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QUALIFICATION OF FLOW CONDTIONING

QUALIFICATION OF FLOW CONDTIONING

DEVICES ACCORDING TO

DEVICES ACCORDING TO

THE NEW API 14.3 PART 2 PROCEDURE.

THE NEW API 14.3 PART 2 PROCEDURE.

Klaus J. Zanker and Dale Goodson

Daniel Industries, Inc.

THE NEW API 14.3 PART 2 PROCEDURE . Klaus J. Zanker and Dale Goodson Daniel Industries,
THE NEW API 14.3 PART 2 PROCEDURE . Klaus J. Zanker and Dale Goodson Daniel Industries,
THE NEW API 14.3 PART 2 PROCEDURE . Klaus J. Zanker and Dale Goodson Daniel Industries,
THE NEW API 14.3 PART 2 PROCEDURE . Klaus J. Zanker and Dale Goodson Daniel Industries,

Measurement & Control

THE NEW API 14.3 PART 2 PROCEDURE . Klaus J. Zanker and Dale Goodson Daniel Industries,
OldOld TubeTube BundleBundle D 1. a/D < 1/4 2. L/a > 10 3. A <
OldOld TubeTube BundleBundle
D
1. a/D < 1/4
2. L/a > 10
3. A < 1/16(p D 2 /4)
4. Tubes any size - symmetrical
5. Tubes any shape
6.Tubes mounted into end rings
a
7. Tubes welded together
8. Tubes thin walled
A
9. All tubes mounted axially
Measurement & Control

NewNew TubeTube BundleBundle

Tube bundle OD

New New Tube Tube Bundle Bundle Tube bundle OD Items 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, &

Items 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, & 6 no longer

Bundle Tube bundle OD Items 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, & 6 no longer apply, only

apply, only 19 tube uniform

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, & 6 no longer apply, only 19 tube uniform concentric tube

concentric tube bundle allowed

• All tubes must touch one another

• Tubes must be welded together

• OD > 0.95 D

• t < 2.5 % of D

Tube wall thickness = t

Tubes must be welded together • OD > 0.95 D • t < 2.5 % of
Tubes must be welded together • OD > 0.95 D • t < 2.5 % of
Tubes must be welded together • OD > 0.95 D • t < 2.5 % of
Tubes must be welded together • OD > 0.95 D • t < 2.5 % of

Measurement & Control

Tubes must be welded together • OD > 0.95 D • t < 2.5 % of

APIAPI TypeType ApprovalApproval RequirementsRequirements

l

Baseline Calibration, evaluating performance

of test facility

l

To prove that the mechanical baseline

configuration is valid, the baseline CD values

should lie within the 95% confidence interval

for the RG equation.

l

Standard does not demand an “accredited

facility”

for the RG equation. l Standard does not demand an “accredited facility” Measurement & Control
for the RG equation. l Standard does not demand an “accredited facility” Measurement & Control
for the RG equation. l Standard does not demand an “accredited facility” Measurement & Control
for the RG equation. l Standard does not demand an “accredited facility” Measurement & Control

Measurement & Control

for the RG equation. l Standard does not demand an “accredited facility” Measurement & Control

DisturbanceDisturbance TestsTests

l

Good Flow Conditions - test evaluating impact of flow

conditioner on fully developed velocity profile.

l

Two 90 0 Elbows in Perpendicular Planes - testing of flow

conditioner performance in handling combination of a modest

swirl and a non-symmetrical velocity profile.

l

Gate Valve 50% Closed - test evaluating flow conditioner

performance in strongly non-symmetrical velocity profile.

l

High Swirl - test assessing flow conditioner performance in

flows with high swirl angle (over 25 0 ).

assessing flow conditioner performance in flows with high swirl angle (over 25 0 ). Measurement &
assessing flow conditioner performance in flows with high swirl angle (over 25 0 ). Measurement &
assessing flow conditioner performance in flows with high swirl angle (over 25 0 ). Measurement &
assessing flow conditioner performance in flows with high swirl angle (over 25 0 ). Measurement &

Measurement & Control

assessing flow conditioner performance in flows with high swirl angle (over 25 0 ). Measurement &
 

AdditionalAdditional TestsTests

 

l Orifice bb ratio: Check swirl test at b=0.40

and b=0.67

 

l Reynolds

Number

Sensitivity: Test

at

two ranges 10 4 < Re <5 x 10 5 and Re > 10 6

with approximately a 7:1 ratio.

