99 + 107

= 287

35. (d) Let the third number be 23x

LCM of 69, 115 and 23x is

23

3, 5, x

LCM = 23 3 5 x = 345x

Now,

345x = 2760

x=8

15

RMATSuccess Master

25x + 25 y = 475

x + y = 19

Also, the LCM of 25x and 25 y = 25xy.

25xy = 2250

xy = 90

(x y)2 = (x + y)2 4xy

192 = (x + y)2 4 (90)

Solving

x y=1

Using Eqs. (i) and (iii)

x = 10

and

y = 9.

The two numbers are 250 and 225.

...(i)

...(ii)

(iii)

So, the LCM = 45x

Now,

x + 45x = 2300

x = 50

HCF = 50, LCM = 45x = 45 50 = 2250.

Product of the two numbers = Product of the LCM and

HCF of the two numbers.

Let the other number be N.

N 250 = 50 2250

N = 450.

38. (a) The sum of the first n natural numbers

n (n + 1)

=

2

= The sum of the first 100 natural numbers.

100 101

=

= 50(101)

2

As 101 is an odd number and 50 is divisible by 2. So, the

sum is always divisible by 2.

39. (a) HCF of 36, 18 and 12 is 6.

The common factors are a, b, c and their highest powers

common to all are 1, 2, 2 respectively

Required HCF = 6ab2c2

40. (a) Greatest length of tape = HCF of 630, 585 and 360

= 45 cm

41. (b) LCM of 50, 75 and 100 = 300 s.

Traffic lights will change simultaneously after 300 s.

= 5 min.

42. (b) LCM of 40, 45 and 60 = 360.

360 is the minimum number of books required for

equal distribution in each section.

43. (b) LCM of 30, 35 and 40 = 840 cm. 840 cm is the

minimum distance they should cover in complete steps.

44. (b) The unit digit comes from the unit place. So, we have

to find the unit digit is the expansion of 223.

Now,

21 = 2, 22 = 4, 23 = 8, 24 = 16,

25 = 32, 26 = 64 ........

We see that the unit digit is 21 is the same as 25 .

The unit digit in 223 is the same as 23 = 8.

45. (b) The unit digit in 32545 is the same as that of 545 .

Now, 51 = 5, 52 = 25, 53 = 125, 54 = 625, ........

We see that the unit digit is always 5.

The unit digit in 32545 is 5.

46. (a) The unit digits in the expansion of 31448 is the same

as that of 448.

Now,

41 = 4, 42 = 16 , 43 = 64,44 = 256.

We see that the unit digit in 41 is the same as that in 43 .

So, the unit digit is 448 is the same as is 448 = 6.

47. (b) The daily wages of the worker is the HCF of 1755 and

1365.

HCF of 1755 and 1365 is 195.

The daily wages of the worker is Rs 195.

48. (b) LCM of 16, 18, 20 and 25 = 3600.

1st number = 3600 1 + 4 = 3604 which is not divisible

by 7.

2nd number = 3600 2 + 4 = 7204 which is not divisible

by 7.

3rd number = 3600 3 + 4 = 10804 which is not divisible

by 7.

4th number = 3600 4 + 4 = 14404 which is not divisible

by 7.

5th number = 3600 5 + 4 = 18004 which is divisible

by 7.

There can be 18004 stones.

49. (d) Let the number be x.

2

x + 25 = 45. On solving x = 70

7

50. (c) Let the four numbers be p, q, r and s.

pqr = 385, qrs = 1001

qrs 1001

=

pqr 385

13

=

4

s 13

=

p 5

So,

p = 5 and s = 13.

The required number is 13.

51. (a) Let the numbers be 3x, 5x and 6x.

Now, 3x + 6x = 5x + 16

x=4

So, the smallest number is 3x = 12.

52. (b) Let the number be x and y.

x2 + y2 = 60, x2 y2 = 12

Adding

2x2 = 72

x = 6 and y = 4

Required sum is 10.

53. (c) Let the two numbers be x and x + 1

x (x + 1) = 600

On solving x = 24, so the numbers are 24 and 25.

