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TIA569StandardsUpdate

TIA 569 Standards Update


Pathways&Spaces
IgnacioDiaz,RCDD
April25,2012

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
ThepurposeofthisStandardistostandardizespecific
pathwayandspacedesignandconstructionpracticesin
supportoftelecommunicationsmediaandequipmentwithin
buildings.
buildings
Scopelimitedtotelecommunicationsaspectofbuilding
designbutinfluencesdesignofotherbuildingservices(i.e.
g
g
g
(
HVAC,electricalpower,etc)
Definerequirementsforkeyspaces
BuildingSpaces
Access&ServiceProviderSpaces
MultitenantBuildingSpaces
BuildingPathways
Cabling distribution should try to find a solution that will:
Accommodate cabling changes
Minimize occupant disruption when horizontal pathways are accessed
Allow for future growth

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard

Astandardestablishedforrooms,pathways,andareasintoandthroughwhich
structured cabling components and equipment are installed Applies to:
structuredcabling,components,andequipmentareinstalled.Appliesto:
Conduits
UnderfloorductsandFloorBoxes
Accessfloor(RaisedFloors)
A
fl
(R i d Fl
)
Ceilingpathways(JHooks&Rings)
Cabletraysystems
Perimeterpathways
P i t
th
Raceways

TelecommunicationsCloset&EquipmentRoom
Sizes&Provisions
Sizes & Provisions

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
BuildingSpaces:GeneralRequirements
GeneralRequirementsapplyto
DistributorRoom
CommonDistributorRoom
Common Distributor Room
EntranceRoom
AccessProviderSpace
ServiceProviderSpace
p
Temperature&humidityguidelinesperASHRAEThermalGuidelinesfor
DataProcessingEnvironments
Temperature&humidityintelecommunicationsspaceshallmeet
T
& h idi i
l
i i
h ll
requirementsforASHRAEClass3
UPSlargerthan100kVAlocatedinseparateroom
g
p
Bonding&groundingsystemshallbeprovidedperANSI/TIA607B

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
BuildingSpaces:GeneralRequirements

Plywoodbackboard
inplywood(atleastonewall)
Paintedwithtwocoatsfireretardantpaint
Nolongerrequiredtobepaintedwhite
Ceilings
Ceilingheight min,8ftclearspace(10ftbetweenfinishedfloorandlowest
pointofceiling)
Recommendformaxflexibilitynottousesuspendedceiling
Floorloading
Static&dynamiccapacityshallbesufficienttobearbothdistributed&
concentratedloads
Shallconsultstructuralengineer
Lighting
Min500luxinhorizontalplane
Min200luxinverticalplane
( )
Measured1m(3ft)abovefinishedfloor
Poweredseparatelyfromtelecommunicationsequipment
Shouldnotusedimmerswitches
Doors
Minimum of 36x80
x 80(optional72
(optional 72xx90
90))
Minimumof36

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
BuildingSpaces:DistributorRoom

Commonaccessforcablingsubsystems&buildingpathways
Containstelecommunicationsequipment,cableterminations,&
l
bl
crossconnect
Inacommercialbuildingitiscalledanequipmentroomor
telecommunications room depending on what is in it
telecommunicationsroomdependingonwhatisinit
Shouldfollowgeneralguidelines
Multipledistributorroomsonsamefloorinterconnectedby
minimum of one metric designator 78 (trade size 3) conduit or
minimumofonemetricdesignator78(tradesize3)conduitor
equivalentpathway

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
BuildingSpaces:DistributorRoom

DistributorB(i.e.intermediatecrossconnect(IC)incommercial
building) min. of 10 m2 (100ft
building)min.of10m
(100 ft2)
DistributorC(i.e.MCincommercialbuilding)min.12m2 (120ft2)
forbuildingwithgrossareaupto50,000m2 (500,000ft2)
Increase1m
Increase 1 m2 (10ft
(10 ft2)per10,000m
) per 10 000 m2 (100,000ft
(100 000 ft2)increasein
) increase in
buildingsize
Minimum1distributorroomperfloor
Minimumtwodedicated120VAC/20Aoutlets
6ftspacing;
6inabovefloor

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
BuildingSpaces:EntranceRoom/Space

