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LTC2053

Precision, Rail-to-Rail
Input and Output, Zero-Drift Instrumentation
Amplifier with Resistor-Programmable Gain
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FEATURES

DESCRIPTIO

116dB CMRR Independent of Gain


Maximum Offset Voltage: 10V
Maximum Offset Voltage Drift: 50nV/C
Rail-to-Rail Input
Rail-to-Rail Output
2-Resistor Programmable Gain
Supply Operation: 2.7V to 5.5V
Typical Noise: 2.5VP-P (0.01Hz to 10Hz)
Typical Supply Current: 750A
Available in an MS8 and 3mm 3mm 0.8mm
DFN Packages

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APPLICATIO S

The LTC2053 is a high precision instrumentation amplifier. The CMRR is typically 116dB with a single or dual 5V
supply and is independent of gain. The input offset voltage
is guaranteed below 10V with a temperature drift of less
than 50nV/C. The LTC2053 is easy to use; the gain is
adjustable with two external resistors, like a traditional
op amp.
The LTC2053 uses charge balanced sampled data techniques to convert a differential input voltage into a single
ended signal that is in turn amplified by a zero-drift
operational amplifier.
The differential inputs operate from rail-to-rail and the
single ended output swings from rail-to-rail. The LTC2053
can be used in single supply applications, as low as 2.7V.
It can also be used with dual 5.5V supplies. The LTC2053
is available in an MS8 surface mount package. For space
limited applications, the LTC2053 is available in a
3mm 3mm 0.8mm dual fine pitch leadless package
(DFN).

Thermocouple Amplifiers
Electronic Scales
Medical Instrumentation
Strain Gauge Amplifiers
High Resolution Data Acquisition

, LTC and LT are registered trademarks of Linear Technology Corporation.

TYPICAL APPLICATIO

Typical Input Referred Offset vs Input


Common Mode Voltage (VS = 3V)

Differential Bridge Amplifier

15

3V

VS = 3V
VREF = 0V
TA = 25C

R < 10k

8
2

LTC2053
3

OUT

R2 10k

1, 4
GAIN = 1+

R2
R1

0.1F
R1
10

INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE (V)

0.1F
10
5
0

G = 1000
G = 100

5
G = 10
10
G=1
15

2053 TA01

1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
0.5
INPUT COMMON MODE VOLTAGE (V)

3.0

2053 G01

2053fa

LTC2053

W W

ABSOLUTE

AXI U RATI GS

(Note 1)

Total Supply Voltage (V + to V ) ............................... 11V


Input Current ...................................................... 10mA
VIN+ VREF ........................................................ 5.5V
VIN VREF ........................................................ 5.5V
Output Short Circuit Duration .......................... Indefinite

Operating Temperature Range


LTC2053C ............................................... 0C to 70C
LTC2053I ............................................ 40C to 85C
LTC2053H ........................................ 40C to 125C
Storage Temperature Range
MS8 Package ................................... 65C to 150C
DD Package ...................................... 65C to 125C
Lead Temperature (Soldering, 10 sec).................. 300C

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W
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PACKAGE/ORDER I FOR ATIO
ORDER PART NUMBER
LTC2053CMS8
LTC2053IMS8
LTC2053HMS8

TOP VIEW
EN
IN
+IN
V

1
2
3
4

8
7
6
5

V+
OUT
RG
REF

MS8 PART MARKING

MS8 PACKAGE
8-LEAD PLASTIC MSOP

LTVT
LTJY
LTAFB

TJMAX = 150C, JA = 200C/W

ORDER PART NUMBER*

TOP VIEW
EN

8 V+

IN

7 OUT

+IN

6 RG

5 REF

LTC2053CDD
LTC2053IDD
LTC2053HDD
DD PART MARKING
LAEQ

DD PACKAGE
8-LEAD (3mm 3mm) PLASTIC DFN
TJMAX = 125C, JA = 160C/W
UNDERSIDE METAL INTERNALLY
CONNECTED TO V
(PCB CONNECTION OPTIONAL)

*The temperature grade (C, I, or H) of the LTC2053 in the DFN package is indicated on the shipping container.
Consult LTC Marketing for parts specified with wider operating temperature ranges.

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS

The denotes the specifications which apply over the full operating
temperature range, otherwise specifications are at TA = 25C. V + = 3V, V = 0V, REF = 200mV. Output voltage swing is referenced
to V . All other specifications reference the OUT pin to the REF pin.