The sum of their squares is = 242 + 252 = 1201

16

62. (c)

3, 9, 12, 15, 6

3, 9, 6, 15, 3

On solving x = 17

3, 9, 3, 15, 3

1, 3, 1, 5, 1

3x 2 = 19

55. (a)

P + Q + R = 640

...(i)

Q = 70 + P

R = 80 + (70 + P )

On solving, we get Q = Rs 210.

x

56. (b) Let the fraction be

y

x+2 2

=

y 1 3

x+1 1

=

y+2 3

x 2

On solving, we get = .

y 7

...(iii)

1, 1, 1, 1, 1

LCM = 2 2 3 3 5 = 180

63. (a) LCM of given numbers = 23 34 52 72

...(i)

...(ii)

LCM of numerators

64. (b) LCM of fraction =

HCF of denomenators

LCM of 4, 8, 3 24

=

=

= 24

HCF of 3, 9, 5

1

65. (b)

b + 5 = 2 (a 5)

b 5 = a + 5

On solving, we get a = 25.

Then,

...(i)

...(ii)

Let the number of right answers marked = r

...(i)

r + w = 240

w

...(ii)

2r = 160

2

On solving, we get r = 112.

59. (a) Let the two parts be x and 126 x.

8x + 5 (126 x) = 810

8x + 630 5x = 810

3x = 810 630

= 180

x = 60

So, the first part is 60.

60. (b) Let the number of days for which the worker works = x

For x days he is paid Rs 480

For (x 6) days he is paid Rs 432.

480

His daily wages =

x

432

=

x 6

On solving, x = Rs 60

2

2

2

3

5

8, 10, 24

4, 5, 12

2, 5, 6

1, 5, 3

1, 5, 1

1, 1, 1

LCM = 2 2 2 3 5 = 120

40)64(1

40

24)40(1

24

16)24(1

16

8)16(2

16

0

61. (b)

1, 1, 1, 5, 1

...(ii)

HCF = 8

66. (a) Step 1 120)150(1

120

30)120(4

120

0

Step 2 30) 180 (6

180

0

HCF of 30 and 180 is 30.

HCF of 120 and 150 is 30.

The required HCF is 30.

67. (d) 2378)3280(1

2378

902)2378(2

1804

574)902(1

574

328)574(1

328

246)328(1

246

82) 246(3

246

0

The required HCF is 82.

17

RMATSuccess Master

68. (a) HCF = 22 32 5 7 (Take the least powers of

common terms).

HCF of numerator

69. (a) HCF of fraction =

HCF of denominator

HCF of 2, 12, 1

1

=

=

LCM of 5, 11, 3 165

25 5 75

70. (a) LCM = LCM of

,

,

100 10 100

LCM of 25, 5, 75

75

=

=

= 7.5

HCF of 100, 10, 100 10

25 5 75

HCF = HCF of

,

,

100 10 100

HCF of 25, 5, 75

5

=

=

= 0.05

LCM of 100, 10, 100 100

71. (c) Product of (LCM HCF) = Product of 2 numbers

36 HCF = 3024

3024

HCF =

= 84

36

72. (b) Let the HCF = x

2

6, 15, 10, 27

3, 15, 5, 27

1, 5, 5, 9

1, 5, 5, 3

1, 5, 5, 1

1, 1, 1, 1

LCM = 2 2 3 3 3 5 = 540.

78. (b) Required number = (LCM of 10, 12, 14, 16) 3

2

5, 6, 7, 8

5, 3, 7, 4

5, 3, 7, 2

5, 3, 7, 1

5, 1, 7, 1

1, 1, 7, 1

LCM = 12x

x + 12x = 195

13x = 195

x = 15

HCF = 15 and LCM = (12) (15) = 180.

180 15

Other number =

= 45.

60

73. (d) The two numbers are always the multiples of the

HCF

Let the two numbers are 9x and 9y.

9x + 9 y = 135

x + y = 15

Now, the possible values of x and y are (1, 14), (2, 13),

(3, 12), (4, 11), (5, 10), (6, 9), (7, 8). Now, consider only the

coprime pairs. These are (1, 14), (2, 13), (4, 11), (7, 8).