EntranceRoom/Space
Entranceforoutsideplant&pathwaysshallmeetrequirements
of ANSI/TIA758B (Outside Plant ) standard
ofANSI/TIA758B(OutsidePlant)standard
Inbuildingsupto10,000sqm(100,000sqft),wallmounting
terminatinghardwaremaybesuitable
Minimumoftwodedicated120VAC/20Aoutlets
Minimum of two dedicated 120 VAC /20 A outlets

DistributorEnclosure
Centrallylocated
Centrally located
Lighting,measuredindistributorenclosure,minimum500lux
Minimumofonededicated120VAC/20Aoutlet

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
Access&ServiceProviderSpaces

Usedforthelocationoftransmission,reception,andsupport
equipment
MinimumAccess&ServiceProviderSpace:1.5mx2m(4ftx6ft)
ShouldbeclosetoDistributorC(i.e.MC)
Atleastonededicated120VAC/20A,nonswitchedduplex
electrical receptacle for equipment
electricalreceptacleforequipment

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
BuildingSpaces:Racks&Cabinets
Minimum3ftfrontclearance;4ftispreferable
Minimum
Minimum2ftrearclearance;3ftispreferable
2 ft rear clearance; 3 ft is preferable
Equipmentmayrequireadditionalclearance
Suggestusingcabinets6indeeperorwiderthan
l
largestequipment
i
Shouldhaveadjustablemountingrails
Railsshouldhavemarkings
Rails should have markings

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
BuildingSpaces:Racks&Cabinets
Cabinetsshallbeselected&configuredtoprovide
adequatecooling(somesuggestionslistedbelow)
Forcedairflowusingfans
g
Naturalairflowbetweenhot&coldaisles
Hotaisle/coldaislecabinetarrangement
Useofblankingpanelsandbaffles
Sealingairleaksaroundcableingresspoints
Sealing air leaks around cable ingress points
Verticalcablemanagershallbeinstalledbetweenracksand
atbothendsofeveryrow(atleast3.25inwide)
Horizontalmanagementsufficienttoprovidestrategic
growthofupto100%butnotimpaircooling

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
BuildingPathways

Considerquantity,size&bendradiusrequirementsofcable
q
y,
q
whendeterminingsizeofpathway
Allowforgrowth
Notlocatedinelevatorshafts
N t l t d i l t h ft
Areasaboveceilingsmaybeusedaspathwayfor
telecommunicationscables&forconnectinghardware
Coinstallationoftelecommunicationscable&typicalbranch
circuit(120/240VAC/20A)mustmeetrequirementsofNFPA70

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
BuildingPathways

Zeropathwayseparationpermittedwhen
telecommunications cables & power cables both enclosed in
telecommunicationscables&powercablesbothenclosedin
metallicpathways
(minwallthicknessof1mm(0,04in)ofsteelor1.5mm
(0,06 in)aluminum)
(0,06in)aluminum)
Providestablewithguidelinesforseparationof
telecommunicationspathwaysforbalancedtwistedpair
cabling from adjacent power wiring
cablingfromadjacentpowerwiring
BalancedTPcablingseparatedfromfluorescent
lamps/fixturesbyminimumof125mm(5in)

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
BuildingPathways
Pathwayseparationfromsourcesofelectromagneticenergy:

Condition

<2KVA

2-5KVA

>5KVA

Unshielded Power Lines


in proximity to open PVC
Pathways

5 in

12 in

24 in

Unshielded Power Lines


in proximity to Grounded
Metallic Pathways

2.5
2
5
in

6 i
in

12 i
in

Power Lines enclosed in


Metal Grounded Pathways
in proximity to Grounded
Metallic Pathways

<1 in

3 in

6 in

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
BuildingPathways
Minimum75mm(3in)clearverticalspaceavailable
aboveceilingtilesifusingaspathway
Min.300mm(12in)clearanceabovecabletray
systemorrunway
Traysmaybedividedwithbarrierforphysical
separationbetweenpower&TPcable
Noncontinuoussupportslocatedatintervalsnotto
pp
exceed1.5m(5ft)

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
BuildingPathways
CableTrays
Plannedforinitialmaxcalculatedfillratioof25%
Note A calculated fill ratio of 50% for 4 pair & similar
Note:Acalculatedfillratioof50%for4pair&similar
cablewillphysicallyfillentiretrayduetospacesbetween
cables
CableRunway
Stackednohigherthan150mm(6in)
Pathwaysfreefromburrs,sharpedgesorprojections

Traysandwirewaysmaybedividedwithabarriertoallowfor
physicalseparationofdifferenttypesofservices.