PARAMETER

CONDITIONS

TYP

MAX

UNITS

Gain Error

AV = 1

0.001

0.01

Gain Nonlinearity

AV = 1

12

Input Offset Voltage (Note 2)

VCM = 200mV

10

Average Input Offset Drift (Note 2)

TA = 40C to 85C
TA = 85C to 125C

50
2.5

nV/C
V/C

VCM = 1.2V

10

Average Input Offset Current (Note 3)

VCM = 1.2V

Input Noise Voltage

DC to 10Hz

Common Mode Rejection Ratio


(Notes 4, 5)

AV = 1, VCM = 0V to 3V, LTC2053C


AV = 1, VCM = 0.1V to 2.9V, LTC2053I
AV = 1, VCM = 0V to 3V, LTC2053I
AV = 1, VCM = 0.1V to 2.9V, LTC2053H
AV = 1, VCM = 0V to 3V, LTC2053H

Average Input Bias Current (Note 3)

MIN

105
105
95
100
90

ppm

nA
nA

2.5

VP-P

113
113
113

dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
2053fa

LTC2053
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS

The denotes the specifications which apply over the full operating
temperature range, otherwise specifications are at TA = 25C. V + = 3V, V = 0V, REF = 200mV. Output voltage swing is referenced
to V . All other specifications reference the OUT pin to the REF pin.
PARAMETER

CONDITIONS

MIN

TYP

Power Supply Rejection Ratio (Note 6)

VS = 2.7V to 6V

110

116

dB

= 2k to V

2.85
2.95

2.94
2.98

V
V

Output Voltage Swing High

RL
RL = 10k to V

Output Voltage Swing Low

Supply Current

VEN 0.5V, No Load

Supply Current, Shutdown

VEN 2.5V

0.75

EN Pin Input Low Voltage, VIL


EN Pin Input High Voltage, VIH
EN Pin Input Current

MAX

UNITS

20

mV

mA

10

0.5

2.5
VEN

= V

V
0.5

10

Internal Op Amp Gain Bandwidth

200

kHz

Slew Rate

0.2

V/s

kHz

Internal Sampling Frequency

The denotes the specifications which apply over the full operating temperature range, otherwise specifications are at TA = 25C. V+ = 5V,
V = 0V, REF = 200mV. Output voltage swing is referenced to V. All other specifications reference the OUT pin to the REF pin.
PARAMETER

CONDITIONS

Gain Error

AV = 1

MIN

Gain Nonlinearity

AV = 1

Input Offset Voltage (Note 2)

VCM = 200mV

Average Input Offset Drift (Note 2)

TA = 40C to 85C
TA = 85C to 125C

Average Input Bias Current (Note 3)


Average Input Offset Current (Note 3)
Common Mode Rejection Ratio
(Notes 4, 5)

AV = 1, VCM = 0V to 5V, LTC2053C


AV = 1, VCM = 0.1V to 4.9V, LTC2053I
AV = 1, VCM = 0V to 5V, LTC2053I
AV = 1, VCM = 0.1V to 4.9V, LTC2053H
AV = 1, VCM = 0V to 5V, LTC2053H

Power Supply Rejection Ratio (Note 6)

VS = 2.7V to 6V

Output Voltage Swing High

RL = 2k to V
RL = 10k to V

TYP

MAX

UNITS

0.001

0.01

10

ppm

10

50
2.5

nV/C
V/C

VCM = 1.2V

10

nA

VCM = 1.2V

nA

Output Voltage Swing Low

105
105
95
100
90

116
116
116

dB
dB
dB
dB
dB

110

116

dB

4.85
4.95

4.94
4.98

V
V

Supply Current

VEN 0.5V, No Load

Supply Current, Shutdown

VEN 4.5V

0.85

EN Pin Input Low Voltage, VIL


EN Pin Input High Voltage, VIH
EN Pin Input Current

20

mV

1.1

mA

10

0.5

4.5
VEN

= V

V
1

10

Internal Op Amp Gain Bandwidth

200

kHz

Slew Rate

0.2

V/s

kHz

Internal Sampling Frequency

2053fa

LTC2053
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS

The denotes the specifications which apply over the full operating
temperature range, otherwise specifications are at TA = 25C. V + = 5V, V = 5V, REF = 0V.
PARAMETER

CONDITIONS

Gain Error

AV = 1

Gain Nonlinearity

AV = 1

Input Offset Voltage (Note 2)

VCM = 0V

Average Input Offset Drift (Note 2)

TA = 40C to 85C
TA = 85C to 125C

TYP

MAX

0.001

0.01

10

10

20

50
2.5

nV/C
V/C

VCM = 1V

10

nA

Average Input Offset Current (Note 3)

VCM = 1V

nA

Common Mode Rejection Ratio


(Notes 4, 5)