4 pairs of numbers can be formed whose sum is 135 and

HCF is 9.

74. (b) Let the two numbers be 12x and 12 y.

12x 12 y = 3600

xy = 25

Possible values of x and y are (1, 25) (5, 5).

But (5, 5) are not coprimes.

Only 1 pair of number can be formed.

75. (a) Let HCF = x

LCM = 36x

36x x = 3600

x2 = 100 x = 10

HCF is 10.

76. (a) Let the numbers be 3x and 5x.

LCM is 15x = 600

x = 40

The two numbers are 120 and 200. Sum = 320.

1, 1, 1, 1

LCM = 2 2 2 2 3 5 7 = 168

Required number = 1680 3 = 1677.

79. (d) Required number = (LCM of 9, 12, 15, 18) + 4

2

9, 12, 15, 18

9, 6, 15, 9

9, 3, 15, 9

3, 1, 5, 3

1, 1, 5, 1

1, 1, 1, 1

LCM = 2 2 3 3 5 = 180

Required number = 180 + 4 = 184

80. (a) Required number = (LCM of 12, 15, 20, 24) + 2

2

6, 15, 10, 12

3, 15, 5, 6

1, 5, 5, 2

1, 5, 5, 1

1, 1, 1, 1

LCM = 2 2 2 3 5 = 120

Required number = 120 + 2 = 122

81. (a) Required number = (LCM of 15, 20, 30)

2

15, 20, 30

15, 10, 15

15, 5, 15

3, 1, 3

1, 1, 1

LCM = 2 2 3 5 = 60

18

2

2

2

3

5

3, 4, 5, 6, 8

3, 2, 5, 3, 4

3, 1, 5, 3, 2

3, 1, 5, 3, 1

1, 1, 5, 1, 1

1, 1, 1, 1, 1

LCM = 2 2 2 3 5 = 120

120 = 23 3 5

The required perfect square = (23 3 5) 2 3 5

= 3600

83. (b) LCM of 8, 12 and 28 = 168.

2

2

2

3

7

8, 12, 28

4, 6, 14

2, 3, 7

1, 3, 7

1, 1, 7

1, 1, 1

LCM = 2 2 2 3 7 = 168

168)800(4

672

128

The required number = 800 128 = 672

84. (c) LCM of 12, 15 and 20 = 60

2

2

3

5

12, 15, 20

6, 15, 10

3, 15, 5

1, 5, 5

1, 1, 1

LCM = 2 2 3 5 = 60

Now, 12 4 = 8, 15 7 = 8

and

20 12 = 8

So, required number = 60 8 = 52

85. (a) LCM of 5, 6, 7 and 8 = 840

2

2

2

3

5

7

5, 6, 7, 8

5, 3, 7, 4

5, 3, 7, 2

5, 3, 7, 1

5, 1, 7, 1

1, 1, 7, 1

1, 1, 1, 1

LCM = 2 2 2 3 5 7 = 840

Multiples of 840 = 840, 1680, ...........

Required number = 1680 + 3 = 1683

Which is exactly divisible by 9.

86. (a) LCM of 15, 20 and 24 = 120

2

2

2

3

5

15, 20, 24

15, 10, 12

15, 5, 6

15, 5, 3

5, 5, 1

1, 1, 1

LCM = 2 2 2 3 5 = 120

Multiples of 120 = 120, 240, 360, 480, .....

Required number = 360 + 4 = 364

Which is exactly divisible by 13.

87. (c) LCM of 24, 40, 64, 72 are 124 = 2880 s

2

2

2

2

2

2

3

3

5

12, 20, 32, 36, 60

6, 10, 16, 18, 30

3, 5, 8, 9, 15

3, 5, 4, 9, 15

3, 5, 2, 9, 15

3, 5, 1, 9, 15

1, 5, 1, 3, 5

1, 5, 1, 1, 5

1, 1, 1, 1, 1

LCM = 26 32 5 = 2880

2880

Required time =

= 48 min

60

88. (c) Time taken for 1 revolution

1 1 1 1

min

=

,

,

,

12 25 20 30

LCM of Numerators 1

Required time =

= min

HCF of Denominators 4

1

= 60 = 15 s

4

89. (a) Time taken to complete 1 revolution

12 12 12

h = 4, 3, 2 h

=

,

,

3 4 6

Required time = LCM of 4, 3 and 2 = 12 h.

