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1

A convergent geometric progression G has first term a and common ratio r. The sum to
infinity of the even-numbered terms of G, i.e. the second, fourth, sixth, terms is 78.
The sum to infinity of every third-term of G, i.e. the third, sixth, ninth, terms is 24.
Find the values of a and r.
[5]

A curve C is described by the equation

( x 2)
5

2

( y 3)

b2

= 1,

where b is a positive constant.


It is given that the line y =
(i)

8
1
x is one of the asymptotes of C.
5
5

Show that the value of b is 4.

[2]

(ii) Sketch the curve of C, showing clearly the equation of the asymptotes and the
coordinates of the vertices.
[3]
Hence, state the set of values of m for which the line with equation
[1]
y = m( x 2) + 3 does not intersect C.
3

[Do not use a calculator for this question.]


(i) Prove, using a non-graphical method, that x 2 x + 3 is always positive for all real
x.
[1]
2x 3
1
(ii) Hence, solve the inequality 2
[4]
.
x x+3 x
(iii) Using your result in part (ii), find the set of values of x for which

2 x2 3
1
2.
4
2
x x +3 x

[3]

A curve has parametric equations

x = t + 2 , y = t 2 + 3t + 5 .
(i)

Show that the gradient of the line passing through P p + 2, p2 + 3 p + 5 and (2,4)

p2 + 3 p + 1
.
[1]
p
(ii) It is given that the line in part (i) is also the tangent to the curve at P. Find the
possible values of p.
Hence, find the equations of the tangents.
[5]
can be expressed as

By using the substitution x =

u
, where u is a function of t, show that the differential
t

equation

dx
= 4 x 9 x 2t 2 , for t > 0,
dt

(1)

can be expressed as

du
= 4 9u 2 .
dt
Find the general solution of the differential equation (1), giving your answer in the form
[6]
x = f (t ) .

The graphs of y 2 = f ( x) and y = f '( x) are shown below.

y 2 = f ( x)
( 5, 2 )
O

y = f '( x)

(i) Determine the nature of all stationary points of the graph of y = f ( x) .

[2]

(ii) State the set of values of x where f is strictly decreasing.


[1]
(iii) Sketch the graph of y = f ( x) , indicating clearly the asymptotes, coordinates of the
stationary points and the intersections with the axes.

[4]

[Turn over
3

A mans running speed on the beach is 4 times as fast as his swimming speed in the sea.

The distances AB, BC and BD are 100 m, h m and 300 m respectively, as shown in the
diagram above. The man swims in a straight line from A to C, and then runs from C to
D on the beach.
(i) Show that the time taken for him to get from point A to point D through C, is
1002 + h 2 ( 300 h )
given by
+
s, where v m/s represents his constant

v
4v

swimming speed in the sea.


[2]
(ii) Hence, by differentiation, find the value of h that will allow the man to reach D in
the shortest amount of time.
[4]

(a)

(i)

Find the derivative of 1 x 2 .

(ii)

Hence, find

(i)

2
dy d y
Given that y + y = 2 x x , show that 6 y + 2 ( 3 y 2 + 1) = 4.
dx dx

[2]

(ii)

Find the series expansion of y, up to and including the term in x2.

[3]

sin

[2]

x dx .

[3]
2

(b)

The diagram below shows the graph of C, given by y 3 + y = 2 x 2 x for x 0


and the line x = 0.6.

(iii) Find an approximation for the area of the shaded region.


4

[2]

(i)

2
By expressing ln 1 as ln A ln B , where A and B are expressions of k,
k
m +1

prove that

ln 1 k2 = ln m(m2+ 1) .

[4]

k =3

17

(ii)

Using the result in part (i), calculate the exact value of

ln 1 k2 .

[2]

k =7

(iii) Using the result in part (i), find

ln 1 k 2+ 1 in terms of m.

[3]

k =3

10

Sketch the graph of ( x 93) + y 2 = 152 , showing the coordinates of the points with the
maximum and minimum y values.
[2]
The shape of a circular tube can be modelled by rotating the region bounded by
2

( x 93)

+ y 2 = 152 completely about the y-axis.


15

Show the volume of the tube is given by 372

152 y 2 dy .

[3]

15

By using the substitution y = 15sin , find the exact volume of the tube.

11

(a)

[5]

To take part in the National Stamp Collection Campaign, John started to buy
stamps every week. The number of stamps he bought in the first week is a and
subsequently the number of stamps he bought in a week is d more than that of the
previous week. It is given that he bought 10 stamps in the 3rd week and the total
number of stamps he bought in the 7 th and 9 th weeks is 50. Find a and d.
[2]
Given that the total number of stamps he bought from nth week to (n + 19)th week
(inclusive) is 2450, find the value of n.
[3]

(b)

At the beginning of January 2015, Gilbert took a home loan of $400 000 from a
bank that charges 0.2% monthly interest on the outstanding amount at the end of
every month. Gilbert makes payment of $x on the 1st of every month, starting
from February 2015. Taking January 2015 as the first month, show that the
outstanding amount Gilbert still owes the bank on the 2nd of n th month is

400 000 (1.002 )

n 1

500 x (1.002 )

n 1

1 .

[3]

Gilbert intends to pay the loan fully after the payment on 1st of January 2030.
Find the value of x.
[2]
[Turn over
5

12

The functions f and g are defined by

f :x
g: x

x
,
x + a2
2

x , x > 0,

ln ( x + a ) , x , x > a ,

where a is a constant greater than 2.


(i)

Sketch, on separate diagrams, the graphs of y = f ( x ) and y = g ( x ) .

[6]

[You should state the equation of any asymptotes, coordinates of the turning
points and the coordinates of any points of intersection with the axes.]
(ii) Explain why g-1 exists.
[1]
(iii) Giving your reasons, determine which of the composite functions fg 1 or g 1f
exists.
[3]
Hence, define in a similar form, the composite function that exists and find its
exact range.
[5]

End of paper