AV = 1, VCM = 5V to 5V, LTC2053C


AV = 1, VCM = 4.9V to 4.9V, LTC2053I
AV = 1, VCM = 5V to 5V, LTC2053I
AV = 1, VCM = 4.9V to 4.9V, LTC2053H
AV = 1, VCM = 5V to 5V, LTC2053H

105
105
95
100
90

118
118
118

dB
dB
dB
dB
dB

Power Supply Rejection Ratio (Note 6)

VS = 2.7V to 11V

110

116

dB

Maximum Output Voltage Swing

RL = 2k to GND, LTC2053C, LTC2053I


RL = 10k to GND, LTC2053C, LTC2053I, LTC2053H
RL = 2k to GND, LTC2053H

4.5
4.6
4.4

4.8
4.9
4.8

V
V
V

Supply Current

VEN 4.5V, No Load

Supply Current, Shutdown

VEN 4.5V

Average Input Bias Current (Note 3)

MIN

0.95

EN Pin Input Low Voltage, VIL


EN Pin Input High Voltage, VIH
EN Pin Input Current

VEN

%
ppm

1.3

mA

20

4.5

4.5
= V

UNITS

V
3

20

Internal Op Amp Gain Bandwidth

200

kHz

Slew Rate

0.2

V/s

kHz

Internal Sampling Frequency


Note 1: Absolute Maximum Ratings are those values beyond which the life
of a device may be impaired.
Note 2: These parameters are guaranteed by design. Thermocouple effects
preclude measurement of these voltage levels in high speed automatic test
systems. VOS is measured to a limit determined by test equipment
capability.
Note 3: If the total source resistance is less than 10k, no DC errors result
from the input bias currents or the mismatch of the input bias currents or
the mismatch of the resistances connected to IN and +IN.

Note 4: The CMRR with a voltage gain, AV, larger than 10 is 120dB (typ).
Note 5: At temperatures above 70C, the common mode rejection ratio
lowers when the common mode input voltage is within 100mV of the
supply rails.
Note 6: The power supply rejection ratio (PSRR) measurement accuracy
depends on the proximity of the power supply bypass capacitor to the
device under test. Because of this, the PSRR is 100% tested to relaxed
limits at final test. However, their values are guaranteed by design to meet
the data sheet limits.

2053fa

LTC2053
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TYPICAL PERFOR A CE CHARACTERISTICS


Input Offset Voltage vs Input
Common Mode Voltage
15

5
0

G = 1000
G = 100

5
G = 10
10

G = 1000

5
0

G = 100

G=1
10
15

1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
0.5
INPUT COMMON MODE VOLTAGE (V)

3.0

2
3
4
1
INPUT COMMON MODE VOLTAGE (V)

Input Offset Voltage vs Input


Common Mode Voltage

5
0
TA = 85C
TA = 25C

10

TA = 70C
TA = 55C

15
20

1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
0.5
INPUT COMMON MODE VOLTAGE (V)

TA = 85C

TA = 70C

0
5
TA = 25C

10
15
20

3.0

20
40
60

TA = 125C

1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
0.5
INPUT COMMON MODE VOLTAGE (V)

3.0

2053 G07

TA = 25C

TA = 85C

0
TA = 70C

5
10

20

2
3
4
1
INPUT COMMON MODE VOLTAGE (V)

TA = 55C

1
1
3
3
INPUT COMMON MODE VOLTAGE (V)

Input Offset Voltage vs Input


Common Mode Voltage
100

20
0
TA = 85C
TA = 25C

20
40
60

2053 G06

H-GRADE PARTS
VS = 5V
VREF = 0V
G = 10

40

10

2053 G05

INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE (V)

INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE (V)

TA = 25C

TA = 85C

1
1
3
3
INPUT COMMON MODE VOLTAGE (V)

15

TA = 55C

60

20

VS = 5V
15 VREF = 0V
G = 10

Input Offset Voltage vs Input


Common Mode Voltage

H-GRADE PARTS
VS = 3V
VREF = 0V
G = 10

10

20

10

Input Offset Voltage vs Input


Common Mode Voltage

40

G=100
5

Input Offset Voltage vs Input


Common Mode Voltage

VS = 5V
15 VREF = 0V
G = 10

2053 G04

60

G=1

2053 G03

20

INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE (V)

INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE (V)

20

10

G=1000

Input Offset Voltage vs Input


Common Mode Voltage

VS = 3V
15 VREF = 0V
G = 10

G=10

2053 G02

2053 G01

10

20

INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE (V)

15

VS = 5V
15 VREF = 0V
TA = 25C

15

G = 10

G=1

INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE (V)