Ifnonmetallictraysandwirewaysarelocatedintheplenum,they
shallbeplenumrated.

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
BuildingPathways
CeilingPathway(JHooks&BridleRings)
Spacing48to60offcenter(eliminatecopperdegradation)
MaximumofQ(75)4PairUTP
OverQ(75) addanotherJHookormigratetoCableTray

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
BuildingPathways
Conduit
Sectionsbetweenpullpointsshallnotexceed30m(100ft)
in
inrunsthattotalmorethan30m(100
runs that total more than 30m (100)),insertpullboxessothatno
insert pull boxes so that no
segmentbetweenpullpointsexceedsthe30m(100)limit.

Nosectionshallcontainmorethantwo90degreebends
Conduitswithinternaldiameterof50mm(2in)orless,inside
bendradiusofabendinconduitshallbeatleast6timesthe
internaldiameter
Conduitswithaninternaldiameterofmorethan50mm(2in),
the inside radius of a bend in conduit shall be at least 10 times
theinsideradiusofabendinconduitshallbeatleast10times
theinternaldiameter.
Bondedtoground,inaccordancetonationalorlocal
requirements
i
t
Hasreferencetableforpullboxsizes
Maximumfillforfurniturepathwaysis40%
f ll f f
h

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
BuildingPathways

Conduit(RIGID,EMT,ENT,PVC,HDPE)
Mustbeaminimumof3/4
/
40%FillRatio(NEC)applies
FireCodesapplyandmustberespectedregardingtheuseofpolymers

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
PullBoxesandSplices
Pull Box Installation
Locate pull boxes in easily accessible locations
locations. Horizontal cable boxes should be installed
above suspended ceilings. Should be used when installing a pull string or cable, fishing the
conduits run, and pulling and looping the cable in the next length of conduit.

Pull boxes should be used when:


Conduits runs are more than 30m (100)
Contain more than two 90 bends.

Pull
P ll boxes
bo es shall not be used
sed for splicing cable.
cable
Splice boxes
Intended to be used for splicing in addition to pulling cable. A slip sleeve is a conduit sleeve
that is larger than the main conduit, and slipped over an opening in a conduit run after the
cable is in place. A gutter is a square, sheet-metal housing, which is placed over an
opening in a conduit. Slip sleeves or gutters cannot be used for splices, but can be used in
place of a pull box, are more economical to install, and will provide more space for pulling.

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
OtherPathwayTypes
Powerpolespecifications
Powerpolesstandardsizesaccommodate3m(10),3.7m(12), and4.6m(15)
ceiling heights
ceilingheights.

Powerpoleinstallation
Mountrigidlybetweentheceilingsupportchannelgridandcarpetedortiled
floor.Utilitycolumnsmaybeattachedtothecrossrailsonlyiftherailsare
securelyanchoredtothemainceilingsupportchannel.
l
h d
h
i
ili
h
l

Pokethruspecification
Pokethrudistributionisusuallyimplementedbyinstallingcablefromthe
ceilingofthefloorbelow,toapointwhereserviceisdesiredonthatsame
floor,thenpokingthruthefloortoallowthecabletobeattachedto
telecommunicationsdevice.

Pokethruinstallation
Pokethruinstallationshouldbedoneinaccordancetoalllocalandnational
codes,instrictaccordancewiththeUnderwritersLaboratoriesprocedures
foundintheFireResistanceDirectory,andthepokethruaddendum4to
ANSI/TIA/EIA569A.

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
BuildingPathways

TheNECandlocalcodestakeprecedence
wheninstallingconduit,choicesin
conduit type shall be of the type
conduittypeshallbeofthetype
permittedundertheappropriate
electricalcodes.

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
Backbone

Backbonepathwaysconsistof:
Interbuilding backbonepathwayswhichextendbetweenbuildings
Intrabuilding backbone
backbonepathwayswhicharecontainedwithina
pathways which are contained within a
building

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
Backbone

Intrabuilding pathwaysconsistof:
Ceilingpathways
Conduits
Sleeves
Slots
Trays

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
Backbone

Slots
Sleeves
Trays

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
Backbone

Sleeves
An opening, usually circular, through the wall, ceiling, or floor to allow the
passage of cables and wires.

Slots
An opening through a wall,
wall floor,
floor or ceiling , usually rectangular
rectangular, to allow
the passage of cables and wires.

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
Firestopping

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
NewVersion!

