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Olivier Freiherr von Beaulieu-Marconnay

Olivier Freiherr von Beaulieu-Marconnay Grave of Oliver von Beaulieu Marconnay (1918) on the Invali- denfriedhof Berlin

Grave of Oliver von Beaulieu Marconnay (1918) on the Invali- denfriedhof Berlin

Leutnant Olivier Freiherr von Beaulieu-Marconnay (14 September 1898 - 26 October 1918) was a German World War I ace fighter pilot credited with 25 victories. He is notable for being World War I’s youngest recipient of Germany’s highest decoration for military valor, the Pour le Merite. [1][2]

1 Early life and service

Olivier Freiherr (Baron) von Beaulieu-Marconnay was born in Charlottenburg on 14 September 1898, the son of an aristocratic Prussian army captain. When World War I started in August 1914, he was a sixteen-year-old high school student. The following year, still 16, he vol- unteered as a cadet for service in his father’s former reg- iment, the 4th Prussian Dragoons. He served with the Dragoons in Russia, and participated in fighting in the Rokitno Swamps in the summer of 1916. He was pro- moted to leutnant in July 1916, being awarded the Iron Cross First Class later in the year. [2]

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2 Aerial Service

He then transferred to the German air service in 1917 and by November had qualified as a pilot. On 1 Decem- ber 1917 he was assigned to Jagdstaffel 18. He paid trib- ute to the 4th Prussian Dragoons by having a personal insignia painted on all his planes consisting of a numeral 4 merged with a capital letter D. His planes also featured a blue fuselage, yellow wheel covers, and nose painted yellow back to the cockpit. Beaulieu-Marconnay served with Jasta 18 without success until his transfer to Josef Veltjens' Jagdstaffel 15 on 20 March 1918. [2]

Jasta 15 had recently received the new Siemens- Schuckert D.III fighters, and were limited to defensive operations, as they had orders forbidding flights over en- emy lines lest one of the new planes fall into Allied hands. However, on 28 May 1918, a formation of French Dorand AR.2s were reported over German held terri- tory. The jasta scrambled to intercept and Beaulieu- Marconnay scored his first victory. [3]

The following month he scored regularly becoming an ace on 11 June and a week later had run his total to eight. A double victory on 9 August made him a double ace. He went on to score three more victories in August. [1][2]

Despite being only 19 years old, Beaulieu-Marconnay was then appointed to command Jagdstaffel 19 on 4 September. [4] He would begin his tenure as commander by totalling ten victories in September, and four more in October. His 25th and last confirmed victory came on 10 October 1918. [1][2]

On October 18, in the confusion of a dogfight, Beaulieu- Marconnay was seriously wounded in the thigh, possibly as a result of 'friendly fire' from a fellow German pilot [2] from Jagdstaffel 74. He managed to regain his home airfield and land safely, and was rushed to the hospital, bleeding freely and in very critical condition.

The award of the Pour le Merite was reportedly rushed through as the Blue Max could not be awarded posthu- mously, and to procrastinate risked the young ace’s death while he was honored with only the Iron Cross. [2] Notice of the award was forwarded to the hospital on 26 October 1918. He was the youngest recipient of the 'Blue Max'. However, Olivier Freiherr von Beaulieu-Marconnay, who had lingered with his wound for ten days, died six hours before the news arrived, possibly as the result of a post- operative infection. [5]

He was buried in the famous Invalidenfriedhof in

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4 REFERENCES

Berlin. [1][6]

3 Inline citations

[2] Franks et al 1993, p. 68.,

[3] Jagdgeschwader Nr II Geschwader 'Berthold'. p. 40.

[4] Jagdgeschwader Nr II Geschwader 'Berthold'. p. 90.

[5] Jagdgeschwader Nr II Geschwader 'Berthold'. pp. 112–

113.

4 References

Franks, Norman; Bailey, Frank W.; Guest, Russell. Above the Lines: The Aces and Fighter Units of the German Air Service, Naval Air Service and Flan- ders Marine Corps, 1914–1918. Grub Street, 1993. ISBN 0-948817-73-9, ISBN 978-0-948817-73-1.

VanWyngarden, Greg; Dempsey, Harry. Jagdgeschwader Nr II: Geschwader Berthold. Osprey Publishing, 2005. ISBN 1-84176-727-1, ISBN 978-1-84176-727-7.

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5 Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses

5.1 Text

Olivier Freiherr von Beaulieu-Marconnay Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olivier_Freiherr_von_Beaulieu-Marconnay?oldid= 715974136 Contributors: Bearcat, Folks at 137, Trevor MacInnis, Harryurz, Cydebot, Waacstats, MisterBee1966, PixelBot, Addbot, Yobot, AnomieBOT, RoclorD, Georgejdorner, Ulric1313, Erik9bot, RjwilmsiBot, WorldWarTwoEditor, Helpful Pixie Bot, ÄDA - DÄP, Dram- burg, KasparBot and Anonymous: 2

5.2 Images

File:Invalidenfriedhof,_Grabmal_von_Beaulieu-Marconnay.jpg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/97/ Invalidenfriedhof%2C_Grabmal_von_Beaulieu-Marconnay.jpg License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: Beek100

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