10

20

VS = 5V
VREF = 0V
10 TA = 25C

INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE (V)

VS = 3V
VREF = 0V
TA = 25C

INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE (V)

INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE (V)

15

Input Offset Voltage vs Input


Common Mode Voltage

Input Offset Voltage vs Input


Common Mode Voltage

TA = 125C

H-GRADE PARTS
80 VS = 5V
60 VREF = 0V
G = 10
40
20
TA = 85C

0
TA = 25C

20
40
60

TA = 125C

80
100

2
3
4
1
INPUT COMMON MODE VOLTAGE (V)

2053 G08

1
1
3
3
INPUT COMMON MODE VOLTAGE (V)

2053 G09

2053fa

LTC2053
U W

TYPICAL PERFOR A CE CHARACTERISTICS


Error Due to Input RS vs Input
Common Mode (CIN < 100pF)

RS = 5k
RS = 0k

0
RS = 10k
20

SMALL CIN

40
60

RS = 15k

RS
+

RS = 20k

RS = 15k
RS = 10k

RS = 5k

10
20
30

1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
0.5
INPUT COMMON MODE VOLTAGE (V)

3.0

ADDITIONAL OFFSET ERROR (V)

30
20

2
3
4
1
INPUT COMMON MODE VOLTAGE (V)

40
R+ = 0k, R = 15k
R+ = 0k, R = 10k

R+ = 0k, R = 5k

10
0

R+ = 5k, R = 0k
+

+ R = 10k, R = 0k

10
20

30

SMALL CIN

40

50
0

R+ =15k, R = 0k

2.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
0.5
INPUT COMMON MODE VOLTAGE (V)

VS = 5V
30 VREF = 0V
CIN < 100pF
20 G = 10
TA = 25C

RIN+ = 0k, RIN = 15k

RIN+ =10k, RIN = 0k

10

RIN+ =15k, RIN = 0k

20
30

ADDITIONAL OFFSET ERROR (V)

ADDITIONAL OFFSET ERROR (V)

RS = 10k

RS
+

RS

40
0

VS = 5V
30 VREF = 0V
CIN < 100pF
20 G = 10
TA = 25C
10

3.0

2053 G16

R+ = 0k, R = 15k

0
10

R+ =15k, R = 0k

20
R+ =20k, R = 0k
30
5

1
1
3
3
INPUT COMMON MODE VOLTAGE (V)

2053 G15

80
RS = 10k
RS = 5k
RS = 1k

10

RS = 500

10
30
50

Error Due to Input RS vs Input


Common Mode (CIN > 1F)

70

1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
0.5
INPUT COMMON MODE VOLTAGE (V)

R+ = 0k, R = 20k

2053 G14

VS = 5V
VREF = 0V
50 R+ = R = RS
CIN > 1F
30 G = 10
TA = 25C

40

2
3
4
1
INPUT COMMON MODE VOLTAGE (V)

70

RS = 15k

1
1
3
3
INPUT COMMON MODE VOLTAGE (V)

2053 G12

Error Due to Input RS vs Input


Common Mode (CIN > 1F)

10

30

RIN+ =20k, RIN = 0k


0

3.0

RS = 5k

BIG CIN

15

40

40

40

20

10

Error Due to Input RS Mismatch


vs Input Common Mode
(CIN < 100pF)

RIN+ = 0k, RIN = 10k

10

Error Due to Input RS vs Input


Common Mode (CIN > 1F)

RS = 15k

RS = 10k

RIN+ = 0k, RIN = 20k

2053 G13

VS = 3V
= 0V
30 VREF
R+ = R = RS
C > 1F
20 IN
G = 10
T = 25C
10 A

Error Due to Input RS Mismatch


vs Input Common Mode
(CIN < 100pF)
ADDITIONAL OFFSET ERROR (V)

VS = 3V
VREF = 0V
CIN < 100pF
G = 10
TA = 25C

2053 G11

Error Due to Input RS Mismatch


vs Input Common Mode
(CIN < 100pF)
40

10

RS = 20k

25
0

2053 G10

50

15

20

RS
0

10

VS = 5V
VREF = 0V
R+ = R = RS
CIN < 100pF
G = 10
TA = 25C

20

ADDITIONAL OFFSET ERROR (V)

20

20

25
RS = 20k

ADDITIONAL OFFSET ERROR (V)

40

VS = 5V
VREF = 0V
R+ = R = RS
CIN < 100pF
G = 10
TA = 25C

ADDITIONAL OFFSET ERROR (V)