Newrevisionworkhasbeengoingonforpastyear
Referenceforallpremisestandards
Nolongerspecifictocommercialbuildings
N
NewrevisionjustapprovedforpublicationasANSI/TIA
ii j t
df
bli ti
ANSI/TIA
569C
OtherChangesinclude
Removed60%fillmaxlimitforfurniturepathwaysfor
growth;onlyrecommendsinitiallydesigningto40%fill
Power&noiseseparationapplytoallapplications;no
newrecommendationsfor10Gb/sapplications
d ti
f 10Gb/
li ti

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
AccommodatingNewASHRAEGuidelines
TIA569CdraftwasalmostcompletewhenASHRAEchanged
guidelines
Twophaseapproachtoincludingchanges
1 AddednewclassnameseditoriallytoTIA
1.
Added new class names editorially to TIA569C
569 C
NochangetorequirementsforTIA569C
2. Workingonaddendumtoharmonize
WillbeTIA
Will be TIA569C
569 C.1
1
Maybecompletebyendofyear

29

TIA569Pathways&SpacesStandard
ASHRAEchangestoThermalGuidelinesforDataProcessingEnvironments
Class1&2nowA1&A2
Twonewclasses,A3&A4
A1,A2,A3&A4haveallowable&recommendedranges
NochangewithA1&A2
ExpandedallowablerangeforA3&A4
E
d d ll
bl
f A3 & A4
Class3&4replacedbyClassB&Cwithnochanges

30

TIA569
Pathways&SpacesStandard
ASHRAE changes to Thermal
Guidelines for Data Processing
Environments

OtherStandardsandTIA569

Because ANSI/TIA-569-C is now a generic reference for


pathways,
p
y specific
p
requirements
q
unique
q to an application
pp
will
be specified in the application standard.
For example, specific pathway and spaces requirements for
commercial buildings will be specified in ANSI/TIA-568-C.1.
Specific pathway and spaces requirements for healthcare
facilities will
ill be specified in ANSI/TIA-1179.
ANSI/TIA 1179
Lets take a look!

32

TIA1179HealthcareFacilitiesStandard
Healthcarevs.Premises
BroaderscopeofapplicationspecificIPdevices
Sensitiveinstallationenvironment
Largerpathways
LargerTelecomRooms
GreaterWorkstationdensities

TIA1179HealthcareFacilitiesStandard
UniqueCablingChallenges
Redundant
Redundantandhighdensitypathways(conduits,cable
and highdensity pathways (conduits cable
tray)
HighlevelsofEMI,hightemperature,chemicalsand
gasses may be present
gassesmaybepresent
Cableselectiondependentonattributestocomplywith
atmosphericconditions
Cableselectionaffectspathways

Applicationspecific,highterminationworkarea
densities
Stringentcodesandregulations

TIA1179HealthcareFacilitiesStandard
PathwayGuidelines

P
Pathwaysshouldnotcompromiseoperationof
th
h ld t
i
ti
f
thefacility
Enclosedpathwaysystems inairhandling
spacestomeetInfectionControlRequirements
t
t I f ti C t l R
i
t
(ICR)
Segregationofcablesfordifferentnetworks&
applications(duetosafetyprotocols)
li ti
(d t
f t
t l)

TIA1179HealthcareFacilitiesStandard
E t
F iliti (EF)&E i
tR
(ER)
EntranceFacilities(EF)&EquipmentRooms(ER)

Routediversity twoseparatepathwaysfromtheentrancefacility
totheequipmentroom

Demarcationpointofoutsideaccessprovidersmaybedetermined
Demarcation
point of outside access providers may be determined
byfederalorlocalregulations.

Accommodationofothersystemsmayincreasesize(BAS,nurse
call security CATV biomedical systems)
call,security,CATV,biomedicalsystems)

Twicethesizeofadata/telecommunicationscloset(allowingfor
futuredoublegrowthrate)

TIA1179HealthcareFacilitiesStandard
Telecommunications Rooms(TR) andTelecom Enclosures (TE)
TelecommunicationsRooms(TR)andTelecomEnclosures(TE)

Nontelecommunicationsservices(i.e.gasses,fluids)
notallowed
2 )or
2
LargerTRthanofficebuilding 12m22 (130ft
(
)
larger

TEservessmallerfloorareaorwhereTRisnot
allowed(beawareofexposureofmagneticfields,
radiation,chemicals,etc)