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TABLE OF CONTENT

EXERCISES

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1. SHIP YARD PRACTICE -------------------------------------------------------------01


2. SHIPS DIMENSION AND FORMS -----------------------------------------------04
3. STRUCTURAL PARTS OF A SHIP ------------------------------------------------08
4. STRESSES AND STRAINS IN SHIPS ---------------------------------------------12
5. UNDERSTANDING THE PRINCIPLES OF STABILITY ------------------------15
6. DENSITY, DEAD WEIGHT AMND DRAFT -------------------------------------21
7. LOSSS OF INTACK BOUYANCY AND WATERTIGHT INTEGRITY ---------25
8. LONGHITUDINAL STABILITY ---------------------------------------------------28
9. STABILITY CURVES AND SCALES ----------------------------------------------31

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EXERCISE NO. 01
SHIP YARD PRACTICE

OBJECTIVE: Upon completion of this chapter, the student shall be able to state the
various stages in shipbuilding from initial drawing to launching the ship.

1. Explain how initial planning on ship is conducted.


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2. Explain the various preparatory stages on building a ship until it is launched.
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3. What are the advantages on prefabrication of ships structures at the shop
work area.
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4. What are the mandatory International Rules and Conventions that shipbuilder
should follow?

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5. Define the following:
(a) Strake
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(b) Longitudinal Framing System
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(c) Transverse Framing System
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(d) Bulkhead
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(e) Keel
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EXERCISE NO. 02
SHIP YARD PRACTICE

OBJECTIVE: Upon completion of this chapter, the student shall be able to state to
define the terms used on ship dimension and tonnage measurement and illustrate
the loadline marking.

1. Draw a sketch of a ship indicating/showing the load line markings.

2. Define the load line markings.


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3. Define the following terms regarding ships dimensions and capacities:


(a) Lloyds length
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(b) Moulded breath
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(c) Moulded depth
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(d) Framing depth

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(e) Grain and Bale capacity
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(f) Displacement
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(g) Deadweight
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(h) Freeboard Draft
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(i) Gross tonnage
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(j) Nett tonnage

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4.Explain what is ship tonnage.
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5.Differentiate gross tonnage from nett tonnage?


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Date of Performance:

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Instructors Signature:

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Date Submitted:

EXERCISE NO. 03
STRUCTURAL PARTS OF A SHIP

OBJECTIVE: Upon completion of this chapter, the student shall be able to identify the
principal and different structural parts and members of the ship and explain their
individual functions.

1. Enumerate the principal structural parts of a ship.


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2. State what the functional of the following are:
(a) Watertight bulkhead
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(b) Frames
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(c) Bilge keel
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(d) Stern Tubes
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(e) Bulwarks
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(f) Deep tanks
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3. Describe what a bulbous bow is.
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4. In what structural of the ship is the keel located.
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5. Define Shell Expansion Plan.
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EXERCISE NO. 04
STRESS AND STRAINS IN SHIPS

OBJECTIVE: Upon completion of this chapter, the student shall be able to explain
what causes stress on ship.

EXERCISES:
1. Explain what causes stress on ship.
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2. Define the following:
(a) Hogging and sagging
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(b) Racking
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(c) Tension
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(d) Compression
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(e) Panting
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(f) Pounding
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3. Enumerate the main types of stress.

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4. When the vessel is pitching heavily, what motion is she experiencing?
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Date of Performance:

Rating:
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Instructors Signature:

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Date Submitted:

EXERCISE NO. 05
UNDERSTANDING THE PRINCIPLES OF STABILITY

OBJECTIVE: Upon completion of this chapter, the student shall be able to acquire
knowledge in the principles involved on ships stability and is able to understand the
purpose and the importance of stress and stability in ship.

EXERCISES:

1. Define the following:


(a) Displacement
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(b) Density
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(c) Deadweight
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(d) Draft
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2. Explain the principle of floatation.
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3. Define center of gravity.
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4. Define center buoyancy.
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5. Explain what condition G is above M.