30

VS = 3V
VREF = 0V
R+ = R = RS
CIN < 100pF
G = 10
TA = 25C

ADDITIONAL OFFSET ERROR (V)

ADDITIONAL OFFSET ERROR (V)

60

Error Due to Input RS vs Input


Common Mode (CIN < 100pF)

Error Due to Input RS vs Input


Common Mode (CIN < 100pF)

2
3
4
1
INPUT COMMON MODE VOLTAGE (V)

2053 G17

VS = 5V
= 0V
60 VREF
R+ = R = RS
40 CIN > 1F
G = 10
20 TA = 25C

RS = 10k
RS = 5k
RS = 1k

RS = 500

20
40
60
80
5

1
1
3
3
INPUT COMMON MODE VOLTAGE (V)

2053 G18

2053fa

LTC2053
U W

TYPICAL PERFOR A CE CHARACTERISTICS


Error Due to Input RS Mismatch
vs Input Commom Mode
(CIN >1F)
200
R+ = 0k, R = 1k

100

R+ = 0k, R = 500
R+ = 0k, R = 100

50
0

R+ = 100, R = 0k
R+ = 500, R = 0k

R+

100

R+ =1k, R = 0k

150

100

R+ = 0k, R = 1k
R+ = 0k, R = 500
R+ = 0k, R = 100

50
0

R+ = 100, R = 0k

50

R+ = 500, R = 0k
R+ =1k, R = 0k

150

R
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
0.5
INPUT COMMON MODE VOLTAGE (V)

3.0

2
3
4
1
INPUT COMMON MODE VOLTAGE (V)

Offset Voltage vs Temperature

R+ = 0k, R = 500
50

R+ = 0k, R = 100

0
R+ = 100, R = 0k

50

R+ = 500, R = 0k

150

R+ =1k, R = 0k

1
1
3
3
INPUT COMMON MODE VOLTAGE (V)

30

60

VOS vs REF (Pin 5)


60

VIN+ = VIN = REF


G = 10
TA = 25C

20

2053 G21

VOS vs REF (Pin 5)

80

VIN+ = VIN = REF


G = 10
TA = 25C

40

40
VS = 5V

VS = 5V

20

10

0
VS = 3V
20

VOS (V)

20

VOS (V)

INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE (V)

R+ = 0k, R = 1k

2053 G20

2053 G19

0
VS = 5V

VS = 3V

10

0
VS = 10V
20

40

40

20

60
80
50 25

25

50

75

100

30

125

60
0

TEMPERATURE (C)

2
VREF (V)

2053 G22

4
2
0
2
4

VS = 2.5V
8 VREF = 0V
G = 10
6
RL = 10k
4 TA = 25C

2053 G25

10
2.4

VS = 3V, 5V, 5V
VIN = 1VP-P
R+ = R = 1k

R+ = R = 10k

100
R+ = 10k, R = 0k
90

8
1.6

110

1.1

5
4
VREF (V)

120

10
2.4 1.9 1.4 0.9 0.4 0.1 0.6
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

130

CMRR (db)

CMRR vs Frequency

Gain Nonlinearity, G = 10

VS = 2.5V
VREF = 0V
G=1
RL = 10k
TA = 25C

2053 G24

10

NONLINEARITY (ppm)

4
2053 G23

Gain Nonlinearity, G = 1
10

NONLINEARITY (ppm)

VS = 5V
VREF = 0V
100 TA = 25C

100

200

200
0

150

100

BIG CIN

150

VS = 5V
VREF = 0V
TA = 25C

ADDITIONAL OFFSET ERROR (V)

VS = 3V
150 VREF = 0V
TA = 25C

ADDITIONAL OFFSET ERROR (V)

ADDITIONAL OFFSET ERROR (V)

200

50

Error Due to Input RS Mismatch


vs Input Commom Mode
(CIN >1F)

Error Due to Input RS Mismatch


vs Input Commom Mode
(CIN >1F)

R+
+

80

1.4

0.4
0.6
1.6
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

2.6
2053 G26

70

R+ = 0k, R = 10k
10
100
FREQUENCY (Hz)

1000
2053 G27

2053fa

LTC2053
U W

TYPICAL PERFOR A CE CHARACTERISTICS


Input Voltage Noise Density vs
Frequency
3

250

VS = 5V

200

VS = 5V

150

VS = 3V

100
50
0

2
1
0
1
2
3

10

100
1000
FREQUENCY (Hz)

VS = 3V
TA = 25C

INPUT REFFERED NOISE VOLTAGE (V)

G = 10
TA = 25C

INPUT REFFERED NOISE VOLTAGE (V)

INPUT REFERRED NOISE DENSITY (nV/Hz)

