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# 1

A convergent geometric progression G has first term a and common ratio r. The sum to
infinity of the even-numbered terms of G, i.e. the second, fourth, sixth, terms is 78.
The sum to infinity of every third-term of G, i.e. the third, sixth, ninth, terms is 24.
Find the values of a and r.


( x 2)
5

2

( y 3)

b2

= 1,

## where b is a positive constant.

It is given that the line y =
(i)

8
1
x is one of the asymptotes of C.
5
5

## Show that the value of b is 4.



(ii) Sketch the curve of C, showing clearly the equation of the asymptotes and the
coordinates of the vertices.

Hence, state the set of values of m for which the line with equation

y = m( x 2) + 3 does not intersect C.
3

## [Do not use a calculator for this question.]

(i) Prove, using a non-graphical method, that x 2 x + 3 is always positive for all real
x.

2x 3
1
(ii) Hence, solve the inequality 2

.
x x+3 x
(iii) Using your result in part (ii), find the set of values of x for which

2 x2 3
1
2.
4
2
x x +3 x



## A curve has parametric equations

x = t + 2 , y = t 2 + 3t + 5 .
(i)

Show that the gradient of the line passing through P p + 2, p2 + 3 p + 5 and (2,4)

p2 + 3 p + 1
.

p
(ii) It is given that the line in part (i) is also the tangent to the curve at P. Find the
possible values of p.
Hence, find the equations of the tangents.

can be expressed as

## By using the substitution x =

u
, where u is a function of t, show that the differential
t

equation

dx
= 4 x 9 x 2t 2 , for t > 0,
dt

(1)

can be expressed as

du
= 4 9u 2 .
dt
Find the general solution of the differential equation (1), giving your answer in the form

x = f (t ) .

y 2 = f ( x)
( 5, 2 )
O

y = f '( x)



## (ii) State the set of values of x where f is strictly decreasing.


(iii) Sketch the graph of y = f ( x) , indicating clearly the asymptotes, coordinates of the
stationary points and the intersections with the axes.



[Turn over
3

A mans running speed on the beach is 4 times as fast as his swimming speed in the sea.

The distances AB, BC and BD are 100 m, h m and 300 m respectively, as shown in the
diagram above. The man swims in a straight line from A to C, and then runs from C to
D on the beach.
(i) Show that the time taken for him to get from point A to point D through C, is
1002 + h 2 ( 300 h )
given by
+
s, where v m/s represents his constant

v
4v

## swimming speed in the sea.


(ii) Hence, by differentiation, find the value of h that will allow the man to reach D in
the shortest amount of time.


(a)

(i)

## Find the derivative of 1 x 2 .

(ii)

Hence, find

(i)

2
dy d y
Given that y + y = 2 x x , show that 6 y + 2 ( 3 y 2 + 1) = 4.
dx dx



(ii)



sin



x dx .


2

(b)

## The diagram below shows the graph of C, given by y 3 + y = 2 x 2 x for x 0

and the line x = 0.6.

## (iii) Find an approximation for the area of the shaded region.

4



(i)

2
By expressing ln 1 as ln A ln B , where A and B are expressions of k,
k
m +1

prove that

ln 1 k2 = ln m(m2+ 1) .



k =3

17

(ii)

ln 1 k2 .



k =7

## (iii) Using the result in part (i), find

ln 1 k 2+ 1 in terms of m.



k =3

10

Sketch the graph of ( x 93) + y 2 = 152 , showing the coordinates of the points with the
maximum and minimum y values.

The shape of a circular tube can be modelled by rotating the region bounded by
2

( x 93)

15

## Show the volume of the tube is given by 372

152 y 2 dy .



15

By using the substitution y = 15sin , find the exact volume of the tube.

11

(a)



To take part in the National Stamp Collection Campaign, John started to buy
stamps every week. The number of stamps he bought in the first week is a and
subsequently the number of stamps he bought in a week is d more than that of the
previous week. It is given that he bought 10 stamps in the 3rd week and the total
number of stamps he bought in the 7 th and 9 th weeks is 50. Find a and d.

Given that the total number of stamps he bought from nth week to (n + 19)th week
(inclusive) is 2450, find the value of n.


(b)

At the beginning of January 2015, Gilbert took a home loan of \$400 000 from a
bank that charges 0.2% monthly interest on the outstanding amount at the end of
every month. Gilbert makes payment of \$x on the 1st of every month, starting
from February 2015. Taking January 2015 as the first month, show that the
outstanding amount Gilbert still owes the bank on the 2nd of n th month is

## 400 000 (1.002 )

n 1

500 x (1.002 )

n 1

1 .



Gilbert intends to pay the loan fully after the payment on 1st of January 2030.
Find the value of x.

[Turn over
5

12

## The functions f and g are defined by

f :x
g: x

x
,
x + a2
2

x , x > 0,

ln ( x + a ) , x , x > a ,

(i)

## Sketch, on separate diagrams, the graphs of y = f ( x ) and y = g ( x ) .



[You should state the equation of any asymptotes, coordinates of the turning
points and the coordinates of any points of intersection with the axes.]
(ii) Explain why g-1 exists.

(iii) Giving your reasons, determine which of the composite functions fg 1 or g 1f
exists.

Hence, define in a similar form, the composite function that exists and find its
exact range.


End of paper