90. (b) LCM of 48, 72 and 180 = 432 s.

2

2

2

3

3

2

3

24, 36, 54

12, 18, 27

6, 9, 27

2, 3, 9

2, 1, 3

1, 1, 3

1, 1, 1

LCM = 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 = 432

Traffic lights will change simultaneously after

432 s = 7 min 12 s

91. (a) The smallest fourdigit number exactly divisible by

8, 10 and 12 should also be divisible by the LCM of 8, 10

and 12.

LCM of 8, 10 and 12 = 120.

Smallest four-digit number = 1000

120)1000(8

960

40

So, the required number = 1000 + (120 40)

= 1000 + 80 = 1080

92. (c) The greatest five-digit number divisible by 6, 8 and

12 should also be divisible by the LCM of 6, 8 and 12.

LCM of 6, 8 and 12 = 24.

19

RMATSuccess Master

The greatest five-digit number = 99999

24)99999(416

96

39

24

159

144

15

So, the required number = 99999 15 = 99984

93. (b) Required number is the HCF of 321, 428 and 535.

Step 1 Find HCF of 321 and 428

321)428(1

321

107)321(3

321

0

HCF of 321 and 428 = 107

Step 2 Find HCF of 107 and 535.

107)535(5

535

0

So, HCF of 321, 428 and 535 = 107.

94. (a) Required measure = HCF of 403, 434 and 465.

Step 1 Find HCF of 403 and 434.

403)434(1

403

31)403(13

31

93

93

0

HCF of 403 and 434 = 31.

31)465(15

31

155

155

0

HCF of 31 and 465 = 31.

Required measure = 31 cm.

95. (b) Side of square tile = HCF of 450 and 525.

= 75 cm

450)525(1

450

75)450(6

450

0

Required number of tiles =

450 525

= 42.

75 75

and 767 = 13.

97. (d) Required number = HCF of (48 3), (63 3)

and (78 3)

= HCF of 45, 60, 75 = 15

98. (d) Required number = HCF of (121 4), (134 4)

and (147 4).

= HCF of 117, 130, 143 = 13

99. (b) Required number = HCF of (1196 6) , (209 5)

and (1449 4)

= HCF of 1190, 204, 1445 = 17

100. (a) Required number = HCF of (228 3), (275 5)

and (321 6)

= HCF of 225, 270, 315 = 45

1. (c) The ratio of Boys : Girls = 3 : 1

So, 42 is not possible as it is not divisible by (3 + 1) = 4

n = 31

2. (a) 8 + 12 = 20 2 + 0 = 2

7 + 14 = 21 2 + 1 = 3

10 + 18 = 28 2 + 8 = 10

7. (a) Perfect square are 1, 4, 9, 16, 25, 36, 49, 64, 81, 100,

121, .....

Clearly 7 cannot be at units digit.

3. (d) (10 9) = (9 8) = (8 7) = (7 6) = (6 5)

= (5 4) = (4 3) = (3 2) = 1

LCM of 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, = 2520

Required number = 2520 1 = 2519

4. (b) LCM of 8, 11, and 24 = 264

Required number = 264 5 = 259

Remainder when 797 divided by 17 = 15

Remainder when 3395 divided by 17 = 12

Required number = Remainder when 10 15 12

divided by 17

= 1800 divided by 17 = 15

square. Hence, 15 should be added.

9. (c) 9992 9982 = (999 + 998) (999 998)

= (1997) (1)

= 1997

10. (d) The number is = 119n + 19 = 138, 257

When these numbers are divided by 17, then remainder

is 2.