300

Input Referred Noise in 10Hz


Bandwidth

Input Referred Noise in 10Hz


Bandwidth

10000

6
TIME (s)

Output Voltage Swing vs Output


Current
5

VS = 5V, SOURCING

3.5
VS = 3V, SOURCING

2.5
2.0
1.5
VS = 3V, SINKING

1.0

VS = 5V, SINKING

0.5
0
0.01

TA = 125C

1
0
1
2

0.65

1
0.1
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)

0.60
2.5

10

0.1
2053 G34

4.5

6.5
8.5
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)

2053 G33

3.40

VS = 5V
dVOUT = 1V
0.1% ACCURACY
TA = 25C

25

3.35

20
15
10

10.5

Internal Clock Frequency vs


Supply Voltage

3.30
TA = 125C
3.25
TA = 85C
3.20
3.15

TA = 55C

SINKING

CLOCK FREQUENCY (kHz)

0.01
0.001
SETTLING ACCURACY (%)

TA = 0C
0.75

30

TA = 85C

0.80

0.70

35

0
0.0001

0.85

2053 G32

VS = 5V
dVOUT = 1V
G < 100
TA = 25C

10

0.95

Settling Time vs Gain

6
TIME (s)

0.90

5
0.01

10

SETTLING TIME (ms)

SETTLING TIME (ms)

Supply Current vs Supply Voltage

Low Gain Settling Time vs


Settling Accuracy
7

2053 G31

SOURCING

1
0.1
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)

1.00

VS = 5V
TA = 25C

4.0

3.0

2053 G30

SUPPLY CURRENT

TA = 25C

Output Voltage Swing vs Output


Current

OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING (V)

OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING (V)

4.5

2053 G29

2053 G27

5.0

10

VS = 5V
TA = 25C

TA = 25C

10

100
GAIN (V/V)

1000

10000
2053 G35

3.10
2.5

4.5

TA = 55C
6.5
8.5
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)

10.5
2053 G36

2053fa

LTC2053

PI FU CTIO S
EN (Pin 1): Active Low Enable Pin.
+IN (Pin 3): Noninverting Input.

RG (Pin 6): Inverting Input of Internal Op Amp. With a


resistor, R2, connected between the OUT pin and the RG
pin and a resistor, R1, between the RG pin and the REF pin,
the DC gain is given by 1 + R2 / R1.

V (Pin 4): Negative Supply.

OUT (Pin 7): Amplifier Output.

IN (Pin 2): Inverting Input.

REF (Pin 5): Voltage Reference (VREF) for Amplifier Output.

VOUT = GAIN (V+IN VIN) + VREF


V + (Pin 8): Positive Supply.

BLOCK DIAGRA

8
V+
ZERO-DRIFT
OP AMP

+IN

3
IN

OUT

CH

CS

REF
5

RG
6

EN
1

2053 BD

APPLICATIO S I FOR ATIO


Theory of Operation

The LTC2053 uses an internal capacitor (CS) to sample a


differential input signal riding on a DC common mode
voltage (see Block Diagram). This capacitors charge is
transferred to a second internal hold capacitor (CH) translating the common mode of the input differential signal to
that of the REF pin. The resulting signal is amplified by a
zero-drift op amp in the noninverting configuration. The
RG pin is the negative input of this op amp and allows
external programmability of the DC gain. Simple filtering
can be realized by using an external capacitor across the
feedback resistor.
Input Voltage Range
The input common mode voltage range of the LTC2053 is
rail-to-rail. However, the following equation limits the size
of the differential input voltage:

Where V+IN and VIN are the voltages of the +IN and IN
pins respectively, VREF is the voltage at the REF pin and V+
is the positive supply voltage.
For example, with a 3V single supply and a 0V to 100mV
differential input voltage, VREF must be between 0V and
1.6V.
5 Volt Operation
When using the LTC2053 with supplies over 5.5V, care
must be taken to limit the maximum difference between
any of the input pins (+IN or IN) and the REF pin to 5.5V;
if not, the device will be damaged. For example, if rail-torail input operation is desired when the supplies are at
5V, the REF pin should be 0V, 0.5V. As a second
example, if V + is 10V and V and REF are at 0V, the inputs
should not exceed 5.5V.