 

l Scaling: Test at two sizes selected from

 

D < 4” and D > 8”

 
l Scaling: Test at two sizes selected from   D < 4” and D > 8”
l Scaling: Test at two sizes selected from   D < 4” and D > 8”
l Scaling: Test at two sizes selected from   D < 4” and D > 8”
l Scaling: Test at two sizes selected from   D < 4” and D > 8”

Measurement & Control

l Scaling: Test at two sizes selected from   D < 4” and D > 8”

ZankerZanker PlatePlate DesignDesign

l

Zanker straightener 1959 at BHRA, NEL

conference in 1960, was included in ISO

5167 in 1980

l

Mitsubishi in 1973 US patent 3840051

l

Elizabeth Laws in 1992

l

Modified Zanker: Thick plate, no honeycomb

3840051 l Elizabeth Laws in 1992 l Modified Zanker : Thick plate, no honeycomb Measurement &
3840051 l Elizabeth Laws in 1992 l Modified Zanker : Thick plate, no honeycomb Measurement &
3840051 l Elizabeth Laws in 1992 l Modified Zanker : Thick plate, no honeycomb Measurement &
3840051 l Elizabeth Laws in 1992 l Modified Zanker : Thick plate, no honeycomb Measurement &

Measurement & Control

3840051 l Elizabeth Laws in 1992 l Modified Zanker : Thick plate, no honeycomb Measurement &

Flow Straightener

Flow Straightener
Flow Straightener Measurement & Control
Flow Straightener Measurement & Control
Flow Straightener Measurement & Control
Flow Straightener Measurement & Control

Measurement & Control

Flow Straightener Measurement & Control

ZankerZanker PlatePlate

Zanker Zanker Plate Plate
Zanker Zanker Plate Plate Measurement & Control
Zanker Zanker Plate Plate Measurement & Control
Zanker Zanker Plate Plate Measurement & Control
Zanker Zanker Plate Plate Measurement & Control

Measurement & Control

Zanker Zanker Plate Plate Measurement & Control
Measurement & Control
Measurement & Control
Measurement & Control
Measurement & Control
Measurement & Control

Measurement & Control

Measurement & Control
Measurement & Control
Measurement & Control
Measurement & Control
Measurement & Control
Measurement & Control
Measurement & Control

Measurement & Control

Measurement & Control
.67bb : Good Flow Conditions 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 -0.2 -0.4 -0.6 -0.8 0
.67bb :
Good Flow Conditions
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
Zanker Plate Distance in Pipe Diameters from the Orifice Plate
3 O'Clock
12 O'Clock
9 O'Clock
Measurement & Control
% Deviation of Actual CD from Baseline CD
67bb : Two 90° Elbows in Perpendicular Planes 17 D Meter Tube 0.8 0.6 0.4
67bb : Two 90° Elbows in Perpendicular Planes 17 D Meter Tube
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
Zanker Plate Distance in Pipe Diameters from the Orifice Plate
3 O'Clock
12 O'Clock
9 O'Clock
Error Band
Measurement & Control
% Deviation of Actual CD from Baseline CD
.67bb : Two 90° Elbows in Perpendicular Planes 29D Meter Tube 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2
.67bb : Two 90° Elbows in Perpendicular Planes 29D Meter Tube
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Zanker Plate Distance in Pipe Diameters from the Orifice Plate
3 O'Clock
12 O'Clock
9 O'Clock
Error Band
Measurement & Control
% Deviation of Actual CD from Baseline CD
.67bb : Two 90° Elbows in Perpendicular Planes 45D Meter Tube 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2
.67bb : Two 90° Elbows in Perpendicular Planes 45D Meter Tube
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
Zanker Plate Distance in Pipe Diameters from the Orifice Plate
3 O'Clock
12 O'Clock
9 O'Clock
Error Band
Measurement & Control
% Deviation of Actual CD from Baseline CD
.67bb : 50% Closed Gate Valve 17D Meter Tube 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 -0.2
.67bb : 50% Closed Gate Valve 17D Meter Tube
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
Zanker Plate Distance in Pipe Diameters from the Orifice Plate
3 O'Clock
12 O'Clock
9 O'Clock
Error Band
Measurement & Control
% Deviation of Actual CD from Baseline CD
.67bb : 50% Closed Gate Valve 29D Meter Tube 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 -0.2
.67bb : 50% Closed Gate Valve 29D Meter Tube
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Zanker Plate Distance in Pipe Diameters from the Orifice Plate
3 O'Clock
12 O'Clock
9 O'Clock
Error Band
Measurement & Control
% Deviation of Actual CD from Baseline CD
.67bb : 50% Closed Gate Valve 45D Meter Tube 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 -0.2
.67bb : 50% Closed Gate Valve 45D Meter Tube
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
Zanker Plate Distance in Pipe Diameters from the Orifice Plate
3 O'Clock
12 O'Clock
9 O'Clock
Error Band
Measurement & Control
% Deviation of Actual CD from Baseline CD