11. (b) Product of numbers = HCF LCM

27 n = 63 9

63 9

n=

= 21

27

20

= 812 642 = 2465

It is always divisible by 17.

13. (d) The largest such number is 1001.

14. (d) In this case the remainder must be 0.

15. (a) The difference between 25 92 and 2592 32 81

2592 2592 = 0

16. (a) HCF of 168, 189, 231 is 21.

Then, difference between 21 8 = 13.

7

1

17. (d)

= 0. 875, = 0. 333,

8

3

1

23

= 0. 25,

= 0. 958

4

24

11

17

= 0. 916,

= 0. 708

12

24

Clearly, 0.708 lies between 0.333 and 0.875.

17

.

Required fraction is

24

18. (b) Suppose one of the multiplier is x then,

53x 35x = 540

18x = 540

x = 30

New multiplication = 30 53 = 1590 .

19. (b) Let us rearrange the equations :

a b+ c=1k

a + b + c = 1 + l

9 a + 3 b + c = 4 m

Where k, l, m are positive.

Suppose and are two numbers such that in the

expression, 9a + 3b + c + (a b + c) + (a + b + c), the

terms b and c vanish.

+ = 3

+ = 1

4

=

= 2 and = 1

2

Hence, 9a + 3b + c + 1 (a b + c) 2 (a + b + c)

= 9a + 3b + c + a b + c 2a 2b 2c

= 8 a = 4 m + 1 k + 2 2 l = 1 k m 2 l

which is less than 0, since k, m and l are all + ve.

a <0

Its sign is ve only.

20. (d) Only 143616 is a multiple of both 11 and 8 so it is a

multiple of 88.

21. (c) We have to consider all the one-digit, two-digit and

three-digit numbers and see how many of these have

distinct digits.

(i) One-digit numbers, 1 to 9 are all distinct.

(ii) Two-digit numbers, tens place cannot be filled by 0.

Hence, 9 possibilities. Having filled that, 8

possibilities for the units place and also zero.

Hence, 9 9 = 81 numbers are possible.

determined

Hundreds place = 9

Tens place = 9

Units place = 8

Number of three-digit numbers = 9 9 8 = 648

Total numbers = 9 + 81 + 648 = 738.

22. (a) PQ RS is less than 100 D AB is less than 10

PQ RS D AB must be less than 1000 and definitely

greater than 10.

23. (b) If 5372 xy is to be divisible by 45, it must be divisible

by 9 and also by 5.

y must be 0 or 5 for divisibility by 5. For divisibility by 9.

5 + 3 + 7 + 2 + x + y must be a multiple of 9.

ie, 17 + x + y must be a multiple of 9.

If y = 5, x must be 5

If y = 0, x must be 1

ie, x = 1 or 5 and y = 0 or 5

{(1, 0);(5, 5)} is the correct answer.

24. (a) Since, a + b + c = 0, a + b = c

(a + b)3 = ( c)3

3

3

a + b + 3ab(a + b) = c3

a3 + b3 + 3ab( c) = c3

a3 + b3 3abc = c3

a3 + b3 + c3 = 3abc

a3 + b3 + c3

=3.

abc

25. (d) LCM of a x and by

Since, a and b are distinct primes there is no common

factor.

Hence,

LCM = a x by .

26. (c) The thousands place can be filled by 3 only. Then, the

hundreds place can be filled in 5 ways , the tens place in

4 ways and the units place in 3 ways.

Total number of ways is 1 5 4 3 or 60.

27. (c) Let the two numbers are 7x and 8x and LCM is 56x.

It is given that LCM = 280

ie,

56x = 280 and x = 5

ie,

Numbers are 35 and 40 .

28. (a) From the given options

Required number = 39

29. (b) LCM of 12, 15, 18 = 180

So, required number = 180 5 = 175

30. (d) LCM of 8, 10, 12 and 15 = 20

We know that 83 120 = 9960

and

84 120 = 10080

So, 9960 is the required number.

31. (c)

4a 4 = 2a 2

8a 6 = 2a 2

As

359 4 (remainder is 3)

89 5 (remainder is 4)

17 6 (remainder is 5)

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