V (V+IN VIN) + VREF V + 1.3


2053fa

LTC2053
U

APPLICATIO S I FOR ATIO


Settling Time

The sampling rate is 3kHz and the input sampling period


during which CS is charged to the input differential voltage
VIN is approximately 150s. First assume that on each
input sampling period, CS is charged fully to VIN. Since CS
= CH (= 1000pF), a change in the input will settle to N bits
of accuracy at the op amp noninverting input after N clock
cycles or 333s(N). The settling time at the OUT pin is also
affected by the settling of the internal op amp. Since the
gain bandwidth of the internal op amp is typically 200kHz,
the settling time is dominated by the switched capacitor
front end for gains below 100 (see Typical Performance
Characteristics).
Input Current
Whenever the differential input VIN changes, CH must be
charged up to the new input voltage via CS. This results in
an input charging current during each input sampling
period. Eventually, CH and CS will reach VIN and, ideally,
the input current would go to zero for DC inputs.
In reality, there are additional parasitic capacitors which
disturb the charge on CS every cycle even if VIN is a DC
voltage. For example, the parasitic bottom plate capacitor
on CS must be charged from the voltage on the REF pin to
the voltage on the IN pin every cycle. The resulting input

charging current decays exponentially during each input


sampling period with a time constant equal to RSCS. If the
voltage disturbance due to these currents settles before
the end of the sampling period, there will be no errors
due to source resistance or the source resistance mismatch between IN and +IN. With RS less than 10k, no
DC errors occur due to this input current.
In the Typical Performance Characteristics section of this
data sheet, there are curves showing the additional error
from non-zero source resistance in the inputs. If there are
no large capacitors across the inputs, the amplifier is less
sensitive to source resistance and source resistance mismatch. When large capacitors are placed across the inputs, the input charging currents described above result in
larger DC errors, especially with source resistor mismatches.
Power Supply Bypassing
The LTC2053 uses a sampled data technique and therefore
contains some clocked digital circuitry. It is therefore
sensistive to supply bypassing. For single or dual supply
operation, a 0.1F ceramic capacitor must be connected
between Pin 8 (V +) and Pin 4 (V ) with leads as short as
possible.

SINGLE SUPPLY, UNITY GAIN

DUAL SUPPLY

5V

5V

8
V+IN

+
VD

VIN

V+IN
7

VOUT

+
VD

VIN

+
7

6 R2

VOUT

R1

5V
VREF
0V < V+IN < 5V
0V < VIN < 5V
0V < VD < 3.7V
VOUT = VD

5V < VIN < 5V AND VIN VREF < 5.5V


5V < V+IN < 5V AND V+IN VREF < 5.5V
5V < VD + VREF < 3.7V

VOUT = 1 +

R2
R1

VD + VREF
2053 F01

Figure 1
2053fa

10

LTC2053
U

PACKAGE DESCRIPTIO

MS8 Package
8-Lead Plastic MSOP
(Reference LTC DWG # 05-08-1660)
DETAIL A

0.254
(.010)

0 6 TYP

GAUGE PLANE
0.53 0.152
(.021 .006)
DETAIL A

1.10
(.043)
MAX

0.18
(.007)
SEATING
PLANE

0.22 0.38
(.009 .015)
TYP

3.00 0.102
(.118 .004)
(NOTE 3)

0.86
(.034)
REF

NOTE:
1. DIMENSIONS IN MILLIMETER/(INCH)
2. DRAWING NOT TO SCALE
3. DIMENSION DOES NOT INCLUDE MOLD FLASH, PROTRUSIONS OR GATE BURRS.
MOLD FLASH, PROTRUSIONS OR GATE BURRS SHALL NOT EXCEED 0.152mm (.006") PER SIDE
4. DIMENSION DOES NOT INCLUDE INTERLEAD FLASH OR PROTRUSIONS.
INTERLEAD FLASH OR PROTRUSIONS SHALL NOT EXCEED 0.152mm (.006") PER SIDE
5. LEAD COPLANARITY (BOTTOM OF LEADS AFTER FORMING) SHALL BE 0.102mm (.004") MAX

0.889 0.127
(.035 .005)

3.00 0.102
(.118 .004) 5.23
(NOTE 4)
(.206)
MIN

4.90 0.152
0.127 0.076 (.193 .006)
(.005 .003)

0.65
(.0256)
BSC

0.52
(.0205)
REF

7 6 5

2 3

3.20 3.45
(.126 .136)

0.42 0.038
(.0165 .0015)
TYP

0.65
(.0256)
BSC

RECOMMENDED SOLDER PAD LAYOUT


MSOP (MS8) 0603

DD Package
8-Lead Plastic DFN (3mm 3mm)
(Reference LTC DWG # 05-08-1698)

R = 0.115
TYP
5

0.38 0.10
8
0.675 0.05

3.00 0.10
(4 SIDES)

1.65 0.10
(2 SIDES)

3.5 0.05
1.65 0.05
2.15 0.05 (2 SIDES)