SwirlSwirl ProducingProducing VaneVane

Swirl Swirl Producing Producing Vane Vane
Swirl Swirl Producing Producing Vane Vane Measurement & Control
Swirl Swirl Producing Producing Vane Vane Measurement & Control
Swirl Swirl Producing Producing Vane Vane Measurement & Control
Swirl Swirl Producing Producing Vane Vane Measurement & Control

Measurement & Control

Swirl Swirl Producing Producing Vane Vane Measurement & Control
Swirl produced 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 0.5 1 1.5 2
Swirl produced
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
Distance from pipe wall (in)
Measurement & Control
Swirl angle (degrees)
.67bb : 17 D Meter Tube : 32° swirl 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 -0.2
.67bb : 17 D Meter Tube : 32° swirl
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
Distance of Zanker Plate in Pipe Diameters from the Orifice
3 O'Clock
12 O'Clock
9 O'Clock
Error Band
Measurement & Control
% Deviation of Actual C
from BaselineD
CD
.67bb : 32º Swirl : 29D Meter Tube 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 -0.2 -0.4
.67bb : 32º Swirl : 29D Meter Tube
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Zanker Plate Distance in Pipe Diameters from the Orifice Plate
3 O'Clock
12 O'Clock
9 O'Clock
Error Band
Measurement & Control
% Deviation of Actual C from Baseline CD D
.67bb : 32º Swirl : 45D Meter Tube 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 -0.2 -0.4
.67bb : 32º Swirl : 45D Meter Tube
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
Zanker Plate Distance in Pipe Diameters from the Orifice Plate
3 O'Clock
12 O'Clock
9 O'Clock
Error Band
Measurement & Control
% Deviation of Actual CD from Baseline
CD
.40 bb : 17 D Meter Tube : 32° swirl 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0
.40 bb : 17 D Meter Tube : 32° swirl
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
Distance of Zanker Plate in Pipe Diameters from the Orifice
3 O'Clock
12 O'Clock
9 O'Clock
Error Band
Measurement & Control
% Deviation of Actual C
fromD
Baseline C D
.40 bb : 29 D Meter Tube : 32° swirl 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0
.40 bb : 29 D Meter Tube : 32° swirl
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Distance of Zanker Plate in Pipe Diameters from the Orifice
3 O'Clock
12 O'Clock
9 O'Clock
Error Band
Measurement & Control
% Deviation of Actual CD from Baseline
CD
.40 bb : 45 D Meter Tube : 32° swirl 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0
.40 bb : 45 D Meter Tube : 32° swirl
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Distance of Zanker Plate in Pipe Diameters from the Orifice
3 O'Clock
12 O'Clock
9 O'Clock
Error Band
Measurement & Control
% Deviation of Actual C D from Baseline C D
.67 bb : 4" OFU: High Reynolds Number: Good Flow Condition 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2
.67 bb : 4" OFU: High Reynolds Number: Good Flow Condition
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Distance of Zanker Plate in Pipe Diameters from the Orifice
3 O'Clock
9 O'Clock
Error Band
Measurement & Control
% Deviation of Actual C D from Baseline C D
.67 bb : 8" OFU : Good Flow Condition 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 -0.2
.67 bb : 8" OFU : Good Flow Condition
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Distance of Zanker Plate in Pipe Diameters from the Orifice
