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NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Section : A-H

Last Date of Submission:

Assignment : 3

QUIZ QUESTIONS:
1. The rms value of the resultant current in a wire which carries a dc current of 10 A and a
sinusoidal alternating current of peak value 20 A is
a. 14.1 A

b. 17.3 A

c. 22.4 A

d. 30 A

2. A capacitor that stores a charge of 0.5 C at 10 volts has a capacitance of farad.

a. 5
b. 20
c. 10
d. 0.05
3. An a.c. current given by i= 14.14 sin (t+ ) has an r.m.s value of amperes.
a.
10
b. 14.14
c. 1.96
d. 7.07
4. The r.m.s. value of sinusoidal a.c. current is equal to its value at an angle of .degrees.
a.
60
b. 45
c. 30
d.90
5. A sine wave has a frequency of 50Hz. Its angular frequency is .radian/second.
a. 50/

b. 50/2

c. 50

d. 100

6. If e1= A sin t and e2= B sin (t-), then

a. e1 lags e2 by b. e2 lags e1 by
d. e1 is in phase with e2
7. A complex current wave is given by i= 5+ 5 sin 100 t ampere. Its average value is ampere.
a. 10

b. 0

c.

d. 5

8. The voltage applied across an R-L circuit is equal to .. of VR and VL.

a. Arithmetic sum b. algebraic sum
c. phasor sum
d. sum of the squares
9. The p.f. of an R-C circuit is
a. often zero
b. between zero and 1 c. always unity d. between zero and -1
10. The power in an a.c. circuit is given by
a. VI cos
b. VI sin
c. I2Z
d. I2XL

1. In a series R-L circuit the potential difference across resistance R is 12 V and potential
difference across inductance L is 5 V. Find the supply voltage and phase angle between current
and voltage.
2. Define form factor and peak factor of an alternating quantity.
3. A resistor of 25 in series with a 0.75 H inductor is connected across a supply at 250V, 50Hz.
Find the current through the inductor.
4. A circuit consists of a resistor of 10 in series with an inductor of 4.5 henries. The frequency is
70 Hz. Calculate the conductance and the susceptance of the circuit.

5. Two impedances of value (2+j6) and (8-j12) are connected in series. What would be the
resulting impedance in polar form?
6. Use the definition of complex power to calculate real and reactive power of the load taking a
current of (3+j4) amp when connected to a source of (8+j6) V.
7. In a circuit the voltage and current equations are given by V=15 sin (t+30 0) and I=15 sin (t300). Find the power consumed in the circuit.
8. A direct voltage 0f 200V is applied to a coil of resistance 20 and inductance of 2000 mH. Find
the time taken for the current through the coil to reach one half of its final value.
9. What is the time constant of a RC circuit having R=10 and C=10F?
10. A DC voltage V is switched on to a series R-L circuit. Write down the differential equation for
the circuit and also the expression for instantaneous current.

1. What is Complex Power, Apparent Power, Real Power and Reactive Power in a single phase AC
circuit? Explain by drawing the power triangle.
2. A series circuit has R=10, L=50mH, and C=100F and is supplied with 200V, 50Hz AC
supply. Find (i) Current and Power Factor (ii) Active Power (iii) Voltage drop across each
element.
3. Derive the mathematical expression for the charge stored in the capacitor of an RC series circuit
connected across a dc voltage source.
4. A 10F capacitor is connected in series with a resistor of 10M. This combination is connected
across a dc voltage of 200V which is switched on at t=0. Find (i) Time constant (ii) Steady
State Voltage across capacitor (iii) time taken for the capacitor to charge for 50% of supply
voltage and (iv) Voltage across capacitor after 50seconds.
5. In a single phase series circuit consisting of a non-inductive resistor of 10, an inductance of
0.159H and a capacitance of 106 F. The circuit is energized from a 230V, 50Hz supply.
Calculate (i) Impedance and Current (ii) Powe factor and power absorbed in the circuit.
6. In an AC single phase circuit three impedances of value 5<30 , 10<60 and 4-8j are
connected in series with a 230V, 50Hz supply. Find (i) Total combined impedance in rectangular
form (ii) Magnitude of current flowing in the circuit.
7. A resistance of 100 and an inductor of 0.5H are connected in series to a 100V dc supply.
Assuming that the steady state is already achieved, the battery is suddenly removed and
replaced by a shorted link at t=0. Calculate (i) time constant of the circuit and (ii) initial and