PIN 1
TOP MARK

0.200 REF

PACKAGE
OUTLINE
0.75 0.05

0.00 0.05

4
0.28 0.05

1
0.50 BSC

0.28 0.05
0.50
BSC
2.38 0.05
(2 SIDES)

2.38 0.10
(2 SIDES)
BOTTOM VIEWEXPOSED PAD

NOTE:
1. DRAWING TO BE MADE A JEDEC PACKAGE OUTLINE M0-229 VARIATION OF (WEED-1)
2. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS
3. DIMENSIONS OF EXPOSED PAD ON BOTTOM OF PACKAGE DO NOT INCLUDE
MOLD FLASH. MOLD FLASH, IF PRESENT, SHALL NOT EXCEED 0.15mm ON ANY SIDE
4. EXPOSED PAD SHALL BE SOLDER PLATED

RECOMMENDED SOLDER PAD PITCH AND DIMENSIONS


(DD8) DFN 0203

2053fa

Information furnished by Linear Technology Corporation is believed to be accurate and reliable.


However, no responsibility is assumed for its use. Linear Technology Corporation makes no representation that the interconnection of its circuits as described herein will not infringe on existing patent rights.

11

LTC2053

TYPICAL APPLICATIO S
Precision 2
(Low Noise 2.5V Reference)

Precision Current Source

8
1 LT1027 4
5
2
1F

LTC2053 RG
REF 6 0.1F
3 +
5
EN
4
1

VOUT
i

5V

0.1F

Precision Inversion
(General Purpose)

8V

5V

Precision Doubler
(General Purpose)

VIN

2.5V
(110nV/Hz)

8
7

LTC2053
2

VOUT

0.1F

8
7

LTC2053

VIN

1k

V
i = C , i 5mA
R

10k

8
LTC2053

2.7k
LOAD

5V

0.1F

VOUT

VOUT = 2VIN
0.1F

0.1F

0.1F

0.1F

VOUT = VIN

2053 TA05

0 < VOUT < (5V VC)

VC

2053 TA06

5V

2053 TA07

5V

0.1F
2053 TA08

Differential Thermocouple Amplifier


5V
10M

0C 500C
TYPE K
THERMOCOUPLE
(40.6V/C)

YELLOW

ORANGE

10M

1M

1M

10k

+
LTC2053

RG

10k 2
1

0.001F

0.001F

Linearized Platinum RTD Amplifier

0.1F

REF
5

EN

10mV/C

249k
1%

0.1F
100

5V 0.1F
2

1.21k

+
1

5V

SCALE FACTOR
TRIM

10k

i 1mA

2053 TA03

5V

0.1F

+
1

10mV/C
0C 400C
(0.1C)

49.9

7
6

LT1634-1.25

249k

8
LTC2053

PT100*
3-WIRE RTD

LTC2050

LT1025
3
VO
R
4
5 200k

16.9k

1k
1%

5V
4

0.1F
2.7k

0.1F

LTC2053
3

THERMAL
COUPLING

*CONFORMING TO IEC751 OR DIN43760


RT = RO (1 + 3.908 103T 5.775 107T2), RO = 100
(e.g. 100 AT 0C, 175.9 AT 200C, 247.1 AT 400C)

5V

1M

0.1F

16.2k
LINEARITY

10k

ILOAD

0.0015
VREG

CW
39.2k

High Side Power Supply Current Sense

11k
100

ZERO

0.1F

CW

0.1F
GAIN CW

LOAD
953

24.9k
5k

2053 TA09

LTC2053
3

7
6 10k

OUT
100mV/A
OF LOAD
CURRENT

0.1F

1,4

150

2053 TA04

RELATED PARTS
PART NUMBER DESCRIPTION

COMMENTS

LT1167

Single Resistor Gain Programmable, Precision Instrumentation Amplifier

Single Gain Set Resistor: G = 1 to 10,000,


Low Noise: 7.5nVHz

LTC2050

Zero-Drift Operation Amplifier

SOT-23 Package

LTC2051

Dual Zero-Drift Operational Amplifier

MS8 Package

LTC6800

Single Supply, Zero Drift, Rail-to-Rail Input and Output Instrumentation Amplifier

MS8 Package, 100V Max VOS, 250nV/C Max Drift


2053fa

12

Linear Technology Corporation

LT/TP 0903 1K PRINTED IN USA

1630 McCarthy Blvd., Milpitas, CA 95035-7417


(408) 432-1900 FAX: (408) 434-0507

www.linear.com

LINEAR TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION 2001

This datasheet has been download from:


www.datasheetcatalog.com
Datasheets for electronics components.