3 O'Clock
9 O'Clock
Error Band
Measurement & Control
% Deviation of Actual C from Baseline CD
D
4' OFU : .67b :Ceesi & Daniel Baselines 0.614 0.612 0.61 0.608 0.606 0.604 0.602
4' OFU : .67b :Ceesi & Daniel Baselines
0.614
0.612
0.61
0.608
0.606
0.604
0.602
0.6
0.0E+00
5.0E+05
1.0E+06
1.5E+06
2.0E+06
2.5E+06
3.0E+06
3.5E+06
Pipe Reynolds Number
CEESI
Daniel
RG Equa.
+Uncert.
-Uncert
Measurement & Control
CD
Good Flow Conditions : 4" Hi R D & Low R D : 8 inch
Good Flow Conditions : 4" Hi R D & Low R D : 8 inch
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Distance of Zanker Plate from the Orifice Plate in Pipe Diameters
Lo Rd
Hi Rd
+.23%
-.23%
8 inch
Measurement & Control
Deviation of Actula C D from Baseline
C
D
.67 bb : 8" OFU : 50% Closed Gate Valve : 17D Meter Tube 0.8
.67 bb : 8" OFU : 50% Closed Gate Valve : 17D Meter Tube
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Distance of Zanker Plate in Pipe Diameters from the Orifice
12 O'Clock
6 O'Clock
Error Band
Measurement & Control
% Deviation of Actual C D from Baseline C D
.67 bb : 8" OFU : 50% Closed Gate Valve : 29D Meter Tube 0.8
.67 bb : 8" OFU : 50% Closed Gate Valve : 29D Meter Tube
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Distance of Zanker Plate in Pipe Diameters from the Orifice
12 O'Clock
6 O'Clock
Error Band
Measurement & Control
% Deviation of Actual C D from Baseline C D
.67 bb : 8" OFU : 50% Closed Gate Valve : 45D Meter Tube 0.8
.67 bb : 8" OFU : 50% Closed Gate Valve : 45D Meter Tube
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Distance of Zanker Plate in Pipe Diameters from the Orifice
12 O'Clock
6 O'Clock
Error Band
Measurement & Control
% Deviation of Actual C D from Baseline C D

ConclusionsConclusions

l

The three pairs of taps are not always all in

tolerance

l

The high swirl test requires better definition

l

The Zanker Flow Conditioner has passed all

the type approval tests

l

This makes a reasonably priced non-

proprietary flow conditioner available to the

industry

makes a reasonably priced non- proprietary flow conditioner available to the industry Measurement & Control
makes a reasonably priced non- proprietary flow conditioner available to the industry Measurement & Control
makes a reasonably priced non- proprietary flow conditioner available to the industry Measurement & Control
makes a reasonably priced non- proprietary flow conditioner available to the industry Measurement & Control

Measurement & Control

makes a reasonably priced non- proprietary flow conditioner available to the industry Measurement & Control

ConclusionsConclusions

l Recommendation: - use 17D meter tube with

conditioner 7.5D from the orifice plate, as this

arrangement passed all tests

l The conditioner can be used as follows:

l

Beta up to 0.67

l

with any disturbance

l

in any pipe size

l

with no upper limit on Reynolds Number

with any disturbance l in any pipe size l with no upper limit on Reynolds Number
with any disturbance l in any pipe size l with no upper limit on Reynolds Number
with any disturbance l in any pipe size l with no upper limit on Reynolds Number
with any disturbance l in any pipe size l with no upper limit on Reynolds Number

Measurement & Control

with any disturbance l in any pipe size l with no upper limit on Reynolds Number