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6. Define stability?
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7. Explain what it means when a ship is: (a) tender and (b) stiff.
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8. Enumerate three important points on how to prevent stress on a ships hull.
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9. What are the six principal ship motion on waves?
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10.What could be the result if a vessel is excessively stressed and strained on the
hull?
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Group No.:

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Rating:
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EXERCISE NO. 06
DENSITY, DEADWEIGHT AND DRAFT

OBJECTIVE: Upon completion of this chapter, the student shall be able to explain
why tons per centimeter (TPC) varies with different draft and explain why draft
decrease when passing from fresh water to salt water.

EXERCISES:

1. Explain why draft decreases when passing from fresh water to salt water.
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2. Explain why tons per centimeter (TPC) vary with different draft.
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3. Define hydrometer.
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4. State the law of floatation by Archimedes principle.
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5. A ship floats at a draft of 7.50 m in water of density 1.005 t/m 3. If her freshwater allowance is 380 mm, what would be her draft on passing into salt
water?
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6. Using the displacement curves (Fig.50) determine displacement
of 6.7m draft.

7.

Find out the TPC on (Fig.49) graph with a draft of 7.8m.

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EXERCISE NO. 07
LOSS OF INFACT BOUYANCY AND WATERTIGHT INTEGRITY

OBJECTIVE: Upon completion of this chapter, the student shall be able to explain the
action needed in the event of partial loss of intact buoyancy and watertight
integrity.

EXERCISES:

1. State what action to take in the event of partial loss of intact


buoyancy due to flooding in the cargo hold or in the engine
room
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2. Explain the types of damage conditions that a ship could
encounter.
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3. Volume of the cargo hold is 7,500 cubic meters; bulk cargo
was loaded in the cargo hold occupying 6,000 cubic meters
having only 1,500 cubic meters available for water.
Calculate the permeability in percent.
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4. Find the permeability of cargo that has a relative density of 2.20
and stowage factor of 150.
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Group No.:

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Rating:
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Instructors Signature:

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Date of Performance:
Date Submitted:

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EXERCISE NO. 08
LONGITUDINAL STABILITY

OBJECTIVE: Upon completion of this chapter, the student able defined the center of
floatation, Trim, Draft and able to perform calculations re4garding shifting of weight
and adding of weight at the center of floatation.

EXERCISES:

1. Define Center of Floatation, Trim and Draft.


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EXERCISES:
1. A ship meters long and her center of flotation is 2 meters abaft amidships.
She floats at drafts of 6.25 meters fore and 6.80 meters aft. Find the new
drafts if a weight is shifted aft so as to change the trim by 44 centimeters.
The center of flotation of 55 meters from fore and 50 meters from aft.
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2. Find the change of trim of the new drafts in a ship of 165 meters length, when
a weight of 100 tones is shifted aft for a distance of 50 meters. The original
drafts were 7.80 meters fore and 7.76 meters aft. The center of flotation is
2.5 meters abaft amidships and the MCT 1cm is 110 tonne/meters.TPS 50
tons.
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Group No.:

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Date of Performance:

Rating:
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Instructors Signature:

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EXERCISE NO. 09

Date Submitted:

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STABILITY CURVES AND SCALES

OBJECTIVE: Upon completion of this chapter, the student shall be able to know how
to use the hydrostatic curves and Deadweight Scale.

EXERCISES:

1. Explain the Stability Data Booklet.


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2. Using Fig 61 (Deadweight Scale) with a draft of 8.55m find the following:
a) Displacement
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b) MTC 1cm
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c) TPC

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d) Deadweight
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3. Assuming that the hip is floating at a mean draft of 8.55 meters, find the
following information in the hydrostatic data (Fig 62)
a) Displacement
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b) MTC
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c) L. KM

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d) T. KM
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e) Center of Buoyancy
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f) Center of Floatation
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4. Find the righting levers (Fig.65) cross curves of stability (KN curves) when the
displacement is 25,000 tons and KG is 11.0 meters. Construct GZ curves on the
graph.